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Full text of "Vi︠e︡stnik Evropy, Volume 160"

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y ciapHHHoft uM^HuieHCKoft D^epKBH CTOflJia HSBOB^nBii npojieTBa. 
Hbb^íí, cb orspuTOtt jnicoft roiOBott, sxui vb ysBOft TtMwnKby 
npflXEiKaBineft vh saMeHHfiirB BOpoiairB. 

CB&see, BfixpeHoe yrpo srpajio na specraxi naioiTHEROBi h 
i](epKBH, BiirjflXBiBaBmeft Hsi-sa ^an^H crapím jhitb BuenoB^B. 

Bi Teiuoft D^epRBH — 7 jŤBaro npex^a — cjiysiuH naHHUxy. 
Ha npaBOiTB npHA&ii nua nepeA^JiRa. IIoTOJioirb, CBOxmiift h 
pacnHCHoft, Óush na noiOBHHy BaRpan AOCRaiiH icaJKflpOBrb. 

ToARO-^TO OTonuia oti^XHfl, H KOjejbD^HRE Bcb no^TH pasópe- 
jMCb. 7 BHzoxa ciofldiH XB& HBii(eHRH CB RpacHUMH jHi^aiiH cim- 
puxi nsnEH^B. GrapocTa saimpai^ CBoft mRa^ cb CB^qaMH. B'b 
vMjůasíbj Ba ne^ROft Toro npE^ija, v^i eiysEJiE naHHXExy, TeME&u 
AbÍ oxHOi^BtTHiifl 4»ErypH crapymeRi, ebi oCiiBaTeiBHEi^i codxHeft 
yjLEUu. 

EjEse Kb aMBOHy ctoaje pflxOMi, toheo BSfliECB sa pyRy, 
rmnaBECTB jAtl mecTflam&TE e TaRoro se na be^i Bospacra jď 
BymRa bi RopoTRoft naRE^R^ e xeMHOft CMOueHEoft nuEn^. Ilaio- 
caxoe jsbinee luaTBe HocEja onaBepniRa na xBa BHine o6iiREOBes* 

HOft AIRHH AJE BBpOCjraSB. 

GiySEJE CBflO^eEEERl fl XB1IR0H'B, 6e8l ABflHRa. 

rEMsasECTB ne RpecTEJCfl E CMOTp&ii Vb BTy MEHyry sa jiei^o 
CBfliiteHHBRa, o6epByBinarocfl ri neicy bb nasotfopora. 

Jlfli^o dTO ne HpaBBJOCB eiiy: mEpoRoe, nyxjioe, vb BecflynncarB, 
CB piiseBaTOfi 6opoAoft. Otce csEicajiE ero becre e hímue oón^ee 



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6 racTuiusB EBPomi. 

BBpaseHié CMimHuirB h HenoAXOAfln^HiTE hh vb utery, hh ks 
ofiuTOHÍiD. Ohi CMaxHsajn Ha BaBoro-HHÓyxB mcjs/k. JKeiTue^ 
pidBO o6pÍ8aHHiie bojocei — en^e ne yciitfinne orpocni — TonopniH- 
iHCB H8i noKh ciapoft pacu, cmHToft na xpyroft cobcíitb ifyscsoft 

CfíkWh. 

Bpan — 8T0 6émh ÓparB h cecrpa — HyBCTBOBajn, íto y nero 
noj(CTynaK)TL cjesu, h bi rpy^H Haqnnajo eienut hhtb. ?to6h ne 
pacnjiaBaTBCfl, ohx ycHjeHHO CMorp^i Ha CMn^eHHHRa — na ero 
niHpoRoe Jiínufl j^HHCRaro raná, o^sii h secrsífl opa^H bojioci. 

PaBHOAymHoe h TynosaToe jmufl oqeHB eify ne HpaBHJiocB. Buno 
Bi není HTO*TO coBepmeHHO nenoAXOAflniee ite a^můi h bi hx^l 
HacrpoenÍK). Rasx£i& Aenb cjiysHTB ohi no H^cBOJiBKy TaRHxrb 
naHHXBffE H jihtíě, h vb i^epKBH, H Ha MorHJiaxi. FojocL y nera 

— Bl HOCl, SHABÍft, HeBHymHT&IbHUft H HeHCBpeHHÍft. BoBa — 

TaBOb BBajH Ópaxa — npoAOjauuii ycHJieHHO CMorpiTB na mnp cbh- 
H^eHHHBa, HTo6u BaxepsaTB vb ce6t cjesu... Ho omn n hocl craaH 
ero xaBi pasApasaTB, hto owb noAHfljTB rojOBy vb cropony noTOJina 
H AOCOKi, CB BOTopiixi MaMpu AOJiSHKí 6ujiH pacHHCuBaTB ero... 
GBepxy BHAH^ocB oÓJiaBO, hbi soroparo CMOip^o „Obo''. 

JUflBOHl — XyXOft, CB rOJlOCOlTB, T09H0 BHXOAHBHIHirB H8'B BOTJ& 

— cbjibho BaAHJii H nepeMHHajicfl vb cbohxi orpoMHUxi canoraxi^ 
HOXHHMafl npaBoft pysoft opapB, saBananHiifi bocbomi. 

Ob TaBHMi xopomHiTB HacTpoeHÍeM'B npHmjiH ohh cio^ta es 
cecrpoft, MHceHBBO&l IIpaB^a, mqcjb OTCjrysHTB nanexHiiy no hah^ 
npenua eft... Ohi Ciuo-BospasEJii: „Eft h 6effB btofo xopomo^; 
HO Mhca ero npHcniAHJia. 

O peJHiÍH OHH p^ABO roBopHJiH. Mncft ne xot&iocb, hto6u 
BoBa CHHTarB ee xanseft. H ona ho c^Hraia ero yHEnuracroirB'. 
Ho BO BceiťB, ht5 OTSHBaexcfl sipoft h oÓpiiAOirB, BoBa aabho yse 
He Ton MaiB^yranii soropiifi, ÓiiBaio, BcraBajii ho^k> h lafiBOMS 
(ttrajTB CB neio bb yTpeni. 

Mhca, cjiymafl, BaBi abhbohs saBejrB o ^bíhhoitb noBoi'' , sa- 
MHrajia, h ciesHHBH noreBJíH no me^Bam es npoxojrroBaTaro, mhjio* 
BHAHaro JHi^a CBjerBHirB posoBaxiJirB Barapom... Ona craia ycB- 

JieHHO BpeCTHTBCfl. 

BparB efl ne sanjiaBajrB h tojbbo saisifypHJi nasa, htoÚu ne 
rjflx^TB hh na oÓJiaso cb „oboitb'' — na CBO^^aTom noiojiBi co- 
eiXHflro npHAiJa, — HHHaďHi^o CBiinieHHHBay hh na ero bojíocu co-* 

CyJBBaMH H OHBH, BAaBHBHliflCJI Vb HepeHOCHi^y. 

Bobí xoT^ocBy ^To6u naHEXH^a tfujia CBopie Bon^ena. 
Ho ÓyAen en^e jihtíh — na Monijríb: xaBB npocKia Mech. 
Kor^a OHH— MHHyrB cb xecaiB cnycra — ctouh obojio aop^bah- 



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rOPJTEHBH. 7 

HOi pimexKi H CMorp&iH na ^yryHHuft Rpecn na^i Moraioft hahe 
— mrB oCofliTB cx&iaioeB Becarte... Sanaxi nutana He paserpoHBU^ 
m HE BOBAyxi; BpyroMi — 6epe8H h mnu seien^H na^ naMax- 

HHBaiíH; COSBJSfi TO-H-A^O BUFJflABIBaJO H9B-8a HHX'B H ffase 
HeiUO HXB FE SaTHJOK^. 

JIhTÍK) CnpaBUH Vb H^CSOJIbBO MHHyrB. 

MHceHBBa onycnuacB na^B ^epEoinb Monuni. Bona xorpoHyjCfl 
ToiBBO pyKoft xo seiuni, xaiTE x^aH/TB ÓojiBiníei ttoCh ne uacTB^ 
KasB cAfjerhj seifEoro nosjíOHa. 

EMy npeiCTOajia HenpiaTHaa oCasanHOCXB — OH!b BSjm ee na 
cefifl — saiuaTBTB CBfln^eHHHBam. H ea HcnoB^XH eny BcerAa On- 
Baio 9T0 HenpiflTHO. Ho oh'b ne xot^jte BUBasusaTB lasoro iiajo* 
xymifl nepeA'^ cecrpoft. Bo Bcem, ht5 ohh A^JiaiH Birilcri — owh 
ciaBKrB cefifl icyaRHHHoft, crapnmirB. 

nod^AHÍft BOsrjiacB x^aBOHa sanepi n yrpeaneirB BOBxyzi. 

BoBa npHfijuiBiucfl Kb ÓaxiamKŠ h Bcynyji eny vb pysy sei- 
TeHBsyH). ToTB — Bce cb Tbm se 6e8CTpacTHiDfB BEipascemem toi* 
ciaro inaijBi — npHnpaTajii 6yifasKy noA'B Kpaft pnau npHBSHHuin^ 
ABEseHieiTB pyan. 

Jl^omjia owpeAB ao on^a-ABflBOHa. BoBa pimiLii ci Mnceft — 

OHH lUaTHJH H8l CBOHXl BapMaHHHXl ^OHerb, — HTO ABHBOHy Ad^ 
BOJIBHO H nOaTHHHHBa. 

CepetipflHyH) uejion ^epsan Bona m Ryjiasi JŠBOft pyra. 
HaiOBSHHi secTOifB nepoBOJi^ owb a^hbiv h8i jt^boA pyRH fb 
npaByK) h TopoiuHBO or^aji hzx /cBHRony. 

ToTB sasaii mojo^ kb CBoeft MOsojiHCToft pyR'b, hotoitb pas- 

aULTB H KB 60Vby HO CrlCHflflCB HHCROJBRO, nOCHOTp&TB, CROJIBRO 

HMOHEO Tam AOHerB, cb laRHui bhaomi, hto eciHÓi htb 6iua 
MeHBme, ohi nonpocHJix Óei h aca^tb. 

Mhch ho saiťlTKia aioro. Ona oiuitb npocJiesHJiacB h Bunyia 

nOClAniHO HOCOBOft IIJiaTOR'B. 

CfiHHieHHHRH ysLiH, marafl mnpoRO Mesxy MorEiaicH. Hxi SAua 
HOBaa naHHZHAa. 

— HoftAOiTB! — nojnymoDOTOiTB CRasajrB Bona, HarnyBinHCB vb 
cecrpš, H npHROCHyjcfl ryÓaiiH vb ea méb. 

Osa oÓepsyjacB — bch fb cjie8ax'B — h (SojíBmHMH rojryÓincH rjia* 
3aiíH npHjacRajia ero. 

— Bon ysi h Asa FOAa npoTORJioi — nporoBopua ona, onpaB- 

JU npflAB BOIOCB, BHÓHBDIHXCfl y HOfi H8l-nOA'B HMfllIRH. 

— flj^y ABa roAa! — noBTopHJTB ea 6paTB. 

Ohh nonuH MeAJieHHO, no TOft se tpohhhrí, MesAy nauflTHH- 
BaMH, vb BoporaiTB. 



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8 raCTHHKrb EBPOnU. 

GrapymBa-HflHJi BáxoAua hxi o6ohx'b h yiiepjia pOBHO xsa 
roxa BasaA^i ot^e boxshoí. XopoHUH ee ohh se. Metb im ne 
npiixajia Ha luaxóini^e, Ónia HesxopoBa — KaR'B hohth acerxa, Ran 
H TenepB: ne Jiesajia vh nocTejiH, a ne CHHrajia oe(Si sxopoBOft 
H CHA&ia xoMa. 

Hhkto yse ne j[K)(km hxx cb i&ti DOpi Tasí, RaBi^ jno(Siua 
Hflfifl. K'B MaiepE OHH o(Sa jiBHyjiH; ho ona eiatfa, ne bhhocht^ 
xojnraro pasroBopa^ jm6wrh 6nTB o^na, q^^e xhh npoBOXHn na 
KynieTB^. 

Ob títb nop%, BaBi HŠrB bi shbeitb hahh, hhsto yaae He 
soBerB Hxi ,r6pjeHBaMH*. Ona Aua hítb bto nposBHH^e. 

Ci nepBHXi roxoBi x^TCTBa, ohh, to^ho (liEsnei^ii, SHByrrB 
xyma bi Ajniy h bc6 ^BopvyiorB, poBHO ropjieHRH*. 9th cjiosa 

HflBH npHHOMHHJIHCB HITB 060HM!B, EOF^a OHH JSO HOAXOffEJm Vh 

BoporaM^B. H nocii es CHepra ohh nvh se xP7Shh; ho HHorxa ne 

TO HTO CCOpflTCH; a CHOpfllTB. AoXOXHn J HHTB H f^O aeS^. IIpO* 

ciesHTca Mhch, a (5paTB nasoBerB ee njiaBCOft h Bcerw jŘffiThj 
uoHHjBx ABepBK). IIpH SH8HH HflHH — HHROPxa, HH e^BHaro pasa 
He BHXO^HJio y HHXB pasHOJTOBH; no BpatHei M^pfi, Ch T&CB nop%, 
BaRB HOcryHHjni bx rEMHadiio. ^ase h MajieHBRHiiH ne ApancB. 
9to noBTopflJia hitb Bcerxa Bce la se hahh. 



n. 

noHHse KjfaxÓHH^a, bi cropont otb AaM^H, %pe8% OBpan, 
paspoocfl BjcrapHHB^, baojib hícboibrhtb 69ljíok%. 

EparB H cecrpa, BOSBpan^aacB xoMoft nJbnsoiTB, cnyenuHCB fb 
BTOTB OBparB. HvB sazortiocB cnycTHTBCH Tyxa. BnBaio, Borxa 
HflHfl 6paia Hxi CB co6ok) bi ^nojieByio' — mvh ona HasErBaja 
BJiax^HH^eHCsyK) iiepBOBB, — ohh (StrajH no CEJonairB OBpara, i^injui- 
jracB sa BycTu, Hcsajra cairaxrB yBpOHHHZi sasoyjnoBtB. 

HexaBHo TyrB ycrpoHJiH hto-to bi pOAÍ caxHBa. Bi eanoiTB nnsy, 
vb TbwBL ÓajiOH^ — 6ec£AKa, oÓBHraH sejieHBK), ch jracTBflifH, Ha^HHaa- 
mHHH BpacH^TB— B'B OTOiTB FO^y paHBHie otfiiBHOBeHHaro: HUH no- 
ci^AHie XHH aBrycra. 

Emfi rj[y6se h coBdbrB vb tíhh ctohu CBaii^Ra. 

Ohh ctitoajni b^b neft h c&m. 

Hwh xoT&iocB roBopHTB, H OHH o6a ÓOHncB HaTOTB pasroBopi. 

B%pa Mhch, npoH^aflCB ci hhitb, — ohh o(Sa shjto kb MesoHHRb 
— CBasajia eny: 



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rOPJlEBRH. 9 

— BoBa, fl 6u xotím reOb CRasaTB oxhj Ben^B... Tu He pas- 
c^xnnca? 

H, Kasi Bcerxa kb xasiai ciyqam, y Heft Bsxponiyjn hobxph. 

— Hy, y»B Ha hotb névero! — OTBÍnui owb, npexiyBCTBys, 
fio BH&xen RaBoe*HHtfyxB otfMCHeme. 

— 3asTpa, BOTb Hi^crt naHHXHXH no Hnt. jl^a? 

— Xopomo. 

Ho y Mhch ocrajocB rasoe qyBCTBO, ^lo 6paTy ex, ci h^ko- 
Toiom nopi, HeopLiTHH ea i^npHcraBaHBfl'. 
7si orb HO pas^ roBopHj'B eft: 

— Atb, cecipeHRa, tu Bce — no khhsbí. dtorpn, cobc&itb 
6^&ab xfoyjj... BjiaccHaa xftMa. 

9to ee oropqaen; ho ona ne Mosen xhtphtb cb HmrB, cn- 
neiB (Ses^ecTHHiTB ne croBopHTBca Ch HHirB bi toitb, 9t6 na^H- 
Hien HossHTB ee. 

— Tb HHHB^e Bi rocTH cofiHpaeoiBCfl? — cnpocHn BoBa, chxít 
a (mynieHHOft roiOBoft h xjuictbboitb npoBOxa no necay. 

— Moxen (5htb... Kb ÁMe^wb. Ohh oo6HpaK)TCfl hhtb naft 
n Aea^y-cxHMHHsy. Tu ne nošxemB? 

— Cay^HO mhÍ cb x^BTOHBami! — BHroBopHjn^ BoBa h CfikuLjrh 
rpniacy. 

— Ohí mhí poBecHHi^ii, — npoMOJBHja Mhca. 

Ee Ha^BHajo TarorerB to, hto Mesxy hhmh oto-to sajierjo h 
im o(Sa yuoHSH>TCfl otb ^HacTOflqaro^ pasroBopa. 

— BoBa...— saroBopBia ona THme h norjiflx^a na Hero vh 6ovh. 
jHy, Tam h octb! — noxyMai^B ohb. — Cettiaci nawerB hoahh- 

WB BonpocH''. 

Sx aroiiy ynoAHHiiaHBio BonpocoBi* owh caMTB xasHO ee npi- 
T^in, Borxa eft 6iímo ho ÓoiBme XB^najwaTH jAtb. 

Torxa owb pasBHBajTB ee, ropxHJiefl tíutb, hto oea ero — ^bu- 
j^eHHi^t' — Bo BceMi: b% yposaxi, kb ^tobíh, bo Bsycaxi, fb Ma- 
Hepi paacysxftTB, rb Bii6opi npúíTeiBHHi^^B. 

A TenepB OMy HHorxa — ho no ce&b. 

Hics o^eHB ys% xo Bcero xonuTUBaoTCfl, npHCiaerB. HejiBSfl 
se BO BoeiTB BXTB Ha npoioiTB... Uj nasoHei^x, — ona MHoraro ne 
v^mneTB... Ob Tftx'B nop*B, Km% npn Heft h^tb 6ojiBme ryBep- 
ttRBHy OHa ysacHO Ban .nponaxja" rHHHasieft. 

Obi HaxoxHTB, hto ona crajia nerjiHSBpOBaTB AsuBaMB. ^braerB 
^ BHoro, HO ne crapaercB roBopBTB. MaTB hx^b ho mosotb xojiro 
P>8mai«BaTB; orei^x eft ne pasi yse ean^HairB, tto ona ne x^- 
'^evK ycnizoBi. Eorxa oh'b na^HerB cb Heft roBopBTB no j^pan* 
^jwi— OHa, TOHHO Hapo^HO, otb4tbtb Bcerxa no-pyccKB. 



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10 raCTHHRrb EBPOnU. 

IlaiOSHlťB, H OHI He OHeSB jnOÓETh j^pSHItySHTB; HO OHI — 

„MysHHHa^. A OHa — x^BymBa-noApocroBi. Bía^ ee Óy^yra bh- 
B03HTB. He noft^en se ona fb Tejierpa^BersH hjh wb npHBaBuifH 
Bi MarasuHi ^MypaBeftHHSi^? JSfi h Taif^b HHHB^ie — Kasífl j^paHTHXH, 
a OAHa TaKi h piasen cb ÓapiiHaiiH no-j^paHi^yscRH. 

Ohh noMOJ^ajiH; ho ho ÚjAKBsm nteisaHi Mhch npoHLia crpyftsa 
nepBHOft AposH. Ona ohatb wb 6owh orjuinyjia ópaia. 

— Jífiy — BKiroBopHia ona eniie THine. — Hahh ne crajo*.. H 
npesHefi shshh yse h^^. 

— PasyMiercfl, — yuoH^HBO otbíthjii rHUHasHcrB. 

— MhÍ, BoBa, HenpiflTHO, tei B^epa ne j^íUFh AOCsasaTB... 

— ÍTO TaKoe? 

B% Bonpoct 6paTa sassynajo CMynteme. 

— Hacien... Sjiohski Xpecro^poBHH. 

— Hy-y... 

droTB SByRi i^Hy-y"" nosasajicfl Mhc£ rpyÓiurB. HesorAa BoBa 
Tas^b ne roBopHJTb. 

— Kociymaft! — ona npHsaJiacB ki Heny h sarMHyjia ony b^b 
rjiasa. — Bíab nejiBSfl se ysjíoHflTBCfl... Tu — ^ecTHiift... Mu BcerAa 
SHJH Ayoia BB Aymy! — Ha rjasaxB ea d&ÓJiecrbjLE ab% KpynH£ix'B 
CdiesEr. 

BpaTB xoT^^ nepeČETB ee h csasaTB, tto ona aíxa&icb 

HJaBCOtt. 

Ho Meca cAepsajia cjesu b, Bce bb tomb se nojiosenÍH, npo- 
AOJsaia 6oj%e TBepAUMB rojoooiiB: 

— Si AftBHO yse AoraAHBajacB, BoBa... y Měna HHBorAa ne 
jies&sa Ayma kb arofi seHm.i[HÍ... A xenepB s. snaio... 

— ít6 th sHaeniB? 

— H TH 3HaemB... Tojbbo ne xotohib cosHaTBca. 

— Bb qeiTB C03HaBaTBCfl-T0? 

— AxB, BoBa! 

Mhca OTBJíOHHJiacB HeMHOFO OTB 6paTa H onycnua rojiOBy. 

— Tu CB net ApysHJB. 

— HoHeMy se ApyaM^t? 

— ?T0 se onpaBAUBaTBCfl... Xoahjib ipb nefi bb rocfE. 

— He AyMarB... A ona ubesl cana npHrjianiajia... OcranoBarB 
na KpujiBi]('& Hjn bb caAHR'6... 

— HOAapBH T£I OTB HOfl npHHHUaJIB. 

— Cb sasofi CTaiH th 9to tobophhib? 
Fjiasa ero cepAHTO ÓJecHyjiH. 

— A BasB se? Otb soro y Te6fl SHHra „CaMOotipasoBaHÍe'' 
CnaftjiBca Cb sojiotuitb o6p630M'B? 9to ona tqúí noAapHJia. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



rOPJIEHKH. 1 1 

— noxapHja, noAapHjia! — noniH nepexpasHHJirb rHUHasHCTB. — 
npocTO Aajra mimih. 

— KHHra y xeóa y»e 6ojiBnie row JiemniTb. 

— ^a cBasH, — saroBopEJi owb HepBHO h (tb secraMH o($£hx^ 
pysi: — csasH ea MuocTb — Hsib-sa tofo a Óy^y ch nei ccoparBCfl? 
Ona KO MBŠ JiacKOBa... pascnpamHBaen... Aaen khhsbh h Booónie 
noHBiiaen ubesl. ?to-si? Ilana npHAHpaercfl... Hana T02se pasApa- 
sRTejBHa... Heor^a Bon snaerB nero 6oHTCfl. H, naROHei^i, nacTO 
HflKTO H He noxyMaen, htď HaMi oOohmi HysHO... hsi oaTbfl... 
181 5£jiBfl... ^TO-si? BjOHsa XpHCTOJ^opoBfla — seHmHHa yMHaa h 
pasBHTafl. H BO Bce yiriterb boSte. 

— BoTB ona Tetfa... h noARynHJia. 

— rjynocTH roBopHmBl — KpHKHyjnb raiíHasHcrB, BcrajTs h Cfl4- 
jajTb ABa mara si o6puBy ysRoi njcon^^AKH, tjA ohh €ha:&ih. 

— He KpHHH na Měna! — thxo, ho TBepAO BiiroBopua cecrpa 
ero.— 9to— He AOKasaTejiBCTBO... Ea pascHerb — acnufi: upHianyrB 
vh ce6% naeB otfonxi h noRasaiB^ hto osa ropasAO ÓojiBine o HacB 
saÓOTiiTcay HÍiTB poAHaá naTB. KaB'B se tu ne bhahiob, ByAa oaa 
iipo($HpaeTCfl?.. 

— KyAa? 

Maca BsrjiaHyjia na Hero cbohhh 6o3BinHMH rjiasaMH, r^iji cjie- 
3HHKH ocraBHJiH em.e cjišabi. 

— JI^OBeAeTB nany ao Toro, hto oh^b na Hei seHHTca. 

— Úpa SH3HH Maiepa? 

— SaciaBETB AaTB pasBOA^B... Passt 9to ipyAHO?.. 3to lenepB 
A^saerca Be3A'6. 

— BsAop^ BaBofi! Cbojbro ^ítl oaa saBen TyrB!.. 

— A! BOT^ BHAamB, BoBa! Tbi nporoBopaJca. Tu, sna^TB, 
AaBHo noHHMaemb ace... t&, vb newh a ytitAajiacB tojibbo na AHaxi. 

y aero aa ry6axi sasrjacB ^pasa: 

„CaasaTe, nosajiyficra, — Banaa HaaBHaa!^ 

Ho ero yse cnyn^ajia „upacraBaBÍa'' cecrpu. Oai qyajix, qro 
oaa, no-CBoeMy, npaaa, noTOMy tto 6ojiBine ero jioCbtb naiB h 
0CBop5jieHa sa aee. 

A pasBi OHI caiTB — noniJiaB'B? Hjia cnocoóeai „jroHaiB HAioia'' 
a yaipaTB, tto ohi ae noHaMaerx — rto AJia ero orita dioasa 
XpacTO^poBHa. 

Ohi Haqero ae otbíthjtb. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



12 raCTHHBl^ BBPOnU. 



m. 

^a, OHH SHJH Aynia fb xyiny buots xo Moro itra. Hx^ 

XpBZBBm TOBapBQH H TOBapu Bl MySCBOfl ■ SeHCKOfi rHUBadÍH. 

Orapmie, MaxB, oreirB, npiflreiH OTipt, HasuBajH wnh „inséparables^ 
BJíE „ciancBie dmsHei^ii*. 

A lenepB botb mn ejsho oÓ^scEímGB. 

H 6pairB cosHaBajTB, ^to cecrpa ee Moserb ocraBBTB TaBx — 
den pasroBopa — xoro, wb ee mosshtb. 

Ho noveny se ona i^BOoÓpasaen', hto ovl — BjuuiHiíipi Mafto- 
poBi — CB ero xynioi h iraejiaifH — cnoco6eHi hoajio sasMypHBaxB 
rjasa na to, ht6 Hexopomo, ^rb cnoooÓHO BOSMyniTB hxi odovxiS 

Hy Aa, OHI crajrB — tfojiBine roAa, xftse obojo XByx!B j^tb — 
XoraxHBaTBCfl. 

Ero orei^B ohceb (brasoRi cb 3jioh80í XpHCio^poBHofi. He 
xaiBme, saKi BecHoft, bo BpeMfl BBsaMeHOBi fotobuca okb y to- 
BapHiiia CBoero CfiTHbBa, HO^eB&ii y nero ea BBapTHpš; h toubo- 
HTO pascB^Oy Borxa ohb cotfpaJBCB yse vhtbtb — totb cnpanra- 
BaeTB ero: 

— MaftopoBi... Orei^B tboí, roBoparB, SHBerB cb Bameft 

SHJBJíeft, CB H^MBOfi? 

Eny 6u cjíxob&io ceft^acB se BpBBeyTB: 

^KaBi ciriteinB Tas^ roBopBTB?* 

A offB crepn&ii b ne cpasy otb^tbjb. 

?T0 se TyTB ropBHBTBCfl, Borxa sek bto seaioTi, BecB ropox^? 

Korxa owh ciajTB sazasHBaTB b'b djourt XpHCTO^opoBHŠ? En^e 
Man^BinRofi, no ^enipHaxi^aTOMy roxy, a TenepB ony ceMHaxiiaTB. 
^epesB rox^ oh^b cryxenTB. Bi to BpeMB ohi hb o ^em, sas^B 
ciixyerB, ne xoraxuBajicfl. Ofla ciajia cb hbitb pasroBapBBaxB, Kb 
ce&b npnrjDiaiiiajia. ^iujia h noxapoqBB, ho caicue luuenBBie— 
BHHSRy BJB BaByK)-HH6;x& ^^OTorpaj^ÍK). 

IIpaBxa H TOy HTO CB 8Toro jiÍTa, Korxa OTei^i b^b Heny nps- 
XBpaicfl BJH He xoT&TB Bi nycTflsaxi noÓaiosaTB ero — ohi npo- 

CBXB CX^BTB ony HOBQÍ BBTeiB, — OffB FOBOpHJTB O&h dTOlTB 3jI0B3& 
XpBCTOJ^OpOBH^. 

ToTi se TOBapaniTB cnpocBii ero: 

— ÍTO-si... ara H'ÍMBa y nero na depo^cauiu? 

ToBapaq^B — hsb MŠqaHx — roBopHjn rpy6o b ynorpeÓJiBjn Bcerxa 
CBOB BiipaseHÍB. 

Ho B TyTB BaB'B se 61U10 oÓBsaTBCfl BJiB oÓpyraTB ero? O ma* 
Huxh eeu^ax^ b% rBiiHadB roBopsTB, oco6eHHO bb crapmBXB BJiac- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



rOPJIEHBH. It 

eiTh. Kto se ne SHaerB — RaBSii y Boro HHipira, Mesxy tfapHm- 

HflMB H MOJOffHMH JIK)XBlfHy UH y SaMySHHZl* Bce 180ÍCTHO, OTh 

rydepeaTopa xo nociixHei Tejieipa^Hcnw. 
GiiiinHO mnycBaTb na cedfl roHOpi. 
CoA^BCb noiyuiDB ro orsin: 

— He%n> jKHiaT&cfl... Tu, HeÓocB, OTjrawo sHaems... Hjib 
yse vaicB riym... 

BoTB ■ Bce. Bojnme y Hero he eovbcai enero H^n — HHBa- 
Koft ,noxjioeTi*. 

Hexopomo, HenpúiTHO h o^haho sa naiB... Hobíab onadro — 
j»BBO 8HaerE: obi vh dxoMi ysipeei* Man — Bce HeoxopoBa, es 
npHnaABaMB. 

Obi xoT&i'B-6iuo CBasaTS npo cetffl: 

9H oTipt Tose Haxo bsbbbbtb'... 

O^BaBO — yxepaiMuica. 

Epan B cecTpa wbbo yse bijb no xoport b'b ceSib b MOJ^aiB. 

TaiťB, vb OBparb, obx efl CBasajii: 

— Mbcb..^ ^9^riwb se TenepB, vh j^eob nanaTB bbbb, pas* 
erpoBBaTB cetín TaBBMi pasroBopoirB? 

OBa saMOJi^ajia b nepsafl noxBflJiacB cb ificra. 

TesepB osa ne xyercB — TasBxs saHamevB y nea uivhy — a chb- 
TaeTB cetífl otiBseanofi t&itb, hto obi ysjKOBBJCfl ot^e oÓshcbobíb. 

Ha nomiyTB bite aaxo Óujio nepec&iB ropoxcBoft cax'B. Moamo 
npoftTB B vb CTopoBi; flo npiíMie — no caxy> otb oxbbxi BopoTB 
xo xpjnTh. 

Mbcb mjia ycBopesBO b ho cobc^ms pflXOirB, ch BaBJOBeBBoft 
roiOBoi, B CMOTpbia cefíib nox^ hofb. 

— BoBal — OBJBBByjia OBa 6paTa, se noxBBMaa roxoBH. 

— ÍTí) Te64? 

— DofixeiTB caxoiťB. 

— HSBOJB. 

Bi caxy — npyx^B, sanynieBflEifi. Ho obi bm^b mbji^b, noroMy 
TTO laMi OBB BrpueajiB, ^tb bo Raasxuft xesB, b no SBMaifB^ 
Korxa SBJIH no (Libsoctb, xo noBynBB oti^oitb xoita. 

i^OnaTB sa CBoe BOSBMercfl!'' — XOcaxJniBO noxyiiajrB Bosá. 

^opoxBA — nojiBafl mfiÓEsi ch roptfujiflMB — npBBOJia bxi r<b 
TOBy iritery, rx'6 emfi nexasBO crofljia CTapnanaB Kpyrjaa 6ec6xRa^ 
npHmexmafl ffh botxoctb. nox*B napoft i^6ee%, cb nepenierenBUMB 
CTBOjraMB, npÍHmuacB CBaMefisa. 

Cecrpa, HB^ero ne roBops, c&ia. 

Gbn B ÓparB. 

EMy saxoŤijocb sypaiB. Ha yjiBi^ 6ujio onacno — naxsop^B b 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



14 VliCTBMVh EBTOim. 

jáftou% 6ujFb xoBOJBHO CTporífi. Ho Tyn, bi cm7) coBcbwh ne bh- 

XSTB npOXOSHTB — M08H0 Ce0Í nOSBOJDITB. 

Oh^b sasypHjn h TOi^acík se cui¥>Bjjn>. 

Mhca noROcuacB na aero. Eft ne oněm HpaBuocB to, ^to 
tfpan iipio6pÍTaeTB npHBmKy ^acio cnieBiiBaTB, Borxa i^ypím. 
Ho OHa eme hh pasy eny Hacien aroro ne saiii^aia. 

— BoBa,— nanajia ona cnoKofino h cnorpiia bi^ 8Ty MHHyrj 
Ha seiesiioiityio ueoeHB boxu bb npyxi: — th, noacaiyftcra, ne 
xyMafi, HTO fl xoiy satfiipaTBCfl bi tbok) xymy. Ho s ne Mory moji* 
^aTB — TH H8BHHH. Te(tt HeiipiflTHO (5iiJio, ^TO JI saroBopHJia O&B 
drnojHs TaiTB... TonacB nocii naHHXHxu... Epocni... bto, x^ftciBK- 

TeiBHO, 6UJÍ0... 

Oea HCRajia eiOBa. 

— He BpeMii, — BuroBopua ona cb híbotopumi ycBjdeiTB. 

— Th odatb! 

/ — H^rB, xaft Mv6 kohihtb... Bcero oxny MHHyry, MBiuft. 
Ona nojiosHja eMy pyay na njiew. 

— TojBRO MirayTy. 

— Hy, Bpax^-^iH!'— myrjmBO Bospasiun owb h yjutfHyjiCfl eft 
rjasaMH. 

— He 6ojBine xByxi... KiAHycB leíSib. ELoroxH, tojbbo ne 
nepe^HBaft moha. 9to-S!b srno nepe^epaiB... Tuoruanno noHHnaenib. 
n fl — He uajieHBBafl. SI ne xorbia 6u HHHero hh bhx^} hh cjbi* 
maTB; ho b%xb btofo nejiBSfl... BoBa, corjacHCB caitB... 

— ^bS MHHyru yae npomjiH. 

— OcraBB!.. Dosajry&cra, yiiojuiK) Te6a... 9to — onenB Basno — 
npoTflHyjia ona, 6jiíah^. — He Bnaio— BaB^B tu mopb homhphtbch. 
Mo2BerB (5uTB, tu ropasxo yjcnie h TepnHMŠe neHfl... Ho xm Měna 
TenepB neoCxoxHMO buachhtb... 

Ona nyrajnacB. 

— ^a ^T0 TU Bce bucobhmi cioroMi BupasaemBca... 9to — 
BHHSBa! ToHHO ramierB... bi latfB^. 

— Bosá! 3to oqeHB, o^eHB xypno. 

ID^eBH efl-sanujajH. Ona BcsoTOJia co CBaMefiRH h, oÓxepraBan 
icpafl HLiflnBH, npomjacB Bsaxi h Bnepex'B nepex'B 6paT0Mi. 

— ^a nojiHO... HoTOM-B. 

— CeroxHfl fl ne cnasy hh cjOBá. Ho CBoe noBexenie fl ne 
Mory — TU nofiMH — ne Mory... 

— BOTB BHXHHIB — BCe DUSHHIBCfl H CJ0B& BUHCBHBaemB. 

Ho OHI 6ojiBme ne CTaji noxcMŠHBaTBCfl. Sny cx'Í^uocb huuib 
cecrpu. 

Ohx Tose BcrajTB h, noxofix^ bi neft, csasajii: 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



rOPJUHBH. 15 

— Úporný B^HTb H MH%... S. HH Hft saByio nojuooTB He meii 
ffi CĚXh nopi — H He noft^. A mu ci To6ofi nesAT oxi^oiťb s 
laTepbH) ciaHOBHTBes ne ÓjAewh. Ha 8to mh ne mriteifi npaea — 
mdbfH H TH MeHii. H bo bcaboitb eiy^ai, ecjni ra Tro-HH(5yxB 
laBoe BAKjuhemb... hh saxoneniB CBoe noBeAeme iraiiŠHHTEy hto-jh... 
TH Tor^a mhí csasH. A TenepB — ) leófl toibbo Taxi... Hepsii 
fio-iH... Hbmšhhtb hh HHHero, cyxapiiHJi, ee MCNseirb — TaKi-xo! 
A TenepB no&AeirB. Y Mesji noxib jroseiBofi sacocajo... ^sso 
cvepiB KaB^B xoiercfl. 

Mncfl saiq^iua rjiasa h, CA&iaBi ycuie, rto6u yxepsaTB cjesu, 
lona nonua Biiepex^B. 

IV. 

PososaTHi, mryKaTypeHEiitt Aowb cb MesoHHHOirB yRpameai 
XBopflHCSHM'B rep6oM'B H BopoHofi mT> Cibsíkvo ajetfacrpa. 7se cb 
^eTBepiB ^aca croim ea nepeRpecTKŠ ^^aeTOHi na nrasaxx, sa- 
npjiaceHHHfl napofi cipiixi cb npecrflSBofi. Ohb AOSH^aercfl Biixo^a 
Ha BpHJiBi^o ÓapHHa^ Ilaaoa AHxpeeBH^a MaĚopoBa, BJia^^Bi^a AOMa 
H on^t BoBH H Mech. 

KatfHHerrB IlaBja AHApeesH^a — ToiqacB esi ABepeft HaJi'&BO — 
o^eHB 6ojiBinaA BOMeaTa cb ajBBOBOMi, fa^ ctoetb aposaTB. Okb 
xaBHO yse ne cmrrB vb cnaiBHi, noMŠqaiDiiteficfl vh nesoHEH^, 

laXl HTO BHHSy OffB OAtíHi; H TOJIBBO Bl o6ÍAy C0(5HpaeTCfl BCfl 

ceMBfl, A& H TO Mapea IleTpoBHa ^acro ne cnycBaerca CBepxy. 

B^B HCXOA^ OAHHHaAAaTaro IlaBejiB AnApeesHni, oa^bdihcb bi^ 
BirteAy, npHC&ii bi cepeÓpflHony sepBajy Tyaserearo crojiiiBa. 

OffB crapaTejBHO Bun^HnuBajrB c^a^^ bojocbh hs^b 6aBeH5apA'B, 
pacqeeaHHmcB ea ab^ fjaiEEusi npAAH. 

GoxpaHHJicfl offB Ha píaboctb. Eny sa copoBB jrbrhj a na bha^b 
He 6ojBine TpHAAaTH-naTH; HBicoBift, me^HcrBifi, onenB <|)paHT0Ba- 
rat. EŠJiOBypue bojocli HeMHoro nopiA^u Ha Ji6y« B^b rojiyfitix^B 
rjiasarB, vh ryóaxi, cohhuxi h BpacHso caoseHHUxi^ bi RpyrjoirB 
noA^opoABŠ — HyBCTBeHHOcrB h cJiaÓocTB bojib, HesaM^THafl cpasy 
HH FB pocjoft, xyAoqaBofi nocaABŠ Tyji06Hm.a, hh bb o6mfi}si> o6jhbÍ 

BpaCHBOi rOJIOBEI. 

?yTB saM^THHH Hopii^HHBH y cserBa npHHtypeHHBix^B rjiadB npH- 
Aaeajra eny xapaBTepnoe Btipaseme ^ejiOB&ut, ÓBiemaro BcerAa cia- 
6uWh BB seHn^EHaMB. 

OrotAH OTB TyajeTHaro CTOJiHBa, KaBeJiB AHApeeBHHB en^e pasB 
HonpaBHJB CBOft &bjiuŘ 6aTHcroBuft raicryxB — no MOCBOBCBo*npo- 

BHHipaJIBHOfi MOAÍ — H BSrjflHyXB FB OBHO, FOTOBB JIB dBHDaSB. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



1 6 raCTHHBl» EBPOIIH. 

Owh He CujTB jiomaAiiTHiiKi^ jíjo6bji% toibko xopoinjD BuisAKy 
H HapflAHyio sauaxKy. Oboí ^^asxoff&^xposBH, no oto6(mj pH- 
cyHKy, sasasuBajrb oh'b y MapsoBa^ bi MockbjI, h Tasoft tojho 
y Hero h 6ují% bo Bcem ropox^... Hax^ hhh me*Bio m aaa*- 
soMurB noATpyHBBajTE, roBopa: ^^IlaBejrb ÁHxpeeBBn y naci — hto 
TBOft nojnqifiMdicTepi: na napi ch npiiCTamsofi isKBTb'^. 

Owh 910 sHaj^L. Ho aa hbicb yse yciaHOBHJtttCB iipo^Haa pěny- 
Taitifl j^paHTOBcrBa — Haeroflntaro, ABopaecRaro. 

IlaBeJTL ÁHApeeBHte soaji, tto ohi ^A&erB toh^b'' scény ro* 
poxy vb Bonpocazi Hsuiecasa h moau. Hh y boto vbrh TaBoro 
Cibjaíí^ o($yBH, mjuini, KanifejiJipcKBZi npraaAieaKHOCiefi, xasHrB 
CHrapB H TaBoro Bpacnaro nopTBeŘHa. 

KynepoM^b cBOHMi qhi onesB AOBOjeai — HenBK)iiuft^ feXHTB 
MOJiowoBaTO H fiesi (SibmeuoŘ toeze, joma^efi xíoúvrh^ cmucihtb 
KB Hflxi, lero npo ceón IlaBejrB ÁHxpeeBBHi ho Mosen csasaTB: 
enynpHBOABJíocB ne pasi nporapaTBCfl na Jioniaxaxi „cb anecra- 
TaME"", m BOTopuxi 6yAT0 6u 6hUE HecoMBÍHHsifl nopoxHCTiiB 

„BpĎBu''. 

yTpoiTB, Mesxy Bo^eMi H cociOBHiurB tiaHBon — r^b Maio- 
poB^B yase BTopoe Tpexj^TÍe AHpeBTopB-npeAcix&TaiB — y nero 6Ctb 
nojiqaca coBepmeHHO CBo6oxHaro BpeiteHH. Faseiy obi» ^eraerB sa 
BoýeeifB H oieHB CBopo, He znówn nepcAOBiixi cmet, jspo&b" 
raerB tojibbo TejerpaMMu b <|)ejiBeTOHi, eeu 9to ne o cxjihhzs 
HaTepiflx^B. 

H Bcero 6u jyuie npoBOAHTB bth nojiqaea bo ^^rejrib ero 
AOMB, By^a MOSHO npoflTB H XBOpOlTB, H Cb jjunsfi — y 3jOB8H 
XpHCTO^poBHH JIeHrojBA'B — Hxi SBjflipi, yso Úojňe nflTH jpbn. 

Ho..^ mafa oHi ne jfwÓwTh a&uítb- Eesi co(liH)AeHÍfl j^eBopyna 
OHI HHHero He nosBOiaerB ee&b. He cxanerB oh'b ^aj^Brnspo- 
BaTBCfl' nepeA'B npBCiyrofi hjui nepexi cocbffOšE. 

Bi Tepeme aha— xpyroe x^o. Kynep^B yse SHfieTB, iro hsi 
<(aHBa, CA'&iaBi abb^tpb besetb, fiapHH^B ^erB aomoí ho xpyroft 
yjiHit'i, CHBsy, B oeraBOBHTB npBxasen, BasAtitt pa^i^ y noAifexa 
^lEveMy BHZOxfln^aro bt» nepeyjOB^B. 

Hs^B XOMy HaiBSfl HBEaKB BBX^TB, HTO y UOflhiňfJBk — 6apcBÍB 

AposRB HJiB caHB, 3BM0&. OxTyAa 6apBHi CBaserB eMy: 

— MoaemB OTSJíaABEBaTB, GeprM! 

Tan^B HaBOJi^B Ahapoobb^i o6ÍAaerB — ne BaasAHft AeHB — h 
BcerAa csaserB aomB; qTo5u ero ne TRjífiuiii. 

BipOBTHO, TaMl 3Be OWh H OTAHXaeTB. Ho 8T0r0 AOnOAIHHHO 

HHBTO He MoaerB snarB. Be^epoMi ohi bi BJiyOt, bso ahb vb aohb, 
BpoM*]^ BenepoB^B fb foctaxi hjh Teaipl. BosBpan^aeTCfl ohb noaAHO^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



rOPJDSHRH. 17 

HiRorAa He panune AByxi — npflMO jih hsi uy($a, oih h8x ýiareiui— 
Tose HHBTO He SBaen. By^epa owh omycsaeri uo^th Bcer^a h 
6eperB HSBoe^unsa — asarten ero, oco6e^HO KorAa Ha^^Hyrca BHCiiafl 
noroxa uh Moposii. 

n TaBi EffiTb yse 6ojiiie naTH j[£t^. Bsanaiš npexocropos- 
HociH 6sLiH en^e 6aiBine. 

Bi BTOiTB owb nojiaraerb cbok) BHomyio nopflAOHHOCTB ^xb 6u 
BTO HH (oiTajKi* Fb o6ntecTB£; HO HBBTO He CBaacerB, vro MaĚo- 
poKB BexeTB ceCfl saRi ipiHHKl. 

Boffb reHepajTb IlaniHHHufi — totb SHaiB nmDoro se xoieTx. 
3aBeii ceiH^ ^noMiiaAypniy^ — aseny noxwHenHaro eMy jeBapii — 
H AHioen, H HO^yen y nefi. Ero soucsa CTOHrB-eroHTb y efl 
noAi^Aa. H Bcb 8X0 SHaiOTB. BsAyHaerca eiiy ixKb cb hoh) sa 
ropoAi, BX jAch — 0H'B ifffThj xasse Ha rjasax^t y Bcixh. A Aona 
y Hero sena h mecr^o js^breŘ—csiwb o^Hi^epi, ao% crapoiafl 
KOHHHJia BypcB. 

A ero i^TysypKa' — icasx jfoCarb BiipasaTBCfl BJiyfiniie ocrpaBs — 
lasi BaxaJtBHa, qxo BCK)Ay jáserh BnepeAi, — na ÓJiaroTBopHTejiB- 
HQxi óasapaxi, vb ABopflHCKOirb €0($paHÍH saTM^BaerB bcízx h e;ie 
BjiaHaercfl renepajiBni^. JI^jui neii BcerAa BUBeAyxrb Tasott naBMBOHi, 
CL TaBoi ApanHpoBBofi, HTO Aase HenpHJHHHO. H caiťB renepajirB — 
(Affii^ jiueuij mecTHAecflTHiÍTHÍtt crapHi&i — croan y npHjaBBa h 
aasuBaeTB MysuKB buhhtb maMnancBaro, no ABa pydía sa 6oBaji'B. 

BOTB 8T0 DlBHHSill! 

A IlaBarB AHApeeBBHx nniero noAOÓnaro ce6i ne nosBOJurrB 
HHKorAa — noBa SHBa ero sena. B^b neMi nopaAOHHoerB h xaBTX 
H HaciiACTBeHHu, if Aanu saBeAeHÍeirB, vjsíb oh'b BOcnHTUBajicfl. 
9to — coeiOBHoe saBeAeme, caiioe nepeoe wb nereptfypii. IIpaBAa, 
OffB ne BOHHHJii Bypca h na MHHBcrepcBOi cjiys6^ ne MorB hi^ítb 
HacTOflntaro xoAa; ho ao chxi nopi bx neirB ysnaiorB nHTOMi^a 
aroro sascAemfl, h na ero nHCBMennoMi cioaí ctohtb $OTorpa<|)H- 
HecBÍfi noprperB, ta^ oh^b chjitx BOcnHxaHHHBOifB noAroTOBHiejiB- 
naro y^BJíHn^a, b^b BypTOHB'6, cb ouosehuitb BopoTHHBOHa&. 

ffiHJiHi^a ^^J^i^^jfl vh nepBue ABa roAa Óujisl 8HaB0Ma cb ero 
zenofi. Ho hotom^b 8to seaBOMcrBO conuo na Bfbrhj — 6e3i BCflBaro 
paspHBa, 6631 Majišfiniefi HenpiflTHOcrn. JI^ajBme bh3htob'b oho h 
He nijio. A noTOMi Mapea IleipoBHa crajia (Joji^HeHHa, — HHByAa 
noHTH ne isnniThy OAHy sHicy npojieHHJiacB fb Mocbbí. Ob Tbxi> 
nopi ona, MOserB 6utb, h AoraAUBaexca; ho hh ao BaBHxx ci^eHi 
OffiB ee He AonycBajrB h ne Aonycrnrb. 

A djiOHsa XpHcro4>opoBHa sEsexi A0^Hej[B8fl CBpoMHO. y Heft 

eCTB AB%*TpH npiflXeJIBHHI^BI, H']&CBOJIBRO 3HaB0MEIX'B AaHl. MySlDHl 
ToMi IL—Mapti,, 1893. 2 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



18 B^CTHBKB EBPOnU. 

OHa noTTH HTO He npiiHiiMaerB, xota ohi na btowb cobc^mi He 
HacraHBaerb. Ee oh'l ne Hosen peBHOBaxb — ffl Taxot creneHH 
ona ^ecTHa h ÓesynpeHHa, h npeHcnojraeHa lasra h xymeBHaro 
cnoBO&CTBÍfl, THioft BecejiocTE, yMŠHBfl saHflTB ero — Bce CBOfierBa 



K'B seH^ owb He noxnííMaeTCfl. 

K'B Heny? Mapea IlerpoBHa naB^pHO en^e JiesHTB uh 6po- 
AHrB no MesoHHHy, MJiea h RHCiafl, njoxo npiraecaHHafl, vb He* 
CBiseMrB neHBK)ap^, a to h b^b ko$t6. 

Ohi a&bho ho A'^aerB et HHRa]CHX'B BaM^Hamfl Hac^en ea 
Tyajiera, npHBu^eiCB, pacnojiosenifl Ayxa, saHATÍfi. Xopomo yse h 
TOy HTO BCH) 3HMy OHa ÓBLsa HO^o^p^e. En^e Jiyíme 6£uo 6ki, ecn&h 
9Ty 8HMy ona npoBeja rA^-HHÓyAB na jorby 3% ŠLjrrb hjh bi Mepanš. 

Ho Mapea IlerpoBHa ne 3axoT&ia pasciaBaTBCfl ci a^tbmh. 

Kasi 6yAT0 ona hmh mhofo saHEMaercfl?! 

BoTB yse ÓoJBme roxa, BaB^B npn Miidb h^^ ryBepnanTsii. 
Ona Hsoxo roBoparB no-$paHii[y8CBii, no-anrjiftcBH cobcIm^, Ba- 
aBercii, saóujia; a pe6eHBoirB — Bor^a npn nei SHja anoH^ansa- 
6oHHa— tfojmuia yAHBHxejiBHo 6oftBo h cb npeBpacnuirB npoHSHO* 
memem. MaiB ci nefi nocroflHHO roBoparB no-pyccBH. XojíjsTh 
ona vb BaBofi-TO yiHTejiBHHi](%-<|)paHi](y2BeHBl; ho lOJBy m^ Bcero 

8T0r0 OH^B BHAHTB MaJlO. 

Ob a^tbmh MaxB o^enB pt^BO oůimerh. Ona icTh vh neonpe- 
A^eHHiie ^acH. Tojibbo oh'b — Bor^a oÓ^AaerB ;^OMa — HacraHBaen, 
vroóu A^TH npHXOAHiH B^B CTOJiy poBHO vb HflTB, a ne &IH 6u Óes- 
nopflAOTOO, Bor^a Bs^yMaercfl. 

nasejTB ÁHApeeBHTB noAomejTB en^e pasrB bi OTBpuTony OBHy 
H yBHAajii, BaBi ero a4th — Bosá h Mhc£ — nepexo^fli^ ^epes^ 
yjiHi^y Kh BopoTaM'B. 

Ohh Bcer^a BOsepaniajiHCB AOHOft cb Ba^naro, a ne cb napa^- 
Haro BpBiJiBi](a, qrĎ oh^b toso ne jíflJiioÚJimM^h. 

Owb OBJIHBHyjIl H3l OBHa: 

— Jí^íheI 

Mhca nepsafl noAHfljia rojiOBy h noA^^^sajia kl OBny, aoboaho 
HHSBOMy. 3a nefi no^omeJi^B Bobe, b^b ^ypasB^. 

— SApaBCTByft, nana! — sbohbo nposByqaJx ea Bs^paraBaiomitt 
rojocx. 

— OxEyfla? 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



ropjiBHKii. 1 9 

BoBa, noAOfiAfl, nepeMHHajicfl. 

— H TH 6ajrh? — copociui orei^i. 

— Rasi se, nana. 

— To-TO. 

H IIaBeji'B ÁHxpeeBuqi, b-b cropoHy AO^epa, Ao6aBHJii: 

— Oaho&, 6e8^ 6paTa, ho cji^xt^^ xoj^iitb... ocoCeHHO vh 
TmsL WLSbmsí uien. 

— Vasvb OTa Aa^eso? Mei h He saMirajiH, Kant xonuie. 

— Hy, xopomo... T^i y naHEi Cum? KaRi e^ BAopoBse? 

— S. TenepB— Ki Heft. 

— Hy, xopomo, 

Owb OTBepHyjflCfl H KHBHyj% UMX 06OHMI rOJIOBOft. 

?acu noRasuB&iH 6e3B idith uREjTh OABHHaAi^aTb. Eny 6h 
ea^o 6hjo noBHAaiBCd cx djionsoft XpHcro^opoBHoft, cnpocHTB ee — 
He xoHer^E jih ona, htoCu ohb sašxajTB wb racTpoHOHHqecsiB Mara- 
aiHi; npHBeaiH, Raserca, cffksyio atfpBRoooBCKyio nacTHJij h boh- 
^ffyi) crepjuiAB cb Gypu. Ona BcerAa crBcHAeTCír, sor^a ohi Aa* 
pHTB eft ciopnpnBOirB. 

Ho OffB He saft^eTB. ^enopyMB — ne nycroe msi nero fi^o^ 
pasB OHB p^mHJTB, HTO TaKB jiy^oie h a^h nero, h ]ijiíi nea. Ona 
onesB eMy npHSHaTejiBHa 3a Tasoft TasTB h yiiiHBe jbhtb. 

Ohb hosbohhjtb h npHRasajTB BomeAuieMy jraKeio — nosHjioiíy h 
^HCTO BHÓpHTOHy — HOAaBaTB. IIpHCTflSHafl — MOJiOAafl JoraaAB — 
xasHo yse npurajia na uicA h saAnpaia BopenHHRa. 

Ha BaAHeMB BpEiJiBi^^ BoBa h Mhoi ocranoBUJiHCB, to^ho hmb 
o(k)HMB npflmjna OAHa h xa 2se mucjib. 

— Th kb u&iiA? — capocoB Cpara. 

— A TH He safiAeniB? 

— HonosAH^... Mb^ ao BaBTpasa HaAO en^e bb oaho mšcto... 
& TOiíBBo BaxBaiy Bnesay. 

— Mana BApyrB cnpocHTB o Te6i... 

— CKaKH — KB TOBapH^y ymeJiB. 

BpaTB BomejTB nepsuft bb saAHioio npHxosyio, OTByAa ni;ia 
JiiceHBa 61^ BOMHaia aHTpecojra; a cecrpa noAHfljiacB no Apyroft 
^itosHi^š, H3% BoppHAopa BB aHTpecojiB, rA'6 s&BAdk Mapea HexpoBna. 

IIjontaABa pa8A'6jiHJia aHTpecojiB na ab^ 6ojihmiíi BOMHaTu. OAHa 
cjysHjia Mapeí HeipoBni cnajiBHOfi oBHaMH na ABopB; a Apyraa — 
62 BaÓHHeroMB, vjsjb ona npoBOAua ^acTB aha, 6ojiBnie Jiesa na 
KymeTBi. 

Mhca sarjiflHyiia thxohbbo bb cnáJiBHK). 

2* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



20 raCTHEKl BBPOnU. 

TaiTB emfi crosurh nojsjcffhrb orx cnyH^eHHHXi ciopi. BosAyx^B* 
nponHTaHrb Ónurb sanaxoMi nanHpocx. 

MaTB efl em.e jesaja na spoBara, vh uhwvby ni 6kjío emfi 

COBCbWh TeiiHO. 

— Rto TaiTb? — cnpocE.i!a Mapea IlerpoBHa pa3cia(Sb[eHHSir& 
rojiocoicB. 

— 3x0 Hy Mana... Ki w&b mosho? 

— BÍThy Mot spyrB, fl eme jeay... IIosobhbo mb HaTainy... 
Tenjioft BOXU mh% HysHO. HHKor;(a ona ee npHHecen BĎ-speiui. 

— Kasi TH ce<Ja ^yBCiByenib? 

— FojiOBa rjiynaa... Hana yšzan? 

— Kasercfl, yšxajrb. 

— IIpHXH EO uwb... lyxa... nocjit... TavB ^sepeei nonaca. A 
TenepB dobobh HaTamy. 

flfl^b nponua bi MajieHBRyH) ROMHai»y ropHHHHofi. HaianiH 
TaiTb He OBasajiocB. 

Haxo 6010 cnycTBTBCfl bhhsi. Ofla senuia 6u bo BceirB 5htb 
nojiesHofi Maiepn; toibko bto ne Bcerxa jwMLJioch efi. Mapea 
DerpoBHa nacro se MoserB cnpaBHTscfl co cbohmh HepBaifH. Torxa 
eft Bce Bx TjirocTB. 

CeroAHfl MflCfl xori^a 6u npuBHyTB ki eefi. GeroAHa et oco* 
6eHH0 sajB cbok) MaTB« Efi ao chxi nopi ho 6ujlo sa Hee TaBi^ 
o6haho. 

TenepB ona yase ne fb ciuaxB yBJOHATbCfl otb Toro, ^Totfu 

BCe BUflCHHTB. 

Oea HH BO ^TO He ÓyAerB BMŠniHBaTBCfl, ho ona AOisHa cna- 
najia yúijíjiThcSj ^to naiB efl noHHiraeTB CBoe nojtoaceme h mh- 
pHTCfl CB HHifB... EcjiH se OHa crpa^aorB, to laKi ne MOserB h 

He A0JI2KH0 HATH. 

BHHsy Mhca noToponHJ[a Haiamy — puxjyH) MOJiOAyBO A^^Bymny, 
ýpaHTHxy H Hepflxy bh^ctí, b^b moahuxi pyKaBax'B cb Cy^ami 
rojyCoro niiaTBa h bi He^HcroMi ^^apiyni, cb jiejiou% ap^ncxsH 
H3'B TpaBTHpnaro xopa. 

OnflTB HOAHfljiacB Mhca fb cboh) BOMHaTBy MesoHHHa. Ona SHja 
paAOiTB CB ÓpaToiTB. y Hero Óhjio noopocropníe. Ho — ao chxx 
nop'B — ona jlídÓujisl cbod „bojibd^, A^psajia ee hhcto u padBOAHJna 
Ha noAOBOHHHB']^ pasHEifl ^AepeBi^a'': jiHMonmie nepeHRE, sacMHHu; 
HHorAa casajia npocrofi jyBí — ero sejienB efi npaBHJiacB. 

BofiAfl Bi KOMHaTBy, ona nped^a b'b OBHy h tbxo sanjiaRajia — 
pasMOJBBa CB ÓpaxoiďB h bco, htó OHa sa nocj[^AHÍe Asa aha nepe- 
AyMajia, noAKaiEJiH efi bi ropjiy, to^ho KJiyóoB^, u ona ne crajia 
CAepsuBaxB thxhxi cJiesi. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



rOPJEHRU. 2 1 

IIox^B caMUHi noTOJBOiTB y Hea Óujii cojioBefi. Ohx Ape^aJTB 
ftpowb H Teneps, saeiHmaFB mjwbj saBOSMca, ho 6edi bcsrhxi 
sByKOBi: x^fl Hero yse nponura nopa jAn. 



VI. 

— Ki Te($% nosHO, nava? — cnpocHJia Mhca, lacoifB nosAHŠe, 
^rjiflABBafl vh KaÓHHerB naTepH, vjí/b la iiHJia Ko^^e y ORHa. 

Mapea Kerpoena CH^ijia bi MHrBOHi Rpecjii hsx speTOHa, ci 
rojiOBoft, npBCiOHeHHOB BicnHHR'6. 

Ona ÓwidL ai CaTHcrOBOirB neHLioapi, Ha^^TOirb He6pesH0, h 

«B RpyS^HOfi ROCEIHROft Ha FOJIOBŠ. 

Mhch) oropnajio to, hto naTB, en^e ne^asno TaRafl HHiepecHaa, 
ysacHO nocTap&[a h cobcíitb ho saHHMaercfl co6oh). DpesHee 
BHpaseHie ea ajihhhhxi CB^TJio-Rapnx^ rjias^B HC^e&io. TenepB oasa 
— ci RpacHUMH BŠRaMH — HacTO MHraioirb h cjesATCfl. Q^B^rB jiHi^a 
— fiypufi, Ch MHoaRecTBom Mopn^HHORx. H OHa SHaexi, hto MaxB 
«i— OTB 6e3C0HHHi](u — npHHHMaen ^acxo pasHUfl »ÍAKÍa* JieRap- 
CTBa — xJopajrB h eme RaRÍe-xo noporaRH. y hm „Heapacremfl^ — 

603Í&Bhj on ROTOpofi) RaseTCfl, HHqŠlTB HeJTBSfl 0CB060AHTBCfl, 
CKOJBRO HE JeiBCB. 

— RaR'B TO ceroAHfl, Mana? 

Mhca 9Toro He cnpocHJia (5h; ho ona Bnaeri, ^ro naiB ea 
Jiio6nTh, m!o6u ee noauuďuiH. 

— Bi rjia3ax'B RaRoe-xo nyBCTBO cxpaHHoe .. Tohho cixRa. 

— 9to, MoaeTB Chtb, na^ajio irarpeHH. 

— Mosexi 611IXB... Hy, Hxb xu mhí CRa«eraB? 

Mapea IlexpoBna npoxflnyjia Ri Hefi pyRy. Mhcji npnjiBHyjia 
Kh Het. 

— Mh 6um Ch BoBoi Ha RjiaAtfami. 

— JI,a? Hy ^xo-s^b! Xopomo... IlaMflXB hahh? fioBa vjíib? 

— OffB yraeii Ry^a-xo. fl ne snaio... 

— GeroxHfl fl Mory cb Baira nosaBxpaRaxB BHBsy... RaR^ dxo 
He<socHO, Hxo y nacB, HBB-sa Menu, xaRofi Óesnopa^ORi... Haxo 
Bce-TaRH ca^^rrBCfl bi oxhhx h xotb se ^acB. A xo axo xohho 
xpaRXHpi. 

— Mh noOTH Bcerxa vh hojtobehí nepBaro. 

— 9x0 no3AHO. 

Mapea IlexpoBna noMopniHjacB. 

Bcer^a buxoahjo y»e xaRB— nocjii hícrojibrhxi MHHyxB paa- 
roBopa Mhoi ^yBCXBOBajra, hxo MaxB ea xohho xaroxBTca ea npH- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



22 BfiCTHHlPB EBPOnU. 

cyTCTBÍeM'B. SaxoHercfl et hto-hhójxb pascKasaTB, cnpocHTB efl hh£- 
HÍe HJH npocTO HSJíHTBCfl — OHa 060 HTO-TO yiiHpaeTCfl. Bi rjasazi. 
MaTepH BaRofi-TO TyMaHi, eft Basi 6u nenpiflTHO ciymaiB. 

Ho cero;iiHfl ona, necMOTpfl na Ha^ajo Merpenn, — He npoHs 
noroBopRTB. 

— Xopomo, MaMOHBa, a Óyxy HacranBaiB, hto^h Bosá Bosspa- 
n^&icfl aBKypaxHO. Jl^a b^aB ohi ^acro AOMa — no yxpaifB. 

— Tti y MeHfl Bce oxHa, — nanaia Mapea IlerpoBHa 6oAÍe 

HCBpeHHO H HeMHOrO JBUJlWi% SByBOlTB... Ha^O 611 Bl TeÓi BBflIS 

Boro-HH6yAB. 

— TyBepnaETBy? Eítl^ MaMonsal — 2bhbo Bapn^aia Maca h^ 
eraBi na BOJiiHa y specia MarepH, nojiosHJia rojiOBy sa spaft 
pyHBH. — 3aH%MX? Mhš Bcero oahhi foa^b ocTaercfl... JBL yasx 6ojiBinaji. 

— Jí^juí npaBTHBH ABinsa, Moft xpyrs. Jl^a h HeiBsa se reů^k 

XOXHTB BCe OXHOi... H 6UTb nOCTOJIHHO OAHOfi. 

— Si EB oxHa, Mana... A BoBa? 

— C% HBMi Til npiy^aemBCfl bi Tony rHHHasHCTOBi. 

— Tedib caiiot, Mana^ HyasHO 611 BOMnanbOBBy. 

— Axx, FÍrb! 9to— OTBpameme. Tojbbo b-b xarocTB ňy^era. 

— ^HTaTB BCiyxi... 

— ÍTeme mcm pasxpasaerB, roiyfiraB^B. S. o lefit roBopio, — 
CB Bfljiofi HacToS^HBOCTBK) saroBopHJia Mapea IlerpoBna. — Ho aro* 
Haxo o6xyMaTB... naBeji'B AHxpeeBHH'B ciflmBOifB sanaTB. 

— ?'6irB se nana Tasí saHATB? — cb shboctbh) BOspasHJia 
Mhca: — AHeMi oh^b bi 62LaK% a noroifB coBepmeHHO CBofioxeffB. 
H Beqepa npoBOAHTi — bhí xona. 

Mapea HerpoBna BsruHyjia ea jsfln vb óobi h HepBHO nonpa- 
BHJ[a Ha p%A^K)ii](HXi BOJiocaxi BpyseBHyH) BocuHBy. 

— Ilana bojiShx npoBOABTB Bpeufl BaBi eny yroxHO, — ceHren- 
i403H0 BuroBopHJia OHa. 

— JBL QEBJOj Mana. 

' — 0% BasBoi se CTara th 9to CBasaJia? — eme nepsnie cnpo- 
CHjra Mapea HerpoBHa. 

Mbca xoT&ia onflTB npHnacTB vh Maiepe; ho ea ÓjAfflua n^eBEt 
Bsxpornyn. Toh^b Maiepn oÓnaBajii ee. Ona tfiua sa Hee ecBopÓJiena^ 
H ee se bbbi 6u jiobatb na HexejiHBaTHOCTH, na seiamH yjiH^^aTb 
OTim. 

He yjiHHaeirB ona ero, a xo^erB searB, HaBOHei^'B, BaB^B ea 

MaXB CHOTpHTB Ha CBOe C06CTBeHH0e HOJioseHÍe. 

HeysejiH ona cosnaTejBHO h no AO($poi bojií cnoceóna ynn- 
saTB ce6a? 

PasB^ MBTB ea BHHOBaTa bi toitb, ^to craja cjia(5a sxopoBBeicB^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



ropjiEHEa. 23 

TO> QHa nocrapijui h ne Hosen, no npesHeny, saHHMaxBCfl Tyaje- 
tom, He HrpaerB na ^prenbflHO, — a ona, npespacnafl MysHBaHTina, 
He 6uB2íeTh noHTE EUTKby AOJiSHa isjífiTb JiemiThcsi na boau? 

H BQřFh ona se OBaHBBaero ee, Basi xojiOAHofi boaoH, TaBHM'B 
saM^^aHieiTB. 

Mscfl OTOxBBHyaacb 0T% specjia h Bcxaja. 

— MaMa, — daroBopHJia ona, noAaBJíflfl cji&m: — tu MCEfl He 
noHfljia. 

— Tlero se Tyra He noHHMaTB? Ob Kaxoft CTara tu — ffiBOHKa, 
no9TH A^BHOHBa — nosBOueniB ce6i o($eysAaTB to, b&ki^ tbo8 0X61^*^ 
H rj(fi— npoTflHyja Mapea IleTpoBHa — hpoboahtb CBoe BpeMa? 

— JI ne CBaaajia — r^iL. MaMO^Ka, s ne roBopHJia — faí... 
Gaesu 6pu8HyjH um cbžtjiuxi, Óojibhihxi nasi A^BymBH, h 

ona OTBepnyjacB — en^e ;^tcbhmi secTOiťB — tohho xor&na y6^&saTi> 
H cnpHTaTBCfl vb yroj'B. 

— nosajiyficTa, 6e8% XHUKaHBfl. 

— Mana, Mana... a ne sacjrysHJia.., 

— ^ero? 

Mapea IlerpoBna npHBcra^ wh spec^ h TOTHacB se BBuacB 

Sa BHCOBl. 

— Tu MeHfl TOJiBBO pascrpoHBaemB... SI h Óesi Toro HH^ero 

He HOHHMaH) OTB ÓOJEH. 

— MaMat— Mhch ohatb nox^isaia bi Bpecjiy. — iíwh sa Te6si 
o6hxho... ropBBO... 

— Ilto TaBoe? 

OrynaHeHHue rjasa Mapeu IlerpoBnu sasrjracB. 

— Tu — Bce o^Ba... Ilana... 

EasK 6u ona HBXHJia Bce, nrb y nefi naBHH^o na cepAi^i! 
Ona 6u cxBaTHJia naiiy sa roaoBy, craia 6u i^OBaxB ee h na 
ynnso CKasaia 6u e&, BaBi eft s&ib ee, BaB'B OHa crpaxaeTi otb 

TOrO, HTO BOffB TaiTB BO ^^JEHTejA, Vh ea AOMÍ, — BaBBfl^TO wbuBA 

xypHoro noBexeHÍH drilerB TaB'B naxaiBHO OTHHMaxB y nea Hyasa, 
a y HHXi^ on^at 

— ít5 nana? — noBxopHJia Mapea IlerpoBHa h coBdifB noA- 
BjuacB ch Bpecia.— Bu, BaseTCfl, cb yiia comjH MapBH IlaBJcoBHa?.. 
Bh HOSBOuere ceúfi Baaie-TO to^ho... HaneBH. Kasi Te6:b HanuciB 
B80peio ciaHOBHTBCfl Hoafixy TBOHMH po^HTejuiMH? PasBŽ fl Bor^a- 
HHtfyxB HO^aBaia Tedi hobo^b?.. CBasajia h b'b tboomi npHcyTCTBÍH 
HT0-HH($yxB HeBuroAHoe kms. TBoero OTi^a? EaBi se tu, A'bBH0HBa, 
ciiieniB? 

Mapea IlerpoBna cxBBTHJiacB o6%bmh pyBBMH sa rojiOBy h no- 
Bua Boie&uoH^eficfl noxoxBofi bi buxoahoK Asepn. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



24 B^CTHHR'B EBPOnU. 

— He sejaK) leós bh^ts... hh ceroxHfl, hh sasipa... H eciH 
TU HHCTOcepxeTOO He noKaemLCfl vb xBoeft rjiynoll h BOSMyrBreAHOt 

Ona He AoroBopHJut h, cxBaTHBnracs sa bhooki, to^ho npoero- 
najia h saxjionHyjia sa co6ofi ABepB. 

no cpejwBfb ROMHani Mhca eroflia julvl npsniBtfjieHHafl. Eft 
Ha^o 6ujio paspEixftTBCfl, htoCu cjiesH oobcíitb ne saxyniHJiH ee. 
HHBorAa eii^e ne HcnuTUBajia ona xasofi ropenn. 

Bors HTĎ OHa Haftxen vh CBoeft HaiepE, — BasyK) oi^HKy ea 
HyBCTBa, es AymeBHaro nporecra sa nee se! 

He „A^BTOHBa^ crpa^aeTB kb nefi, a x^Bymsa, otih^ho bcb 
noHHMaiaii^afl, roroBas na bcaríS ÓJiaropoAHuft nopEiBi. 

n Tasafl Harpaxa! 



vn. 

y BOBEI 6B ropOA^ A060JIBH0 OÓHIHpHOe SHaBOMCTBO — He Bl> 

ceife&H£ix'B „xoponiHXB xoMaxB; a (SosBme t,^ mojoaumh jhiox^mh h 

CB H^EOTOpHMH ypaSHOHHHQaMH^ — BaBB BUpaSEeTCfl HHOrxa, CB 

(^pesrjiHBOi ycMŽniBofi, ero OTeai. 

Bo BpeMfl BaBai^ifi ohi BasAEifi xeHB, — ao o($£a& bjih Be^epicoMi, 
— HenpeMŠHHO HaBŽCTHTi Boro-HHtfyAB Hsi CBOHXi npiflTejieft. 

Ero BJie^erB b'b hhm'b to, hto ohh oSpan^aiOTCfl ch hhitb Kas'B 
CB Bspoc^iUMi, — to^ho owh CTy^eHrB hjh o^^Bi^epi. H^BOToptie 
Aase oco6eHHO noTTHTejiBHO, neMHOSBO CHHsy BBepxi, HMip. Byn- 
qHB% Gupe&n^BBOBi, cuhx BaHaTHaro 4^a5pHBaHTa h napoxo^uBa, 
„AABinift crpe^Ba^ hsb rHMHasiii, Baxi^ tojbbo ohi nepemejTB b^b 
TOTi KsaccB, Tjíik Ha^ajicfl rpenecBÍft usiaph. fljBL^hme TperBaro cbio* 
Henifl owh He mofb o^o^^Itb rpaMMaTHBH h ao chx'b nopx, ch ysa- 
C0M!B H He Óesi BOMHSMa, HOBTopaerB o6o8HaHeHÍe cjiob'b, Hiffeio- 
nprxi y^apenie na pasHcixi cioraxi. Ohb ne saÓHXB htb norony, 
TTO HasEiBaerB TaB'B shbbtxb jno^efi. O^noro npHBasTOBa ohb npo- 
SBajTB „OBcňroHOH^^, a ropoxoBoro, y hexi, na nepespecTB^ — 
„HepHcní)MeHOH'B'. flfi ^^^^ ^^V^ ^^^ ^ yiHfio^Boft, Eorxa nps 
HeMx nponsHOCflTB ciobo „6apHT0HB^, neperianeTCfl cb BoBOtt — a-je 
ne 3a6u^B, míb Tasoe sto cjobo snaurB vh toII se rpe^ecBot 
rpaMMaTHBÍ. 

Ob BoBOfi owh HOSHaBOMHJicfl na paCnofi mbjA. Ohe saBHxn- 

BaJSE TOHH) — E CB TÍXI HOpB CTaJTE HpíflTeJlflME. OhI^ Se CBeJTh 

ero CBMOJiOAHirB aBTepoM'B, — mšctehm^b yposeni^eM^ e3% HŠn^an- 

CBEX'B A^Tefi, ECBJDíH)HeHHUMX V13% peajiBHaTO y^BJIEH^a. $aMEJlÍfl 



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rOPJIEBBH. . 25 

aiBTepa — Hejuanwb^ ho ohi cowhejtb ce6b ABOtHoe bus — BpflHCBift- 
BonnHi, B'b naMflTB AByxi cmsiPiBhtx^h apTHcroRB. Majiift oh*& — 
Tfjj^Hbft, HeHHoro beki 6u rpoHyiEifi — ipoHyrB na toite, tto hhbto 
He noHAMaera lun, icaB^B osb, ^npnHi^a AaTCBaro^. Obte cj[7aiiJ!i'E 
yse Bi npoBBHitiH, ho hsta^ yxepacaTBCs ho xon. TenepB sHBen 
dxkb, — 7 HOTO iiaTB, HifflH)nvui xomhri^ — bx osExanÍH anraseMeHia 
RB PocTOFB-Ha-JI|oHy — wwhy no BpaĚHefi Mtpi, oh-b yB4pajn». 

Gero^HA, nocjsš pasMOJiBBH c% Mučet, — nepBOft bx hxx sbsbh, — 
B(NBa no^7BCTBOBai'E npHJHBi BJieneHÍfl b% sroMy FaMieTy. 3axoT%- 
Jiocb yflTH CB HHiTB Bi^ oco($eHHiie pasTOBOpii, ne AJMaTb Bce o 
TOMi se. A^ OHX H o6in^ajrB eny saBepnyrB na xhbxi — nociymaTB, 

RaKl OHI ÓyffiTh „B&HOBO'' npOHSHOCHTB MOHOJlOrH. 

y BpflHcsaro — BoBa a-ui KpaTBOcrn TaK'B ero SBajrb— bi caAHB'6 
eMy.Bcerxa npiaTHO, He noxoate na to, ^to ohs SBBerB vb o5bir* 
HOBeHHoft M^n^aHCROfi o6cTaH06B']&. MaTb aBTepa HHBorxa ne noBa* 
3HBaeTCfl. noA'B BHHiHBMH — TenepB 0H% yse coBciifE cospkm — 
laiTB npiflTHO caxbrh bi t^hh. Ecjih eny tfyxerB safiaBHO — ohb ho 
BepHercfl sasTpasaTB. Owh snaei^B ceerpy: ona tfyxeTB BsrjuiAtiBaTB 
Ha Hero sajioOHO, h ecjin ohi BCHUJiHrE — HenpeMÍtoHO padpH>MHTCfl. 

Ilyn ero Jiesajix b*e cropoHy pisH. IIo Bpyrofi TponHHB']^ nox- 
Hflicfl OFB vh oÓptiBy, rxi ctobti crapHHHafl, npHdenHCTafl i^epBOBB 
,SeH-B-MrpoHOCHi^'' , h cb njon^axBH bsajtb wh ysBÍt npoyjiOB'B, 
mejunii ohjitb fb ropy. 

BcK) dry ifšCTHOCTB, HspuTyK) h xojMHcryio, cb sasoyjiBaMH, 
aapocomf h JonyxoirB h BpanHBoft, ohi o^ohb jiio^hji. Korxa 6hjix 
noMOJOse, — saxasEBa^i CH)xa cb BHHasBofi h saÓBpajiCfl na camus 
bhqibh, OTsyxft BHxna p^Ba h noxropoxHHfi MOHacrupB, cb BEsan- 
TificBHMH jiyBOBHii^aMH ruFB, Ha 4^H^ jTEHOBaro rycroro caxa. 

Ho pasMOJBBa cb cecrpofi — híti, h4ti — xa h BcniuBerB y nero 
BHyrpH, — Tono vb rpyxH, a ne bi& fojiobš. 

PasyMŠerciT, owh — no CBoeny — npaBi, h ona xcjosna ero hohatb. 
PtoB 0B'B HHBaBofi „noxJiocTH^ He x^aerB — nevěro h noxHBMaxB 

HCTOpÍK). 

Korxa OHB yxoxHJii b^b xoMy, eiiy BsxynajiocB xftse: ne safiiii 

JH BX 9j0H8% XpHCrO^pOBH'6 Sa OXHHlfB pOMaHOlTB, BOTOpHfi OHa 

eMy npex^araia HexaBHO. Ho owh cxepsajTB ceón. HapoHHO, hsi 
OBopcreai OHI HH^ero ne craHen x^^tb, ho h nepex'B cecrpoft 
He 6yxeTB npuraiB. 

sHaxo 5iiTB MysHHHofi!'' — noBTopnjii ohi, noxHHiiaflCB na 
BHmBy B% xoMHBy aBxepa. Botb h rjiyxaa BajmiBa cb CBaifee^Rott, 
H xpyraH, — Bcerxa nojryoTBpirraa. 



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26 . BJ^GTHHRl EBPOnU. 

Ohi Bomejii b% nee h spHBHyji oeiiaci se co6aB£*OBwpRŠ^ 
saiiptiraBinefi na i^šne: 

— CyjraiHBa! Tyfib! 

Hsi OBHa BHCTaBBjocb BAopoBoe, RpacHOiueKoe jbi^o em^e ne 
OHeHB noasuoft seHmsEu — MarepH axiepa, vb cbxbiomiBX^ BOiocax^^ 
H vh saTpanesHOiTB CBTi^eBOMi xajraxi. 

— Bu Kb Bhtí?.. Oh-b HBBaRi BTb caxy.- Bi GecbxiA... IIo- 
sajryfiTe. 

MaTB CMorp^a na CBoero cuna sas^b na „nojioyMHeHBBaro'', 
HO, no cia6ocT0 CBoefi, CHHCxoxHJia, tojibko 6u owb coBcbvb se 
CBHXHyjíCfl OTh CBoero TeaTpajBCTBa. Ona ero h ynpocHja „saBu- 
BaTb"* He Wh MesoHHHi, HaA'^ ea rojOBOí, a bi caxy. 

BoBa HamejTB npiflrejifl uoKh t£hbk> jhitb, vb mojBOBOfi rojiy- 
6o& tfjiys'^ H ÓojiBmHx^ oxothh^hxx canoraxb, — pasBaiEBmeMCfl b^ 
coj[OMeHHOHi specjii. 

Ero cpasy mosho Cujio npHBHaTb sa aBrepa: dpeioe, o^eeb 
ÓJ^ABoe H xyxoe jibi^o, aoboj^bho RpacHBoe, cb pacrepflHHuirB bsfjui- 

AOITB TeMHHXl TJldiffb H 60JIBinHMB pTOMB, ROTOpsft OHB npHBHBrby 

no-aRTepcRH, bpbbhtb, wcto nepeBOxa xojiCTOBaTiuíH ryÓaifE. Bo* 
jiocfii BHJHCB H 6BLIH OTny^eHii HHse ymell. Ha bhxx eny Óbijio 

JI^TB sa ffidLjLUfkTh. 

— A!.. Focno^HHi BJiaccHRB! J^oCpo no»aiOBaTBl — RpHBHyjrs 

OHB 60BÍ, ÓaperOHOlTB, CB tfaCOBHMH, HCRyCCTBeHHEIMH HOTaMH. 

DpaBOft pyROfi ohb cmajib rasery h fipocosB ee na senjpo, a 
ji^Byio noxajiB Bobí ocoÓuitb asecroMB h jaxoHBio RHapysB. 

— HpoxjiaawaeTecB? — cnpocHjiB BoBa. — Ji AyMajcB, — poxB npo- 
xoAHjm? 

— Bíbvbl npesp^HHuxB raser^HROBB HHTajiB. Botb Sphhrh! 
BoTB ÓesnapAOHHue nHcaRn! Ha^i aprHcraMH H8AÍBaH)TCfl9 tohho 
HaAB npespiHHiíMH paCanH... PasyMŠercfl, jy^me hatě bb npEsas- 
HEKE Ha napoxo^Eyio 6apacy, hímb jiEi;e;^ficTBOBaTB!.. 

OsB cnjiH)HyjrB e nepeROCEJTB nasa na rasery, (JpomeEnyH) hitk 
na seMJOD. 

— CxbETi BOJEHOBaTBCAl.. O BacB ^TO-JiB? — cHpocEJiB Bosa, ca- 

XECB pflAOlTB Ha CRaMBK). 

— Hítb, ne 060 uwh... Ho 9to Bce paBHO. KaRas bosmox- 
HOCTB BOfiTE BB Aymy A^ficTByB)Qtaro JEi^a, Rorxa he oxhhi penten— 
seHTEniRa caMB ne noHEMaeiB, ^ero euj nysno otb apTEcra, He 
HOHEHaerB Toro, rbrb apTECTB HOCMorp^jTB na cbok) saxa^y..* dx*^! 

— BaifB ^TO se jift eioro, — BOspasHjrB Bosá tohomb Bspoc- 
jiaro: — bh TaRB BxbAEie b-b pojiB... IlycRafi pyraiOTca. 



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rOPJEHRB. 27 

— He T0| Bjiaxeiripi IlaEioBHq^B, He 9to ojiho.*. Mhí caMOiiy 

flBHJlHCb COHHÍHÚI. 

— Hac^en ^ero? 

Bosá He c^wnjvb ero nojoyMHUMi, a HeMHOsso crpaHHuirB, 
xa H TO Tor^a, Ror^a owh yBJteKaercfl pojiBio Faujera. CeroAna 
Towb 7 Hero 6htjii> oropqeHHH&, ho ropas^o npon^e. 

— Hacnen nero? — hobtophjtb aETopi.— A načten Toro, — 
KaKoro AepsaTBCfl lona. noHHMaere? ?Tb sajosHTb vb cboh) AORJia- 
iiaipK), rpyHTB Kasofl?.. & xor&rb cb íohux'b jrkrh Úun peaJB- 
Binrs apTiíCTOMi. IIpesAe Bcero, qioóii xynift 6ajiSL BHAna, hto6b 
sasxafl FB Heft SHjnut TpenoTajia. 

„ÍTo-a-B, — Ayirajii BoBa, cjiymafl npiaTeja: — ohi orairaHO roBO- 
piTB. JI TaK-B ne CByM^JTB 6u; a oni — chh-b MÍn^aHKH". 
3to ero Aase ysoJOJioI 



vm. 

ÁRTepx Óucrpo noAHflJicfl (tb specia h samanui no Óecbfjsik 

— BoTB Basaa niTyBa, BjiaAHMÍpB IIaBJOBHq'B!.. IIpraATo 
CM^TBCfl HaA^B T^iTB, Easi HecHacTJiHBi(eB'B wb „Meb^ roBopars 
npo „ocHOBaHÍe^. 

— KaKoe ocHOBame?— cnpocHJTB BoBa, BH^aBniift HBecy OcrpoB- 
ciaro AftBHO. 

— MysuBajiBHoe... TaR'B eRasaTB. IfrpaK)n^ift FaHJieTa ^ojuseHi 
tfHTB 6aei». TaRi Hec^acr^HBi^eBi xoRasuBaerB. H owh npasi. 
Bací ne 6acB, MOserB Óuth h ÓapeTon^B — ne bi toitb a^o. A 

rOBOpUTB HeJDbBfl OÓfilRHOBeHHUlTB OÓpaSOMl... IIpOCTOTH O^HOfi HO- 

XoeraToqHol.. 

ÍTO-»%? Ho HOTaiTB OTO-JH hítb? IIo-RapaTHrHHCRH? — 

cnpocHJTB BoBa, ne Majio HHiaBinift o xeaxpš h pasmixi Mane- 
pax'B Hrpu. 

— npocTOTa-TO, BjiaxHMÍpB IlaBJípBHqi, xyse BopoBCTBa. Ha 
TO) yaKB a wh TůMÁerb peajiBHO HsotfpasaH) xepsaHifl xyniH. Ho 
XHb ffl CHX'B nopx HeBAOMeRi ÚujiOj qro na^o APyryio MysHRy 
ýbHE uycTUTb... noHHMaere? 

— Kasise bto? 

— A TaR%!.. Cm^tbca HaA'B 9mm> ee^ero. Hpesxe nepBEie 
asrepH — xotb 6ii KapararaHa bbatb — RaauyD #a8y Heane npoHs- 
HoctfjH. HuHBHO HS^^BaiOTCfl Ha^^B cjOBaiiH: ^Hefi noA'B hosomi Hpo- 
sona JlfliiyHOBal^ — a vb^h hxi Ha^o npoHdHecTH na ocoÓEifi na- 
HepB, H npesxe bi caMofi npocrofi ^^past nysEiRa tffiuia: „ JI BB3Ry 



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28 B^CTRHRTB EBPOmi. 

leíSfl, 3apyqKÍft, x& h Te6fl, Psescsit*... ÁHa^HH-sa lenepB — na 
cmIxte noAUMyn. Slj Bjisahmíitb IlaBJíOBHHi, hh GaiBBHHH, hh 

POCCH He JAOCTOHJCfl BH^Tb; HO HaBtpHJiRa 7 HHTB HOTRa Mysii- 

saiBHaH. IIo-flTajiBflHCRH dTO o6fl»aTejn»HO... a oo^ieify ne y naci? 
Ohi npHcl.rB ri Bob% h, HaRJOHHs^ roJOBy, sarOBOpHjrB Menle 
B08tfy2RAeHHo: 

— MewaK) H 061 9AHn4. 

— y^HTe pojL? 

— H'ferB!.. y naci bi (JoeBoirt penepryap* ero nfei. HoBaro 
nepeBOAa a He iHian, a ecTB crapeHHiift. Bon nojioseHÍe-TO. 
GibETB raifJieTOBCicaro. Bu, neGocB, aojishh homhhtb. 

— HirB, fl 3Haio, — oroBopHJCfl BoBa, cjrenca spacHta, — tojbro 
coA^psanie. 

— Bu vbjLh c^acTJiHBei^: no-rpe^ecRH Mosere ^eraTB. y BacB 
TparHROBi-TO npoxoAHJH yasi? 

— Bt ceABMOBfB ÓyAyTB... Rasercfl, orpHBRH. 

— BHAHTe! 

ARxept Bcraji h OTOinejrb bk Bxo^y vb Cec^AKy? oÓpaaoBaH- 

HyH) AByMH BHHIHeBHMH AOpOBLAMH. 

— rpeRH-TO CTHXH CBOH HapaCn%B'B ^BTaJTH... Ch MySUROfi. 

drO XOnOAJHHHO H8B'IcTH0. 

— Jía, — ^OATBep;^HJlx cepsesHO BoBa. — PancoAH pacnÍBajm. 

— PancoAH? 

— ntBi^ti... roMepOBCRÍe. Jl^^ajiH naysu h nrpaiH na rHTa- 
paxi... na i^BTpax^^ no HUH^nraeicy. 

— BoTL BH;íMTe! Sna^TB, AepsajiHCB pasM-ipeHHOfi p*qH? 

— PasyBiiercfl— FeRBaMerpí nna^e HejBSH qHiaTB. 

— Bh, He6ocB, yMiere? — ÓJiecBjvb rjasanH cnpocHJii aRrepi^. 

— yMiio... TojiBRO BTO, HO MOCMy, o^Ha 3aTfia: Hamero 6paia 

J[OBHTB Ha ROpOTRHX'B H ^OJirHXl. 

— Hy, fl HO conaceni. MysuRa! Botb Ry;ía na^o hath. 9to6h 

RaSAOe ^BCTBO BEIJIHBaJlOCB B'B HOT]^. 

— J^jísi BToro ninie b^ onep4 ecTB. 

— To caMO C06010. Bh, rojiyĎTORx, Tro-HaCy^B snaeie HaesycTL... 
081^ roRsaMerpoBi? 

— SnaK). 

— HanpHMŽpi? 

— Hy, H3i OxHCCeH... Tro-aa. 

— BaxioniRa, npoxeRjaMHpyftre RaR'B cjiŠAyerB co bc^mh aoi- 

niMH H ROpOTRHMH. XOTB O^HH^B CTHX'B. 

BoBa saRHHyjTB neiiHoro roJOBy — xaRi oh'b Bcer^a npHnoini- 
Han — H nana^TB hpohbhochtb, ycHJieHHO oTÓHBaa ctohh: 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



rOPJIEHBH. 2& 

— „ÁHApa — Moft — SHHena — iiyca — no^JitóTponoffB — ĎCMajs 

— ^YAecHo! To^HO ejeĚ npcjiEBacre! — sespirasurb aKiepx b 
BsŘwn cě&b boiocu na npaBOifb vactii... — noBTopHTe*Ba en^e^ 
Bóra pa^Hl 

BoBa noBTopHJCb DOCBopbe« 

— BŠAB He<S0CB dTOMy Ha^O JTOTBCfl? A TSLKh^ npOCTO^ 6681. •» 

san 8T0 7 BacB HaaHBaercfi? 

— CBaHAHpOBRH? 

— Hy, fla... BuŘnerh cobcIm'e ne to! 

— BllfiAGTl TaB-B: 

BoBa npo^acb Cb oÓBiBHOBeHHUMH naysaMH: 

— .AHApa Mofi, 8HHene, iiyca, nojiibTponoHi, bCMau, nbuui. 

— To, xft HO TO... H ^Mi se rpeRH-TO xyxe HacB ÓusEy 
BjuuHMÍpí IlaaioBifTb? Bce vbjífi orb hhxi ncHnjo... HCBycciBO^ 
leaTpi?.. TaB'E m? 

— TaEX. 

ABTepi roBopHJi yiiHO, h 8to Bas!B 6u sax^Bajío BoBy. Ornera 
se owb — BaEi HCTtifi mBOJbHHBi^ — ne HaxoAnjii jífi chxi^ Dop'E 
HEBasol BpacoTfii vb rpe^ecBoieB reBsaMerpi h, Bootio^e, ne js/bjíwh 
H3B CBoero SHanifl flSHRa ESBasoro npifliHaro ynorpeó^enifl?.. Mon 
6u H Tenepb, ne m^otbmwlsl^ saHATift ceAbMoro BMCca, ffióun ce(% 
BToro eanaro „3xHna-i(apa'' h sa^aiB ero HBraTB, a^a cedfl, xoia 
5q h sarjiflAUBafl bi eaoBapB. 

B^AB OHx — ne BaBofi-HHfiyxB si^ypflAHufi ^peajiHcrb^, snaionúfi 
CBOH) xbmík) h MexaHEBy. Owh — BJ[accHB'E, eMy Aop^ra vh yHHBep- 
CHTerE, H OHI Me^aeii yse o tomi, saBx sepEeicfl CH)Aa, na 
tfyAyiqifi ro^x, Ch toijCwfl bopothhboitb h npH mnarš. 

— TeaepB Bce HSMeJB^aiio, — npoAOJiauLix BOJHOBaxBCfl BpflH- 
oúft, TO BCBaBHBafl, TO npHcasHBaflCB Bi HeMy: — a wh ApeBHeMi-TO 
Tea^ He TaBi arpajH, HH^ero ne Óoajhcb — hh A^BJíaMaiÚH na- 
pacn^Bi, HH BpHBOBib... Ffi^-TO B HHTaji^, HTO Bi 0AH0& TpareAÍB 
repoft BoeiTB bblii ottb 5ojih... TaBi-To! A cb dTofi npocTOTofi mu 
coBciii^B norjiynijiH. 

Oh'b TpaxHyjii cbohmh ByApflMH h, cb 6ucipuwh nepexoAOMi 
BB Apyroft TOHi, cnpocHJTB BoBy: 

— He xoTHTe jih noftTH noBajasaTB bx CapeftmHBOBy? Y 
Hero tfu H saBycBJíH? 

„Meca SAeTB^,— noAyMajTB cefinacB se BoBa; ho eMy ne crajio 
saiBO cecrpti. IIosaBTpaBaeTi OAHa. 

— nosajiyfi. Oh'b h3'b Mocbbu BepHyjicfl? 



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80 B^CTHinCE EBPOHEI. 

— HÍTiy (Sšraj% Ha on^OBCROirB napaxox^... CjuniHO, no 
ra3eTaM'E, sa Bojiri lutOBy^ifi reaipi* ycxponeaiorb. 

— KaK^B luoByiifl? 

Bona osHKieHHa Bcran, h ohh nonuKii no aueftBŽ h8% Kycrosi 
MajiHHu Bi rjyób ca^HRa. 

— Jíflwh A&IEI6, Bi bh;(£ ÓaniHH, co ci^eHofi. H na 6yBCHp6 
ero B08IITB 6yxyTi>. KoHBaTU x^a apTBCTOBx... CeroxHa xaxyn 
cneExaKJiB bx RasaHH, saBxpa bi ?e6oBcapaxi, h tbx,t> — bi res- 
A0M'B noBOJiscROifB ropo^^. 

— Hflea ÓoraTaa! 

— Emfi 6h! 

— BoTb 6ii Bai», BpHHCRÍfi! ?ero 6ei JDíy^me?*. 3to b^a^ 
cocLOTé Ójjífirh? 

— JlfljixRO nojiaraTb! Tojbro 9 ne o^ohl bthmh TOBapHn^eerBaifH 
BOCXHn^afiocb!.. Geftqaci nofi^yTi pas^opu xa yMHinaHBe. Oxho 
caoBO — ceMHÓoapmaea... YaťB jiy^me aHrpenpenepi. OffB — ney^ 
RaSaTHHRi, iLsyTflra; ho rojb CRopo a 7 nero nepBiiil ctoser^b — 
HHRTO naAO HHoft ROxaHAOBaTB HO craneTB. 

Ob 8TBMX BoBa corjracHJUCfl. Bx co6cTBeHHOirB jiibxb Haxo Ďbitb 
My2R?HH0ft. Th HyBCTByemB ce6a apTHCTOM'B h tbe vb cboh> cto- 
poHy. Hh nepoAi Rím^ ho npEirafi: Hajio je vb TOBapHn^ecTBo! 

II MhCA HOpOBHTB BCO CBeCTB R'B 2RH8HH Aynra B:B HJVIYy HTOtfu 
HH Bl ^eiTB HO HATH BHaHe, RaRl Vh HOry. A 9T0 Wb CylaHOCTH— 

yiiHH^aHBe h TnpaHCTBO. 

— y CEipeftn^HROBa ira HaB^pnaRa BB&)í,ewb en^e Roro*Ha6yAB. 
JI,apoHociteBa, nefiocB, sHaexe? 

— BH^ajii. 

— HaBŽpHflRa — TaiTB... MoaerB, h ^^oTorpa^)^ FaAioRHHi sa- 
BopnerB. E xaRx, RaR^B ecTB, nott^y- Tojibro RpuMTRy HaRHHy... 
noAOSAHTe MOHa MHHyTRy... S. ceftTOCB. 

ARTep'B no6toaj!i'B na sa^nee RpHjiBn,o. 



IX. 

Ha 5aj[R0H*l y Ryne^ecRaro CKiHa Cupefin^nROBa co6paj[OCB i^oe 
oÓn^ecTBO — uocjii saRycRii, en^e croflBineft na ctoji'6 nepBoft ROMHaTu. 

Owh saHHiiajii* BecB Me30HHH'B OTi](OBCRaro AOMa. 

Gaiii owh — RpacHon^eRÍfi, RyApaBEitt Ójiohahhi, necrpo h ^pes- 
Bu^a&HO crapaxejiBHO OA'£x£ifi, cb nojHOfi meeň, xo^ho y seHo^uHu, 
ci OTJioacHBiiťB BopoxHHHROMi — ^npHFJiainajrB rocxefi noAumaxB »qH- 
CTuuT> BOSAyxoMi*' H pascasHBa^x hxi. 



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rOPJIEHES. 31 

$acaA% BUXOAHJTb wb caA'B, r^^ jhiih ctojuh rycniMH RynaMH 
noAi eamorB 6ajiBOfiOM'B. 

CupefinxHBOBi co bcímh cbohmh rocr^niH o($paiiiajiCfl jacsoBO h 
eí oniHBOiTB no^n^emfl — nieh ase h Cb Boboí: ero ohi jsjBOíe otjih- 
Htrn HeMHoro, BaRi cuHa Hacroaiuaro „lapena "", Aft ^n^e AHpes- 
lopa seMejiBHaro 6aHBa, BEitfpaHHaro ABopneaMH. Ohx o^esB nacro 

HSJilBajICfl BOB']^ BX CBOOrL „OCOÓeHHUXl ^BCTBaXl'' B'B HeMy. 

y Hero ($£1210 BJienenie k^ „HHTejLiHreHipB' — bi aBiepa^fB, 
imeaTejflirEy bobcšitb, bto bi hxe ropo;ri sb ji noA% Ha^sopoiTB, bo 

BCaBHlTB SaisaSHMX BHaifeHBTOCTflHl, Bn;i0Tb XO BJOyHOBX I](HpBa, KOTO- 

pim owb Bcerxa yron^axB; ho CBpiJBaji'B ero ora t£x%, Boro yBaauuii 
H no6aHBajicfl. 6*5 BpflHCBOMi-BojirHH^ ohi npeseaBajii TajiaHTB 
noTOny BMeeHO, hto owb nesHOSBO „ci npBAypBH)*^. Oh% HBTajii 
KHiry JIOMÓposo: „Fenifi h ÓeayMie^, saBx h mhofo APyrHxi BHBrB 
yCaMaro nocjrbjíflMTO npBBOsa^ — TaB'B ocrpajii Ha^i hbm^b oahhi 
H8i yTOTaseft raMHasÍB, Boropufi noiiaBjrB ero ycntea bi rpe<ie* 

CBOHl flSEIB']^. 

KpoM^ Bobu u asiepa, saByctiBajiH y CQpeftn^flBOBa en^e ABoe: 
^^rpa^i raxK)BBH'B — MOJIOAO& Majnifi, oópocmitt secB nepHofi 
6opoAofi, BiuoTB AO noJOBBHH n^eB'By CMyrji£ifi H CB rjiasaMH na 
BHBaTB, njiOTHHft H HeÓposHO OA'&T£ifi, CB 8anax0M'B dOBpa. Ero 
Alua mjB emfi njoxoBaxo. Ohi xose JiBHyjii bi BHTej!iJ[Hreun,ÍB. 
GeroAHfl OHI 8a($ixajii bi Gupefin](HBOBý nac^eTB nopTpera, saBa- 
sanaaro eny j,bi HaiypajibHyio BejiHMHy", — h totb y^epatajii ero. 

HeAaBHHMx rocreMi — n GEipe&n^HBOBx o^ohb sa hhmi yxasH- 
beji — Úhijvh zBByin,ifi „ne no CBoeft boji'1'' cb npemnoft shmei h 
pa5oTaBnii& no craTBCTHBÍb AapoHOCiteB'B, o BoropoMi roBopn^i Bob']^ 
EpflHCBift. H BoBy OHI HHTepecoBajrB. JI^apoHOCi^eBi npBHieirB bi 
BOHi^y saBycBB, h xoBflBH^B ne ycn^i hjih ne Aora^ajicfl nosHaBo- 
MBTB CB HBM-B BoBy oco6eHHO. Owb TOJiBBO yroHíaji-B ero, HOBTopaa, 
HTo cefi^acB MOSHO oÓopyAOBaxB cxepjiflABy no-aifepBBaHCBH, oti 
^ero ^poHoei^eBi OTBaBajica. 

CTaTHCTBBi CMorp&TB en^o HecrapuMi a^kohom^b -- bucobíí, 
BepmBOBi ÓojEBme AecaiH, xyAoft, 6opoAa cb pHSHHot h bsÓbtuo, 
BSíKh n$Ha, TaBs^ pEiseBaxiie bojocei. JIe[i^om'b RpacaBuft: BpynHufi 
HOCB H HacMŠmjiHBiifl ry6u npHA&BajiH eiiy hohtb nocTOiiHHoe Bupa- 
seme yMHoft h 6e3i^epeMOHHofi ycMimBB. 

Ohi bccb 6uji% b'b napycHH*! n 6e8i raiciyxa, b% py6aniBt cb 
pacmHTiiirB BoporoBťB. 

— CarapoiBy ho yroAHO m BOMy? — yroníajix CupeftníHBOB-B. 
— ÍJierOHTB KysBMBq-B? 

— CnacHĎo... E cboh nanHpocH jik)6jih). 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



32 B&OTHHK^b EBPOna. 

— A BRJiHBoqRE, rocnoAa! Eme no pk)mb£. Maifenbu BJiyÓHH- 
Rofi HacTOflia. IIpeBOGxo-OAHa!.. — nponžii Cupein^HROBi h AMce 
noAMHTHyjrb npaBUM^b rjaBOirs. 

— 9to M02BH0, — OTossajiai CTaTHCTiiK!b.~H cnrapKy cotfaaro- 

BOJIHTe. 

— A TU ne xo^eniB? — cnpociurb xosBiiH^b y anepa. 

— H'ferB... Menfl on sypeHBs otiobÓjio. 

— A BaMi, RiaAHMÍpb HasjíOBKrE? 

BoBa HeMHoro cri^crnuai. Eify jelctbjio to, tto ero nwNOOTB 
yCOBC^i HyasíHEofi'*; ho npncyTCTBÍe eraTHCTHBa Kan-TO eMyniajio 
ero. Jíft OHI H nanHpoc£i-TO Rypnirb pix^o, Óojanie j^msl raxy* A 
TyTB en^e, noauLiyfi, ifyTBTL ÓjAerh. 

— HaJHBOTOH nOBTOpHTb? 

— YlB-B HO 3HaH). 

Ohi, saRycHBafl, biihhjii yse piony xepecy h pH)MRy jq^yroft 
HaiHBRB. m^eRtf y nero h tfeerB Toro niuajiH. 

— SI MHroMx, rocno^a. 

Cupefin^HROBl nO&b3BAJL% Vh ROlCnaTH O^OHB XOBOJÍBHfilt, HTO 

y nero TaRan OTÓopnas ROMnanifl h i](£hht% ero yrontenie. 

— Hy, íTO ae, OrenaH-B Se^opoBH^i, — cnpocHXb ^^OTorpa^^ 

noAcasHBaflCB r'b CTaTHCTHRy:— mhofo n&baffua dmwh ji^tom^b? 

— He Majo. 

FojiocB y JlapOHOciieBa Celii 6acoBofi, oisuBaBnúftcfl ceMHHapieft. 

— Bi saBOJiacRHXt TpyníOÓax-B, nefiocL? 

— IlMeHHO. 

— H RaRi HamjiH cocTosHÍe oheix'b najiecTHBi? 

— Jía Besffi ojHO h to ae— CRyjocTB ÓaiBrnaa bi rpoctbah- 
ctbí, caMOAypcTBO H&6ojn>mHX!E, nopiorb s^opóBO — BesA^ Ryjua^ecTBo; 
rocno^a ABopane hjh 0TcyTCTByH)rb no sarpanHi^aMi, hjih npo* 
'b^aiOTi CBOE ccyAu. A ccyxu BesA^ no caMHMi oÓJiisenHuicb 

0I]t^HRaH'B AaHH. 

ARTep'B npHCiymaJiCfl. Ohb c^HTajTb 6jaropoxcTBO CBoefi Aynra 
— Ha BucoT^ rairiera, h ssoóvurb ofijiH^HrejiBHiie pasroBopu. II BoBa, 
sacjumaBi cjiOBa o ccyAaxi ABopanairB, Toae noAOABHnyjicfl. 

He Wh nepBtiS pasx aoxoahjh h ao nero ropoACRÍe tojirh, hto 

Kh 6aHR£, TA^ 0Teií'B ÓUJTB TJiaBHEIMl „BOpOTHJOfi'', MHOFO HM^HÍft 

ocraercfl na pyRaxi y 5aHRa, h sa hexi, na Toprax'B, ne Asjoirh 
Tofi TJÍbEUy RaRyK^ CaHRx Ha8HaHHJi'B. Crajo Óeitb, oif^HRH 6wíE fljh- 
jiaHu eiemRoiTB ÓojiBmifl. 

Ho owh ne mofb fb bto bxoahtb, ne xot^^ oÓpehatb OTi^a. 
Maj[0 JIH HTb TOJRyiorB bx ropoA* npo BcaRaro, rto — na BHAy. 

CiOBa cxaTHCTHRa 3aA&iH ero. 



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rOPlEHBH. 33 

OffB enpocEii, He ÓesB BOjraemfl, he si kom y npaiio ee o6pa- 

— Oiaio 611TB... i^Hu 1UUIH? 

— HnyTL He Óusaiio, — oteíthi-b ^apoHOCiíeBX, yjHÓHyBmHCb 
Bsoa H nojosHBi Hory ea Hory. — B'b Óanst — inaxep'B-MaxepcTBO» 

$OTorpa^ ne raajii, ^lo Bosá — cuhi IlaBjm AH^peesEHa 
MaAoposa: aKTepi ne BHHsrb bi 9to — y nero bi rojiOBib Bcer^a 
Ikio m)-HH6yj^ CBoe, AonojiHHrejBfloe bi pasroBOpy, saRoft BejiH 
npi sem. 

HlyMHO B^eriu sa ÓajiBOHi xobahhi cb aiuhbom^ cerapi b 
eo ciousoirb. 

— TaKb yxoÓHie (yxen... rocnoxa!.. JI cefiqacB h HajHBBy^ 
i pDMu. A Bon H CHrapu. PeBOMeHxyH)... IIo-HcnaacBE... nasfii- 
BiDTCi: ,jIocb apnaHoď. ?to TaBoe SHa^En — ne Mory otiiacHETB; 

30 8BOHKO BIIXOXETI. 

H owh oniiTB ytitaum. 

— To-ecTb, BaBoe se inaxep'E-MaxepcTBO? — cnpocBJíi Bobb, 
ijBOByfl, HTO 7 šero vb ymaxi sasBen^o. 

Ero HHTepeeoBajE TaBÍe, BaK% btotb J[apoHOCiteB'B. Ho saH&ii 
>e BxpyrB, 6e3:L bcabexi AOBasaTejiBCTBi, oÓbehatb bi ^eirs — vb 

^ ^a caHoe npocroe. Ho nocjiOBEi:^'^ — pysa pyKy Moen... 
nepnl y HacB vb 6aHBŠ jíobjsmi> — AHpeBTOpB-npexc^AaTejB KaB'B 
^ ^y xpyrBH^B He MEpBOJiHTBy BOJifl owb ce&b Bl XyXOflpOBCBOfi 
BOiocni TasyH) jrlcnyH) A&^y npioópšji sa iperB jjjbBu? 

IlepBoe ABEseme Bobu 6imo BcraTB h spERHyn: 

,Bh ne CM']beTe xasi! Btotb x^poBTopi — Moft orei^x, IlaBejrB 
Afl](peeBHq'B MaiopoBi, e a BaH'E ne hobbojik) npo nero roBopETB, 
UMU npo syjraBať 

Ho OHI HE^ero ne bpebhjjii, a tojibbo Bcrajii bi cejelhoitb 
^yiuemn, Koropoe ne mopb e ne xot£ji'b CAepsaTB. 



X. 

d^efin^EBOBi CHOBa Bier&fB Ch CyrniBoS hbjiebbe b pH)M- 
on. 
Ero eyeuHBOCTB e BynenecBÍe npíeMH yron](eHÍfl noBasajiECB 

^ EPOIHBQHMH, fl BOOfiqe BCfl 8Ta „BOMnaHÍfl'', BX BOTOpOft OH'B 
— Bh o HeiTB OTO? — CnpOCHJTB CraTECTEBa XOBflEHl. 

^ fyk ixm HacnerB reme^naxepcTBa rocnoA'B cocjobheix'b sa- 

Ton IL— *Mápti, 1898. 8 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



34 B^CTEHRl EBPOnH. 

npaBHJTb ÓaHKa, — ci^ ottjuskoU BEiroBopHJVB ^apoHOd^eEX, orxieÓ- 
HyKb H3i pH)MKH H Ha ooo6u6 M^b KpflKHyjTb, neperjiflHyBinHCB ch 

OCiaiBHEIMH. 

— OAHaso... nosBOJiBTe... — ry6u Bobu xporayjHHOHi BCTajii 
npfluo npoTfíBí JUpoHoa^eBa. — Tasí uejiBSfl-CB. 

— ^ero? — AOBOJiBHo íesuepeMOHHO enpoceji toto. 

— TaKl HeJBBfl... OÓBHHflTB H nOpOlHTE JH)Ae&. 

— noHeify se, kojib na sto octb HecoMHŠHHHe ^^asTti? 
XoBflHHi noHflJi, FB ^eifi A&io, HauoHHJicfl Ki AapoHOCi^eBy 

H no.iyrpoMRO cRa8aJi'B, yxasaBi^ rjiasaiiH na BoBy: 

— rocnoAHH'B Ma&opoB'B, cHHOsi IlaBJía ÁHxpeeBHW. 

— A-al — npoTflHyjTB ^apoHOCi^eBi h Rpynnie yciiixHyjca.— fl 
HO 8Haji%«.. He 8Haji'B, HTO Bu — cuHOKi FociiOAHHa AupoKTopa. Bame 
cimoBHee qyBCTBO a. ne T&ejssuLi^ sa^^iBaTs; ho bii— toso ne ahta. 

nopa H BHBRaTB Vb TO, HTÓ BORpyFB BaCB TBOpHTCfl. 

OcTajBHue roeiH CMyn^eHHO iipoMOJi^ajH. XoȒhh'e bsui Bosy 
sa njie^sE h craJTE htb saTb. 

— BjiaAHMipi IlaBJíoBHHi... BU HSBEHHTei FOJiyC^HBi... OrenaHi 
OexopoBirqi se xor&ii^ HH^ero TaBoro... ixo6u BacB, sHanero, sa- 

A^TB HJOI TaifB HTÍ). 

BoBa OTcrpaHHJii ero h ocrascfl Ha tohi se wbcťb^ npoTHBi 
JljapoHoci^eBa, npoAOJisaBniaro yjiuÓaTBCfl. 

— 3HaH)-CB. rocnoAHH-B AapoHOdteKB cx^ajTB bto... 6esi na- 
M^pemfl... Ho ho vh tomi fjbjío-ch... 

Owh CTajTB, npoTHBi bojh, npHÓaBjflTB "iacTHi^y „cb^, ^CTByji, 
^T0 BOJiHeme ero ne yjierjiocB. 
y nero yse iieiiBKHyjia mucjib: 

„ByAB STO BO ^paHI^ÍH HJIH 6yAB OH'B O^HI^epl HJIH H)Hfiep'B, 

OHI 6u q)a3y ocaAHJTB SToro asoasu^HEBa, BOTopuS bh^htca rkrh^ 

TTO OH'B nOA'B HaA30pOM'B H HO A^P^BHAMl ^JÍfiTh. ^a, JOO^Oft lOHBepi 

KpeKByjii 6u eify: — HsBOJiBTe bsatb cboh cjOBa HadaA'B9 a ecJiH 
hÍto^ to boto BaM'B MOfl KapTO^a!^ 

Ho TenepB yse rjiyno Cy^eTO TaKi noBecra ce(Ja — pasi 9to 
nepeniao bi pasroBopi, bx cnopi. 

Ohi ne mopb cpasy nafiTH, vh BasoirB cmeicjiž a^tb OTnopi 
dTOicy „ceMHHapy^, BOofipaasaion^eMy, hto oh!B — san^nrHHBi BHcmefl 

TOCTHOCTH. 

— BuneBTo, rojiy6^iisi, najEBO^BHl — npHCTaBaji'B xo8flHH'B. 

— OcTaBBTe HeHfl cb BameS najHBBofi! 

BoBa OTBejTB ero A^aie pyBoB h ctsljli> 6AÍ]i,BÍTh. 

— HodBOJiBTe BaicB boto htí) CKasaTB, — nanajn omb, CA^aBi 
mara nasaAt, ho Bce eníe npoTHBX caMoro JIjapoHOCiíeBa.— Cjyqect 



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rOPJIEHBH. 35 

TfTh HJH He cjy^flCB cfiiHi Ilaaia ÁHApeeBHqa, a xaBx EeJih8&'Ch\.. 
Onoro, TTO b nocMorpR) na ce6si RaB^E Ha oÓJiE^HTejfl — TaB'B h xasaft 
npo BC&CE Basi npo rpaCiTreJiefi roBopHTS. Mofi oie^b y Bctxi 
na BHxy. Emj xoBŠpflEorB... A ciuereHL h bcaboS BJieBeru... wb 
raserax* — ne o6epenibCfl. 

— EojiyÓTOBi! — CpocMca kb Heiiy CHpefimHBOBX... — Bu Ha- 
npacHO... Bu HanpacHO... 

— npo aro fl caiTB snaH). iS Bameft BOHnamn pascrpoHBaTB 
ee xoiy... rocnoAHH'B ^apoHOCi^eBi cbohxi cjiob'b Bijif> He Bosbiieri 
nasax^? 

9totb Bonpoci uponeccfl cpexn MOJiHaeifl. 

— B£i dTO MeHfl cnpamHBaeTe? — (muHBHyjicfl ne cpasy craTH- 

CTEUCB... — Bx OAHOHl fl HOry nOBHHHTBCfl H Hepe^X XOBflHHOlTB, H 

nepeA^ BaMH— xors BHHa moa HeBOJBHaji: npH Bací ne CAÍjifiB&Jío 

rOBOpHTB — BOTB H BCG. 

JUpoHOciíeBi BCTajTB n oiomejii kl nepiuaifB. 

— TaEi H mh4 8a4cb Henero jíijraTB! — yae BpHBHyjTB BoBa. 
— Bh, BpflHCBÍfi, ocraerecB? 

— ÍTO-aii.!.. H fl noftíy. 

KaBi xosflBHi HH ynpamHBajTB: beihetb h Bce o6paTHTB bi» 
fflyrsy — BoBa cG^bmsurh nocnšoíHO bhhbi. 3a hemi cnycriijicfl h 
asTepB, He npopoHHBmift Bce Bpeufl hh cioBa. 

nepBue marH no yjHi^ ohh nponiJiH MOJi^a. BoBa He cmo* 
Tpkii Ha aBTepa. Owh oxAaBajicfl xoMy, mib wb hoitb npoHCxoAHJO. 

XyAO JH, xopomo jih, ho ohb noBeJi ceóa BaB'B ifys^Hna, a 
He BaBi MajiBHyraH'B, npn BOiopoMi mosho ÓesnaBasanHO roBopniB 
Tasí npo ero oni^a. 

— BjiaAHHipi IlaBJíOBHHi! — rjiyxo oBJíHBnyji-B ero aBTopi. 

— ÍTO BaMl? 

— SI Bací noHHMaiD. 

EpflHCBÍfi ocraHOBHJicH no c^ejijiiui iponjapa. 
OcraHOBHJicfl n BoBa. 

— noHHMaio! — noBTopHJi EpflHCBÍfi. — SI ne 6yfliy bxoahtb vb 
pasfiopi Bonpoca no cyn^ecTBy... ho Bxosy bi Ayniy cuna. Ona 
Aojsna 6IITB nenpHBOCHOBeHHa... lipaními AATCBifi jtfi tíxi nopi 
6wí!h n^jihBaií nejiOB^Bi, noBa ero cunoBnee HyBcrso ne Óujio sa- 
TpoHyro... ÍTO-aBe! 3T0My ceMHHapy na^o 6hjio aa-tb oiiiopi. Ohobb 
ysi 8TH rocnoAa aasnajiHCB. B^ab h bx ncByccxBO jňsjTb toibo co 
CBoet M^pBOfi. H HHHero-TO ne CMUCJiflTi! 

„Hy, noixajo!" — BOCBJHBHyjrB npo ce6fl BoBa h flBHnyjica 
OMTB no Tporryapy. 

ÁBiepi nona^ajii na OAHy hbi cbohxi sapySoBi. 

3* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



36 B1^THHB'E EBPOnU. 

— Bh Eyja? — cnpocHJTB ero Boaa, — ^om;o8? 

— HÍTB, sacHA^Cfl... Xo^y safrm kb CrpysRnny bi xpaK- 
THiTB, Ha ($HJUÍapAÍ& naprÍK) ^yvjTo... He sejcaere jih h bu? 

— H4tB. Ji AOMOft. 

Ohh npocTHJiHCB Ha yrjiy MocBOBCBofi yjim^ii, a BoBa nomair^ 
Bce vb ropy h CTaji'E sa^episHeaTB zokl. 

n^CKH ero y2Be ne xas^b rop&in. Bi rojOB^ erajo flcnie h ero 
tohho no^HUBaJio tto-to npiflTHoe, HOBoe. CosnaHÍe, ^ro owb sa- 
crynnicfl sa on^a, npntfjiHSHJio ero Vh Heny. HejiBdfl ^ejiOB^By shtb^ 
BaBx eMy xo^ercfl... Bc£ cyH)Tb hocl, cnjueTHHWiorb, o6BHHflK>!rB^ 
AOHHTiiBaiOTCfl. Bi ropoA'6 — cTaTHCTHB'B H ony noAO($Hiie... AftA^ 
Mhca HaHHHaerB BMŽmHBaTBCfl cobcImi ne vh eBoe a^o — tomho 
OHa BaBofi-TO FaujerB. £n\e Hexecrasajo Toro, ^to6u ona hbh- 
jiacB Vh OTi^y, saRi npnni^i ^aTCBÍft, h nanajia ero ycoBŽn^HBaTB. 

Bce TenepB — xaiťB, wb aom*!, BasajiocB Bobš noHflTHUBfB. ^o-aixt 
Hy, nojiosHM'B, H^MBa — npiflTejBHiii^a on^a; TaB'B b^a^ ^^ AOJTsaiy 
6uTh h8b£ctho nxi naiepn. MaxB — ÓojBHafl, nepBHafl; on^y Cb Heft 
tocbjhbo. He 6yAB arofl Qjiobhu XpHcro^^opoBHii — xpyraa 6h aBH- 
.lacB. Owh Ha nee ne pasopaercfl, bojh HM^Inis noBynaerB; a ecjnr 
H o^esneHHTB — Tasx BaB^B se Hnané? 

EMy laBi npiflTHO h hobo tfujio HyBCTBOBaxB h pascys^aiB He 
no*MajiBnHniecBH, a BaB'B Hacroan^eMy MyaLHBHŠ — TepnHHO, cb no- 
HHMaHÍeMrB jiiOAefi h bcíxx hx'b cjia6ocTefi. 

Oh'b BcnoMHHji'B HpeCayTBy noBoinoft hahh: 

^Bc4, tfaxioniBa, jiioah, bc6 — ^ejiOBÍBn". 

BorB HTb cj^AOBajio 6u ero cecxp^ noHao^e BcnoMHnaTB. 

CnycBaflCB no MocBOBCBOft yjiHi^i, ohi Tm% ynieji'B fb ceSa^ 
HTO nponycTHjťB noBopoii bb hxx AOMy, h jiftjímewh 6ujn» bbhtb. 
nasadí*. 

XI. 

djiOHsa XpECTo4)opoBHa MesAy saBxpaBoirB h oO^aoitb patforajia 
HJ[H HHTajia y OBna, noASHAaa 603Bpa^eHÍfl IlaBJía ÁHApeeBHHa 
H3i ÓaHBa. 

BoBa 9T0 3Haji'B. Oh%, BaBi 6u napo^HO, nepemejii yjHi^y sa 
H^CBOJiBBO maroBi otb ^iiHrejifl, tjs,í SHJia «HÍicBa^. 

EcjiH ona eny hobjiohhtca h OBJíHBnerB hbi oBna, owh saftA^T^ 
B'B Heft HenpeM^HHO h nonpocHrB BHHiBBy. 

En^e HSAajH owh pasrjuiA^^ (ř&iOBypyio MOJHoautByio rojOBy 
9joh3£i XpHCTO^^opoBHti, BceFAa aBBypaxHO npHqecaHHOĚ, ci Byqsofi 
na MaBOBB^. Ona ^nrajia y OBna, fb cbítjoII mojíBOBoft bo^^ cb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



rOPJIEHKH. 37 

BHCOBHITL BOpOTHHBOMl. TaJÍH — eUlfi CTpOfiHafl H TOHBafl — CTflHyTa 

zeiTim BjmaBOifB ci meicomi. Emj bh^^hu óujih TOJibKO rojiOBa 
u mie^H — ne oneoB nHmHUfl, ho spacHBiifl, HeHHoro npHnoxHflTtifl 
BBepxi noAi mapoBEME Óy^aicii pysasoBi, 

3to ti&iOBypoe jnsnfi cb HtsHEiifB pyifAHi^eMi h npiflTHUMi 
3arH(k>irB BopoxBaro Hoca — Bcer^a dphb^tjihbo yjiuSajocB eify h 
CBixjio-cžpue rjuisa, cnoBotetie h HyrB-^yiB BucMaTpHBaR>iiue, AO* 
noíHflJiH BTj yjutfBy. 

Ohi> noBJíOHOicfl nepBEifi, nepexo^fl na ipoTryapB. 

— 3ApaBCTByftTe, BoJs^^eMapiI — pas^ajica BByqHEifi, BBAparHBaio- 

Qlifi rOJIOCB 3i[0H8II XpHCTO^OpOBHU. 

nepeA'B OBHOiTB BoBÍk cnpocHJii ne oneHB rpoMBo: 

— MoacHO safiTH sa BHHrofi... totb poifaei... bh roBopuH, 

djOHSa XpHCT04K)pOBHa? 

— OieHBpaAa. SaflAHre. 

Bomeai^ OHI Ch nepeyjBa, ci napa^naro BpujiBiiia. Eny otbo- 
pma ropHHHHafl^ Tose n^MBa, HHcreHbBafl, wh ^apTyqB']^, TavB ase 
no MOXHOMy npHHecaHHafl, BaB'B h ea fiapuHfl. 

H ona yjiutfnyjacB eny, a bi ea ysBHXi BapHX'B r^asaxi oh^ 
MOFb tfu npo^ecTB Baiiq)B[BaHbe, BaB% Čly^TO ohh roBopnjiH: ^Basoft 
TU HJioxofi! 6oshmoiy a ne sejiaemB xotb neMHOSBO no6aiarypHTb 

€0 MHOK)!" 

Mhch AaBHO ^e norjia biihochtb stoS ropEH^Hofi, h oh% ao 
€Hxi nopi, Bor^a ona eny nonaAajiacB, xifypHJicfl. 

Ho Tyn* 0H'B jiacBOBO bstmejjí^ na nee h nepBufi BuroBopHXB: 

— SApaBCTByflTe! 

y 3joh8u XpHCTO(|K)poBHu BO Bctxi BOMHaiaxi 6uM oco6eH- 
Hafl ^BCTora. H Bce saB^-TO fijrecrkio: iieÓejiB, ftapiHEBe no cťb- 
HaiTLy Beni^HAii na crojiHBax^ bi es (SyAyapi, Txb ona cbkíjiií, y 
OBHa. H naxjio BypeHBeMi, ocB^saion^HMi h oneHB npiflTHUMi. 
PacieHifl CTOflJH Bi yrjax'B; OBHa h xBepH Óujih xpanEpoBanti ne- 

J^OporHME BOCTOHHHHE O^^JiaMH. 

HeBOJIHO CpaBHEJrB 0H!B 8T0TB HOpflAOBl E 8Ty HECTOTy Cl TÍM^i 

BaBi xepsajflCb y ero MaiepE BOMHaxii MesoHEHa. 

— BjiaroAapH)^ ^TOsanuE, — BcrpŽTEJia ero djiOEsa XpEcxo^o- 
poBHa E jíflxe npflnoAHfljiacB. — Ca^ETecB... KnESBa a&bho BacB 

VfiTh. 

Osa roBopflj[a poBHO, BecejiuMx tohomi, cb qyrb 3aM'6THiiMH 
oeraHOBsaME. 

— y Bací 8A'3^cb BaB'b npoxjaxHO^ — BHroBOpnjii BoBa, osEpascB, 
H npHC&rb TaBse bi OBHy. 

— Faí noÓHBaJiH?.. XoAEJiE na pÍBy, BynaJECB? 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



38 B^CTHHRl EBPOnU. 

— H-fen,.. a Chjtx Bi rocTaxx. 

JIhi^o ero 6imo sce en^e BpacHO. BipoflTHO, bhho h najniBRa^ 

?TO-TO npoMejiBBHyjo vb rjiasaxi h vh ycM^niE^ 3jioh8u XpH* 

CTO^^OpOBHH. 

Ona OTJiosHJia BHHry na ctojhbi h, Bun^síuvLWh CBoft Óioctb^ 
nonpaBiua npiraecBy xBHxemeifB najiBi^eBi cb ÓAecrsimei Boseft^ 

B^ BOJ![BI](aX'B. PyBH J Hefl tfilJIH XOJeHEIfl H BpaCHBEIfl. 

— ÍTO-aKB... rA^-HHtfyflB y BamHxi TOBapnntefi... TairB h saB- 
xpaBasH? 

djiOHsa XpHCTO^^opoBHa npomjsacB BsrjflxoMx no BOSÓysAeHHOMy 
juii^y Bobu. 

OffB efi BOO($iite HpaBHJicfl. Bi neiíx ona ne qyajia Toft sa- 
cjroHBH, saBi Wh cecrpš ero, cosHaBas Bnepex^, ^ro ecJiH efi cy^BÓa 
nonuerb 6utb saBOHHofi senoft IlaBJía AHxpeeBiraa, cb cbohmi 6y- 
;i(yn^HMi nacuHBOifB ona nojia^BTi jier^e, ^mi cb na^nepnuiefi. 

— JífiL, saBTpaBajTB... TyrB y o^Horo Byn?BBa. 

— PasB^ TaBoe oCmecreo Bací HHiepecyera? 
ToH'B Bonpoca Óujíi^ ho crporíft, a xpysecBÍfl. 

— Bhahio jih... djiOBsa XpEcro^poBHa, — y Hero coCapaerca... 
Boe-BTO H8i HHiepecHBixi jHHHOCTefi. Ohi jho^htb yrocTHTB. 

— A-a! — npoTHHyjra ona h ycMŠXHyjaCB, cobcémi y»e no-- 
npiflxejiBCBH... Buj BojB^iieMapi, h yron^ajracB? 

— IIpHSHaTBCfl CBasaxB... fl noďuui'|jrE, hto nomejii ly^iia. 
Ona ne cnpocHJia „noneMy^, a tojbbo rjiflA'^a na nero bii- 

SHAaxejiBHO. 

3to oneHB noHpaBHjrocB Bobí. Eiiy naAO 6ujo hsjhtbca. nx'B 
coexHHfljo ^yBCTBO Bi OAHOify HeJOB^By. Ona nofineTi n oi^']&HHirb 
noBOxeme cuHa, BOTopufi ho mopb ne sacrynHTBCfl sa oma. 

— Bh^íhto au... 

— Jífi Bu, nosajiyficra, ho pascBasHBafiTe, BojB^enapi, eciii 
BaMx dTO HenpiflTHO. 

— BÍTh\ noTOMy? TojTBBO, noxajiyftCTa, bto— MeaB^y naiiH. 

— O! £[ CBpoMHafl!.. Bu Hena eoBckwb ne SHaexe. 

— KoHe^Ho, BOHenno... He nepe^aBafire... nan^. 

— IlaBJíy ÁH^ípeeBH^? Oi BaBoft craTH! 
Ona HyTB saM^THO noBejia njenaiiH. 

— Sl npomy Bací tfuTB co mhoh) Basi ci xoponiBMi Toea- 
pHn^eMi. y BacB Moryii Óinh cboh TafiHu. Bu yse ho petfeHOKx* 

Fjiasa efl nrpnBO CjecHyjH. 

— Híto, 8T0 coBC^Mi ne to... 9to ne Bacaerca Moeft shshh 
no rHMHasiH... hjih Booón^e BaB0fi-HH6yAB Hcropin. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



roPwiEH&H. S9 

GMynteHie Ha^aJio objiea^bstb hmx; ho bsajo sepxi sejiame 
pascsasaTb efi, Rasi oh'b noBeAi eeós y Cupefin^EBOBa. 

7se He nyiaflCb vb ciOBars, Óucrpo^ ropa^HirB tohomi pas- 
csasajťB owhj Tr{> Bimuio na 6ajK0HÍ y Byn^BRa. 

— CiorjiacHTec]^ cam, 3j[0H8a XpHCToýopoBHa, — saBOHHHjrB BoBa 
H saxoAKffE no BOMHaii. — S. ho mofe crepirbTB. Moero OTi^a a 
ne craHy cy^HTE h pasÓHpaTB ero noBe^eme. 

— Eme 6h! — BHpBajocB y 3ji[0H3u XpHcro^^opoBHU, h mcKB 
ea crajH posobítb. 

— Eny jsfivbpsierb Bce oÓmficiBOj bc£, bto ero BUÓapaji^B. 
Ho fl — ero cub%, htojbbo y Hacb Tasí... mo2Bho CRasaTB... cbhhckh 
Bexyn ce6fl rocno^a... 

Ohx HCsajTL ciOBa. 

— Focnoxa HHTejuHreHTii, BooÓpaauuonúe, hto ohh — cojib seMJiH. 
drofi THpaxoft OHI ocrajcfl o^ohb aobojiohi, kb oco6eHHOCTB 

cjOBaiiH: ^^cojib seMJui^. H hh oxHoft ceByHAH eny ne 6uxo ne- 

JOBBO OTTOrO) HTO CBAHTB OHI y HpíflTeJBHHI^U CBOOFO OTI^k, ROTO- 

pafl) npH 8H3HH ero naTepK, sanfljia efl m^cto h bi cepAi^'^, ecjm 

HB BO BCeifB AOMŠ. 

Ona ero noHHMajia h ne MOserB ne oi^^íhhtb ero nocrynRa. 



xn. 

— MHJiHft BoA^ienapi! 

djiOHsa XpHCTO^^opoBHa noAomjia kb Heny ohohb Óticrpo h no- 
ifiiOBaja Bi Jíoůh. 

droro OffB He osHxajrB h rycro noRpacn^ji^B. 

— MnjiBifi! — noBTopHJia ona. — 9to ohohb... oqeHB xopomo Ob 
Bamefi cropoHii... & Bcer^a CHHTa^ BacB cb fijaropoxBofi Ayniofi. 

BoBa MOJraaji. Ohi tfiiJTB xponyrB, n ero bobco ne ^epnyjio to 
^CTBOi HTO n,vh oi^HHJia ero ne po^nafl naiB, a... no^pyra ero 
orqa. 

^TO-asil Tbwb xyse! Mbca, rohomho, Morjia 6u noEsm Óiutro* 
poxcTBO ero nocrynRa, ho — owb ee snaerB — ona na^aia 6h 6oji- 
TaTB jiHrnnee. Orajia 6u, nosajyfi, roBopHTB vb RHCio-orop^enHOirB 

TOHÍ, TTO OTl^a HOJIBBfl OUpaB^aTB, eCJH OHIy A^flCTBHTeJSBHO, Ry- 

OHjrB sa tiesi^HORi senjuO) sajLOsennyio vh ero se 6aHR%. 

— ToiBRO, nosajyftcra... djiOHsa XpHCTO<|)opoBHa... ne roBO- 
jme nani. 

— He CRasy, ne CRasy... & ne xo^ ero TpeBOSHTB... H 
6effh Toro ohi SHaerB, hto cnjieTHHHaiorB npo nero Miof,jj no 



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40 raCTHHBl EBPOnU. 

Bceiiy ropoAj. Ho bu stemi ne aojshii cnyn^aTBCfl, BojiBAeifapi... 
H AOJKSHH npoAOJUsaTB BŠpHTB BameMy OTDiy. 

Ona Tose saxoAffJia no BouHart. BoBa cjAkbjfl sa nex) rja- 
saMH^ — H enyoHa Bce 6oj[hme HpaBiuracB: Tasafl osa yiosafl h Bce 
noHHMaion^afl, spaciiBafl, CBiasas h HapflXHaa. 

9?to-x'b! On^y mosho tojbro nosaBHAOBaTB! * — noxyifa^TB owh 
H He CMyTHJCfl TaRoft MHCiBiO} He noAyMajTB TorqacB se o Mhc£^ 
lujffh A^ajTB AO CHTB nopi Bcerxa, xyMafl npo ce(ífl. 

— He xoTHTe jih... toh)? Hjh BapeHBfl cb xojOAHOfi Boxoft? — 
cnpocHJia Bce xaBse osHBjeHHO djiOHsa Xpecro^poBHa. 

— Merd... Kx wro a cja6ocTH ne hm^h>. 

ECTB y MeHfl BOXflHBa... CB&Safl... HBI ^epHOfi CMOpOXHHU. 

— IIoSBOJIBTe. 

Ona noBBOHHja. npHnua la se ropHjraBuui, h ona et npHKa- 
Bajia no-H%Mei(SE. 

HpúiTHoe BOJiHenie Bobh npoAOJisajiocB; tojbko owh He Haxo- 
KUJTh yse, o ^ewh eiiy roBoperB AftJiBine cb 9job80ě Xpecro^* 

pOBHOft... Owh BCnOMHHJTB O BEESB^, — O TOITB pOliaHŠ^ Sa BOTOpillTB, 

co6cTBeHHO, E samejTB. 

Bu BOHHEJE pOMaffB? — CnpOCEJl OHI, BOBBpaO^aECB Kh 

OBHy. — fl Mory e noAOSAaxB. 

— BoSBMETe, BOBBMETe... O^OBB EHTepeCflO... A BH HO-^paH- 

i^yscBE TOTaore, BojiBxeMapB? 

— ^HTaH)... HO He BCflBifi flSHBB HOHElfaH). 

— Qraero se bíi HerjtESEpyere ESSiBaME? Ecjie yroxHO, mi 
MorjiE 6u ^wta,Th vmAcA. 9to caMaa Jiiy^mafl npaBTBBa... 7 Mens 
nopflAO^Hoe npoHSflomeHie. 

— £[ o^eHB paA'B... TojiBKO BCJiyxi e no-^panuiyscBE ne npi- 

— HaAO HawHaTB... TaBot bh npexcraBEreJBHHĚ lOHoma — 
Bani nejiOBBO Óy^erB hotoitb bi otfn^ecnd^ Óesi asBiBa. 

— HHHBHe BTO TaBi He TpefJyerca, BaBi BorAa-io... 

— He CBasETe!.. HoHeMy se ne snaiB Esusa, ecjiE ecTB bob- 
MOSHOCTB. BanrB nana Bcer^a otfx btoi^b roBopEn, e eny ohohl 
HenpiflTHO, 9T0 npE cecTp6 Bamet hebofo h^tb xenepB. H ona 

OTCiaeTB OTB EBKIBa. 

— Jífiy Meče HeMHornirB 6ofi^e nenE. 

— BoTB BEXETe. H 9T0 o?eHB-OHeHB sajiB. A noTOifB yse 
noBAHO Óy^erB. BnAnerh esi rEMHasÍE — na^o Bui^ssaTB. 

Bce, HTb ona roBopEJa, ohi naxoxEjrB cero^HE oneHB ^^josmuh. 

Ob MEceft ohe jhoÓejie „nojTEtfepajiBHEMaTB^ nacnerB ^paHi^B- 

CBaro ^npoHOHca^. Ho vbjífi noHOMy se e oTBasuBaTBCE otb BHa-* 



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rOPJIEHBH. 41 

Hifl sdUKBÍ BoTB H OHI, — Morb 6u ^HiaTB BCflBÚi RHHSBH, a lenepb 
eny Ha^o JiasHTB wh jLewmiOWb, h owl BOH^ffTb tími, tto cobcíitb 
safipocim. 

9m yHÍMBa^ — yííHafl h ch TaKiOMi; He^ero h roBopHTB. Ona 
He sejuterb BM^niHBaTbCfl ne b'b CBoe x^o. Ho ona saÓorjuBO 
lyMaen o hhxi oÓohxi h oohhho SHaerb, Tr{> oxi^y HpaBHTCfl, 
?ib offB seiajrB ($h bh^ítb bi cbohxi a^taxi. 

EoBa noHjurb Tyn acH^e, híwb npeis^e^ hto MaiB ero, no 
<SaiÍ3HeHH0Cin h on CBoero xapasTepa, xotb h jciotiiua oruia — ne 
yii'bia eny yroxHTB B'b caiioirB cy^ecTBenHOirby ne saHHMajiacB h 

— Bh npaBH, djOHsa XpecTO^opoBHa, — csasaji Ohi, orxjie- 
6mM H31 CTaBana BOXflHBy, noxaHHyH) ropHH^Hofi. 

— & OHeHB, o^eHB pa^a, BoJiBxeMapB, hto bu corjiacHu co 
UHoio... XoTHTe HanaTB xenepB... HETaib? 

— Jl^a fl, npaBO) ho npesuBi. BairB ÓyxerB cny^HO. 

— Hhckojibko! 

CBoefi JserBOĚ noxoABOĚ--OHeHB MOJioxofi seHn^HHH — noxomjia 
ona B^ dTasepB^ h ^ocraja oiry^a asejnuft tomhb^b. 9to Óhji^e 

pOMaHl Aj[B4K)HCa JíflAB. 

— Hy Bora, HaíHHTe... fl BOSBMy niHTBe h Cy^y Bací ocra- 
BasiEBaTB TOJBBO Ha... cepBOSHiixi omHÓBaxx. EcJH xoTHTe, npn- 

XOXlTe BO MWb XOTB BaSAUfi A^HB, BOTB FB dTO Se BpeMfl, HJIH 

ly^me — Hennoro nopaHBme, nocjii Bamero saBxpaBa. 

EMy craio neiiHoro BOH^ysno nepeA'B neio. 3a iipoasHomeHÍe 
OHB emfi He xaBi Óosijicsí; ho TOTaxB 2bhbo, 6en saoHHBH ohi 
He MorB. 

— ?T0 se... fl cjiymaK)! — pasxajiefl Becejiuft h o6oApflH)n(i& 
BOsrjacB. 

Ohi Hanaji^B, orxiieÓHyBí eqe pasi bsi craBana. 

npOHSHOCHJTB OHI nOpHAOHHO, HO CJmUiKOVh MflFBO H Ch paSHUMH 

pyccBHMH oniHBaMH vh BBrroBapHBaHÍH rjiacHHX^B. 

dioHsa XpHCTO^^opoBHa cjynraja hícbojbbo MHHyrB, naBJíoHHBi 
roiOBy HaA'B CBoefi pa6oTOft... Ha ea ryCaxi sacniJia chhcxoahtcjib- 
Hai ycMiniBa. 

Ona ÓBua poAOMi* niiiBa; ho npoBejia ntouKiBBO jArb bo 
^pani^yscBoft HlBefii^apiH, vb ceMeficTB^ ÓoraTtix^B jno^eft, y boto- 
psnrB — ffi saMyscTBa — SHJia rb Ba^ecTBŠ noJty-ryBepHaHTBH, 
noiy-BOMnaHBOHBH. BBrroBOp'B y hoh Óeutb xopomit, ho nenHoro 
secTBOBaTHft, noxoadft na to, BaBx roBoparB b'b JIodanH^ h Bene; 
BO q)eAH pyccBHx^B lairB — fb npoBHHi9H e Tjiíb yroAHO — ona Mor- 



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42 B%CTHHB'B EBPOnH. 

ja coftTH sa HHoerpaHsy, Ror^a roBopiura no-^^pani^yáCBH. H^ei^- 
Karo aiu^eHTa y Hea ne óujio — HHBaBoro — h no-pyccss. 

— IIjioxo? — HaHBHBUf^ BByKoiTE cnpocHJTB BoBa. — rnycHO? 

— IIoHeMy aeie?... Tojbbo y Bací Hirt HEKaBoft npasTHSH... 
n noTOMi, noBBOJiBTe cefiqacB se yBasaTB sairB, BoAxenapi... bh 
TOjrBBO He oÓEsaiTecb. 

— Cx Basofi-se crara, SjOHsa XpHCTo4K)poBHa? 

— RaicB y ifHorHX'B pyccBHX'B... H ÓapcniiHH, e ÓapuHH HamB 
xasi npoHSHOCflTb... y Bací bc£ rjiacHHfl Ha oxhhi $acoH*B. 

Ona ciersa pascai&uíacB; ho dro ero He sa^^o. 

— To-ecTB MEi se bto? 

— r^iacnaa ^e**... ona vbfj> pasjurano npoesHOCHTCff, CMorpa 
no SHaKy... Ha^o Hna^e pas^BaTB pon. 

— 3to to^ho. 

— A y pyccBHX'B Bce o^ho „e*, xora 6h ctoejtb accent 
drconflexe. 

— Si BTO 8Haji'B... TojBKO cJiaBflHCBafl piixjiocTB iiimaja. 
Ohh o6a pascMŠflJHCB. Bobí crajo o^ohb Becejio. 



xm. 

Ob BpajTBi^a hosbohhjie. 

— 3to naná! — CBasajia djonsa Xpecro^opoBHa. 

BoBa CMOJRi, OHflTB rycTO noBpacH^jrB h BcrajTB Tor^aci se* 

yxoffTTB 61MO yjKe nosAHo. KasTb nocMorpnrB na bto otcitb — 
OH'B He MorB snaTB naB^pno. 

Ho Ctfyn](eHÍe CBoe BoBa noAaBHjix. %o-si TaBoe! Has^pHO 
oxeuii yse snajL, tto ohh cl 3jiOHdofi XpHCxo^opoBHofi SHaBOMU 
. ne co BHepamHflro xha. 

Orajio ÓUTB, ^eTO se Tyrx „Apefi^^HTB^'— ^ BiipasHJccfl ohb iiiicieHHa 
JfOÓHMUlfB rHMHasnqecBHiTB ciobomi. 

djiOHsa XpHCTO^poBHa noHua na Bcrp^Tjr bi IlaBJíy ÁHxpeeBHHy, 
H BoBa, ocraBrnncB bi rocTEHOfi, npomejicfl HOMHoro no KOBpy 
H nonpaBHJii bojiocu, BBFJiflHyBí Hs^ajiH vh crlHHoe sepBaJio. 

Orei^i ero hto-to CBasajTB Bnojrojioca, h ona eny OTB^tHjia 
TUJCh se. 

— SxpaBCTByfi, BoBa! — pas^iiajicfl na noporÉ rocTHHoft npiflTHHft 
()acoB'B IlaBJía ÁHApeeBnqa. 

BoBa ne noAomejii bi noMy kb pyB*!; owh dioro ne x^arB, 
Aa H oxei^ He Tpe6oBaji%. Owh tojibbo, na oco6uft jax%} BEmps- 
MHJicfl, CTOfl y Bpyrjraro cro^a ci jrannofi h ajiBÓOMaMv. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



rOPJIEHKH. 43 

— ÍHTaen sairB BCJiyxi, djOHsa Xpecxo^opoBHa? — cnpocHJii 
IlaBeii AHApeeeHTB cb yjiuÓRofi o^oópenifl. 

— Jía, H, npaeo, oneHB ne^ypno. 

Ona csasaJKa 9to H^CROJibBO B036ysieHHO h noTepjia pyBH. 

— ÍTO-aiCB, npojojiaaft, n nociymaH). 

npn OTI^ BOB% COBíŠMl He XOT&IOCb HHTaTB. djOHsa XpacTO- 

^poBHa STO noHoa. 

— 3a^ir& se ero KOH^ysHTB! — CBasajia ona tohoitb 6ajiOBHHi](u- 
HaTepH. 

— RaBofi Bsxopi! 

MafiopoBTB c&TB H saBypHJTB naoHpocy. Ohi h cairB 6uji'& 
HeMHoro crficHeHi; ho jobbo CBpiiBajrB sto. 

— ^TO-aPB, Boji&;!i;eMapi, pímaeTecB? 

— SL AyMaH), AOBOJILHO9— otbíthjii BoBa, BsrjiflHyBí 6orom'b na 
OTi(a. 

— KaR-B sHaeniB, — fijiaroxyniHO BHroBopHJi^B oxeiCB. — Th aoji- 
sewh 6híTb 6jiaroAapeHB dionídib Xpecro^^opoBH^ sa efl AO($poTy. 
H ecjiH TEi ne BOcnoJiBsyeniBCfl ea yRasanifliíH — bhhh ceóa. A 
iSHRaMH npeneÓperaTB ne cjň^jeTh. Botb h cecxpa tboh nerjiH- 

XHpyCTB... 

naBej['B AHApeeBHTB ocTaHOBHJiCfl. Jífin mosho 6ujio h ne 
noMHHaTB Bi dToft FOCTRHoft, y CBoefi ^noApyrH^. HaB^pHo, yse 
H cuHB AoraAUBaercfl o mhofoitb. Majmft cobc&tb Bosnysaj^^ 
noxfiopoAORi o($pocB nymROMi h ycHRE npo^HBaiOTCfl... Ho djionsa 
XpHCTo^opoBHa — seHn^HHa cb „ny^ecHEiMi savoir faire^. Ona 

TOIBRO nOAFOTOBHTB HOMBy K8LJÍbEÍiímííT0 CBOOFO nOJOSenÍH FB 

ceMe8cTB'6. 

— XoTHTe saHflTBCfl saBTpa, xaRi orojo naca? 

— Ob yAOBOJiBCTBÍeiťB, — ToponjíHBO BiiroBopnjrB BoBa h laRi se 
ToponjniBO nosajii eft pyRy. — ^o CBE^aHia, nana!— CRasajTB ohi 
<m^y, He rjuixfl Ha nero, Ror^a npoxoxHirB kb ABepH b'b sajiy. 

— Bii ne BOBBHexe ci co6ok) rhhsrh? — oRJinRHyjia ero djonsa 
XpHCTo4>opoBHa. 

— Axx, fijBLj nosajiyfixe. 

— Bil Mosexe npocMOxpixB AftJiBme. 

OffB BBAJTB xoMHRi H saxBaxHJTB CBOK) ^ypasRy, 6pomeHHyH> 

Ha nOAOKOHHHR'B. 

TojBRO vh nepexneft ohi nonyBCXBOBajrB ceóa bojbh^. H^HRa 
enpocEaa ero: 

— Bh npo&Aexe ABopoMi hjih na yjmriy? 

BufixH saAHHMi RpnjiBiioifB — Mhch MOsexB yBHAaxB ero hbi 
OBHa CBoft ROMHaxRH. MaxB ne yBHAHrB. 



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44 B^CTHHR^ EBPOnU. 

Jífl HTO se TaRoe, ecjiH cecrpa h yBHAHn... He^ero nocruA* 
earo oh^ ne CA&iajix h ne CA'&iaeTL. 

— S ABOpOMl Upoft^y, — TBepAO BUrOBOpHJIl OHX. 

TopcHraHafl npoBeja ero vb sa^Hk cšhi^u. JI^BepB crofljia ne- 
sanepTofi. Ohi cG^ksauvh ci cryneHeBi BpujieHBa h aoboieho ciri^o 
nojsflBJí% rjiasa na oaho hsi HeÓojbnraxi orohi aHTpecojfl. 

y OBHa Morjia cha'1^tb Mbca. 

JlHuia efl OHI He san^TiurB, n eiiy, Bce-TasH, crajio on dToro 

Ohi npomejii saAHHMi se^ KpQjiBi^oiťB ÓojiBmoro AOMa h hoa- 
HflJiCfl Kh ce6ii THXO crynafl no cryneHBRaicB ysROft jri^eHRE, a%* 
jaBmefi xpH noBopoxa. 

Hx^ BOMHaTRH pasA^uft yssafl njioniiaARa. Cecrpa^ HaB^pno, 
chahtb — Hnraerb. BpflA'B*JiH y naTepu. Ta ne bíihochti, qTOÓu 
RTO-H0<5yAB noAOjry ocraBajCfl npH Heft. 

BofiAfl Bi^ ce6Í| OH'B npHCjymajicfl. 

HHRoro! Mhca, Mosexi 6iitb, BHHsy, b^b rocTHHofi hjh fb yrjo* 
Boft. Ona jhX$hti> npocropi h npoxjiaAy h ^nraeii rA'6-HH6yAB. 

B'B ROMHari^ y nero Óujio Majo nopsA^y; ho owl ne judÓe^Lj 
qTo6u npHÓHpajiH to, Hxb y nero bhc&io ho cr^naMi hjh Jiesumo 
Ha ctojí. EoFAa Ha^EHajniCB RjiaccEi, ohi cusiiBaJi'B sa^cb, uocjrb 
o6i}ífiíj sa ypoROMi; ocrajiBHofi Be^epi BcerAa noqxH npoBOAHJix y 

MhCH, HJ[H CB HeH)} BHESy, Vh CXOJOBOfi. 

Ero noxflHyjio ro cny. SasxpaRi, BimHxoe bhhOi „hctopía'' eb 

CiaTHCXEROlTB, BESHITB djlOHSt XpHCXO^OpOBHÍ H BCXp^Ha Ch OXE^OITB 

BHdBajn FB neiTB xojubro xenepB RaRyK)*TO Hcxony. 

He pasA^BaflCB, BoBa noBajiHJCfl na RpoBaxb, HaA'B Roxopofi, 
no 6oROBoft cx^hí, bhc&ii RaCHHexHEifi nopxpexi, ta^ oh^b caxkn 
CB cecxpoft B'B BaroHŠ. Obh xaRi chajuhcb nponMOfi SHMOft. 3to 
osnanajo xorAa, ^xo ecjin ohh y^Ayri oxciOAa, to y^Afn nenpe- 
M^HHO Birld^. 

3acEinafl, ohi ceft^aci se yBHAftJi^ ce6íi na ÓajROHŠ RynHHRa 
Gupeftn^HROBa) b^b nosi HanaAeHÚi na „ceMHHapa'', h axo ero 
nanoJiHHJio ciaABHifB qyBCTBOM'B CBoero npesocxoACXBa. Bx nojy- 
síJinmAj cootfpasHJi oh%, hxo dioHsa Xpncxo^^opoBHa Has^pHO 
CRasexi oxi^y npo to, RáRí owh Bejťb ce6z ci ceiiEHapoMi. Oxei^^B, 
roho^ho, noftMexi ÓJiaropOACXBO ero noBeAenifl. 

?TO-xo, OAHaROy npomjiocB no ero Aym^ cobc£m'b Apyroi^ poAa. 

HeyseJH oh^b BCxynnjTB fb npiaxeJBCXBO ci axoft H^Roft? B^ab 
Rxo se ona? Ee craxaiorB bcš — h Csipeftn^HROFB, h BpflHCRÍft, h 
4»OTorpa4»i, E JI^apoHOCi](eB'B — „coAepsaHRoft*. TaRi roBopHTB Becb 
ropoAB, E rjiyno Óujio 6u HaEBHE^axB. 



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rOPJIEHKH. 45 

— MaJIO JIH HTO! BHrOBOpHJTB OHI rpOMRO, HO ySKC BO CHÍ... 

B% BOMHaTsi CTOfljia xyniHafl THmHHa sapsaro ;iiHfl. Hh exHHaro 
ssyíca HO pasxaBajiocb asi-sa njioqaAKH. H bx MesonsH^ Bce 6cijo 
THxo. Mapea IlerpoBHa, nocjvb npieMa KaRoro-io HapKOTH^ecKaro 
jeRapcTBa — ote ocipofi Óosa vb bzcrí — saCmiacE wh uipecjA. 

BeCL AOITB BaB'b BUMepi, H Ha JJOasfi TOJISBO (^6a Ch BHniHflMH 

MysnsajibHO BiiBpHBHBajia CBOfi TOBapi. 
Efl BpniKB ne pastfyxHjrB BoBy. 



xrv. 

Ho Mhcji CHA^a y ceCa, Bce cjiumajia h Bce BHA^a« 

Ona BHA^a, KaRi ea tfparB caycTHJicfl ci sa^HAro Bpujbi^a 
on ^H^fiMEH^} H RaBi OHI BSTMEjjiT* BBepx'B, Ha bBHa aHxpecoJE. 
Ofla cJiQmajra ero maní no jActhhi^'& h npHXOA'B b'b BOMHaiy, h 
TO; KaB'B OH^E ÓpocHJCfl Ha RpoBaTB, sacHyjis TOT^acB se H HanajTs 
HeMHoro BcxpaniiBaTB. 

E^B saBTpaBy ona aojto s^aJ^a ero... H ^ojisna Ótua ^^ctb 
OAHa— Basexcfl, vh nepsafi pasi sa Bce jAto. 

MaTb efl 3a neio npHCJiajia noHHTaxB eft rasery; ho ciymaTb 
He saxoT&na 6ojiBnie neTBepin naca, Hamjia, ^to ona „soMRaerB'' 
Cflosa. 9to 6u ee ne oqeHb oropwjio, ho BApyrs ona cnpocHJia ee: 

— Tfíb BoBa? 

— Offb ymejTE bx tocth. 

— A ne laMx — bo ^Jimexb? 

Ei, crajio 6im>, hsbíctho, tto BoBa snaKoifB ch h%mbo&? 

H, Basercfl, ona diHMi ne BOSMyn^aeics. Eft tohho xor&iocb 
HTo-HH6yAB ydnaTB npo HŠMBy qepesi BoBy; a ero ona, B^poaxno^ 
crbcHflercfl BucnpaniHBaTb. 

Ci dTHMi Mncfl He MoaBen noMHpHTScfl. 

Mana — TaBafl ÓesynpeHHaa h BŠpnafl sena — BjnoÓJieHa ;iio chx'b 
nopi Vb OTipt— H BApyn AonycBaerB Bce 9to. H to^ho paxa 6um 
6Uy ecjiH^x BoBa pascBasajii eft HTO*HntfyAB npo n^MBy. IIpesA^ 
aioro ne Óbíjo. KaRi se efi, Mhcí, BiipasaxB naiepn CBoe ^bctbo, 
Kor^a Ta ne sejiaen, mtoÍSu ona nosBOJiflJia cedi xotb Ma^finrift 
HaMeBTB Ha ea ocBopÓHrejiBHoe nojioxeHÍe, BaB'B senu n naTepn? 

Mecfl nenoxBHSHO CHff&ia nooAajiB otb osná, omyxa ona Morjia, 
o^HaBo, BHA^TB, saBi BoBa cxoAHJix oh daxHflro BpiuiBiiia ^^jnirejifl. 

3to ee pšsHyjo, tohho nosoiťB. Bca pasMOjroBa cb ÓpaxoifB 
CB HOBOft CHJiofi nanajia mossbhtb ee. 

Bóra OHH — ^rbpjoHBH*, ABa rojyCa, »HBniie — ao céro^Ha — íyma 



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46 B^CTHBRl EBPOnH. 

FB ATiny! Y hhxi cjiobo „bm^ct^*^ 3Ha^H.io Bce. H BApyrB^ bi 
OAHHi ABHB, 8T0 ecc 'noRBHHyjiocb. H OHS He MOseTB ycrynHTB, 
— He MOseTB, a He TO hto ne xoqerx. 

Jífi CBTb nopi ({pan Basxyio cbok) Mucjib h Basxoe noóy- 
s^enie ceftqaci efi noRasuBajrb h SHajrE nanepex^, ^to ona ero hoa* 
^epsHTi. EaBajn nesAy hhmh cnopu; ho xaKi, bi nycTflRax'&, e 
ona Bcer^a ycrynETB. 

A Tjvb — oe To! OrB nero qfait-To coBctiTB jipyraM'L hob^jo. 
Ona qyert — q^Mi. Eny HaAO&io (Jjiaropo^no na Bce CMOipiit, crporo 
sa cotfoK) cjiíahtb — 9to rjyno, HaHBHO, xopomo wa ^a^bhohorb", 
KaK'B ona... PasB^ HUHB^e xaRi suByrB h xaBi TjrBCTByiOTx? Hhbto 
ne xoqeTB ce6si crficHflTB, BirlmHBaTBCfl b'b to, ^5 ero ne Bacaexcfl, 
TOJiBRO 6íi eny caMony Óujio xopomo. 

la, ona snaerB... HanoH ona HassBaTBCfl saBofi-HH6yAB ynnenB* 
E0& noxpyr^ no raMHasm — la efi, naB^pno, CBaseT'B: 

— Rasoe Tetiš a^o? G% BaBofi CTaTH tu cy^HniB noBe^eme 
TBoero OTi^a? 9to hh ei líbiá^ ne coo($pa3HO. 

Ucb no^H Tasifl bi ea BJiacci. IIodTOMy ona bh cl k^m^ 
oco6eHHO h ho ApysRHTB- Jífi H sa^Mi efi ÓuJH noApyrs, sor^a 
BoBa efi 3aM']^HfljrB hx'b bcÍxi? PasB^ ona nofi^HrB bi BOTopofi- 
HH6yAB H3i HHxi saiOBaTBCfl?.. Ha Boro? HaBoBy? OraHerB moj* 
TOTB — fiyíeri aiHTB OAHa. 

Ona He Morja BUAepsaxB h thxohbbo, na i](K[noHBaxi, noAonuia 
B^B CBoeft BpoBaTBŠ CB BHce&HUMH saHaBÍcBaMH h Jierjia, qero ona 
AHOiTB HHBorAa ne ^'^aja. Efi na^o 6wlo yfiTH xotb sa 8th BEcefi- 
HUfl sanaB^BE, saBpiiTB rjiasa, ne cmotp^tb h na cboh) BoicnaTy, 
BOTopoK) ona TaB^ saHHifajiacB. TenepB Bce fb 8Tofi BOMnaT^ — 
HECBMeHHufi CTOJiEBi, dTasepBE, BapTEHu, HiBa^^^B ci sepsajioifB — 
Bce efi nanoMEHaJio, hto npexnefi seshe ne tfyxerB — ona, BTa 2BH8hb, 
OTomjia, Banyjia. 

H HJiaBaTB Mech yse ne Morja. Ilpesnefi MflrBOCTE ona bi> 
ce6% ne qyBCTBOBajia. Ee ho TflneTx nepe6']&saTB njon^aABy, b^b 
fioB%, pasÓy^ETB ero noi^íJiyeMi, ÓpocHTBca b-b fieny Ha meio — 
npocETB npon^eHÍfl sa Bce, ^xĎ nesAy heme bhhuo ropBBaro. 

?TO-TO AepsETi ee Bnyrpn. He sjioctb, a^^^ He o6EAa, a orop- 
nenie sa nero, sa BoBy. RaBoe osopcTBO cb ero CTopoHBi! Eocii 
TaBoro pasroBopa, ByAa ona nojiosEJia bch) cboh) Ayniy, e hoSte 
HapOHHO Wh H^MBÍ, CEA'&TB TaM'B CROJBRO BpeMeHE E BepnyTBCfl 
SaAHEIfB BpEI.IBI](OlfB! 

„Ha-Ae, CMorpE, a Tefia ne Ecnyrajica. Tbi — oynafl A*BHOHBa, 
E fl ne nosBOJíK) Te&k BiiiniEBaTBCfl a^h MOe noBeAeníe^. 

]ífl CExi nop'B Mncfl BŠpnjia, hto bca ea seshb npofiAerB pysa 



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rOPJIEHBH. • 47 

o6i pysy ch 6paT0ii'b. KoHHnn oea Kypci bi> ojsfim toa% cb Bo* 

BOt. IIOTOirB OHH UiAKyTh Bl MoCBBy — OH-B Bl CTy^eHMI, OHa — 

vb nexarorHHBH hjh Ba Bypcii, Eoropiie HexaiOTCfl bi Mysei, na 
JtyfiflHCKoft iLsoniaAH. Ey^yn BOSBpamaTBCfl aomo& pasa no ^ertipe 
vh TOXb: jrbíowbj na cbatbh, Ha MaciAHHi^ h na cbatoS. 

Ona jaoÚEJie^ ao chx^ nopi Ópaxa CBoero 5ojibnie iiaiepn. Ocxa- 
BHTb ee OAHy ona sápaná pimajiacB; ho noveny? IIoTOify hto 
MaiB He Tpe(5yerb sa co6ofi ocotiennaro yxo^a, ona lacxo tafo- 

THTCfl HMH — H eft, H BOBOft, BCARHITL paSFOBOpOMi; CB TpyXOMl 

BHHOCHTB, HTotfu y Hefl .TopuJiH nepoAi nasaMn''. 

Ho Bce-TaBH ona ciOHrb sa HaTB cboh), sa efl aoctobhctbo; ona 
He MOBcerB iraTB canoft ceti£ h noAxaBaTBCfl xony, ^xb na ea 
B8rjuiA'B raxBO. 

TenepB ona tohho npoap&ia. Ymi h fb nufnasiB ee BopofieirB' 
OTB pasroBopoBi mhofhx^ noApyrB. GowAwh MBpBTCfl — tojibbo 6u 
y hhx^b lyajieTH Óujih, j» boshjih hxi xy^a, ni BeceJio. H bo 
BceiTB ropoA^ — TO se canoe. He ocrepea&eniBCfl — h caiia ononuritemB. 
Ofla BÍpKia, Basx b'b RpinsyK) crtny, vh ÓJiaropoAnyH) Haxypy 
CBoero diBSHeivt no jo^yxy — Bobei; a lenepB oaa Óy^exi OAHa, 
coBdbrB OAHa. 

MaTB ne hoaa^pshtb ee. Ona ne xo^en, htoÓíi aohb ea 
BM&HHBajiacB B^B TO, ^Tb eft ho cjiŠAyerB hh snaTB, hh TporaxB. 

KaBoe se nojioseHÍe ^yxeri ona saHBMaTB MesAy oti^omi b 
MaiepBK)? HeysejB b ona cranerB ApyasBTB cb „hImboS'', npo- 
BOABTB y nefi Be^epa, "í^ctb en .laBOMCTBa, npBHBiiaTB otb nea no- 
AapsB, roBopBTB CB nefi a^b npaETBBB no-^paniiyscBB hjib BrpaTB 
BB lerupe pyBB? 

aHBKorAa!^ — BOCBJíBBHyjia npo ceÓB Mbcb, b bcb coAporayjiacB 
fl ffixe cxBaTBJía ceón o6íbmb pysaiíB sa noxojiOA^BniiB n^esB. 

Ecjui AofiTB AO TaBoft „raAOCTB^, to tfyAemB co bc^mi, co 

BCilTB MBpBTBCfl. 

A BoBa, efl BoBa, cbabtb Taní! HaB^pno nŽMBa ero yrocxBJía 
iiirB-HB6yAb, bjib A^^a RHBSsy — obi b npesAe ch nefi pasroBa- 
pHBajii B npBHOCBJí OTh Hefl rhbskb; bo Be Taní OTBpuTO, bo 

GB TaBBMl OSOpCTBOlTB. 

^yBCTBO AyniOBBaro OABBO^ecTBa bxoabjio bi nee, to^bo oco6aro 
poAa sjíoB^B^fi xojiOAi^; bo csesci ocTasajiBCB bi ropjril. BoBa mohb 6h 
paAOBaxBCfl: obi c^Bxaji^ ee „BJiaBcoft^, a sxa njasca Jiesajia 
TenepB cb cyxBHB rjrasaMB. PaspuAaficfl osa — eft 6ujio 6u Jiev^e, 
xoTfl BB^ero 6u bo BdM'lBBj[0CBy BB^ero! 

H BApyn Mbca BCRO^BJía cb RpoBaTB. 



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48 ' B^CTHflBl EBPOnU. 

nopa ÓUJIO HATH BHE31 O&kABTb. MoSeTE ÓHTB, HETB COfiX^TB 

BHH8I9 Hjni oxe^B npexen ^OMOfi bi ofitxy otb CBoefi h^bh. 



XV. 

OCixuH BHHsy. Mapea IlerpoBHa Ha^i^a xpyrofi Banon h 
rojiOBy noBpsja BpysReBHOfi bochhboS — noHOsie. Ona noHeicy*TO 
xyifajta, hto IlaBeii ÁHApeesH^B Óyxen o&b]ífi,Th xoMa. 

Ho OH'B He npHinen. Maca cnycTHjacL bhibi nepsas. Oea 
yMiua cedi m^o h cienui HanyApua ero: 6oBJUtcb, tto nasa y 
Hefl noBaxByrcfl o^eHB BpacHHMa. JlaBeft npHHecB cynoByio ^anncy 

H nOAHflJSCfl Bl ÓapiIHt AOJOSHTB. 

BoBa, ch BacnaHEEiiTB h xiiypmii Jinaiflwh^ noBasaicfl fb XBe- 
paxi CTOjnoBOfi. OeiHaAtii HapycHHHyio (Sjysy h HeMHoro nonpa- 

BHJTB BOilOCU. 

Meca BsrjiXHyjia Ha nero vh 6obi. Ecjh0i oetb yjH^Hyjca e&, 
CM^mjHBO, BaB^B npesAe, cb saÓaBHHirB BcipaseHÍeirB rjiasi, eft 
TOJBBO noHflTHUMi, OHa 6u noA^&Baja, se Bu^epsaja 6ei xapaBiepa. 

Ho OH^ noMopn^HJCfl oitb coJHi^a^ noAomejrB jsrb OBHy h cny- 

CTHJTB CTOpy. 

Ohh 06a MOJi^ajH. 

„HeyasejiH TaB'B sóy^en?''— no^ynajia Mhca, e cepAi^e ea esa- 
jiocB. Ona He JiioÓHja 6paTa, coBCbwh, cobc6mi ne JuoÓEJia. Eft 
c^^ajiocB npoTHBHo vh aroMi aohí. H naTB cboh) ona ne ar&ia 
saj^TB. 

9to ex ne Bacaerca. Ona — x^B^OHBa, noApocroBi... Eft nenpH- 
jiEHHO AAse E noBasHBaTB BEX1&, HTO OHB O ^oiTB-HECyxB Aora^Bi- 
BaercE, xota „aro^ a^ihtca híicbojibbo xbrhj h bccb ropOA'B snaerB^ 
Ha BasyK) yHESHxaiBHyH) poiB conamaercfl ea uatl. Ho b^ab Bce 
gHiETO-BpiiTo', Bce npEjis?H0. ^610 se en^e? 

Ee TaB^B BaxBaTBJíE 9th mhcie, hto OHa MamEHajiBHO noxoxBE- 
HyjiacB Kb CTOJiry. 

B^ ABepflxi noBasajiacB Mapea HerpoBna. JIei^o y nes 6euo 
MOH^e nepBHoe h 6o.iBHoe, h'£m'b ceroxHfl yrpoMi. 

— Hana ne Óy^en? — CBasaia ona tohoitb nojiy-Bonpoca. 
Ona snajia, tto bi t^ ahe, Borxa HaBejrB ÁHxpeeBEn o&b- 

AaeTB AOMa, ohi BOSBpan^aercA ropasAO paHBme. 

G&nr sa ctojtb MOJi^a. JlaBeft cjysEjrB, texo crynaa no nap- 
BOTHOMy nojiy. 

— Th, Bojioxa, — otfpaTHJiacB bx cnny Mapea HerpoBHa, — 
FA^ se ceroAHE noÓfiBajii? 



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rOPJEBKH. 49 

Oea CKasasa axo aobojibho JiacsoBo. 

Mncfl, HarHyBmHCE hea^b Tape^isofi cyna, ee yxepjKajacB — se- 
Hyia ÓBcrptift BsrjuiA'^ ea Ópara. 

BoBa HaMopnvuTB xo&h h, npoooxHBx sycos^ xjiifia, neópeseo 

BIirOBOpEJTE: 

— 3axoAiU'B vb TOBapHiiiaMi. 

lípo CBoe SHaBOMCTBO cb asiepoMi n RyaqflROirB Cupe&m^HKO- 
Bmrfc OHI ne pascsaBHBaji^ Maiepn. 

HsTL Kasoro-TO yxapciBa owh npBfiaBBJTE: 

— A TenepB cnajii... orb asapu! PasoMJi&iil 

ropHH^Haa yse xoJiosHJia Mape£ nerpoBoi, tto iiojiojDiofi 
(SapHHi cnycTHJicfl cb saAHflro spfiuiBi^a otb h&írh... Ofla h paHBme 
aflaaa, ^to djioasa XpHcro^^opoBHa pasroBapiiBaerB cb oa cuhoitb. 

CeroAHB yTpoicb ona ocaAHJia Mhck), h TenepB eft saxoiijiocB 
nosasaTB mii oCohitb, hto oea Bce npeBpacno snaerB h ne xonerB, 
qTo6u ea aíth courám ee acepxBoft hjh xypoft. Uojí.b bthm^ ch- 
AÍio h sejaHÍe cozpanHiB bi hzi rjiasaxi „npecrasi 0T^a''. 

Ho OHa HO cpasy Hanua nepexoA'B B^ xasoMy pasroBopy. £a 
rojiOBa, OTyiiaHeHHaa HapBOTHHecBHMH q^eACTBaMH) luoxo paóoraia. 

— Tu BHA&ii nany? — cnpociua cfla BoBy, sor^a janeft no- 
mexB sa BTopuMi> Ójoonowb. 

— BhA^I, — OTBŽTEn OHT> TJiyxo. 

Mhck) bck) o6AaJio BHyxpeHHHicB sapoMi, h ona yciueHHO na- 
Hajia rjOTaiB BopoiKy ^epearo xjii6a. 

— Tfiib se TBi BHA^i ero? — cnpocHja Mapea IlexpoBHa h 
npHciajiBHo BsrjBHyjia na cuna. 

Mhca saspujia rjiasa n MEicnenHo BuroBopHJia: 
„BoTB TenepB h pascRaara — fa*". 

Ho ona HcnyrajiacB sa BoBy, h syTKoe ^yBCXBO osaxania ^ero- 
BB^yxB ^nexopomaro'' cauuio efi cepAi](e. 

— Tu saxoAHJix Bi MaxaMi J[eHraiBA'B? — noAcnasajia Mapea 
DeTpoBHa. 

— ^a, — otbíthjii BoBa, to^ho oh^b cb TpyAOMx hto-to npo- 

nOTHJIl. 

— y nea 6uab toctb? 

— BiTbj HHBOrO. 

— ÍTO ae tu y nea k^jls^t*? 

— Ona KHHry OAny xoi^a mhí a^tb. 

— KaKyH)? 

— Oahhi ^pam^yscBifi poMam. H sacTaBHJia nporaTaTB efi 
Bcjyxi. 

j,3ím^u% ona o&b btomi pascnpamuBaerB?'' — cb vbwh se syř- 

Tom II.— Mim, 1898. 4 



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50 raCTHHKB EBPOnU. 

Ksaa ^BCTBOMi noAjnajia Mhca h omiTb saRpiua riasa. — ^Vazvb 
eft 9T0 npHCiajio?' 

— ÍTO se — 8T0 wa Tetfa noiesHO. 

Jhneft BHecB nropoe (Sjuoao, h pasroBopi Mmyni Ha ffib enom. 

— nana oropiaeroi, — ea^ajia Mapea IlerpoBHa: — bii Moseie 
o6a OTcraTb otb ^^paHi^yscsaro sBHsa^. H Ted^, Mhcx, naxo 6u 
^smgsh BCJiyrb. JI Hiraero npoTrai aroro He hmÁd. 

H OHa norjux&uk na Mhod hotoh Hexcsojtuoiirb Bsrjuxoirb. 
BnyrpK y Mhch bcrhiiíio. Rb BHCKax!B ^saipeneran 6a6onH* , 
Basi OHa nasuBaia nepBHoe on^yn^eHÍe, ^acio 6uB9xnofie y nea. 

— Tu seiaemB^ craio <Sut&, — cnpoauia ona ci xpo2UK> bi 
roiocft, — iTOÓu fl noeinvua nasairb JlenroiBxi? 

— Kto se Teúi sto CBasarb? 

mjeBH MapoH nerpoBHH nonum naTHaMH. 

— AOBOIBHO H TOrO, ^TO BOBa fíbMCTb e& BHSHTH. 

BosKpn Mhch pacmnpHiHCL h BSAparnBan. 

— Hy H iTO'Síb?—ch BHesanHoft pasoepseHHOcibD cnpocHAa 
Mapea IlerpoBna. 

— A ne seiai)... ch neft sHaBoioiibei. 

— Kto xfh Tefi* exo roBopHTx? Kto? 

Mapea IlerpoBna npHnoxHaia upanyx) pysy Ch bhikoA. 

— JQ[ He noHHifaH)| Mana, BaffB mosho... 

— ÍTO Taxoe? 

FOJIOCb Mapou IleTpOBHH CA^baaJICfl BHSrJODKb. 

— £[ HO jsoEEMňso, Mana... 

Mhch saBycHJUt yxHJia. Ona aosxba Óiua BHCsasarb Bce, vtb 
ee Aynnuo. 

— ^TÍ) TH ne HOHHnaeniB?.. Th ci yiia conual- A^BiOHica — 
Bon BHaerb, ht5 eeO/b noanojuierb! 

— Ho OTO -se H, MaMa!.. 

Cjsesu yse saAposajH kl ropjii Mhch. 

— MojraaTB! Orynaft boht>! He xony a Cb To6oft o(íiíaTB. 
Mnca no($JiÍAHÍJu; cjiesii ocxanoBHJHCB. Ona Óucrpo Bcraia h 

noJiosHja cajiýeTBy na ctojii. 

— Tu Hena ho noHHiíaemB! 

— £[ Te6a ne noHHiiaK)!.. O^ohb xopomo noHHMaia. Hah! K 
neůb npHBasEiBaH)! 

— fl HAy, Mana. 

Maca ÓpocHJia bsijuia^ na típaxa. Totb CHx&rb, onycTHBi raasa. 
Elfy ÓEuo He no cfí6í; ho owb — ne 6e8!B pisROCXH — bhtobophjte 
npo ceóa: 

„Ho a^oitb! He cyfica!.. FjynHTB Tan neJiBBa''. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



rOPUHKH. 51 

MHCfl, He BKiHHMafl iLiaTsa, BBinjia hsi ctomboS, h toilro na 
TeMHofi ujiomflufiibj OTsyxa noxHHMaercfl ji^hhi^, — saRpiua Amjfl 
pyRanH. OÓEjifiL o6o2Kru ee, — h n^BRoe ijbcíbo on hsmíhíi 6paTa. 



XVI. 

Oionua nosAHflfl otiixHfl. IIo T^^HesoMy Tporryapy, baojb ajkhh* 
aaro ^Xftoifl Ch apRaiia, sBixoAHBinaro oahbmi ^acoMi na 6onmjK> 
luoqaAb) Boea iíhhbo npo6HpaiCfl bi otf^ecTBeHHyio HRTansuD. 

0H^ Hecb ab£ rhhth, xepsa IIX^ bi syjasi. Iloroxa cioua 
sapicaa, h Becb ohx Óujtb bi napycHHi, biuotb ao {^opiieHHol 4^y- 
pasKH C!B cepefipaHiniH ucTbAiin BHansa. 

Biopoft xeBb OHI sanoeMi naraerb. Bi aomí eny ToniHO — 
Besx^, spoiii CBoeĚ ROMBaTii. Ob Muceft ohh He roBopan; Ona 
Tose sanepiacB y ceÓB^ csasuBaercji 6oibHofi h ki iiaTepn — npo- 
tvth npon^emfl — nefixerb... Oii^i AOMa hítb ao noBAHei hou. 

Ki h^mbí OHI He xoAHTi ^HTaxb BCiyxi. Elfy, nocjí ne* 
^SHAEHHO paspasHBnieĚcfl 6ypH sa oCíaoite, TpeTuiro ahh, craio 
eaMovy syrso. 

noJiosHicb, cecrpa ouatb caMa „HapBajiacB'^ 6evh BcaiRaro lOJisy 
H CMfiCAa. Ho H MaTB— saniiTb OHa ero craia paBcnpamHBarb npo 
djiOHBy XpHCToýopoBHy? 

UocA TorOy Kasi ohh oerajuicb oahh sa ctoioite h MaxB ne* 
HHoro ycnoKooiacB, — ona npoAOJsaia ero BHcnpanraBaTB. IIpesAe 
HHqero uoAoCnaro ne 6ubuo... Eil xortjiocB ysnaTB, BaBas y 
yHtMKH*' otfcraHOBRa Hy riaBHoe, — savs ona OA^Ta, cmotphtb jni 
e6jH8H Tasofi se CB^sefi h MOJnoAoft^ saKi HSAajH. 

Ofla BCfl pasrop&iacB, paBcnpamEBaA 06% btomi. Cnanajia oh^e 
HaxoAHUy HTO 8T0 co ciopoHH MaTepH Herjsyno: noKasaTB, qro 
OHa HHqero ne snaerB h snaiB ne xo^ien, a npocio pasroBapH- 
Baen o vrh ^seihi^''. Hh oabhmi caoboitb ona ne Aua eny 
noHHTB, qxo et HenpÍHTHO ero BHasoMCTBO cb djiOHSoft XpHcro^o- 
poBHoft. HanpoTHBB! Oaa 6h, Baa&excfl, sejiaia, htoÓi ohi h no- 
^mfi saxasHBajB lyAa, h pascBasuBaji efi npo Bce. 

9to ero BOJSBnyjio. EMy npEniJiocB pascRaBaiB hotomi npo cboh> 
BCTpftqy CB on^OMi u nepeAaxB bocb pasroBopi nac^erB HTenhi 
BcayxB no*4^paH]ty8CBH. H sorAa owh roBopHJi, to BHyrpn y nero 
meBeiHJiocB qyBCiBO, hto bto ne jtaAHO, h MaTB nanpacno bxoahtb 
BB TaBÍH noApotfnocTH. 

Ohi^ HHBaBi 6u ne xotíji^b „mnioHHTB^ na on^a; a eciH Taní 
ooĚAerB, to eMy npHAercfl) ne ceroAHfl — saBrpa, nonpocw^B icaTB^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



52 B£CTHHK'B EBPOnU. 

HT0611 OHa ero He BucnpamBBua, uh nepecraTB CuBaiB y djOHSu 

XpHCTO^pOBHU. 

Bce 8T0 oco6eHHO beki-to mosshjio ero ceroxHs yTpoMi, — a 
OHI npocHyjicfl pano h ceftqacb se npeHAica xoTOTSBaTb oxHy ebs 
AByzí SHHrB, ROTopiifl Heci Tenepb bi ^HÓJiioTeRy. 

Ohi noBOpHyjTb B'b yiHi^y h noAHjiJiCfl na beicoboo BpujBi^o, 
OTsyAa BOJia spyTas AepeBflHBafl Ji^THHita bo Bxopoft dxasi, tkL 
noMin^ajiacB ÓHÓjioTeBa: 

— npoxopi EBceHTb npHmejTB? — cnpocHXB ohx ynrepa bx- 
npHxosefi. 

— Sxkcbj noasajiyfiTe. 

61 nepBoft B2urh — ^jibeeoř h y3Bofi — sa KOHiopsoft, 7 ORna^ 
BucHjacb rojOBa CTapHEa^ cobcími 6^afl, (TBTaBofi se 0&iofi 60- 

pOAOft. Oh^B HarHyjíCa HaA'B BOHTOpBOfi H ^TO-TO CMOTp^l RBBHHrí^ 

^flxaio sa 6oj[BmHMi ctojiomi, bi j^boMi jvajj ^eJDíOB^Ba TpH — 
Bce MysqHHU. 

BoBa Ha i^unoHBan noxonien bi BOBTopsi e noBAopoBaicfl 

CO CTapHBOM'B. 

ToTh BsrjíflHyjB Ba nero hbi-hoa^b cepe6pflBEix'B ohrobx b^ 
Tflsejiofi onpaB^ h jiacsoBO^ maMBannilHMi roiocoicb BuroBoporB: 

— Csopo HHTaeniB, rojiy6uBi. 

dTOTb npoxopi EBceHTO cx^ajicfl saBt^yion^uMi ropoACsoft 
HHTaJibHefi— Hsx BHHSHHBOBiy ^epsajii caMi MajeHBByio ÓHÓJiioieBy 
AJifl ^Tenifl 6ojiLme TpHxi^aTH xbvh h snajii BecB ropoA^; rHMHa- 
sHcraiii H HOc^THTejiflMi nonpon^e roBopHJii »t£i''. BoBa 6ira^i» 
E-B HeMy Jiirb cb AecflTH, h Teaepk IIpozopi EsceH^i x&Baa^ euj 

BHHSBH H Ha AOHl, HpOTBBl DpaBHJl ^HTajBHH, SHafl, HTO OH'B 

He saxepflerB. 

IIpHHeceHHue BoBOfi xsa Toiia Cbuh nyiiepa OAHoro npomjo- 
roAHflro sypnajia. 

OrapHBi BCTajTB ci» CBoero TaCjrpera h — js^unnuij neMHora 
cyTyjiOBaTufi, fb ciDpTyBt M^E^aHCBaro nospofl h 5e3x 6&iBfl— -no- 
Aomejii B'B HeMy h, npH noBopoi^, cbohitb shabemi roJiocoM'B^ 
cnpocHJi'B: 

— ^f£b BOSBMemB?.. HoBOHBBaro-To ne npoca... H laBx ueHH^ 
HaMeAHH, none<iHTejiB sapyrajTB. 

y Hero fiujii litoHufi roBopi na „obi''. FjiasaiiH cranoBajiai 
OHI HJioxi; BO en;e mofb q>a8y OTuqHTB saByio yroAHO BBHSBy^ 
BsrjiflflyBí fla BopemoB^B. 

Ohh CTOflJiH y OBHa. 

Oahhb h8'b HHTaBHiBxi rasexy — ÓpionerB cb BypuBOft rojOBOft 
^ qeiBipexyrojiBHofi ÓopoABOft, vh cipofi beshibš — noABJUi ro* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



ropjiEHRfl. 53 

JOBy H nepBuft nouoHHJca Bobí, a noTOBfb otjioshji ra3eTy h 
noAomeji vh Heny. 

3to Óujch nHcaTeiB, acHBmift bi ropoA^ ^ne no CBoeft boj%^, 
sasi BHpaaEUUiCfl o neiix BynqHRi CupefintHROBi, BOToptift h no* 
^HaBOMBJTb Hx^b. $aMHJiifl ero — RapaceBi. 

BoBa neMHoro no6aHBajiCfl oioro necaTeJifl h yBasajsrB ero hs- 
jtaiH. B^ sypnajiarB neqaxajiHCB ero paBCKasu h o^epsn. „HanpaB* 
jenie'* eró npaBHjiocb Bobí— e xapaBTep'B Tajianra. Oni AaBHO 6u 
erajTL vh neny BaxaacHBaTB, Aa no^aesaicfl, saRi 6u ne ysnajTB 
OTei^b H ne c^&iajii eny BuroBopa sa to, ^to owh BOAnrca Cb 
^HejerasbBEiiťB napo^om^. 

EMy nojBCTHJTB noKJonx Eapacesa. /I^pyroft 6u nepBinrB ne 
<Tasi sjnanflTbCfl rnunasHcry, xota 6u h ciiny IlaBjra AnApeeBHHa 
MaĚopoBa. Eapacesi hh nepex^^ b^mi mansn ne JOifajrB, xota no 
TOHy pa3roBopa 6ujii> mafobi, h ero Tonx Bob% laBse o^enb npa- 

BUCfl. 

— SApaBCTByfiie, sjípaBCTByíTe! 

KapaceBi nosaii eMy pysy h, ysasuBafl cbohmh yMHuiíH h 
npHBfojHBHMH FjiasaMH Ha CTapHBa*6H6jíioTeBapfl, npHÓaBHJi: 

— 7 A^AyniBH yMCTBennoH nnu^H npnnuiE nonpocHTB?.. Oni, 
neÓocBy snaeri, Trb Bony Bti6paTB. O sas^ofi bhhsb^ ]i,0Ji07B,isTh 
aee lo tohbocth. 

— Eute 6h! — Bos^ys^enno noATBepxHJii BoBa. 

KapaceBi* npoTjinyjrB pyBy bi& 6jiHHUtfinie& nojst, na Bucort 
ero njieqa — oh-l Bepmsa na ABa ÓujPb neae Bobh — h BEinyjíi sa- 
muenHLifi tohhbi vl Boasanoiii nepen^ei^. 

— JI,ÍAyniBa, — cnpocnj^B om mywHBO, paBBepxHBaji tomhbx: — 
^TO 3T0 TaBoe sa rocnoAnni AjranaHOBi, bsi BaBHXi-TaBHXi co* 
iHHHTejefi? 

CTapBB^B npnnoAHfljrb cboh rycxEifl 6poBH e, npnn^ypHBi rjiasa, 
BaroBopBJTB monoTOH^B: 

— TaBofi 6ují% co^HHHTeJiB... Ehhsbe 8TH — ,^ocyrH AM 
iri&Teft*. 

— Bipno, Bipno. KaBoro ro^a? 

— JI^OJSHO, copoBOBoro, JiH(5o copoBi nepBaro. 

— BoTB naMflTB-To! — BOCBJHBnyjTB uHcaTejiB, noAMHrnyBX 
Bobí. — He naiTB ^era, 

— IIoMHiOy — npoAOJsaji TaBmrL ae monoTOifB (ntfjiiOTeBapB. — 
H cnnnBH BOTopue noMHio. 

— Hax SToro cauaro rocno^Hna AjrananoBa? — cnpocHJii Ka- 
paceBi. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



54 BftCTHVRX EBPOnU. 

— Hsi) Hero... H 6&iHHCRÍfi, HHRara, npoxasHBajicfl na ero 
cqen. JífiA Bon naifflTH. 

npoxop!B EBceHTB BdjiJicfl SHJiiíCToft pyRoft sa py^Ry orhr » 
nporoBopHJTb: 

RaKb jíthh HacraiH 

IIpeKpaCHH XeHBKH, 

Bi lícy BHpocraiH 
MjaABie rpHÓRHl 

no TorAaniHeMy BpeMeHH h axo roAiíJiocb. HtiHBqe bšab MaJiojrbTRH-Ta 

HBÓaJOBaJIHCB XOponiHMH RHHSRaMH. 

— Xe, xe! — CAepiKaHHo paacMiajicfl Kapacesi^ h nocraBH^i^ 
TOMHRx Ha nojRy. 

BoBy o^eHB noTAHyjio ^ymofi rx 9T0My necaTejiiO. 



XYIL 

IIoAi HHMH cnycRajiCfl Rpyioft o6pHBi 6yjiBBapa. 

RapaceB^ Rypajii h vjisifl!bjn> bhhsi, Ha otroci, vjííb AepHi yse 
nosejiii.i^, Kh ROHKy sapRaro jrlia. 

BoBa BEimejíi bmÍctí cb hhmx hsi HHxajiBHH. IlHcaTejiB Haiaji'E 
CB HBMB pasroBapiiBaTB oco6eHHO MflFRO, pascnpamHBaTB, mb ohi^ 
qHTaeTB n Ry^a cÓHpaercfl nocrynHTB no OROH^anÍH Rypca rHMHa* 
3ÍH. H RaRB 6yAT0 OHI y2se cJiiiinajrB npo to, qib npoHsonuro y 
Gfiipefio^nROBa: eraTHCTHRi ^apoHOCi](eB'B AOJiseHi 6eitb hs^ ero 
opiaTejieft. 

H Bobí, bi» 9Ty MBHyry, cbjibho saxoi^ocB BtiCRasaTBCfl Ra- 
paceBy, ycJHxaTB otx Hero — o^íOĎparB ohx ero hjh híti. 

Ho OHx ne piniajica cpasy. 

— OrapHHa-TO nanrB, Opoxop-B EBceHq^,— saroBopHJTB Kapa- 
ceB^, — MHoro na cbocmi B^Ry nápory hpocb^thjb. Morjia 6u n 
ero ry6epHCRafl Tnna saTflHyxB; no HEiHiniHHiii spenenaM^, fl na 
Hero CHOTpfo RaRi na Haeroan^aro npocsl^THTejifl... Ha B'|jHHCRaro 

Jlfi CHXl nopi MOJIBTCfl. 

— Jíflj — BKíroBopHjn* BoBa, — h y nero flpornyjio wb rpy^H otb 
AymeBHaro yCHJiia: — TaROft Hpoxopi Enceiiqi Ry^a BHnie ctohtb 

MH0rHX'B 3A'íniHHX'B )MHHR0FB... ^ase H31 HHTeJJIHreHI^ÍH. 

Ohi A^jiajTB HaMeR'B na „ceiiHnapa^, na craTHCTHTca JI^apoHOCi(eBa^ 
H xotíjii, qxofiH TaR'B ero h hohajii Eapaces^. 

ToTB BsrjflHyji na nero b-b Corb h qyxB-qyxB ycMÍXHyjiCH. 

— O RaROft BH HHTeJJHreHl^iH rOBOpHTe? — CnpOCHJTB OHB MarRO> 

HO oqeHB cepBesHOfi nHTonaipefi. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



rOPJIEHKH. 5 5 

— JíjBi xoTJi 6u u O títl, KoiŤopsie c^HTSiorB ce6fl cojibk) 
SeMIH, — BEAopHte CRas&ix BoBa H crajTE RpaCHilB. 

Ho eMy xoT&iocB HSJíHTBCfl no ^tynrl; tojbko owb ae nocii&i'^ 
cxiiaTB 8T0 q)a8y. 

— BHXHTe jra,— npoxojiauurb owb OAHmťB AyxoHi: — botl xotb 
6h BanrB sHaBOMut, rocno^HHi JI^apoHOCi^eB^. 

— Owb ^fan se BaiTB ne jto^íhjix? 

B8mA'B Kapacesa, <$ponieHHii& na Bosy, Úuji^h HeÓesi Ao6po- 
jiymHaro jiyBaBCTBa. 

BoBa He BHHecB SToro B8rjflA&9 esi^eóojiie sapA^ca h — onar^ 
oxHHiťE AyxoMi — pascKasaxB bch) a^eny cboh) cb craTHCTHEOirB... 
Bniiuo y nero nopBBHcro, necoBciiTB CR^iaAHO, ho o^enb ncBpeHHO^ 
H KapaceKb crajTB yjni6aTi>cfl Bce JiacROBte h jiacBOB^, no^ysafl 
Ha nenejTB CBoeft namipocu. 

— BoTB Raax fl nocrynHJii... H a sejiajix 6ii BHCJiymaTB 
Bame MHŠHÍe. S. Ba(rB yBasaio no TOicy, mb bu neměře... Ho caa- 
ZHTe na mhjíoctb — visirb 6b rocnoxnni jIjaponoci^eBib nn c^HTajTL 
ceófl ^ecTHÍe h yim^ BcbTh — BaBi se nosBOJiATB ce6í Tam Beii^H? 
B%jíh BTO EJieBeral.. 3a aro n no cy^y OTB^qaiorB! 

BoBa BCTBJVh H OTonrejii bi canoMy oópusy. El^eBn ero npo- 
XOJUKajin nuiiaTB... Bi rpy^H cnepJocB, h obtb, vb 9Ty MonyTy^ 
onflTL sáHOBO neroAOBajTB na ;i(ep8Baro ^ceniraapa^ — h ne 6osuicsi 
wse Toro, vro ero ne OAo6pnrb BapaceB^. 

— HocjyniafiTe, — Kapacesb naiajx oqenBTHxo: — pasBi Jíapo- 
HoateBi snan, hto bii — ceihi HaBJía AnxpeeBHia MafiopoBa? 

— HoJíosHirbyH ne 3HaJi^! — BoBa onflTB npecfajL nacBaifBio: 
— no qxo-sx nsi axoro? Pase^ Mosno laBia cmernn Bu^aBaTB 
sa Bcrnnnyio npaB^y?.. HosBOJiBTe BacB cnpocHTB: necmo jih 8to? 

jIoÓi KapaceBa, y nepenocHi(£i, naMopn^njcH. 

— íeCTHO, — OTBtTHJI-B OHI THXO, HO O^eHB TBep^O, H nOAHHJTB 

roaoBy. 

— He nonmiaio-cx, — otbíthjtb BoBa h napo^HO npHcraBHj^ 
naenmy „cb**, ttí) oni o6iiBHOBenno CHnrajrB „xaMCTBOMx**. 

— Owb is}sjsTh no Bceft rytíepniH. Eny xopomo hsbícthh 
^asTH. JI^'6ftcTBÍH Banrero ÓaTioniBn owb oi^^HHBaerB ch oÓmiecTBen* 
ho* CTopoHH. Mnoroe neJBsa WBasaTB— ;ío nopa, ao BpeMeHH — 
HTb necOMnšnno jí,jui jno^ett SHafOu^Hxx h Heerauxi. 

TonB 8Toro OTB^Ta óujtl HArsifi, no BoBa no^yflJi'B hoa^b dioft 

MSTBOCTBH) H^^TO ÓesnOBOpOTHOe. 

— H BH Taai se CMOTpnre na noero oma? — cnpocHJTB on'B 
H npHcrajiBno crajrB f^i^a^tb na KapaceBa. 

— da^Mi se Bu caMo crasHre qe^OB^Ba wb THsejioe nojio* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



56 BftCTHHRl EBPOmi. 

seme — roBopaiB BemiH, ne^ajiBHHfl ajia BacB, RaB% ajia cuhe... S. 
He Hii'lio TaBHXB ^[aHHBrxx, KaRi y Moero npúíTejfl JI^apoHOCi^eBa... 
Moasei-B Óutb, a u ne BscRasajcfl 6ii TaB% pšsso, xase h snaft 
fl Bce, Tr6 eny hsb^ctho. 7 neHA — HaTypa xpyraa... Bii BcrynKJiHCb 
sa omia... ^yBCTBO noHJiTHoe... h xopomee. Ho npasxa — ocraerca 
npaBAofi. 

KapaceBi ne AoroBopHjrB h cmojib%. 

„ApyrHMH cjOBaMH, — •wnacB se noxyMaJii Bosá: — oreií^ Moft — 
Bop^"... 

m^eBB ero tfscrpo crajH 6jAjs,B!brb^ h rjasa owh OTBen bi 
CTopoHy, ycHjieHHO irarafl. 

„íero ^íotfHJica?- íero?* — ÓpocHjrB om canoMy ce(J4 noHTH 

Iipe9pHTeJIBHEI& OBpttRX. 

— ^yBCTBO Barae ysaiBaH), — cjiiiinajicfl eny rojoci KapaceBa: 
— HO naj^o, H vh BaniH ji^Ta, roroBHTBCfl bx Tony, Raide vb shshh 
HacB osHAaiorE ciopnpHSii. Jl^apoHOci^eFB BacB dohjíxl 6ei jy^me 
BCflRaro Apyroro... Ho jno^swh, Roxopue HcntiTHBajra neoro, BaRi 
OH^b, CBOHMi ropÓOMX upoA^jajH Bcb npejecTH Hamex^b nopflXROBi, 
tími npocTHxeJiBHO H He crlcHflTBCfl Bi npiflTeJiBCBOMi Bpyry. 

KapaceBa ohati* ne AoroBopHjfb. 

BoBa cajiibjrh yse onycTHBX rojOBy, h Auxame ero 6ujlo aramno. 

— O^HaKO, — saroBopejii owh rjiyxo h ne noj^HHMafl rojOBu: — 
»TaRi ht5 ae a^erB Tetfa Bnepe^H? Cero;íHa rocnoj^HHi íapo- 

HOCIteBl, SaBTpa— BaKOfi-HHÓyAB Bapany8HR'B-BTOpOBJ[aCCHHB'B XBaTHTl 

lefíib npHMO B^b jiHi^o — tboS oxeii^i Tanofi-cflKOfi. H bi 6aHB% Tairb 
Bcb npoBOposajiHCB. GoÓjaBHHrejiBHo! He^ero CBasaTB! 

Owb HamHHaiBHO cnjiOHyjrB. 

Ha Ayni* y nero 6uao o^obb CRBopno. Oiwtb OffB napBajica — h yae 
no CBoeft BHrf— Ha híhto, wro nejiBSfl jífiú&e OTHHxnyTB ropanett 
BHXOABoft, Basi 6ujio na 6ajB0HÍ y Gupetn^HBOBa. 

Ohi 6oflJiCfl nocraBHTB ce6i Msicienno BonpocB: „a eciH OHi 
npaBAy roBopnrB h tboS ořem sopoBCBHirB oÓpasoMi nasHBajicff — 
BaRB ae th-to (íy^íeniB cb 9thm'b MHpHTBca?** 

— Bonpocu COB^CTH Hopa h Bani pimaTB, — BsrroBopHJix Ra- 
paceB^i H TOHi ero ne SBynajii yqHTejiBCTBOMi, nponoBÍ};(BK); TaB^B 
6u CBasaJii h qeiOB^Bi, nyBCiByioniiifi, qro ero TOBapHo^y tasbo, 
HO ne aeaaionúfi bphbhtb Ayniofi. 

— ÍTO-ai! H na tomx cnacnóo! 
BoBa BCxajTB h npHno;i(Hflji'B j^ypaaBy. 

— KyAa ae bh (Jtanre? IIoTOjncoBajin 6u... HsBHHHre, hto 
pascxponjTB sací... ^hshb — js^bjío p^Boe. Xoteto caMH ce(Ja no- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



rOPJEHBH. 57 

SMTfc— a BAiTL yae nopa—Bor^ h yBHAHTe: choco^hei bu na or- 
KpHTyK) (SopBÓy, HJiH ycTynoHBH, KOHnpOMHCCH Ban npiflTrie. 

— Moe noOTeme! 

Boea cpasy ne npoTAHyjii Kapacesy pyRH. 
ToTE CAiuiajrB sto nepstifi. 

— Buy Borj^a saxoTHre noroBopuTB o&h stomi, sasepniiTe. íl 
Bcerw Aona uocjA oCib^a... nopaHBme, nacy fb mecroifB. 

— BjaroAapio sací, — cxasajii Bobe TOponJHBO h rjiyxo. 
Owh He HOPB caiTb pacnosnaTB, Kanoe ^yBCTBO roBOpHJio bx 

Hem CHJBHÍe, ho cefifl owh npesEpan sa tto-to h fotobi 6ujrh 
6u pacnjiasaTBCfli saRx „ujiaBca'' Mhca. 

MucďB cecrpi npoRHsajia ero no^x Ronei^i. 



XYin. 

nasejTE ÁHApeeBHTO, nepoA^B bet^baoitb, hobbohhjíx. 

— Bapumefl HHRy;i(a ee yxo^HJia? 

— HHRaR^ hítb-cb, — otbíthjx jiaReft. 

— nOBOBHTe Ce RO MWb. 

Mhca Tperíft a^hb CHx&ia btb CBoeft ROMHaii h ne mjia npo- 
CHTE npon^eHifl y uaiepR. 

Bqepa naBej['B ÁHApeeBHTB o($%Aa^'B AOMa h cnpocHJi^, noqeMj 
hítb Mhch. Mapea IlexpOBHa pascRasaia eny Bce vh o^chb nepB- 
HOMB TOH*!, ho TaR^B, qxo eHy neflCHO 6buo, vh qeMi se HMeHHO 
apoBHHHjacB ero aohb. 

Owh TepnÍTB ne mopb eCTopift. H 6en axoro ero nojioseHÍe 
eraHOBfijiocB ;íejiHRaTHuiiPB. JÍ,ítví noApocan. Chhx — cobcšmi y»e 

MO^OAOŘ qeJOBÍRl, H AO^B — A^BHIta. %0-T0 TyTB HeJia^HO, Wh 

9Tot onaji Much. HaBipno, sairi^maJiacB 3jiOH8a XpHCTO$opoBHa« 
PascnpocHTB BoBy owh He cqHTaji'B nop^AO^HHirB. Bi jsjbisx^h cbo- 
iTB oHib Bcer^a noMepsHBai^B yBaararejiBHoe oTHomeHie ri> bxx 
HETepn. 

Mhch noHBHjacB wh xBepaxx Ra^nnera ÓjAkbíuIj He6pesH0 
iipH^ecannaH. 3ro IlaBjry ÁHApeoBH^y ne noHpaBHJocB. 

— 3ApaBCTByfi, nana, — rpyerao, ho ne 6ojI3jihbo BHroBopnjia 
OHa H noi^OBajia ero b% njieqo. 

— SApaBCTByft... Tki nes^opoBa? 

— H-frpB, HH^ero. 

— IIpncflAB. 

Ohi yRasaji^b e& pyROfi na AHBanqHRx, Ryxa h caM'B ckn». 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



58 BftCTHHBX EBPOmi* 

— ^,iwh TH orop^ua maman?— cnpocHjfb owh jíobmbho Harso^ 

HO CB HaHOpU^eHHHMX JHÓOITB. 

— S. Be 8HaH)... HEREKoft rpyCocTO... S. ne nosBOJua c&6ib... 
Yvbpnio TeCa. 

— O^HaKO... 

— Yvbpsjo Te6s. 

Emfi TpeTBflro aha oea p^niHJia oÓiflCHHTBCfl cb on^oicS) h 
eaiH^x owh ee ne nosBajix, ona cana 6ei nomra ki Heny. 

JI^onHTHBaTBCfl IlaBJíy ÁHApeesH^y 61110 pHCsoBaHHO... Ohi yse 
^yBCTBOBaJTE) HTO xoHB ero 060 HHoroifB AyMaerB h AaBHO samrca- 

JiaCB Vh paspflA'^ „BOCTOpSeHHHX^L'^ HaTypB. 

— Tu AOiiseHx sHaTB, sa hto pasrH^BaJiacB MaMa. 

— noHCMy se a ;í0J»eBnb?— ÓpesrjiHBO nepecnpocfurB IlaBeTB 
AHxpeeBHqx. 

BarMAi* ;íOHepH ocraHOBMca Ha neMx — cyxot h BOsfiyatíeeHHft. 
Eny CTaHOBHJOCb neBOSMOSHrnu — HOJi^aTB. 

— Bce paBHO, nana, — a xorijia, h fiesi Toro, noroBOpHTB 
CB T060&. 

— O qeMi? 

— Mh6 CJIHHIROlťB TaSeJIO OCTasaTBCa 3AtCB. 

— Fa* 3a4cb? ÍTO 9T0 Sa TOffiB? 

— Tet Hena noHHHaeniB... S. ne ifaieHBRaa... Eora a Hanaja 
crpa^aTB... sa naiB mok)... 

— Crpa^aiB? 

DaBeJi^B An^tpeeBHq-B Bcrajii h secB crpaxnyjica. ID^eRH ero 
HepBHO BS^tpornyjiH. 

— Ob KaKoS craTH th Bce 8to roBopHniB? 

— EcjH Te(íš ne npaBHTca... a Mory h 3aM0Ji?aTB. 
TaRoro Tona ohx emie ne CJiuxajiT. on AO^epa. 

— Mana, — opo^OMtajia Mnca h Toae Bcrajia, — ne noHflja 
BJiH ne xoT&ía noHaxB Moero ^yBcrea. Ho a ne Mory npHTBopflTBca. 
Tu c^nraeniB ceóa ÓesynpeHHfiiiťB... A mh% saMaxB erajio o6exho... 
n a nosBOJiHJia ce6i 8to noRasaTB. IIosajiyfiCTa, ne AonpamnBafi 
MOHa. Tu AOJixeHx cairB nonaTB, na qTO a HaneRaK)... 

— ÍTO 8T0 TaRoe?.. Th npocro Bóra snaeTB ttí) fobopedib! 
IlaBej^B AnjípeeBH^i oroniejrB r-b ORHy h onycTEJTB cropy, 

TOHHO ssLvbwh, qroóu CMapmrB ssyRH hxi pasroBOpa. 

Mnca CToaJia y AHBaHa vh HanpaseHHoft nos^, onycriro^B ro- 
jiOBy, E npaBoft pyRoft nepBHO Tope^Eja 6axpOMy caj^Bannofi o6hbkh. 

— a ne Mory HHa^e roBopBXB, nana, — BUMOJiBBJía ona, c^ep- 
sEBaa Hanj[UB'B cjiesi. 



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F0P.1EHRH. 59 

Ho sanjiasaTb osa He xoTijia, hh noj^i RaRHM'B buaomi, wrb 6u 
HH npfiniLio€& eí Eewmoh. 

— le&b flaAO BCfl^iecKH ycBOBOHBarb tbok) Man, — saroBOpHjr^ 
IlaBeji AHApeeBHqi, HyBcraya, ^ro y Hero ísxn>'Uoxb Hora ycsojiB- 
saerB novea. — A teitojibbo ee pascipoHnaemB HeyirlcTHiniH pasro- 
BopaMH. n Cb BaBOft craTH 6epemB tu na ce6fl TanyH) pojB?.. 
Cest k pouffer de rire! ^fo^ypKa— h flejraercfl BaRHMi-TO raMje- 

TOMl! B'B BaBOtt dTO HeJI'lnoft BHHaCRt TEI BUHHTaJia?.. SI F nOHH- 

METB-TO OTBadUBaiocB TBOH HaMeBH. A-t-on jamais yn!.. 

Owh (yromejvh kl yrjiOBOMy OBHy b oÓe^EjJics vh AO^epn cnraoĚ. 

Elfy 6ujio yse AOca^HO na ceóa sa to, hto owh noBeJii ce6& 
cobcImx ho TaBi— erajTB ^aBaTB obphbhh MO«erB BHSBaTB co cto- 

POHU OTOtt BepBHOft A'ÍB?0HBH ^TO-HHÓyAB H 6016 60JlÍe pÍ8B0e, 

nocji qero Buůj^erb HenpúiTH']^fiinafl cílena. 

Otojibbo BpeMCHH owh AepsHTCfl CB BeJUH^aflniHifB TaBTomrB h 
He xonycBaJT* hh ao ?ero no^oCearo. H TenepB, cb nepBtixi se 
CJOBB OTofi A^BiOHBH, eMy 6u cji%;(OBajio B3flTB coBepmeHHO Apyrofi 
towh H o6paTHTB Bce Bi myTBy. TaBx h coBŠTOBaja eny, B^epa 
Be^epoBTB, 9.iOH3a XpHcroj^opoBHa. Byj^b ona na ero m^t6, oea 
cxyíťkia 6u noBecTH cetffl ne TaBi: a&bho sacTaBHJia 6u Mhch> 
nonpocHTB npomeHÍfl y MaTepH. Ona o^chb icíhbtb to, hto Mapea 
IlerpoBHa noHJiJia, Eás^ efi ceÚB bocth, h noBasajia AO^epe, hto 
cypTB o noBeAeniH en OTita ona eft, hh no^Tb BaBHirB BH;í03rB, 
He nosBOJiHrB. 

3th mhcjih tíHcrpo sapoHjHCB B% ero tojiobí; ho no BCOMy TÍjy 
ero pasjíH^ocB yme pasApaacenie n n^eBH npoAOJisajiH Bs^pareBaTB. 

OffB oÓepHyjCH .iHi^oiťB Bi AO^epH H, BEifi^H Ha cepeAHHy 
KafiHHera, hoahhjii npaByio pyay cb BUTAHyTuiťB yBadaTejTBHiiiťB 
naiBi^eiTB. 

— SL Te6i npHBasHBaio nofixH nonpocHXB npcmenia y maman. 

H 06rhSlBJl91O Te6Š, TTO HHBaBHX'B ŤBOHX^ HeJI'lnBIX'B 06BflCHeHÍfi H 

HaMeBOBi CjrymaTB ne xo^y h sanpen^afo o6pan^aTBCfl bo mh^ cb 

ífeMB-jraCo nOíOtfHHlTB. 

dro 6uM cobcIm^ ne to, aaBx 6u CJi'6AOBajio hobohhhtb; ho 
DaBejTB AHApeeBHVB ne CMorB c^epsaTB ce6fl. 

Mhca ho noAHHMajra fojiobu, tojibbo OTHflja najiBiíEi otb 6a- 
xpoMfii, fl rpy^B efl CTajia saM^THO BOJiBixaTBca. 

— KaBs Te64 yrojiHO, nana, — saroBopnjia ona pa3;^•fcJIl»H0 h 

THXO, HO HaCTOfrlHBO. R BX TaBHXl yCHOBÍflXl He MOry OCTaBaTBCfl. 

— ÍTO?! — yae saBpH^aJi^ IlaBeji^ AnjípeeBHHx h bccb BcnuxHyji-B. 
Oh-b noítffcRajTB kl Mhc4, bsh.iij ee 3a pysy h naqajix TpacTH. 
-— IIoBTopff, qxb TH CBasa.ia? 



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60 BftCTHHR^L EBPOHU. 

— E CEasajra, hto bx Taraxx ycjOBiaxx s ocxaBaTBca ne nory... 
IlepeA*!* MaTepBK) h hsbhhiocb... Ona — tfojBHaa... H a ee pasi^pa- 
iBHJia... ^TO^si A^aTBl Oea ueBS ne noHAja... Ho a roBopH) npo 
cetfji... Jtpyraa 6h co bc^itb inipirjiacB... a a — ne nory!.. 

— KaR-B TH CMÍeniB! — eme rpoM^e KpHSHyjii ITaBeji AH;ípee- 
Bmi> H npo;i(OJisajrB Tpacm pyRy AO^epn. 

Mhca He BHxepsajia, h B3puB% pu^^HÍfi npoHecca sajio^Hoft 

e 3B0HR0& HOTOft. 



XIX. 

BoBa cjuniajrB, RaRi JiaRefi apumejii ssaTB cecrpy bhhsi, „b% 
<5apHHy". 

Ohb npocHyjCfl cairB ne CBoft, nocii B^epamnaro pasroBopa 
d nQcaTe^eMx KapaceBUMi. Ci Mnceft oh^ HH^ero ne rOBopHJx; 
HO Ri Be^epy ero na^aio pa3({HpaTB se^anie boAth bi ea ROiraaTy. 
íle^ecmvsso caM0JH)6ie. Ohi ne nomeix jvb neft. 

Ho cero;i(Ha, Ror^a ee BusBajiH bhhsx, ohb ne mopb ycH^ŠTB 
H cnycTcrjíca wb saiy. 

noACJiynierBaTB ohi ho xot&jb, OTOmejix rb ORny, nepBOMy 
OTB ABepH, H npHcfeíiB Ha cryjx. Eiiy xotí-iocb 6utb TyrB „na- 

rOTOB*** . 

ynopcTBO Mhch nepeA'B MaTepBK) ohi HaxoAHJiB cna^ajia „hh 
CB ^iwh HecooÓpadHuifB^ ; ho TenepB sajocTB saRpajiacB bb nero. 

H sa ceóa eny A^aaocB cthaho. 

KaRi 6u TaifB hh 6ujo^ ho cecrpa ero ocrajiacB Bipna caiia 
ce64. %6 ee BOSMy^aio, to h npoAO^ataeTB ee BOsnyníaTB. Bce 
OHa na ceóa Bsajia. Ohi> otb Hea cobcíhi OTmaTHyjicfl, h Roroptift 
;íeHB — TOHHO BparB ea h TpycB... H eMy canoMy co B^iepamnaro 
AHa ne no ce(5i. %6 eny na npon^aHBe CRadajTB KapaceBB? Tokoů 
^eJlOvb}i'h 3pa roBopHTB ne cranerB. Ecih ohb cairB xonerB ocraTBca 
qecTHUMi, RorM ^OBe;^eHie ero OTiía — no 6aHR0BCRHMB ji^bMWh — 
CA'9^aeTca npeT^efi Bcero ropová h npoHBOftACTB Rpaxi — a o6b stom^b 
yate TOJiRyiOTB — RaRi Tor^a oh-b 6y;íeTB ce(5a nyBCTBOBaTB? Oiei^x 
He ^ysoS eMj; ho pa3B% jioÓobb ero Ri cecTpi ne 6uáb, aochxi 

nopi CaMUMX COBHUMB HyBCTB0Ml>? 

ToíHO TaRse h HacneTx noBe^enia OTi^a cb hxi MaTepBK). 

He cji^AOBajio Merc£ coBaTbca Bnepex^B h cTanoBHTBca cyj^Beft 
Toro, RaRx OTeifB Be^íero ce6a; ho Hyecmeoeamh ona Moraa. Ona — 
A*ByniRa. Jljjia Hea canniROMB o6haho sa MaTB. Maca — ^acraa fb 
CBOHX'B MBicjiaxn^ H HpaBHJiax^B. Ona nenoxoaca na ^ipynrx^B ^'iBy- 



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ropuHRif. 61 

mevb efl jiítb, h8i> efl lOBapoKi* Hhbimi— ipaea ee pocra, TOJiBRa 
6h HiTb nocianie suocb. He to ^to OTUfi^ a Maiepe víxb — jersaro 
noBe^enifly h owb arjHqeo noHimaHxrb, rto hsi Apyseft AOMa naxo- 
AHTCfl Ch MaTepBK) Bl 6jlH8KIIXl OTuomemflxi. A oh% otb XaKEZS 

JKajiOGib Bi cecrpi Bce pocjia kb Bobí. Ohi npHTExib Ha 
CBoeMi cryji'!, h cepxi^e y nero sacTy^ajno vb rpyxH, Borxa BxpyrB 
paoxaácfl BoarjiacB Dasjía AHxpeeaHHa, aotomi xpyroft, ipeiifi. 
Jlfie^h 6uja luoTHO saTsopena, h Bobb ne uon oxqerjiHBO pasciBi- 

maTB BCÍXl CJI0B1», HO flCHO; HTO OTOI^l Vb nepBEllI pa8'B TBB^ 

sa^^H^an Ha Mhch>. 3a ^to se? 3a to, ^to ona ne npocHTB npo- 
lOfimB y MaTepii?.. He sa oaho 8to; a sa to, hto ona ne xoqerB 
noMHpHTBCfl (TB yHBSHTeJiBHBUťB HOJtoseBÍeMi naiepE, sa djOHSy 
XpHCTo4>opoBHy. 

A OHI — efl ÓparB h xpyn, efl BoBa — xpysuri ci H'lMBofi^ 
CHXBTi y Hefl Bi rocTflxi, npHHBMaerB otb nefl yron^eHÍe, fjA emfi 
AtiaerB Bce tohho na aio CBoeft Mecb. 

Oh'b BCTajTB, ÓHcrpo noAonieji'B BiAsepn bi BadHHerB, ne CMflr- 
qaa myiia cbohxi maroBi. Eiiy ca^juuocb BApyn neBsíHOCHMO 
CTiixHO sa ce6fl h TaBse neBiiHOCHMO noBJíeBiio Tyxa — craTB sa 
cecrpy, BUBasaTB ce6fl TaBHMi, BaBHMi Bcer^a 6uji% ch neio, es 
paHHflro A^TCTBa. 

H ero en^e CHJiBHle cxBaTHJii sa cepAi^e ismoóbuř BspBifis 
PH^anift. 

Hh OAHOfi ceByHABi BoBa ne ROJieOajicfl, chjibhbim^b ABHseHieiťB 
OTBopHjx ABepB, BomeJii Bi Ba6HHeTB lij BecB ÓjApMhii H Tpener- 
Huft, ocraHOBHJicfl KB HopTBepi, A^psBa pyBofi, OTBHHyTOfi sa cnHHy, 
pyqsy ABepnofi hojiobhhbi. 

ÚaBeJis AHApeeBHHi cna^asa neiíHoro OToponibjíi. Btotb sne- 
sannnfi hphxoa'b cuna Mon h noBepnyxB kb cropoHy ero pasApa- 
seHÍe, B ycHjiHTB ero. 

— BoTB H npespacHo! — BpHBHyji'B ohi AO^epn, ho yse Mentě 
thíbho. — Tbo& 6parB MOserB 6iitb csHA^TeJieMi Toro, BaBi> tu 
OTBpaTHxejBHO BeAemb ce6fl... %o-si! Passt ohi ne crapme ie6fl? 
Hjih rjiyn^? HcnopqeHH']ke? A noneMy se ohi ne nosBOJflerB ce($i 
HH^ero noAotinaro? A? IIoqeMy? 

OflflXB hto-to BOJiBHyjio Ilasjía AnApeoBH^a h noACBasajio eny, 
HTo 8Toro ne cjitAOBaio tobophtb; ho ohi, bo Bceft dxofi ci^eHÍ^ 

OOrepflJS CBOfi TOHBÍĚ TaSTB, BOTOpUMl CTOJIBBO il^TB FOpAHJICfl BO 

Bcixi cayHaflxi shshh. 

Mhch) AjniHJH puA^HÍfl. Ona 6esnoMon^QO onycTHJiacB na ffi- 
Bani, H roJOBa efl ynajia na cnsHBy. 



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62 B^CTHHSl EBPOnU. 

— IlanA, — ^saroBopHJTS fioBa, ci TpyAOii'L kisa^ cbohitb ro- 
jiocoiTb: — sa tio se xa xasi na neé? Mhca, nepecraHBl— Bosá 
HaKiOHHJicfl iffh Heft H BSflJi 66 sa lue^H: — nepecraHBl 

Elfy cTpeiiiiT6J[BH0 saxoTJ^ocb oShatb ee h pacviLiOBaTb, no- 
sasaxE efi, ^xo owb BBHOBaxi nepe^^B net, ^xo ona — ^6CXHaa b 
CMiuiafl, ^xo HHRorAa h m nepe^b R&fL oh^ h6 oxxacTB ee b^b 
oÓHfly- 

Mhca BHesanHO npnxflxaa. Ofla saeiuniajia wb rojocb dpaxa 
jsfl6fUB Hoxuy H 8T0 66 H60SHAaHH0 oójsfiuio cxpyefi xeiua H (5ox- 

POCXH. 

— £aKB se XB, — Bce en^e saxopHO cnpocsjrB IlaBe^i Auj^pee- 
Bon: — CMoxpHmB na noBexeHie CBoefi cecxpH? A? 

BoBa npBnoxHflJTB Mhch) h ohh xenepB cxajiH 6ojsh-o^6ovb. 
Hxi pyRH HcsajiH owa ApyryK). 

— H He Mory cyxHXB, — BuroBopím BoBa h CpoBH ero HaxHy- 
Phjhcb:— TOJiBKO Hana... h xer^a^ sa o^íxoitb, pascepAHJDOCB xas%^ 
BApyrB... HHHero ocoÓeHHaro Mhca ne CRasaja. 

-^ Sea^EXB, H xu cnoco^eni Óíutb aa Hexšniifl buxoxkh? — 
BCBpHBHyjTB IlaBeiTB ÁHxpeeBH^i. 

— Oxei^i, — nepeÓHJia ero Mhca, h ciobo „oxeifB** sasBy^ajso 
7 Heft ocotfeHHo: — a h nps Ópaxb noBxopfliQ xetiž: mh£ xasejio y 
HacB... S. He Mory HH^ero hsmíhhxb. Ho ae nory h j[raxB... He 
Hory, ne nory! — BuroBopH.ia oea, (LiHSRafl ohaxb bi BHcmeicy na- 

npflS6HÍK> HepBOBl. 

Ho efl pysa yse Jiesajia b% pysi Bobu, h ona ^BCXBOBaia 
ao2Kaxie. 

BpaxL BepHyjECfl vh Heft. Owh ee noMepsHTB, offB noft^exi 
CB Heft Biflcx^) BaBx 6ujL0 AO ciix'B nopi... BoBa cairB noHfljix ee 
H npH(S%auui^, BaoiEunaBib BsptiBi ea psixanift. 

Pjasa ea ÚJLecrbjíB... Eo qesaMi eqe Tesům ciedii; ho rojOBy 
xepsajia ona bucobo b h6 Óoajbcb rHŽBHuxx BsruxoBi oxi^a. 

— EcJB TU ceftnaeB se ne noft^emB b!b icaxepB, — rjyxo spas- 
EyjLi> EaBejsi* ÁHApeeBB^i, — b h6 nonpocHmB y neB upon^eHifl, tu 
6yj(eniB hm^xb jsjbJLO co MHoft... 

Mhcb BCxpixBJía Bsrjflx'^ Bobu. 

„IIOAB, H6 yOBpaftCB,— rOBOpHJTB BXOXl BSrMffB: — anOXOlTB Mil 

Cy^eiťB Bifícxi CB xofioft, b ^xb xti CA^aemb, xb b a". 

— HsBOJiB... fl noftxy, — csasajia Mhcb, noci% H^BOABBxrB 
ceByHA^B MOJWHÍfl. — HsBOJiB... Ho fl He xo^ JíraxB, nana, h ae 
Mory BHane qyBCXBOBaxB. 

OnflXB BsrjuiA^B Bobu ocxaaoBBjrB ee. 

— CefiHacx oxnpaBJKflficfl bi maman! 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



rOPJBHBH. 63 

IlaBejiib AHApeeBHH'L yRasaJii pysofi na XBep^, oiomeji Kh osey 
I noxHui ciopy. 

Easx TOJiBSO Mhca ci ÓpaxoMx Biunra bi sajiy^— ona 6pocn- 
jaa KB Bovb na meH) b, cyAoposHO o^Himafl ero, c% hobum^b 
saiuEiBOirB cjiearbj npomeirrajia: 

— BoBa! BoBa!.. Th co MHofi!.. Mu onaxB BMtol! 

— Bidtert! — noBTopaffB h o^b^ h nooc&iOBajrB ee fb rojiOBy... 



XX. 

BoBa CB Mncefi num bxoib Óepesi ciapofi „6ojihmoŘ^ xoporn. 
Bi nojyBepcii (í&iiuia nacoBHii cb HHBBiorB sa^opraKoirB kb cropoHy 
spyroro 6epera p^rh — hx^b poAHoft pJ^BH. Ohh jooóiiuai zoxhtb ry- 

JflXB KB 8T0 MÍCTOi A&S^ 8HM0H). 

Sasan &i^h^, h caiHite eiouo toibbo Ha noj['B-apniHHa otl 
ospaHHEi 6eperoBoft noiocn. 

Hni MOSHO 6iuo nonacTB eqe b&cbítjo bi MOHacrupB, Byxa 
TponHHBa — cpe^H orypeuoft Óaxu — cnycsaercfl b% orpaxí cbh^* 
CBOJBBHMH ÓamHflMH, OTB TOFO iribcia, rx% ciOBiTB ^acoBHA „ Aca^a- 

GXHMHHKa^. TaMO^y AftBHO-X&BHO, SiUrB lfOHaX'B KB BeJB% H JEOlBILICfl 

cnaTB KB rpo&b. Kor^a ohi yiiepi, Ha uUcA bojbe nocraBEiH 
^acoBHD H MHoro xoffmo 6oTOuoAhneB%. n xo cm nop^B npHzo- 

ASTB nOBIOHHTBCfl 610 MOrHJli, Ha MOHaCTHpCBOHl BJaXt^HH^. 

Mhca, kb caiOMeHHOĚ nuani h CB^TJioft bo^ktohb^, h BoBa — 
Bi> napycHHHofi (^jysi — XBHrajiHCB rycBBOifB. Cecrpa mia Bnepexn. 
Ohh CA&iaJH Óojiúne agchth Bepcn Bsax^ h Bnepe^^B. 06a ohh 
(Seld xopomie zo^obh. 

JlfiifM AO ^acoBHH, CTOflBmeft caxeHHxi kb xpexi on Aoponi, 
ohh npHC&iH na cxyneHBBH sxoAa. 

Ob MHHyry ohh MOJ^aiH. 

CnpaBa, no 6oja>moŘ Aoport, noAHHMajiacB AJiHHHan 4^ypa, 
saopflseHHaa napoft. Hs^b OTBopcrift xojin^eBaro Bepxa BuraiHA^BaJiH 
pefiflTHHiBH... MysqHHa, bhaoitb MŽn^aHHHi, kb Baprysi h noHomeH- 
Hoft ^YttBÍby mejTB phaoitb, npHBHsaKB bobsh Kh o6jiyHBy. 

BparB H cecrpa neperjuHyjrncB. 

— nepeceieHi^i) — CBasaja Mhch,— Botl laBi h mu cb T060& 
nycTHMCH KB nyTB) BoBa. 

Ohi HH^ero ne otb^thjtb; ho aojfo tjiha^^b BCJrÍA'B yAa^flB- 
metcfl ^jfib. 

— HaiTB TOJiBBo ctorB Ha qyryHBy, hohb kb Baroni — h o^y- 

THHCa KB MoCBKb. 



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64 B^CTHHKl EBPOnU. 

— A MeHfl He ÓyxeniB o6BHHflTB? 

Mncfl cnpocHJia aro thxo h ne tma^ na Cpaia. 

— Jifiy BOTBy ^TO TU xoqemb Rpyio noBepnyrL, 6pocHTb fhm* 

HaSÍH) H nOĚTH Vb TeXHHKB? 

— Ob BaBoft craTH? 

BoBa CHflji ýypasByi oxepi BJiasHufi AO&h h Bcrajii ci oř- 

BpUTOft rOJIOBOĚ. 

— Te64 TflSRO Bi aomí, — npoAOJtsaii OHi: — TuyŘAeniBy h a 
CL TO6OH) bmžctí. 

— Hsi-sa MeH£ Te6i nevěro nopxHTb ce6t xoporH. 

— OcraHycB a uaccHROMi*, nocrynjíK) bi yHHBepcHTerb — b^b 
lopHCTU HTO-JH. Bce 8T0 Tpe6yeTB 6ojSBniož noMepssB. flfi h He 
lyxa BeAerx... noHHMaemB... S. csasy oni^y: ^afi^ mh^ toju^bo 
na nepBuĚ roAi* coAepsaHÍe... A noTOMi a npoKopMJiiocB h caM'B. 
TpH-^erupe roAa npomjio — ha Btifi^y Cb jtjAWíouowb h iri^cro 
nojy^y ea saBOA^— 3a^b a 6ojiBme ne SRuenb... 

Oea yse SHajia, 9x6 y nero lenepB na xyin^* Ohh yse cirb- 
JHCB, H Biepa — AOMa, h ceroAHa — ea nporyjK*!. BoBa pa8Csa3aji'B 
e& npo CAeHy cb ^apoHOCi^eBUMi h npo pasroBopi cb EapaceBrnii. 
B'B Hero saRpajiHCB noA03pÍHÍfl. lípo OTi^a lOJiRyiorB ajpho b^b 
ropoA^— HaAO sa&tb h pasoC^a^eHÍfi, h Bpaxa. Jlfi ecjiHČx h ne 
BEunJO HcropÍH — Bce paBHO, BoBa ^yBCTByeirB, hto, ocTaBaacB b^b 
cenBt, OH'B HsraAHTCfl, óyAero MupHiBca cb tÍmi, ht6 h ee ro- 
HHTB lenepB hsb poAHiejiBCBaro Aona. 

JlfiLj OBE cn^HCB. 3a ceOa oaa ae Óobtca. Ee oinycTairB. Matb 
óeperB BOMnaHBOHBy. H oiei^B — aojsho ÚUTby no co^xy „hímrh*' 
— CMflrHHJiCfl. y Hero cb MaiopBio Úujvb ceroxHa pasroBopi o net. 
Ofla BHAopsETi B% Mockb6 dBsaiieffB Ha ryBepHaHTsy h 6yAerB 
xoAHTB Ha neAaroFHHecBie Bypcji. H shtb cranyrB Buiarbj bi> 
AByxi A^nieBuxi ROMHaTBaxi. 

Tbj ht6 ceĚqacB caasajiib BoBa — caasaHO hmi ne na Btiepi... 
Haaie h ne iiorjio Chtb... Ha nero naxoAHJio saTM-^^HÍe. Ohh bch> 
SH8HB npoBeAyn Aynia bb Ayniy, ht6 6u hmi hh nocaajia cyAB($a. 

Ohh ohbtb „rOpjieflRH^. Ho Bce-xaKH efi saxoriuiocB eo^e pass 
Bce nepeópaxB. 

— BoBa, — Ha^ajia ona h npHjBHyjia bb ero HJieqy. Ha ehoB 
mvjisíji,i> M£i rjynocTE A'i^ft6M'B... A...? H Bce axo haoti oxi neHa... 
Ho TH noAyMafi — ecjin xenepB ne ySxH oxciOAft, bo hxo uu caME 
npeBpaxHMCfl? 

— %o se xyrB xoaaoaaxB? — nepeÍEJPB ee ÓpaxB: — xh AyMaemb, 
a xáBi, spa? 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



rOPJIEHKH. 65 

— & HH^ero ne ocraBiua Óes^ pastfopa. By^px MCHa ocy- 
skaxB... Otx MaxepH yxossy. Ona — 6ojiBHaH. Ecjih6i a efi Hysna 
(iijia, fl 6u ocrajiacB. Ho a eft ne Hysna... Tyrb ne oaho 9to, 
a BAVh TH roBopHmB — Bce Ha;i(0 hsm^hhtb... bck) cbok) shshl. 

— ^ero-»e th ceCa TopMomHmB? — BCRpE^aji^L BoBa h oíJep- 
Hjjicfl B% Hett janípui>. — %6 th xyMaemB: a 6yAy cb to(5o& c^h- 
TafBCfl) Mhca? Tu nepBaa saroBopiLsa o tomi, hto y naci a^o ne 
JUUHO. A pascepAHJCfl. Fjiyno Óujio... Fjiyno h noniJío! Botb bc^ 

3TH AHH, BaRHb MU Cl T06ofi BX nepBfilft paSl nOBSAOpHJH... 

— B'B nepBuĚ, noBTopHJia Mhca. 

— *Bib MeHfl TOHHO cobcímx Apyrofi nejiOBis^B BceiHJicfl... 
HoBSAopHJiH — KB jiyqmeMy. EcshCi a Tor^a — noMHHmB, RaRx mu 
cifx^H Bx oBparšy nocjrb naHQXHAu — ecjim&b a Tor^a corjiacHJicfl 
ch Totfoft, — He 6ujio 6u laRoro... RaRx 9to CRasaTB,.. noBopoxa... 
TaKTi-i-o! 

Owb npRB^eRx ee sa njie^n. 

MflCfl 6ujia pacTporaHa; ho xoT^aci se c^epsajia CBoe bojhc- 
me: a BApyrx RaRx na p^CHBi^axi noRasyíCfl csesu, h Bufi^erB 
onaTB aiuiaRca"! Y nea laRoe HyBCXBO, ^to bx o^ny BeKkiio ona 
nocrap&ia na i^uft ro^x h cpaBMJiacB cx CpaxoMX ro^aMH. 

GHHsy MflrRO h npoxflSHO no^nojisi nepBuĚ ÓJiAvovbcTb ro 
BceHon^Hoft. 

— H^emB? — cnpocHJx BoBa — h nOAHajca, 

— Bx MOHacxupB? 

— TaMi a y orpa^u SHaio oaho MicxeHKO — no^x AyCoMX y 
canaro oÓpuBa, bhax óoraTifinrift! — npoxaHy^x BoBa h CABHHyjx 
^ypasRy sa saxujioRx. 

OffB cxofljix onepraHCB pyRaMa bx 6éApa — MOJiOAiíOBaxo, cb 
6jysAaioii;e& yjiuÓRofi. 

Maca noAomjia h Bsajia ero nOAX-pyRy. 

— Boxx BHAHiHB, — Becejo cRasajia oea: — mu sa xpa Bepcxu 
OTx AOMy, H en^e nofix^Mx Ry^a xoxhmx... Tojibro saxox^xB aa^o. 

^epesx naxB MHHyrB ohh no^onua rx cnycRy, oxRy^a Moaa- 
CTupcRia ÓaniHB a rjiaBu uepRaa co cxapuMa nojiaBHUMa nepena- 
i^aiia BurjiaAUBaJia asi-sa rycxofi a xeMHofi sejieaa b'Irobux'b 
jaax. 

BjaroB^&cxTB yse HenpepuBHOft bojihoS Apoxajix bx Bos^yxi; 
0X1 oropoAOBi mjia npaaue sanaxa OBon^efi. rA'i&-xo RpaRaix ^ep- 
TWh. HaAX HBMa HasRO-HBBRO npoaecJiacB cxpajRa. 

H BMX oÓOBMi BcnoMaajiocB xo yxpo, Ror^a ohb cxoajia aa 
uoTEsk aaaa a cjiymaia Jiaxiio. Haaa acnyrajiacB 6u xoro, hx6 

Tom IL^MAPTb, 189S. 5 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



66 B^CTEHR^ EBPOniI. 

OHH xoTflTB HaiBopHTB... HcnyraiacB 6u, sa hhxi; ho noHflJia 6u h 
He ocyAMa. 

Ohh mjiH BHH3y, luoTHO npHaRaBinHCB Kpjrh kl Apyry, no 
ysROft H Rpyrofi TponHHR^, h ' na jíjiírb bxi Tpenerajio hto-to 
coBciiTE HOBoe. GeroAHfl ohh sHAajiHCB vh SH8HB; paxocTHoe H 
asyrsoe ^jbctbo naxH^JO na hhxi otb toto — ht6 ÓyjerE. 

n. Bobophbeh'b. 
MocKBa, 1892 r. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



JÍHKAPKA 

Oh nox&CKaro. 



IV *). 



nejiBSfl jryqnie. SI ne xorbm xejrerpa^^apoBaTB 6paTy Jl^ajiH, KoHpaxy, 
TTofin OHI npHCJiajrB jioma^efi sa mhoio na CTaH^iH) ^eji^Hoft Aoporn, h 
Bsjísíjrb nepBHfi nonaBmificfl mhš A^peseHCRÍfi aRHnasi, a noroiry 
JiBHjicfl 6^ MepoBi hhrími ne osH^aeMiift h RaRi^ pasx bx Ty MHHyry, 
Borxa cHA^Bmee sa o6ijs,eEEuwb cto^omi o6ii^ecTBO npoBOsrjainajio 
TOCTs. 3a CTOJioirB, vh MHHyTy iioero npi'l3Aa, mxbjío o^eHB hhofo 
mwsfb SHaROMHxi; crojiOBafl Óiuia ocsiii^eHa npeRpacHo; Tyajieru jwn 
6jeerfliEiH; cepsiipoBRa, jraRen h npecjiyra, BacTOJLHiie toctei, myirB 
R roBopi — Bce 8T0 npoBSBejo Ha MeHR laRoe Bne^aTjrí^Hie, nas^ 
^yxTO fl HH Ha OAHy ceRyH^y ne yfesaji hb^ 6oJiBnioro ropová. 
Hwrb o&bfjBL vh h^rojbrhx^l ÓojhmuiTh h co BRycoMi OTA'i^aH* 
Huxx sajiaxi Óhjo Becejo: rto-to Hrpajii Ha poRjri&; ;ípyrie tíect- 
jnoBajiH o MysHRÍ, o HOBBncB RHHraxi, o ToifB H ceiTB, HTO BooOme 
BHTepecyerB jnajteft vb camixi osHBJíeHHUxi ij^enrpaxi... S. na- 
men sj^CB B HCMHOSRO 4^JinpTa, h j^pani^yscRift rsuri, h cRyRy — 
tont comme chez nous. „MnjieHBRoe cos^anie'' h oxhhi ns^ npejiecr- 
wtíkmmxby BaRÍe mh% cjiy?ajiocB BcrpinaTB, He6ojiBnrax% sencRHx^B 

HOCOIROBX ROMaHAOBaiH BC^ITB dTHBTB CB 9JieraHTH0CTBH), BX ROTOpott 

íaace HeonuTHut rjrasx mopb hojímíthtb HacroamyH) nopo;ty frou- 



*) Cm. BHme: 4>eBp., 712 crp. 

5* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



68 BI^CTHHKl EBPOnU. 

frou H TOTi entrain, BOTopufi asjífleTqi noAi» BJiiflHÍeM'B oco6eHHOft 
paAOCTH ujiH npiflTHo& HeosHAaHHOCTH... ^ase Hhmbpoah ee flEjia- 

JIHCB qepHBIMH nflTHaMH Ha dTOĚ BapTHH^; XOTfl OHE MesA7 CO($OK> 

pasroBapHBajiH o jHCBi^axx, safii^axi h tomj no^oCnofi je^choS TBapH^ 
Bce-sc OHH o6jiaAaj[H AOCTaTOHH£iM'B 3anacoM*L BByca, htoÓu ae 
CojTaTB oóx 8T0MI cb A^MaMH. YMÍBÍe BecTB ceCa Wh oómficnwb 
OBB AOBejiB AO Toro, qro, aecMpipa sa ycrajiocrb, HrpajiB OAnaso- 
Bi 6e3BrB, nosÍBUBaB JiBmB BspŠAKa n tbbi, ^toÓei — coxpaHH 
rocnoAH — HB OAHa Bsx AaMx He Morjia axoro saMiTBib. nocjrík 
nojiyHO^B B o^yiBJícfl, HasoHei^, vb npespacHO OTA']^jiaHHofi h 
OTBeAeHHo& mhí BOMHai^, B jiBmL SA^CB yxoMjeHie sacraBBJío uens 
BcnoMHHTB O TOMX, ^TO B wb]í,h poBHO ABBAi^aTB-^eTBipe ?aca npo- 
ciíaíjHí bx BaroH^, hto sai^Mi mhš npBmjioCB en^e nyTemecTBOBaTs 
Ha JiomaAflxi no yxaÓBcrofi Aopori, ho Bce-se a b bi mbjiM- 
mefi cxeneHfl se on^yn^ajii xoro, hto HaxoxycB fa^-to Aft^^EO 

OTB BCeABeBHBIX'B JCJOBÍfi MOefi POpOACROB SBSBB. Co MBOH) Opí- 

ixa^i B MOfiBBBeHTÍfi, noTOMy ?T0 a ae mofb BBBorAa nyTemecxBO- 
BaiB 6631 Jiasea. Bi to Bpena, rofab ohx Měna pa8A'£Bajii} — a HBAa 
OTAaxB eny nojiByK) cnpaBeAJiBBOCTB — pasA^Bajix ohx Meaa BcerAa 
npeBpacHO, oco6eHHO se tofab, RorAa, bbixoab bsx EOMBaiBi^ oh'b 
xJionHyjTB ABepBK), — ae 6yAB Apyraxx ofíoeBx b bhoS oCcxaBOBKB, a 
ÓBiJii 6u yBŽpea^B, hto sacunaio bx CBoe& cnajiba']^, noosi payxa 
y JifiLJiEy BJiB y MaAdMi OBiaBÍB, bjb y Apyrofi bsx aamaxi cb^t- 
CBBXx ÓapnaB. 

Ha catAyBomifi achb — onaiB to me caMoe: saBTpaKx, KOTopaft 
npuaecB 6£[ HecTB caMoay BopeJiH), „HBjíeaBBoe cosAaaie^ — bx yTpea- 
HeMx xyajieT^y BOToparo Aerajia a aeBOJiBao crapaica BaaoMBBTB^ 
4to6bi noTOMi ortcToaTejibHo onacaTB bxx Jíajii — ao Toro 8tb A^rajiH 
HOBhi B mBKapHBT... IIsx-noAx ea Raaora BurjiaAUBa^ia npejiecraaa 
Bsan^naa aosna bx ae Mea-be aaTepecaofi a Bsaa^aoĚ t^^jl^. J[o 
cHxx nopi MB^ EaBajocB, ^TO a oabbx tojbbo 3HaH> Boe-HTO a 
npeKpacBuxx A^TaJiaxi btofo aajieaBRaro cosAaaia, oabbbo a juanib 
ceroABB BnepBue -^Óíjsjujlcs^ ^to y aea Tanaa naJieaBRaa a nBJíeaBsafl 
HosRa. SI QEdiJVb BTO coBAaBÍe yse bšcrojibro BpeMeaa Toay aasaAx, 
HO o6cToaTe;iBCTBa, ae daBBcaui,ia otb Meaa, ae bobbojibjb Ma']^ Bcrp^- 
HaTBca Cb aeK): uu 6ujíia, xaRx CRasaTB, pasBeAHaeaEi 8tbmb o6cToa- 
xejBCTBaMB. ^'Ijia RoapaAa ae 6ujivi ÓJieeraa^B, a botx yse ab^ 
3BMU oax npoBOAHJix Bi AepeBB^^ ci níkihjo yMeaBmBTB pacxoAu^ 
a cji']^AOBaTejiLao, bícrojibro noapaBBiB CBoe pascrpoeaaoe 4^Baaa- 
coBoe aoiíoaseaie. CyAa no TOMy, ^9x5 a TeaepB bba^oix, sro yMeab- 
meaie pacxoAoai ae 6ujio oco6eaao BejiBRO. B% caMOMx jiíbjLiy 
jcxpaaeaa hhcjib— sacraBBTB sbtb bx AepeBai RpacaBBi^y-seaailBay 



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;^HKAPKA. 69 

Kpyrjiuft roA^B, Korfla 9to BOBce ne Bejro k^b atejanHOft uiíjivi: kl 
yMeHbmemio pacxoAOB^! dxoMy uocjvkjiMeMj, BnpoHeirB^ fl ne yAHB- 

JflJICfl, TaBl RaBl fl B13A'&K'B, HTO BeCTH ApyryK) SH3HB, HeCMCTpfl 

aa Bce ap.ejiaHie, ohh ne uorm h hc yM-fcia 6u BecTH. 9to — iipaB^a, 
CB dTESTb fl corjaceH^B. Ho a Hcspenno saji'bjrB npexopomeHb- 
ByK) xeHii^HHy, ysnaB^b orb nea se o ea ne^ax^E h ne^ajiflxi... 
Mes;iy saBTpaBoiTB h oC^aobte, bi^ to BpeMfl, Ror^a rocrs pas^pe- 
jiHCB no oCmnpHOMj AOMy, bi> BaCHHerb, o^eHB noxoseii^ na Ba* 
ÓBBevh ^ajH, MU o^yTHJiHCB ch Heft BjitBoeH^B. 3a%cb OHa pas- 
CRasaJia mhí^ HHoroe bsi cbohxi BnenaTJiŠHifi a ou^yn^emfi: mu Boe- 

1T0 BCnOMHHJIH H31 TOFO, HTÍ) BOr^a-TO ĎHBaJIO, HO BCe 9T0 EQ B08- 

<iyAH.io Bo MHŠ HE oii^yii^eHifl c^acTBfl, HH oco6eHEaro ney^OBOJSB- 
<rrBÍfl. Jífl H B^ caMOMi jiibji% pasBŠ 9to mooo 6iitb EHane? En^e 
ojHa RpacHBaa 6a6o?Ba, n speubamh, pasyBpameHHBíMH bc^mh i^bš- 
TaMH pa^yrH, xotb h hícbojbeo cmsteimh, aBHjracB h npoJieTŽJia — 
botb h Bce. Si 6ují% c^uA^Tejiem^ esi nopxaHia, a bto bí]íj> Měna hh 
Ri ^eMy He o($fl8UBajio. Jl^a h He sa 8thm^ npi'6xaJi'B h cio^a, ho 
HTO ae AÍJiaTB? On prend son plaisir oů on le trouve et tel qu'on 
le trouve, — a^^ BpoM'6 tofo, abhjihcb H^BOTopufl BH^mnia BjdflHij!, 
Tasx CBasaTB, aTMOC^^epnufl; ohh coctoajih h3'b TaRnxnb neyJiOBHMUxi 
<;ocTaBHux% Hacrefi, saBi CB^TOBue 9$4^eBTU, n^BOTopBifi apoMarB 
FB B03Ayxi, mypmaHBe (5aTHCTa h t. n.; Bce axo npoHSBOAHJio na 
MeHH nenpeoAOJiHMoe BHe'9aTj'6HÍe, Henpeo($opHMoe MÍanie, BOTopuMi 
a HHBaB^ ne CByM&rB hpothbhtbca. IIpHBuqBa! Hcropifl nBflHHi(ur, 
BOTopufi HOHyBCTBOBajii B^ B08Ayx'6 sanax^ ajrBorojifl!... Ho Bce are 
He 3a BTHMi fl npiixajinb cio^a, h'6t'b! San^Mi ace s npi'6xaji'B? 
A HMeBHO TenepB tojbro noHflji'B 0Cfl3aTeJBH'6e Bcero npHHEiHy Moero 
npi-ltexa, Bor^a, cyAfl no BceMy, h ^oJiseni Óujub 6u coBepmenno o 
He& 3a6BiTB. íí CTOjiJii Bi o^craBJíeHHOMT) npeMHJio BaÓnnexš xopo- 
menBBofi aieHn^Hnu, wh BOTopoMi on^yTHTejBHO js,jisí Měna pacnpo- 
erpaHHJiHCB denpHue napu sanaxa, Hs^anaeMaro HHiepecHBíMi 
TyajeroMi* xo3flfiBH, h CMOTpi^Ji^ bi obho na njiuByn^iH bucobo 
oÓjaBa, a na HXTb ^ont — TaROsa ya^ npHxoTB ^aHiasia! — a ne- 
BOJBHO HCBas^ o6pa3^ Aopororo cos^ania cb BopajíJOBiiMH ryÓRaMH, 
AO BOTopuxi — vh BTOWb a 6uji'b rjyfíoBo yCte^eHi! — HHBorfla eme 
He npHBacajiHCB ^yaia ryfíBí!.. Si neBOJiBHO cpaBHHBajTB btotb »e- 
jaHHufi oópasi CB BpomeHHHMH, npoHHBnyTiiMH nacBBOSB He(5ec- 

HUM^ CB^TOM^B 06jiaBaMH, BOTOpUH BJiyÓHJIHCB FA^-TO BUCOBO, Vh 

caMOM^B ?HCTOM'B dOHpi... O, sjíaa TyqBa! ona ymjia otb Měna bi^ 
o6jacTB dOHpa! TyqBa ne^oópaa, a sa to6oh) 6£ry, xa h ne 
3a OAHOK) T060&, a H 3a tbohmx dOHpoM^; a cByqaio no Te6'6 h 
no neMi, cByqaK) hmobho TenepB, HMenno bi axy MHHyTy, Rorffa a 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



70 B^OTHHRl EBPOIUI. 

HHsse, Hiwb BorAa-jHĎo, HasjíOHBJíCfl ea^i* seiuneK), u Kor^a a co- 
psajii npeBpacHJufi i(b']^tob'b, Aa! npeRpaceut, ho bmžctíi ci rbwh 
u TaKofi o6uAeHHHfi, 3aypflAHuil, laKOfi saypflAHufi!.. GopeaBi, a 
6e3i cosaji']^HÍji 6pomy ero!.. Bose, Basofi XHCCOHaHCi!.. Ho 6e3i> 
oCuAeHHUX^b Ben^efi sutb HeiB3fl; mu 6epeirB ste BeniiH^ Aase 
npocTO XBaiaeMi hxi h nnxaeMca hmh, BaBi xji1s6ou%, xase 
cid^AaeM^b Bas^b híhto BRycHoe, RaRi JiaROiíCTBO, ho cefinacB 2Re 

OTHOCHHCfl Rl HHIfB Cl qyBCTBOHl H^ROTOparO OTBpan^eHÍJi , 6fATh 

Moserb noTOny HneHHO, hto oh*]^ ho 6uae bi cocroanÍH yrojBTb 
Toro rojioAa, ROTopufi ta^-to fb caMOfi rjiyÓHH^ AyniH paÓOTaen 
({esnpecraHHO, ho Aasaa hh iiHHpu noRoa... ?to se dio TaRoe? 
?T0 8T0 sa HTHi^a, ROTopaa Bpena otx BpeMenn crpaxHBaerE b^ 
aamefi Ayni^ RponiRfl otl ci^AaeHiixi HaMH jaROMCXBi h crpe- 

MHTCa BM^TŠ Cb HaMH B^b BOHpi? UoCJň OHOnb HpíaTHO HpOBe* 

Aennaro nenepa, a en^e 6oji^e npiaxHaro yrpa, Roropue a npoBejrs 
Bi MepoB^, dia cípaHHaa HTHi^a na^iajia ynocHib Měna ri coc^a- 

HHMl, HO HenSB^CTHUMl 6^6 MH^ KpaCOBHI^aMl, Cb XaROK) CHJIOK)^ 

qio a HO^yBCTBOBajii bi rpyAH secroRyio 6ojib. Si cefinaci se no* 
npocHJii 6u EonpaAa Aaib mhí jiomaAeil, h ceft^acb se yixaj'b 6u^ 
ecjiHĎu KoHpaA^ ne cha&ii lenepb fa^-to B^b jAcj co cbohmh 
HHMBpoAaMH, H sarfeMx — ecjiafiu ne to oÓCToaieJibCTBO, hto — oco- 
6eHH0 lenepb— o6x dioft ho^ak^ hh^ HHRaRi nejibsa 6uio CRasaTb 
HH cJiOBa, no Rpafinefi MŠpt en^e H^CROJbRo AHeft. ď ptmnaca CRa- 
saxb BCROJibSb jiHmb sa o6^aom%, hto ta^-to bi 3THX'b Rpaax^b, B'b 
pascToanÍH nd^CROJibRHXi Bepcrb, y Měna ecxb RaRÍe-xo poACXBeH* 

HHRH, ROXOpue COCXOHXl XOSe Vb pOACXB^ H Ch KoHpaAOMb. 

— SApoioBCRÍe? — oXBŠXHJiTb KoHpaA^b. — flfl^ Aa, axo naniH poA* 

CXBeHHHRH, HO HesaH^l Rl HHMl ^AHXb! KpaCOBHI^fil HaAO CHH- 

xaxb AJfl Hacb HaBcerAa noxepanHUMH... ^a xaMi p&nuixaibHO hhsxo 
ne 6uBaerB. 

EjaroAapa axoMy Hanajy, Bck CHA^Bmie sa cxojiomi na^ajin 6e* 
ciAOBaxb o SApoiOBCRBxi. Ob nepBux^b se cjiobi, cRasannux^ xo 
r^Mi, xo APyrHMi, a 6e3i TpjAa saM'6xHJi'by tto 3ApoioBCRÍe b^ 
rjiasaxi (5in3RHX'b h AaJiBHHxi cbohxi coc^A^fi cjiklih sa ceMbK> 
MaHÍaROFby 2% Roxopofi BasAuft Hjeni jieA^jvb RaRyio-HHÓyAb haok) h 
SHJii ne laR-b, RaRi bc4 Apyrie- CiapaRi-oxei^i, ÁAaMi Sapoíob- 
CRÍfi, Ao6pyK) nojiOBBHy CBoefi shshh npcAaBaJca Byjbxy Hanoieona; 
ero cíAWb 6ujii> MHsanxponoMi, RpHXHRyioniHMx Bce h bc^xi; BHyR^b 
noFHÓx BO i^bítI jnirbj npecj^AyeMii& HAeeK), Roxopaa OAHHcxBeHHO 
cnocotína fiiijia ero BOOAymeBjaxb. Bnpo^eMi, y nero Óujio H^teROSbRO 
HAeft, Roxopua ohi jnoóvurb OAnnaROBO. Bet 3ApoiOBCRÍe oxjHHaJiiHCb 
tíesnoRofHUMi xapaRxepoMi, noABHSHUMi jmomi, hh^h^hmi BcerAa 



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XHKAPKA. 7 1 

Hero-TO H BO BCflsoe BpeMfl roroBuirB noenaTB ci MeflbHiiiiiaMH. RoHe^HO^ 
BecBHa HenpiflTHO warh ch juoffiUEj ROTopne Bcer^a sacynuBaiorL py- 
Kana, sopRO ciAjifi sa t£m%, rui h xaKi mosho Óujlo 6ei npnHflTBca i^a 
no^HHBy idpoBoro s^anifl. Bcb oxHaso conamajiHCB, hto SApoioBCKÍe 
ÓHJiH oÓpasBiOBO necmu h BucoBOofipasoBaHsi; mojioacS A^ani otjih- 
Hancfl xaae 0€o6eHflUMH, ^yrb ne reHiaJiBHiufH cnocoCHOcraini, ho npe 
CBoeM'B ÓypHOHi xapaKTep^ h Cesnoso&HOMx yiii, cnocoÓHOCTH dm ne 
HoriH HH^ero cosffijh h nornÓJH bmšctí cb HHicb. KpacoBHi^u — npe- 
EpacHoe BH^HÍe; okojo ipexx hjh nenipexi tucatb MoproB;b seMJiH^ 

MHOrO jAc&, AOJirOBl HH BOn^fiBH, SHJIOfi 6apCBÍĚ ffiWb^ o6mHpHHfiy 

yxo^Hiifi, xOTfl H crapHfi. B% btomi aomí mosho nafiTH npeAMeru 
Bucosoft Bi^HHOCTH, co6HpaeMiie BT» npoAOJUBeme MHorzxi h mho- 
mi 3ÍkTh, BaBi-To: crapHHHoe cepcHSpo, 4^ap$opi, APftroi^HHue 
KaMHH H T. n. CeBepHHa SxpoioBCBafl — HecoMHŽHHO OHCHB 6oraTaff 
neBicra, ho saiB tojbbo, hto h y nes ecTB cboh ocoCennufl h^oh, 
H HH sa HTO ona ne xonen Becrn TaBofi oópasi shshh, BaKoft 
Be^yrb bc£. Ob caMaro Hanajia x^aJinCB ycHJiiH vh HanpaBJíeflÍH 
HÍBOTOparo Ha nee bosaMctbíh; coc^ah crapajiHCB npHBJíeHB ee fb 

CBOfi BpyrB, pOACTBeHHHBH A'£fiCTBOBaJIH Vh dTOMl SO XyXÍ^} HO 

BCBopt Bck y($ÍAHJincBy ^TO y Hefl octecboh H^en h CBoeoÓpasHuft 
xapaBTepx, BOTopuft M'£niaerb e& ciymaTBca uero-Jiu6o coBŠTa. 

— EpacaBHAa!— saMŠTHJii bto-to. 

HicBOJiLBo rojiocoFB He corjiacHJíoCB ch drsMi MnimeMÍ. Eft 
HexocraBaio Manepi h o6fl3aTejiBHO& vh es nojiosenÍH sencTBen- 

HOCTH. 

— Ona H HO AyMaen safioTHTBca o CBoeft bhíhihocth, — saMt-^ 

mXb BTO-TO HSl MOJIOAeSH. 

— KaBaH-To HenpHCTynHaa, xojOAHaa!— CBasajTB jpyroft. 

— Ona xopomeHBBafl 6apumHfl, cepAi^e y hoh Ao6poe, na 
OHa — AHBapBa! — oapex&iHia ee xosflfiBa, h 8to onpeA^enie pas* 
A&rajin Bci npHcyTCTByion^ie. 

— Cest le mot! Vous avez trouvé juste!.. ^HBapBa! oui, 
c'est le mot! 

— BoraTaH, BpacasHi^a — ho AHBapBa! 

— ^a, Aa..- KpacaBHi^t, óoraTas, ho — AHBapBa! Vous avez 
raison. Cest le mot JI^HBapBa! 

— EaB^B 8T0, OAuaBo, ÓHBaeTB na cbítí! EcjhÓh PoMyajBAi 
Sapoíobcbíě ho nposHJTb AOJiBme CBoero cima Bcero b^bojibbo mích- 
qeBi, CesepHHa HHBorAa ne nojtyHHJia 6u bi naoi^ACTBO SToro npe* 
Kpacnaro HM^nifl! 

— Ho TOFAa ona n ne Óujia. 6u AHBapBOK), noroMy, moóu 6htb 



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72 VbCTBBRb EBPOnU. 

AHBapROK) cpeAH i^BHJiHSOBaHHiixi jno^efi — AJfl dToro Heo6xoAHMa 
HSFicTHafl ]í,0JUL iiysecTBa, xpa6pocTH! 

— Cest vrai! Soioroe ocHOBame Bcerxa nasBOjmén 6iitb jb^- 
peHHHHi vh ce&by Aftse Hepesi-^iypí yBŠpeHHmrb... 

Bo Bce BpeMfl arofi f^wEBOŘ Óedbffiy HecMorpii he ciuBHoe 
HeAOBOjn>CTBO eK), a hojněji. S. 6hun» ne^OBOiewb h caMurb co- 
6oH), a noTOMy cnejrB npMH^HUMi npHHflXB bha^ ^eiOB^ica, tso^ 
Toparo Bce 8to He HHiepecyerL hecboibko. He saias npeHH- 
iiaTB Hi|RaKoro yHacrhi bi otin^eiii pasroBop^, a 6poAn.3% Bsrjfl- 
AOMi no paBB^meHHiiirB na crtHax^b noprperaifB. Jí^a^ pasHO- 
o6pa3Ífl fl nepeHOCEJTE iiofi B8rjiirA'B na yKpameHÍfl noroiRa bi 
CTOJiOBOfi H cjiyHaftHO ocraHOBHji ero na ceAfln^eifB HanpoTBBi 
MeHfl cy6ieRT^, na soToparo bc6 CMOrp&ni, ho ao cerB nopi 
HHKTO ero ne bha^uii... droro rocno^Hea s, toibeo lenepb sani* 
THJi: HeHOJOAOfl, xy^on^aBuS, ci dbjiibv>mjiiuw BOJiocaMH h sa* 
rop&iEUťb jHi^OMi, ch pyREMH i^B^TOiTB HaQOMHHaioii^HMH aneJiB- 
CHHU, B^b ocoÓeHHOMx KaKOMi-TO CH)pTyRÍ& CTpaHHaro noRpofl; ro- 
cnoAHHi dTOTL BO BceiťB CMaxHBaji'B Ha H^qTO npHrjrameHHoe kb 
o6^;(y HJH H3i cocTpaAaHifl, ejih se hbi b&kjihbocth. Ero nOMŠ- 

CTHJIH MeSAy MOJIOAUMl pOACTBeHHBROlTE E HeMOJO^Oft ]SfiJíbJSieÍ pOX' 

CTBeHHHi^efi xoBflEHa AOHa, T.-e., BŠpnie CRasaTB, ohi cha^'b nes^y 
„6jiaH59ROirB'' h crapoK) a^boS, a TaRoentoo sa crojioirb otboaets 

OÓURHOBeHHO TaRHlťB ňJOJlflWhj ROTOpue He SaHEMa^TL FB oÓn^ecTKi^ 
HERaROrO HOJIOSeHÍfl. H^Tl COMH^HÍfl, miO 9T0TI CTpaHHUft rOCnOAHH!L 

npEHaxJiesajrB vb paspa^y Tose ahrhxi, noTOMy hto ohi iňi npn 
noq[>eACTB£ oahofo jiehib HOsa e bm&i^ crpanHyK), RaR^b e ohb caMi 
Becb cx HorB ^o tojobh, nanepy cjiymaTb Bce, htí) BORpyrb nero 
roBoparx: cb BUTAHyioH) BnepeA^B meeft, Cb BUTapan^eHHbíME rjia- 
saME E noJiyoTRpuTmrb proMi, ohi EM&rb BEA^b nejiOB^Ra, foto- 
Báro Bce nporjiOTETb. JIhi^o stopo rocnoAEna hoxoaejo na BEA^HHne 
MHOH) Ha crapEHHbixx RapTHBax*b noprpeTH acReTOBx-ormeibHE- 
ROBI. BbiTb Moserb, e e ne oÓpaTEjii 6u na nero BHEHaHifl, ecsECii 
ne p^ríe nepeMŠHH bi ^epxaxi jiEi^a SToro cyn^ecTBa bo sce 
Bpeiffl pasroBopa o Sapoíobcrexi. OrpannEift rocnoAEHi beaemo 
acejiaji Tose BcraBETb e CBoe cjobo, ho y nero ne xBaxajo xpa6- 
pocTE e;ie yM^HÍfl CA^aTb sto RaRi as^Ayerb; ohb e AOBOjibCTBO- 

BaJCfl T^Bfb, ^0 BUTflFEBaJTb HieK) TO Bl OAHy, TO Vb ApyryH) CTO- 

poHy, nociiaTpEBajii Ha roBopan^Ex^b e csymaion^Exi, BeprkiCE Ha 
CTyjÁ E BOOÓn^e cboehi noBeACHÍeii^b AORassBajrb HarjuiAHO, ^to kb 
HeMi 6yrayK)Tb BneTOTjri&HÍa, oníyn;eHÍa e ^yBCTBa ^pesBHHaftHO 

CEJIbHHE, XOTfl E He BBECRaSUBaeHbrfl CIOSaME. FoCnOAEHl) dTOTB 



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AHKAPKA. 73 

aaHBTepecoB&ii Heas, n a o6paTHjcfl vh xosflfiKŽ, KOTopafl cn^^a 

pflAOMl co MBOK): KTO dTO TaROfi? 

— 9to 6jrH2safiinift coc^a^ MspoBa... TaBas 4^nrypa! — OTBŽTHJia 
OHa. 

$Hrypa — ropasAO 6ojAe noAXo;(flii^ee onpeA^eme, nesejiE 
eytfxeKiTB, ho Bce se en^e HeacHoe. Faxcmi co hhoio CH^iJia xo- 
poineHBsafl coc^Asa Meposa, ch BOTOpoio s yse ycir&rB aoboaho 
BopoTBo QOSHaBOMHTBCfl; fl o6paTHjica Bi Heft ch BonpocoMi: Basi 
dOBfn rocnoAHHa ch óojsmHMH 6poBflMH? 

Ha jLmíb Moefi cocíabh BupasBJíocB nisoTopoe HeAoyM'6HÍe. 

— 9to... rocnoAHHi... 3to... 

— $Hrypa? — CBasaJnx a. 

— Jífi^ ía, BaBafl-TO ^orypa! — h ona yjHfínyjacB. Ho bi aiy 
ze MBHyTy noAomeJTB bo mhí KoHpaA'B ch Ójtuxkoio BEHa u Ha 

BOnpOCX MOfi OTB^THJI^b: 

— 9to h*bto rocHOjHHi JKepBeBHTO... Un pauvre diable, 
8jaj(%jeit'B He6ojii»moro xyiopa no coc^ACTBy... Ohi npiixaji bo hhÍ 
no A^y nepeA^B caMiurB o&bfifin^, a noTOiiy hei h npHrjracEiH ero. 

BcBopi saTÉiTB BTO-TO npc^JOSEJi TOCTB sa npeAcraBHTejiBHHi^i 
npeBpacflaro noja, sai^irB b^ ^octb xoro HaMBpoAa, BOTopuft bi 

3T0TB AeHB JIHmHIl SHSHH CaiiOe ÓOJIBmOe HHCJIO HeTBepOHOfHXl, 

— H en^e hícbojibbo toctobi. HpeBpacHoe bhho pacnojiarajio bi 
noíHOHy BeceJiBK). IIIyifB h roBopx, secejioe Hacrpoenie co6paBniHxcfl, 
HpesBQ^afiHo MHiiafl oficraHOBBa — h B^pyr^ cpexH Bcero SToro, na 

TEBOHl npeBpaCHOlTB 4>0h6, nOflBJlfleTCfl BaBOfi-TO rOCHOAHHl 2KHp- 

BeBHTB, HOAHHMaeTCfl CO CBoero litera Ch nsan^HUM^ xpycrajBHBiBfB 
<$OBajiOM^ Bx pyB^ n npoHSHOCHrB: 

— MHJOCTHBiie rocy^apn!... 

3th ciOBa npoHSBejiH cxpannoe Bne?aTJi£HÍe. 

Bji^Ahua ry6u btofo SKHpBeBHHa, nocji'6 npOHSHeceHHUxi hi^b 
AByxi ciOBiy xaB^B CHjiBHo sa^posaJiH, qxo oh% ne mofb npoHS- 
HecTH HHHero 6ojiBme. Ohi 6ují% npocro sajiOBx bi CBOeirB 6e80- 
^pasHOMi AJiHHHonojioirB cK)pTyB'6, B'B BaBOMi-TO AonoTOHHOMB sn- 
Jieri^, Ha BOTopoMi bb bha'£ yBpameHÍfl yd^Hu 6uJiii JipBÍe i^bštbh 
no jipBOMy aTjacHOMy 4>0Hy. FojiyÓue ero rjasa hoa^ rycruMH 6po- 
BflMH A0Ba3EiBajiH, ^TO OHB ysacHO Hero-TO Hcnyrajcfl, ho necMOipn 

Ha TO BO HTO 6U TO HH CTaJO OÓflSaHX H AOJISeHX rOBOpHTB. Jlfij 
OBB A^fiCTBHTeJBHO ÓOflJTCH, HO JífiJlTBieWh ÓUJTb rOBOpHTB... HoCSt 

nicBOiiBBHxx ceByHA'B OHI, HaBOHeAl, co6pajiCfl ci cejiaBin h Apo* 
zan^HMi, HO rpoMEHHx rojiocoMx CBasajii: 

— R BHaro, HTO npBHfljix na ce6a nenocHJiBHyH) saAa^y, Ch 
BOTopoK), 6uTh MOxeTB, H He CByM-j^K) CHpaBBTBCfl, HO cepAi^e H 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



74 Bi&ciauKX EBPonu. 

jj^o^rs npHRasuBaiOTB uwk npHHATB Ha ceófl diy saAany... Si aoj- 
:£eH^ CRasaTb... b csasy... IIpocriiTe mh-^, rocno^a, ho h o($fl3aH'B^ 

A AOiUSeH'B 3A$Cb, Bl dTOM'B OÓH^eCTB']^ BEIHETB 3a S^OpOBEe O^HOtt 

oco6u. o BOTopoft s^icb OAHH CKasajiH TO, Apyrie — Apyroe, a uesmj 
Tiwb axa oco6a — Hacrofl^ift anrejn, comeAmiH ri> nairb cb He6ec^ 
sa vbwhj HT0611 yT^maTB h cnacaiB Haci, 6%AHfiix'B h HecnacTHHxx^ 
ocraBjeHHuxi h saĎuriixi bc^mb... UocjA btux^ cjobi opaxopi craji^^ 
rOBopHTB ropasAO BHAinte; bhaho Óujho, hto oh% npeo^oji^^ po- 
6ocTb, xoTfl ero pysa cb ÓonajiOMi Bce en^e chjbho xposajia, h TaK'B^ 
CILILHO9 HTO sanjH BOJOToro Bána cnjuBaJiH no ero na^ibi^aMx: 

— 9totx anreji^b HefiecHuň, rocno^a, CHHBoraejii bo mhí b'r 
TO Bpeiffl, Kor^a sl 6ujli> bi TeMHEi^']^, h BUBesi Měna OTry^a Ha 

CVkrb 60SÍfi... n fl, H A'ÍTH MOH, M£I ySO C06HpajnSCI» OCTaBHTB poA- 

HoK yrojTB, ^to6u ornpaBETBCfl na Bcb noTtipe cTopoHu CB^Ta, 
HT0611 BUMajiHBaTb RycoBi qepcTBaro xjii6a, Bor^a anrejix stotx. 
flBHJCfl B*b Hami> A0Mi>, no AOÓpofl boji% xota hhbto h ne nociriLii^ 
6u AfiWKe npocHTb ero o6i stomi, — HeBaK-bÓoraTaa fiapHHa-ĎJiaroAt- 
xejibHHi^a, o, wkirby ho BaRi cecrpa-AO^posejiaTejibHHi^ay — nonacnacjia 
Haci OTb yrpoaiaBmaro nam HecqacTba. BuTb MOsen, rocno^aicB 
HCTopifl dTa xopomo snaBOMa, a h ne HaM']tpeB'b ee pascRasbiBaxK 
8A'£cb, HO, rocnoAa, & 6wrb CBHA']^TaieHi, BaBoe MH^nie yroxHO 6ujío 

BB.Wh BBipaSHTB 06% dTOfi 0C06£... O Hefi CBasaHO 6UJÍ0 H TO^ H 

Apyroe... Botb rocno^a, h cepAi^e, h ji^ojivl ÓJiaro^apHOCTH, noJHOft, 
6e3npeAtj[bH0& ÓJiaro^apHOcrn, sacTaBJEfliDrb Měna saflBHTh sxicb... 
nepeAi jihi^omi aocto&híixi xosaeBi h hxi rocreň... A&9 sacraBJfliOTb 
MeHfl nOAHHTb ÓOBajii h BsinHTb 3a SAopoBbe h nojinoe, BŠinoe 
cnacTbe dTofi Moefi 6jiaroA'£TejibHHi^bi, Moeň cnacnTejibHHipi, rocnosH 
CeBepHHBi 3apoíobcbo&... BOTopaa h 6iiJia HHcnocjiaHHBiiifb Ch He6ecs 
anrejOM^b... 

ďbHpBeBflqi ne Morb npoxoJUKaTb: cieBu saBanajm no BpynHuiťK 
MopntHHaM'b ero Jiei^a, na^aa Ha ero ctAÍH)n^ie, secTBÍe ycíi. Mo* 
jiojí.eTCh, OAHaBO, 3Ta „^^nrypa"" ! Kor^a Tyrb BiipasaJH MH^nie o toS^ 
BOTopyK) OH'b odoroTBopflJTb, 0Hi» He ocMaTpHBajii, BaB^b fl, noprpe- 
TOBi H noTOJiBa, HO necJi^AOBaji Bej^HÍH) CBoero cepAi^& h xojira. 
PasHHfl, BHaHHTb, cpeAH jiK)Aefi 6b[BaK>rb (j^erypu: oahí vh oiimHbixrb 
flpBHxi aBEseiaxi, Apyríji — noA% npoBpacno cuihtumi aapryBOMi 
paCoTH MacTepa CBoero A*Jía DlaCy — CBpHBaiomía nanpacnyK) h ne- 
yM^CTHyK) CTbiAJiiiBOCTb. Jl^pyrott ^lejiOB^B^, BOTopufi BcerAa cyAH.i^b 

H pflAH^a^ o TOMl, ?TĎ fl se JtjbjLSkJTb H JlJUdLJÍ!h, BAPyrL 3aCTaBHJE'B 

iiena wh dTy MHnyTy noAHATbca cb M^CTa, BSflTb 6oBajrb B^b pysy 
H npoHSHecTH: 

— FocnoAa! IIpeA^araK) Tocrb, xaBi CBasaTb, aÓcrpaBTnoft, ho 



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AHRAPKA. 75 

rjiy6oKO npo^fBcxBOBaHHBift. Ubjo 3a 3;iopoBBe AByxx npeKpacHuxi 
coKpoBHii](i, ÓUTB MOseiTB caifEixx p^nKUTh cpe^B jiiojifiŘ: sa cepAi^e, 
KOTopoe yirlerB 6uTh 6jQíaroAapHUMi>, a sa yB'j&peHHOCTi» bi npaBOx^ 
CBoero y6Í»AeHÍa... Cea^B »30JiOToro ocHOBaHÍa**! 

SI H „^Hrypa", hu o6a o(5paiAajiHCB no^xH OAHOBpeMeHHO Kb jih)* 
AflMi otipasoBaHHUMi^ Bi npeAcraBHTejiflMi HHTejiJiHreHi^iH, bi pu- 
iiapflirB, HaBOHei^, a ecjra h ee b'b Hacroflu^HM^ pui^apaMi, to Bce 
se El Hxi noTOMBaMi. Ohh noHflju, o ^ewb mu roBopnjiH, h ci»yH^^ 
oi^HHTB cnpaseAJiHBO HamH HaM'lpeHÍ)a[. KoepaAi* n ero tocth, to^ho 
no uaHOBeHÍK) Bo;iine6Haro sesjía, b(A 6pocBJi0Cb ssaTb pyBy ^h- 
rypi, BOSAaBafl xaBHMi otípasoMi AOJ^sHoe fijaroAapnoMy cepwy h 
MysecTBy rkwh Úojvbe h^ebouj^ hto oho Bupocjio na no^vk ae- 
óojbmoro xyropa. Měna se npecJiš^OBajii BonpocB: htď se 8to Cujio 
Tasoe, HTÓ Tor^a npoHsomjio, npH BOcnoMHHaHiii o ^eni spynnufl 
cjiesu xaBi crpaHHo noBaxHJiHCb no Mopn^HHaMX sarop^jiaro jHi^a? 
Mhí He npeiiLaocb hhbofo cnpamBBaxb o6x stomi, noroBiy qxo cefi- 
nacb nocjit oÓ^AAy Bor^a a wxkji^b vb Bafianex^ Koopa^a h By- 
pHJTb cnrapy, H^CBOJbBO bx cxopoH^ orb ApyrHxi, cani ďbHp- 
KBBHVb BOjiflmejvh Bo MH']^ H pascBasajiT* MH^ Bc£ A^xajiH HHxepe- 
cyion^aro Meefl coóuxifl. Os^b na^ajix cb xoro, hxo hbihj^ xas&soe 
spěna, o Heirb nacxeHbso roBopujiu sa o&bAOWb h bi Mhpobí. 
Ho o6t> dxoM*b xasejiOMi BpeMeHH ďSíHpBeBB^ii roBopejrb xaBi, 
HTO BBAHO 6uA0 Óes^b oco6eHHuxi o6xacHeHÍft, Hxo xasejioe 
Bpena He xoabbo npsqBHaexi eny HenpiaxHOcxB b yóuxBB, ho 
npocTO AftBHrB ero, AyiBHrB. Le paavre diable Becb 6uji% npoHBB- 
EjTb dXHMi xasejiuiTb BpeMeHeMi, no npBqBH'! Boxoparo roA'B Cb 
HefioďbniHMi TOMy Ha8aAi> oni ne Óujii bx cocxoaHÍn ynjiaxnxb Boe- 
Kasflxi npoAenxoBi b oóasaxejibnuxi niaxeseft, b BoatACTBÍe dxoro 
bmíct^ co cbobmh naxepuMB a^xbmb qyxB ae JunmujitsL CBoero xyxopa. 
HaAO 6ii;[0 bo hxo 6u xo hb cxajio aoSuxb oxByAa-HBÓyAb AB^l^-xpa 
TiícaqH py6jie&, Boxopaxi ohi> hbfaí b hb ox^b Boro Aocxaxb ne 
MOFB. BcjiiACXBie axoro ero xyxopoBi AOiuseHi ówib 6uxb npoAan- 
HQiťB CB ny^jiH^Haro xopra, ho, bi c^acxBH), aBBjacB neosBAaHnaa 

nOMO^B. 

— noBofinaro ea oxi^a, HSBOJiBxe bbažxb, a snaii o^ienb xo- 
porno, HO ee-TO a cobc^mi ne snajii... SI BUflibjrb ee h^bojibbo 
pa3i, Bor^a ona ((bua MajuofB peÓeHBOMi, — ho HaBpaA'B jkb ona 
Morja Hena sanoMHBXB. H botb, BSBOJiBxe bba^xb, ona npiteajia, 
xoxa a ne oÓpan^aJica bi nefi cb npocB6oK>... b npiixaJia ne BaBx 
óapuna b% sapexi, BoxopyK) a 6u ne snajii, By^a A^BaxB, ne pas- 
Oj^tráa, qxb, 6hxb Hosexi, osaxa^Bjío (5u Hena xaBi, hxo a 6u ne 
sfiajii, mb CBasaxb b saBi ci nefi o6pan^axbca, ho aBBJíacb BaB'B 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



76 BftCTHHKl EBPOnU. 

cecrpa, keři caMas ÓJHSRafl poACTBeHHni^a, pascnpocHJiay pasyseaia 
Bce H cnacsa mcba ors aeMBeyeMOfi rHÓeJiH! 

^HpseBH^i AOfiaBBJíi eii^e, tto 3ApoioBCsafl Tor^a se Bsaja cb 
C060K) H crapmyH) ero aohb h xaira ei m^cto y^Hre^bHai^u bb Kpa- 

COBHI^aXX. 

— Koro »e ao^i> Bama oCynaerB bx KpacoBHi^axx? 

— JíiTefi, HSBOJiHTe BHAÍTB, paBHHxx A*Teft .. BoTL Teoepb y 

HeHfl eCTb CEIHl, BOTOpUft OROHHHJIl UATB RJiaCCOBl Bl rHMHadÍH, 

HO y MeHfl He XBaiaerB cpeAcrsi ajisi loro, ^rotfu co^epsaiB ero 

BX fflKOJlí. ^O-aX xkíSLTbl.. CtlHl M0& XOT&TB 6bI OĎy^HIBM xo- 
SflfiCTBy, H eCJIB rOCnOAHETB JI|OHHMHpCRÍft C0rJiaCI3TCfl, qT06B[ OH'B 

npaRTHROBajiCfl vh MepoBŠ... 

KoHpaA'B cjrumajii eaoBa SSríipReBHqa h ceB^aeB se saflBHjrB 
eicy, HTO oxoTHO HcnojiHHJii 6u ero seJiaHie, ecjiHňH ne to oócroa- 
TejiBCTBO, ^0 B^B caMOiTB Ha^aj^^ BecHBi OBI HaM'6peBaeTCfl or^aTB 
CBoe HM'lHÍe Bi apeHAy h aa HJ^ROTopoe BpeMfl y^xaiB sa rpaHHi^y. 

— 51 npotfoBajTB-fiHJO jihhho xosflfteeqaTB, — npo^ojisajrB Koh- 
pa^x, — HO HHH* laRoe xase-ioe Bpena, hto xosaflciBO bx xaRHXx 06- 
croflTejiBCTBaxx craHOBBTCfl npocro neBOSMOSHBiirB. Oah^ tojibro ae- 
npiflTHOCTn. Ha RasAOMi máry npexo^HTCfl Becrn 6opB6y co BcaRaro 
pofla npenaicTBiaMH!.. Ko BCOMy BiOMy npaCaBBTe, hto eoct;iett 
noTTH h4tb, hto sejrifesnaa Aopora npoxoAHTB bx pascToania abslA" 
i^aTH cjHmROMi BepcTB OTCiOAa, BCJi'lACTBÍe Hero CHomeHia co cb^- 
TOiTB Rpafine xpy^nu — h bu ne 6yAeTe y^HBJíaTBca, tto, nposHBaa 
nocToaHHO bx AepeBH']^, mbi npocro psaB'6eMx h noneMHOry npeBpa- 
o^aeMca vb RaRHxx-TO yiiCTBeHHuxB 6'6AHaROB'B... 

— A ne Óy^eniB jih tu xaRi jnofieseni, — Bj^pyrx npepBajx a 
OTOTX noTORB Hsjiaeift: — npHRasaTB rb saBTpaniHeMy ahbo npHroTO- 
BHTL joma^eft... Si 6u xot^x no^xaxB bx KpacoBHi^u... 

— OxOTHO, HO CB yCaOBÍOMl, ^TO TH OTTyw CRopo BepHeHiBca 
BX HaM*B H HO SaCTaBHDIB HaCB J^OJiVO S^aTB. 

Bose Mofi! a ee RaRi 6u bha^jix tohho nepe^x co(5ofi, Rasi 
ona, Bx npocTOMX njiaTBt, poBHOio^ thxoh) hoxoarok) bxo^hti bi 
He6ojiBmofi xosaficRÍft jí,owh na xyTopi h no^aerB pyRy HecnacTHoft, 
y^HTofi ropeMx ,,ýiirypt^! Bx MoeHX B00(5paseHÍH eosciajiH h naxepo 
pe6arB, ROTopue aojishej 6um cb yAHBjíeHieirB rjiaA^TB na dxy ci^esy... 
KaRofi npeRpacHuft mothbx x^a RapTHHu bx pejiHriosHOirB Ay^^l** 

BcRop* Bce o6n;ecTBO ysnajio o Moeft saBTparaHeň noisflR*, roto- 
paa Ha xosflfiRy npoHBBejia canoe neosn^annoe Bne?aTJi%HÍe: b^ ea 
rjiaBaxx a B^pyrB crajii repoeaix, ROTopuft ó^vctBOTU* erapaerca no- 
64;íHTb H ycBinHTs crapyio cípacTB. Hy, h hto-sx, bx caMOMX ^tjrife? 
Ona Bijí,b saMyseMi, nysx ea— MOft poACTBenHHRx h Apyrx a*t- 



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AHBAPKÁ. 77 

CTBa; nojs^i BJÚiHieirB tockh no neft a botb npiixsui cio^a; uo^^h 
hmmewh yrpusemfi cob^th a ohatl fi&Rajii: Bce 9to onenb npocro, 
OTOBB MMO, Bce 9T0 — ($opi6a HyBCTBE ci ^ojroiix! Bi npeiecTHoft 

rOJOBSi 0(5pHC0BaJQÍHCB Bl OAHO HrHOBeHÍe ROHTfpU MaJieHBBOS ;(paMEi, 

EOTopofi uuy fl H ona, 6iije rjasHiie repoH... Bi nefi flBnjtocb 
sejaHie, ^ase ÓoJíhme xoro — ropAOCTB craib TanoK) se repoHHeio, 
K&si fl. Bce 9T0 ii yra^iKTBajix hbi efl bstm^o^ cjiobi, nojycjiOBX^ 
131 Toro xaKse, hto ona hh eABHuiťB cjobohi ee saAepsHBaJia 
MCES. & 26, co CBoeft CTopoHH, HHHero lasoro He CA^ajc^b h ee 
npoHSHecB, ^Tt> Morjo 6u ee y(^AHTb, hto a pasA^Aio ea HH^me^ 
HO H He AynajTb pasyfišs^aTB ee bobco. Ea onmÓBa b% dxoMi ot- 
Homeme RaR'B HejibSA 6ojiie BcraTH fibua mh^ na pysy; dra omHÓRa 
ffb HiBOTopoMx poA'£ ABJAJiacb cnaceHÍeiťb mohmi, noTOMy ^to ne 
Morb se A CKasaib efi: „HecMOipA na &amH oiHomeHÍA bi npo- 
meAmeicb, Ha to, ht6 en;e B^epa npoHsoniJO MesAy HaiíH, ceroAHA 
i bcímh noMbicaaMH AyniH h cepAi^a crpeMJiEOCb k% to&, bi koto- 
poi saBTpa no^Ay!'' TanaA OTRpoBennocTb 6um 6u HeyM'lcTH0H> 
rpy6ocTbH), npocTO neBOSHOsHOH); a xa MaisaA nomjiocTb, BOTopoB a 
craax ho^th HeBOJibHSMi aBTopoMi, paspimaira Bonpocb npon^e h 
caoKOfiHŠe. TaEÍe Me^BÍe npocTynBH coBepmaiorb bcí, hhkto HX'b 
Be ocyxAaeri h He AyMaerii ocysAaTb. PasBŠ OAnH'b TOJbEO a^* 
sapb ne corjiacHJCA 6u co mhok)! IIpaBAa, a n BanejbROio rope^e 
nomsocTb CbyM'£jrb nasBaTb nonuiocTbio, ho Bce-se ne Morb oiRa- 
sarb ce<J^ bi yAOBOJ[bCTBÍH nosrpaib cb seHn^nHOH), ROTopaA orb 
dToro ne cra^a nacROJibRo xyse. 

YsHaBi o MOOM^ orhÍ8ji,% OAHHi H3i TOCTeS RonpaAa, nocrapnie, 
noAomexb ro mhí e na^ajii 6ecÍA0BaTb o npeRpacHOMi hmíhíh Ce- 
BepHHu: 

— Bh BCTpixHTe TaMi, — CRasajix ohi MesAy npoqiíMx,-~o6jiO' 
MORi npeBOCxoAHaro eÍRorAa Ropa6jA, ROTopbifi nocji^ RpymenÍA na- 
mejFh CHORofinyH) opBCxaHb bi KpacoBBi^axi. 3to — MaAani JleoHTBHs 
BposeR!b, TexyniRa iiaAeMoaseJib 3ApoioBCRofi..« KaRaA axo Óujia 
KpacaBHiia, npocxo ^yAO — ne seHn^HHa!.. depeši cboh najibHHRQ 
vh o%Hb RopoxRoe BpoMA MaAaMi 5poseR'b cbyM&ía npoclAXb 
OKOJio HOJiyMHjLsioHa... Tenepb yse Óojibme AecAXRa jrixi, RaRi ona 
npÓDTKiacb y cbouxi poAHuxi, Bcš saÓbiiiH o nefi... Sic transit gloria 
mondi!*. Ho bo BpeiiA bno!.. IIps OAHOirb BOcnOMHHaHÍH eA HMenii 
Bb Hoeirb BOoCpasenin B03CxaH)x^ jiyqmiA MHHpu Moefi mojioaocxh!.. 
Byxbxe JOCÚeBBUy nepeAaftre e& Mofi HHsafimifi noRJiOH'b! 

Ha cjAjkyv>va^Ř Aenb, panHHMx yxpoirb, a yšxajrb h8% MepoBa. 
Gus Bi yxoUHEix^b caHAxi, nepsuft pasi a scnEixajii na ceúi^ 
^ 8&a«rb H RaRi na nejtOB^Ra bjíaoxi yBejnqHBaion^eecA pas- 



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78 BI&CTHHKTb EBPOim. 

CTOflHÍe, pasAŠJiflioii^ee ero otb jcjobíS, Bt BOTopux^ owh sh.tb 
nocTOflHHO. 3to qyBCTBO Bospocrajio bo Jňwk no Bišpi Toro, Kasx 
fl jAajiajfCfl OTB Becejaro o6iuecTBa bi MepoBŠ h Bce úojiíbe h 
6ojie oÓHHMajia neHii co bc^xi cropoHx ceiroBafl nycruHfl. Jífl^n 
KoHpaAa cpeAB STOft nycniHH 6ujn> Hacrojiii^HirB h eAHHCTBeHHmrB 
oasHCOiTB. Owh ÓujTh noxos'B na npeRpacHsift aRRopj^, ch iiajieHB- 
ROH) HOTROK) pasBeceioft lurflCRH, ROTopBift CY^h&k yroAHO 6ujio 
tfpocHTB Ha 9Ty CesnpeA&itHyH) nycTHHK). Be3npeA'&iiBH0H) RasajiacB 
MH* (ífeiHSHa nycTHHH H 6e3iipeA*JiBHHin> — ea MOJ^ame, Hano- 
MHHaiDii^ee MepxByio THmHHy. Si seajii, hto s HaxoxycB bb crpan^ 
orpoMHUxi^ npocrpaHCTBB, jEniB Hspij^Ra BaceseHHBixx, ho a ne 
HM&TB Aocejrb HH Maji^ftmaro noHAiifl o to& tocr£, o Tofi HOion^eft 
TOCR'6, ROTopafl, Rasajioci^y HanojiHfljia co6ok> Becb B08;(yxi npo- 
crpaHCTBB Óíjuxb, fiesnpex^BHfirxi, rpycrniixi... He6ojiBniie Rycrai, 
soe-rA'b MejRífl AepeBBJí, ópocaa ^epnyiD TbHb na sxy ÓijiHSHy 

CH^rOBB, BM^CTO TOFO, ^T06h DpE^aBaTB EWb XOTfl 6h OTIÍHOR^B 

SH3HH, eni^e ycyry6iiflj[H hxb MOHOTOHHyio TOCRy; cran ^epnux^B 
HTHiťBy ynocfln^Hxcfl na^B dTHirB npocrpaHCTBOirb, necMOTpa na bxx 
RapRaHBe, Tose yBejreqnBajiH Bne?aTjrlHÍe rpycxH h tocre... Sí 
'ixajTB yn^e orojío nacy h no o6ÍEWh croponaaiB lopora ne sair&THjrB 

HH MaJE^ftniHXB CJ^AOBX SH3HH. Be8A% JHmB CH^FOBUfl BOJHtl GeSl* 

npe^^^^jiOBi, 6e8B sh8hh.«. Bi B03ji(yx'6 jihoib CJiiiniHu 6ujih bo3- 
rjiacBi pasryjiBHaro BŠTpa, BsiiaxH RpujsBeB^ ^epniixi nTHit'B, a 
rA'6-TO BucoRO njiEiJiH cipufl o6jiaRa, óesynaciHUA ro BceMy, qrb 
npoHCxoAHJO na ch^fobomi npocrpaHCTB^. Bce 9to cocraBJíiiJio oco- 
ÓeHHjH) RapTHHy; HejiBSfl CRasaTB, hto6e[ dxa Raprona 6iuia Boace 
jHmena Rpacora, ho 3to Cajia cypoBaa, yrpiOMaa Rpacora, noj- 
naa HejaHXOJiiH. H neyAHBHTeJBHO, hto h, npHBURnrift jk>5o- 
BaTBCfl BC^MB HpeRpacHQiTB, upe^aBajcfl co3epi(aHÍH) Bcero, ^rb 
MeHfl ORpyjRajio. Oahhmb hs^b BejiHqafininx'B HaciasAenift, RaRoe b%, 
cocTOflHÍH HaMB AaTB Bce npeRpacHoe, HecoHH'&HHo HBJífleTCfl cno- 
co6hoctb safíiiBaTB cboh jH^HHa CRopCn h TfBCTBa, chocoChoctb 
saÓuBaTB o ce6ij Aa ne tojvbro o caMofi CBoefi jth^hocth, ho 
;ia2Re 060 Bctxi HyBCTsax^ h noHaTiax-B, o nponieiraeMB h 6y- 
AymfiWbj o Ao6pt H 3Ji4, 060 BceMB, míb nacB MoaterB RacaTBCH. 
Ho, RB cosas^HÍK), TaRoe saCsTBg HeRor^a ne npoxoji^RaeTca ;i;ojrro. 
H Torw Toate bb RapTHHy, ROTopyio a pa3CMaTpHBajrB cb HcraH- 
HciMB HaaiasAemeBfB, BM']bniajrocB h'6hto jiH^Hoe Moe, CHa^ajia He- 
onpeAtjreHHoe, lyMannoe, ho saiŠMi acHO onpeA'6JiHBnieeca cosHa- 
Hie co6cTBeHHaro HHqxoatecTBa. Kb BxoMy nyBCTBy. BCRopi npHco- 
ejíHHHJiocB H ípyroe, ROTopoMy ^ame xpy^no npHAyMaTB cooTBiTcxeeH- 
Hoe HasBanie. 9to — nojHoe pasHorjacie Toro, ^Tb mvuio bo mh*. 



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AHKAPKA. 79 

Cb Tbm^ HTĎ MeHJi ORpysaao. Seujis wh Úesw^jífkj.hHUTh cbohxi rpa* 
Hii^iXB, jrimpaioiivuicfl ta^-to xaMi wh Hetfeca, btotb cboa'b He6ecHsfi, 
soToparo mraro ne saciOHflerB, aroi-B hotte nenoABHSHuft bo3a;x'b, 
B<m)iMiro MepxByio TenniHy jmniB Hspij^KS napymajiH nojisaioiuie no 
noBepxHOCTH csÁroBX nronoTH BÍTpa — Bce sto Óhjio ao toto rpan- 
XÍ08HO B AO Toro JiHmeHO BCABaro poACTBa Cb Moeio npHpoAOH), co 
BciiTB TbbFhj Ch libwh Si jme cpojíflBJícsi, ^iTO fl q)a8y noHfljinb, BaRi 2 
juuoiTE H HinrroaBeH^b^.. Mhí BasajrocB, hto a HH^rosHi^e ch^srhhrh. 
Ji— nyxofi 3A$CB BceMy, a — ihiiihí&, ^ase xyase saBa^niaro jucra, 
xoTopHfi Bfeppy yroAHO 6hjio saHecTH ciCAa... CaHH, joraa^n, Ky- 

^epi KB JHEpe^, MOi BHReHTi&y BOTOpnfi ropAHJICfl CBOeft OCaHROK), 

a, HaKoeei^i, mAcrb cb Moeio AoporoK), npeapacHOK) niy6ofi— Bce 
870 ÓHJio noxose na HHHTOSHyio, MesEyio paROBímy. He6o, seiuia, 
jtase rpycTHsie monoru B^a ne oCpa^ajin na nacL HHiutRoro bhh- 
Kanul. Sflibeb abhjiocb y MeHji cosHame nojiHoft 6e8noMon^HOCTH, nojiHott 

HeBOSMOSHOCTH paSlHFpaTB XOTB RaRyK)-HU6yffb pOJIB... SjiikCh HeBOS- 

MOSHO BHEasaTB HHRaRincB CBOHxi npenifyii^ecTBi, AOCTOHHCTBx, Taian- 
TOBi, ROTopue fijiarojťiTejrBHHi^a-npnpoAa coHSBOJiHJia Haiix wtb. Kóny 
8j^•ficB HyaEHO, na tco 6u nparoAHJiocb Bce to, ttÍ) cpe^H Jiioaeft Hasu- 
BaeTCfl cqacTBeiTB? Mojioaoctb, RpacoTa, 6oraTCTBO pacnoJio^eHÍe ^ani, 

fijHSROe BBaROMCTBO CB MysaMH — BCe 8T0 SAiCh He HirbeTB HBRa- 

Roro p^nniTesBHO sHa^ema. IIpHpoAa, oxHHORaa h rpaHAÍosHaa, 
Óen BCflRHxi MejRHX^B npHRpacB, BaRyraHHaH vb sHMHifi noRpoBi, 
npoHSHOCHJia ba^cb nepe^i jhh^oitb Ras^aro shbofo cyn^ecrBa: «tii 
HH^TOSeHl H xajiORi!^ 

SI nojuíajvb oasa r^b o6jiaRaMi..« KaRoe Tasejoioe, rpycrnoe 
Be(k>!.. H TaRHiTB oho 6uBaerB sjíihch wh npOAOJiseHie i('&iux'b 
M'&caiteFB, a neiOB^Ri j^ouxewh nocroflHHO na eero msiAin^ noTOiiy 
VTO 3A^B HH^ero HÍT%, pííHHTeJiBHO HHHero! PasBÍ — TO TyTB, to 
TaiTB — q)eAH 3Toft nycraHH Bsopi ocraHOBHTca na CTapHxi Rpecrax'By 
BOSHOcan^Hxi rx nečy cboh pyRH... 

HenpaBHjiBHO 6hjio 6bi yTBepatAaTB, ^to BTa rpanAÍosHaa Rap- 
TDHa He noHpaBHjacB mh*. HanpoTHBx, a Hameji'B, nw TaRaa Rap- 
THHa npHpoAH, ROTopoft fl AO CHXX Hopi eujfi ne snajii, o6jiaAaerB 

efi OAHOft CBOtCTBeHHlIMH RpaCOTaMH, H OEÍj RpOlit ^yBCTBa TOCRH 

B rpyCTH, cnocoĎHH B086y»AaTB kb jhoabxx CHJiy h Momt. S. no- 
HHJi, TTO qpeAH 3Toro orpoMHaro OAHHO^ecrBa, nepeA'B jíhi^om^ npH- 
poAH cypoBOfi H vb CBoeft cypoBOCTH npeapacHoft, nejiOBÍqecRift Ayx^ 
jer^e, h4m*b ta* 6bi to hh Cbuio, MoaterB crpaxHyTB cb ce6a bc6 
rpflSHHa MeiOHH, bcI Aase Ójreeran^ia nBiJiBHRB rjiynaro caM0JiH)6ífl; 
0CBo6oAHBmHCB OTB BTofi jinniHefi THatecTH, OH^ MO»erB pacnpaBHTB 
RpojiBa H BOSHecTHCB Rx He(5y. TenepB tojbro a noHfljii, no- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



80 fi1&0THHK'B EfiPOmi. 

leny Bjífbch HMeHHO, na dToft no^si posAft^HCb nodxu, Roroptie 
noxoAHJiH ee na apoMaiHiift JiaH^tuiirL, a na sbohi, bi BoropoHs 
Hrp&io H xpeneiHO BOseocHiocb si neóy cepxi^e mhjuíohofb Ópanevh. 
Ho a, flHHTOSHufi, — He speií-B, ne noarB, — h bi rpyxH iioeft 
TpeneTaio juimb iioe co5cTBeHHoe cepAi^ei jS^a npHTOiťB seMHaa 
nuAh TaRofi rycTOK) nejieHOH) CBHSAaBHa noBpuBaja Moe cyn^ecTBO^ 
HTO H3i-noA'B Hefl fl e^Ba 6eu*e bx cocroamH npHnoAHATB JiHms caHiii 
Kpafi MOHxi RptiJibeBi. H TO CBasaib, a poAHJica na coBepmeHHO 
Apyroft noHBÍ, ^yib jih He bi Apyroft cxpaH*, ropas^o Óo^sše sa- 
cejEeHHoft, 6ojiie Becejofi; no CBoeS po^HH^ b ho^h soBce ne ny- 
lemecTBOBaJii, a sa rpanHi^eio s, npHBUKi k% cOBepmeHHo Apyreifb 
Bne?aTjiŠHÍJiMX. HeyAHBHxejibHO, qxo nocsž H']^CBOJibBHX'B nacoBTb 
cosepi^aHifl 8T0& HOBofi A^fl MeHfl npnpoABi sl noqyBCTBOBajii nt^ro 
noxosee na crpaxi*, BOTopufi AO^useni HcnuTsiBaTb ^eioBterb, boto* 

páro 3&SHB0 XOpOHflTB. Fa^-TO TaMl BAaJKH JIEOAH SHByi*^, XOAflTb^ 

roBoparb, cyexATCfl, noiorb, ajoÚstb na bc£ JiaAu h na bcž jiaAu 
nterojJiiOTX Apyn nepeAi ApyroMi, a SAicb — piniHTejbHaa HeHy»- 
HOCTb BcixT) npeBpacHbix'b HamHXx aoctohhctbx, SA^Cb — ch^pb^ 
BbpoHu, BpecTU Ha nepeBpecTsaxi, nycTUHA... 

S. Tenepb TOJibBO noHflJi'b, noneMy RoHpaA'B ne bx cocroflaia 
ÓujTb AOJíbnie CHA^^^Tb Bi AepeBH'^. Aaase wb xaBOiťb npespacHOMii^ 
oasHC^, BaRHMi Óujii MepoBi, — oasHci, no BpaflMi BOToparo^ 
BpoM% CH^roBi H XHD^Hbixi uTHi^i, rH']teAi3^ocb TaBoe rpy6oe ne* 
BteecTBO, npocTO BapBapcTBO, ito npa oahomi o neirb Bocno- 
MEHanin i^HBHJiHSOBaHHuá qejiOBiBi BApyrb saóuBaerb 060 BceM^b 
H HcnuTEiBaeTi qyBCTBO nepBoGuTHaro saxejfl seiiJiH bo Bpena 
nepBLix^b npotíjiecBOBi i^HBHJiiHsai^iH. 9to BapsapcxBO neBOJibHO 6po- 
CHJiocb mhí Bi rjiasa B'b H'lcROJ[bBHXT» 6ojibmHX'b AepeBHflxi, hhmo 
BOTopuxi uwb npi3ni.iocb npoissaTb... 9th ABpeBHH npeACTaRifl^iH 
C060K) hí^to Bi poA^b TflHyBmHxai no otí'lHX'b CTopoeaM'b AoporH 
euieaMoedj nocTpoeHHuxi ahbhmh. Ecj[h($h mosho 6uao ne oxucBaTb^ 
a xoTb AoraAaxbCJi, hto crpoHBmie rixi HM^jni Boe-BaBoe noHflxie 
061 apxHTeBTypi!,. 

Hh Maj^&maro BByca bi oaosa^ BCTp'6qaeME[X'b mhoh) JiiOAefit 
Mh^ CJiyHajiocb BHAÍ>Tb bi pasHUXi nicraxi sarpanHi^eio A^peena 
H ceJia, H Bi BasAOMi nsx hhxi moxho 6ujio BcerAa noAM']^THTb^ 
BaBÍfl-HH6yAb BpacHBUfl, noA?acb npocTO BOCXHXBTejibHUfl AerajB. 
SA^Cb, BpoM^ nepBO^HTHuxx 4)opirb, BpoM'6 caMEixi rpytíuxi HepTi» 
Jínila H CTpaHHoft OAesAu, fl HH^ero p'lmHTej[bHO ne bha^^ h hh- 
?ero He HcnuTasi, BpoM^ ysacHOft, Bcenorjíon^aion^efi CByBn. OBUb- 
Hoe BneqaTJi'lHÍe npoHSBejia TOJbBO na Hena saeraBa bi OAHoft 
Hsx aTHxi AepeBeHb^ Boxopaa sacBpaniba tebi 6e8o6pa3HO, xaBx. 



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AHBAPKA. 81 

PKO, HTO fl no^yBCTBOBajTL 08H061. dxon csy^att noA^ScTBOBajn 
Ha ueEB ffi Toro, hto noBTHqecBoe nacrpoenie, aaBŠflHHoe nyre* 
mecTBÍeirb, ncnesjío Óe^cjAwo; ffooč o6pa8% CeBepraii nospujicfl 
vh MoeaťB BOOÓpaseHÍH TasHirb TyiiaHOirB, hto a cb ÓojibiiiHBťL Tpy* 
jfMb ciyif&rB BOCBpecHTb Bi naMJiTH ea npaiecTHyH) ^^arypsy a 
jojífi. Taí se, HasoHei^i, HaxoAflTCfl itca, BOTopne 6ujih npeA- 
MeroiTb 8a6orB SApoioBCsoft bo Bpeiui es npeCnBaHÍfl bi 6ojb- 
ffloiTB ropoxi? Fj^ se exH jíchua xe^pn, cb botophmh, sas^ 
roBopuH no Kpateefi uipk, ea Jiica coeAHHfliOTCfl? Ha Bonpoci 
MOĚ syqepi otbíthítb, hto Jiica aiH Bcsopi yBE^^Hin, noroiiy ^nt> 
MH HMeHHO Bi BEMi> iipH6iHsaeifCfl, TOHHo laBse BaBi H B^ ca^ 
MOiiy hm^hík) rocnosH 3apoíobcboíI. 

SHaHHTB, OHa SHBexx Ha caMO& rpasHi^ nycriiHH h jtIcobi! 
OxHo npeAcraBjeHie o mšctí SHTe.sBCTBa Hoefi BOJimeÓBHi^Ki epasy 
jHB^Toasno npHCBop6Hoe sne^aiJi^HÍe CBpHnfln^efi AepeBeecBot sa- 
ciaBu. SI CHOBa yBHx&rB b^b Moem BOo6paseHÍa to^ho siiByio 
CeBepEiHy, h cepAi^e Moe cpasy BCQuxHyjo ^yBCTBOirB, Boropoe ycno- 
soHio Bc6 MOH nenaJiH h comhébúí. y^EBnieiBEO jih, hto noďb 
ficero, MBOK) HcnuTaHHarO; oOpasi CeBepHHH npexcraj^B nepe^o hhoh> 
Touo AOJeraioniafl ch nojeft crpo^^a ^y^Hofi Trbmn^ hjih bbaox^, 
HaB&iHHfiit ci BypranoBi? H mhí sasajiocB, hto a — cBaso^nufir 
sopojeBH^i, BOTopoyy cysAeHO pastfyxHTB cnan^yio i^apeBBy, bh* 
peaiB ee hbi btoK r^ymn, ysesTE ee x^uieBO otb nepHHxi OTHurB^ 
CHiroBX H CBpnnflnitHxi sacraBi h coÓCTBeHHuifH pyBaifH nanoHTB 
ee SEBOTBopan^HiTB HánniBOMi bc^xi pa^ocreS shshb!.. A jífijhm^ 
^?.. ByAB, ht6 ÓyxerB! Bbitb Moseriy paHBme, h^itb HaMÍpe- 
BaK)€B, fl pinrycB na totb man, Boropufi, Bce paBHO, aoi- 
zeHi se CA^aTB! íí aecxoTHo npocTHJicfl 6u cb hojhoio, hh< 

SilTB H HH^^blTB He CT^CHfleMQH) CBOÓOAOH), BOTOpOK) fl BCei^ijIO 

noiBSOBajicfl, ho ^u nea... ajih tofo, htoCíi otiJia^aTB ev> e Biri^crb 

CB xilTB, HTOÓSI CHaCTH ee... A&9 Sí ÓWrb TOTOBI CA&iaTB BTOTB 

péiDHTeiBHHĚ marB... S. piniycB, a yse ptmHJiCfl... SI xposajrB 
on Herepn^HÍfl yBHA^TB ee nocBopie; a HHqero ne bha^^, ^t6 
npoHCXOAHJO BOBpyrB Hena, a bhaíjii jihhib ee OAHy, ne oahhitb 
TOJUM) BootipasenieMi, ho bha^^ ee ^^HSHHecBH, a nanaTB AABajia 
umb BO8110SHOCTB npocjiŠAnTB Bcb ea ABHsema, ea jjiuÓze h cbí- 
TOBBie nepeJiBBU na ea juiisib... O, Aoporaa Moa, 6yAemB jih th mook), 

BOeil&IO, HCBJIK)qHTeJIBHO MOeK)?!.. 

HecMorpa, o^naBO, na laBoe nacrpoenie h rjryÓOBoe nyBCTBO, 
Ha XH^ Hoeft xyniH neycraHEO, xoia h HesaiiiTHO, paÓoiaji^B xo- 
loxHEifi H HpoHHHecBift CBeiiTHi(H8M%: BaBoo so npoBSBexeTB Ha Hee 
Bne^aTjriHÍe Moe HeosHxaHHoe noaBJíenie, — oco6eHao se, ht6 a 

Tom* II.-Mipn, 1893. 6 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



82 B«CTHHK1» EBPOnU. 

HcnsiTaio, yBHAara ee? PaAOcrb jra h qyBCTBO ÓesnpexbjíhEoe, jt&K'b 
usňš Rasercfl xenepB, ejto, 6uti> Moacexi, pasonapOBame h hj^h- 
TejibHHĚ xoMKh? Ha RasoiTB (j^oHÍ npexciaHeTB ona nepexo mhoio 
Bi nepBHft pasi? Bi saRoS oÓcranoBEŠ jBHsy a ee? He yueHB- 

TflHTL JIH efl BpaCOTU, H HB paCXOJOXBrB JLE MOerO qyBCTBa HTO* 

HBÓyxB opAHHapHoe, auuKoe, nycroe, ^T0-HH6yAB xaKoe, nero a 
Bi TERofi se creneHH ne vb cocroiHin nepeHecrn, uslvBj Hanpímšpi^ 
eispBiia sacraBH? A saTfiiii?.. Axx, ea Bsopu, scerxa boshoca- 
EDiieefl KTí BOBBHineHHHiirB npeAMeraiTBy soTopiie meí ^sj^b!.. Si do- 
HHMaji npespacHO, hto Tasoe cos^anie HeBOsiiosHO sacraBETB sbt& 
Ha paBHHHax^ shsbu, ho fBab h a bi TaKoft se creneHH rHyma^ca 

aTHXl HHSMeHHUXl paBHHHl... 

— KpacoBHi^u! — BOCRjfHRHyjTB BEReHTÍt, oÓpan^aacB ro nwb 
CB caMOH) raxROH) jjíuÓzoio^ ROTopaa Ha BTorb pasi* AOJisna Óiuia 
BiipassaTB paxocTB. 

KynepB npoxflHyjTB pyRy no HaapaBJieHÍH) i^^jioft Ryqn xepeBBeBi^ 
soTopafl na TeMuoirB $ohí rycroro Jiica BBiA&uiJiacB peiBe^HO, 
6jiaro;(apfl ORyTUBaBmeft wA bštrh nsMoposH. 

H Tyxa, H noTOHi o6paTHO, ii npo^teauui^ nepes^B axy AepeBHK> 
CB TaRHMi crpaHHUM^ HyBCTBOMO^ B^ cep^i^, TaRo^ ÓiLTB pac* 
Tporani, hto vh Hoeft naiuiTH coxpaHHJicfl ^BecBiia cupno ea 
BEf,%. Bi HoeMi B00(5paseHÍH npH BOcnoMEHanÍH o5x Hiri^nÍH Ce- 
BepHHH BOCRpecjiH ukiua. rpynnii AepeBBesB h hajmÓu, q)eAH 
KOTOpHZi BHJiacB TO ysRas, TO nrapoRafl xopora. jSjoifa h xomhkh, 
eroflBniie bi pasHuxi pascTOJiHiflxi otb dToft Aopore, cpeAH dTHxo^ 
rpynn^B h Rjiynfix, sHBonHCHO pacnojioseHHuxi, noxoxHJiH na Apo- 
asa^^i[ cbítomi jianna^H... SI sanoMHHJsii jiehib oaho h homhk) 9to 
CHxi nop'B: B8X OAHoro nsi dTHX'B fOMHROBx, RaRx pasi BO Bpens 
Moero npo^Aft) flBHJiacB i^^aa Ry^a x^Tefi pasnaro Bospacra 
CB yiHTeJBHHi^eH) BO oaB^: a h TenepB BHsy stoti RaiieHHBift 

AOITB CB 60JIBmBHl RpEIJIBI(OirB H ÓOJlhUmUH flpRO OCB^O^eHHinfa 

ORHaifH. ORpysaion^lfl AepesBfl npii^^aBaJiH STOMy xoMy xapaRTep*B 

THXOft H UEJÍOŘ npHCraHH. 9tOTB AOMl^ HŠCROJÍBRO yAaJfeHHBlft OTl^ 

Apyrnxx, Rasajica Óojbuiok) upasROH), Roropoio 3aMBiRa.icfl i^uft 

nOflCB AOMOBl H JltCHOfi ryH^H^ H8p^&8aHH0& no BC&fB HanpaBJíeHÍflMX 
AOpOSRaMH H TpOHHHRaMH. Ilo BCeBÍJ ÓHJIO BHAHO, ^T0 SA^B HBRTO He 

saji^'B HH npocrpaHCTBa, hh ^^epeBBeBi, jí^z ROTopnxi, wh cbok) oto- 
pexB, suna — HSMoposH, a ctojiítíb — nojnaro pasBBTÍfl ne noauu&iH... 
BcAÍjí,C£BÍe Toro, necMOTpjai Ha OTcyTcrBie RaRHxi-nnfiyAB apxHTeK- 
TypHuxi yRpamenift, xohi 9toti neBOJB^o npoHSBOABJíi npiflTHoe Bne* 
WTj^Hie, RaRx npoH3BeAeHÍe cypoBoS, ho 6oraTO OAapeHHOfi npHpoAu. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



JÍHKAPKA. 8S 

Kor^a fl Bomeji's bi CikiuHy cb^tjiusl cIhh, yRpameHHEifl rojio- 
BaifH poraTux'b n neporaTiixi ssipefi h BÍHRaMH pasHiixi xjrbúovby 
BO MHŠ cpasy flBHJiflCb ABa npoTHBonojioacHiifl qyBCTBa: cepAe^HEift 

BOCTOpPL H dJlOÓHOe JI10(5onHTCTBO. 05a dTH qyBCTBa rflísAHJHCB 
OAHOBpeMeHHO BX MOeiTb CepAI^it, H OHH AO TOrO OAHHaBOBOe saHH- 
MaiH TaifB MÍCTO, qrO UWb TpyAHO 6UJ10 OTJSqHTB, ROTOpOe H31 

Hixi eHAH^e. FjiyxoĚ BHyrpeHHifi roiocs^ npeACsasuBaioiiufi mh']^, 
qio ji Bcsopi yBHsy ee, AOTponycB ao ea pyBK, nocMOipio, qxb tbo- 
piiTci Bx ea npexpacHiixi, raiyCiixi rjiasaxi, — btotb roiocb 
apen^HBaJicfl ch BacMŠiojHBiiicH ao esbícthoB crenenH BonpocaiiH: 
qró fl HafiAy BO BHyTpeHHOCTflxi BToro AOMa? Ranaa tbmx seshl? 
JI bía^ Haxo»ycB bx nycruH^i na poAnni AEsapKE, npoHCxoAfln^eft 
H3i ceMeficTBa MaHiaROBi; i^HBHJHSOBaHHuft qeJiOB^Bx, npH MOeiTB 
yni, qyBCTBaxi h noMticjiaxi, ne xot&tb ycryiiHTB iiicra BJio5jieH- 
BOMy; spHTiiBa h HacMlniKH ne xot^jih OTAaTB cbohxi npaBi (Ses- 
npeA^BHOMy sejiaHÍH) n¥>6wtb h bocxeh^^tecji. Butb MOserB, si 
npiixaji'B CK)Aa eAHHCTBeHHO noroMy h sa t&mi, wro6u BOCXHu^aTBCfly 
TasiB RaKb 6fiUH y iieEfl TaBÍa MHHyni, vb RoropuA a BOcropraJiCH 
9T0D seHn^HHOH)^ H HecMOTpB Ha TO, fl AyMajTB: HeysejiH 2Be 
Bfbrh Wh STOifB aomí xoTii 6u asajTRaro KaRoro-HHÓyAB jaRea, roto- 
put AOJOSHn 6u o MoeM'B upisjíib? 3HaqBTB, ecTB na cb%t% 
rocnoACBiii RBapTHpu 6es^ jiaReeBi? Moft BHReHTÍfr, h totb 6uji% 
BB crpaHHOMi pacnojosenin Ayxa. Oh'b cbbjíi cb Měna myóy h 
Aepxajii*B ee wb pyRaxi, ho soafl; RyAa cb Heio A'£BaTBCB. IIoa'b 
€ro pusHMH ycaMH, Ha ero neRpacHBuxi ryóaxi, a npoHeji'B noj- 
HHft BeAoyif^^HÍa BOopocB: „wro sro 8to xaRoe? RasacB, mei npi^xajiH 
RB erpaHHuu^B jhoaamb, y ROTopuxx h^ti jiaReoBB?!"' MoHyTii jifi% 
TpH — HHRTO iťh HaMB HO BBíHiejix Ha BCTp^qy; OJieHH, Ra5aHEi H Apyríe 
wde SB^pH, paBB^meHHBie no crfiHaMx, BsaHMHO yrpoauurn ApyrB 
Apyry syt^MH... Em» RaRoft-TO, aojisho 6utb, OTAajieHHofi ROMHaTii, 
lOJieiasH BByBH pofljui, crpanBue SByRH, ÓescBBBHue, CBHA'£TejiBCTBy to- 
uhle O saóaBHO-poMaHHHecROiďB nacTpoeHÍH Toro hjih Toft, Rony BSAy- 
MBJOCB cicTB sa poBjn». RÍThy 8T0 He ona HrpaerBl.. Ea MysuRa^ 
xoTfl H ne oco6eHHafl no TexHHR^, no BupafioTRi^ Bce se RyAa 
jyirae; rto-to Apyroft BHSHBaeTB saícb Ayxx ^JTíoííh hbx JlaMep- 
Mypa", HO BHSBiBaeTB TaRx, hto HaBpflA'B Jlioqia nocJiyniaeTCfl... íto 
ae mh6 A^-^aTB? Oichb npocio: otrphtb jiio6yio AsepB, BeAyn^yK) 
BB jiio(íyH) ROMHaiy, xora 6u nOAx onaceHÍeM'B nonacTB vh rapAe- 
po(ÍB HJiH cnajibHK), H — BofiTH. Si y»e HaMipesaJica hchojihhtb wy 
MHCiB, Raai Wh cÍhh Bom^m... rto? A pasBŠ s snaio! KaRaa-To 
crapaa Aana bx njiaTR^ h 6ojiBnT0MB 6&iom'b qeni^%, 6uTh MOseTB, 
(íaĎyniRa, 6utb mojkctb, CTapyxa-CJiy»aHRa... JíaMa 9Ta, um aiy-^ 

6* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



84 BfiCimacB EBPonu. 

saHBa, 6uM cpeAEBTO pocra, h^cbojibbo mHpoBoiue^afl, ht5 npn- 
AaBaJo efi bha'b ocaĎHCiaro By6a. HisoTopoe pasnorjiacíe es cbjmK^ 

BOJIOCL CB HepHElUH rjasaiíH H HepHHMH OoJBniHMH CpOBfllCH HBBOJIBHa 

6pocMOCB uni FB rjnasa. PaHBme hšitb ycii&['B a OTpeBOMenxo* 
BaTBCfl, AftMa dra saAajia uwh BonpocB: 

— ^ Ob eíitb hm^h) ^ecTb?.. 

3tot% BonpocB padiflCHHJii mhí cpasy, cb rímb a hm^^b necrs 
roBopBTB, H a cefiHacB se CBasajTB cbok) ^amiJiiH), ROTopaji, csepx^B 
BCflKHX^B MOEXB osH^anift, npoHSBeu Mara^ecRoe BneHaTjriHÍe sa 
xaiiy. 3te ABa CJnoBa: SASHcaaBx TpaHOBCRÍft — BUSBajíK na esi ssnsík 
BiipaseHÍe BaBoro-TO BOBce nenoHATHaro f,M ueusi crpaxa... IIo- 
TOMi fl npoHejďB KB esL rjEasaxB y^HB^enie, a HaBOHeicB — Basi 6b 
BonpocB: 9BT0 TH TaKofi? OTByxa th? san^irB ciOAa npvbxhjvh?^ 
HaRonei^i, — no toř jiet npHHHH^^ hto dTon SBsaiieffB npeAcraBEjx 
MeHfl ch jiy^mefi cropoHu, hjih, 6eitb MOseTB, noroMy, ^0 a npocro 
noepaBHJCfl SBaBOMOž Moeft HesHaROMKiiy — ho Aftna yjititfHyjiacB laKoio 
AOÓpoAyniHOH) yjiH^BOH), BaBi Óy^TO 6u ($ujra roxoBa cefi^iacB 6po- 
CHTbCH mhí Ha meH). En^e ne ycn^x sl onoMHHTBCfl, saRi cra- 
pyxa opoHSHecja h'6cbojibbo uiB^jmnwh rojiocouii: 

— FocnoAHHi rpaHOBCsifi! FocnoAn! TaRi 9to bbi bi nairb 
npi'ixaJiH!.. Axi, Eose Mofi!.. BooCpasExe, KaRi pasx CeBepHHii 
HŠrB Aona!.. Ona no^xaiia vh ropoxi cb BjaAHCJiaBOMi... no A^y 

3T0fi JiaBEH A^a EpeCTBaHB... Ho OHH AOJiaHU CBOpO BepHJTBCfl!.. 

Ho, Bce-ae, noatajiyfixe, BOtAHTe... bu no^OKACTe... ÓyABTO jih>- 
6e3HU... 

Gxapyxa Bce yjiu6ajiacB Tasoio npiáTHOK), npocro apYS^kok) 
jjíu6ko¥), ea rjiasa TaEi paAOCTHO, Becejio rjiaA'^ na nena, hto, 
necMOTpa na rpoMaAHoe sejianie pacxoxoraTBca e3 wb rjasa, s 
no^BCTBOBaji^B RB Hofi BJieHenie, ciobho r^b 6jH8R0My, poAHOMy ^ejío- 
B'£Ey. Ona, aojsho Ceitb, yse ciBímaiia 060 mhÍ, o^ eoBiniajia!.. 
OAHa ara mucjib pacnojsoacEJia Měna ei niiBOTopoft OTRpoBen- 

HOCTH. 

— ^oraAHBaH)CB, íto hm4h) ícctb CecfiAOBaiB cb MaAaMB Bo- 
rypcEOH), HO npaBAa jtb? — cnpocHJfB a. 

— RoHe^iHO, ROHeHHo!.. Ho oxRyAa bh snaeie 060 mh*!? 

— YraAaíTe, cyAapuHa! 

— GeBepHHa pascRasaja... Aft? 

— RoHo^iHo!.. A ifaAeMoasejB GeBepnHa CRasajia jh BaifB xotb 
HTO-HHfiyAB 060 mhí? 

Crapyxa nocMOxp&ia mh£ bb rjutsa h BaRB 6yAT0 6u nepiniH- 
TejiBHO OTB^Eja: 

— PascRasuBaia. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XBRÁPKA. 85 

TsKb BOTi OHa, JinÓHMafl, Ao5pafl haha Eoryca, soTopaa sa- 
yqHM GeBepHHy nŠTB »;^y*Ay" h Toiry noAOÓHoe! Tiwb BpeMeHeni b^ 
OAHOft Effb noci^AHfixi Tpexi KOMHarB ocTaBjrflen pofliib h buxo- 
WSTb MH'6 Ha Bcrpt^y acenii^nHa, no noxo^BŠ, no ManepairB, no npn- 
qecsi H BOCTK)ify, Aa h no Bceny, HaBonei^, HanoMHHBmafl mhÍ; 
ropoA'B H o6n](ecTB0, Boropoe a ocTaBHJii, hto6ii noe&THTB asniejiefi 
flycTHHH. Bi otin^em ona npoHBBOJia na MeHii laKoe Bne^aTJišnie, 
Basx 6yAT0 6u bi AaJCROirB ndrnaniH a BApyn yBBA&r& Hacrni^y 
poAHHH... Ilpn BCípb^i ch sroft AaMofi a AoraAHBaH)CB, wro dio 
fl ecTb ^oÓJiouoKb craparo RopaCiia''. Jl^a, oCjiomori, 9to B^pno, 
HO otfjioifOB^ axoTb coxpaHHJicH npeBpacHO. MejBÍa Hopn^uHBH na 
BpyrjioirB jhi^ droft jubmu CBHA'i&TeJiBCTByH)TB o tomi, qro ona (Suja 

^HA^TaiBHHIteK) MHOraX^B COtfUTifi, HO JIOBKÚi ABHSetíÍH, SOJlOTHCTlie 

BOiocUy Ójecnin^ie rjasa — Bce aio CBHAÍ»TejiBCTBOBajo o ea seshoh- 
HOCTH, roTOBHOCTH H, HO Bpafineft MŠpš, o aBejaxejibHOCTH xatb 
Becejo, Basi acHJocB fb nponieAnieMi>. Bi jihi^'1 MaAairB JleoHTHHu 
Eposesi a cb yAOBOJiBCXBieirB y3Haji'B aenn^HHy, sHaBmyio cbštb 
H jiOAei; MU Óoji-ie noiynaca ci ÓojiBniHifB osHBJíemeifB 6ec%A0- 
eajH o CTOJiHi^, o teanp^ o6i apTHCTax^, o hobhxx BHHraxi, na 
aojiOBHHy no-nojiBCBH n no-^pam^yscBH^ qTb AOcraBjajro naMi o(5oh)a- 
floe yAOBOJBCTBÍe, noTony ^to araMi nyreifB mei BsanMHO noBa* 
3aiH Apyn Apyry, bto mei na canoMi x^i. Bi HejOB%qecBHX'B 
OTHomeBÍaxi, kb naqajri nepsaro BnaBOMCTBa, ocoÓeHHO »e npn 
nepBoft Bcrp^H^, bc6 sejania h Hairipenia CBOAaTca bi TOMy: 
,yAHBJiafiTecB, BaBOBi a eexB!'' Ho na stotb pasi acejranie no* 
pHcoBaTBca BCBopi ifH6 HaAO^o, H MHOK) OBJíaA^Jio BpafiHee ne- 
Tepntnie. MaAaMi BpoxeBx sasfixejia oto h B03'BH&i'|jia oparHnajuB- 
HyiD MuciB pasBjeHB Měna nocpeACXBOMi BsrjiaAOBi, rpanaci h 
myroBi ABaAi^aTHJiiiTHeft borotbe. IIo Bceft BtpoaTHOCTH ee Mynajia 
sasAa BHA^ jiK>Aefi oahofo cihok) copra, a noTony, bctpíthkb 
OAHoro H3i HHXi, OHa paAa 6iiJia suBasaTB nepeA'B naifB npHTynjieH- 
HEia, o, CHJiBHO npnrynjieHHBia opyAÍa, BoxopBra BorAa*TO Óbuih 
'HpesBuqafiHO onacnu. TenepB tojbbo a saM^TEJii, hto ona npocro 
— crapaa 6a(5yca. Fjiasa ea, tiji^AHua yjiBi6BH, ^eÓeraHBe ^HasHBa — 
npoH3BOAHJiH BnoTOTjiŠHie i^bítobi, BupocmHxi na pasBajiHnax^B. 
Oh qyBCTBOiTB coauLťbnia h AOcaAu a noAynaji lorAa, hto h 
npeBpaenua Aymn, npH($jiB2BaacB b^b naTOMy AOcaxBy CBoero sen* 
Horo cyn^ecTBOBania, bobco ne npaBJíeBaTejiBHu. Heya&ejíK se Ma- 
AaiTB OBTaBÍa, Jl^ajia, a^ena KonpaAa h Apyria nama Aami ji^tb 
^epesi ABaAiVtTB HenpeM^nno aojishíi craTB noxosKMH na pasBa- 
AHH? HeyaseiH h on6 CyAyn crapaiBca xorAa, hto5ii na aiaxi 
paBBajniHaxi BupocjiH i^b^tohbh? A xorAa ase saMixnjn, ^to dxox^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



86 6^CTHHS'E EBPOnU. 

ROHTpaCTB 1^6*1X081^ H paSBaiHHl HC TOJTBRO ROMHqeHl, HO H 0H6HB^ 

o«ieHB ne^ajeei... Jífiy ne^ajiefli, noiOMy hto CBifA'i^TejibCTByerb o 
iť&iOMi pfl^i AHeS nycTuxi h 6e3COAepautTeJi>Huxi». Orojibbo »e 
apifi noHanpacHy AOJiSHa Óhuia, cqítb poMaHa^ecBafl „Jlioqifl hsi^ 
JlaMepiiypa'' , ne tojhbbo noA% najbii^aMH, ho bb cepAi^i h bb Hep- 
Bax^ dToro cosfifiMiSy y KOToparo 6biJio CBoe ÓJtecran^ee npomjioe, 
HO ROTopafl BOTTi yse Óojiie jsficsiTn jťbvb SHja vh stomb thxom^b. 
H MOJiqaJinBOHB jí^ovfb^ nojiHOiix oahíxb tojibro crapBHHuxx Ben^eft... 
HsB OROHB dToro AOMa, RpoMŠ j^coBB H CTeneň, HH^ero He Óujio- 
BHAHO. & noHHMajiB npcRpacHO, HTO flBHBmiBcfl E3X Apyroro MÍpa 

rOCTB AOJISeHB fiUJIB BUBBaXB Rl 2BH8HH BCŽ OCTaBniUICH 6^6 B^ 
SHBUXB HCROpRH npeSHHXB BOS^eJ^Hifi. 3A'%Cb-Td fl ' BCHOlf HHJIl H 

nepe^ajii na^aiiB JleonraHi nosApaBjreHÍe, o homb npocEJTB ^emt 
OABHB H3B rocreft KoHpaAa. MaAaMi BposeRB ofipaxoBaiacB h: 
BTOMy vLj Bcn^iecHyBB CHJOBHO noxyAÍBmHMH pyHRaMH/ CRasaJia: 

— AxB, Aa!.. Mh 6bijih oieHB, onens kpjxmu... 3to oahh^ 
H3B jiy^mnXB MOHXB Apysefi!.. 

Ho cefi^acB se AOÓaBHJia, onycRaa rjiasa, nio Apyra 9Toro 
OHa AaBHO, AftBHO ysB HO BHA'9^a, CB Toro BpeneHH, RaRB nocTHrio ee 
nec^acTÍe h ona AO^asna ÓtiJia noceJiHTBCfl bb EpacoBHi^axB. Jífi^ ona 
flBjflercfl dA'^CB HdrHaHHHi^eK), ROTopaa AOJSHa 6iiJia ocraBHTB ece 
jiK)6HMoe, Bce Aoporoe, ho h aio Bce JiK)6HMoe, Bce Aoporoe Tose- 
ee ocraBHJio, nosaGujio o nefi. 

— IIoTOiiy HTO HaniH Apysta, — npHCaBHJia ona, — bb cym- 
HOCTH HHTaiOTB TopasAO 6ojiBnie Apys<$ii PMH HamHXB ycnixoBB, níiiiv 
paAH HacB caMHXB, H ocraBJífliOTB HacB, 3a(5uBaR)TB coBepmeHHO b'b 
Ty caMyio MHHyry, RorAa HacB ocTas^flerB ycoixB... 

Si He MOFB He COrJiaCHTbCfl bb BSBÍCTHOK llip^ CB dlHMB mhí- 

HÍeMB, H MU HeBOJiBHO pasA^^^fl-iH cRenTH^ecRÍft BsrjiflA^ Ha JnoAefi h 

BXB qyBCTBa. Ho BCROpi SI OHOMHB.lCfl H 8aM'lTHJ[B, ClftflCB, ^0 MU 

o6a, fl H ona, ao ni&ROTopoft crenenH pascyaBAaeMB HejorsHHO, noroicy 

HTO, BUCRaSUBafl HeJieCTHOe MHŠHÍe o JIH)AflXB H qyBCTBaXB, OHa 

HCRpeHHO sejiajia shtb cpeAH laRBXB euenno JiH)Aet, a a 6ed!s 
HHXB BOBce ne mopb, Aa h ne xot&ib 6u shtb. 

— Jía,— OTBixHJia ona, — noxoMy wto jtioah h cbítb sBjfliOTCff 
MaTepíajOMB, hbb ROToparo mh cosAaeMB yAOBO^BCTBin h MHpasH^ 
no8BOJiflion](ie naMB BaÓuBaxB o6b hxb h namefi hhitoshocth. 

Xopomo CRasaHol YAOBOJiBCTBifl h Mopasia! Cest le motl Yah- 
BHxejiBHO, RaRB . MU o6a paso^apoBanu h bm^ctI cb rtMB onapoBaHu 
cb^tomb! Jl^a, H^TB coMH-bnifly MaAaMB JleoHTHHa — axo 6paTCRafl Aynia, 
poAHfl Moe& Ayinš. EcjihCu ona tojibro ne Bpa^ajia laRB HeRpa* 
CHBO nasaMH h ne noApaasajia mojoaumb RORerRaMB! flfi h nyApn 



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AHKAPKA. 87 

OHa cjiHmROiťB MHoro ocTSRíJieTb Ha mniy H HeMHoro HCAejiB- 
BaTflo Aaen ubí hohatb, hto s naiipacHO HepaA'B AOJiroMy otcjt* 
ctbík) CeeepHHs. HeyaseJiH ise, 6jiaroAapfl dTOMy orcyTCTBÍio, cea 
zoT&ia 6u saHflTB ea mício kb Moen^ cepAi^'ib?.. Git^oiho, ysacHO 
CMinmo, a Bce se oneaB npaBAOnoxoÓHoL. Bo-nepBuxi, npaBxono- 
Ao6ho noTOMy, hto Tasifl pasBajiHHu, na KOTopuxi» pocTyrb i^bš- 
Tons, HHKorxa ne comsjOTbj tto ont — pasBaaHHu; a bo-btophxi^ 
0H% roTOBti p&mflTBCfl Ha Bce, na sce p6mHTeJii>Ho, ecJH a^o sa- 
eaercfl xota 6a canaro Rpome^naro poiiana. JI|a, aia HaxJii6HH]](a 
GeBepHHs HÍcBOJiBBO 8jio6ho, H^saiBBO HaciiiniJiHBo BEipasaercu 
o cBoet tfjaroA^braiBHHiicl. Tanaa 8Jio6a noxosa na mmrbj npHraeB- 
nátcfl noA'^ posaHOMib. Ona thxohbbo, eisa san^THO BucoBUBaerB 
soHqaKB CBoero flsuRa H8i-noA'B ÓesapexbJíhBofL npeAaHHOCTH, boto- 
pafl, HETafl BaBHCTB, HHTaeTx Tose H npeAaHHOCTb bx aioMy ne- 
seHHcmy coBAamio. BooÓn^e xpvAHO noHaTb, BaBi cByii^a GeBepuna 
eiETB HeseMHsnrB coBAaHÍeiii — anreJioiTB. ^^TCBie roAn npoBeJia OHa 
noAi oneBOH) on^a, 6£itb MOserB, Hepe8i-qyp% cypoBaro, ho boc* 
HHTEiBaBniaro ee oneHb CTapaiejBHO. Hto^ojiBBHHH poa^mh crapmift 
ea (Spán, Basi 6u j^jisi ypasHOB^meHifl ea shshh, JiacBajrB ee^ 
tfuTb MOseTB, ne vh ni^py. Ilpn TasHx^ o6cTOflTeiBCTBaxi GeBepnHa 
vb nepBHO roAu CBoeĚ iohocth npeAcraBjfljiacB jhoaami laBoio, Ba- 
bhmh ÓBm B(A 6ap£iniHH efl Bospacra. Ona 6ujib, secejra, jijoÚwiíl 
HapflAHi xaHitu, BecejiBe — cioboitb, ÓBura noxoiBa na cbohxi CBepcT- 
Hm^. Ho^ bhaho, Bce bto 6iijio jihhib BH^mnee, CBoponpexoAfln^ee^ 
noTOMy HTO Bnoc4'&ACTBÍH, noA^B BJiiflHÍeirB pasjíHHHEJX^B BaTacrpo^, 
cpasy CTajTB HsifbHflTBCfl efl xapaBxepi: OHa ciajia saAyMWBa^ 
rpycrna, to^ho aro ne ona, xono Apyrafl... Cbojbbo ona npo- 
.iBia eie^By cboibbo BBKrrpaAaja npn BasAOiTB ne^ajBHoiťB hsb^ctíh, 
nps BasAOifB ne^ajBHOirB cjywb!.. Eítb coMHŠmfl. hto 8te co- 
6msí H 3TH HSBlcTifl oeHajHJiH H ApyPHx^B, HO TOJiBBo ee OAHy, HO 
BaxAQfi CTpaAajTB tojbbo fb ESBŠCTHoft ufbýb H H8Bto*Hoe BpeMfl. y 
Hea me 9th BneTOTj^HÍfl ne hmíjih HHsaBHxi onpeA'&ieHHux'B rpaHHi^x 
no OTHomeHÍK) k% cejA h BpeiieHH. He TpyAHO BOoÓpasHTB cetiš, 
^ AOjUBHa 6ujiB CoBepHHa BucrpaAaTB, yanasi o CMepin Cpaxa^ 
AAaMa, a BCBopš noiepaBi h ori^a... 

— AAaiťB Sapoíobcbíí,^— cnpocHJTB h, — nacBOJBBO mh4 hb- 
bíctho, 6iuFh qpesBiiqa&HO cnocoÓHufi^ lajiaHTJiHBiift?.. 

— O, AAj HpesBuqafiHO cnocoÓHHtt h BQOjrai tfjraropoAHHfi... 
9to HecoMHbHHo!.. Ho oiei^i BOcnHTBBajrB ero f^cbojibbo csoeoC* 
pasHO... IIpoTOiTB, y nero Óujivl TOBapern^H, bbbi botb, nanpHM^prB, 
9T0TB BjaAHCJiaBi... CHffB cTapoft cjysaHBR, BOTopafl Tose 6ujia 
HflHet GeBepHHu... 9to yAHBHrejiBHO, sto hohth HenpaBAonoAOÓHO, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



88 B^CTHHKl EBPOnU. 

HO dTH gens de rien hmíjih he GesepEHy rpoMaxHoe 0, Haxo esa- 
8aTb| BpaiHe nenajbHoe BJÍflHie... 

Ma^aiTB Bpo»eBi 8a6iua o BORerjiHBoft yjm6]B&, o vjíB&Kaxbj 
a noflBHBmiflCfl na jihi^ ocrptifl yjEiÓSH CBHX^TejBCTBOBajiH, hto ona 
HCBpeHHO HeHaBHA'6jia dTEXx gens de rien. Jl^a h no npasx^ csasaTB, 
y Hea Óujiu cepsesHiifl na dro npE^HAu! Mojioxas ^'bByinBa, Ge- 
BepHÉa, KOTopyH) nocTHrnrífl HecqacTBE b% paHHÍe ro^u shshe pas- 
crpoEAK coBepmeHHOy 6ujia npeAMeroM^b 6opb6£i ;^Byx'B dTExi a;eH* 
mfiwhy H Bi dToft 6opBG£ OAepsajia nojinyH) nofi^xy xoporafl haha 
Eorycfl na^i lerei JleoHTHHBOH). BojBHyio ^HSE^ecsH, ytiirryi) ro* 
peiťL MOJiOAyH) A^ByniBy EsmaHeHi^a a^ena xoT&ia jiohiitb h yvb- 
maiB — SAeMOiTB. Ona yroBapEsajia GeBepirHy nocBop^ or^aTb b^b 
apeHAy KpacoBHi^u, yixaTB sa rpaniniy, noeejiHTBCfl fb ($oiBinoirB 
ropoxi), acHTB vb ce^tI, bi soTopoMx ona — lera JleoHTHHBa — Ciua 
6u ez yrore^HHiteK) h pyKOBOAHTejBHHiteH). Ona b^ab crapme Ge- 
BepHBH (neMHoro, BOHe^HO, crapme!), ssajia cbítb (h BaB^Bl), a no- 
TOMy pojib yqerejiBBHi^i ona 6u HcnojiHHJla npeBpacno, OTnjia^H- 
Baa TaBHiTB oÓpasoMi poACTBenniiDt^ sa BEHManie^ eft OBasannoe 
ceMBeH) GeBepEHu. Ona — o&h ^toitb cji^AOBaio AoraxaiBCA — laByio 
pojiB HcnojTHHJia 6u Ch Bera^aftmnirB yAOBOJiBCTBieMi. J^si ÓapnniHH 
TaBoro npoHCxoaBAeeia, bbbi GesepEna, oÓJiaxaion^efi TaBoiii hm-í- 
flieiTB H TaROK) BpacoTOH), aro h 6uji% exHHCTBeHHiifi nyTB, Be^y* 
íBf& B^B xejaHHoft i^^H. no npaBAŠ CBasaTB, GeBopnaa HHBaBoro 
BJie^enifl ne HcnuTUBajia HMenno bi aiOMy nyre, no co BpeMenem 
ona corjiacHjacB 6u HsÓpaxB btotb nyrB, ec^uóu ne BjmiHie aroft... 
í)Toft... „6a6H*!... 

^.ifl Toro, ^To6u hs^b ycrB aroft poACTBennoft uwb AyniH Morjo 
BufiTH TaBoe CJIOBO, BaBi 6a6a, hooÓxoahmo 6ujio Bpaftnee pasxpasse- 
HÍe, H 9T0 pasApasenie 6ujo paBHO nopajseniH), BaBoe Hcncrraja lera 
JleoHTHHBa, fijiaroAapa BMimaiejiBCTBy aroft 6a6u. dxa-TO 6a6a h 
ecTB eASHCTBennafl BHHOBHHi(a xoro neseiaTejiBHaro ^aBia, tto lera 
JleoHTHHa ne BepeyjiacB yaci Óojiše bi dxeifB h AOJisna Óma ny- 
HHTB HeciacrnyH) „JÍiohík) hsi JlaMepiiypa" vh nycmni... Ba6a iieasAy 
Tbyn> HH na oxny ceByn^y ne ocraBJfljia GeBepHHH, a TaBi BaBx 
6a6a axa 6£ijia npocraji BpecTBflnsa, to, naxo AyMaxB, ona nocpeA-- 
CTBOifB pa8HBX'B niTyB^B H AOÓHjacB tOfo, ^to CByii^a — ecJiH ne 
yT^niHTB, TO no Bpaftneft iiipi ycnoBOHTB cboh) BOcnETannii^y. Kro 
ETh snaerB, na tto cnocoÓHu sth BpecTBflncBiii 6a6u\ Kor^a, nocjš 
CMepTH 6paTa, GesepEna ne Mor^a cnaTB no it&iiiMi HonaifB, 6a($a 
yÓaioBEBajia ee na pyBaxi, BaBi MajieHBBaro pe6eHBa, e n&ra et 
t£ se neqajibnHfl nicHE, BaBEME ycanjiEJia ee vh x^tctbí. Rorxa 
ee yT^maja tote JleoHTEHBa Tbvhj qTO y hoh ÓojBmoe cocroEnie, 



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AHSAPRA. 89 

CeBepHHa xsaTajacB pyBaMH sa raiOBj h Kpnqajia: „Ha hto se 
MfA 3T0 cocTOflHÍe? %o 2Be JI ci HHifb cjH^LiaK)?.. A^aiTB noTe- 
pan Bce, xase sbshb, a a ^ojusna xenepB noAsoBaTBOs ero 60- 
TaieTBOifb?!''... SoHe^HUMi pesyjiBTaTOifi o6ii](eHÍfl cb 6a6ofi 6blio 
TO, wro vh oxHO npeBpacHoe yrpo CenepEHa oCiflBua Maxam Jle- 
OHTHHŠ: ^KpacoBHi^u — He MOfl co6cTBeHHOCTB; 8T0 HM^nie npHHaxJe- 
2ffrB A^aify. ^oxo^h cb aroro HM'lHÍfl a 6yAy ynorpeÓJiflTB aíia ce<$fl 
TOJBBO Bx 'pa8irlpax'B RpaSeeft Heo6xoAHMOCTH, — Bce ocraJiBHoe ot- 
fjBM% TOMy, TTb eMy ÓHJio Aopose Bcero na cvbA. Jíjx% MOsex^B 
flepeacHTB t&io. ^yxi A^aMa srtb 8A'í^cb (Sy^eTB EMeHHO noxoMy, 
wso fl 6jXY A&iaTB JHmB to, qib xbjíM!h 6u owb cam, ocjihÓs 
2H£B q)exH Haci''. 

— Simple comme bonjour, ne npaBxa jih?.. Ob aioro Bpe- 
Mera OHa ÓesBBrisxHO chahtb bi EpacoBHi](ax'B, h boti siinHcaia 
€K)Aa TOBapen^a h Apyra CBoero tfpaia, cb KOTopuMi obe babooitb 
ByxyMiiBaioTB e EcnojiHflK)!^ BCOBOSMOSEHe luaHBi. Cflaqaja si 
Jtyiiajia, tto 8to npotAen, — o^HaBO, wbrb; la foi ident en 
príant: cHaqajia ona A^ajia Bce ajia Ayxa Axaiia, a sari^i y sefl 

<»MOĚ EBEIECB TaRÍfl npEBElHBE E SeJTaHÍfl, HTO SI 60K)CB, 60K)CB 

cepBesHO... 

3íi,ich MOfl coCeci^HEita Maxeyjia pysoH), e na ea Mopn^flHE- 
CTOMB jiBi^ EBEJiocB B£ipaseHÍe OT^aflEífl. S. Ee cnpamEBajii, nrh 
EMeEHO nyraoTB ee. BonpocB dxorB 6bui ESJíEniEEMib, noTOMy ^to 
s sflajTB npE^EBy es Ecnyra. IIpesA^ Bcero osa CoajiacB loro, hto 
HHBorAa FB aBESEE ofla Ee BBríbxen sa npeA^u emíeíe CeBepEEu, 
wm ÓoraTaa 6apiimBfl Bsift^erB BBMyjBi sa ^eiOB^Ba, BOTopaft, e no 
posAeBiiD, E no ÓoraTCTBy, ho 6uji'b 6u eft napa. Bo Bce Bpeiia 
aroro x^iHEEaro pascBasa meoid nooiepexno OBjaAiteajiE ABa qyBcrsa: 
HyBCTBO combíbíji e BBBoe-TO MEJioe, saAymeBEoe qyBCTBO, xaBi 

TFO fl CaiTB se SEaJTB, BOTOpOe ESI EEXX CEJBBte. Cl OAEOfi CTO- 

POBH, E noHEMajii MyBCTBO, BaBEM^ pyBOBOAEiacB CesepEfla, bo cb 
^pyroft — fl HEBaBx ne mopb noESTB, sanim eft nosaAOÓEJiocB jhe^ho 
^AETB B% ropoA^ no A^y BaBoft-TO JvaBBE AJiE BpecTBflE^... Focno* 
XEEi EorypcBift mopb 6Uj Basexofl, oabei BCiOAy ^ahib e bsetb 
fla ce6E BCK) nposy dxoft noasÍE! Ho, seaeo, Taaofi jaBi y nefl 
;(&rreiBHiift xapaBiepi. Otb Moeft co6ec6ABEi^u e ysBajTB, hto 
CesepEHa jieheo npEBEHaJia ynacTÍe bo BceMi, nrb tojibbo a^- 
msocB vb KpacoBEi^axi bo eme ÁAana, cb i^&ibh) yBiBOB-bnenifl 
ero naifflTE. H laBB osa npEEEMajia y^acríe bi aAMEBECTpai9E, 
pa3x'l3sajia no nojiEirB e jrlcam, Beiia beefe, MEpEJia, jenEja e 
npocB&n^ajia OKpecTEHxi^ SETeieft e crapajiacB bcíme CEjaME o6;ier- 
WTB Bxi TpyAOByH) aBSBB. KoFAa ate y nea ne fíujio piniBTejiBBO 



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90 B^CTEHITB EBPOnU. 

HHBaKofi paÓOTQ, CeBepena OTnpaojifljacb vb ca^i h co6cTBeHHO* 
py^HO cbanA h caxHJia BceeosMOSHUfl TpaBU b pacremfl. 3to óujuh 
TpyAOBue efl nacu, nocpexcrBOirb RoropurB ona crapaiacb sapaóo- 
TaTb ce&k wbcKO^hM nacoBx jua Tremfl h MysuBH, Boioptui cocras* 
jifljiH yse nojHyio ea coÓCTBeHHOcrb. ^tó e roBopiiTB, npeRpacHoe 
npenpoBoacAeHÍe BpeiieHH; ti^w jromB bi toitb, tto co speireneirE 

01^ TaBHX'L SaHATÍft He TOJbRO HCnOpTflTCfl pyHRH, HO QT^lňuOTB 

uosn H HepBu... 

Si BsrjiflHyjii KB OBHO H Ha &bjioi CHŠroBofi CBaTepTH jhnjíflwb 
caHH, B% BOToptixi CBjsjbjío jifioe. &b oxHO MrHOBeme a o^yroica y 
OBHa, a Ma^aiTB JleoHTHHa cetnaci se BCRO^HJia h, noxiipurnBafl, 

BUdbmájlB, EBl BOMHaTfil, Cl I^BH) OpEKasaTb BCŮITL, "ITO^U HERTO 

He CMiurB AOBJía^uBaTB CeBepEfli, hto e npi&cajTB. MaxairB JleoH- 
THHa xoi*&j[a CA&iaxB CeBepEE^ EcosE^asHce y^OBOJBCTBÍe. Xors 
8T0 HaM'6peflie e 6ujio hšckojibbo HeyiiifccTHO, ho e HEnero ne moitb 
CBasaTL yse noTOMy, ^ro JleoHTEHa pa^a Óiura oiyHax) noRasaTBCE 
MOjioasaBOK), osEBJíeBHOK), a TaBase e noroMy, ^to 8to nosBOiEJio 
uBfk no3AopoBaTBCfl ci CeBepEEOH) Óesi cBEA^iejiefi. 

Ha oómflpHOMi opocrpaECTB^, nospiiTOMi A6peBBfliifl totoo no 
opflPEHajiBHOMy pEcyHBy, ht6 npEAaBajio eny Bnxh ysopuiaro KOBpa, 
He(oJiBniifl, RpacEBEia caHH, sanpaseHHHE b^b oxny lomaxB^ ora- 
6afl RJiyM6ii e rpynnu ;(epeBBeBi e nouEHyTHO npanacB sa hhx*b, 
noA^B^sajE Bx Aoify. SI saM^TEJTB, hto GeBepsna npaBEJia JomaAbR) 
npesBuqafiHO JiOBRO. Osa o^ohb .iobro noA^£xajia e ri RpiuiBi^y^ 
ocraHOBEia Jioma^B e nepe^ajia bosse cBoeMy cnyrHERy, Roropcift 

CEA^l pEAOlfB CB HeiO. SI JEHIB TenepB SailiTEJIl, 9T0 Ha Heft 

0A'6Ta Óiua Ta se caMaa HHsepHeHBRafl myÓRa, RoropyH) a tslkj^ 
xopomo danoMHEiii. En^e MEsyra — e CeBepsna, BstiisaB^B na RpHJB- 
I^O, a HOTOlfB Vh C^HEy HOSBaJia CBOElťB HpeRpacHHMx rojocoiTB: 

— Boryca! Boryca! 

Ho na 9T0TI sob^b herto ne OTB^qajrB... Hocrt n^ROToparo 
HOJE^ama noxi he3Reme CBOxaME craparo Aona B^pyn pas^ajHCb 
csoBa xopomo sHaROMOt ueí h^che: 

Pocia KajiEHa cl oihpoehmh iectbamh, 
HaA'b rojiyÓiJifB vb licy. . . 

H CHOBa HacryHEJia TEmEHa, ho BCROp^ nicna BOsoÓEOBEJiacB: 

.... pocia OHa pyHBeMi, 

MeiKífi AOXAHKi HHJia, pocy coÓHpaia, 

Blb MaftcROM'b cojHumRt iHCTBfl Rynajia... 

IIpeRpacEol HpejiecTHo!.. E xortjii pyROoiecRaTB híbbi^. 
RaRaa HEcrora e RaROt mflpoRii tohi! B% roaoci ea SBy^aia 



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AHBAPRA. 91 

newib, ÓesnpeA^BHafl, rjyóosafl ne^ajib... Ho dTo Ctua cosep- 
meHHO Apyraa nenanB, i^mi Ta, Boropyio nsi-noAx najibiteffb na^aairb 
JleoHTHHu nšjia Jbanifl hbii Jlanepiiypal.. ď 6ujn> pacrporaHi, n 
JOB&n BasABfi 3ByK'B arot nšcHH, ÓOflJiCfl ;(uniaTb, qrotfu ne Hcny- 
nib iribai^ii, a OHa npoAOJisaJia: 

BiTepii Hecaix ea boiocu. . . 

Il!lcHfl pasAasajiacB xenepb bi He3HaB0Mux'b mbí BOMHaTax'b 
craparo Aona, b to yxajifliíacb, to npnÓJiHsajiacb bo mh'í: 

A rjrasa nujia EanjiflMH pocu... 
HaSOHei^X, B'b ($ď[H3B0M'b paSCTOflHÍH, Sa BaK0D-T0 ABepbH), BO- 

TqMUi saxjLonHyjiacb, nicHfl saiiepjia... Bt^Bopi Ha rojiy6oifb ^wb 
crapux^b nosojioqeHBbixi o6oeBi 2 yBHA^^rb moh) BpacaBeqy... B^b 
oxHO MFHOBeHbe fl ÓujTi yase obojio nea, i^^OBajrb ea xojoahua 
pyBH, crapajicfl TJisLKbth hT> ea npeBpacHue rjlasa... Mu o6a moj- 
HajB... UocjA H^BOJibBHX^b CGKjE ji^^h TaBoro MOJHajinBaro npes^T- 
CŤBui, CeBepHHa, HaBOHeii'b, cnpocHJia texhitl, e^sa cjuimHuirb rojio- 
eoMi, noxosHirb na TMHCTBeHHEift monoT^b: 

— Bh, Byaeffb?.. saícb!.. KaRX?.. Kor^a? 

A B^ He OTBŽ^afl eft aa Bonpocb, H-lcBOJibBO ÓescsasHO roBopHJi 
0^ efl 6'bTcmbj o tomi, tto bto o^enb h onenb Hexopomo 
HBiflTbCfl npB^HHOH) HysBoro HeciacTbfl; hto ecrb se na cdfbrb 
napoBOSHy sejiisHEifl Aoporn, HCBpeHHÍfl xejaHÍa h Eeno&bjífimLSi 
Bojfl, BOTopue KhMSiX>rb to, ^to pascrosHia HC^esaion — h botb 
a ZKbehj fl CHOBa ee BHsy h npomy Jtsímb 061 oahomi, htoÓu 
OHa, 6e8% cjiiffimsi h cyAa, ne sacTaBJua nesa cefi^acrb y^tesaTb 
i&h ei AOMa H H81 — nycTHHB! 

CeBepHHa B^b sto spěna yse ycnoBOBJíacb b ch yjuÓBOH) oiBiTHJia: 

— HcBpeHHO npBBÍTCTByH) Bacb, ByseHi, — bx nycTunii! 

H OHa noBeja Měna bx erojiy, obojh) BOToparo pascTaBJíeHEi 
6uxa CTapBHHse Taasejine CTyjiba. 

— PasBŮ a He Óiua npasa, Byseni,— CBasajia ona, — hto bh- 
MOK) xoiťb aroTb CTOHrb to^ho bi aje(SacTpOBOiix phísaí^? 

— Fh^AO bto — HacToan^ifi cohi cÍBepnaro no8Ta! — bocbibr- 
Bjn a. — En^e sa MBHyTy ao Hamei BCTpÉHB a cjiEimajrb SA^b 
nicHH), HyxHyH) lAciiJO cojiOBba... 

GeBepHHa onycTBJía rjiasa. 

— ^Ti> ate nijrb 9T0Tb cojiOBefi?... Moacerb 6HTb, „^y-Ay*?... 
Mh Bce en^e yjiu6ajiBCb, cana ne snaa, htí) b o neirb ($oa* 

Taewb; a npeAyraAUBajii, hto vl noefi coÓedbjsMnuib npoHCxoABTx 
(opbfia HecoBpymHMOft bojb ch HyscTBOirb, i^OTopoe, diaroAapa ne- 
osHxaHHHifb o(5cToaTejibCTBaMi, xo^BBajíOCb CBOBx^B npasx. 



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92 BftCTHincb EBPomi. 

— KoHpax^B JíoBHMHpcKÍi H ero sena, — eanajii a, — Beji&fH 
nepexETB beitb hoksohi.* 

— Bh 6émh Bi MepoB^, KyseHx?— nepecnpocMa ona. 

no Bcei B^poflTHOCTH, eft noRasajiocb, hto ujbjshjo Moero nyre* 
mecTBin ÓajTh MapoBi, a Kb eeft a ABHJicfl JiEnib sa t6mi, ^to 
dToro Tpeóyers dTHRerb. <S ^ora^ajicfl, hto TaRaa HMeHHO mhcjs 
noc^TUJia rojiOBsy iioefi sysHHU, h uoaAmEJi^ AoCaBHTb: 

— Si ssiíssRSJí^h KB MepoBi BMeHHO sa t£m'b, qTo6&i ysHaxb 
Aopory vh KpacoBHi](H... 

PaAOCTB, HenoAA^BHafl, ncKpeHHfla pa^ocTB na oaho MFHOBenBe 
BcnuxByjia na ea jihi^, sarop&iacB b% en rjrasaxi, ho jihiub aa 
o;^H0 MFHOBeHBe, noTOiiy ^to cefinaoB se na 8tomi canoirB seb^ 
SI npcHOJii ofixasmift ee y2sacB, totb ysaci, totb ncnyn, boto- 
psft B036yAHJio b^b Heft Moe HeosHA&HHoe noasjíeHie vb ea xoirib. 

— Bx MHpoBŠ, Kaaterca, jiobb.6wiií o Aoport, Koropaa Bexen 
vh EpacoBHi^ii,— CRasajna ona. — Mu ne nocšn^aeiTB Apyr'B Apyra... 

— JI|0HHMnpCBÍe B^AB BaniH ($JIHdRÍe pOACTBeHHHBE, RysHHa, — 

OTB^THJIX a: — H, HaCBOJIBBO MH^ HSB^CTHO, He OHH Wb TOITB BH- 
HOBaTBI... 

Bb BTy MHHyry a yBHA&i'B Tasyio opnreHaiBHyio h npeBpacHyio 
BapiHHy, HTO, ne obohhhbi xase ea^aiaro npeA^oaseHÍa, yMOJK*B. 

hb BOMflart CMeSHOft CB TOK), Wb BOIOpofi MU HaXOXHJHCB, a ysH- 

ji(&rb Tasia cyn^ecTBa, BaBÍa Bcrp^naiOTca pasB^ kb npeiamax^B. 3to 
6uxa crapHB^B h crapyxa, ho xasíe, oahh^ bha'b Boropux^B hpbboahjtb 
Ha nanaTB A^aMa h Esy, $HJieMOHa h BaBBHAy, Ilacra h Pse- 
oHxy. Oh'b Óujtb BucoRaro pocra, xyAo^aBuft, vb qepHOH'B njíaTL']^, 
CB H'£BrB-TO Wb pojijb BpacHoft jieHToqBH vb neTj[Hi](4, cb p^akhmh 
&kjiuME BoaocaMH H ocaHBOK) cojiAaTa; ona, pocroiťB snaqHrejiBHo 
HHse ero, Tose wb ^lepnoMi niaTB-i, Toise cb c^a^mh BOJOcana 
Ha H^BOJiBBo HaBJOHeHHoft tojobí. Ohi h ona, dra Heq)aBHeHHafl 
napa, noAAepsHBajH BsaeííHo Apyn Apyra. IIo hxi hoxoab^ Jier- 
BO MOSHO 6ujio AoraAaTEca, ^to crapaBi Cbutb cjAuoř, a ero 
cnyTHHi^a Bejia ero, ho caiia Óujia o^eHB cjia(5a, hoťtu Óescajih- 
naa, h owb noAAepsBBaji'B ee... RaBaa HeosHAannaa, BaBaa opa- 
FHHajiBHaa BapiHHa! Bnpo^eirB, a Tor^acB BcnoMHHrb, tto y Ce- 
BepHHBi 6ujiH A^AymRa h 6a6yniRa. 

— y Te6a, CeBepHHa, roBopara, eciB toctb, aBHBmíftca CBO^a 
H3i AaJiBHHxi crpani? — cnpocHJTB crapHRi thxhmi h npesBinafiBo 
npíaTHBiirB rojocoMi. Si ÓuJii^ BcerAa Rpaftne BnenaTJiHTejieHi na 
8ByR% HeJiOB^HecRaro rojioca, a wb axoft ceMB^ Bct roBopHJKH RaB'B-To 
ocoÓeHHO npiaTHO. 

— ;i;a,Aa,A*AymRa. 



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AHKAPSA. 93 

Docit BsaHHHOfi peBOMeHAai^iH u nosaiifl pysH, KOTopaa hí^bo* 
Topoe Bpeiffl diysAAJia bi npocrpaHCTBi pasBine ^Aitb BcrpbTH- 
lacB n Moeft pysoio, rjiasa Axana 3ApoioBCRaro, yxHBirresBHO hh- 
enie, roiyCue rjasa, CjiyasAMH bi npocrpaHCTBi h, cyAfl no Mop- 
QtiHaiťE Ha Ji6j H n^eBaxx, oh^b o leirB-TO xy^arB. Bbaho tfiuo^ 
nt) crapHBiB BcnoMHHaerb ?to*to — h HaRoneiti BcnoMHHJii: 

— rpaHOBCBÍfi... TpaHOBCuft!.. Kaní se!.. IIomhh)... npeBpacHO 
noMHK)... Bx TpexBeu^ ahbhsíohí BaBajiepifi... bx sopnyci renepaia 
MacceHH... 

& cpasy noHfljrB, qfo A'ÍAyniBa oniHficfl, e nocnibmEjn xo6aBHTB: 

— ^BOK)poxHHfi Mofi x^xyinKa cjysHJii B% Bopnyci reflepajia 
MacceHH... 

— ^4;íyniKa?— cnpocMi oh-b— A He bh? 

— rocnoAHHi FpaHOBCBifi, jéíymKa, — CBasana GeBepnHa, — 
Tba BpeneHi h Tbx'b jno^eft ee noMHETB!.. 

CSrapHBi BunpflMHJiCfl. 

— He noMHHTb! — noBTopaji^B A^AyniBa. — Ha^iB! o^chb sajbt 
EMhj TTo Bs Hxi He HOMHATe, T^xi BpeMeHx... 3to 6ujio Bpena... 
Bpeiffl... Fopflqee BpeMfl... ^a!.. ^a, xorAa Óhjh CoraxiipH, repoH... 

OrpaHHafl mucsb — xpeÓOBaTB otl neHA, ^^o6u a saJi&rB, ^ro )i 
He A^AymRa caMi ce6^! Ho, necMOipa na bck) crpaHHOCTB aroft 
MycjH, fl opeKiOHEJii rojiOBy nepeA'B CTapi^eM'B, Boropuft npoBejii 
MOiOAOCTB cpeAH repoeBi. 

— CnacwHBH noKOJiinia, — cKaaaai a, — KOTopHMi 6ímo cy- 
s^eno cbflTk no seujň repoficRÍe noABHrfl! 

Ho eABa a ycn'£ji'B npoB3HecTH ste ciOBa, BaBi bo mhí asE^aoB 
coBciiTB xpyrafl meicjib: 

,EcjiH($ti lOsio EJiE JleoHi, oco6eHHO se Bcer^a Becejnaa ]í,mb, 
MH Ma^aiTB OKTaBÍfl — ycflHmajiH, qxí) a CRasajt!?**... 

— He AyMaflTe... nira^.. — BOspasajrB crapHBx, — hto mu rona- 
JBCB TOJiLBo sa cjiaBOK)... H^Tx... H ciaBa — Ben^B npeRpacnaa... 
HO ecTB Ben^B ropas^o Jty^nie... ropas^o RpacRB'ie... V naci 6ujia... 
W, 6ajia — EAea! 

BoTB EHTepecHo! — HOAyMajiB a npo ce6a: — RaRaa se 9to y 
HHTb 6iiJia EAea? HoAnnHETB ce6i Bce e bcIxi? Ho bíiab laRaa 
Hxea bo BcaRyH) anoxy BM%eT'B EspaAHoe ROJiEnecTBO jiroÓBrejieft- 

OXOTHBROBl! 

EABa ycn^i a aio noAyMaiB, RaR^B Bonua naAaMi EposeRi, 
oxferaa noHapaAH^e, n, bsbbx eoa^b pyRy GeBepBHy, BuniJia Ch neio 
vh cocŠAHioK) ROMHaiy, vjiíb HTO*TO ropaqo efi nponoBŽAOBajia eje 
vh qeM'B-TO ee yGisAaia. CesepEHa ne corjiamajacB n neio, nib 
BHABO ÓHJio no ABBseHÍaMX ea rojiOBU. Mesa Rpafine saBHxepeco- 



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94 racTHHBrb ebpoiui. 

BOJTE npexMen aroro cnopa, ho a hhbebi ne uon bhíth bi 
CMesHyn soMBaTy: BOieft-HeBOJieft a ffijoíewh Óush (5ec£xoBaTB oo 
crapmcaMH, a BŠpffie ch oahhm^ tojibko crapneoirE, noroify im 
tia^ymBa ne npoHdHecia bh o;^^o^o cioBa. OiapHKi cefivaci se 
nocrapajicfl b% BpaTBHxx eiosax^B o(hflCBBTb mb^ vh nem cocio- 
HTB ^BejtBsaa H^ea^, Koropyio obi b ero roBapBB^B B&Korxa pas- 
BOCHiH fln „CBBBiteBBofi^ $paBipB HO (S^jy CB^Ty. 

Bxpyrb crapBBi cbpocbjtb: 

— Bti 6uBajH BO $paBiuB? 

H Ba mník ero noBaBajiocb sapeBO, Boropoe, Basaioes, bomo* 
jOffEuo ero Ba bícbojibko xeoiTBOffB Jiin!.. ňo^reBBiii crapei^^B!.. 
& OBacajcfl JiBmB, — k la longue, Be Ba^obcrb jib obi^ mbš... 



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m> COPOÍK-B POjI,MGa 

POMAHl, 004. ^P. lUnHlBrirBEÁ. 



— SomBimgskmd, Roman in sechs BOchern, ▼. Fr. Spielhagen. Berlin, 1898. 



KHHrA TPETbfl *). 

I. 

nocjr]^ Bcero HcnuTaHearo IOctomi, oh'b enajrB bi npoAOJiSH- 
TeAHnfi ÓpeAiy oaiaA'ÍBQiift HifB em^e bito BpeMfl, saB^B ohi 6^* 
san no jr6cy h JHinb aa MorB ycTynHBmift utox) crpamHOuy co- 
3HaHÍ]D, npH BHA^ xpyna on^a. BesyMHUfl rpesu o6;ieRaiíHCB bx 
Tasu ysacaionUfl $opMsr, h oh^b yirlji'B sxi xaRi shbo H3o6paauiTB| 
fio y ;(0($paro naxepa m^OHHajjiEi bojocu noAHHMajHCB auCSomi 
noA> 6apxaTHot epMOJiRofi, nesAy tími Raxi crapeKi xoKTopi 
MaiBTycB OTHOCHJicfl Bo Bceiiy axoHy BOBce ne TaB'B TpaniHHO. 
— Bce BTO npoHcxoAHrB bi c4>ep4 fiescosHaTejiBHaro, — roBO- 

pMB OffB; — TO-eCTB, XaMl, TA* HeJIOBÍBl, COHHHfliOII^ifi BCt 9TH 

yzacB, TaBi ase Majio npBHHMaerB hxi na ce5fl, saKi spaiejiH 
SI learpi npEHmiaiOTB na ce6fl y6ificTB0 h CMeprejiBHue y^apu, xora 
I npaiEBaiorB caHTHMeHxajiBHBifl cjcbet HaA'B hhmh. Ohi saCy^erB 
lecB 8T0TB ($e3yMHn& BSAopi, BaKx TOJiBRO onoMHHTCfl. Tor^a Ha- 
«ei€fl HacTOiiiiiee ropě ajia G^AHArn! Ecjh ohi h BcnoMHHTB^ hto 

XUCTBHTeJIBHO BHA'ÍjrB OTI^a MepTBtllTB, — a fl AyMaH), ^TO OHI 9T0 
BCnOMHBTB, TaB^B BaR'B HOCTOflHHO rOBOpSTl O HeMl BaB'B 06l yHOp- 



^ Cm. Miflie: 4^Bpai&, crp. 621. 



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96 6!bOTHHKl EBPOnU. 

meMi, — TO CMepTb iiaTepH Bce-se ÓyxerB js^si Bíero crpamHuirb 
y^apoMi. jOJ^jfl caMoft G^ahaske 8to, KOHe^Ho, 61110 H86aBjieHÍeirb; 
Óojiimh cepAi^a TaRi chjbho pasBOJiacB vh eeft bi noanixnee BpeMH, 
HTO ocTaTOK'B efl aH3HH, ecjiH($u OHa npoAJiHJiacB/ npespaiejicfl Cu 
vh oflflY cnjiomHyK) iiyKy. Ho IOctb hc iroserb se nocMOip^TB 
Ha aTO co6uTÍe Ch lasot tohrk spieui, h BaifB npe^ercfl, Bame 
npenoAo6ie, BaRi» mosho AOJbme ocraBJíaTb ero bi HeB^A^HÍE na 
BTora CTOTB. H HTí) a eme xotíjix cnpocHTB BacB — xora bto, 
co6cTBeHHO roBopfl, jsfi iieHfl ne othochtca, ho h crapuĚ MeAHK'^ 
Bce sé Moserb coxpaHHTB qacTH^Ry AOÓparoHyBCTBa, h moha xpo- 
raerE cyAB6a aToro 6tAHaro H)HOinH; — BaR'B bbi xpf&ere: ero otao- 
meflúi K'B rpa^CBOfi $aHHJiÍH He nocrpaAaiorB on diofi ysacHoft 
HCTopia? 

ilaiepi m^OH^ajEJia, nonecasi sa yxoiii, OTB^naJii: 

— ^a, Aa, HCTopifl y2sacHafly h a en^e ne biiojihí noHHMaio^ 
Bi HeMi A^jso. MojiOAoft rpa^i cosnajicfl, tto y hhx^b npoHsomeji^B 
cnop% Hsi-sa nycTflsa h Ronisjícfl noTacoBROft. Owh yTBepsRAaeirB 
xaRse, HTO y lOcra RpoBb nomiia hsi Hocy, a nsTHa b% ROMHai^ 
AORasHBaiorB, hto RpoBb 6ujia npojnaxa... Ho ohi pimiiTejiBHO 
oipni^aeri, hto6u paHEi lOcra npoHSomjEH otb yAapa^ ROiopuft óh^ 
naHecB eMy ocrpiufB HHcrpyMeHTOMi... 

— 3to a Mory noATBepAHTB na cyA* hoa^b npHCflrofi, — ne- 
pe(5HjrB AORTopi. 

— OmHÓaTBCfl CBofiCTBeHHO JiOAaMX, — CRasajix naTepx, — h a 
6u sejiajii, nroóu bei omnÓajiHCB Ha stotb c^en, h IOctl nopaHHj^B 
6u ce6ii Wh Jiicjj HaTRHyBrnncB na A^peBO hjb Ha 0CTpBi& cyBi. 
B'B Jišcy B^AB 611J10 OHOHB TeMHO. B'B xaROMi cjyqa'i Bce Mosers 
yjiaAHTBCfl. C'B rpa^CRofi croponu^ uwb Rasexcfl; BHRasuBaiOTB noji- 

HyH) rOTOBHOCTB. Bo BCflROlTB CJy^ai, — npHHHMafl BO BHHMaHÍe H3- 

B-icTHyK) dROHOMÍH) rpa^a, — BupaasaiocB no-xpHcriaHCRH RaRi^ mosho 
Mflrqe, — yišniHTeJiBHO, qro rpa^i npHHfljix na ce6fl ne tojibro bc^ 
pacxoAu no norpe6eHÍH), eo A&^e oG£n^aji'B sanjiaTHTB asAepsRH, 
npHHHHeHHua 6ojiÍ3Bhv> lOcra. SI snaio xaRse, hto mojoaoS rpa^'B 

nOJyHHJTB CHJBHQfi BUFOBOpi Sa TO, HTO HO HOAHflJIl TpOBOFH TOT^aC^B 

se, a AORTopi Mnjuepx lyTB ne jiHniHJíCfl uicm orroro, hto 
AonycTHJi AaiTB yixaTB na Apyroe yTpo, He AOseAa AO hxi cbíao- 
Hifl o cjiy^HBmeMca. Kone^no, o BOBBpan^emH bx sšjior^b namero 
MHJiaro iDHomH bi hhcbmí rpa^a ne ynoMHHaeTCJi. Bhtb MOseTx, 
owb cwTaerB, hto 8to caifo co6o& pasyu^eTCfl; (Shitb mosotb, ohx 
AynaerB, ito CJÍAyerB npeAOcraBHTB lOcry p-íoihtb: xo^iotb jih 
OHI, uocjii HaHeceHHOfi eny o6ha£i, BopnyrBca bi s&mori. SL Aynaio, 
ohb saxoHCTi TO, TCro OHa saxoierB. 



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BX COPOHE^ ?OJÍfiJlCň. 97 

— Kto? 

— Mofl H3a($ejLia. 

— Hy, a ona wib roBopHT'B? 

naiepx onflTb no^ecaJTB y ce6fl sa yxoiii. 

— He Bcería JierKO noHaxB, Hero ona xo^evh h tcio ne xo- 
^en; OHa csa^ajia roBopejia: lOcry ne mšcto vl sáiiB^. SaiÍMi^ 
He 8HaH) noveny, ycrpoHJia Bce-iaRH laBi, hto ero npHrjiacHjiH, h 
saciasiijia ero iiphhatb npnrjianieHie. Bqepa owb necajii mhí... 

naxepi nopujicfl b<l sapnasj^ mia^poRa h, Buian^HBi OTryxa 
imebMO, pasBepHyjTb ero Aposan^BMH pynaMH. 

— BoTx! „CKaatH TexyinK* Ahh4, mro bx mocitb komoa***... — 
H^, 9T0 He TO — botl: „psasH lOcry, saE^ tojbko oh^b npH- 
AerB vb ceófi, tto ero 8A']^cb npeiiyrB mhjiocthbo, ecjra oh'b Bep- 
nercfl, a ecjra ne Bepneicfl, to Tose mhjiocthbo b% HeMy OTHecyTCfl. 
A fl AyMaiOy HTO AJUi Hero Jiyíme, ^toÓbi rx Heny 6hijai mhjiocthbii 
H3AaJIH, H^lfB sCjinsH''... — IIoHBMaeTe BBI, AORTOpi? 

— Fmx! — nporoBopHj^B AORTOprB, — jí,M lOHofl, HerupHaAi^aTHJife- 
HeĚ ABMU nHCBHO AOBOJiBHo saMucjiOBaToe. Ho OHa BcerAa sa^aBajia 
HaiTB saraARH. 

— ^a, Bory hbbíctho, — BSAOxnyjri naTépi, — ^rro ee hohatb 
ne jierRO. 

— Hy, SL emfi 06% btomi noAyMaio, — cRasajrB AORTopi, aohh- 
Bafl oeraTRH TORatcRaro hsi craRana. — Ob ^a^ieHTOM^ npoAOJsaxB 
Bce TO se, mrb h ao cbx% nopi. 3aBTpa a ohatb npi^Ay h na- 
;d^B, HTO 6peA^ ocjih&berh. Ysie h ceroAHfl TennepaTypa rkiSL 
noRasuBaeTB tojibro TpHAi^aiB-BOceMB h oflTB-AecflTuxx; noďb co- 
poRa CJiHmROifB, ^t6 a^eijocb it^yio HeA'i^:sK>, 9to nyciARH. Kpoiir6 
Toro, niRanHHRi cosnajicfl Biepa cyAeÓHOMy ci^AOBaTejiH) 6epT* 
pany, HTO owb ynacTBOBajii b% yÓifiCTB^ oii^a lOcra, bi ^em hh 

OAHHl pasyMHUft HeJIOB^Rl He COMHi^BaJICfl, paBHO RaRl H Bl TOITB, 
TTO HpaBCTBeHHHMl Sa^HH^HROMl npeCTynJieHÍfl flBJIfleTCfl M&hy ro- 

TopoMy ApHOjn>A'B cxaji^B Ó&ibmomx Ha rjiasy cb Tbx% nopi, RaR'B 
nepecraji npoHycRaTB ROHxpaQaHABCTOBi qepesi CBoft yiacroRi. 
Crónxx coo6niH]aROBi IIlRan^HR^ en^e ne HasBajTB. Ho, a Ay^aio, 
ero R% dTOMy npHHyAflTB. Ho uwbmx) EeprpaMa, hxi 6ujio no 
MeHBmeft uíbpb mecrepo; vh MenBmeBTB mucjrb ohh ne och&ihjihcb 
611 HanacTB na ApnojiBAa; Aa h TyrB, b^poatho, sanaHiajiH ero b'b 
sanaAHH). Xopomo en^e, ^to owl ycn^i biictp'6jihtb, h axo sacra- 
BHio BepHyTBCfl HasaA^ ero noHon^HHRa, ROToparo ohi nepasyMHO 
OTOCiajiTB AOMOfi. Ecih6h ne bto, to ohi npojieaiajii 6hi aojto b'b 
ňcy, npesAe ^^brB ero 611 naniJiH. 

CrapHKB-AORTopx ymejvb; nacropi IH^OHiajiJia ohatb sac^jTB vh 

Tom II.— Mipn, 1893. 7 



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98 MCTHHS'b EBPOmi. 

yrojTb AHBana sa nojyonoposHeHHofi 6yTfiLssoft BHHa. BojiBHOMy 
OHI ne ÓuAi^ HyseFB; Mapra ÁHxepcb yxasHBajia sa hhitb hocjA 
noiyAHfl, Rorxa oea Morja yfira ixarb xony. A na Mapry ÁHxepcB 

HOSHO 6UJÍ0 nOJOSHTbCfl. 

Ho v£h MorjH osHa^aiB saraxo^HKUi ciOBa HdaCejuu? F^yno 6hjio 
cb ero CTopoHH JionaTb HaA'B áHMH rojiOBy. Burb iiosen, oea xo- 
i&ia CBasaib, tto lOcry jiy^me ne BOSBpan^aTBCfl vh sáMOSi, a 
BificTO Toro npHHflTb AeHBni na nocxyiueHie vb rHMHasÍH) h daiiiTB 
Bi yHHBepcHTen, vb hoitb rpa^ ne mopl eMy OTBasaib. Ho 

TOJBRO A&CTB JIH Ppa^ dTH A^HEni? OvB CiaBHTCfl CBOet CBynOCTbD. 
fljBk H COrjaCHTCH JH rOpAUft lOCTL npHHHTB dTH AeHBrH? A eciH 

Bfbvby — qrb TorAa? Bory hsbj^ctho, hto ohb ci paAOCTBio b8jm'b 6u 
lOHomy ce($i BMto:o aina; ho y nero HHSorAa ne 6EiBaerB rpoma 
vh Bapnani; OTRyAa ohi sosBMen A^Hen? H a&s6 ecjiefiii y Hero 
<$iUH AeHBrH, Anna ne hosboihti HcrpaiHiB hxi na lOcra. 

IDyiTB vb KyxHŠ nepeÓHjrB ero pasHunuenúi: Anna ccopnjiacB 
CB CHA^Boft-nojiBKOt. Owb HOBa^an roiOBoft, npHueÓHyjTB hsi 
craBaHa, h CHOsa 8a6HJíCH vb yroix AHBana. 

YsacHaH acenniiHHa, ara Anna; hh o hoitb ona ho AyMaerB, 
BpoMii JBíH^Hoft BHFOAU. Ho OHI HHBorAa HO p^HiaiCH HpornaTB ee, 
cnanaja no Ao6poAyniÍR), a saiiiTB hsb crpaxa, ^ro ona BUAftCTB 
ero Hsaéejui. ^a ona ero h Btuaia. EsaCejia snaerB... snaerB 
TO, qero 6ii eft hh rb BaBoirB ciywb ne cji^AOBajio BHaxB! Botb 
flOHeiiy ona, tísiBajio, lasi cxpanno vjuLffiVb na Hero 6aiBniHMH, 
6oshmttME rjiaBaMH, h noneMy ona lamb lenco 6pocHia erol Ona — 
ero coBpoBHHie, haojtb! 

Hec^acTHHt ^ejiovbvb saBpujii jihi^o pysaiiH h rpoMBO npo* 
croHajTB. 

Ho BApyrB npHBCBOHHii H yAapHJTB ByjutBOiTB no CTOjy, xasi 
HTO AO BpaeB'B najiHToe bhho vb craBani npojHJiocB. 

— HycTB ona Henn 6pocHjia! & ne ctoh) HHqero jy^maro, a 
— ciaput, CHHBHiiftcfl, AypHOfi hojiobíbi! ho ecJH ona 6pocHrb 
Dera, xaBoro Ao6paro h ciaBnaro lOHomy h xaB^B HCBpeHHO eft 
npeAaHHaro, to Bon HanaserB ee sa 8to. A ona ÓpocHTB ero, h 
9T0 snas); ae ona yse h 6pocHia ero; ona tohbtch sa fijecBOirb 
H BeJHBodurieiťB, h bto ne iioserB hxi efi AOcraBHTB, toti — HyA 
B'B efl nasaxi. Atb! a Moefi Me^Tot 61110, hto6h a'6th hojhKÍhih 
ApyTB Apyra h crajH nyseHi h senofi. 9to 611 Hena BOsnarpaAiuo 
sa Bce, &<& qeny a H^BorAa crpeicHiCH h qero 6u aocthtb, ecjin 611 ne 
pacTpaTHjTB spa AftpoBamĚ, a^hhiixi mhí Fochoachi Bofohx: ciasH 
H necTH y^enaro, BapAHHajn>CBoft manBH h ABopi^^ rb Phmš cpexH 
diaroBOHHuxi anejiBCHHHuxi A^peBBesi h 6ocBeTOBi hsi i^Tya^ex^B 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



FB copo'^^ poAHJca, 99 

ojeaHApoBi H nHHÍB, vb tIhh BOTopiix'b aypHHTB ^firaei fb Óojih- 
movi MpanopnoMi 6accefiHÍ, a Bospyn nero RpacyiOTca ^mbu h 
hhm4»u. A&, Aft> OTB MeHfl nepenua kb Hefi jik)5obb rb Bpacoiti 
H no^tyiíaTB, wto a TyrB CHsy fb psaHOMi nua^poBi, eeifUTut 
H Henecamifi, fb aroB sajiBOfi ja^yacsi, oópocmefi rpasBio^ sa 

yÓOTHMl CTOIOITB, Ha ROTOpOHl TOlCTUfl, MepSldfl HyXH yiIHBaiDTCfl 

npojHTmrB bhhoitb... Ilonijut npo^, nepsRafl TsapB! 

OffB xoT^^ y^apoTB ciparo mnneHRa, npoÓHpaBinaroca nes^y 
MyxaMH, npOTeifB en OAHa hsi hoci^ahex^ hc nooieBeJiuacB. 

yisacB oxBaTiurB ero. Owb ycraBMCfl na ctojib, oax^ RoropuirB 
lenepB hochjihcb Ty^H HcnyraHHurB Myx'B, coÓBpaBmHxcfl CHOBa 
saÓpoeoTBCfl Ha npojiiiToe bhho. 
— Ecjth MiimH HORasBiBaiOTCfl yse títjiuifB xHeirB, to Miipa rpb* 

XOFB MOHX^B HCHOJHHJiaCB! 

Oh'b onjiTB npHsajTB pyRH vh rjiasaiťB h ropBRO sanjaRan o 
CBoeft HorHÓmeft sh3hh b o Toft, Roropyio ohb TaRB jnotfHJTB h ro* 
topafl TaR'B secTORO noRHHyjia ero, a TaRsie h o6b K)ct£; y lOcra 
ne 6klio lenepB HHRoro na BceirB &biowh cvbvby KpaiA ero, no* 
tepflHHaro HeiOB^Ra, ROTopoMy yse npe csikrb xha Hepea^aTca 
oyraia hov. 



n. 

OrapHRfB-AORTOpi^ 6un npaBx: na cj$xyH)iiiifi x^hb TeMnepa- 
Typa y ero naipenra cpasy ynaja. IIpome^TB en^e xenB, h nyjiBCB 
cian Tose HOpnajiBHuiťB. Upo6jiecRH cosHamfl cmíhejhicb noíHiuťB 
eosEameiťB h tojbro ocraBajiacB tfoiBrnaa ciatfociB: sa BUBAopaBra- 
BaDnunrB Tpe(k>Bajicfl tfoJBrnofi yxoxi, h ero cjE^AOBajio o6eperaTB 
OTB BCflRaro BOdUHema. ^oópiifi naTOpB oqeHB crapajicfl o&h 8tohx. 
£ro crpaniBJí^ totb MBrB, Rorxa eify nejiBBfl Cy^erB AOJrite CRpu* 
BaTB npaBjty otb ÓojibHoro. A noRa owb BCBHecRB ee scacRBpoBaxB. 
flexiiB, npoBeAeHHUfl IOctoitb Óofb naiumiy ohi oÓpaTBJíi bo ahh; 
ero npHHeoiH croxa, ri naTepy, Ror^a nanuB panenaro b 6eFB 
naiuTH FB jritey; iiaTB ne Horjia hocíhvitb Óojbeofo cuna, noTony 
qro caiia fb HacToaniyH) MBHyTy 6aiBHa; otoi^ OTnpaBBJícfl fb 
JUUBHÍft ynacTORi na ciriHy cociysBBi^a, nojyroBniaro otb rpa^ 
pa3pimeHÍe yixaTB lewTBCB Ha boxu. 

AoÓpBR^B naTepB ne Majo ropxBJícfl TaRofi npocTBTeiBHOt jiosbh) 
B oqeHB Ecnyrajcfl, Rorxa MapTa ÁHxepcB, Bce en^e npBxoABBmaa 
nocrt HOiyAHB, CRasajia eMy oabhb paFB HanpBMRB: 

— He TpyflBTecB, r. narepi: ohi Bce snaerB. 

7* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



100 B^CTHEBTE EBPOmi. 

• 

— CBflTHe yroAHHRH! — BCBpB9aji'B naxepx: — th eny CBasajia? 

— S. HHHero ne roBopMa, ho TexymEa Anna, KaaeTca, CRa- 
d&ia. 

naiepi yxapHJTB ce6fl jiaAOHbK) no Ji6y; o6x btoitb-to owh BaB^- 
pa3i» H He no^ynajit. 

— ysacHafl ateHDíHHa! — BCBpHHajTB ohi: — ona xor&ia era 

yCBTB. 

— Mošen tfuTB, z yÓHJia fíu,— OTBÍqajra Mapra: — ho a y(ífi- 
s;;^eHa, hto ohi» SHajii paHbme Toro. 

npe^nojioseHie yMHOfi A^BymBH 6um b^pho. 

IlepBoe, m:h K)ctx, npE^fl bi naiiATB, ycraHOBHJii b:b CBoeiTB 
yv,% saBx He3u6jieMufi ^^aBTb — sto eHeprb OTUfik. Sy^mmfi ÓjAffiUvo 
qeJO^%Ba, pacnpccrepraro aa HocejiBaxi, ne Óujlo jiHXopaAO^HOfi 

rpéSOft, HO AÍ&CTBHTeJIbHOCTBK). Eny Hě HySHO 6UJ10 HHBaBHXl AO* 

BasaTejibCTBi, ohi bto xBepAO snaji^b. MaTb ne pasx sajioBajiacb, 

HTO 60HTCfl, BaBl» 6u B0HTpa6aHAHCT£I, BOTOpHlTb TenepB COJIOHO OT^ 

Hero npHXOAHJOCB, ne otohcthjih eny. Hy, botl, BOHipaGaHAHcru 
H ytfHJH OTi^a. 

Ho ecjiH OTe^h ynepi, to h MaxB ne nepesHia ero. BesAuxan- 
Hoe TkJio OTUjdL HaB^pnoe npHHecnH aomo&, h cjaCaa hhtb, npHBflsu* 
BaBmafl ee bx shshh^ nopBajiacB. Ofla, Bone^HO, ynepja, — HHa^e 
AaBHO 6h, xoTfl cana tíojiBHafl, npHxan^HJiacb b^b nocxejra CBoero 
ÓOJBHoro lOcra. H xora ero xot^h yB^pexB, hto ohx jipo6uji'h 
tfesB naHflTH Bcero jheib ji^a, xpe aha, ho ohx npnMŽ^ajKB no 
cyxHMB jiHCTBflMx, HTÓ rnajTB BixepB M HMO oBHa, oxB Boxoparo OWh 
no TJiíbjíuwh fífisíwh ne oxboahjix Bsopa, hxo ocohb SHa^HxejiBHO no- 
ABUHyjacB BnepeA^B. H cojiHi^e nosAníe bcxoahjio h panBme saxoAuo; 
H rycH Ha AepeBencBofi yjun^i BpnqajiH xaBx aumotíno, xo^ho snajiH, 
9X0 jswh CBopo npeACxoHXi Bonei^. ^BaAAaxaro ceHXfl6pfl 6uji'b 
OHI B!B nocji^AHifi P&B^b B1& 8&MB^, a xenepB AOJisenB Óhufl yse na- 
cxynHXB BOHei^B OBXflfipa. Oxei^x h naxB ynepJE — bi bxomb oho^ 
j6ifísJicsL npesAe, HesejiH xexymBa Anna cooÓniEja eny ne 6e3'B 
B0Jie6aHÍfl H npHCOBOBynHBi, 9x0 oh^b ne AOJisenx BUA&BaxB ee, xaB^ 
BaBi efi cxporo sanpen^eHO roBopnxB eMy npaBAy. 

PadAyMaBHiHCB 060 BceirB, qxb ÓujiOy K)cxb BApyrB xaBi rpoMBo 
aacxoHajii, 9x0 Mapxa, cnA^Bniafl y oBna cb niHXBeirB bb pysaxrB^ 
noAHfljia rojiOBy h cnpocejia: 

— íxo cx xoCoft? 

— O, HH^erol — oxBÍHajiB ohx: — nennosBo bb BHCsaxx CAa- 
^HJio... xenepB npomjio. 

-r- Mni nopa haxh, — CBasajia AÍsyniBa, BCxaBaa, — IlaTepi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



B'B COPOW^ FOJUUCSÍ. 101 

ífh fi,eipeBE% HanyrcTByerB cb. A^paMH crapyxy iďABHry; oea npe 
oiepTH. IIoGiiaTB MHÍ K^ Te(H& TeiymKy Aney? 

— Hítb, mhí xoHercfl cnaxB. 

— Hy, TaKx flo saBxpa; noRO&Hofi hohh. 

Ofla ymjia; IOctb He xoriai cnaiB, eMy xotíjiocb no6uTB 
OAHOMy. EMy Bcer^a RasajocB, hto flCHue, yMHue, ekpue rjiasa 
Map™ HBTaiOTB ero mhcjh y nero na jihi^Í, a 9th meicjiet eny xo- 
tIjiocl 6ii Jiyqme npcrnaTb h ovl ce6a. Ho exx HeJiB3fl fiiijio npo- 
rnaTb, ohí HaBfls^HBO ji'63jih bi rojiOBy; RaRi tojibro ohi ^pH^Ie.l^ 
Bi ce6fl, OHÍ HeoTcrynHO npecs^AOBajiH ero, h ofb, naROHei^x, hh o 
^eMi HHorAa ee mofe AynaTB, RaRx tojbro: „tu ee JiiotíHnib, a oea 
Te(5a SHaTB ne xo^ctb!* 

Owb npesA6 dToro He SHajrB. jIio6htb ee 6ujío jím Hero laRi 
se ecrecTBeHHO, RaRi h xuinftTB. A to, hto ona TaRx nacTO 6uBaJia 
HeuHJocTHBa H MyqHjia ero cbohmh RanpHsaMH — dTO Tose RasajiocB 
eMy ecTecTBeBHB[M'B: bšab o^HnaROBO ^^umeniB RaRx TenjuM^B, TaRi 

fl XOJOAHUMl BOSAyXOMl. 

H npeÓHBame bi 8áMRfi ne hsmšhhjio HH^ero cyn^ecTBeHnaro 
61 Bx^B OTHOineHÍflX'B; OHI HaxoAHJTB coBepmeHHO Wh nopjiAR'6 
Bemeft, hto BecB cb^tb 3a neft yxasHBaerB, h 6ují% e& 6jaroAapeH'B 
3a es Ao6poTy h sa to, hto ona TaRx yMHO h TaRi ApyseJiotfHO 
npeAOCxeperajia ero otb tíesraRTHOCTefi. ^ase bx uocjrbji,mŘ Benepi, 
Eor^a OHI pascRasEiBajrB cbok) CRasRy, eMy ne npexoAHJio bi roJOBy, 

TO) Vh CBBBVb BTOft OCTB rJiy60RÍft, CRpHTHft CMHCJTB, H HTO Apyrie 

tforyrB AOHCRaTBCfl btofo CMucjia. Oh'b tojibro Tor^a cooÓpaseJTB 
^To, ROFAa ApMaHi co Bsvjía^owb HenaBncTH noAoniejii vh nevj h 
noTpeCoBaax OT^eia sa narjiyH) cRasRy, — narjiyH) ne noTOMy, ^to bi 
Heft BUBe^eHu ropojib'Jik)í(0'6a'^ h ero cuwh npi9Hi^'B'jiK)A0ÍA'^) a 
noTOMy, HTO npocToft oxothhr'b CM^eri jih)6htb $eH) ROTopyio jho- 
^HTB npHHi^i. BoTx HacTOflo^afl npE^EHa Hx^B ApaRH; H31>-8a 8Toro 
OHH HyTB He yÓHJiH ApyTB APyra, H Aas© bi toti MOMeHTB 9to 
6ujio A^fl Hero ne cobc^mii acho; tojibro TenepB ohi BnoďB']^ co- 
3Haji'B, qTO jhoÓhtx HsatíejiJiy nyn ne oti posAenifl, h hto a^a 
flero jiyqoie 6ujio 6ei, ecjiH6fii JiícHiie CToposa npenecjiH ero MepT- 

BQM'B HffB JlŠCy BUicrb Cb TpynOlTB OTUfi.. ECJIH OHa H He BUfiAeTl 

saMjsi sa npHHi](a-JK)AO%Aa hjh 8a Ó^ORyparo Óapona — Bce se 
eecoMH^HHo: senofi 6tAHaro oxothe^bafo ciina ona HHRorAa ne 
íyAerBÍ HHRorAa! 

UeqaJBHoe npoÓysAenie hsi^ MpaRa Óoji^hh... 

H ROFAa AoČpuft naTepx BepHyjicfl AOMoft^ ohx namejii, ^to 
JO(h> ero jnoÓHMiia CHOBa ropflqx, a noAyniRa noA'B ropflqHM'B 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



102 BftCTHHRl EBPOnU. 

160MX— MOKpa; crapHRi^xoRTop^b, sa BoropuMi nocjaJiH cnosapansy 
Ha Apyroe yrpo, CRasajii: 

— HHHero ne noHHMaio; Bce 6ujo TaKx xopomo, a Tenept 
ORasufiaercfl secro^afiinifi peoiHAHKB. 



m. 

Ho pei^HAHBi A-3HJicfl Bcero janib híckojbro AHefi, h lenepB yxe 

CaiTB AOBTOpB MaJBTyCB HaCTaHBaJI'B Ha TOm^ HT06h MOIOAOMy 

qeiOBŽBy cootín^HJH ne^a^ibnyio AMcxBHTejiBHOCTB, o Boropofi oh'l^ 
o^eBHAHO, yse AoraAUBaeTca. FopecTb, rpoMBO BtipasenHaa, ójj^evh 
jí,M nero Meffie BpeAOHOcna, ^^mi cRpuiafl ne^ajiB. 

Hh OAHHi rp^niHHBii ne sbasijicsi na hchobíab ci TaBHMX yApy* 
HeHHuifB cepAAeifB, ci RaBHM'B naxepii ID^OHqajiJia noAC&i'B si no- 
creiiH lOcra, ^10611 nepecBasaTb eny o Bceiii^, qib 6uj[0. 

n B^ Ayni^ 0H'B (jiaroAapHJiii 6ora 3a to, hto TexyniBa Anea 
oOjier^Hjia eMy ropBByio sa^a^y CBoett bi Bucmefi creneHH rptxOBHoft 
H nenpocTHTejBHofi 6ojiTOBHefi. Oh'b hopl bi bopotbhxi cjiOBax'b 
cootfn^HTB lOcry o coCutíasii; h totb Buc^ymajii ropasxo xjsuiho- 
BpoBH^e, n^m> caMi naiepx, no n^eBani Boroparo BarajiHCB cjie^u 
cocrpa^aflifl, hxi BucBasuBajix. B^b poAHTejiBCBOiíi aomíi, — ecju 
MoaiHO nasBaiB aomomx laByio paseajiHHy — yse nocejiejica npeeM- 
HHBii OTi^a lOcra, mojioaoB ero uoMon^HHBi, n coóepajicfl no dToiiy 
cjiynaio seHHXBCfl. IlaTepx nojiarajii, hto nocryneji^B bi HHxepecaxi^ 
lOcra, npoxasii noBony jiiCHHqeMy bch) xosflftCTBeHHyio yrsapB, sa 
HCBito^enieMi HeMHorexi se^efi, BOiopiifl, no ero mhíhíh), IOcte 
MorB nosejiaxB coxpaHHTB na nanfliB. 

TyrB npHmjiocB laBse saTponyTB Bonpoci o tomi, BaBi AyMaerrb 
lOcTB ycTpoHTBCfl Ha Ójjijosfie BpeHfl. Ilaiepi CHHiajii CBoefi o6fl- 

SaHHOCTBK) CA^aXB BHA'B, 9T0 OffB ^6 COMH^BaOTCfl Bl TOMl, HTO 

lOcTB no B£i8AopoBJieHÍH Bepnerefl Kb rpaj^CBÍfi s&mobi. 

— PasB* 8Toro aejiaíOTB? — cnpocejTB Dctb. 

naxepx AOJ^BeffB úujtl cosnaxBCfl, tto b:b necBiiaxii, nojyqoH* 
HBíxi nwb OTh rpaj^a b^ oxbíxi na ero co5cxBeHHUfl o A'bJiax'& 
K)cxa, rpa^ ne BtiCBasuBairB xaBoro sejiaHifl bhojih^ onpex^OHHO^ 
HO, Mosex^ 6uxB| OHB CHHxajTB, Hxo 8X0 caMO co6ofi pasyMŠeTCfl. 

Ecjih6£i 60JÍ8HB H ne CA^ajia Bct ^yBCXBa lOcxa BOcnpinmH- 
BŠe, xo H Tor^a oei> noHfljix 6u, hxo naxepi roBopHxx Bce axo 
BonpeBH CBoeMy yfiisAeniio. ^a n na jihi^ y nero mosho 6ujio 
8X0 npOHHxaxB. n vh Heny xojbbo AOÓpflBi xaBx cxapaexca! 

— Ilocayniafixe! — nepeÓHJi ero K)cxi: — Bairb h BaifB ua* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



B-B COPOHK* POJMCfl. 103 

HOMy cRaxy a npaBxy o tomx, mh npoHSonuo MesAy mhoh) h 
K)H£iiťB rpa4)0M%. OffB cojrarB, roBopiEí, 9T0 ccopa Bunua H8'B-8a 
nycniROBi. VI 8T0 yase 6iuo xy^o; ho Ha Kbjrb Bumio eni^e xyse. 
H K)crB, nepecRasaBi o tom%, ht6 tfujio bi» x^ficTBHTejibHOCTii^ 
oOhSLimjn^y qTO nora ero 6ojiBnie ne Cy^exi ai 3áHB%, rA']^ c^ 
HHiTB TaRi no3opHO o5ooijniCB. MezsAy hhmi h ApMaHOMi Bpasxa 
laBCH) iSHSHb. — O^Horo axoro, Baseicfl, yse AOcraxo^HO, htoÓu cra- 
pEucB-rpa^i ne sejiajii Moero B03Bpan^eHÍji bx sánoRi, — roBopHjrs 
lOcra. — Ho Bce paBHO^ aejiaerb ohx dtofo hjh hštx, HHEasafl 
BiacTS Bi MÍpi He BaroHHTB Měna oóparno bi sáMOBi. H a aoji- 
zeHi CBasaTB botb en^e nib: rpaj^i san.^aTHJX es^epsKE no norpe- 
6mv> po^HTejieft — aro uwb o^enB HenpiflTHO^ ho jijbMTh neqero. 
ÍTO Kacaercfl xpynixi pacxoxoBi^, npnqHHeHHuxi Moefi ÓOA^BhiOy 
TO, no MoeMy, ne cjAxjerb e xonycBaTB ero saujaiHTB hxi, eciH 
OHx 9Toro, RaB% BH FOBopHTe, sejaeTB. ^ORToprL He tfyxerB nacrae- 
BaTb, HToCii fl ynjaTHJi'b eny sa bhshtej^ Aft h bii laRse ne BOSBuere 
CB rpa^a AeHLrH sa cbok) Ao6poTy bo mh^. 

— Hirb, Mofi ctiHi! — 'BCKpHqaJi'B naiepB, 6epa o64 pyKalOcm 
vb cboh: — RjflHycB GnacHieJieMi, a aroro HHEorAa ne caWh). 

— JBE 3Haj'B 8T0, — OTB^aji'B lOcTB. — H ente nocjiÍAHee cjiobo: 
fl He npHMy 5ojiBme hh oahofo nj^eHHHra otb rpaj^a, xoia 6u 
yMHpai'B CB rojiOAy na moctoboS. 

— Stopo cb to6o& h ne cay^HTca, noKa a xhbx! — BCRpn^ajii^ 
nareprB, Bce en^e ne BHnycRaa tfjiŠAHiia pyRB lOHomn hsbcbohxx: — 
Cb rtxi noprB RaRi ee co mhok) hítb^ h ona laRB jerRO noRH-> 
Hyjia Měna, y nena h^tb HHRoro bb uipby Roro 6u a jhoÓhjib, 
xpoiii Te<$a; a h npeasAe wIioChji leóa RaRB cuna, a xenepB tei 
ÓyxeniB mhí bmícto cuna. 

— A 9T0 Hsa^ejLia, HH^ero ne nHcaaa? 

narepB Hcnyrajica. BnepBHe IOctb npoHSHecB ea EMa, h ohb 
He sEhJTh TenepB, ^rb eny A^axB. Ecih ohb cootfn^HTB crpannua 

CIOBa dTOfi A^BO^RH, TO RaRB 6u dTO He BHBBaJIO HOBaro pei^HAHBa 
60JritetíH, H Ha 8T0TB ySffh CB CMepTeJBHBIMB HCXOAOlfB. 

naxepB CHA&ii BB MyraTeJibHOMi HeAoyM^HÍH, BUTspaa tfynas- 

HtUIB ROJinaROMB, ROTOpufi OHB SBaJTB CBOHMB HOCOBUITB HaaTROlTB, 

noTB, BHCTynHBmift y nero na a6j. 

— Aafrre mhí ea hhcbiío, otoi^b! — CRasajii IOctb. — 064ntaH) 
BaMi, HTO a He saóoi^io. 

naxepB ycTaBH:ica na nero h yse noAHajTB pyny, htoÓu nepe* 
xpecTHTBca. dTo aBHaa HeproBmeHa! OrRyAa oh*b snaerB o hecbm^? 
GoiosB qopTa CB dTHiTB AotfpHHB lOHOmefi, xoTa OHB H He npuHaA- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



1 04 raCTHHRl EBPOini. 

jiesHTi K% CBBvkŘmeŘ i^epKBH... HHcrafl Hejri^nocrb! Oaho acho: 

nHCBMO HaXO ffiUb. 

H HH ciOBa ne roBopa, offB Bumejrb hsi soMHaTu, Bepny^cs 
Hepe8i H^BOJBRo MHHyrE, noiosEJTB nHCBMO HE ojsíbsjío Ďcxa H 
CHOBa BumejTB, no npesHOMy ne roBops hh ciOBa. 



rv. 

To 6ujio nepBoe HacrofliE^ee hhcbmo^ nojiy^eHHoe íOctoitb otb 
Hefl y;Be h8'b BepjníHa. Oei ycxaBHJíCfl na a^pecB, tohho to Óiua 
HaxuHCB Ha ABepn, BOTopan Beia bi TanHCTBennuft xpam, h na- 
HepraHa HeHSB^CTHBíMH uecBMenaMH Ha nenoHflTHOMX asubí, a nes^y 
TbMi> Ha BOHBepr^ HH^ero He Óelio, BpoM^ ero HMeHH h a^peca^ 
HanHcaHHHxi CBoeoÓpasHuirB, tbopahmi b xopomo sBaBOMBrm eny 

nOHepBOlTB. ^TÓ CBpUBaJIOCB Bil arOlTB CBflTHJHH^i? 2S.H3HB HJIH 

cifepTB? PacBaercfl jih owl cl ciaj^BHMH ciesaMH vb cbohx^b no* 
HucJiax^, npo^mxaBi ero, hjh se CRaserB: a Óujuh npaBi. 

Oh'b BCnoMHHJTB npo „lOHomy wh Caeci^. 

— HysHO BsrjanyTB hcthh^ wh Jimifll — rpoMRO npOHsnecB 
owh H pacne^aTajx nHCBMO. 

Ohx npo^ejTB: 

„EaR'B TU ce6fl TenepB ^yBCTByemB^ Mofi hhjiu& c^acTiHBei](i? 
JI^flAfl (noHeify tu ne noM^CTHJTB ero vh CHOefi CRass*!? hjh, MoaserB 
611TB, offB-TO n ecTB 6jiaro^e€THBEifi crapuft OTmejiBHHRi?) nHmeTi 
MH*!, HTO sjíafl B^ABMa YpaRa Taxi secTORO OTTpenajia Te6fl, hto 
Aase BBipBaJia ^yrB ne nojOBHHy tbohx'b npeRpacHEixi, Tenniix^ 
6OJOCX, H TU TenepB cobc£m'b 6e8i bojiocb. Mh£ sajiB Te($fl. To- 
jiOBa TaRi HeRpacHBa 6e3i bojiocb. Kor^a a ceroAna senepoirB 6yxy 
sanjieTaTB cboh bojoch — necnocHaa, mhmoxojoitb roBopa, pa6oTa! — 
fl 6yAy nocTOflHHO AynaTB o iioeifB (^ÍAHOifB ÓesBOJiocoirB c^acT- 
JTOB]^. Ho y nero CRopo, CRopo OTpocryrB ero RpacHBiui, tomhiuí 
KyípH, 

^SnaemB jih, K)ctb, coÓCTBenHO roBopa, oqenB rjyno Bce, 
'vrh y Te6fl Bumjio Cb ApManoirB. BacB, MajBHHROB'B, HexBSfl hh 

OAHOfi MHHyTU OCTaBHTB OAHHXl. H npH 3T01fB OHI yTHepSAft^TBy 

HTO ÓHJTB Te(5fl xjucTOMi! K eiiy fb jihi^o cRasajia: — Bu jrsexel 
EcmÓu Bu ero y^apejin xjiuctom!b, ohx 6u BacB saAynrajTB. — He 
npaB^a jih, IOctb, tu 6u TaR^ h c;^jiajrB? A sarbirB h eny CRa- 
sajia: — By^BTe ;(obojibhu, ^0 K)ctb mojihhtb h ho roBopffPB, RaRoft 

8T0 Bl A^fiCTBHTeJIBHOCTH CyRl, Ha ROTOpuft OH^B HaTRHyJICH. A 



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Bt COPOHK* POAHJICa. 105 

propos! Cfioefi ^&b tu MOsemL, o^eaRo, coo(5mHTL, saR'L wh cyiE^HO- 
CTH 6ujio fiíbjío; He AypHO hmítb opysie bi pyBaxx npoTHS^B npHH- 
iífiffh'A¥>fi,&bAOwb: OHH nopoK) 6uBaH)irL HaxajiBHu. 

a El (nacTÍH>y qepesi qerupe nex^H owb y^ssaerB hsi xony 
Bi lOHsepcByK) niBOJiy. TaB'B npoAOJsaTBca xoJiBme ne mofjio: cra- 
pHBi-rpa^ (ecjinóu owb 3HajrB, hto a ero nasiiBaK) yCrapHBOMi''!) 
H offB — coBC^Mi He Ja;^a'^B ;ípyrB ci ^tpyroHi. Bci^ACTBie aroro 
H jiotfesHEift reppi MiojiJiepx craHOBHiCfl jhdihhmi. Ohi qHTaji'B 
pasa TpH oponoB^AB sa OAHoro 6ojBHoro nacropa, mžcto BOToparo 
€My o(^n^aHO, a noroMy ne Hys^AeTCfl ÓOJihme b^b rpa^ h AOBa- 
sBBaeTB 8T0 T^'B, ^TO He CHŠeicfl 6ojihme nps ero ocrporaxi 
(tu noMHHHiB: npes^e Ofl'B pas^sajTB o6uBHOBeHHO ffb aTHX'B cjy- 
^ajixi CBoB opoTHBHufi poTB fto ymefi). M-Ue Axejae^a EJiasaerB 
vb TSiejnuTb jioBOHaxi h vb ÓJiaaseHCTBŠ, BOTopoe a Horjia 6u 
<MSbEO efi HcnopTHTB, pascBasaB^B, BaBi ea Óy^ynúfi rocno^HHi h 
noBesHTejiB ne^aBno CTOflJi'B nepe^o MHofi na BOjÁHflX'B, — npaBAa, sa- 
liiTB, HToÚu oÓiflCHHTB UE% HTO OHx HaA^eTCfl leuepB c% Eosíeft 
noMon^BH) no6ÍAHTB cboh> rpšxoBHyio jtioÓobb. SL Tose HaA'i&K)CB. 
He CM^niHO jh, hto crapaa rpaj^ena, Boiopas npesAe, no ea cjio- 
BaMi, He Morjia shtb 6e3'B m*lle A^ejiaHAu, xenepB ne aosba^toi 
BpeiieHHy BOFAa ona ocraBHTB ea aomi? Boo6n^e rpa<|)HH']& ne xo- 
porno: TO ecTB, Bone^no, ona cobcími ne fioiiBna, ho jiesHTi b'b 
nociejH H yB^paeTB, ^to y nea h^tb ceai> BcraTB, hto ona ne 
nepenocETB CB^Ta, ne uoT&erh HH^ero icrh n hetb, enfin: CByiia 
conua, H mhí cx nefi ho iiajio xjiohoti, TaB^ BaB'B ona herofo 
fle TepDHT^B OBOJO ceófl, spoM^ MeHfl. Hy, a yxasHBaTB sa 6ojib- 

UUUE 9T0 COBC^MX HO MOfl CTpaCTB; HO HTO A'^aTB! E^B TOMy 

se upiflTHO H to, 9T0 FopAafl rpa<|)HHfl noBBOJiflerB BOMaHAOBaTB 

CO6OK) TaBOfi A^B^OHB']^, BaB'B Ji. Bpa^H XOTflTl OTOCJiaTB eO BaB'B 

M03BH0 CBOp^ Ha PflBBepy. Bdb uUj Boneino, noŠA^Mi cb neio. 
Ona noBa ne xohotb 'i&xaTB, h a xopomeHBBo ne sHaio: yfitoAaTB 
ee HJH OTTOBapHBaTB. A HpeAcraBJuiK) ce6t, ^to na PHBBepi, faí 

Vh flHBapŠ M^I^^ I^BŠTyTB p08H H ^iaJIBH, aueJIBCHHHIIfl A6peBBfl 

H CHH^B Mope, — npeRpacHo; ho b^ab h baÍcb, vl Bep^ieni, o^eHB 
lopomo. 

yTu HenoB6pHmBy RaBi ba^cb xopomo, cwcTJiHBei^i! BojiBmofi 
ropoA^B ci BejEHBOjinHUMET MarasHHaMH, h na hxx BiicTaBBaxi — rpyAu 
npeRpacHuxi Ben^efi; TOjnia jH)Aefi na jjimífiTh h Bcb oAmATb; Bce 
dTo o^eHB saHHMaTejiBHo! A TeaTpi! Á cna^ajia 6um ohohb bob- 
(ysAeHa, xoth btofo h ne noBasuBajia. TenepB a npHBHBJía h, ro- 
fioparb, BcerAa B^pno cysy: xopomo HrpaiorB aBTopu hjih AypHO. 
^acTO cnpaniHBaH) a ce6fl: BaB'B 6u a Hrpajia, ecJiH6u nonajia na 



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106 B%CTHHK'L EBPOnU. 

Cíleny? Tu sHaeniB, hto f6ab bto j^s^beeibesiz moh ujs,esí, — h kto 
sHaerb, ecm a cocny^CB... Ho, EOHeqHO, o&b drowh noBa nevěro 
AjMaTB. £ coBC^Mi He CBy^aK). HanpoTHBrB Toro, bi aom']^ ÓusaeirB 

CTOJIBBO MySTOHl, CTOJIbEO SHaiHHXX X^Ml... H rpa^HHfl npBHH- 

HaerB bxi, Borxa ji xo^y, a ohh roBopsTi mhí BoiinjiBMeHTu, bo* 
HeTOo, TOJbBO noTOMy, iTO BHAflTi BaB% 8T0 npiflTHO rpaj^HHÍ. 
Boofin^e, CHacxjHBei^iy tu ne noB^poniB, BaB'B s^icb hocatcíi Ch 
TBoefi 6tAHoB, MajieHBBofi 4^efi, bi ocoóeHHOCTH MysHHHii, — rb ^acro 
CuBaiOTB npocTO CM^niHii. 0<|)Hi^epH HpaBflTCfl MHt Bcšxi tfoiBine; 
no MoeMy, bc6 nys^HHii aojishu Óujie 6u xoahtb b^ iiyHAHpax^B^ 
noTOMy HTO 4^paBi cobcíitb HeBpacHBi pflAOifB cb HsaiiiHiiirB iiyH- 
AHpoMi. Jlase CapoHi IIleHay,— obi b6ab BpacBBufi Mysnana, — a b'b 
MyflAHpi Baseicfl en^e BpacBBŽe. Owb sa^cb, b cjysBTL bo bto- 
poMi rBapAeficBOiTB nojiBy. Csanaja Mwb Óujio TpyAHO OTianaTb 
pasjífliHue poAu opysifl (tu, Boee^BO, snaemB, ^ro bto TaBoe, sl 
me He sHajia) b paasBHHue bojibb b sna^BB o^Bi^epoBi. TenepB 
fl CB OAHoro BsrjiflAa pasjíBqaK) bxx. Tojibbo oaho en^e sarpy^HserTB 
MeHfl: Sl ne Mory cpasy OTJisqBTb npanopn^BBa otb nopy^BBa hjih 
BanflTaBa. ]í^ aroro ea^o norjuiffbTB aa sb^aohbb bxi dnojrerb, 
a o^Biíepu Óojihmeio Hacriio onenB BucoBaro pocra, — bohtb ect 
TaBi se BucoBB, Basi rpail)^, a 4^eB, BaBi bsb^tho, HBBorxa ne 
fiuBaion 6o^BinBMB, b boti bi btoitb Bce saTpyAHeme. SI o<Sfl- 
saaa noHTB bcímb cbobmb no3HaHÍflMB OAHOny cŠAOMy renepajiy; 
OHI qacTO 6uBaerB bx aoh'& b „noBJíOHseTca^ mhí, BaBi roBopaTB. 
Ohi o^eHB ciflniHofi rocnoAHHi, b b BCfl?ecBB niyqy HaA'B hbhx. 

,,3HaeniB jib tu, OAHaBO, cnacTJiHBeii^, ^to b Te6^ noBJOHfliOTCfl? 
Tu HB sa HTO He yraAaemB BTb, a noTOiiy jyqme b Te6i CBasy 
cpasy: Cbbbjuui! 

„Mhí BaseTCfl, tu oÓboposbjtb ee CBoefi CBasBoft, b ona no* 

CTOBHHO o HeĚ FOBOpBTl (b fipeAHTB BO CE^^ B y6tSA6Ha), XOTfl 

caiia vh Hefi HBBaBoft pojB ne BrpaerB. Hjib, 6utb MoaserB, 8to 
osa — j^ea? TorAa y Hena OBasaJiocB 6u nne illnsion perdne. Mbcce 
BpoyHi roBopBTB, HTO BTO BHBra BajibBaBa; a nanua ee b^b es 

C06CTBeHH0fi MaJieHBBOfi fiBÓJliOTeB']^ H BCH) BO^B ^BTaja Wh nocTejiH; 

AHeMi TyTi HeaorAa ^BTaTB, Aft npBTOMi, 8Ta BHBra ne AJia nena. 
SI ne 8HaK), no^eMy Óa bto: wl ra3eTax'B nBmyrB e^e Óojrbe crpan- 
HUfl Ben](B, a to, mfb bbabhib b cjiumBmB btb TeaTpax'B!!.. Ho caica 
BpoyHi — HyAecH^fimee coBAanie bi» Mip% b fiesBOHe^HO jmŮisTb Měna; 
ona pascBasaja mhí bch) cbok) JH)6oBHyK) BCTopÍH). SI cna^ajia ne 
noHBMajia xopomenbBO — san^Mi? TenepB noHBMaK). Ho btbitb a ne 
6yAy yTOMJiBTB reón, c^acTJiBBei^, a^ i^u ^roro b ne nofineniB; CBasy 



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FB COPOHR* POAHJCa. 107 

TeÓi TOJiBRO no ceKpeTy: ona noMOJBJíeHa Cb eaniHifB ^ORTopoMi^ 
HO owh He AOJiro en^e npo6yAeTB HameirB AORTopoMi, xasi icaBi 
nojiy^aerB xopomee mšcto fb 6ojiBniott sA^niHefi ÓOJihHEuíb. OceHLK), 

KOr^a OH*B SafiMOTB BTO M^CTO, OBU HOB^H^aiOTCfl. Jífi T&XX UOp^ 

Bce ocraeicfl b*b ceBperi, noTony tto Hnané eny HejiBsa 6u]lo 6u 
ixaTB CB HaMH Ha PHBBepy, a bto 6eliio 6u saiB: Tasafl ceBpeiHafl 
jK)6oBHafl napa oqeHB saČaBna, CHacrjHBeAi)! 

^S. cepBesHO roBOpnjia B^epa o te&b cb rpaj^OMi. Oni snajix, 
wo a 6yíy ceroxnfl nncaTB, h p^niHjrB, oto xeCí Bcero Jiy^me* ysnaiB 
otii ero HairlpeHiflxii otb nena. £ yse roBopnjia Te5%, ohi onenB 
cepAHTB na Apnana, h xota otofo OTBpuio n ne BBiCKasuBaerB, no 
yóixAeni, hto owh Hrpaji^ saisyio poJiB bx Bamefi ccop%. EpoM^ 
Toro, ApMana h*tb xenepB sa^cb, h ohx fiu ne croajix ne&b na 
;íoport. Ho noTOMy caMony, hto Apnana hítb sjíibcb — „ycrpaflaeTca 
H npHHHHa, noneMy IOctb nepecejiHJCfl TorAa b'b nani'B js.owh^ 
(ciOBa rpa^ía). Ohi> AyMaerB TaKqie, mto xeCt caMony óy^era npiax- 
Hie H yA06H^e sanHMaTBCfl ne y nacB Kb aom%, cpeAH B'£Hno& 
cyera, a vb BaR0irB-nn6yAB thxomx nanciont, naopnifi^pi bi Bpe- 
ciasji^, ByAa offB caMi nacTO ísahtii, b Tjtíb y nero iinoro snaRO- 
MUTby H euy jierRO npÍHCRaTB ajisí tbÓíí xopomiž nandoni. Owb 
He AonycrHTi» xeófl bi hcmii-jihÓo nyaiA&TBCfl n A&se na8Baji'B 
cyiíMy, ROTopyK) ÓyAerB eseroAno A&BaxB xeói. J9E ne noMHH) xenepB^ 
s&RB BejHiía axa cyMMa, no uwb ona noRasajiacB snannxejBnofi. 
Mh pascrajHCB naHJiynmHMH ApysBHMH, h oh^ noi^OBajii msA pyRy^ 
TTó, CRasaxB MHMOxoAOMi, owb BceFAa A'^ftex'B, RorAa hhrofo cb 
HavH wÍTb. ň ne snaio, nxb oni npH axoiTB Aynaexx. M.bí axo 
saaceicfl onenB CM^mno. 

,Ho BorB Hxb fl xox'&Jia CRasaxB: a naxosy Bce axo onenB 
pasynnHiTB. Konenno, RaRi a xe6fl snaio, xu nn^ero ne saxoneniB 
(SaiBme npHnaxB oxb rpa^a, h a^Aa 6yAerB xe6fl bi bxoitb yRp^n* 
JHTB. Ho AflAfl CFOJBRO 3(6 snaexi CB^xi, RaR'B noBopoxA^Hnoe 
AHTfl, Aft H xfii Bi dxoMi oxHomenÍH ne Aa^eRO ymeJi^B ovb nero. Ho- 
aroMy moě cobíxi: naunniH rpa^^y, RorAa nonpaBnniBCfl, nncBMO 
H BB neiTB, noÓjaroAapHBi ero cnepBa sa Ao6poxy, nonpocn coo($- 
mjsTb Te6i HASL najijb 06% ero fí,9LJibBMmiiTb naM']&peniflX'B, n Bcero 
jynme onaxB lepesii nena, yse noxony, hxo sl iReJiaH) yAepsaxB axo 
xíxo BB CBOHXi pyRax^B. 

„Hy, a xenepB rjiasa y Mens cj[EinaK)xcfl (s. nnmy ho^bio) 
H pyRH y Hena ycrasH, h mh% naAO roothxb, ecra a ne xony 
pascšaxBca vb BOSAyx']^ cepe6pHcruMx oÓJia^RoicB, RaRi „MafiCRaa 
HoHb*. [JoRJionHCB AflA* H HOCRopie HannniH— xBoeft Hsaóejuri*. 



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108 B%CTHHR'B EBPOnil. 

„P.-S. — TaKx EaKx HHsaRoft cokojtb ne npcjieraera mhmo Moett 
<5aniHH, fl AOJiSHa, bi cosaJi']&HÍK), oiocsaTB dio nncBMO no noHi^. 

„MaficRaa Hohb*. 

Bx TO Bpeiía, Bam IOctb HHrajTB nHCBMO^ Mapra ÁH^epci thxo 
Bomjia lil BOMHaxy h cfajia y OBHa, bi BOTopoe cry^ajiacB cErĎas- 
Han MerejB. 

K)CTB BUpOHHJTB DOCU^AHÍfi JIHCTOBl^ H31 pyBH Ha Ofl/ksUlOj Tfíb 

jieaMUH ;ípyrie, 

— ň 6hji'b npaBi, — npoÓopMOxaJii owh. 

HeBupasHMoe ^yBCTBO ropenn h nenajiH OBja^^o hitb. Botb 
<$jiaroAapHocTB sa ero jik)6obb! Oea xJiaAHOBpoBHO OTCHJaeTB ero 
OTB ce6a na flOJirie roAH, na i^iJiyK) bíhhoctb! 

BdrjiflA'^ ero ynajTB na AisyniBy, CHA^BinyH) y OBna; oh% co- 
Bciwb nosatfujFB npo Hee. Axx! BaBi npaBa ona tfujia, Bor^a ro- 
BopBJía eMy bi to yxpo b% jrbcy: „ho xoah b-b sAmobi!" 

— MapTa! — nosBajii ohi. 

Ona noBepHyjia bi Heny jihi^o. Oho ne 6ujio TSjffb BOJimeÓHO 
npeBpacHO, BaBi to, Apyroe; h rjiada es ne CBepBajH, a TeMHue, 
Eyp^aBEie BO.ioca, pasHexanHEre ch^shoh) 6ypefi, nepenyraiHCB na 
HH3B0MI Ji6y. 

— %o?-r-ciipocHjia OHa. 

— Cx^afi MH% OAOJseHÍe. Hohh TaBÍs a^^hhhhh, a uwk ne- 
Hero ^HTaTB. Mes^y mobmb BHiiraMH fb shuisib ocTajica ponan^ 
BajiBTepx-CKOTTa: ^KBeHTHB-B ^opsapjn-B*. Mhí 6u xot&iocb ero 
nojyiHTB, Tbi jerBO ^otíyffemB ero y BacreMHa. 

Oaa TOTqacB Bcrajia h noBasajia roJOBy MOBpuifB njaTBOMi, ro- 
Topnfi nepeA'B tím'b tojbbo-hto nojosHJia obojio ce6fl na hoxoboh- 

fiHB'B. Bx dTOTB MHrB HaJieT&TB TaBOfi nopUBX B^Tpa, HTO BeCB JlflWh 

sa^posajii. CH'lrB BajiHJix ryCTHifn xjionBflMH, h i^epBOBB, ctoab- 
mafl HanpOTHBx OBna, CBpHJiacB sa &bxaMT> noBpuBajioifB. 

— Mhí ne npočpaTBCfl no CHÍfery ^epesx jiícb, a no moccé 
ropasAO juBLAhme^ — CBasajia ona, BSflBmncB sa pyqBy ^Bepn. — SI 
BepnycB nodTOiiy tojibbo bx hohh... 

— MapTa! 

Ona BonpocHTeJiBHO BsrjiflHyjía na nero. 

— MapTa, BaBx MO^seniB tu xyifftTB, ^ro a bx TaByK) noroxy 
noroHK) Te6fl bx síimobx sa BaBofi-TO rjynoft BRHrofi! Botx tto 
jiyqme CA'&iafi: tboS OTeoix coónpajicfl Měna naBicTHTB, h a o^eHB 
9T0My paA0Baj[CH. Ecjie6u tu ero nonpocHJia npH^i^Tff bo mh^, Bcero ^ 
jiyHme cerojíHa BenepoMx. 



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BX COPO^M POAHJCa. 109 

— Ojetb soMa, — 0TE6qajia Mapra: — Ha 4>a6pHK4 hto-to npo- 
Hsomjio. Xo^eniB, a sa HHiťB cxosy? 

— By^y o^eHB 6jiaroxapeHx. 

— Ho Tetfi ne cjrife^yera mhofo roBopeiB. 

— JI H He Óyxy mhofo roBopHTs cx tbohmx oti^omi. ÍL xoiy 
TOJBKO CRasaTL eify, ^to iipBAyMaj['B hobhě Konei^ ji^ia. CBoefi CBasBEí^ 
H dTHirB ofiflBaHx eMy. 

JDcTh MHoro tfpe^HJiB Bi 60J1Í8HH npo CBasBy. HeysejnH y nero 
onflTB 6peA'B? Ho rjiasa ero, xota h rpycTHue, 6um bdojhí achh^ 
a THxii rojiocB cnoBoeFB. 

— 3. noftAy 3a OTi^onrB, — CRasajia Mapra. 



— Saqj^iTb TH noHa^oÓHJicfl lOcry? — cnpamHBajia Mapra oma, 
Rorxa OHx, Bcer^a h Bce efi cooGn^aBinifi, MOJtnajrb o CBHAaHÍH cb 
KeroMi i^&mirB ^sa aha. 

— Axt, nycxaKHl — neAOBOJBHO OTBi^ajTE crapHEt, 

— S. TaB'B H Aynajia. Mwb Basexcfl; y nero vh tojiobí bco 
eqe ne cobcšmx bx nopflAB'^^- Oh^b roBoperB HHorAa laBia crpae- 
HHfl Ben^H. 

— Jía, sa, cxpaHHO-To oho crpaHHO, — CBasajii crapHBi: — ho 
coBciiTB ne rjlyno. Ohi xonerB 6pocHTB y^eHBe h craiB pafiOHHiťB, 

BaSB MH. 

— Hy, Torxa 8T0 cobc^mi rjyno, noxoMy hto ohx o^bhb cia^x, 
— OTBÍTOJia Mapra. — ^a npHTOMi ohi ro^HTCs na ^TO-neCy^B Jiyn- 
mee, ^itb Hpocrofi paóo^ift. 

— Ho vbKf> v TU TaBse, Moe ahta, ho JiHmeHa cnocotíHOcreff. 

— Jl^a H TH, orei^^B, TaBJBe. Ho th scHarB; y Te6a neiBepo 
Aireft, H pyBH HecBo6oAHii. H a xose necBofiOAHa — Hnané oxnpa* 
BHiacB 611 vb ropoA'B H nocrynosa 6u bi 6ojiBHHqHUfl cha^bh. 

— Til MOsemB xotb cefinacB beiAth 8aMys'B. CiaHEBi Cto- 
^^íttvh oxoTHO na Te&b seneica. 

— ^a a-TO ne noft^y sa GraHHBa, — oiB^najia Mapia, CABHraa 
rycnuL 6poBH. — OneHB HyiBHO bhxoahtb saicyiBi, hto6u lepn^xB 
no5oH OTB Mysa! A botb sanŠMi xonerx lOcri bi pa6o9Íe? Ecih 
poxHTejTH ero yMepjfH^ h ohi ne xoverB unm/bwb 6ojBnie o5jí3h* 
BaTBCfl sjíHiTB jioAfliTB B'B sáMB^ — qero 6u H fl na ero uicA ne 
cxtjajui, — TO h^js,h y nero Bce se ocraerca xoópufi naxepB. En^e 
Bqepa owb roBopejTB uwb: ^sl HHBorAa He ocTaBjno lOcra^. 

CxapHBi CABHHyjii manBy . na 8aTBLiOB'B h npHHajicfl rjaxHTB 



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110 MCTHHKI* EBPOHH. 

saAyMHHBo jio&h. IIoTOMi onflTB HaxBiiHy.ii manRy na Jio6% h 
CRasaax: 

— Bce 8T0 3HaeTB IOctb tslkt, »e xopomo, KaKt h mh cb to- 
6oi; HO BaBi AOJiro nposHBen en^e naiepi? Mhí AJMaerca: BpsA^B 
jiE OHx npoTflHerB h ro^ii, ecjiH Cy^en Taní hetb. A h nposH- 
herb OHI AOJiBme b ero ne MmhTh aojishoctH; to Bce se 
eny npHxeTCfl Rajs^ufi rpomi, Hcrpa^enniift Ha lOcra, BupuBaTB 
HacHJiBHO HSTb pyBí TerymBH Ahhh. Bce ero K)ctb xopomo b8b£- 

CHJli, H BaS^ TOJBRO BUS^OpOB^eTB — HOfiAGTl HpOCHTB y AHpeR- 

Topa patíoTu. A ecAn Bce TaB'B h cny^HTca, saRB ohi Ay^aerb, 
SHTB se eny y naiepa, pasi owb craHerB paÓo^HMi, osaseTca ee- 
yflOÓHUM^, — TO noHeiiy 6u eny ne saHflTB y naci MancapAy? Bifí, 
OHa CTOHrB nycraa ci t^x'b nopi, Basi 3ocBBa sHniJia saMys'B. 
EaBx TEI AyMaeniB? 

MapTa HO cpasy OTB^qajia. Ona naBJíOHHjacB naj^i o^aroirB h 
noiiimajia bi BOTejiB^, ho tojibbo sariiix, qT06H CBpuTB pyMflHei:^'^, 
pasjíHBmificfl y hoa no nieBaH'B. IOctb 6yAeTi shtb y hh^^b btl 
Mfiuil GpeAH cyrojOBH h Óesnop^ARa! lOcn Cjjí^rh bhx^tb, sas^ 
XpRCTO<|)op'B H BojiecjiaBi xepyrcfl, hjih xyse Toro: Basi MaHHxa 
HaHHBaercfl! 

— Te(H&, BHíHO, fle no Aynrib ara mbicib? — cnpocHJTB oxei^x, 
yAHBj[eHH£i& efl MOJHameirB. 

— n Aa, H wbrhy — BopoTBo OTBÍTeja Mapra. 

H, CHflB'B ROTejoB'B c^ orHfl, noHecjui ero b^b ropnui^y. 

Ona xoT^a na Aocyrt nopasMacjHTB o tom: otb^thtb jiii efi 
corjacieiTB hjih 0TRa80M'B, ecsH cjyiafi, o ROTopoHx roBopHJTB orei^x, 
npeACTaBHTCfl. BuBAopoBJíenie lOcra nijoro o^ohb iie^JtenHO, h cra- 
pHR'B-BpaH% ciTOBajii na noro^y, M^rnaBmyK) ero nai^ienry nojeiB- 

dOBaTBCfl CB&RHU'B BOBKfíOU%. 3HMa HaCTynHJia H 6uMy JlfiXB ff^a 
TOĚ M^CTHOCTH, OHeHB CypOBafl; CHiSHEIfl MeTeJH CBHp^CTBOBajIH 

BO Bcefi ORpyrt, BanocH bc£ nyrn h eritenafl ABBseme x&se no 
aceji^HuiTB AoporaiTB. 

Bhi6pwhj HaRonei^i, tfoiie 6jiaronpiflTHiifi ^eneBi, IOcn> ornpa- 
BHJicfl Ri wpeRTopy <))a6pHRH. To fiujii HeiOBfo'B yaie npeRjiOHHiixx 
jrkTh H 6ojrb3HeHHii&; otípeiieHeHHEiĚ ÓojBniHifB ceMeftcTBom h ne 
nojiBSOBaBmificfl oco5eHHEiMi pacnojiosenieirB rpa<|)a, a TaBse h 
o6epi-XiipeRTopa, ohb shjtb b:b bí^hoitb crpaxj^ noTepflTB CBoe 
Mtoo. ÍOcTb BH^ajii ero mojbromi vb 6ujíoe BpeifH, TaR^B Kasx 
AOMŽt, rff6 2RHJIH 4^a6pHHHHe ciysaH](ie, HaxoAHJíHCB neno^ajieRy ot% 
on^OBCsaro xona^ Mesxy hhitb h $a6pHRofty na onyniRÍ ji^. 

OffB HamejTB ÓojritenenHaro crapHRa vh oco6eHHO CRBepnoirB 
pacnojiosemH xyxa. OÓepi-XHpeRTopi iojbro-hto Óujtb y nero, h 



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Bl* COPO^RS POAiUCa. 111 

HesKAy miwh h reppoMii BeexejHROMi npoHSonua o^enb p^Raa coieHa; 
lOcTB, AoasHAaBinificfl bi nepeAHefi, mofb x&se. pasciHinaTB no- 
oíxbísl cjiOBa. 

noaroMy reppi Bee^ejiHRi npHHfljTB ero, sor^a owb rtb Heny 
BomexBy OHeHB neMHiocTHBO. FocnoAHH^ otfepi^-XHpeRTopi tojilro- 
no oóiflBHJTB: no HiininiHHiťB xy^uirB BpeMeHaM'B neoóxoAHMO oiny- 

CTBTL HSB^^CTHOe 10CJIO paÓO^HXl, a OHI, AHpeRTOpi, HaXOAHTB fiojiíe 

ikwh cTpaHHuiTB TO, ^0 K)cTx, BHrHaHHHt, CROJLRO eny HSBtono, 
Hsi rpa^^CRaro siiMKa, Hn^erB patfoTii na rpa^^cRofi ^a6pHR']&. Bnpo- 
leiTB 8T0 BOBce AO Hero ne Racaerca; nycxB lOcrt oČpaiHTca Ri 
rocnoxHHy HHcneRTopy. 

Ob dTHiTB lOcTB H 6bixb OTnyn^esrB. rocaoAHHi HHcneRTopi 
HaxoAMCfl Ha ýaÓpHRŽ. IOctb nomejTB TyAa h nociib AOJ[rHX'B 
MurapcTKB tiiaronaiyiHO AO^pajca, HaRonei^i, ao reppa ^atíiaea h 
BaiosBJTB ony CBOK) npocB6y. Fepp^B $a6iaH'B nonecajTB sa yxoifB 
B otfBflBHjii, qro A^o BHXOAHTB AOBOJBHO RypBesHoe: RaRi Aofipufi 
8HaK0Miift noRofiearo on^t lOcra, oni oxotho fotokb eny homo^b; 
Bo HeyiRejiH se IOctb ee mopb npHAyMaTB jí,m ce6fl nevěro 6ojAe 
ooAxoAflniaro? EMy bí^ab yse mecTHaAiiaTB — CRopo AAse ceMHaA- 

IViTB IŽTB — H XOTfl OWb Kb nOJHOB CHJr6, HO HHCneRTOpi MOSeTB 

bomícthtb ero na nepBHxx aopaxi tojibro vh MacrepCRofi, fa^ 
ynasoBBiBaioTi 6yMary — paóora, ROTopyio Moryn buhojihhtb cobcími 
HeotfpasoBaHHBie jidah TaRii iRe xopomo, RaRi ohi, IOctb, h Aaace 
jyvne ero. UpH drowb njaTa, naAO cosnaTBCfl, HHiTOsnifiniafl. 
DycTB lOcTB xopomeHBRO noAynaerB. 

K)cTB cRasajii, qro ohi Bce yse o^AyMajTB h o($cyAUjrB bmícA 

CB ÁHAepCOiTB. 

— Axi! npHieMi TyrB ÁHAepcB! — nepeÓKii HHcneRTop'B: — 
ÁHAepci xopomifl patfoíHHR^B, A^se Jiyiniifi y Měna, ho y nero 
rojosa HO coBciifB vh nopflARŠ. Ero-xo Bani h ciymaTB BOBce ne 
ertAOBajo 6u. Ecra bh HenpeiitHHO xoTHTe ciyssTB h npsTOifB sa- 
iBuere, hto y BacB, ri cosajnšmio, hítb HHRaRHX'B hhuxi cpeACTB'B 
B moro HCxoAa... ny, hto-si, a caifB Bumejii h3'b pa5oHHxx, h, 
KoneiHO, TpyAOJiictfHBEifi H fojiROBHft HejioB^R^ MOserB, HaqaBx npo* 
cnoTB paÓo^HifB, bhBth b'b jidah. nosaiyfi, a BacB sanHmy bi> 
anicoR'B RaHAHAaxoBi, h RorAa npeAcraBHTCfl ciy^aft, bchomhio o 
BacB. Ho npeAynpesA&K> — AO BecHH h^tb ho^th HHRaRoft HaAesAu. 

Ood^AHee noRasajiocB lOcxy oco6eHHO raseio: vb CBoeifi pBe- 
bíh oh!b roTOBib (ujTB 6u ly^me fb totb se AenB craiB sa pa($OTy. 

UepBufi BiixoA'B H8i AOMy H Óec^Aft ci AHpeRTOpOlťB H HHcneR- 

lOpOlTB O^eHB yTOMHJH H BSBOJHOBaJH OFO. BepHyBHIBCB AOMOfi, OHI 

tHOBa no^yBCTBOBajii jiaxopaARy n xase cien aha Ha ABa vb nocrejB. 



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112 B%CTHHR'B EBPOIIII. 

Ho axo nponLio, e ou^b no^yBCTBOBaJCB} HaBonei^i, bx cedi chju 
HanncaiB HsaÓejiJi^. Ero nHCbMO Óauio teri se KopoTRO, RaRi ea — 
AJHHHO; owb 6jiaroAapHjrB ee sa crapamfl ycrpoHTB ero cyAB6;, ho 
oÓiflBHJiT^, HTO HHRaRi HO ifoseTB BOcnojBSOBETBCfl npe^JOsemeifB 
rpa^^a. 3aTÍMX nosejiajii. ei reri mosho 6oj[Bme BeceiHTBca btb 
BepjiHH']^ H Ha PHBBep'^, ecjiH ona Ty^a no^AerB, h npocEjrh no- 

RJIOHHTBOI OTB HerO MHCCB BpOyHl É Bl OCOfiOBHOCTH Ppa^HH^ 

GHBBjjťib. O CBOHxii DJiaHax^B OHI He DHcajTL HH^ero. 
HsatfejiJia oiB^najia no Hcre^emH nexiiH: 

„M.EJIU& íOcThl AOiisHa Te(% CRasaxB, hto tu otohb Hepasy- 
Men^B. TaROBO MH^Inie h rpaýa. He Bce jh Te(% paBHo: oxotho 
HJH HeoxoTHO A^eTB owb Te&b TO, mb npex^araerB. Ohx o&bmjBLJíi> 
Te(% 910, Ror^a tu nepeixajTB kb nairB, n AOJUReH'B CAepsaTB csoe 
CJiOBO, xOTfl 6u yse XJUi Toro, hto^h ne hchopthtb bi Roneiix 
CBOHXi OTHomeHÍfi co MHOfi. ?T0 se tu TenepB 6y«i(eniB A^aTb? 
KaseTCfl, tu pascTOTusaemB na a^AK). Tohho na Hero mosho no- 
ďosHTBCfl! SI HaA^K)CB, TU oAyMaemBCfl. GRasy 6ojiBme: sl npe- 
RasuBaio Te($š HanecaTb rpaj^y TaRi, RaRi a coB^TOBajia le&b b-b 
nocJt^AHeifB nucBMŽ. HoBTopaio: Bce ocrajiBHoe npeAOCTaBB uni; 
fl Bi CTO pasi Jiynnie, ^ím^ tu, snaio, htď a^ Te6fl xopomo. 

„BojiBme fl Tetiš numero ne HanHmy bx HaRasanie sa to, tto 
TU HH OAHHHi BByROMi He OTosBEJicfl Ha Tucfl^y BeH^efi, o roto* 
pux'B fl naÓoiTajia. 

^Enie nocn^AHee cjiobo, xota h 6ok)Cb, hto oho tojbbo 
nyn^e passaAopHTB TBoe Tn^eoiaBie — tboS xyAmift HeAOcraTORrB^ 
IOctb! GHBHJiJia na naiíATB sanecajia tboh) CRasRy h ^uTajia ee 
uwb H MHecB BpoyHX. Mu o6i nanun, hto bi nefi ne nponymeHO 
n He npH6aBJieH0 bh OAHoro ciOBa. Ho tojbro ona Bu6pajia BTopoft 
Ronei^: Fy^eprB ne yMHpaerb, a eranoBRTCfl OTmeJBHHROirB. Ona 
naxoAHTB, HTO XOTfl jiK)6oBB ero K% MaficRoft Ho^h h noHATna, ho 
Bce se rpixoBHa, h obi AOJseni ee HCRynHTB! Fplxi MOJOAOify 
oxoTBHRy jiio6htb npejecTByio ^e¥>\ — BjaroqecTHBue jiioah, npaBO, 
nenocTHSHMu^. 

EcJiH nepBoe nncLMO rjiyÓoRO oropqejio lOcTa, to BTopoe chjbho 
pasApasHJio. Ona nacro sypBJía ero, ho ob'b HHRorAa ne cepAHjiCfl 3a 
dTo; MOserB 6utb, ne pascepAHJiCfl 6u h na stoti pasi, ecta^Ec 
ona roBopHia tojbro otb CBoero HnenH. Ho ciOBa: ^TaROBO MH^HÍe 
H rpa^a** — BUBe^H ero hsi ce6fl. Ohi shbo npeAcraBHXB ce(5i^, 
RaRib rpa^ sanenaTjrikrB TaRoe TOSAecTBO iíH']&fli& noi^yem na- 
jieBBRoft pyHRH. ^ase to, hto OBa Banncajia OMy npo GHBHJiy ne 



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BX COPOHK* po^prjica. 113 

yTimffjio ero. H oea, npe Bcefi ea CHifnaiiH ri Heify, npeHa^Jie- 
z&ia iffb poAy jmA&bAOBi, bšbobí^homy spáry 5^AHaro qeiiOBÍKa, 
Cb ROTopHiTB OHI noBe^eTi 6opB6y ne ea silhbotb, a ea CMepTB. 
Bi dTOiTB OBTB noRjflJiCfl nepeA'B jtepeBSHHUMx PacnaTÍeMi rpy6ot 
paÓOTu, BHCŠBniHM^b Ha crbwb. 

]lf) BecHu, o&hmm^h eMy HHcneBTOpi, h^^ HUBaBoB na^esAU 
nonacTB Ha ^aÓpHBy. Bpeiia axo CJi'bxyeTb Hiwh-EtiCjfl.h HanojiHBTB. 
Ha j&CHOiTL ABopib HHJEJiH H py^HJiH ApoBa. Ohb npHMKHyJIl Bl 
paÓOHHMii H ycepAHO nHJHJi'b h pyfiHJii, ne BSHpas na m030jh Ha 
pyBax'B H jOHOTy bi cnHHt h njiewxx. IIo Be^epaM^ oh^b xoabjii 
Bi ÁHAepcy H HeycraHHO pascnpamifBaji^b ero npo <{)a6pHqHyK) pa- 
6oTy, a OAHoro mojio^ofo ^eJiOB^Ba, cjoysHBmaro xbmhbomi bii Tex- 
HHHecBOMi 6k)P^, nonpocHJTB ojífiA4&ms> eBiy ehhph, OTBy^a oh^ mopb 
6ii no^epuHyrb HayHHsra sHanifl. Mojio^^oS qeJIOBŠE^ ji,Bjn> BHara, 
HO OH"! Ma^o noHorjiH eny. MaTeMaTHsa Bcer^a Óum ero cjiaóuirB 
nyHRTOiTB, Aa Bpont Toro eiiy neAocraBajio neofixo^HMiixi npe^Ba- 
pirejibHux^B CB^AeHifi. Ohb yr&maa^b ce6fl najie^BAofi, ^to a^o 
no§AerB na Jiajii, Bor^a ohi npaBTBqecBH ocbohtcji cl hhbíx. 

BuHys^eHHoe npeÓuBaHÍe wh :(omš narepa cranoBBJíocb eny 
xesB OTO AHfl HecHocH^e. Ohx HHqero ne CBasaji^b o cbohxi njia- 
Haxx Ao6poMy narepy, Aa totl h ne padcnpamnBajrB, a npeAOcraBjfljii 
Ben^H Bxi» ecrecTBeHHOMy xo^y* 06t> ypoBaxi* ho 6ujío 6ojii»me h 
P^hh: ToqHO IOctb yse obohhhjii rHMHasÍK) h npišxaji^b b^b naxepy 
cayíaĚHO Bt rocro. H qíiTE "Aoaíe sacHatHBajrca rocrb, tíitb cep- 
jIHTie rjfflA*]^ Bocsre rjasa TeiymRH Ahhbi. Ona ho nponycBajia 
HH OAHoro csynafl HaMBBHyTB: BaRi HenpnjiHqHo ajisi mojo^ofo h 
SAopoBaro qejiOBŠBa ofixi^aTB Ct^naro naiepa. To, hto K)ctb nepe- 
mi> ett ABŠCTH MapoBiy BupyqeHHEix'B 3a npoAasy ori^OBCBaro Biiy- 
mecTBa, TOTHacB ae no BU3AopoBjieHÍEr, bi yn.iaTy sa CBoe co^ep- 
zaHie — OHa, noBHAHMOiiy, nosa^ujia. 

EcAH, roBOpa ci hhmi, ona npH6'lrajia wb HaMeBanír, to cb naTe- 
poiTB ona cobcÍm^ ho CT^CHfljiacB. lOcro cb coiporameMi cjumaji 
CKB03B TOHByro CTÉHy CB 6paHB H nonpeEH. He pasx totobx ohi 
fiiui npBHflTb npeA^ioffienie An^epca h nepeixaTB Jt% neMy, ho ero 
yxepsHBajio cocrpa^asie ki AO(5poMy naxepy: ÓesnoMon^nuft nepeA'B 
sioft 6a6ofi, OHi^ i^nJAJicfl sa K)cra, BaBi yTonaionúfi sa b^tbj, 
j(OJseHcrByH)n^yH) ero cnacrH. Ho TyrB ne mofjio 6íitb cnacenífl. 
AnxepcB roBopHJi'B, crapHBi AORxopi no^TBeps^aiT, Aa h caM^B 
OH^ w^ikrh aro. Bi nepio^^B 6oj[']fóHEi lOexa nec^acrHEifi HejtOB^Bi 
HJbcBOJiBBo otfysABiBajii CBOK) CTpacTB, nocjit Toro, BaBi pasa Asa 
TCHyj'B nbflHBi& OKOJio BpoBaTH ĎcTa, BOToparo bsajicji croposHTB. 
Ho xenepB obi, BasaiocB, xafiBoiťB xot^jii BOsnarpaAHTB ce6fl sa 

Ton H^MAm, 1893. 8 



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114 B^GTHHKl EBPOQU. 

Bos^epsanie. HajiHTue EpoBbH) oasa, daujiexaioiitiftcfl asbiri ao- 
sasuBaJiB 9T0< HacKOJiBBO TOCBa no yrpanenHOft hitb n3a6ej«r§ 
Hrpaďa btí btomi pojiB, — eto Mon aro HsirtpHiB? O^hhi lOcn 
sHajTB, Ha BaRyK) jK>6oBb cnoco6Ho Ókíjo bto (^AHoe, npocroe 
cepwe, H ?t6 ohx Bucrpa^ajcB sa cbok> jik>6obb b^b npespacHOiiy, 
He6j[aro;i^apHOMy pe6eHBy! BEicrpa^ajio, ho xenepB yxe nepecraao 
cxpa^aTB; oho OAepeBeH']^i[o. Ri naiepy y»:e npecraBEje axiiOHSTa, 
TaB'B saB^ OH^B ne Mon Óojrbe ecnojiHATB cboh j^yxonnufl o(5fl3aH- 
hocth; a nocji'1 iipife^a AyxoBHaro peensopa hsi BpeciaBJfl, npe- 
mejTB ffeBperB, BoropuMi naTepx IQ^OHqajijra yBOJiBHflJCfl on ao.ts- 

HOCTH/ 

— S. jíaBHO y»e 9to npe^BH^ÍJi^, — CBaaaJTB oh^b lOcxy bt* 
OAHy Hsi TpesBBixx MHHyrB: — Měna yAHBjaerB tojibbo, hto ohh 
TaBTi AOJiro TepnšJiH Měna. BjarowpH) Bóra, hto ea saÍcb hítb, h 
ona ne Cy^en C6HAtTej!BHH]](e& Moero CTEr^a! Tojbbo pa^H TeÓs, 
Moá 5%AHi2ft lOHoma, uwb 9to npHCBop6HO. «S xot&ib homohb Te&b. 
Tu ueí b^phhib h ne 6yAeniB neroAOBaTB na Mens, Bor^a b 6yx7 
Bi Horaji-^k, 3a TO, TTO fl ne cxepsajťB cjiOBa. Ax^b, mujiuB cuhx 
H0&, jtyxi 6oApi, ho HJioTB HeMon^na! TaB^B HeMon^Ha! TaBi ee- 
MOH^na! Áxi, IOctb! h BaBi se a jieoÓhjix ee! Cjiymaft, K)ctb, 
xoTfl ona HacB 6pocHJia, ho tei ne 6pocafi ee! Rto snaerb, BaBÍn 
HcnuTanifl npeAcroATi efi Bnepejiel Tor^a Óy^s efi onopofi, h Bor& 
Te6fl fijiarocjiOBHTB! 

Ohi o6ebji% lOcra h sanjiaBaJii na ero rpy^H, BaBB pefienoBi. 

TaBoe se A'&TCRoe Bupasenie hmíjio ero jhi^o, Bor^a na cji^- 
;(yK>n;ee yTpo ero naniJiH MepTBBíMi bi nocreJH. CnepTB HsrjiaAHjia 
Bct 6e8o6pa3Hue CJsfkA^ nopoBa Ch JHi^a; oho 6ujio 6jaropoAHO h 
npeBpacHO, BaBHV^ buhijio hsi pyBB npHpoABi. 

— y^api! — oÓmbhjtb crapnB-B-AOBTopx.— H HH^ero Jiy^raaro 
OHx 6u caMi js,Jisi ce6a ne npe^yMaJii, — npHCaBHJii ohi. 



VI. 

^oópuil naTepi IlHTpeBi m^OHqajiJia Óujtl norpeóenx co scbuti 
i^epBOBHiíMH HO^ecTflMH; 6a6Ei roJOCHJiH, a Mya^HHu BOcnojBBOBa- 
JHCB cjiy^iaeifi jiHniHit pas^ BBnniTB h tíbtb ycep^nj^, ^to norpe* 
6eHÍe npHHiJOCB na BOCBpeceHBe, a CBan^enHHBi, eiysHBHiifi sayno- 
BoftHyK) otftAHK), npeeííHHBB noBO&Haro, Butípaji^B xeMOfi XJUi npono* 
vbjíjs CTpamHBífi nopoBi nBancTBa^ h rpoMHJii ero CBBaeeApEi. B^e 
BH^y CB^seS MorHJiEi qejiOB^Ka, nary^naa csaÓocTB Boroparo 6fiijra 
BCŠMx HSB-icTHa, 8T0 HOBasajiocB A^LSBie rpyÓ^&mHiTB Hs^B npHxosaH^ 



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BX COPOHK* POAEÍJICfl. 115 

SeCTOEOCTBK), npOTHBl ROTOpOfi Heo6xOAHMO npOTeCTOBaTb. ECJIB 
HffB-3a BTOft CJiatfOCTH npE^eTCfl HATH Vb aA'B, TO MHOrie JH — XOM 

6u TOiBRo H31 seHo^EHi — uovyTh pasc^HTBiBaTB Ha cnaceHÍe, ne 
roBopa yse o MysH0Hax'B! A hto BacaeTca Apyrexi ero ciaCocTefi, 
TO, Boace MOft! — b4;íb naiepEi, vh cymeocTH, tí ae jiioam, h 6ojb- 
mHHCTBO isTh AdJeBO en^e ne Tasie Ao6pue, saEi naxepi^ II]|oh- 
^ajija: ohi spe^a HHBOMy ee ^'^ajii, BpoM-i KaRi caMOMy ce(5'6, a 
noMoraJTB MHorBMi; hítb, HOBufi rocnoAHHx naxepi, cb ajhhhumi, 
xyAUBťL TyjoBHn^eirB, xy^UMi Jiajsflwb e MpaHHUMH rjiasaMéy boto- 
pue HHBOMy He vmautl npflMO bi jihi^o, mosotb ^bitb h oneHB 
CBflTOfi qejiOBibBi, ho hto6ei ero TaBx nojiK)(5HJH, BaB^ noBofinaro 
Jío6paro naTepa moH^aiJiy... hítb, stopo ohx ne ^oa^eTca! 05bh- 
HfljH ero B 3a to, hto ohi na Apyroft xe abhb nocjrí^ noxoponi 
npornajix TeTymBy Anny — roBopajia jí,Q,TS,e: cb ÓpanBK) h no30- 
poiťB, — AApoM^, ^TO nocjE%AfiK>K) He AOďio6jiHBajiH. Hhbto ne snajii, 
Ky^a OHa nanpaBHJiacB co cbohmh cyn^yBaMH h qeMOAaHasia, a^bho 
yse yjo»:eHHUMH na TaBoft eiyqatt. Ona Bcer^a XBajiiiJiacB nepeA'B 
lOcTOiTB, qTO — wb cjiyia* ynperB ea mhjíh6 HaTpeB-B — ona nojeTHrB 
K*B CBoei Aoporofi nsa^eju^b, h Ta npHMerB ee cb pacnpocTepTiiifH 
o5iflTÍ)iMH. lOcrB ne bI^phjii wb pacnpocTepTBifl otfiflTÍfl, ho xota 
OHB H npeoAOjr&iTB — BaB-B eny BasajocB — cboh) cípacTB b-b npe- 
KpacHOify pe6eHBy, — o^na mbicjib, íto 9Ta ysacnan sen^Hna 
MOseTB BorM-HH6yAB bhobb xhtb ho 5jih80Cth, — uanojHfljra ero 
ysacoMi. Oia mucjib sacTaBHJia ero Aase nosa^BiTB, qro TeTymsa 
Anna ysedJia cb co6ofi aobojbho SHanHTejiBHufi ocraTOB'B ^eneri, 
JtOBipeHHUxx eK bi cnerB ero co^epasanÍH. TaBHHi oÓpasoMi, sa- 
asjíenie ero HHcneBTopy o tomi, hto y nero piniHTejiBHO h%ti> 
HHsaBHXx cpeACTBi Bi cyn^ecTBOBaHÍK), OBasajrocB 6yBBajiBH0tt hcth- 
HoĚ. Oaifa MapTa aojísíecí Óum cosnarBca, hto y lOcra, no Bpafi- 
Heft wbpi BB HacTOflH^yH) MHHyTy, hItb HHOro npH^^SHHia, BpoMt 
AOMa efl OTiia. 

To 6íLia, BÓne^HO, CBopše )CHacHHa, neacejiH aomx, ho 3aT0 
coÓcreeHHOCTB An^epca. MaHcap^a, vxk nocejHJca IOctb, 6um 
najia H y6ora, h eAnncrBennoe OBomeqBO bbixoahjio na naBOsnyio 
Byqy, bx HacroHu^ee spěna mhjiocthbo npHBpBiTyio CH'&roMi. Ro- 
He^Ho, noM']&n^eHÍe ne pocBoniHoe, h ne mofjio cpaBHHTBca Cb bobc- 
4»opTa6^BHofi BOMHaTBofi, BaByK) OHI 3aHHMaji'B vb rpa^CBOMii dktiaAj 
ho saTO OHO npeAOcraBJíeHO 6bijo eny ne no jiSHBOfi rpa^csofi 
MEiocTH, a CB ApyaejiBofiieM-B fii^Haro qejOBfea, — h na ero B-fep- 

HOCTB HOSHO tfuJIO HOJIOSHTBCa. H OHI He XOtÍjI^B SHTB ^^pOlTB, 

a pascqHTUBajix sanjoíaTHTB 6ijD[H0My nejiOB^^By bc6 pacxo^Bi no cbo- 
€My co^epasaniH), BaBx tojbbo no;iyqHrB paíOTy na $a(5pHB4. 

8* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



116 BliCTHHRli EBPOnU. 

3to CJijHBJíoch paHbme, niwb owb oa^HAaji^. BjaronpiflTHus 
jCJiOBÍfl AJiíi npoHSBOACTsa BapTÓHa h 6yMarH HacrynHJH vb nojio- 
bhhí ^eBpaJifl; OTnyn^eHHUxi paóOTHHROBi npHrjiacE[.iH bhobb h na- 
HflJH HOBUxi. Bx qHCJii noci^AHHxi uocTynHJii Ba 4>a6pHRy e K)crb. 

Jí-fcjo 6ujio yxpoMt Bi noeeAiJiBHHKT*, b^ mecTb qacoB%. Ctoaja 
jiH)Tafl cryaui; sbí^sau csepRajiH na xeMHOM^ EeCfk, h ea ^epesee- 
CROfi yjiHi^']^ 6iiiJio 6u cobcími TeMHO, ecaeCBi ne ophh, sasHras- 
míecfi noBceMŠCTHO bi> OROHi^axi. Ae^epcL Mo^^ia CTynajii psACm. 
Cb HHMX no cetry, h MOJina j^BHrajiHCb no Toft me Aopori h Apy- 
rífl TeMHUfl ^Eirypu, BuxoAHBmia hsi BHseHbKBxi aoaibrobi. K)cttv 
6aji% wb laROMi me npasAHHqnoMi nacrpoeniH RaRx u Tor^a, Eor^a 
Ma.ienbRHMx líBuihmíKOWb xaacMBa^i BM^bcii ci> Maiepiiio mhmo nojefr 

Ch paCRaqHBaH)n;HMEICfl ROJIOCbflMH Wb I^epROBb. OhX BCnOMBHaJIl>; 

BaRx rjiyÓORO TporajTB ero Bcer^a ROJiOROJibHufi sbohi, AOcruraBrniň 
AO ero ymeň, Ror^a oh-b hoaxoahjii Ómrsíe Kb ropo;iy. H Tenepb 

H3X ^a6pHRH AOHOCHJICfl P'&3RÍ&, MOn^HUfi SByRX napOBOFO CBHCTBa. 

To 6ujix, ROHeHHO, cobc^mi hhoK npHsuBi), HO H OTB nero Tpe- 
neiajio ero cepAi^e: npHSUBx rx Tpy^y, rtb nnanieMy, rpyÓOMv 
TpyAy; no ero CJ']bAOBajio Bunojmexb jí,jisí Toro, htoCu jiioah crajiiř 
jnyqme h cnaciJiHeie; h ohx Buno.iHHTb ero no uiipik cjsjít* cbohxx. 

?ej[()B']bR'B, mecTBOBaBnritt paAOMx eb hhmi, ne ^'i^maji eux 
AyMaTb. H TOJibRo Ror^a ohh co Bcefi lojnofi ocTanoBHJiHCb nepeAi- 
ÓOJibniBMH BopoxaMK, AHAepc^ bs^jii ero pyRy r, RpinRO nosaBi>. 
nporoBopHJix: — JKeJiaio y^a^a, TOBapan^x! 

UocJí^ Toro OH'b npoBejii CBoero neTOMii^a mhmo paaanqnuxT 
s^anift, co ctíhi Roiopuxx CRyno ocBtn^ajiH Aopory rasoBHe ^o- 
napM, pascraBJíeHBue A^^^eRO oa^hx otb Apyroro, qepe3x yseebRÍe 
ABopu H, HaROHei]^^, qepesi caMyio ^a6pE[Ry wb to OTA&ieHÍe, 
RyAa 6uAi> onpeA'feieHx K)crb, npeAcraBUJii* ero cBoeny TaMora- 
neMy cocayiRHBiíy, crapmeMy paÓoqeMy, h ymejix CBoefl Aoporoft. 
^.ecaib MHHyxi cnycxa K)cxt» cxoajit. sa paóoxoft. 

MexaHHqecRH Monoxonoafl, ho cobcí^mx ne jierRaa pa6oxa: ruobi 
pascopxtipoBaHHoK 6yMarH, ROTopyfO cj']kAOBajo b3b']^chxl h cxapa- 
xejibHO ynaRoeaxb, 6biJin aobojlho xasejiu, a K)cx^ ne sHaji^B 
t4xx npieMOBi., nocpeACXBOMx RoxopBixx onuxHbie pafioxHHRH o6jer- 
qajH ce64 xpyAi>. Ki xoMy ae oxt» 6ojibmofi Maccu CBtateň 6y- 
Mare mejii npoxHBHufi Banaxii h emfi 6oji'ke oxflrqaJix Aymnbifi^ 
AypHoá BOSAyxi A-^HHHaro, nesRaro, xojOAHaro noM']kn],eHÍfl ci Myx- 
HbiMH, HHRorAa He pacRpuBaBmHMHCfl oRHaMB: HOBHqRy xpyAHOAu- 
majiocb, B xoJiOAHufi noxi BbiCTyna.ii> y nero na Ji6y. Ho ohi My- 
aiecxBeHHo BUAepssaJii ao xoro MOMenxa^ RorAa nacxynajia nopa 
BaBxpaRaxb. TorAa ci pasÓexuMB qjieHaMB c&ii ohi> bi yrojoRi h 



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BT» COPO^M POABJICa. 117 

ci aaíHOCTBK) ci-kai fiyTeptfpoAx, saBepeyiufi eny MapToft. Mojio- 
j^ofi ^ejioff^Bx, HeiíHoro nocrapme ero, npHCoeAHHHJca ri neMy: 
aro 6fiurb IOjihri ObepeRi, hsi ASUbHefi ^epeenn, TO.ibBo-?TO no- 
<n7nHBnii8 na ^diÓipBKy h eny HesHasoMuft. 

9totb iiajiuft, ch HepHUMH bocumh riiasaMEi, mepoBHife esy- 
jaMH H TOJCTEiMH ry6aM0, CBB03b BOTopiifl 6e3npeCTaHHO CBepBajiH 
^He Bytfíi, coBCfcMi ne noHpaBHJca lOcry; ho Apyrie pafioqie, 
xopomo sHaBmie, bto oh^b^ CTopoHHJiHCb orb aero, o^eBa^HO ne ao- 
úfM eMy H c^Hiafl npHcyTCTBie cana .i'k;HHqaro h BOcnHTaHHHBa 
flOBoftHaro naiepa rjynoio myTBOft. Ho ohi p^mujii AORasaib hmi, 
TTO oTHOCHTca Wh A^jy cepbesHO. 

TaKoe BHHy»A€HHoe, xoia h HecTHoe TOsapamecTBO Aoporo 060- 
fluocb euj. IOjhkx, npiiHflBinift evo aa CBoero poBHio, — ne ycfl*;ie 

OHH OÓM^HflTbCfl AByMfl-TpeMfl ClOBaMH, — HOBeJIl AByCMEICJieHHblfl, He* 

npEJiH^HUA pine; Teiíoft jí^jisi hhxi ciymBiTH ero hohheiji noxo- 
sj^eHÍfl (Tb OAHofi <{)a6pHHH0& A^BymBoft. K)crb aieniBOirB AOJiro ^bhjtb 
Bi AepesH*, qroíu ne snaTb pacnymenHOcra bthxi JiEO^efi, ho eny 
eqe HeKor^a ho npnxoAHJiocb lani 6jih3RO cb neio crajiRBBaTbCfl. 
Tin ne Henie, oh^ OBJía^i^i co6ott h y^OBO-ibCTBOBajcfl H']kcBOJ!ib- 
SHHH HeoAOÓpHTaabHUMH cJiOBaMH, ROTopufl epo HOBbifi TOBapnn^^ 

npHHflJTb Cb I^HHHqeCROft HaCAffamROfil OHI BHAHTb, HTO HM% HaftO 

CHa^ajia noÓJieae coftTHCb. Ci CBoeft CTopoHu, ohx — Aofipaft Majuft 
H BcePAa paA'b noA^HTbca Ch TOBapen^eMi, n ecjiH Dcry A^^ByniRa 
&OHpaBHTai... 

Ho Tyr^ nepepuBX bx saHarifixi OROHiHJica, n lOcrb ójaro^a- 
pHj'b Bóra, HTO ohi mopx sepnyrbca Ri pa6oTÍ: ona noRasajracb 
^iiy Tenepb popasAO Jievne, Ohx hoam^thíii H']^CRO.ibRO jiobrhx^b 
npieMOBi H ycBOHJii hxi cetfí, a H-feROTopbie Apyrie npieMu noRasajH 
€My crapiftniie pa6oHÍe: yBHAfl, hto ohx seiajii^ pa6oTaTb ne na 
rayTRy, ohh noneMHory ciajia rx neny AOB^pqHBÍe. 3to o^eHb o6oa- 
piuo ero H npHBejo bi pa^y^noe Hacipoenie Ayxa, Bbipa3HBnieecfl bo 
BpeMfl o5^AeHHaro nepepuBa, ROP^a ohi> pa3AÍ^flJi'b ci An^epcoi^b 
CBpoMHufi o6i^A'B, npHCJiaHHufi Ha 4>a6pHRy MapToft, ci oahhmx 
H3i iLiaADíHxx 6paTbeBi. ÁH^epci cb ApysecRoft cepbesHOCTbio bu- 
cxyniHBajfb ero, ho ne npopoHHvTb hh cjiOBa; ROPAa se pasAajca 
aecTOR^b, npo8UBaBnii& na pa6oTy, obi cnoBa h Rp^nRO nosajTL 
«xy pyRy. H CHOBa saRHntjia pa6oTa ao caMapo Be«iepa. 

TaRx npomejii nepBuft Aenb; 3a hhmx nocji'&AOBajii Biopoft, 
HOxoAHBmifi na nepBuft, RaRi ab^ RanjiH boau; 3a hhmh — xperifi, 
H QOTflHyjica 6e3ROHeqHuB pflAx AHefi, cb tok) toíibro pa3HHi^efiy 
^TO 3HHy CM^HHja BecHa, Becny ji'&to, a Cb ji^tomx Hacrynejia 
CHOBa oceHb h sarlMi 3HMa. ÍOcrb nocTenenno nepexoAHJi'b h3s 



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118 BI^CTHHBX EBPOim. 

OAHoro OTA&ieHÍfl ^a($pHBH Bi Apyroe, h Maao-no-Majy osHaBOMHJica 

nO^TH co BCkWb npOHSBOACTBOlTB. 

Ho pa^OTajii jih obi npH q)aBHiiTe.ibHOfi thidhh^, BaBT> b'& 
TOMi OTA&ieBÍEi, By^a ero TeoepB nepeBejiH, h paBBine bi ynja- 
AO^HOft MacrepcKoft, — pa6oTajii» jih ohx npn orjiyraHxeJibHOMt rBaJirt 
napoBoi MamBBEj,— a Bce se ero pa6oTa 6iiJia Bce Ta se MexaHH- 
HecBaji pa6oTa. 9to 6ujío Tssejio; a en^e Tase^ie bha^tb TynocTB 
H rjiynocTB na jihi^bx^ h b% cepAi^ax^B h yiiaxi pa6o^Hxx. JI|a f 
BaBi Morjio 611TB HHaqe, sor^a rb BeMHoria chjiu, Basifl ho bosh- 
pajiHCb pa6oTOfi, OBoeqaTejiBHO yÓHBajiHCB nopoBOifb! 

— fl He AyMajix, HTO jíibjío ctohtb laKi xy^o, — roBopHJx^ 
lOcTL nenajiBHO An^epcy. 

— BtAb npesAe ee 6ujio TaKi xy^o,— OTBi^ajix totl; — Ha 
BJÍBHÍe HOBaro naiepa npHsejio kl xy^uM^B pesyjiBTaTaMi. m^i* 
CBJiBH'&e rpoMBrB ohi MysqBH'B wb nponoB^A^xi* h híwl crpose 
dnHTHMÍH HaRJiaABiBaeT-B na senn^HHi, rkwb xyse oni Be^yrB ceÓJi. 
IIpesAe 6iiJio xotb h^cbojibbo cenefi, taí i^apcTBOBajiH irapi h co- 
rjiacie. TenepB BesA^ BOAapHJicfl pasAopi. Ea6u cxajiH csapjiBBBi n 
npHAHpHHBEi, MysHBHii ApaHJiHBii, H Bi BOBi^^b* BOHi^OBi cnacaiOTca 
orB AOMamHHxi AP^isrB bi Ra^aBi, ta^ tohatb vh bhhí CBoe ne- 
AOBOJiBCTBo, a 6a(5u saHuiiaiOTCJi tíut* se y ce6fl no AOMaMi. K 
sBaeniB, IOctb, b ocraiocB npn CBoeMi: rjiaBHafl BHna naAaeTi» na 
TBoero JuofflUjifii. Owb nosHpaeTB ne BepmHHu ejiei, RaBi 8% TBoeflE 
CBasK*, HO jiiOAeft, IOctb, jiH)Aeft! Hami rpa^t Mosera 6utb qy- 
TO^Ey noxy se ApyrHX'B; ho a pasyMÍH) ne ero h ho Apyrex-B eicy 
hoaoChuxi; fl pasyMiK) Bce aro KanHTajiHCTHqecEoe xosb&ctbo: mhji* 
jiioHBi jiB)Aefi o6pan^aK)TCfl b^b crotobi, ^To6h^ hšckojibbo tucatk 
MorjiH SHTB noHejoB^^ecRH. 3to acho AOBasai^ JlaccajiB. 

JlaccajiB 6ujii> ÓoroMi SToro Ao6paro nejiOBŠRa. Ohi aoctejtl^ 
ce(5š ($pomH)pEi BejiHRaro arnraTopa h qHTajii> hxi» ao 'rtxx nopi^ noKa 
ne BuyHHjii hohth HansycTB. BnyrpenHÍft cmeici^b 6pomH)p'B ne 6hurh. 
AJifl nero bhojihí acen^B. Ho ohi dtoro ne CBpuBajrB h ne ctbiahjcií 
o6pan^aTBCfl sa paaiflCHeHÍBMH k% MJiaAmeMy TOBapnn^y. ?hcto ^bjio- 
co^CBifl M^cra IOctb MorB no 6ojiBniefi nacTH oCxbchhtb aobojibho 
yAOBjeTBopHTejiBHo; ocraJiBHBifl se h ero caHoro ctbbhjih b^b TynHBi. A 
MesAy tím^b to 6íijih RaKi* pa3i> caMUfl BasHua; a HMenno: nojni- 
THBo-9ROHOMHqecBÍB, TpaBTOBaBmífl o BanHTBJíi, npoi^eHTŤ, peHT^^ 
npeAJioseHÍH, cnpocb, KOje($aHÍflxi sypca, asioTas^ h ApynncE^ 
ycJiOBÍBx^B pa6oHaro puHRa h 6hpsh. Besi acnaro noHHMaHÚi 9thx'&. 
Ben^efi TOJiBOBaTB o hbxi, no mh^hík) lOcra, 6ujio to se, ^T0 cjr6- 
noMy pascysAaTB o Rpacsaxi. 

HpoMyqHBmHCB paai ii^oe BOCKpecHoe yTpo naA^ oahoS hbx 



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FB COPOyK* POAMCfl. 1 19 

laRHXi TpYAHUxx rj[aBi» h ae ao^^ubuihcb HHsaKoro pesyjibTaTa, 
OHI nosajfOBaiCfl na cbok) &bjíy ÁH^epcy. 

— KaKB TU AjMaemB, XpHcrocB snajii bc* 9th Bemn? — cnpo- 
CH^ AHAepci. 

— HaBÍpHoe, híti, — OTBiHajii JOctb.— fl Aa»e y(5íajieH'B, nxa 
KpoMi Toro ABHapifl, BOTopuK eMy noBasajii ^apncefi, Ohx iiajio 
ffiBerh BHxajťb bi CBoefi seMHofi auisHB. Ho BpeiceHa Tor^a 6um 
xpyrífl, H OTHomeHÍfl — npon^e, HaTypajBH-le^ no BpafiHefi M^pi bs 
cejbCEBxx spysRaxi 3eHJieA^Bi](eBi>y nacTyxoB'B, caAOBHHBOBi h 

pHdaBOBT^ CpeAB KOTOpUXl rjaBHUHX 06pa301fB SHJTB XpRCTOCl, — 

xoTfl, 6eai> coira^HÚi, ysi h TorAa a^^ niJiH Hnaqe bi lepycajBMi^ 

I Wb OCOtfeHHOCTH B^ PhM^. 

— H rbwb ne ifen^ Ero yqeme nycTHJio Bopen h tbmi>, 
a lasse h bi AoHHaxi, h vh RopHHoi: o&b dTOWb mosho npo- 
UTaTB vb anocTOJBCRBxi nociaHÍflxnb, — saMŠTHJii Ae^epci. 

— RoHe^HOy — npoAOJiaajix IOctb: — a tojbbo-^to xot^i npH- 
(íaBHTb, HTO Ero npocroe yienie, KaKx toibko oho KocnyjiocB . ^eH- 

TpOBl 06pa30BaHH0CTH, A0J13&E0 ÓUJIO BHAOHBM^HBTBCfl Bl» yM^fa JIH)AeÍ, 

^múu noAO&TH B^ Hxx 6ojiie eiosHuirB oTHOineHÍflM^B. 

— BoTB B^ BTOMy-TO a H Beai! — BCBpeqajix ÁHAepcB CBTop- 
aecTBOMx: — yneHie AOJiano 6hjio HSM^HHTBca, ito(Sh noAOftTe bx 
60^ CJiosHLiirB OTHOmeHÍaMi, T.-e. yxyAniHTBCJi, nponHxaTBCfl 
qeMyApieiTB, Boroparo h dohatb HBsaBi HesBdfl, h BOTopoe npoTHBHO 
BOJii H sejiaBÍH) Xpacia. Ilo^eny Ohi CBaBajTB: „ne MtmafiTe aí- 
TiiMB npntfjBsaTBCfl bo Muiy h6o hxi ecTB n;apcTBÍe He6ecHoe*? 
Rih: „ecJiH ne craHeTe BaRx a^th^... Ho a^a neefl xpecrlaHCBafl 
o6pa80BaHHOCTB H coiúajiBHaii AeMOBpaTÍfl — p^mBxejiBHO oaho h to se. 
A noTOMy z roBOpK): xpHCTÍaHCBafl oÓpasoBaHHOCTB norBÓHerB, ecifl 
CHOBa He CTaHerx ctojb se npocTOH), BasrB jmn> XpHCTOCB, h 
H3B comajiBHofi AeMOBpaTÍH poBHO HHHero ne BBiiAerx, noBa naA^B 
efl yqemeirB npnxoAHTCfl JiOMaTB rojiOBy ne tojbbo TaBony 6tAH0My 
Heyny, BaBx sij ho A&se b Te&k^ xota tu yse mhofo y^nurcs. 

— Mhofo y^rijica! — BSAOxnyjix IOctb. — Ho ^eiíy? — TaBHMi bo- 

n^MťB, BOTOpUfly BaB^B fl BHSy, COBC^Ml HO npHFOAHU Vh SH3HH. Q 

BpoMŠ TorOy AHAepcB, ecjH bu xotato, qTOÓu name yqeme 6ujo 
HpocTo H noHBTHO poÓeHBy, to, ohobhaho, JlaccajiB, BOToparo bu TaKB 
yBasaere, ne HacTOfln^ift y^HTOJiB. 

AHAepcB CABHHyjTB manBy co Ji6a h OTBŽ^ajii no híbotopoitb 
pasAyiiBH: 

— Hocjiyniatt, K)cti, a TaB'B ce6£ aTO npeACTaBJíflio: botb^ 
HanpHifipi, o^eHB cjiosHaa iianiHHa, CTOHBmafl Óojbhibxi Aeneri 
■ nocTOflHHO TpeÓyion^afl tfojiBnrax^B pacxoAOBi, noTOMy ^to ee naAO 



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120 BfiCTHHBl EBPOan. 

ÓesnpecTaHHO ^hhhtb; h npe dnowh oaa MaJO e njoxo paóoraerL. 
IIoBflTHO, Hameify ópaxy Rasercfl: ornero 6u ne nocrpoHTB MamHHy 
npon^e h A^nieaie, h Tasí, htoÓu ona jy^me patfoxajia. Ho no- 
crpoHTB ee, IOctb, mu ne Moseiíi ao tíxx nopx, nosa ne npexerB 
laBofi HeJOB-i^Kiy BOToputt CByMteTB pasoÓpaTB crapyH) MamHHy h 
noRasaTB, no^eMy ona npH Bcefi CBoefi cjioshocth h AoporoBHSH^ 
xani ysacHO luoxa, h ne ysaserB, Raní CA&iaTb ee ropasxo npon^e 
H A6ineBJie. H TaRofi hcjiob^ki cA^aeTi ManiHB^, K)ctb; oh^ ee 
Cít^jaeTB— 9T0 rjiaBHoe. 

— Hy, TaKx JlaccajL ee naBipHoe ne CA^JJajTB, — saMiTHJTB 
Den. 

— Ho OHI noEasajii, no^eMy CTapaa Mamasa seroAna, — a h 
dTO yme mhofo. HpBAyrB Apyríe, h obh CA^aH)!^ HOByH) MamHHy. 

— Ho HTO 8T0 óyjifiwb ne mu cb Bann, ÁHAepCB, — bi stom^ 
fl yB'lpeH'B. 

ÁH^epcTB HH^ero ne OTBiqaax. Ohx bha&ix bx lOcrt MeccÍK> 
Tpy^a, EOTopuft Bce beihojihhtb, na mib ne xBaiaen chji y nero^ 
(ÍŠAHaro Beyna, — h HHKaKx ne xortji pascTaTBCJi ci aToft Ha^es^oft. 



vn. 

Kto Be pasA&iflJTB sioá Ba^esj^u, kto npeAOcraBJífljii semfi hxx 
ecrecTBesBOMy xo^y, no BeBosMOSBOCTH hm^b BOcnpenaTCTBOBaTE, 
TaBi STO— Mapia. Ecjih6u otb nea saBHCÍJio, JOerb ho nepecrynejB 
6u sa nopoPB <{)a6pHEH h ne noceanjicfl 6u y hhxi na qepAaK^. 
ÍTO ohx He CTHAHJica BH TOFO, BH jípyroFO — 8T0 BOSBumajo ero 
B^B ea r^iasaxi. JI,aBBO yse cyn^ecTBOBaBÍe lOcra npeAcraBJíflJiocB 
et CHMBOJOMx ea coficTBOBHaro ropanaro cxpeM^enifl bo3buchtbch 
naA^B BHSMeBBOfi cpe^ott^ ee ospysaBmefi. 

CuBi npocToro JitcBH^aro h, en'&AOBaTej[BHO, se Bofb b^^tb nasrB 
Bfiíme Toro cocroflHÍfl, hsi* noTOparo oaa cana npoHCxo^HJia, lOcvh 
rOBopnii, OABaKo, cobc^mi hhumi asuKOMi, OTJiHHajiCfl cobc]^'b 
HHUMH ManepaMHy BsrjíflAftMH, tobomi rojioca, ^iwb Bct Apyrie 
lOHomH, RÓTopuxx OBa sflajia. IIoHrpaxB ci bhmx bi Bocspe* 
ceBBe Bcer^a RasajiocB efi ÓojBmoft neciBK); cnacrjiHBaa BOSBpan^a- 
jiacB OBa AOMofi, h bcio uejsíbjíio vh seft noMepsHBaja pa^ocrnoe 
HacrpoeBÍe Ba^es^a Ba ca']&AyK)n]iee BOCRpeceBBe. Osa h Be noAO- 
BpÍBajia, qxo jík>6et% dioro MB.iaro lonomy, pascRasuBaioniaro Tasúi 
cjiaBBua HCTopin; oBa snajia tojíibro, hto BeBaBHAHTi> nsaóeuy, ae 
sa TO, HTO Ta ropasAO RpacHB-fee, ^ímx ona, bo sa to, hto rop- 
AflHRa npHBHMajia noRJiOBeHie Dera RaRx AOJURHoe h bhcrojibro 



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B-b COPOHK* POAHJICa. 121 

He éiuia eiiy 6jiaroAapHa sa ero iwÓOBh. ^yscTBo HeHaBectH vh 
He&iaroAapHofi Majio-no-Hajy OTspujio ei rjiasa ea to, hto ona 
jd6htb B)cTa 6ojiBine Bctx^ jsjpyruTb jno^efi, He ecujho^uji h oma, 
I TTO OHa, ecjinóu sto noHaAOÓKJiocB, cb pajocTBio yiíepjia 6£i 
3a Hero. 

Ofia cosHaiacb ce6i bi dxoifb, BorAa JOcn npHHjiJii npHrjia- 
meme ABHTbca bi sáiíOBi. Ona csasajia eMy na cboS jasoHHqecKift 
ssLi^h: ,06 xoah!*' Ho obtb nomejix, e oea saÓpajiacB BenepoMi bi 
riyxoe iriterenBO Bijritey h lairL HanjiaBajiacB Tasí, RaRi bi 
SI3HB cbok) He iL2iaKaj;a, h Ayiiajra, qio cepAUe y nea pasopBercji. 
9to ee nanyrajio: ona BOo6nie ne jrerKO njiaBajia, TaRx no^eHy 
ze ona Tasí lua^erB TenepB? KaR^B pascyAHTeJBHas A^symRa, 
oia AOJUBHa 6aM 6u CRasaTb ce6i: BejiHRoe c^acrie ajis lOcra, 
eciH OHi^ HonaAerB bi sáMORi, jhhib 6n xaux ocrajicfl; bi» droHi 
OHE coMHiBaexca, — ho, ROHe^HO, 9T0 ero a*Jio. H RorAa ona 
eMy CRasajia: „ne xoah!" — ny Aa, OHa ne xoriwia ycrynHTB ero Haa- 
6euii. He noTOMy, htoÓei Aynajia 3aBJiaA'£Tb hmi cana, — o6i> stom^b 
OHa H He HOMBimjiflJia, — ho H8a6ejiJi% ohi ne AOJimeHi AOcraBaTBCfl, 
noTOMy TTO ona CA^aerB ero nec^acTHUMi; b^ab yse h TenepB 
OffB Hec^acreHx no es mejocth. To^bro HHqero hojibb^ 6eijio TyrB 
€;(&iaTB. OffB ymejii HneBepneTca. B^ahua, HeRpacHBua A'ÍBymRH, 
san ona, ne MoryrB SAaTB c^acria. 

Mapra BepnyjacB aohoK, h hbrto, xase OTei^i), ne npHMtTHJix, 
T[o6u ch nefi cjiy^HJiocB HT0*HH6yAB oco6eHHoe, hto ona Hy»e- 
CTBeHHO nepesHJia otohb 6ojiBmoe ropě. 

Ho BOTx cRopo OHI BepHyjucfl; ett— ne to na paAOCTB, ne to 
Ha rope. Ha paAOCTB, noTOBiy ^to Apyne ero jiHmejiHCB, h ona 
Morja 3a hhmt* xoahtb; na rope, noTOMy hto — ^tď se CTaneTCH ci 
hutb? 

Pa6oMÍfi na ^a6pHR']& h hxx RBapTRpanTi! Oaa ho snajia, mí) lyTi 
xyze. Ona, bc^mh CHJiaMu CTpeMHBmaflCH Bu6paTBCfl hsi ORpysaio- 
o^efi ee HHO^eTu, AOJiSHa cnoKOňHO cmotp^tb, RaRi ohx, ROMy ona 
sejajia canaro 6jiecTjin;aro »pe6ifl na sevurk h c^HTaJia ero aoctoS- 
Bmn> BEicmaro nojiosenifl, ao6pobojbho 6pocHj[Cfl BiHHH^eTj! Ofla 
cepAHjacB na nero sa p'imeHÍe, RasaBmeeca eft h nepasyMHUMi, h 
xajOAyniHuirB; cepAHJiacE na oTi^a sa to, ^to totb noAAepsaJinb b^b 
HeiTB dTO p^menie. BnepsEie bi acHSHH saAynajiacB ona HaA'B t^mx, 
HacROJBRO ynoHÍe oTua, RasaBmeecH efl ao chxi nopi npaBAOno* 
XOÓHuiTB, pasyMHo na npaRTHRi, h ri CBoeiiy yAHBJíeHÍH) Hamjia, 
HTo OHO — HepasyMHO. HoMoraTB TaMX, ta* homoh^b nysna — npoTHBi 
dtoro OHa HH^ero ne BOspa»aeTx; ona caMa bck) shshb TaRx no- 
crynajia, h bto bohijio eft btb ujiotb h rpobb; ho noMoraTB — fa* 



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122 B^CTHHKl EBPOnU. 

noMonilb He TpeÓyerca, rfl,i jiioah caMe ce6i MoryT^ h aojishu no- 
Moqb, H orb HeHysHofi noHon^H craHyrB TOJibBO JiiuEvbe e xyse^ 
dTO — 6e8CMBicjiHi^a. A to, ^Tb roBOpHJi'B OTeiCB npo pasHUH npaea 
Bcixi Ha paóoiy h npo paBnufl npaBa na BOsnarpas^eBie, BaBas 
6u HH 6ujiSL paóora, — Bce dxo, efi BasajocB, npnBOjiHrL bi toS ase 
6edCMiicJiHi](t, TaBi BaBi no^BOAnn noAi oahhi ypoBens ynniux 
H rjynuxi, ji^hhbeixi h npBj[esHux'B. ?to6u K)ctb nojiyqajrL 
CTOJiBBo se, H HHBaBx He 6oj[Bnie, líbwh OraHHBi CTo;iflp^HB'b, Ch 
BpyrjiiíMH, nojYHAioTHqecBHMH FJiadaMB, xoriBnrífi na Hefi seHHTBca, 
HJiH IOjhbi IlbepeBx, Harjio rjax^Bniifi na nee npa Bcrpš^axi v 
CBajiHBmifi npH stoitb Otjme, bojrbh syóu — ecjH 9to ne ÚescMu- 
cjiHi^a, to 3Ha^HrB 6edCMucjiHi^u BOBce ne cyn^ecTByerB. H^tb, ecni 
IDcTB H yTBepsAaerB, tto bi sáuiA ne ero mšcto, to Ha 4ni6phb^ 
eny h no^aBHO ne mícto, h ona sapante diarocjOBJflerB totl no- 
cjiíahíB AeHB, BaBofi owb na nett npoBeAOTB. 

A TaBse H Bi Hxi AOifik. Ero npeCuBanie y hex^ kb aomí 
erajio jljisí nes nysofi. Cna^ajia ona Aynajia, hto npHBBiBneTx bi 
dTOMy; HO h^tb; nanpoTHBi Toro, efi craHOBHJOCB Bce tasbo:!^. 
Ona CTapajocB npo^HTaTB y nero na Jiei^i h bi rjia3axi: ne bos* 
6y2BAaerB jih bb HeirB OTBpau^enie Bce nenpnrJiflAHOe, ^tď hpohcxoahtb 
vh HX^B AOMt, EM ne CMŠercfl jih ohi npo ceóa naAO bc^m^b, ^Ti> 
BEjsjurb BOBpyrB ce6fl. Ona HHnero ne Horjia npo^ecTB. Ohi, hobh- 
AHMOify, HHHero ne BHA'bjiB h Bce npHHHMajiB BaBi> AOJiSHoe. Ona 
6ujia ytíteiena, hto ero cnoBOfiCTBÍe — tojibbo npHTBopcTBO; ^ito oh^ 
jirajii, BOFAa cnoBa h cnona yB^paji, 9to eny xopomo y hhxi wl 
AOMt h OHI HH^ero jynmaro ne sejiaoTB. 

n OHa Bce BEiHOCHJia! h crjaoctb xosflficTBa, HeonpflTHOCTB, He- 
H3(5&BHyH) Wh TaBOMB iicHOM'B noM^menÍH, H rpyCocTH Bojiecjiana h 
XpncTO^opa, CTaHOBHBmiacfl cb BasAUMi M^cjii^eMi sce Heo6y3AaH- 
H^e, H 6e3i^epeMOHHOCTB, saByH) OTei^ nosBOjifljrB ce&b y ceóa vh 
AOmÍ, Aa»e TO, HTO efi nacro npnxoAHJiocB noBasHBaTBCfl K)cTy bi 
TaBovB BOCTH)M%, ROToparo ona (miAHJiacB, — Bce; oahofo tojsbeo 
ona ne Horjia BunecTB... 

MicBVifi TpH TOMy Ha3aA'B ona saiiiTHjia, Basi esi Ma^nixft, Bep- 
HyBHiHCB H&-Beceji'l CB BpecTHHB, HpoHCxoAHBniHxi BB AepeBH']^, n 

BCTpi^TBBB K)CTa BX CtHflX^B, 6pOCHJiaCB Kb HOMy Ha HieK) H Ops- 

HflJiacB i]('&iOBaTb (5e8B Boni^a. ?to MaHHxa, cJiiBmaa BpacaBHiiiefi 
Bi AepeBHi, TA^ ne 6ujio HeAOCTaTBa b'B xopomeHBBHXB A^BymBarB, 

H AO CBXl nopx, HeCMOTpfl Ha TpBAI^aTB JIÍTL, CHHTaJaCB BpaCHBOfi 

senniHHOfi h o^enB cboÓoaho o6pan;ajiacB cb Mys^HnaiiH, — bto ona 
sHajra, h BcerAa na 9to cepAHjacB, yAHBJíflflCB, BaBi OTei^x aroro 
HO saM^^aoT^B. Ho wb cyn^HOCTH ao nes 8to ne BacajocB, a ecia 



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Bl COPO?R% POAHJCfl. 123 

ME^xa H Bejia ce6fl sanacTyH) ee npEJiH^so, to Mapxa Bce-ď^e h& 
j^yMEJia, hto(5ei y eefl 6uj!io ^to-hh^yj^l 3ďoe Ha ysíš, a npocro 
FB nbflHOMi BecejiB'& ona ne SHaerL cetíš yjtepsy. 

Ho Ha 9T0TB pasi jsíkio 6ujio nnane: hÍ^to ocofiennoe, bx po^i 
efl njana bi Ji'6cy^ RorjOia JOcn ornpaBHjicfl vh s&mobi, saRoe-TO 
OTBpoBeme, cjtobho ^aRejioifB ocB^THBmee xattHHRH AyníH, osapnjo 
ee H TenepB; ho tojibro na btotb pasi ^ynia (ÍBijra Hyaaa, h to, 
?T0 ona OTRpujia wh neft, 6bijio yauiCHO, nesiiHOCHMO. H Bce-TaRH 
OHa ;íOjaHa TepnÍTB 9to. %5 eft Kbjí9,T!h? IIpeAOCTepeiB OTiía? 
Ona ne Morja pšniHTBca na 9to. ]ífi 8to 6h hh rx qeny He no- 
Bejio: OTeii^ BipHjix bc^mx na cb^^, a MOJO^yK) asoHy, HecMOTpa 
Ha efl He^ocraTRH, oÓoauiJii ao yMonoMpa^emfl. Mooo jih 6n, b^ 
npoTHBHOMii cjiy^ai, yRpuTBCH ovb ero BOO^qe sopRHXi rjiasi to, 
^t6 npOHCxoAHJo: h sa^nue bstjisjsm, rotopbimh Ma^Hxa to^ho no- 
SHpaja iOera, h to, RaRi ona ri neny jiBHjjia, 6pajia ero noA%* 
pyRy, nojBdOBajiacB bc^mh CJiy^Miin, hto6u AOTpoHyTBCH jí.o nero, h 
nepenŠHy bi es jihi^, Ror^a ohi yxoAHJn> h hphxoahjtb, h to, mo 
ona npo^HpaeTCfl ri neny na ^ep^aRi, Ror^a efi Tam piniHTeJiBHO 
He^ero ;^aTB, h noARapayjiHBaeTi ero na yBenBRoi jr&ceHR']^, rjíií 
ABa qejiOB^Ra e^Ba MorjH npoTHcnyTbCfl pa^OMi? 

A lOcrB? HeysejiH ohi xaR-B HesHneni, hto, Ďy^ynn npe^Me- 
TOMi TaRoi HasofijiHBofi cípacTH, HH^ero pimHTejibHo ne npHH^- 
?aeTB? Ona MOJiHJia 6ora, qTo6u bto 6eijio raRi, h yT^majia ce6H 
MHCJBH), HTO Borb ycjiEimajii ea ^ojiHTBy. A sai^Mi nacTynajH 
^acu B AHH, Ror^a ea B%pa R0Jie6a;iacB h 6imeHaa pobhoctb rh- 
jAjib. bx cepAi^'6; q)aBHHTejiBHO cb dToft peBHOCTBH), Ta, ROTopyio eft 
BHymaja Usa^ejjia, RasajiacB pefianecTBOirB. Ha 9T0Vb pasi hhrto 
im> HHxi ne Óujii 6ojiBme pe^eHRom: hh HCRycHTejBHHiita, hh ona 
caMa, hh Aase K)cti, AeBaTHaAiVtTHJsŠTHift mojioaoíI i ejiOBŽRi, Bupoc- 
mifi Ha ii^ijyio rojiOBy, cb BaRajieHHiiMH na pa6oT% nycRyjiaMH h tom- 
HUMH ycHRaMH Ha Bepxnefi ry6i. Kone^no, ona HHRorAa ne BHA'6Jia, 
EHRor^a He cjitimaiia, mo6u ohi yxaiRHBaji 8a Toft hjh Apyroft men- 
n^HHoft HJH A^BymROft na ^a6pHRi; ohi HHRorAa ne conpoBosAaJi'^ na- 
HHXH na BeqepHHRH, RaRi ona Ri neMy hh npHCTaBaja ch dTHifB. Ho 
BjipyrB 8T0 Bce — npHTBopcTBO H ofiManx, H offB TOJIBRO npHRH^íHBaerca 
AofípoA^TejiBHUBťB H cji'6nEiM'B, ^toCei jchorohtb ee H OTi^a, a Taftno 
Hac]i'lxaeTca na^x hhhh o6ohmh, bmšct^ ch CBoeK) jiK)6oBHHi^eft? 

noAOsp^HÍe RasajiocB eft rpixoBHUMl, tfescTUAHEnrB, npecryn- 
HUHi, H OAHaRO ona ne iiorjia otb nero OTA^aTBca. Ona cropo- 
XHja Hxi; npHAyMUBajia, RaRyio 6fii efi ycTpoHTB JiOBymRy, qTOÓBT 
HaRpBíTB Hxi, H BiixoAHJia H31 ce6a, HTO dTO eft HHRaRi ne y^aeTca. 
Ofla qyBCTBOBajia cetfa tfjiHSROft rx noMiraaTejiBCTBy h qacro cnpa- 



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124 B^GTfinaRi EBPoma. 

mHBajia ce6fl: ne conuia jih ona yse cb yMa? 3aT£M'L HaAyMUBa- 
jiacB: He .lynnie jih eft, ne npocTHBniHCb cb hhmi^ yfitn asuiqkúj 
xajieRo, Ky^a rjiasa oha^ti, hjih Jiyqme tofo: ópocHTbcs wb npyA'B, 
HaxoAHBmificfl sa jsfipeBEeiy hjih »e no^^b ROJieca ManiHHu, hjih, 
naROHei^, Btifirn saHyasi sa CraHHRa, — cjiobomx, HTOHHtfyAb ca*- 

jaTb^ qTOtfsi H36aBHTbCJI OTb HeCTepOHMOfi nUTRH? 



VIII, 

Bujii ji^THÍfi Be^epb. CoJiHi^e yse samjio sa Jiichy ho SHoft 
sapRaro aha emfi ctoajii bi BOSAyxš. Ha ^epeseHCRoft y^ni^, 
Kb HBiJiH, noAHHiiaeMOfi 60CUMH HoraMH, nrpajH h APftJHCb rphb- 
jHBue peóflTHiDRH; y Asepefi xhxhh^ na saBajiHHRaxi cb^^h cra- 
pHRH H crapyxH ch Mvia^eei^aMH na pyRax'b; hsx oÓOHX^b Ra^aROB^B 
necjiHCb rycTBie sByRH ROHipÓacoBi h BHsrjiHBHe — CRpHooRi, h paa- 
xaBajicfl myifb h tohotb. 

MaiHxa MapTu cJiEnnajia Bce bto, ho xojibRO MHHyTaiíH; sa* 
T^Mi CHOBa RpoBb 6pocajiacb efi bx roJiOBy, h oea nepecraBajia 
HTO-.iH(Jo cJBímaTb, RpoMÍ Fjyxoro 6ieHÍa CBoero cepA^a. Ona npn- 
CTa^bHO rjiflA'^a nepesi oxRpuToe orho, na ROiopoHi CHA^iJia, b'b 
caAHRi, HO HHqero ne bej^^sl^ hh o ?eifB He Aynajia, Rpoiť^ Toro, 
qro xoqerB h AOJsna Ao5HTBCfl, qTO^u ohx npHnaAJiesajii eft; tto 
CJiy^afi ÓJiaronpiflTCTByeTi eft, . h ecjH ona hmx ne bocdojib- 
syercfl, to ona ne ynnafl, HeoTpasHMaa sen^nna, RaROK) ee Bct 
CHHTaiorB, a npocro rycuHfl, h Heqero Jiy^maro ne saeiysHBaeTB, 
BaR% craparo, nyTB ne BnaBmaro bt* aštctbo MyaRa, ROTopBifi eft 
CM^moHx H npoTHBeH'B. CiapHRx OTHpaBHJicfl Bi ropoA'B, HORynaTB 
€boh rjiynufl RHHrn, TO-ecTb nonycry 6pocaTb AeHbPH sa orho; 
Mapxa, pasjíyqHHiía, nomjia HaBÍcraTb 6o.ibHyH) noApyry-T-o6a ne 
BepnyTCfl ao hohh. XpncTOij^op^ h BojecjiaBi arpaiorB na yjiHi^^; 
vb Aou^ HHRoro h^I^tb; tojbro ohx Aa ona. He noAHATbCfl jih efi 
HaBepxx? HO noA'B RaRBMx npe^JioroiTB? He Bce jih paBHo. ]ífi h 
saT^iTB npeAJiorB? PasB^ ona ne RpacaBBUta? PasB^ hdk Hys^BHu 
He yBHBaiOTCfl sa Heft? 

Ona Bcraia cb ORna h HanpasHJiacb ki> Asepn; ho BjpyrB 
yciHmajia ero marH naBepxy h sax^Mi no ji^cthhj^í^. CepAAe hoa- 
cryHHJio eft r^ ropjiy. Ecjih ohx yftAeri hsx Aowy — Bce norHĎJO. 

Ho Tyrb ona ycjumajia, RaR^ ohi BumeJii vh c^hh, noAomeji^ 
Kb ABepflSťB H Hao^ynuBajii bi TeMHOTt saABHSRy. H BApyn ocTa* 
hobhjich nepeA'B pacTBopennoft ABepbio, y^nwiCB, wo bhahti no-. 



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Bi copow* po^íMca. 125 

cpeAH ropHBiíu í^arypy, KOTopyio ee q)a3y ysea^x. 3aT%irL ohi 
BomeJii FB ropHHi^y, ocraBHBi ;(Bepb Hacresx? 

— KaR^b? — cnpocHJTB ohi: — bh eme s^icb? 
Oea He orst^aja, ee MOr^a OTB^^aib. 

— OAOJiSHTe MHŠ napy cnaneRi; y Měna Bck buiujih. 

H OHI XOTÉJl UpOfiTH Bl> yrOJIX, FA* Ha CTOjt, 0K0.10 SKeCTfl- 
HOfi JaMHU, AyMaJIl HaflTH B0p060qBy co CHH^BaMH, HO OCTaHOBBJCfl 

Bi yAHaaeHÍH; ^to 8Ta 6ojiTJinBafl senn^BHa moj^htb, RaRx jómM^ 
H He ABHraercfl cb M']kcTa. HeBOJibHO marnyjix .ohi ri nefi. 

— ít6 ci> BaMB? — cnpocHJ^ oh^b. 

OnsTB HBRaRoro OTB^Ta; ohx caumajiiB tojbro, RaRB ona ta* 
sejo A^niajia. 

— Bose Moá! BBi 60JIBHU? 

— JI,a, — nporoBopHJia OHa xphhjibimi, rjiyxBMi tojiocomx. 
Ohb BSfljiB ee sa pyRy; ona óujia noRpura xojioahbimi hotomi. 

— Boae Moft! — HCnyraHHO BCRpnqajix ohi: — hto xaRoe? hto 

Cb BaMB? 

— HBqero, HH^ero! — npojieneTajia ona: — leCa, tojibro TeCaf 

Cl ABRBBťB BOHJieM^, He TO pEIAaHÍeMl, HO TO CTOHOMl, OXBa* 

THja ona oCí^bmb pyRanB ero meia b npnsajiacB ri ero Jiai^y 
ropaHBMX JiHiíOMX. . Ohx 0TT0JiRHyjn> ee. 

— Bu ci yiia cohuih! — saRpBHajii ohi. 

Ohi AaBHo y»e 6oa;ica, ^to a^o aoBa^ti ao 8Toro, h íto 
paBHOAymie b fiesyqacTÍe, suCTaBJífleMUfl bmi na noRasB, ne npe- 
AOxpaHflrB ero. H cobcIímb t^m'b ohx Becb Aposajii c^ fojiobbi ao 
HorL: HecHOTpfl na oxBAaHÍfl, ohi 6u^t> saxBa^ieni Bpacnjioxi). Ho 
OAHO oHTb cobcímb ynycTBii bs-b BBAy: cocTpaAanie, RaRoe eMy 
xoseTi BHymBTB senu^BHa, RasaBrnaflca BOo6n;e OJiBi^eTBopenieiťB 
caMOnaA^HHOCTB b caMOMH']^HÍfl, Tenepb se JiesaBniafl y ero HorB 
CB njiaHeM'B b CTonaMB o^HBMaa ero roji^hb. 

— BcraHBTe! — CRaaaji oh7> ež Marqe.-— Ecjib nacB RT0-HB6yAB 

yBHAHTl! 

— Mwb Bce paBHo! — pBiAaJia senn^Bna. 

Ohi npBHOAHflJii ee cb TpyAOHB cb nojiy; ona Aposajia bcím^ 
tíjiomi b TaRi maTajiacB, hto ohb 6objícsi, hto ona ynaAerB. 
Ecjih6h ona fiujia tojibro na-Bccejii, RaRB 9to ci hck) nacro ciyqa- 
JOCB, to eMy 6hjo 6u tojbro npoTOBHo; ho oh-b bbaíjib, hto ona 
He HBflHa, B ^TO CTpacTB, fivmeBaBrnafl wb nefi, BCRpeHnaa. Ohi> 
ozBaTHJii AposaH^yH) seHH^BHy sa Tajiiio b otbojsi ee rb HeCoJiB- 
moMy, secTROMy AHsaHHBRy, y ct^hu, b ycaABJíi ee. IIpB dTOiTB 
OHB yAapBJícfl o RpyrjiBifi ctojib, CTOflBmiB nepeAB AHBanqBROMii, 
norepfljB paBHOB^cie b npBCŠJiB na Rpafi AHBana orojo nea. Ohi^ 



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126 BiCTBHK-L EBPOHH. 

xOTbJíi* TOTqac^b se BcraTB, ho bto OKasajiocB HeBOSMOSHUMx; ona 
BApyrB oxBaTHJia eroo6'£HMH pyKaMH, h ohi Ta^exHO crapaJiCfl otb 

Hefl BUpsaTBCH... 

— BŠAHaji aenmHHa! — nporaenTajrb oh-b: — 9to neBOBicoa^HO. 

— Xo^y, xo^y... — Jieneiajia ona vb otbítb. 

Eo^e MHn, H OHI BupBajiCfl hsi ea pyR'B, orrojiRHyji npyrjiBift 
CTOJix ch TaROK) CHJiofi, TTO TOTB ynaJTB, H BCBO^0ji'L Bi^ ysaď^.* Ha 
nopoii oTRpuTofi j^BepH noflBHJiacB TeMHafl soHCsafl ^erypa. To 
Morjia 6uTh tojibeo Mapm. Ha ea rjiasaxx, na rjiasaxi qHCTOft, 
CJiaBHo6. í[o6poft A^ByniKH, Koropyio oh% BcaqecM oóeperajrB, npo- 
HBomjia TaBafl ci^eHa! 

Ctuai h 6inieHCTB0 nano.iHflJiH ero Aymy; oh^b OTTOJ[BHyji*B 
^eayMHyH) »eHmHHy, ÓpocHBinyioca jiobhtb ero, cx ÓpannaarB cjio- 

BOMX... 

TenepB h oea yBH;i4jia TeMHyro ^nrypy y ABepefl. He^ejOB*- 
^ecBÍfi BOHJiB BEipsaJiCfl y Hea hsx ropjia. Bi tot^b mhpb, BaKi 
ona Aynajia, hto yse saBjra^^a CBoeft Ao6uqefi, ee OTEHMajiH y nea; 
H BTO ace?.. Ona, HenaBecTHaa; npesp^HHaa! Ee ynasajiH, OTBeprjiH 
npH naA^epai^i, Roxopaa, ROne^ao, ea conepHHAa! 

H BHOBB BCRpHRHyja OHa; lOcTB AyMaa-B, hto ona yna^eTB, 
EaRi nepeA'B tžmi, ho ona HarnyjiacB sa RaROfi-TO Beo^Bio, jiesaB- 
meft Ha ctojií, bx hhcjté Apyrnxx npeAMexoBx, a TenepB ynaBmeft 
Ha HOJii; sarliTB 6pocnjiacB na Mapry, AepsRa vh bbicoro npHnoA- 
HaioS pyR* HOfflx, rjihhorx Roxoparo CBepRHyjTB vb rjrasax-B lOcra, 
OBapeHHBid cbítomi^ rop^BniHiTB vb xhshh*]^, croaBmefi no Apyryio 
irropony yjiai^Bi, h npoHHRaBHiHsrB Kb hhm^ fb ropHHi](y. OAHHirB 
npusROiTB o^^THJica OHI OROJO Hea H cxBaTHJii ee sa pyRy; nesjaiy 
HHMH saBasajiacB 6opB6a; oni npHxepsBB&ii ee npasoň pysott, 
i^BOK) CTapaacB BB^peaTB hoši, npn neiTB Mapra, 6pocnBmaaca kx 
HHM^B H nuTaBmaaca bx*b pasnaTB, tojibro M^majia eny. HaRonei^x 
eny yAajiocB BupBaTB hoši, ho ohi ^ojiseni 6uji% TOT^aci me 
BEinycTHTB ero otb CHJiBHoft 6ojih; pyRa ero noBHCia h odsHjiacB 
ropa^efi RpoBBK); bb ymaxx aainyM^o; cbštb, npoHHRaBuiift bsx 
xhshhu, sanpurajix bi ero rjiasax^B h B^pyrB cu^EEJica MpaROBfB 

fiOHH. 

Ror^a OHI npHnieji'B fb ce6a, onaTB rop^x cb^tb, ho yme 
B'B pyRax^B MapTH, ROTOpaa CB^THJia AORiopy MajíBTycy, tojh^bo- 
^TO OROH^EBmeMy nepoBasRy pyRH. IOctb cb y^HEjieHieMi hocmo* 
TptjiB na AORTopa, na Mapry, Roxopaa nocraBEJia CB^^y na cro- 
jíHRi. Ohi ne noHEMajii, RaRx ohi o^yiejica b% CBoei ROMHari^, 
y ce6a na RpoBaxE, uoRa BEesanno ocxpaa 6ojib bx pyR^ ne Ha* 
noMHHJia eny 060 bccitb, ttí) cjyqHJiocB. 



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Bi copo^K* PO AHJica . 127 

^ORTOpx MajBTycB, moaoTOMi pasroBapHBaBinift cb MapioS, 
noBepHyjiCfl bi> Heny h npH^osHjn* pysy bi ero Ji6y. 

— Hy, BOTi, — CKa3aji'B ohi» K)cTy: — mu ohatb flpyrb Apyry 
nonaAOÓHJiHCL. S. AyMaio, ^o na droTx pasi mbi OTA'&iaeMCfl oahoA 
E^f/bxbKoiy eciH óy^eiTb o^eHb cnoBOftHu h óy^eni ciymaTscfl Hameft 
^laBHofi MapTEi... 

Ohi noAomai^B b'b Mapri, tto-to thxo efi CBasaii h uocjA 
Toro BumejTL h8'b BonnaTU, ho JOcrb oToro yse ne 3aM%THJ['B. Ror^a 
offE BHOBb oTBpnjii TJiasa, OAHa Mapra CH^i^a y ero nocrejiH. 

— SnaeTB ohx? — cnpocHJii Den. 

— H^TB, — OTBŽHajia Mapxa; — owb Bce en;e ne Bépeyjica ao- 
Moft. Offb HE^ero HO AOJiseHi sHaxB. IIpeAOCTaBb 9to mhÍ... 

— A oaa?... 

— Chahti BHHsy H luaners. ^OBiopL yjiosen ee Bt nocxeJB. 
Ohi He ÓosTjwhj tu SHaeniB. 

~ KaB^ cjiyHHJiocB, hto owh saBi padi... 

— QqeHb npocTo. ŠaBxpa Te64 Bce pascBasy. 

— 9t6 cb Moeft pyBoft? 

— SaBTpa^ IOctb! Cero^Ha tu ne jiflJisíewh tfojBine pobophtb. 
JlfiL 0Hi> H ne MorB. IIoTepa spoBH hbi nopfeaHHOtt pysH fiujia 

ejfirnBOM^B BejiHBa. 



IX. 

Jlfii HeA^JiH noBse, vh oahhx npeBpacHufi a^hb, IOctb cha'&9'b 
Ha CBaue^B^b vh ca^HBi hoa^b obhoitb BOMHaTu, vjsíb pasurpajacB 

BB TOTB naMHTHUft BOHepB pOBOBafl CI^eHa. Yse H^CBOJIBBO AHefi 

sasib OHI npocHSHBaai ba^cb no n^Bo^BBy qacoBi nocjrb nojiy^Ha, 
H HacTOJiBBo AOBTopB MajiBTyc% 61111 npaBi BB CBoeMi AiarHosš. 
Ho. pyBa He 6um Hase^ena h HUBor^a ne Morjia craTB BnojiH']^ 
sxopOBoS pyBofi. 

— Bu AOJiaHH pano hjih hobaho bto ysnaTB, — CBasajix eMy 
B^epa ero Bpa^i h APyr*B: — h ^ynaK), qTO Jiyqme ysi CBaaaTB BaMi 
dTO q)a3y, ^to6u bbi mofíih o^AynaxB^ BaB'B BaBfB TenepB nocrynerb. 
Bami pa6oHÍft nepioA^B saBepmeni, hjh bei ajojusmu HaftTH TaByio 
pa6oTy, BOTopyH) mosho A^aTB oahoK tojibbo npaBOfi pysoft; Bamy 
^ByK> HHBaBOfi BepriiaHi kb BepjHH^ h HHBaBofi Bhjibpotb wl 
fíbv/b ne mosotb BepeyTB b^b npesHeify coctoshíio. HxaBi, lOcrB, 
npHAyiiaftTe HT0-HH6yAB Apyroe e ne na^afire Ay^oiTB! Ym,T> mei 
TO)-HH6yAB HaftAeM-B am Bacx 6ojňe noAXOAamee, hímx yBynopBa 

(SyHaSHBIX^B TIOBOBl. 



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128 MCTHHKX EBPOEU. 

lOcTb neH&iBHO TMjíikjvb Ha sa^HHTOBaHHyio pyRy. Ohi Óoajics^ 
HTO OHI He TOJiBBo jiHHiHJicfl pyKH, HO H FOJiOBa ero Hocrpa^aja. To- 
jiOBa ero nocxpajiajra orb pa($0Tu: MexaHHqecBÍft TpyA'B oÓeocEjnsjíi^ 
ero MuniJieHie. Oh'b HyBCTBOBaji, sasi 8to A'iJiajiocB es hhmi* Hajo- 
no-Majiy; BaR'B nocreneHHO eiiy craHOBHJOCB canony Bce tsisíba^ h 
Tflsejite AyMaxB, h HaBonei^ii craio HecrepnHMBiMx 6peifeHeMX, bo- 
Topoe OHI ch paAOCTBK) OT6pocviA% npo<!B H sHJii^ co AHfl Ha AeHB^ 
ne saAyMUBaflCB. ^anrasifl, bi 6uJioe BpeMJi HeycTanno pa($OTaBiiiaH 
Wh BeMi^ BO CH^ H Ha flBy, floiyxjia... 

ycrajiBíMH rjiasaMH h He noAHHMafl onynj^eHHoft fojíobu, ocmr- 
TpHBajcfl owb KpyroMi. ^bhb 6hjii ny^HO xoponrB, h Bos^yxx, o^h- 
meHHKifi rposoft, flyniHCTi h npoxjaAeHi. Ho Apyryio CTopony yjiHi^Bi 

COJHeHHBie JIJHE TBJn» H^SBHO 03apflJIH SaJlsifl XBXHHBI, HTO H OH*]^ 

BOsaJincB nodTBHecBHMH. CaMa yjiHiia 6wi9, nycra: My»HHHH h sbh- 
n^HHH pa(JoTajiH na í^aÓpEE* mh bi dojií; a*™— bx yqojiHni^. 
JleBKOH H rBOSAHKa bx ca^y naxjin xaKi ase chjibho, KaKi h b^ totte.- 
BesepTb... 

E^AHafl seHii](BHa! npeis^e xaKafl CMŠJiafl, caMOHaA'^HHafl, re- 
nepB ona HecjianiHO ABarajacB no AOMy, Újííaeb^j cb o^y^^eHHoft 
rojOBofi, e^Ba ocsr&JiHBaflCB noAHUMaTB sanjiaKaHHBie oasa! A casrs 

OHt, 6UJI'B JIH OHI BUOJlwk HeBHHeH'B? CByM^JI'B JH 6u OH^ CaH'B 

yňTtt OTi ofixflTifi KpacHBOí ateHHíHHBi? CjiaBa Bory, tco eny npe- 
xo^ujiocB piraaTB stotb BonpocB nae^HH^fe cb CBoefi cobíctbio! ^o- 
típaft ;íOBTOp'B MajiBTyci Óbiji-b ne jirofionBiTeH^, a rop;iiaa Mapxa He 
crajia 6u paacnpaniHBaTB, ecmúu ^aate MaqHxa — cb OTnasHÍa hjih 
co CTpaxa, KaETb 6u Mapra ne nepecKasa^ia omy, — hb noKaajact 
nepeAT* neio, npHHaBx bck) BHHy na ce6a. Bo bcabom-b cjy^a*. 
TOJiBKo OH* ;^b4 ÓuAvi nocBflo^eHu Bil TaňHy* CTapHE^ ^ynaj-B, ito 
lOcTB, Bmfl, Bx noTeMKax'B cnEHCK-B Ha CTOJii, TaK-B atecTOKO nopa- 
HHJii ce6fl naaaBniHirB HOseM-B. Mapxa BCe 9to ycrpoHJia b-b nan- 
jiyHraeMT> bhaí. Mapxa CHOBa 6H.iia ero ^oÓ^uwh reHÍeMX... 

IIoqeMy 6u eMy ne coeAHHHTB cb hbio cbok) srhshb?.. H ona 
laE-B El HBMy pacnojoKena. íxo ona na nojxopa ^o;^a cxapme 
ero — HB BBJHEa 64Aa! KaEaa-HHÓyAB paCoxa Baň^exca h ajis Herc; 
OHa Haft^exx BMy p&Soxy, a b-b ea pyEaxx, Eoxopuxx ona HHEorAa 
HB noBja^aja, h hsi Majiaro nojiyqBXca mhopob. H bx 8xom'b emfi ohq 
corjiacHBr: ona xaESB cxpBMHxca bohi h3% ^OMa oxi^a, h Buy npoxo- 
AHxca ocxaBHXB Bro. Ohh o6a BOSBMyxB bx pyEH cxpaHHHHBCBÍt no- 
coxi, CHa^aJia RaE'B 6paxB h cecxpa, npÍHii^yrB noAxo^a^BB m^cto^ 
Bucxpoaxx cb6^ xHSHHy h 3asHByx% kslki Mymx h a&BHa. To (^y^eri* 

HB CEaSO^Haa JKHSHB, o EOXOpoS OHI MBHXaJlX BMÍCXÍ cb TOK).., 
bmícxí cb XOK)... 



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FB COPO^IK* POflMCa. 129 

OffB raytíoKO B3A0XHyjix, rjiAAa na jieBBOH h acrptr, ea^i kóto- 
puMH RpysHJiHCb ;ri^Tej[BHHfl nqeju... Eutb Moser^, hotomeh t^xb, 
BOTopux'B ero MaxB eociiHTVBajia fl AByxi yjibflxi bi ca^y? nosa^H 
xona, vflík owh qacTO cha'&!í'b noA^ RycTOM'B fiysHHH, na csaMefiR-iky 
soTopyK) cairt BHcrpyrajii... pyKa oót pysy ci toio! 

n Basi BO chí npoHOCH.iHCB nepeA^B ero rjasanH Aopom d^eHu, 
nepesHTEifl bm'b bi aomí h caAy> na Jiyry h bi jiI^. II botb 
CHOBa sacBepKajiH nepeA'B hhm^ ea xeííHEie rjiasa bx nojiyCBiir^ 
noAx BUCOSHMH ejiflMH; CHOBa saerpaJH cojiHeHHBie jiy^H ea ea 30jio- 
THCTBix'B BOJiocaxi^; CHOBa pasAajicfl bx jiicHoft TEmmwb esi cepe6pH- 
cmfi cMŽxx. 

„Bose MoS! Bose MOfi! 6hun> se a BorAa-xo cqaciJiiiBi b'b 
XHSHo. H He CByBf&TB yAepsaxB aio cqaciie, noTOMy ^to 6uji'b 
MeqxaTeJiB, rjfynufi MajEB^HBi, Bacr^HqHBO saBmitCA b'b yrojii h 
RasAOMy ycrynaBniifi CBoe mícto. He xasi, BaRi ona: BcerAa snajia 
efl yMHas roJOBKa, nero ona xonerB, a pyRH i^']^nRO XBaxa^H to, 
^TĎ eft HysHO, h yse He BBinycRa^H! 

„HeAapoMi HacMŽmjiHBO yjiii6ajicfl ea xopomeHBRÍfi poTHRx, RorAa 
OffB, rjsynutt, CT0flji'B vb yrjiy hjh roBopHJii h A'i^a<o'B Tro-HvfiyAB 
coBe£M'B He noAXOAflH^ee fb SHaiHOMi o(5n^ecTB£... 

,Hp ČuBajia se ona xaRse h Ao6pa, — o, RaRi Ao6pa! — bi to 
yxpo, vb mojiROBOM'B niaTp']^ b'b napRt, RorAa rpa<]^i xor^i Měna 
npornaTB... h BeqepoMx y <]^pay Kěpnepi, RorAa a pascRasuBaJti 
CKasRy, H ona npoTflnyjia Mwb pyRy, xoJiOAHyio RaRT. jieA'B, h, TJiajLsi 
Ha Měna CB^TAn^HimcH rjaaaMii, thxohbro CRasadia:— tu sacoysHJi^B 
nomijyfi, c^acTjiHBeEt^, n a 6bi noi^&iOBaJia Tetffl, ecjiH^u xyrB ne 
6ujio TaR'B MHoro rjiynfiixi jiOAefi... — II to ÓujubÚu ne nepBufi no- 
i^ijyfi! A TenepB saCuia Mena^ to^ho h na cbít^ HHRorAa moha 
He ÓHJio!" 

OffB BSApornyjix, Hpo6ysAeHHafi otb CBoero cna: fojiocb ci^ 
yjHi^i Ha8Baj['B ero no HMenH. To 6£ux CTapufi noTrajiBOHi; ohi 
OTBopHJix CRpnnyqyio RajiHTRy h npoTHHyjii eiiy hhcbmo. 

— BaiTB BÍAB OTO? 

lOCTB MOrB TOJBRO FOJIOBOfi RHBHyTB. OrpaXl JIHHIHJrB OFO flBURa. 

IIhcbmo otb Hea! uocjíí AByxx jAtl ohatb hhcbmo otb hoh! 

IloHxajiBOH^B ymejix. Ohb Bce en^e rjHA'i^ na aApecB, nann- 
caHHiii TBepAUMi, hotrhh^ HonepROiTB. IlTaR'B, ona ero ho saóiua! 
Ho offB xorki^ ee sa^EiTB! 3aq']^iírB CHOBa BpuBaexcfl ona wh ero 

2H3HB? He paSOpBaTB JIH HHCBMO, HO HHTafl? 

Ho OHB yse bcrpbhi cjierRa sasjíeennnfi ROHBepn, Aposan^eio 
npaBOK) pyRoft Bimyji 3aRj[K)4eHHiifi b'b neMi jhctorx, h CTaji 
HffraTB: 

ToMi II.— Maptb, 1893. 9 



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130 MCTHHKfB BBPOnU. 

BepjiHHi, 12*ro aBrycia. 

»Moa MHJiEifi cwcTJiHBeiiix! He seaK), roA'^ hjh ABa npcnuio cb 
TŽxx nopiy BaKx SL Te&b nacajia. Bo raflBOMi csfuA He moa BEHa, 
ecjiH Hama nepenncBa npeRparajacs. Bosmosho jih nepenHCEiBaTBca 
CB cepAHTiiirb cwcTJHBi^eMi, KOTopuS HJH HH^ero He OTB^^^en, 
HJH OTBtqaerrB Tan^B xojioaho, hto 6%AHafl Maficua Hou, BirÍKm> 
jerRaro njiaTbfl, ^yBCTByerb noTpe($HOCTB saByraTBCfl vh mjCyl SBUlib, 
oneHB 2BajiB! Mu MorjiH Cm coo6mjiiTh Apyr^ Apyry mhofo saJSasHaro, 
HOTOMy HTO, snaeniB jh tu, cqacriíflBeiirB? — h^tb, tei droro, pasyM^tercH, 
He sHaeniB — y Te6fl ecTB lOMopncTH^ecBafl SHJKa, h th MOsemB Óhtb 
oqeHB Aase ocTpoyMen^B. KaRx qacro tu Hson^pfljii CBoe ocrpoyMÍe 
HaA^ ($ÍAHOfi MaflCRott Ho^bh), RorAa ona — RaRi n noAOÓaerB na- 
€TOfln](efi 4>e£ — ne Morjia cnpaBHTBca cb ypoRaMH, h oaBHoe cb 
HecHOCHUMH apHeifeTH^ecRHMH saAa^aiiB! Hy, a& c^HTaTB tei h caMi 
ne CHJieHi, h otb dToro, MOserB ^utb, na Teófl h nejiBSfl pasc^HTii- 
BaTB. Bijsf> BOTB fl A0J3RHa HOCsaTB 9T0 HHCBMO Ha yAa^y B% dfiseH- 
RaMepx, TOPAa RaRx tu a^bho, MOseTi 6utb, HaxoAHmBCfl BorB b^ctb 
Tjiib. Ho fl cjiumajia neAaBHO, RaRi roBopHJiH bi gahoitb o6n^ecrB^: 
vh repnanin* (a MOser^B 6utb h fb o6jiacTn Bcenipnaro novroBara 
coiosa) RasAoe hhcbmo AO&Aen syAa ci^Ayen, xota 6u na neirB 
ne Cínjio aApeca. 9to Měna ycnoROHBaerB ao HŠRoropofi creaeHH 3a 
cyAB6y Moero nncBMa. A eciH oho h nponaAerB, to 6^Aa neBejiHRa. 
B^AB fl ne snaH), saxoqeniB jth tu Aase snaTB cbok) MaieHBRyio 
HsaCeJLíy? 

^Jífikj cqacTJiHBeirB, fl Bce e^e MaieHBRafl Hsaóejua, xota Bupocia 
na nojix-BepniRa, hjth jsfiaLe^ noa£ajy&, h na i^ufi BepmoRi. Ho 
SB^AOHRH Ha snojieTaxi rocnoA^ o<]^Hi](epoBi Bce en^e uwh ne no 
pocry, xoTfl a bi A^CflTH maraxx OTJHHaH) npanopn^HRa ovh no- 
pyqHRa hjih RanaTana. He H0»emB npeAcraBHTB ce5š, crojbro a 
Hxx Bi aTH ABa roAa nepeBHAaiia! HecROH^aeiio! A TaRi RaRiB 
RasAufi rocnoAHHi, ROToparo usfb npeAcrasJunoTB, HeHsiitHHO sa 
MHoft yxasHBaerB, to ^kcjlo mohx'b horjiohhhrobi Tose HecRon- 
qaeMO. Tojibro Moero cqacrjiHBita HeAocraerB. II uwb 9to o^ens 
sajiB, HOTOMy HTO fl Tetífl BcerAa o^enB jiioCHJia, xota tu h snaTs 
MeHfl ne xoqemB. 

^HoHeify? fl 8Toro, coÓcrBeHHO roBopfl, ho noHHHaio. Bšab tbi 

3HaJI'B MOHA, ROFAa fl 6uja COBCÍMI RpOHIROfi Hy HeCMOTpfl Ha TOy 

yae nporflrHBaja pyRH ro BCOMy, htí) ($jiecrHTB. Hy, TenepB-TO a 
snaio, HTO ne Bce to bojtoto, ^Tb (jiecnirB. H ^aAUTB cb rjynniiH* 
JUOABMH, RaRi H CB co6ofi, o^eHB TpyAHO. Hy, BOTB, wai H npHnuocb 
MHoro HOÓHTBCfl CB caifoft coóott, H fl ne 3HaH) — yMHoe hjíh rjiynoe 
pimenie npHHfljia fl, HaRoneiCB, n HHmy Te&b saT^Mi, ttoÓu cootf- 



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B*B COPO^Efi POAHJCfl. 131 

ii(irn> 9T0 pitmeHie. Ho a xo^acHa cea^ajia nopascRasaTB re&b Roe- 
HTO o ce&b^ HHaqe ts HHKasi He nofiMemb, saBi Morjia MajieHBBa)i 
HsaÓejijia npHATH bi, TaRony pimemio. 

vJI^oporot K)cTB, KaByH) pasciflHHyio sbshb Bejia a fl 9th xsa 
Toxa! fl 6uia fb HTa.iÍH otl FHBBepu xo Eanpv... AOJirie mícaiiei. 
3aTki% nposua no^TH ctojbbo se bx Ilapos^, HeA'i^flMH ^ByMa 
xeHBme wb JÍOBjífiwb — cana ne sHaio, vxb a tojbbo ne 6iua. B% 
J[oh;(ohí^ fl ^yTB-6iiJio He crajia HesďlcTofi, ho Ta^B saRx noHin 
Toae HyTB ne CJiyiiiJiocB vl Phmí h vb napn^ai — h wae ho 
pasi — TO fl ocraBHja aio desi nocii^ACTBift. Bi QapHS']^ mh^ Bcero 
4k)jiBnie noHpaBHJiocB. ropoA'B, oficraHOBBa, sos^yx-B, jiioah— Bce 
Tasí Becejio, xaRi sbbo, SH3Hepa;iocTflo! IIo MoeMy, tojbro no 
<mB6EÍb B TaMi ne po^BJíacB! Tím*b óojvkej ^^o Měna mhofo pasx 
yaltpfljH, HTO fl roBopio no-4>paBi^y3CRH RaRx napHsaHRa. Ho pasBŽ 
xosho dTOiiy b^phtb! Bi Phití h bx jIohaohí MeHfl yBi^pfljiH bi 
ToiTB se — HO, ROHe^HO, CB nepeMliHofi fl3URa. Moe nojBCRoe npo- 
flCxesAeme otfjerqaeTB khí diy sa^a^y, bi oco6eHHOCTH 3A'6cb, bx 
EepaHHt, rA']^— no RpafiHett M^pi, bx naniHxi RpysRaxi — roBO- 

pflTB Ha BCixii fl8URaX'B. 

^Mh, BopoHeMi, 3A^B He AOJro ocraHeMCJi: He^^H abí* B'b 
nojiOBHHŠ aBrycra i^earB bi OcreHAe, Roxoparo s eii^e ne Bnaio, a 
noTOiiy CB y;(OBOJiBCTBÍeMi lyw OTnpaBjíaiocB. 

,Kori(a fl roBopio: mu, to 9to SHaqnTB: rpa4)HHfl, CHBHJiJia h 
eoBaa ROMnamoHRa, m - Ue KjieMeHTHHa MSese — ÓosecTBeHHaa 
A^eiaH^^a ci nojroj^a yse RaR^ BuniJia 3aMys'B 3a CBoero MHJiaro 
nacTopa — HaROHeq^, rpa4»'B (no Rpadnefi uiipb^ BHor^a) h 6apoHB 
niéaay. 

v^ojSHa re&b CRasaxB, ^to b — HOB^cra 5apoHa lU&Hay. 

,;91,a, c^acTJHBei^^, TenepB s CRasajia rjiaBHoe, h mhí^ crajo Jierqe. 
MoserB 6£itb, bo mhš fobophtx Tn^eciaBie vuin caMOMH-j^nie, ho 
¥HÍ RasajocB, HTO. Te&k 6jji,eTb HenpuTHO 3to ycsBímaTB. Ho SHaemB, 
wacTjHBeiíi, — xo^eniB BipB, xo^eniB hítb — a a 6u oxoTH*e BuniJia 
Hanyši 3a TeÓa; ho sto HeBOBMOsno, npaBO, neBOSMOSHo! Bo- 
nepBBixiy TU en^e o^eHB mojoa'b, a ecJiHÓu tu (ujtb h erapme, to 
a He Mory »wtb — caasy hotomi, OTqero. Bo-BTopuxx, y Měna 
Bnero BÍbTh, h y TeÓa Taase, h tu AA^se enie „HH^ero ne cjiik- 
jaiB ^MB (JeacMepTÍa''. Ilocjiyniaji 6u tu, Raai hpohbhochtb oth 
cjiOBa 3^036^1 KaHHi^! 9to jeune premiér na hoboB HÍMeii[Roft 
€^eHi H jiyímift rsi aRTepoBi, RaRHXi a Tor^a BH^ajia. Bcb 6e^l> 
yu OTB Hero, bi oco6eHHOCTH xaiiu, — sa HCRJiioqeeieMi Měna. Moft 
opampin^B — HHRor;ía ne yBJíeKaTBca tíitb, hími aeCB cbítb yBje- 
nerca. H naxosy oto ByjBrapHuirB. (NB. To4BRO Rorjia Beo^ 

, Digitized by VjOOQIC 



132 B^CTHHEl EBPOnU. 

cbítb BOCXHii^aeTCfl mhok), a ee Haxosy axoro ByjibrapHUMi>, dio co- 
BepmesHO bí nopA^K*]^ Bem^efi.) SaroBopeBi o Eanei^í, a BcnOMHUja 
o6i OAHOMx yxpi Bt Jiicy, Kor^a a otíiaBHJia Te(54, hto 6yAy 
aKxpHCofi. Eose, RaRi se a 6ujia lor^a rjiyna! ÁBxpHCofi! II,ap& 
HeÓecHufi, A& A^fl dToro He3a4']^Mi nocTynaxb na culeny! Bx csferk 
HenpepuBHO nrpaB)rb BOMeAÍK). H npHTOMi, SHaemb, ecsu 6si a ne 
6ujia AaMOfi, a 611 ne xoT&sa cobcími a&uTb na cb^t^, a a Ay^aH), ^to- 
oqeHB TpyAHO ÓHTb bmíct* aKipacoft h bmíct* AftMott — KaEt a to 
noHHMaK). A noTOMy Hamii coi03^ „Óujh* 6u ciumBOirB npespaceH^^ 
u, cjiiAOBaxejiBHO, HeBosMOseH^B. A no^eMy a ne Mory SAaxB, nosa 
XII cxaHemb ÓeacMepxHuiťB? MHiioe A^Ta, axo o^chb xpy^no ofiiacHEXb 

Xe6Í Bl HŽCBOJIBBHX'B CJIOBaX'B. ?X0 a Bl 3XE ABa Cb nOJIOBHHOH> 

roAa AO CMepxH HaAoiJia rpa^HBÍ— xoxa OHa Mefla Bce eme 060- 
xaexi) — noBŠpL mhš Ha cjiobo. íl CHuxaJia ee, MeatAy naMH 6yAB 
cKasaHO, nojiy-cynacmeAmefi, h ee CJi'&AOBajio 6si ooM^j^cxaxb ecJiH ne 
Bi AOMi yMajameHHUXi, xo, no Epaňeett M^pi, vb Jte^eÓHHi^y A-^a 
oepBHBixi 60JIBHUXX, TAŽ 6u OHa Morjia Myqaxb cbohhh neB^poax- 
HUMH BanpHsaMH CHA'&JiOB'B H BpaqeK. Ecjh6u, no Bpafinett u^^j 
.lerqe shjocb ci CaBQMOfi! Tu snaemB, hxo ona — Bonjio^enHaa 
Ao6poxa u JiK)6oBb h xojibbo CHHCXQAHxejbHO noACMŽHBaexca naAi mohmh 
(\3yn0cxaMH H caM0MH'bHÍeM'B. Ho ona nocxoaHHO GojibHa, uo^xn^ 
iie Bcxaexi cb nocxcjs hjih cb ASBana, h cxajia xaBi Ha6oxHa! Tbi 
iiOMHHmb, y nea BcerAa 6uJio bi dxoMy pacnojoaieHie. He xo qxo6£i 
nna HaBasuBajia ApyreMx cbok) Ha6osHOCXB! — ho, npaBO, BorAa caMi*. 
HHCBOJBBO He pejiEirioseHx, xo ne snaemb nopoH): CM^i^axbca h.ih cep* 
;^HXbca. TaBi, HanpeMŠpx, mli roBopHAfb npo xe($a — ^x6, BCxaxH^ 
.^OBOJibHO nacxo caynaexea — h a BucBamy, qxo cb xBoeft cxopoBBi 
6ujio AOHBHxoxcxBOMi CA']^axbca paÓoqHMi, nperpimenieMi npoxHBi*^ 
caHoro ce6a. Ona noAHHMexi cboh npeBpacHue rjiaBa ki> noxo^isy, 
cjiosHTb ÓijiuapyBH narpyAH h CBasexi: — OH'b Hsfipajix HcxHHHEifi 
nyxb: 6jia^eHH£i HHn^ie, h6o ohh fiíkThuis Bohlíhmh nasoByxca. — & 
xoxijia oxbíxhxb: — Aa bía^ Bon snaexi, hxo oh-b h (Jeax xoro pe- 
ÓenoBi; — ho npoMOJnajia, saBi BcerAa oi^Ayexi bi xaBHxi CJiy- 
qaaxx. Ki Heny cnopaxB? It doesn't pay. 

„TŽMi ne Men^ ci Maxepbio h AO^epBH) a 6hi saBi-fiaČyAB^ 
npoxanyjia eme et nojiroAa; ho oxei^i cb cbihoitb — pimHxejiBHo 
HecxepnHHbi. 3xo xesiBufi nyHBxx bx Moenrb cyn;ecxBOBaHÍH, h a 
nocxapaoacb 6u xe6i ero o&BacHHXb, ecjiEÓm mu 6u cb rjiasy Ha. 
riLasi H Morjm 6u xoxb pasoBx no6ojixaxb, BaBx bi AO(Spoe cxapoe 
BpeMa. Bi HHCbMt se axo neBOsiíOSHO. Kopové csasaxB: Aa^iBine^ 
xaBx HAXH He Mosexi. Eooh 9xh Asa ^eJi0B']^Ba He Moryxi ne cco- 
paxBca, xo nycxB se ne a 6yAy hoboaomi ií% ex% ccopaMi — a 



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B-B COPOHK* POJÍHvlCa. 1 3 J 

TaE'B o6fl3aHa nepejTB ceMBeft, Roropsui Mens npÍH)THJia, h nepeiTv 
<»Mofi C060&. IIoBTOMy s AOJiSHa CA^aTB e;(HHCTBeHHoe, wih bos- 
MOSHO JIJIZ JlíkBjmJÍE npH TaRHXl otfcTOflxejiLCTBaxi: coBepmHTB ot- 
<^ynjeHÍe, TO-ecrb bhAth saMysi. 

»Th cnpocHraB, noíeMy HiienHO 3a IIIěHay? Bo-nepsaxi, noTOMy, 
^TO Bii6HpaTB sHaHHTB MyHHTBCff, a H ycTajia. Bo-BTopiixi, OH^ 
yTEeps^aerB, mo a y«e npeatj^e oCimaja eMy buStb sa Hero sa- 
Myxi, Kor^a mhí MHHerb mecTHaAi^aTb ji'kTb. S. ne noMHio, hto6u 
xaBaia A^ftcTBnrejLHO TaRoe ofiin^aHie, ho qTO-HHÓy^B b% 9tomi poA^ 
Morja cĎoJTHyTB... ^ero ee HatíojTaeniB, Ójjl^^e ^eTapEa^mara, mt- 
Ha^i^aTH Jiirb orb poiy! Bo bcheomi cjy^a^ a 6u ne CHHxajia ce($H 

OTHITB CBflSaHHOfi, HC (JyjíB OH^ A'fcBCTBHTeJIBHO — B^ CBOCMl p0;í4 

mimi ^ejiOB^Ei h HCRpenno — a xaRi ;iyMaK) — Meea JioÓamift, xora 
-OHX H He „ysipaei-B qecTBK), hto jihhihtb cetfa aHSHH, h np.*, ecJiH 
a ero OTBeprny. H cJiaBa Bory, — a ctojibro 9Toro HaciymajiacB! Ho 
TU sHaeniB, Mofi Apyn, cb MeTpHHecRHirB CBii;i%TejrBCTBOMi y nena 
Heja^HO, H ;ípyroro 8to, MOKerB 6eitb, ocranoBHJio (Jbi, a ero — wbn, 

S. O^eHB I^ŠHK) BX UeWb 3T0, H MEI HOB^H^aeMCa Bl ÁHrjiiff, rA%; 

roBoparB mhí, na 9to npome CMOiparB. Y nero eCTB h Apyria 
upeHMyiiiecTBa, it^EHua bi mohxi rjiasaxi. S. naxosy, ^T0 Ha 
^eMjrk wbvh Hnqero HecnocH^e po^CTBeHHHROBi. y nero hx% h^tb, 

HJH HO^TH HTO H^TB, a HOTOMy MU O^eHB HOAXO^HITB XPy^B R^ 

ípyry. Mu Aono.iHaeMi flpyrB Apyra: a fií^na, ohi ;^OBOJIBHO 60- 
ra-PB; a HCMHoro CBoeHpaBHa, oh^ — BonjomeHHoe Ójaro^ymie; y Měna 
BanpHSHaa j^aHiasia, y nero — HURaRofi; y nena Majio pascy^Ra, a 
y Hero — enie MCHBme. Enfín: Bce 6ujio 6u xopomo, ecjiEÓu tojbro 
ero He ssajH ÁRceJiB. K naxosy 3to nna ysacnuM^. H BjioÓaBORi 
OHO y Hero ojho, TaRx ^to a neMory ero nepeRpecxHiB. Whatis 
there to be doně? Mu noB^^H^aeMca bochoJI. Ř 6u EpiirJiacHJia 
Te6a Ha CBa^BÓy^ ecJiH^u ona nponcxoAnja ne bi ÁHrjiin, a no 
npaBA* roBopa, noxoMy tto a leCa cjiheirom^ ;^.fa aioro jk)6jih), 

MOt MHJIUft C<iaCTJIHBei](X. 

„Hy, TenepB nopa rohihtb. SI ne yBÍpena laae, ^to tu ;ío^h- 
TaeniB 10 BToro líicra! ITponiy, OTBiqaft na oto uhcbmo h oÓjeriH 
yipy^eHHoe cepAiiie TBoeft 6t;íHo6 MaficRofi Hoih. 

„P.S, — To;iBRo-^TO npi'£3sajia romhš 3;íHTa — mhcct Bpoyni, 
3HaemB, yace cb ro;!;^ RaR^B sena A*pa 95eprapAa — Bca bsbojiho-^ 
BaHHaa h no noBO^y Te6a. Osa nepenHCUBaexca otb speHenn ao 
BpeMeHH (TB acenoft otfepi-jmpeRTopa, n xa nanHcaia efi, ^to tu 
pa6oTaeniB na ^B,6pyiKb h He;(aBHO Ch To6ofi cjiy^HJOCB nec^acrie: 
TU nopaHHJ^B ce64 pyRy — Mamanoft, ^ynaH) a. Bi^nuft MajiBíHRi! 
H 9Ta en\e fit^a CTpacjracB naji^ To6oft! Ho, 6utb MoaterB, ona 



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134 B^CTEVlKb EBPOnU. 

npHHeceTB to AO($po, hto leót npe^eTca — sa HeBOSMOsHOCTbio pa6o- 
xaTb pysaMH — oÓpaxHTbCfl ri rojosi, ROTopaji Óoraxa TaBHMH npe- 
KpacBHMH HAeflMH. Tu AOJiseHi axo Cj^aTBi lOcn, . yase noroMy^ 
HTO Bi npoTHBHOH'B cjiy^a^ Majio Ha^esA^y Trofiu mu BorAa-JiBÓa 
Bcrp^THjíHCL 61 8A'linHefi SH3HB. A 8T0 6wío 6u asajB. Mu Tas^K 
MHoro npoBOAMH BpeMCHH BMÍCT%, ^'í^tlmh, h aojishu Bi Óy^yo^eM^ 
6HA'ÍTBCfl en^e qam^e. By^b 3AopoB'B, cnacTJiHBei^i^ . 

lOCTL BUpOHHJIl nOC;itABÍfi JIHCTOBX — HXl ÓUJIO H'faCKOJIBEO — Hd. 

boji'£he h pasropflqeHHUMi BsrjsAOMx ycraBHJiCA bi npocTpaecTBO. 
TenepB obi snajii, ^to bi A'^ficTBEiTeJbHOCTH noxepflJTB ee. HeBu- 
pasHMaa 6ojib noAHflJiacB b*b ero rpy^B. Oh'b ne xor&ii njasaTB^ 
H cjiesu, BucrynHBinifl ea oasaxii h cBaraBiniflCfl no ero mtesaMi^ 
tfujH nocstACiBÍeMi cjiaÓocxH nocjrí^ 6ojiŠ3hh! Ho owh aesoJBao noA- 
ABJíca ciia6ocTH h^ 8aBpBiB'B ;[o6x h rjiasa sAopoBOfi pyKott h otrh- 
HyBiDBCB Bi yrojii cBaiiefiBB, paspuA&JiCfl xaBx, to^ho cepAAe 7 
Hero paspuBBJíocB na nacTH. 

JlerBoe npBBOCHOBeHie bi ero njieHy sacraBBJío ero BSAporeyxB. 
To ÓBTJia Mapxa. Ohi soaj^^ ^to ona aomb, cjiumajix, rbbi oea 
xjonoTaiia bi ayxH^, ho hbcbho sacraBBJío ero 8a6uTB o nefi, n 
OHI Bcnyrajicfl, y3BAfl ee. Ohb 6uji& oneHB óji^AHa, b cxpanHce 
BupaseHÍe cbíxbjiocb vb ea cipuxi, hbixjbbuxx rjiasaxi^. 

— Mni He xoxíjocb 6h, hxo6h jiboab yBBAÍJiH xeóa b^ sxom^b^ 
bbaí, — CRasajia ona. — Th nojiyrajii oxi nea nBCBMO? 

— ^a, — oxbítojíTi lOcxi: — ona HenpeMieno noHeJia-na coo6- 

n^BTB MHŽ, HXO DOMOJIBJíeHa. 

— Si dxo sHajia, — CBasajia Mapxa, aarBÓaflCB, hxo6u noAHaxB^ 
h']^cbojibbo JiBCXBOBi, ynaBioaxi na seMJio, b, cjiosbbb hxi, nojiosHJia. 

BMicťb Ch APyrBMB BX ROHBepX^B. 

— KaRi xaai? — Cb yAHBjeHienrB Boapasajix owhi — bh bía^ h^ 
nepenacuBaexecB? 

— H4xi, — oxBinajia cnoRofino Mapxa: — a Ay^aro, moh nflCBM& 
AOcxaBBJH 6u eir mbjio yAOBOJBCXBia, a ea — mh£. H snaio 9xo ne 
orB Hea... 

Ohb nOMOJiHajia cb MHHyxy, b apBÍft pyMflHeii'B saJBJíi ea Ójiiji- 
Hua niieRHi sax^Mi npoAOJisajia HexsepAUMi rojocoHi: 

— fl HO xoxija xeíJfi 060 bcomi 8xom<b cooCmaxB, ho aena o6epx- 
ABpeRxopa roBopBTB, Hxo ne ca-ÉAyexi cxuAHTBca xoro, míb A^^emb. 
CB AoSpuiTB HaMtpeHÍeMi A-ia Apyra; b a AO^asHa xe6& caasaTb^ 
Hxo6u xBi ÓujTh HOAroxoBieHi, H ^xo6ii OHa ne a&POhi cioab opi- 
issa^a... 



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vh COPOTO* poAHJca. 135 

— JKeaa ofiep^-ííHpeKTopa? — Bcspa^ajii y^HBJíeHHEaft lOcra: — 
HO paAH caMoro He($a, 8aH'lMi? 

KpacBa AftBHo yse cti^auuia cb jiHi^a Mapru, h oho crajio 6ji'kji'' 
vle npesHflro; AHxame cj(&iaJOCb npepiiBECTEiMi. Ona cžja na 
CKaMeSny h na nnHyry noioauua Ha ero s^opoByK) pyRy cboio* 

— BQCJ[yiiia& MeHH cnosc^HO, IOctb,— dtasajia ona. — Tu ne 
MOseoDB BxicB ocTaBaTBCfl — aro a^o plmenoe: hh b'b AepeBH*]^, r^i 
teCib He^ero a&uitb, hh y HacB vh aomí. Ho Eyxa ne&b oinpaBHTBCfl 
H ht6 npeAnpHHflTB — dxoro tu ne BHaeniB. Ř h cana HH^ero ne 
xorjia npHAyMaTB, crojibro hh Jionajia roJiOBy. Ho Tyn uwb npH- 

nOMHHJlOCB, HTO TU, BX ÓUTHOCTB CBOH) Bl sáMR^, HOBHaROMHJICfl 

a senoS oÓepB-AHpeRTOpa, h ona leůi TaRi nonpaBHJiacB. «S no- 
Aynajia, ^to naB^pnoe h tu efi noHpaBHJicfl, — h h^rojibro xneft TOBiy 
Basami, vb cy($6oTyy nomjia ri neft h cnpocHja, ne iiomerB jih ona 
lero-HHtfyAB npHCOBferoBaTB. 

— Tu pa8B% CB Heft snaROMa? — cnpocHJTB IOctb, bsbojho- 

BEBHUft. 

MapTa aoRa^ajia roJOBOft. 

— H4tb; ho b4ab flíhjio mjio ne 060 mhí, a Te(ít. A y naeB 
Bcb sxbcb snaiOTB, qro ona — AO($pafl senn^Hna. 3to óujio ne Tpy^HO. 
H, noaumyficra, ne sarpy^naft uwb TenepB A^Jia, h ne tjihah Ta^B 
npHcrajiBHO h cepAHTO. jl ne noÓnpajiacB otb TBoero hmchh; a cnpo- 
CBjía TOJiBRo ee: ne corjracHTCH jh ona neperoBopHTB Te&k cb 
rocnoAHHOirB o6epL-AHpeRTopoM*B. Ona ne Aa^a mhI aofobophtb h 
CRasajia, ^to caMa npi^AerB na ahaxi, ho Bcefi b^poathocth, bo 

6T0pHHR'B — TO-eCTB CerOAHfl — H HOBH^aeTCfl CX TOÓOft. uff 66 SAy 

CB XHHyTu Ha HHHyry... 

— H 0TB Héa TU ysnaja, ^to HsaÓexaa... 

T^HB UpoCibSBAJíA HO JHE^y A^BymRH. <SCHO, HTO BX BH^y TaROFO 

BajRHaro HdBicriH oh<b 6uji*b pasHO^ymeHi ri co(5cTB6HHoft cy^Lfii. 

— ;9|,a, — CRasajia ona; — ona nasBajia mhž h <]^aMHj[ÍH) Aanu, ro* 
Topafl eft o&b BTOMi Hanncajia, xft fl saóujia... IOctb, ne npaB^a jih, 
TH ÓyAemB paseyAHTejieHi? otiin^aft uwb bto! 

Ona OHHTB nojosHjia eny pyRy na n^ieno h TaRi BsrjflHyja na 
Hero, wio owh saTpeneTajTB. Ob TaRofi 8a6oTJiHBOcrBK> h TpeBorofi 
riAA^a na nero nopoio ero naTB; ho bo BBrjiflA'^^ MapTu 6ujio emfi 
HÍqTO, ^ero owb ne yufbjnh ce&b oÓbhchhtb. 

Ohi He ycn&ii eft HH^ero otb^thtb. Hsi ÓOROBOfi yjiHi^u, bu- 
xoAHBmeft na raocce^ ROTopoe TflnyjocB napajjejiBHO cb A^pesneft, 
Bsixajia OTRpuTafl ROJuiCRa na rjiaBHyK) yjHiiiy h ocTanoBHjacB ne- 

peAB AOMOMl. 

B% Raperi CHA^a A&Ma; ona ApyssecRH RHBHyjut MOJOAuifB jno- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



136 B^CTHHRl EBPOnU. 

jí,au% H, npesAe Bemem MapTa ycn^a. uo^&kma,Th b'b hcS, BuniJia 
H3i SKHnaxa. 

lOcTTs Bii;^^^ dTy x&My Bcero oahh^b pasi npH cvbrb mmtíu 
H 61 AOMacuHeMx Tyajiert, ho h 6e^ npe^yB^ACMjema MapTEi 
yBHaji 6u 4>pfty Kepeepx. RaK^ mojihíjí, BOcnoMHHame o toitb 
Benep^ npoHH3ajro eny Ayniy, h BnepBue eny crajio cteiaho pa6oq€t 
tfjysEiy Hajri^ft Ha Heiii. Ho owh noóopojii 9to qyBCTBO b cno- 
KOĚHO nonieji'B Ha Bcrpi^y jífikui. 



X. 

Mapra, o6M%HflBniHCB hícbojibbiimh cjOBanH ci <]^pay Kěpnepx, 
Bomjia Bi AOMi. A 4>pfty Kěpnepi^ npOTHHyjia ApysecBs pysy lOcry, 
Basi nepeA'B tíitb Mapri, h saMŠTHJia: 

— Bh lasi nepeMÍHHJHCB, hto a 611 cb Tpy^OMX Bacx ysnajna, 
pasB^ TOJiBBO no vjiBJd9M%. MapTa 6aM'B cBasaja, hto si xony ch 
BaHH noroBopHTB. Si no3BOJiflio ce&b AynaTB, nxo Mofi npi'l3A'B BaM'B 
HO HenpiflieHx. Ca^eM^B xyrB, na CKaMefiK*, h BOÓeckjkjewb. Ho ecjiH 
B£[ en^e CJinniROirB cnafiu, CBasHTe OTRpoBenno: a npi^xy fb xpjroft 
pasi. 

$pay Képnepi Aocr^rja CBoero naiflpemfl — paBd^OTB CMyn^eBie 
lOcra, o^eBHXHO OBJía^tBinee hh'b. Owb CHOBa, BaR*B h b*b nep- 
Boe CBE^name, no^yBCTBOBajrB, hto dra senn^nHa ne TaBas, BaB% 
xpyrífl, ^TO Ha Hee mosho CesycjiOBHO nojiosHTBCfl, saBx na cra- 
páro Apyra njia BaB^ na onuTHaro Bpana. Ohi nosafiujrB o CBOeft 
pa($oqe& 6jiy3Š n Óesi cr^CHeHÍa noÓJiaroAapHJix ee sa Ao6poe yna- 
CTÍe, BaBoro ohi ne saciysBJíi hhh^mi. 

— vff AyMaK), BH oniH^aeTecB, — OTB^qajia íffipaj Répnepi cb 
Apy»ecBofi yjiu6Bofi. — Ho Moeiiy mhšhíh), bc£ jioah sacjysHBaioiTB 
y^acTÍa, ecjiH HaxoAflTca b% HysA% h óoji^hh, xoth 611 xa^se ohr 
He TOJBBO ne 6ujh bi Haiii Ójihsbh jh^ho, ho xase no co6cTBeH- 

HOft BHH']^, HepaByMÍK) HJIH JT^HOCTH BOaJIH Bl tf^Ay H Bl HyS^y* 

Bh se, BAotfaBOBi, crOHre coBcr&nrB bi ehoitb nojiosemn. Bo-nep- 
BHxi, Bu He BHHOBaTH Bi CBoeMi HecHacTÍH, a BO-BTopHXx, pasB^ 
MU ne snaBOMH jhhho? PasB^ bii ne 6hjih mohmi rocreifB? PasB^ 
MH He noMorajiH coo6n^a, BaBi& Ao6p£ie caMaparane, crapyx^? H Ha- 
BOHeifB, Bor^a oÓmficnBO n3x BÍiMBa cofipajocB y Měna vh totb se- 
qepB; ecjia oho He cBy^ajo ao CMepra, to aToirB ofiasana a BairB, 
Bamefi CBasB'^, AOCTaBHBmefi bcíitb naMi TaBoe yAOBOJiBCTBÍe? 
$pay Répnepx yMOJBJía Ch bopotbhmi cm^xoitb. 

— Ror^a a rosopio: bc£mi> naiTB, to, Bone^HO, aro neMHoro 



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Bi copo^K* pojíiLica. 137 

npeyBejHqeno. H^soTopue h3x npHcyTCTByH)ii^iirB crpoBJíH raBÍfl 
Mimiky KaB'E Óy^qx) 611 npH hhxi qnTajm MyqHxejiLHMniyH) r^aBy nsi 
J|,aHTOBa Aj^a — hjih en^e 6oifbe Mpa^Hyio 6eii(b. Ho CojiBinHHCTBO 
6ujío sa Bací: xopomeHBsaa aHrjríficBafl mbccb, 06% mojioaeixi aembi 
H, HasoHeiTBy fl caMa. Mory cRasaTB saifB, hto ^acro, nacro jiynajia 
z o BameiTB npoHBBexeHiii, h Mory ecJiH ho cjtobo vh cjobo. to Bce* 
TaKH o^eHB noApo6HO nepecRasaTb ero. He cohhhhjih jb bu cb tíx'b 

nopi ^TO-HHfiyAB HOBeHBBOe? 

ne^ajíBHaji yjiH^Ba csojiBSHyjia no 6jAji,nouy Jívinj K)cTa. 

— Mh4 HeKor^a cohhhatb, gnftdige Frau, — OTBÍ^ajTB ohi, 
fleBoaBHO BsrjflAUBafl na sAopoByio pyRy, nocHBinyK) acHEie cjiim 
TasBoft pa6oT£j. 

— ÍIpocTHTe Měna, — CRasaja $pay Répnepi; — Moft Bonpoci 
rjyiTB, HO xopomi tíitb, tto TOTiacB se npHBOAHTB Haci medias 
in res. Kto, KaKx a, hiAji-b othomi iipo4)eccopa jBiepaTypa, totb 
eeBOJUHO y^epiSHBaerB fb naMara fl'£cB0JiBB0 <{)pa8x h3i j^peBHHxi asH- 
KOBi, Aa CBepi^i Toro ociaeTca en^e h jho^obb bi jHxepaTypi h bo bc^mi 
tImi, bto kb Hefif upHSBaHx. SI TBepAO yó^s^ena, hto bh HMeHHO 
iipH3BaHu. 9thhi ofiiacHaerca Moe yqacríe bi Bameft cyAB6%. TenepB 
BHCjymafire Tepn&jHBO, Basi, no Moeify mh'6hík), CJii]í,yeTh no(5Í- 
AHTB npenaTCTBÍa^ M']&n]aion^ia BairB cJi^AOBaiB 3T0My upndBaniio. 
IIocjš cjry^EBmaroca cb BanH HecHacria, ne MOserB Óeitb 6ojiBme 
H piHH o TOpnoft pafíorfi, yóireaionieft yMCTBeoHaa cnoco(5HOCTH. Ho, 
Boaeqeo, paCoraxB Bani Bce-raBH Ha^oCno, norony vro: il fant vivre! 
£cjh6ei K&xe h namejica nenovbivh^ Boropufi npe^JiosEJTL 6u Bani 
cpexcTBO A^a Toro, wtoÓu npoAo;ixaTB yqe($HBia sanaTÍa, to bbt 6u 
OTBasajHCB OTB OToro npe^JOseHÍa, RaBi yace, a snaH), 9to h c^i'^ 
4ajH. Ta pa6oTa, o BOTopoft a roBopio, bi coaEaji']^HÍio, Toa;e mo- 
lanaqecBaa, ho tojilbo TaBaa, npH ^anHiixi oÓcroaTeJiBCTBaxi, 
xoserB j(0CTaBHTB BaifB HeHeAJieHHii& 3apa6oTOBi. Bei nocTynnTe 
BB BOHTopy Moero Mysa — cna^ajia BaBi nHcei^i, hto6ii ocBOBTBca 
CL ea aTMoc4>epoft^ — h a ne coMH']bBaiocB; ^to wh canoMi nenpoAOJi- 
SBTejBHOifB BpeMeHH Bu nojiyHETO noBumenie. ]ífi h npo3aHqecBaa 
XH3HB vb BOHTopi He Gy^BTi BHOJiH^ 6e3nojie8Ha j(ja Bamiixx Jin- 
TepaiypHBixi i^&iefi. Tam ecTB BOSMoacnocTB HaĎJHOAaxB jiiOAefi h 
asyqaTB hxx xapaBTepii h oTHomenia. To^noe snanie JiH)Aeft h hx'b 
OTHomeHÍft Bcer^a Óujio opyxieMi h opysiem ajisi nosxa, a bi name 
spěna, Bor^a nodsia nperenAyerB na to, wro6u 6eitb opyaceHoci^eMX 
BayBH, — H rkwh Cojrbe^ — xoTa a ne xoiy sthmx cBasaTB, hto h 
BH o6a3aHH 6htb TaBHiťB opyseHOCi^eHi. Bi CBOÓoAHue <iacu bbt 
nosere sanHMaTBca jiHTeparypofi h nonojinaTB CBoe oÓpasoBanie. 
O BHHraxi H BcaBHxi yqeÓHBixx nocoóiaxi sairB 8a6oTHTBca ne- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



N 



138 B^CTHIíKrB EBPOnU. 

Hero: y Moero ori^a 6oraTafl 6H6.!iioTeRa, h OHa boi ht* mobmi yciy- 
raMi. EcjiH ^ero ee HaSAem bi Hefi, — AOcraHeHi kb xpyroufL 
uicrb. 

<&pay Kgpnepi roBopHJia cx TasaifL sapoMi, ^to meKB ea pac- 
KpacH^HCB, a ctpo-rojiyóue rj^asa pasroptjiHCB. FoBopiua ona Bce 
Cucrpbe^E Óiicrple, ho He HCicaja cjiobi>, h K)ctb, Boropiift hh- 
Bor;^a en^e ne cjuxajii, hto6kí Bxo-HHÓyAB roBopiiji'E xani xopomo, 
sacsymajicff h xft^e no3a6ujii Ha MrHOBenie o HHCBBrb, ^esaBmeiTB 
Bi RapManib ero ÓJijsUy a Bor^a ona yMOJiEJia, rjyfioBo B3A0XHyjrB, 
ToqHO npo6ysAaflCB otb cna. 

— Bam He HpaBHTCfl uoe npe^JKOsenie? — cnpocraa ýpay 
Kěpnepx. 

— fl He snaio tojbeo, mki mhí Bacx (JjaroAapHTB! — npoje- 
nexaJirB IOctb. 

— 9x0 eme nocníeTca, — Becejio oiBifeTOJia ona. — K% Tony xe, 
fl He BOHHHjia. HaiHrnne 6ujio 6u bslwl fobophtb, ^to Myssi snaeTs 
o MOHXi njianaxx h Bnojifl'6 cb hhmh corjiaceHii. S. HH^ero ne aí-- 
jiaK), BooÓHie, ne nocoB']bTOBaBniHCB ci> hhmi, a bi AaHHOirB CJiyna'^ 
OHx, caMO co6ofi pa3yM'6eTCfl, piniaH)n^i& ^aBTop'B. Bu ne snaere 
Moero Biysa? 

— SI BHAaJTB r. o6epi*XHpeBTopa pasa* hjih Asa, RorAa OH'b 
npi%8sas'B cio^a ocMaxpHBaTB 4>&^pBBy, — 0TB%^aji'B IOctb. 

— H OWb BHAÍJIl BacB. 

lOcTB CB yAHBjeHÍeBfx BsrjiflHyjii na nee. 

BnepBue bo BpeMfl btofo pasroBOpa na muík HOJroAOfi sch- 
HiHHBi HOHBHJiocB BupaseHÍe CMyn^eHÍfl, HO TOJiBRO Ha MrHOBenie — R 
ona npoAOJcacajia ossHBJíeHHofi CBoporoBopRoS: 

— SI AOJsna 6uTB h 6yAj cb BaifH bhojihí OTRpoBenna. Hh 
A^fl Moero Mysa, hh ajib Měna ne 6ujio xattHOfi, ^to bei patforaere 
s^icB na ^a6piiB'6. SI yse noTOMy ne Morja ynycTHTB Bací hsx 
BHAj, ^TO MOfl npÍHTejiBHHi^a, MHCCi BpoyHx, TenepemHflfl Ýpay 
SÓeprapA-B — a nepenHCUBaiocB cb nett — Aep»aaa Měna au coarant 
Bcero, «it6 npoHCxoAHJio wh rpa^CBofi ceMB^. O Tpara^ecEofi Rara- 
crpo(j[)š yÓificTBa, JHmeBmefi BacB po^nrejiet, rOBopHja Bca OBpyra, 
paBHO BaBi H o CMeprn Ao6paro nacropa, Bamero xpyra h noBpo- 

BHTeJa. O T0M%, HTO BU HOCTyHHJH Ha 4^a6pHBy, T0JIB0BaJ[OC& 

6ojiBme, Hiui» bbi npe;qiojaraeTe. Bo BcaBOifB cayqaš, axo ssajii* 
Moft Mysx, a ^epesi nero h s. R 6u yse Tor^ npeAaoasHJia BaifB 
CBOK) noMomB, HO HOAHHHHiiacB BOdspinÍAMi Hyaui. Ohi, BaKi» h 
Bct jiEOAH self-made, xoro líHtnia^ qxo BasAtA ^ejiOBiiBi ne xojibro 
rocHOAHHi cBoeft cyAB6u, ho ^xo xaBi h xoíisho 6eitb. nsB^-ría 
H3i rpaýcBaro Jiarepa y6imjs,2Uía iiena b% xoMy se, tto bh He- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Bl COPOTOi POAMCfl. 139 

npeifiHHO xoTHTe pacnojiaraiB csoeft cyAb6ofi no CBoeiiy, a noiOMy 
2 BBHysAeHa Gujia npetfuBaTB f& ÓesA^fiCTBÍH h Kasyn^eMca Óes- 
yncTÍH, HTb Mfl'b 6ajio aobojibho Tflsaao. Ho xenepb^ Ror^a acho^ 
m Bil He Mosexe Óojiie o6oět0C& 6en qysott domoiuh, sHaneHE- 
Toe npaBKio: help yonrself — bi hctaheoctu Roxoparo a, no npaBA^ 
csasan, oienb counŠBaiocB — 6ojibnie HenpEMÍHEMO. Bc£ a^obue 
ooxpo6HOCTE cooGo^flrB Bam Moft Hysx. Vto Racaeicfl Baniero no- 
MinieHk, TO npomy BacB npe^ocraBETB aio Met. 9to ropas^o Jierqe 
ycipoBTB, nesejiE bu Ay^aere. Ho, Rasi a yse csasajia, npe^o- 
craBBTe Bcb bte MejiOHM mhí. En^e mcjAjiflee ciobo: a snafo on 
Mapru, a eB roBopaurB x-px MajiBTyci, ^to ^epesi h']^cboj[bro 
AHefi Bani MOSHO ÓyAorB nepe^xaiB. ^o vbTh nopi a ycn^io Bce 
DparoTOBETB, ^Tb nysHO. A lenepB mhÍ nopa. Bose! yse nojio- 
Bsea OAUBHaAuaTaro, a bi OAflEnaAi^aTB Měna s^erB Mysi ri 
saBTpasy. Bi AB^naAi^aTB oob yissaerB ebi AOMy. Hy, jí» joma^E 
j^OBesyTi! IoraHB'B! 

Kyqepx, iieA^enHO npo'l3saBnii& Jioma^efi, bo BpeMa axoro pas- 
roBopa, RaRX pasi bi axy MEnyxy noA'B']tesaji'B r^ AOMy e ocxa- 
Horaicfl no 80By rocaosE. $pay Kěpeepii xaRi cn']bniEJia, nw no- 
saia Ha xo^y pyRy K)cxy e Mapxiy CRasaBx noc^^AHeft, Roxopaa 
opoBoauua ee ebi caAERa: 

— Hy, Bce ycxpoeno, e a eme pasi ÓJiaroAapio BacB. 

Gea c^a bi dRsnasx, JiomaAE xpoHyjECB, e ona Maxnyjia na 
npon^aHBe pyROft, npesAe ^^m^b ROJiacRa noBepnyjia sa yrojii. 

H)cTi Bepnyjica ci onyn^ennofi roJOBOft ri CRaiiefiRÍ e yc&ica 
Ha flei, ycxasa wh npocxpaHCXBO HenOABESHufi BsrjiaA^B, xo^b bi^ 
TOHB BaRi ero BEA^^a Mapxa, RorAa nepeA'B vbm noAXOAEJia r'b 
Heny. Ofla ocxanoBEJiacB xenepB bi h^rojibrexi maraxi otb nero 
H neiajiBHO rjaA^i^a na nero. Ofla SHaia, tto ohx nosa^BurB 06% 
^ DpHcyxcxBifl, ona HExaja bii ero ^^uA^ Raa^ vb oxRpHxofi 
Mfflii. 9x6 CMy nacxoan^ee, hx6 eMy 6yAymee — nooii xoro, RaR'B 
m HeBOBBpaTHO noxepajii xy, Roxopyio bck) shbhb judÚejvl e 6y- 
Jm» jk>6etb, noRa sebx! 

H BApyrB iipa^Hua mbicjie OBJíaA^JiE MapxoK). 

— IOctb! — cRasajia ona oyxo. 

OffB BBrjunyjii na nee; ona SAajia dxoro ÓeBy^acxnaro, pas- 
c^HHaro BsrjiaAa. 

— lOcTB,— -noBxopEJia ona, ne npscasBBaacB na CRanefiRy, 
BO eroa nepeAi heitb: — xe6& ne 3a <ixo fijiaroAapnxB Měna. H Ay- 
laia tiojiBnie o ce($£, oxnpaBJíaacB r^ seni A^peRxopa, nesejiE o xe6^. 

— Th xox^a yAajiETB Měna mi> AOMa, — caasajii oni. — S. 
^ sHaio, E dxo caMO co6ofi nonaxno. 



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140 B%CTBnR'B EBPOnU. 

I 

— RoHerao, HO 8T0 He Bce; a xoifcia TaRase sHaiB, r^ th 
({yxeniB, noei% Toro Raici yĚAemE OTCio^a, noTOiiy ^to a Tose 
Bjíibcb He ocTanycB. 

— Th? — BCRpH^aJii lOcTB, y^HBacB. 

— He xoqy h ne ocTanycB; Ttt snaemB Moe ssejame. S. ro- 
BopHjra o HeiTE i&ewb ^npeRTopa, h ona noMorja uwk: HanHca^a bi 
BepjiHHx, H ceroAHH — ona cooÚmjsjíB, mhš 9to, Kor^a CHAÍJa 
ysRe vh BKHna»4 — otbítb noiyTCH-B, h a Mory ixsLUh k-b AOKiopy 
96eprapAy; ohx, snaemB, nepBuft accHcreHTB bx 6oj[bhhi^ ÁBry- 
CTH, ni fl 6yAy CH^ífciKoft. 

— ^ejaio Te6i cnacTBA, — CRasaJTB IOctb. 

— He noxose na to, cy^a no TBOcny ro.iocy. 

— H atejaio otb Bcero cepAi^a. H aejajix 6u a TaRse... 

— íero? 

— Yřth ch Totfoft ía^eRO, xajieRO OTcroia. 

Bx íyrai ea SByqajo: noSAeiTB co mhoB! th fb btomx ne pac- 
saecuBca! 

Ho ycia ifOJi^ajn. 

— %o ae craneTca b^ícb cx xosafiCTBOMx? — cupocnjTB lOcrx. 

— 3to y»e yjiaseno, — OTBÍ^ajia MapTa. — Otciíx ÓyAerx npo- 
HSBeAenx bx Hacrepa h nojiy^HTx xopomee co^epsanie, laRx qro 
Ma^Hxi ne npej^erca ÓoiBine pa6oTaTB na $a6pHR£ h hosho aa- 

HHMaTBCa XOSafiCTBOHX. 

— OTei^x yae snaeTx? 

— Ewry ceroj^Ha CRaseTx HHcneRTopx. 

— Te6a eny fíyíerx o^eHB He^ocTaBaTB, Mapra. 

— ÍTO AÍJiaTB. HeJiBsa jiynaTB Bce o ^pyrnxx- 9to hh kx 
^eny ne CJiysirrx. 

TaRÍa cJiOBa bx ycTaxx Mapru nopasmra 6h lOcra Bcero RaROt- 
Hii6yAB 9acx Toify Hasajix. TenepB ohh ne npoHSBejni ea nero hh- 
RaRoro Bne^aTJiŠHÍa. Ohx ne AyMajix o ^pyraxx, ohx ne xyxaxB 
Aase caMOMx cetii, norpyaRenHHfi bx ÓesxHCXOAnyK) ne^ajiB: jier- 
Roe HHCBMO na rpy^H aabhjio ero to^ho ny^OBaa rapa, h eiiy sce 
TpyAHÉe h TpyjíHÍe A^majiocB. B^pyrB cx rjyxHMx ctohomx bcko- 
HHjix ohx cx iricra h ÓpocHJca mhmo MapTH bx xomx. 

Mapra ocrajiacB y ABepefi. Tennna 6poBH ea 6hjih CABHHym, 
ryÓH RpinRO cataTH. 

niROja HaxoAHJacB bx hí^rojibrhxx maraxx otx AOMa, saniTÚi 
TaMx oroh^eihcb; a^th BH^^acajiH hsx nea n TOJina 6ocoHorHxx pe* 
6aTHmeRx cx RpHROifx nonecjacB no yjini^t. Cx ^diůpisKE Aoneoca 
napoBOĚ CBHCTORx, B08B']&ii^aioii^ifi o6x o5ŠA%. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Bl COPOqK* POAHJICfl. 141 

XpHCTO^opi* H BojiecjiaBi BopeajincB bx ca;(HRx. 06a, npoxHBs 

OÓUSHOBeHÍfl, DOJyqHJIH XOpOmifl OTMJ^TKH. 

— BoTB jmhhi^h! — CBasajia Mapra, r^ia^fl hx^ Ó&iosypBifl ro* 
JOBRH. — H fl Tose croTOBHjia Bam BKycHuft o&kfi.Tt. Crynafixe Bne- 
peAi! 3, cefinaci npE^y. 

Oaa roTOBa 6£ua BnacTB bi npessee Mpa^ace pas^yMBe, ho 
coBJíaxajia cx co6ofi. FyÓEi ea hcrphbhjihcb ropBsofi, npespHTejbHofi 
ycMimsoí. 

— EcjihCu eii;ÍB oea fiujia AOcroftHa ero, — npotfopMoxajia OHa: 

— a TO BÍA^ EÍTh\ 

HesHÍfi ROHei]('B yjiei^u oacHBUJiCfl npHÓUBaionilHMH ci 4>a6paKii 

patfOHHMH, CaimHBmBMH AOMOtt. 

Mapra Bonisa bi aomi. 

A. a 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



nyBIMHLIE MHTflHm 



AHniH 



OhEFKU H3l nOJIHTHMECKOii HCTOPIH ÁHrXIK. 



OKOHuanie, 

IV *). 

Mu npocjitAHJiB HCTopÍK) ny6.iHHHux'B MHTHHroBi B^ ÁHrjiiH co 
BpeifeHa nepBOHaqaiBHaro BOSBHBHOBeHÍfl nxi jsfl Toro MOMeHTa, 
BorAa, nocji^ ynopeoft 6opB6£i n AiHosaro pfl^a npecjr^AOBaHiB k 
orpaHHqemfi, sa HaceJ[eHieM^ BnojHib 6ajio o6e3iieHeHO npaBO co- 
6paHÍ& AJisi C3o5oAHaro o6cysAeHÍH uojmmmecKisTh BonpocoB'B n 
o6ii(ecTBeHHEix'B HHTepecoBX. HTasi, b'b ÁHrjiiif OBOHqaxejiBHoe npi- 
ofipixeHie 9Toro npasa coBepranjocB ne pae-Se nepBoft leTBepra 
HUHŽniHflro B^Ra, a HMeneo B^ 1825 roAy, Ror^a HCTes^ cpoiCB 
;(McTBÍfl nocji']^AHflro HCRJno^HTeJiBHaro asia, sanpaBjeHHaro ri> 
orpaHHqeHÍBO npaBa nyfíjtíqHuxt coCpanift. Tenept HairB npe^- 
croHT'B pascMOTp-J^TB Aft^BH^fiinie ^asHCu vb pasBHTÍH HHCTErryTa 
nj6jivmEUTh MHTHHroBB H npoos^AHTB, RaRyH) po^B AOB&iocB eny 
BrpaTB Bi nocA%AyH>n](ifl nflTB*inecTB AecHXEJiMfi aHr^iftcRoft doje- 

TB«ieCRO& HCTOpÍH. 

HecMOTpfl Ha Ójibboctb ei naMi axoro BpeMesH, HecMorpji na 



*) Cm. BHme: <i»eBpaji&, 562 crp. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MHTHHrH Bl AHTJIIH. 143 

TO, ^TO OHO5 TOBi* CBasaib, HenocpeACTBeHHO cjHBaexcfl cb MOMen* 
lowh, nepeauiBaeMiiMi ÁHTjieK) xeneps, — ecrs nojHaa bosmoshoctb 
noxBecTH o6ii;ie HTOrii yBasanHOft anoxe. H axo Ójaro^apa TOMy, 
fTO esBOSB caMHfl pasHOOfipasHUfl npoABJíeBifl nojiBTB^ecBOfi sbbhh 
es pÍ8B0 npoxoABTB OAHa rjiaBHafl ne^is, Hajiaraioii^afl cbor) ne* 
HaiB na necb aTon nepioAi: — nocreneHnafl xeMOBpaTHsai^ifl hojih- 
THíecsaro crpoa bo B&bx^b HHorocjosHuxx ero ajieMeHTaxx. Bas- 
HiftmHMH asTaMH aroro npoi^ecca ABJíaiOTCfl fiescnopHO xpn napjia- 
MeHTCKifl pe^opMEi (1832, 1867 n 1885 rr.), hsi BOTopuxi saHi- 
W seaiieHOBaja co6oio HOBCift man na uym ovh pesena apacTO- 
spaTH^ecKoft aiHrapxÍH vh BO^BOpeHÍR) AeMOspaTB^ecBaro crpoa: 
pe^pMa 1832 ro^a Hax&nBJía BsÓBpaTejiBBEUiB iipasaMB cpeAsie 
sjíaecEi; pe^opiia 1867 r. npBBjeBJna b:^ ytoctík) bi nojoBTBqe" 
CEBxi A^ax'b cÍBniKoir& 1 mbjijiíoh^ hbbidbxx ropoACBBXi Kiac- 
coBi; pe^opMa 1885 r. ysejiBqBJía BOHTBBreBTi B36BpaTeJie& 27^ 
Miu^OHaMfl cejfbCBBXi pa6o^Bxi. Tor^a lutRi ao pe<|)opMu 1832 r. 
<iHejio BSÓapaTejieft neifHorBiťB npeBEnnajio nojix-MBjíjiioHa, bi bsCb- 
paTejibBuxi CBBCBax-b 1892 r. sBa^Bjíocb ÓOJiše 6 MBjjiioBOBnb 
o6jie^eHHbixi BepxoBHOio nojBTBqecROfo B^acTbio. Eme OAua napjia- 
neHTCBafl pe^^opna, b kb Aetmu Hatt^erb ce&b nojiBoe npBM'£HeBÍe 
upHBipirB Bceoómfiií no^a^B roiiocoBx. 

06paii^aflCb ki Bcropia axBxi pe(|)opM'b, mq ybbabmx, wto 08*6 
flBHjracb pesyjibTaTOiťb oÓn^ecTBesHott caMOA'bflTejibHOCTB, BupasBB- 
me&cfl Bi> rpauAÍ08fluxx ABBxeHÍflxi, aanpaBJíeflBbixi bi ocyn^ecr- 
KieBÍH) BAefi B noTpeÓBOcrefi oÓqecTBeBBbixi luaccoBi, BBicrynaB- 
niBxx Ha nojiBTBqecByH) cnfiBj. IIocTapaeHCfl BUBCBBTb pojb, EaBVH) 
Bi aTBX% ABBxefliflxx BrpajiB nyÓJiB^Bue mbtbbfb, BaBX oabhi 
H8B BasH^iniBxrb ^asTopoBi B BBipasBTejieK AeMOspaTBHecBofi aso- 
mjsJLE. Ho pBAOMi Cb nojTOTBqecBBMB pe^opMaMB HaMx HeoÓxo- 
^HMO Óy^erb BOcnyTbCB b H-^BOTopuxi Apyraxi o6n^ecTBeHH£]X'b abb- 
seHÍt AJiB Toro, HTOÓH AATb Óojiie nojiHoe 0CBÍflieHÍe TOMy 3HaqeHÍH), 
sasoe Bi Ahtjiíb npío6p^i BBCTBTyrb ny6mHuuxT> MBTBHroBi. 



Haifb yae npflm^iocb BaniiBib, hto aBXopx pascMaTpBBaeMaro 
couHeHifl ^) Be Racaercfl tšxx ABBxeHift, ci^eBOH) ROTopuxi 6uja 
HpjaHAiBé TaBi, HeciffOTpB sa to, ^to obi AOBOABTb CBoe bsjio- 
xeHÍe AO 1885 roAa, owb bb cjiobomi Be ynoMBHaerb o « roupy- 
iepeioirb'' ABBxeHÍB, BOBBBBmeM'b 8BaqBTe.ibB0 ^BBie axoro Bpe- 
mbbb; noJHHM^b HOjqaBieMi oÓxoabtb obi b Óojrie paBBioio arB- 



>) Henry Jephson, The Platfonn, iu Bise and Progress. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



1 44 B^CTHUKl EBPOnU. 

xai^iio vb noj!B3y ynpasAHeHÍfl ynia nesAJ AHrjiieK) h HpjiaHAieio^ 
HSBicTHyK) noA^B HMeneMi „Repeal Agitation* (1840—1843 rr.). 
OffB, OAHaROy AonycKaerb oaho oreryiueHie h a^^ti aobojbho no- 
Apo6flutt o^epRi apiaHACRaro ABUsenifl no Bonpocy o6i aiiaHCH- 
nai^ÍH RaxoJiBBOBrB. Mothboitb El dTOMy OTcrynjeHÍH) A-^fl ^se^- 
cona OL^ssjíTb sasnoe snaHenie, Rasoe aia arHTai](iji sM^ja h ne- 
nocpeACTBenno a^a anrjiižcRofi „njiaT^^opMBi'', Bcero 6o Jiie Biopra* 
HHsai^ioHHOMi OTHomenÍH. C'B 8Toro ABHHcenifl na^neMX h míi CBoe 
Haioa&enie. 

KorAa BOJiHCB neperoBopu o6i> ynpasAnenÍH HpjiaHACRaro napita- 
MeHia H noJHOMi cjiianm HpjanAÍn cb AnmeK) (1800 r.), Bhjjbjími 
Xlam — CB jjjbjíhio ocJiafiHTB onnosimiio co croponu RaxojHqecRaro 
6oJ[BniHHCTBa BpjiaHACRaro nacejieHifl — AaJii hohatb, sto OAHHifB 
HSi nepBux^B aRTOBi coeABHeHearo napjaiieHTa 6yAerB AapOBanie 
Bckwb RaroJiHRaMi rpasAaHCRHXi h nojiHTHqecRHX'B npaBi napaBni^ 
CB npoTecraHTaMH. Ůo saRJHOHemKi yniií, IIhtti AMcTBHrejiBHO na- 
MtpeBajicji npBcrynHTB R'b BcnojiseHiK) sToro o6in^aHÍfl b roTOBBJCB 
BHecTB Bi napjaMeETB 6iAMh o6% dMancBnai^iB RaxoJiflROBi; ho oei> 
BCrp^TBJTB nperpaAy bi p'lmaTejiBHOMi» coapoxBBJíeBifl Ropojs Ve- 
opra III, cjiOHBTB ROTopoe oEasajiocB neBOSMOsHUMi bt> BOAy Bpax- 
AeÓHaro OTHomeHÍfl r'b npoeKry IlBTTá co cropoHU 6ojiBniBHCTBa 
anrjii&CRBXi noJiBTBHeCRBXi jifbsiTejieíi. Ubitb BunysAeHi 6uá% no- 
AaxB vb oxcxaBRy; sonpocB oói dMaHcanai^iB RaxojiBROKB OTomejTB 
na saAHift njiaHi. HpjiaHACKÍfi HapoA'B 6bijii> oÓManyrB b'b cbobxi 
naAeacAaxx, a BiesAy t^m'b 6e3npaBHoe nojioa&eBÍe RaxojiBROBx CRa- 

BUBaiOCB OqeHB piSRO, CXaBfl BXl Bl CBJIBHyiO nOJIflXBqeCRyiD H 

Aase dROHOMB^ecRyio saBBCBMOCXB orh npoxecxaexcRaro MeHBmHH- 
cxBa. BBifixB B3X dxoFO nojioseHÍfl, Ao6BXBCfl npBSHamfl painrios- 
naro b nojiBXB?ecRaro paseHCXBa ~ cxaio BSJLfoÓJieHaofi iie^xofi (kUB- 
mBHCXBa BpjaaHAi^eBX. 

MesAy i^Mi vb AnrjÍH BAeji RaxojB?ecRO& dMancanaiiiiB Haxo- 
ABJía co^BCXBÍe JiBmB bx rpynnš jiBĎepaJíOBi; co cxopoHu bxi A'&iia* 
JBCB nonuxRB CHOBa B036yABXB dxorB Bonpoci, ho fiesycn^oíHo. 
SaM^XHBie ycn'&XB cxai^B oni a^atb xojibro xorAa, RorAa bi Hp- 
jaHAÍB Ha^aaocB oón^ecxBenHoe ABBseaie kb nojbsy auancBnai^iH 
RaxojBROBi. PyROBOABxejeMX dxoro ABBseHÍB BBBjícfl ropa^ň nax- 
pioxi B ÓJiecxBn^ifi opaxopi, ^amajiB 0'RoHHejuiB, Roxopui bi xe- 
nenie hícrojbrbxi A^CBXBJíixift cxoflji bo rjiaBi BpjiaHACRaro Ha- 
poAa B BnepBue noRasaax, RaRyio orpoMsyK) CBjy Mosexi^ npeA- 
cxaBBXB co6oH) HapoABafl araxaiúa b npBxoui na coBepmeneo MHp- 
BUTh B saROHHBixi ocHOBaHÍflxi. UepBBifl npoflBJveHÍfl BpjaHACBaro 
ABAsenia bi bojibbj dMaecBnaiQB oxHOCflxcs bx 1809 r., rofah bi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MHTHHfH Bl AHEJIIH. 145 

J(y6MH'b oÓpadOBaaca „KaTOJ[HqecKÍ& BOMExerb", coÓHpaBmift mh- 
THHrH Ch i^&ibK) o6cysA6HÍa Bonpoca n pe^aKTepoBaBinifi neTHi^in 
n napjcaneHTi. Ho Ase^BeHÍe aro BCRop*)^ cthxjio OTqacTH noA'b 
BHimHHMi AftBJíeHÍeifB, OTqacra se no npe^HEŠ BHyTpeHHHxi ne- 
corjacifl Bi cpeA^b Bucmiixi csoeBx KaTOJiHHecRaro Hace;ieHÍ2, kóto* 
paiiH nepBOHa^ajibHO h orpaaHHHBajocb ABHseme. 6i 1823 r. 
CEoHHeab npiiniejii) si cosHaHÍio Heo6xo;^nM0CTH opraHHsoBaTb abb- 
seflie Ha 6oď]^e mHposHxi ocHOBaHÍaxi nyieiix apuBJíeneHifl r^ 
leMy HapoAHuxi iiaccb n ^yxoBeHCTBa. IIo HHHuiaxHB^ ero n ;(py- 
roro BHAHaro opaxopa IIIettJiH, nojoseHO 6ujio ocHosaHle „BaTO- 
JHHecKoft accoi(iaiíÍH** (Catholic Association), KOTopaa nocraBHJia 
ce6t sa^a^eio ofiie^HHiiTb KaT0JIHK0B^ HpjiaHAiH vh oahomx . ofin^eMi^ 
crpeMjeflÍH bi> sasoesaHÍio rpaaBAaHCBHXx n noJiHTHqecsHxi npaB'B. 
Bi jl.y6iiHHŠ oÓpasoBaHi 6biJi'b i^eHxpajibHbiĚ opraná esi (Central 
Association), na soTopufi Boasoseno óujio oón^ee pyBOBOACTBO e 
HanpaBJíeHÍe ABHsemfl. EseHeA'i^BHBifl peryjiapeufl coÓpaHÍfl ufiE- 
TpajbHOň accoi^iaiQH^ na BOTopax^b npoHsnocHJiacb nJiaMeHHbiA pimsy 
nepenenaTUBaBniiflCfl wb raseiax^, BCBopt CA^ajin o6a;eH3BÍCTHBiMii 
sahara accoAlai^H. IIonyjiapHOCTb ea Cucrpo Boapocrajia; wb co~ 
craBi accoipaiÚH mofjih BxoAHTb npeAcraBHTeiíH bc^xi BJiaccoe^ 
Hace^eHÍfl, h bi BopoTBitt npoMesyTOB'b spenenB bch HpjaH^ifl 
yc&iHa 6hLM MtcTHtíHH opraHaMH acco^ia^iu, A^ficTBOBaBniHMH ooA^b 
oónpHi pyBOBOACTBOM'b i^eHipajibHaro soMHiexa, FjiaBHUfl ycoia 
6u3E HanpaBiíeHíi na npHBJíeqeHie bi ABHHLemK) Maccb npoBHHi^i* 
ajbHaro h cejbcsaro Hacejienifl, ^eny oomofjih BaB'b nocToannue 
pasii^AU pyBOBOAHxejieft arHxai^iH, ycxponBasmax-b MHXHHrn, xaB'b 
ffb ocoÓeHHOCXH BJiianie AyxoBencxBa, npEHHMaBmaro caMoe ropanee 
yHaCTÍe B'b ABasemci. B% it&naxi oGesneneHia sa anwb hooGxoah- 
Huxi Maxepia;[bHbixi» cpeACXBi p^i&meHo Óujio ycxanoBHib noBce- 
irkxHo ocoĎbifi c6opi» (Catholic Rent), bi pa3HÍp% o^Horo neeca 
Bi iricaAX. 9xa HAea A^Jia ÓJiecxan^ie peayjibxaxbi: noiiHMO 6jiií- 
sa&maro CBoero HasHa^eHia, axoxi c6opi noMoraJCb noAAepsHBaxb 
Bil HacejieniH nocxuannuft HHxepeci bi> ABHKemH), BusuBaa Eeo6- 
xoxHMOCXb Hacxuxi MHxuHroHO) A-aa oficysA^nia cxoaBinaxi vb CBasa 

Ch HHlTb BOnpOCOBX. 

YcsAx^ „BaxoJuanecBofi accoipai^a^, SHa^eme Boxopofi óucxpo 
BOBpocxaJio, ne npeMHHyjii Bussaxb onacenia h neAOBOJbCXBO co 
CTopoHU anr^ižcBaro npaBuxejibcxBa. jIohaohcbíS BaÓnnexi p^miurb 
saspHTb accoipai^iH), h npeACxaBJíeHHufi no axoiiy noBOAy Óhjlib 
o6paTiuica vb saBoni (1825 r.), cpoBOMx A^^cxBia Boxoparo na- 
smqeHO 6ujio xpa roAa. Ho 0'KoHHeJib ne Hanpacao roBopaji npo 
ce6a, Hxo owb „cbo6oaho iioserb npo']^xaxb mecxepHBOMi CBBOSb 

Tom* II.— Mapti, 1893. 10 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



146 B'bCTHI[Sl fBPOnil. 

caMfiui daiaHyTUfl u&ljlu Jiioóoro napJiaMeHTCKaro aRTa". Ho ero 
coB^xy ^BaTOJiuqecsafl accoi^iaiúfl'' caiia npoBpsrjiacHJia ceoe pac- 
nyn^eme, ho ssaM^Hi efl neuejí^eEEO Ófiua o^pasosana Hosafl acco- 
ijliai^ifly junmh ci tžmh HSM^HeniflMH ^Hcro-^opMajiBHaro xapasxepa, 
KOTopjbiji HsÓasjífljiH ee otb A^ficTBÍa napiaMeHTCsaro aBTa. 3aAa- 
<iaMB HOBofi accoiúaiÚH nocxasjíeHii 6hjih pasjín^Hua ójiaroTBopH- 

T&lBHiia i;^H H paSBUTÍe OÓpaSOBaHÍfl Bl HpjaHACSOM'b HapOA^, HO 

B% cyn^ecTBi CBoeMx xapaBTepi ea ^'^TejiBHOCTH ocxajicfl xorb se. 
PyROBOAHx&iH efl (TB yABoeHHOK) BHeprieK) npo^oisaJiH pa6oxaTB 
HaA'B ocyn^ecxBjíeHieM-B cbohxx cxpeMJieHifi h nocxapajiHCb eii^e Óojťbe 
ycoBepmencxBOBaxb oprannsai^iK) ABHseHÍfl. Jí^jisí dxoro IIIefiďeM'b 
bíMo npeAJioseHO npoHSBecxH o6iuyK) nepenncb Kaxo.iHqecRaro na- 
ceaeHÍfl UpjaH^iH h cocxafiexB cdhcoki HHeni h a^pecoBi Bckxi» 
npHXOACKBxx naxepoBx, cb i^í^jibio ycxaHOBHXB nocxoABHBifl npa- 
BiLiBHBifl cflomeHÍfl vh HHxepecaxi pasBHxifl araxai^in. OcoČeoHO se 
cajiBHufi xojiHOBx dxa nocs^AHflfl nojiy^HJia BCoŠACXBÍe opraHHsai^H 

npOBHHI^iaJlBHBlXl MHX0HrOB% H ebÍ3fl,0B'bj BOXOpue flBBJBCB OXJHH- 

HUMx q)eACXBOM'B o6i»eAHHeHÍfl napoAHBixi mbccb. JI^xoitb 1828 r. 
niefijiB xopsecxBeHHO saflBjífljii, hxo HpjaeACBBMS Hapo^oiii npa* 
Bflxi yBaxojiHqecBafl accoi^iai^ifl", Boxopaa kb cyn^HOCxn ope^cxas- 
Jiflexca HpjiaHAieH). „Mu o6j[aAaeM'B orpoMHUMi aBxopaxexoMi. 
CxoHTB E8M% no^axB CHrnajix, b r^ HaniBMi ycjiyrairB, RaBi no 
jiaHOBeHiiD B0j[Qie6cxBa, noAHBMyxcfl ceifB MBJLaionoBi^. CBJía ABBseHÍJi 
He npeMBHyjia BupasBXBCfl vh tíjiecxfln^eMi BsCpanÍB 0'EoHHejrjKfl 
AenyxaxoMX otb Kadpa, — B36paHÍB, Roxopoe npoBSBejío na aurjifi- 
CRoe npaBHxejBCXBO ÓojiBmoe Bne?axji']bHÍe h ne najio co^McxBOBajo 
noBopoxy ero hojíbxbrb. Kor^a se HCxeR'B cpoR^B A'9^ficxBÍfl aRxa 
1825 r. fl flBBJíacB bosmoshocxb bobpoahxb npesaiOH) op^aHH8a]^H) 
acco^ia^iB bo Bcefi ea hojihoxÍ; arnxai^ifl npBBflJia en^e Óojrbe b&ie- 
HecxBeHHBie pasM^pu, BupaBHBniBCB bi pflA'^ rpaHAiosHBixi mhxbh- 
roBi H npoAeccífi. 

^jifl cys^eHÍfl o CBJí^ ABasenifl b sHa^eHÍB, RaRoe BM^baa acco- 
^ia^ifl, BecBHa jik)($oiibixho npBSHaHÍe, cAi^aHHoe bi nytíjB^HOt 

pŽlH OAHBMl HB^B qJieHOB^B MBHflCXepCXBa, ^sopAseiTB JI^ayCOHOlťB 

(ffB aBrycxš 1828 r.): „IIoJOseHie HpjiaHAiB^ — roBopBjí owb Ha 
nyóJBqHOMi o64aí kb npoxecxaHxcRoft nacxa cxpaHU, — npe^cxas- 

JfleXX C060H) anOMaJliK) B^B BCXOpia U^BBBJBSOBaHHBLXl HapOAOB^B. 

Mh BBABMi, npaBAa, flpaBflxejibcxBO, Roxopony BBiRasEiBaexcfl na- 
pysHoe noBBBOBeHÍe, ROxopoe oxBtxcxBeHHO nepe^^ napjiaMeHxoirB 
Bi* BcnojiHeHÍB CBOBXi aAMBHBCxpaxBBHBixob ())yHRi;ifi; HO Bufbcrk CB 
x^i HecoMHŠHHO, ^xo orpoMHoe ÓojibniHHCxBO HapoAa oÓpan^aeT^ 
CBOH B3opu He Ri saROHHOMy npaBHxejbciBy, a rx ÓesoxBŠxcTBeH- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MHTHHrH B% AHOIH. 147 

Hofi H npoH3BOJibHO ycTaHOBJieHHo& accoi^iai^iH. CnoBO&CTBÍe kb 
HpjaHAÍH saBHCHTB He on BopojeBCBaro npaBHxejiBCTBa, a otb ee- 
jiÍHÍfl BaTOJiH^ecKOft acco^ia^iH... Otb neji — aroro hhbto ne cra- 
flerb OTsepraTB — saBHCHTB, Ójactb jih AyxoBeecTBO noayTOTL cboh 
XOXOAU, HjiH hItb... Orb OAHoro ciOBa 62 saBHCHTL, ÓyxerB jol 
OTB seujLBBJíSLjsíbjíhJiičVb OTHflxa Hxi penra, hjih h^tb. Tanofi conep- 
meHEOft op^aHH8a^iH HHBorjta en^e ne Aocrerajio hh oxho y^pe* 
sxeHÍe, KOTopoe ne oója^aeii saBOHHiiMH nojiHOMoqiflMH npaBH- 
TCáBCTBa*. Jísjie opaTop-B BBipasHJi^ y(ítaiíeHÍe bx tomx, qro He- 
o6xoAHMO npeAnpHHflTB H']bTro nojiosHTejiBHoe míí pimeHÍfl Ronpoca 
od sMaHCHnai^B KaxojiHKOB^B. no noBOAy axofi p^mn Jí^mQ^cowb 
3aMÍ?aeTBy qro 9to 6ujrb nepBBifi ciy^aft, Bor^a bhhruí HJieHx 
npaBHxejiBCTBa BOcnojrBsoBajiai „UJiaT^opMOio'' ajia nyfijH^Haro sa- 
iBieHiii o BasHoi nepeMÍH']& npaBaTeJiBCTBeHHOft qojihtbbh. 

Hto^ojBBO paHBme pi^H Jl^aycoea jiopA^B-HaMicTHHBi HpxaHAiB 
nHcajTB IIhjik): „Accoipai^ífl bjih B^pa-ie arHTaTopu, cpe^H boto- 
pHXi ecTB MHoro o^eHB CQOCoÓHBixi, FOpaqnxi h caMOOTBepa;eH* 
HHxi jiBOAeS, npio6p&[H TaByH) HpesBHHa&Hyio CHJiy, qxo, no MoeMy 
rjyfioBOMy y6incAeHÍK), ohh b'b jmÓoi MOMeerB MoryrB npHBecTH 
HapoA^ vb OTBpBiTOMy BOSCTaHÍR)^. ^6x HCTopie ÁHrjiiH H Apyi^ULi^ 
rocy^apcTBi, — iraineTB vh 1829 ro^y ncropHBx accoiíiaitiH, YaSax, 
—ne 611Í10 npHifipa cto^b mepoBoÁ h ctojb coBepmeHHoK opra- 
HBsai^H, BaBi BaxojHHecBafl accoi^iaipa. E2 pasB^TBjeHia 6£i;ih 
tan se MHoroqHCieHHBi n TaBi se t^cho nepenjiexeHBi nes^y 
co6oíOy BaBX caMEifl ciosHua nacTH MycByjBHoft CHCxeMBi^. 

PyBOBOAHxejflMi ABHseHÍfl ue jí,ojlvo npHnuíocB osbabxb pesyjB* 
xaxoBi cBoefi A^xejiBHOcxH. TpoHHaa p^^B npH oxBpuxÍH nap^ia- 
MefiTa, 5-ro ^eBpajui 1829 r., BOSB^CTHJia o Haií^peHÍa npaBH- 
TeiBCTBa noABeprayxB nepecMOxpy saBOHBi o npaBaxi BaxojinqecBaro 
HaceieHia BopojOBCXBa. Ho bmÍcxí cb xžmx 6ujio saflBJíeHO o ^py- 
roiTB ÓEJijAy Bi CHjiy Boxoparo jiopAy-eaMtoHHBy HpjiaHAÍH npe* 
j^ocxaBifljocB npaao saBpuaaxB BCHBaro poxa accoi^iai^iB h MHXHHre, 
npiiSHaBaeMue hitb onacHUMH. He ycn&iXy o^eaBo, dxoxi ($hji.ib, 
HanpaBJíeHHEifi npoxHB'B BaxojHHecBoft accoi^iai^iii, otfpaxBXBOi b^ 
saBOBTB, BaB^B accoi](iaipfl axa p']&niH;ia saBpBrrbai casia, bx BH^y 
6JE30CTH ocyn^ecxBjeHÍfl ea iJt^ieft. 

^iflxejBHOCTB BaxojiHHecBofi accoitiaitiB, ÓJiaro^apa Boxopofi ao- 
crarHyra Óuja dMaHcenai^ia bbtojihbobX) cocxaBJUnon^Hxi orpoMHoe 
6ojBinHHCXBO HacejieHÍfl HpjiaHAiH, OBasaJia ÓojiBmoe BjiaHie h ea 
aHrjiificBift HapoA'B. „Owl xaase, ~ roBoptixi JíseiJcoHx, — 6opo.ica 
3a aiiaHcnnai^iH), ne pej!iHrio3HyH), a nojiexeiecByio dMascEinai^iK), 
dMena Boxopofi yse a^^bho 6um noc^Hu bx cpe^i Hapo^a, yó*!* 

10* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



148 B^CTHHKl EBPOnU. 

sA^BHaro Bi pa3yMH0CTH h npaBori CBoero A^a,. jífl chx^b nopi^ 
aarpy^HeHÍe Jiesajo bi tomx, saRi AOCiHrHyTb ero ocyn^eciBJíeHifl. 
Tenepb pacBpuxu Ókliu cpeACTBa: aer^iificBiá napoA^B yBHAibjTB, ht& 
Moseii CA^aib „njaxj^opMa'' npu noMon^H xopomefi opraBBsauÍH/ 
RaByso 6opB($y Moseri ona BUHecxH n RbKonu[,i bohi^obi ocraTbOt 
noÓl&jiwiejihEiimfiíL. TaBOBi 6wi% BejaaáŘ ypoBi>, AaHHuK ABHseeieiťL 
Bil HpjiaHAÍH''. dfOTh ypoB^B He iiponajii> Aapon ^a. aHrjii&cBara 
BapoAa, BaBx BCBopi se to noBasajio BejiHqecTBeHHoe ABHseme bb- 
iiojb3y napjiaMeBTCBofi pej^opMBi ^). 



V. 

HaMB yase ee pasx nptixoAHjiocb Bume yaoMBHaTb o napia- 
MeHTCBofi pe4)opMÍk, noTpe6HOCTb B'b BOTopoň on^yo^ajiacB Bce 60- 
Jíte no Mipt Toro, BaBi cb ycnixaMH npoMumjieHHOCTH h pas- 
BuxieMi npocBtn^eHÚi, vb cpeAHHXii h HHsmHxx Bjiaccax'b nace- 
jieHÍfl co8p']bBajio cxpeMJieHie nojiy«íflTb cbok) aojk) yqacxifl bi no- 
jiHTBqecBoň SH3HB cŤpaBu. B'B leHeflíe AOJiraro BpeMeflB oÓctoa- 
TejiLCTBa Be daaronpiflTCTBOBajiH ocyn^ecTBJíeBiH) dxoft pej^opira, h 
óujLíí TOAU, Bor^a BonpoCB o Befi, Basajiocb, coBepmeflBO cxoabj'^ 
co cueBu. Ho Ba canoifB a'^^ HAea pe<]^pMu, yse bi xe^eHÍe 
XYUI-ro BÍRSk uoposAaBmifl CHjLBUfl oóB^ecxBeBBUfl ABBseBÍfl, ny- 
CTBJíB rjiy6oBÍe RopBB bt> BapoABOiTb coBBaBÍu u roxOBU óuAJí npe 
nepBOM^B yAo6flOMB cjiynai CBOBa b en^e Óojite ptmaxasbEO sa- 
flBHXb o CBoeMB npaB^ Ba BBBMaBÍe. Oabbmb bsi boboaobi bs 
osBBJíeBiH) BOBpoca o pe(|)opMt 6íUB o6Bue Buóopu 1826 r., 06* 
BapyxBBmie psA^ BsGnpaxejibBuxi sjíoynoxpeÓJieBiit h CBOBa sáno- 
MBBBmie o BeyAOBJíexBopBxejibBOCXB cyn^ecxBOBaBoiefi CBCxeMu npeA- 
cxaBBxeJibCXBa. B^h xeneBÍe 1827 b 1828 rr. bb napjiaMeBTB Bse- 
ceBu 61LIB Aaaie 6bjijib o Beo6xoABMocTB jiBoiBXb npeACxaBBxejibCTBa 

B^BOXOpUfl „TBBJIUfl wéCL^HKE^ j B BSaM^B^b BXl BaA^BXb npaBOMl> 

npeACxaBBxe^ibcxBa fiBpMBBraMi b MaB^ecxepi. Ho óbjijib óblih 
oxBeprByxu, a axo se mofjio, bobo^bo, Be BusBaxb ewfi 66ábmara 
cxpeiiseBifl Bi peil^opM*]^. Oco6eBBO se sairbxBuft lOAHOK^h bx ho- 
BOMy ABBseBÍK) Bi BOJibdy efl AftBB úiiJLb 3% 1829 r. o6ocxpBB- 
mBHCfl MaxepiajbBUMi nojioseBÍeMi ropoACBBxob b ceJbCBBXi pa- 
6oqHX'b, Boxopue BcnuxuBajiB óojibmyio HysAy bcs'&a^bÍ6 ÓespaSo- 

') En^e B-B aBrycri 1828 r. ^xamÍDer*' roBopiui iiexixy npo^HMi: „HacrpoeHie 
oói^ecTsa Bi HacTOAmee Bpenji óiaronpiHTBO o6cyzxeHÍi> napiaiieHTCKot pe<tK>piai^ h 
6uJo 6h Becuia xeiaTeuHO, ^toóh araTaiuJi h opraHHaaiqii, npoHBBexioia Tasú iy» 
j^ecfk Bi> HpjiaHAiH, 6iuH npHiiiHeHH b ki ocyn^eciBiemi) siofi BeiHsot saxftHH*'. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MHTBnrH Wh AHrjnH. 1 49 



thi;h h noBceMicrearo naiema sapaÓOTHOfi njaiti. Bo mhofhxi 
ifteTHOCTflxx cosuBajHCB MHTHHTH, H Ha HHxi Bce ^aii^e crajia 
acnnaTbCfl y^te^eme, hto rjraBHufi hctohhhk^ bcšxx sojfB jiesHTB 
Bi HejtocraTRaxx ynpaBjenia h npea^e Bcero b^ Hey;tOBjieTBopH- 
TMtHOCTH napjiaMeHTCBaro npejicraBHTejBCTBa. 

PiniHTeJirBHaj! HHHi^iaTHBa fb BOsóymieHin Bonpoca o pej^optf^ 
npm^sejRUTh fiHpMHHraMy; r^^ b^ xeicaópi^ 1829 r. nojioseno 
feio ocHOBaHie ^nojiBíTHHecKaro coíosa ajh saoíHTH oÓmecrBCH- 
HHxi npaBt" (Political Union for tUe Protection of Public Rights). 
Oosianie 9Toro coiosa 6ei.io MOTHBHposaHo Me^sj^y npoHvirB cjit- 
l7H)ii](HMEi coo(5pa3BeHÍflMH: „onEiTB nocjfl^AHHXii nflTHaAi^aTif jňrh 
xosTsewh ÓHjrB, Bone^iHO, y&b^jsTh caMEix^ HeAOB^pHHBUX^ jnQAefi fb 
TOM'B, WTO npaBa h nerepecu cpeAHHxx h HiiBmHx^ RjraccoBi Hacejenifl 
Hej(ocTaTO^Ho npeAcraBJíeHBi b'b najiai^ oód^hhi napjaMeHTa"". B^ 
BHxy 9Toro rjiaBHUMH saia^aMH C0K)3a nocraBjíeHO 6ujio: „aoÓrtbcji 
Be&MH čnpaBejinffBLiira n saKOHHuifH cpejtCTBaiíH TaKofi pe^opiru 
najiaTH oCdiiih^b, Boropas Morjra 6u oĎesne^nTB A^ftCTBHreJíBHoe 
npe^iCTaBHTejiBCTBO HHsmHxi H cpe^iHHX^B KJiaccoBx Hapo;ta bi btoS 
najarj^; pasBBTB uepi, eAHHenie h corjracie Messiy bc^mh BJiac^ 
caMH no;uaHHiix'£; opraHHSOBaTB TaBoe BupaseHie oÓn^ecTBeHHaro 
MH^flifl, hto6ei OHp Morjio ORasEiBaTB na saKOHOAaTejBHyio jiíbst- 
TexBHOCTB cnpaBeAJHBoe, saBonnoe h cvjíBHOe BJiifloie; ;^&ctbo- 
BaTB BcbME saROHHBTMH cpencTBSMvi Ha BEi6opu ^jOHOBi napjiaMOHTa, 
W)6bi oÓesne^HTB HsCpanie npaBflHBBrx^B h chocoChbixx npeAcraBH- 
Tejeft Hapow**. 

Bi flRBap^ 1830 r. opraHesaiÚH coiosa nojiy^njna canBi^iH) Ha 
<{ojiBinoM*B nytfjif^HOMi MHnrar^, Ha ROTopoirB yqacTBOBajio otb 12 

AO 15 THCflTO TCJIOBtB^, H KOTOpnft BOTUpOBaJIl pe30JIK)I^ÍK) TOITB, 

TO) HCTOHHHR^B Bcšxi (SijcTBift jeaHTB B'B Bpa&He HJOxoiTB ynpaB- 
.leHÍH, ROTopoe ifoseTB ÓEiTB yjiy^meHO tojbro nyTeM'B Ropennott 
pe^pMu najraTu oÓh^hh^. 

droTB MHTHHrB B^ EErpMHHraifi& HOCJryiRHjrB CHTHaJioifB, na ro- 

TOpufi nOCnilHBJIH OTRJIHRHyTBCfl H Vb APyrHXl Ifto^HOCTHXX AHfjriff: 

B^ Te^enie 4^Bpajfl n Mapra coctoajhcb MHOrojnaxHBie MHTBHTfi vh 
JloBKOwb^ AftjiBCÓiopH, JlEjicbj BopHecrepniHpí, Kewrb h jpyrnxi 
MicrarB, h Bcio^y 6um BOTupoBaHu co^bctbía pe^opu^, pesojio- 
i^íh h neTHi^H. 

Ob dTHXi nopB iBHaseHie bi nojiBsy napjraMeHTCROif pe^^opHH 
pasBHBaiocB nenpepfiiBHO Ch Bospocraian^efi chjioh). He Hirbfl bos* 
MOSHOcm cjrbjkUTh sa bc^hh hoapoÓhoctamh ero, mu onrbTHirB Bas- 
Htftnrie $a8HCH ero, nocROJBRy b-b hhxi npoaBHJOCB SHa^eme ny6- 
JH^HBíx^B MHTHHroBi, RaRi FJiaBHaro pcraara ;i:BEseHÍ5. 



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150 BtCTHHK-B EBPOnBl. 

OÓCToaTe-iBCTBa Ha btotb paax 6.iaronpiaTCTBOBaaH eMy. B-k 
ÍK)HÍ 1830 r. yiiepx Feopn IV, h Ha npecrojix BcrynHJi^ Bhjib- 
rejBiTb lY, vb KOTopoMx He 6uao ocHOsaHÍfl bha^tl laKoro pt- 
mciTejiBHaro spára .iHÓepajiBHBixi peýopm, KaRHikrB sbihjicsí era 
npeAmecTBeHHHirB h vl eusfi ÓbJíBmeft vbpb Feopn in. IIo cy- 
n^eCTBOBaBmeMy ao 1867 r. ROHCTHTyi^ioHHOMy npaBHJiy, nepenŠHa 
i(apcTBOBaHÍfl HeoCxo^HMO AOJSHa 6Br;ia conpoBOSAaTBca pacnyn^e- 
fiieMx napjaneHTa h cosBaHÍeMi HOBaro. Otín^ie se BufiopH AaBajs 
npflMofi noBOA'B Ri nponaraHAHpoBaHÍH) ejí^qř pe^opMu. Ctopohhhrh 
efl mapoKO BOcnojiBsoBajHCB 8thmx h bcjih dHeprinecRyH) 6opB6y 
npoTHBx BparoBi es. „Ma aMaHCHnnpoBaJiH RaTOJHROBi h yMHpo- 
TBopHJiH HpjiaHAiK), — roBopHJii B^ CBoefi H8($HpaTeJBH0& ýk^E EpyMx: 
— aMaHCHHHpyeMX se wk cpe^HÍe iipoMBnn;ieHH£ie h HHsmie KiacCLi 
HamHXi corpasAftHi h boabophm^ b:b Aboíh hhp^, cnoRO&CTBÍe r 
AOBO.iBCTBO. & ne coMHŠBaiocB, ?T0 dTH Bu6opE[ cx^^^aiorB MHoroe 
AJiH nap^iaMeHTCRoft pe<|)opMu, h jvbpewbj ?to no^oóno TOMy, BaRs 
BBi6opEi vh rpa^CTB^ Rjidpi npHBejiH Vb pi^meniH) RaiojiH^ecKara 
Bonpoca, BamH ycHJiifl Ha HacTOBo^cixi BtiÓopaxx npHBeAyrx kx pt- 
ineniH) Tpexi sajKHBixi BonpotoBi — napjaneHTCRott pe^opMBi, nepe- 

CMOTpa XJ'I6h£IXI SaROHOBX H OTMÍHBI HeB0JIBHH4eCTfia". 

Blb Te^enie BUÓopoBi npHmjio HSB^crie o6% íh)jkbcro& peBOJfio- 
i^íh bo ^panipH, h co6BiTÍe 9to en^e 6oji^e oÓo^pHJio ycHjiiii anr^iifi- 
CRBXi JH6epajiOBi>, yBHA'i&BinHX'B vh TopmecTB^ cbo6om,u kb napHS'& 
xopomee npeAdHaMeHOBanie A<3fl ycnixoBi CBoero A^a. B'b pas- 

HUXl MiCTHOCTaXX AhTJíÍH yCipOeHX 6UJ11» pa^íl COHyBCTBeHHEIX-B 
$paHI^ÍH MHTHHTOB^B H (JaHReiOBl, ROTopne npOHSBeJIH He uMoe Bue- 

?aTji'&HÍe Ha o6n^ecTBeHHoe nacrpoenie. Bx rohi^^ rohi^okb, ne- 
CMOipa Ha CHJiy npaBHrejiBCTBeHHaro n Topi&CRaro BjriflHÍfl, cropoH- 
HHRaMi pe^opMEi y^ajiocB AOCTHrHyxb bx hoboS najaii oómjiwb 6oih- 
mHHCTBa, He($;raronpiflTHaro ROHcepBaTHBHOny Raí^Hnexy repitora Bej- 
jraHiTOHa. 

Toxqacb se no otrpeitíh napjaHenTCRoK cecdH, vb HanajE-b 
HOflÓpfl 1830 r., repitorb BejrjBHrroHx BUCTynBJíx cb RaxeropE^e* 
CRHMx saaBJseHÍeifB npoTHBx pe^opMii, naxoAa, hto cyn^ecTByion^aa 
CHCTeMa ne HysAa^TCfl hh bx RaRHXi Hsii^HeHiarB. Ho ne nponura 
H ABjxx nex^, BaRx ROHcepBaTHBHEi& RaÓHHeTL noTepn^JTB no- 
pasenie no Bonpocy o „liste civile' h BunysAeHx Óhjix no^^aTB 
ffB OTcraBRy. CocTaB^enie Hoaaro MEHHcrepcTBa nopy^eno 6uao 
rpa(|)y Ppeio, Roropufi yse cb 1792 r. noRasajrB ce6fl peBHOCraHirB 
CTopoHHHROMx napjiaMeHTCROfi pe^opMU. 

Bcrynaa bi> ynpaBJíenie A^aMsr, Fpeft TOTHacB se BaflBHjix o 
CBoeMi Hairi^pemH npEcrynerB m> ocyo^ecTBJíeHiK) pe<{)opifH. dro 



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MHTHHFH B^ AHr.lIH. 151 

saflBjeme Bcrp^qeHO 6ujio cb ÓojiBmHMi co^yBCTBÍeMi, h no Bceft 
erpaffb, vh fiojiBinHx^b u uaiux^ ropo^ax^ h KAiRe fb npocnix^ 
iipHXOAax'B, opraHH30BaHEi 6hjih HHTHHrH H cos^ana r^^Jias cíts 
^nojHTHHecRHxx coiosoBi*' FB HHTepecarB noMepsBH HaiiipeHifl 
Fpefl. MHTHHrH Óujth takl MHoro^ecseHEn, hto raserci BEinysAeHu 
finjH saflBHTB o HeBOSMOSHOCTH A^BaTB nojiHiifi Rxx nepe^eHE, a 
.Times* roBopHJii: „KaKx Kaxerca, h4tb B^ coeAHHeHHOMi Kopo- 
aeBCTFi TaKoro rpa^KTTBa, ropová hjih cejrenifl, b% RoxopoMi He 
6qjo 6ii C03BaH0 ifHTHHra a^a cocraBJíeHifl ^eTH^iH o napjaMeer- 
CKoi pe^pifi. The nation was meeting everywhere", Bi Tenenie 
3HMH (napjaMenrB 6iijn> OTJOsem cb 20-ro A6Ka6pji no 3-e 
4^eBpajfl 1831 r.) oCn^ecTBennoe ABHsenie pasBETBajiocB ÓesocTa- 
HOBO^iHO, KSLJffh 6yAT0 6u OHO 6ujio pesyjíBTaTOMi sapanie o^AjHan* 
naro h crporo CHcreMaTHqecKaro njuana. „IIo Moeiiy yCteseniH), — 
HHcajTB rpefi BopojH), — oCmecTBennoe Mnieie BHCKasajrocB no axony 
Bonpocy ch xaKOH) chjor) h TaBHH^ e^Hno^ymieiTB, hto nofirn npo- 
THFL nero 6u30 6u neBOSMOsno tíesx orpoMnaro pncRa nocraBHTB 
npaBBTejiBCTBO wh nojoseníe, npn RoropOMX ono Óyxen jnsmeno 
BCflKaro aBTopHTera n chjibi^... Bi Te^enie ^erupexi irlcfli^eBi* 
najETt oÓn^HHx npeAcraBJíeHO 6ujio 645 neTHitift o pe^opn-i bo- 
o6n^e; 280 — o BBe;ieHÍH TafinoB no^a^n fojocobb, h 182 — o co- 
span](eHÍH saKonoAaTejibHBixi nepioAOBi. 

l*ro Mapra 1830 r. najiaii oÓ^hfb npeACraBJíenx Óbutb npo- 
esTL pe^opHBi, BHOCHPnríft cyn^ecTBenHEifl nepeM^nu bi> opranirsai^io 
npejiCTaBHTejBCTBa. Om bctp£thj*b (SojBraoe conyBCTBie fb cpe^t 
eropoHHHBOBi peýopMu, BOTopue nocnimnjiH opranesoBaTB noBoe 
npoflBJíeHíe oÓD^ecTBennaro MH^nia vb noJBsy ycnšmnaro npoBe- 
j^eniii ÓEJuiíí. npoTHBHHKH ero nanparjiH bc% chjiei m TOiiy, ^to6u 
Ticnše cnjiOTHTB onnosm^iH) eny, h bo BTopOMX vrenÍH 6]ijij[b o 
pe^pirb npnnaTrB ÓajTB na^aTOio otfn^HirB 6ojBniHHCTBOirB tojbbo 
oj^Horo rojioca, a npn nepexoA'b b^ BOMEren no rperBeiiy Treniio 
B% rojocoBaHÍH OAHoro npeA^osenia MHHHcrepcTBO oBasajocB fs 

XfflBnniHCTBi. 

RaÓHHery Fpea npeAcroajio oaho hsx Asyxx — hjih ocraBHTB BOBce^ 
BO Kpafinet M^p^ na BpeMfl. mucib o pe^opiii, bjiií Tse npoHSBecrn 
BOBHe o6npe BUÓopu. HecMOipa na neco^yBCTBÍe Bopojfl Kb pac* 
nyn^eHÍio napjaMonra, p^meno 6ujio npnfiirHyTB HMeeno bx STOft 
iňpbj HeoCxoAHMOCTB BOTopoft BusuBajiacB CBJOH) o($n^ecTBeHHaro 
n^HÍa. Bi HOBom nncBiii kl Bopojno Fpeft BUCBasaJix o neft 
tAxpomfie: ^nycTB BCflsifi tfesnpHcrpacTHEift ^ejOB^Bx nocMOTpHT'B 
Ha mrrHHrH, nponcxoAan^íe bo Bcbxi* HacTflX'B crpanu, na hhcso 
UBUhj vh HHXi yHacTByH)n^HrB, h na eArao^ymie hxx pimenifi, 



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1 52 roCTHHBX EBPOnU. 

npoTHBi KOTopux-B e;iBa jih xotb bi oahom^b cjiy^aífe CAÍ-iaHO 6ujío 
Bospasenie, — h, no Moeny mb']^bíh>, ne MOZKexi 6urh combíbíji B'b 

8aRJIK)^eBÍH, Kh RaBOlfy OHX JífiJITReWb npHATB^. 

23-ro anpljia napjaMearL 6ujii> pacny^eB^; BacrynBJTB pinra- 
TejiBBufi MOMeBTB AJfl js^BjibwklímeŘ cyABÓu pe^^opnu, Roxopafl, i^a- 
sajEOCB, yaie 6BiJia xaRi ÓJiHSRa r'b ocyn^eciBJíeBiK). Ha^ajio o6o^hx^ 

6El6opOB'B 03BaMeBOBa;iOCB ^aKTOMX BeCbMa BOBUITB B'B HCTO- 
pÍH nyÓJOTBHXX MHTHBrOBX. Ho 9T0My nOBO^y OKUn^h H31 Hje- 
BOBl MMBHCTepCTBa, JIOp^X JtSKOBl PoCCeJB, (JhBBIÍĚ JH^íepOMl JH- 

6epa.ibB0& napTÍB b^ BEsae^ najaT%, BnepBue npoHSBecB swb crbwb 
napjiaMeBTa pik?B, cjiyssHBniyK) RaRx 611 nporpaMMOH) npej[CTOfln^HX'B 
BBiCopoBi. Ha mhthbtS 25-ro anpfcja 1831 r. ob^ Meawy npo- 
^BHi BBicRasajii cjiijiyion^ee: „wh ;^aBBOM'B cjiy^a^ HSÓHpaTejflMo^ 
npeACTOnrB coBepmBTB b^^to 65jiBmee, niíui> oÓuRBOBesBO, h6o 
OBH npBSHBaiOTca Be tojbro am Toro, htoCh HsfipaTB Jiro^eft, cno- 

COÓEhlTh JSÍh BaBl^Hli HXl BpaBl H HBTepeCOBX^ BO H JíflB TOFO, 
^TO(Jh CBOHM-B 06pa30M^ aifiCTBift OTB^THTB Ba BOBpOCl, BOCTaB- 

jeBBuft nepe^i BsňHpaxeJiflMH pocnycROM^ napjiaMeBTa — »oao- 
6p»eTe JH BBi, HJiH bítb, npHBííHni pe<í>opMu npeícxaBHTejrBCTBa* . 

BsÓOpU OSBaneBOBaJIHCB CBJBBifiBIBirB BOSÓjTRHeEieWb H Be^Bi- 

6aj[0K) ;(OTOji'l HsÓHpaTeJiBBOio artfTaaieio, jiosyBroMx Roxopoft abbjich 
rpeeBCRÍft 6hjijb o pe$opiri& bo Bceí ero nojBort: Ba thcstoxi mh- 
TBBroB^ BeH3M']kBH0 pas^asaJCH eABBOAymBEifi rjihri: — „Tbe Bili, 
the whole Bili, and nothing but the Biir. „Xpy^no, — roBopiiTB 
Jíae^coB-B, — cocraBHTB ce64 acBoe noBHTÍe o tomx crpaniBOM-B 
bjiíabíb, BaRoe HMŠJia n^aT^opna Ba dXBxi Bu6opax^. FaserEi Toro 
BpeMeBH laiOTB Jinmh csaóoe npexcraBJíeBie o sefi, TaR% RaR'B bi^ 

BBX1» JIHniB B'6CR0JrBRBME CípORaMH OTlfŠ^aJHCB A^TRe Baetíoj^ Elifl- 
TeJBBUfl p^^B BJIGÍ rpaB^iOSBUe MHTBflrB. Ho H BeCMOXpH Ba dTOy 

OB'6 AaH)Ti B03M0SB0CTB bha'6tb, hto BEROF^a Ba npe^niecTBOBaB- 
niBxi BBiÓopaxx njax^opiíOfO ne nojiB30BajiBCB xaRi nrapoRO, b hh- 
Ror^a en^e cnjra es ne nojiy^ajia xaRoro nopasBxejiBBaro npoHB- 
jeBifl*. 

YcB^x^ BB[6opoBi npeBSonierB caMUfl cir&iHfl oiRB^aBÍa cxopOH- 
HBROBi pe^^opifu H caiforo Ppea. B'b bobohi napjaHenx^ bi nojihsj 
es cocxaBHJiocB 5ojiBniBBCXBO yse Be bi o;i;efb rojoci, a B^ 136, 
RaRi oÓBapysHJiocB bsi roJiocoBasifl npE BxopoMi HxeBÍH. HpB xa^ 
RHX'B ycHOBÍflxi Be^eio 6qjio onacaxBCfl sa cy^BÓy pe^opMa vh na- 
jiaxl o6mjiwhj is noBa mjo bi nefi o6cysAeBÍe Čejja, oÓqecxBeH* 
Boe ABHseBÍe yjierjiocB. 9xo, o^HaRO, 6ujio BCxojiROBaBO hbofhmh 
RaRx npesnaRx peaRiQH b^b oÓqecxBeBBOiTB mbí^bíb, ero oxjaacAemfl 

R^B CyAB($^ ÚEMS. n BOTB Ba dXOfi n09BÍ BOSBBRJB CiyXH O XOITB, 



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MHTBHFH Bl AHrjIH. 153 

1T0 na-iaTa jiopjíOBt OTBepraerB pe^^opiry. PesyjibTaTOMi hx-b 6ujio 
flOBoe ycmieHie arBTai^iH, npeHABinett en^e Cojiie ptmHreJibHiifi xa- 
paKTepi. Hs^ Maccu mhthhtob^, Ha soropiix^ BOTHpoBajBCB ne- 
TH^iH H npexocTepeseHÍfl no a^pecy Jiop^OBi wb CJ^y^9A mrh ynop- 
CTBa, AOcraTO^HO otm^thtb xota 6ei MHTHnrB vh BnpMBHraM'^, na 
KOTopoMi y^acTBOBajio AO 150,000 TCjroBtwB. Ojíjswb hb^ opaxo- 
poBi, ynoMflHyBi» o bobmoshoctei OTEjioneniH Úejuísi Jop^aMH, boc- 
RjHSHyjTL, HTO Bi TaROMi CJiy^a^ owb nepButt OTKaseTCfl njraTHTb 
flajora; n aro saflBjíeHie 6uJio noAXepsano rpOMOBEmn pyROn^ecKa- 
HÍ:iMv npHcyrcTBOBaBniHXi. 

JIopAEi, OAHaBO, npeHeCperjin MHOsecTBOiii otfpao^eHHBrxT* k^b 
HHHi neTHi](ifi H MaccoB) MHTBHroBiy Wh BOTopEix^B BupasajiocB Ha- 
erpoenie CojibniHHCTBa o6n^ecTBa: (JojiBniHHCTBOMX 199 fojiocobi npo- 
THBi 158 OHH OTBeprin fíHJTJB (8-ro osTaSpa 1832 r.). „HsBljCTie 
o(5b 9tom'b, — roBopHTB Jíae^coHi, — Bcrp^Heno 6ujio vb CTpaB'6 cb 
€BibBfbimBu% HeroAOBanieMX. HecMOTpa na bcI^ neTnuin h mb- 
THflrBy necMOTpa na eABsoiyrnnua b p^nraTejBEEia saflBjíeHifl HauÍB, 
HecMorpa na to, hto, BOTBpya Cbjjtb o pe^opMt, najara oómjswb 
eaiia npHsnajia HeyAOBjerBopBrejiBHOCTB CBoero ycrpoftCTBa, Roropoe 
ne Morjo ^aace ocraBaTBca bi xasoMi bisa% necMOipa na Bce bto, 
JopAH npeneOpeoB sejiaHÍfliíB naiÚB. Hapox^b neMe^JenHO »e cnoBa 

aTBJícfl B^B HJiaT^opHŠ, wro6u AaTB BBipaseHie cbobitb nyB- 



CTBairB*. 

PyROBOABTeJB arHTaipB npBHBMajíB bc6 idipn Ri TOMy, ^to6u 
OHa He nepeCTynaia rpanBi^ saROBHOcm b nopsA^a, no eapo^noe 
6036ysj(eHÍe 6bijo Taa^B BejBRO, íto b^b hírotophx^ lr6cTH0CTax^ 
jitjio jsfimjio AO cepBeBHHxi óesnopflAROBi. Gjiijs,Y&rh, o^naRO, saMŠ- 

THTBy HTO nO€JI'£AHÍe npeXCTaBJIflJIBCB BESenieMl HCRJIIOqBTeJIBHEIMl, 

/^jaroxapa to& mapoRofi C6o6oa%, ROTopaa Cujib, npe^ocTaB^iena oóme- 
CTBy FB opranflaai^iB BceBOsiiosHBix^ MBTBeroB^ b nojiBTBHecRBx^B 

eOIOBOBl. 

B'b ABRaÓpš napjraMeHTB Óuji co8BaH'B na HOByio cecciio, b 
npaBBTejBCTBO bi TpeTÍfi pasi Bnecso fb najraTy o<5niBH'B 6bjjib o 
pe^pM'6. TenepB obi npoméjii en^e 6oxbe sHa^BTeJiBHBnfi 6ojrB- 
nraacTBOirB: npn BTopoifB TrenÍB sa Herc no^ano 6ujio 324 rojioca 
npoTBBx 162. Bi ROHií* Mapra 1832 r. yqacTB pe^íopMu cHOBa 
nepenua bi pyRB JopxoBi. HeCMOxpa na rposHuft rpbsbcx, ohb 
npoAOJsajiB ynopcTBOBaxB bo BpasAe^HOifB r'b neft OTHomeBiB. Ho 
TenepB ohh, Bstiiraa npaHoro OTBepsenia óviJiJia, pimBiB BCRasBTB 
cyn^BOCTB pe^opMn pasjíBHBBiMB nonpaBRaiiB. IIpBHflBi 6bjj[b bo bto- 
poiTB TreHÍB (6ojiBniBHCTBOM'B AeBaTB rojiOCOB^), naflaxa JnopAOBx ne- 
penua Ri ROMBTercROHy oÓcysAeniK) b BOTBpoBajia nonpasRy, na 



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154 B^CTHHK^B EBPOnH. 

KOTopyK) npaBHTejibCTBO He Morjio corjiacHTBca. %o6a cjiomhtl onno- 
30AÍH) BepxHeft najaxii, MHHHCxpu nocoB^TOBajH Ropojnio npnótr- 
HyTB Kb flasHa^eHÍK) hobuxi napoB^, ho BopojB noRo^eÓajicfl ^aTs 
CBoe corjiacie na 9to, h jiop^x Fpeft bmíct* co bc6mi KafinHeTOM-s 
no;íajrB b^ OTcraBKy. 

„IIoAOÓHO TOMy, — rOBopert Jíae$coH%, — KaKi pissifi ryj^t 
iipu6jiHautH)ii;arocfl aeMJieTpflceBÍfl BuroHaerb na yjrni^u bcIx^ ro- 
poscKHxi ffiHTejiefi bx SesnopanoHHOfi Mačci, laKX HBBÍcrie o tomx, 
HTO ÓHJiJíK) o pe^opM* rpOsHTt onacHOCTB, cornajio hotch ace he- 
ceJieHÍe ea ny6jiH^Hue HHTHHrn. CaoBa co^epaiHCs xecflTBs h cothh 
THCfl^x sHTejíe&: B He 6uj[o ropoAa, ne 6ujio Tanoro M^cra, ro- 
Topoe ne npHMSHyjo 6u si BupaiReHÍH) Hai^íoHajiBHaro Hero^OBaniji. 
TaRoro BOstfyaiAeHifl ÁHrjiifl em,e ne snajia HHRorAa panBme. Ila- 
jara oÓh^hhi ÓsLsa saBajiena xo^aTaficTBaiin n coB^TaiiH OTRasaTs 
npaBHTaiBCTBy bx AeneasHiixx cpe^CTBaxi. Bcio^y Cujia BEipasena 
piniHMOCTB npeRpaTHTB ymiaTy naJioroFB. „No bili, no taxes** — 
TaROB-B 6ujn> aaoBin^ift jiosynrB arHrai^iH, cpeAH ROiopoft Cb co^ys- 
CTBÍeMi npHHHMajiHCB HaMeRH Ha Heo6xo;tHMOCTB sanacaTBCfl opy- 
TEÁewb^ . B-B xeneHie AecaxH weft, Meatsy 9-m*b h 19-mx Ma^, „Times* 
OTifffcTHjix 201 MHTHHri; OTB 8-ro AO 23-ro Maa b% nojBsy oÓh^hh^ 
HOCxynHjio 290 nexeiíift ci xpefiOBanieMi npeRparaTB BKija^ fle- 
HesHBixi cpeACTBi Ha ynpaBjíenie. 

Ha 8T0TB pa3i cHJia o6n^ecTBeHHaro ABcrsenÍH ORasajiacB ao* 
craTOHHOK). ^ep^o^B BejWHHrroHx, ROxopoMy nopyneno 6ujío cocra- 
BHXB HOBBI& RaÓHHexnb, saflBHJTi HeBOBHOSHOCxH c^opMHpoBaxB ero^ 
H Ri ynpaBJíeHÍK) A^JiaMH CHOBa 6uji% npHSBaHx jop;^^ Fpeft, ro- 
xopufi na nepBEixob se nopax^B c^eJTB nyacHBíMx sapvHHXBCfl corjia- 
cieMi Ropojifl na HasHaneHÍe hobhxi napoBOb m, noxpeÓHOMX rojih- 
^ecxBŠ. IIoAn^ 9xofi yrposofi Jiop^u yBHA'i^H, naRonei^i, CBoe noJHoe 
ÓescHJiie, H MHoríe hsi hhxx BBipasHjn CBoe ynopcxBO jiehib bi> 
yRjOHeHÍH OTh BCflRaro yqacxin fb oÓcysA^nÍH h roJOCOBamn ÓHJijifl^ 
Roxopufi ÓEicxpo npomejTB ycxanoBJíeHHua cxa^in h, hocjí yxaep* 
ac;íeHÍa ero ROpojeni, 7-ro iiona 1832 r., o6paxHjrca BisaROHi, boc- 

XOpseHHO BCXp^HeHHBlft HapOAOMX, ROXOpElft HpaBAHOBaJTB CBOK> 

no&bAY O- 



^) Aze4>coHi> npHBOXHTi ci^xyDmee HHTepecHoe onHcaHíe Toro, saxi Bcrpi^eaa 
6Hia BtCTB o pe4>op]r6 wb EspiraHraMt, oxhomi hsi riaBEsrb i^eHrposi xBBxeHk. B*^ 
xeHb nojy«ieHÍJi m, dscnpoMTOifi coópajcji MBTHHrb vb KoíHiecTBl fx> 50.000 ^eji. 
IIpexcbAaTejiBCBoe ntcro saHAJi ATByx'B, nHHi^iaTopi ^nojiHTE^ecsaro Consa^ vb Enp- 
MHHraifi. BcTp&HeBHHi< BOCTopsesEHiiH pyKonjecKaBÚíMH, OHI csasaii: „^oporie xpysui ^ 
a npeHcnojiBeHi ÓessoHe^HOft 6jaroxapHOCTH ko Bceiforyoieify Bory 3a to, hto mh B35^- 
maiH caMoft ysacHofi peBOjnDiqH, h ne Mory ne BopasHiB xeiaHia, Tro6H croiímee bosjt^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MHTHHrH FB AHrJIIH. 155 



VI. 

Hsx npeAraecTByromaro o^epKa cx AOCxaToiHOio aceocTBio Bticiy- 
naeTB orpoMHaa poJiB, Basyio CBnrpajiH nyÓjnqHue HHXHHre — Em, 
no TepMHHy Jí^me^BSL, „MaT^opna"— bx aíjí* ocymecTBJíeHia nep- 
Boi napjiaMeHTCBO& pe^^opun; ee cx to^kh spinia sHa^emfl jí^jul 
nojfHTHiecBaro pasBHTifl Ahfjiíh ne 6en ocHOBania cpaBHHBajiH 
ci pe^^opnaipeio bx 3Ha?eHÍH ea ajisi pejiHiiH. Bi nyÓJiH^HUxx 
MHTHHraxx, ÓesHHCJieHHnxi bi anoxy pe^opHeHHoft a^HTa^iHy noj- 
ffle Bcero Bupasa^ocB oÓo^ecTBeHHoe MHŠHÍe, a HMenno oho no* 
6^jsflJio .iHÓepajBHBifi Ba6HHerB nocraBHTB na o^epe^B BonpocB o 
pe<{>opM'&, OHO noAxepsHB&io napjiaMeHTCBBxi Apysefi es bx (JopBtí^ 
CB eji npoTHBHHBaMH, OHO oÓesne^HJO npoBeAeHíe pe^opMH wh hhs- 
eeS najraTi, HaRonei^i oho bx noai^AHÍft MOMenix cjiomhjio ynop- 
CTBO Bepxnefi najiaTn. 

SaM^HaTejiBHOK) ocoÓeHHOCTBio dToro jsfiEmeEisi 6ujix HHpHufi xa- 
paBiepx ero, Boxoparo ne mofjih HapymHTB eAHHHqHEie cjry^aH ot- 
spiiTuxx 6e3nopflABOBx, qepesx-^ypx HHHTOSHye qmBHHrejiBHO cx 

BOJOCCaJIBHOCTBH) ABHSeHÍfl. IJpaqHHy STOrO He CJT^AyeiX HCKaTB 

HCRjiio^HTejiBHO Bx Hapo^Hoiíx xapasxep^ anrjiH^aHx, bx BOTopsixx 
^aronpiflTHBifl nojHTHqecBUi ycJiOBÍfl a^bho yme pasBHjra jk>6obb rx 
nopjij^By H yBasenie bx npHHi^Hny saBOHHOCTH. Bx ropasAO Óojrbe 
3Ha?HTejiiBH0fi creneHH dxo 6uio pesyjiBTaTOHx BjriflHÍs ^njax^opMii^^ 
ROTopafl BX Te^eHÍe mhofhxx ji^tx Boja ny(5jraHHoe o($cysAeBÍe bo- 
npoca o pe^opHŠ n Maj[o*no*Majiy pasBHJia bx HacejieHÍE bhojh*]^ 
pasyMHoe h coBHaTaiBHoe OTHomenie bx Hefi, a cx hhux bm^tí — 
yBJ^HHOCTB BX HpaBorl jííbJi9L B BOHeHHOux TopsecTBi ero 6e8x 
noMon^H nacHjifl. 

BasHŠimHMx peByjiBTaTOBcx ABHseHia bx nojiBdy pe^opMBi 6ujio 
TO, TTO OHO BnepBfiie cx nojiHOH) flCHOCTBH) ycraHOBHJio BX aHrjiifi* 
CRoft SHSHH iipnHi](Hnx HOJiHTH^ecBaro caMoynpaBjeHÍtf, BepxoBeHCTBa 
HapoAHaro sejaHia: „no will or wish of the people is to be re- 
sisted^ . CpoACTBOMx se bx CHcreMaTHqecBOMy npoBeAemio Ha npaB- 

xeM xyxoBHoe jihao nyójH^Bo loaxaio xsajiy Hameify Cos^aieji) sa TopzecTBO Hamero 
enpaBexiHBaro f/biA*^. B&b npEcyTCTBOBasinie MrHOBeHHO oÓnasHin roxOBii, BOXBopii- 
jacB xepTBafl TmmHa, cpexH lOTopoft ryrroHi TopxecTBeHHO npoHSHeci cjixyDmin 
cioBa: „O, Bceiiorymifi Bože! ci ÓJiaroxapHmiH h paxocTHHMH cepxuaiiH npeKioHAercu 
nepexi ToÓod napoxi Tsoft, BHXflndfi vb Te6i hctohhhki bcíxi 6jiaroxiaHÍfi. Bjiaroxa- 
pHMi Teóii sa xapoeaHBoe Ham HsÓaBieHÍe h BeiHRyD, 6e8KpoBHyK) noÓ^xy. ,2(afi, Bože, 
m6íi MH BnojiHi BociiaiB30BajiHCB BeiHRHira npaBami, KOTOpua Tu xapoBaji'b Haní, h 
^to6h mh oóeaneHiuH hxi sa co6od h f/kibuB HamHira si TBoefi ciaBi h ri oóo^eMy 
(óary ^ejiovlHecTBa^. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



156 B*CTHHK% EBPOTIH. 

thb4 9Toro npHHUHna aBMacB njiaT^opMa h rjiaBHiJM-B o6pa30M*B 
ny^jH^HMe MHTHHrn. Ohh npeAcraBjíaiorL coÓoh) opraná, npn no- 
cpeACTB* KOToparo Hapoj^b o6esuem/íJi'h sa coóoio jrfeficTBHxejBHoe 
ynacTÍe b^b nojufTn^ecsHX^ A^axi crpaHu nyxeMi BjiÍ2HÍfl ea sa- 
BOHOAaTejBHoe coĎpanie h BOHrpoja Hajix ynpaBJíeHieMi. 3th pe- 
syjBTaTH aocTHrajTHCí. naBHHMV oCpaaoM^ AByua cpe}í,CTBB,ua — ny6- 
jiRHEiBrB npHHflTÍeATB 0Tb HapoAHBixi npeACTaBETTejeft onpeA'&ieHHBnrB 
o6fl8aTejiBCTBi HJíR o&ku{hEÍ6y j(t.iaeMux'B nepeA'B BuÓopaMH, sa- 
rbwh nocTOflHHUBfB BOHTpojreiTB HaA'B A^ficTBÚíMH npeAcraBHTejieft, 
j(a»e AaBJíeHieifB Ha hhxi, bo BpeMs 4>7B^ití<>^Bpo^^^ b^*^ b^ 
napjaMenii. 

Yae Bx Te^enie XVni BÍíca ^eťíaTHpoBajica BonpocB o6i> otho- 
meHiflxi HeTKAy HsÓepaTejiflira h etb npeAcraBarejKiif h, h MaJO-no-MaJiy 
npoÓHBajacB TeH^eHaia, spasseóHafl rocnoACTBOBaBmeuy Torxa npex- 
craBJíeHiK) o nojraofi CBo6ojíik jtfbierBiů npeAcraBHTejeft vh Te^eHÍe 
cpoBa Hx^ nojiHOMO^iS. Bi Ha^ajri^ se XIX b. aia Ten^eHi^ifl c;rb- 
jajia 6o;iBinie ycnšxn; cosname OTB^TCTBenHOcra npexcraBKreJiefi 
nepej^x HsÓHpaxejflMH yBopeHHJOCB HacrojBBO, ^rro BOHcepBaTopi Po* 
<5epTB nHJiB, HSMiHHBmift CBoe OTHOmeme Kb Bonpocy oÓ^b difaHCH- 
nai^ÍH BaxojiHBOBi, c^eji^ cbohitb Aqjivowb OTBasarBca otb npeAcra- 
BirrejiBCTBa OBC^opj^CBaro yHHBepcirreTa, xaBi BaB^ HS^EpaiejiH ero 
6ujH iTHoro Bsofl^a ea dTorB BonpocB. Co BpeMeHB »e aniTai^H 
no noBOAy pf^^opnu njiea HesaBHCHMOCTH iipeiCTaBHTe;ie& b% hx«b 
oópasi ;i;^ficTBÍil piniHTejBHO ycrynHJia CBoe npeo^JiaAaion^ee wbcro 
BAei crporofi 3aBEiCHM0CTH OTB H36HpaTejie&. BecBica ptsBo sra ne- 
peM^na BBipasvjíacB na oúm^ETb BuCopaxi 1831 roAa, Bor^a nsdpan- 
HHBH napojia flBHJíHCB Bi nojo^Kemn ^ejeraroBi, nojiyHHBniHXi crporo 
onpeaíbeHHHfl nopy^ema OTHOcnreJBHO CiMJia o pe^pirb. TIosAnie 
(b% iíojrk 1832 r) na MHTHHri bi JIohaob-í BaTeropn^ecBE Bscsa- 
sáno Óujio, tto „njenn, HsfipaHHne npe^craBiiTejiflMB bi napjia- 
MeHTb A0JÍ7BMU A^aTB TO, HTÓ Bxi^ HsČflpaTejB jsejiaiOTB, ^itoíSh 
OHH A^ajiH*'. XapaBTepHoe npHSHaHÍe tofo ase ^BJienifl bh^ihitb wb 
cjrlAyion^Hxi ciOBaxx repi^ora BejuinniTOHa, fb BOTopaxx ohb bh* 
pasHjTB CBOK) Aocaxy npn bhí* coBepmaBnraxcfl nepeMÍH^: „sjo pe- 
<f>opMBr, — nncají^B ohi EpoBepy 6-ro itapra 1833 r.,— 3aBJiH)TOeTca 
vb TOMx, HTo Tor^a BaBx npex^e AeMOBpaxifl npeo^Jia^ajira jinniB bi 
HÍBOTopuxx irfecrax^, TenepB ona npeo^jra^aerB noBCio^y. Uirb 
irtcra — CBoCoíHaro otb nea. Btí CojrBniHHCTB* »e CJiy^aeBi ona sa- 
HHMaeTB npeo6jvaAaH>n^ee nojroxenie. DpH^aBBTe b^b BTOiiy npaBTHBy 
Tpe6oBaHÍfl OTB BaHAHAaTOBx oÓflsaTejiBCTBi no OTHomeHÍio b-b hsbíct- 
HUM^ lApaMB — npaBTHBy, cjiHmBOMi oÓDD^yH) íaae cpew jy^meS 

TOCTH HSCRpaTCJeft, H HOJIHyK) rOTOBHOCTB BaH^H^íaTOBl ^ABaTB 9TE 



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MHTHHrH B^B AHrJIH. 1 57 

o&isaxejibCTBa, — h bh He Óeai ocHOBaHÍa Ďy^ere y^HB^aibca, hto 
w en^e cyn^ecrfiyeux, eeri eai^ifl". 

He iieH^ cyn^ecTBeHHu Ďbijh pesyjiBxaTBi, ^lOCTHrnyrue no oř- 
HomemH) k^b KOHxpoJíK) HSÓHpaTejiefi Ha^iCB a^^^ctbíamh npeAcraBHie* 
aefi.Eo^e KB 1812 r. iiHÓepajiBHuú „Edinbourgh Revíew'' AOBasuBajis 
noiBsy cosBanifl 6oAÍe HacTBix'B UHTHHroBi asóapaiejiefi a^a oficy-- 
ai^eHÚi BaxHMoíHxi Tesyn^iixi BonpocoBi h HaxoAHJi onacHBíMi a^ 
npeACiaBHTejibHOfi CHcreMEi, ecJiH HsGiapaTeďH ÓyxyTi* orpaHHqHBaxB 
CBOu nojiHTHHecKÍfl 4^yHKipH coBepmeHÍeM^ nsÓHpaxeJiBHaro anxa pasnb 
Bi ceMB Airh. Bx HtBoxopuxi 6oji'&e osHBJíeHuuxx nyHRxaxi, Bass 
Hanp. Bi BecTHHHCxept, sHaqHxeJBHO paH'&e pe<|)opMBi 1832 r., 
yciaHOBHJiocB o6iaRHOBeHÍev bi> CHJiy BOToparo npeACxaBHxeJiH o6fl- 
saHu Óujia no Bpafinež M'bp% pas^B bx roA'B ABHXBCfl nepe^i bs* 

ÓHpaxeJflMH, AftTB HM1> OXHeTB Bl CBOHXl A^fiCXBÍflXX u nojj^axB 

0TB nnxi ysadanifl bx pyKOBOACXBy na 6yAyn^ee Bpeiia, Ci aRxoMi^ 
o pe4»opMt dxa npaBTHBa noJVHHJia SHaqHxejibHO 65jiBniee pasBiixie, 
H BOHxpoďB ii36Hpaxeae% naAi* oÓpasoHi aířcibíA npeACxaBHxeiefi 
c^iďaiECfl flBJíenieHx ofíuHBBíMi n noBceiiicxHBíMi. 

IIoAi» A'Jb^cxBÍeM'B yBasaHHUXi npH?HHi> noxpeiSnocxB vb ny6- 
iH^HBixi MHXUHrax'B Bospocxa^a; onn OBon^axejiBHo npio6p&iH xa- 
paBxepi Baa^naro nojiHTHqecKaro HHCTHxyxa, Bjdaxejibnaro (|)aBxop& 
yopasjenifl cxpanoH). HaH6oji'be pbsKuwb BapasBeHÍeiix axoro 6bijio 
TO, qxo co BpeMOBH arHxai(ÍB bi nojibsy pe(|)opMy MHHucxpu n bu- 
^aionUecfl nojiHxaqecBie jiíbuTejiiii Bce nan^e cxajiu BUCxynaxB cb sa- 
flaaeniflMH h piqaMH Bnt napjaMenxa, cb i('kabK) sauiHxu hjih o6i»* 
flCfienifl CBoefi nojraxHBn. Ocofiennoe BBHManie o6paxHja na ceÓA 
no&ABa JopAa-sanipepa fipyna b'b 1834 roAy no IIIoxjiaHAÍn, rxh 
OHI nocbxHii^B ne Majioe BOJiHqecxBO ropoAOBX h bi BasBAoifB ns^ 
HHxi npoHBHecB p'bqb. Bi xoMi se roAy JiopA^ Fpefi, BumeAmitt 
vb oxcxaBBy, npEir^ameni Óuji^h na ycxpoennuft wh qecxB ero óan- 
sexi Wh dAHHÓypri; 9xa no^ABa xoace Aft^a eny noBOA'B nponsnecxH 
ffbcBOJBBO nojiHXHqecBHXi pjbqefi. B'b xo Bpeaia npaBxuBa axa, no- 
jyqHBmaH btb nocji'&AyH)n^ifl AecflXHjtxifl xaBoe mupoBoe pacnpocxpa* 
fleeie, ÓBua hobhshoh) h hop^bako BBisuBajia nopEi^anie co cxoponu 
Bopojui, Boxopui oxBpuxo BBipasaJi'B CBoe neAOBOJiBCXBO dXHMi „iti- 
nerant speecbify ing*" — ocoGenno jiiOAett, saHHMaiou^HXB BUCOBie nocxu"^ 
(saB^B nncajii nacxnuň coBpexapB Bopojia JiopAy MejB^ypny, npe- 
eMHHBy Fpefl). Ho npaBXHBa dxa BusuBaJiacB hobbimh ycjiOBÍflMH 
noaHXflqecBofi shshh, h bcabía npeAOCxepeseniji no oxnomeniH) b,t> 
nett 6fiLSH HaaHHiHH n óobi^&ibhu. KorAa vb bohi^ 1834 r. bo- 
pojTB oxcxaBiiJi^B BaÓHnex-B MeďBÓypna, noc;iŠAHÍ& npoHsnecB bh'^ 
napďaMenxa abí ptqn, wb BOxopjbix'B a^jii noApoÓnufl o6'BflcneHÍji 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



1 58 B^CTHHSl EBPOnU. 

no noBOAy csoeS otctrerh. En^e 6oAÍe dHaMeHaiejibHBíMi 6ujio to, 
HTO HOBufi iipeMBepi KOHcepBaTHBHaro KaCHHeTa, Po^epn TLn^ih^ 
cqejix EysíBuwb, npEHHMafl BJiacTb, sa^BHis nepex'B nsÓapaTeJuiME 
o CBOHx^ BsrjuiAaxx na nojHTH^ecRoe nojioseHÍe, a bx anoxy 06- 
mjíTb BufiopoB^b 1835 r. Bticiynejii cx 6ojihmov> nojHTH^ecROH) 
piqBio-nporpaHHOH). Kor;ia se bx anpijii 1835 r. jiopA'^ Mejiii- 
6ypHi CHOBa crajii bo rjiaB^ RaÓBEera, npaBTHBa ^BHi-napjiaMeHT- 
cRHXx" pš^eS CA^aJiacb en^e 6ojňe nacTOio, oco6eHHO bi t^ ui- 
cfli^u, BorAa npeBpan^ajiHCB saHATÍa napjiaMeHTa. IIpeasAe nepioAu 
BaHHKyji cocraBJíAaH rjyxoe BpeMfl bx nojHTEHecBOMx OTHomeHÍB; 
xenepb se JiopA^b MeJiL^ypni BOCSJEi^ajrB: „the yacation is tryiug 
time!"... 



vn. 

Hsx nosAHifioiEx^b npoflBJíeHÍfi nojiHTE^ecKofi seshh Ahfjiíh 
oco6eHHoe Bea^eme aaa oníbEKvi pojiu nyfíjifl^H&ix^B METEHroBTr 
aM'6e7b ;(BHseHÍe wb nojBBy otmšhbi xjižÓhbixi saROHOBi h ycra* 
HOBJíeHÍfl npBHi^flna CBOÓOAHott xoproBJíH. CosjíaHie c^e^iaJBHa^o sa- 
BOHOAaieJiBCTBa, EMiBmaro i^'&iibH) nocpeACTBom noinjiHH'B na bbo- 
3EMUŘ xjáói* noAAepsHBaxb BucoBifi ypoBeeb ušhx Ha jKOHamHeMx 

XJIÍ6eOMT> pUHBŠ, ÓUJIO OAHEMl H31 HaH60JI'£e plSBBXl IipOflBJieHÍ& 

nojiETEiecBaro npeo6jiaAaHÍfl Bucmaro 8eMjieBjiaA'&JibHecKaro BJiacca. 
PoTor^a sasx BHiepecu btofo nocjiŠAHflro nojiynajiE bibtomi sa- 
BOHOAaTeJibCTB'& oco6oe noBpoBHTejbCTBO; ocrajibHue cioh HacejeHia 
Tepn^jiE OTb nero 6oji^ ejie Meaše BpeAHUfl nocji'&ACTBÍfl. H BorAa 
Ch pe^opMOB) 1832 roAa nojiHTflqecBOMy npeoÓJiaAaeifo noseMejib- 
HoB apBCTOBpaTÍB HaHeceB'b Óujii pimBTejibHufi yAaFB, Bonpocb 
061 OTMÍH'& xji^Haro sasoHOAaTeJibCTBa AOJiseHx óujli HenBHyeiio 
BucrynBTb ua nepByio o^epeAB. Ho TopsecTBO BAeĚ CBo6oAHOft Top- 
roBJíB AOcraJiocB ne jerso; oho (Jhjho AOciBrnyTO Jiani!^ roAaMH ynop- 

HOft fiopbÓH CX rOCnOACTBOBaBHIBMB UOHflTiaMB — ÓOpbÓH, ffb EOTO- 

po& Cb HOBOH) CBJíOH) BBTpasBJíocb BHa^eBÍe o6ii^ecTBeHHaro mh^hía 
B ero BaxaMmBXi opyAÍfi, neqaxB b ny6.iflHHBixi MBXBHroBx. 

IlepBBie sa^axBB dxoro ABEseHÍa oxHOCflxcfl bi BOHi^y 1836 r., 
BorAa cxajiB noflBjjiXbCfl accoi^aitiB, cxaBBBmifl ce6^ saAaneio cxpeii 
jieflie B-b oxmšbí xjiš6huxi> saBOBOBi (Anti-Corn-Law Associations). 
B^b flHBapi 1839 r. CA'li[aHo óujío BOBSBasie o c6opB nosepxBO- 
BaHÍ& Ha opraHBsai^iK) arBxai^iB, h b% Mannecxep^ cocxoa.icfl mh- 
xBHrb Ae^eraxoBx otb pa3j[BqH£ix'b accoriiai^iĚ. Ha sxohx mexshi^ 
MesAy npoHBMX BOXHpoBaHH cjiÍAyK)^ia pesoaroi^ia: „noBa saBono- 



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MHTHHrH BX AHrJIIH. 1 59 

m^AhEue aBTU Ó^fijrb jiHuiaiB aapoA^B o6iiJihEB.ro CHaÓseHÍa npe^- 
MeranH nepBoK Heo(5xoAHMOCTH, npaeBTejiBCTBO e crpana 6y;(y'rb 
oÓpeneHu Ha bcí (^actbía, BOSHHKaiOH^ifl BCi^ACTBÍe Hapo^Haro ne- 
íOBOiBCTBa*'; „Cb lí^jiLK) ycrpaHHTb aiy onacHOCTB, nacroamift mh- 
THHTL npHBUBaerB JVh e^BHOAjoíHUMi H dHeprnqecRHM^ ycHJiiflM'^ 
^[otfHTBCfl HeMCAJieHHofi H nojiHoft OTMŠHu BC&ci saBOHOBi, Bacaio- 
n^Hxcfl CBOÓOAHaro BBosa xjňÚB,". 

Bojíie CQcreMaTRHecKyK) op^aHH8a^iK) ABHseHÍe axo nojiy^HJO 
CL Tfixi nopL, BaBx 20-ro napTa 1839 r. ea hobomx MHTHHri 
A&ieraTOBi pimeHO óujio ocHOBaTb nocroflHHuB coiobi noAi> na- 
3BaHÍeM*B ,Anti-Corn-Law League". Cx i^íjbio oňesnenaTB e^HH- 
CTBO A^CTBÍfi Bx MaHHecrepi o6pa30BaH'b iteHTpajiBHBi& soMHierB 
jHra, Ha KOTopuĚ B03JioseHO nocTOflHHoe Be^enie CHomeHÍfi cb 
mícthumh accoi^iai^iflMn h oóqee pyBOBOACTBO araraitiett nyTen^ 
opraHH3aAÍH MHTHHroB^, ycxpoĚCTBa ny^JHqHuxx ^lemfi, BJiiflaieMi 
na npeccy h t. a- 

O&b dHeprÍH, CB RaKOK) BejiacB arHiai^iji; mosho cyAHTS no 
aÍAyH>n^HMx HToraiTB ea 3a 1840 roA'B. B'b Te^eniedioro ro^a both- 
poBano na MHTHHrax'B h nocjiaHO wh naiaxy o6ii^hhi 763 nerei^iH, 
npoHSHeceHO 6ojše 800 nyÓJiHqeuxi jieRAÍfi vh r;iaBH£ix'B ropo^axi 
TpHjmaTs-AByxi rpa^CTBx ÁHrjiiH, bb 49 irlcraxi IQoTJiaHAiH h 
32 Bi YajiBCÍ. y»e bi Te^eflie exoro roAa SHa^ienie araxamia Ha- 
Hajo CEasuBaiBCfl bx tomx OTHomeniH, ^to bx cpe^i npeABOAH- 
Tejefi jiH6epajiBH0Ě napTÍH nocjiuniajincB roJioca b% nojiBsy ycxa- 
HOBjemfl yiťi^peHHofi nocxoAHHOfi noniJinHu BsaMini no^BB^SHOft 
ckíl^u. Ho pyBOBOAHxejiH ABHseHÍfl, Ch EoC^eHOirB bo rjiaBŠy ho Úujiis 
€BJ0HH£i B^B BOMopoifEíccaMi H npo^ojisajiH HacxaBBaxB Ha nOJIHOfi 
OTM^H^ nonuHHX, Bce 6ojiie h Óojvke ycoBepmencxByfl opraHii3ai^ÍK) 
Hanaxoft araxai^H. B^b 1841 roAy MHXHHrn 6ujin cxojib mhofo^h- 
aeHHH, Hxo „AJia o^Horo npocxoro nepe^na mícxi, taí ohh npo- 
eCXOAHJIH, HOHaAOÓilJHCB 6u jsíhjius. cxpaHHi^Ei'. 

Bx Ha^aji'£ 1842 r. Ba^nnerB Uii^ia, ycxynaa A^BJíemfo 06- 
n^ecxBeHHaro MH-inia, npoACxaBHjx napjaMeHxy 6hmb, noHHs&aemig 
BecBMa sna^HxejbHO (bx híkoxophxx cjyqaaxx na 50% h óojiie) 
pasMipu HomjinHi. Ho Jiara ne AOBOJibcxBOBajiacB dxoK) ycxynBOio 
H TpeÓOBaia hojihoě oxm^hu hxx. Bo Bpena ceccÍH, nocBan^eHHofi 
o(3cysAeHÍK) Óejuis, ne Úojňe Basi bi* xeqeHÍe oahofo Mtcai^a na- 
Jiaxí o6mflm> npe^cxaBjeHO 6um 2.881 nexm^ia, cx 1.540.755 
DOAnHcefi. Hhjih), o^naBO, y^ajiocB nposecxH CBofi ÓHJjib. 

HecMOxpa na nonnsenie nomjiHH'B, i^^hbi na xji^íÚ^ BOspocjiE, 
H 3T0 fljBLJio TOiIqOB^ Bi 6^6 ÓÓJibmeMy ycEJieHÍK) araxai^in. flfi 
CHxx nop^B ona sejiacB npeHMyn^ecxBenHO B'b cpe^HEx^b BJiaccaxi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



160 BftCTHHBX EBPOmi* 

HaceieHÍfl: „a ee orpui^aio, — roBopajii KoÓ^eei na HHTHHri irs 
MaHHecrepib 25-ro aBrycra 1842 r.), — hto apeACTaBaxeJH pa6o- 
HHX'B RJiaccoBx TBJtxe uocbiDjBjm HamH HTeHÍa u noAnncuBajiHCb 
noA^B HamHMH nerniúflMH; ho nocKOiibKy pt^b H^erb o ropfl^HOCTs 
H A'6ttcTBBTejibH0CTH HaiueK ararai^iH, a AOJiseHi npEsnaib ee 
npesAe Bcero ABHseHÍeirb cpexHaro BJiacca^. Othuh^ Jiera Hanpa- 
BHja CBOu CHJbi Ha npHaaeqeHÍe ki* ABHaveHÍio hbsoihxi pafioqBX'^ 
cioeBi HaceJieHÚr, h bi BOHit'& roAa ÓJiHasafirniň corpy^HtiBi Ko6- 
xena, A£OH'b Epatii, saaBHJi, qxo „bi cocxaBi Jiern axo^HT^ 
noTTH BCfl Macca cpe^Haro sjíacca h pa6oqaro HaceaeHÍfl BejiHRO* 

CpHTaHÍH"'. 

3A^Cb MU ;ioji»Hu ocraHOBHTbCfl na o^nofi xapaBTepHoS ^eprj^ 

nyfijIfl^HUXl MBTUHFOBl TOrO BpeMeHH. PyKOBOAHTeJH ABHxeHÍa 

CMOTpkďH Ha HBxi KaRi Ba Moryn^ecTBeHHoe opy^ie upoBecxH b^ 
Hapo^Hua Maccu npaBHJbHue BsrjiflAbi na npeAMerb aruxaiúu, pas* 
BUTb wb Huxi cosHaxeJibHoe ]ti> Heny OTHomeHÍe h nocejiHTb npoq* 
Hoe y6i>sAeHÍe wb HeoÓxoAHMOCTH hojihoK OTM'bHu xjrbÓHux^b 3a* 
BOHOBi. BcjiiACTBÍe BTOFO MBTHHFH, opraHHsyeMue A^fl cocraBJíeBifl 
neTKi^ÍH ujiií BuciiymaHifl nyÓJiH^Haro ^Tenk, hm^ih 6ojibmoe boc- 
nuTaiejibHoe 3Ha4eHÍe, nepeA^ BoxopuMi^ neptARo coBepmesHa 
cxymeBueajicfl AeMOHCxpaxuBHuSí xapasxepb hxi. ?acxo na oahomi> 
H xoM^ «e MHXBHrb co6HpaJiHCb npeACTaBHxejm npoxHBoaoiiosHbix'^ 

BSrJIflAOB^b — CXOpOHHHRH JIBrH H apOXHBHHRH OXlťJbBbl XJI']k6Hai'0 Sa- 

BOHOAaxejibCXBa, h Borb iies^iy humu uoAHBMaJiHCb npeflifl, Buac- 
HBBmifl pasjíH^BUfl xoqRH sp^HÍfl Ha Bonpocb H noMoraBHiifl npH- 

CyXCXBOBaBHlHMl pa306paXbCa BI HHXI H npHAXH R'b HSB^teXHOMy 

^aBJíiOHeHiK), ROTopoe Bupasajiocb jib6o bi> pyRonjiecRaniflxi xoHy 
HjiB ApyroMy opaxopy, jib6o bi BOXHpoBaHÍH pedOJioi^ifi. Hsi MHoro* 
HHCJeHHuxi npHiilipoBi axoro AOcxaxo^HO 6yAex% nptiBecxH xoxs^ 
HtcROJibRO. „TaRi, — qHxaeiii mu y JI,se^coHa, — bi Jl^aBeHpopx^ 
B3» anp&iť]^ 1843 r. cocxoajicfl nyÓJiHqHutt MHXHHPb a^a Bucsyma-' 
HÍfl npenift no Bonpocy o xji^huxi saROHaxi MesAy Aenyxai^iefit 
jKirH H san^uxHHRaMH mohohojiíh, H86paHHbiMH Bik RaHecxBt npeA- 
cxaBHxeieň orb M^bcxHOfi BOHcepBaxHBHOŘ accoiUai^ÍH. Oahhi cbs* 
qeHHHRi Wb xenenie abjxx qacoBi roBopHjii* wb sa^axy noRpoBu- 
xejibcxBeHHOň CHCxeiui. B^b OTB^bvb eny roBopHJiib BpafiTb xoase 
B% xe^eHÍe Asyxi ^acoBi, h sax^Mi BoxepoBana ÓHJia pesojnoi^ia 

npOXHBX XJl^HblXl SaROHOBlb OrpOMHUlTb fiOJIblHHHCXBOMlk Fb npO- 

nopiUH 20:1. IIoAo6HHft xe MHXHHrb cocxoajcfl bi OrcÓphas'^. 
3A'bcb nepBuifb roBopojii KodAeH^b^ ROxopoMy BospaauuH cxopoa- 
HHRH cy^ecxByio^aro saROHOAaxejibcxBa; vb pedyjibxaTŮ se MHxasrB 
BOxupoBajii H'JbcROJibRO pesojiioi^itt npoxHB'b nom^HHi. Ha MHXHHrb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MHTHHrU Wb ÁHrJlIH. 161 

Bi BeA^p^y nocJi'£ Ko($AeHa h Mypa, roBopejiH ctopobhhrh npo- 

THBOnOJlOSHUXl BSTJlBfifiWhy H OJSJlWb E9h HHXl npeAJOSHJTB peSO-* 

iDipiD o TOiTb, „HTO noKpoBHxeJKbCTBO Hai](ioHajiBHOft npoMumjieH- 
HOCTH, oco6eHHO se deujiejiibjíisij cyn^ecTBeHHO jifiB CjiarococToamfl 
rocy^apcTBa'. Ho pesojioi^ifl dTa Óujia OTBepreyia h npEMTa no* 
npasKa wb nojiBsy yHHHTOseHÚi BCflRaro po^a MOHono;iift. Ha mh- 
narb b% 3cceRC^, vb KoiopoirL yqacxBOBa^o jsfl 6.000 neJiOBi^Bi, 
KoCxeHi* roBopHJťB ABa naca, uocjA nero eMy BOspasajiH hšboto- 

pue ESI MŠCTHUXl 3eMJieBJiaA'6jIbIteBi; BX SOHI^ BOHI^OBI MHTHHrB 

Bycsasajcfl iipoTHBi nomjHHi^. 

Ha Bckn TaRHXi MHTHHraxi o&b cropoHu BucjiyinHBajiHCb co 
BHHMaHÍeirE h pesyjiBTaTB rojocoBaHia npHHHMajicfl Cb nojiBuwb 
yBaaceHieifi Kb Mwbms) 6ojbinHHCTBa. Bx oón^eirb ara a^HTa^ifl 
OTjiHHajacB ÓesycAOBHO mhphumi xapaBTepoirB h bi n^vi cBoefi 
erpeiiHJiacb HCBJío^HT&sbHO MopajibHUMH q>eACTBaMir bjiíabúi na 06- 
o^eeTBeHHoe MH^me. Bpafrrb em^x nojHoe ocHOBame BucRasaTb 
00 9Toiiy noBOAy CJ^Ayioii^ee: „MOHonoJBcru roBopiiTb, ?to 
MH noÓysAaeifb si BOscramH) h BOSMyn^emio. 9to yrBeps^enie — 

JiMKb, nOAOÓHO TOMy BaRX JISHBH BC£ t]& OCBOBaHÍH, Ha BOTOpUfl 

OHM omapaDTCfl vb san^Hi^ CBoeft mohohojíh. Mq nmjsjb ne no- 
(SyaMftJH SI B08CTaHÍK). Mu BBUBaeirb bi pasyMy HainHX'b corpa- 
SAftBi H icb HX^b ^yBCTBy cnpaBeAJEBOCTE, H dTOTb npHSUBi Bcrp^- 
Mierb OTBÍTb nopa3HTejíbHBi&''... 

B'B Tepeme 1843 e 1844 rr. arflTaAifl npoAOJisajiacb Cb npes- 
Hiirb jeepjíxewbj e oÓn^ecTBeHHoe Mcrime Boe 6ojrbe CBJOHjiJOCb 
Ha cTopoHy JiEFE. Bx cpex^ napjiaMeHTa eace CBotfoAHoft ToproBJíE 
msse iipio6pÍTajni ce6% hoboxi* a^euTOBi, Basx beahq h3i ho- 
eit^OBaTeJbHaro pflA^ rojiocoBanifi no npe^JioseHiK) oírb orirlni 
DOflixiiHnb, BOTopoe BEJLibepcTB BHOCEJB vb najiaiy oCh^ehi pery- 
uyiBO KasA^ft rox'b. Ho bx btoitl OTHomeniH ycnšxn ABEsema 
6§um Bce*TaBH MeAJieHHu. Jí^z ycsopenifl exi Hyaseni 6ujib CEJib- 
wA BH&nHÍft i^ji^OBi, BOTopuifb E EBEJicfl Hcyposafi 1845 roAa. 
Jeidb tojibbo orjiameHEi 6uje nepBHfl CB^Aemu o neirb, pysoBO- 
AflTeiH ABEsenii! npoTEBi xjIÓhoxi nomjiEffB yABOEJiE cbok) anep- 
Tis> H BfiiBBaiE no Bceft crpanš eAEHOAymnufi bjhibx: „OTBpoiře 
oopmi!'' Bb Tepeme oceHHExx e shmhexi iiicfli^eBi a^ETa^ífl ao- 
ciHrja noAaBuiontHrb pasMŠpoBx. B% na^iaji AesaCpa ópram jefe, 
•The Leagae^y saflBJífljix: ^mi ne Eiiieiii bosmoshocte roBopBTb 
wxpo(iHO o npoECXOAEBmExx sa nocjrfeAHee Epena METEHiux^b. 3a 
Hm HemiciEMO ycjiiAnrb. Jlfk e lAvb vb aroirb HaAOÓHOCiE. 9te 
■npt^i^wíg HaiqoHaibHiixx nyBCTBx E y<5ikasijifimŘ no cyn^ecTBy CBOOMy 
noxosH OAHO Ha Apyroe e, MoasHO Aase npfluo CRasaTb, 

To« a— MAPTb, 1898. 11 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



162 raCTHHB^B EBPOnU. 

CTOJB TOSAeCTBeHHBI, ^TO tíeSnOJieSHO 6UJ10 6u CrpeMHTbCfl yJIOBHTB 
HXl HHAHBHAyaJbHOCTB. HCTOpífl 0;^HOrO H91 HHXX eCTb HCTOpifl HXl 
BCŠXl". 

JÍ^M xapaBTepHCTHBH HÍBOTopfiixx CTopoH'B 8Toro naMflTHaro 
ABHseHÍfl c^HTaeiTB EejLEmEmwb npHBecTH noApo(5Hoe onecame OAHoro 
METEHjra, BOTopoe ^se^coHi saHMCTByerB hsx „Times^ (7-ro ae- 
Bapfl 1846 r.). Oho t^mi 6ojrbe HHxepecHO, "íto bhb esmi^ onHCu- 
Baercfl MHTHHrB jno^eft, soTopue bi to BpeMs eii^e He 6um HaA'b- 
jieHu npaBaMH npeAcraBHxejiBCTBa bi napjaMeHi^ — 8eMjeA'i^BHecBHX'B 
paÓo^Hx^b. „IIpeAciA&TeJieMi* MHTHHra, — roBopnix „Times*, — óujlt* 
pa(toqift; opaTopaMH, sa HCRJiK>qeHÍeMi AByxi, Óiue xose semie- 
AiABHecKie pa6oHÍe; i^bh) se coópaHÍfl Óujio oÓpaTHTB oón^e- 
CTBeHHoe BHHMaHie Ha Hacrofln^ee nojioseHÍe 3eMjeA'6JiB'iecBaro he- 
cejieHÍfl Bi dToft ^acTH crpanu {wb O&BepHOMi Bhjbtcí) h npocHTb 
ea BeiH^ecTBO h saROHOj^aTejiBHoe co6paHÍe npHHATB péniHTejiBHUfl 
MŠpH vb CBOp^&meMy BcnoMOii](ecTBOBaHÍH) vb axx BpafiHeirB 6^a- 
ctbíh. MHTHHrB npe;(nojaraj[OCB cosnaTB bx o6niHpHOiirB cxpoenÍH, 

BOTOpOe HM&IOCB Bl BH^y COOpyAHTB BX UOJl% HO BHaHBTeJBHBie 

pacxoAu, CB BOTopuMH conpflseHO 6ujío TaBoe coopysenie, npe- 
BumajiH cyMiiy tíxi bshocob^b, BOTopue 8th 6in,hae jioah mofjib 

YfjbJOÍTb H3l CBOHXl CByXHBIXl q)eACTB'B; BCJlÍ;^CTBÍe dTOrO OHH BU* 

HysffeHu (5ujiH co6paTBCfl na nepespecTB^ Aopon cejenia h Becxu 
Óec^Ay o CBOHXi fiiACTBÍaxi cpeAH cypoBofi HenoroAQ SHMHaro ne- 
"iepa. Bci npHcnoco6JieHÍa ^pesBUHaftBO xapaRTepnti. IIjeTenB hsx 
npyTBeBi, no/uepsHBaeiiEift ^exupBMa crojiÓaMH, BBOJio^eHHUMH wh 
seMJK) y caifOĚ HsropoAH, oÓpasoBajiB co(5ok) yseHBRyH) h Heycrofi- 
HHByio luaT^opiíy, BOTopaa eABa Morjia y^epsnBaTB npeAC^X^Tejia h 
OAHoro opaTopa. y noAHOXBa axoro BosBumeHia nocrasjíenB óbij-b 
npocTofi ejiOBufi ctojtb h H'b€BOJiBBO BaMumeBuxi CTyjiBeBi, nosa* 
HMCTBOBaHHHXi Bx coc^AHeiťB ROTi^As^y R'B ycjiyraMx penopTepoBi>. 
^ertipe hjih naTB CB^^efi, H^ROTopEia wh ^onapaxx, Apyria sa^Ho^ae- 
MEia OTx B^Tpa pyRaMH AepautBmnxx hxi, ÓpocajsíH TycRjruftMepi^aioniiift 
CB^TB na (5jih3b cToan^H) rpynny, BORpyn soropoft TOJinHJiocB ao 
1.000 RpecTBanx BnjiBTcniHpa, upn^eBíi H^ROTÓpiie aBHJiHCB b% 
conpoBOSAeHÍH seHx h A'bTeft. Bi Be^epneifB nojyMpaR^ tojbro 
no OAesA^ MoasHO Ówio pacnosnaTB npHHaAJesHOCřb upacyTCTByio- 
n^HXx Kh BpecTBaHCROMy cocjiobík), ho ROFAa Jiyna, BucBoéosA^flCB 
H8X o&iaROBX, ocBin^aia hxx jHi^a, bi hhxx nejiBaa Óujio ne npo^ 
HecTB TpeBOra, mojib6u, nysA^) rojiOAa, BupasHTejiBHO OTBÍHaBniHX'B 
Ha yrBepa^A^HÍa opaTopoBx, ROTopue npocro, Óesi BcaRHXx npe* 
BpacB, H8o6pa2BajiH 6%ACTBÍa cbohxx cejiBCBHxx cJiymaTOJieft. Ot- 
BpfiiBaa MHTHHrB, npeAC^AaTejiB CBasajn: — „Bc^tb sfjbcb npHcy r- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MHTHHFH B^L AHrJIlH. 163 

CTByiOII^HXl H Bl 0C06eHH0CTH HOHXl 6^JÍ,EUXT» COTOBapHIE^eĚ-pa- 

(JoHHxi npHsuBaio oÓpaiiiTB BHVfMaHie na npe^MeTB BpaftHefi Bas- 
HOCT0, TpeÓyion^ifi caiiaro cepBesHaro pa3CM0Tp']&HÍfl. IIo ropBBOMy 
on^rry Bam hseIctho, ^to mu crpa^aeiix otb HHn^erti; b mu co- 
ÓpajHCb ceroAHfl ba^cb js,m tofo, ttoÓu o6i aiofi Hys^i Hamefi 
jlOBecTH AO CB^Aesifl ea BejiH^ecTBa h ea mbhhctpobi h npocHTB 

vrb OTSpEITB nOpTBI H OTMŠHHTB HeCnpaBeA^HBUe XJrí^QEie BaBOHU... 

Coe;(HHBMCfl se Buicrb jí,jisi sBím,mu jsibjídL CBo6oAHoft ToproBJíB. 
BceHorynúft Bon bi CBoein> npeABBA'9&HÍH ^aj^B seujrb CHJiy npo- 
HSBOABTB vh h3o6hj[íh HysHBie ^eJi0B'6By npHnácBi, h to, ^ero ne 
HMieTB OAHa Hai^ifl, npoESBOAHTi Apyraa; noBxoMy Bce aojsho 
5iJTB ycrpoeno xaRx, ?to($u bi iripi ÓuJii cbo6oahbiK ToproBBrfi 
o6jfÍHi>. Patfoqie BJiaccu ebxoabtcsí bi HacTOflu^ee BpeMA bi Bpafine 
úijt^crseEEOWh nojiosema, a rt, bto (^ACTByen, aoishu BucTy- 
niTB Baepej('B h iiysecTBeHHO saflBHTB o CBoefl Hys^^; bto ysa- 
zeTB Ha Heo6xoAHMOCTb CBo6oAHOfi TopťOBJTH, BOTopafl, no MoeMy 
y(iisA6HÍK>, flBJíseTCfl eABHCTBeHHBiiTB cpeACTBOMx ycTpaHBTB HysAy**. 
lapjiBBiBafiHCB, noMepsHBaa pedOJnoi^iio, csasaji^: „Jl^pysBa! a xorkii 
6u, HTOÓu jyHa CB^^rejia ap^e, h4mx xenepB, ^ja Toro, htoÓei jiy^nie 

BH^ÍTB, BTO BAÍCB. Ho a H TaB-B ^OCTaTO^IHO BHSy, TTO TyTB He 

lajo Hapoxy h ^to noTra bc£ npacyTCTByioii^ie OA'bTu bi TaBía se 
HiysBi H noBpuTti ctojib se BeTXHMB mjianaMH, BaBx h a. FT'6bo- 
Topfiie H3i HacB cjiuinajiii ee^aBso ci i^epBOBHofi BaeeApu, ?to 
lyma qeJOBŠ^ecBaa csjíoHea bx neAOBOJiBCTBy. SI B'&pH) dTOMy. 
Mjkh He ?T0 HHoe, BaBi HexoBOJiBCTBO co6pajio cero^Ha bc^xi 
^f/bch npHcyTCTByH)n;HX'B Mys^HHx {otceHCKtů ioaocz: „h senn^HHi 
TaBse!**)... He o nojaTEB*! xojiBOBaxB npnniejrB a cio^a; a bi nefi 
HHHero He noHHMaH). H o xji^Óhuxi saBonax^B a ne snaH) MHoraro, 
KpoMt TOJiBBO Toro, ^To OHH Majo Ao6pa npHHecjíB naiTB, pa6o- 
íiiTB. B4ab emfi jifljiro s^axB ao Óy^ymaro iiojia, Borw ypo^HTca 
HOBut Bapio^ejiB, H ec^iH ne CJiy^HTca hto-jihóo na nojibsy nacB, 
%H£ix'B cos^anifi, namb rposHTB rojOA'B. Ho a HCBpeeHO HaA'i^H)CB, 
HTO sAftBHO osHAaeMoe'' ciyHHTca panie tfyAymaro iiojia. ^.To6u 
AificTBHxejiBHEiirB o(5pa80Mx orpaAHTB HamH npaBa, mu Bcb eAUHO- 
AyniHO AOJSHii HOAHaTB nami rojnocB h npocBTB eá BeJiBqecTBo 
yHHHTosHTB ciicHeHia, JIesa^^a na ToproBJíi, TaBi ^to6u 6'6AHEie 
paóotie MorjiH hmítb xji'66i, h cupi, h xopomee hbbo, a^6u hb^ítb 
B08XOSHOCTB HecTH pa6oTy, BOTopyio npn Tenepemnefi CBy^nofi 
nan^i ohh ne bi CHJiax^B x^aTB. X^ bctp'&thtb btotl Bosrjíaci 
acejuieiíEifi otb^tb otb HameS BOSJíofijieHHOfi BopojeBu. God savé 
the Qaeen!^... BucjiyniaBi eqe hícbojibbhxi opaTopoBi, MBTHHrB 
MflpBo pasoHiejica. 

11* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



164 raOTHHRX EBPOnU. 

^Jl^aBHO osHAaeMoe*' fljbŘGUBmeJihuo jrse óiuio Ójiusro ri* ocy- 
n^ecTBJíeHiB). Bi rohi^í sHoapA 1846 r. PoÓepn IIhjb Topa^e- 
CTBeHHO saflBHJTB O nepeii'&HŠ cbobxx BsvJízjifiWb Ha xjAúbusí no- 
mjiHHBi H Bi ÓJiHaukfiaiie M'&cfli^u npoBeJii Óhjijib, ABHBmificfl p^mH- 
TejiBHusTB maroBTb ri noJiHOft oxirlka^ib hx^, BCTyaaBineft wb enjiy 
CB 1-ro ^Bpajfl 1849 roAa. 

EcjB nocraBHTB BonpocB o6x HToraxi onHcaHHaro ABH3seHÍfl 

CB TOHRH 8pÍHÍfl pOJH nyÓJICI^HEnCB MBTHHFOB^B, TO HeJIBSfl 6jM,eTh 

se npHseaTB, hto dra posB Cujia secBMa cyn^ecTBesna. Yca^xaiTB 
ABuseHÍfl, ROse^HO, orpoMHyH) noMon^B ORasaJiH h HŠRoropue ;(py- 
rie 4^aRTopBi, oco6eHHO ne^iaTB ^), ho SHa^eHie hxx bo bcaromi 
CJiy^sA OTCTynaerB na BTopoe uicro nepeA'B rbuE Óes^HCieHHUMH 
otfqecTBeHHUMH co6paHÍflMn, ROTopua cnysHJiH rjasHUMi npoBOAHH- 
ROiTB HAefi araiai^iH b% HapoAHua MaccEi h caMUMi A^ttcTBErejiB- 
HEiiTB q)eACTB0irB y^^AHTB Hxi 61 cnpaBeAJiHBOCTa h pasyMHOCTH 
saAaHi ea. IIpH TaRHx^ ycJOBÍaxi BecBMa hohatho, hto AB0seHÍe 
wb nojBsy OTMŠHii xniÓEUxb nomjiHHB ocraBHJio rjiyÓORift cjrb^i, 
wb o6n^ecTBeHHOirB h noJiHTHHecROMi pasBHTÍE ÁHrjiiH, a bi ^acr- 
HOCTH no OTHomeniH) kl nyÓJiHHHEiMX MuniHrairB — en^e Óojrbe aa* 
Rp^nujio Hxx pojiB, en^e 6ojiie pasBHJio npHBBiqay o6pan^aTBCfl b^ 
HHMi, RaRi Ri jyqmeMy cpexcTBy MHpnofi 6opb6b sa npasa h 
HHiepecBi. 

VIIL 

OxHOBpeMeHHO cb arHTai^iefi npoTHBi xjrb6Eux.i> saROHOBi bi 
AHrjiin npoHCxoAHJio xpyroe, TaRse o^enB CHjrBHoe ABHsenie, bob- 
HHRmee h']^croj[bro paHBine ero h saROHqHBmeecfl neMHOro nosAHite. 
9to 6ujío ABHseHÍe HCRJUoqHxejiBHO Bi cpexi paÓoqHxi RjaocoBi, 
HBBto^Hoe Bi HCTopÍH uojkb HasBaHÍeiTB „qapTHBMa^. QepBue sa- 
qaTRH ero crara saďr^THu BCROp^ se nocii DpoBe^enis aftra o pe- 
^opM% 1832 r. H B08HHRJIH rjaBHuiTB oÓpasoiTB na no?B% nexo- 

BOJBCTBa T^Ml, HTO 8Ta pe4K)pMa HH Bl ^eiTB He HSlťbHUa nojo- 

senifl paÓOHHx^ RjaccoBi, Roropue mesAy tími oRasajiH TasyH) 
p&HHTejiBHyH) noAAepsRj ABHseHÍH) Bi nojiBsy napjiaMeHTCRot pe- 
^pMu. Beijh h Apyrifl npHqHHEi HeAOBOJBCTBa — npoBeAeme Hoaaro 
saROHOAaTeJiBCTBa o ÚtAHuxx, oócraBHBmaro nojiy^eme noMoa^H bi 
HysR^b en^e ÓOJribe crtcHHiejiBHHMH ycnoBÍiíMH; TflrocTH ^aópe^Hoft 
CHcreMH, vb ROTopyio e^Ba JiHinb Haqaji'B npoHBRaTB jyqi 6ojsie 

') Bi TeneHÍe roxa, ci cevia6pM 1842 no cewtaÓ^h 1843 r., ycajríaia arm co- 
crasjíeHo h paciix>ocTpaHeHo pasjannaro poxa nenaTHHXB npoHssexeHiA, 6poiDnDpi», 
iiaii4)jiCT0Bi> H Dp. Bi EOjniiecTiii CBHme 9 mhjjiíohoiii dBsemujipOBi. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MHTHHrH Bl AHPJIIH. 165 

ryMaHHaro OTHomeHifl k% y^acia pa(Jo?aro; hh8bí& ypoBeeb sapa* 

(OTHOfi DJiaiU H T. nOA* 

Kx Ji-fery 1836 r. othochtca ea^ajio 6ojAe CHCieMaTHqecKaro opra- 
Hg30BaHHaro ABHiKeHifl. Bi íiohš dToro ro^a vh JIohaoh'6 oÓpasoBaHa 
6ujia ^Workingmen's Association", accoi^iaitifl pa6o^Hxx, nocxaBHB- 
maji ce&b CJvbfl,yiom}Sí oaBHUfl sa^fl^B: „o6ie;;BHHTB HHTejiJiHreHTByH) 
H BJiiflTejbHyH) MacTB ropoKKBXi H cejibCEHX^b pafio^Hxi; crpeMHTbCfl 
bcímh saKOHHUMM cpeACTBaMH Ki HaA'&JieHÍH) Bctx^b BJiaccoBi 06- 
m^ectBa OAHHaBOBUMn nojSHTHfiecBHMH h coi^lajiLHuiiH npaBaMH; bc^me 
CHjaMH crapaTBCfl 061 otm^hí cypoBuxi saBOHOBi, npenaTCTByio- 
n^BX'B CBOÓOAHOiiy pasBBTÍH) Muoifl npB noMon^B AemeBoft h necTHOfi 
npeccBi ^); b bcImb bosmoshumb cpeACTBaMB pa(k)TaTb na^i boc* 
DHrasieM^ rpa^yn^aro noBOJišma h BCBopeHeHÍeM'B Bcero, qxb no- 
posAaerb pa6cBoe noiioseHie''. 

BcBop^ dTB oón^ifl sa^a^B Óujib supaseHU wb 6oji'6e soHBper- 
HHxi Tpe(SoBaHÍflxi>, BOTopufl HamjiB ce&b oBOH^aTejibflyH) ^opMy- 
JHpoBBy BT> meCTB nyHBxaxx „HapoABofl KapiiB** (People's Charter, 
oTKyAa H caMoe nasBaHÍe „qapTBSMi*'), CTaBmeS jiosyHroMi arB- 
TaqíB. IlyflBTbi 8tb saBJíioqajiB bi ce&k Tpe(k)BaBÍe BceoOn^efi no- 
Aa^H rojiocoBi, coBpan^eHis cpoBa, ea BOTopufi BsCapaeTca napjia- 
MeBTi ci ceMB jATh ffl OAfloro ro^a, pa3A'i^euifl cípaHu na paB- 
Hue fl3($BpaTe;ibBue OBpyra, otm'íb£i BMyn^ecTBenaaro i^eBsa am 
JBi^i, HsGBpaeiibixi B^b napjiaMeHrb, sBe^eHÍa lafiaoS no^a^a rojo- 
con H HaBoaei^i sadBaieHifl co^epsaBia ^jneflam napjiaMeHTa. 

Bi yAOBJteTBopeBÍB arBxi Tpe6oBaHÍ& BBBi^iaTOpu ABBseflia 
ocHOBaTeJibHO BBA&ifl JiyHmee cpeACTBO ofiesne^enifl sa pa6o?BMH 
KJiaccaiffl aBTHBHaro bjíshía na saROBOAaTejibHoe co6paHÍe, a qepesi 
Hero H Ha bch) CBcreny ynpaBJíeHifl. HeyABBBTejibHO nodxoMy, ^to 
BavaToe ABBseBÍe bctp^^tbjio co^yBCTBeHHufi otbjihbi bx Maccax^b 
paóoqaro aacejeHÍfl, Boropufl HeyAep»BMEiirb noxoBoifb creBaJBCb aa 
MBoro^BCjneflHue MBTBHrfl, opraHBsoBaHHue bi pasHuxi irlcTHOcraxi 
crpaHB. no cjiOBaMi Jl^se^cosa, i,eABa avl A&sse bx dnoxy abb- 
seHÚi vb nojibsy napjiaMeHTCBoft pe^opMu bi njiaiHf^opMŠ o6pa- 
nVUHCb Tasrb nacro, BaBi* xenepb''. H 9to bi saa^BTeJibHofi cre- 
neHH noTOMy, hto fb dnoxy ^apTB3Ma ny6jiBqHEie iiBTBHrB hbjiajihcb 

He TOJbBO rJiaBHBIMl, HO B „eABflCTBeHHBIMl BUpa3BTeJieMl qyBCTBX, 

lAefi H crpemieHifi orpoMHofi ^lacTB HacejieHia; ApyrBMB cpeACTBaMB 
Oflo He o6jiaAajio, TaBi saBi*, sa BCSJuoneHÍeMi OAHofi hjib AByxi 
raaeTB/ rb HeHHorie bpraHQ, wb botopeix'b Bupasa^BCB BsrjíflAH 

>) Bi TO Bpeifji pasBHTÍe xemeBofi nenaTH chibho TopiiasHjocB cyn^ecraoBaHieiix 
BTeiineJBBaro cóopa xjiíi nepioAHHecuixi HsxaHÍtt (otmíhohi jHmB vb 1855 r.) h ua- 
jora Ha Óyiiary (ynpasxBeHi bi 1861 r.). 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



166 B^CTHHKX EBPOnU. 

paCoMExi; uMŠJiH oqeHb HesHa^HtejibHoe pacnpocrpaHeHÍe h coeep- 
ineHHO He npoHHsajiH b'l vb B^accu, pa^n jKOTopuxT> apeAHasHa- 
^aiHCB 3aAyMaHBUfl pe^opMu''. 

MhTHHPH qapTHCTOB^ OT^HqaJIHCB OCOÓeHHUMl MHOrOJHOACTBOm, 

qxó o6ycjiOBjiHBaj[ocb caicuMx cboActbomi ABHseHÍfl h BooTHoreHTOMi 
ero y^acTHHBOBi. Jl^ocraxo^flo .yKasaib xota HŠKOTopue hsi hhxi, 
Basi MHTHHPL Bi» RiasFOBŠ (bx Ma'6 1838 r.), na KoropoMi npu- 
cyTCTBOBajio Ao 200.000 qeji , mh bi> , EapMEHraMŠ (bi aBrycit 
Toro »e roAa), laKase apa y^acrie ao 200.000 qej., h HaKOBei^x 
MHTHHrb B% MaHHecTep^ (bi ceHTflÓpi), rA'i npecyrcTBOBajio ao 
300.000 qej. Tasifl co6paHÍfl ao canoMy cyo^ecTBy CBoeMy hcrjho- 
?aJlH BOSMOSHOCTb CHOBOŽHarO o6cysABHÍfl H npuHBMajiH CBopl^e 
AeMOHCTpaTHBHufi xapaKxepi, soTopuMi Hep^ARO 3JioynoTpe6;ifl.iH 
nujiRÍe opaxopu, Be ocxaBaBJíHBaBaiíecfl nepeA'b saflBJíeaieiťb OTRpu* 
Tux'b yrpoBi. 

Bi> AaBBOMi cjy^ai ócoÓeBBO ptsKO BpoflBHJiCfl orpoMBBiĚ npo- 
rpeccB, CA&iaBBEifi sa nocj'ÍAHÍfl AecflTBJíŠTifl b^ oTBomeBÍH r^ 
BBCTflTyry nyfijBqBuxi mbtbbfob^. „Bi npesBee BpeMB, — roBoparb 
JI,se<{^cofli, — npB BBA'6 Toro BusuBaion^aro xapaRxepa, RaBofi spa- 
BAMaiiB MBorie mbtbbfb, npaBBTejibCTBO Be saAyMaiocb 6ei nepeA^b 
BCTpeCoBaBÍeiii y napjiaMeflTa dRcrpaopABBapflux^b nasBOMO^ift uaji 
BpiocraBOBRB Habeas Corpus Akťa. Ho „apeneBa BSMiflBJBCb''. 
IIo dTOMy noBOAy BecbMa BBTepecBO By6.ifl?Boe saflBJíeBÍe, cb RaRBui 
npflSBa.ai BysRBUMi BucrymiTb mhbbctp^ BayTpeBBHXi jijkjii^j JiopKb 
JÍ^T&owb Poccejb, Ba oóía^ y JBBepnywibCRaro Mspa (ai ORTafipi 
1838 r.). Boi^b RaRi BepeAaao 6ujio sto 3aaB;ieBÍe. „Obi (Poc- 
ceab) yBOMflByjii* o ByÓJiHSBuxi MBTBBraxi, npoBCXOABBmaxx bi 
pa8BEix'b qacTflxi crpaBu. H^ROTopue, B^poaiBo, BOJiaraiOTb, ^to 
TaRÍe MBTHBFB cji'lAOBajio 6u BOCBpeB^aTb. Ho Be xaROBO yfi^A^flie 
ero, Pocceja, b Bcero opaBBTejibCTBa, ci ROTopum obx A^ftcTByert. 
CaoOoABoe o6cyasAeBÍe, hsi Roioparo nosBasica acTBBa, ecTb npaeo 
BapoAa. Eny BpuBaA^esBTb spaBO coÓHpaxbCfl. Eciay Bero ecrb 

BeyAOBOJIbCTBÍfl, OBI BM'faeTb BpaBO SaflBBTb o flBX^, ^T06U OBE CA^* 

ji&iBCb flSBto^Bbi B Morjifl 6biTb ycTpaBeBu. EcjiB se bštb Aocra- 

TO^BblXl BOBOAOBl BTb BeAOBOJIbCTBy, 3ApaBUfi CMUCJIl Be SaMeA^MTli 

flBBTbCfl fla BupyHRy h bojiosbtb roboi^x TaBBMi HBTHflrairB. lípa- 
BBiejibCTBaicb flenero onacaibCA CBO(k)ABaro o6cyacAeBÍfl, Be^ero 
ÓoflTbCfl OTRpuTaro B£ipaseBÍfl oÓB^ecTBOBBaro mbšbíb; (SoflTbca npH* 
xoAHTCfl TorAa, RorAa jik>ab BUBysA&iOTCfl r^b Ta&BUMi coeAHHe- 
BiflMi; Borb TA* JieaB-Tb onacBOCTb, a Be bi cboÓoabomi o<Jcy- 



SAGBIB^. 



HecMOTpa, OABaKO, aa uoBceBitcraufi xapaRTepi ABaseHÍB, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MHTHHrit BX AHr^IlH. 167 

BCRopi flce otfHapyacBJiOCb OTcyTCTBÍe Hacroflo^efi opraHHsai^ÍH ero, 
OTcyrcTBie Toro eAHHCTBa njraea h xott cncreMaTH^HOCTH bi npíe- 
Man araxai^iH, ROTopufl laRi* mhofo noMorjin ycn&cy ABeseHÍa npo- 
nvh xjtMhuxi saBOHOBi. ^^apTHSMx, — saMiqaerB JIjae^coHi, — He 
Haxo^HJicfl noA'B pysoBOACTBOM^ Basoro-JBÓo oahofo ^ejOBŠBa ttjh 
sasofi-juóo accoD^iauÍH. DoaoÓho TOMy sasi mepoBan pina cocTaB- 
Jflercfl H3i asiflHÍfl cl hck) ota'&jibhux'i> MHoro^HCieHHEixi npHTO*- 
KOBi, xasi qapTHCTCBafl areiai^ifl ABHJiacb pesyjibTaTOMi* A^xejiB- 

HOCTH HHOrHXlk OTA'ÍbLH£lXl JliOAeft H OTA^BHEIX^ aCCOI^ai^ifi, A^fi- 

CTBoeaBniBxi coBepmeHHO HesaBUcciMO Apyn otb Apyra*^. 

3tO OÓCTOflTeJIbCTBO 6£IJI0 OAHOH) HBl TJiaBHQXl UpH^HHl He- 

yAaqn ABHseHia, xaRi BaRx oho M^maio a^eniaMi ero ciuiOTHTbCfl 

BO-e^BHO e ApyaSHUMH yCMiflMH HATH Rl AOCTHmeHÍH) oómfii nijiB. 

^apTHCTU pacROJiojiHCB Ha AB% rpynnu. j,K% nepBofi npenaA^esaJiH 
WfiMy nojiaraBmie, ^to HapoAHUJi npaBa aojishu 6uTb oCesneneHu 
TojbKo npH noMon^H oahhxi MopajbHuxx cpeACTBi. JI,pyryK> cocras- 
ifljH jiOAH 6ojvie p'&niHTejibHiie, Roropue ee xorksH AonycTHTb, 
HToÓu npaBBn^ie RjaccQ Morjiir npeRJOHHTBCfl nepeA'B hšmi-jihGo, 
spoM'b ^H3BqecR0& CHJBiy H ROTopue noaroMj wb cbohx^b mhopo^h- 
cieoHuxi p^qaxik npHÚirajiH ri yrposami. Hh^to ne iiorjo 6eitb 
njaieBHte axoro pacROJia'' , — roBopexi acxopHRi ^apxHSMa, FaM- 
Ma^si. 

^.'bwb AaJBme, vbyi^h Bce 6ojrbe h 6oJíie ycHjiHBaJiCfl eacHJiB- 
CTfieHHuft xapaRxepi ABHseHin, a dxo jí^mo tiobojs,i> rx npBHflxíK) 
dHeprHqecBHXi Bitpi npecJi'6A0BaHÍfl npoxBBi Hanfioji^ RpafiHBXi 
BosaROBi ero. Cji'6AyeTi», oAHaRO, saMŠxBXB, hxo cboCoaa MBXBHroBi 
He (ujia orpaHH^eBa: npaBAa, npaBBxejiBCXBO wh rohi^ 1838 r. 
BBAEJio npoRjaMai^H), Bocnpen^aion^yio no^Hiie MBXBHrH npB {^aRejiB- 
HoiTB ocBŠn^eHÍH (meetings at night by torchlight), ho axa Mtpa 
BiisHBaiiacB jiHHiB cxpesiJieHieMi npeAynpeABXB ÓesnopsAKH b ne co- 

npOfiOSAftJI&CB HBRaRBMB OrpaHHHeHÍflMB no OXHOmeHiK) Rl MBXHHraMl 

Bo BCflRoe Apyroe BpeMB. 

He BM'bi B03M0SH0CXB opOCJlŠABXB Aft^BH^finiyK) BCXOpÍK) ABB- 

zenúi, nocxenennaro ero saxHxaHÍfl b 8axtM'B hoboS cBJíBHofi BcntimRB 
ero vh 1847 b oco6eHHO bi 1848 roAy, mu ocxaHOBBMCfl na oGji^eMi 
SBaqeHÍH ero wb acxopis yOJiax^^opMBi". Ob xo^rb splnifl ÓJiBsafi- 
rnixi upaRXBqecBBX'B i^ijiett cbobxi qapxBSMi noxepn&TB neyAany. 
Ho dxa HeyAa^a Óujia oxHOCBxeJBHoft. JI^ajiBHMmafl Bcxopifl hojb- 
TH«iecRaro pasBBxin Ahejiíb noRasa^a, tto 8xo ABBseme ocxaBBJío 
«h newh rjy6oRifi cjiíA'b b oRasajio nepeA'B hbm% cyn^ecxBeHHUfl sa- 
ciyrB. UyfijHqHBie mbxbhfb xoro BpeMenn, HecMOxpa na bsjIbhihíok) 
BpaitflocTB B qepes^-qyp^ A6RJiaMaxopcRÍfi xohi mhofbx^ pi^neft, bbi- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



168 B^CTHHBl EBPOnU. 

nojiHHJiH CBOB) BejiHKyH) ^^yHKi^iH). Ohh Bnepaue cb nojBOio flpROCTBio 

paCRpUJIH 6tACTBÍfl HapOAHUX^L HaCCB H BUABHHJjilf H^eH, BOTOpiUI 

^opifHpoBaiHCB Bh Hxi cpe^^* ffB'B dTO BpeMfl, — roBopHrB JI,a&e^- 
cowb,— 6oji'bey wburb vh BaKyK)-j06o hsi npesHHXi ararai^iĚ, ohh 
o6paTHjiE oóiE^ecTBeHHoe BHHMafiie na coi^ajibHoe h MaxepiajiBHoe 
nojnoseHÍe paóo^aro HacejieHia cxpanu. Ohh cl flCHOCTBK) nosasajH 
npaBjiii^HMi BJiaccaiťB KopojieBCTBa, hto Ha apeH'6 rocyxapcTBeHHoli 

SHSHH nOflBEJICfl HOBElft KJiaCCl CB HySA&MH, Ha BOTOpUfl A0JI2KHO 

ÓBiTb o6pan^eHO BHHMafiie, Cb noTpe6HocTflMH, ROTopufl ne Moryrk 
6uTB AOJi'be HrHopnpyeMu, cb qyBCXBaMH, BOTopuji He MOryrB 6utb 
aonHpaeuBi. Ohh sacraBHJH opeAcraBHTejiBHoe co6paHie u najiaTy 
ndpoBi saHflTBCfl pa3CM0'rp']^HÍeM^ h npHHflTieirB irbpi) m> yjiy^meBita 
coi^iajiBHaro h naTepiajiBHaro nojosenífl Macci, bx noAieny hxi> 
MopaJiBHaro h HHTejuieBiyaJiBHaro ypoBHfl. Ohh pacsptijiH uepeAi* 
napjaMeHTOMX coBepmenno noByio ci|>epy A^TejibHOCTH h o(Sfl3aHHO- 
crefi, BOTopaa ao t^x^ nop'B HaxoAHJiacB bi piniHTeiiBHOifB npe- 
HeCpeacenÍH, a b^b rocyAapcxBeHHBi&ťB A'i^TejiflMi npeA'BflBHjiiH HOBue 
3anpocu, HrnopupoBanie BOTopux'B conpaaBeHO cb orpoMHOio onac- 
HOCTBH) AJia rocy^apcTBa**. 

H dTO yse ycn^o BupasHTBCfl bi pflA'^ cyniiecTBeHHBix^B noao- 
SHieJiBHBixi pesjiiBTaTOBi, nepe«iHCJVflTB BOTopue snaujio 6u a^tb 

HCTOpÍH) HHOrO^HCJieHHBIXl aBTOBl H pe^OpiTB, UpOBeAeHHUXli BTh 

hocjiíahíh ^erupe-nflTB AecaxHJiMK na nojiBsy paCo^HX^B BjraccoBx. 
JífiSie no OTHomeHÍK) bi HenocpeACTBeHHEiirB xpefiOBaniflirB npo- 
rpaMMBi ^apxHSMa CAijí.yeTh npesnaTB, ?to ney^a^a Ex^b Óujibl jhiob 
BpeneHHofi. Jljse^Hi ocHOBaxeJBHo ynoAofiJuierB hxi 6pomeHHOMy 
Bi> seMJíK) sepny, BOTopoe cna^ajia Baserca sarjioxnrafifB h coBep- 
meHHO norBtimHiťB, ho 3aiÍMi npoflBJíaeTx npH3HaBH shshh h AaexTE 
pocTOBi. n3i> mecTH nyHBTOBi xaprÍH Tpn noiy^HJiH nojHoe ocy- 
H^ecTBiieHie: b'b 1858 r. OTuinenBi saBOHBi o6Í ocoÓoitb HMyni^e- 
CTBeHHOMi* D^enst A<sfl HJieHOBi napjiaMeHTa; bi 1872 r. Bse^ena 
Taftoafl noAaw tojiocobx, o6e3neqHBaK)n^afl HesaBHCHMOCTB HSÓHpa- 
xeieft; m> 1885 r. npoHSBOAeHO pa8A'bJieHÍe crpaHH na paBHue hsSh- 
paxejiBHBie OBpyra. IlapjiaMeHTCBÍH pe^^opMu 1867 h 1885 r. majíu 
no^T^ nojiHoe ocyníecTBJíeHie qeTBepxOMy nynsTy — xpečotaníH) Bce- 
o6n^e& HOAaHH rojiocoBi. HaBOHen^i, Tenepemnifi BaÓnnen rjaxcrona^ 
o6pa80BaHflufi bx mjA 1892 roxa^ fb hecjA sahani cbohxx no* 
craBHJx npoBeAenie en^e oahofo nyHBxa xaprÍH, — o HasHa^eniH co* 
Aepsanifl ^jieHam napjaMenra. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MHTHHTH Kb AHrjIH. 169 



IX. 

6x Tepeme onHcaHHuxi ABEsenifi HHCTHTyirB nyÓJfHHHEixi mh- 
TiHTOBi nojy^uux TaKoe nojiHoe pasBHxie h HacrojBBO rjy(5oBO yno- 
peHHJicfl Kb o6ii]iecTBeHHO& h nojiHTHqeCRofi »h3hh Ahfjíh, hto vh 
noci^XTionUfl AecflTHJi^Tifl efl m^erHO (5ujio 6u crap&TBCfl HaiTH 
BaKÍfl-jH6o HOBUfl cynJiecTBeHHEifl ^epiu, soTopuji cocTaKuuiH 6u 
HOByio ^asy bi pesbetíh ero. 3to, OAHaso, nejHinaerB hxi 6asb- 
moro HHxepeca Cb touh sp^mfl oi^hkh nojiHTenecBaro SHaneHii! 
ujóMBHBUTb MHTHHroBi, — tími Cojifie, HTO Bx Te^eHÍe laiy npoHC- 
xoAfljrB pflA'B rjytSoKO-dHaMenaTejiBHUxi oÓn^ecTBeHHuxi ABHsemfi, bi 

HCTOpÍH BOTOpUXl MHIUHraiTB AOBeJOCB HrpaTB BecbMa BaSHyiOy 

HHorxa pšmaioii^yH) pojb. OcoÓeHHO cejilho ero CBasajiocB vb anoxy 
npoBeAeHifl Biopoft h Tperbeft napjiaMeHTCBBxx pe^pMi (1867 h 
1885 r.). 

CosHame Heo6xoAHMOcra pacmapHTB npeACTaBEraiBCTBO, paoipo- 
crpaHHFb npaBa ero no Bpa&Heft MŠpt na H^Boropue eiOH pa6o* 
qaro HaceiieHia, xbjoao Bce CĎJísmie h (R>JiBiiiie ycnfoH co BpeMeni 
wpTHSna. yse Kb 1852 r. JiopAi Jí^viowb Poccejib cxkíhJi^ no- 
nHTKy npoBecra HOByio napjnaMeHTCByio pe^opMy, ho noniiTEa aia 
osoH^BJUiCb Heyw^eH) BCsixcTBie Toro, hto Ka6flHerb Poccaia bw 
HysAeffb 6iurb no^aib Bib dTOMX ro^y bi orcraBBy, h BHecenHbift 
HHi ĎHJUbóujTb Bsarb o6paTHO. Cx oceHH 1858 r. BOBHHua npa- 
BBjíbHafl arHTai(ifl bx nojibdy pe^opmi, no HHHiuaTHBt JI^isoHa Bpafifra, 
saflBHBmaro na mhthhtí vb BHpMHHraMÍ (bx 0KTfl(5pl), ^to najuiia 
o6Tnwai> HoyxoBJíeTBopHTejibHO npeAcraBjflerb naiÚH), Roropan bu- 
poeia HBi paMOBi cyn^ecTByH)ii^e& BOHCTHxyipH. Ha hoboitb methefš 
n Man^eciepš (bi nejsAÓpb 1858 r.) Bpairb oCpaiMCfl cb npH- 
sHBOiTb K'b oÓn^ecTBennoMy ABHsemH). „Ob STOft nj[aT4M)pMEiy — CBa- 
san offb, — fl roBopK) ne tojibko Cb bbmb; s oópan^aiocb bo bc^i 
iiOBirb corpasAAHairb''... „Ecjih ohh sejiaiOTb pe^pnu, — npoAOj* 
sajTb owbj — TO nycTb ohh cofiepaioTCfl vb cbohx^b ropoAaxx, no- 
eejDcaxi, xepeBHiixi h npHxoxaxi, nycxb ohh co6HpaB)TCff h fobo- 
pan, a npn^ b^b HSBicTHOMy pšmeHiio — oÓpaiHTCfl Cb neiHiyHMH. 
EciH OHH nocxynarb xaBx, h yB^peni, hto hmi ne^ojiro npHxercfl 
auaiB BcrynjieHk vb nojinoe oÓJiaxanie t&ih nojiHTHHecBHMH npa- 

BaMH, BOTOpUH CTOJIb HeoCxO^HMU A^fl SaH^HTU ETb EHTOpeCOBl, 

H BOTopiiH HaxoAflTCfl Kb nojiHoiTb corjnacÍH Cb ocHOBaMH Hamefi 

CXaBHOt BOHCTHTyi^H^. 

npHSBB^b Bpafixa namejii c&Bib otbjihbi. IIpHTOMx se co npe- 
MeHi nepBoft pe4K)pMEi A^MOBpaTH^ecBÚi .h^oh CA'3^ajiH ctojhb Ůosb- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



170 B^CTHHRl £BPOnEI. 

mie ycnixH, hto Tenept yse ee npHxoAHJiocb hitItb aíao cb t^itb 
ynopcTBOMi, ROTopoe npesAe TaR'B CHJibHO TopMasHjo pe<{^opMy. Ob 
npiiHiiiiinoM^ ea mhpbjihcb jLSLSRe ROHcepeaTopu: bi TpoHHOfi pšqii, 
OTRpuBaBmefi HOByio cecciio napjaMeera, MHHHcrepcTBO Jiopxa ^epCa 
o6i;ii^a;io-6tiJ!io oópaTuiB BHHMaHÍe ^ea nojioseme saROHOxaTejiBCTBa, 
peryjBpyioii^aro npei^craBHTejiBCTBO eapo^a vh napjiaiieHTi'', a fb 
KOEJsíb ^eBpajfl 1859 r. ^HspadJin BHecB BsóHpaxejiBHufi 6hj[jib to- 
piftcRaro npaBHTejiBCTBa. O^HaRO bo BTopoMx TrenÍH owb Ómi oř- 
BeprHyrB no npjimviwk HeAocraToqHOcrti npeAJ03ReHHEix'B hitb Hsirb- 
HOHift. QapjiaMeHTB 6uji^ pacny^eex^ HOBue BuÓopBi xajie ;iB($e- 
pajiBHoe CojBmuHCTBO, h RaÓBHerB Jí<ep6ví BumejrB b^b OTcraBRy. IIo 
9T0My noBOAy JI|»e<{^coHi OTirb^aerB jiH)6oDUTHiift ^aRii, tto nep- 
Boe sa^Bjeflie o6i» oTCTaBR']^ JiopA'B JífipÓE c^tjiajix cb ^njai^^opiiu', 
Ha ayĎJHqHoiTB fiaBReii^. 

OAHaRO, HecMOipfl ea BcrynjieHie bo BJiacTB jHÓepaJBHaro mh- 
HHcrepcTBa, Bonpoci o pe4K)pMŠ ea hí^crojibro jvbrb sanojiRi, ycry- 
nHBi CBoe Micto ApyrBMi coCimaMi h HHiepecairB, norjiontaBmBirB 
o6ii\ecTBeHHoe BHHMaHÍe. Ci hoboio chjioh) owb 6ujii> BUABHHyrB b& 
SHMy 1864 — 1865 r., h ocofienno Rorxa uocjA CMepTH IlajiBifep- 
CTOHa BO rjiaB^ RaĎHHera CHOBa crajii PoccejB^ a Pjaxcrofi^ ca%- 
jiajicfl JiHAepoMi naJiaTBi o6n;HH'B. 

B^B Ha^ajíš MapTa 1866 r. FjiaACTOHx bhocb Óhjijib o peýopirb, 
H B% CTpaH'6 opraHHBOBaHO 6ajio HHOsecTBo MHTHHroBi, BEipasRas- 
niHxx co^yBCTBÍe euy. Ho bi napjiaMeHTb RoncepBaTopu, Kb 6opB($i 
sa BjracTB, ynoxpeÓJifljH bc£ ycHJiifl, qroOu HHBBeprayTB JiHÓepajiB- 
HU& RaÓHHerB. 9to hitb y^ajiooB nyreMi opoBe^eHÍfl BpasAOÓHOft 
ÓHJiJifO nonpaBRH, h bo rjiaB^ ynpaBJíeHifl CHOBa crajiH jiopAi* ^ep6H 
H JI^Hspadjra. 

Onacenie sa cyAB6y pe4K)pM£i vh pyRax^B ROHcepBaTHBHaro sa- 
6flHeTa BHSBajio CHJibHoe otfa^ecxBeBHoe ABaseme, BupaBHBineeca no 

06BlRH0BeHÍK) Vb MaCC& nyÓJIHqHUXX MHTHHrOBl, HSTB ROTOpEIXl MHoríe, 

ÓJiaroAapa y^acrífo pa6o^HX'B, oxjHHajiHCB fieo6fiiRHOBeHHEiirB MHoro- 
jiiDACTBOMi B HirbaH xapaRxepi BejiH^ecTBeHHEixi^ A^MOHcrpai^ii. Ha 
OAHOiTB H3X TaRHX*B MHTHHroBi BpafiTB flfijTh cji^j^Ayion^ifi pexpocDeB* 
TUBHuft oGsopii dToro ABHseHia Vh CBasH CB npeAmecTBOBaBinHini 
lOAaMH. „IIpooiJio oROJio BOCBMH Jo^TB CB TÍTb nópi, RaRi* a Biribji& 
cjiy^afi AftTBy RaRi mhí RasaJiocB, — (Liaroft coB'brB nenpeAcraBJíeH- 

HEIBTB paÓO^HMl JliOAaMl. S. FOBOpHJl EWb^ HTO MOHOHOJlHCra, 06jia- 

AaxejiH nojiHTH^ecROfi BJiacra vb dTofi crpaH^, ne noA'6JiaTca eio cb 
ApyrHMH no coócrBeHHOMy CBoeMy no^HHy. SI roBopajii, hto eciH 
pa6oqie sejiaiorB nojiHTHqeCRoB BJiacro, to hm^b cjrÍAyerB Bucry- 
0BTB CB rpe(k)BaHÍaMH ea xaRi, hto6ii o^aapysHjiocB eABHOAyorie 



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MHTHHrH B^ AHrjlH. 171 

m sejiamfi h cejboafl cnjioqeHHO(ri'b bi crpeiaeHiia hxi bi ocy- 
atecTBJíeBÍH)... Teneps o^eenAHO, hto 6jiarofi cobštb, AftHHufi mhok) 
BoeeMb járh TOky Ha8aA'B, crajix yótsAeHÍeifb Bci^xi rlxi, kto 
CHMnaTHSHpyeTb noaflxnqecicoMy ocBo6osAeHÍK> patfo^aro ?e.iOBŠKa, h 
Hto Bh nocji!bn,Bee BpeMfl cob^tomi dnui> BOcnoiBsOBajiHCB b^ mn- 
poBOfi creneHH, tslk% hto no Bceo(5ii^eMy cosHaHÍH) nojiozReHÍe bo* 
npoca o pe<{^opMt tjljÓoko hsmšhbjiocb''. 

CnpaBeAJiHBOCTb dTnxi oíobi, npoHSHeceHHuxi vh jififSAÚpi 
1866 r., oÓHapysBJíacb BooJiH^ib, Ror^a vb emsuA CJ'&AyK)iAaro 
^Bpajifl ROHcepBaiHBHuft BaÓHHerB JI,ep6H*Aei8padJm Bucrynnji^E cb 
HOByMi ónjuiewb o pe^^opiit. Kor^a cjs^hAsmiíCh hsbícthu noApoé- 
HOCTH ero, CHOBa opraHHsoBaHu 6ujci MHoroqHCJieHHue MHTHHrH, na 
soTopuxi BejiocB BpHTHHecKoe oÓcysABHÍe 6HJiJifl H AOKasuBajiacB 
Heo6xoAHMOCTB pacoiHpHTB paMRH pe^opMBi. dra nocs^AQflfl sahana 
Bima^aja Ha jífljiio jiH6epajiBHofi onnosHi^iH, ROTopofi ^'bfiCTBHTeJiBHO 
yAiuocb AOÓHTBCfl ^) HacTOJiBRO SHa^HTejBHux^ ycrynoRi otb roh- 

CepBaXHBHBIXi; aBTOpOB^B ÓHJLia, ^TO Bl ROHI^ ROHI^OBfB HpHHflTaH 

pe^pMa oRasajiacB ropas^o 6oAÍe xeMORpaiH^ecRoft, vbiiťB AAse 
npoeRTB FjiaACTOHa 1866 r. Ho padcnexy ero, stotb npoeRTB aoji* 
seHi tfujTB npH(5aBHTB Ao 400.000 hobux^b BsfinpaTejiefi — BiesAy 
Tkwh aRTB 1867 r. HaA'i^Hji'B HsÓHpaxejibHKiMH npaBaMH orojio 
1.150.000 npeAcraBHTejiefi ropoACRoro . paóonaro HacejreBÍH. 

O pOJIH MHTHHrOBl Bl OCyQ]ieCTBJieHÍH dTOfi pe^OpMU FjiaACTOHl 

BapasHJicfl Cji'&AyHHi(H&rB oÓpasoMi: „meí npeAcraBJífleTCfl bhí bca- 
saro coMH'&HÍ)i, wto HapoAHUfl coópaHÍfl, opraHHsOBaHHua a^a o6* 
cysAeHÍfl H saflBJíeHifl MHŠHift no Bonpocy o pe^^opiii, hm'&ih Ba»* 
Hoe, CRa2Ry Aase npaMO — SHsneHHoe BJÚiHie h ana^eHie a^ia npH- 
BeAeHÚ aroro Bonpoca bi ero Hacroau^ee nojoseme^. 



He MeH^ cyn^ecTBeHHyH) pojiB ny6j[H?Huii'B MHTHHraMi npH- 
OMOCB HrpaTB H npH npoBíAeHÍH TpeTBeft napjiaMeHTCROfi pe^opMBi 
Bi 1884 — 1885 rr. Ho apesA^ nini^ roBopniB 06% dioiTB snaMe* 

HaTeiBHOlTB MOMeHT^ HOB^fiffleft aHrJlÍ&CR0& HCTOpÍH, HeotfxoAHMO 

CBasaTB H^CROJBRO CJIOBX o&h o6n^HXx BBi6opaxx 1880 roAa, roto- 
PBMH saROH^HJiocB npoAOJiSHTeJiBHoe (ci 1874 r.) ynpaBJíeHÍe 

^HSpadlH, HJH BnOCJrÍACTBÍH —^ JIOpAa BHROHC^^HJIBAa. 

Bi 9THX% BuCopaxi cb qpesBuqafiHOH) apROCTBio BUCTynHJia 

*) Bi 9THx% ycHjríaxi jiHÓepaibHaa onoosHuui eaxoxHxa ce&b dHeprmecsoe 0x06- 
pene h noompeme: vb nepioxi» napiaiieHTCKaro o6cysxeHÍa 6hju«, iiesxy 22-mi anpiia 
■ 7-m luui, ycTpoeHO 6vuo CBHjne 50 nyÓJiHHHiixi miTHHroBi, na soroparb 6iur both- 
ponum pesojDipH, BHpasaDnga xoBipie PjaxcroHy a noonipeHie ero onnosiuin. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



172 raCTHHRl EBPOmi. 

OAHa xapaKTepHaa ^epra coBpeMeHHoft nojramecROft shshh AnriiiH: 
noAroTOBBa nporpaMMu o6a^BX'B B£i6opoB'B, npHroroBJíeBie Hacejeeifl 
Kb T^ifB BonpocaBfB} Ha no^B& BOTopuxi OHH npoHSBOXflTCjr^ co- 
Bepmaercfl sHaHHrejiBHO pae^e HacxynjieHifl dxoro MOMeHTa h rjiaB- 
HUMX oÓpasoMi npH noMon^B nyÓJiHqHuxi MBTHHroBi. n^pBOe bsb^* 
n^eme o HaMipeoiH npaBBTejbCTBa pacnyciBXb napjaMeHTi^ CA^ano 
6eijio vh iiapii 1880 ro^a, ho yse Cb iiojifl 1878 r. rjaACTOH*B 
Hanajrb noxroroBBy kt* oÓq^bm^b BuÓopaifB, ROiopas BnepBue Be- 
jiaeB CB saMŠWTejBHOK) CBcreMaTBHHOCTBio. TpyAu ero bi^ drowh 
OTHomeHiB pasA&iflJiB v H'ÍKOTopue Apyrie Bu^aion^iecs meEU jih* 
6epajiBHot napris, ocoÓeHHO rapTHHrroHi b ?aM6epjieHi, h Majo- 
no-Majarf BHi-napjiaMeHTCKafl arBTai^a coBepmenno noAaBHJia HHTe* 
peci B^ napjiaMeHTCBBMi 8aHflTÍflMi», CA^JiaBrnBCL bctbhhuite i^ea- 
TpoMi nojiHTflHecBot SB8HB CTpaHu. Bscmaro HanpaseHifl ona ao- 
CTHrjia oceHBK) 1879 r., sor^a rjnaAcroH^ npeAnpBHBJí cboh) nep- 
Byio BaMnaHÍio wb IIIoTJiaHAiB, r^i (HMeHHO b:e MBAJioiiaBŠ) ohi 
ptinBj['E BHcraBflTB CBOH) saHAB;i[aTypy na 6yAyQ^HX'B BEi6opax'B. dra 
BaMiiaHÍ9, Bi TOHeHÍe Boropofi rjiaBa jBÓepajiBHofi naprÍB npona- 
Hecb nepeA'B MHorojiiOAHUMB co^pasiaMH pflA'^ ónecr^mfiixrb píqei, 
8aBJiH)HaBniin[x bi ce&b BcecroposHiOB) sparBKy BOHcepBaTBBHofi no* 
jiBTBBB B CBOBMi BJiisHÍeMi ofiesDe^BBinBXi 6yAyn\ifi ycnšxi JH6e- 
pajibHoft napTÍB, npeAcraBJuieTi co6oid oaho hbi HaBĎojie BpacHO- 
pš^BBux% npoBBiteHit Toro orpoMsaro sHa^eHÍfl, saRoe nojyHBjíH 
ny(5jB^Hue MBTHBra wb BanecTB^ ^aBiopa nojiATB^ecKoft shshh. 
CaMEie BEi6opu 1880 r. TaBxe osHaiieHOBajHCB pt^aBni osBBJíe- 
HÍeiTE „maT^pMH^. 

depeši TpH roxa no BcrynjieHiB F^aAcroHa bi ynpaBieme crpa- 

HOH), Bl Ma:& 1883 T.j Vb JIoHAOHÍ COCTOflJCfl MBTBHrB xoJieraTOBi 

jBÓepajibHuxi acco^ia^ift na roAn^HOMi mbsjííb 0Ha^íoHaJlBHoft 
JlBÓepajiBHoft $eAepaitÍB^ (oceoBasHOft iffb 1867 r.), b na neirb 
nocraHOBJíeHO npocBXB npaBHTejiBCTBO BHeeiB 6bjijib o hoboS napjia- 
MenrcRoft pe^opMi, Cb i^^bh) pacupocrpanemfl nojHTB^ecBHXx 
npaBi na eeiBcmixi pa($OHBX'B. Qpa dTom BHpaaceno 6iuo seia- 
HÍe, HToéu 8T0My Bonpocy oi^ano 6ujo npexnoHieHÍe nepeA'B Apy- 

FBMH O^peA^BAH BOnpOCaMB. 

TjiaACTOHi) A^IcTBBTennOy vb ÓJHacatmyH) se cecciio {vb $e- 
Bpajii 1884 r.) Bffeci 6bjjb, HaA^flBmifi Bd6HpaTejiBHEiiiH npa- 
BaMH AO 2 mbmíohob^b pafio^aro nacejemii, h bx naJiaTi o6íHBWb 
dra pe<{^opMa BcrplTBJía co^yBCTBennyB) noAA^psRy: ďbjijib npBHHTB 
6iui BecBMa snaHHTeJBHUMi čojiBmBHCTBOirB. Ho naiaxa jiopAOBi 
OBasaia ony ptoiBTejbHoe eonpoTHBjenie. Jliotfonurao, OAnaso, 
HW dTO conpoTBBjíeHÍe BupasBJOCB fie b'b 4k>pmí npflMoro OTBopase- 



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MHTBHrH Vh AHTJUH. 173 

HÍa BenpuTHaro JiopxairB Óhjlui, a KOCBeHHuiii nyieirb — nyreifB 
npimmi peaojiiDi^H o&b OTRasi pascMaxpHBaTb ero xo rbn nop^, 
BOia npaBHTejiBCTBO ne onydíHRyeTB npeAnojoseHHoft wu% cxeuu 
lOBaro paciipeA'kieHÍfl HSÓHpaTejiBHUxi ORpyroei. Hcthhhok) ir^jibX) 

lOfleepBaTHBHOfi 0D^08H^iH, Rasi 8T0 BUflCHEIOCb H81 aaflBjeHÍft 

j(VXa CoiBcCepH, Óhjo sacraBiiTb npaeiiTaiBCTBO pacnycniTB nap- 
JiieflTb H npoHSBecTE HOBfiie oómie BHÓopii, ea Roropazi ROHcep- 
BmpB Ha^i^HCb oAepsaTB no6ÍAy- 

PimeHie BOSHinniaro ROH^JiHRTa bhiulio na aojik) j|iuaT4K>pifH'. 
MeoraiTB ^HTaTejuiTB, b^^poatho, naiuiTHo ABHseHie, HanaBmeecfl 
HO 9T0]iy noBOAy h BCRop6 npEHABinee rpaHxioBHiie pasiiipH, &ia- 

rOl^MI MHOrOJUOAHUMl MHTHHraifB, OpraHHSOBaHHUm KB padHHZi 

fkmoctsTh ÁHrjÍH. IIobtophjocb to se, ttď mu bhxíiih do otho- 
mún Kb pe^pub 1832 ro^a, ho ea aron pan HexoBOiibCTBO 
o6pi30irB aMctbíí JopAOBi BiipadHJiocb en^e ciuBHie. Oxho Bpeiui 
iOdoseme a^í^ o(5octphjiocs HacrojBRO, hto 6iuo ocHOBame oxb^ 
UTB BecBMa pbnniTejiBHBm ufbph no OTHomeniD vb caMOMy hh- 
ciiryrj eepxHei naiaTH. P6hb, cb Roropoi) xoiixeffB tfím Btfcry- 
HRL PjaxcroHi, osiixajacB cb HanpaxeHHmrB Hnr^i^eeoMi. ^Ona 
-roBopiTB ,|i>Ke4»coffB— coq)eAOTO«Baia na ce&k Bceotfn^ee bhh* 
mde. fJxBa m B^ noBiímee Bpeiui npoHsnocHjacB pivb, xoropaa 
iua 6tt CToiB snaneHaTejiBHa. H'6cRaiBio ciorb opaxopa vh oxhoitb 
HupaBienÍH mofjih 6u pasxyrB annaipD nporaFB naiam JiopAOBi 
BO BcenoxHpann^ee niaiu; vbciojBio ciobi vb jy^yroirB naupas- 
vm MorjiH CMflraTB h ycnoRORB napoxnoe BoeÓyxxeme. On bu- 
pis^it opaiopa saBHC^o óyxyntee'. Ho arHan ne ten xavB; 
piiB Fiaxcrona óiua npeienojnena xyxoirB npnnpeHifl. KocnyB- 
ncB Bonpoea .oOb oprtEnecRirB nepeifioaxi bi yeipofteni na* 
ttiH lopxoKB', OHI daiBHn, no ho nairi^ievB sHXBHraTB 9totb 

mpOCB BTB BHXy TOrO, «0 ylOHTpOBepffB^ HO OTHOmeHÍI) n 6uu» 

o pe^pift can no ceGi xocrmTOiHO Tpyxesi, «o6ii ycjoxuTB 
^ HosmrB BonpoooiTB". ,6íitb MOsen, — CBasan ovb, — BCJttx- 
OBÍe pofocni, CBoicTBeHBoi Moaiy Bospacrj, 6an momerk xjAm.- 
cnie (iesneiHocni (indolenee), at% loropoi hhro m naa ne 
CN6oAeHB raoni, ao, npnaaDCB, i a Heoxotof oiorpí) aa bos- 
<ímeBÍe BonpoooK oprun^ecEiu nvfaeml b& Huiet lOHen- 
n^V} nota He naciynvn HOHesn, Eorxa i ee 0yxy tfourfte vb 
comnÍH oTpntaTB mi% meoňuoMMMOctb. SI xyiiaio, «o nauTa jop- 
xon eme ne nocimaua ee6i n nojogeeíe, loiopoe x^jaio tfu 
■^oopasmdl ea amósy, i t^» n BOwoxaoeiB ei orcryiuieBiji 
ci iperomctBQKB ■- a wcibi)*... Topasixo 6otrte ptanReiBBO 
r«Renm BacmaiMi no xpyitHiy MsaoHy Mupoqri nAMvyroiff 



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174 BfiOTHHRl EBPOntl. 

ROH<|)jiHKTOirB, a HMeHBO no noBOAy upuTAsamfi RoecepsaTopoBi ao- 
ÓHTbCfl pacnyn^eHÍi! napjiaMeHTa BCJi^ACTBie spasA^Ónaro MEHHcrep- 
CTBy rojiocoBaHi)! BepxHdl nasara. „GBaacy npflHo: ^osrpnea o 
TOMi, HTO na^axa JĚapf^owb Moserb oope^iJuiTb speMfl pacnyii;eH]fl 
napjiaMeHTa ■ yBasuBaib, BorAa ci^ay^ti o6paTHTbCH r'b cxpae^, 
ecTB AORTpvHa, He Hiišioii^afl M-icra hh b% Hamefi Hcropia, hh bi 
Hamet BOHCTHxyi^m. llpneaib axy AOBxpHHy, CA^axb eft xoxa 6u 
wuiiftinyH) ycxynKy, Aonycxnxb xoxa 6u OAHy ioxy ea — sHaHiuo 
6bi, no MoeMy y6isAeHÍK), HSiflHHXb Ópexancsofi cbo6oaí. 3aflBJiflH) 
BaiTb, Hxo fl CBop6e oxaasycb oxi CBoero yqacxia m> iipoBeACHÍa 
H360paxejibHaro óejusl^ a CA'6A0BaxejibH0 b oxi> BcaKaro ywcxifl bi 
nojtnxHHecBofi shsbh, ^wb xoxa Óu ea oabhi MOMeHxi» nepecxasy 
noAHHiiaxb caifufi písRÍfi npoxecx^ npoxHBi axoro BOdMyxHxejbHŠt- 
maro HOBOBBeAema^... 

MesAT T^Mi ABHseHÍe o6ii^ecxBeHHaro mh^a npoxHsx oxrjio- 
Herna Óhjja JopAaiiH npoAOJixajiocb, páaiHBaacb 6ypHbiMH noxoRami 
no Bcefi cxpani. O pasiišpaxi* ero mosho cyAHXb no c^AyK)^^!!^ 
i^H4)paM'b, npHBeAeHHHMi bi ,,Annual Kegister'' sa 1884 r.: vb 
AHrjnH H IUoxjaHAÍH, ci it^Jbio noAA^psRH jiH6epajibHaro RaCnnexa 
H ero ÓHjjra, cocxofljocb 1.512 nyfijiHqHUXi MaxenroBib, iiesAy 'ribMi 
RaRi vb nojbsy RoncepBaxopoei h uojihxhrh najiaxu jiopAOBi bh- 
caasajocb, HecMOxpa na Bcb yCHJiia opranHSOBaxb xaRia sasBiieHia, 
xojbRO 195 coCpanift. Ha jiHfiepajibHaxi MHXHHrax^b bl oómfiwb 
ETOvb npHcyxcxBOBajio ao 37^ mhjijiíohobi, na RoncepBaxHBHEixi — 
OROJio 300.000 HejiOBŠRi. 

Pesyjibxarb ABHseniH 1884 roAa ne sacxasHJii ce6fl AOJro 
SAaxb: vb nanaj^ CJi-lAyioii^aro roAa 6HJiJib o pe4)opMÍ, yaaiHqH- 
Basmefi ^hcio HsÓHpaxeJiefi AsyMa cjihoiromi MUJuiionaMH, cnoROfino 
npomejii ycxanoBjíennua cxaAÍH, npHqem bi axoxi pasi ne no- 
naAOÓBJíocb A&se npnG^raxb, aaR^b vb 1832 r., Ri yrpos^ nasna- 
qenia hobuxi napoBi. 

HaiTB ociaexcfl ynoHanyxb en^e o6rb oahomi ABusenía, roto- 
pOMy A0J2RH0 6uxb oxaexeno no^exnoe m^cxo wb Hcxopia nydíHH* 

HUXl MHXHHrOBl ÁHrJÍB. Mbl FOBOpHMl O ABBSeHÍH, XaRSB OaMAT- 

HOiťb 6oj[BnraHCXBy HHxaxejeĚ, BOSHHRmeHi bi cbash cb ociosHe- 
HÍflMH Bi BOCxoHHOMi Bonpoct, HaqaBmHMHCfl Cb Boscxanifi Vb Tep- 
iteroBHHi n Bochíh kb 1875 r. Yae vb ceHxafip* axoro roAa oóaa- 
pysMHCb CHMnaxÍH snaqiixejbHofi HacxH anrjiifiCRaro o6n^ecTBa Kb 
cyAb6i nopa6on](eHHaro nacejieHia xypei^RHxi npoBHHi^ifi: MHXBHra^ 
nasBannuft no HHHi^iaxHB^ rpa^^a Pocceaa, nocxanoBHjrB ORasaxb 
BC^Mu saROHHUMH cpeACXBaMH HOAAepsRy BOscxaBmeMy nacejeHiio 



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MnTHHrH Bl AHTJtlH. 175 

H opraHHsoBatb ci 3toh> it&ibh) noAnucRy. Bupaseme bthxi eHM- 
iiaTÍft cx&iuocb eme fiojite ptmHTeibHUMi, Bor^a o6HapysHJOci., 
TFO ROHcepBaTHBHufi Kd/iEEevh cRJiOHeH^B OREstiTL TypeitROiíj npa- 
BHTejiBCTBy nouepsBy b% 6oph&b sa ií'I;[OCtb orroMaHCROfi HMnepÍH. 
OcofieHHO CHJiBHutt TOJi^ORi Bi ABHseHÍK> o6ii;ecTBa AftHi 6eui 
pa306jaHeHÍflME xecroBOcrefi, coBepmaeMuxi lypRaiiH vb ciaBfiH- 
csHxi seMJiflxi, — pa3o6jiaHeHÍflMH, cA'6jiaHHUMH wb pflA% BoppeenoH- 
lesj^A j9 Daily News", Hane^axaHHBixi bi iiOHt-irojrt-aBrycrt 1876 r. 
Ha^aiHCB MBTHHrH, vb BOTopEixi» Biipasajicfl npoTecTB npOTBBl 
nojiBTHRH ^BspaajiH H BucRasuBaJiocB HeroAOBame ^epeA^ se^p- 

CKHMl oCpaSOlTE A'6fiCTBÍft TypOR'B. ^HCJIO HXl CL RaSA^ÍMl AHeMl 

pejHqHBajocb Bce 6ojAe m 6oji'be: 4 ro ceHTfl6pfl coctoajhcb mh- 
nrani bi 9 OojrBmHxi ropoAax'B; 5-ro — kb 17 ropo^axi; 6-ro — 
vh 20; 11-ro ceHTfl6pfl 6buio 30 MHTHHroBx; 12-ro — 60. ^Meoro- 
JK)AHue jrjÓJUPtBue MHTHHrH, npoHCXOAflD^ie vb crpan^, — roBopiiJi 
sDaily News*",— 7<^e80inH6oqHO noRasuBaiorB, wro anririttcRifi napoxi 
ee asejtaen 6oji^ oÓpan^aTB BHHiiaHifl na jiSHBUfl oiipaB^aHÍfl, bo- 
TopuMH npaBHTeJiBCTBO MOTHBBpyerB CBOH> noMepsRy rHycHOMy npa- 
BHTejBCTBy TypitÍH. ^eMOBCTpai](ÍB, ROTopBifl mi 0TM'6?aeif'B bso m,wm 

Bl AeHB, OTJBiaiDTCfl TOH> 5jarOpOAHOH) 0C06eHH0CTBK), HTO Vb Hni 

f^acTByion oxBHaROBO jiioah BceBOsiiosHHX^B nojBTBiecRHXi y6i- 
s^edfi H peiBríosHuxi bo33P'Ihíě*... A botb ^to roBOpEJi'B o6i 
dToiTB ABHseBÍH FjiaACTOBi, He Majo coA^fiCTBOBaBinifi ero OKHBJíe- 
híh) CBOBiTB sHaMeHBTUMi naM4)JeT0irB „The Bnlgarian Horrors'' 
{mmejijBEWb 5-ro ceHTflGpB 1876 r.): — „fl wbho npBHBMaio y^a- 
crie B^B otfa^ecTBeHHOt shshh h Óeijii CBBA^TeJieMi MHoraxi oshb- 
JieHHuxi ABHseBift oÓDí^ecTBeHHaro mh-Ibíb, ho taeí HflRorxa eiAe 
ne npaxoABJOCB BBA'bTB raRoro ABH2BeBÍB^ ROTopoe mosho 5bi.io 6u 

qKIBHHTB Cb Tbu%j ROTOpOe B03HBRJI0 Bl Te^eflie nO(VI']&AHBX'B AByX'B 

flextjB H cb TaROK) nopasHTejBHOK) óucrpoTOio pasjíBJíocB ao pa3- 
MtpoBi HaiúOHajiBHaro. Tn^erHO 6emo 6ei OTBepraTb hjh yMajiHXb 
SBa^eHÍe ero. Heaino 6bijio 6u CBASuBaiB ero JinniB cb jiíknejib- 
HOCTBK) nojTBTríqecROfi naprÍH, RaRx 6u hh 6um oea CHJiBHa... 9to 
ABBaReHÍe — Hai](ioHajiBHoe, a ae napTÍfinoe, h npHTOMi bctbhho* 
HapoAHoe, TaRfB RaRi pa5oqie R^accu cb caMaro na^ajia doarajih 
3flaiui, noA*b ROTopiiMi MU HAeMi TenepB"*. 

nOMHJfO HenOCpeACTBOBHOCTB E BCeOÓQ^HOCTB, BTO ABHSeHÍe JK)- 
fonUTHOy CB TOHRB 3p%BÍfl p0.1B DyfijBqHUXl MNTBHrOBI, OCO^OBHO 

vb TOMi OTHomeHÍB, ^To nyxeBfB hx^ o6mecTBeflBoe MB'bHÍe Ahejiíb 
BnepBue BirbmajiocB bi Ty c^epy nojiBTBRH. otb ROTOpofi oho ao 
Tbx^B nopi 6ujio 6ojiie bjb nen^ Aa^eRO, b hr ROTopyio ho^th ne 
pacnpocrpaHflJioeB ^ro ^rtbepoo BJiiflBÍe. 3Ba?eBÍe dTofi arBTai^ÍH 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



176 fifiOTHHBl EBPOnU. 

He noxJesHTi comh^hík), rasi beri noA'B BiiflHÍeMi ea BaSHHerb 
^BspadJiE CHéJTB HyasHHiTB yAepsaib b^b HSBtoHEixi paMsaxi csoe 
BMŠmaTejiBCTBO vb B(>CTOHHU& Bonpoci. BejuiRo 611J0 TaBse Bne- 
HaTj'&HÍe, npoHSBexeHHoe dTHiťB BspuBOiTE o6ii(ecTBeHHaro mešhía 
H sa iipeA'^aMH AerjiiH: b'e eeiiy BHHMaiejibHo npHCsymHBajBíHCb 
B% KOHTHHeHTajiBHiixi rocyAftp<ÍTBax^ EspouH, a HiinepaTopi Ajicr- 
caHApi II BiipasHJii oco6eHHoe ysaseHÍe bi oÓn^ecTBenHOicy mhí- 
HÍH) AHrjQH, saflBHBi sejiaHÍe, hto6h noxpoÓHOCTH ero pasroBopa 
Ch aHrjdftcRHMi nocjiOHi 6ujih orjiameHu bo BceoÓn^ee CB^A^HÍe 
aerjHqaHi. 

draiTB MU saRaHHHBaeMi oÓsopL co^epasaHÍfl EHTepecnaro cow 
HeHÍfl Feepn J[I,se<]^coHa. Oóvajís saRjiiOHeHÍfl, k% ROTopuMi npeso 

}S,ETb SHaROMCTBO Cb BCTOpíefi HSyHeHHarO HMl BHCTHTyTa, Bucry 

naion ch AOCiaToraoK) jichoctbh) hsi Bcero npe^niecTByioii^aro es 

.jtoseHÍfl. OcraHaBJHBaTBCfl na hhxi SHawjio 611 BOcnpoHBBecTH to 

9TÓ 6ujío BUCRasaHO na npeA'BHAyiitHX'B crpaHHi^ax^ h ocoÓeHHO 

BO BCTynHTejiBHEix'B saBfi^aHUXi Ri nepBOft craTsi. By^y^n orpa- 

HB^eHU BdB^HHMB paMRaMH SypHaJLBHOft CTaTBB, MU, ROHe^HO, Be 

MorjiB HCHepnaTB bc%x'b Tbsjh BHTepecHuxi b noyHBTeiBHuxi Ma- 
TepiajOBx, ROToptie crpynHBpoBauH bi xsyxi ÓoibmBxi xoMaxi 
co^BHOHÍfl ^ace^K^ea; mu crapaiECB nosnaROMATB qBTaTejteft JHmB 
CB HaBÓojiíe cyn^ecTBeHHUMB nepraMB pasBBTÍfl a sHaqeHÍa u^Óim- 
Huxi MBTBHroffB Bi RJiaccfl^ecROfi crpant nojBTEqecRoft cboIÍoau. 

B. jQl,EPH)SflHCRlfi. 
AepiiTb, 1892 r. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



CÍIBHPCKM KAPTMHKH 

XVin-ro KBKA. 

HSI X^I'B OHBHPGKOĚ CTAPHHH. 

PASCKABl). 



„Hame HcropH^ecRoe pasBine mio no 
cflocMy*'. 

H. ^asHJieBCKifi. 



Oti ABTOPA. 

Haerofln^eMy pascicasy o A^axi, nponcxoAHBniHxi bi Gn6HpH 
vh XYin B^K^, Heo6xoAHHO npeAnocjiaTb h^rojbro crpoRi bmícto 
npexECsoBÍfl. 

Boxbe AecflTH jsibrb TOiiy Hasa^i, bi nepBOfi rhhsr']^ «Pyc* 
CRaro BicTHHRa'' sa 1882 rox^ na nepBOirb ufbcA Ówio HawTo 
nenaTaHieifi HscAixoBame BaRxa FypbeBa, noA'B sarjiaBieMi: „Hc- 
uobIahhí iiiTpa$'E vb CnÓepH bi xeneHie nponuaro XYIU-ro bW^. 
ABTOpi dToro Hsejd^AOBaHÍfli BaRxi FypbeBiby Óujii npaBoeiaBHEifi 

CBSn^eHHHRl H npOHCXOAHXb H3l CH6HpCRIIXl ypOSeHI^eBi; 6JIH8RO 

sflaBi x&ELa dxoro o6niHpHaro asiaicRaro Rpaa, ohi cx^ajTL ce($^ 
Bi jtHTeparypb esb^hoctb h^crojbrhmh AOcrofisHiíH BEHManifl hs* 
ertxoBamJiME o CHÓHpcRoft crapím^. UscíŽAOBame FypLeBa 06% 
sHcnoB^AHOiTB mTpaij^l^ Tose oóin^ajio npeACxaBHTB o^em shboě 
iCTopnecBÍft H 9THorpa4»HHecRÍfi HHTepecB; jiH)6onfiiTCTBO, BOstfysAen- 
Hoe noflBJíemeiTE craisH b'e mocrobcromi sypHaji']^, ne 6uao o^HaRo 
bhojhí yxoBJíeTBopeHo, noxoMy hto hsi Bcero Hscjr^AOBaHífl — bi 
^PyccROiTB B^^CTHiansš^ Hane^aTaHO tojibro xpa rjKaBu, a ociajiBHoe 

Ton IL— lÍAPn, 1893. 12 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



178 BI^CTHBRl EBPOmi. 

o(%ii(aHO BnpeAB, ho npcxcjisemfl ee 6buio. He Óujio npoAOiseeifl 
9T0fi craTBH H HH fii KaBoiťB APyroMi HSxaHÍH, a vb saBOH^ea- 
Eowb wb 1892 roxy TpyA% B. H. Mesosa: „GHÓHpcBaa 6i6mO' 
rpa<|)ifl'' (JHs 6972), „HcnoB^AHufi mrpaij^i'' Basxa FypBeBa npflMO 

nOB&3aHl HeOBOHHeHHUlTB ^). 

CBŠxeHÍe 8T0 HaAO c^HTaxb HaHOÓcroflTejBH^finiHMi, ajia so- 
Toparo HSJínmHH óhjth 6u noB^pBH, ho h owb Óujie c^ijísmu h 
npHHecJiH Tb ase caicEie pesy^bTaxui: 6ojBniaa ncropifl, onecaHÍe 
Roeft 6ujio Hanaio no AOByneHTairB h SHEuirb, yciHUMt pascsa* 
saiTB H HOB&TflifE, ocTaoTCfl Bi sa^TOHHOMi noj[02iLeHÍH, ($681 pas- 
bhtía h 6effb BOHi^t, a noTOMy h ne npHBOAHTb HHiaTejfl hh b% 
BaBOMy onpeA^HieiBHOMy BUBOxy ^ saBiiOHenÍH). 

BiiJia JIH pyBOHHCB dToro ESC^jsfiBsmsL AOBexeHa BaBxoHi FypBe- 

BtIM'B AO BOHIta— HeHSB-ICTHO, paBHO BaB^B HeHSBJteXHa H npHHHHa, 

no BOTOpofi nenaTaHÍe „EEcnoB^AHaro mipa^a^ 6iuo vb „PyccBOM'B 
B^cthhb]^' npepBano h neoBonneno. Mosotb ($£itb, aro saBHC&io 
OTb He6jiaronpiflTHE[X'B a^ jHiepaTypnofi pa6oTu yciOBÍft b% ho- 
jioasemH caiforo aBTopa, BOTopufi wb 8to BpeMfl ncpeirilHHjrB uicro 
Hy nepefiAfl na eays6y vb i^apcTBO nojiBCBoe, yiiepi bi RaJHm^ 
24-ro iiOM 1890 r. 

Gjynafi AaoTB lenepB bosmoshoctb hsjoshtb 8to a^o bo Bcefi 
ero nojHOTŠ h saBOHnennocTH, xoth h 6e8i t£xi HacTHOcreft, bo- 
TopEiMH pacnojarajii BaBXi rypBeB:B, sHaBmífi Ch6hpb no JH^HBUfB 
Ha6jiK)A6HÍflirB h nojiB30BaBmificfl pascBadaMH ApyrHX'B craposBJORB. 

Cjiynafi 2Be stoti saBJíioHaeTCfl bi cjAnyiomfiWb, Bi C.*neTep- 
6ypr6 shjtb h ba^b se ho xaBi a^bho CBOHqa^cfl bsb^hiií ch- 
6npcBÍfi sojiOTonpoMEiniJieHHHBi^ reHepajcB-iiaiop^ BemaM. Hb. Aera* 
mevby c% BOTopfiUfB a Óuirb SHaBOHi, h orb Boioparo noAapeau 

MB*! H^CBOJIBBO BOníft Cb A^OBBIX'B ÓyMaPB, BaCaiOH^HXCfl CHtfHpCBOt 
2BH3HH. JI^OBOJIBHO AOJFOe BpeMfl CyMarH 8TH JiesajIH y MOHA HO- 

pasoCpaHHUMH, a BorAa a craji hxi npocnaTpHBaTB ÁTOWb npo- 
moAmaro roAa, to yBHAaji'B, ^to kbhhx^b octb oneHB SHawTejiBHaH 
AOJifl Toro iiaTepiajia, Boiopiifi Bcrpl^aerca vb otfpaÓoraHHOMi bha^ 
KB HSďi^AOBaHiH BaBxa FypBeBa oOb „HcnoB^AHOifB nrrpa^ XYIEL-ro 
B^Ba"*, H HTO MaTepíaji btoti ne orpaHHqHBaerca t^itb, ^tď no* 
najio yse vb na^ajio H3CJi'lA0BaHÍfl FypBeBa, a HAen AajiBme cnjioni- 
HOK) H HepaspBiBHOK) i^i^nBK) cotfiiTÍfi AO T^i nopi, nosa j^kiio 
BOH^aercfl vb ipnAi^axiixi roAax^B HcreBaioni^aro HBiHiniHJiro cro- 
jrlrifl. MaTepiajii Aaen bosmoshoctb saBon^HrB HeAOBon^eHHoe 



<) „GHÓHpcEafl BH6jdorpa<|»iii*'9 Bi. Hsii. Mesosa (Maxanie H. M. GH^HpjiKOBa, 
Cn5. 1892 r.), coxepxamaji vb ce6i „YBasaTejn suirb h craieft o CeÓiipH*'. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



CBBHPORIfl RAPTRHRH. 179 

fl3CiÍA0BaHÍe oói „ucnovbjsMOWb niTpa<|)%^, Koropufi HaxoAWBOCTBH) 
CHÍHpcBHxi A^Tejeft nepexoABTB vh Apyroe aW — „o HeÓuTin', 
noToiTE Bi a4jo „o CKsepHOflACTBŠ', B HaKOHem — »o upocTort**, 

9L KOTOpoi BCe H „TOHeTB Vb TJHXpaXl ChÓHPh''. 

KpaiHe saHHTepecoBaHHiift btemi opHrHHaJBHuifB a^omi, a 
pinraicfl HaioacETB ero bi HHsecji%xyK>ii](eMi pascBas^, npneifB — 
Aa6si coxpaHHTB HasoseHÍio i^bhoctb — ffiumewh óujtl BEpaii^ 
^RasaTB onflTB h o toitb, ht6 yse paacsasaHO bi Tpexi rjaBax^B 
noBlcTBOBaHifl B. TypseBa bi „PyccROifB Bšcthur*!'*, cb tok), 
OiXpaRO, pasHHiteH), tto RaRi a ne sHaio MtcTaux^B npexamft o 
Bceff 9t8l HCTopiff, TO fl HTB H He RacaiDCB, a BBKj BecB pas* 
OMisi ropaBAO qMS% h ^ase, ^mi pascRasx FypbeBa, nyqeHHEifi 
vb nepBiixi Tpexx rjiaBai% mopoRO — ao HpesBHqafiHOCTE. 

SI Aepo^ycB B'B MoeiTB H3joseHÍH A^a OKoibrh 6yMarB, h npn 

TOMl, — RaSB fl HM^K) OCHOBaHÍe AyMaTB^ — HMeHHO tíxi caMuxi 

((yMarB, ROTopuMH no;[B30Bajicfl A4fl CBoero HaqaTaro h hcaoroh- 
^reenaro Tpy^a BaRxi FypbeBX. 



L 
GpexH flEieHÍfi pyccRoft shbhh bi Gii($HpH ^esBuqaftHO xapaRiep- 

HEIM'B H JUOCfonUTHinfB IipeACTaBJIfleTCfl 6opB6a CB%TCRBX'B h AyXOBHlIXl 

Bjaeiefi cb Rpen^eHiíMH CH($BpcRffMif HHopoAitaMH h ApyreMH jnoA^MV^ 

KOTOpue He nOHHMaJTH BaaCHOCTH npHHflTUX^B HMH Ha ce6fl 06fl3aH- 

Hocreft. OcoÓeHHO mhofo saóorb 6ujlo o toitb, htoÓu ohh ne yRJio- 

HflJHCB OTB ECUOVbKU. 

ApxHBu cnÓHpcRBXi ROHCHCTopifi, AyxoBHuxi npaBieHÍfi H ry- 
^epBCRBXi H BoeBOACRHXi RaHi^ejiflpift xpaHJirB ao chxi nopi mho- 

SeCTBO AÍíI „o HeÓHTiH**, „o CRBepHOflACTBŠ'' H „O SJIOJHOipeC- 

jeHÍH npoeroTOH)'', h8'b ROTopux^B paHHTejieifB cHÓHpcRoft crapHHsi 

CAiiaafil 60JE H^ROTOpiIfl BUHECRHy HpHBeAeHHUfl 3A'^B HaMH FB 
nOpflAOR'B, 

]í,ÍJiOj o ROTOpOM'B 6yAei*B piqBy CHanajia nojryHHJio HasBanie 
,0 EeÓwňn^j noA'B RoropEOfB h ynoMHHajiocB bi ^yiiarax^B. Hava- 
aocB OHO npn Ilerpt BeJHROirB h, RaRi AynaiOTB HÍRoropiie) — 
no ero mucie, a bo bcaroitb cjrynai no ero yRasy 14-ro <|)eBpaJifl 
1716 roAa (i.-e. sa acbatb jiirb ao ero roh^hhu). Bi yRas^ 
ToiTB ^BejHBÍfi rocyAapB Bejr&rB BCflRaro HHna MiojuíWh y oti^obi 
AyxoBHHxi noBceroAHO EcnoB^AUBaTBCfl, a esejra rto ne HcnoBib- 
Ayercfl, na TaROBiix'B nonairB noAasaTB pocnECH apxiepeflMi, a hitb 
tÍ pocnHcv oTCtuaTB ryÓepHaTopaifb, a ryÓepnaTopaiTB h jiaHrpa* 

12* 



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180 CfiCTHHBl EBPOniI. 

TEMi BjacTb Ha vbTh jiOAeft mrpa^, npoiHBi Aoxo^a Ch nero 
BTpoe, a noTOiTB hmi tj HcnoBŽA^ HcnoJiHflTB. A KOTopue opesA^ 
ncAaiefi ee ujiaxEJH h abatca bhhobheimh, t^xi oÓjioshtb, npH- 

M^HflflCB Rl TOMy Se, a Ch fljbhOKb H BAOBAB npOTHBl OHarO BUOJU^ 

PacROJBHHROBi SB noJosHTB npoTBffB HacTOflo^aro luaTeasa^. 

TaRHMi o6pa3om, AeHesHBiK mrpa^^i sa „ReÓune*^ (T.-e. y ncno- 
íibKa) 6ujrh HajioseHi bteitb yRasoiii oxHOBpeiieHHo RaR'B ea pac* 
ROJBHHROBi, xaRx H Ha itepROBHuxi jno^eft, ROTopue vb o^env 
(>ojiBnioirB KOJumecjvb ne asjajihcb aj^a ncnOB^AH R'b cbohmi xy* 
XOBHHMl on^aiTB. 

OrciOAa Ha^a^ocB 9to fíkio; a Aaji^ ceft^ac^B mki ÓyAem bh- 

A^TBy RaRl aiOTB HCTOHHHR'B HOTéRB HO asiaiCROfi ORpaHHÍ, T^k 

P'lABoe H 6ÍAHoe Roqesoe HacejKenie SBBerB vb o6niBpHOM'B pas- 
ciflHÍH H npH TOMi „npe6BíBaeTi bi cocroflHm npepcAHofi npo* 

CTOTE[ B COBepmeHHOfi AHROCTB^. 



11. 

Haji02LeHÍe mTpa<]^a sa HeflBRy ri bchobí^ah cHa^ajia nopyqa* 
jíOCB cenmcKUMu eAocmRMhy „ryfiepnaTopaMi h jiaHipaTairB', a no 
CROJTBRy HanaraiB naRaxAaro HejOBÍRa,He flBHBmarocfl RiBceoBŠAH — 
Ha STO HCRajiH onpeAi^eHifl bi> yRasi, rA'6 cRasano, tto HaAO „RJiacTB^ 
niTpa^^i npoTHBi aoxoaobx cb nero (oxÓtrajBn^HRa) empoe^ . JlanT- 
paxu noHfliiB TaRi*, hto pacROJiBHHROBi eysHO „sanucaTB bi deou^ 
Hoů ORJD[aA'B (njiaTHMBixx HMH noAaxefi)", a i^epROBHuxi, ne bbhb- 
mnxcfl Ri HCSOBÍAB9 cji^ATeT^B omipaij^OBaTB empoe. H MHorie TaR^ 
u CA^ajiB, a Hpesx sto Bumjio, tto pacROJiBHHRH, sanjiaTHBmie 

ABOfiHOfi ORJiaAB, „OTBOABJH ECHOB^AHyK) nOBHHHOCTB^ AemOBJe, 

q^Mi npaBOCjaBHBie, Roxopuxi jiaHipaiu oÓjioshjh mxpa^l^OMx^ 
„Bxpoe npoxHBx aoxoaobi cb hhxx". IIpaBOcaasHue, yBHAasx hsi 
sxoro, TTO HMi ropasAO BE[roAH']be cobc]&m!b „sanHcaxBCfl no aboS- 
HOMy ORJiaAy'', oďiabhjih ceúsí pacROJiBHHRaMH. Ohh cxajiH flBjflXBCs 

R'B CB^XCRHMl BJiaCXfllfB H HpOCHJH „SaHHCaXB HXl Bl ABOfÍBOft 

ORJnaA^B^, a T% sxo echojihajh, h pacROJii sospocxajii bi CBoeft 

qHCfleHHOCXH. 

Jtpyríe jse jhoah, Roxopiie ne xot&ih saHHCiaxB ce6fl wh pac- 
ROJiBHHRB, „no ABO&HOMy oKJiaAy^, cxajiH o6pau^axBCfl b% j^npe- 
xoACRBMi nonaiTB^ cb noARynaiiH, ^To6u „nouu noRasEtBaiH hx^b 
CuemuMU^ . IIonBi 6^2jlvl sa sxo „nocyjiBi'^ h noRastiBajifl neÓBi- 
xefiQ^HROBi „óbcbhihmh'', h xaRHMi oópasoHi peecxpaiufl Birlcxo xoro^ 
qxoÓBi BUflCHHXB A'^0, HOsejia to ycH^ennofi jish. A RaRi ^nocyjiBi'^ 



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CHBHPCKUi KAPTHHRH. . 181 

sa 4^&iBiniiBH[a otmítrh BeÚmeŘmjsEOWh „ÓUBmHiiH^ 6pajiH oxhh 
nonu H He xfuHjHCb 9thmh ;(OxoxaMH cl npH?eTHBKaMH, to cpexH 
CBTb oocjiíahhxi sanujaja BcecÓn^aa saBHCTb npoiHBi HacTOATeJieft 
E nonuH Ha hhxi aohocu. 

^OHOCOBl 6UJ10 MHOSeCTBOy B npeACTaBHTeiH XyXOBHOtt BjaCTH 

fln He cRpHBajH, a HanpoTHB^B, oxotho HanpaBJífljiH hxi na bea'b 
Bucmaro Ha^ajBCTBa^ vro6u nosasaTB, ^to CB^^TCBÍe hbhu He mo- 
ryTB zopomo BecTH 8to a^o h tojibro noprfln xyxoBeHCTBO, 
npexocraBJíflji eiiy bosmoseoctb nospuBaTB bhhobheixi bi yBJiOHeHÍH 

OlTE HCnOB^AH. 

HffE-Ba dTOrO MeSAy CBÍTCKHMB HBHOBHHBaMH H npHXOACRBlťB 

xyxoBencTBOiTB HanajncB cnopu h „noxBcqp'. ,2IjxoBHoe b^aomctbo 
no y($&RAeHÍio, ^ro cb^tcrío HenoxJiesan^e sanBcajH wb pacROJiB- 
flEHift ORjiaA^B ne-pacROJiBHHROBi, „nocHJiaJio ceoux^ 0ucK(uu>e6 x^ia 
poBHCRa, a CBŠTCRÚi BjacTHy HoraRaBniifl pacROJBn^BRairB, cxBam- 
BaiH nocjiaHiteB% xyxoBHaro B^xoMCTBa h casajiE hxi CROBaHHuxi 

Vh TK)pBMU H AepwaJB nOA^b RpinRHlTB RapayJIOlTB H OHOlíy H8- 

cj^AOBaníH) o pacROJiBHHRaxi h AyxoBHux^ A^axib ibhhjih "Awh 
<:yii](yiD ocraHOBRy" ^). Gb^^tcría se BjacTH bi ornopi aiHifB yRo- 

pHSHairE co CTOpOHH JIHIl^ XyXOBHHXl B£IBeJIH Ha BBAl, HTO 

^MHorie CBJín^eHHHRH vh noxanHiix^ bhh xyxoBHtixi pocnHcaxi 3a 
1716 H 1717 vojsji (canue nepBue nocs^ yRasa) mhofhxi x^iefi 

CBOHXl XyXOBHEíXl HeHCHOB^AaBHIHXCfl HaHECaiH HCHOBiA&BniBMHCfl, 

a dibůcmeumeAhHO Obísmum y ucnoerbdu no aioGi CBoefi na narB 
sanucoAU He6uetuuMu^. 

O sjíoynorpeÓjeHiflxi vh ho^oSéoitb poAÍ saBejocB MHOsecTBO 
xin, niJiH CesROHe^Hue AonpocH, ceicrb h o^hhji craBRH, a nesAT 

AyXOBHQMH H CB^TCRHMH HHHOBHERaBfH HOAHflJaCB TaRaJi OSeCTO- 

HeBsaji pacnpfl, ^to Bucmee npaBHTejíBCTBO yBExajio Heo6xoABMOCT& 
<ÍHCTpo H BEeprs^HO BMŠmaTBCfl wb dTO fíbjío E AftTB eiíy Apyroe 
aanpaBJíeHie. 

ni. 

Jl^ecflTaro e ceMHaA]](aTaro Mapia 1718 roAa nocjr6AOBajB bh- 
<»^aftmie yRasa, rotopbme (10 Mapxa 718) RaTeropHHecRE onpe- 
A^ejiocb: 9 ho crojbro HMeHHO HaxJiesETB tipaiB mrpa^a ch pas- 
Haro 3BaHÍE jnox^fi, OTdiraDn^Exi hchobíab'* HasHaneHO 6paTB 
j^Ch pa8H0CTHi](eBi E nocaxcKExi b^b nepBuft rox'B no oxHOiiy pyójrio, 
Bo BTopoft — no XBa, a fb TpeTift — no xpn, a Ch noceJEHi vb nep- 



') yiasT. ci. craoxa 29-ro Mapra, 1721 r. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



182 nCTHHKb EBPOmi. 

Bnfi pasi no agcath ^^enerb; bo Biopoft no rpHBHŠ, a bi Tpexifi — 
no nflTH ajTUHi' . A htoÓu niTpa<|)i sa BeÓuríe BSiicsHBaJicfl Óesi^ 
nonycTHiejUrCTBa h 6e3x npepeEanift iiesAT oco6aHH CB^h^cicaro h 
AyxoBHaro ^nna^ — Bce 9to flibio nepexaBajiocB vb saBtAHBaHÍe rn^^s 
OAHoro AyxoBflaro B^xcMCTBa, — a npesHHirB BSHnaxejiflirB mrpa^a 
B8i oco6x CBi^TCRaro SBanifl Hacroan^HiiH yKasaicH npe^ocraBiajiocs 
TOJiBRO naKasanie bbbobhuxi. 3aHHMaTBCfl BSucBanieiirb Óhjio, pasy- 
vkeicsíy ropasxo npHÓujiBH^Ie, híwb naRasiiBaTE HecocroflTejiBHHx^ 
n^aTejiBn^HROBX, h noTOMy cbštckía BJiacTH cnHcanHOio nepeMŠHOio 
6ujm eexoBOJiBHu h crajiH a^&tb AyxoBencTBy noiiixn. 

JI^yxoBencTBy se cb „naÓHTÍeirB npaBib'' no c6opy mrpaýoBi 
sa He6uTÍe npHČuJio H^^CTpaxoBanúi^, h .crpaxoBaHifl' arn Cbub 
ne myToqHKifl. Bi ysasi HBxaeiTB: „A 6yAe o i^xi, bto y HcnoB^A» 
ne óyAerB, a CBBn^eHHBBi o toitb ne Aonecen h 3a lanyH) ero 
Hany (sic) BdflTB na Heiii mipa^ nepBoe naiB py6jieBX, BTopoft 
xecflTB, a Tpeiífi nsTnaAi^aTB pygjieBi. A easeiH no tíitb (i.-e. h 
nocji^ TpeTBflro mipa^j^a) flBHicfl vb Tasoft se Máni e sa to HSBep- 
seni Óy^en cBAntencTBa^ . 

H eo^e 8T0 „crpaxoBaHÍe'' 6ujío yciLieno tšitb, ^to noBejitno 
Cujio „no HSBepa&eHÍH'' cBflm^eHHBROBi „bshtb utl HM^me^y a ca- 
MBx^B Hxi „oTCtuaTB fi^Jiíi HaKasaHÍfl jffb rpasA^HCROHy cy^y b b^ 
BaiopsHyK) paÓOTy''. 

HsB^flCB o xaBBXi ysasaxi, oco6u AyxoBHaro raná ne cpasy 
pasotipaiB: „npniHJio jih bi hhitb lopseciBO bjh ropenB''. ^^o^ 
on]Tpa<|)OBaHk „neÓHTeftn^BBOKB'' oóio^ajio, BOHe^no, xopomia bu- 
roAu, HO H „crpaxoBaHÍfl'' co BSBepseHÍeirB h OTBBTÍeifBy a naH* 
nane cb npe^aHÍeMi b'b pyRH cbítcbhxi npHRasHBirB HaBOXHJio na 
xyxoBHBixi ysacB, ROTopuft TbuT> Jiene noHHTB, hto „CB^iCRie' 
HHTajiH sjío Ha AyxoBOHCTBO sa nepcAa^y vh hxi pyRB caMoft b£i- 
roAHOfi^acTH jíiki^j h TenepB npBRasHiie, no bcIitb b^pobtíami, b& 
AaAyn cnycRy Tbu% nn AyxoBHBixx, ROTopue nonaAyrcfl b% hx^^ 
pyRH. 

IV. 

Oco6bi CB^TCRaro HBna h A^CTBHrejiBHO HanajiH AepsaiB cefia 
ropAO H He ycryn&sH AyxoBOHCTBy hh oahofo mara Óesi nenpuiT- 
Hocreft. JI,ase wb canoirB Hanasi npHBasHiie ManREposajH TpeÓo- 
BanieMx AyxoBBHCTBa. Ci 1718 no 1721 roA* AyxoBHoe b4aom- 
CTBo Aase Be ao6ejocb en^e, ttoÓh CB'bTCRÍe cooÓh^bjih eny cnHCRH 
HeĎUTefii^eBi. Tygepnaiopu, RaMepapti h jiaHipaTH othochjihck 
CTOJiB neÓpesHO Kb Tpe6oBaHÍflirB npeAcraBHreJieft i^epROBHoft Bjacra^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



CHEHPCKia RÁPTHHKH. 183 

TTO HacTO BOBoe He OTB^qajui na Óyiiani apxiepeeBi h t^ tojibro 
gCB fiesHaxeaKHOCTBH)^ Aohochjih ofo btoitb MOCROBCBOMy npHRasy 
iiepROBHurb KÍJFh. OxHooÓpasifl wh A^ciBiflxi ee 6tuo, a noBce- 
míctho aíjío mjio rx& KairB nonajio: wh oahomi mIcií „neóurefi- 
ntHKOBi^ iiiTpa4K>Baj[H CBfln^eHHHSE, vb ffijvowb — npHBasHue, h rb 
I xpjrie no CBoeiiy Óescy^uH oxhhxi h mbpbojuh ApyrnHi, a 
BSHCBaHHiui AeHBrH „npeAcraBJUUH no CBoefi ROMaHAi'', uh xase 
BOBce ne npexcraBJífljiH. mia Booóqe nojHaa ÓesypsAHi^a, ci ko- 
TopoK) MOCKOBCKÍfi i](epBOBHH& npHBasi yso ne Mon natTH HHica* 
Boro Tojncy, h lor^a sa x^o 8to bbajiocb hoboo Bucmee itepBOBHoe 
y^peaBAOBÍe — cb. npaBHrejiBCTByiontifi chhoa^. 

TojBRO-TTO y^esxeHHHfi Tor^a chhoax Tor^aci se ouibaifh sna- 
^eeie fibM o „HeÓiireftniHBaxi^ h yBasaiiH otb 20-ro h 21-ro ^nceJn> 
napra 1721 roxa coofin^HJiii bi cenan „vb^eme^^j a enapxiajib- 
HHMi apxiepeairb nociajii yBasii, „^rotfii BnpexB coÓHpaeMEie ci^ 
pacsoJBHHKOBi H CB HeÓHBniHxi y BcnoB^AH niTpaýti, onpH^B onaro 
CBflTifimaro npaBHT. crnoxa, bi xpyriii MŠcra ne orcujaTB h onpe- 
xiieHHOMy BB Mocrbí BaiiepEpy tíxi mTpa<|)Hiix'B xenerB h oOh 
HHxi BŠACMoerefi ne oixaBaTB ^). 

TaKHlTB dHeprH^eCRHlTB H TBepXBIlfB M^pOnpiflTÍeirB CB. CHHOXa 

($iiJB nOdfosem BOHei^'B naxaiBHOMy HenoojtymaniK) npHKasHEirB. 
eBfereBaro SBaHÍfl^ ho saxo boshhbjih xenepB HeftopasyM^Hifl vb ca- 

MOm MOCKOBCSOm npHBaS^ I^epBOBHIlXl K^JFL^ BOTOPKIMH Vb 9T0 

spěna ynpaBj&ii apxmiaHxpHTB 3jaToycTOBCBaro MOHacrupa Anronit. 



V. 

IIoA^ npEiposoio CB. CHHOxa CB^TCKÍe npHBasHBie cx&ih b% xy* 
xoBHUfl npaBjenifl sCb^x^hLi h ornHCBH^ o HeÓmefiivurB, no x^ 

9TH Cum Vh TaROlTB B0X%, HTO Wb HHXl HeJIBSfl 6fiIJI0 XOHCRaTBCfl 

Tonty. 

ŠjUToycTOBCROMy apxHifanxpHTy Ahtohíh) nopyneno Óuko paso* 
(>paTB H npHBecTH wb flCHOCTB Bc£ (esnopflxoHHO cynyTfiifl cb pyB^B 
npHRasHBíMH 6yMarB, a Borxa owb paso^pajcfl^ to yBHxajTB, tco 
caMH npaBHTencTBeHHHfl yKasamfl o vbrb^ soro naxo mTpaýoBaTB, 
xo CRXi nopB en^e ne jichíi. Tasí Hanpmf., apximaHxpHTB nexoyiit- 
Baji: yKasoft mTpa^ naioseTB h TpeÓOBaxB cb jioxeft, Boropiie 
He noxxoxHJH HH Bi ByneHecBOiiy, hh bi BpecTBflHCBOMy cociobíh), 

H R8l HECU BOHXl flBJIHJIHCB MHOlie CUpuC U yÓOíie^ HMeHHO: COJ- 



^) FiasH CB. cHHoxa 20-ro h 29-ro Mapia 1721 roxa. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



184 roOTHHR'B EBPOmi* 

xaTKiy AparyHH, flxntHBH h xewsi hxi, sejeHmHRH, BaMeHBQ^HU, 
yieHHBH jaTHHCRoft H MaTeiiaTH^ecRofi mROJui, opysefiHHRir, crojuipii, 
cmopootca t^epKceHuCy aeouapu coĎapubie, npHsasHiie cioposa h 
npucmaeu^ jk>ah 6oflpcKÍe, cokojlhiuui h nxi patfoTHHRH h paóor- 
HHipiy nujinHaro h cyROHHaro ABOpOKB yieHiiui h pa(k>THiiEH, doMy 
tocydapeea nuotcHie Huwd u deopoeue Aiodu^ xj^Óhhrh, BajuuiiHBBH, 

filHHHHBH^ Xap^eBHHKH, MaCJeHHHBH, Ue^THarO XBOpa ($aTUftlI(HRK 

H TepexopniHRH h paÓOTHBe jioah, soseBeHHHBH, noprsae MacrepHy 

CanOSHHKB, RaHaT^HEH, CBÍUHKH, nJlOTHHRH, niBaiBWRH, IIHBOBapil 

H tforaA^eHBHe HHiiue MyacecRa h seHCsa noiy^. 

BHEMaTeJBHUfi SJaTOyCTOBCBÍfi apXHMaHApHTB OCHOBaTeJIBHHirB 

Bsy^eHÍeifB x^a oÓHapysHJi Tasoe naiosemei Boropoe en^e ee 
6ůJ0 vh BHA7 npaBHTejBCTBa, ho Boropoe, CABaso, BnojHŠ cootb^t* 
CTBOBaio SHBonBcaHÍH) nocomKOBa, vb ero „BSUBjeBÍH oieBBx- 
HOCTH jrai(eMyApifl*,rAÍ OHinucan, hto y naci ^an^e noARp&ue- 
hía (yBasaHH) ee ^yxen, to h BupeAB bch no npesHeiiy vb i](ep- 

BOBB XOAHTB He Óy^yTl'' ^). HeÓUTeftn^HBOKB npHXOAHJIOCB 8a6HpaTB 
H IIITpa4K)BaTB HO Bl m^9JL^EEUTh Xe^^P^Xl H nyCTUHflXl, a KB 

noKpoBBTeJBCTByeMHxi HMnepaxopoifB HOBoy^pesA^EHurB micoiaxi, 
npH co6cTBeHHOirB rocyAapeBOiTB ABopi h, HasoHei^, Aase npe ca- 
MHXi upBxoACRHrB i^epRBaxi H coóopaxi, TA^ CTopoaca h sBonape 
ynpflMO ne xor&ra „OT^EiBaTB HcnoB^AB*', a fb to se Bpeiifl dTH 
yIIpJilI^II 6u3aí Tasí »CHpsi h C^ahu'', tto vh mTpa^ ch hhx% 
Heiero Óeijio bbatb hh bi nepsuB pasi, hh bo BTopofi, hh bi^ 
TpeTÍfl. 

ApxHifaHApHTB, oÓHapyacHBi TaRoe yAHBHTejBHoe cocTOflHie bi 
i^epKOBHOiTB &iaroycTpoficTB£, HO HcnpamHBajTB bi BHAy dToro ho* 
BHXi none^rarejTBHHXi MÍponpÍATÍfi, ROTopHfl, MOserB 6utb, to- 
nepB 6iuH 6b yiritorHH, a tojebro npeACTaBHJTB BonpocB: „cb 
BHineoBHaieHHiixi pasHO^HHi^OB^ CRyAHHXi H Gíahbxi pyfijieBiift 
JIH mipa^i EJH sa cRyAOCTB no ycMamptbHiio u oSfAcny jma- 
jiflTB — nocejieHCRÍft je hjih npoTBBO Ryne^ecvBa nrrpa^^B imaTb?* 
JífijAe owh cnpamHBajrB: „rsri nocrynaTB cb t^mh, Roiopue vh 
noAaTHHxi RHHraxi HanHcanii HeBcnoB%Aa6iiraMHCfl, a nocii Tot 
nepenncH h noAanifl RHirB noMepjE?" Hjni — ^cb 'Ámh, roh Bpe- 
jceHHO nposHBajtni fb AOMaxi na RBapTHp6 hih kb patfoTHHRaxi 
H npH nepenncR^ sanncaHu vb stexi AOiiaxi, a RorAa nacTyiiHjo 
BpeME BSHCRaHÍE CB HExi inTpa<|)a, OHE B^B t£x% AOMaxi yse He 
ORasaiECB?" ApxEMaHApETB Abtohíí cnpamEBajTB y cb. CEHOAapas- 
p^meHÍfl, ci Roro n TaROBux^B ciyiaaxi BducREBaTB mrpa^^i*: ^a 



*) Cm. CoTOHeRÚi IIocoiiiKOBa, crp. 10. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



CHBHPCBlfl BAPTHHKH. 185 

loaaesi jih rbn aomobi, bjh sas^TB hitb vbrk Jno^eft otuckh- 
BaiB*. 

TasHx^B ocMorpHTejibHim h ocroposHuxi JiOAefi, BaB'B rjiaBa 
locBOBCRaro npHKasa i^epsoBHBixi A^'b, apxHMaHApHn ÁHTOHift, 
osasajiocb aoboaho mhofo. BiBH^iy „crpaxoBaHifl^ h ^npErpoBi'') 
noej^AOBaBiirarB hsi CHHOAa, ecnojiHHTejBHtui jihivi AyxoBHaro 
elxoMCTBa crapaiBCB A'i^CTBOBaTB saBi mosho ocMOTpHreJiBHŠe h 
He npHHHMafl na ce6fl HHqero, htď mrb mofjio sasaTbea xota najio- 

XaiBCBH COMHHTeJIBHlIirB, Cb paBHEIXl CTOpOHl CiaJIH Bl CHHOA'B 

CBOH MHoro^HCieHHBre BonpocH H „osHAMH Ha HHn Bi pasiflCHe- 
BÍe ysasoB^B*. 

Bh CHHOA% CBOpo o6pa80BajiocB orpoMHoe CBonjreme SyMan 
BToro poAa, 1131 BOTopsixi BasAftfl TpeCoBajia ,HacTaBJieHÍ&^, yna- 
^aHÍĚ H TO^HHXi H jiBHEixi onpeA^eHÍft^. Chhoa'^ Óujťb otfpeire- 
fleni 9THMH tfyMaraMH h no MHoniifB um hhxi chocuca cb cesa* 
ion, a cenaTB TpeÓOBajii CB^^enift orx ry6epHaTopoBi, — chhoa'^ 
x&iaj!fc saM^vaHifl apxiepeflm, a apxiepeH cbohitb noAnanajiBHBíMi 
ajqiHHBCTpaTopairB, ti Bce bto npH MeAJnrrejiBHOCTH TorxamHHxi 
eHomemt h npe yMumjieHHOMi j^DpenepaTejiBCTB^'' h „oriracBaxi* 
€0 CTopoHii npeAcraBHTejiefi pasHuxi b^aomctbi crpamHO yseJiHTO* 
B&io rpoMaxHOCTB xi^i, BaBexeHHHxx o ^He6£iTÍH'', B8i BOToparo 
vb pesyjBTart ne bbixoahjio huhcióI 

Ho SA^CB, Bi EBponeficBoft Poccíe, cb posucBaMH „He6uTefiii^E- 
BOBi^ Bce-TaBH He BCTpi^aiocB xaBHxi AOCTofiHuxi naMJiTH saTpyA* 
Hemfi, BaBÍfl o(bapysHjiBCB vb Ch6hph, rjiik pascroanifl orpoMHU, 
DOjy-BoqoBoe HapoAOHacejieHie p6abo h ahbo, a AyxoBeHCTBO 6uio bi 
TOFAaiDHee Bpeiffl coBepmeHHo Heo6padOBaHHO h hh&io sa ce6fl 
tasHXB ^Bp^HBHxi" iipeACTaBHTejefi, Basi Apcenift Mai^'iteBH^'B, 
Haseji KoHiomBeBHTB h Apyrie, jioÓHBOiíe doctoatb sa cbod BJiacTB. 
TyTB HamjHCB Hacroimie 6opipi js^si óopBÓu cb „cbžtcbhmh Bjia- 

CTBTeJBÍflMH^ , H paHeHÍfl HXl AOCTOfiHH AOJirOfi HaMflTH Vh HCTOpÍH 

Hamero AyxoBnaro npocB^ii^eHiji. 



Bi GEŮsLpb BonpocB O chcb]^ JiiOAeft, ne ÓHBaion^Hxi y hcdo- 
b6ah, npHinejrB ne cpasy, ho saTO sa^cb ohb nojryHHJi cepBesHyio 
noeraHOBRy. IlepBiie „crposafiiníe yRadu^ o cucb^ bhhobhuxi b^b 
HeÓBTÍH h o BsucEaHÍE ch HBX'B HiTpa^^a npBmJB npB MBTpono* 
wA CHÓHpcBOMi $BJioee% Jlen^BHCROMi, BOTopBifi 6ujn> Hacrpoenk 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



186 BftCTHUBl BBPOCU. 

acBexHqecBaro h jQiyMHiiz'B jíjksT^ MÍpcRoro zapaRiepa ne JiK)6HJrL ^), 
H noTOiiy, HecMorpfl Ha bck> crporocrs yBasora, noBejri&BaBmHxi ne- 
MeAJreHHO HanaTB (5e8BOHeHHoe jíibjío „o HeÓuTÍH*', owh ne oÓpaTHJTB 

Ha 9TH yBaSil HHISaBOrO BHHMaHÍfl. HjIH OHI ÓUJIl Ao6pi H Hezo- 

rbjTb T^HTB jriOAeft, hjih, xopomo snafl yeaoBÍfl shshh chÓhpcbhx^b 
;^HBapefi h nojy-AHKapefi, obi noHBMaj['B9 tto Tam TpeÓyeiioe xbno 
CA^aTB HejibSii, a hto otb bobhh cb hhhi npHAerB tojtbko nop^a 
ua Tin, BTo Ha^Herx ci» HHiťb cnpaBJUiTBCfl. ^íao TpoHyjocs toaro 
HOCJťlToro, Basi $HJ[oeefi OTomexB, bi 1721 roxy^ Ha noBot h Ha 

lliCTO erO ÓUJTh CXbjlSíWh CHÓHPCBHITB MHTpOnOlHTOlťB HepHHrOBCBÍfi 

apxiepeft AnTonift CTaxoBCBit. Obbthx-b nopi a*JO „o HeoÓHTeftiíaxi*' 
HOJiy^aerB ABesenie h Bce BOSBumaeTCfl CTporafl o newb Tpe6oBa- 
TejnHOCTBy a cb tši^b bmíct6 pasurpuBaeTai h noJiniBniafl neBoa- 

MOSHOCTB BHHOjIHHTB Ha^^ HeÓHTefiopsaMH BCe TO, HTb Tpe6oBa' 

jiocB. HoBHft CHÓHpcBÍfi íopapx^ ^) pacHopflAHJCfl, ttoCei cn($HpcBÍe 
CBfln^eHHHBH Wh BOHU*! i^epBOBHuxi 6orocjiyseHÍfi no BOCBpecHiiirB 
H npaBAHflqHHiHi AHBiťB „HHTajiH 6ii ec9b npeaiedecocmoHeíaiecH bbi* 
coHafimie yBassi o xosAemH bi i^epBBani h o ůumiu uaunane (syp- 

CHBl nOAJBH.) y BCHOB^AH^, HO Ha BTOfi nO^TO^ A^O HO HUIO H HQ- 

Buft iepapx<B (Tperifi nocjA nojyHenifl yBasoBi „o HeÓBrrÍH^ ^) Bap- 
jaaifB IleTpoB^B (^pyr^ ryÓepnaTopa), nepesi HATnaAitaTB jArh no- 
Bejrí^i CHÓHpcBOMy AyxoBencTBy CHOTpiTB na ^BSBiCBaHÍe mrpa^ 
sa neÓUTie'' BaB'B na „caMOHysHbfimee tocydapcmeeHuoe dfbAO^ % 
H CB 8TBX'B nopi vb HHCxoAflQ^HXi H BocxoftB^HX^ ÓyMaraxx no 

AyXOBHOMy B^AOHCTBy Bl CBÓflpH HaHBHaiOrB HHCaTB 061 „ECHO* 
B^AHOft HOBHHHOCTk'' H O&b „HCHOB^AHUXl HeAOHMEaX'B^ . 

JI^&io erajio TpaBTOBaTBca ho Baai peiHríosHoe, a aasi^ %ocy- 
dapcmeeunaH noeuHuocmt, BOTopyio Ay^OBencTBO aojbísho co^Hpai^ 
H AOcraBJíjiTB BasH']^. ,,A naHnane ne sanycBaTB ne^oHMOSB^. 

HHTepecii Bscmaro h npaBfln^ro xyxoBeHCTBa wb jsjbjA btoitb 
pacxoAHJiHCB d HBTepecoMi npHXOACBaro AyxoBeHCTBa, BOTopoe 
npeAcraBJíflJio TyrB nsi ce6a HHcraHi^iH) HcnojmHTejuBHyio, <|)yHBqÍH 
BOTOpoft na M£cTax'B „CBHTaHÍfl HeÓuTefin^HBOBi'' Óum^ o^HaBo, 
OHeHB saTpyAHHTejiBHEí. J^jísi apxiepeBi h vrh BOHCBCiopiS 6umo 

^) Ca6HpcKÍft MHTponoiHTi (^Hioeeft JLenuiHCsift npaBHii nflrponojiei) Óydynu eh 
cxuMtb. Ohi» 6wL'b Ha MHTponojiH Cb 1702 roAa, h bi 1711 roxj npHHan bi TDneHB- 
CKOMi MOHacTHpi CXID17 Ch HMeHeiTb Oeoxopa; ho „no ysaay** bi 1716 rojiy onjm 
6iui HasHa^eni vt ynpaBieBii) saeexpoi), h ulkl pasi nonan nojn» HerepDiiHBHii 
■acTouHÚi o BSHCBaHiiirb sa „neÓHrie*'. Oromeii na nosoft bi 1721 r. h bohm 1727. 

*) MHTponojiHTb CHÓHpcBÍfi ABTOHÍft GTaxoBCKÍŘ CL 1721 TOM.A. — f 7-ro iiapra 
1740 r. (h3i> MaiopoccuBi). Cm. yxasi ero ot& 29-ro anpim 1737 r. 

^) BapjaaMi IlerpoBi (xHpor. 1768 f 1802) apxienHcs. To()OJBCKÍft. 

*) 10-ro ídib 1786 r. (A^. apz. tomck. xyz- kobchct.). 



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CUBHPCKIfl KAPTHHRH. 187 

HflTepecHO, qTo6u „ORjaxu'' sa „HeÓuTÍe'' AOcmrajíH iiH<|)pi BaR'B 
HOSHO 5ojribe 8HaHHTejiBHux'B, a npezojtcsie iepea, KOTopuirB na^o 
6iiuo feAHTb Aa yCiHCKHBaTB'^, Bcrp^HajiHCB ci TaRHMH npaRTHHe- 

CKmfH TpyAHOCTJIMHy KOTOpHfl npeO^OJI^BaTb 6UJ10 OHeHB TpyxHO, H 

no9TO]fy CBHU^eHHHBaicB xoT&iocB, TTofifií ^CHCRy'' 6hjio RaR^B 

MOSHO HeH^. nOSTOMy CBflQ^eHHBRH HaXOAUH ]S,JíSL ce6fl yA06H^ 

H BsroAH^e He yMHOsRaTB HHCJia „neÓuTettufiVb^ ^ ho ^to6ei aro 
He cxoAHJio „ueÓuTeŘJSfíWb'' cb pyRi AapoM^b, — ch hhx'b ÓpajiH 

gOOMHHRH', ROTOpiaiH H OTRynaJHCB 0Tb TpeÓOBaxeJBHOCTH ROHCH- 

ciopcRHXi npHRasHim, h TaRHm oÓpasoifB saseiH no Gh6hph fb 
orpoHHHXi pasirj&paxi npaaHJiBHO opranHsoBaHHoe „nonycreTeiBCTBO^ . 
06b dTOMB ysHaJiH apxiepeii, h npoTHBi nonoBB npBseaHu Óujoí 
jrlICTBOBaTB* MlcTHue areHTu AyxoBHofi aAMHHHcrpaitiB H TaRi na- 
sQBaeioie „saRan^BRH'' ^)f ^^AecsTHJiBHHRH'' h „mesu AyxoBHuxi 
npaBiemťy ROTopue bc6 aojishh 6um HaÓjnoAaTB, ^oCh „cscr% 

BHHOBHUXl KB HeÓUTÍH npOHSBOAHlCa HeOCJiaÓHOy RaRi caMOHys- 

Hiimee rocyAapcTBeHHoe a^o'', h ^Totfa npHXOACRoe AyzoBeHCTBO 
He HHpBOJHJO HeÓuTefiitaifB. 

Ho Rorxa enHCROnsi nperposEJiE „saRan^HRaiTB* — 9th docjíía* 
HÍe HanyraJiHCB h bb orpasAeHÍe ceóa orb OTBiTCTBeHHOCTH craJiH 
76ÍpflTB| TTO jyCaMOHysH^ftmaro A^^a^ bb OnfiepE cobcIitb ho- 

BOSMOSHO HCnOJHHTB, fl Ha dTOTB CHeiB ÓBIJIH npOACTaBJíeHH OtfB- 

acHeHÍa. 



vn. 

3aRantHRH o^bachajih^ ^to MHorHMB Rpen^eHHMi jhoaamb bb 

Ch6iIPH ^HOBOSIIOSHO OTÓHTB HCnOB^AHyK) nOBHHHOCTB, nOTOMy TTO 

B&IH3H Hxi sHieiBCTBa Ha BecBMa Aft^eRoe pascroame hítb bobco 
i^epsBeft, a H^ROTopiifl i^epRBH xota nocrpoftRaMH h orohiohu, ho 
en^e He ocBflo^eHu h ne cnaósemi yxBapBB), a npn ApyrnxB, na- 
xoAflnpixcfl BB 3&I0 (íiACTBeHHOirB cocTOflHÍHy HBAaBHa wkTb CBfln^en- 

HHKOBBy a TKb eCTB H CBflH^eHHBRH, TO y líxB BB rOB^ftHOfi HOpt 

He GuBaeTB jraAany h BHna, h coBepmaTB eBxapHcriio hh na homi 

H HeBOSMOSHO^. „A JIOAH XOTfl H ORpeO^eHfil, HO OCraJHCB B^ 

nepBO(!iiTHoft ahrocth, h RonyiOTB h CRHiaiOTCfl bb M^craxB ne* 
JíocrynHuxB** *). 



I) ^SauuKHKaira* bi Ch6hph BadHiiajH „($juiroiHHHHxii". 
') Ck. xija H xyxoBHiu pocnacH aa oÓosHa^eBHBe roxH, zpaHHiraA b i apxHDt. 
■OMiiqaDnieMCii vb koiokojibhí TOHcsaro AjescieBcsaro MonacTupii. 



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188 raCTHHBl EBPOnU. 

JtoHeceHÍfl „saBan^HKOBi' Óbijih, BOHe^HO^ ne fojiocjobhhí, a 

nOXKp^QJMJHCB TOHHilMH yBasaHiflMH^ BOTOpHXl HeBOSMOSHO AA H 
H'bTT» HHBaBOft EJSAU BOCnpOHSBOAHTB SA^Ch BO BCeft nOApOÓHOCTH, 

HO AJlíi o6pa8i^a mosho onrlTHTS, ^to bi caMoft toCoackoS enapxÍH, 
BOTopoH) ynpaBJSfljTB en. BapjiaaMi (QeTpoBi), CA&iaBiirifi nrrpaij^i 
3a HeÓErrie „rocyAapcTBeeHQMi a^oitb', npHxosaee „i^cin MHoro- 
jiH)AH£ixi cejieHÍfi H AepeBeHB ocraBajHCb Óesi HcnoBŠXH bi ře- 
žeme 1758^ 1759, 1760 h ApyrHxi roxoB'b eduncmeeuHO sa ne- 
ocesw^ieMb uepKeeú^. A cbojib stb cejra h xepeBHE 6iuh mhofo- 
jiH)AHKi — OTKpHBaercs H3^ noxpoÓHun pocneceft ^), hsi BOffX'B bhxho, 
HanpHif^pB, qTO bi cio6ox4 EšjioflpcBofi, bi lOMCBOirb h (Sapea- 
yjTBCKOirL saKasaxi ne HcnoB^AiiBajHCB 2 tkic. qejiOBŠBi, b^ 6ep- 
ťBOMi ocrport — 3.155 ^e^OBisi, bi ceji*!, TajBMeHCROirb — 1.645 
nej., »B cejit JlerocraeBCKOiTB — 1.306 qejr., Bt cejii íhhthh- 

CBOMl — 1.300, BlC KOCO6OBOBCBOMI — 1.805, Bl C. KoCMaJSHCBOlTB 

— 1.874, a Bcero wb 9to8 o^Hoft m^cthocth to^ojbckoS enapxin 
13.170 lejiOBÍBí, H xoTfl Bcb OHH ^ee otÓhjh HcnostAHOft no- 
BHHHOCTH eduHcmoeHHO sa HeocBfln^emeirL i^epBBefi'', h craio 6uTh 

OTHIOAB He no yBJOHHBBOCTH, a 6e3l BCflBOft Ch MXl CTOpOHEI BHHS, 

HO T^iTB ne iieffle „Bct bth 13.170 ^ejOB^KB nodeepuiuch tumpa^y 
3a ueSbiime* ^). H bi TaBom nojroseHÍH 6euh sacTETHyrii sBxeiH 
MHoraxi iriteTHOcrefi CHÓHpcBaro Bpaa, h bcsa^ cb hbx'b to^ho 
TaBi se BBucBBBajB mrpa^)!! h noemopsAu sth BsiiCBamfl bo bto- 
poft pas^B B B^ xperifi, e HaiipacH0-mTpa4)yeMHe xotb „ho BH^aiH 
CBoeft BBHH^, HO „CBEiBJBTflCB H ofioHiJiHCB CB nojosemeiTB, Hpieifjfl 
OHoe BBBióii 8anepeB0A'B naTypajBHOft noBBHHOCTB bi xenesnyH)'. 
E<Mfl6ii B0My-HB6yAB noxoT&[ocB HsCaBBTB ce6fl otb niaresa 
AeserB b ot6iitb BcnoBixHyH) hobhhhoctb HaiypoK), to eiiy jíaí 
8Toro ocTBBajiocB OAHO cpe^CTBo: "IxaTB b'b ropoA^B BJiH wb Tasoe 
ceio qyacoro npBxoxa, v^b Bce iiepBOBHoe diaroHEHÍe 611J10 bi no- 
pflAK^, T.-e. Tfíb 6ujii> ocBBn^eHHiifi xpaMi, b npn hcitb CBunieH- 
HBBi B npB^TB, i^epROBHas yxBapB, ja^aHi b bbho, b Tyn hbao 
6sM0 craTB nocroeirB na nocroBJíoirB xBopi b xoahtb b^ cjiys0aMi 

I^epBOBHlIirB, a nOrOlTB OTBBCnOBŠAHBaTBCB B BSBTB B% TOMl OT* 

HBCBy ffjifl npeAiBBjeBÍfl CBoeiiy saBan^BBy; ho dTO 611J10 conpflseHO 

CB TaBBMB 60JIBniBMB XJfOHOTaMB B CB TaBOK) SaTpaTOB) BpeMeBE H 

xenerB, hto ne npeAcraBJBJío specTBBHBHy hbbbbbxi bufox^, a, aa- 
npoTBBi, óoJiBHiie y6ciTBB Bi cpaBHeHÍB ch ynjaTOF) mrpa^^a. 
UpB TOMi se en^e b naiBSB 5iiJio pasc^BTusaTB, ^T0 ecJB no^A^Q^^ 



1^ npH rtxi se x^jaxi noxi KoioioJbHOD. 

') fíbio Wh apxirt KoiOKonHH TOMCiaro MOHacraps. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



CHBBPCRIfl RAPTHHKH. 18^ 

ICnOBÍA&TbCfl Bl OTAajeHHHĚ HySOft IIpHXOA'B, TO BCe dTO TSMl K 

OTÓyAeiHB. 3to ne Bcer^a yxaBaaocs. Hsi a^^b bhaho, ^to jiioab^ 
lairaBímeca sanacnicb HcnoBixHtiMH ornHCBauE orx CBam^enHEKOBi 
ífiBHXi cerB „fexuH Bi 8TH OTAajieHHiie npHxoAH HanpacHO, h6o 
sorxa OHH npiisacaiH Ty^a bo BpeMfl seieBaro nocra, to ne sa- 
cniBa^ TaMi nonoBi npe CBoefi aojishocth, noesHBy ohh 6ujle bi 
TO Bpeiui BiiTpe5oBaHii vb saKasti h oo^epsajiRCB TairB a^u odiflc- 
Hemt bi^ Te^enie h^csojbbbxi nextiB''. 

Bqsobsi se CBfln^eHHHBOB^ Bi Basasii, BaB^ bh^ho hs% tIxs 
se A^i^i, xase ^eapo^BTO coBna^aJiE co ahame nocTOB'B^ e Úujie 
oÓHKHOBeHflo „nocs^ACTBÍeiii AOHocoBB, nocHJiaeMurB b% saBasu 
on ABflBOHOBi E npEqeTHEBOBiy CB o^eBBAHinťB pasc^eroirB cflib- 
jaTB aio CBfln^eHHBBy, OTopBaB^ ero otl npExo^a wh roB^finue ahe^ 
Rorxa JHOAE oiÚu^snoTh EcnoB^AHyio hobeheoctb^. 

Cjr&AOBaTejiBso, cfltfEpflBaifB njaTETB mTpa4>i 3a seÓuTÍe 6ujio 
yxoóflie E BHFOAflíe, ^iwb EcnojHflTB Tpe6y, e sto nojiy^EJio pas- 
Birrie, a sa^ajiBCTBO sanajio cmotp^tb sa sto se tojibbo csecxo- 
j^BTeiBEO, BO Aase e ÓJiarocBJOflso, BaB^B sa oóoporb BecBMa se* 
6e3BurOAHu3 js^isi rocyAapcTBa. 



Vin. 

IIps xaiioifB BsrjiflA'^ flapoAEJiECB e yHepj[E TpE noBOJiiflífl, e 
opapocTB Ee6£iTeKn]lHB0Bi úuat*^ Bose^iEO, orpoMEEiMi. TaBi sa- 
npflHipi) no js^YMBBuwb pocnECflMX QapBayjibCBaro sasasa sa 1758 
roA^, vb cjio6oA'& Maj[£iineBCBo& BckxT> SErejiefi CHHxaJOCB 3.1 91^ 
a KOFAa crajiE bm-Icto flcnoB'lAH 6paTB AesBrE, to BApyrx, qepess 
HCTKipe TOJBBO TOAa, TaM-B 0(5i)flBBji0CB y»e 6.949 AjnrB (yseJiBqB- 
JOCB sa 3.758), vh c. ^EErBCCBOMi 6ujo 1.307, a b^ 1762 r. 
ciajo yse 3.901 (Óojvbe Ba 2.594). Bi SiiiEBoropCBOiťB pyAEEB-Ď 
Bi 1758 r. 6ujio Bcero 715Heji., a b^ 1762 noBasaso yse 2.294 
((Jorfe Ba 1.579) b t. a. 

EerecTBeBBu&rB oCpasoifB Tasoft npflpocTB sacejieBifl wb neTBipe 
roAa, BOEe^BO, 6ujn> seBOSMOseBi; ho TaBi saBi owb (j^asTEHecBE 
ÓEurB Ha-jiBAO, TO ero oeraeTca oÓibchbtb t^mi, hto npE Aeseac- 

flOfi nOBEHHOCTE JIBEJIECB vb JIK>AE, BOTOpue paH^e, IipE TpeÓOBaHÍB 
0TB HEX'B HaTypaJbHOfi flCnOBŠAE, ysptiBajiECB. 

TaBfliTB o6padOMi, Basi ^^^h^h^^boo M'&ponpiflTÍe, o6jioseHÍe 
sHetfuTÚi'' A^HesHBíMi BiTpa^Mi Bii caMOMi jijkA npBHecjio nojiBsy. 
HaAO TOJiBBO 6ujio yii^TB cofiapaTB cb dTBX'B jiiOAett aoxoabi, otk 
lUETesa BOTopuxi OHE He 0T6^raJB, ho cCopsr, OAHaBO, npoBSBO- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



190 B«CTHHR1» EBPOnU. 

ffljmcb HeaRBypaTHO h npaBHT&iBCTBO craao oÓesnoBOHBaTBca orpoM- 

HOH) HeAOHHBOH). Bl ^'bjiaXl eCTb yBadl T0<50JIBCB0ft XyXOBHOft BOH- 

CECTOpÍH on 10-ro ííojis 1786 ro^a, h3'b Boroparo bhaho, vro 
„BiOAHrarbauM&^epedi iuitb JiŠTXHeCuBinHxiHaROiLieHO 75.102 
AymH, (Tb icoHzi H 3an )me B ft etSopy 100.000 py6jiet''. A BaB'E 

CBflEDieHHHBH H SaKan^ERH He HM^H Cpe^nn KaB'B ^AOBATB** He- 

tíuTefiAeBi) TO fiibjLO oiuiTb crajio uohbtbca bi Toary, ^io6£i pas- 
A^HTB o^epa^LIO Mesxy miibiiii ašmamm m jq^mBaco wna, tmck 
im xyxoBHoe .bíaomctbo aojsho 6íijio „^ocTaBjrflTb CBoeBpeneH^o 
caMUfl B^pHUfl CB^AeHÍfl o hvicjA HeCuBinexi y hcdobíab, a cb^t- 
cbíb BjiacTH — pacnopjisaTBCfl HajioseHÍeMi h BSiícBaHieM'^ mipaj^a^. 
Ob dTHJTB pacnopflseHÍeM*B hh ojpiwh dnepra^ecBift ^'^TejiB b^ 
AyxoBHofi cpeA'Í cea^aia ne xot&tb nonBpHTBCfl: Ay20BHUMi» BOBce 

He HHTepeCHO 6UJ10 HCnOJIHATB nOATOTOBHTeJÍBHlIfl pa60TÍI A^fl ffHpfl- 

BasHiixi^ H npeAaBaiB hmi shbux'b x«>jífi% soropHe juIulhl i^- 
HHTB OBassiBaeMQfl HiTB ÓMTOxbsímsi H BBiroAu, HO npaBTHBa no- 
Basajia, ^ro AyxoBeHCTBO ne Tepalo CBoero sna^eniji a^a míphh%, 
TaBB BaB^B orB HHXi saBHC^jio: BUAStTB neóuTeíi^a ejle hobpbitb 
ero HetfuTÍe. 

Ycj^AHTB 8a T^Mi, ^Tb CTaHyTB A^J^&TB TenepB B% Ch6hph cl 
He6tiTefii^aMH} 6ujio neBOSMOsno; a hto6íi hohatb 9Ty HeBOSMOSHOCTB, 
npHHOMHHBTB ce6i Há-cBopo H BBpaTi](%: Hxb TaBoe npeAcraBJUijío 
B% Tb roAu i^epBOBHoe ÓjaroycrpofiCTBO b'b ChÓhph h BaRoro Ayxa 
osa Hir&ja TorAa iepapxoBi h cb'&tcbhx'b canoBHHBOBx, 6uBniHX'B 
CB T^MH iepapxaMH bi iaAax^B hjih vb Bonrpaxi. 



IX. 

Bi na^ajii XYUI B^sa, BorAa nanajicfl cbícbi ne^uBaion^Hxi^ 
y HcnoB^AH JiioAefi, fb Ch6hph 6ujisl OAHa enapxifl, BOTopas HMe- 
HOBajiacB (ao 1768 roAa) ^GhChpcbok) h ToÓojibcbok)''. Upocrpan- 
CTBO, saHHMaeMoe dxoK) enapxieK), 6ujio TaB^ BejiHBO, ^to oahomy 
apxiepeK), BaBi 6u ohi hh óhuvh 9HeprHqeH'B, xopomo npaBHTB eio 
6ujio HeBosMOSHO. OtfjiacTB 9Tofi enapxÍH oónniraia co6ok> Bce npo- 
crpancTBO otb ypaiBCBaro xpeóia ao EepHHroBa npojíHBa h oitb 
JleAOBHTaro OBeana ao c^Bepnofi rpanni^Bi KaTas h creneí, vfifb 
BoiyH)rB BHprHBU. Baojb enapxifl npocTHpajiacB na a^catb Tucsm% 
BepcTB, a nonepeBi— 6ojiie híwl na TpH ch hojiobehoh) teichhh. 
H Ha Bcem btoitb crpamHOMi npocrpaHCTBŠ apxiepefi AOJíxewh 

6wrh BCe OBHHyXB CBOHMI aAMHHHCrpaTHBHBllfB BBFJIflAOMl H Bce B^ 

i^epBOBHOMi ynpaBjeHÍH ynopflAO^HTB, h yHe<5iiTefintHB0B:B CBECsaTE^ 



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CHBHPCBIfl RÁPTBHSH. 191 

1 odiosBTb Hxi „sa HetfuTÍe^ iiiTpa^ii'E h ^ase npoHSBecTH ca- 
Moe BSHeKame. 

TpyxHOGTb dToro ynpaBjeHifl yBejm^HBajiacB em^e rbwh^ ^ro 
9HCI0 q[ieiiieHHXi jmjsfit^ noA^iesan^Hxi apxi^^dteMi^ noneqeHÍH) 
sa BceiTB orpoMHom npocTpaHCTB& Catfvpir, 6£ijo HeBejsBO, h ohh 
He CHx^H Ha seMJíš BcaioniB Kh okbouj MÍcry, a pasnerajiHCB 
no o6iinipHoft erpurt apasApoÓb, rx% ROMy KasasocB cnoApy^nte 
I BBTOA^te. Ho peBHSÍH 1709 roAa wb CbÓhph Hac^eraHO, BpoM^ 
WfoweBi, HeMHoro Óojiie 230.000 Aynri> \ e 8th xpacriane 
EUB no ropoxaMi h cejernsMi, a vb ChObph h ropoAa, h cejema 
IMi3iieTaHH Apjrh otl xpyra na 6ojiBiiiifl pascToania, naHEHaB or& 
200 H Aoxoxa AO 500 Bepcn h ^ase Óojiše. UyTn cooÓn^eHÍa, 
coejuiHflBiiiie dTE y^ajíeHHiie oahhi on Apyroro nyHKT&i BaceieHÍfl^ 
TzacHQ H noHHHÍ '). Tor^a ohh Óhjih „HenpofeXHUMH xoporaMH'' 
n HacTOflo^eirB, a ne ^^HrypasbHOMi cmíicjí aroro cjOBa; a npn- 
nan B 8TH OTqaflHHUB AoporH npoierajiH riaBEUMi oCpasoM'^ no 
meBÍD orpoMHuxi CBÓnpcKtixi piBx: 06e^ npTuma^ EnHcea h 
leBH; a babjib otb 6eperoB% dTHX'B pisi h TaBHX'B AoporB ne 
6iuo. 

UfifiBBeŘ Ha BCH) Ch6hpb 6íuo Tor^a hhcjiomi 160, h 
B^ BBxi noAoeuHa npuxoxBJíacB na ropox^B ToÓojibcbi h na ce- 
íem. djHsaftniifl Kb arony ropoAy, bx soropoMi shjx iepapxtb 

Ci6flpH. SfllbCb OHI H MOPB BBA^Tb Ha HSBtoHOO pascTOflHie BO- 

spyrE CBoero BaeeApajiLHaro ropoAa nŠBoropoe i^epBOBHoe ójiaro- 
yerpoflcTBo. jD^pyrafl ace nojiOBHna Bcero nncjia CHfinpcBHXi i^epBBefi 
(cocraBJíjiBmafl ^hcio okojio 80 -th) npaxoAHjacB na bch) ocraisnyio 
Cg6flpB CB en pa8CT0flHÍeMi obojio 10 t. Bepcrb n> A^nny h 6o* 
jfc 3 T. B. B% mnpHHy, — x.-e. owbÚmjiE pastfpocaHU orB 06h ao 
Aiypa, H SHawTeiBH^fimee hbcjio hxi ohatb h sa^cb npHXOAU- 
iocB Ha ropoAa, a bi cejreniflxi i^epBBH Óujie mvb pIarh, hto 

npiXOAU, K<B HHITB npHHHCaHHUe, TflHyjIHCB OTB 200 AO 500 BepcTB ^). 

OiooAa flCHO, qio i^epBOBHOMy npHHTy „cucsaTb'' bc^xi cbohxi 
opnoasaH^B h o6i»šxaTB hxi bo ÓjraroBpeMeniH cb Tpe6aMH 6iijío 
^t69oeMooicHo! I^epsBH se bi cbChpcbbxx cejenÍBx^B Toro BpeMenn 
Bek 6BLIH AepeBflHHUH, xojoahbih h 6'&AHBifl, nep^ABO óesi yxBapH, 
& HBOFAa H 6681 6orocjiyse6HUX'B BHHrB, a Tanse bi bhx^ ne Óuao 
n iwany, hh Rpacnaro BHna, hh MyBH am npocij^opib. A 6e3% 
nm Ben^ei npaBOciaBHofi oÓíahh cjiyaBHTB nejiBSB h npB^an^aTB 
fl>A* He^iTB. SanacBí Bcero nysnaro msi cjiysenia jiHTyprin 

') Cil ^HoTopi^ecBoe o6o8pÍHÍe CnÓipH^, CiOBi^OBa, crp. 828. 

*) Cil. mcuca Abtoha Hexoia. 

*) SjTpBan Meh. fiapoxH. IIpocKbm. 1854 r., m. M&pn, orxlai Y, crp. 40. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



192 BIMn^HHRl EBPOnU. 

npHxoAHJH CHE^aia ,bi BaeeApy^, T.-e. bi ToÓoibckB) aoT(»DAa yse 
HeeirlmHO pasBOSiuHeB no Henpo&XHEurE nyraiTB orxueHHiix^ 
nyHRTOFBy AOCTHraji ri iriteiaifB HasHa^eHÍfl o^eHB HecBopo. A no- 
TOMy Hep&ABO ÓHBUOy vro bo MHoraxi i^epBBaxi ne ciysuH no 
nojiyroAy h Óosie^ a hhhji h bobco ctoajh 6e3i& cjiysHTeieft. Tass 
Hanp., TOMCBaro OBpyra bi caři TyroJiLCBOBTE xpairb ociaBaJica 
6e8x CBfln^eHHHBa cb 1779 ro^a no 1801, T.-e. cjnrancoirb vh 
Tenenie ABaff^am juítb % a bi Hap^aicRoft bojocth Toro se 
OBpyra CBfln^eHHHBa ne Óiijo cb 1725 r. no 1784, T.-e. bi npo* 
AOJnfienie mecTHxecflTn ji'Itb!!.. Bjiibch xasse npe^oTHEBE nepeB&racB, 
TaBi HTO MejBxy SAŽrnnHim oÓHBaTejflMH ycn&iH napoxnTbCfl h 
CB^BOBaTB jiH)Aii, coBctiTL HO BH^aBniie JiHi^ AyxoBHaro cana ^)... 

H dTO ne 6ujio HBJíemewh ncBJnoHUTejiBHiíMx: „daBan^HBH^ h 
HS^B ApyrnxB iť&CTB AonocBJH o TasHzi se nojoseníarB, a vb 1891 
roAy ojíflwh „saBan^HBi^ panoproBa^i apxiepeH) BapjiaaMy, hto 
„yÍ3An£ui i^epsBH no^TH bcí HaxoAflTca bi caMOirB Ó^ACTBennoiťB 
cocTOJiHÍH, a HHA^ H BOBce ciys6y 6omiío ocraaijiiorB''. 

AyxoBHHfl npaBJíenifl npeACTaBJíflje, hto vb TaBom nojiosemn 
„AÍao o He^uTÍH^ nejiBSfl cnpaBHTB TaBi, sasi xonerB Ha^ajiBCTBo, 
HO AyxoBencTBy no6jiasBH ne ^ano: npnxoAU, bi Boropiixx ne 6wio 
CBflii;eHHHBOB*B, npHnHcajLE na ÓyMaii bi coc^ahhmx xpanani^ 
nM^BniHifB CBfln](eHHBBOBi, n Bejtjiu npoAOJisaTB HcnpaBJíflTB ^ne* 
fisirefii^eBi^. 

A npnxoAH, gCoeAHHeHHue'' TaBHMi oÓpasoMi na 6yMar£, bs 
naTyp^ npeAcraBJífljH ujbsEíJi o6jiacTH, „pacBHAUBaBmiflCfl na nth-- 
CKOAhKO com& ee/pcmh^ . ^jia oópasi^a mosho yBasaTB, hto, nanpH* 
M^pi, B% npaxoA^ EpnencBOí i^epBBH TOMCBaro ospyra AopoBM 
KpyTHxnna OTcroflJia oti i^epBBH na 105 BepcrB ish o^ny cropony, 
a AepeBHfl IlaHBpymHXHHa — 157 BepcTB bi> Apyryio ^). 

O BHHSHOMi HayHeniH ilssl o Ay^OBHOiri nasHAamn npHxosan^ 
Bone^HO, nevěro 6iuo n xyMaTB. aJIioah ocraBajiHCB bi nepBotfsii- 

HOt AHBOCTH^. 

CBjm^eHHHBx cejia SupflHOBCBaro ^ fne^tenie 20 AfhVňz šasi* 
AtiBajTB npnxoAOiTB cejia TyTOiícBaro, ao BOToparo orB ero xpana 
6ujio 180 BepcT'B, a ao caHofi orAajennofi AepeBHH dToro ^coeAH- 
nennaro npnxoAa^ 6ujío 300 BepcrB. 

IIOHflTHO, ^TO SHTeJIH CeJOHifi, HaXOAHBniHXCfl KB TaBHXl OT* 

Homeniflxi bi CBOony npnxoAy, 6ujlyl oienB saTpyAHeHEi ,,Hcnoi- 

') VisjňXb TOÓoabCK. A. BOHCHCT. 9-ro HOflÓpfl 1779 r. h syps. tomck. xyx. npaia. 
na 12 reHB. 1801 r. 

*) Fsasi To6. X* KOHCECTopis 11-ro mea 1784 roxa. 
•) Yk. to6. kohchct., 1766 r. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



CHBHPCBIfl KAPTHHKH. 193 

HeHÍeMi HcnoB^AHoft noBHHHOCTs'' HaTypoK) n HMi 6ujio ropasxo 
yxo^flte BJftTHTB niTpa^Kb sa CBoe „HeCKTÍe'', vh Heny ou h crpc- 

XHJmCB. 

X. 

Ho H Bi rbuTí CHfiHpcBHTB oaieHÍflxi, vb npuxojii y koto- 
purb tiiUH Ha-JiHito CBfln^eHHHSH H o^Jia^em, e (Jorocjryse^fiiui 
KHHra cb la^aHom, BnoirL n nyícoft jífia ispoe^^^ b MCsoirB^ 
noioxeme noeeJULWh vh oraorneHÚi vh j,(yi6uim Tpetii^ (Sauo He 
lyqnie, ^^bm to, Basoe Bmne omcaiHO. TaKE HanpBMŠp^ vb ea* 
MOMi BOHi^ XVm B. SHTeiH MejKei^RaTO ocxpora asajiOBau^ 
apziepei), ^to ,,xoTfl ohv ycepxie bo CBnoi qepBBH v^iúaoTh n 

CUTim TBMB% npHWniaTLCfl SeiaiDTl, ho CBflUieHHHBl HTBy Ba* 

cuift XaBOB^E, M^pTBEurB HC noipeóaeix, luiafteHi^Kb ho Bpeenn, 
poxHAflflqam HOúiHTBS HO ^Hiaen h cb. TaHH% He npioén^aen, 
a BorxarSA HpiGyAen kb roxi OABasAH wpeffE hottu cl bojio- 
wibiífiwh^ ch nepTBim t4^ sa norpeCeme tfepen c»04fia ^%- 
íOMU m ciyHHTCfl KOMbJít*, a norpetfema B/kn^ ^). 

H8!B s&so6h 8T0ft TpyxHo HOHATb: KaK% npH TaBOMi oaadM' 
HUBb SHTen o6xoahjibcb cb lieprsiiMH, T.-e. e6eperajiB jih ohh 
TpyHH AO npiisxa CBan^eHHHBa, usm xopoflHjni 6wh nerOi a owh 
no npHtoríH cbooitb tojibbo ^6pta% sa norpe6eflÍ6 CDOina xeHfini'', 
UH lyBOHBMB^^y a caiiaro nofpe6eHÍi ne n&n h onarb onáasairB 

CB nOTTOH)? 

HcBame jiy^mHi^B jroxeft, 6ojiribe oooTB6TeTByH>o^HX!B HCDOiHeBÍH) 
CBiiii^eHHHqecBHXi AOJaEHOcrefi, ho npexcraBjajio HBBasoro ycn^a. 
GBfln^eHHHBH Vh Ch6hph 6blih crojib HeotfpasoBaHHH, hto gOrB npo* 
CToro MysHBa-nocejiflHHHa or^iH^aJiHCB tojibbo oahoh) 6yBBapH0H> 
rpaMOTOK)^. BojiLmeH) Haciiio ohh „tojibbo yn^H numamh i^ep- 
soBHO-CJiaBflHCByH) rpaMory, h yMihUhe nucamh npusnaeoAOCh euc 
mew cmenentňo o6paaoeaHÍíi. (06cT0flTejBCTB0 oto naxJieiBHrB oco- 
6eHH0 aaifiiHTB, Tas^B BaB% „yiiŠHBe CBBn^enHHBa HHcaTB^ HBe&en 
Ůosbmoe 3Ha^eHÍe kb xoctobíphocth otmítob^b o „neÓuiiE''^ xo 
BOTopurB cefinaci xofixen a^o.) Eorxa wh Bon^b XYIII b. bi> 
r. EpacHOflpcBŠ ocnoBUBajacB msoja, x^fl Boropoft noipeÓOBajicfl 
saKOHoy^HieiB, to bo bccmi eoeraBŠ AyxoBeflCTBa droro ropová ne 
0Ka8a;iocB hh oahofo CBa^eHHHBa, BOToput MorB &a yierb x^iett 
€Bflii(eHHO& HCTopÍH H Ha^aTBaiTB HpaBOCJiaBHaro y^eHÍH Bipii. Tor^a 
Giau HCsaTB TaBoro caoeoónaro HeJiOBÍBa bx Ay^s^encTBi sChh- 



1) yian T0601LCK. A* BOHCHCT., 6-ro mm 1785 r. 
Tohs IL— MjLFTb, 1898. 18 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



194 BACTHERl EBPOIIH. 

céftcBaro h ApyrHxi OBpyroFB*', ho pesyjiBTaTB (hjtb totl se. 
Torxa, HysAH paxH, ^ch paspimemfl ;^xoBHaro h CBfocBaro na- 
"qaJiBCTBa y^HrejreafB 6ujn> onpeA^eHx cocjraHHuft na sasOAn noce- 
Jienei^ h3% poccifiCBHxi jiiaBOHOBi, h^rto IIojiflHCBift^... 9to 6ujrh 
BaBoft-TO OTqaflHHEiS ryjiflBa, KOxopoMy ^HysA^ pa^H^ Bunajia 
AOM nojiosHTB Ha^ajio pyccKofi inBOJi'^ wb Kp9,% HO nopomifl npe- 
BKiqBH ccajTBHaro ABflROHa 6ujie npH^HHOH), TTO ^^epesi roÁ'B oh'b 
ORasajicfl coBepmeHHO necnocoÓHuifB no HejMipenHony behohetíh)^, 
H Torxa OHI OTi yqnTeJiBCTBa 6ujn> ycrpaneHi, a na ero iritero 
onpeA^eHi cnoco^Hiift qeiOBŠKi, pasEiCRanHut vb tomcboitb 3a- 
Rasi. 9to 6ujít> noHonaps Cyc^OBi, Boroparo BpacHoapcBoe xy- 
xoBHoe npaBJíeHÍe aTiecroBajio nvb: „ohi, CycjiOBx, bi qreHÍH 
HcnpaBeH^B, h nHCBMoyM^iomi, h apnoMeTHEH nepsyio nacTB hiih% 
AoyHHBaerB kb TBep^ocro, — WMy h CBanteHH0-iíepB0BH0-CJiy»e- 
TaiBCBHx^B A^Teft oÓy^aiB co npeMeneírB MoaKen" ^). Hsi BcirB 
y^HTejneft Toro BpeiieHH bi CH^epn HHBaKoft xpyroft He 6ujn> Tasí 
xopomo aTTecTOBaHi, saKi stotb CycaoBi, a o(Sx ocrajBHiix^B y^H- 

TeJIflXl AyXOBHSXl mSOJ^B lOtfOJBCEafl AyXOBHaJI SOHCHCTOpÚl CA^- 

Jiajra o6ii\i& otsbibi, ^to „nsi hhxx ne bc£ h HHcaTB yiri^iorB, hjih 
yifHOSRaTB no apHOMeriiKi^ ^. 

Tasis TpjAHOCTH npHxoAHJioci npeoAOJ^saTB CH6upcBHirB apxie- 
pefliTB CB o6yqeHÍeH% naposAaBmarocfl b'b XVIU vbKi noBOJrĎHifl 
MOJiOAHx^B AyxoBHuxi, HO 60^6 TpyAH'be 6ujio cjaAHTB CB san^ia* 

TeJBHOK) ÓeSHpaBCTBeHHOCTBK) BBpOCJQXl, HpH COA^CTBÍH ROTOpUXl 

HaAJiema^o HeneAJeHHO npHBjíe^B r^b i^epRBH ynopniixi vb cbohxi 
satíjiysAeHÍflxi pacROiBHHROBi h coA^fiCTBOBaiB „caMOHysHMnieHy 
rocyAapcTBeHHOMy jíjbjíj^. 



XI. 

MHTponojrarB CHÓapcRÍS IlaBeiix KoHiocReBBTB ^) npHÓEiJi^B na 
RaeeApy cb 0(^3aTejBCTB0irB sHeprHqecRH BecxH a'&so „o HeéuTÍR*, 
H OH'B Hirí^^B yxe nepeA^B co($ok) bch) onncanHyio naiíE crapyio 
npaRTHRy eioro A^^ía, h Mora bha^tb, ^to hchojifhtb bco to, qxb 



^) Yti, T060JBCK. EOHCHCT. 15-ro ÍDia 1790 r., J# 118, ^ AOHeceme spacBOirpcK. 
Xj^. npaBieHÚi 14-ro Idbji 1791 r. 

*) y». To6ojncK. KOHCHCT. 6-ro anp. 1791 r. 

') IlaBexi KoBDCKeBHHi, H3% MajiopocciaHi, XHpoTOHHcaHi 28-ro vah 1758 r. ssí 
apxmaHxpHTOBi lOpBesa MOHacrapii. YBoiewb wi 1768 r. e8i Ch6hph „no o(íiii^aHÍi}" 
vb KÍeBO-ne^. laspy, rxi h TenepB rlio ero Haxoj[HTai noA'B iipaBam npHxijioir& ^^Be^ 
jmoft i^epuB*'. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



CHBHPCRIH RAPTHHRH. 195 

•OTL Hero TpeCoeaJiocB, Bjiibch ne cb vbm,. H bmícto xoro, ito($h 
CRpuBETb HacTOfln^ee noiosseme h opoboahtb npeiífl b^ „crpazoBa- 

ElSTb^ Xa Bl OTnHCBSX^, OHI JSJBiJl^b Jlibxj HOeoe^ AOBOJTBHO CM^JIOe 

HanpaBjeHÍe: uocjA MHorax^B ÓesnJiOAeiirB ycHJiiĚ (cb 1758 ro^a 
no 1764 r.) ohi pasocjajii no CH6epH CJríbAyH)II^Ě jiiofioniiTHuft 
gi^Hpsyjflpi^, KOTopBifi coBpeMeHHHRa noqHTajiH sa „Hanjy^nnee 
H3o6paaieHÍe cocrofleifl CB^irpcBaro AyxoBeHCTBa' . 6:b biowl iiarpo- 
BOJiraBeiTB i^npKyjflp^ H3o6paseHO cjÍAyK)niee: 

„IIoHeace no DponseoiHMUMi b'b RaHi](ejiflpÍE to6ojibcbo& AyxOB-* 
Hoft BOHCBCTopÍE jic&iairB osasyeTCfl, ^to 8A'linHefi To6ojiBCRoft enap- 
xíh pasHBDCB iiicTB CBflii^eHHO-i^epROBHO-CJiysnTejiB 6e3MThpH0 es 
nhRHcmeeuuuxz CAtfHCMxz h bi npomueoHe6Aa%o6pasHUX6 h ae npH- 

JHTOBIX^ SBaHÍK) CBOeMjr nOCTyQRaX'B9 B^B npOTHBHOCTB CB. oxei^^B 

opaBETB H AyxoBHaro perjraHeBTa SHiie CBoe npenpoBOiRAaiOTB, h 
vh Hpuo/ccmeax9 o^pan^aiOTCfl, h eoMiomCH h cnsmz no yAUWíMZ 
nbHHUy H Bi eopoecmsaxzj h bi AooKHum noAsaBOACRHMH RpecTBfl* 
fiaMH, flRO 6u o5i OTRas^ hxi otb 3aB0A0B'B, yKoaoez oCzhoachíroz 
oÓJH^áiOTCfl, — OT^ero ez napodrb Huunmz ne MaAoe CMyu^enie u 
coóAosm paCKOAhHUKaMdy H3i ROHxi, — RaR^ no jBť&iaiťB snaqnrB, 
xoTfl 6u ntooTopBie orB pacROJTBHHHecRaro CBoero sjíonary^Haro 
3a5jysAeHÍ)i h o5paTHTBCfl sejiajn, no qio osna^enHEie CBfln^enHHRH 
óedjmpno ynueaiomcH h wh nBjiHCTB'^ CBoeirB iiHorifl hehatb — iiesAy 
jnojTBMH H ez fj^epneaxz CKeepuocAoeubíH pytameAhcmea u dpanu. h 
TOMy no^oÓHua óes^nnifl, tíitb nperuRajiCB otb Toro CBoero npo- 
sjíflTaro pacROJia ee OTcraiorB, h b^ tomi obe, CBan^eHHBRH, otb 
HHXB, pacROJiBHHROB^y He Majioe noBpesxeníe n yRopnaneenoe no- 
<;M4aHÍe na ce6a n eceny dyxoenoMy cany noHotueuie Haeodnmz^ ,.. 

Bb[boa'b nojiyqajicfl xaROft, hto jiioah, Roropiie AOjraiHu Ůuxvl 
HcnpaBHTB iiipflHT^, caHH „HaBOAflTB BceHy AyxoBHOMy cany nono- 
mcBie*... 

MHTponojHrB IlaBejri 9to CRa8aji'B, n^ no saMŽ^anÍH) o^Horo 

B3l HamHXl I^epROBHEIXl flCTOpHROBl, „yóOflJICfl BeCTB CBOfi ROpaÓJIB 
CB nhHHUMU MampOCaMU^ . Oh% CTaJTB npOCHTB CHB0A'B OTnyCTETb 

«ro AJifl noRJOHeHifl CBATUHflifB KieBa h OTnpaBHjrcfl Ty;ia na 60*- 
j'OMOjrBe Vh 1764 ro^y, h xaMx n ynepi ^). 



^) Tíjio naua To6oiBCKai*o, Jiexamee bo rpo6^ nox'B i^epKOBBi) EÍeBO-nenepcKoft 
JtBpH, 10 HexaBBiiro BpeiieHH mosho 6hjio bha-Itb. 

13* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



196 BftCTHHKl EBPOnU. 



xn. 



IIoHflTb |,o6ÍH^aHÍe^ MHTpon. naBja BecBiia lerso, laBi Kasb. 
nepeHOCBTB sH8Hb cpeKBL TaBHX'B jmjifiiy Basie ouHcaHEi fb npesejteH' 
HOMi i^HpKyjiflpi, 611J10 yasacHO. A ecjiH laROBa 6iiJia „cojib^, Koropoio 
AOJisHa 6Hja senjifl ocouTbCJi, to htď se npexcraBJSfljia C66010 bca 
CTpaea? HpaBCTBeHHoe oocroflHie Ch($hph vh XYIII b. x^ierBHTejibHa 
npeACTaBjflerb saicofi-TO a^x! Bcš y^Hue h nyremecTBeHHHBH, no- 
óuBaBinie wh XYIII ^vh bx CHÓnpe (MiojiJiepB, $Hinepi, FMejEHi h 
Ap.)» Bi oj^HOifb jíjxi oneciiBajiH vh ciiOHpeBHXx SHrejarb crpam- 

HyH) H OTBpaTHTeJbHyiO 6e8HpaBCTBeHHOCTb. ,2^0BH£ie i^apXH ffiJOBMU 

Óujiiií 061 dmwh SHaTb, xa H He mofje ne SHaxb, noroiiy hto cb^- 
CEÍfl BjacTH iHi Ha 8T0 yicadHBajiH. FeHepaji-ryfiepHaTOpi Kam- 
BHHii „HeoAH<«paTHO BEíHy2BAeH!b ÓujTh oOpan^aTbeii El en. Bap- 
jiaaMy (DerpoBy) ^), npoci notfyAHXb CHÓapesoe xyxoBeHCTBO vh npH- 
HflTÍH) HaxJesan^Hxi xyxoBHiixi M%px bx HCTpe6jieHÍH) bi Hapo^^^ 
otcecmoKOcmu h x^psHOBeHÍfl bo BWHemio amponodoCuaio ceupthn- 
cmea u CKomonodpaoKameAwaio paaepama*^. 

Ho CHÓHpcBÍe iepapxH ho hmšjh q)eACTBi nox^ftcTBOBaTb Tasx^ 
BaBi npocHJii Bxi reHepaji-ryCepeaTopi. JlyHinHJii cpeACTBOirb 
Bi» Tor^aniHee BpeMfl c^HTajiocb „JinHoe bosaMctbío Ha nacoMHxi'. 
Torxa xyMajiH, 6yAT0 „BejeiAme apxiepetcsaro eaaa^ npoHSBoxHJio 
Ha HapoA'B fijiaroTBopffbflmee Bjlanie, ho nacTBa CHÓHpcBHrb apxi* 
epeeBi sHJia wb laBUMi^ pasciflHÍH, tto iepapxaiii o^enb rpy^HO 

6aJlO HaB^CTHTb BCixi CBOHXl ^HaCOMblX^b'' H nOTTH COBCilťb He* 

B03M0SHO noBasaxb 6ojibmuHCTBy asrb hhxi BejiejiŠDÍe apxiepeicBaro 
cjiysenifl. IIpH tomi se oCcroATejtbCTBa noBaBajta, hto xase h pe- 
ByjKbTai^b nojiesHOCTH apxiepefiCBHXi o^x^^baobi coMHBTejieHi, hÓo noB& 
apxiepefi BOHesajii a-ia npaBCTBeHHaro OBAopoBJcenLi cbohxi nacoMiixi^ 

BOTOptie OTJÍHqaJiHCb „SeCTOBOCTbK) H 8B']bpOnOA06H£IM'b CBHpÍnCTB0H'b 

H CBOTonoAOÓHiiifb pasBpaTOiTb'' , 6es% nero vh ero BaeexpajibHoii^ 
ynpaBJíeHÍH HannaJHCb ysacaion^ie ÓesnopflÁBH. Ohi ne noMoraji^s 
OAHOMy h ry6HJii Apyroe. TaBx HanpHM^pi, bopab ynoMHHaeMsft vh 
Haqajií SToro pascBasa ch6hpcbí& MexponojHrb $ujioeefi (Jle^iiHCBifi) 
nepeuů hbi BC^x^b CH^upcBHXi iepapxoBi Tponyjicfl Hs^b CBoero Baee- 
ApaibHaro ropová bx o6%ísj^t, CBoefi enapxÍH^ to ohx npoBejix bs 
3X0111 nyTemecTBÍH BpaAy dea xoňa (1718 h 1719), h xora oh* 
oRpecTHJTb BX 9T0 BpeMfl 40.000 HHopoAi^eBX; ho saxo, jh^ho no- 



1) ys. Toó. X- KOBC. 26-ro ídia 1782 r. Bapiaan Ilerpon Torxa 6hji> en^e emc- 
^onoMi. Bi apxiem npoBSBeA. vh 1792 r. 



I 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



CHBHPCRIfl RAPTHHRH. 197 

<afOTpÍBib Ha CBOHxx noA^HHeHHUXiy npHineJx ki teremi bbtm- 
xam, HTO no BOsepan^enÍH vb TotfojtBCBi He crajB HcnoiiHflTB yRa- 
mvk o nrrpa^BaHiH sa „fleCuTÍe^, a „OTomeji na noBofi" h 
BCROpi yMepot (1727 r., Hafl 31-ro). A bi to ^eMa, noRa oh'b 
6un vh OTjyqRŠ h Rpecriuii 40.000 HHopoAi^eBi, y nero bx 
ynpaBJieHÍE crapoRpen^eHEiíMH jiíoabmh saBejHCB xaRÍe HenopflAKH, 
TO) 8T0 nomjio Bi npHiiipi e nocjiOBHi](y. „^yxoBeHCTBO yRp^H- 
loa B% Miícjiflxiy TTO HaA'B HHiTB B^Tb Ha^ajiBCTBa, a EíkKb ero 

XitCTBÚUfH H']bTB ROHTpOJfl, H npv HeBJ&aBeCTB'^ CBOeMl paSBHJIO 6% 

cetii Ayxi CBoeBOJiífl, HenoKopcTBa, canaro rpyóaro n Óes^eciHaro 
npoHdBOia; Aftse it, Rony Ótura nopynena mctb apxiepeftisoK 
BiacTH H noneneme h naxsopi sa xpyrHMH — HryMeHu, saRaniHKH, 

leCflTEBHHRH — flBBJIHCB HO CBOeMy 6€»CTpaniÍH) apXÍepefiCRÍfl BOJIH 

ociyiiiHHsaMH, orypHHRaMH (sic) h npoAepdaiejiflMH^. A rjiaBHoe — 
^ 9T0 BpeMfl HaRonHiocB orpoMHoe ROJíiraecTBO HepimeHHuxi a^ji 
H o^esB Óojihmoe hhcjio „crtBjeHHHSOBi^ h „npoctoejiefi', roto- 
pae XBa ro^a osExaie BOSBpan^eHÍfl apxiepefl. A enapxiajiBHuft 

CJJUh Vb 9T0 BpeMfl COBepmHJIl pflA'B XaRHXl ^yxeCl, HTO CXHMHHRy 

^HjooeH) noRasaiocB „eéJii&TB h cjrumaTB^. 

TaBOBH 6IMH pesyjiBTaTu AOJroBpeiieHHofi OTJiy^RH apxiepefl 
„vb o&bisKb^^j a CROpíe coBepmnTB ^ofSx^i'' 6uio HeBosiiosBO, 

H BOn TO, HT6 Cb OAHOfi CTOpOHH npeACTaBJTflďOCB 2SaiaTeJ[BHE]M1^ 

B ,6Mronojie8H£iM%'' , to cb xpyrsxi cropoHi oRasuBSJíocB HeyxoiS- 
HinrB H Asoíe coBepmeHHO BpeAHHMi. CopoRx thcatb AHRapefi, ne 
pasyniBinHxi jisuRa RpeereTejfl, Ceuh ORpenieHu, ho saTO cpexH 
nacTBH, cocraBJíflBpiefi RopeHHyio ocHOBy enapxie, Bce cano ceófl 
BOsadtLio... 



xin. 

sCbítcbía BJiacTH*' BH^^jiH, RER^B HHorocTopoHHee A^o npo* 
HOB^jpi, HasiixAHift H B8UCRaHÍ& 3a He6íiTÍe H oco5eHHO cy^i y 
9XyzoBHux!B BJiacreft'', tto nasiiBaeTCfl, „hh bi Ropotfi ne jitsoTB, 
BH vffb Ropo6a ne B^erB^, e EpoHEHecBE othocejiecb k% yii^Hbio 
xyxoBHiucB jibsLTejei bočte ote fjbJíH. 

0C06eHH0 CHJIBHBlt nOBOAl Kb RpETER^ HO^aBasE cy^oÓHíie npfl- 
roBOitti xyzoBHBncB BjiacTeS, na ROTopHO cb^tcrío ^oJissocTHiie JiJOfjí 
yRasEiBaiH RaRi na oneBEABue ofipasHERE HecnocoÓHOCTE cy^eS. 

JI^yxoBBHfi cyA^B wb canoMi jiíkii nocTaHOBJ!flji'B npEroBopu ho- 
sibpoflTHKíe; Óujibj HanpEM^pi, wb Cb5epe b'6rto mb^mebi Xmš* 

JeBCRÍfi B OB^ mvlJťb Bl CBH3fl CB ^RpeCTBHBCROK) »eHROH) ERaTO* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



198 racTHURx EBPonii. 

puHOK)''. Do BaBOMy-TO CJiyiaH) dio orspíiJEOCB h Aomjio ao MHTpa- 
nojiHTa GHJBBecrpa ^), h totl onpejsíbJívíATi MHiMaHy TaByio ansTB- 
MÍfio: „Bi npa8AHH<[HEi& AeHb ctoatb eny cpe^H i^epBBH bo BpeMa^ 
jiHiyprÍE Ha bojiíhaxi cb BoaseHHOH) CB^^eK), a Borxa Bpena b&i* 
xoAy H8i i^epBBE Hapoxy npncn'lei;i, Torxa nojiosBTB ero (MBq- 
iiana) na npan bi ipanedi eai^ h jiesaiB (eny) noroji^y nosa 
^epesi eBO BecB HapoA'B hsi i^epBBu npo&AerB^ bi Boiopoe BpeMtf 
npocHTB eny npoxoAfln^HXi ^epesi Hero, xft noMOJflTCA FocnoAy 
Bory o oxnyii^eHiH rpbxoBi eBo; a no HcnoJUHeHÍH cero OTocJiaTb 
Bi BOHHCByK) BoiiaHAy A^fl HaBasaHÍfly Heny aoctohhi no bohhcbbmii^ 
apTHByjiaiťB. A senBy EKamepuny^ KpoMtb manou otce enumuMiUy 
na cmpaxz dpy%UM6j HMOsamh KOuiKaMu^ ^. 

Jl,pyrofi cjiynafi: bi Gu6hpb ca^AOBajia hsi Poccíb no STany 
xenn^BHa E4)pocHHBfl Misxa&JOBa, Boxopaa ao buchjibh eji 6ujib 
yse saMyseMi sa ipeifa iiysBflMH. IIo Aopoii ona Hii&ia necna- 
crie noflpaBBTBCfl orďuBaBmeMy bm^ctí c^b neiD nyiEBy ccBUBEOny 
Sazapy OeAopoBy^ ho 3axapi 6eAopoB'B E(]^pochhbí ne BpaBBJícfl b 
OHa He xoT^a OTB^naiB ero jhoÓobhubi BCBaxejiBCTBaMi. Jl,a npa 
TOHi se E^pocBHBB ÓEua 6oro6ofl3JHBa b yBaauua i^epBOBHBift 
6paBi, a gnpejiH)6oA^HÍfl ne xor&ia^. TorAa ccujiBBufi 3axapB 
oÓpaiHJicfl CB CBoeK) HesaAa^eK) z% napiioBHOMy cepsanry Jlorm* 
HOBy, H TOTB sa He(k)jiBn]yK) MSAy yjiaABJTB a^o. Ohi^ BO-nepBuxi, 
B'£cBOJiBBO pa3% „Hen^aABo'' óisjrb E(|)pocbhlk) MnxafijiOBy j,(5a- 
TOSBeMi', HTOÓu OBa 6um croBopqBBte, h BorAa xa, BSsypflCB ovb 
secxoBaro Óoa, cxajia noAaBaxBca b oxmipajiacB yase xojibbo t^mi^ 
9X0 „ÓOHxcfl 6jiyABaro rpšxa^, xo cepsaBxi cBasajn, hxo „sa dXBM^ 
A&io fle cxaBerB^, b npHBeAfl napxiio bx cejio ACaJOi^BOC^ 6jib8b 
ToGoďBCBa, o^BiHqajTB ee „no wpnEYSíAemK) HemeepmbíM^ 6^a.zoM%'' . 

Hen^BAflo B36Hxafl ÓaxosBenx, E^pocbbbb noBopBJíacB „npB- 
BysA^HÍK)^ B CAiJiajiacB sefloio HeHaBBCXBaro e& noc&seBqa 6e- 
AopoBB, B noBa mja bx napxÍB — ona hoa^b cxpaxoMi • 6axosBa 
BcnojiBfljia ASfl ero aBejanifl cynpysecBÍfl o6fl8aflflOcxB, ho^ npBAfl na 
litcxo noceieBÍfl — wb KojiuoBOByio bojiocxb xoBCBaro OBpyra, noAaja 
sajio6y b% xomcboo AyxoBBoe upasjíeBÍe, b bx xoB saso6i pasi- 
BCBBJía BCK) CBOK) HecxepnflMyH) oÓBAy b AOBOABJía, ^xo bbb^b fipaBS 
ea CB noceieni^eMi OeAopoBUMi ecxB HacuAhcmeeuHUů b Hemeepmbiú 
(ajib Hefl), a noxoMy, cxajo 6bixb, o^obbaho HesaBOHBufi, xo obi 
no cyn](ecxBy CBoeiiy cobc^mx se ecxb 6paBi, a npaiioÓoAMBafl 
CBflSB, B ofla axoro npej[K)6oA&iBÍfl npoAOJisaxB se AonycxBxi*'. 

') CHj&Becrpí rjOBaiCKifi, miponoiHTi CHÓHpcKÍft, hsi apxHMaBAPHTOBi cbLis- 
CEaro MOHacTHpA, 1749, injji 6-ro. Hepesex. n Cyaxaib 9-ro okt., 1755 r. 
') YEaai To6. x. kohchct. 8-ro ccht. 1752 r. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



CHBHPCKIfl RAPTHHBH. 199 

^xoBHoe npaEieme paaiyHiuo BpeiieHHO driixx cyopyroBi h 

XOHeCIO o C06bTÍH TOÓOJIBCKOtt AyXOBHOfi BOHCBCTOpÍHy BOTOpaJI „C^. 

AOBjaAy 6ro npeocBflnieHCTBy ^) onpeA&uua: seHBy E^pochhbio 
Mna^OBy oomaeumh n soMyo/cecmerb npe noceieHn^š 3axapl 6e- 
AopOB^) enpedh do pascMomprbnia^ a o coctojihíh ea eaninh om% 
mno Mtfoica es uzencmM^ \.. Kaxi xojisHa 6Eua ^yBCTBOBaib 
ce&i dia HecHacTHaa seHn^HHa^ oiuiTb naciLiBHO orxaHHafl kohch- 
CTopieK) nocejieHuy na no^epsanie, xa en^e „cb xoBJíaxy ero npe- 
ocBfln^eHCTBy''!.. H bi ^eiTL oti» dioro noceieHita jfi coctoahíh ea^ 
ipeÓOBaJiocb „HSBicTÍe'' — hsi j^a aioro ne bhaho, ho hto E^po- 
ciHBfl 6£ua npHBBaHa HcnojiHJiTb cynpysecBÍfl ofiasanHOCTH h bi 
HeTBepTom 6paBŠ, oÓBŠHqaHHOirb noAi» fiaToraiíH^ dxo aasp^iuieHa 
caiiHiii xosyMeHTajiBHíUťB otfpasoifB. 

H dia seHiD^HHa SHJia h Tepir&ia! 

B:b caMOMx pacnopa^i^^ cb AyxoBeHCTBOMi» OAHa KpafiHOCTB ne- 
pexoAHJUi Bi APFT^ ^esBSHafiHocTB: npH mhtpouojiht6 BapjiaaHŽ 
Bi ÁMumeBCROfl BpinocTH CBfln^eHHHKi Otxft^eBi tiiui Hso&iHqeHi 

,Bl nBflHCTBÍ H myMCTBÍ) H Bl APASaX^B, H Bl npO^HTB "iHHH- 

MHxi MÍpcEHHH j[H)AflMH cofijadHaxi'' . MHTponojiHrB BapjiaaMS 
onpexbujii 8a Bce dTO „nepeBecTB C^xa^eBa YSh ypraMCBÍfl ocrpon^ 
CB noAnacKOK) o<$i HcnpaBJíeHiH (cetffl)'' ^). A MHTponojmrB IlaBexB 
TasHHi „HcnpaBjeHiflMtB cefia^ ne B^poii^ h RorAa npH Hem Óujtb 
,o(SiH^eHi MHorasAU bi nBAHCXB^ h APAKaxi CBan^enHEBi rpi^o- 

TOfiOXBCBOfi CpÍTeHCBO& I^epKBH TOQOpBOBl'', TO HaBeiLB O HeiTB 

cnpaBsy fi OBasajocB^ ^to ohi yse HM&irB BpenB h cjiynafi a^ 
„HcnpaBieHÚi^y h6o „ho eAHHOXAii ÓHiíeirB luerBUB Óujtb sasa- 
^affB H AU naMATH bi paiJorax^B coAepsaHi., ho no osecTO^enuo 
CBoeMy BO HcnpaBJíeHie ne npnmejrB, a en^e bi ropmaji naAajrB''^ 
H noTOMy MHipon. IlaBejii (jBasi 27-ro anp., 1764 r.) onpeA^- 
jhjtb: „a&<}u CBfln^eHHHiKB TonopsoBX BnpoAB HHKaBHXi npoAepso- 
cret HHHHTB ne mopb, otb CBfln^enHOCJiyseHifl ero yAepsaiB, a msL 
j^^mett eiiy naMflTH h crpaxa Bosis npH co6paHÍH bcíxi cba* 
n^eHHoeiysHTejeft rpaAO-To6oiBCBHxi naatcduHi uzb hísícó no Aecflin 
yAapoB*B mejenoiTB eny, TonopsoBy, u ce6rb ez HocmaeAenie ot- 
npaBHJTB''. 

H CBflqeHHOCjysHTejui npHBJíeBajHCB bi TOny, ^to6u 6miy 

006CTBeHHOpyqHO CBOHXl TOBapHII^efi He Vh dTOMl TOIBBO eAHH- 

*) Ho KHHrt lOpLi ToiCToro m> cióspcsoft enapxii erb 1768 SHaHETca Bapiaan 
Herpon, a c% 1803«-AHTOHÍfi BHaneHCsii. Bapiaaifi--8T0 Ton^BoropHft nocraHoran 
xiio o „He6HTÍH* Ha creneBs „caMOHysH^fifflaro i rocyxapcTBeHHaro". 

•) ýa. To6. xpi, a. 3-ro cem. 1762 r. 

•) Ya. To6. A. aoHCHCT. 18-ro aojiOpii 1777 r., Jé 1044, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



200 BMTHHKb EBPOim. 

CTBeBHO CJiy^a/bj a h rb xpynixi terobiixi se. YBasoirb otb 27-ro 
anp. MHTponojnm IlaBejrB paspimajTL m bcíbtb saBan^EBaMi (x.-e. 
diaroqBHflEiMi) noerynaTB cs> npOBiiHBBiniiHHCfl to^iho Taxi se, ho 
TOJibKO cb TaREiTL „pascMOTpteiewL^ , TTO «rjri^ vicflo cBsineoHO-- 
ciysHTeJiď', yqacTOyon^flrB bx HansaHÍB eoCpaia CBoero mejie- 
naMH — ^He BejiHico, to Tam (hhcio y^apoBS on icasjíaro) h opi- 

yUBOSHTB MOSHO^ ^). 

^iio se O «He(5BTÍH^ bo Bce bto BpeMfl „bojouocb"' b bsu- 
CBaHÍe xoHesHHxi mTpa4K)Bi cb HefiiiTeilqBKOBi npoesBOABJíocB cl 

TaSOiO HeaRBypaTHOCTBK) B MejlJieHHOCTBH), ROTOpUJI) HaROHeXt^, BOB- 

ÚjAVJíJi vh neTep6ypri Hero^OBanie Raas-pasi nocj*! Toro, sas^ 
14*ro aiip^fl 1763 ro^a óiutb jHmeHicaHa b cocJiaHi bi Pe- 
BejiB MBTponojnflrB Apcesift Mai^i»eBHqi. 

H. JI^CROB^B. 



*) Yk, to6. i, kohc. 27-to anp., 1864 r. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



roiocA 



I. 

O^HHl TOIOCl. 

%cii 6%ryrB... H totb, 6utb MOsen, Ójthsch^i ^acL, 
RoTopHfi npenecen npexcMepTHyH) Hcroiiy... 
noKjxa xyxi TBoft fioApi n pasyiTb ne noracB, 
He TpaTB noci^AHEX^ hjbctbi h Mucieft no-nycroMy. 

Tfioeft MATyn^eftCfl h pomiyn^eft xyniH 

Cmhph 6e8njiOAHU& ra^BX h TiqeTHiifl BCUHeHM; 

n bjioChiixi n^ceHx pflA'^ cnoBofiHO sEBepniH 

Bo OÓJiaCTB MHpHUX^B J^^lTh nOJieTOlTB BAOXHOBeHBfl. 

Korxa HAemB bx Tomy, ciiiflCB hjih kesha, 
He ropAOCTBK) jb xeĎ-i BHymaeTCfl caiHpa? 
He saAyBaeTB jih CBjm^eHHaro orná 

TOTB BHXpB, ^Ó HOCHTCA Cpe^B HHBMeHHarO MÍpa? 

Mesi tími tu B^pyemB bx BucoRÍft H^ea^ii; 
Th HcnoB^AyeniB saniTB xo6pa h CBÍia; 
U Bx BUCB HeÓecHyK) tu xyxoHi BOBJíerajii, 
Menrafl hjib mojscb, en^e bi nja^Bifl jrlTa. 

3oBy TeÚs. Ty^a, ki npex^am t^xx BepnraHi, 
Ornýma qeJiOB^Bi sereficKiixi ApflsrB ne bhabtb; 
Fjtí pasyiTB — BcfcťB cxpacrefi h rn^Ba B-nacrejHEt, — 
noHflBi, npoiuaerB to, ^tí) cepjiíe HCHaBWHTB. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



202 B^CTHHK'B £BPOnU. 

Taní xyxi noaaiii npeACTanerB npe^^B to6o&) 
Ilapfliuifi Bi BHCOTaxiy BaRi h^ríS ropnuft renift; 

H CM^HHTl SeCTfiifi CTHZl, HaBtflHHUfi Bpa2&A0t, 
CípO^aiíH SBjqHUME AyXOBHUXl nicHon^Hiň. 

TaBi rpy6uft SByB^B Tpy6u ajiBni&CBHXi nacxyxoBi, 
EoTopafl craAJ^ na Afit aojkhhi csusaja, — 
BApyrb dxo na ropaxi, bi cocíactbš o^jasoBi, 
M^Hfleri Ha aBRopA'B MOJiHTBeHHu& xopajia. 



n. 

^pyrofi roioci. 

^acu 64ryrL... y»e, 6uts Mosera, Ojhsoki ^aci, 
Hecyn^ž npHroBopi fiesAynmaro noBOfl... 
IIoRyAa Ayxi tbo& Óoap^b h pasyMi ne noraci^ 
XpaHH BO asoOaBfB aha conyBCTBÍe sHBoe. 

He ropAOCTbK) tboh nanpaBJíeHii cronu — 

Ysi Ch lOHuxi ji^TB — 6ojibmo& n jih)ahoio xoporofi; 

He ropAOCTb npHBejia Te(5fl bi cpexy TOjnu 

Ob efl nopoBaMH h mucsík) y6oro&. 

KiB pi^H rjynufl jieji^JiH TBOfi ciyxi, 
H cepAi^e T^miuH Bc^aABfl jubh h Mpasa? 

HjIB BCflBOt MepSOCTBH) HHTaTBCfl HOPB 6u XyXl, 

KaBi CMpaAHofi na^a^Bio naraerca co6aBa?.. 

npiisBaHBK) ci^Ayfly Til nofi) a ne y^H^ 
IlycTB Bi CTap^ecBHX'B p7Bax'B rpeMHTB H luaqerB jiHpa; 
IlycTB He(5y mojihtca, xa HHcnomjerB jryu 
ďLHBOTBopflmíe Bi nycTiiHHufi cyMpasi ifipa. 

H ecjH 6u xeófl na spujBflxi BOSHecsH 
MoJiHTBU n MeHTu Bi* Aa^esifi cboa'b He6ecHuB, — 
noBa ensfi snBemB, ne saCuBafi seiiJiH 
Bi tfescrpacTHOft hhctotí to& c^epBi Óe3T&iecH0&. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC ^ 



roJlOCÁ. 203 

yciuma 80BI, noRHHB saofijaHHyK) ji^eub; 
To— rojoci cobícth, ona sa seiuio luu^^erh, 
Txb pflAOMi ch paAOCTBK) Tepsaercfl ne^ajb, 
r^it 03Jio6jeHÍe cl jik)6obík) rpaHHqerb. 

TaKx, tíhami vb^wb Ójjkh HacraBHHSOBi cbohxi, 
Apysefi-MiíciHTejefi, noniion^Hxi bi> Moriuiaxrb; 
H, B^peHi xo KOHi^a^ (uarafi CBofi Bexxifi cthxx, 
OoBa en^e lenepB *ciaraTB ero tu vb CHjiaxi. 

AjERCI^fi S^EMHySEHROBl. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



mi, no^BsjtKH HA BOiry 



Bl 



npomioM^ rojy 



BnB7ATI'fiHIfl H 3ÁM«TRH. 



I. 

...He 7ca']&B'B npncoeAHHHTBca R'b xpyrfiMx ch n^xh¥) JH^Haro 
yqacrifl bi jijbjíhTh noMon^H roj[OAaBniHM'B 3hmoh) cb 1891 na 
1892 r., fl pimnjracB noixaxB nosse o^Ha, — bi cepe^HH^ iiafl. 

Bi ne^aiH h wh oómficrvb csiimaiECb Tor^a yse ycnoKOHreJiBHiifl 
pascys^enifl o toitb, tfo Tfla&exoe Bpeiffl, no CHacriiO; MHHOBaio. 
IIpaBAa, KOHHHjnicB xojOAa, ho saTO vh Hd^BOTopEixi seifCTBarB 
HaTOHajiH pasAaBaTBCfl rojroca 06% yMeHbmeHÍH ccy^u no aiy^K) 
HacrynjeHÍfl Tenxaro speifenH, a vh BH^y 6um paóo^afl nopa h 
nexpoBCsift doctb; BnpoqeirB, h vh xopomifl Bpenena 9to caMHft 
rojiOAHEift nocTE Bi npoAOJiseHÍe Bcero ro^a. 

íl ompaBHjacB bi nyrB, ne nocraBHBi cedí tohho onpex^en- 
H0& i^H H TOJBBO B'B o6mjiiTb ^epxaxi HaM']&TH.ia njiaHi nyreme* 
CTBÍfl. XoT^ocB CBOHMH rjiasaMH yBHAaTB TO, onBcameiTB qero nepe- 
nojiHeeu 6iura řaseni h sypnaaii MEHOBaBmeS neqaJBHoft shmh. 
HysHO 6ujio HaBŠCTHTB vh TflseJiBifi roA^ AaBHnmHHXi sHaROMinrB, 
CB BOTopuMH Ha MHOFO jňTh pasioAHHHJia cy^B^a, Ha u^bcA 
ycrpoHTB AJfl HHxi Tr6 bosmojkho, a no Aopor^, ne crlcnflflCB iiapm- 
pyroifBy CMOTpŠTB, cjiymaTB, noMoraiB Bony y^acrcfl, pasenpaniHBaTB 
Boro npHBeAeTCfl, htoÍSbi oCiachhtb xota 6u tojbro eaiioft ce&b: 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H81 no^SARH HA BOJiry. 205 

KaKHiťB odpasoMi crpacjacB (Si^ft^ Kasúi 6ujie ea npHtHHii h xa- 
KOBH Mwyn 6in*& nocjri^ACTBÚi. 

— TaiKb syxa ase HaMX HanpaBHTB sací? — cnpamBBajH Měna 
vh EsiTBMewh vh OTBŠTb Ha upochój jKasaTL MicTOy rx% MOm ($£I 
noHaxotferbCfl noMon^b ne ctoibko ;(eHesHafl, cbojíbbo TmBEUwh 
oOpasoiTE Bi BHx^ jmnaro yiaerúi h Tpy Aa. — Bi JiyBOdíHraciiift bh 
He xoTHxe? 

— He xoHj. Bil caMH roBopne, hto Tnaa Bee najiaAHiocb h 
TenepB epaBHHreiBHO (Sjaronoiy^HO? 

— fijBLy lenepL Jiynnie. Ectb noMon^ — s jooffi ecrb. 
CotfeebAHHRi Mofi Ba^ynajicfl. 

— BaMi 011 OTfipaBHT&efl b% caMypOBCBHirB (Sapanraflifb, — 
npexJOSHJii OHI nocjr6 MHHyrHaro pasminiJieHifl. 

— ?T0 dTO sa 6apiimEH? Mwb yse ne wb nepBuft pasB b^ 
le^eHÍe oahofo aha hphxoahjiocb cramaTB ^amiJiiK) caiiypoBCBHXi 
(Sapumeni. Bcb HasHBaDTB hxi, h hhbto ne MOserB o&hsiCBxrhy 
STO Ottb n syAa teatB bi hhm*b. & enpamHBaio h ho nojiyiaio 
OTBiia, H HaHHHaK) AynaTB, ^ro 9to Hecyn^ecTByH>oúfl, MHoa^ecBÚi 
cyiqecTBa nšcTHaro npoecxosA^Hiji. 

— Eieny owb npífesia. IIoApoÓHOCTet, Boponeiii, se njuiw> 
BaiTB nepeAaTB. 3HaH), iro 6um (SapEunHH, Tasse xasi b bu 
npiixaiH, HCBajH A^ft h HamjiH ero— -ycrpouH cmKmui, ho xenepB 
y hhxb paaiaAuocB ^to-to Tam; a^hopb, a^oatemo ÓutIj ho xBaTHJio. 
3to 6EiBaerB. ^epesi-^pi mHpoBO sartajH. Bee dro, Bnpo^irB^ 
Mosen BaiTB cooÓinisTb laRoft-TO. Ero naSAere xerKO, a ho sacra- 
Here — npofiAHTe bi ynpaBy. Taní sHarorB nas^psoe. 

GjtbfjJOTh aApecEi h nosejiaHie ycn^^. S. Aoposy sasAUMi 
XHeiTB h HeifeAJeHHO ornpaBJíJiiocB sa cnpaBBanH; Toro rocnoAHHa, 
sa no3AHni BpeMeneiTB) ne saciaD bi yBasannoMi uicA, ho wh 
seMCBoft ynpaB%9 no cwctík), cb^a^bíji nojryHaH)TCfl noApoÓHua h 

OCCTOflTeJBHIIfl. 

EapfinnHH — ne MHe'B h cyn^eciByiDTrB vb A^ScTBHTeAHOCTH. Jífijío 
Ha^ajiH 0H% Ch 80MII mHpoKO, Bi pascHei^ na ofitn^aHnyio ÓJiaro* 
TBopHTeiBHOCTB. Ho nosepTBOBaHÍfl crajiH npHxoAHTB xyse h mba- 
leHHte. Bhícto npeAnojaraBHiHxcfl mecracorB sa nocJiÍAHee Bpena 
nocrynHjio Bcero cro pytfjefi. MesAy rtm na^axa 6iiJia saBynBa 
JomaAeft. IIojioseHie Óujo saTpyAHirrejiBHoe. ^0M0^^» ABHJiacB 6u 
saici neJiBdfl tioxie scraTH. 

TaRHiTB oGpasoiťB, Hanajio mhoh) CA^aHO, -nepBEia CBbfl,ema, noay- 
^HH. EcJH ee cjy^HTCfl HHBaBHxi ocodeHHuxi nonfeci h BaTpyADemfi, 
fl padcraniBaM ynorpetfaTB na nyiemecTBie wiesinfiL A^a, noÓinsaTB 
vh Tpexi ryiSepHÍflxi— HEseropoACBofi, BasaHCRoft h capaTOBCRoft. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



206 roCTHHKl EBPOnU. 

y Měna ecTB mvbcmu^, 8apaH']&e Haii^HeHHiifl iitoia; ho wbwh^ 
Óojisme cjiynaeBi, bctp%h'b h &i'£ct'b, rlifb jiyqme. J3E ne otbesh- 
8aK)Cb H OTB HeHSBÍCTHuxi — H pa^a HanaTB sHaKOMCTBOiTL CB Gaiiy- 

POBCRHMH 6apHmH)iMH. 

Ha Apyroft AeHB Bn/ponna — BpoxoTHuft napoxojTB BamHHCBaro 
TOBapHii](ecTBa— yBOSHTb MeHfl hsi rocrenpiHMHaro HHSH4iro. yeiisy 
JIH H ero en^e pasi? BepnycB jh Ójraronojry^HO Ha3aA'B? 

RaRaa-TO ^jTb saM^THafl tIhb, Jiersafl crpyfl HeBonnofi rpycre, 
xoTfl 6u Ha CAHO TOJbBO MrHOBeHÍe, oxBaTUBaen xasAEift pasrs 
OTBfesaiontHXi bi MHHyiy orE^^a, orxoAa ncy&sAa, orniiiiTifl napo- 
xoAa. GHHMaiOTCfl mansn, tbopatca Rpecni, pas^aiOTca nocjri&xHÚi 
npHB^TCTBÍH iiesAy CeperoMi h 6ucTpo OTA'i^H)ti^HMCfl on Hero, 
xoABHifL, BHAHO, MHOFO ys&e HOCJiyiBHBmHMi Ha CBoeiTB BÍBy napo- 

XOjlHBOlfB. 

— rpysarB tfeai yiia, — roBopHTTt obojo^ Měna nosHjraa »eH- 
H^HHa Bx njaTB*!, ch peCenBOMi na pysaxi, onaoíHBO OBHpaacb 
BOBpyrb na ciiHy tio^esi h míhibobi, sanojiHfliontHxi co6o& nas- 
]íjA Bepni0B'B CBo6oAHaro opocrpancTBa. 

— Ha 6oi[BniHxx-TO rpysHTB sTaBi, Bnaifo, neiBsa. Hojihivh n,wh 
coÓJiOAaeTb, HTOÓi npoTHBi nojoseHia hh-hh, hh ýynra 6ojiBine. 
HarpysHJiH h ma6anrB^ OTBajiHBafi! — saM^HaerB iiysHBi ch Hspuroft 
meefi h nsypo^OBanHuirB íebi^om-b, no BHAy MacTepoBOft, cb ropcTBK) 
noACOJiHyxoBX, BOTopuMH 0Hi> TOTHacTB se na^nnajii copniB BOspyrB 
cefifl. — Hy, 8A'6cB aca^nocxB. Cboa BOJia, CBoe h cTOCxBe. 

— ^a, c^acTBe, Basi se! He^ero CBasaTb! He ycnšJH OTBajiHTB, 
<(0HBH nepesaxiiBaiOTB, — BaniHaerB seHn^nna, Bce TaB'B se cb 6e3- 
noBO&HEiifB jiHi^oirB yBjaAHBafl ahta. 

Mhí Bi nepBufi pasi csynaerca njniTB na TaBoirB yrjioirB cy- 
xeHHHiBi. BajiaHCB j^ocreraeTCfl fb hoitb bi oÓEiBHOBeHHurB cjiy* 
^aflX'B nepeBaTEiBaHÍeMi Óo^eBi cb necBOiťB cb oaho8 cropoHBi 
napoxoAa na Apyryio. nnor^a pas^aeTca óesi^epeMOHnaa BonanAa, 
npHrjramaH)n^afl nacca2KHpoB:B nocoA'i^ftcTBOBaTB coÓCTBeHHUMi b^^m'b 
H nepeifIcTHTBCfl bc^mx qiicjiOHx bi o^HOHy Bpaio. 

— A TO, ÓUJIO, 9TaBHBfB SO MaHepOlfB, HarpyBHJÍH T02Be mH^KO, 

snaiB, BH^iATB — njioxo A'i^TO, BpnqHTB 8T0TB caMH& BOHaHiyion^ifi-To: 
„Tperifi BJíacci, pasysaftca, (parB, CHHMafi canora! 3a craBaB^E 
BO^BH BTO BX BO^y?^ Hy, pasyjHCB BOTopiie, noiísjH. Hn^ero, npo- 
'ixajiH 6jiaronojiyqHO, ^a BApyrx santoo boabh nnBa no^necjiH. Hy, 
o6HA^Cfl napo^ix, 6yHT0BaTB sa^ajix. A ne xoneniB jih, BOTopsie 
(íyHTOBHtHBH Ha Cepori, nínieHBOMX ao AcrpaxanB? 3a Tpoe cyromt 
TO»e Bcero HacMorpHmBca, — co bsaoxobtb roBopnrx senn^RHa h 
oxoTHO npoAOJisaeTB tfecixy- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Hd^B no^;p&H HA BOjry. 207 

Oíía OHH Ch Mysem — noAropoAHHe MacrepoBiie. Ona TKerb CHTa 
xiAHHfl, OHI rflerB uposojiOKy na p^morsE jím^ naifflTHHROB'B. 
Xhtb 6ii mosho; sa bcímh pacxoAasfn pytfjiefi 300 mosho 6u otjio- 

— BojD^a crytfHJia, ryjiB6a noryCnjia, BHHHn^e npoRjflToe. H 
XÍth-to tofo He CTOiorB. Hhkojie 6e3i peÓaTB ne xosy, a tojbico 
vsfomjy Ha Horn nocraBJK) — He SEByro, noMHpaH)!^. 

SHaROMuft, HensM^HHiifi pascRasi, vh soTopoirB issmíeswhcsí 
HMeHa ^ic^ficTByion^Hxi jthi^i e Mtoo j^Mctbía, a Bce Apyroe hobto- 
piercfl ch TaRHiTB ysacaion^EirB nocTOJiHCTBOM'B. 

£L npo<$yio hoxoahtb ho najiyói. 

Ha nojiy e jaBBaxi o&iri^a Rpacsa; h^tb e cj^aobi Toft 
vcíOTEiy ROTopoK) oÓHRHOBeHHO H^erojuiiOTL E pa^yiOTB TJiasi, ÓJiaro- 
Aapfl 6jrad0CTE ri boa^, bc£ 8te ujOBynk MopcRÍa e piqHUJi xo- 
siicTBa. Bi py6RÍ nepsaro Rjiacca, Bnpoqeirii, neEsÓ^SHiie RpacHue 
TpHnoBiie AHBaHH E CTOJi cb RjreeH^aTofi CRaxeprbK) no cepeAEH']^. 

y CTOja sa HafiHEiifB npECopoMi cb nanEpocRofi chaetb Aaifa— 
xyAeHBRafl CjOHAEHRa, bi ebpom, cb cyno^Rofi nepesi njieHO. IIo 
^BrypÉ efl mosho wtb ro^a 23 — 4, ho bi jhiíí He^ocTacTB 
upRHXi RpacoKB, RaRÍfl HOHTE Bcer^a ÓEiBaiOTB y MOjiOAiixi sen- 

mWffb Ch CBd^TJHMl I^B'6T0BrB BOJIOCi; JÍJfb MOpU^EHRE flBCTBeHHO 

yr^ÓEJiECB yse no cropoHaMX pxa. TEHE^noe jieuo, RaRÍa BCTpi- 
WDTCfl y caMOOTBepseHHE[X'B, lOHtixi MaiepeS, pano BiimeAnraxi 
sanysi h flCTon](eHHBix'B ceMBeft. 

Ob HeH) BM-icT* nyremecTByerB, BnponeMX, ejEHCTBeHHHft npeA- 
craBETejiB ceMBE — ÓojiBnieraiOBiifi MajB^raHi bi pyccRofi RpacHoS 
py6aHiRÍ H canorax^B cb otbopotrmh. MajibqyraHy ne 6ojiBnie 5 jiítl; 
OffB RanpHSHEweTB E RiseTh na AHBaH'B. MaxB pasp^maerB — cb 
ycjOBÍeM^ CHETB canorE e xoaetb ho nyoicoMy dusaný vh qyjiRaxi. 

IIpoi^eAypa CHEManÍE h HaA'i^BaHÍfl canorB noBTopnercn cb 

HeEBM^HHOft HaCrOfiHEBOCTBK) RaS^Blfi paSl E HeBOJIBHO HpEBJíeRaeTB 

Moe BEEManie. 

Maiepfl ceMeftcTB^, TaRi nasBiBaeMuxi o6pa30BaHHBrx'B cocjioiBifi 

B Bl OCOtfeHHOCTE, RaRl MHÍ npBXOíEJOCB HafijIIOAaTB— ^pyccRÍH 

MaTepEy B'B ocsinjeHÍE naTepEHCREMi nyBCTBOMi, noHTE Bcer^a c?e- 
TaioTB cBOEXi A^Tefi RaRi 6u ECRjriOHETeJiBHiiME cyn^ecTBaHE, EM^H)- 
n^EME npaBa na ECRJiiOTOTejrBHoe BEEManie, npEBEjrerÍE e npesMy- 
iqecTBa Mes;ry bcI^me ORpysaion^EME no OAHOMy npaBj posAema, 
TaRi CRasaTB, noroMy ^to sto uocz drtinu. Bu Moseie bsatb na 
pyRH pe6eHRa TaRoft Marepn, npoHecra ero cb nanpflseHÍeMi A^e ce6fl 
HapyRaxi Tpn BepcTu e ho ycaumaTB tfjiaroAapHOcrH — ne e31 ne- 
b^^sÍebocte, H'6rB! IIpocTO E3i HaEBHaro yCisAenifl, qxo necrn 



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208 raCTHHKB EBPOIOI. 

9mo dumíiy es dunWy ao^ukho 6iaT& tsukl se npíflTHO BCflsoMjr ApyroMy, 
KftKi H ei caMOfi, — Tasse Basi nepeHecra otb peÓeHsa HeynicrHyK) 
majiocTB, AHKyio Biixoffy, nop^ npHHaxJesan^Hxi Bam Ben^et. 

BocnHxaTeJiBHue npieMQ mojoxoě, o^eBE^HO JUoAin^ei iiaTepe 
TpoHyjiH MeHJi H BOsCyAHiH seianie BcrynflTE bi pasroBopi. 

Bi py6iBÍ, BpoMÍ Haci, wbrh herofo. 

depeši hÍcbojtbko BpeiieHH m£i yse osHBJíeHHO pasroBapHBaeifB 
H BHaKOMHMCfl Apy^ ci ApyroMi CL Toft jferBoeTkH), Basaa bos- 
Mosna TOiBKO B^ nyTemecTBÍH. 

Mofl cnyTHHivt OBasHBaerca (^RBaioS nyTeiiiecTBeHHBi^e& h driterca 
BSLKh BEicBasaHEEiMH MHOK) onaceHÍflifn OTHOCirejiLHO luasaBifl sa 
TaBoiTB ueBAjsfiXBOWb napoxoA^, sasi nama BnpwKa. 

— HHiero, xofi^bsHMi, — roBopen ona, ynorpe&Mfl o6Ei«iHoe 
BOJSCBoe Biipaseme: Ofboicamh^ BM^tero: nAumh. — A mii npHBnsjui^ 
He tioHMCfl. Mu Ha bthxi iiaJieHBBHxrb napoxoAHicaxi lyBCTByeirb 
eetífl sasi xona. dron, npaBAa, HeHaAe9KH'6e xpynixi, owh yse 
OAHffB pasi TOHyji. Ero paHBme SBajin E(ypuch^—07S,mjL%míO pas- 
csasBiBaeTL ona, saBypeBafl naniipocKy h yroimaa ifeHJi ^aem. — 
ILocjA TorOy saBi CJiy^fflUEOCb Hee^acrse, ero hohehuh h cnycTHiH 

OmiTB, HO BCi CTam tiOfllBCA, HHBTO HC XOT&Tb feA^Tb Ha HeiCb. 

TorAa BsaiH h nepeHMeHOBajiH ero: hsi Bopuea CfíbjíAJaí BfbpoHKgf 
H Bct craJH feABTB H OoflTBCfl nepeciajiH. 

— HaxoA^BO H npocTO, — saniTOH) a. 

Mofl HOBas sHasoMafl oqeHb npaBHTCfl mhí. 7 oCibsTh Hac^ 
(Hjeni AO OAHOfi H Tofi se npHcraHH. Bi HcaA^^ ^^ a(Úshh 
BcraiB H ixaib na JomaAflxi ao JLucsoBa, oiKyAa eft Aa^fune na 
KHflrHHHHi, a uwb bi CaMypoBO. Ho ao HcaA'^ en^e naca t[«, 
ecJiH napoxoA^ CyAerB njurrb 6&ai> onosAaHÍB, a aBsypaTHOCTbio 
napoxoAsi ne OTJtHqaKrren. 

PasroBopi (Tb nepBux^b ase ciobi, saBi h HaAO osvastb, nepe* 
xoAHTb Kb Bonpocy, 8aHHMaH)n^eMy Bctxx, kb neyposax) h bha^ms 
na ypoasafi bi tomi roAy^ ki noJioseHÍK) BpecTBflffb h opraHH- 
ssinfE noMon^H vb A^peBHflrE. 

CoCed^AHHi^a moa — caiia noii'£i]iHi^a, nocroaHHafl A^P^B^HCBafl 
SHTejiBHHi^a. Ona nposHJia npomeAniyK) SHMy (Sosbošsaho rb AepeBoi^ 
Bi rjyxoiTB yrjiy BHflrHHHHCsaro yteA&* ^ nysa ea Hefiomnoe 
Hifinie, Bi BOTopoifB OHI ynpaBJíflerB h xosflfiHHqaerB cam. ďCeHa, 
BHAHMO, npHHHMaerB ynacrie vh xosafiCTBi b vb yiipaKiemH Hirb* 
BieiTB H saB^Ayen ctojioboS; orEpuroft na cpeAcrsa HHseropox- 
CRaro (SjíaroTBopHTejiBHaro BOMHrera. 

Ha MeHfl npoflSBOAHTB Bne^xj^HÍe caMoe cjiobo: emoMeoM. 
^BoTB OHOy HaHHHaercfll^ — roBopiaflcaifa ceůi^ saBi roBopnjia fb 



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H3X no^A^^ HA B0.ir7. 209 

XÍtctbí, 6uBSLJiOy Bi MHHyTy HacrynieHÍfl HeroHHÓyxB TopsecTBen- 
Baro H Heo^Hiafinaro. Ilepe^o mhoh) Hejoetoi, nepesnBmift caMi 
nseioe Bpeiifl, 6jh3B0 crojiBinifi bi HecHacxHiíMXi otfjer^aBinifi 
m crpa^anifl. JBL n sa^HOcrbK) HaBHAUBaH)CB cb paacnpocaMH, ho 
otbítu SAtcB, saBi H vh MocBBÍ, He yAOBjeTBopflK)TB MCHH. HÍtb, 
;(0BOAHO pasroBopoBi! JI^oboibho raserB, oimcaHifi, nuceni h xota 
6ii pascBasoBi oieBHAi^eBi! ^epesx h^kojbso HacoBi. h Bce jBnsy 
caia. 

HarpyseHHuft nepesi spafi, MeA^ieeno Gísbtl napoxox^. Y 
Kas^oft npEcraHH Burpyssa e HOBaa narpysRa lOBapoBi. MaJieoBsie 
napoxoAU, noBHAHMOMy, A'i^aK)TB 6ojiBmifl x^a. Ho vbiTB (JjHse 
Ki Be^epy, t^itb acH^e, hto Hsi-sa stexi a'^'b ho y^acrca cfjb- 
jaTB CBOHxi: npE^ercfl onos^aiB na híckojíbbo qacoBi, HeBOSHoasHO 
(SyAerB Ao6paTBCfl BacBŠxjio ao Micra, pa^E ^ero co6cTBeHHO e bh- 
(SpaffB Óuji^b Bi HflSHeiTB HeyioCaiifi, ho nepBufty pannifi napo- 
lOA^B. Crpamno "ixaTB ho^bk) no HesnaBOMoft Aopori bi nesHaBO- 

MOe Mtot), OAHOfi. 

— A He Hosere sa bii ocxaBETB axy no^ABy ao Apyroro pasa 
I Tenepb noixaxB sarjflnyxB b'b HaM'B bx BnarEHEHCBifi y^A^?— 
HeosHAaHHO npeA-iaraexi uwb hoa cnyxHBi^a, Boxopofi a nepeAax) 
MOfl coo^pasenifl. — Bx caMOifB a")^) HeyAOÓHO npi-ixaxB ho^bio, 
eeiH BacB xaiťB ne SHaioxi e Aftse ne SAyxi. Bu sejaexe bea^xb 
BaBB MOSHO ÓojiBme, a na naci ao cexx nopi hebxo ne nose- 

MWb nOCMOXp&XB. Mu HECaJE E npOCESE H-lCBOJlBBO paSX, HO... 
BCi "^Ay^B B*B JiyBOflHOBCBÍ&. IIpaBO, XOHHO MOAa BaBa2-X0 CAÍJíS^' 

jacB Ha Hero. 

dra sajotfa noBxopflexca h']&cbojbbo pasi bi npOAOJsenie pasro- 
fiopa. Bd^y Bxo MorB ES^HEsnflro, npií^ssie ebi cxojiei^i ABflny- 
iHCB vb ^BOflHOBCBifi y^A^« TaMi E AeHBrE, E jiioAE, E aMepE- 
BaHCBÍtt xjňÓT^ E nojrymyÓBE. 

— Jlfl HaCB CJOBHO E A'^^ HEBOMy H-ixi, BaBi 6yAxo 6u He 
($010 H HysAU* Xox^ocB 6b[, ^To6u Bxo-HE6yAB npi']bxajii hocmo- 

TpbXB. . 

HeosEAannoe npeA^osenie sacxaexi nenj! Bpacnjioxi. 
IIpesAe Bcero a cxapaiocB yÓ^AEXB bi xomx, qxo ne Mory ao- 
craBETb HE xji6a, he nojymyOBOBi, noxoMy hxo ne em^k) HEBa- 

KHXl nOJIHOMO^iŽ HE OTB BaBHX'B 06n^eCXBl E BOMEXeXOBl, ^XO fl 

buojhí ^acxHoe jiei^o, nyxemeciByio na CBofi coCcxBenHuft cxpaxi 
H pHCB% E ne eh-ík) npE ce6% hehbexi AonerB, coÓpaHHuxi no 
noAnHCB-i MesAy snaBOMUME, HEqero Bponi HEqTOSHuxi q)eACXBx, 
lOxopuE Besy oxi CBOefi jieheoS ceMBE, 

— Bce paBHOj bu jBEAExe, pascaasexe, nanEmexe KOMy-BE- 

Ton IL— Maptl, 1898. 14 



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210 BI^CTHHBl EBPOnfil. 

6yAb. íepesi eact ysHaioPB Apyrie- Kto-hhÓyab npH^en e noMO- 
aseTB HaMib... 

& HaqHHaK) K0Jie6aTBCfl. 

IlepcneBTHBa HoneBaTB bi JIucrobš o^Hoft, vb rocTHHHiii^, hh- 
^yTB He npHBjesaerB MeHfl. Ob ;ipyro& cropoHEi, npeAcroHTB ujíve- 
BUŘ nepeísA^B na jsomaxflxi Tor^iaci se uocjA napoxoxa. 

— BxBoeMrb He crpamno, Aopora sHaROMaa. Mysi Moft caifE 
no^AeTB cb BaMH no AepeBHJiM'B n noBaseri ctojtobíia. 

— A CBOJIBKO BepCTb HySHO 4xaTB? 

— O, neiíHoro! BepcrB 50. Bi KHflrHHHH-i^ nepeHOHyem h 
noyrpy u&bjs,ewb ]»Jihme. 

Bíšfbcio HaBHaqeHHiix'B HeTBipex'B, mei nonaAaeni fb Hca^H 
Be^epoMi Bi^ BOceMB Haeovb. Ho en^e paHBme iipišs^a ji ptmaio npe- 
HUTB MHJoe npej^oseHÍe^ Tanipa^yniHO h npocro CA'&JiaHHoe mhí. 

MucjiB o caMypoBCBHXi 6apinnHflx% Ha ifHHyTy ocTanaBjniBaerB 
MeHfl. FoBopflTB, TaMx HysA&9 BpHTHHecBoe noJOKeme. Ho b^^b h 
SA^CB TaBse HysAft n noifOn^H h^tb hh oti Boro, h ho no boií 
JLH cyABÓH ycrpoHJiacB HeoAHAftHHafl Bcrpi^a, BaBflsajiCfl pasroBopi, 
H ÓJiaropasyííHO jih BOOÓn^e^ T&ifb 6ojrite bi nyremecTBÍH, npoTH- 

BHTBCfl yBasaHÍfllTB H Bejr^HÍfllTB cyAB^u? 

Bi cyn^HOCTH, neÓOJiBmafl orcpo^Ra ne HSMŠHHTb HH^ero. Mob 
npeAJiaraDn npoBecTH ABa-Tpn aha Vb A^pesn^, bhaítb croJiOBHa. 
y MOHA wbrb npHBinBH nyremecTBOBaTB OAHOft... 

Ha npHcraHH h na napoxoA^ HAeri o5£i^Hafl cyera. Bcb tii^ryrB 
ByAa-TO, cnimarB. BpHTtifl fojiobii h TaxapcBifl manBH'Hanie npes- 
Hflro oonaAaiOTCfl na masa. Benepnifl t^hh CTeJuorca yse no s&ttái 
H BOjí,^. 3acBts&[0. A spyroiTB ^aiifljHitay neHSBicTHEifl Micra... 

Xopomo Bi Tasifl MHHyTii HyBciBOBaTb Bi CBoeS pysi py^By 
xoTfl 6hí H qysoro pe6eHBa, AOBŠpwBo npHJiBHyBniaro Bib BaM'B bi 
HesnaBOMoft lOJin^. 

MojiOAafl noirbn^Hi^a OBasunaercfl npaBTnqecEOft, onuTHoi nyre- 
mecTBeuHHi](efi. Ona snaeri, bi soMy o6paTHTBCfl, snaerB jsjbBU u 
iri^CTHEífl ycjiOBifl, H TOJBBo 6jaroAapfl eft na namy aoo) Aocraercfl 
eAHHCTBeHHHft peccopHufi Tapanraci. H ÓJiaroAapa tojibbo aroicy la- 
panracy oBaBUBaercfl bosmoshumi npoixaiB ao JIsiCBOBa comb BepcrB 
6031 CH^^n^eHifl Bd^xi BnyrpennocTefi, no nepBOÓHTHofi Aoport npi 

He6006pa3l3MUX'B TOJIHBaXl. 

Ho 6epery Baire haoti MOcTOBaa, pasMUTafl pasjHBaMH ao 
coctoehíh, BOTopoe AfterB n^Boropoe nonaTie o noiosemH no^u 
na Apyrofi AenB BeiaeTpflcenifl. Sacoxmíe bomba rpflsn h rpoMaAHne 
6yjiusHHBHy BUBopoHeHHHe HffB BeMJH, yxa^Bi, vb BOTOpHe easeMH- 
HyTHO norpysaercfl aBHnasi h apmHHHOfi rjyfiHHu bojsíoe, nafo- 



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H31 no^AKH HA Bo;iry. 211 

aBeHHUfl B^ rpASHyio nopy — Bort, hto npeAcraaiHerb co6oh) Aopora 

Vh JlaCROBO, 3HaMeHHT0e JIUCBOBO, H3BÍteTH0e Ch A'3^TCRIIX'B Jli^Tb 

no BciiTB y^etfHHsaMi reorpa^ia, BCAjn^e MBjdOHHue o6opoTEi, h 
^epesi BOTopoe ne AaJi'6e Raní bi dTOMi roAy npomjio TaRoe ro- 
jinecTBO nocotfifi, xjr66a, sepna. SsaROMUfl crpo^RH raserHEixrb 
craTei, RoppecnoHAeHi^í& no(UÍAHflro BpeiieHH BaiieJiBRajiH bx rja* 
aan: geapaJSoTORL HaceieHÍio rojiOAaioiitHxx M^CTHOcreft... yjry^me- 
Hie nyreft coo6n^eHÍa... oÓn^ecTBeHHUfl pa6oT£i^... Botb ohh! 

CeMB BepCTB no BpeifeHB H npOHBBOAHMOMy yTOMJieHÍK) ctoiotb 

HksojBRHxi qacoBi fe^u. yxoMJieHie A-iBBHaro Aoposnaro aha 
HaTOHaeTB cRasuBaTBCfl ea mohxi cnyiHHRaxi. 3a JIucrobeimi 
Hxen npeRpacHEifi, RaRi bc^ CTapuH Aopora, o^casesHiifi bi Asa 
piiAa A^peBBflMH, RasaHCRÍft TpaRTi. Ha poBHOiťB xoAy 8RHnaa&a, 
mxh 3B0HI ROJOROJiBqBRa ApetfJieTCfl. Mtcfli^i, ho^th noaniifi, b30- 
meji H sasHBaerB oRpeciHOCTB ýanTacTH^ecREMi, ('iJiiiifB dflHÍeifB. 
^epHUfl T&HH 6yAT0 AHeBfB d^ryTL sa JiomaABMB. TeHHua nojoca 
-— tIhb TeJierpa^Huxi ctojiÓobi — BUTAresaiOTCfl ea nojuixi no cro- 
poHam AopoFH. Be3A*i RyAa Moasen xBaxBTs rjiasi — nojia, nepe- 
iiesaiDn^iiíCfl nojocsi pasnooCpasniixi xjiióovb. 

?T0 dTO? 3^eRTi Jiynnaro ocB^^n^eHÚi? Hjh ocoSufi copn 
CKopocnIjRH, nocnWion^ifi ri nanajiy íioha? 

Bcfl cepeópanafl, Óijiafl, oÓ^HTan H^cfli^eMi, po^s Rasercfl no- 
cirlBnieS RaR^s 6u HaRasyn^ saxBu. 

S. cnpaniHBaK) BMn^HRa. 

— MopoBOMX yÓHJio. HemTO ne BBAHTe! — neoxoTHO otbí- 
HaerB oni. 

— Jlfij BOTB OHO HTo! Basy. 

Bb OABHnaAUaTB HaCOBl mu BX'68SaeMl B^ RHBrHHHHl. 



n. 

JI^aMCRoe OTHomenie r'b BepcraMx, c^exairB h npo^efi SHiefiCRoft 
apiieMeTHR']^ Aasno óujío bsb^ho uwb h ne nysAajiocB wb hoboitb 
noATBepsAenÍH, RorAa yrpoMi na Apyrofi abeb a ysnajia, hto ao 
AepeBHH — RoneHHOfi i^íjh naniero nyTemecTBÍa — ocraBajocB emfi 65 
BepcTB, HToro, BU'bcTb cb CAi^aHHUMH yse 30-k), 6ojAe 90 Bepcn, 
bmícto o&bmfisfíux^ 50, na ROTopua sl paBC^HTUBaja. 

Mofl MHJiafl cnyrnniia TaR'B mhjio onpaBAUBajiacB, yxpo 6ajio 
Tasoe 6jiHCTaTejibHoe! H ne BOSBpan^aTLca xe na3aA'B, noci% ca'£- 

^BHHXl 30, HBl-Sa JIHn]HHX'b 40 BepCTB. 

Mu AO<$paJiHCB AO ycaAB^u r^ Benepy poBno nepesi cyiRH 

14* 



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212 BI^CTHHBl EBPOmi. 

nocjrb pasroBopa aa napoxoAÍ> a ^epeai ^aci a ^yscTBOBaja ceiSa 
Basi 611 BX CBoeft ceiiB'£. 

^íth — xopomeHBBÍfl, qepHorjiasiifl h pyuflHUfl — totto(?b ae 
nosHaROMHJHCB, ocBOHJiHCB CO MHOfi H HasBajiH HeHfl memeů. 

XosflHHi AOMa — KpacHBuft 6pH)HerB, 6uBinifi aprHJuepHcn — 
jiocjlí nepBaro se aparte Ch iseHoft BcrynHJii co mhoh) bi pasro- 
Bopi>— OAHH^ Hsi Tixi> pa3roBopoBi« KOTopEie 3aTlBaK)TCfl B'B npo- 

BHHI^in Ch CbIsHMH, npiteSHHH JHIOABMH, CB SeiaBiCMl KaSl MOSHO 

6ojiie ysBaxB, BaRi mosho CRopIfi pascnpocBTB h bi to se speiifl 
H3JHTB jiymy, BucRasarBca caMOMy. 

Mu Ha^ajíH CB ctojiobiixi h nepemjiH Kh jBTepaTypi. íl jcjlu- 
maia o&h oco6eHBOCTflX'B 3A'9^niHflro npeABO^HTeja h seMCsaro Ha- 
^ajBBHBa, H AOJSHa 6um sa 9to caMa pascBasaTB o AyMCRofi HcropÍH 
Bi Mocrbí, o 60JÍÍSEJ11 OAHoro MHHHcrpa H o A^TejBHOCTH rpa^a 
ToJCToro, 

Mei ycrynHjH hotoitb Jiy^myio nocre-iB h jíyHmyio ROMeaTy m> 
AOM-i, H Ha ;ipyrofi a^hb nysi h sena bh^ctí OTnpaBBjncB npo- 
BOsaiB HeHfl vb CTOJOByK), Bepcraxi vb AByx'B otb yca^B^u. 

— Mh ne ycrpoHJiH ctojtoboA y ceCa vh AepeBH*]^ — xora bto 
61L10 6u H yAOÓH-ie a^a nacB — napo^HO, norony hto naniH Rpe- 
CTBaee Bce se Jiymne ce(Ja ^yBCTByiorB,— oíxacefljiH ohh mh4 Aopo- 
Toiy B% TO BpeMfl RaRi MU npoéssaJiB cejiOMi, mapoRO pacRHHyB- 

mBMCfl HO plRÍ, CX RaMeHHOfi IiepROBBH) H npOCTOpHUMH HSCaMH. 

Ha uoMTh no CToponaMx Aopora posB 6ujia cpeAHaro Ra^ecTBa, 
Mto'aMH no5BTafl Mopo80M'B, cxpaHHO G^ji^Bmafl nycTUMH, Top^a- 

n^HMB BBCpXX ROJOCBBMB, HOCpe^H SCJieHlIXl nOJOO, nepe^HBaBIHHXCH 

no B'£Tpy. PflAOMi CB BCJieHUHH qepHŽJiH CB^se * pacnaxaHHBiH 
nojtocH. Ro6ujiRa ci^a noj[6y h OBecB, n npBmjiocB CBHSHOBa oe- 
penaxHBaTB hoa^ rpeny. 

— CjianiROMi paHO en^e TenepB, hto6h CRasaTB Hxo-HHCyAB 
onpOA^ennoe, — otbí^íb^i na BonpoeB Hoft o&b yposa']^ MOJio^oft 

XOdflHHB, SaHflTBlfi OTBICRHBaHBeMl BRSeHnJflpa KOCUAKUj ROTOpofi fl 

HERor^a He BH^aja h xoT^a yBHAaxB. 

— ít6 noÓBTO Mopo30MT» — HC HonpaBHTca yse, pasyMÍeTCH, bto 
A&io ROHHeHHoe. Hy, a oerajiBHoe... RaRi aosah. He Óy^erB Aoa&An 
— onflTB noropHTB Bce. A botb h RofiujiRa, — npHÍaBHJTB ohb, uojí- 
xoAfl R^B dRHnasy cb CBoefi naxoARoft. 

JI HHRorAa ne OTJHHfljia 6u ee ottb npociorO) o(íuRHOBeHHaro 
RysHeHBRa, RaRÍe npuraiorB y hbcb bo apena cieoROca h BaHocHTca 
na njiaTL^ AOHOfi. A nes^y tImi oh']^ noA'B'9^AaH>Ti gnepo", no- 
jiOAOfi, posoBaTufi en^e creóejieRi paereHÍfl, h npoHSBOAflTB crpam- 
BUfl onycTomenifl. R BB^aja Mapia^u bxi hotomi^ Tyn se b^ 



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Udí nO^XM HA BOJOT. 213 

BfljfFHHHHCKOirB ytsA^* Obpafl, BEisseHHax coJHi^eMX, Mesa Kasa- 
uch 6yKBajibH0 ximoi, meBeJHBinefiai noxi hhmh, e a se Morjra 
npeAcraBHTb ce6i^ sasEMH iťibpaMH bosmosho ao^hteca hx'b HCTpetf- 
jieHiii. 

— Hj, a npexxe, paHBme, xasi bu nocrynajiH cb hhmh? — 
cnpamHBaK) a. 

— PaHBme hxx hb tfHáo, — oiBiqaiOTB mh'&. 

— KaRi, HeyiseJiH ace cobc^mi se 6ujio! 

— Mu He BH^ajiH, He dombemi. H crapiiRfl ne noMHATE. J^a 
bíxb Ma.iO JIH qero npesA^ ne 6ujio! Bobi BsrjAHBTe, Basoft Jiich 
CTOHTB. IIpesAe TaBHxi MopoBOBi He 6ajio, a lenepB botb vh 
oxHy HOHB HposB, H pon^y yÓBJío. 

Bi CTopoH']^ AopoFH, saspuBafl ycaji(B6y, BHAH^eTCA He6oJBino& 

J(y60B£lft Jl'ÍCOBly BBIA^&IflflCb pi^BHlťB OATHOMB Ha VOJiyÓOWh $OHŠ 

He(Sa. TasHMH (5EiBaH)TB jtca panneft BecHofi: BpacHOBaiiafl h reif- 
HfiA, orojeHHEifl bítba TpeneTHO boshocatca BBepxi bi osH^aniH 
CBoero BeceHHflro y6opa. H BpyroifB Bce roBopeiB otfi osíHAama: 
Mojo^aa, eABa npoSHBaioaiaflCfl s&ieHb, Becennie tohu h BeceHHÍe 
3ByB8 H BpacBfr... H crpaHHEiirB h neHajibHuiťB BOHipacTom 
ii&iflH)TCfl dTH rojufl B^TRH xenepb, pa^OMi ch Roiocflo^eiocfl yse 
posbK) Bi saTHoibi sapnarO) iiOHbCBaro oojjaha, hc ocraanHioqaro 
yse MŠcra a^a osH^aHÍft n HaAeasA'^. 

— A BOTB H CTOJOBaa! Opii^xajiH. 

K He saMi^THJia, RaRi mu BxixaJH bb a6P6bhk) h ocraHOBHJHCb 
y oxHofi H3X BpafiHHxx n86'b« 

Ha JABU^b nOA^b ORHaMH HSÓEI CTOHTB CTOJIX, C06paHH£I& HB^B 

j(ocoKE, nojosReHHuxi Ha RoaiEi, u ORpyaReHHuft jaBRaMH co bcíx^b 
^erupexi cropoHx. 

Jt^TCRÍA roAOBu — MajibHHRH 0631^ manoR'b H A^BOHRH B'b Hjax- 
saxi — tIchumi tfopAH)pOMi OBpyautiOTB ctoji. Bspocjuxi ne bbaho, 
spoM^ XByxi crapyx^ na oahomi rohi^%, a& MysHBa cb bcriobo* 
HeoHofi rojoBofi n ÓopoAoB, OBasaBmarocA ytforHMi, Aypa^ROiťB on 

pOSAeHÍA. 

lípa nameirb npH6jHa&eHÍH Bcb Bcraiorb. 

MojOAaA (SapuHA bxoahtb bt> Hstfy h qepeai MonyTy BOSBpa- 
ntaeTCA) npHAepsHBaA oSíhmh pyRaMH ropy Hap'63aHHEix'B BycROBi 
^epnaro xjAÚslj ROTopuS cb noifon^bH) A'^Teft pacRjaAUBaerB no 
CTOjy. 

3to 6uja nepBaA crojiOBaA, ROTopyio a yBHAA^a Bnocji'&ACTBÍH 

KHÍ npHOUOCB BHA'&TB HXl AOCATRH H yď^AHIBCA, HTO Bl STOITB, 
BaVB H BO BCAROMl APyrOMX Kbjí% RaRl 6u HH OAHOOtfpaSHO Ba- 
3&I0CB OHO HO CBOeft CyH^HOCTB, CBOfiCTBa JHI^a, CTOflH^arO BO FJaBi^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



214 BlCTHHBl EBPOnU. 

ero oco6eHHOCTH, ero yiiCTBeHHii& h xymeBHufi CBJiaAi> orpaKaiOTca 
vb nuamib e^Ba jjiobhmeixi nepn h Hejio^eft, npHAaion^Hxi HMeHHa 
TOTB, a He Apyrofi xapaRTepi e caMOMy A^y. 

RasAftH CTOJOBafl coxpaHiua bi ce&b OTJummeAhnusí ^epni 
CBOHxrb ynpeAHTejieft h y?peAHTeJBHBi(rB. 

Bujio HTO-TO TporaTejiBHoe, MaTepHHCSH-jiacsoBoe bi Masepii^ 
CB BOTopoK) MOJiOAafl pacnopflAHTeJBHHiia — cana MaTB 6ojibinoft cenBH 
— o6pan^ajiacB cb dTOfi By^eft 4ysHxi rojoxHEixi, A^peBeHCBHXi pe* 
62Vb. KasAaro ona snajia no HMeBH, seaja nojioseHie ceMBH. 

EaÓEi MHroifB, CB Be^poirB aa xoAy, cb HejiomHTBifB pysaBom^ 
(JpocHBmH paÓOTy, OBpyauiiorB nacB h ctoji, h nysHO bha^tb pa- 
AOCTHoe BupaseBie hx'b jiha'b, RorAa Óapsinfl xyxofi, stoHOfi pysofi 
noAHHMaerB sa noA-^opo^OB^B nyMasoe pujiBi^e BaRoro-HBÓyAB Ba- 
HiomBE HJTH IleTBBH H, yji£i($aflCB, npHroBapHBaeTx: 

— Gmotph, Abchhba, saBofi y aacB xopomift buxoahjscbI Py- 
6axa aa newh HHcreBBBafl ceroAHfl. Mojo^ei^! A tboii aohbe^ 
ApHHa, — sasHJiH ymBH? 

— SasHjiH, MaTymsa, BopMHJHi^a tei nama! 

— A Bopioxa BaBi? ^ejiBAinepi Óujrh? 

PflA'B paBcnpocoBi noBasBTBaen seBofi HHxepecrB e 6jHsa8nie& 
ofin^eHÍe MesAy SHTejflMH 6ojiBmofi A^peBHH h MajieHBBoS ycaAb6u. 

06%A'B MesAy i'ÍMx HAerB cbohitb qepeAOBťB. 

Hsi H86II BCiri^A^ 3a xjrltfoirB sbihocatca ^aniBo — Taai Basu- 
BaeifUfl xje6ajiBHUfl 6jiH)Aa — CBA^iHjmHMCfl BapeBOMi. „Meeio'' o&b- 
fflwb flanoMHBaeTB no onHcaeifliii pasaHCBÍe o&bm bi ctojobhis 
rpaýa TojiCToro. Tb ise Asa 6jiK)Aa: n^H h sHABaa BamBi^a^ hjih 
tiopn^x CBesojiBHHBx H BapromBa. Ho saím^b "I^aatb oahbi pasi bs 
AeHB. Ha AB% xpanesu ne XBaTaen* q)eACTBi. 

6jiK)Aa nocraBJíeHu, BycRH pas^osenu. Bcš BcraiOTB. B'b bos- 
Ayxi BawHaeTCfl Óucrpoe, Óucrpoe BSMaxHBasie BopoTeHBBBX^y 
BpecTBn^Hxcfl A^TCBBX'B pyB^, ToponjBBoe BHBanie rojOBi. Bci 

CaAHTCfl H OJBHBJíeBBBlft ry^ 3B0BBHX'B FOJIOCOBl CTHXaeTB padOMi» 

H coBepmeBHO. 

06ŤAaK)rB Bi nojmoBTB MOJ^aBÍH. 

— Oiqero obe MOJinarB? — cnpamEBaH) a. 

— "BcTB xoTflrB, — o6%flCBBerB mbí, yjiBiÓaflCB, moh cnyTBBaa. 
— Kto npofiojiTaerB, Tony ifeBBme AOcraneTCfl; obe 8to AaBso 
coofipasfljifl. fl, snaeTe, 6ojihme AynaH) o A'ÍTflX'B. OrapEBE — ohb 
B^AB yse OTSBEJiE CBoft B^BX. Bdpocjue, ecifl e ne ao^aati — mo- 
ryTB jer^e nepeBecTE, a a*th — sajiBO hx-b. Hmi pocTE HysBO|i 
HaÓEpaTBCfl CBJx. MBoro en^e npeAcroBrB BnepeAB, — yfiiABieJBBO 
H xaBB 6u B^ neiTB BEÓyAB onpaBAUBaflCB, roBopETB OBa e npo* 



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H3i» no^ARií HA BOJiry. 215 

Boxen pyRofi no CjiHasafirnefi &biOBOJiocoŘ voÁOvb, HaooHeHHOft 

HEXl CTOJIOirB. 

— Bu He conacHH co MHofi? 

— Wbvhj onero se, corjiacHa. Ecjin HejiBSfl HaROpMaTb bc&xb, 
no-HeBOJi^ npHxoABTCtf beiCeprtb. Ho KaKi se níbjííLJOTb ocrajiBHHe? 

— nepe6HBaiOTCfl h30 ah2 vh j^euh. HtROTopue nojiy^aion 
nooofiie, a to npoAaiOTB ckothey, saua^EiBaiorB Ben^n. P^b^KO y 
BOTO ocrajocb HTO-HHÓyAb bi jiflu^. 

fl He hmíh) ocHOBamfl ne b^phtb axHirB CBaA'^TejiBCTBairB o 
(%XCTBeHHOirB noioseHÍE RpecTBAHi co CTopoHH BHAHMO xopomo 
ocBÍAOMJieHHox'B, CHMnaTH^Huxi jHD^efi — itícthhx^b SHTejeft. To se 
ciMoe roBopflTL mb wb nocxbjíjíomie ahh wb ApyrHXi ycaxB6axi 
I xepeBBflx^, vh KOTopuxi jáwb npHxoAHTCfl (uBaTB. 3to He ifi- 
maen mh^ saM^brarB, ^to xepeBHH caMH no ce0% ne mAiovb Toro 
BHAa, BOTopiifi fl osi3AftJi& BCTp6THTB, cy^fl no OHHcaHiflirB rojOAa- 
lon^HXi Mtonocrefi. 

HanpoTHBx, — nocjii MOCsoBCROfi ry6epHÍH orpoMHiia cejia n 

BUieHHUMH I^epRBaifH, CB naTHCrbEHUHH, TpeXOROHHUHH H86aMH, 

nopasaiOTB MeHfl cbohhi BHÍmHHirB bhaomx sasaro^HOCTH, oneBHA- 
HO en^e He^aBnaro, cpaBHHrejiBHaro Ójaronojiy^. Bo mhofhxi irb* 
CTUB HsCii cnjomB RpiiTu TecoMi, ABopu H saropoAu npocTopHue 
H KB HopflAiB^. PacRpuTEie ABopBi H RpiimH nonaAaH)TCfl Bl» bhaí 
HCRjnDiemji, rjiaBmiirB oÓpasoifB, bi TaTapcRHxi AepeBHaxi. 

— JífiWh HOcraBieHi, ny h ctohtb, yroji ecTB. A b4ab ero 
HB yRycHHiB^ — roBOpan uwb RpecTBane bib otbí^tb na moh saH^qa- 

Bifl. 

— A Ty noFJiflAB, ht5 wl Aony-TO. Doai* MOTejiomy BiiifeJio 
Bce. ?ero fobophtbI Bi aocatb jrbrb ne nonpaBHTBca MysE^RairB. 

J(b& AHfl CHJioniB npoxoAHTB FB CTpaHCTBOBaHÍflxrB no AepeBHaiťB. 
Mh ocMaTpHBaeifB ctojiobua, nonaAaeni vh bojioctheia npaBjfenia, 
BB noM^n^H^H ycaAB^Bi. 

nOVTH BOSAÍ^ bo FJaBt A^l diarOTBOpHTeJBHOCTH HaxoAflTca 
JQIMU. 

MojoAafl A^Bymaa cb RjiaccHHecRHMi oÓpasoBameMB — ao^ no- 
Mio^HRa — ycTpoHJia crojOByio y ceóa bi hm']^híb. 

Haní yAaercfl nocnŠTB vb 11 -th ^lacaMB yTpa — BpeiieHH, RorAa 
bb (k)jiBmHHCTBŠ CTOJiOBiixrB npoHCxoAHTB RopMJieHÍe. Ob nepBaro 
se BBrjiflAa tfpocaerca bb rjasa neAaHTHqecRaa tohhoctb h otfpas- 
AOBtift nopflAORx MesAy oti^Aaion^HiiH; necMorpa Ha to, hto 6ojb* 

UIIHCTBO H9B HHXl OHATB-TaRH pe6flTHmRH. 

BiicoRaa ^arypa, npsMafl h crpofinafl, MOseTB 6utb cramROiTB 
npaMafl, jrHmeHHaa HeyjiOBHMoft rpai^H thÓrhxi ABHsemft, cb ne- 



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216 BftCTHHRl EBPOmi. 

AarorE^ecsH BHHMaTejiBHH[M'&, a^obhhx BiipaseBÍeMi oůjlokbtb 
AJiHHHufi CTOJii. IIpHCMHirlBinia ^arypci fibtei cb josicaMH earo- 
TOB% Bx pyRaxi, Ha MEHyry HanoMHBaiorB yqe6Hiift BJiaccB yneónaro 
saBe^eHÚi. Ho Bce xopomo, ^f,u bbojh), i^a s^opoBas, h yjiiiÓBa 
yAOBOjacTBLi osHBJUien iiojiOAoe jihi^o, cb RjaccH^ecRH npaBiuBHE- 

MEy HeMHOrO HenOABHSHUME HepTaMHy BO BpeMU ejSJUEOJkjmEhlTb BB* 

pasenifi OAo6peflifl aojiesBoft A^TeiraocTH. 



m. 

— HaAO Bací cbo3htb bi ÓJiarocJOBeHBoft crapymrt Hamet. 
y Befl TaBse crojiOBafl, — roBopsTb nwb Ba xperifi j^enh uoevo 
npiidAa paxynifliifi xosahbi b% otb^ti Ba Moe sasBieBÍe, tto s 

O^eBB AOBOJIBBa BCku^b BBA^HflfilMl H AyMaiO ABBByTBCfl Bl JífLSh- 

vMmifi nyTB. 

— DojBore! 3aq^i BaHi cb^bihts! U&bAevcre. Hama ctojho- 
BHfl noxoHB Bcš OABa Ba ApyryK) b Be MoryTE (5aibme BBTepeco- 
BaTB BacB, a mwh BafiAeie, MOsen Óbitb, HTo-BBÓyAB BOBoe, BHre* 
pecBoe. Mbí se BcraTB nopy^eBO BaBecTB cnpaBBE vh to& M&rr- 
BOCTB. npi'63safl BerepÓyprcBafl Óapuaa Ay^aerB otbpeitb ctojiob7k> 
OKOJO CBoero iminisij h BysBO 6u ci'&3ahtb, BsrjrflnyTB. 

A Be Baxosy BOspaseBÍft, b mu OTBpaBJífleMCfl. 
AosAeft Be 6ujio 6ojAe AByxi BeA'&JB. Cipo-jsejiTaB beub ae- 
jBBTi Ba Aopori ByxJuiifB cjioeiťB, Bps Maji-i&meMi ABBai(eBÍB roTo- 

BUITB SaSJíyÓBTBCfl, BOABBTBCfl B OTpaBHTB BpeJieCTB BO^AKB paH- 

flBiTB yTpoH'B VB BOBofiBOMX dKBBasf]^, Ba xopoBraxi JomaA^xx. 

MibCTBOCTB B'B KBJírBBBBCBOlťB fbsfib BOO^B^e BepOBBaa, XOJIMBCnUi, 
B JOmaAB — BOM^B^H^BB, flMCBÍfl B Aase BpeCTBBBCBÍfl, yABBBTeJBHO 

BiiŠBseBii, BUBOSflTB Bi Topy fl CBycBaiOTB CB Topu Be xyse Ta- 
TapcRflxi jfomaAefi bi Epuny. 

— Mfli 06OBUOCB BpOBOpMBTB UOJO TpottRy 500 p. Bl BUB&n* 

BeMi roAy. Cíbo nyTB Be bo ^yBTairB BORysajiB Ba Óasapi. A 
MysBRB Ba BOJOBBBy pacnpoAajiB cbobxi JomaAefi. 

— KaRi ae obb TesepB CyAyix cb BamBeS, cb yfiopRoi? — • 
CflpamBBaH) a. 

— BorB Ex% BBaeTB. He sBaio. EuBaioTB laRÍB BOJioseHÍa, 
RorAa sasMypBBiBCB b crapaeBiBCfl Be CMorpiTB, Borony tto, Bce 
paBBO, sBaemB — bomohb BejiBSfl. 

PasroBopi BOA'B sbob^b ROJOROJB^BRa BpOAOiaRaercfl, ae Bpepu- 
BaacB no^B bb Ba MBByry. 

Jí HyBCTByB) ce($a BeoÓEiRBOBeBBO cbo6oabo b jrerRO cb CBOBím 



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B31 nowfljíE HA BOJiry. 217 

HOBHMH sHaBOMUMH H saAyMUBaiocb O npHHHHaxi dTOfi BHesanHofi 
aersocTH. CjyqaflaaH ecrp^qa ea napoxoAÍ> sax^Hi — no^^Ra, Jer- 
BOMHCJieHHafl dcsana^a ci Moeft cropoHu, h botb Ha xpeiifi xeHB 
3HaK0MCTBa MU TOBopHMi TO^HO tfjATO 6u sHajiH Apyrb Apyra A6* 

CflTBH 3ÍTh. n fl HaTOHaK) nOHHMaTB, HTO dUO He OAHO CJť^ACTBÍe otf* 

ntm j&bMffiEiŘj vb jífiiEEowh CJtyna^— OAHHaKOBaro OTHomeHifl bi 
npocTOMy Hapoxy, ki Hapo^HOHy dbjkCtBÍíO. Eirbj axo siqro 66jibinee 
H ropasAO MeHBmee bi to se Bpeiia, h6o bto aie se BcrpinajTE 
jK)xei CB OAHHaBOBEiifi oÓpasoMi Mucaefi, otfHsaion^Hxi BacB eace- 

MIHyTHO nOJHOfi H HenpHMHpHMOfi npOTHBOnOJIOSHOCTBK) npHBEiHesi 

8 npieifOBi SHdHeHHaro oÓHXOAa, BOTopsift BJiiflerB ea Haci, MOserB 
tfiiTB, CHJBHie, HesejiH MU 8T0 oÓuBHOBeHHo AyMaeM^. 

UMeHHO 8Toro-TO n He 6ujío kb ^annoMi cjiyqa'6. He tojibbo hítb 
oÓHXH, npoTHBonoJOSHOCTH. HO HeBOJiBHO 6pocaeTCfl B% rjiasa oah- 
BasoBOCTB AOManiHflro crpoa, cxoactbo ceMeftHuxi oóu^aesi h jon- 

HBXl npHBilHeRl, BOTOpiIfl BiipaÓOTUBaiOTCfl TOJBBO OAHHMl — O^H* 
BaSOBUMH yCJOBÚlMH BOCHHiaHÍfl. 

Rb nyxoMi yrjy rjiyxoro yfes^a, btb eropoB^b otb nyreft coo6- 

nieHÚr, Wh HeopHBOCHOBeHHOCTH COXpaHHJIHCB ^OpMU H paMBH SH3- 

HH, BaBOH) ona Ctura wb abopahcbhxi PHibsAaxi noBCiOAy neiBepTB 
BÍBa HasaA^B. ]í,o liJumsiE aoxoahtb BneqaTJi']^HÍe, BOTopoe ohh — 
mi FH^sAa — npoH3BOAflTB Ha Měna 3A']kcB, xenepB. SaÓUTUA Bapranu 
I He8a6BeHHUfl tIhh, a^tcbía BOcnoMHHaHÍa BOCBpecaiOTB na Bas- 
AOMi máry. MenyTaMH mh'^ npeACTasjínercfl, hto a cobc^mx ne b^ 

BHflrHHHHCBOMX, a fAi-HHÓyAB Vh pseBCBOMl fbSK^y H ^TO 9T0 He 

HHBOJiBCBoe, a MOsen Óbitb name Abobjcbo. 

Ho o6u^MWh crapHHHaro rocTenpiHMCTBa Měna snaBOMarB cb 
ceMBeft BO BceMi esi npeiBHeMX, naTpiapxaJiBHOHi SHaHeniH h 061- 

€1IÍ. S. A'6jiaK> H^CBOJIBBO BH3HT0BI HB paSCTOflHÍH H^CBOJIBBHXl 

BepcTB BOBpyTB: crapBBaMi poAHrejiflMi, noHienBUM^B poACTBennH* 
uwh H Apyrofi MOJiOAOfi ^erb^ npiiOTHBmeficfl TyTi se no 6jih80- 
CTH, H BOTB ^Ay TenepB Kh CAatocAoseuHoů CfnapyiUKfh, a*sa nocb- 
n^enifl Boropofi hbxoaíitch TaBse aoctbtohho ocHOBaniB h hphtohi. 
Ho yase noca% nepBaro se BHaera s snaia 8apaH'le h yraAU- 
BaK)y ht6 osHAaeTB Měna: 



. . . BOTb Ch MOCTHKa CBepHJJIH HS njOTHHy, 

BoTB oóOTHyjio npyAi, h cajTB, u MfiWh, 

noTOMi notxaiH massoirL, 

CBepnyjH BAOJib aiieeK) crapnHuoft 

H Bon> HMiuHKii CTerHyJl^ no rcími no Tpc&r&... 



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218 BI&OTHHBl EBPOmi. 

A Ha sapocmeirb MypaBoft, otfcaa&eHHOMi TonojiAiiH ;iBap^ 
orjiyniHTejiBHHifB Jiaeifb BCTptqaK)rb co6aRH. B% nepeAHei, Cb He* 
e8mÍhhum'b ROHBRoirB, pasA^^HaeTO c^AOBjracui JiaBeS co crapnecROft 
noxoAKoi, BunflqeHHUMH, no&bjíÍBmfiiyíB koji^Ihamh, bi Bin^B^Bmeirb, 
sejreHOBaToiťB ctapryRŠ. B'b cbítjoí saJi*! — ceMeiHiie nopipem h 
SHaBOMue i^b^Itei na ORHaxi h no yrjrairB. BojiBme h Bivh hx^b 
msvfliby QTHXi itBfooB'^! ^uoAeHApoHH H ^HKycu — jiparoi^HHiie 
TponHHecBÍe ypo^i^u h nexonocRH, HBRorAa ne AOCTEraK)ii(ie noj- 
Haro pasBUTÍJi e i^B^TeHifl sanŠHHJiH npeseie HaHBBtie i^b^tu, pa- 
XOBaBmie rjiasi ^yniHCTEiMH óyRexaMH RHTaftcRHxi posx, BOJRaMepift 

H OJieaHApOB^B. 

Bi 6ecÍAK^ H3i BOCROBoro iLnon^t, wb npocriflR^ MaiHHOBoll 
rocTHEOft CHAHTb sa paÓOToi RpoxOTHaji CTapymRa, noAHHMaercfl 
npH HameirB noflBJíemH h cb npoTflHyruMH pyRaifH haoti eaifE Ha 
Bcrpí^y. 

npÍ'68A'B HeSHaROMOfiy HeSAftHHOi rOCTBB BHAHMO HO CfňCBBerhy 

a paAyerx ee. 

Uocjrb peROMeHAai^ift h apHBŠTCTBÍfi ea MHflyry Hexoyiii&Hie 
Bupaaukercfl vl xotípoxyinnoM^, nyxJieHBROMi, ch nyxjEiMH MopiitSH- 
RaMH H cjierRa onyxmHMH B^Rann, crap^ecROirB jihi^'6, Rorw ona 
ysHaerb o Tj^bjíu Moero noebiiteHifl. 

— GrojiOBHfl! J[a qTo se vh hhx^ cmotpítb! noca^arb Aa h 
HaROpnarB na Ao6poe SAopoBBe. Tojbro h Bcero. 

JÍ yse H paflie xo H:6ROTopoft creneHH naHEHaio qyBCTBOBaTB 
ce6fl c% CBOBHH „ctojiobbimh'^ vb nojosenÍH ^H^iHROBa cb ^MepTBmra 
AymaMH'' n crapaiocB HafiTH oopaB^ame CBoeMy JnoCoDUTCTBy. 

— A eseJH yroAHO, orqero se, mosho h nocMorpto. Ilpoiny 
HSBHHBTB^ He padciiiinajia HireHB-OTHecTBa. — Osa noBTopaeTi jsms 
cb B0CXHTHTejBH0&, npHB^TJiHBOfi yjiii($ROfi, RaRi 6u A^afl npiar- 
Hoe OTRpurie. 

— O^eHB, o^eHB pa^a noseaROMHTBCfl. IIosBOJíBTe Bani npe^* 
craBBTB — cecrpHi^k Moa. 

O&b cecrpu noxosH ApyrB na Apyra, oahofo pocra h Rasyrcs 
OAHHXi ji^rB. IlepBaa — crapmaa, saB^^yerB xodfliCTBOMx h aomoboa- 
CTBOifB, laaAinafl ORpysHJia ceósi BOCimraHEHi^aMH, 5e8A0HHEiMH co* 
CaqRaifH, ($e3iipÍK)THUMH sB^pBRaMH H saHEMaoTCfl pyROA&iBeirB, naB- 

EinffB o^pasoiTB AJTE I^epRBE. 

— Ť^x&Tb EeRyxa. TyrB se Ea xBOpi e Eama crojOBafl. Jía 
Eos&iyfi, pe0ETBmRfl RaRi 6u se OTO&bn.d^JiE yse. Roropiift naci? 
Mejiocte npocEiTB. nosajiyfire. Úporný CK)Aa. 

J^BŠBajU^aTUft TOCB. 

Mu saM-fimRajiECB c% bei^acmi e A^^ficTBErejiBBO se sacrajiE 



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H31 no^SAKH HÁ Bo;iry. 219 

jise aepBoft nojOBHHu o($%Aa. }í,ÍTn oroti^AAJH yse na bojí% ea 

(SapCKOlTB ABOpí^, B MU HamJIH TOJBBO BTOpyK) napTÍK) 0&bAaK)II\HX'B 

Bi juoACBOfi m&k, AOKaHHHBaBmyK) xpanesy. 

Uojijh otfpasaMH bh GibMuwb ctojomi chxhtb ci» AeeaTOBi cra- 
pyxi Bi TeMHHXi njiaTEaxi, vh AOMOTBaHHux^B capa^anaxi cra- 
piHHaFO o^paBi^a; BaBÍe opomenu MOJOxesBK), h hocatb hxi zjsjbch 

TOJBBO CrapUfl »eHII](BH£I. DjiaTBH piSKO BEIA'6iiaH>Tb SeJlTHBHy BOCRO- 

Buxi, HCxyAajHxi jihi;'b. AepeBflHHUfl jiosku jesaTB nepe^i BasAOfi 
na CTOJi^. CrapyxH HeroponjiiiBO h p^abo sanepnuBaiorB BapeBa h b^ 
npoMesyTBH bjirajtl josbh h onycBaH)rE pyBH, MeAJieHHO nepeso- 
BBBafl H meBejifl ^ejiaciJiMH. B'b h8(5í& thxo. IIpH HameBii npHÓJH- 
seoÍH He cjuinrao rojrocoB'B. Béb BCTaK)!^, BjaHaiOTCfl h no npH- 
rjameHÍK) MOjna npHHHMaiOTCfl sa ^Ay* 

OAHa Bsi seHn^HHi chabti nooAajis cb MajieHBBoi naniBOtt Ch 
KpaiD cTOJia. 

Si noAxosy h cnpamHBaH), noieny ona He otii^AaeTi co bcímh. 

— A cojOHo MH-fe, He MOry. Hmi-to HHiero, a y Měna bi 
póry tfojiHTB, A^Ha Ccjatb. JI cojieHaro to ne nory, — roBOpBTL 
o&a mhí ciesjíHBiiifB h msmoónuwh tohomi, vh BOTopoHi cjiEiinaT' 
ca A^TCBafl oÓHAa h pasApaseme. 

— Hy, H FocnoAB cb to6ok). Kymafi ceú^b na SAOpOBse. 
A^HMBa, BJiefi-Ba ei eme mefl! — roBoperB crapoit ByxapB*! crapymBa- 

tepHHfl H OTBOAHTB MeHJI B% CTOpOHy B'B OBHy. 

* — Jí^tb! Cyn^ifl a*th! Ciapiifl a*th! — roBopHn ona mhí, bh- 
Bafl Bi cTopoHy CTOja. — 06H»aH)TC4!, ccopflTCfl MeaAy coĎoft. S. 
]7Kh Beji'&ia Hxi OTA^JiBHO BopMHTB, a TO ÓuBajio npesA^, BaB*B 
CB pe6flTaMB Bwbcrb í.ih — 6tAa. 3y6BH-TO MOJOAHe, npoBOpHHe— 
mroiTB OHHCTflTi AO AHa. DjiaqyTB moh CTapyxB, ho nociiŠBaK)Ti>, 
He ^BniH CHAflTi. SSajiBO hxi — ny h npnniJiocB ota^htb. Hx'b 
HejbSfl se xsjíinh, — coHyBCTBeHHO npOAOJsaerB oea, norjSAUBafl bi> 
cropoHy CTOJia. — MojiOAeniB — Bce se y Hea chjiu ÓojBme, HaAeasAu 
ecTb BnepeAH. A bth — BOMy ohí HysHu? Bc4 Tyra. 

Mbí HeBOJiBHO BcnoMBHaeTCfl Apyraa JioraBa, Apyria pascysAe- 
Hifl. KasAaa no CBoeMy npaBa. 

— íe^eBHHBy botb hm^ BapBMx. Bfii6HpaeM'B, ^Tb no sytfaMt. 
Uocjíi n^eft noA^ioTh ^amBB cb shaboS ^eqeBBHHofi Bamefi cb 

nocTHUMi MacjiOMi no cay^aio nocraaro aba. ^^mrh sjí/bch rasse 
OABHi pasi vb AeHB H HeAO^AeHHuSí xjíÓi yeocflTB cb co6oi. 
B^ yrjy na jiaBB^ cjrosena i^'|jiafl rpyAa crapaTejiBHO pasB^I- 

meHHHXl, Hap^HHHXl, 4^yHT0BUXl ByCBOBl. 3a HHMB npBXOAflTX 

AIahiibh, ne nonaBmie bi ^bcjio oC^Aafon^Bxi. CTOJiosafl OTBpuTa 
Ha q>eAcrBa 6jiaroTBopHTejiBHaro BOMBTOTa h hbcso nojB8yK)n](BXCH 



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220 nCTHHBl EBPOnU. 

o&bf,dLU}i AOBe^eHO ao B03MOSHaro MaRCHMyya, ÓaaroAapa TOMy, vro 
tfojibinHHCTBO A6peBeHCRfiX'B npHnacoBi: RanycTa, ^eneBHi^a, OBoms 
H MOJioRO, ornycsaiOTCfl noM^kn^Hi^ea AapoMx hsi co6cTBeHHOtt dsoHOMie. 

— Ko^^efiRy He apiiRasere jh, hjih naio? OSíaomi 6obmcji 
yron^aiB. DocTHoe ijunni,. Ilosajiyft, He npexercfl no BRycy« 

Mu npeAnoqiiTaeMi qafi u BOSBpan^aeiicfl bi MajiHHOByK) rocTH- 
HyiOy Ri Rpyr.iOMy crojy. Ha ROTopoiťB jieisATb: BumvnuU óuc&powh 
<|^yTjflpi AJiíí RapTB, saBepnyraa b% CaTErcroBuS CTapui njaToneRi 
paÓoTa - napqeBue Bosiyxe h H'6cR0JbR0 HynepoBi ^Hhbu^ h ^CaHa 
OreiecTBa". 

— Epareui noROfieufi BunncuBaji, h mu npoAOJisaeM^B, — o6xflc* 
HfleTi uwb BTopafl crapymRa cecmpumj crapaacb nesaii^THO ony- 
CTHTb yrojRH MajHHOBofi CRaxepiB, H3i brohomíh saBepnyrtie na 
CTOJii naesnaHRy. 

& saMi^aH) 8T0TB ManeBpB h Haxosy, hto h bib aioft ^eyrrb 
aROHOMÍH, noauuiyfi, xaRse h^tb oH^ero noBaro. Ona h paHBme 
cyn^ecTBOBaja bi noMin^HqBHxi xosa&ciBaxx hmobho bib dTOifB bha^ 
— aROHOMÍfl saBopoHeHHEJXi yrojiROBi CRaxepTeit, dRonoMHoe yno* 
Tpe($JieBÍe cipnux^ cnHqeRi vb to caMoe Bpejna, RaR'B bi rjasax'^ 
BunaxHBajHCB seujiE h yn^uBaJiH Mes^y pyKi jí^cbusl h hhub yroABfl. 

Bo BpeMfl pasroBopa hsi pasHuxx ^sepefi, HaÓpaBniBCb cm&iocth, 
noneMHory noRasuBaiOTCfl ocraJibBue oÓBTaxeJin AOMa. 

IlepBOH) noflBjfleTCfl HSBikseBfloa noxo^Rofi RpacaBBi^a Romsa, 
c^pafl Ch posoBUMi Bocoiťb; Bu6iraK)Tb mepmaBUB co(5aHOHRB h 
SMyTCfl y ABepeft h ne pimaiOTca boStb ae^ pobobhb, ;i.^^ríi[ 
<|^BrypRB. HaROflei^i, ;iK>6oniiTCTBO npeBOSMoraerb, b A'i^BO^n(B cb 
pasCÍry ÓpocaiOTca bi roji'6bb crapyniRB, BepnyBmefica Ri rocrairb 
nocjii xosflficTBeBBuxi pacnopasenifi. 

— y Hacb CBOBXX se 6eijio. Ona botb wb x&BBi^axnb ocrajiacB, 
a Mwb He jífiíjrb VocuoAhf — OTB^^aero crapymRa aa Mofi Bonpo(n> o 
XbrsTb. — A B 6e3% j^tbř toso bo sbjib bb oabofo aba. IIpesAe 
njeMflBBBRB, 6uBajio, HJieMflHBBi^u He nepeBOAHJiBCb B'b xouy, a 
xenepb botb Focno^b nocujiaerb. ^nn^BBa Tyn y Bací yiiepja 
H saB^o^ajia uwk nerBepuxi A^Teft. 

— )ífik aeysejiB se Bctxx íeiBepuxi? 3to MBoro, — BaM^^aK)^. 
— A qib npBRasoTe jiibJiB,Tbl IIpBniJiocb Fi^b bsatb. He bu- 

<$poeBTb se BX'b Ba yjHi^y. ^a y cecrpBi^ii xose cbpotrb ab^ 6iub 
BOcnHTaBBHi^Uy Aa BOTb en;e diB A'^B04Ra b MajbHBRi. TaRaa 
ysacBaa BX'b cyAb6a!.. 

Oaa menqerb mbš aa yxo, yRadUBaa rjiasaMB aa A^BOHRy, 
ROTopaa, npBsaBHiBCb ri aefi, norjiaAKBaerb BcnoAJotíba b nepe- 
^Bpaerb najibHBRaMB nyroBRB ea JiB^^a. 



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BdTi no^ARH HA BOiry. 221 

— Bce OAHO, la se cepoTHERa. A th san^liíi se npflieniBCfl? 
Hezopomo teb^. Cranb nonpflM^ Aa csasH nwb „Boropo^Hi^y^. 
Eaici Tetfa MaMa-io yqHJia? Hy, ^JlHCfli^y a BEHorpa^i**. He xonenib? 
y-y saBafl!.. J(a, TáB'L botb h SHeem bcí BMŠcrb 6oroAaHHofi ceMBei, 
— npoAOJUBaen ona, o6paiAaflCB bo mh% h jacBaa pe($eHBa. — Bce 
(h xopomo, TOjiBBO BOTB ro^a-TO noAomjiH xaBÍe njoxie. TiiseJio 
Mf/brhj saBi Hapo^x ÓBercfl, Ó^ACTByerB. A noMOHB BasAOMy He 
uoKh CHjy. ?t6 Tyi*B croJOBaji! Tyn h xecaTBH) ne HaBopMBmB, 
HH^ero He noA^aemB. 

Mh^ npiflTHo roBopHTB CB MH.iofl CTapyniBofi H xoHercfl ysnarB 
ea MHŠnie o npHHHHaxi nacToanitaro (%ACTBÍa. 

— KaB^B se Bu AyMaeie, ABAOTBa CeMeHOBHa, ^iťB bu o(hac- 
Hflere ce6^ bto HecnacTBe? 

— Mhofo Ha nero oÓiacHemfi, mhjiuí tu Mofi, aa Basi 
BsaTBca cBasaTB, hto boti to jih, Apyroe jih cnpaseAJiHBO nepeA'B 
bcImh h ncTHHHoe! FocnoAHa jih neiiHJiocTb, name jih nepaA^nie? 
IIoftAH, MaTyniRa, hoSah vb sajy HrpaTBÍ — nepeóHBaerx ona canoe 
€e6a, jiacBOBo orcrpanaa pe6eHBa, h npoAOJiaiaerB TOTHacB se cb 
flBHHMi conyBCTBÍeMi: — He Ha608HM%, seMJiH BBinaxaBaeMx, seMJH 
Majua — nojiosHMi), Bce oho TaBi h ecTB. Hy, a Mopo3ii no Basoft 
aie npHHHHi, a BacB TenepB cnpomy? Bi íbohÍ wbc^ujhj na Bapeo- 
JOMea anocTOJia — yTpeHHHBH? BjiaroAapenie Bory, mecTBAecarB jrkrb 
nposBja na cbít^ — ne CuBajio BToro b% npesnie-TO roAa. Asnoe 
A'^0— nporn^BHJiH FocnoAa. Ki B^pi napoA^B nepaAHBi erajTB, ^a^ 
COBHH crpoHrB, Bi pacBOAi coBpan^aerca. 

— PacBOJiBHHBH ccTB vh BaHiHxi M^CTaxi? — copaniHBaK) a. 

— EciB H TO HaAO CBasaTB — yMHOsaiOTca ci BasAHMi roAOMi. 
II,epBOBB y nacB TyT%, roAa Tpn Tony nasaAi, crop*^a bi ccjA, 
en\e naneHBBofi mohmi noBofiHBBOMx crpoena 6uja, TaBi saxoT^H 
specTBane, noBa ^Tb, ao BpeMenn, qacoBeHBBy nocTaHOBHTB. «fl, co- 
xpsHH Bose, hh*hh! Hh sa wio ue corjiamycB, roBopio. IIocTanb- 
BHie wcoBHK), saBOAeTO CeBnoHOBH^oHy, HBonaHi CBaTUMi neno^H- 
TaHie, HtrB ysi, roBopio, nocjiiAHifl JiocByrB Cb ce6a coBJíCBy^ a 
xpaMi Bosii HOCTanoBJíH) h HsyBpamy. H Ě&ab saBB 6u bu Ay^ajia, 
Aoporie BH MOH, BaBx jierBO a& CBopo nesHAHMO noAaJii Fochoab. 
C6opii\HBOB% CB paspimeHÍa BJiaAURH nocjiajiH, Tony-ApyroMy na- 
DHcajiH, Bi Tpa roAa b^a^ coopyAHJiH xpaHi FocnoAeHB. Boh'b 
He yroAHO an BsraanyTB, h»b OBomBa BHAaTB. Hy, caMH Boe-^TO no- 
crapajiHCB nac^eTB eCjianeHÍa hbi CBoero pyBOA^Ba. 9to ysi bopb 
no ea qacTH. Cecrpai^a, bu qro se ne noBaseTe csoefi pa6oTu? 

Sl oxotho noaB8yK)CB bo3moshoctbh) BcraTB, htoÓu npofiiH na 



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222 B%CTHHB7> EBPOQU. 

CajROBx Ri nfljbuaiTb nojiK)6oBaTkCfl pa6oTO&, a KcraTe e bbxom'^ 
FB caAi. 

CTapHHHUft I^BŠTHHRl Ch RyCTaM^ 2BHM0JIOCTH H BOSAyOIHarO 

a&acMHHa OKpyacaerB yseHBBifi, crapufi 6aj[R0Hi. Sanyn^eHHaa aues 
Be^erb ki yi^jŠBineĚ 6ecb]íjtíb. Ho noAABpsHBaxB ajuen h ÓedbKRii 
craHOBHTCfl, OHeBHAHO, yae ne no CHjaMi. Bce rjoxHerB Rpyroii^s 
H sapocraerB xpasofi, HecMOTpji na noneneHifl Opamuay Roroptift 
TRE^erb^ ORasiiBaercfl^ Buicrb h saHHMaercfl caAOBOACTBOMi. 

3aT0 aseHCRafl paóoia— bib CBoem poA'b ny^o Tepir6HÍfl h HCRyc* 
CTBa. RpoxoTHue mojiROBue oÓpisoqRH h jocRyro^RB nox6HpaK)TCfl 
no TUHAMI, noAniHBaiDTCfl oco6um'b hibomi h o6padyH)irB rHpuHAH 
H jsfifbm u pasHootfpasBHfl yRpamenifl na aTjacHOM'B 4>ohí i^epRoa* 
HEIXl OAesA^. 

— SL coB^TOBa^ia cnpenoBufi i^b^ti, a oea boti na CBOtt BRycB 
BHÓpaja rojyóofi. BuxoAHrL^ Raserca, ne^ypno. RaRi se mosho, 
Cjoaroji^aie — BenHRoe a'^o! ^^mi se h yAepsaTB napoAi*- 

B'£AHafl crapyniRa! RaRHMi y($£sAeHÍeMi SBynarb efl cjosa! 
Hmi o6iiflCHfleTCfl Tepninie wb eraneTCROi paCoii, OAyxoTBopeHHoft 
F6pofi B'B 6jiaroji']^nHoe BneHaTjrbnie bthxi jrocRyronoBi, ROTOpuira 
MOSHO HaAiflTBCfl ^jAepsaTL napoA^B^^. 

CtAoft) Bi Bui^B'6BnieMi ciopryR^, jiaReft AORJiaAUBaerb npo ca- 
MOBapi. Mu nepexoAHMi bi sajiy r% RpyrjOMy CTOjy. 

Hsi ABepefi cyejRHofi ROMnaTu noRaBUBaercfl BiicoRaa nyscRafl 
^nrypa ch noAOspHTejbHott OAyTJOBaTOCTBK) b*b sEnib u pasBHHqeH* 
Hofi noxoABofi. Mh% npeAcraBJiflfóTB ee noA^ HMeneMi Spamua, ho 
sa Bce Bpeiffl namero npefiEiBanífl, RpoMi nepsaro npHBiTCTBÍfl, ne 
yAaeicfl ycjiHxaTB SByRa ero rojioca. 

3to ne M'6niaeTTi osHBjeHÍH) ofin^aro pasroBopa sa ciojioirB. 
TeMoft no npesHeiiy ocraerca nojosenie RpecTbani h o6cysAeHÍe 
CpOACTBl noMon^H. 

— KaRi se BaiTb npHniJio b^b rojOBy OTRpuTB y cedfl ctojo* 
ByH); ÁBAOTBfl CeiieHOBHa? — cnpamHBaK) s. 

— Fa^ se npHATHl Mni 6u caiíoi h ne npHmjio 6u HHRorAa. 
3x0 BOiTB Bce OHH — HapoA^B MOJiOAOfi, — FOBopHTi OHa, yRasHBafl na 
MOJOAoro coÓecŠAHHRa. — ^a ys% RaRi CRiaAHO h xopomo npnxy- 
MajH-TOy H cRasaiB HejBdfl. To, (5uBajio, saTopMoman nacTB coBd^m: 

BCe MHJOCTHHRH, A^ KyCO^RH, A^ BCe Bl CyXOMJiTRy, A& Bce 5e80 

BpeiíeHB. A TenepB na mo se jiyqnie: npBAyrB, noRymaiOTB. Majio- 
BaTo OBO, npaBAy CRasaTB, pfi, naTAByrB Bě-OTRyAa. 

B'B AepeBB'!, ORasusaeTca, octb tb^tb rojOABuft, — xota rojOAa 
vh 6yRBajiBBoy% CMUcrb b b^ti, — ho m^-b ycBJíBJíoi Kb ROHi^y 
roAa B ysecB yse b^rojibro sepiBi. 



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H8X nOŤAfljíVL HA BOJiry. 223 

. — H He crpamHO Bani saícb? He 6oHTecB sapasHTbCfl?— cnpa- 

— ?T0 sa CTpaxi! Bi ctojiobjio ne BeiBirB xoahtb h3i> 6ojib- 
Hiixi ceMeiCTBi, a caMH ee Cohmoi, je^HirBi — OTB^^uerE CTapymBa. 
— ^eiBAmepi íbahtb, jí» pí^ARO, ne nocn^lBaeTB. Mu cbohitb jeBap- 

CTBOITB nOJb8yeM'B. 

— FoMeonaTÍefi? 

— Rirhy TaBiy CflMnaTHHecBoe ecrs cpe^CTBO oabo: ($iueTi](ii 
flieaTb. 

— H noMoraert? 

— Koify nojoaieHO orb Bóra — BusxopaBJíHBaiOTB. OrapHBH 
6oAhme yMHpaK>rB Aa a^th. 

— Á^, BOTL ÁBAOTBfl CeMeHOBHa cTapaeTCfl,' jie^Hn HrB, no- 
MoraeTL hui, a bu npexcraBHTB C66i ne Moacexe, wtb ohh — ny- 

ZHU— BUA^UBaK>TB Cb HeK>! — rOBOpHTl UeSEiJkJ liwb MOJOXOft xo* 

31IIHI, cnyTHHKi MOfi. — jI'k;'B py($flrB, apeHAH£ix'B AeHerB ne njutTarB. 

— FojiyÓHHBi Moft, H luaTHJiH 6u. ILiaTHTb*TO Hé HBi Hero. 

— Hy, a Jíicb BOpyiDTB, Bfiipy6aH)TL sani^Mi? 
GrapymBa xpeBOSHO nepeABHHyjacb na CBoewb xpecjii^ 

— ^TO roBOpHTB-To! He BupyfiaTb, na Hami f^ki xBaTHTi. 
^To se MHŠ, no Bameny, seMcsoMy na^iajBHHKy lenepB ixaTB- 
s&iOBaTBCfl, HTO-JH? H^Tb, ys'b MU TyTb Rasi-HH^yXb caMH no 
ce($i. JI Hx% ne o6HsaH>, ohh mobh ne o6HAflrb. %fiBy ne npH- 
Kasere jih? - saBJHoqaerb ona, bh^hmo ho a&ejiafl npoAOJsaib pas- 
roBopi. 

Ha HHHyTy nacrynaerb MOJiHanie. 

IHyMHTb caMOBapi* KanapeftEH sajmsaiOTCH wb oieaHxpax^. 

SL otíKj H Kjufkjo: BOTopyH) se hsi XByxi cecrepi xepeBeecKoe 
oÓQ^ecTBeHHoe wAme otm^thjio nasBameMi ČAatocAoseuHoů? aia 
iUH xpyraa? 

Si CBopo pimaK) npo ceóa Bonpocb. 

Ri He& ÓJívrne sMyrcfl ocHpor&Bniífl a^th; ona noHBJífleTCfl 6e3- 
<k)a8HeHH0, BOopyseHHafl CHMnaTH^ecicnMH ÓBJíen^uiH vh sapasoH- 
HHxi H86ax*b y nocreJiH yMHpaion^Hxi, h 6jiar0AyniH0 npon^aeri 
aram. HopasHre^bno Bupasenie CHOBoftCTBÚi vb ea xttnjbj na 
nepeuft Bsrjififfb HesnaHHTeJbHOJifb no TOpraiťb. ,,H nafix^Te noBOtt 
Aymaifb BamHMi'... Jífi^ ona namjial 

Jln^o cecrpu Basfb-TO cyme h MejibHe no BupaseniK), xoth 
rt se npHBjeBaTejibHiifl yjiH($Ba h ^epru. Cipas BomBa BcnpuTH- 
Baerb b% nei na bojt^hh h iiypiuBaerb TaBi, hto csumno na 
ApyroHi BOHi^ CTOJa. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



224 BfiCTHHEl EBPOnU. 

$Hrypa Opaím^ OAHa napymaerB hahjijiík) cbohitb npHcyTCTBÍeinb^ 
HeyracaeMoft xpy^Roft h ynopeuMi HOJTHameyii. 

nOCJl'6 ^aiO MeHfl BBAyTB Bl CaAl, BO BHyTpeHHÍg ROMHaTH^ 

SHaBOMjirb CB CHpoTBaMH, noBa3iiBaK)Ti» Apyríii, xoBOHHeHHiifl pa6(mi. 

Ha JiETiíb MjaAmefi eutl crapymeBi ji BHsy HHHyTHoe danýma- 
TeiBCTBO. Ofla flBHO A^aeTi ycHJÍe nax^B á)6o& h noxaerB uwk 
MCTh DHcnefi 6yMarn cb npocb(5ofi bsatb Óvmerb wb jOTepeK) bb 
noJBsy rojOAaioiitHxi. 

KaBOBo! npoHHBjía h cBo^a vh MiipHue yrojmn jioxepeftHafl 
Maflifl Cb npHiiaHKoi Hejinuxi BUHrpumei h otíflsaxejiBHOCTbK) 

COHyBCTBÍfl, B3MÍpfleMarO KOJIUqeCTBOlfB BdflTUXl dH^eroBi. 

<S 6epy H muTBJO jactb. 

HaBepxy KpyŮHUMH, crapaTeiBHo BunacauBHMH ($yBBaMH noiy- 
liTCKuwb^ noJiy-crapyme^BHiii nonepBOMi ctohtb: 

90A'iiflJio MOsasBi paBíHrpuBaeTCfl kb noiBsy rojoxaioiuHx^ ceia 

ÁHHHHa^. 

^ajiie CJ^AJC'^ cnHCOB^B jbi^i, BSiiBmHxi CEiexii — i^&iuft seH- 
CBia BajieHxapB vb jiacBaTejiBHofi ^^opif]^: Dlypo^Ba — abb (Sejera, 
Mapycfl, Mamypa, MHJOHBa... 

— <S Ha Mhjio^bhho cqacTBe Bsaja Ómctb, — roBopaťB cra- 
pymBa, crapaxejiBHo pasBepTUBaa nepexi mobmh rjasaiiH eAHHCTBeH- 
Hufi BBirpumi — MosaHBy CHTi^eBuXB jiocByxBOBi, ^To6u Hpexcra- 
BHTB ee BO BceMi BejiHBOJribiiiH. 

— Kto ase 9to MojioiBa?— cnpamHBaio a. 

— A BomeqBa. 6u ee ssmítvijie jih xftBeqa rk rocTHHofi? 
YAHBHTeJiBHaa, a BaM% CBasy, Bomensa... 

iS ne Mory ne yjiufiHyTBCa h 6epy a^catb ÓHjeroBB na pyiliB, 
yAHBjíflflCB yxBBHTejiBHHMi yqacTHBBaHi H nyTflMi, BOTopuMH Biipa- 
saercfl bhofab y^acrie Kb oÓn^ecTBeHHOMy Ó^actbík). 

Ha npon^aHie hu o6MÍHBBaeMCfl noi^íjiyaMH no BsaBMHOMy Bie- 
HeHÍH) H AepeBeHCBOMy oÓunaK). 

niypo^BH H POSBH npoBOsafOTB nacB Ha BpUJIBI^O. 

OrAOXHyBmifl, BUBopiiieHHua loma^BH noAXBaTBiBaK>TB cb Mtoa 
H oxoTHO &bryrb xobio&. 

Ho Aopori, MBHOBasi yca^BÓy neieptfyprcBoi ÓJiaroTBOpsTeiB- 
HHi^Ei, MU 3a']&3saeM'B Bi BOJiocTHoe npaBJíeHie. 

Crapocra-C^oCpucufi, njiioraBiifl MysB^OHBa cb noBioHaia 
oÚBBBJífleTB flaiii, HTO ÓapuHfl HSB HHTepa ne HSBOJiHJia exofi iipi- 
ixaiB H xo npiWa crojOByB) otbputb ne paspšniHjia. 

— A CBopo Jie acxyra? — cnpamHBaerB Mofi cnyTHBBB. 

— Jífi, HeHSBiCTHOCB. 



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Hsi no«3JiBH HA BOJiry. 225 

— EaBi se TaB%, Óparei^rB, HeesB^HO? Mh^ se HHcajm, npo- 
CHJH nocMorp^B. 

— ^a OHO TOHHO, HTO MeSAy npOWlTB 119% ABOpHHi BOTopiie 

co($CTBeHHO yse 3a^, opi^xasniH, bib AepeBH']^ AOsnAftDTCfl, h nepesi 
asoHOMsy ($fiiJii naRaaii hto($ei js^sí nen^e botjhi, Boxopiie na boji^^ 
BMasaTB BceHenpeM^HHO. Othioab htoÓbi syxojiBHaro xyxy ne 6ujio 
Tasejiaro. H ^To6h^ wiibh h jiosbh 6um ea 50 HeJiOB^Ki bc£ 
oj(Ha Bi OAHofi. Bce ^eciB necrbK) sejtaxe^LHO, — npHÓaBjaerB ohi» 
yse on ce6a h BSAEixaerb cb HaÓosHuirB BiipasenieMi. 

— JIjaMCBÍfl npHHyAH! H cmotp^tb He xoiy, — saM^naeri ct 
rpHMacofi MOJiOAOfi xosflHHi, noMorafl mhš dbcib h njOTHŠe sasy- 
THBaflcB Bi cBoft 6ajiaxoHi. — KyxoHHEifi ?aA'B Tasojii, cBasirreHa 
mhjioctb! Tohho ba^cb nerepÓyprcBafl sBaprepa. ^a Qxbch dxorB 
w^TB, B AyMaH), HMi TenepB MEjrle bcabiki apoMaxoBi. 

Mu BosBpan^ieMCfl aOmoS z^ nosAHeMy oti^Ay h sacraeifB nepeA^ 
KpiiJiBitoifB rpynny 6^6% h MysHBOBi. ' 

MojioAafl Hera ne saHHMaerB HiiBaBoro o4)^H^iaJIBHa^o nojio- 
senifl; t^m^b ne MeH^e sa noci^AHÍfi roA'B 8th rpynnu ne nepeBO- 
jpncfl BO ABOpi ycaAbÓBi, OTBJíeBafl xosaeBi cti xosflicTBeHHEixi h 

IHHXl SaHflTÍfi. KaSAIlfl HSI SpeCTBAHl HffiTh Ch CBoeft HySAOtty 

pascwniBafl Ha homoh^b. 

— A ^fbwb MU MoaiLeyB hoho^b! Botb a ÓhtuK wc^b hmi bto 
TOiByH), a OHH He xotatb noBBTB, ne b^pati,— roBopn^B na BpujiBi^ 
MOiiOAafl xosBĚBa, o6pan:(aflCB bo mh^ h ysasuBafl na oÓcrynHBmHxi 
ee co Bc6x'B CTopoH'B MysHBOBi. — Hy, noHETMaere bu, ^to hítb 
y Hero A^nerB, 6ojBoie wbvh. BHAHTe, ohi h ciymaiB ne crajTB, 
ymen! — npnÓaBJíBerB ona no aApecy Mysa^ BOTopufi A'^fiCTBH- 
TeiBHO BUCBOTOJl H8% dBHHasa, nOCTOflJI'B Ch MHHyry, MaxHyjTB pyBofi 
H CSpUJICfl Wb CbHflXl. 

— BujiH — A&Bajra, a TenepB hítb. OxByAa se eny bsatb! Tu 
noÍMH. MeHfl qro-Jin eny a^a Bací sajiosHTB? TaBi Ágb HOMHoro 
AMyn,— ycBfixaacB, upHÓasjuien ona. 

Bb TOJinš, sa MHHyry Mpanno HacrpoeHHofi, yApyHeHHSs, pas- 
mmn ari^xn h BOCBjn^aHifl. 

— Fa^ MHoro aatb! He A^Ay^B. Hhib tu toh^ui, xyAaa BaBaa! 

— To-TO h ecTB. Pa6oTaTB BpecTBJíHCByio paÓOTy ne yniio, — 
npoAOJsaerB ÓapuHfl. 

— Fa^ Te6^ pa6oTaTB! IIonojOTB pasB^. IIojocu abí Buno- 
lemB, TOJiBBO H Bcero. 

Ji CMOrpH) H JUDÓJlOCh CepAeHHUBťB TaBTOMl xyAeHBBOĚ seH- 

n^u. HafiAeTCfl, ejih h^tb, A^Hesnafl noMon^B— axo Apyroft Bonpoci, 
HO H 6e8ib A^HerB ona noiior^a TyrB se, cefinacB Ha u^crb mh- 

Tom n.— Mapto, 18»3. 15 

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226 B^CTHEKli EBPOnU. 

jihiuTy oÓpao^eflíeMTi, myTRoft^ BuseaBmett xota 6u aa MHHpy yjBi5Ry 
Ha ne^iajiBHUfl jiei^a. KaROfl oniHÓRofi Ómso 6a saiťi^iiiiTb ee nocTHoft, 
yApyneHHofi, conyBCTByionitett {^HsioHOMiett h RaR^E sapasHTeibHO 
6oApfliAee BneHaTJL^HÍe CMixa, BusBaHHaro Rcrara h Bb-BpeMfl! 

KpecTbflHe BBUJiECh npocHTb c%MflHi» EJH ACHerx wb AOJrB Ha 
c^MeHa. Bpeiífl ynyn^eno. Cíatb mosho tojibro Jíewb hjih rpe^y. 

Hi^HU nOAHflJIHCB BXpOe npOTHB'B otíuRHOBeHHaro. 

Ho c^acTBK), Tpe6oBaHÍfl HeBejiHRH. ^'6jio H^erB otíi ocraTRaxi 
seMJiH, ROTopyH) „(5oJBHO sajiRO ocraBHTB Bnycii^y h xpeCoBanui 
B£[CHHT£iBaH>TCfl caseHflMH: njiTB caseHi^ ceiiB, ^eriiipe. 

OÓn^dMH ycHJiiflMH y^aerca Ha stotb pa8% yAOBjerBopBTb Rpe- 
CTBBHX. Ohh yxoAflTB ycnoRoeHHiie, a nám no BOBBpan^eHiH npH- 
xoAHTCfl BUCJiyniaTb crporífi BuroBOpi otb pascnerjiHBaro xcsaiHa. 

— HaA^ajiH BBi HaMi xjronorB. Bl^jsfi hxi cio^a saBrpammi 
xeHB TpH AepeBHH npHBajiHrB, — npocjiumaTb, tto AenBrn pasAaiOTB. 
%o se H CB HHMH 6yAy A'^aTB! 

— GBaJiHTe Bce na mbesl. £L yixaja h AeHBra ysesja c% 
cotíoi... O^eHB 6EIJI0 sajiRO. HeBOSMOSRHO He a^i^. 

— SnaH), vro sajiRO, Aa Heqero ne noA'&iaeniB. Hštb, SHaeTe, 
Tfls&io 6bijio wb AepeBH^ bx HEiHŠnraeiťB roAy, — roBopHTb ohi 
HepBHUMi TOHOMiy npoxasHBaflCB no ROMHarb.-^A^HBrH, noMon^B 
npECUjajiHCB TaR'B HepaBHOM^pHO. Bce saBHC&io orB cjiyHaĚHiixi 
CTOjniHHiixi sHaROMCTBi H CBflsefi. B% OAHOMi y^acTsi, ruAHniB, 
Bcero noHaniJEorB, Bce ecTB: a^hbiv, xj£5i, OAesa, BajieHRH h 
nojiymyÓRH. A xyTB se pflA0M'B, Mesa cb Mesott, y Apyroro sen- 
CRaro HanajiBHHRa — H'£'rB HH^ero h AotíHTBca HH^ero ne Mosers. 
IlHmerB, HrnnerB... JI,a botb xotb 6ii h h — najio jih Tose nHcan 
vh MocRBy, Wh pasjíHHHEifl peAaRiÚH... 

Sí san^HH^aK) SHaROMBie sypnajni, o6j>sicbsiio MOJi^aHÍe orpoM- 

HHlfB, no BCeMy B^pOfllÍK), ROJIHHeCTBOMl HHCeirB H81 rOJIOAaH>n^HXl 

MicTHOcrei. 

— la, paByM^ercH, bosmosho, ^o 6bijio h laRi, no Bce se 
npeACTaH^xe ce6b h name nojiosenie. KaRurB oópasoiit mofíih ero 
HCTOJiROBaTB ce&b RpecTBHHe? PflAOMi ecTB noMon^B, ecTB xjii6i> h 
AeHBrn, a y Měna wbrb. Jícho, ^to h ne xjionoHy, MOJray, He cra* 
paK>CB. Mh% en^e, RaRi JiniQr neo^m^ajiBHOMy, ero Morjo 6uTh 
He nocraBJíeHO bib 6ojiBniyK> BHny, ny a seifCRÍe na^ajiBHHRH... 

— RaRi OHH y BacB Tyrx nociaBHJiH ce6fl?-~cnpamHBaK) ji. 

— JlfiL RaRTB Baifl CRasaTB! Co BCflHHHROfi. ECTB H MeSRAy HHMH 

nopHAOHHue JiOAH, no-HeBOi'6 nonaBmie bi xasaioe nojoseme. 
GeMBH, A^TH, nysAa saciaBEia. Ectb, nanpHMŠpi, oahh*b, crapcd 
yse ^ejfOBÍRi: óiixb BHa^aii mhpobumi nocpeAHHROiTB, hotomi 



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H3i> n(m3AKH Há BOJiry. 227 

MHpoBUMi cyABeft, TenepB c;^^ajicfl sencRHirb HanaJibHHBOMx, a 
RpecTbflHe ero spyroMi Ha 30 eepcrb soeyTi »AflAei MHmett^, h bÍhx 
611 ero HH HasHaqajiH — nAsifl^eíL Mameft^ obi ajs hhxi h ocraHercfl 
^o BOHi^a AHeS. *Ha ero hma npexo^ATE noBtoBH, A^HesHaa Kop- 
pecnoHAeHiúfl. Ohi BCRpiiBaeTx ROHBepru a, ecsH sa MysHROirB 
HexoHMBH, CepeTB Hsi nojy^eHHEncB A^Hen, ynjfa^HBaerii no^aTH, 
a ociaiBHoe nepe^aeri xosaHHy. YBasenie, AOB']kpíe vb Heny tfes- 
yciOBHiifl. TaBofi ^aiOB^Bi, pasyMŽercfl, h bi Ba^eciB^ seMCBaro 
HauiBHHBa CLyif^eTB nocraBHTB ce(5fl, ho saTO cnpocHTe: RaROBO 
eMy caMOMy? 

— A ÍTO? 

— MHHyru noROŽHOft HÍra, ^yxy nepeBecTH HeRor^a. HHie- 

pecHO, RaRi caMn RpecTBflHe noHEiiaiorB bto noJOseHÍe. IIpHxo- 
XBTh Ro MH% TyTb HexaBHO MysRHR^, mycTpu& Óecrifl, CMíinuenEifi 
msofi, H HaHHHaen pascyaRxaTb (ohi nepeApasHHBaeTB MysHRa). — 
«6iui y HacB npes^e, roBopHTb, MepoBOft cyABfl, óujvl Henpen^H- 
EsA mewb — TenepB bc£x*b orif^HHJH, oahofo soMCRaro nocraHOBHJiH. 
Kasercfl, Teneps, eseJH 611 eny hohh ne cnaxb^ h to Bctxi jifbjrh 
He nepex&íaTB^... PaayMŠercfl, ne nepex^Mih^ ecjiH Majio-MajBCRH 

|06pOCOBto7HO OTHeCTHCB R'B CBOHMl OtfflSaHHOCTflMl. A He^OtípO- 

ooBÍcTHfiift MoserB RaRi HejiBSfl ^yqme BecTH jsíbno cnycra pyRaBar. 
EoflTpojui HHRaRoro. rioAH — Ao6epncB jífl nero RT0-HH6yAB 3a4cb, 
ffb MeAB^BeiTB yrjiy! 

— Jífl naci AOxoAHjm cayxa o sjíoynoTpetfjreHÍflxi npH pacnpe- 

liieHÍH nosepTBOBaHÍfi, — BaM^qaiD a. 

— ÍTO aRe, cnopHTB ne crany, bosmosho h bto. y ceCa no 

coeixcTBy He snaK), ne pinmjicfl 6u yRasaib, a BOo6n^e cjiyxH 
6ujH, H B^poflTHO He6e8i ocHOBanífl. 

— JÍJBk B&AB BCb se HU OT^eTII A€teSHU npeXCTaBHTB Bl RO* 

MEien, — BOspasaeTE ropa^o MO^o^aa pacnopBAHTejiBHHi^a. 

— Axi, MaiymRa, ecjin xo^emb, a reú^ xaRofi OT^en na* 
HfUDy, HTO caM^B B% yMHJieHie npe^y — h ho bhxoaa boti hsi dToro 
KaÓHHera. Uma ii orqecTBO RasA&ro MysHRa npocraBJíH) h noApo6- 

Hoe pocHEcaBÍe, RaRi h na qiĎ pacnpeA^enu AeHbrn, a CKOAmo 
pacnpej^eHO h ectb m paciipeA'l^eHu — RaRi tu Měna MOseniB 
ywcTB? 

— Hy, MOSHO npiixaTB b% a^pobhid, padcnpocHTB uysHROBi, — 

aaMt^aenb MOioxafl aRenn^Hna. 

— n aro HH vh TOMy ne noBeACTi, ne roBopa yae 

TOMl, TTO CnOCOtil CaifuS HeOCHOBaTe.lBHBI&. JI^OBOJIBBII HJH HeAO- 

BOJiBHii ifysHRH? 3to poBHO iBE^ero ne AORasBiBaerb. Tu ^ynaemB, 

HaMH OHH AOBOJBHU? COMH^BaiOCB. „Bu — HamH 0TI](U, MU — BamH 

16* 

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228 B«CTHHK'B EBPOIIU. 

AÍth* — Bce 8T0 TaEi, cjraxaJiH mu. A boti noneMy bi Hassa- 
hobeí SHiiott nojiymyÓRH, a xenepb Ra^xaHu pad^aiOTB, a y naci 
H^rB — BToro OHH HHKorAa He nofinyrB h naMi ne npocraTi. 

— ^'bwh Bce 8T0 paspiniHTCfl? — roBopia a. • 

— HaAO ApiaTB, HTO Ha dron pa8'B ne oahhmh pascysAesiaiiH 
H onHcaHiflMH. JlerRO 6ujio nHcaTb, a nposHTB hiihšiiihh)k> 3HMy... 
— spacRa BucrynHia ea MOJOAOirb, dHepra^HOMi janujb. — Mx^ h 
HamH nojífl bi tomi se nojiosemH, h ypoacatt Óujii laKott se, cb 
TOK) pasHHi^efi, HTO noMon^H síjífiTh Hé-OTsyAa... Jl^a, botb 6pocim 
cjiysóy, BSAyMajii saHUMaTbCfl xosflficTBOMi, sajRO (Jiuo ^seiuiK) 
ocTaBHTB Bnycri^, BaR'B ohh roBopan, xor^ocb ofiesne^HTE jíbtei. 
A nosajiySí cxb^M^ rjynocrb, b^ ROTopoi npE^eTca pacRaaTsca... 
BiipoHeM'b9 HTO se 8T0 MU TaROfi yHQjmfi pasroBopi^ sexeMi x^a 
noorlAHflro Benepa! — cnoxBaTHBmHCb, npepUBaeTb ohi carB ce6fl 
H noAXOAHTb Ro MHŠ. — Bu p^niHTeJibHO if,eie BaBTpa? 

— PimffrejiBHO... PasroBOpi onenb HHrepecHutt f^s Měna, ho 
Ůoiocbj TTO OHflTB npHBexerb Bací bi xypHoe pacnojioseme at^a, 
a fl BToro ne xo^y na npon^aHÍe. 

— A RaRi se, bh xot&ih ixaTb CMorpj^Tb namy RHflnraHHCRyio 
niBefiivtpiK)? ' 

— HysHO ocraBHTb HT0*HH6yAB ao xpyroro pasa. HpeACTaBbTe, 
ubí Bce RaseTCfl, ^to „no&i^ btoS Bcrpb^E mu CHOsa Bcrp^THMCfl 
RaRi CTapue ApysBa^... flfi^ rctrth! IIpoHHTafiTe HaMi> BamH cth- 
xoTBopeHÍfl. noMHHTe, BQ o6in^ajiH? 

Bx nepenjieTeHHofi xeTpaAR"]^, BunyroK hsi an^ERa HHCbMeHHaro 
CTOJa, ORasBiBaiOTCfl npeMHjnia boh^hi^u bi ^otobcromi pox%, iQ)jy- 
jiHpHqecRia, nojy-onHcaTejBHua, cl shbumi ^bctbom^b npEpoA^, 
BURynaK)n^HM'b HeAOcraTRH pnoMi. 

9thmi ^reHÍeMx u 6ecÍA0fi no noBOAy nero saRaHHHBaeica nami 
noca^AHÍfi Be^epi. 

PaHHHMi yxpoMi a npoqaiocb cb mejoS ceMBefi. A^th— xpoe 
crapniHX^B h MaJieHBRÍfi Cb Hanefi— caA^rca vh BRHnasi h npoBO* 
saK)rB Měna ao noBopoxa. 

3a pon^eĚ a noAHHMaK)eB, AepsacB sa Roani, qiodu BBTjaHyrB 
en^e pa8'B... 

EjarocsoBeHHu ÓyABxe bbi HaBcerAa, THxie yrojou! Tasejiuft 
roAi HO hsmíhhjtb xoro, ht5 6hjo jy^maro btb BacB. TasRejEift rox'B 
MHHOBaji, HO nycTB ocranyrca HancerAa saB^Tu rocrenpiHMCTBa h 
paAymHOi npocrorti, ROTopuMi hítb i^^hh bo bc£ BpeMeHa^ xo 
vtoL^h nopi, HORa BOJieK) cyAe^x crpaHCTByiorB OAHHORÍe nyTHHRH h 
ne o xjňtyb eAHHOMi shbi ÓuBaerB ^ejroBÍRi. 



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U3i no^AKH HA BOJiry. 229 



IV. 

H ooflTB noTUHyjiHCB no CTopoHaM'B nepeMessaio^iflCfl nojiocu 
AOspisaioiqHXi xjpÍÓob^j onaiB BepcroBBie ctojiÓh, tecoBUB n co- 

JOMeHHIUl RpiUDH, OBpaFH H npHťOpRH nOJ^ flpRHMl» COJHI](eM'L, 

sHolnniii CL yrpa. 

Bi HHseropoACRoi ryCepHÍH cyn^ecTByerB TporaxejibHufi oóii^aft 
eraBHTb Ha nojflxx, na nepeEpecrsaxi, Ha bu^x^ hsi cejia laRx 
Hasusaemifl HacaeeuhKU, ROTopium OTJiHqaK)TCfl pyccRÍfl xepeBHB 
OTB laiapcRHrB, yse nonaAaK)n^Hxcfl bib sx^niHei uícteochh. 

3to RpoxoTHue an^HHRH, BejiHHHHOK) HeMHorHifb Óojihme CRBopem- 
HHKa, noRpuTiie ABycRaiHci Rpumefi Cb Rpecroirb Hasepxy h no- 
craBieHHue na ctojiÓei bi BiimHHy nenoBt^ecRaro pocra, laR^ hto 
MOSHO BarjflHyTB BHyrpB. A BHyrpH noM^^aercfl oÓpasoR^ Boadeft 
MaTepiTy HJiH Roro-H0(}yAB hsi yroAHHROBi cb Ryco^om nojoraa, 
yxpameHHaro HamariiirB RpecTOMi. HsxajieRa bhahíi 0&iue jho- 
CKyTRH, pasB^Baion^iecfl no B^Tpy, h AepeBAHHEie Rpecru, oc^HAioiAie 
nojifl. 3eM.ifl o6pa6oTaHa npeBOCxoAHO no cpaBnenÍK) cb mocrobcroS 
ry6epHÍefi h HanoiraHaerB losnyio ^paHi^iio hjh RaTOJiH^ecRÍfl m^t- 
flocTH BaBapÍH, Tfl,i TaRse jnoÓflTB ciaBETB n nojflxi ^acoBHH h 
specTH. 

JGL npi'68saio bx KnjirHHHHi sacB^TJio, xo saRaia cojiHi^a, h 
ocrancB HOHeBaiB^ HecHorpa Ha to, hto cjumy canua ycnoROH- 
TeiBHEui yB^poHifl OTHOCHTejibHo tfesonacHOCTH nyremecTBÍfl: Bce 
o6cTOHTB 6jiaronojiyqHO, HHRaRHxi eay«iaeBi> na xoporaxi, hh ycH- 
nsmarocfl BopoBCTBa b'b xbpobhsxi. B'lpH>, ^to oho TaRi, ho bi 
caMoiTB $aRT% nyremecTBÚi ea nyaiHXi jomax^xi ci HesHaROMUMi 
sMQ^HROJifB ecTB yse CBOfl BOJHyian^afl cropoHa. ň nyBCTByK) ceófl 
yeraiofi on 'ísxh, ycrajiofi otb Bne?aTj£HÍi. Xoneica noÓuTB oxhoK, 
H mhí no xyni^ oÓcraHOBRa, pacnojiaraion^afl ri oi^uxy h oah- 
HOHecTBy. 

npexcraBBTe ce<H^ Bejrenuit ropoxoRi, cnjioniB sapocmiĚ no yjia- 
iiaMi MypaBoft, 8acaseHBEi& ca^ane ch afijiOHflMii h BEmneBiiMH 
xepeBBflMH, H rjíib na r^asnoi njon^axH vh aocatb ^acoBi BO^epa 
(esÓoflSHeHHO ^esnpenflxcTBeHHO pasxaercfl xopoBaa hšcha — nepBaa 
I exHHCTBeHHafly RoropyK) uwb npeniJiooB ycjnixaTB sa XBa m^cfli^a 
npe<$QBaHUi vb roJOxaiotAHx^ ry6epHÍjixi>. 

Hs^ oRHa rocTHHBi^Ei, rx% fl ocraHOBHJiacB, ne BHxaTB h^bi^obib, 
HO ejHimHii c;iOBa h nanÍBi. Cbo6oaho pasHocflTca bi Be^epneMi, 
saTHXHyBmeMi Bosxyxi MOjroxue, cHJiBHue rojioca. Bijmi coÓop-B 
otfjBTB jiyBHUMi ciflHÍeMi. HoMB Tonja. ToMHaji, mBpoKaa vacca 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



230 B^CTHHR^B EBPOntí. 

y orpa^u BHHsy OTJinBaerb M']bAHUMi onÓJiecKOWb h Tepaerca bi 
IIpHCMaTpHBaioCB H He Mory pa3rjiflA'i^TB; Buxosy h BHsy ro- 

JIOROJIl, npHrOTOBJíeHHtlfi RX nOABflTÍH) Ha nOACTaBR^ H8l CJlOSeH' 

Hux'B SpeseHi, r^ rotopeimi ohi npHBfl^aHi MexajuEraecRHiťB na- 
HaTOMi CB BHCfl^HiťL saxROMi. HaBepxy Ha^nHCB BnnyR^itucH 6yR- 
BaHB. Ee MOSHO npoHHTaTB npH cvkrb wkcaufiL: 

BjraroaicTByfi seMi* pa^ocTb BeiiH), 
XBaiHTe ueóeca ciaBy BoacÍK>. 

Padocmt!.. RaRi xopomo cRasano! RaRx oea Hysna TenepB dTofi 
CijífiOŘ seMJit!.. 

Hsi RaRHxi MejOHett CRjaAUBaercfl shbhb! IIoqeMy botb a 
BosBpan^aiocB vh cbok) ROiiHaiy yiíiuieHHafl h pacxporaHHaa? ?tí> 
9T0 — ycrajiocTB cb Aopora mh ninie, pacxoAHBmieca eepsu?.. 

Jl^airoBflSBifi MajiBi&, bi> noJHHfljiott RpacHofi pytíaxš, crejierB 
MH% Ha AHBan^ noJOcaTyio posoByio npocTUHK). 

60 cwk noTOMi fl (Mumy rojioca, nime h BHsy híahuhh, bsi- 
nyRjiuMH (JyRBaifH: „6jiaroBÍCTByfi seMJii pa^ocTB seiiK)^... h nyB- 
CTByK) ee bi CBoeifB cepAni^. 



JIUCROBO BO BCeMB — npCTUBOHOJIOSHOCTB KHflPHHHHy. 
61 KHJirHHHHÍ^ MOSHO 2RHTB, B'B JIuCROBÍ SHTB Hej[B3fl: MOSHO 
HaSHBaiBCfl. 

HHRaRHXi npHcnocoÓJeHifií ri shshh b^ bha^ caxoBi, nan- 
caAHHROBx HJiH xoTfl 6u OTA'&iBHO Top^iaiAHxi BexexB, RaRLs nona- 
AaiOTCfl vb caiiux^B y6onixi AepeBHHXi, h'6ti sa^b — b acho, hto 
He AXSL Hero umi 6utb, noroiiy ^to ohh hh j^sí ^ero h hh A4fl 
Roro He HysHu. He totb crpofi h xoa'b shbhh, He tšitb sBBen 
Hacejenie, ne Toro TpefiyeTca eny. 

Gipufi cjioŘ Bucoxmaro, pasiieJiBHeHHaro noA'B ROJiecaiíB h ro- 
niiTaMH HaBOsa noRpuBaeTi na BepmoRi njio^aAH, yjHi^u b ne- 
peyju^B. Ha 6a3api — RyqH copa, naRonjieHHBifl cb sbmu. KpyTfiu, 
xecoBUfl RpumH 6esi rohbrobi h yRpamenift (ohh xaRse hh au 
Roro ne nyaiHBi) noRpuBaiDrB sajmn^a — ne Aona h ne hsCu, Óesi 
njaierneft h ABopoBi, ho saxo c% BusicRaMH bi ABa i^B^ia ^yiB ho 
^epesi RasAKie xpn AOMa« Bo3u cb xji'66omi, (SeaROBe^sBie bosu 
ci c^BoiTB, (TB MyRofi, HycTUB Tejť^vE^ rpoMuxaBDH^ífl Ha CRaRy 
pasorHaBHuxi bo bck) npuxB, dauopeHHiixB jomaAeHORi. Hbíjb h 

BOBB. nBBHUB DŠCHB B HBBBBie FOJOCa H31 OROHl HOA^B BBIBtCRaMB.. . 



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H3^ no^sAKU HA Bojry. 231 

Bce Mwb sjc^B oifepsHTejBHO, h b xy^aH) tojbbo od oahomi: 
sm MOXHO CKopite HaiTH jtomaxefi h BEiÓpaTbca OTCioxa* Ilpexo- 
jonca rtiTB ne mch^ ocraHOBBTBCfl bi> rocTBHHHi^']^, ^To6íl noo&b- 
mhy pacmaTHTBCfl ch offiswb h AoroBopaTLCfl ci xpynm am- 
Il^BQ]n. 

Ha jiierHHi^^ — nurpoRoft, ho laBOi spyroĚ, BaBHMH Ónsaion 
jicnon^u Ha CKBepHHXi ^epAaxaxi h bi crpamnurB CHaxi, Bor^a 
lymm somiiapi — není oCcrynaerx noi^nn^e aiín^EBOBi bcšx'b 
Bospaeroffb h bhaobx. JI B£i($HpaH> xyAon^aBaro crapaRa ci cixofi 
iSopoAofi, BHynnuon^ei Mwb óosie xoBÍpifl, h bi HeroAOBaHÍH) CBOony 
%pe3i nojittca sacraio na Boasaxi Moero lapaHTaca, bi BoropiiŠ 
cioieHH yaie bc6 moh Benui) pusaro napna erb Ajujsflwbj ne BHy- 
aBDOfiirB HHBaBoro AOB^pia h rjiyno yjia^aion^arocfl na bcš moh 
oponery. OBasuBaercfl, hto a AoroaopHJiacB ci omom, h orei^i 
oepewn MeHH ciray, OTnpaBHBmHCB npoHBBaTB kb Ba6aBŠ nojiy- 
^eHHHi Bi saAaTOBi py6jiB. 

KpyroM'B ToniHTCfl napoA^, paBHOAymnufi bb Moeiiy neroAOBa- 
iDii> I Moeft AaiBBŠime& cyABÚt. 

Ocraercfl noBopHTBCa eft, cíctb h 'IxaTB, noBa cb^tjo. Jífi Ca- 
xypoBa 18 BepcTB. S, h laBi onosAajia, saAepsaBniHCB bb Knani- 
BiHi, H, nepenyTaBB hhcio, oniH6jiacB na i^utt achb. 

HysHo ^^TB H tfuTB CHOBottHOtt; TjaBHoe; hh vb BaBOMB ciy- 
^ He BUBasuBaTB (5oa3HH. 9to npesAe Bcero. Jífi h ^ero (5oaTBca! 
% He nycTiiHK) Caxapy 6yAeMB mu npoissaTB cb bthmi pu* 

QVB, nOAOSpHTeJBHUMl flMH^HBOMB, XOTfl MHHyxaMH BaseTCfl, ^TO 

i Bi nycTHH^ Caxapb 6uxo 6u jer?e ^yBCTBOBaTB cetfa, tojbbo 

<^ Be (hTB OAHOfi. 

IIoHeMHory íbab, CM^flK)^^ecfl bhau h sanaxi nocn^Bann^ett 
im— HjAHufi apoMarB, cb botophmb Moacen cpaBHHTBOi tojibbo 
^^oui Mopa, — pa8BieBaK)TB Měna h BacTaBjiaH)TB saCuTB xpoBOs- 
^ MHciH. B% caMOM'B jíjbjvb: ^ero OoaTBca^ BorAa laai xopomo! 

TtumxB nosei a en^e ho acrpš^ajia HHrA^b. PobhoA, xeMHoft, 
<^ifltoii^ei BOXHofi nepejiHBaH>TCfl ohh h cxoaTB bb BiunHny ^eio- 
^^k^iecsaro pocta. HaBOHe]^'B-TO yposail necoMH^lHHtifi! TenepB yse 
^XOiro, MOSHO padCHHTHBaTB HaB^pnoe. EyAeiB hbab hí^mi no- 
^Jurr&ea snei^urB. 

BocKJuu^tHie OAo6peHÍfl, BupBaBmeeca y Mdero bobhhi^bi, npH- 
^t&Fb Meaa cb hhmi, h mu djiaronojiyno AOBepmaeMi Hami 

Ha BonpocB: fa^ SHByrB ÓapumHH, saB^Aysonýa crojiOBOtti 
"M yKa»iBaH)TB AByx^B-axasHufi AOMBBiy BUBpameHHuĚ rojiy6oK> 
K, CB HecrpuMH yBpamemaMH naxB OBHaMH h no yrjaMB. 



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232 BftCTHHRl EBPOnU. 

KaKi dTO ÓuBaeri HHorxa, Heo^ojoiMafl sacr^HqHBOCTb BApyrx, 
Bi uocjAffifoiú MHHyTy, OBJía^WerB mhoK. BesnoROfiHBie BonpocH 
meBeJiflTCfl b^ yM'6: m:b s hmi csasy? ?ero pa^H nojiBJíEOCB y 
HHxi? n Bon SHaen, cb RaKOK) i^^bid; owb — caiui npitssia 
— ycrpoMHCfc 3;^4cB, h ÓjAerh jh yAOÓHO ;ím hhxi noflBJíeHÍe Tf- 
soro juii^a BenepoirB, Ror^a caifi co(k>H> flBJUieTCfl Bonpoci o 
Houeri, o6x ^Ia^í? Rb cyn^HocxH ji ^ase ne sHaiOy BaKi HasBaTB, 
KaKi cnpocHTB npo Ttxi, Ki KOMy a i^y. GaMypoecKin Oapumnu 
— HTO aro TaKoe? $aMH^fl hjih irfecTHoe nposBHme? H cb qero 
JI HaHHy, CB BaKHMH cJOBaMH o6paiAycB ki hhitb? 

B% OKHŠ BepxHjiro STasui Me^iBsaiorB abí seHCsiji foiobke^ 
csumaTCfl c6i^aH>I^ie MOJio^Bie marH, h qeped'B MBHyry o&hSLCReme 
ROH^eHO. SI ee CByM&ia 6u noBTOpHXB ero, ho acho, ^to oho 
yxoBJíeTBopHJDio TÍTby Ri ROMy 6uA0 oÓpan^eHO. 

Mu noAHHMaeMCfl no jňerEsuib. 

Ptisifi AHH^HRI TBiffiTh MOHXl npERasaHÍtt BHHSy H BHCRaSBl- 

BaerB sejianie TaRi se dJiaronojiy^HO xocraBHTB iieHfl oóparao na 
ApyroK AGHB. Bi BOJHeHÍH fl 8a(5uBaH) noAOspHranBHyio ^^hsíohomíh) 
H corjiamaiocB na ycaoBÍJi. 

depeši qacB mh chahitb sípoem bt> MajieHBROi ROMHarb sa 
CTOJioifB — TaRHMx MajieHBRHMi, HTO caifOBapB HysHO nocraBHTB OT* 
A^BHO Ha TaÓypen — h BHHifaTejBHO npHCMaTpHBaeMCfl xpyr^ R'b 
Apyry. 

O&b ÓapuniEH o^eHB mojoau- 

O^Ha— njOTHaji, 6&[0Rypaji A'i^BymRa, cb sAopoBiiMi bhaoitb h 
npiflTHBQTB, xora h nepesi-TfpB RpyrjiBUťB jihi^oitb. Apyraa — neoCsiK- 

HOBeHHO MESOBHAHafly XyAeHBSafl H TeMHOBOJOCafl, CB BOSfiySAeHHEOťB 

H TporaxejiBHinrB BupaseHÍeMi, RaRoe tíuBaerB y jiK)Aett, HeAaBHO 
onpaBHBmuxcfl ottb Tssejiofi ÓoifbsBE. Ona A^fiCTBHreJBHO tojubro- 
^m nepenecjia Tasasyio 4^opMy BOcnajieHÍa jrerRHXi, h nonpaBJíeHie 
mjio MeAJieHHOy npH HetfjiaronpiaTHuxi ycJOBÍjn^i. 

H Ta, H APyraa hsi nexepóypra h cohijihcb tojíbro sa^, na 
irikri, nposHBi Hepaaiy^HO h oahhoro bi AepeBH^ cb Ha^ajia 
AeRaÓpa. PanBme oh^ Majio SHajTH Apyn» Apyra. Orapniaji oroh- 
HHja Ha ^eiBAHiepcRHxi Rypcax'B, MJiaAmaji ÓsiJia na ÓecryaieB- 

CRHXX, HO OHH He yAOBJíeTBOpflJÍH 66, H oHa MeTTajía TaRaR6 CA$- 

jiaTBCfl 96JBAniepHi](6t. 

B% npoAOJiac6HÍe pasroBopa Maio*no-Majy nc^esaeTi BneHaTjrb- 
HÍe HejiOBROCTH H CT^CHeHÚi, npoH3B6AeHH06 HeosHAaHHOCTBH) Moero 
noflBJi6Hifl. SL He 3aM']^qaH> npn STOifb npoBHHiúajiBHott ciobooxot- 

JHBOCTH, ROTOpyH) BURaSIIBaiOTB 06uRH0BeHH0 JIIOAH, AaBHO He BB- 

AaBmie CB^&saro ^ejiOB^Ra h sHBy^ie bi oymH. HanpoTHBi: o&b 



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H31 no^ARH HA BOJnr. 233 

J^BjanSM OHBEh CXepsaHHEI. JI HaSEIBaiO H']teBOJIbRHX'b OÓntHXli 

SHasoMux^B vh HHSHeifi-HoBropoA^; OBasHBaioTCfl oón^ie sHaROinie 
Ha RypcaxB kb flerepóypri, h aoHeMHory jiejLi» pacraHBaen. 
Ki yABBJieHÍH), CBÍx6HÍjer, nojy^eHHiifl mhoh) bi HesHeMi, osa* 

3liIBaH)TCfl HeBÍpHUMH. 

JI o&bAGosac, HTO rjiaBHOft npH^HHOft Moero npi'l8Aa óujio se- 
lame dphath na noMon^B bi hhhi, Tasí saRi bc6 bi HasHeiii 
Shjih yBtpeHu. hto y hhxi ne XBaTfluio x^Hen h x^a Cblih bi 
saTpyAHHTeiiBHOMi nojiosenÍH. 

«» O9 hítb! 3x0 óujio tojibbo oaho Bpem, Ror^a mu B3Ay- 
Man noRyoaTB JomaxeS h ae Mor^e RyímiB jí^jíh bcIxi, ROMy 6u;io 
HpiHO BecHOfi. Mu Torxa nHcajH wb HBsmfi h npociiJiH, ecjiH 
MoasHO, noMOHB H upHOíaTB A^HerB. Ho ctojiobeih cb nepBaro se 
BpeMeHH 6ujai o6e3ne9eHH ao robili. Mu OTRpuBain hxi oxny sa 
jtpyrofi T0J[BR0 Torxa, Ror^a 6ujih yB^penu, ?to y nacB xBaxurB, 
^liiTB npoRopMHTB AO HOBaro ypoasafl. Hnané Cujio 6u neBOsifOSHO. 
Ha^TB, . o($HaAe2BHTB — H 6pocHTB noTOMi! 3x0 6ujio 6u HenpocxH- 
fenHO, — roBopHxi cb eepBesHuiTB ^hi^omi ($&iORypafl ^'l^ByinRa h 
npHBixjiHBO yron^^erB MeHfl naeirb. 

— A CROJiBRo Bcero cxojiobuxi bu OTRpujin Wh dxofi lito- 
HOCTB? — cnpamHBaio a. 

— BoceMB H ab£ xji'l6oneRapHH. Ha 66jiBinee hhcio ne XBa- 
THjo 6u cpeACXBi, A& H xpyAHO npacHaxpHBaxB 6ujio 6u caMHMi. 
A oeraBHXB Óesi npHCMOxpa nejiBSfl. 

— ^xí> se, o^OHB 6ujio ne^iajibHO? B% RaROirB nojoseHin bu 
VÍkcb sacxasH HapoAi>? — npoxojisaH) a cboh pascnpocu. 

— Jíft no^xH KB xoHi se, Bi RaROMi OHI H xeuepB. B'Iai> 

MU MOSeMl BOpMHXB XOJIBRO tfOJIBHUXl, A^Teft H CXapHROBl. OcxaJIB- 

HHe nepe6HBaH)xcfl cami, RaRi> Moryxi. Hocotile nojiy^aioTi nenHO- 
ne. CqacxBe bi xoitb, hxo yposaft 6yAexi HeotiuRHoeeHHo xopomi 
Vh HHH^nmeMi roAy. 3xo noAAepsHBaexi bcíxi, a nnane mioxo 

Haib ]í,2LAhwb9imiiaj» pascnpocoBi a yanaio, hxo o&b ÓapuniHH 
nonam b% CanypoBO cjiy^afino. Ho^xajiH hsi Hexeptfypra, noxoMy 
HTo ne MOUiu ÓoAttue CAutuamt m<no, umo dtbJUiAOCh no depeeuHMó, 
H Ayiiau, 9X0 Horyxi homo^b bi 9eMx-HH6yAB. JI,o6paBmHCB ao 
HasHaro, owb abhjihcb r% ry^epaaxopy; ohi apHHflJii jiK>6e3HO, 
He cnpocHjTB fjBíSRe $aMHJÍH, a npaHO yRasajix, RyAa &LaxB. Oni 

n TOTB se AeHB BU^XaJIH H B0X1» AOSHBaiOXl Ha HŠCxi 6e3BU* 

^Aho ceABMott Micfli^i. Ksapxapy naniJiH y 6oraxaro HysHRa, ro- 
TopHft da/poMh ycxynHJTB hitb CBÍxejiRy bi CBoeň AByxx-BTasHOft 
H3(ii, Bi buaí sepxBu Ha AOÓpoe a^jío. IIoM^n^HROBi) RpyroMi ho 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



234 BI^CŤHUKl EBPOnU. 

TREBerb HH Ayinn; specTbAHe se npHHflJH hx^b BOOÓiuie co^yBCTBeHHO. 

XOTfl CUJIH H HCRJlH)qeHÍfl. HaXOAHJHCB CTapyXH, KOTOpEIfl HH 8a 
^TO He XOT^H ne TOJIbRO XOAHTB B% CTOJlOBHfl, HO JSjBiSie iCTb 

sepTBOBaHHu& xjá&b, c^HTafl HXi csyraMH aHTHxpHcra. 9to oco- 
6eHH0 ycHJiHJiocL OAHO BpeMfl, Kor^a oh*]^ ea^ajiH ywiB rpaxort 
A^Tefi. niBOJU sfkrb Ha h^bojbko sepcTB spyroMi. IIoHeMHory, 
OAHaBo, Bce saTHXJíO, ycnoEOHJocB cano coóoft, hícbo^ko fjbBO- 
?eRi Buyusjach ^HiaTL, a osfb ocraiOTCfl vb Hanjiy^mHxi OTHome- 
HÍflxi c% HacejeHÍeifi>. 

— CKyHHO 6hjo, a AyMaK), h TpyAHO noiišiqaTBCfl sjtiich se- 
Mofi, — roBopH) fl, orjiflAUBafl opHniHajbHoe noHŠn^eme. 

IIo cifoiairB CTOHTB ueóejih — ^sa cryja MarKHxi> h Rpeeio, 
oÓHToe CHTi^eMi, H pflAoiťB — 6ÍJIUŘ AepeBflHHuft CTOJii H TftCypeTi; 
CT^HH Bu6&[eHii, a nojii HeRpamenHiifi. Hdi-sa toheoS nepero- 
poABH AOHOCHTCfl SByBí nocyAH H rojoca xosaftcRoft ccmbh. 

— Xojoaho Cujo, — OTB^^aerB mhí ÓojihEM A^BymBa, csersa 
noBamjuiBafl n syraflCB fb njiaTOBi. — Xopomo Óujio xo, tto xo- 
sflHKB nonajicfl otjbhhu& ^eiOB^Bi. GoBcbwb oco($eHHBift nejiOB^B^B, 
— CB oatHBJíeflieMi noacnaer^ ona. — IIpeACTaBBTe ce(Jt — Topryera 
jjáóowbj no npo^cdH „ByjaRi'', BticrpOHJii C66i aom% h x^HBrH, 

BŽpOflTHO, CBOHHJIl, a BX TO Se BpeMfl HOMOraeTB CBOHlfB H caiTB 

Ao6poAyniHBifi, npocrofi, jiioÓhti bhqhtb h j[k>6hti pe6flrB. Bnpo- 
qeiťB, bu ero yBHAHxe saBxpa. 

Ho AO saBTpaniEUiro aha Hena Ha^HHaerB ÓesnoBOHTB mucjb o 
ceroAHamHett ho^h. EaBHMi o^pasoiťB pasM^bciHMca mu dfíbcb, bi 
BpoxoTHoft BOMHaTB*]^, BTpoeiix, Tfik Ha Bcžxi Tpexi OAHHi A^pe- 
BaHHufi AHBan^B Ha noAo6ie caAOBofi CBaMBH! Bi MoeirB yiiš nau- 
HaiorB ooaBJíaTBca npeAnojioseHÍa o Ho^eri wb TapaHTadk, b^b xo- 

8HttCB0M1> CŠHOBaJli, eCHH OWb eCTB. 

Měna nyraen tojbbo o^na mbicjib: kb ^eHi-HH^yAB noMtmaTB, 
AOcraBHTB saipy^Henie mhjhiitb x^BynisaurB, Boropna Basyrca mh£ 
Bce 6ojňe h 6ojňe npHB^ieBaTejiBHiiMH. 

Mu BTpoeiTB yÓHpaeiTB u pascraBJíaeiii no iri^craMi npHHaX" 
jiesHOCTH ^finaro xosa&CTBa, Bopanno^iBy ci afiiutMH, TaÓypen h 
caHOBap^B. 

npn nepeABHseHÍH no^oasenie BuacHaeTca* 

3a neperopoAROĚ 7 Asepefi Apyraa BOMHaTBa^ sanaxaa bo bcd 
BaiH^EHy OTB OAHOfi CT^Hu AO Apyroft HeBpameHHoft, &bjioi Bpo- 
BaTBK) H cojEOMeHHUMi Tio^aBOMi. Ha Hefi ycTpOHBaiOTca o6t no- 
Apyrs vh Tb ahh, BorAa npHXOAnrca OBasuBaiB rocxenpÍHMCTBO BOny- 
BH^yAB Hdi^ npi§3saK)n^Hxi». Mni npeAOcraBjaiorB AHBaHB. BonpocB 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



E3T» nO%3AKH HA BOJpy. 235 

o HOHJeri piunoHx, ho ho cna mei e^e pa3% npHcaisBBaeMCfl k% 
OBHy. PasroBopi npoAOJisaeTCfl. 

SL pascnpanraBaH) o ctoiobuxi h AJMaio o ApyroirB. Mhí^ HHie- 
pecHu caMH no ee&b bth abe jobub cyn^ecTea. %6 oh^ npeAcraB- 
imrh eo6oi? S. Maio snaio coBpeiieHHoe MOJio^oe noKOJitme. Kasia 

y HBXL MUCJIB H MeHTH H lUaHH ÓyAy^efi A^TeJIBHOCTH H JH^Haro 
CHaCTBfl? 

OtB^^ OTHOCHTeJibHO XOSflĚCTBa Bl CTOJIOBHXl nOpasaiOTB MeHfl 

CBOefi TO^HOCTBH). Boe Bu^HCJieHO vb py6jiflx% h Kon^isaxi, vh 

CBOpOHHiie H nOCTHHe AHH, BC% I^^pU COXpaHflIOTCfl Bl naMflTH. 

Bi ofin^eMi nojiy^eHO vb pasHoe Bpeiifl h HCTpaqeno 6oji'le 6.000 
py6jefi. Jífi cjyxa Moero aoxojíatl pascysAemji o npoi^eHTHOMi co- 
xepzaHÍH sHpoBuxi H tftJiROBBEX^B Ben^ecTBi. Jí^jiíi AOCTaBJíeHifl no- 
ciÍahiixi rojioxaiongíHiy ORasuBaercfl Heo($xoAHHUMi> ísabtb b% JIbic- 
xoBO napo^HO bi> Óasapnue ahh sa Hspofi, ROTopaa noBynaercfl 
vb noxjie6Ry ny^aiiH ]i^sl saM^HH Mflca nocroiix. 

— 9to npocrafl, Kpacnaa HRpa^ — otiucnaiorB na iioe sbmIí- 
iame o xoporoBHBH^ moh cofiec^AHHi^u. — Ona ne Aopora, xota, 
pasyMŽercfl, b% oóvofiwb buxoahti neMHoro Aopose. Ho ^to se jiib- 
ietb! Hea^e 6ujío 6u nenHTaTejiBHO, a ohh ba^ h (Sesi Toro hcto- 
n^enii. 

— A q^feui »e Bu caMH nHTaerecb 3A'^b? — cnpamHBaio a, 
ruAa na xyAenBsoe jhi^o oahoS hsihhxi, na ea yBRyio pyRy, na 
KOTopyD ona onepiacB, noBepnyBnincB b% npo^^Eib ri oRny. 

Bonpoci Moi BiidBiBaeT:b n^Roropoe CMy^enie. Hbi otb^tobo^ a 
nory nonaTB, ^to HHRaRoro npaBHJibnaro pexníta n^rs, o(^Aa ne 
Bapan, h nponcxoABTB ^A^nie vb cyxoMaiRy, vb neoupeA^ennue 
HacH, cb ^aenHTÍeMi, BaM^naiD^HMi Bce Apyroe. 

— noBBOJiBTe, HO BŠAb BTO HenpocTHTejiBHo! — roBopco a, lyB- 
CTBya wb eeSik npajiHBi ho^th HeroAOBania sa 9to neyiiŠHÍe ycr-^ 
poHTBca, HaaaAHTb no-neiOB^^ecRH cboh) shshb, hto6£i ne pacrpa- 
HHBaTb Aftp<^'b CBJí%j HOotfxoAHMuxi xoia 6fii AJUi ciysema HHie- 
pecam T&x^b se rojOAaioiUHXi. AMepERancRÍa A^symRH ysi ro- 
Be^HO CbyM&iH 6u ycrponib nysHoe A^a Apyrnxi, ne oxRasuBaa 
vh HeoÓxoAHMOMi laRse h ce&b. Una^ie aro B^Ab SHa^Hrb se^ib 
cbí^ Cb o6ovx'b ROHi^OB^b. H Ri ^eiiy se bto Mosexi npHBecra! 
fl ci ÓojibniHMi sapoMi Hasaraio cboio ^hjioco^ík), HJiJiiocTpHpya 
ee npHMipaMH BceBOSMOSHEixi HaipoHajibHocTe8. 

O&b 6apiiniHH Ban^Hn^aiOTca h oopaBAUBaiOTca. 

— Bbe nanpacHO AyMaeie! uu xaRse mhofo xjionoiaiH BHa- 
^ajA, HO npBHiJOCb noMHpHTbca, noroMy ^to RH^ero CA^^Tb nejibsa. 

— noMHjy&Te, Aa pasB^ xosafiRa Bama, HanpBMipi, ne Morjia 



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236 B^CTHHErb EBPOnU. 

6u npHTOTOBHTb Baiťb BaRÍe-HH6yA^ n^H, sasKapiiTb sycoRi Mflca? 
ÍTO HH(5yAB ropa^ee... 

— Mu npocajui, npo6oBajiH. Ho, BO-nepBBixi, ona wcro 6ii- 
saerb saHflxa^ a bo BTopuxi, fotobhii lasi HeonpflXHO, ^to ÓuBaio 
HeBOSMOSHO 8acTaBBTb ce6fl nporjiOTHTB es crpanHio. Bootin^e Ha- 
poA'B sjíibch HeonpflTHiifi, SHeyrB rpasHO h t^^o. IIpoBEsiio TpyxHO 

HafiTH. 

— Ho Bce se neBOSMOSHO Tasí! IToMoiyfiTe, ceifB M^^ifeBi» 
Ha cyxoflAeHÍn! — npoAOJsaio a HaraeaTB HerojtOBame. — Bi xaKOirB 
cny^a^ hjsho 6ujío synaTB BepocHHOByio ByxHio h roroBHTb ca- 

MEUTb. 

— ^a, 9T0 y^oóflie. 

— TaB% sa i/bwh se ^"^0 crajio? 
JI He cjonny orsiia. 

— Ona CTOHTi ne^oporo, BaKux^-HH6yAB TpH-^eríipe pyÓJui. 

— Jífij HO ecaH Hxi hítb... 
PasroBopi o6puBaeTCfl cairb co6ofi. 

EiJOEypafl ^^ejiLxmepHi^i ^iacro yjiuCaeTca npH0%TjiHBO& h flCHot 
yjiu6Bofi; oaa BŽpHO cocjiysHrs e& ciysóy wh Óy^y^eft npaBTHB^. 
S. BHsy Biipasenie hšsdocth h sajiocxH fb ea rjiasaxi vh to 
Bpeiui, Rasi ona, yjiuCaflCb, cmotphtb na ÚojihEjJo noxpyry h ro- 

BOpHTB. 

•— Tflsejo 6ELS0 BO Bpeiifl 6oJifeHH esi. Tyrš ys% npHxoxH* 

JIOCB HO-HeBOJi 5ÍraTB Vb HHBTB, BHOflTHTB MOJIOSO^ SapHTb FOBfl- 

;iHHy. Hy, a Teaepb HH^ero, cjiaBa Bory, nonpaBQjiacb. Mojiobo ^jíjtch 
OTjraiHoe. 

— Hy H HTO se eme: mojiobo, afii^a? — cnpamHBaia a. 

— J(a, H xjň&h. Bu npo6oBajH j^Me^n? 9to aMepHBaHCBÍi. 
O^eHb xoponrb h 6bJvbŘ namero, toubo ^yrb-nyrb ropbBOBaTuft na 
BBycb. neByn ero sjíHch Kb ^amBaxi... 

Ho a ne cjrymaH), aaB^ neByrb xjA&b* Mhí pascsassiBaiOTb 
ch yBJíe^eHieirb o CojibHuxi h ycoixaxi vh je^enÍH, o BpeiieHHoft 
6oJibHHHBÍ, ycrpoeHHOfi bi m&k xyrb se bi cejii. Moh) pasc&iH- 
HOCTb npHHHCUBaioTi ycTajiocTB, H MEi pacxo^tHaicfl, no2BaBi xpyn 
^pyry pyBH. 

i& xymy Jiaimy h josycb na CBOfi XHBaHi, ho ^lepes^b MHHyry 

BCraiO H OTBOpflH) OBHO 

HosAHO, nepBuft ?acB. JI,jHHHEiirb, lepniurb, syÓ^aTHirb pa^oirb 
THHyrca nepeAi* obhomi h36ei orpoMHaro cejia. Hh fb OAHOfi hítb 
orná. Bce sacnyjio spyroirB, a a cnaiB ne nory. Oxnero? 

JI ^BCTByH) CeCfl BBBOJIHOBaHHOfi H BOSÓyS^^eHHOfi, BaBOK) AaBHO 

He 6iua. MhÍ xo^erca xoahtb no BOMnai^, secriiByjnipoBaTB h ro- 



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H31 no«3AKH HA BOJiry. 237 

BopHTB, roBopHTb... Ho H Hc ABHraflCB ci Mtoa, H cx cacaTUMH ry- 
6a]fH, fl Be^y pasroBopi, ropsnift cnopx cb HeBHAnMuirb npoTHBHH- 
BOMx, sapaníe TopsecTByfl no&b]sj HaA'B hhitl. 

Kto OHTb — fl He 8HaK). 9to — cofiHpaTCJBHoe cymecTBO, bomo- 
n^aioiiiee vb ceCi cysA6HÍfl h ^%^ RorAa-xo cisanaHHEifl, raser- 
Hue OTSfiiBEi, sypaajiBHUfl crai^H, rjiib-TO ^inraHHUfl. Bi dxy hohb, 
13% dToro oRHa MHŠ xo^ercfl saspa^aTS xaKi, htoCei csEnnHO 6kij[0 
BciiTB A&JI6B0 BOBpyrb: 

— » Ara! íxo! yC^AHMCb bei! Bhahic bh lenepB!?.. Bh o(Íbh- 
HfljH MOiOAoe noKOJi'lHÍe bi OTcyrcTsiH HxeajiOBi, bi droHSM']^ h Óes- 
cepAeHHOCTB. Bei roBopHJH, ?to name Bpeiifl — ne repoeBi; hto eítl 
6ojBine repoesi h repoHHB. jIosb! Heapas^a! Ectb ohh. Ectb, hh- 
jiocTHBHe rocyxapH m Mumocrmun rocy^apuHE! Ectb, rocno^a! Bu 
He Taní Hx^B HCsaiH H xot6jih HafiTH. BoTB ohh!... 

}ífl Menfl AOHOCHTCfl cjiaóoe, saipy^Hennoe x^i^^HÍe óoJBHoft. 

3A'k;B, vb arofi MaaeHBRofi EOMHax^ shjih ohí, thxo h 6e3* 
myMHO ^íisísi CBoe 6ojiBmoe ff&io. IIpocrarB jih oh^ mhí lenepB, 
ecra cjiy^afiBO npo^Tyn h yBnaion ceófl noA%, nn^ero ne roBops- 
JBflWh A^ Apyruxi HceBAOHHMOifB 9caMypoBCBHi'B 6apunieH'B''? 

IIpaBa JH £ Bl TOWby HTÍ> fl TOBOpiO? JI,O.ISHa JIH ^HJa fl MOJI- 
TOTB? 

HafiAyrcfl j[H)AH, AJiH ROTopBix'B cjiOBa MOH 6yAyTi TasHiii se 

ÓOApflH^HMl, paAOCTHBIMl OTEpOBeHÍeMl, SaRHlTB ÓUJLU CaMH OWb KB 

Ty MHHyry A<2ifl nena. Bi HanrB bíki ÓaHBOBCKHXi a^i^obi h 
(^BOfiCRHxx RpaxoBi, — ]ífii (Sikjíflua A^BOHRH pacHOJiaraiorB 6e3- 
soHTpoiBHO TfiícflqaMH oóoiecTBeHHEixi AenerB h ne pimaioTCfl hc- 
TpaTHTB Tpexi pyÓJiefiy „ecAU um i«n>fns^, ne naxoAfl AOcraTOH- 
HmrB AJUi ROMnpoMHCca 6osisBh^ hjoxíh ycjiOBÍH nHianifl, cb Be- 
jnncoAymHofi HepaBC^exjiHBOCTBK) mojioaocth saipa^nBafl CHjra, roto- 
pHxi, MOseTB 6htb, ne npHAeTCfl BepnyTB. H nycTB mh4 ne roBO- 
pfffB, ^To sepTBa HeBejiHRa h ne sacjiysHBaerB rpoMRaro HasBanÍH. 
TepoHsiTB 6yAHH?Hiifi, BHyTpeHHÍfi, Tuxafl A^TejiBHOCTB Óesi ÓJiecRa 
H 8^[)^RTHuxi nosi... KaRx xo^eniB HasuBafi po3y — ona He yrpa- 
nm CBoero áiaroyxaHÍH. 

VI. 

Hioxo enajiocB na hobomx u^bcA^ h npocunaiDCB h panBme 
Ipyraxx. 

MeHfl paAyerB ÓedyRopHSHeHHuft nopHAORx, Roropufi fl saM^^aH) 

BO BCeiTB. MOH repOHHH — HOCHTeJBHHI](II RyJIBXypU BX HCTHHHOMl efl 

BHaqeHÍHy Wh npHMÍ&HeHÍH efl rx nesaif^THUMx, HenoRasHHifB Mejo- 



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238 B^CIHUKI EBPOIUI. 

^aiťB eseAneBHaro o^iixo^ta, vb Boropom oea npHBHBaercfl Tjxe 
H MeAJeHHŠe Bcero. HeBOSMoasHOCTb HcrpaiETB xpe py&ia na npex* 
Mer^b nepBOH HeoóxoAHMOCXH CKasKBaeTCfl h bo bcsmi ocraiBEom, 
Bi no^ipo^HOCTflxx cBpoMaaro Tyajiera h ůbjsjsioi o($CTaHOBRH, h t^itb 
He uesAe hhito ne BOsCysKA^erB ópesrjiHBaro on^yn^eHÍfl, soropoe 
CTOJiBBO paBi npuxoAHJOCB HcnuTBiBaTB npH nepexoA'^ hsi pac^pae- 
HeHHEixi rocTHHBixi BO BHyxpeHHÍe noROH ji¥y6o% flROÓfii ofipasoBaa- 

HOft CeMLH. 

K'B HoeMy orop^eHÍK) xosflHHi Aona yissaerrb ea MejibHHi(y. 
Mh^ ee y^aercfl noBHaROMHXBCfl ci ehmi. 
,S cnycsaiocB bhhsi h ocMaTpnBaH) jsfiwb. 
Hhshí& drasi saHHMaerE jiaBsa h noAB&ii ci sejafisHUMii ABe- 

pflMH, Cl OpHTEHaJIBHUMH pHCyHBaMH H Ha^nHCAMH Ha ABepflXB. Ha 

OAHofi HsoÓpaseHi BeJiHROJišnHQ& jieBi Cb rojiy6uMi xboctom^b h 
uaAnHCBK): saurtMó ei nůdeaAz xodumhf kom eaMé secbMa macnoJ 
Ha Apyrofi CojiBmHHH, apBHMa 6yBBaMH ctohtb: hukiho MHtb ne 
yKOSHUKZ, SI caM6 cmapocma npunau^UKh. 

KpyroMi HH npyTHBa.. Bi BpanHBi Bajflerca crapuft janoxB; 
3a n^ierneirB BaproýejiB h oropoA^. Hepa^ociHO npoBecTH sjc^e 

.I'&THÍfi CedOETE. 

HoneMHory noAxoAflxi CojiBHue. ^enn^HEa Ch pefieHBOiťB npH* 
mja H3% AftAHeft xepeBHH cb sajio(k>ft na crapocry, soTopiifi ne 
aycBaeTB xoahtb bi crojiOByio. 

Bcix^B npvHHMaiOTi H pasÓHpaiOTrB HeMeA^eHHOy ao wio. Mu 
nBeMi ?a& y orspuraro onaa, n BenepHflfl 6ecl»A& B080($H0BJiJieTCJi 
Ha DTOTi pasi ch 65jiBmeft HenpHHysxeHHOCTBH). ffiasB, ?to Majo 
BpeifeHH H HysHO ToponHTBCfl. EpECďiyrH H^n, spoifi^ xoaflftcBoft 
paóoTHHi^i, H BCH) AOMamBioH) pa6oTy npHxoxHTCfl x^aiB camorB. 
)i,0HB HanojineHi. pa8Hoo6pa8HUMH sanfliLniH, lasi hto nonre ne 
ocTaercfl CBOÓOAnaro BpeneHH. H'£cbojbbo padi bi nexi^io Heotfxo- 

AHMO ^AHTB Sa npOBHBieft KB JIuCBOBO, Vh AaiBEÍfl CTOJIOBUfl, (Ut- 

AHTB 8a nopflAROM^B H pasÓHpaTB BOBHHBacon^fl HeAopaayii^ia. Bib 
OAHy H3i laBHXi noisAOBi BecHofi Fb nojOBOABe^ BorAa npHmjiocb 
TOHyTB H HATH lAmvLOwh HO HOflci vh BOA^^, Chjo cxBa^eHo Bocna- 
jieflie, HapyniHBmee o($£i^hbi& xoa'b shshh. HeoÓxoAHHO 6£lso bbe- 

HHCUBaTB AOBTOpa HSl JIuOBOBa H SaCpOCHTB 3aH^TÍfl, HO BCO OpOflUO 
H SH3HB Bonua Bl OÓU^HyK) BOJeH). 

CaMypoBCBafl crojiOBafl — OAHa hsi caMuxi fiojiBmHxi h ee noct- 
u^aiDTrb no bobmoshocth ^acro. Ha dTorb pasi mu ompasjuieiccfl 
BM^bdi. MeHJi conpoBOSAaen 6ojibHafl, xopomeHBBas A^ByniBa. 

i& flAyi paAOCTHO jiioÓyflCB eio. ?to-to cbíijoc rojyóoe, one- 
BBAHO canoA&iBHoe h óesBOHenHO MHJoe na btoitb mhjoiii, rpaiú* 



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HsřL no^ARH H^ BOJiry. 239 

osHOiťB cymecTBt. Ji^aeirB owh o6ib Rasyrca Mwb en;e 6ojAe npH- 

RieKaTeiBHUMH. 

Mil iipHzo;(HirE paHBme speMCHH, ho vh ctojiobo& BHiiirr& yse 
xiflTejiBHocTB. FpyAii xjiióa saHHiiaiOTB BecB yroj[i Hsóti, sa nepe- 
ropoABoft 7 neHH. MeHfl nopasaen* npasBJbHui pasiiipi BycROBX. 
BkH ecTBy HO BŽmaiOTB bi píarhxx cny^iaflxi. Pyna Cb nosem 

npRHOpOBEJiaCB nOTTH Cb ManiHHHOK) npaBHJLHOCTBK) OTplsaTb <j[)yH- 
TOBIie JOMTH. B^B pyCCBOt neiH H'6CB0JIbB0 KOTJIOBI Cb BapOBOlTB. 

IleByTB xjň&h H BapflTE iiHiity bx pasHuxi Hsfiaxi — HHaie ne no- 
cdítl no BpeMOHH H ne BEi^epacaiB ne^n nocroamnaro ornfl. O&b" 
mm» HŠCBOJiLBHHH napiiflMH. XosafiBa h es comba npncjiysHBaiOTrB 
sa CTOJOMi, nojiy^afl sa xjononi o&bxh na bck> ceMBio. 

^pyrB Ba ApyroMi coÓHpaiOTCfl bx nsóy a4th, noApocTRH, cxa- 
pne H noBHAHHOMy nepiABoe Aonojnenie soMnjieBTa — ABa A^pesen- 
CKHxx Aypa^Rft* IlepeAX o^^aoitb BCxaioTB, speciATCfl, odkjifiiíOTb bx 
UHHOifB nopflAK^ H pacxoAflTCfl Cb BfiipaseHiflMH CjiaroAapnocTH. 

— BjarOAapHMi, ÓapsininH! Cnacn^o sa xjiMb, sa cojib, po- 

IIoxjeÓRa CB HBpofi 6ea% Majnš&maro q)aBHeHÍfl jy^me Bcero, 
fi5 uwb npexoABJíocB npoÓOBaxB bo bcíxx ctojiobbixi bx pasjían- 
HHxx MtcrnocTflxx. SI XBajno ee Moeft cayTnni^, roBopa, hto npeA* 
noua 6u ee bx KpafineiťB csynaé cyxoflAeniio. 

— JíjBL, BOTB vb 8T0ifB H csasBiBaeTCfl pasHHi^a MOSAy HaMHj — 
OTBi^aeTB ona. — Ohh ^ji,sTb ee nocrojmno h ne naxBajflTCs, a 
mbí TenepB onpoTHB&ix canfiiB sanaxx HBpu, n a ne bx oocroaniH 
nporjOTHTB ee. JI naxosy, snpo^ieiix, ^to vb oG^eifB y nacB 
sopnarB Jiy^me, rtiix kb JIbicbobí. 

— A pasB^ laifB TaKse octb crojiOBaa? 

— EcTB, no COBC^HX Apyroro xapasTepa. HapoAx Tanx fiojiBme 
npmnjrat, paCodtt, n o&bjíflx>ns\e M^bnaioTCfl. Sa^cb cob^btca n 
HH sa ^TO ne nofiAerx vb crojiOByia Bspocjiufi, SAopoBut HysHBX. 
A laiťB Bce nanoMHnaerB bx oón^eiix noifnnajiBHufi o&b^'b ta^- 
HiÓyAB bx tfojiBmoMX ropoA'i. 

— Heo($BiBnoBenno nenpiflTnoe mšcto, saH^qaH) a. 

— JífiL^ uu caMH ne jioÓhmx ero n ^ahmx tojibbo no neotfxoAH- 

MOCTH. 

— A uBjby OAnaBO, nopa BOSBpantaiBCfl h šxaiB Hnenno TyAa. 
BenepoMx a nocnžio en^e na napoxoAX. 

— SE^pBO 6yAeTx ixaxB. Baiix 6u jy^me noAOSAftTB, ocraiBca 
Ao Be^epa. 

Ho fl ToponjiH)CB, noTOMy ^to tfoiocB Benepa n ne xony no^e- 
BaiB BX rocrannHi^i. 



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240 BfiCTfiiWB EBPOnU. 

BosHHi^a Mofi HaxoAiiTCfl ne 603% Tpy;(a h noAaen bi Rpiuibi^y 
CBOH) pasHOMacTHyK) napy kb BepeBOiHofi ynpflSE. 

Ha iipoiiiaHÍe Mni xoneicfl noi^osaTb muiixi xiBymesB, ho 
fl Bó-BpeMH yAepsHBafiocBj BcnoMHHaa, tto bto ne bi upasaxi 
y HUH'linHefi MOJO^esH. 

Mu oÓM^HHBaeMCfl Bp^nsHirB pyBonosaTÍein». 

i& noBTopflK) npHrjaiaeHÍe Henpeii^l^HHO 6utb y Meeui, seiafl 
DToro orB Bcero cepxi^a. Bi iipoxcjisemH SHasoMCTBa hístb, no- 
BHAHuoMy, HH^ero HeBosMOSHaro. O&b noxpyrH pimHJH ociaTBCfl 
uii GaMypoB^ en^e iflcfli^B ao noBaro yposaa h MHHOBamfl HaxoÓ- 
uocTH, a sai^iTB OAHa AyMaerB HCBaiB MŠcra vh BeMCTB^, a Apyrsui 
— nocTynsTB na ^ejiBAniepcBÍe sypcH. 

Fojytfofi AOMHK'B na noBopoři Óucrpo CBpHBaercfl hsi> rjasi 
MOHx^B. Hh OAHa co6aBa, BaBi 6ubmo npesA^, ee Bcrpi^iaerB 
.laeiTB H He npoBOsaerB npH BbrlsA')^ hsi a^P^beh. Hhkto ne se- 
.laeTB 6oAÍe Aepa^xB .iHmHHxi npereHAeHxoFB Ha ^Ayi h a ne 
Mory npeAcrafiiaTB ce&b^ irb Morjo HcnyraTB jiomaAeff, RorAa h aa 
OKOMUfiŘ owb npoAOJiasaiorB necTH ci 6^meH0& CucrpoToft, npH- 
BOAflntefi MeHfl bi OTqaflHÍe. 

i& OBJíHEaH) AMH^HEa H npHKasuBaio ixaiB THme, ho oh'l ne 
cjymaerB moha. TapanTaci npuraerB no BOJieflux, HaBJíOHfleTCfl h 
BasAyK) MHHyrj fotobi nepoBepHjTBCfl BBepx^B BOiecaMH. ^OpOSEHA 
Ben^H HB^B nepoABa nepeBajiiiJHCB na CHA'6HÍe h sa cnHHy. S. bob- 
BEimaH) rojocB, noAHMaiocB bi BosjíaMx h A^praH) By^epa hs^b Bckn 
CHJi csaAH, sa pysaB^, sa noaci. 

Ha ^A^) Bce TaBse roHfl JiomaAeft, okb noBopa^esaerr. bo 
HH^b rojOBy, h a saM^l^Haio no JiHi^y, wto okb coBepmenno nsaKb. 

CepAi^e csHMaercfl otb ysaca. IIpeA^iyBCTBie ne o^iiaHyjo iieHii. 
He AapoMi cb nepBOfi MHHyTsi Bnymajia mh% HeAOBÍpie aia piiacafl, 
OTBpaTHTejiBHafl $H3Í0H0MÍfl. Ho, OAHaBO, HTO se A^aTB TenepB? 
Ohi ne bhahti Aoporn, xapaHTacB Bajiercfl, jiomaAH padofibron 
ceft^acB... 

SaMirpafl on crpaxa h Hanpflrafl rojiocib, ^ito6ii sanyiHHTB 
cryÉTB H rpoxoTB, h rpoMBO roBopio, ?to ne a^mx eMy hh sonifisH 
na ^afi, eciH om 6yAerB rnaTB jiomaAeft, hto ne jnoůjiio CBopot 

"ISABI... 

yB%^^lHÍe A^CTByen. 

Ohi CAepsHBaerB pacxoAHBnraxcfl, BBMUjeHHiixi bja^^b, BOJieca 
nonaAaiOTB bi BOJeH h (J^mennafl csa^Ba npeBpan^aercfl. 

H Bce se h ne nory ycnoBOHTBCfl. Tasí jih mei ^AeMi? A ne 
3HaK> AoporH. BcnoMHHTi jm owb ee kb nBAHom bha^? HaBanyHi^ 
BenepoifB mki nt pasi cnpaniHBajrH upo^ssann^Hx^B, ho TenepB, b% 



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H81 noi^AKH HA BOJiry. 241 

eaiuii xayh ne if,erh hhbto, xopora npocejo^Haa, nojeiTB; hh 
xepeBHH, HH xynin He bhaho spyroii^E. 

A fl OAHE, h BCfl Bi ero Bjacra. ?tó s CA'&iaio, eciH RaRaa-HHÓyxB 
siafl MEicoB npHxerb bi ero rojiOBy, OTyifaHeHHyio bhhomi? 

3H0t najnrb. Fopfliie jy^H JiBiOTCfl (Tb He6a. Hejnaa uuAh ne 
josHTCfl H CTOHTi xyniHofi Ty^eB Bospyrb. PacKa^eHniiB njian^i 
o(SsBraerb jiaxoHb, ho Bce xoJOAierL BHyrpH, 3y5u cry^ars, RaRi 

Vh SBXGpSLfjA. 

SL xyMaH), HTO npesxe Bcero Hysno saroBopHTb, nosasaib eiiy, 
^To fl HHHero He 6ok)cb h ne npexnojiaraio HH^ero ^ypnoro. 

HaMipeHÍe Moe npeAynpesxfterej!. . 

Pusafly o6pocma)i n^esa noBopaTOBaercfl bi mok) cTopoHy h 
H8%-noArB ciOMaHHaro ROsiipbBa con^ypeHHufi, nbABsifi rjasi cmotphtx, 

IBHO CUiBCh HaXO MHOĚ. 

— ^Tb, ajiB HcnyrajiHCB ^aB*? 9eoI Hemro a HBaHB? Bu 
TTO-JH noAHOCHJiH? Buuun... Hy, hto-si! Ha cboh beihhji. 

Mhí HTb... 

— Th noMHHHiB JH ^íopopy? — cnpamHBaH) a, qyBCiBya híboto- 
poe o6jier^HÍe. 3jioyMHniJieHHHBi ne crajrB 6u nycRaiBca bb pas- 
eysBxeHÍfl. 

— ?ero ne homhhtb! Ji^opora... Jl^opora npflMafl, ojina. OxHa 
Xopora-TO,— HOBTopflerBOHi H noBopawBaerb jioma^efi, npotejBaei^ 
Mesofi, Tas:B ?to sojieca H^yrB tfoBom, sax^BaiorB h MHyn BOJOCBfl, 
nepeBpen^HBaen xpyryio Aopory h HanpaBJíflerB jromaxefi bi cto- 
pony Ha HOByio nexy. 

J9L OBOHWxejBHO Buxosy hb^b ceÚBy saÓtiBaio CTpax'B Honacemfl. 
Bsicmafl crenenB BOsÓysAenifl sapasHrejBHa h hpohsboahitb Bne^iaT- 
ňme wb caMEixi ÓescHJBHuxi h ÓesnoMon^HuxB cyn^ecrsaxi. 

KpoxoTHaa KocoseHma na nepespecTBi, ci bohiíomi BHmeraro 
nojoreHi^t; ocraercfl y Měna kb naiiflTH h cnacaerB mcha. 

— EaB'B se TH nyTaemB Aoporyi KaRi tu CM^l^emBl — BpHny 
H, 8axjie6i]BaflCB HeroAOBaHÍeirB. — Bohi xopora mhmo nacoBHH. 
Bhahhib! noteatai Tyxa! 

^Hrypa na sosjíaxi nox^HpaerB bo32bh h noBopaiHBaerB jo- 
majtefi kb yBasannoirB nanpaaieHiH, a a, o6e8CHJieHHafl, OTBHxuBaiocB 
Ba ebEO H hícboibbo BpeiieHH ne OTBpuBaio rjasa. 

PpoMBit rojiocB OBJHBaerB Menu. 

GllOTpH) H BHSy — flMHtHBB CHAHTB, HOBepnyBDIHCB Vb MOK) CTO- 

poHy; oAHa Hora CB^CHJiacB nepesi otfjyqeBi; jomaxH 6peAynina- 
vowhj BOBSH opomenu. 

Íto se BTO etue? ?ero eny nysHO otb Měna? 

Ohi CBepTUBaerB nanepocy an raseTHoB óyiiani h npceiTB 

To» II.— Mapti, 1698. 16 



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242 fi«CTHHR1> EBPOUU. 

cnuneHKU. SI ne sypK) h ne nory OAOJUSHTb eny, nocrt lero ohi 
cnoRofiHO BUHHHaerB dbpEusL cnH^BH Bsi co6cTBeHHaro KapnaHa ■ 
BcrynaeTB wh pasroBopi. 

— Bu ^bH se? He sxbnraflji ÓyAere? 

— ^a, npifeaaa. 

— no BaBOMy se coÓCTBeHHO a^? Hac^en &bAwbxoíajiTLy 
nox^flJiH cnoco6ie? JÍ,iJio xopomee. 

— Dpišssajia bi sHaBOMUMi nocMOipiTB crojOBUfl. 

— Jí^^o xopomee. Hy h hto se, bi> npHiišpy CBasaTB, a^hbiv 
sepTBOBajiH? 

„BoTB OHO — HaqHHaercfl! H HHBoro, HHBoro ntrb spyroiTB. 

XOTb 6h BCrp^TEJCfl, npOŠXaJTB BT0-HH6yAB''. 

— TaB^-cx. H HBH se axo laBÚi xoHBni Óy^yTL bx npHMtpy 
CBasaTB — sepxBeHHEifl? MipcBÚi sum i^apcBÍa? 

— II^apB sepTBOBajTB h joojífl sepTBOBajH. Bcb sepxBOBajH, 
caMue Ď^bAHue, laBíe se botb, BaBi tu. 

— A^o xopomee. H noMHory, cnumB, sepxBOBaJiH? IIOMBory 



HanpflseHHHft ciyxx ho& paaniHaerB B^aiH cryBí bojccb, sasi 
HeÓecHyH) MysiiBy. Si ciumy, BaBx ÓBercfl Moe cepxAe, ho roBopn 
yse TBepAuiTB raiocoirB: 

— CjEimemb? ^xjTb Taní. Eepu bobsh. Mu cnpocHMi Aopory. 

^HHHufl 06031 nom^aercfl na Bcrpiiy^ ci xpyxoMi pasíšasaflCb 
Ha ysBoifB npocejBŽ. B% h^cboibbhxi xejirax^i bucobo Hajiosenu 
iiimBH cb MyBofi. BesyrB cnoco6ie, BaBi ba^cl bc£ roBoparB, 

CnOCOdHbie MySHBH, BaBT HaSUBaJIH hxi ocrpflBH BI BmirHHHH- 
CBOMl ylsA^. 

SI ocTanaBJHBaK) jiomaAei, yHOJUno Boro-HHÓyAB cbcib co mhoI, 
noBasaTB xopory h AO^xaxb ao JIucBOBa; oůbmjBLio AOHBrH. 

Bek OTBasuBaiOTCfl. 

Bcb AaJBHÍe, Besyxi nocoóie cbohmi, ho xotaxi oxÓHBaxBCs 
on apxejni h oquiHHHHBaHmď tím^b, ^ixo cxua^xx AMn^EBa h yBa- 
BUBaioxi 6ji0safimyio Aopory óOAhvmKOMh boiotb ao caiiaro B(»i(a. 

OnacHoexB MHHOBaja. 

Bosmoshocxb nocirbTB aa napoxoAi yse ue saHHifaerB Měna. 
Bt» AepeBHi no Aoporb BucBaBHBaexi mBBopeHB. Ha Boefi yjHi^ 
Bi fijiflSHHXi ABopaxi HaxoAHTCfl Bcero OAHHB Bexxii cxapH^OBB, 
nTo6u noMOHb npiinoAHflxb xapanxaci. Bspocioe Hacejeme Bce na 
pa6ox^. Pusifi flMntHBi cxBaxuBaerb cjery h H^CBOibBO pasi 
BSHaxHeaexi eio, Bu6HBafl h npHBOja^HBaa ^xo xo, uocA qero 
ycnoBOHBaexB moha yB^peHÍfliiir, hxo xapaHxacb ^(AffiTh xoxb ao 
Rasami. 



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HSi no^;i(BEi HA BO.iry. 243 

Mei AO^^ssaeHi ao JIiacROBa Óes-b a^^i^hMihiixi npHBJiK>qeHÍ&. 

SI oeraHaBJHBaiocB h p'lmaio HO^esaTb bi rocrnHHHi^i, ^qyBCTByfl 
€e6ji HecnocoÓHOfi npoAOJsaTL nyxB. DpoTimi osha&hía, Biri^cro 
OAHOfi HOHH npBxoAHTCfl npoBecTH Ha míctí Tp0 AHfl, npesAe ne- 
seJiH cnoco6HOCTB bi nepeABEsemio B03Bpaii\aeTCfl eo hh%. 

HaxoAHTCfl Ao6pafl Aynia, corjamaioii^aflCfl ycrynoTB mh*! bom- 
flary vb cropoHi^ on xpaBTapa h bxoahoS jitcTHHii[£i. SI Jiesy Tpn 

IBSL ÓeSBiIXOAHO FL BpOXOTHOfi BaMOpB*!^ CL OBHOMl, OTBpUTíIMl 

Ha BaBÍfl-TO BpacHUfl Epumn. Ha^i* hhmh beiotca h n^etfe^yrB Jia- 
CTO^BH. PoBOfiue jiy^iH sana^aiOTB no Be^iepaifE wh Hoe obho h a 
He Tflron^ycb OAnHonecTBOirB. 

npe6i)iBaHÍeM'L bx jIucbobí saBaH^HBaiOTCfl CB'6TJUfl BneqaTJi^* 
Biu Moero nyreraecTBia. Jífijibme — MpaBx. M^HHiOTca BaprHHEi, 
Apyrífl BpacBH. FposHufi npHspaBx BcraerB bo bccl pocrB, BaBi 
6u roBopa: — A! tu ncBa^a h ne aaxoAHJia iceefl... Botl a! 

Mbi — vh KaaaHCBoft ryCepme. 



VII. 

MeHfl 3HaH)TL, SAyT^B vh RasaHH H pascnpanraBaioTB o nyxe- 
mecTBÍH. 

& roBopK) ci nojiHoB HCBpeHHOCTBio, HeycHJiHBafl Bne^aijtHÍfl^ 

— .líotfonuTHO, HTb Bu CEasexe, Bowa nofiHBaexe bi sA^niHet 
mícthocth. Bi BasaHCBOMii h TenomcBOMi jisjsik npeAynpesAenu 
H osHAaiDPB Bací. Ho, MoaierB 6utb, paHBme HHrepecHO 6yA6Ti 
ysHAaTB CTOJiOByK) sxkch Wh caMofi RasaHH. Hxx hícbojibbo. O^Ha — 
npH TE^^BUTb 6apaBax'B a^a BusjíopaBJíHBaio^HXi; ecTB h hb npu- 
craHH, H na saBOA*, cb npHMicBio xaTapcEaro djeMOHTa. HyTeBO^H- 
TejH H cnyxHHEH — Kb ycjiyraMx BamHMX, Bor^a npeRamexe. 

Mh OTnpaBJíaeMca hb Apyroe yxpo cb ropoACRHMb BSBOSHeBOMi 
sa ropoA'B wb xa^bHioK) qacTB KasaHH, taí CByneHu vh oahomi 
iňérb 3aB0Au h 4^a6pHBH. CTOJOBaH ycrpoena rjiaBHEnrB oÓpasoMi 
AJiz HysAaH)D](arocfl pa6oHaro naceJieHifl. Patforu wbvb^ noJiOBHHa 
4>a6pHBi 3aEpEijiacL, napoA^B fiesi A^a h sapaÓOTEa. 

Bb cjioÓOAt BuCpani aomhb'b cx npocropHofi nepOAnefi BOMHa- 
Toí, H xosflfiBa — CBMa fiÍAHaji aeHH^HHa — roTOMTB Ha oÓhtohxi 
ycjiOBiflxi, nojiyiafl nan^y h HeÓOJiBmyio ojiaTy sa xJionoTH. 

60 VJlhVb JíikjldL CTOflTl MŠCTHUfl AftM£I-6jiar0TB0pHTeJIBHHI^Br. SI 

sacraH) OAny hsi hhxx hb míctí sa pafioToft, cb sapasaeMi xjitóa 
Vh pyEBx^B; Bceft CBoefi BErimHOCTBio HBHOMHHaion^yK) HeBpacoBCBoe 
CTHxoTBopeHie: 

16* 



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244 BMTHHBl EBPOIOI. 

. . . .BETĚXeTB ÓapuHfl RpacHBa«, 
Ci HacTOffiD^ei) SOCO&, 
BoseBETafl yntaBaii... 
Bce caiia pyícaicH ótiHMK 
PaaÓHpaerb ae cnima... 

BibjíBSí pyRH JOBRO paspisaiorB h pasAaiOTB uMb. IIo sceMy 
saM^THO, ^TO paenopflAHxejibHHi^a bi ctoioboíI— ne ^ysaa, cboa. 
B<^ oÓpan^aioTCA ri eet sa yRasaHÚiinr, h, noROHqsffb ci xjdkJoiTB, 
OHa iipocMaTpHBaei^B xerpa^B h enecRH — HOBOBBeAeme, Roroparo b 
HH pasy He BHxajia vh AepeBHAxi. 

SL cnpaniHBaK) o Hasea^eBÍH cnHCROVb. 

— Mu onfi^iaem orcyrcTByioii^Hxrb h tíx'e, rto HMŠerb npaBO 
noiBBOBaTBCfl oútxaMH. ďLeiaioii^Hxi ciHniROirB mhofo; MoryrBnpo- 
HsoflTH asoynoTpe6:ieHÍfl. 

nopflAOR^B wb ROMHaTi BO Bce opo^ojseHÍe otfixa, noRa oób- 
AaH>n pyccRÍe, oCpasi^oBufi, — RaRi h Bcer^a, npHBOXflnUfi btb ym* 
jieHÍe. Bcfl 8Ta pasHomepcTHafl TOJina ^a^pH^Huxi Mysuni^ see- 
n^HHi H A^Teft Tpanesyen RaRi 6u coBepmaii RaROt-JinÓo neiaiB* 
HHft no cyn^ecTBy CBoeify, HeoÓxoAHMuft otfpflx^, nawHafl h co* 
npoBOSAaa ero MOJiHTBoft h BupaseHÍflMH (^jaro^apHOCTH. 

Ho vb cbasLTh pasAaioTCfl yse crpeRO^yn^ie SByRH ropiaHEaro 
roBopa. YdRie tjuisrh uojs,% mopd^hhhctumh jÓaicH, cb HaABHHyrmfH 
ea GpHTHX^B rojOBax^B TH)6HTe8RaiiH, BurjiflAUBaiorE Bce mn^e h 
HasofljHBte Hffb xBepefi. 

nepBafl naprÍA o&kji»íomfixi> ORaH^HBaerB xpanesy, h RapxHHa 
cpasy Hsii^HiieTCfl. 

KpHRl, myiTB, RaRÍe-TO npUSRRH, A^TCRUI BBBHdrBBaHBJI — Ha- 

nojiHfliorB ROMHaTy. 

— n UR% dapHHfl! ^aft, ÓapHHa! Ryco^Ra xjňÚufL MajiaftR& ^)^ 
(tepflHfl! 

— He RpHHHxe xaRx! CSjíHinHTe! Bcbwh Óy^en. Ba snaere — 

KpHR^B He yMeHBmaercfl. 

XoBflfiRa-crpflnyxa snaerB no-iaiapcRA h nycRaerB bi xox^ 
CBoe SHanie, nepeirImHBafl pyccRÍfl cjOBa ch TaiapCRHin. 9to 
MajieHBRafly Rpyrjias, Óoxpas ciapymRa, ÓofiRaa sa fl8HR'B, cb Cot- 
XHMH rjasaMH h ManepaiiH. Ona yRasHBaerb MŠcra, ocraHaBnBaen^ 
orrajiRHBaerB, Roro nysHO, btb cropOHy. 

— YpyHjisyRi! CjraniHnib, Micra wbTbl A Rorxa iAcm Htob^ 



') Maiaftia^peóenoKx. 



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H31 nM3ABH HA BOJiry. 245 

meh TU By^a 2Be jriseniB? Uo^osah, roBopflTx! Maiafisa!.. Hy, 
4^pH CBOK) MsyraBBy cb co6oř\ 

— n BOTB UM&AUi AeHB dTaRHlTB MaHepOM'B! — rOBOpHTB OHa, 

otfpantaflCb bo uwk. — HěTOcxb-TO ?t6 sna^HTi, npocTH FoenoxH. 
TaiajaBaH>TB — oahh^ mHfiBo, a Apyroiiy en^e miróqe Haxo. 

— A Buicrb pyccBÍe ch TaiapaiiH ne o6^jsfi.}OTh? — cnpaioffBaio s. 

— HÍTB, Tro-3Ke-CB! Bce OflHo, bm'Ictí bcíxi ne ycaxHTB, 
TaiTB ysi H saBe^eHO — pyccBÍe es pyccBHMH. A Boiopue ono3AaH)rE 
mwero — cjiy^aeTca — (HftAaron. OrapymRH ÓpearoBarora, sa nasyxoft 
lOSBH HOCflrs. 9to-«i, eyAapuHfl, saBx csasaTB — Hespen^eEue f6ab, 
SBipH t£ sse. 

— A no CBoeMy ohh ae MOJuiTca? 

— Hítb, y HHxx 8Toro BaBe^enifl niiy. Hsi crapHSOBB pasB^ 
KOTopuft jiaAoniBaMH BTaRx jHi^o npHBpoen na Basyia MEnyTy — 
flOMOJiHJCfl, xecsaTB, fl. ^a H TO p^ABÍe. %o fobophtb, HapoA'B Óesi 
noHarieBi. A nHTB*icTB Toáe npocaTi— xoTaii... íero eme Ha^o? 
Híte ÓoJbme. He npenaceHO npo BacB. Hy xa eá, AO^Aafi tto-jih, 
BopMH CBOK) MajiafiRy! — AOÓpoAyniHO bop^ht^b crapymRa, oiiposax^* 
Bafl HaA'B npoTflHyTofi ^amsoi ocraTBE nmeHHOi saniEr hsi BOTeJisa. 

dry Kamy— 6&iOBaTyH), MyTHyio shaboctb, sanpaBJíeHHyio sh- 

POITB, HJIH MaCJIOlťB Vh nOCTHfiie JSflEy H Bl BOTOpoft, BaBX FOBOpSTCfl^ 

BpynHHKa BpynHHBy AoroHflerB, — s Bcrpi^aK) 3js,^bch vh nepBEifi pad'B, 
H saxiifB He BHsy yse HHvero Apyroro bo Bdbxi ctojobhxi na- 
3aHCBofi ry6epHÍH. IIoxjietfBH ci HBpofi, n^et cb macomi, ystiH0B'B 
H vb noMHv6 Hti^. Xjril6i — Óevb npETM^fi, ho ero ne BÍniaH)TBy 
H sycRH na BsrjflA'^ MeHBme ^yHra. Bo Bcem nporjiflAiBiBaeTi o^na 
i(tjB: 2BejiaHÍe npoTflHyrB BaB'B mosho AOJiBme Bpeiifl, naBopniiTB 
B03M0SHO 6bJíbmee BOjmnecTBO ne paxH noAAepsamfl sxopoBBfl h 
nirraHifl, a vh 6yBBaiiBH0irB BHanenÍH npeAynpexAeHÍii roJOAHOft 
ocepTE. 

Yin. 

Cj-lAyK)n(yK) croJiOByK) a ocMaTpHBaio wh BasancBOMi fbsjíibj b^b 
copoBa Bepcraxi otb ropová, h bi nepBEii pasi nona^aio neyxa^iHO. 

Bb AepeBH^— anHAeHÍfl, CEinnoi th^i, nepeÓpaBmift lyTB ne 
norojOBHO Bce nacejeme. H'^boj[bbo Ee^bjíh KaBi OTBpEiTa tfojiB* 
HHi^a H HaxoAHTCfl caHHTapHui OTpflAi. MesAy ycaAB($oft h cejoirB 
ycrpoeffB BapaHTHHi, Hapymaeiiafi cb toA h Apyrofi CTopoHS, sa 
HeBosMOSHOCTBH) coBepmoHEO npeBpaTHTB CHomeHÍa. 

T£m^ He MeH^ a HyBCTByio ceóa nejiOBBO, BorAa, na Apyroft 
ffií[h no npitsAi, H8i j[H)5e3HOCTH mhí npeAJiaraiOTB ochotp^tb cto- 



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246 BlCTHHBl EBPOniI. 

JOByK) FB C0np0B0SA6HÍH npHRaS^BKa, KOTOpuft no A0.2UKH0CTH HMŠeT^ 

Kkio ch KpecTBflHaMH H sacTpaxoBEHi on TH^a, noTOMy hto nepe* 
HecB ero BecHoio. 

A jiBHEO He tfoiocb sapasEi, a or^ero? — ne sHaio h sa^aio ceGik 
dTOTb BonpocB, KOTopufi TyTL se H pimaio q)eAH pasMuniJeHifi o 
TOiTB, BaBi nocrynuTB bi a^bhoiii ciyHai. 

ECTB JDAH, A^fl ROTOptlXl, HeCMOTpfl Ha CSaÓOCTL H OTCyTCTBÍe 

xpa6pocTii, cocraBJíflioiiiHxi HecoMH^l^HHyio nepry hxi lapaRiepa, — 
cyn^ecTByeTB po^i onacHOCTH, bi BOxopoMy ohh othocatca cb cpaa- 

HHTeJlBHHlťB X^a^HORpOBÍeMl. OhH HHBOrAa He MOrJIH 6U npHBilMaTB 

y^acTÍH Bi fl!bji9LX7>j xpetfyion^HXi Henoq)eACTBeHHaro npoflBjeHifl 
jiE^EOi xpa6pocTH, vb BoeHBuxi noABHraxi. Hxi nyraiOTB Cypnua, 
CHJiBHHJi; omejOMJiflion^fl BneqaTJi'6HÚi, bi poA'% najiBÓEi^ necyn^uxoi 
jomaAeft, bphbobi h rpoxoxa, — ne bosmoshoctb ciieprs, a HMeHHO 
caMBífl BnenaTJiiHifl. Ho onacHOCTB xHxafl, xota 6fii h ne Mes^e 
peaJBHafl, ne CTpamHTB hxi, h ohh cnoBOttHO H^yii eft na Bcrp^qy. 

ysaswo «iejioBÍBa ecTB CBoe npeAcraBJíeHÍe „CHepiH*'. <S npe^- 
craBJíflio ee ce&b laHncTBenHofi t^hbh) cb nojieTOM*B jieryqefi mudih. 
CenyHAa o^na — ne 6hjo ea, h botb ona s^ícb, ctohtx — h hítb sa- 
n^HTu OTB Hefl, H^TB cnaceHÍfl. Ona HaiišnaerB n naxoxHTB cboio 
sepTBy. EesnojieBHO ysjíOHflTBCfl, crapaTBOi H36irHyTB ea... 

^To6u q^Mi-HHÓyAB BOSHarpaxHTB ce6fl sa norpanennoe Bpeiffl h 
HanpacHO CA^iannufl BOceMBxecflTi BepcrB, a pimaK) hphbatb npe^- 
jiOAcenie h ocmotpí&tb craiOByio, xota npe^BAO Bcero ne corjacna cb 

CailOfi MHCaBK) OTBpUTB CTOJOByiO BTi SapaseHHOK M^HOCTH. 

Meí BOspasacoTB, ^to Bce panno sapasena h nepe6ojr&ia Bca 
AepeBHfl, HO HejBSB noHHMaxB aioro bi ÓysBajiBHOMi cmeicií, h 
CTOjoBax — c6opHoe iri^o bi tomi bha^, RaBi mh sacraeirB ee^ 
npeAcraBJíflerB co(5ok> HecoifH']&BHfiiB jiHniHii hctohhhbi sapasenifl. 

C'B caiiaro orB'!^8Aa hs^b Mocrbu, ho nepeMeasaflCB hh OAHHifB 
CB'lsHM'B AHeMi, CTOflTB xponB^ecRÍfl xapti. 

Hsóa Ch BaRpBixuMH ORHaMH naÓHxa napo^oiii. O&bjsfiiOTh na 
xpexi cxojiBx^, o&bflfiijoii, bi> c£HflX'B na AOCRaxi, nojioseHBux'B 
na Roaau. Tpoe ifajiHmefi, cb noABepHyxuMH pyÓamoHBaMu, ceabt^ 
na nojiy h xjeÓBJOTh orpoMHBíMH JiosRaMH mn o66Hxoft qamRH, 
HOcxaBJíeHHot na pe<5po h noAnepxofi RaMemRom. 

— Chpoxhhrh, cyAapuHB, — oxBÍ%erB na moí BonpocB o a*- 
Tflxi xosjifiRa. — MaxepH-xo na hoa^jk^ bxoí caMOfi XBopBD noMepjH. 
H ceftqacB xaR^B h BajHxi, xasi Bajiom h bbjihxi HapoA'B. 

— BaMi 6u Jiy^me na 8x0 npeufl saRpuxb cxo;iOByH>. B^a^ 
Bu ApyPB OTb Apyra sapasaexecB. IIocMOxpH, RHRaa Ayxoxa bi ES&k. 



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wsh no^SARH BA BOJiry. . 247 

— He Hame pacnoioseHÍe, BopiiHJiHiía. KaBx npBsasyTB, 
nsh H CA^jaeiTB. 

— no spftfiHeft Mitpt HysHO 6ajíO 6u bopmhtb na boji'6, r^^- 
HH6yAB noA'h HaBŠooMi, hto-jh. Xotl 6u B^TepBoirB oÓ^yBajo 
CK0AKO-HH6y;(B, — roBopK) a. 

— Mtora bítb draaaro, cy^apuM, ^"^0 &b^Eoe. IIoropbiH 
BOTB xpyroft ro^tOB^L. 

— JíjBL E iribcra HeHysHO HHBaBoro oco^eenaro, h nas-lca ne 
HyzHO. Bon» 8A'^b t6h5 orB canofi hsÓbi. Bhahoib? 3a'^b 6u 
jy^me 6iuo nocraBETB ctojiu bi. xcjioaR')^) — y0tsA&H> fl^ nopaseH- 
laa BneqaTJiÍHÍeirB 8T0fi crojiOBofi, AyxoTofi, bhaoki oÓ^jiaron^HXi, 

H8l BaTOpUX'B HHOríe HeCOMH-iHHO TOJBBO-HTO OnpaBHJlHCB 0Tb 60- 

iisHH H, 6EiTb MoaaerB, npHHeeiE ee n cotfoĚ. 

EesnojiesHUfl yfits^eHÍa! ^Aajiefio hochtb RymaHBai^ Rítb 
xyxa siaa, h^tb BEHMaTeiBeoft BJiacru, none^HTeibnofi, AOÓpofi pyRH. 

BosBpanvtflCB kb yca^i^t^y, a HAy AepeBHeft momo hsÓu cb sa- 
KpHTUMH craBHflMH. OrRpuTO o^HO CRHO Bi 6oROBoft crbni. Hsi 
Hero BiirjaxKiBaerB rojoaa, MOJiOAoe jibi^o bi o^saxi, (Sesi sarapa, 
ycnuioe h ÓJi^l^xnoe. 3to — 6oj[BHBii[a b cryAeHrB-AORTOpi. JI npoxosy 

MIMO, KiaHflaCB BSAaJB. 

Ha Bcrp^iy 6&RflTB A'^BOHRa jvkvb naTBaAi^aTB, éocaa, san^saRan- 
Hafl fl pacrpenaHHaa. Ona rpbibtb hto-to, ^ero a ae Hory paso- 
6paTB H npotiiraen, ne ocraaaBJíBBaflCB, mbho. 

— ^TO CB Heio? — cnpamBBaio a y npBRas^iBRa. 

— MaTB ceftTOCBHOMepjia,— paBHOAynmo OTBi^aerBOHi, b mu 
BOSBpamaeMCfl vh yca^B^y. 

A ^epe» ?a(rB asi caAa a 8aH'6qaK) dioro se npBRas^BRa ch 
MysBRoiTB — Mysemi noRofiHBi^ti, tojibro-hto cROH^aaineica on TB^a. 
MysLBRfB npEinejB[:B npocBTB aocor^b Ha rpo6i; obi — bliothhsi h cro- 
JOTBTB caiťB. HAyn neperoBopii, nocjš ROiopiirB a BBsy aa npB* 
ropBfb ocBiniieHHyio cojHi^eirB, yAajiaiDii^ioca 6edi manRB, <j[)Brypy 
CB AOCROft Ha njie^, nopasBrejiBHO HanoMBHaio^yio Rpecrnoe me- 

CTBÍe. 

]íjBLSbEÍŘmee npe6HBaHÍe Moe ne muierh CMucia. Jí^si ORasaHÍa 
noMOD^H HysHH CBiu H CB^Aema, ROTopuxi hítb y Hena. Ypoauti 
VB coc^AHeft MtonocTH osBAaerca cpeABÍfi vb uuirbmEeu% roAy, a 
HacaaeHÍe — vh OTHOcaT&iBao jy^meirB nojioseBÍa, diaroAapa ^jasocra 
Vh ropoAy a bosmosboctb sapaÓOTRa. 

Apyroe a^o — cejio JlanoBRa, Tenomcaaro y^Aft^ ta^ aaifib^eHi 
BTopoB nyHRTB Moeft no&ARa b'b RasaacROfi ryCepaia. 3to ohatb 
MeABÍsift yro;ii sa cio sepcTB otb Radana, sa naTBAecarB orx BoJira 
H &iasafimaro ybsAHaro ropOAa. 



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248 B^CTHHKl EBPOmi. 

PascTOflHÍe He nyraeri ifeHfl. 3. TfBCTByio ce6fl fioxpoi h 
ORpinmeft h paAyiocb Bcero 6ojňe nonyr^Hiťb, ROTopyio cyxBÓa no- 
ciuaeri mhí ao caMaro M^^cia HasHaieHia. 3to tÍicb npiflTeie, 
qio nyTemecTBÍe aobojibho ciosho h 6e8i npHBfinRH na nepBuft 
pan npexcraBEJO 6u saipy^HeHÍfl. IIpHzoAHTCfl BOSBpaTHTBCfl o6paTHO 
FB KasaHB, noTOMt njruxb na napoxoxt, noTom iuiitb na joxbA 
HasaA^ ffi AepeBHH, rx*]^ mu HaHEMaem jomaAefi, no^yeirB Aoporoi, 
A&iaeiTB sanacH jesapcTBi bi seiíCBofi anieR^ noyTpy h sarí^ 
CHOBa ornpaBJífleMCfl vb nyxB. 

JiMii^HRi-TaTapHH^ BeseTB MacTepcRH, fiu^Hpafl Aopory, sajia 
jiomaAeĚ h bi xo-se Bpeiu sacxaBjjui hxx 6&saTB poBHOt pucBD. 
HexocxaxBH dRHoasa CMflrqaH)xcfl ocTopoacHofi isfflií. npHcyxcxBÍe 
sHBoro cyn^ecxBa (ori-o-Cori ycxpanaerb mhcjib o&h onacHOCxH. 
JífiEh flCHuft H saRaxi posoBBifi, xHxíft H jiCHufl. SSajib, ?X0 TeJT^SRa 
oxRpuxafli HesbBfl npisoxHXBCfl DOROfinte. Xopomo 6u npoxAHyíMfl, 
jiesaxB H oiymaxB iribnie ROJioROJiBWROBrb na ynpflssH. 

?TĎ sa SByRHÍ J9[ pasjíH^aio MejiOAÍK). A& 9xo ^ksASí MysEncal 

— Rhasb^ — roBopK) a AMn^HRy-xaxapHHy: — oxRyAa ohh y Tefia? 

IlpO^afi MHŠ 8XH ROJrOROJBHHRH. 

— He npoAasHu, 6apHHfl. Caifi RynHJTB, BOXRa noHjrB, mecxHax- 
i^axB pytfjieĚ ffiEhVE luaxHjrB. 

— A OHH e^^e Aopose cxoaxx? 

— Ha8aA'B ?ejroBÍRi^ npocHj^B, xBaAi^axB pyÓJieft jsfisu^, — ne 
oxxaji. 

— ^a, Boxi OHO jxbl 

yAHBHxejiBHBíe rojiorojibhhrh! Kanaa-xo cepeópncxaa h bi to se 
BpeMfl n^eMfln^aa noxaa, Cepyn^aa 3a cepAi^e. H onaxB, h oqaxb 
noBTopaexcfl RopoxeHBRaa, MHJiafl MejiOAia. 

S, Bcer^a saji&ia JomaAefi, na^i HyBCXBHxejBHUMH, HisHmfH 
ymaMH Roxopuxi lacaMH h ahamh pasAaexca ByjBrapnoe sBARasBe 
H rpoMHxame. Boxi ohi — nácroan^ifi-xo seam MOAUHoeuůl 

yniijiafl, BBURseHHaa cojiHi^eirB mícxhocxb RpyroMi. Aicoifh ne 
BHxaxB Ha AecflXRH BepcxB. Bce qan^e nonaAaioxcfl xaxapcRÍa xepe- 
BymRH CB cipuMH, HH8RHMH HBÓaiiH H AepeBJíHHOft, c&poft líe^exBH), 
B03BB[niaH)n^e& HaA% hhmh cbok> ROHycooÓpasHyio, ocxpoRone^nyic 
rojiOBRy. MaiBTOHiRH, bi ($íjihx% j^jihhhhxi py6axaxi, 6iftryrB sa 
dRHoaseMi CB npoxflHyxEiiíH pyaaicH h HasofijiHBO xanyx^ oxho- 
o6pa3HyK), sajio(5HyK) noxy. 



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H31b nO^SABH HA BOJIET. 249 



IX. 

Bi JlHnoBR^ BCTp^HaerL naci q&iaa rojiohía. 

HacTOfln^ie xosaeBa OTcyrcTByioirB. My2B'B cjtysarb bi Ilerep- 
(yprš, sena BOcniiTUBaeTB A^xeft 8a rpaeHi^efi, h ci eesanaMAT- 
Hun BpeMeHi hhbto ne HaB^x^Bajicfl wb HH^HÍe. Ho ji'6tom'b aomi 
tiiiBaeTB noJOHi. 

XodflfiRofi peKOMeHAyen ceóa nonreHHafl seHn^Hna, po^CTBeH- 
HHi^a BJia^^BiieBi, h sHaKOMirrE MeHji ch a^tbmh h ocrajiBHUMH 

II|»ICyTCTByiOII^HMlI. 

9tO U^bsaŘ BlIBOAOK^ MOJIOXeSH, npHÓJHBHTeJBHO OAHOrO BOB- 

paeia: cnH^B-iopHcrB na noci^AHeirB Bype& h Apyro& cuwb, Bspoc- 

JHt rHMHaSHCTB H81 nOCJI'6AHHX'B KJaCCOBl RJiaCCHqeCSOfi TEMHaSÍH; 

íOiB — MOjiOAafl K^Bymis^, tojibko-ito OROHHHBmafl CBoe o6pa30BaHÍe^ 
H en^e MOJioxHfl ^'^ByiiiRH — ^ejiBAinepHiia, ceJiBCsafl yqHTeiBHHi^a h 
ooo6a 6oji^ sp^fajiuxi jiítl, npo^eccÍH soTopofi ne easuBaiorB uwb 
H npocTO pesoMeHxyiOTE no^B HMeneirB Ahhu HBaHOBHii. 

GeMeĚCTBO yse wbcROJihJio jAvh K'BpflAy nojiLsyercji mAuiewL^ 
Ha iipaBax'B poACTBeHHHBOBi, Bi BUfib xa^H sa OTcyrcTBÍeMi xosjíeBi. 
JI JB9H0 ee 8HaK) HHSoro, ho ifesAy HaMH AftBHHmmfl cbash, a^b- 
HnnHÚi, oón^ifl SHasoMCTBa; Moero iipi'68Aa XAyn h BoaiaraHyrb Ha 
eero HaAesAiiy ohobhaho npeyBejtraieHHiifl. 

— ^a mh rOBOpHTb! Botě caMH yBHAHTe, ht5 tbophtch sa^&cb, — 
roBopHTb uBÍb ch pascrpoeHHiiMi jhi^omi no^Tennaa MaxB ceiiefi- 
ersa, npoBOsafl bi mok) ROMHaTy. — Bcb, Baserca, 6íau o6pymHJ[HCB 
qMisy Ha 8th sjíonojiy^Hiifl H^CTa. Mu npi'6xajiH, saisi BcerAa, npo- 

BeCTH Xbro, OTAOXHyTL CBOJIBKO-HHÓyAB, HO He MOSeTB 6uTh pi(qH 

a&h oTAiix'6. MoJOAesB; pa8yM'6eTCfl, SEBen, pasBJíeBaeTCfl no-CBoaicy, 
a BaiTB, ($OH)CB, cBy^HO noBasercfl. 

& ne HyBCTBjB) bto& Coashei, ho roTOBa corjiacHTBCfl, tto do 
nepBOMy Boe^aTjr&Hiio TpyAHO npeAcraBHTB ce&b ?T0-HH6yAB 6ojAe 
sjonojiyHHoe h CesoTpaAHoe. 

Ha beAba^ h8i^ cejia, ho^te conpEBacaflCB ci KpecTbjiHCRHME 

B3(!aMH, CTOETB HOM^H^H^fi AOMX, CB EBHBIME CjňfifiLUlS 06BeTmaHÍfl 

H sanycrinifl. oKeshb, noBSAEMOMy, n paHBme npoxoAEJia sa^cb 
Benraposo; BpeMfl yÓaBEjio e oÓxysEJio ocraBmeeca, a CTExi&Hoe (Šibn- 
eme najiosEJio noea^AHÍe nrrpEXE. 

Hfl OAHoro jracra ne ocrajiocB na toh^exi Bexjiaxi, ORpya&aio* 
n^flx^B nojiyflscoxnúft, saTflHyTiift seienBio npyAx. He oahofo jEcra 
He ^o^^kAH.ra lepBE b% caAy, cb otfrjiOAaHHiiME cReJieTaifE abpobbobi 
E RycroB^. Ha BepxymRaxi — cipuxi e ofiHaseHHEixi, RaRi bi 



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250 BftOTHHKB EBPOmi. 

oceHHioK) nopy — BanaiOTCfl óesmicJieBBusi sopoHBH rni^Aft} h hexejb- 
Hoe KapRaHBe ne yiiojiKaerB bccb a^hb. 

Micsiu;b He sBina^ajio A0SA6fi. Oshmh uo^uajunch ea ^erBepTB 

H BUBOJOCnJIHCB TOn^HMl ROJIOCOITB, ROpOTBHlťB H lUOCBHlťB, BaB*B 

nepo. .SpoBUfl BdoinsH Boe*rA^. Ha dpEixx, sas^ sojut, orojen- 
Huxi nojocaxi siiepi ronnrB dujb, BaBi na ifOcroBOft. 3euM 
pasc&iacB H oÓHasiua B'6Apa cboh. OrpoMHUji pasc&iHHii ea na- 
MflTH sBByn^Hxi nepepfeajiH ni^RorAa poBHUfl naxaTHiifl nojui. Ha 
OAHHMi xepeBi^oifB, pon^efi hjh nepeiicsoirB ne Hapymaercfl oaho- 
oópasie seJTO-cIpuxi tohobi. ^pB najBTB. BessKaďOCTHO-flpBo, 
6e3o6jia^HO-8HO&Ho He6o. Tb^wl BoteAí bhcbtb naA^B seMJiefi. 

He ero jih on^yn^aeii HaA'B co6o& eoBufi npEmejei^i ci nepsoft 
MHHyTu CBoero noflBjreHÍfl, HcnuTíiBafl rHeryoiyH) TOCRy, Heocja(%- 
saion^ee yHUHie, KaB^B 6u wb npEcyrcTBin noBofiHHsa vb AOiri, 
— TflxejiyH) pyBy^ HaAaBHBmyio na cepxi^te h H%niaH)ii^yK> Basxoiiy 
6ieHÍK)? Cjiy^aeTCfl noyrpy, ^to, npocHyBmHCB pano h Bcrp^qax wh 
HesaBimeHHuxi OBeaxi Becejtue Jiy^H, xoqeTCJi bucboCoabtbca h3i»- 
noKb rHexa, h ea ifBeyTy noB^paniB, hto hc ÓesHa^ensHO nojosenie^ 
A^fiCTBHTejiBHOCTB He CTpaniHa. BesaojesHoe npeBpacBOAynne. FopB- 

Bafl A^fiCTBHTeJBHOCTB BCrp^HaeTB BaCTB 3a nOpOrOlTB BOlIHaTBI. 

C^ nepBaro aha npíWa mhí A'i^aeTCfl acho, hto 'bxaTB Óojihme 
HBByAa, HCBaxB nevěro. HyasHO ocraiBca h zkhtb saícb ao TbxT> 
nopB, noBa mo2bho 2bhtb, hb saAyMiiBajicB hh o ^eu'h ApyroMi^- 

HecMorpu ea HHCjeHHyio HacejeHHOCTB aomb, ne TpyAHO sa- 
míthtb, hto A'&iTeJiBHtnrB h nojesHUMi MOsen 6eitb toibbo oaho 
jBi(o— caiia MaTB ceiie&CTBa, B^pa CeMenoBHa, hb ciapas en^e 
sesn^BHa, ho Hcron^eHHafl pa6oTofi h ceMBefi. Ho npo^^eccÍH ona — 
yHHTejBHHiia MysuBH, no o6n^ecTBeHHOMy nojiosBeHÍio — BAOBa 6iib- 
maro y^Biejfl, CBoporaBmaro B^K^h Kb saCoraxi o ceubi^ BOTopyK> 
npH SHSHH ne yAajiocB nocraBHTB na noře h npmnjiocB ocn^ETB 

nO^TH HH Cb ^M^B. 

MojiOAoe nace^eHie SHBen cbohmh nniepecaMH. HacejieHie 
AepBBBHCBoe BiiÓHTO H81 BOJieH, c6hto Cb TOJBy 6e8TOjnu)BiiMH no* 
Aa^BaMH, ÓescHcreMHUMH BBiAa^aMH, n^BApBiMH no OTnomenÚD ri 
OAHOMy, CByAHUMH A^fl Apyroro, ne o6y(MOBjeHHuiiH EEvbwb, BpoM^ 
xejiaHÍJi H MHHyTHaro Hacrpoenia BEiAaion^aro jiHi^a. 

^BOpB yCSAB^BÍ nOJOHl npHmJIIIMl HapOAOSťB USO aha B'B abhb 

CB yrpa. Ba6u h ÓOJiBHue, pyccBÍe h xaiapu cxoahtca cb ntocojTB* 
BHxx AepeBeHB, sa AecBTBH BepcTB. Upoom na cfiiieHa, npocATB 
AeHeri* Bsa&Mii, na x.i'66'b, na JomaAefi^ na BUByni saJioaceHHiixi 
naA^JOBi. 

H ne 3HaH) cpeficrvb^ BoropuMH pacnojaraiOTB ÓJiaroTBopBrejH, 



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i 



HSl nO%3ABH HA BOJITV. 251 

HO CBOpO HaqHHaH) nOHHMaTb, ^T0 npH dTOft CHCTeM'6 A^&CTBÍfl He 
MOSerB HXl XBaTHTB, Bani 6U OHH HH 6uJIJÍ BeJHRH, 

— B'&pHo, BipHo! 3to Bce crapae rpj^xH, crapafl MaHepa Ha- 
ma, — OTFlqaeri Hanoe saM^Hame xosflfisa AOiia. — TenepB npHxo- 
mcB paciLiiaHHBaTBCfl sa nee. Ho eii;e paHBme^ AO npi'68Aa Bame- 
ro, MU pimejiH yace HHa^e nocTaBHTB a^o. ^enerB He BUAaBaxB 
Ha pyBB HH BonittBH 6ojihme nnsony. BEiftaBaiB Jiyqnie cfeMena na 
noc^vh — H TOJBBO. y&e CA&iaHu sanacu He6ojiBinie. 

— HetfojiBniBxi He xBaxHTx. 

— Mosao Ha Óasapi npaBynHTB. FjiaBHoe, ttoĎh ne nycTo- 
Baja seMJifl. 9to — caMoe BazsHoe. 

— A HTÓ OHH CyAyTTB a'6jmitb cb BOMJiefl óesi Jioma^efi? — sa- 
niqaio a. — H pasB^ XBaTHTi címhh-b j^jis bcíx-b, bto ÓyAera npo- 

CHTB? 

vS craBJK) Bonpocu h ne snaio caiia, ht6 otbšthtb na hhx'b. 

EAHHCTBeHHHifB KpHTepíeirB npn OBasanin homoh^h, um nacTB, 
npHDiJiuxi JifojíjdŘy MOďieTi 6uTB MH'&HÍe npHBaswBa — noTrenna- 
ro crapHBa, aocatbh jAtb ynpaBJíaion^aro HMinioMi, snaiomaro cbo- 

HX'B H tfjEHSHHX'B BpeCTBBHl. Ho pjIAOMl CO CBOHMH eCTB HOCTOpOH- 

Híe H31 AAJiBHHxi AepeBeHb, ecib laTapii, nepeBoqeBUBaton^ie bo 

ABOpB I^UMH BUBOASaMH, CB AByXBOJieCHUMH pyqHUMH TeJI'6sBaMH, 
HaÓBTUMH A^TBMH. 

— HauiioHajiBHoe qyBCXBO... MOsen* óutb, oho Booón^e h He 
BucoBaro pasfiopa, ho... nysno se híitb HH(}yAB pysoBOACTBOBaTLca 

HaSOHeilll, — rOBOpHTB BHaBOMHlTB yjRe MH^, HOMHOrO AOBTpHHep- 

CRuwh TOHOMi 6'6pa CoMeHOBHa H npoAOJisaerB cb ocoiSennoň 

yííSAHTeJIBHOCTBH): 

— Taiapu — Bu ne snaere hxi! 3to — »ajiBoe, BHpo»AaK)^^ee- 
Cfl HJieMfly necHOCoÓHoe b'b ByjiBTypi. y hhxi wbvh Óy^yn^HOcm. 
JleTHTB 6YJífiiAT>y nosajyfi, h hx'b, ecne xoTBTe, hto se A^axB! A 
noMoraTB — bom Bama — nysno cbohmi. 

SL AOBOJIBHa XOTB BaBOft-HHÓyAB CHCieMOft A^fiCTBÍfl H B'B jíyiiA 

ne HH^io HHqero npoTHBi nea. TaTapu jwi Měna auuBH h neBOJiBuo 
HenpiaTHu. íto-to cobcími ocoÓOHHoe — bi CByjiacraxi, ysBorjiasux-B 
jfli^axi CB orpoMHUMH Topqan^BMH ymaMH, hoa^b sacajieHHiiMH boji- 
nasaMH, bm^cto npHqecoBi h bojiocb. Ohh naoBHO- h npHBflsqHBO- 
HasoftjBBEi Bi CBOHxi TpeÓOBaHÍflxi. TpyAHO Óy^eTB BUAepsaxB Ba- 
ByiD-HHÓyAB CHCieMy no OTHomenÍH) b'b hhmi. 

JI^eHB HaqHHaercfl npieMOATB bi noirlnteHÍH yqHJienia, cbo($oa- 
hom-b no CJiyHaH) BaBauiíonnaro apenenH. 60 rjiaB% aM^yjaiopÍH 
CTOHTL ýejBAmepHi^a — MOJio^aa oco(5a, ÓJimKM, ch cenBeS h 6e3B03- 
vesAHO npHHOCHQ^aa bi sepiBy CBOfi TpyA'B. HecMoipa na noflBJíBio- 



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252 B^CTHHKl EBPOnU. 

n^iflCfl no MtoaiTB dan^eMÍH, na BecB y^Kb ocraiOTCfl jeítoitb Bce- 
ro ffiSL Bpana. BojBHue HO^yiox^b noja^Á (ojíbhhi^i, tti^yrh o^epe^Ei 
H ocasxaH>Ti HMDpoBHSHpoBaHHyK) le^eÓHEi^, ^o6u H8($§rHyTB no- 
TepH BpeifeHH, nem&bxEoi npn nocin^eHÍH HacTOfla^HrB. 

noBepXHOCTHaro BSEJia^a na TOjny xocraTO^HO a^ nocraHOBRH 
oÓn^aro xiarHOsa: ynaxoiTB chjI'b otb He^ocraTO^Haro iiBraHÍfl. Bo- 
jínek jiBj[flK)Tai noTTH Bcer^a cji^ACTBÍeMi xoro se otfn^aro ociaC* 
jenifl H upeoÚMffimTh no npenMyn^ecTBy: zsejiyxo^Htifl pascrpoĚ- 
CTBa, RypHHaji cji'6noTa b niunra. D^^Jiufl a^P^beh 8a(k)Ji'6BaiorL Ry- 
puHofi cji^nOTOĚ, BOTopafl npoxoAHTb OTh ynoTpe($J[eHÍfl psiÓBAro 
sHpa H BOSBpan^aeTCfl npn Bosapan^emn bi npesneify pesmiy. 

^fen — noTOMy jh ito hxx Óojitrae aajiiroTrB h CeperyTi, ypH- 
Bafl y ce6fl h yciynas hitb bobmosho ÓbjBmee BOJiH^ecTBO nHn^H, 
noTOnry jih tto ohh ne HCTon^enu paCoxofi h npoBOAflTi a^hb na 
CB&iseMi B03Ayx'6, —no MOJOAoe noROJ^níe HaxoxHTCfl b% cpaBHHrejB- 
HO jcyqmeui nojosenÍH. B^b caMuxi aaonojiynnux^, ao HHn^encTBa 
AOBeAeHHBixi» AepeBHflxi, BaRi JlanoBBa h OTcrofln^ee vh Apyz'b 
Bepcraxi otb nea rjríMoBO, mosho bctpšthtb po80fi£[X'B, na bha'b 
BxopoBux^ jiíbnei. Bspocjiux^ Tasnxi ne yBHAHmB hh o^noro. Xa- 
paBTepHBie npHsnaBH xponn^ecRaro rojioxanui — 8eMJincTE[& ufiiiTh 
jiHi^a, xyA06a hjíh, nanpoTHBx, ÓojriteHennafl o^yTJiOBaTOCTB, bsíjiub 
ABHsenúi, cjiBJ6ui vonoch h eaaóuft B8rjvflA'B — norojiOBHO y scbTh 
nailíeHTOBi, cb BaBHMB 6u Óoji^hamh n tbajioÚsmii ohh hh otfpa- 
n^a^HCB. Bonpoci — h4mí h otb lero je^ETB! 

BonpocTB dTOTB BosÚjjRffieTh Hecorjacífl, a noAi^-^acB h ne 
C0BCÍM'B Apy2sejiH)6HHfl npenEpaieiBCTBa Mes^y spaieÓHiiirB nepco- 
HajioiTB, esexHOBHo npEcyrcTByion^HiTB na npieni. 3aHHMaeTCfl Jie- 
qenieMi Bce sencKoe AOHamnee naceJieHÍe. 06n;HHH ycHjdflMH ycnt- 
BaiOTB OBonqHTB npioM^B Bi o&kf,yj na^asi ero ci pannaro yrpa. 

Bi HicnpoBHSHpOBaHHOft aM^yjiaTopÍH hpohcxoahtb CTOJSHOBenie 
AByxi CHcreiTB je^eHia, AByxi npoTHBonojfosHiixi nanpaBjeHift, 
npeAcraBHTejflMH Boroptixi ABJífliOTCfl iDHafl ^aiBAmepnuia, OBpysen- 

HaJi MOAOAUMH nOMOn^HHI^aMH, H fl CB HHMH. Cl O^HOft CTOpOHU — CHO- 

^iaJIBHoe oÓpasoBanie h Haynniui CB^xemfl, ci Apyroft — CBenTH^ecBoe, 
BBipa6oTaHHoe shshbk) OTHomenie BOoCn^e bi MarnnecBOMy A^ficr- 
BÍfo coAepsHMaro saBynopenHiixi CTBJUHO^eBi h nysBipBBOBi^ h 
co6cTBeHH£[fi onuTB, npio6p%TeHHE[fi SH3HeHHofi npaBTHBoft. Ohhti 
H naBfiiBi npio($pi(TaH)TCfl noneBOJi^ BasAum, bto xota 6u pasx Kh 

SH3HH CTOJBHyJICfl CB MHOrOpaSJIH^HOfi A^pOBOHCBOS ÓeSnOMOn^HOCTBH), 

a HMeHHO HeBOSMOSHOCTBK) nojy^HTB AOBTopa paHBme AByxi AueŘ sa 
xecflTRH BepcTi, HeBOSMOSHOCTBK) HocjiaTB Bi aHTeBy sa pa8.1HB0irB 
p^B^B. Heo<$xoAHMOCTB hm'6tb co(5cTBeBHyR) anroBy oneBHAHa npH 



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H31 no«3ARH HA BOJiry. 253 

ararb yciOBÍflxi. GocraB^b efl HecjoseH'B h HesaMsioiOBaTL: HHOseM- 
i^eBcm RaiLiH h^pehre, ry^^aHAOBCiúe nopomra a sejeHoe mu- 
10, oleum ridni h ci agcatoibi ApyrHX'B HasBanifi otfn^eynorpeÓH- 
TeiBHBX'B cpe^CTBi, saiiacu vh M^mo^saxi matu, ifajniHii n jeh- 
ooBaro i^B^Ta c% ca^^OBiixi jiHn'B h t. n. ^octohhctbo 8to& anreRH — to 
caMoe, EOTopoe npesnaerca npoTHBHHBOirB eii — roi[eonaTÍe&: bi xy^- 
meifi cjiy^a'&, ne npHHeca nojbsfii, ona ho npHHecerb h BpoAa. 
Oiciajufi npHHi^in^B, B086ysAftH)iiii& MOiOAoe Hero^OBaHÍe! Kaiun 
H MŠmo^RH — BcrpinaioTCJi co bcíitb apcenajiOMi nocji^AHflro cJOBa 
HayRH: cajiHi^EJOBOfi rhcjotoS h RpeosoTOifi, RajoiieseMi h MuoiBfl- 

SOlOi H T. X* 

— Jle^HTB Hajo, a ho na^RaiB, wci, — oÓMcmerB mh^ mojo- 
xeHBRafl ^ejiBAniepHi^a, pasBŠmifBafl BÍt-cn^xi h pasciinafl j^nm- 
HHMH pyRaBaiiH, HOsaroTOBJíeHHBíe saÓjaroBpeiieHHO, yÓificTBeHHO-il'!- 
JvreiBEHe noponiRH. — IIoToroHHoe npHSHaeTCfl vh coBpeiieHBoi 
uevsBfiwb 6e3nojie3Hofi naHROTHeĚ h epyn^ofi, tojibro h Bcero, — yBi- 

— Ho yB^peHu jh bu bi cBoeMx HSd^xoBaHÍH? A ecsH bu 
oiraCaeTecb? IIo RpafiHefi irlp% HysHO BEiciyRaTB, BiicjiymaTB ÓOJih- 
Boro RaRi cjAujeTb. 

— J^sí MeHfl xpHnuí xapaRÍepHue, h a ne Hysxaiocb bx hb- 
eiixoBaHÍH. Ho ocjih yroxno Bani, cx&iafiTe OAOJseHÍe. 

Mu pasAŽBaeMi cyxoro, RaR^s AOCRa, OTBpaxHTejiBHO-rpflBHaro 
TaiapiiHa. HepraMeHTHO - sejrryio rpyxB npeRpnBaHyrb nocoBiim 
niaTROiix; r'b luaiRy npena^aeTrb posoBoe, iiojiOAoe jihiio. 

fl 6jih8ro cji&sy h sairl^aK) HeyjOBHMoe BiipazRenie bx cbít- 
JBxi, He npiyHHBmHXCfl enie JiHi^eiiípHTb rjasaxi. 

— Bh mh'6 nopyqáre btofo Óoibeofo. Oto — 8;^niHÍfi, pafior- 
HEKL OaxioniRHHi. S. 6oiochj HTO RajiOMaiB ecjiH H noMOsen, to 
ocraBHTB ero na (y^yn^ee Bpeufl ÓesisyfioB^Bj-^ci bosmoshok) Rpo- 

TOCTbH) 8aM'6mK) fl. 

— BaiTB yroAHO vh Hacrofln^ee Bpeiffl co bcímh dyÓanH yjio- 
SBTb ero Vh rpo&hl — ci uonoffUM^b sa^opom otbítoiote uwb. 

BoiBEoft npocryxHdicfl, aposhtb h sajiyercji na rojiOBy. HaRa- 
Hysi npopBajio njiOTHHy y rji^^BCRaro (apiraa; owb npoóujii b^b 

B0X£ H&^ROJIBRO HaCOBl, HOlfOrafl, H npOApOFB. & ]^^¥> XHHHHl H 

orq)WH)CB orcyrcTBÍeMi HSjno&ieHHuxi BanacoBi wh anre^Hom 
msa^^HRŠ. BificTO jmaoBaro i^B^ry npHxoxHTCfl nponBCiiBaTB naft 
a juMOHOiTb H ch ifexoiTB) ROTopufi ffiCTh WTh so, yse snaRo- 

ICHft MHŠ, 6aTK)IIIRa. 

BojBHoft BQdAopaBJHBaen, — HO anaiorE^Hiifl citeHH noBiopaiOT- 



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254 B1&CTHHR1> EBPOnU . 

CH, H pa3Bfl3Hoe OTHomeHÍe ri BajOMejíK) sapaxaerB co6oi oct&ib* 
Hofi Jieqaqiii nepcoHajii>. • 

Tojina noAxoAHTB RasAiifi A^hb THxafl, coq)eAOTO?eHHafl, moji- 
qajiBBafl. H^TB sHaKOMHXi, RapTHHHUxt, RaRi ropoxi nepeconaio- 

lAHXCfl 6di6hVlTb ODHCaHÍfi AHROBHHHHXl 60JI%3Hefi, wkvb H CaMEIXrb 

($ojiŠ3Hefi, H^Tb HaAo6HOCTH H Bi onHcaHÍflX'B. Tflsejoe A^^ixame Óojib- 
Híixi nopasaerb sa hícrojlro maroBi. IIpHrj[flA'i^BinaflCfl Raprana 
noBTopaercfl Cb hh^toshume HSM^HeHÍflUH: asbu bo pry, HSiasBJíeH- 
HEifl, OTBajiEiBmiflCfl xecHH, jiSBBí sa T^Ji'6 Bi nocjrbjí,yiom,ewb pas- 
BETÍu ilUHrH, — H sajiRoe jeneHÍe xneHOfi THHRTypoft h boaroB cb 
jiHMonaMfl, npH uma,BÍvi nmeHHOfi Ramei^efi, nojyqaeMOft HstfpaHHu- 

MU CHaCTJIHBUiaMH, H TO He RaS^Ufi A6HB, — BOTl H BCe. 

Jí. Hejhaoba. 



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PA3CKA3H HHOCTPAHIÍA 



nETP'B BEIHKOMX 



— SftnscKH DcTa Djm, xaicKaro nocjaHHHKa npn pyccEOMi ABopi (1709^1711). 
Hepeseji^ cb^AaTcsaro noAJHHHHsa h coo6mHJi'b D. H.III,ep6aqeBi. („P. Ap- 
xHBi«, 1892, J6 3-11). 



BpeMJi H .iHHHOCTB Ileipa BejiBRaro, óesi comhšhíjí, en^e Ha^ojiro 
ocraHyrcfl Bonpocoiťb, BOTopiift 6yAen npHBJíesaTB H3CJi'6AOBaHÍfl h 

CnopU HCTOpHBOBl. Óh TbX7> nOpi, BERl COBpeMeHHHBH Ilexpa (Tb 

oxHOt CTopoHu OKpynuuH ero xesjuuíh^ AOXoahbiohmb ho^h ;(o 
o6oroTBopeHÍfl, a Cb Apyrofi — npoKjflTÚíMH, cpasHHBaBinHMH ero Ch 

aHTHXpHCTOlTb, MH^HÍfl O HeiTB MHOFO paSl BHAOHSirlHflJIHCB. EfO 

j^iio craHOBHJOCB npeAMeroMi rocyAapcxBeHHOfi Tpa^Hi^ÍH, a Birlcrt 
npejufeTOM^ yqeflaro Hscj^bAOBanifl: bx coacaji^HÍiOy bto nocJi'6AHee 
4Siuo AO HeAaBMPO BpeiíeHH BpafiHe CT^Heno nepBmrB; noRa TsepAO 
Aepsajiac& Tpa^Hi^ifl, npe^CTaBJíflBmaa ero xBopiiOMi HOB^firneft Poccíe, 
JUfl BCTopHsa ÓWTb otfflsaTejieHi naHerHpAR-B, h jih^hoctb Ilexpa, 
UKB H ero A&KO, MorjH 6iiTb H3o6pasae]fu tojibro vb repoHqecROfi 
^pirb, HCRJH)HaBinefi BCflRyio CBoďo^Hyio RpHTHRy. O^Hi^iajiBHO 
Tan 8T0 A^paumocB h bi 17 anoxy, Rorjia sa^BJíeei 6ujn> npHH- 
iifsn> Esapoj^BOCTE. Mosho 6wío 6u AyMaxB (RaRi aro h aiyu- 
JOCB y cjaBflHO^iuoBi), mro 8T0rB upHHiiiHirB AOJiseni 6£iji 6u 
BHSBaTB óojrie hjih Meffie OTpHi^aiejiBHoe OTHomeHÍe ri jh^hocth 
H x^y Ilerpa, noroMy ?to MHOroe HapoAHoe 4^aRTH?ecRH BnaqHTejiBHO 
norepn&io otb HexpoBCROĚ pe^opifii; ho, RaRi HaMx cjyqajiocb 

OtifBflCUTB, 0^1^^aJlBHafl HapOAHOCTB TpBAI^ftTUXl rOAOBl BOBCe He 



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256 B^OTHHBl EBPOmi. 

saAaBaiacB H^eeio HapoAHOCTH b'b tomi mepoROMi CMíicrt, RaB^B 
dTO craso noHHHaxbCfl obojio Toro se EpenenH bi h3bícthiix'b spy- 
raxi Hamero o6ii^ecTBa h jHrepaTypa. 0^$H^iaJ[BHafl Hapo^HOCTB 
HaciaHBajra na a6cojiK)THOM'B coxpaHeflÍH AaHHaro nopa^Ka sen^ei 
H BO BHyrpeHHeMi Óurb bo BH'&mHeM'L noHHMaHÍH rocy^apcrsa: 
neTp'B BeiHBÍĚ ÓujLi^j HeeoMriHHO, cos^axejieiii dToro rocyAapcTBa^ 
H pflj^oiTB CB Teopiefi HapoAHOCTH flBJífljiocB oiiflTB repoHqecBoe hso* 
CpaseHÍe Ilerpa BeJHRaro wb pynarB o^^HipajBnaro Bcropesa Toft 
dnoxH, ycrpflJiOBa. Ho bi tI se foabi npHHi^HirB Hapoj^HOCiH, ne- 

SaBHCHMO OTB 04^III^aJlBH0fi TO^RH 8pÍHÍfl, CTaJIl HCXO^HIUIl IiyHR- 

TOMi ^HjfOco^CRO-HCTopHqecROft TeopÍH, ROTopafl nociaBHja BonpocB 
coBepmeHHO HHa^e: Ilexpi, bicbohxi npeoÓpasoBaHÍjixi orcryiiHB- 
mifi OTB crapBHUy ;i'6jiaBiniĚ HOBOBBeAeHÍfl vh HHOseMHOMi Ayx^) 
ne OAHasAH HapymaBmífi Ropeneue HapoAHUíe oÓu^m, 6uji% inieHHO 
H8o6pasaeirB RaRi OTcrynHHRi, RaRi hsitIhhhri HapoAHOMy namy, 
fíkjio ROToparo Óiuo rH^ejiBHO ajiíi Bcero cyn^eciBa Han^ionanHofi 
XHBHH, H eAHHCTBeHHuifB nyTeifB ocBoCoAHTBCfl OTB 8Toro sjía npeA- 
CTaBJflJOCB BOSBpan^eBÍe ri crapHHi, Ha3aA'B, aomoíí. IIpotiíbhhrh 
8Toro B8rjiflA& AOJSHH ÓUJH Ban^Hn^aTB aIjo Ilerpa, RaRi a&io 
npocB'6i];eHÚi, ROTopoe bo bcaroitb dynai 6elio Heo6xoAHMO eapoxy, 

ROTOpOe OAHO MOrJO AOCraBHTB HapOXy BOBMOSHOCTB npOBBHTB tí 
CBOfiCTBa H CHJIEI, RaRBMH OHI IfOPB O^Ja^aTB. Bl BTOITB CMUCJÍ 

BonpocB AOJro jNStsÓepaJCfl vh namet jHreparypi h ri Heny cbo* 
AHJiHCB noTTH BC& jHTopaTypHBie H oÓii^ecTBeHHiie cnopHBie nyHSTUy 
xi^HBnrie rjiaBHBifl napTÍe Hameft jHrepaTypsi copoROBsai h Aase 
mecTHxecflTuxi roAOBi. IIobah^} RorAa na otfn^ecTBeHHyio ci^eHy 

BHCTyUHJIO MHOrO HOBUX'B, BnOJH'6 peaJBHBIXl BOnpOCOBl HaCTOflII](et 

MHHyTH, BTOTB CTapEifi OTBJíe^eHHiift cnopi OTomexB Ha BTopoi 
HJiaHi^ 6un Aftse RaRX 6yAT0 saÓiirB, a rbwh BpeiieHeirB ycn&íH 
namefi Hcropiorpa^ÍH, CiaroAapji 6ojtbe ÓjaronpúiTHEUťB yciOBUiirB 
jHTepaTypB, crara pacRpuBaTB iíhofo hobhxi ^aRTOB'B nerponcsot 
HCTopÍH H BOOÓn^e noMorjH pacmHpnrB HcropH^ecRifi ropBsoHn. 
MHorifl AftHHUfl, flBHBmiflCfl TenepB h npesAe cobcímx neAOcrynHiui 
jHTepaTypj^y MorjH 611 craTB fi,M npesHHxi tfopi^OBi npoTHBi Defipa 
sejaHHBíMi ifaTepiaioMiy RaRi AORasaiejBCTBO ero nacejiift npoTHBTB 
HapoAHOCTH; HO ci Apyrofi cropoHii abjajocb Bce (kOBme, xota 
TOJiBRO AerajiBHiixi h OTpuBOHHiixiy noApotfHOcreft, o6xflCHflBniHX% 
ApyryH), vh npesnee BpeMfl Majio pa8pa(k)TaHHyK) cropony npexMera 
H cyn^ecTBeHHO HSM^HflBniHxi Bce npeAcraBJíeHie o pe^^opiii. A 

HMeHHO, HOBEIfl H8CJlÍA0BaHÍfl CO^HpaiH BCe 60JBme ^aRTOBl, AOKE- 

suBaBDíHxi no^TH HjiH BHOJH^ óěscnopHO, TTO pe^opMa BOBCe He 
flBiajacB npR Ilerpi roroBofi, RaRi MunepBa hbi rojOBu Dinrrepa, 



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PA8CRA3II HHOCTPÁBI^. 257 

a, HanpoTHFB, 6nja tojkko uocJíipfiEWb pesyjBxaTOMi HaHEHamfi, 
Boaoj^HBniHXB jifijieKO paHbme— Bx ceifHaAi;aTU[& h Aase mecrsax- 
ipiTEit bíike; tto OHa 6uJia tojbro dHeprHiecRHirB BtinojiHeHieirB 
Toro, ^t5 saAyMUBUOCB npes^e cia6o, HepinniTejiBHO, Henocjiixo- 
BaieJBEO, H HTO TasmrB oÓpaaoirB hcto^heboitb efl ÓiiJi BOBce ne 
npoESBOJTB exHHHHHaro JHi^a, a, nanpoTHBi, a&bho cosp^BaBinafl, 

XOTfl MHOraifB B81 COBpeifeHHHROBl (h nOTOMKOBl) HenOHflTHafl, 

T.-e. ffiiB He oosHapaeMafl, HaipoHajiBHafl norpeOnocTB: HeoÓuqa&Hiifi 
pocTb PoccÍH, BO BHinraeiťB nojiHTHqecROArB h oÓpasosaTejiLHOiťB 
OTHomeniH, co BpeiieHH IleTpa hbjisjica Tony HcropEiecRHiix xosa- 
saTejBCTBOMx, — Ha^ioHaJ[BHfiIfl CHJiEi MorjiH coBepiuHTB Bcb dTH npí- 
o(ípfiTeBUi HMeHHO noTOMy, HTO nojryqHJiH CBoe HopiiaiBHoe pasBHiie 
H BanpaBjíeHÍe... Orapafl TOHBa spi^HÚi, npaB^a, ne cobcíatb scHedia. 
&& o6n:(ecTBeHHiixi lOJBaxi ecTB h TenepB HanpaBjenie, Roropoe 
xo^en^ CTOxaTB ce6fl nai^ioHajiBHiiifB h npoxojsaeTB MenraTB o 
Xo6piix% crapiixi BpeMGHaxt ne tojbbo ixapfl AjeRC&i MexaSjío- 
Bma, HO Aftse HBaHa FposHaro; ho ora TO^Ba spi^HÚi ne Hamja 
xo cBxi nopi, jífiL H He MOserB, Bone^HO, Haftni HcropHiecRaro 
oiipaB;(aHÍfl h Hay^HOt OHopu, saraxi Bce-xasH HCBajiii hpotebhhbh 
Ilerpa bo Bpenena cjiaBflHO^HJiBCTBa. Tšmi ne Henle drorB ne- 
pioxB Hamefi HcropÍH wh Hacroan^ee Bpeiffl HOBHAHMOMy ne HiiierB 
iMHxi TOHHHxi (bi Ty HJH xpyryK) CTOpOHy) onpeA'i^eHÍfi, Basifl 
xasaiHCB eicy vh npesnee BpeMfl. Ofin^ifi BonpocB hotth ne cia- 
BHTCHy a ffB tíxi HacTHux^B Hsci^AOBaHiflxi, BaBÍfl Hepi(AKO no- 
CBfliqaK)TCfl Tofi dnox'i, co^EpaiOTca Bce hobha ^epTEi, to hojosh- 
leiBHiifl, TO orpBi^aTeJiBHiiJij BoropinfB npexcroHTx en^e o($ieAHHeHÍe. 
Mesjíy npoHHiTB ne tojibbo AonycBaercfl to npexnojioseme, vro 
pe^pMa CTOflJia vh cbash ch npeA^BB^yn^HirB pasBHTÍeirB, ho ^to 
BB HHHxx csyHaflxi ona BairB 6yAT0 tojhbbo nopTHJia npesnee, 
BHOCEja nyraHEi^y vh A^a, yBOJiHHHBajia orpy(S£HÍe npaBOBi h BaKB 
(Sb flBJUuacB no cyn^ecTBy ^aBTOirB (JespaaiHHHBiirB; hctophbh ho- 
Bttmeft mBOJUy HanpaBJíflfl Bce BHHMaHie na ABJíeHifl shbhh dsoHO- 
xiraeeBofi, satiiiBajrH o toitb n^bioirB nopAABi HpaBCTBeHHO-naipo- 
HBiBHjEirB iiBJíeHifi, BOTopufl f,M npeaBHHX'B HCTopBBOBi 6uBajH cy- 
qeerBeHHHiii BonpocoMi Bceft pej^opiiEi. 

^CTHHH B0Je6aHÍfl H yBJíeHeHÍfl ne yiieHBmaiorB, sone^HO, Be- 
aisaro HCTopHHecBaro sHa^eHÍJi, Boropoe npenaAJiesHrB dnoxi h 

JHIHOGTH IleTpa, H HO T^CHOfi CBflSH dTOft dHOXH CO BCÍATB TeHO- 

mem npeA^BBiyn^ei h nocjiixyiDn^efi EcropÍH, noBufi nepecMOTpB 
cofipaHHHXi fioceiA ffiMEUx^b flBjflercfl ne tojibbo zsejaTejiBHUMi, 
HO H HeoÓxoABMinrB. ^bbhb aajobo OTBJOHBja nacB orB aroro 
HCTOpH^ecBaro nponuaro, no ocnoBnafl hhtb Hcropin npoxoxBTB h 

To» II.-Mapt*, 1893. 17 



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258 BftCTHHB^B EBPOnU. 

AO uamefi anoxH, a ucTopHqecKoe cosHame np^MO hjh ROCBeHHO 
He MOseTB He eiíatb Ha Hame MÍpoBoadpinie. Bi» oiitHRÍ IlerpoBCKOt 
diioxH AOJiSHu 6uTB npBBJíe^eHu MHoríe hsi tíxi BonpocoBi, ko- 
Topue AO CHXi nopi BOiHyiorb Hamexi ofin^ecTBeHHiixi TeopernBOBi 

H HCTOpHEOBl RyjiBTypfii: Bonpocfii o pOJB H BHaHeHÍH HaipOHaiBHUXl 

HaiajTB Hameft RyjiBTypu, o crapuxi ofin^ecTBeHHHXi aojiHTHHecRHXi 
yipesA^HÍflx^, ROTopuBrB, naup., ciaBflHO^a.Tu opa^aBajoi TaRoe 
BucoRoe 3Ha«ieHÍe, o po^H sana^Hoft nayRH (Hanp.» BBOAiuacB jh ona 
H BnocjiÍACTBÍH cjysHja TOJbRo „npHBHJierHpOBaHHtnrB^ Rjaccam, 
RaRx yTBepsAW)!^ eapOASERH, hjh ABJífljiacB i^ofi RyjibTypHOĚ 
CTHxiefi, Heo6xoAHMO& AJia Bcefi eaipOHajiBHOĚ shshh) h t. n. Jí^asl 
HSBŠCTHOfi TeopÍH O RyjiBTypHO-HaAioHajTBHiixi THDax^ pyccRaa 
HCTopifl AO H nocii Derpa asjuiercfl ^pesBu^afiHo HBiepecHEiHi 
npoCHUiTB noopen^eiTB. CaMO coCok) pasyii^ercfl, ^T0 eciH pasi Óy 
AerB nocraBJíeffB 8totb BonpocB^ ero o($íflCHeHÍe Mosen Óeitb ao- 

CTHreyTO TOJBRO BHHMaTeJIBHOK) OI^^HROK) BCÍX'B OCHOBHEIXl np02B- 

jieHÍft H ^aRTOffB HaI^OHaJ[BHofi shbhh: ee^bsa x^axb oi^^hrh flerpa 
H ero BpeifeHH na ocHOBaHÍH HsyqeHÚi oahhxi BROHOMHHecRHX'B 

OTHOmeHÍfly TO^HO TaRSe, RaR'B OAHHXl OTHOmeHÍtt aXlfHHBCTpaTBB- 

uiixi, Bwbmne-nojnnmecKtíx^hj BoeHHyxi, npOMEinuieHHiixi, o5pa30* 

BaxeJIBHEIXl*, BiepROBHUXl H T. A- HCTOpHqeCRafl SHSHb, RaRl SH3HB 

coBpeMeHHafl, cjaraeTca hsi MHOzsecTBa pasHCoCpasHiixi ^aRTOpOBB 
H n^Jioe MOseTB 6iiTB xapaRTepHBOBaHO) hjh HCiopnecRH onpe^- 
jieHO, TOJShKO no it&SBHOMy A%fiCTBÍK> BTHX^B ^aRTopoBX H ero pesyjb- 
TaraiTB. Bb a^bhoitb esynai npHcoeAHB^eTCfl en^e cnei]iiajBHu& 
Bonpoci jiH^HOCTH HCTopHqecRaro flíbsTejíSí. HoBŠftmaa ncropiorpa- 
4|)ífl HO CRJiOHHa npeyBasHWBaTB jiHTOoe BJÚiHie jiflxe HCRJiK>qHTejkHO 
lajiaHTJiHBBixXy reniaiBHuxi ^'J^flTejieĚ, noA^HHfla h hx% ofiu^ei 
CEjrb HCTopiiqecRaro DoroRa, c^aiafl h hx% caMHxi tojibro npcas- 
Be^enieMi a^bhoB HaiúoHajubHOcrfl h BnoxH, ne x&iafl HCRJBoqenift 
Aaace bi tíxi cjyqaflxi, Ror^a bi esb^hiixi ^opnaxi npaBjeHÍii 
OTffljBHoe jiHi^o ABiflercfl p^niHTaieMi HcropHiecRHx^ HanpaBieHÍt. 
Ho H caMa jh^hoctb TpeÓyen onpeA'i6jeHÍfl h ocoÓjihbo vl jífiSBOWh 

BOUpOCi. EAHHOrJiaCHBUi CBHA^TeJlBCTBa BCbTb COBpeMeHHHROBB, ■ 

npHBepseHAeBi h BparoBi, h aojto nocjrb exHHorjiacHiifl cbhaíi 
T&iBCTBa nosxnt&mHxi noROJi^mfi craBATi Ilerpa bo rjiasi pe^opMii^ 
c^HTaiorB ero HCRsioqBTeiBHiiirB bhhobheroitb iipeo6pa80BaHÚi, rjyi 
60RO OTpasHBmarocfl bi jtfiSbjňŘmem xojsib Hamefi HcropÍH: bi 
HexaBHee BpeMfl camifi BonpocB o noď^AHHxi B^Raxi eamefi hcto- 
pÍH CBOABJíca Ri jHqHOHj Bonpocy o TOiTBy 6hurb JIH IleTpB reHÍaJB* 
HiíMx BupasHTejieMi Hamefi HaiúoHajBHOCiH, hjh oe% óujtl orcryni 

HBROlťB (no MHÍHÍH) paCROJIBHHROBl, aHTHXpHCTOMl). KaROBl 6u H| 



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PA3CKA3U HHOCTPAe^A. 259 

{Juji HapoAHO-ncHxojiorBHecsi& npoi^eccB, cos^aemift Ileipa, ohi^ 
KaRx ^aRTHHecRÍfi A^fliejiE^ Tas'B cujilho BM'&mHBaeTCfl bo bc^ 

OCHOBHHfl C06£ITÍfl BpeMeHH, qTO XOA'B HX'L JS,0 SHaHBXeJIbHOfi CTeneHii 

onpeA&ifleTCfl HMeHHO ero jih^hhmi BM']kniaTejiBCTBOM'B; h pi;i^RO 
HCTopHHecEoe JLnufi, xoTfl (5u caHO cocTaBjflBmee npoj^yRTB BpeiíeHH, 

SBJflJIOCb CB CBOefi CTOpOHH CTOilb dHeprHqeCBHMl ^aRTOpOMl HCTO- 

pÍH. Bi HCTopia A^ftcTByerB He tojbro HenocpeACTBeHHBift $aRra — 
B3Bi^CTHafl npaBHxejibCTBeHHafl ii^pa, saROHi, A^HHoe jLE^noe pi^ine- 
HÍe; HO i^i^Jiufi pflA'B uHOFAa TpyAHO yjiOBHMUXi dJieueuTOWh, jnuenno 
eneHamAthHiH co6£ití&. Bi btomi uoQJiijsflewh OTHomeHÍH jih^bocth 
IleTpa HecoMH^Heo npHHaAJemarB rpoMaflaoe, xoia h xpy^no m- 
nipaifoe BJiiflHÍe. HpaBu speMeni Ilerpa 6hiw rpy6u, yMBi Majio 
pasBHTu, HO H Bx dTHxi yoíOBiflxi MO£HO, RaxeTCfl, ne pHCRyfl 
nacTB B% omH^Ry, yRasuBaTb 9to BejiHRoe HpaBCTBeHHO-oSn^ecTBeH- 
Hoe Bne^aTi'%HÍe ero jih^hocth^ o ROTopoM'L coxpannjiHCb xota h 
HeMHorífly ho aobojibho RpacHop^Hi^ufl CBBA%Te.iBCTBa ero jyqniHxi 
,yíeHHROBx*. OAiHKa ucTopHqecRoft A*flTe-ibHocT0 Ilexpa jíOJXHa 
hmítb ABOflRyio sahany: BO-nepBuxi, onpeAi^HTb vb ^aRTeqecRk 
npío5pÍTeHÍfl, RaRÍfl CA^anu óbijih ero coficTBennuMi TpyAOMi wh 
CBoe Bpeufl Bi padHOofipasHuxt , o6jiacTflxx nai^ioBaJiBHoá xhbhh; 
BaBTopuxi, onpeA'i^JiHTB TO HpaBCTBeHHoe BJiíflHÍe) RaRoe npoHSBOAHJia 

ero JIH^HOCTB HO TOJIBRO Ha COBpeMOHHHROBl, BBTSUBafl HXX A^flTeJIB- 

HOCTB BT> TOMx 2ce HanpaBJieHÍH, HO H Ha nocjriAyion^ífl noROJi^HÍa^ 
<;Doco6cTBya o6pa30BaHÍK) naBtonaro HapoAHO-o6n(ecTBeHHaro HAeaja^ 
— 8T0 BJiiflHie npoAOJi»aeTca h ao cefl MHHyTH. 



I. 

J^jísi npflMOfi oi^i^HRH Ilerpa B. 6ujio 6u cyn^ecTBenHO BasHO 
HCTopenecRoe cpaBnenie AByxi nepioAOB'B. Oho jijbjídiJiocb MHOsecTBO 
pasi, HaHHHaH cb ero coBpeMenHHROBx: ho h ao chxi nopx oho ne 
fiujio CA']^aHO flCHUMx H RaTeropnHecRHMi o5pa30Mi>. B^b npesHee 
BpeMfl^ orB coBpeHeHHHROBi H AO YcrpajiOBa, oho npesi M^py Baa- 
^a^io Bx nanerHpHRi; HOBMniia to^rh sp^nia npeBpan^aiH nanerH- 
pHKB wb nojiHoe ocyatAeHie, h 9to npoiHBop^qie ocTaexca ao chxi 
nopi Hepa3p']^nieHHUMi. Cx Apyrofi cropoHu, RaRi sto hh crpanno 
CKa3aTB, MU He HM'6eM^ AO CHxx nopi. h Aocraxonno nojinaro onpe- 
AiieHÍa caMOfi jihhhocth Ilexpa. CxapBifi nanerHpHRi Hsotfpasajii 
ero RaRx 6yAT0 bucoieimi cyn^ecxBOMi, BHxaBmtiMx HaA'B o6birho* 
BeHHUMH CMepxHUMH; CB APjrofi cxopoHB[ OHI H3o6pasajica, 6UTB 
Hosexi, xajianxjiHBBíMi, ho bobco ne reniajiBHEiiďB AecnoxoMi, js,jisí 

17* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



260 roOTHHR'B EBPOnU. 

BOToparo He cyii^ecTBOBa.io CBfln^eHHaro HapoAHaro npexania, y 
BOToparo He 6ajíO xpyroro pyKOBOACiBa, spoifi jiffHHaro yiipsiiaro 
npoHSBOJia, H He 6ujo xpyroro q>eACTBa pej^opMu, spoiii orpaHH- 
Hennaro noApaasaHÚi. Hsi dToro npoTHBOj^^ifl nama Hcropiorpa^ia 
TaEace eo^e áe Bunuia; Mesxy tImi hohatho, hto 8to onpex&ieHie 
JTH^HOCTH OHeHB BasHO A^fl npaBHJiBHarc noHEManifl canaro Kkudn 
xapaBxepi mothbob^l nojiT&ewb xaiB Ty hjih HHyio ospacny A^IcTBÍft. 
Sahana TpyAHaa h, b^b cosajiŠHÍfo, ypoBeHB chjtb Hameft Hcropío* 
rpa^ÍH TaBOBi, qro ona ne tojilbo nyraeTca noAotfHHXi TpyxHm^ 
BonpocoBi, HO c^eraerb Aftse „HayHHOft^ xotSiecTBio cobcIitb hxi 
He BacaxBCfl, na tomi ocHOBanÍH, hto em,e ne co6paHi „BecB na- 
TepiajTB'', — a owh e;^Ba m Óy^en co6paHi h bi XX-mi ctojítíh... 
IIpaBxa, AO HexaBHflro npenenH 8Ta sahana 6Bja Tpyxno paspfimHMa 
no ^HCTO BH^mnefi hphhhhí: paaiH^HBifl cropoHu BOnpoca ne 6ujh 
AOcrynHBi ]^MZ namefi HcropHHecBofi bphthbh; no spatneft wbpk 

j^OJZSeHl 611 6HTB flCHO HOCTaBJíeffB caMufi BonpocB. 

Ha dTOTB BOnpOCB HaBOAflTB, UeSRXJ npOHBlfB, HSXaHHBIfl He- 

jiaBHO sanHCBH AftTCBaro nocjiaHHHBa npn Uerpb BejHBOirB, lOcra 
IOm, BOTopuft asHJTB Bx PoccÍH Bi 1709 — 1711 roxaTB H BejTB jíHee- 
HHBx noHTH H80 jíflsi vh fifiEhy HacTO BH^ajHB DeTpa BejHBaro, ne* 
daBHCHMO OTB CBoero A^a 6uji% o^eHB saHHTepecoBaHX ero ne- 

06HBH0BeHH0fi JH^HOCTBH) H HpBBAHBO SaHHCUBaJTB BCe, HTÓ BHX^^^ 

BucBasuBafl h CBoe BsyiíJienie nepe^x aioft jh^hoctbio, ho HBMajio 
ne CBpuBafl leMHiixx CTopoHi xapaBxepa h npaBJíeHiji Ilerpa, Basi 
Hxi noHEMaji. Bi droMi OTHomenÍH sanHCBH K)jfl flBJjiiacfl oahmitb 
H8'B HHTepecHŠfiniHXi CBHA^ejrBCTBX, ' BacjysHBaiDntHxx ocoÓeHHaro 
BHHMaHÍfl HCTopHBOB^B. HcHOJiHflfl CBOo AHHJOMaTHHecBoe Hopy^eHÍe, 
Djib xoJiseHi 6uj!!h nep^AKO BHxaTB niapa, ho jihhhoctb ero npoHs- 
BOAHja na A&TCBaro nocjaHHHBa xaBoe Bne^aijtme^ hto h 6esi> 
Toro OHI HCBajix cnynaoBi bha^tb ero BaBx mosho nan^e h 8ai4irB 
CB TOHHOCTÍio saHHCuBajix O Bas^OM^B CBE^aHÍB H Bas^OMi pasFOBopi 
CB HHiTB. n^apa ÓfiiJio JierBO bha^tb, y nero jh Aona, hjih na nnpaxx 
y Boro*HH6yAB hsx ero npH6jHseHHEix'B, na TopsecTBenHEixi i^epeiio* 
híhx^b, — ecjH TOiBBO n^BpB He CBpuBajcfl^ BaBi HHorxa 6iiBajio, otb 
TOJHH, H Bor^a Ao6paTBCfl Kh HOMy 6ujio o^eHB TpyxHO. PascBaffB 
K)jfl CTOJB 6e3'BHCByccTBeHHO npocTB, HTO AOCTOBipHOCTB ero noBa- 
sanifi e^BB jh ifoaserB noA^eauiTB comhíhíio — tbb^b AumarB npaBXOft 
ero paBCBBSH, h BOCTopsennoe, h nopHi^aTejiBHiie. Mu ne nojiy^aeirb, 

BOHeraO) I](%IBHOfi XapaBTepHCTHBH, o BOTOpOft HO AyHaJTB H CBITB 

nHcaBmifi, ho co6paHHiifl hitb qepTu abiotb a^a noAOÓHofi xapasre- 
piiCTHBH MHoro Jio6oniiTH^finiHxi yBaBanift, b% oco6eHHOCTH p^aoitb 



Digitized by VnOOQ IC 



PAdCSÁ3II UflOCTPAHIU* 261 

cb saM^TRaMH K)jifl o pyccBHxi HpaBax'B xoro epeMeHH, cocrasjAio* 
n^Hxi iffowb ero RapTHHu. 

fii STHXi OTpuBoqHfiixi pascBasaxx nepe^^B HaMH BcraerB qpes* 
BuqaĚHO opRraHajiBHafl KapTena nepexo^HOt dDOxa. V^bffio vfib y 
eospeMeHHNxi noBŠCTBOBaTejiefi o nerpOBCKot anoxi THJffb apRO 
OTpa2saiOTCfl ^epiu craparo h HOBaro pyccsaro 6uTa: sanHcaneufl 
Bi ;(HeBHHBŠ saBi HenocpeACTBeHHBifi ^asrb, óesi bcarhxi jih?- 
Hiixi cooÓpaseHÍft h BaRoft-JHÓo npeABSAxoft to^bh spleúi, owb 

IBlfllOTCfl npflMUM'B OrrOJOCROMl CaMOfi SH3HH, npCCTUlTB ^aBTOMl, 

KOTopoft Haiii npeAOCiaBJífleTCfl oCcysAftTB caMBifL... EorAa bi no- 
cjixHee BpeHfl pacBptuHCB MHorie, He^ocTynniie npes^e HCiope- 
HecBÍe HCToqHHBH, nerpoBCicafl dnoxa yase ciuift npeAcraBjflTbCfl 
HamfljTB HCTopHBaMi Bi efl npocTBíxi peajiBHBxi noApoÓHOcraxi, — 
H 8Toro OAHOro 6uA0 AOcraTOHHO, htoÓu hsm^hetb npesaee o<$bi?- 
Hoe noHflTÍe o nerpoBCSHX^B BpeMeHax^B, saRi o pimirreJiBHOĚ pe* 
^pM^, sasi o nepeiOM^, o HOBOifB nepiOA^ pyccBOft sasHE, 
npeBpaTHBineirB crapeny h HaqaBmeMi Bce sánoBO. OBa3B[Ba.iocB, 
HanpoTHB^, qTO cpexH pe^opMEi crapíma coxpaHflJia eo^e BejiHByio 
cuy, mx> caiffiie ea flíbareJí^ 6^^^ oneHB nacro HCiHHHue ceihbi 

MOCBOBCBHX^B BpeMeHi; qXO eCJIH irbHflJIBCB MHOrifl ^OpMEI, BHO* 

CflJiHCB HOBEifl Tpe6oBaHÍfl H otfpasoBaTaiBHUfl noHflTÍfl, TO vh ynax^B 
H HpaBax^B npoAOJisajia shtb caiiafl noA^HHHaa crapHHa; hto caifB 
Ilerpí, BOToparo c^HraJui laBeirB OTCTynnEBOMX otb napo^Hoft 
crapHHBi, 6uB9Ljrh, HanpoTHBi, o^eHB npHBepaseHx b^b crapoiiy 0611* 
qaH) H TpefioBajii ero HcnojHeHk... Bca Baprana pe^opMU chjibho 
HSM^ujacB: Bir6cT0 exHHHHHaro asTa, piunHBmaro npeotípasoBaHÍe, 
noiyqajefl pflA'B js,ecsLmjATÍŘ^ bi Teienie BOTopuxi npoesBOAHJnCB 
Tb lUH Apyrúi HSirlHeHifl; Biribcio npocToro saHMCiBOBaHia qysax^B 
ooHflTÍft H o6iiqaeBi OBasfiiBancfl ynopeufi Me^JieHHiifi TpyA'B, pesyjiB- 
Tan ROToparo absujicsl ecTecTBeHHuirB Doai'lACTBÍeirB onuTa; bmÍcto 
npHcrpacrifl r% HHOseMi^urB, b'b RoropoirB xaRX MHoro ynpeRajH 
Oerpa, mu bha^h nacTOfiqHBoe acesame BBiABHraxB HMeHHO pyccRHx^B 
JDxeft/ RaRi CRopo OHH BBRaBUBajiH Tpe(5yeMoe sHanie, craBHTB hx'b 
Bo TňABb Toro HJiH ^(pyroro A&^a A&se Tor^a, Ror^a ohh ee 6ujib bx 
aeiTb ROMnereHTEEi, ho nox^HEfliB hmx HHocrpaHi^eBi, h t. a* SanHCRH 
lOifl en^e paarB ycHJiHBaioirB dTO Bne^aiJi^HÍe, Óesi comh'&híh 6oxie 
&iH3Roe Kb HCTEH^y H!biá% npesHÍe naHerHpHRH o coB^aniH noBofi 
Poccíh, hjih npesHÍfl ocyxxeHÍfl orcrynnEHecTBa otb HapOAHiix'B 
HaqajťB: nepeA'B naMH OTBpuBaercH spíjiEínfi ofin^ecTBeHHaro apo* 
i(ecca, B% ROTopoiTB crapoe h HOBoe CBASUBaioTCfl opraHnecRH h 
BOToparo flKienÍH npeAcraB^aiOTCfl cb HeoÓxoxHMOCTBK) HcropE^ecROft 

iOFERa. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



262 B^CTHHKl EBPOnU. 

3anncKH K)jifl xpaHflicfl fb rocyAapciBeHHOMi apxHB'^ bi Ronen- 
rareH*! h, no 3aM']&?aHÍK) hxi nepesOA^HRa, Maio Eony hsb^cthu. 
Bi Ha^ajiž sanHCOKi noM'£i];eHO sciyniieHie hjíh nocBfliAeHÍe jiai- 
CKOMy RopojK) ípeAepHBy IV, ta* roBopHica, hto npn nocujK*]^ 
JOjiz vb Poccíh) eMy npeAnHCUBajiocb bccth bo Bpena nyremecTBÍa 
ofiCTOflTejiBUiifi AHeBBURi — A-^fl npeACTaBJieHÍfl bdocjiíactbíh caMOuy 
KopojíK); H nodTOMy cocTaBHxejib AHeBHHKa „ue Kojieóajicfl OTAť^^aib 
FB Bewb KBJSíb AOCTOfiHoe xyjiii, xaBi H AOCTofiHoe noxBa.iu"', b 
c^BTajii HenpocTHTejiBHmfE cBpuBaiB otb Kopojifl npaBAy, h npH- 
TOMi AM Bopojifl 6ajio 6u ^BecBMa Ba^sHO ($utb ocB^AOMjeHy 06^ 
ocoÓeHHOCTflxi ABopa. o HacejeHÍH h yeiOBiaxi xoro Bpaji, RyAa 
nocujiaeTCfl a^^^ neperoBopoBi nociaHHBBi^, TaB'B RaRx npn 8tom^ 
npeACxaBJífleTCfl bosmoshoctb, cooÓpasyacB cb BM^ioiiíBMHCfl AaHHUHB, 
npBHflTB vb HJiH Apyrifl nojiesHBifl p'6meBÍB, Roxopufl wb npoiHBHOMS 
eay^ai ee 6ujiiii 6u dpbhbtu^. 

K)jiB (1664 — 1715) no npo$eccÍH óhjix MopaR^; BepnyBfflBCB 
H3^ Poccíh, ob-b CBOBa BcrynHJTB vb npeatniOK) CJiy»6y h 6hijn> 
yÓHTB Bi MopcROMi cpaseBÍB CO niBeAaMH ^). B% 1709 r. ob^ 
ornpaBHjicfl bi Poccík), RaRi nocjaHHHR^ coiosHofi A^psaBu, h bb 
rohaí aBrycxa upiii6ují% MopeMi na pefiA'B noAi* HapBOft. Ilponi.io 
H^CROJiBRO AHefi, noRa M'lcTHUfl BjacTB, He npeAynpesA^HHBiH 061 
ero npifeA*, BnycrajH ero bi HapBy, ta* no cxapHBHOMy o6h- 
qaK) OTHOCHJIHCB iťb Heiiy to no-CBoeMy rocrenpiBMeo, to neAO- 
B^pHHBO. K)j[B OHeHB sajiyeTCii na nocJi'lAHee, RaRi h na to, ^to 
pyccRÍe MH ne noHHMaiOTB, hjih ho xotatb nonaTB eBponeS- 
CBaro otfuHaji AHUJiOMaTH^ecRofi b'I2Rjihbocth, nanp., ne co6jiK)AaK>Ts 
AOJisHaro nopflAKa bbshtobx; fb Te^enie Bcero npeÓuBfíHiB bx Poc- 
cíh OHI sajiyeTCfl na to, hto pyccRÍfl BJiacTH ho HcnojiHBJíH cbohxs 
ofiflBaTeaBCTBx, saAepsHBajiH hjh cobcím^b ne AonjiaHHBajiH A^nerB 
Ba ero coAepsaníe, no^A^H h t. n. Ci nepsiixi maroBi bi Poc- 
cíh OHI npHCMaTpHBaercfl r'b npaBaiTB pyccRaro oÓn^ecTBa, oco- 
6eHH0 BB TOii'B BBicmeiTB • Rpyry, bi rotopoatb ohi Bpaqajica,— h 
BA^CB, MesAy npoHHMx, mu nocTOBHHO BCi^qaeM^B TaRÍa se ^epTu, 
RaRÍfl Bcrp^qaeMi y ÓOJiie panHHXx BHOCTpaHHux^ nHcaxejiefi cennaA- 
i^axaro BŠRa. Hanp., en;e shbji bí Hapsi^, ohi 6BiBaji'B bi o^n^e- 
ctb4 pyccRHxx — ROMOHAaHTa 3oTOBa (cBina craparo 3oTOBa, boc- 
DHTaTejifl Ileipa), renepaji^B-aAMHpajia 6eAopa MaTB. AnpaRCHHa 
(6paTa i^apHi](B[, baobu usl^s IlBana AjieRcíeBn^a) h aP-, h bi dtomb 
Rpyry CTapBHHufi oÓBiqafi 6bijii bi nojHOá coxpaHHOCTH. 



O Cm. ipaTsiji 6iorpa4)B<iecRÍa cbía6uía o eeui, cooÓmeHHiifl r. n],ep6a<ieBiiin> b'^ 
„P. ApxHBt", 1893, J« 2. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



PA3CKA3U UHOCTPAHI^A. 263 

O^HasAK npiixajix sx Heny BOMeHAaHrb ci H^CBO^bRHMH o^m- 
iiepaMH (4 ceHT. 1709): „BoSAfl bx BOMHaiy, KaRi caiíx owbj 
Tan H ÓHBinie npH Hem pyccsie oosA^^Cb Bospyn, ^toÓkí otu- 
CKaiB Ha cAeí otfpasx, h Bor^a ^bekíjie ero, to QepeKpecxHJiHCB 
Ha Hero h noBJíOHHjHCB; saT^irb BOifeHxaHTB nosxopoBajíCfl co mhoh). 
no Bcei Poccíh Bi oóu^ai, hto6u b'b BOMHaxaxx, bx yrjiy, ortpa- 
n^eHHOMX Bx CB^xy, bhc&io no o^HOMy hjih no n^BOJiBBy o6pa- 
30BI, ea BOTopiie BxoAfln^ift, ne o6pan^afl BHHManiji na npHcyrcTByH)- 
nvm (sHaTHOCTB nxi xyrB ne npn Hem), Tpn pasa BpecraTCfl n 
uaniieTaii n lor^a yase npHB^TCTByerB e Bjanflerca cnepBa noHex- 
HMmeify bi BOMHaiš, saiiirL ocnuíbhumx, BasAOMy oco($o^.OnH* 
canie o6ÍAa y BOMen^anTa (noA'B 5 cenT.) onais nanoííHnaeri 
erapHHHBe BacrojiBHfiie otiHHan: qpesM^pnoe nbflncTBO laBnirB se 
ofipasoiťb onHCUBaercfl h n ceMnaAi^tTOMi b£bí. Kor^a Bonen- 
j^aerB b^e Apyroft pasi (22 cení.) noBBajnb ero o(S%AaTB, to na 
o6ikxb tfNJTL xaBse ynoMAnyTiift renepajivaxMHpaJii h Apyna Bas- 
wtíkmisí AOJUBHOCTHHfl jiHi^a (noAi* HapBOft CToaio Tor^a MHoro 
Boicsa). oTyTL uwk npenuiecB noBnaBOMBTBCH emfi cb OAnHMi pyc- 
CBEirB ofiBíHaem: sena xesanna, OA^Tafl bo ^panuyscKoe nAamhe^ 
eroiiju nocpeAH BOiinaTBi, nenoABHsnaji h npflMafl, BaBi crojtfi; 
MHŠ csasajiH, HTodi fi nonf&noBajrB ee (Tasí npenaTo), h a ncnoji- 
HHJTB 8T0. SaT^Mi oHa noAHocHJna MH% H ApymiTB BOABy na Ta- 
pejiBÍ, mapBajia, BaBi Mys^qnna (?), h npenniiajia otfpaTHO nycryio 
^amy''. depeši n']&CBOJ[BBo AHefi (3 obt.) on'B o(SÍAa2i'B y npi&caB- 
maro bx HapBy ofiepi-BOMenAanTa HapiiniBBna. Caiiufi otiÍA'B 
iipoHCxoAnď'B no^^TH TaB'B se, BaBi y BoifenAanTa SoTOBa: „nOAa- 
BaiocB TaBoe se Bo^ra^ecTBO njioxo nperoTOBjíenniixi, Aypno cepBH- 
pOBanntix^B n neyii^o pacnojiOseHn£ix'B (Sjiioai: otfepi-BOifenAanrB,^ 
sarb BCflBii pyccBifi xesanni, caiťB CJysn^rB 8a ctojiomi h npn 
sasAOfi wmi o(íhochjii'b BpyroMi rocrei craBanx na TapeJiB^''. 

£aB'B WTaeiTB y HnocTpaHnHX'B nyTemecTBennnBOBi XYI-ro n 
Xyn-ro Bi^Ba^ TaBi h IOjb rOBopn^B o 6oxhmowh bhcobomípíh 
pyecBHXi ornocnTejiBHO nnoseiniieRB, Aase 8naTniix'B, o M^crnnHe- 
€BBX'B pasc^eraxi — ne CA'&naTB nepBaro noctn^enifl, ne ycTynniB^ 
nepnaro MŠcia n t. n. Ho npi^A^ HapumBnna, K)jib nocjiaji'B 
eify noBApaBJíenie cb npižsAOMX h nper^nanienie na otf^A^^. Hapiim- 
RHn'B y^wAxb TOJiBBO BjanflTBCH H cBasaTB, HTO Mfii, (Sesi coBininifl^ 
eníe nepeAi tíitb yBHAHMca". „Xoxa otbítb btotx, — roBopHrB 
K)j[B| — MorB HM^TB ABOflBÍft CMEicji, OAnaBO fl OTJIHHHO yraAaj[*B 
BB neiTB naMeBXy ^^to a nepBiifi AOJtseni noc^TBTB ofiepB-BOifen* 
xania, o neMi eiiy b'b cyn^nocTu ne CJi^AOBajio naaoMnnaTB Aase, 
ecjH($i onrB (Sblii npaRB. Bopo^eiix, a snajn, tto pyccBie, kb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



264 BftCTHHB'L EBPOnU. 

TOiTB qHCJii H OHI, CTaiH yiHTBCfl vh uiKOjA vkauatBOcm junnb 
npH TenepemaeMi siapi m ente cha^h xairb sa asÓyBoS. IIodTOMy 
MHŠ ocraBaJOCB tojbro coauuiirrB o hhxx h TRfjBíTbj ^to6i ohh qeicy- 
HHÓyxB HayHHJiHCB^. PflAOMi cb dTHiTB coxpaHflJiacb onflTL crapafl, 
ynoMaHyraa Binne ^epra, — nsjvb roBopsn IOjb, — ^la csapexHOCTb 

H UeJlO^EOCThj CB BOTOpUMH BBOCjAjífimSl fl XOpomO OSHaBOMHJCfl* . 

Cboh cfiOHEusL xeHBrHy Aposa, cb£™ h t. A- K)j[B noiy^aji ^bca- 
bíě pasi He HHa^e, KaKi nocjii ^^acriix^ HanoMHHami h AO^raro 
BEmpaniHBaHÚi ''.'.. ^HecMOipa na ece axo, a nocroflHHO xoJ2seH':b 
(SHJTb ffljiaTB noAapBH jiKi^aM'^, npnHOCHBmHMi mhí Moe nojosen* 
Hoe coxepaBaHie, BOToparo uwb h Óesi tofo e^Ba AOcraBajo. Gi%- 
Ayen BAO(^BOBi 0TMÍTHTB9 TTO BaBi Bi HapBi, Tasí baoci^ac^íh 
H Bi caMoft Poccíh, pyccBÍe npH Bu^an^ hh% xenen HaifipeHHO 
MeHfl otfc^HTiiBajiH. EciH, ÓíiBajio, HX'L npoB^pHmb, OHH coc^nraHxrB 

CHOBa H rOBOpflTB, TTO mCTb B^peni. ápO^^ÍIBaJIH OHH dTO XOTb 

xecflTb pasi vh pflATy h ao ifeci nopi hbboahjh noj[y?aH>ii(aro 
xeHBrH, noBa eny ne Ha^o^AaJO hxi npoB^paTB h owh ne icHpHJCa 
Ha o6ufiB^^... 9xa HHHÓBHH^ecBafl Hcnop^ennocTB HecoHH^HHO 6iua 
OQflTB HacjrbAieirB crapux^ BpeMenx, o Boropuxi mosho naĚTH Aocra* 

TO^^HO nOXOtfHUXl CBHA^TeJbCTBl H Vh AOMamHHXl HCTOqHHBarL, 

H Bi pascBasaxi HnocxpaHi^eBi. 



n. 

H BO MHOrHX'L ApyTHXl HOApOÓHOCTflXl H81 dHOXH, BOTOpyH) 
CUTaiOTB TJiaBHfiUrB HCTOHHHBOlfb H3HÍHeHÍH CTapUXIb O^U^aeS^, MU 

BCTpš^aeMCfl ci caMOft uojífiEEEoi crapHHoft. lOjib pascBasEisaera, 
co cjOBi pyccBHXiy TTO vb pyccBOft apMÍH MHoríe renepam ynojrao* 
MO^enu iptpeMi nasHanaTb vb cboh lacrn o^^Hi^epoBi, ao noxnoji* 
KOBHHBOBi, H 9T0My oÓCTOflT&ibCTBy IOjil npHHHCUBaerb Bensoe 
^HHono^HTaHÍe, rocnoxcTByioniee vb pyccBoft apiiÍH; ho hsi caMaro 
pascBasa bhaho, hto |K)pMii btofo ^qHHonowxaHiH h BOoCn^e otho- 
meHifl MJLhffnuTb Kb crapniHirb 6uxa caMUfl crapHHHHfl. Oh'^ ro- 
BopHTb: „...BOrAa o^^Hi^epii npHXOAflrb bi renepajiy, to BJiaHHioTCfl 
eiiy vh seujao^ najiHBaiDTB emy bhhb h BOoCn^e cjiyacaTb eiiy, BaBi 
jiaBOH. OTHOCHTeibHO sjíibmEETb noBJOHOB^ HaÓjnoAaercfl cjAmjío* 
mfie. Korxa pyccBÍfi xoqerb BUBasaTb BaBOMy-jH6o BasBHOMy jno^y 
HaH(R>jbniyK) cxenenb noHremfl, to naxaerb npe^i nnirb hhi^, T.-e. 
craHOBHTCfl na npaBoe BOjril^HO, ynupaercfl pynaiiH kb sewm h xa^B 
CHJibHO CTysaercfl ji6owb o&b nojii^^ hto Moamo ABCTBenno cjmmaTB 
y^apu. O TaBHxi noBJOHax'B ucro ynoMHHaeTCfl b«b CBflqeHHOiirB 



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PA8CBÁ3U HHOOTPAHI(A.. 265 

SHcamn: „ifOJiHTbCfl, na^afl na Jimjfl ceoe^. Ope iieH^e no^iTHxejiB- 
loin noBJíOH^ pyccRÍe craHOBATCfl ea opasoe kojiího h vjíAjijrh 
Ha nojTB npaByK) jaxoHB. BooÓqe ase^ npHB^xcTByfl Kasoro-JiHÓo 
CoflpHHa, OHH BJiaHiiioTCfl Tasí EEBViOy HTO opasoH) pysoH) Aorpo- 
rHBaiDTCfl fift deMJH^. Pa^omi cb dTHirb ohi yRasuaaen ApyryK) 
lapasTepnyio ^epTy, oiuitb Ejtjmjjo hsi craparo AixoBCBaro npe- 
AaHu: ÓiiemH oxHasxu y reHepajn-axMHpajía AnpaRCHHa, IOjib 
,cx&[axB Ha6jiH)AeHÍe^, hto pyccRÍe qan^e Ha3iiBaK)i!B ^pyn Apyra 
HO HMeHH H OTHecray, ^mx no ^^aMHjriH hjh no xoJiaBHOCTH; caMoro 
reHepan-aAMHpajia snajiH ne ^rocnoAflni aAMEpaji'', a j,Gexopi 
Maň^BEH^'', H TaK'L o6pan^ajicfl sx neny bchbíS, BaBoe 6u hh 
saHHMaxB HHSKoe nojKosenie; Aase i^apfl pyccsie qacro nasuBajH 
,QeTp% AjteKcbeBHTE''. 

HapBCKoe pyccsoe oóntecrao Bce yMHOsajocB; npiixaJTB axMH- 
paxre&CKÍft cobÍthhki Khbbhi, — „roBoparB, ok bi BOJiHKOft mh- 
JoerH y siapa^. HoBue bhshth, oC^a^ h Ha6j[H)AeHÍHy h onaTB 
erapHHHiifl ÓuroBiifl ^^epru. IOjtb pascBasúBaerB, ^ro na oíibjífix^ 
(SuBaerB b% oóii^ai yroqaTB ne tojibko rocret, no h npnBOXHMBixi 
iMH MHorowcjieHHiixi cjyrBy — Hna^e npieiTB ne c^HTaorca xopo- 
innrB; oh'b npenonenaerB, tto h no a^tceoB nocjBíOBBi^t ^nnprB 
j^ojisHa xBajniTB npHCjyra^. Oh'b yAHBJíaercfl AAJ^me ^pesBuqafinoi 
HepoBHOCTH vb o6pan^eHÍH nesAy BiicniHMfl h Emmmm: ynoMany- 
Toe BHme ynHSHTejBpoe "fBHonoHHTanie CM^taflercfl coBepmenHBnrb 
naHHÓpaTCTBOMx^ b^ to BpeMfly Kasi MJiaAnríe o^^Hn^epu ycjiysHBaH)Ti 
reHepajiaiTB ^Kasx jaBen'', renepajiíi TyrB se Ha^^enaiorB o6pa- 
nviTBCfl CB HHMH 3a naHutfpaTa, Biri^cíš cb hhmh nBH)TB, HrpaH)rB 
VL Kapra na AeHBra. K)jib ne mosotb noHHTB sroro: ^TaBHMx o6pa- 
soiTB, — roBopHTB owby — xoTfl vh HacTOflu^ee Bpeiffl Wh cBoeiTB o6pa- 
ntenÍH pyccsie h CTapaH)TCfl noApassaTB, BaBi ofiesBAHu, xpyrnirB 
HaqiflirBy xota ohh h OA^aaiOTCfl bo ^^pam^yscBÍfl naaTBfl, xota no 
HapysHOMy Biixy ohh neiiHOFO h orecanii, rbwb ne Menie anyrpa 
HTB no npesneny cbahtb MysHBx''. Mošno 6huio6u CRasaTB Apy** 
roé — HTO AepeBflnna)! cy6opAHHa^ífl eqe neycntia sacjiOHHTB npo- 
cnix'B iejiOBÍHecBHX'B OTHomenift: crapEnnafl shbhb Óujia rpyfite, no 
npcn^e, h coxpanenie ea oCunafl BOBce ne Óauio 6ÍAoft, ecJH 6u 
ToiBBO ne npoHCxOAUO eiHmBoií^B nacro na no^ai o6n^aro nBAHcraa. 

Mebsí AOJiro BB Hapai, K)jb imijn cjiy^aft Ha(liiH)AaTB h pyc- 
tKíe i^epBOBHLie oÓu^bjs. „PyccBie aecBiia JioÓarB cboh xpaitti, — 
roBopHTB onx (noA'B 21 noflÓpM), — npeBHHBO otfeperaiorB nxi otb 
oesBepnenifl. Hnqero ws nuxx hštb o^H^nte, BaBi ecJH bb i^ep- 

BOBB Batf&BHTB C06aBa. no HX'B MHÍHÍH), AepBOBB OCBBepHflerCfl H 

HpesB nocšn^enie jihi^i hhux'b a^poHcnoHlA&Hitt. O^naBO, aanpe^ 



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266 BI^CTHHBl EBPOnU. 

n^eme HHOBtpiptM'B bxoahtb fb zpaMU ne Tasí crporo Ha^JuoAaercfl 
ci TÍxx nopiy saBi HUH^mBiS i^pb, osHaKOMHsniHCB cb xpyrHMH 
xpHCTÍaHCBHMH Hapo^anii, yBHA^^, ^0 OHH HeTasie rpyóiie flSEn- 
HBBHy BasoBUMB vb cTapHHy c^HiaJH flxi pyccKÍe'... 3to nocrtA- 
Hee 6uA0 oabhmi bsi caMux'L cyqecTBeHHuxi nyHBTORB, r^b 
Ilerpí OTcrynajix orb ocBBii^eHHaro ApeBHBFO npe^aflúi h (BaKOBbi 
6u BH ÓHJiH ero Aumnusí HSJíBinecTBa) e^sa jib cb tohkb 3p£HÍfl 
xpaeriaBCTBa a SApasaro CMHCia mosho Óujio 6u oÓBBBBXb ero, 
TTO owh se BcnoJiHfljix (SysBaJibHO npesfleft HerepnaMOCTB... Ho 
ciapoe ÓuTOBoe dnaro^ecrie npoAOJUsajio crporo Aep»aTbCfl: IOjis 
roBoparb o lowhj BaKi cypoBO co6jiK)AajHCb nocru, b% xe^^eHie 
BOTopuxx pyccBÍe aoxoabjib ao BacTOfln^aro OTon^aflia a (xia6ocTH. 
OAflasAU Ha oCrbfib y BpK)ca, bi iipocrofi nocTBiifi A^Hb, BorAa Be 
6ujio nparoTOBJíeHO ph6u, HÍBoropiie aéi pyccBBX'b o^HiiepoBa> ^h 
MBCO, HO Apyrie jyAOBOJibCTBoaajiacb xjáóowb cb cojibio, orypi^uiH, 
CBeBJOK) a TOMy noAO^HbíMa noaBjflBniBMBCfl aa crojA flCTBaira". 
HecMorpa^ OAHaBO, aa coCjiBOAeaíe nocTOBi, pyccsie, no saii^^aHiBO 
K)j[fl, 0CTaH)Tca Bpafiae aecBŽAyniH bi xpacTiaacBOirb B^poyqemii; 

60JIbmBHCTB0 BSpOCflHXl JIIOACS 86 EU^VyTh TaBaX'b nOHBTÍi o CBOeft 

vbpby Basifl Bi ^aaia anierb a pe6eaoB'b. Bi aroHi, oabbbo, ots 
^ojbniBHCTBa OHeab OTJia?aiOTCfl pacBOJibaaBa: no cjOBairb K)jfl 
(6e8x coMB'lHÍfl, ciumaBniaro dio on caiiaxi pyccBaxi), pacBoib- 
HBBa HecTB^e, 6oro6oa8BeBH'£e a TpesB^e npoHaxi pyccBaxx, no 
Hacra xpacmacBaxi* AomaTOBi HanaraBa^ a npocBtQ^eBB'ie. 

^aTCBÍfi nociannaBi npoa&ajrb B'b Hapst a^oJibBO ]išcfliieBa>^ 
noTOMy HTO 8A^b OHI AOJUBeB'b 6Bi«rb oaBBABTb npi^Aft i^apfl. 9to 
ÚísuTh roA'b DojrraBCBaro q[)a2BeHÍfl; ch K>ra itapb AO^usesb 6ujrh 
npo^xaib na ciBep^b, taí Boiaa 6ují& b% pasrapi b^ JIb^^juihaíh. 
ToibBO B'b nojroBHH^ HOflÓpa nojiy^eno 6ujio kb HapB% asB&me 
OTb Bai^e-Bani^epa IQa^apoBa o CBopoirb npaCSuTÍa i^apa, Boropsft 
npiixajix Bi Hapay 30-ro Hoa(Jpfl. ^aTCBOMy nocJiaHaaBy owBb 
xoT^ocb BMŠcrt Cb Apyraiia Buixaib na acrptny niapiOj ho BOMen- 
AanTu 9 no BucoBOMŠpiH)^ ne paspimaia eny aroro noA'b rbn-h^ 
npeAJoroiTb, ^to caa^^ajia HaAO tfiuo AMOsaTb o&b ^roirb Ilerpy. 
lOjb nocjiaix CBoero ceBperapa bi BOMeHAanTy npocarb ero ocst- 
AOMBTbCfl y i^apa, MOsen jih oni eMy npeAcraBHTbca, i^apb Bej^^ji^ 
CBasaTby ^ro aAerb cefinacb o($£AaTb Kt HapiimBany, a ^rro K)jib 
TEBase Moserb lyAa flBBTbca. Depaafl Bcrpina ch caiiairb i^peirb^ 
npoBsomja o^eab npocro, 6e8i BcaBaro „BHCOBOidpia^. 

„•lamb TOJibBO a ci noAOtfaion^airb no'9TeBÍeM'b npeAcraBHJCii 
]\apK), — namerb ¥)jsh noxh 30-mi noaCSpa, — ohx ne saiceAiaji cnpo- 
caib ifeaa (oahbbo, ^peai nocpeAcrso xojMa^a) o BAopoBbi namero 



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PASCKA-ÍU HHOCTPAHIÍA. 267 

BceMHJiocTHB^I&Binaro Eopo^a; a OTB^najrB eiiy h noÓjiaroAapHiix kslkt^ 
Hapesajio ^). Jl^ajiie ohi* ocb^aomhjch, ne esysHJiii jih a bo ^Jiorb^ 
Ha HTO a OTBÍTHJit yTBepAHxeJibHO. Bc-iía^b 3a aiHMt óhi céjix 3a 
CTOJi^, nperjacHJix MeHfl cšctb Boasi ce6fl h ToxqacB a^e Hanajii 
pasroBapHBaTB ^ co mhok> Cesi TOJiMa^a, xaRx BaKx caM^b roBopnjix 
no-rojJiaHACKH HacTOJisKo OTqeuHBO, tto a Óea^ ipy^a uon era 
noHHMaTB; co CBoefi cropoHu h ohi noHHMajx, htó a eiiy otb^* 
HSK). I](apB HeneA^fl BcryímjrB co mhoh) bi xaKofi saAymeBHuft pas- 
roBopi, qxo, BasajocB, owb Óujtl mohmi poBneio h 3Ha.ix ueusi 
MHoro Ji^xi. GefiqacB xe Cujio Bunexo s^opoBBe Moero BceMUJio- 
CTEBiimaro rocyxapa. H^apB canx noAaJii mhš cxanaai, hxo6u 
miTB 9xy namy. Ilpn ero aeJunecxB^ ne 6ujio hh Raei^jiepa, hh 
BHE^e-RaHipepa, hh naKoro-JiHÓo xafiearo coBi^xHHBa, 6uja xojibro 
CBHTa H3i 8-MH BJH 10-xH qeJOB^I^Ri. Oh^b paBHBiifB oÓpaBOMi ne 
Běsí CB co6oK) HHRaRHXi nyxeB£ix'B npHHaA^ieacHOCxefi hh A<3fl cxojia^ 
HH AJia HOHJiera. Eujo npu hcm^ h'£crojibro fioap^ r RHHBefi, roxo- 
pLui OHrB xepsHxi Bi Ra^ecxBt myxoBi. Ohh ppajin, RpniajiH, 
cbhctíjih, Ajflíbjinij n^H h RypnjiH vb xo& caiiofi R0MHa'rt, rjii 
HaxoAHJCfl i^apB. A ohi fiec^AOBaJi^ xo co mhok), xo cb RtMi-jinfio 
ApyrHMi, ocxaBJíflfl Óesi BHHMaHia hxi opanie h rphrh, xoxa ne- 
p^Ai^o OHH o6pan^a;iHCB npHMO Kh neMy. 

^H^apB oqeHB BBicoRi pocxoMi, HOCHXi co6cxBeHHBie RopoxRÍe^ 
Bopn^HeBKie, BBionilieea bojiocbi h aobojbho Úojiimie yCH, npocTB b'b 
oaÍbhíh h npieMaxi, ho BecBMa npoHHi^arejeHi h yneni. 3a oúi- 
Aowb y o6ep%-ROMeHAaHxa y i^apa ^biji^b iie^i, cnaxutt bx Uo.i* 
TaBCROft 6hxbí cb renepajii-j^ejiBAMapmajia PeinmHJiBAa. FoBopa 
Boo6n^e, i^apB, RaRi CRasano b^ Supplemento Curtii o6i» Alexandro 
Magno: ^Auxiam corporis curam feminis convenire dictitat, quae 
nulla alia dote aeque commendantur, si virtutis potiri contingis- 
set, satis se speciosum fóre" ^). Ohi pascaasBiBajix mh* o IIo.t 
TaBCROft 6hxb%, o qyM'i b^ Ilpyccin h IIojiBmš, o co^epsanin nHCBMa^ 
HOjiyHeHHaro hitb bx Topnt ox^ Moero BceHHJOCxHB^gmaro naca^A- 
cxBeHHaro rocyAapa, rOBopnjii xaaxe, ?xo ohi ne coMH']kBaexcH wb 
XfijT&a^ uoero RopojH. Be^ep^ npomeji^ vh chjibho& BUjmBKb\ ho 



O daMtTBHi, íTO, npRÓuBi Bi HapBy vb nocjtAuie ahh aerycra, K)jib, no ero cjio- 
Ban, nepBHn bsb^ctíji H3^ Jbein noJiy^Hii tojbro vb nanajii HOBÓpx: npHiHHofi Tasoft 

piXKOCTH CBOmeBÍR 6hjIB, sipOJITBO, BOeBBUfl A^ftCTBÍJI Vb ÓaJITifiCKBXl OÓiaCTJiXl fl Ha 
MOpt. 

') Bi xoBOiBeBÍfl y Kypuia o&b AjieRcaBxv^ BeiBsoirb: „obi yTsepsxaji, hto 
TpeBOXBHB 3a6ora o CBoem rbji noxoóaDn seBiuasaHi, y aoTopuxi apoiii 8Toro 
bíti Bfl^ero; ecjB se eiiy yxacTca npio^picTB xo(5aecTi», to obi ÓyxerB xocTaio^iBo 

BpaCBBl^. 



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268 racTHincL sBPonH. 

npH 8T0MI BCJIHCB H TSKÍe paSFOBOpU O paSJIH^HlIXl Ben^arB, TTO 

OHH MorjiH 6u CRoýie nociyisHTb npeAMeroirB cespeiHaro AoneceHÚi, 
^iTb Ha&TH uibcuo vh HacTOJiiiiHX'L sanHCRax^^. 

Ci 9Toro AHfl sanHCKH V)jib saHaiu vb ocotfeHHOCTH i^apeirB. 
AaTCKiS nocjiaHHHKx crapaicfl bha^tb ero crojbko bobmosho Hanie, 
HTb eMj H yxaBajiocB. Ohi yase ci nepBEixi oioitobi yBHA&TB^ 

HTO JÍ,M Ilexpa 0($HKHOBeHHÍIfl AHlUOMaTHHeCRifl 4^opMíi no^TH He 

€yii^ecTByK)rL; oh'l ee c^erajii oco^eeno HysHUMH ^^opMajBHiis 
npexcraBJíeHifl noaiOBi, roBopHj'^ cb hhmh r^i CJiy^HTca, cpe^H 
BCflRHX^ Apyrim ]i!bjrh, oco6eHH0 na nepy, h roBopHJFB HHorxa 

TaKl OTBpUTO, TTO npHBOAHJI^ BX HeXOyM^HÍe JIDAefi, HMÍBinHX!B 

BucoBoe npexcraBJíeHie o BasHOcxH xHiuiOMaTHqecRHXi x^epeMOHift, 
BaBi Wh HacTOiiii^eMx ciynai JOjth. Ha xpyroS se a^hb (1 a^b.) 
OHI sanflcuBaerB, qro onaTB oó^^aji cb i^apeirB y HapumsHHa h 
eMy ^bbjAeo 6ujio cnpnmamh B^pexejiBHyK) rpanory cb tíitb, ^^toCu 
BpyHBTB ee tojbbo bb Mocbb^^, Ryxa i^apB AOJiseH'B 6weh OTopa- 
BHTBCfl H KyAa AOJiseHi 6BUX nocjiiAOBaTB sa hhmi h xaTCsii no- 
CJiaHHHBx. TaBi dio H cjiyHHJiocB; saT&iTB, nocjii npe^UBanúi bx 
Mocbbí, K)jiB xoJiaBeHi tfiui noci^AOBaTB sa i^apeirB — zota ot- 
A&iBHO OTB Hero — 8% Typei^Kift noxoATb, h bx Bonsi^b 1711 roAa 
OH*B Bepnyjicfl aomoS yse nepesi IIojiBmy h Upycciio. Bi cjos- 
HOCTH^ K)jB bha^x Bi PoccÍH AOBOiBHO MHOFO, H pascBasi ero 8a- 
BJiioqaeTB ne Maio JioÓonuTHuxx noApoÓHOcreft o pa3Hiix'B cropo- 
Haxi TorAamneft pyccBoS shshh, ho oasHUMi ero HHiepecoirB 
ÓEiJx 6e3i coMH^HÍfl caMi i^apB. Bhah ero 6jh8bo h qacro, K)jb 
npoHHBCfl BejiHHafiniHifB yBasemeMi bi jih^hocth Ilerpa, h xota 
BflA^^ TaBiKe ero HeAOcraiBH, oto ne ynenBuiajio ero yAHBjreHiii 
nepeAi* Heo^UHafinuMi xapaBxepoifB. 9to BnenaTiinie tíitb 6ojie 

JIH)5oniITHO, HTOy BaR'B MU JSe BHA^H H31 H^CROJIBBHXl npEiri- 

poBX BHme^ Djb Bootín^e ne BecBua tfEurB AOBOJieHx cbohmh pyc- 
CBHMH OTHomeHÍflMH, CHHTaji'B pyccBHxi rpyóuMH BapBapaMH, Basx 
ero npeAmecTBeHHHBH Hnocipani^u, onHCUBaBmie Pocdio XYI — 
XVn crojri&Tifl. 

Ha oC^A^ l-ro noa^pa ohstb i^apa conpoBOSA&^H ero myrEi, 
oti^AftBmie sa t^mi se ctojoitb h npoHSBOAHBmie cboh qacro Bpaftne 
rpyÓHfl myTBH. Bb qHCii uxi tfuii oahhi bhasb IHaxoBCROft. 
^SsajiH ero BaBajepoirB opAena lyA^i^ noTOiiy hto ohi hochjtb 
HHOFAa Ha rpyAH HsotfpaseHÍe lyAu na fioumoi cepeópanoi i^mi^ 
HaA^BaBmeficfl BpyroMi men h B^HBmeft 14 ^^yHTOBx. I](apB pas- 
CBasEiBajTB mhí, tto myTB &totb — oahhi hsi yMH^fimHx^B jioAeft wh 
PoccÍH, HO oÓyflHx MflTeaBHmrB AyxoMi: BorAa OAHasAu AapB sa- 
roBopHJii CB HHMB O TOiTB, BaB'B lyAa-npeAaTOJB npoAajii GEaca- 



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PA8CKA3U HHOCTPAHI^Á. 269 

T&Ifl 8a 30 CpetfpeHHHROBl, HlaXOBGKOi B03pa8HJ['B, HTO 8T0r0 M&IOy 

TTO sa XpHcra ly^a AOJseHi Ceui B8flTB 5ojn»me. Tor^a bi sa- 
cifiniKy niaxoBCROify h kb HaRasame sa to, hto oh'b Tose, Eas^b 
ycMaTpHBajocB hsi ero oiobi, 6ujn 6u ne npoHB npcxaiB Cnace- 
lejifl, TOJiBRO sa fióJiBinyK) nibEjj i^apb TornacL se npERasairb Hsro- 
TOBHTB BiimeynoMflHyTB[& op^en^ cb HsoÓpaseHÍeifB lyAu, Roropuft 
eotiHpaercfl B^maTBCfl'. PascRasaBi, BaRHira rpy(JBiMK h A&se rpas- 
HHMH cnocotfaiiH myni xot&ih ysecejiATB i^apa, IOjib saif^HaerB: 

,?HTaTeJIH), ROHe^HO, nORa2ReTCJI y^HBHTeJIBHUMl, TTO nOAOÓHHfl 

Ben^H npoHCxoAflTi bi npHcyTCTBÍH xaRoro BaiHRaro rocy^apa, RaR'& 
ppB, H ocraiOTCfl 6esi HaRasaBia, h A&se (Je8i BuroBopa. Ho yxHB- 
jenie upoft^erB, ecJH apmieniB bx coo6paseHÍe, hto pyccRÍe, (5y- 
xyHH HapoAOiTB rp^úuwb e HeoiecaHEUMi, ee Bcer^a yntiorB otjh- 
HETB npHJiHHHoe OPB HeDpHJin^Haro, n tto nodroMy i^apH) npexo- 

AHTCfl 61ITB CB HHMH Tepn'&IHBHMH Bl 0SHAaHÍH TOFO BpeMeHH^ 

KorAa, noAOÓHO npoHQiTB HapoAairB, one HayHaTCfl hbb^cthoí bii- 
xepzRŠ. UjapB oxoTHO AonycRaerB bx CBoe o($n^ecTBO pasHHXi jhi^b^ 
H Ha oÓflsaHHOCTH iiiyTOB'B jesHTB HanaHBaTB Bi ero npEcyrcTBÍH 
o^m^epoBi B ApyrHxi CJiyxan^Hxi cb t^mi, htoÓu hbx hxx iiba- 
HHxi pi^eft H nepe6paHRD owh iforB HesanÍTHO yseaBaTB otfi hx'b 

BOpOBCTBi H nOTOlTB OTHHMaTB y BHX'B B08M0SH0CTB BOpOBaTB, HJTH 
HaRaSHBaTB HX^**. JífiJlhme DjCB npHBOAHrB IipHMŠptl, ROTOpEIlfL 

KOSHO A&TB noAOÓHoe BCTOJROBaHÍe; HO Bootfqe roBops,^ hlahctbo 
H AonynieHie myroBCTBa asjiajihcb h caHH coóoft, 6e9B droft jsjkm. 
HpaBH 6um emfi laRi se rpy6ii, RaR^ bi crapHny h Raai ohh h 
Jiojro noTOMi ocraBajnrcB bi hsbÍctheixi cjiosixi* Hamero oÓn^eciBa, 
ocraBniBXCfl CBotfoAHUMH OTi „sanaAHOfi i^BHjnisai^H^; fb 6ypH0ft 
H TpyABoft A^TeJíBHOCTH, ROTopaH Bunaja Ha aojh) UerpoBCROi 
dnoxH, noipeÓHOCTB OTAHxa n pasKie^^eHÚi en^e ne naxoAHJia 5oji%e 
TOHRHXX cnoco5oBi yBecejreHÍH — ne 6ujio hh jiHTepaiypu, hh Te- 
aTpa: oeraBajHCB BceHapoAHHfl Topsecrsa, Hanp. no cjrynaH) no- 
Gbjk^hy Cb 4^efiepBepRauH, nyme^^nofi najiB6o& h t. n., ROToptia Ilerp^ 
laKB jnoŮEJi^ ycrpoHBaTB, a wh saRJiiOHeHie nHpii, neBsiiiHHO co* 
npoBOSA&Bmiecfl CesiiipHBíMx nBflncTBOiTB, — Roropoe Óujio o^asa- 
TejiBHO, — a BTB npHAany h nesaMBicjOBaTiiMH myroBCRHMH noT^xaira. 
Bi crapHHy xaRoe se nBAHCTBO mjio h na nnpaxx THmaftmaro 
qapa Ajorcíb MHxaft.iOBHqa. 

Břb nepBuxi HHCJiaxi AeRaÓpa i^apB 6wrh n nerep^ypri, a sa 
HHirB H K)jib; no AOpoii, b«b RonopBÍ^ i,niJia nonotRa n rpeiiiia 
oaiBÓa 6e8i Roni^a''. TornaeB no npi^isAÍ npnmjocB Cbitb na oti^A^ 
y AnpaRCHHa (no cjry^aio ahb posAenifl MenBniHROBa): ^^sa btei^b 
o(^AOirB Bc£, jsjB^TBie caM*B i^apB, &IV AepeBflHHmra josRaMH; ...npn- 



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270 B^CTHHEl EBPOnU. 

xoAHJiocB nHTb MHoro, H HHRaRÍfl OTroGOpKH Hc DOMorajiii; Eas^afl 
Maúia conpoBoaAa^iacB BucrptjiaMH*. Qo Aoport m IleTepfiypry, 
caHH JOasí npoeajiHJiHCb ea .ib^y; (5yMarn ero noAMORjm, h noci^ 
oSi^a K)jib OTaparaHBaexca AOMOft, hto6h pa3o6paTB h npocyniHTb 
Hxi); „HO paapimeHifl ne nojiy^EJii, xota h npexcraBJífljrB, hto bi 
^acji^ AOByMeHTOB'B HaxoAHTCfl HOJÍ B^pHiejiLHaji rpaMOia h np. 
n^apb Bospasajii, hto o MoeirB HasHaneHÍBí nocjiaHHHROMi ivb ero 
ABopy RopojiB HHcajix Kh Heny HenocpeACTBeoHo, h ohx npEMen 
MeHfl H 6e3Z erbpumeAhuoú tpaMomu. tlocjii 9Toro híckojibko ^ejo- 
6ÍBi nojiyHHJio npBKasaHÍe cjiža^tb 3a mdok), hto^h a EaRTi-HH^yAB 
HO Bufipajicfl TaftROMt*'. no(yri& oót^a nnpi eme ne npeRpara^iCfl: 
„i^^jiyK) HOHb npoisAHJiH MU (no rocTflM'B) B3aA'B H BnepeA'B, 6eijih 
Bi OAHHHaAi^aTH M^craxi h BCiOAy ^h h ohjih bx aocatb pasi 
CojBffle, HemejiH cjiš^OBajio" . BenepoM-B 6uji% (J^eSepsepEx, h no- 
noftRa npoAOJisajiacB ao neiMpexi lacoBi yxpa. „Bcío^y, ta* npo- 

X0AH*1H HJIH npO']^3HaJIH, Ha JIlAy P'ÍKH H HO yJIHI^aMl, JieSaJÍH HBfl- 

HEie. BuBaJiHBniHCB m^b canefi, ohh OTCuná^jHCB vb CHÍry, h Bce 
HanoMHHajo no;ie cpasemfl, ycl^nnoe T&iaMH y^HTuxi''. 

Ho He Bcer^a hosho 6bi;io laRi jierRo BHA']^Tb i^apa. Ohi 6ujn> 
B^ dTOMx oTHomemn oneHB nepoBeni: n^H cb hhh'b mosho 6biJio 
CB060AH0 roBopHTB BesA'^, Tnib 6u ero hh bctp^thjii, ^aase Ha 

yjlBííik, „H co BC^MH OHli OtfxOAHTeJieHXRaRXCBTOBapHD^aMH''; a Bl 

Apyroe BpoMA, sor^a oh'b xot^ji^ 6bitb oahhi, nejiBS)! 6ujio ^ase 
AOSHaTBCfl; vjíib OHI naxoAHTCfl, h Aocrynx r'b neMy tfujix TaBi se 
TpyACHx, RaRi »Ri nepcHACROMy itapio ApxaKCepRcy*'. 

depeši H']&CR0JiBR0 AHeft IOjb BCip^iiuicfl cb i^apeHi ohatb na 
oÓ^A'^ y RQRHHa. „UjapB pascRasajii ^e% ^to RorAa, bo BpeHff 
nyTemecTBÍJi ero 3a rpaHHi^y, ohi cofiupajicfl hath MopeM^B h3i» 
llHjiJiay Bx KojTbfíeprx, to fipaHAeHÓypaiíH crapajHCb yBÍpHTb ero, 
<5yAT0 no Ba.iTÍficROMy Mopio bo MHoaeciBi xoaati TypKH h Eop- 
capbi (!), H qTO dTHMx 6paHAeH6ypsi^Ei xotíjh nanyraTB ero h 
OTRJOHHTB ovb HyTemecTBia, ROTopoe, 03HaR0MHB'B ero CB COCTOa- 
HieMx Apyrnxx RpaoBi, mofjio omKpumh eny iJiasa h chocoCctbo- 
BaxB ycrpoftcTBy cofícTBennaro ero rocyAapcTBa no o6pa3iíy npoiHXi 
CTpani EBpoHH*. 

noA*B 10-Mi AGRaÓpa K)jiB 3anBCHBaerB jnoConuTHyio Ae^HRaTnyio 
^epxy Bx xapaRTepi Ďeipa, »Il,apB co6cTBeHHOK) bhcorok) ocoCok) 
flBHjica RO MHÍ, qTo6u npesA© Apyrnxx jihiho nepoAaib mhí no- 
jiyiennoe ylwl H3B4cTÍe o BiicaAR* Moero rocyAapa ch apMÍeio wb 
ORanía. Cam a ne Hif^/ix en^e 0611 8tom'b CB']^AeHÍfi hsx JI|aHÍH. 
KaRi MH% roBopnjiH, npn nojiy^enin Aotfpuxi h paAOCTHUxx bí- 



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PA3CKA3U HHOCTPAHIÍA. 271 

creii siapb BcerAa cn']&inHTi nepBiifi nepeAaTb hxi saHHTepecoBEH- 

HOMy JUmy, H HaXOAHTb Vb 8T0irB YAOBOJIbCTBÍe^ . 

?epe3x H^CROJTBBO jífleŘ onflTb irapi, no ciy^aio uslubtvl cb. 
AHApefl H i^apcBaro opřena; ohatb — „hohb mbi npoBejm b'b pas^- 
isjíaxi h3:b o^Horo AOMa b% Apyroft, 'ksH h dhjih... seeii^HHBi co 
Bcero ropová neoTJiy^HO Tyrš" (?). IOjb xorbjii> BOcnojiBSOBaTbCfl 
ciyiaeiTB roBopHTB ci i^apeifi o ^'fejaxi, — xoxa nepe^i tíitb ohi 
TOibso-TTO roBopHJX, HTO CHy He xoHeTCfl lenepb saHKMaTbCfl a^o- 
BUMH pasroBopaiíH, IOjb, OAHaBO, saroBopnjui e — „Kpa&He HsyM- 
MJLCgj AO BasoB creneHu i^apb yMterrb BjiaA'&Tb cbohmx jhi^omi, 
Ha BOTopoMx He npoflBJífljiocb HH ifaji^finjeS t^hh HeyAOBOJbCTBia 

HJB CKyKH*. 

JífiJMLÓpsi 15-ro lOjib BHA'6wi'b rierpa sa patfoTofi na aAMHpaj- 
Tdcsofi Bep^H: ohi Euíbjrb jnnib neÓOJibinoft HopcBoi ^hhi b bu- 
sadUBajTb nojiHyK) noA^HHeHHOcrb crapniHMi no dBaniio. j^PaByM^ercfl, 
wo MoseTL noBasaTbca cirifemHuini, — nEmeii lOjib, — ho no MoeMy 
mhíhík) bx ocHOBanÍH Tanoro oópasa aMctbíB jiesHTi BApaBoe 
Ha^ajio: i^apb coCcTBenHUMi npeii^poM^ xo^qerb noRasaTb npoHBirb 
eiyacan^HMi, EaB'b ohh ao^ishu Óutb noRopnu h nocjiymjiHBEi no 
OTHomeHÍK> Bi CBOOBiy nanajibCTBy''. H sarlMi: „ci Bep^H i^apb 
nomeji^ na Be^epi ri OAHOiiy hsx cbohxi BOpafiejibHuxi njior- 

HHBOBl''. 

Oahhmii Hsi xoAflHBX^ o6BnBeHÍ& npoTHBi IleTpa 6fiiiio ero 
npHcrpacTÍe bi uHOseMi^aMi, nepoA^b BoropuMB 6iuih yHBseHU pyc- 
CBÍe. V)jih yBadUBaen npoTBBHoe. »I],apb HBBorAa He HasHa^aerb 
HanajibHHBOirb BHOcrpaei^a, a BcerAa npnpoAHaro pyccBaro, xota 
6u OHI HHHero vb jífbjvk ne cuucjuvrh. ?to(Ju sanpaBJíflTb a^^-^iomi 
B nycBaTb ero bi xoA'b, i^apb casaeTb hoai* pyccBBiťb BHOcrpani^a, 
a pyccBÍfi nosBHaerb jiaspu". TaBBMi noBasnuiťb aAMBpaj[iOM'b owb 
HasHBaen, nanpHMtpb, AnpaRCBHa. 

O&h BSB^CTHoft npocTOTfe HpBBUHeBi IleTpa ¥)jíb cooCn^aerb 
MesAy npoHBMi>: „nyTemeciByji no Poccíb, siapb, 3% BBAy Majno- 
TO&ieHHOCTB CBoefi CBBTu, iaji,ETb He Bi BaHecTBt Aapfl, a B'b Ba- 
HecTBi renepajii-iie&TeHaHTa, b na aiorb Bonei^i Čepen y bhasb 
MoHbniBBOBa ocoCyto noAopoa^nyK)''. 



m. 

6i AeBa6pt lOjb Bufoajrb bi MocRBy^ ByAa aojisohi 6hiJii> 
ornpaBBTbCfl i^apb. Jljopora ne 6ujia ocoCSenno yAOÓna b pascBas^ 
fi)jiB ne JiHmeni jiioóonHTHiixx Óbitobeixi noApoCnocrefi o TorAa- 



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272 racTHHS'L EBPOnu. 

mBBxi HpaBExi. Bi Tsepn ero, MeasAy npo^BMi, yFon^an BoiieH— 
xaHTB, lyBecBME AotipoxyinHiift h b&uhbuS Hejíovb&^h" y cotfjK)jiaBiirift 
pyccBÍe oÓHHae e, iiesAy npo^HirB, pasBjeBaBinifi ero sa o^^aoitb^ 
npeAcraBJíeHiflMH 16 cBOMopoxosi, ^BOTopiix'^ B00(5ii^ei no ero cio- 
Bani, y flerp BM^eicfl 60 ^cjiob^bi''. ^Bo BpenB nyremecTBÍB hs^b^ 
nerepfiypra bi Mocbbj b CA^aji cji^xyioii^iB HatfjHOAemB. OCSusho- 
BeHHO MeBB noM%ii^a,iB na i^apcBBZi íioabopbbxi; ho TairB, r^^ 
Bxi HO 6iuo, npBcraBiy BcerAa izaBmiit cb H^CROikKHMH cojmb- 
TaxH Bnepe^B, saHHifajrB cbjok) AOirB, ROTopuft eHy (SojiBme npa* 
BBiCBy npBBOABJí^B vb MoeMy npí^Ay vh nopBxoRx^ TonBjri, BHro- 

HBJIl B81 HerO XOdBOBl H SaESaX^BB^B BC^lfb JkOUhUÍBmrb CBap- 
50MX; H($0 SfiiíCh Wbvh rOCTHUHHI^l, Bl BOTOpHX'L MOSHO OCTaHaBIH- 

BaTBCfl B KopMBTB joma^eft. B% cjryqai nojroMSH caneS bjie nop^B 

c6pyB, COJIAaTliI CBJOK) OTHBMaiB y BpeCTbBHl TO, TOb tflMO HySHO, 

H MH^ HB O Hewb He npBXOABJOCB saÓOTBTBCfl. BÍ Poccíb BpecTMHe 
noBCK)Ay npBBHKiH vh noAo6Huu*B nopBAKaifb b laBi Óobtcb coji- 

AarB, "^TO OXOTHO rOTOBH OTAaTB BCe, JIBDIB 6ll B36&BaTB BTB DO* 

6oeBi B (SpaflH. Bi casaxi, HecMOTpB hb Ha KaRofi Mopos^B, mb 
jesaiocB Tasí xopomo b 6iuo TasB Tenjio, hto Jiy^maro Henas 
(Siijo sejaTB**. 

depeši HtoiojiBBO AHefi no npB(SiiTÍB b% Mocsey, 1-ro BHBapa 
1710 roAa, K)jb 6iijii csBA^Te^ieMi TopsecxBeHHaro Bitexa i][apa 

KB CTOJBI^y co BCImB TpO^BMB IIOJTaBCBOfi ÓBTBH. K)j[B paSCBE- 

8iiBaerB, ^^to bb na^ajii boShii mseAu, Ror^a bitb cjy^ajocB o^ep- 
SBBaTB Bepxi HaA'B pyccRBiiB, o(5fiiBHOBeHHO nociuaiB BB Ctok- 
roJiBiTB hjiíhhuxi h Tpo^eB. dmwh ohb xara npBiiipi b Ilerpy^ 
BOTopufi npasAHOBaJii TaRBiTB aRe oÓpasoMB BSflTÍe Hapsu, IILibc- 
ceJBÓypra b J!I,epnTa. TenepB owh TopsecTBOBaii cboh) BasH^&myio 
IIojTaBCRyK) noi^xy h TopsecTBO osnaMeHOBaHO Úujio rpanAÍos* 
HHMB BCTynjtenieMi bx MocRey, vjííb npnroTOBJíeHfii 6uib BeiH- 
ROJiinHUfl TpiyM^ajiBHEifl apRB CB oÓmnuME lor^a ajueropB^ecRBMH 
H3o6paseBÍBMB, B Wh rpoMBAHoB npoi^ecciB XBBrajBCB pyccRÍfl BOtcsa^ 

TUCflHB Hjril^HHUXl, BSflTHB HO^B IIOITaBOfi B npH JISCHOfi, mBeACKÍe 

renepajíH, Macca bsbtuxi sflaiieHx h opy^ifi; ne 61110 He^ocraTRa h b*b 

ROMBHeCRBXl nOApOÓBOCTBXX — CpO^B BOfiCRB ^^BfypBpOBaifl CaMO&AU 
Bl CBOBX*B CaHflX'B^ SanpflSeHHlIXl OJeHflMBy Vb CBOBXl BOCTH)MaxrE 

B CB CBOBiTB i^apoMi, RaRBiTB IleTpB HadHa^BJTB ^paHi^ysa BniieBK. 
lUecTBie TpoHyjocB npn nyme^noft uhjsh&k e rojorojibhoitb 8boh£ 
MOCBOBCRBxi i^epRBefi. JOsh noApo^HO nepeAaerB nopaAOSB mecTBÚi, 
onycBaB onBcame Tpiyii^ajiBHHXi BopoTB, Roropoe aojsho úumo 
cnoisa BBBTBCfl Bx ne^^aTB, b cooÓn^terB hoapoÓhoctb, bba^hhhb 
BiTB caMBMi. ^Bx BopoTarB Brpajia npeRpacnaa AyzoBafl nysEnui 



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PA3CEA3M UBOOTPAHUÁ. 273 

H pa3AaBaj[0Cb crpo&Hoe ni^HÍe. Mojio^esB, lomaMH Bcrp-l^qaB- 
mu ipipa Ha yjiHi^ax'B h ajion^aAaxi, tfpoca^a si ero Horani 
bítkh h bíhkh. CTeneHÍe eapo^a h «iepHH tfujo ysacHoe: bcI xo- 
ÚJiE BHA^TB i^apa H miDiHKifi no^A^B. ?yTB He qepesi ^om^e hsx 
j^Bepefi BfiixoAHJH 6oflpe Ryni^u h noj^HOCHJH i^apio HaaHTSH. 
TasHMi o6pa30irB i^apB h ero CBHra hboÓhjibho ']&;[h h nism. Ha 
Bdxi yjHi^ax^ h njion^aAflxi, no BceMy ropový Bosjrk ABopet xo- 
novh 6wm nocraBjíeQíi cochu h b^heh hsi cochob£ix'l bítoki. Y 
3HaTHfiix'B 6oflpi> H BasHux^b Byni^OBi BopoTa óuňvi pacoHcaHu 
RpacHB£iMB ajJieropiflifH h pHcyHBaifu pa3HOo6pa3Haro co^epsaHifl, 
no GoJBmefi ?acTH naapaBJíeHHUMii Kb ocmí^hík) dibcaobi. PecyeKE 
H3o6paasaji0: opjia, BOTopufi MOJiHÍeH) csepraerB jiBBa ci ropu; JBBa 
Bi TeMHHi^; repsyjieca, bi jibb([ho& niKypt, y6EBaH)iitaro jibbs, 
H T. n. CjiOBOMi^y pictores atque poetae coej^nHHJiHCB bbi^ctí, wro6u 
CB noMon^BK) CBoero ncByccTBa oóinjmiií CHJiaMH noRpuTB niBe^OBi 
nosopoMi. Cnoip^TB Ha TopseCTBennutt eiAsn^b mhÍ h AftTCKOMy 
nooiaHHHBy FpyHry, soToparo sl npišxajii saMtcTHTB, OTBeJiH, no 
Hamefií npocB6t, ocoóufi aomx. Bi npobsA^ i^apa a comairB bhh3'b 
nosApaBHTB ero h^ noAo6HO ApyrHMi, no^necB eiiy craKaFB BHna, 
npoBOSFJiacHBi ero SAopoBBe. Bhho oh'b orB Měna npeHfljTB, o6hhjii 
leHfl CB 6ojiBniHM'B Ao6poAynrieMi h snaBaMH MHJiocTHBaro BHHMa- 

HU, H Vb T&OEUJb BOHUOBl nOI^^OBaJTE. RaBi AapB, H BC6 OBpy- 

saK>atifl ero jnai^a (5hjih nBflHBi h HarpyseHH Bani Hejn>3fl Jiyqme^. 
Bt> Te^enie sxoro ae xopaecTBa IO.ik) npnnuocB yBHAÍTB crpan- 
Hoe spi^Bn^e. Bcrp^THBi i^apa^ obi noixajTB noroMX bi Baperi 
CB BampepoMi Fojiobbbheimi. „Mbi npobxajiH nopjiAOHHufi bohoi^i, 
Kas-B BApyrB mhmo nacB bo BecB onopx npocBaBajTB i^apB. JIbi^o 
ero OHIO qpesBBíHafiHO Cjt^aho, scBaseno b ypoAJiBBo; obi A^ft<2rB 
pasjBHBBUi crpamnufl ABBseBÚi fojiobok), proifB, pyBaMB, njreqanB, 

RHCTflMB pyBl B CTynHflMB. 

«0(5a MU BumjiB b3i BapoTu. TyrB mu yBA^aiB, BaBi i^apB, 
noAiixaBi B^B OABOMy cojxaTy, HecmeMy niBeACBoe SBaMfl, crajii 
6e33KajiocTBO pyÓBTB ero MeneMx, 6utb Mosers sa to, tto totb 
mejTB ne Tasí*, BaB3» cn^Ayen- Jl^ajže niapB oeraHOBBJTB cboh) jio- 
maAB, ho Bce npoAOJsajíi A'^aTB onBcannufl crpamaufl ABnaesifl, 
BepTÍji'B rojiOBOK), BpBBBiii poTB, saBOABJí^B TJiada, noAepFBBajTB py- 
KaMB B njrenaMB b ApiI^aJI^ B3aA'B b BnepeA^B noraMB. Bi Ty mb- 
Hyry ero OBpyaiajiB BasHMmie ero canoBHBBB. Bdb ohb (5uj[b 
HenyraHU, b bbbto ne cm^^ bi neMy boaoBtb; ohb bba'&ib, hto 
iiapB q^-B-TO pasAOcaAOBani b cepAHTB. HaBOHeA^, bx HOMy hoa^b- 
ixaji B saroBopBJíi cb bbmb ero noBapi loranni j^OH^B-^^e^BTeni. 
Kasi MB^ nocJi'£ nepeAaBajiH, Bcnumsa b rfl'6BX i^apa bm^b npn- 

ToM* II.— Maptb. 1898. 18 



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274 BÍBCTHHKT> EBPOHH, 

^unolO TO 0(5cT0flTejibCTB0, hto kb sto canoe BpeMa ero ;iH)6oBHHua, 
EKaTepíma AjneKC^eima, poacajia h 6um TaBi njnoxa, hto óoajihcb 

Sa eff HHSHB... 

„CTparaHHa ABHaeHÍa h cyAOpora ^apfl ^OBTopá soByrt Koe- 
BjjiBciflMH. Oh% cjiiyqaiOTCfl cx HHMX ^acTO, npeHMyn^ecTBOBHO Bor^a 
OHI cepAHTB, HaxoAHTCfl noA'B BneHaTjfj&Hieifx j^ypHuxi wbcreíi, 
Booóme q^MTi-HHfiyAB He^OBOJieex hjib bi rjyfioKoft sa^yM^BHOCTH... 
roBopflTX, HTO BOHByjiBciH DpoHCxo^OTi y Hero OTi a^a, BOTOptlft 
OHI CyATO 6u nporjOTHJi^ Kor^a-xo; o^naBO BipH^e, ^to npHHHHOH) 

HXl 60JIÍ8HB H OCrpOTa BpOBH, H HTO BCÍ dTH ysacHUfl Ha bh;^'b 

ABumenifl (Tonanie h j^puranie HoraMH, bhbbh h np.) BusuBaiOTCJi 
oco^KiiTB npenaAROMi, BOTopaft RaBi) 6u cpo^HH anoojieBCB^ecROMy 
ysapy". HsBtcTHO, ito b*b doaoChuxi npHnaARaxT* BToro Cojifc- 
HOBHaro B036ysAeHÍfl b nopuBaxi ÓŤ^nieHCTBa ero Morja ycnoROH- 
BaTh EBaTcpHHa. %o 6u bto hb Óujio, o^eBBflHo, hto HcpBH ITexpa 
Óujin CTpamHO HanpaseHU, b npB rpona^HOfi cbjiš ^^BSHHecsaro 
opraHHSMa nepBHue npBnaABB nojiynajiB Tanoft crpamnuft xapas- 
Tepx. IIpB jpyroiTB cjiy^ai, bx ýeBpajit 1710 roja, K)jib pasena- 
suBaerB, hto bíiícií cb i^apeMi 6ujrB na CBaAB6% y OAHoro iiop- 
CBoro o^^Bi^epa: „MapmasoMi na CBaABtíi 6ujn> caHi i^apB, a a 
nocaHOHHMi OTi^OBfB seHHxa. I],apB 0X0TH0 corjiamaeTca CuBaTB 
HapmaJiOMi na csaABÓaxx, hto6b[ ne tfHTB BUHysxeHHuifB cha'£tb 
na OAHOMi Bftoi: nojiosenie, noBepraH)n^ee ero bx cocmonnie 
enyfnpeHHHW deanoKOucmea^ . 

IIOBBABHOMy 9TB npBHaXBB CROpO HpOXOj^HJIB H HepeSl HŠ- 

cROJiBBO AHefi K)^B cHOBa pascBasEiBaeTB o nnpaxi b xopasecTBaxi. 
Bx Mocbbí K)jib óujix nesxy npoHHMi npeAcraBJíeHX h i^apCROiiy 
ceMeficTBy — cecrpi líapa, ^apeBHi HaTajiÍB, íBym* i^apai^airB, b^o- 
BaHi i^apefi Oe^opa b IlBana AjieBC^eBB^qa, b rpeni mojoauhi i^apeB* 
HaiťB, HJieMaHHHitaMi i^apa. ^Bi o^m^wh oh% ohohe bísjbbii h 
CjiaroBOCHBTaHii, coóoio hb xopoma, hb AypHH, roBopaTx neiíHoro 
HO-^paHi^yscBH, no-H'lMei](BB B HO-BTajuBancRB. TyrB se bhasb Mens- 
niHBOBx npeAcraBBJíi ifena CBoefi BHaraH^, npexJiosBBi noi^&iOBaTB 
ee no pyccROny oCuHaio kb ry6H. Bx Poccia npeA-ioatenie bto 
^í-fciaiOTB rocTH) BJiB Hy»OMy, BorAa xorarB OBaaaiB eiiy ^ecTB. 
Měna Bpafine Bsymuro, hto nepeA'B cbobmx yxoAOifx snasB MenB- 
mBROBx noi^OBajTB i^apai^i bx ry6ii, b hto MOJOAua i^apeBHii 
ycrpeiiHJiflCB vh meuy nepaua, crapaacB na neperoHBB noi^tjiOBaTB 
y Hero na npon^aHB'1 pyBy, soTOpyio ohb bmi h npeAOCraBHJii. 
BoTx AO "iero Bospocjio BucoBOM^pie dToro ^ejiOBisa n Tks.i> nopB, 
BaBx, HOXHaBHiBCB ch HHBoiHxi cTyneHefi, owh crajrB vh Poccíh 
nepBUMX jrai^oiťB nocjá Aapa!*^ O crenenB ero o(5pa30BaHÍa K)jib 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



PA30KÁ3U HHOCTPAHI^. 275 

3aMÍ^aerB: „Ehasb MeHbmiiBOFB roBopHTi nopaAOHHO no-HJ^iiei^BH; 
ero Jierso mosho noHATb, b cain* ohi noHEMaers, ht6 eny roeo- 
pflTb, HO ^HTaTB H mfcai]^ ohi hh no-BaBOBCBH He yM^erB, mo- 
xen> pasBŠ noAUHcaTb ceoe hma, Boroparo, BiipoqeirB, HenocBJí- 
qeHHEift He bi codoamH pasoópaxb. Bi „BeJiHBOMi uysA h noj- 
soBOffif , BaBUATb OHx noHHTaeTCfl, noAOÓHaa tfesrpaHOTHOCTB oco- 
6eHH0 yAHBHT&sbHa^. 

nox'B S'Wh flHBapa (no hoboiíj cthjik)) K)jib pascBasHBaerx o 
TOiTB, BaB^ i^aps npoBOAHJii PosA^CTBO. 06uBH0BeHH0 orB PosAecTBa 
10 KpeniieHiii ufifh^ OBpyseHHHfi cbohhh caHOBHHBaMH, o^^iniepaMH, 
AbflBatfHy myiaMH, cocraBJflionpMH xojiny wb h^cbojbbo cotl h&so* 
v/bKT>, pasi^bssa^ no Mocbbí h ^eiaBHJTB'' y BasH^finmxx Jimp^: 
irkiHCb pasJíH^HUfl hj^hh, cna^faia AyxoBHUfl, a noioarB myroBCBifl 
H sacTOJiBHUfl. gCjiaBJíeHie^ conpoBOSAft^ocB no o6maH) tfesM^p- 

HUITB nBflHCTBOHl, H K)jIB SaMÍ^^aOTl, HTO Kb 8T0 SpOMfl HHBaBX 

HejBdfl AOÓHTBCfl pasroBopa Ch i^apeirB h ero npHČjEseHHtniH: 
vPyccBÍe ne jodCatb, tto^h bi hhiii bi bio Bpena hphxoahjie 
HHucTpaHi^u H 6um cBHA^TejiflHH Hxi oCpasa shbhh''. 

¥)jih He OAHaiBAU ynounnaerB, tto b:b oópasi 2SH3he BaBx 
itapji, TaB% H ero BejBMoaBi, HcnojHfljiocB mhofo pyccBHXi oóu^aesi 
H caiTB i^apB ocofijHBO jiioÓHJíi Hxi HcnojiHflTB, Hanp., na CBaxB- 
6ax^, BpecTHHaxi n t. n. noA'B S-itb ^^espajia Ďjb pascBasuBaeTB 
o TOiTB, BaBi i^apB saCSaBJíflJicfl BaranBeM^ bi H^Mei^Bofi cjoÓoa^. 
,OvB Bejr&TB npaBflsaxB Apyn bi Apyry 50 OíEniBOifB canefi e 
61 nepe^HÍfl sanpenB xecflTB .loma^efi. Ca&rB oh^b c&tb 6'b nepexnífl; 
BT» ocTajiBHiix'B pasM^CTHJHCB BasH^Bmie pyccBÍe caHOBHEBH^. Ha 
noBoporaxrB cann pacBaxuBajiHCB h onpoBdjiiBiBajiHCB bm^ctí cb c6- 
AOBaicHy Trb noBTopsďocB npn Bas^OM^ noBopoii. ¥)jih pascBasBi' 
BaeTBy HTO i^apB jiio^hji^ ycrpOHBaxB no^oÓHiia myrBH Aaase Borxa 
3aHflTB ÓujťB caMHMH BasHUME A^aííH. „MesAJ TÍM'B Be6 A^a 
offB B&AA^Ti OAHHi, e6o BaBi Ha cym^, xaBx n na Mopi ^ojseni 
cam Bcbwh pacnopflisaTBCH h opetoitb pimaTB TeByn^ie BonpocH. 
?T0 se Bacaercfl ero HeB']^ecTBeHHB[xx, rpyCux^B noAAftHHUxi, to 
OTB HHxrB i^apB HirieTB iiaio noMon^E, saio jih^ho o^apeni co- 

BepmeHHUMl H BUCOBHITB yMOM'B H TaBHHE mHpOBHME n03HaHÍflME, 

^0 OAHffB MOserB ynpaBJuiTB bcI^mi''. 

HaBOHei^, 11 -ro ^^eBpajia IOjib aoÓejce to& TopsecTBennoft 
ayAÍeHipH, Boropoft ao t^x^b nopi oh% bco en^e ne hm^i. Ohi 
no oÓEraaH) npE^aBaJii axoMy ÓOJiBmoe 3HaHeHÍe, Bejni neperoBopu 
CB Bam^iepoMi, sejian, hto6bi ESBin^enie 6ujío npHCiano OHy no 
MeHBmefi M^p£ ch BaMeprepoMx, ho eny npncJiajiE tojibbo ceape- 
lapa, TaBi BaB^B ayAieH^ÍH Bce-iaBE AO^isna 6ujra Cbitb ne Top- 

18* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



276 BI^CTHHRl EBPOmi. 

secTBeHHaH, a HacTHsui, h K)jib npe^no^ejiii ornpaBHTBCA oahh^. 
U^apL 6£ijrE 3% IIpeoópaseHCBOHi. „Fpa^i Fojiobkhhi BEimeji'^ bo 
wslí fb EOMHaiy, CMesHyio cb i^apcKOH), bctp^thjtb Hena Taní n 
noBejrB kb ero BeiH^ecTBy. He 67x7^ enie roroBx, i^apB croflJTB 
nojyox^Tuft, BTB HOHHOiTB BOjnaBŠ. O i^epeMOBÍflxi ohb He 8a6o- 
THTCfl H He npHAaerB ewl HHBaBoro 8Ha?eHÍfl hjh no MeHBmefi 
M%pi j^aeTB BHÁx, HTO He o6pan]iaeT<B Ha hhxi BHHMamfl. BooÓmfi, 
3a OTcyTCTBÍeMi Bx HHCJii i^apCBHX^ npHXBopHuxi ifapmajia^ i](epe- 
MOHÍfiHe&crepa, Baifepi-iOHBepa e np«, ay^ieni^ifl moa noxoxHja 
CBopie na npocroe aoci^eme. H^apB cpasy, 6e8i bcabhxx npe^Ba* 
pHTeJEBHUxi npHB^TCTBÍfi, HpHCTyHHjrB KT* Úoďkjíík O BasHHXx npe^ 
MeTax'B H CB y^acrieiťB Bani^Jiepa crajii oÓcys^aTB rocyAapcxBeHHUfl 
A&ia. Ilpn dTOifB, ne co6jiiojí,9^ HBRaBoro onpex^jieHHaro nopa^Ba, 
HB[ TO npoxasHBaJiHCB B8aA'B H BnepeA'B, to ctojijih Ha u^kcrb, to 
ca^BJECB^. Bnocj[%ACTBÍH (noA'B 4*111 anp&ifl 1710) ¥)jih hmíxb 
no spaŘnefi M%p% to yT^meme^ ^to noAOÓHHiťB o^pasom i](apb 
npHHHMaJii B nojiBCEaro nocaaHHHRa ^Bi^Tyifa. IIps ero npe^CTasjíe- 
HÍH, Ha ROTOpOHl DjTB HpHCyTCTBOBaJIBy ^HHBaBoro HpeABapHTejiB- 
naro AOBJía^a o nearB ne 611J1O; BŠpHTOJiBHyK) cboh) rpaHOTy 3a Ba- 
ÓHHeTHOK) neHaTBH) Bopoďfl noJiBCBaro owb nepexajTB n^apio 6e3^ 
co(!jiK)AeHÍfl BaBoro On to hh tfujio siepeMomajia^ a sarlirB ne 
HM&TB 6ojAe HH TopsecTBennot, hh nacTHOft ayAieHI^H'. 

Bb MapT^ 1710 IOjib bcjišax 3a i^apeiTB Bepnyjicfl bi UeTep- 
6yprB. jD^fl nero abetjihcb noBHe cJiynaH naó^noxenifi eakl pyccBOK) 
2BH3HBH). IIoA^B 27-irB Hapra oni sannctiBaeTB: „IIojibh, oón^eio 
HHCJieHHOCTÍH) vb 13.000 ^eJiOB^Bi, Hirí^ npn ce6i 24 nyniBH h 
4 MopTHpH, Bx caMEifi ysacHiift MOposx, BaBÍe tfuBaiorB tojibbo bb 
Poccíh, nepemiH na PsTycapi ^) npsHO ^epesx Jiej^^b cb opy;(LDiH 
H co BciiTB o6o30irB. BcflBafl j^pyraa eBpone&CBaa apMÍfl naB^pnoe 
nornÓJia 6u npn hoao^hoitb nepexoA^. Ho ta^ npeABOAHTejeMB 
flBJUieTCfl caHO c^acTBe, TairB Bce yAaoTca. BnpoHeiix, pyccBÍe TaBB 

BUHOCJIHBH, HTO CB HHMH HOXHO COBOpniHTB TO^ qTĎ A^^^ COJIA&TB 

ApyrHX'B naipft neBunojrHHMO^. 

IIoA^ 28-irB ifapTa oni roBopnrB o cjijmjSib canoro i^apa: „Bfiiph 
BaAaJCfl MuciBK) npoftTH BC& CTynenH soennot h MopcBofi cjiyaBĎu. 
Bi HHHinmeiTB roAy, BaBi mayrfiHHaxTB bo ^^jotcbomb apieprapA^j 
OHB xoAaTaicTBOBaji o npeAOcraBJíeHiH eny BOManAOBaHÍfl naA^B 
CpnraHTHHaiíH h iiajniMH cyAaifH. Bo BceMi noA^EHAflCB cTapnnoiB 
o^Hi^epaifB, ero BejH^ecTBO ji^me flBjraeTCfl eseABOBHO sa npHBasa- 
HÚMH H sa napoj[eMi bi BHi^e-aAMepajiy Kopnejiycy Kpefti](y, vbffiiO' 



') BpoHnraxn. 



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PA3CKA3U HflOCrPAHIU. 277 

qeny bcíhh pacnopaseimiMH no ^Jioxy bi npeAcroflniieMi noxoA% 
mxb Bu5oprb. Ilpn laRoS cy^opAHHaipH, npocb6a i^apa ne líorja 
6btb HcnojHeHa BHi^e-aAMHpajiOHi ao noJiy^eHifl cawb nocjFbjíflEMi> 
coESBOJieHÍfl Ha Hee otb rjiaBHaro HanajiBHHBa bi noxo^i, T.-e. 
ajuiHpajra. CoBSBOjeme 8to, HasoHeiCB, npHmjio". 

Bi anpkii K>jsh pascKasuBaen o iipasAHOBaniH IlacxH. UjapL 
nosejutJii Ch hemi xpHcrocoBaTBCfl h o6MŠHJiJiCfl flfii^aMH. IIpasxHHBi 
6mi> ntyMHuft h BecesHfi, ho IOjcb nopaseni Óiui 6ceo6n^HirB 
^SM^pHiiiTB paBryjoifb, Boroptift Óujtl^ Ronenno, ne HOBOBse^e- 
meMx, a crapHHHUMi oúmhewh: vh aiOTB a^hb, — roBopHTi ohi, — 
gTpesBaro ^ejOB^xa ho Bcrp^TemB. BooÓn^e neBOSMoasHO onncaTB 
Toro pasryjia, myHa, iiBflHCTBa h pacnyrcTBa, cpeAB KOiopiixi npo- 
TeicaerE a^hb'. 

Cx BeCHOfi HaHaj[HCB paaiHTOUfl HOpCRÍfl dBOJIIOI^H, Bl BOTOpUXl 

H Aaicsifi nocjiaHHHBx, caMi no npo^^eccÍH MopflRi, y^acTBOBajix 
BasE rocTB. Ohi noApo($HO onucuBaeT^ bte MopcRÍfl A^&CTBifl, ro* 

TOpQfl HeHSM^HHO COnpOBOSAft^HCB HHpaMH H nBflHCTBOMX. MeSAy 

npoqHifb i^apB crporo sanpen^a^x HasuBaTB ero na MOpi Hna^e, 
ias% ero MOpcRHii^ hhhoitb, h omH6aBniificfl AOJiseHi tfiui Bunn- 
Baib, RpoHÍ oÓHRHOBeHHuxx Hami, 6ojihmoi craRaHi Rp^nRaro BEna 
n mfíb mipa^^a. noA'B dTorx mxpa^ noAnaAajrb ne OAnasAu 
K)a, ROTOpHft H tfesi Toro HO snajii, RaRi OTA'&naTBCfl on 6e8- 
tfi^pHaro HHTBfl; tojiero uocjA ohi ysnaJTL, tto RaRÍe-TO Bparn ero 
HaroBOpHJiH i]iapH), qxo owh Moseri hetb 5ojiBme, ^vbwb noRasuBaeri, 
H, ocraBaflCB xpesBUMi^ xo^ien noACJiymnBaTB pasroBopu. TaRi hjih 
HHaqe, HO eny npaxoAHJiocb ne bt» Horory h jijbjío aoxoahjo ao 
TaRBXx CJiynaoBi. IIoa^ 2-mi> Mas owb pascRasuBaen, hto Bnn^e- 
aAirapajTE yroniaji Ilerpa na ceoeMi RopaÓJri. ^Tyxi, nesAy npo- 
HH1IX, co mhoh) npHRjiH>HHJicji cjvbAyjousfŘ cjiyqafi. I],apc(cift rjbo^í- 
HaRx noAHecB hh% 6ojihmoi craRaHx nHBa; ne sHafl, RaR^s orb 
Hero OTBHsaTBCfl, fl BocnojiBBOBajicfl rbwbj hto ohi crapi, nejoBORi, 
TOJiCTi, npH TOiTB o6yTB JiHniB Wh Ty^jiH, H ^(SibmjBLJLTi 0Tb nero na 
^BBaHTEi, Tjiíb H ycijicfl Ha uicrb CRpinjenifl hxi Cb nyrejscBaH- 

TEMH. Ho RJIOIHHRI AOJIOSHJ['B O&h STOITB I^apiO, H BOTB OFO BeJIH- 

qecTBO nojri^ sa mhoh) caifb, Aepsa bx 3y6axx totb cTaRaH'By on 
soToparo a tojibro-^to cnaccfl. BsoCpaBumcb na ^oRBanTU, oni 
ydbcfl pflAOMi co MHOK) H Tam, ta^ a pasc^HTUBasi Hafixn nojinyH) 
6e3onacHOCTBy mhí npnmjiocB biihetb HexojiBRO craRaHx, npHHeceHHii& 
caMHiTE siapeMi, ho en^e h nerupe APyrexi craRana, AOcraBJíeHHiixx 
KB naiTB no ero npHRasaniK). Uocjií dToro h laRi 8axMeji&ii», hto 
6e9B HyaROft noMon^H ne mofb cnycTHTBCA bhhsi'' . Bi Apyroft pasi 
ciywjocB xyse. 21-ro Maa 6ujn> kb rocraxi y líapa BecB rene- 



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278 B^CTHHRl EBPOIOI. 

pajiHTen na ero HeÓojLinoifB KophÓjA „Jlnsera^. IIo oCuRHOBeHiio 
nocTaMena 6ujia cípazKa, vioóu hhrto ne MorB coAth cb Bopa(Sjifl. 
10 Jih Bunejii, HaBOHei^i, ^epesx spafi, BEimeJii Ha najyóy h ee 
xot6j*b h^t^ vb BaiOTy, Ky^a i^apb ero norpeCoBairb; Asa AaTCBÍe 
MopcRÍe o^Hi^epa crajni y(^sA&TB ero HcnojiHHTB npERasame, Ha- 

ROHei^l XOT&IH BeCTH CFO HaCHJIBHO: ¥)jLh A-ifl BaiIMITH o6e9úbmm% 

mnary. Bi 9to Bpeiui noAOinej'B cani i^apb; ohi bi rpyéuxx bu- 
paseHÚxi nperposHJix nosajiOBaTBCfl KopoJiH), ^to bx ero npH- 
cyTCTBÍH K)jiB ocMÍJiHjica o($HasHTB opysíe: »fb cepAitaxi, — im- 
meTB K)jiB, — fl CB CBoefi cropoHu ne oco6eHHO jierBO otb£h&i:b 
eify, ^TO Eufkio ropasAO 6ojiie ocHOBamfi ajisi saioói, q^^B owhy 
TaBi BaB'B Ha^o mhok) A'^aH)'rB HacHJiie. Ho Bor^a ero BejiH^ecrao 
BeJťkJii MH'6 OTAaxB CBOH) mnary, a HacrojBBO onoMHH;ica, ^to 
HcnojiHHJii ero npHBasaHÍe, nporflHyBí eny onyio a^ecoMi Bnepe^^B. 
H^apB FH^BHO B3flji'B ee H Y&bssisurh cb Hen) bi Baiory''. Ohi ca^- 
jiajii pacnopflseHÍe, ^toÓu IOjia omycTHJiH; a BeHepoH'B ^ei^TyiTB 
npHBedx eiiy ero mnary. Tbwh BpeneHeifB K)jb onaMATOBa^Cfl h 
npocHJix ^Hi^Tyifa Ha Apyrofi a^hb HSBHHHTBca sa nero nepeA'B i^a- 
peHX, — vro OHI ABa pasa nsiTajiCfl ybxaTB, no HH^ero ne CJiy^H- 
jiocB 6li, ecmóu ero OTnycrniH, wto CBaBannufl hmi csOBa MorjiH 
6u saHecTBCfl sa rb ýbsmsi pi^^H, botopbimh caifi i^apB Hxrb bu- 
BBajii... „Ob OTB^TOifB ^Hi^TyiťB npHÓujii nasaA^B TOT^aCB. Il,apB 
CBasaii eiíy, ^to B^epa cairB ^BurB nBani, a noTOny HH^ero ne 
noMHHTB, H o csy^BBmeMCfl snaerB tojibbo otb Apyrexx; ^to eciH 
owb MeHfl níbwh oÓHA^b^ix, to npocflTB y neHA nponteHifl, co CBoefi 
se CTopoHBi orBBcero cepAi^a ornycBaerB mh'6 Bce, htó Ówlo mhok> 
CBasano h QA&iaHO, h npnrjiamaerB QeifeAJeHHO bi neHy npi&LATB, 
mo6hi Cb HHicB noMHpHTBCfl. 3a CHMi fl nocnimasi b'b i^tpH) bm^^ctí 
Cb HOCJiaHHHBOMi ^Hi^TyMOirB. KoFAa fl nonpocHJTB ero BejH^ecTBO 
npocTHTB MeHiL sa Bqepamnee, ohi oÓesjii^ uensi h noi^'&iOBaj'b. 
„KaMpaA'B, — CBasajii owb (AapB ho^h BcerAa HasuBaerB Hena bsh- 
paAOMi), OTO Bcero cepAi^a npontaH) sbitb to, wb qeirB bu, 6utb 
Moxerbj npeAO hhok) BHHOBaTu, ho npomy h BacB npocTHTB mhí, 
ecJiH fl wb ^BWb'm6o npoBHHHJicfl nepeA'B BaifH, h nosaÓHTB npo- 
maoe^. OÓpantaacfl ohi bo mh£ cobc^itb saBi BipaBHOMy^. EorAa 
A&io ÓbUíO TaBHifB oópasoMi y^aaseHO, to „CBiiBHOBa na^ajiacB Be- 
ceaaa nonofiBa^. 

TaB^B ÓUBSuíO ne tojbbo y iiiapa. noA'B ď-mi Maa 1710 K)jib 
sanHcuBaeTi, ^to bmíctí cb ^Hi^TyMOirB xoahjii na hobjiohi bi 
BAOBCFByiontefi i^apai^ (BasoTca, no noBOAy paAOcraaro bsbíou 
o noATBep2BAeHÍH TypsaiiH Mapnaro AoroBopa). „lípu stoitb cjrynai, 
saBi caiia i^apei^a, TaB'B h iiiapeBHEi, es. AO^epu, 3acraBHjiH nacB 



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PA3CRA3U UHOCTPAHIU. 279 

BfiIfflrB CTOJBKO ÓOJIbfllBXl HSpX BHHa, ^TO MU HaHHJlHCB OBflHEI 

MeHÍe, ^iTB FB noj^aca BpeMeHci. OraycTHjm oh']^ naci Jiiimh Tor^a, 
sor^a yC^AH^HCB, qro mu cosepnieHHO fotobu''. Ohi CA&iaJii npH 
mni Ha6jiH)AeHÍe, qio j^Bib o6mecTB:& pyccRHX^b seHo^HHi, 6jiaro- 
jiapa HX'B ycepxHOMy npacraBaHbK) h npocbÓaMi, b% caMUfi sopox- 
lift qK>K'E BiinHBaemB Óojúe, mhwh b% o6a^ecTBt caMuxi saBSflTUXi 

HUHEm"*. IlHpU H BUnHBKH ÓUJIE BOSBeACHU Wb TOpSLeCTBeHHHfi 

iiepeMOHiaJii. Bo BpeMfl yronteoBfl iiiapa BHi^e-aAMHpaaoMrB — „dejihcb 
iHorifl sasApaBHUfl ^amu, hs^b ROHX^ oahš npBBÍTCTBOBajiHCB 7-io, 
ipyríii 5-K) BBicipijaMH, npe hhuxi se, no seasy Bui^e-aAMupaJia, 
naiHiH co BC%x'B cyAOBiy hmíioiivixi opyAie^. 

dra crpacTB si najiBÓt ($iua oahhmi bbi HOBOBBOAeHÍfi, koto- 
paxB He SHadia bi xaRofi MŠpi crapaji PycB. Kor^a 4*ro Maa 
on^fiiBajiacB, bi> Ilerep^yprš, KaMnaHÍa, Bcioie-aAMHpajii no^HAJii 
esoi ^arB, a sai^Mi ^jiarB 6ujn> uofljasivb uíbjíuwb ^jotomi, 
HanajiHCB BsauMHue cajtoru Cb cyAOB^, spinocTH h a^MApaJiTeficROfi 
sep^fl. ^GaiiiOTU cAjípBíLMa oahhi sa ApyruMi, a ysacHaa, ne noA- 
unavucfl onHcaHÍH) najB^a ne npeKpan^uacB. TpyAHO ceOi npe^- 
crafiBTB, BaBaji Macca nopoxy HscTpiiHBaercfl sa DHpaMH h yBOce- 
^híuui, npH nojyHeHÍH paAOCTHuxi B^crefi, na TopsecxBaxi e 
npi cajioraxi, ooaoÓhuxi HUH^mneMy: h6o bi Poccíh nopoxoMi 
i^oposan He 6oji'6e, ^íbn^h necsoMi, h BpflA'^ m Ha&AeniB wh EBponi 
i^oeyAapcTBO, TA^ 6hí ero HsroTOBJífljiH bi laBOMi BOJiH^ecTBi, h 
r|i (h no Ka^ecTBy h cejA ohimopb cpaBHHTBca co sfifbmuawb^ . 

Oo ciywio ynoMflHyxoft paTH^HBa^ÍH Mepa cb Typi](ieft K)jib 
loxATB nosAP&BJuiTB i^apfl Bi cotfopB (pAt coBepmajicfl 6jiaro- 
liipcTBeHHufi uoAeÓewb): „AapB CTOji.rB cpeAH MHoroHHCieHHuxi 

obWLl H UÍJn> Ch EEKEy TOHHO CaMl 6UJII IliepBOBHOCJiySHTeJeMl''. 

PeiirioeHOCTB Ilerpa ysasuBaorcfl AaiBine doaib 18-mi íioha: „B^b 
^y Toro, 9T0 mTypMi Butfopra HasHa^eex na sasrpa, i^apB na 
cerowt o(íMeuJl^ nocmz. BosAepsaHÍe co6jiiOAaj[OCB crporo, hhkto 
HK^ro He im, Bx i^epBBaxi n AOMa a^hb h hou mojhjhcb, b3u- 
^ KB Bory H npoc8 Ero éjarociOBenúi na noÓ^Ay^- ^ajBine, 
^l> 8-Mi iiOJii, owb sanHCBiBaen, qxo wh roAOBii^HHy cpaseeúi 
oo^i IIojiTaBOĚ i^ipB j,B% co6opb CTaJi'B no otfuBHOBeHÍH) cpeAH 
■i^uii, Bi xopb KOTopiixi sBy^HO h orqerjBBO iťbAi>y OAnaasAu 
^inoen CB anocTOJOMi wb i^pcBBMi BpaiaMi b rpoMso npo^ejii 
ua nacTBu rjaBy hbi nocianifl Kb pHMJUiHaMi, nocrb ^ero cnoBa 
^^IttcoeABHUCfl Bi n^B^HMi, BOTopue n&iH, cofiA^CB BMtcrt no- 
CPW xpaMa''. 

MopcBoS noxoAi si BuÓopry npeAnpBHsrB 6turB aja AOcraRie- 
^ opyxil B CBtomirB npnnacoBX a^a apMÍn; oai Óiui Bcno^i- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



280 ^ B%CTHHR1> EBPOnU. 

HeHi CB ycn'lxoMX, HeciíOTpjii na bcaría sarpy^Henifl: Mope en^e 
6ujio noBpuTO njiOBy^fUťB Jihfifiwhy ^apsaiepi 6ujn> HeHSBto^eHi, 
cyAa Henpo^HU, jhoah HeonuTHu. drorb yciArh HaB&ii K)jifl ea 
o6ii;ifl pa3cysAeHÍfl o A'^ax'B Ilerpa (noA'i> 28-m'l Mas): ,...IIoxoa'b 

yB'lHqaJC2l, no BOJIÍ npOB0A'&HÍfl, ABOÍHUMI yCniXOlťB, GEOH^HBlUHCb 

c^acTjiBBO Basi AJifl ^Jion, TaBi h j^m apnÍH. Hóo, eciE TOny 
HJH ApyroMy rocy^apK) cysAeeo craiB BejHRHMX, Focno^B Bopb 
6jiaronpiflTCTByerB eny bo Bcem, BaKi 6ii ohi hh 6pajicfl sa a^^o. 
no noBOAy BToro noxo^a mosho secBMa BcraTH npHBecTH eiosa 
Ryp^ifl: temeritas ín gloriam cessit (oTBara nepexoAHTE BicjiaBy), 
a xaEse, Basx h bo MHoraxi Apyrtixi cjiyqaaxi, noBTopoTb i^apio, 
Htb H^Hi^epoHi CBasaji lOjriio Ú^esapH): ut maltám virtatí, plurí- 
mum tamen felicitatí debes (MHorHHi tu ofiasaHi AotfjiecTH, hobi 
6ojíhmiiLEcrvk CHdicmoy . K)jii> ynoMHHaerB, hto Hepes'^ ABa ahii no 
OBOH^áHÍH noxoAa ^iBHjiacB Bi^HHCBOMrB sajHB^ mseACBaa dcsaApa 
H3X 8 JiHHeĚHuxx Eopa6jiefi, h ecjm6u tojibbo ABa hsi hbxi upamjiH 
paHBme, ohh, „HecMorpa na bch) MHororacjeHBOCTB pyccBaro ^OTa 
(cocTOflBmaro esi nejiBHxi cyAOBi), Óesi TpyAa ^acTBio pasoraajiH 
6u ero, hjih ^acTBK) noTOirajiH 6u BHCTp^aMH'*. BipoflTHO bi 
npeABHA%HÍH xaBOfi eayqafiBoera Ilerpí h hcdojihhjix dTy aBcneAH- 
i(ÍH) BO BpeMfl jieAOxoAa. 

Ho nocjij^, noA'B 16-mx ifOHfl, cairB K)jib pascBasuBaeTB, ^to 
ycnšxi Ilerpa 3aBjiK)iajicfl ne bi oahoitb c^aciBt. MHorocropoHHflfl 
A^TeiBHOCTB Ilerpa npHBOABJa ero bi> HsyifjieHie: ^Jlai^airB, saBŠ- 
Ayiomeiíi ocaAOio Butfopra, ycnšxx Aocrajca JierBO, laBx BaBi, 
nepeA'B cbohmi otb-^baoiíi n3rB-noA'B Bu6opra, i^apB, ocMorp^Bi bo 
Bpeiífl npiocTaHOBOBi BoeHHuxi A^ficTBÍfl, Bi> ABa npieMa, ipaHmeH, 
BasAOMy npenoAaji^B nyseuji HacraBjeeúi, reHepajii-aAMHpajiy, 
HHseHepaMX h apTHJuiepiftcBHMi o^ni^epairB: h6o ero BeiHnecTBO 

BeCBMa npOBOpjHBl, OT.TBHHO SBaBOBťB CO BCflBHlTB A^OHl H HM^teTB 

BipHufi BsoflA'^ Ha Bce. Hivh cohhíhúi, hto 6e8i> ero yBasami 
Bce 6ujio 6hi CA^aHO BaBUBopoTB. Boo6nte, Bcasafl M^pa, BoeeHafl 
HJIH rpasBAaHCBafl, ao npHBeAemfl ea bi> acnojiHeHie, AOJSHa 6qtb 
o($cysAeHa i^apeirB. Ohi h caiTB sto xopomo cosnaerB. HeplAKO 
KB AOBipHieaBHuxi ÓecŠAaxi HesAy mhok) h hmi, bopaIi pi^^ 
saxoAHJia o noABHrax'B h sacayrax^B BejHBHXi rocyAapefi, i^apB or- 
AaBajHb cnpaBeAJiHBOCTB hhofhmi npaBHxejifliťB, bi» ocotfeHHOCTH ko- 
pojuo ^pani^yscBOMy. Obi> roBopnjii, hto ohh Aocrofinu bucoboS 
noxBajBi, ^TO CJiaBy hxi BejiHBHxi a'^híě y hhxi othhtb HeiBsa; 
T^Mx ne líente, npnÓaBHJi^B ohi, naAO hm^tb bi^ BHAy, vto (SojBmaa 
qacTB dTHXi rocyAapei, vh tomi hhcií h $paHi^y3CBÍĚ Bopojib, 

OCflSaHEI CBOHBIH yCH^XaMH MHOrniTB pasyMHyifB H CMBimJieHBH^B 



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PÁ3CSA3U HHOCTPAHIV^. 281 

JUOXflMl, COHCTOflBIDHMl y HHX^B HE CJiysfit. CoB^TaMH TaRHX^b JIK)Aefi 

OHH uoryrB nojiBdOBaTBCfl bo bcíii, jsfiLSRe vh HaHBasRMmHXi ro- 
cyAapCTBeBHBixi Bonpocaxi; MesAy i^hi> Bani ohi^ iiapb, ci caMaro 
BcrynjieHifl CBOero na npecTOJ['B, 6% Ba^sHMinexi ^'^Jiaxi noHTH- 
^TO ne HM^ten noMontHHKOBi, BCi^ACTBÍe Hero no-neBOJii saB^AyerB 
bcími caiTB... Bi cyn^HOCTH Bce bto coBepmeHHO cnpaBeA^HBo. 
Ocraercfl tojibbo yAHBJíflTBCfl Cb OAHOfi cropoHU yny btofo ^ejOBtna, 
npaBflntaro bcími> caHOJiH^HO, cb Apyrofi — npupoAHUMi ero CBjaMB, 
6jutroAapfl ROTopími ohi Óesi yioiíjieHifl beihochtb bc^ aaócru h 
TpyAHy BfiinaAaK)iE(ie na ero aojiio''. 

K)jB He pasi ynoMHHajii 06% btom^ oAHHOHecTB^ n^apa u o 
rpy(H)CTH ero noAAftHHBixx. TaKB (noA'b IS-mx aBrycra) oei pas- 
csasHBaerB no OAHOMy esyiaio, hto i](apB „ropBBO ctTOBajii aa 
HflSBÍĚ yMCTBeHHiifi ypoBeHB CBfliueHHHBOBii H npo^aro AyxoBeHCTBa 
VB Poccíh. no ero cjiOBaiii, 8A'lniRÍe CBflnteeHHBH HHqero ne SHaiorB, 
He noHHMaiOTB h A^^e HepŠABO nBJíaioTCfl ÓojAe HeB^secTBeHHUMH, 

^l npOCTOJEOAHHBT, BOTOpUXl COÓCTBeHHO OHH AOJSHU 6iJ y^HTB 

H HacraBJuiTB. 

HpaBu, ooHv uBaeiíue ¥)jieuT>, RaB'B mu bha'£jih Toiiy otípasHHSH, 
611JIH o^eHB rpyóiie: ofi^ecTBeHHBiH co6paHÍfl BcerAa 6íijih tojibbo 
DODOftBaMH, H 0H'B He OAHasAH sanHCBiBaeTB, ^TO „nonoSBa na 
DHpy ÓHJia HyAOBHH^Hafl''. Ha nepaxx, MesAy npH6jiHseHBEiiflH 
iVípfl H Bi caMOMi ero npHcyTCTBÍH, neplABO 6uBajiH arkía ci^eHBi 
ccoprB H pyraTe^iBCTBi, ROTopuxi ujBkj^h ho ocraHaBJíHBajii, aoTOny, 
Basi oCiflCHfleTi IOjlb, ^to bi nBanoft HeoóysAaHHOCTH cnoptiBorie 
BHfiajrriiBaiH Apyn o Apyr^ Task Ben^H, o BOTopiixi nna^e i^apB. 
MorB BOBce ne ysnaiB. TaB^B, b^&POatho, 6uBajio; ho 8to mofjio 6litb 
H npocTofi norixofi, noTOMy ^to h cani iiiapB, xoth neoÓuqafiHO 
BplnBÍfi, AOxoAHJii AO HSjniniecTBa. OneBBAHO, hto CBjiaA7» dTHXi 
HpaBOBTB fiEiJTB yHaci^AOBaHHufi; HOBOBBOAeHiji, B'BpoA'6 ^accaifÓJiefi^ 
H TOHy noAotfnaro, nonaAajiH na no^y nepBOÓuTHyH) h (moxhjihcb 
Ha nepBufi pasi nopHAOHHO rpy6o, h BuicTb cb hhmh yacHBaacfl 
eiapHHHBifi o($BiHaĚ. 2BLeHn;HHu naA^BaJH ^panoiyscBia ojiaiBA, ho 
n cauoiťB BUcmeiTB Bpyry yic&aH sanflTB rocrefi tojibbo t^m^b, hto 
HanaBBajiH hxx; m% pascBasoBii IOjih bhaho, tto i^OBanie xosaBbh 
vh caxapHHfl ycra coÓJiOAajiocB, BaBi bi CTapnny. H^apB^ BaB'B K)jib 
TaBse MHoro pasB ynoHnnaerB, HMenno jih)6hjii hchojihíltb oóu^afi, 
oxoTHO npHHHMafl yqacríe bi AOMamHHX'B npa3AHHBax'B, jsjBijRe y 

CaMBIX*B HHSHIHXl ^OAqHHeHHUX^ ; dTO 6íIJia HŠBOFAa eAHHCTBeHHafl 

o^B^nafl ^pMa oÓn^ecTBeHHuxi coópanifi, u IleTpi BcerAa buhoji- 
MAii, m:h TpetiOBajiocB otffii^aeifB. Ukrh couwbma, ^ro bi rpyduxi 
HpaBaxi, BOTopue rocnoACTBOBajiH bi oÓCTaHOBB*]^ Ilerpa h BOTopBie 



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282 B^CTHURl EBPOnLI. 

caifi OHI nooii^pflJi'B, orpassajTCfl, Mes^y npo^BM'B, 6ypH£it BoeHHuS 
xapaBTepi BpeMeHH: oho iujio bi nocTOAHBoft xpeBori, b^^homx 
BoeHHOMi Tpy^i Ha cynii h Ha Hopi, h cípaniHoe Haapasenie chjtb, 
npH Mory^efi ^usvnecKOŘ uj^upojiibj TpeóoBaso Tbxi> oisjíeHeHÍt, 
saBÍfl BsxaBHa 6ujie CBoficxBeHHLi BoenHOMy penecjiy. „TlyAOBHoo^- 

Hfilfl nOnOfiKs'* H myiOBCTBO CKOMOpOXOBl ÓUJOL eAHHCTBeHHfinCB 

pa8BJie^eHÍeM'B, Ror^a ne cyn^ecTBOBajo 6oAÍe acieTHHecRHxi y^o- 
BOJiBCTBifi, — ^Tenie, MysuBa, xeaxpi abíuhotca njiOAOifB n^BOToparo 
npocBia^eHifl, a ero en^e ne Óujlo. Bi cpeA^ npHÓJiHseHHuxx Ilerpa 
K)j[B Bujsíkvb TOJiBBo o^HOFO, BOToparo MOSHO Óujio HasBaxB qeio- 
BŠBOMi oépasoBaHBUMi, — H TaBHX'B 6ujio BOo6n^e o^eHB neMHoro 
MesAy pyccBHMB; noBTony h xpetfoBajiHCB BHOCxpaniiiLi; bi cpex^ 
AjxoBencxBa oÓpasoBanu Óhum xo;ibbo iš, Boxopue y^HJiHCB bi h)sho- 
pyccBHxi mBOJiaxi, h Ilexpi oco6eHHO oxjHqajTB hxi. nojibCBii 
oópasoBaxejBHfiift dJieiieHxrB, Boxoptifi xaB'B saMŠxHO BxoxHJťB b^b 
naiii Bx Bopi^l; ceHnaAAaxaro BŽBa, oco6eHHO npn nficpb Oejíflp^ 
H Co^BŽ, npoAOJisaJTB A^ficxBOBaxB H xenepB. Mes^y npoHHirB, 
K)jiB pascBasuBaexx (bi bobi^^ naa 1710), ^xo, BepeyBniHCB hsx 
ojiaBaHÍfl noAX BuÓoprB, i^apB xox^x oxAOxnyxB. „Hn^a cnoBofi- 

CXBÚI U XHmHHH, OHI yAaJHJICfl BX AOMl, HOCXpoeHHElfi Bl erO HOBO- 

pasÓHxoMi ca^y^ fa^ cxoaxi cJinmBOifB 30 Ďojbhihxx MpaHopHHXX 
cxaxyfi xyxosecxBeHHOfi pa6ox£i, bi> xomx miciA 6h)Cxu noBofiHaro 
Bopoj[fl nojiBCBaro Go6iccBaro a ero senu. CxaxyH bxh BUBesenu 
Hsx caAOBx nojiBCBHxx MarnaxoBX. Boo6n^e, óojBmafl h n8flniHÍ&- 
maa nacxB npexMexoBx pocBomH, HaxoAflntHXCfl y nexepÓyprcBsxi 
Be^BMOsx, nojihCKaw npoucxooKdemH^ . 

K)jiB ne MorB 6uTh oco6eHHO AOBOjienx x^mh HpaBaMH, cpeAH 
BOxopHxx eny hphxoahjocb shxb; MaxepiaJiBHEifl ycnoBÍB óuae xaBse 
HeyAofíHH: bi> IlexepíJyprifc, BCJiiACXBÍe onycxonieHifl ^^HnrepMaH- 
jaHAÍH"', ci»'lcxHfiie npHnacEi h Apyríe npeAMexu nepBOfi neoÓxoAH- 
MOCXH 611JIH o^eHB AoporH, BBapxnpu neyAOÓHBi; HHOrAa eMy oxbo- 
Ahjhcb noM'6ii^eHÍfl coBepmenno HeBOSHOSHua. Ho y Hero opa BceS 
AOcaA'6, BaByH) xaBx nacxo hph^hhbjih eiiy ^t^aobeh^hua nonoftEn'' 
H Apyrifl nenpiflXHUfl cxopoHLi ero JiimEUTh oxHomeHÍfi, HeHsiiiHHO 
coxpaHfljocB caHoe BucoBoe no^enie bi jh^hocxh canoro oiapa, 

XOXfl, BaBl Mfil BUflikjíE^ H CB HHM*B AOXOAHJIO AO BeCBMa HeÓeS" 

onacHtixx cxojiBHOBeHift. Obx bha^x na caMBixx ^aBxaxx npoflB- 
jieHÍfl BejiHBaro yiia h HeoÓuqafinaro xapaBxepa, h hsx CBoei yqe- 
HOCXH HaxoAHJx A^fl Ilexpa cpaBnenifl xojbbo (Tb AjieBcanApoMi Ma- 
BeAOHCBBMi H IJ^esapeiíx. JIioÓonuxHO xaBse, ^xo psAOMx ch bxhjtb 
OHx BOsiHM^i BucoBoe HOHflxíe O CHOCotfHOCXflxi pyccBaTO HapoAft- 
KaBi cnei^ajiBCTB, ohx óujtb cyABeio bi MopcBOMi a^^^ b ^' 



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PA3CKA3H HHOCTPAHI^A. 283 

Xkemz caiTL noxoA'B pyccBaro ^Jioxa ki BtiÓopry b% Kpaftne ne- 
(SiaroiipúiTHHx^b ycjiOBiflXii, ohi yAHRSflJCfl^ Raní npocTue cozj^aju^ 
vb nepButt pasi nocaaceoHue Ha cyAa, b'b H'lcROJibRO ^nefi juíae 
npiHopoBHTBCfl Ri flíkij^ Mívh HacTOflii^ie MaTpocH. ^BucTpora, cb 
Kasoic pyccRÍe Bsy^EBaiOTCfl n HaBURafOTB BCAROiiy ji!hjij, ne noA- 
xaercfl ouHcamK)^. 



IV. 

B^b flHBapi 1711 roAa ax Uerep^ypr^ nojiyneHo 6ujio hsbž- 
ciíe, ^TO TypRH otiiflBHJiH Bofiey. 3to H3BÍCTÍe npoHSBeao oqeHB 
Tflsejioe Bne^aT^^HÍe. B:b j^espaji'! i^apB, a sa hhitb h AATCRifif 
nociaHHBRi ornpaBHJiHCB bi MocRBy. Tam K)jib tfujii CBHA^TejieMi 
TopsecTBeenaro npoqTeHia bi co6opi HaHH(|K5CTa o boSh^. 

Bi MocRBÍ IOjb noApoÓHO ocMaxpHBaJťB crapBHHUfl AocronpH- 
M^qaTejBHOCTH Wh KpeMJieBCRHX'B coCopaxi h A^ften saMi^aHÍa 
o MOCROBCBOiťB (bití. MesAy npo^HirB, owb junmerbj hto bi Mocrbí 
^ysacHue pad6oH h rpaúesus*^. Bi nepBue se ahh no ero npi^A^ 
vh MocRBy, HeBAaieR^ otb ero AOHa pasÓofiHHRH nanajiH ea Mop- 
CBoro RaneraHa, npoxoAHBmaro Be^epoMi cx npoBOsaTUHH cojiAa- 
TaMH: Bcb OHH 6uÁE crpaniHO HspaneHU h RanHiaoB yiiepi b% 
AOmí Dju, RyAa 6ajL% npHHeceH'B. „PasóoĚHHRH npoAcraBJífliOTi bi 
MocKBt HCTHHHoe 6^ACTBÍe. Bei&th Be^epoiťB Ha yjiHi^y snaTOTB 
noABeprnyTB cboh) shshb onacHOCTH. 3hmok) Óesi yjiHqnuxi y6ifiCTB'B 
H rpabesefi ne npoxoAHTB hh OAHofi ho^h. yxpoMi na yj[Hi^axi 
HaxoAflTB Tpynu orpaCjieHHiixi. Bo8Ji'6 cauaro Moero noABopBa h 
vb ÓJHsaftmnxi ero ORpecTHOcraxi, sa Bpena Tpexifj^qnaro npe- 
6si6aHÍfl Moero kb Mocrbí, yÓHTO 16 ^eJiOB^R^B, HecMorpa na 
o6xoAH Moefi crpasH, ROiopyio a nep^ARO nocHJiajťB bi Aosopx, 
wo6h noAcreperaTB axHxi anoA^eBi^. 3to oiiatb crapas nepra: 
TO se caiíoe pascRasBiBajH o Mocrbí HHOCTpaHHue.iiyTeinecTBeHHHRH 
XVn-ro B^Ra. 

jl^MBine onflTB npesHÍa noApotíHOcra. Uoai 6-111 Mapxa £)jib sa- 
UHeHBaen: „«& yqacTBOBaJii ea noxopoHax!B oahofo njnufi^ RyAa 
6wFb npEPjameex h i^apB. UoRofiBufi nojiBdOBajicfl i^apcRHirB pacno- 
losemenrb; 6yAyw BasHiím nBflHHi^eio h orjiHqaflCB snanHTejiBnoK) 

TyHHOCTBH>j OWh B^IHO COCTOflJIX MapmaJiOMX npH ^CJiaBt^ H Ha 
ApjrHx^B nonoftRaxi'' . noA'B le-MiMapia: ^Upo^^aa no ropoAy, fl 
Cflynafino Bcipixaii i](apfl. Ohi fiíkjiM^ coprepoBRy nesAy co;iAa- 
TaMH H o^^Hi^epaMH, ycxpaHfla crapuxi h nerOAHiixi ri cjiyssaú^^ 
npHHenx caMi 060 bcomii pascnpaniHBaJii h nncai^B. YAHBHxeJn^H^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



284 B^CTHHRl EBPOim. 

Bcero 6ujio cnoBotfcTBie, Ch ROTopuifB owb aio A^ajii. HenocBfl* 
iAeHH£]ft noAyMajTE 6u, ?to HHRaRHXi ApyrHXX saóOTL y nero wbuhj 
Tor^a KEKi B^ A^ficTBHxejibHOCTH Bci rocyAapcTBeHHHH A^Ja — rpa- 

SA^HCKÍfl, BOeHflUfl H I^epSOBHUfl — B^AftK>TCfl Hlfb OAHHMl. ^Py^^ 

Ma^io eny noMoraH)TrB'^. 

H^apb yšxaji-b lasi Mocbbli 17-ro Mapia. Ha Be^epi, v^b ¥)jib 

Kb nOCJI%AHÍÍÍ PA3l BHA&ICfl CB I^apeMX, HaXOAHJICfl CTapHB'B BHflSB 

PoMOAaHOBCBifi. K)jb padCEasuBaerb cjiiÍAyH)ii^yH) cíleny. 60 speiu 
OTcyrcTBifl iiiapfl, PoMo^aHOBCRÍfi, bmíctí n ApyrHMH jiHi^aftB, aoji- 
seHi ÓEiJii saciA&TB ffb ceHaii. „H^apb aojtto ci hhitb pasrosa- 
pHBaji'B. PoMOAftHOBi (TaB^b nHmerL K)jib) npocTpaHHO nepexasajis eiiy 
CBOH cootfpaseHifl, BaBi Bce ycrpoHTB bi Jiy^meify, a i^apb xepni- 
juiBO H no^THxeJLBHO CJiymajii ero, Bpena orb speneHn, BaB'B chhi 
y OTi^a, ujkjíYa y nero pyBy. Kto ee SHajrb, lisjsrb i^apb yní^erb 

npHTBOpJITBCfly TOn HOFb ÓU HOAJMaTb, ^TO OHI H6 myTHTb. Ho 

Ha caMOMx A^^ ero Bejui^ecTBO Hrpaji'b KOMeAÍH>, sejias yB^pHiB 
crapuxi pyccBHXi, tto onenb i^<6HHTb hxi rjiynfiie cobí^, a^ 
Toro, ^TOÓbi B% ero OTcyTCTsie ohh se npHHfljecb sa cboh npesHÚi 
nrryBH , 

Oahhi Tflsejiiifi ynpesi híih HacToan^ee oÓBEHenie IOjis hoahh- 
MaeTi npoTHBi i^apa: 8to necnpaBeAJiBBOCTH kb A^HesHcrxi* h HMy- 
meCTBeHHuxT> A^Axi. HnocrpaniíH,— roBopHTB K)jib, — BOOÓ^e noA- 
BepraiOTCfl b^ Poccíh 6ojrbniofi onaceocTH bi» cbohtb ToproBEixi h 
npoMbiiiLieHHbix^B A^ftxi, Ohh pncByiOTib HHorAa norepMTB Bce ceoe 
HMyo^ecTBO coBepmeHHO ÓessaBOHHUMi oópssowh. Ohx pascBasBiBaen, 
MesAy npo^HiTB, HCTopÍH) OARoro BaBOAURa, rojiJiaHAi^a PoseHÓycBa, 
BOTopufi ycTpoHJii Bx oiOHeiiiBOirB Bpaš 6ojiBniie sejiii3Hue h mía~ 
Hne BaBOABi, na BOTopue hojtoshji Bce CBoe cocrosHÍe; no ero 

CHepTH, MeHBHIHBOBl HOA^ HH^TOSHHMK HpeAJIOraMH OTHflJl 9TH 

saBOAu y ero cnna, soToptifi HHBorAa hotomi ne MorB acÓhibca 
cnpaBCAJiHBOCTH H yiiep^ otx ropa h HHn^eTH. SaBOAsr ocrajiHCB sa 
MeHBHiHBOBUMi; •HO npeAnoJOHeHÍio lOjd, AOxoAaMH ci 8thx% saBO- 
AOBX, a xaBse h cb Hicyn^ecTBi, othatuxx MenBurasoBuirB y APY' 
FHXi jiHi^'B, nojiB3yeTCH caH*B i^apB. ,,Boo5nte ero BeJiHqecTBO tojbbo 
npHBHAUBaercfl ctopohhhbomi saBOHHOCTH. RorAa coBepmaercfl saBas- 
Hu6yAb HecnpaBeA^HBOCTb, neyAOBOJibCTBÍe nocTpaAaBnraxx AO^seni 
OTBJíe^L Ha ceÓB BHiisb. Ecjeh^u bhhsb MeHBmHBOBi vh caMOMi 

A^ OÓJl&fJB^ly BCImX, TTb CHHiaeTCfl ero COCCTBeHHOCTBH), TO AO' 

xoAu ero AOcinrajiH 6ei H']&CBOjrBBHxi MHjíjrioHOBi pyÓJiefi. Ho bos- 
MOSHO JIH AonycTHTB, qTo6H Tasofi npaBHTej[By saBi i^pB, spatee 
nysAfti^iAÍficfl bi cpeACTBaxi a^ BOAeHÍfl boShh h ctojib se pa3- 
CHeTJiHBfiifi p^jisi caMoro ce6fl; BaBib saBofi-HHÓyAB (H^ahhbi-hpocto- 



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PA3GRA3U HHO0TPÁHI](A. 285 

jioAHHi, pimnjicfl OAapHTb Boro-JiH($o aoffl6Buui> (íoraTCTBOifB? Ha 
Bonpoci: KTO no^iBsyercfl toh> hjih ApyroK) MOHonojiieH), npaBOifb 

TOprOSaTB I^apCBOK) pOSBH) H BCeB03H03KHBIMH TOBapaMH, BUBOSHMHMH 

MopeiTb H3% ApxaHrejiBCKa h npo^., Bcer^a ciumHmB tot% se 
mibrb: „bhasb MeHBniHROBi". Gjiobomx, Bce npenaA^iesHn eny, 
Tat^B qxo OHI BJiacreHib A^axB, qxí) eny yro^HO. H botb cBJíaAu* 
Baercfl y(í£sA6HÍe, vro caHi i^apb cnpeiBejsflEWby BňHOBarB se bo 

BCeiTB OAHHX BHfldB; HO Ha CaMOMl Kkli, XOTfl KHflBB H OTJIHqaeTCfl 

HecnpaBeAJiHBOCTBK), a bo BceifB, qxb oxhochxca ao no^ecxefi h ao 
HasHBHy flBJiflexcfl HeHacuxHŠfimHiťB H3i> cyntecxBx, BorAa-jiu6o po- 
ZAeHHBix^b seHn;HH0H>; xšstl ne nente ohb nenoBHHeHi bo mhofomi 
H8i xorOj B^b qeifB ero oÓbhhaíoxi. KorAa AapB ho xo^exi sanjia- 
TflTB coAepsaHÍfl BaBOMy-JiH($o o^Hi^epy hjh ne xo^exi osasaxb eMy 
sanprru, xo roBoperb, hxo cairB ohb Bcero reHepajrb-JiettxeHaHTBy 
H HanpaBJíflexi o^Hi^epa b'b j^ejbAMapmajiy, shash) MenbmHBOBy; 
HO BOFAa npocuxejb flBjaexcfl k'b shask),' nocji'lAHÍfi 060 Bceifb 
opeAynpesA^eHi h nocxynaexx xaBi, BaBi eiiy Easexcfl BuroAHŠe. 
EcjiH C^AHflra CHOBa ha^xi B'b i^apio, xo ero BejH^ecxBO otfiqaexcfl 
noroBopHXb cb MeHBniBBOBbíMi, A^aexi Aase bha^, tpo rnŽBaexcfl 
Ha EHflSfl 3a xo, qxo oa'B ne yAOBjexBopnji xoAaxa&cxBy o^Hi](cpa; 
HO Bcfc xaKÍa A*ficxBÍa — oaho npHXBopcxBO. IIopoB^b 8X0XX BecbMa 
3aTeMHfleTb AO($pyK> cjiaBy ero BejiiqecxBa. Bi> ocxajibHuxi oxho- 
meBÍflxi i^apb aocxohhi 6e3qHCJieHHiixi noxBaji'B; mosho npo nero 
CKasaxb, TTO ohb xpa6pi>, pascyAHxejeni, 5jiaro?ecxHBi, hobjioh- 
HHBx HayB^by xpyAOJiiOÓHB^b, npnjieseHi h no hcxhh^ HeyxoMHMX. Ho 
KorAa BbiAaexcfl cjyqafi HasHXb AOHbrH, ohi saÓuBaexi Bce''. 

IJ^pB BuixajTb Bx apMÍH. Bi bohi^*! naa TOxb xasse co6pajiC8 
Bi Aopory. 9B1 BHAy npeACxojin^aro nyxemecxBÍfl, s oÓiAsfjiijrh 
CBOJSTb AO^puxi npiflxejefi h pacnpocxHJicfl cb hhmh^. Ho dxoMy 
ejyqaH) obi npeÓaBJíflerB saM^Hanie: „Bx Mocbbí jiioah cocxoa- 
TexbHHe BcerAa ^a^tx mecxepHBOMi; BnepeAn, pasroHaa HapoA'B, 
bíiho xoJinfln^Ěcfl na yjiHi^i, h oxpaHaa oxi yjnqHuxi pasCofiHH- 

BOKb, ^AyTl BepXOMl 4 — 6 HCJIOBÍBl HpHCJiyrH". 

H)j[b Bi> xo^HocxH He sHajii, vflib naxoAHxcfl i^apb, h HanpaBHJíCfl 
vh ioro*3anaAHyH) Majiopocciio, — vh qepBaccByio hjh BaBauByio 
yKpafiHy, BaBi oh^ Ha3UBaexi. 3xa yBpafina oCpaxHJia na ce6fl ero 
BHHiíaHÍe CBOHMH oco6eHHOCXflMH: BHAHiío, 6pocajiacB Bi rjia3a pas* 
HHi^k oCinaoBi H 3a]i%xHa 6um aeAaBHocxb pyccBaro rocnoACXBa. 
Bi FjiyxoBi 6ujia pesHAoniufl rexHaHa CBoponaACBaro; IOjlb ho 3a- 
erajTb ero — owh 6iiun> vh hoxoa^; pyccBÍfi BOMeHAaHxi fieji&rb co- 
6f9kTb jífiz AaxcBaro nocjiaHHUBa nysHUfl hoaboah. „C!oJAaxii rap- 
HHsoHa (bi FjryxoBi) pyccBÍe; h6o co BpeMOHH hsm^hu BasasoB^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



28tí fi^CTHHfil EBPOUH. 

npn Masen']^ i^aps RasaBaHi ne oneHB-ro AOB^paeri; ohh se, 6y- 
jíymi HapoAOMi sojiBHOJiioÓHBuifB, HeAOBOJiBHu i^apeiTB sa easHa^eHÍe 
Bx HXi RpinocTH pyccBHXi ROMeHAaHTOBi". IIo noBOAj HasHaHema 
noABOA'B, Djib npnČíaBJíflerL: „TaKoro po^a noBHHHOCTH rome bos- 
óysijífijxyrh b^ EasaBaxi Hey^OBOJBCTBÍe npoTHBi i^apa. C^Hiafl ce($fl 

BOJIBHBIMl HapOXOMl, OHH JíflC&fJlOTTtj HTO HOCTOflHHO JíftMmEEl yCJÍy- 

XBBaxB i^apH) H HcnoďHflTB ero npHBasaHÚi''. 

Bi yBpafiH^ eny bha&iocb otohb mhofo nojiBCBaro. PaHBme, 
OHHCfiiBafl naTpiapmyK) msoiiy hjih rHifnasiio vh Mocbbí, Djb 3a- 
H'6qaerB, ^to ona HaxoAHTCfl Boanš Monacrups, si BOTopufi Aony- 
CKaiOTCfl TOJiBKO „npaBOCsaBHue MonaxH noMcnaio npotécxoofcdeniH^ . 
TenepB^ MHoro nojiBCBaro owb bhahtb h bi MajropyccBOirB 6mi. 
Boo6mfii YRpafiHa npoHBBeia na nero BneTOT;i']&HÍe tfoJiBnioro 6jiaro* 
cocTOflHÍfl. „Mwrem Baaai^BOĚ yKpafiHu 6jaroAeHCTByK>TB h sh- 
ByTB npHflÍBaiDTO. Crpana hx'b HsoÓHjiyerB bcakhiíh npHpoAHUMH 
óoraTcraaMH. Ohh OesnoinjiHHHO npoAaH)rB h noBynaiOTi pasnue to- 
Bapu, saHHMaiOTefl rerhiix yro^no peMecsoiTB h h^wl xotatb npo- 
MumMiOTh. IIjaTflTi ohh tojbro HBB^THyH) He6ojiBniyK) noAaTB 
reTMany... KasaRH 0A'6BaK)TCfl RaR^B hojharh, hocatx ffljvonojiue 
nojiBCRÍe Ra^TaHu vh HaRH^Ry, nojiBCRÍfl caÓJiH h hojbcría manRH; 
npHTOHi*; noAOÓHO nojiflRaMx, noAcrpnraiOT^ ce6i bojioch h bbicoro 
6pÍK>rB HX% RpyroMi fojiobu. He TaRi RaRx pyccRÍe, RasaRH xo- 

J5fiTb Bl I^epROBB (TB MOJIHTBeHHHRaMH. OhH BO BCtxi OTHOme- 

HÍflxi ^HHte H onpflTH&e pyccRHxi. Rasa^RH opibBSJOTCSi bi aihhho- 
nojiue nrapoRÍe Radanu, otfxoAflCB Óesi py6axi, a na fojiob^ ho- 
carB ÓOJiBmifl mjiflnu, o&rnEyrusi 6ijiuwh hojiothoitb, Roxopoe cny- 
CRaercfl bosjtI ymefi h oÓXBaTUBaerB nox^opoAOR^B. Illiflnii bth na- 
HOMHHaiorB Rpyr^Hfl, cb AByx^B cropoHB saocrpeHHiifl, mRHnepcRÍfl 
mjiflnti... 

„KopojieBeATB— Óojibnioft, RpacHBiift ropoA-B... Ctohtb ohi cpejíH 
jiica... y^Hi^u Bi neiTB npeRpacHua, RaRHxi wh Poccíh a REVfijk 
ne BHABBajTB; Aona npeRpacnue, npoiHue, onpflTHiie, BucrynaiaTB 
Ha yjiHity, RaRi b*b ^anÍH, a ne croarB bi oytiHnt ABOpoBi, RaB'B 
vh Poccíh... KasaRH, noAO(5HO pyccRHifB, HcnoBÍAyH>TB rpeiecRyio 
B^py, HO Bi ROJOROJa SBOHflTx HO HamoMy, Me»Ay T^Hx RaRi pyc- 
CRÍe HCRJooqnreJiBHO ipesBonarB^ . 

06x OAHOiTB vo^jsjb, Tfiíb OHB npo']&8saji*B, ¥)jih saMiiaerB: 
„3AŠniHÍe SHTejiH, RaR^B h Booón^e Bce Hacejienie Rasai^Roi yspatau, 

OTJIHHaiOTCfl 60jlBniOK) BtsUEBOCTBH) H OHpflTHOCTBK), OA^BaiOTCfl TOCTO 

H qHCTO coAopasarB Aona'. 

BoeHHue HpaBU Toro BpeiieHH 6ujm nopflAOíHO ÓesoCpasHHe; 
saM^THiTB, BHpoHeMi, ^TO TaKB ÓuBajio TOFAa ne Bi OAHofi Pocdff, 



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PA3CKA3U HHOCTPAHIÍA. 287 

HO H BesA^. PaHbme, no noeoj^y bsatíh Bu6opra, K)jib pascBasuBaeTi, 
^TO pyccKÍe, oco6eHHO BasaBH, sa^epajie TaMi (BasKA^^B jihhho jí,jib 
ce0fl!) MHoro jiUjrbBBhiTb*^ : „PyccRÍe oj^Hi^epu h conjsflUQ yboahjih b% 
miwh »eHii^HH'B H x^Tefi, nonaAaBniHXCfl hmi ea ropoACBHXi yjiE- 
líaxx. J^oporoH) *) a Mea^y opo^HMi BcrpéraM o^Horo pyccBaro 
Ma&opa, BOToptifi HH^i npn cetf^fi a^batb bsatuxi Taic^MX o6pa- 
soiTE seHn^HHiB. Il^apB Tose nojiyHHJii cbok) nacTB bx noAapoRi otb 
jpyrHXx JiHiít. HHBie ocrasjajiH uji%beuxi> npe ce64, Apyrie otch- 
jaan hxi bi cboh Aona h hm^hía b^l rjiy6B Poccíof, ipeibn npo- 
AasajE. Bi TlerepÓyprl seH^HHu h A'&Tif noBCiOAy npodaeaAUCh 
sadetueeo^ npeHMyn^ecTBeHHO sasaBaMH^. Tenepb ¥)jih ^xajii b'b 
apMÍH He Bi HenpiflTejibCROft, a bi pyccsofi hjih ApysecTBenHOft 
crpaH* H ne Mon yAepataTb CBoero kohboa otb rpaóeaefi. »fl yno- 
TpeÓJifljfb He uajío ycHjift, qTo6'b yAepsHBaxb Ha3HaqeHHbix'b bo mh*! 
AparyH'b otb rpa6e»efi h pas^oa. CBoeBOJiie hxi aoxoahjío ao i^ro, 
HTO OBU ^acTO HanpBMHBi yrpoxajiH noBHHyib neHfl, ecjra a He 
nosfiOJíH) Hifb A^axb to, ^ib ohh xotati. 3a Moeio cnHHOio ohh 
rpa6HJiH BCiiBaro Bcrp^raaro"... 

K)joo yAaiocb BHAÍTb líapaxojíbBO 10-ro aBrycia 3% Mom.ieBt 
(Ha JI,h4ctp*), BorAa BoftHa 6um y»e OBOHqcHa— HpyTCEHMx Aoro- 
BopoMi. TaBHBfb o5padOM'b K>Jih ne BnA'l^<3'b diiix^b co6imíi, ho (Mm 
i^apb pa8csa3aj!'b eny rjaBHEiH coÓutíh, a RpoM*! xoro eiiy 6um 
cootilueHa sanHCBa renepajia AjrjiapTa, BOTopyio owb h sanecb bi 
CBoS AH3BHHBI. AjiJiaprb 0CB HaHa.ia ao BOHi^a jiHqHO yqacTBO* 
Bajx Bi A^Jii"; y nero coÓHpajicfl TorAa h BoeHHHft cobítb. 3a- 
HffCBa Ajuiapra npeAcraBJíHerB lOJibBO bhšidhiok) BoeHHyH) CTopony 
A^ja, H K)^b opHÓaBjflerB b'b nefi, míb c;ibimaji'B oti i^apa h ot^b 
Apyraxx CBHA'ÍTejieB coÓBiTifi. IIojioseHie Óajio o^eHB onacHoe, u 
i^tpB, no paBCicasaMx, npHX0AH./i'B bi OT^anHÍe. 

^H^pB roBopHJix mhÍ, hto, HMŠa Bcero obojo 36.000 ^ejio- 
bíbi, h3^ ROTopux'B Ha BaBajiepÍH) npHxoAHJOCB BecBMa HeiíHoro, 
OffB He p^mHJiCH A^Tb cpantenie lypsaMi, bohxi ÚhiJLO 6o.iie 100.000, 

rjaBHBIMl 05pa80MX BOHHHOlbl. KaBl pa3CBa8£IBaJH MH'1 O^eBHAI^BI, 

ipipB, ÓyAy^H OBpyaeni lypeiíBOH) apnieio, npemejii* bi laBoe ot- 
<!aflHÍe, HTO, BaB'b nojioyMHBrfi, 6irafl BsaA'B h BnepeA^B no Jiarepio, 
úwh ce6fl Bx rpyAB h ne MorB BtiroBopniB hh CJiOBa. EojBmHH* 
CTBO 0BpysaBmHX'B ero Aynajio, hto n hhiii yAapi. O^^Hi^epcsia 
seHu, BOTopbixi 6ujío MHOsecTBO, ne nepecraBajiH BUTb h njiaBaib. 
H A'&ScTBHTejbHOy RasaJiocb, hto npeACioarb HeHSÓšsHaa retfeJiB. 
HsÓa&neHÍeMi CBOHBfB pyccRÍe o6fl8aHii Bory. BjiaroAapa nyAecHOMy 



*) DiB isAHJi CMOTpi)T& BSjnmfi BH(ioprb. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



288 racríHHRi EBPOnu. 

ero npoMEicjy, i^apio yAajiocB saKJiOTOTb MHpi, yroBopHBi u nox- 
RynHBi Typeipuiro bhshpa; una^e hsi pyccROfi apMÍH ne cnaciocb 
6u HH OAHoro ^ej[OBÍBa: b6o ci o^HOfi cropoHu npoxBB-b nes, ctoajh 
lypKHy Bi xpH pasa npeBumaBmie ee ^HcaeHHocTÍK), (tb ApyroĚ se, 
B^b Tfiijy, nporeBajix Ilpyrb, na npoTHBonojiosHOMi 6epery soroparo 
aaxoAHJiocB osojio 2.000 BaBaBOBi^ Taiap^, lyposi, nojiflKOBi 
mBeAOBi. BsotfpaTBCfl na totl 6eperB ne npeAcraBJflJOCB Hasasofi 
B031Í0SH0CTB: M']&CTHOCTB 6Eua ropHCTafl, H noA'BeMi OTb ptRH mesi 
Kpyrofi H BucoKift) Tasí ito fjAs&e petíeHOBi npn noMon^H npocroi 
najiBH onposBHyjr^ 6u BCflBaro, bto ctsljii 6u Jiianh HaBepxi. Bo- 
o6ii^e, co6BiTÍe 8to hcho AOBasuBaerB, hto 6orB, no sejiaHÍB), mo- 
Merb H y HyAp6Mmaro qeJOB^Ra othatb pasyiťB h sai^Mx ycrpoHib 
TaRi, ?T0 CMy nocJiysHTi na nojibsy canafl 6ojiBinafl ero onjom- 
nocTB. Bi caMOMX aíjií. rto mopb osHAaiB OTi TaRoro yMHaro h 
onuTHaro wh BoeHHOM'B flíkrb rocy^apn, yqacTBOBaBmaro b^b ctoib' 
Buxx noxoAaxx npoxuB^ HCRycaaro Bpara, TaRoS oinH(5RH, hto, ne 
uM'£fl cvbjsfiEiŘ HH CHJiaxx HenpiflxejiH, hh o ero npH($JiHseHÍH 
(axH cb^a^híh i^apB nojiyHHJii jihoib xor^a, Ror^a xypei^Raa apiiifl 
uaxoAHJiacB orb nero yse bx nojiyMHJOťb), oh^ BCxyoHxi bi laRyio 
nycxuHHyH) cxpany, RaRi Bajaxis, r^b nejiBSfl AOCxaxB HHRaRoro 
npoAOBOJiBCXBia, h oxomjierB 01^ ce6a renepajia Penne e% 9.000 
HejiOB^Ri REBajiepÍH? C'b Apyrofi cxopOHU, mosho jh Óujio npeAno* 
josHXB, qxoóu xypRH corjiacHJiHCB, na RaRHXi 5n xo hh Óujio ycjo- 

BÍflXl, BHRJHO^HXB MHpi H BBIHyCXHXB B31 pyRl XpHCXÍaHCRyK) apHÍH), 

RorAa HMtjH ee bx cBoefi ejiacxH. DpaB^a, cy^xani h BepxoaHEii 
BHSHpB nojy^HJiH xeHBFH, AsoBi ycxyHjeHx xypRaiTB, BOOÓ^e Aapb 
npHHfljii Béb ycjiOBifl, npe^JOseHnua eiiy OxxoMaHCROK) nopxoio; ho 
RaRi Bce 0X0 hh^xosho vb cpaBnenÍH cb lurŠHOifB, rposHBmHirB 
i^apH) H Bcefi ero apMÍn! A yse oahhi tojíoax BunyAHJii Úu pyc- 
CRHxi Ki CAa^... n^apcRafl apifÍH Haxo^HJiacB bi caiíuxi xasesBixi 
oócxoflxeJiBCXBaxi, ho Boja ce6fl yAHBHxeJiBHO AO($JiecxHo. U^apB ne- 
peAaBajTB mh^, qxo caui bha^jtb, RaRi y cojiAaxi, ovh A^ficxBÍa 
sasAu, Hsi Hocy, bbi rJiasTi h ymeft mjia RpOBB; RaRi líHoríe, 
A06paBmHCb AO BOAbl, OHHBaJIHCB OH) h yMHpajiH; RaRi hhbo, xouhcb 
sasAOH) H roJOAOiTB, jramaJiH ceÓH »h3hh h np. Cjioboitb, 6íacxbÍ2, 
ROxopuifB HOABeprajacB pyccRaa apifia, ne noAAaK)xcH onncaHiio''. 
K)jib npocHJix y i^tpn nosBOJenin BBrjuiHyxb na MHpnufi aofo- 
Bopi, HO eMy CRasajiH, hto 9x0 a^o oco6oe, ne HMŠioniee HHRaRoro 
oxHoraeHÍa k% CiBepnony coiosy. K)jib npeAQOJiarajrB, qxo pyccRie 
ne noRasajiH eiiy AoroBopa h3x ^yscxBa cxuAa sa cboh ohihÓrh, h 
B*B sanHCRaxx roBopnxi^ qxo hxi nejiBSfl onpaBAaxB bi> sxoirB cjy- 
HsAj poxoMy qxo A-iH coiosHaro h ApysecxBonnaro rocyAapa hhhxo 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



PÁ3CBA3II EHOCTPÁBI^A. 289 

He fpoMO 6uio ociaBaTBCx laftBoi; — ho nepexB rtm oh*b cairB 
roBopiiTB, HTO Úevph ne ycoMHiuicfl pascKasuBaiB eiiy o tfixcTBeH- 
HOift nojKNBeHÍH pjccBofi apnÍH. JSÍjBahme ohi cooéntaen en^e 
lam noApo6HOCTH: „Ha Upyri (SbJíBiinui hectb o$Hi(epCR8£b noBO- 
don H BeiEieft Óiua orónra h pasrpaájieHa TaTapaMH; a to, Trt> 
ocoMCby notfpocaiH canH o^Hi^epti sa He^ocraTsoirB jomaAeft, 6aiB- 

miHCTBO SOTOpHXl n&SO HJH OHM otfeSCUeHO rOAOXOlTB. IIpH BTOITB 

H31 Ben^efty ocraBJíeHHiixi ApyrHMH, BonciĚ ($paii cetfi it6 eiiy 
HpaBuocB: vor^a se apirifl xocTHTja ^HŽcrpa, nesAT o4^Hii[epaifH 
BOBHinuni cnopEi. Oahh roBopHJoi, ^to lasafl-TO sen^B npEHa^JesHri 
exy, xpyrofi AOsasHBajrB, hto 3to bonám derelictom, wio nepsuft 
xoBJíHffB noTepflJix Ha Hero npaBO Cb t^xx noprs, Basi, 3a HeBos- 
MoamocTBH) peaiB, tfpocHjr& ero 7 Ilpyra. Bo Bpeiifl cpaseHia i^t- 
pn^i pasxapHJia Bcfi cboh Aparoi^HHue RaMHH h yspamemfl nep* 
BmrB nonaBniHMCfl CJiyraifi h oýai^epaiťBy no saicjno^enÍH se napa 
0To6pajia y hhtb 8th Be^n nasa^rb, oÓiabhfb, ito oh^ 6iijih ot- 
WHH HMi jnnnB na cóepeseme. Ropo?e, CMflieme qpexn pyc- 
CSHXB 6bjio Bceo^n^HMi, H OTB crpaxa ÓonmHHCTBO ne SHaio ht5 
Jt&iaTb'. 

En^e BTb MocBB^ K)jb ciQmajrB, tto Be^epoirB) vb aohb CBoero 
on&xa HBi CTOJHipi, Ilerpí o^mbeji^b EnaTepEny CBoeft óy^yn^eft 
cynpyroft; IOjb ocb%xomhic8 y sejHRaro Bani^epa, h totb no^TBep- 
jQurb cnpaBeAJiHBOCTB dToro eiyxa e cicasajrB, ^to noaroMy ee naxo 
TBTyiOBaTB BennecTBOMi. K)jib laBi n Kknu^^ xota no ero xn- 
moMaTHHecBnirB cooÓpaseHÍHirB diOTB THryn „ne noxotf&i^B 6u h 
niOHi^ecct BpoBH, noMOJiBJíeHHoft CB BopojeiTB, nosa ona Ch wswh 
He DOBÍHWHa". „BnpoieiTB, — npnóaBJflen oni, — otb noxo^naro 
BOSBexH^eHijBí HOBoe BejnnecTBO bobco ne craio BUCOBOMipn^e. 
Sorxa a nepexaBajii eft bi ii[apcBO]rB maTp^ cboh nosxpaBJíeHia, 
ona tfiua laBi ase jmóesna h ÓojTJiHBay BaBB Bcerxa, h sa i^ap- 

CBDrB CTOJIOITB, CA^XyH pyCCBOMy otiu^aH), COtiCTBeHHOpyTOO HOX- 

HocBia XH% H xpyrHiTB jiHi^aiTB BHHO Wh CTaBaH^ Ha Tapejnci^. 

BotcBo OTcrynajo nocn'6niHO, noroMy iro Bce en^e o^enB ona* 
caiHCB nepeii^Hii ptmeHÚi co cropoHH TypoBi. lOn xoJiseHB ($im 
crtxoBaTB xaJiBme sa i^apeHi bi IIoJBmy h wh Ilpycdio; ohb npo- 
isAJťh Hepedi JIbbobi bi BapmaBy h xajiie vh TopHB, v^i oui narnejn 
EsaiepHHy, ho yse ne BHX'&rB Ileipa. Bi 0BTfl6p6 owh npo- 
eruca cb EsaTepaHofi h nycTEJicfl xftJiBnie bhhsi no Becjií b^b 

Ha BTOiTB npepiiBaercfl pyccBÍfi nepeBOX'B sanncoBi, laBi BaBi 
upoxojuseHie hxi yse ne Hiiíen OTHomenifl Kb Pocdn. 



Tom il.— Mim, 1898. 19 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



290 rocTHim ebpoiih. 

Mu Hs&ieuH E»h sanHCOBi K)jfl muih H^Boropiui Hepm, |«- 
cyH)iqúi lapaRTejTL Ilerpa h TQrxaniHifi pyccBÍfi Ónm. Enie mhoix> 
jnofiomiTHaro pascbíHO vh droMi HCTops^ecBOirB nsMarBsoA, ycsoe- 
me BOToparo nameft jmepaTypl oocrasjAeTB saciyry r. II^ep6a- 
qeBa. KaK!B hex^ji HBiaTen, dro — ÓesíHCByccTBeHHutr, npaBXHBwft 
pa8CBa8iy KOTopiift ^^ocraBETb HCTopHRy Ilerpa ee Majio xapasTep- 
HHXi noxpoÓHOcrefi. Biorpa^^HnecBafl saiitTBa O Hanpacao xoneirB 
sasB 6h yMajiHTB SHaneHie Tpyxa Dja, nasiiBafl ero asropa flexa- 
jiesHMi: CBoe k^o ohi HcnojHiux xo^pocoB^^cmo^ h mh csasani 
6ti, HanpoTHBi, "iTO npe Bceo6iiieirB TorxamHeifB BiicoKOiitpHOirB 
H HexotfposanaTejiBHOifb OTHomeHie vh pyccmiirb, IOjb, yirtň oQ- 
xpaHHTb MHoro ÓesnpecTpacriii, h ero nonmiaHie ihhhocth Ilerpa no- 
BastiBaerb laByK) creneHB pasyMHaro Óedapncrpacrifl; Banofi He mr&ra 
MHoríe nsffb HHOcrpaHi^eBi Toro speMenn. J^si Hcropia Ilerpa no* 
BasaHÍfl lOjfl BO MHonixi ciy^anxi Óy^yn BecBMa i^hhu. Bi ero 
santicBazi fl&iaeisca nepex^B Hami nariBXHafl sapreHa, hbo xhb kl 
xeHB, Toft cJOXHofi 8D0XH, npoTHBopfeúi BOTopoĚ eii^e xo CBTb nop^ 
He ocB^THjracB BnojiH^ xu namero HcropB^ecRaro cosHaHia, h pascBas^ 
K)jB npHBJíeBaTeJieHi HifeHHO tíitb, tto H8o6pa3BaerL Ty anoxy kb 
efl HencK^xcTBeHHfiixi oÓuxeHHuxi j^aBiax^, rx^ sa hhmh en^e He 

BHXBTCfl BeJIHBifi HCTOpEHeCBÍĚ nOBOpOT^b, BOTOpilfi B% JBÍETB 00* 

Bepmajicfl. 

EcjH coÓpaTB BnewTjimfl, ociaBifleicufl areiTB óesopscrpacr- 
HinťB, CBOÓoxHinrB on BCflBaro npexBSBTaro Bsrjaxa pascsasom 
HysecrpaHi^a, lo npeaue Bcero nopasaerB la nojHaa, pixsafl ne- 
noq)excrBeHHOCTB bb caiiofi jhihocth Ilerpa: bi sanecsaxi JO^sl 
HecoMH^HHO B^pHO nepexftHii Tb Hepru xapasrepa, ch BaBHm 

nerpB X^fiCTBHTeJIBHO ABJIfleTCfl BO BCeft CBOei MHOFOCTOpOHHei H 

crpacTHoft x^bflrejiBHOCTH. OcraeiurB cnopi o tom^b, Óeltb jih axo 
TBopiecsift ^e^ift, BaRmii HsoÓpaacaiOTB ero naHerHpHCiH, hjh dro 
6iui TOJBBO noxpasaxeiB, bbrb roBOpSTB o hoitb npOTHBHHim, 

BO BCBBOITB CJyU% X^ pyCCBOt SH8HH OFO X^TeJIBHOCTB HaCTO 

tfiiBaja TBopnecTBOiTB HneHHO noTOMy, ?T0 HacTO ero x&io yrsep- 
sxaJiocB TOJiBKO ero jhhhoě anepneĚ. 9to (Sbltb bo bchkoitb ciy- 
Ha% CHJiBHiifi yiTBy rjy6oBO noHHBniifi Hai(ioHaiiBHyio norpetfHOCTB, 
yifB, He Hamexmifi fíUL c&6sí HHBaEoft xocraTO^HOfi mEOjni, noTOMy 
TTO otfpasoBaTOJiBHHfl cpexcTBa ciaparo tfuia 6iuh spaftHe csyxHH, 
H xo($HBaBmificfl caiTB aioft hirojiij tíitb neoCinaftHinrB noxBHroiTB 
caMOo6pa80BaHÍHy Roropiifi, noBHXHMOMy, xo chxi nopi ne namen 
XOcraTOTOoft oi^^hkh h bi soTopoM^ Ha xbjrb 6iuo nacrofloitee bo- 



*) „P. ApxHBi'', 1893, Jé 2. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



PA3CRA3EI HHOCTPAHItA. 291 

jme. ^pesBH^aftHO jik)6oiuitho npHseAeHHoe lOjieMi noRasanie ca- 
jforo Ilerpa, tto noisxKa bi Espony ofnnpuAa eny vuisa n hto 
BOidmaTB 9T0My xot^ocb vMeHHO eparaMi... Ho BMtcrt ch t&itb 
910 6wi9k HaTypa nepBOÓQTHafl, npn Bcefi CBoeĚ CErjr6 HaAJtOMJieHHafl 

mfi Vh paHHOlfL OTpOHeCTB^ Mpa^HUHH HCTOpHqeCRHMn yOSOBÚDIH, 

H&Typa, HeoCysAaHHOCTB soropoA BOcnHTiiBa;racB caMOK) shshbh) h 
no TpaxHipoHHOMy xapaKiepy BJiaciH hhh^hi ne CAepatHBajiacB. 
Ilerpy cj^aHO 6euo mhofo ynpeKOBX sa BTy nepxy ero npHpoxH; 
HO e^Ba jnr no^^easen coiíh^hík), ^to 9to tfujia ne tojibbo ero jhh- 
Hai qepra, ho hto OHa hmobho cos^aBajfacs TaRse bc^itb jífiBBmn 
awLfiflwb pyccRoft shshh. B% Usan^ FposHOMi pyccRafl Hcropifl 
Bsx^a npHMŠpi eAsa jih ho Óbjíhmet e ropasxo Menše i^eco-" 
o5pa3Hoft HeoCysxaHHOCTH; ona Óum vb oÓn^Exi HpaBaxrb: canne 
iqpoi](eccH BHyrpeHHaro pasBHTifl coBepmajiHCB pa^OMi HeoCys^aH- 
Hsrxi RpaftHOcret, RaROBu 611JII1 RasHB SBana FposHaro, a'9^híji 
EpxaRa, CMyru HesAyi^apcTBifl^ bojihohúi pacROJa^ pasÓOB CTeHBBH 
PasHHa, crpi^oARÍe 6yHTu. GjiaÓafl cxeneHE oÓpasoBaHÍH ne iiorjía 
m CMJimTB HpaBOBrB, HH j^axb rocyAapCTBeHHLiMi, o6ii;ecTBeHHfiiirB, 
peiHríodHEiifB H HapoAHsifB ABHseHÍfliTB TOFO ocBŠn^eHÍfl, RaRoe 
npiofipiraeTCfl TpyxoH^B Haynaro sHaHis h coseaTejiiBHaro MHOUie- 
Hii. Ob OAHOft CTOpOHH, pyccRafl shbbb nerpoBCRaro spoHeHE njia- 
TuacB sa HeAoqeTH crapHHu; ch ApyroĚ cropoHu, ona BnepBHe 
OTpimajiacB on MHeoj[orH?ecRaro MÍpoB038pÍHÍfl. 

Bb xapaRTopi Ilexpa, RaROft flBjmercfl vh pa3CRa3Š IOm h Ra^B 
aro noATBepsAaeTCfl bcímb HSBŠcríflUEr, ÓpocaeTca bi» rjasa HeoCtiR- 
HOBCEHafl npocTOra: HHorAa ona AOxoAHrB jifl CBoero po^a naHB- 

HOCTH. no npeaiHBlťB HSBŠCTÍflMl MOFJIO RasaTBCfl, HTO OHa ÓEua 

HaifipeHHafl, HanpHMŠpi Ror^a owb npHHEMa^ii HHOCTpaHHux'B no- 
uoffB 8a Ropa6eJiBHO& pa6oToft; ho nsi paBCRasoBi K)jisí o^eBHAHO, 
9T0 eiiy npocTO CRy^no 6ujio TpaxHTB Bpeiia na nycTBifl oiepeifonÍH, 
Ror^a Óesi hhxi hosrho 6ujio o^oSthcb: ohi ycnoROHBaerB a^t* 
ciaro noeaaHHHRa, hto mosstb, nosajiyft, o5ofiTHCB 6earb BŠpHTejiB- 
Hoi rpaMOTEi, noTOMy ^to h 6e?B nea yae BHaexi ero; o cepBes- 

HHXl A^aXl rOBOpHTB Ch EHWb 8a BeCeJtOi HOHOfiROfi, H K)jlB d 

xpeneroiTB cjiiinnajrB, hto i^apB npe nocTopoHHHX'B cbeaštojax^b 
rpoMRO roBopsTB TaRÍfl Ben^B, ROTopsui, no mhšhíh) AftTCRaro ahujio- 
nata, AOiUBHU 6um 6u fobophtbch tojibro aa Tafinofi R0H^epeH^iH. 
Boocjišactbíh K)jb yse npBBBiRi k% Tony, hto cb iiíapeirB Bcero 
jloÓEÍbe BcrpfeBTBCfl b fobopbtb, RorAa offB tfHBaerB y Roro-HH6yAB 
VB rocTflxi na nnpy, a ocjib uapB ehrofo ne npBHBMaerB b xo- 
leTB ocraBaTBCfl oabh'b^ to b'b RpattHeifB cjiyHa'6 mosho batb r% 
oevy B np0MO, noARynBBmB ero A^HB^BRa, — RaR'B ohb OAHasAii^ 

19* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



292 BftCTHHRl EBPOnU. 

H cjijbjíBjn^. He OAHasA^ K)jb nopasaerca t^^b, hto i^apb roso- 
pHTE CL HHiTB RaBi CL paBEHiTB; EorAa K)jiB OTpeBaexcfl nHTB B 
Kb Ba^ecTBi MopflBa ytíi^raeTb otb ujáysí na sopaéeiBHUfl CHacrii^ 
IleTpx He ycTjnaen eMy n cam jri^ii sa hhmi co craBaHOiťb 
Bi 3y($ax'B. TaBi se npocro, saEi owh Becerarcfl h myrHrB, Ilerp^B 
npHHHMaerca h sa pa6oTyi n bi paóorl, BOHeuo, eMy ne 6iua 
paBHaro. K)ju> omŠHaerB h en^e o^Hy lepiy ero xapasiepa: oa- 
HaacAu IIeTpi> pascBasajii eny p^Asi^ csyiaft, soiopiifi MorB <$h 
BasáTBCfl HeB^pOflTHHMi; HO IOjb saiiiHaeTi, hto iiiaps 9to BHx&a-i^ 
caiTb H ^TO owb I, ne csjíOHeni si BUMUCiaMi". Taseiíi o^pasoirB 
eciH Bi A'^OBiiXB oÓCTOflTejiBCTBaxi OHI ynoTpeÓjrajTB AnnjonaTH-* 
lecByH) xHTpocTB, TO Bi OFO jiHHHOifB xapasTepš npocTOTa coexH- 

HflJ[aCB H Ch npaBAHBOCTBH), BOTOpyK) CneJTB HySHUMl OTMŽTHTB 61*0 

HCTopHBi. dra, MOXHO csasaiB, reponnecKafl npocroTa Rasercs 
Haifi ne tojibbo jiH^Hofi, ho Hai^ioHajiBHoi lepioĚ. 

Bet cBHAiTejiBCTBa, %% BOTOpBifB HpHMHKaeTB TenepB H pas- 
CBasi namero BHOcrpanivt, roBoparB, sx cosajK^HÍK), ^ro dra npo* 
CTOia nepexoAiua bi Bpa&HioH) rpy6ocTB HpaBOBi, Boropaa Bupa- 
sajiacB, HanpHHipi, crpamHuirB nBAHCTBOMi, rpyóUMH noT^aiiB 
H T. H. Mu saif^HajH yse, hto ocHOBa aioro 6iiJia yHacjiiAOBaHa: 
BCfl ciapafl pyccBafl sbshb 6ujia jiHmena dcreTH^ecBHxi yxoBOJB- 
ctbíí Ůojňe BEicosaro pas^opa. Kor^a owk hosbíníjihcb bb nepBHft 
pasi KB BHA% xeaxpa HHOseMHUxi BOMOAianTOBi, i^apB Ajesc^ft 
yB^eBajicfl hmh saBi pe6eH0Bi; ho xeaipi 6iiJii a'3^o cjiosHoe; 
^To6u owh MorB ycTaHOBHTBCfl HacTOflH^HMi oépasoMi, ipeÓOBaiocB 
Bpeiífl, TpeÓOBaJOCB H^ROTopoe npeABapBiejiBHoe jHrepaiypnoe pasBH- 
TÍe, — nepBue ohhtu nacToantefi ci^eHii, na pyccBOMi abubí, abejhcb, 

BaBl HSB^CTHO, MHOFO HOSAH^e, HMeHHO TOJIBBO OBOIO HOJIOBHHil HpO* 

Huaro B^Ba. Ilerpí ne Aynaji h mofx ne AynaxB o6x droiTB, y nera 
ÓiiJio ciHHiBoiťB MHoro 6ojiie BJieiieHTapHiixi, n (kKi^ BpynHuxrb^ 
saéoTB, H ASfl pa8BJieHeHÍ& ero canoro n ero „ABopa" ocraBaiHCB 
cnocoóii npocnie b, qacTÍK), nepBotfuTHBie: MopcBÚi nporyjBH, my- 
TOBCBifl norixH, AOMamHÍe npasAHHBH e ocoóenno myMHue napu. 

Ho 6iuia OAHa cropona ero yBecejnenifi, nojyHaBmafl HapoAHoe 
3Ha?eHÍe. Easi no ero npHBasy ocnoBajiHCB nepBsifl pyccBÚi raseru, 
BOTopiifl AOJisHu ÓujivL OHOFln^aTB O rocyAftpcTBeHHuxi COÓEiriflXX^ 
TaBi OHX jiso6eji% BceHapoAHO TopsecTBOBarB no(í6AH, BOTopufl OAep- 
SHBajiHCB pyccBHMH BoficBaMH, 8aBjiio^eHÍe MHpa H T. n.: eify xot£- 
JOCB ne TOJiBBO myMHO npasAHOBaTB CBoe TopseciBO, ho CA^iaTB 
8T0 TopsecTBO otfn^eHapoAHiíMi. Bmíctš Ch tímb 8TH TopsecTBa 
MorjH 6uTB Harj[flAHE[Mi yBa8aHÍeM'B ycnixa, BaBÍe npioÓpiTajia 
pyccBoe rocyAapcTBOy h HarjiflAHOfi san^Hxofi npeo^pasoBaHifl, boto* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



PA3CBA3U HHOOTPAHI^. 29 S 

poe óujío BejHqa&inHMi HHiepecoMi ero shshh. Mu bha^h hsi 
pascBasoBi K)jfl, hto h sjsibch otfeapysHBajiacB ero HenocpexcTBeH- 
hoctb: OffB caifi yejeRajicfl TopsecTBOicx h, HanpHMŽpB^ bi tomi 
opasAHOBaHÍE nojrraBCRoft uoů^njHy Roropoe onHcuBaerB K)jib, owh 
BbpoflTHO ^fiurs onsflHeHi rpaHAiosHUMi mecTBÍearB paEsme, ^irs 
Ha^ajiHCB t£ yron^eHÍfl, Roropufl conpoBOSX&^H ero no yjiHi](aMi 
MocBBH. XapasxepHO h to, hto sa^b, saRX bx Apyrexi cjy^aHxiy 

^ XOT&IOCB 06lIBH0BeHH0 OOeAHHBTB CB T0p3SeCTBeHH0CTBH) H myTBy^ 

I cpeffi pyccBHrB hojirobx, cpe^H Tpoj»eeBi sbjajocb myroHHoe 
BHiepMeip^o. Oh^ jnoÚnuTh myrBy h vl CBoeft oÓsraHoft 6e(A]sjbj ho 
oieBHxei^ H HHOseiiei^, qyaBAuft pyccsoĚ asHSHH, saifiqaerB, ^to hh 
mynca, hh x&se ABHoe najiHmecTBO ne pohhjih ero xocroHHCTBa, 
sasi rpy6afl patfoxa, otb Boiopoft ohx ne OTRasuBajiCfl, ne ifimajia 
«ify coxpanflTB CBoe npocroe BejH^ie. 

Ri cosai%HÍH)y IlerpoBCRafl 9noxa 6£Lia en^e cjiHnisoirB 6ÍAHa 
oi^pasoBaHÍem. dmm> na^o o^xachatb to, mo pyccsie ooBpeifeH- 
flinsH ocraBHJiH xasi najio pascRasoBi o tomi BpeMenH h o caifoiii 
Ilerpi. IIpH dTOifB HeAOCTaTR'£ sanncoR^ IlerpoBCRaro BpeMOHH^ 
pascsasi EHOcrpani^a CTanoBHicfl i^'£hhbim'b t^mi ÓojAe^ hto owl 
xon 6ujb coBepmeHHO CBoCo^eHi orB pyccRaro upscrpacrifl kb xy 
BXH xpyryio CTopony. „HeftaJieRifi^, RaRi roBopflxx, kbltckiř no- 
oaHHHBi, B% nepBuŘ padl nonaBmiž wb Poccíh) h cb caicaro na* 
H&ia npexy^JisA^HEEift npoiHBi pyccRHXx, ne ORasuBaBniHXX eny 
AOJZHoft axTeHi^H H npH cjiyHa'£ otfMaHUBaBniHXi ero, eByiiijB, 
oxHaBO, noHflXB, RaRoe neoÓuRHOBeHHoe AB^ienie ohx bhaÍjtb nepex^ 
tioÓoŘ vh jonsh pyccRaro iiapa. 9to BneHaTji'£HÍe conpoBOS^aexi ero 
npE Bcfixi BCTp'£Haxi CB IlexpoiTB, H jifiLTRe TO Aypnoe, vrb owh 
npexnoiarajTB vh ero ^'iftcTBiflxi, BBi3BiBaeTB bi neiíi toibso oo- 
sartnie, ^T0 ctojb BesHRÍfi h pasyMHufi hojiob^rx moitb xonycxHTB 
vh ceňib xasie ne^ocxaTRH. JIh^hoctb noxofinofi chju, ohobhaho, 
tana no ce&b xoďsna ^Bua cxaxB BejiHRHirB HcropE^ecRHirB j»aRTO* 
poMi, H ncHXOJoraqecKoe HsyqeHÍe axofl jmnocxn h es bjIahúi 
Mosexi xftTB MHoro cyn^ecTBeHHiixi oCiflCHenift vb coBpeiieHHoft k 
jtaiBH^flnieft HCxopÍH pyccRaro oÓn^ecTBa. 

A. niinHHi« 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



CTHXOTBOPEHIfl 



IN MEMORIAM. 

Ha oprÍH, npH lUBKaxi ^ROBamfi, 
GpeAH TOJinii HSAMeHflHxx 6ojn7HOFL, 

nOAl SBOHBÍft CMfo[l nOrepflHHHXl COSAaHÍĚy. 
nopOH) fl piIAaTB rOTOBl... 

Ho CHHinBCfl TUy MOft MHJIIlfi Mej^HCTO^^&IB: 
n Bl 9T0TB MBrE He C^aCTBe H JIK)60Bb, 
A HeHaBBCTB TBOft OSHBJfleTB npOJ^HJIB, — 

H c^acTJiBBi fl, ÓesyMHO c^acrjiBBi bhobb..» 
EedyHHO paji, hto aro cep;^^e tfBerca, 

?T0 SH8HB — MOfl AO FOpBBarO ROHIQ^, 

HoByAa HBTB efl ne otfopBeTCfl 
HoAi HrjaMH TepHOBaro B^ei^a... 



HA nPOmAHLE. 

Bceiiy BOHei^i... iieHTairB hsbshh, 
n eft BOHei^, Moeft jih>6bh! 
Bce noBHAaio a vh ot^bsbí, 
Bce c^acTBe, MyKH Bei cboh... 

Hxy SI ^ysAOH) ^oporoĚ, 
Haj fl Bx Hysxue Bpaji, 
rA'í HeHaBHsy s lairB mhofo, 
n rxi JX)<ino Tan Majio a... 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



CTHXOTBOPEHIfl. 295 



NOCTURNO NUOVO. 



Be^epien. Bo utA roiy^ofi 

PasropaiDTCfl sb&au xymemíif 

H KHxaerb ysop^b sojiotoě 

JlyHHtift CB^TL CBB08B aueH tíhhctsíi... 

EAKh pŠKOX) BOJIHECTafl MlJia, 

3ajierjia nejieHofi ($£jioch&khox> 

n nOA^B Q^CHK) BaByK)-TO H&KHyK) 

JI^UB nojieft 8ai0Tiix'B saiiepjia... 
A xm&HÍ6 RiasHuxx jiyroBiy 

CUOBHO B8A0rb left-TO THZift AOHOCHTCfl, 

n nosofi FB cepffle 6ifi,Eoe npocHxcfl 
Ob BepeHHiiieK) cmKOcmurb chobi..* 

ToAso JiacBH ropa^ro aha, 

%tpil H&KHIlfl HOn EliHHTeiBHOfiy 

He H86aBffrB otb CBopÓH MyHHrejiBHOĚ, 
On TOCKH He móaBBTh Meofl... 

Sxrri MeHfl TOJBBO ^epHue ahh, 

Sxyn OXH% TOJIBSO HOHH 6e800HHIIfl, 
n BEKl XOpiI HXX MyKB nOXOpOHHHe, 

BesHaAeaKHU h CBopÓHH ohh... 



M. Maptobi. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



KPECTLHHCKIfl HYIJIH 



ETh HSCII&aOBATBIH 



I. 

HexaBHO noflBELscfl HHrepecHEift cÓopHHSi cb^a^híS o cejBCRnn 
pa6oHHxi vb FepiiaHiH, cocrasjeHEiit no HHH^iaTHBft h noA'^ pyKO- 
BOXCTBOITB H8BtoHaro j^Vereín ffir Socialpolitik'. Mu ysnaeirb iisi 
dioro o5opHHRa, hto nMoseme wbuenvmca CaTpaKOBi Teneps yse 
ooBepmeHHO se to, BasHirB oho Óíhao ABa^aTB Atl nasa^B. IIo- 
BCIDA7 (SesseifenHiie naeMHue pa6oHÍe oÓsaDOAflica cbohmi 006- 
CTseHHiíMi zoBflftcTBOirB, pacnojiaraK)TB hjh HiriiorE bosmoshocte 
pacnoaaraTB H'£soTopmfH cÓepeaceHÍflMH, ynacTByioTB bi c6epera- 
TejiBHiixi H BpexHTHiirB Baccarb; BuiiHCHBaiorE h ^irraiorB ra- 
seiH, ynorpe^unoTB cboh q[)eACTBa na noBynsy seiuiH h najio-no- 
Majiy iipoHHRaH)TCfl cosHaHÍem cbooě rpasxaHCROĚ h noJHTH^ecBofi 
HesaBHCHMOCTH HO OTHomeHÍK) Kh seiLieBJia^^bm^urB, Hys^ann^HMca 
vh vrh Tpyxi. GejBCide xosaeBa en^yrB paÓo^Exi, a ho Hao6opor&; 
OHH no*HeBOJ[š ffisoTh Hiii xopomyH) njaxy h npexcTaBJUiH>rE vm% 
pasHiifl SHTeftcKÍfl yxoÓCTBa, htoÓu ne ocraTLca 6effb pa6oTHHBOBi 
vh flysHoe Bpeiifl. BaTpaRH oÓKUCHOBeeno nojiy^aioirB bx apenxy 
noBenejBEue yHacTBH na AroTHHZi ycAOBim; TpyxojnotfHBafl pa6o- 
^an ceMBfl MOsen, HanpHiiipB, bi Beci^aíÍHy orsjíaxiiBaTB ese- 
roAHO H^KOABO coTi MapoBi. Mes^y cejBCBHifH pa6omiH noBoe- 
míctho pacnpoerpaHeffB otfinaft crpaxoBaTB CBoe ABHauoioe miy- 
n^ecTBo; crpaxoBafl oi^Hsa xoxoxhtb HHorxa xo XByxi h xAse xo 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



RPECTBfl^GKIfl HySXH. 297 

Tpezi TacflTE MapoRi. ^Fasera HBTaK)TCfl no^TEBciiiH paCo^miH"; 
Bi ffipesEBTb cyn^ecTByiorb lOBapiniiecTBa jí^h cóaxa npoAyKTOBi, 
eeaeio-xodflficTBeHHiie ook>8u ajui oobhícthoS saKynBH címahi h 
icsyccTBeHHHxi yA06peHÍft h t. n. Bi Tasí HasHBaeMcixi Rpe* 

CIbflHCSHXl HMŽHiflXl paÓOTHHSH HO 06pa8y SH8HH HH^^Ml He OTJH- 

^aDTCfl 0TB xosfleBi. MojiOAue pa^o^ie CTapaH)TCfl HasonETB xenBin 
m npíoCp^xemfl He6oJiBinHxi yqaciBOBi seiuH, npes^e h'Imi Bcry- 
lUTB Bi CpavB, H BTO HiTB yxaeTCfl, HecMorpji Ha AoporoBHsny 
noeeiiejiBHOfl coÓCTBeHHOCTH % 

HamH BpecTBJiHe-oo6cTBeHHHKH, 2BHByii^e BnporojOAL cpeAH saji- 
Koft, ÓesorpaxHofi oÓcraHOBSE, Morjm 6ii, sasercfl, nosaBHxOBaTB 
H&íei^RHirB fiaTpasairb. dsoHOMH^ecBafl HesaBHCHMOcrb Bce Óojrbe 
emHOBHTCfl ^HBipeft x^fl SHanreiBHOft ^acTH Hamero specTBAHCTBa. 
KpecTBflHe jenco nonaxaK^n kb saóajiy bi coc^ahuitb BjaA'&na^airB 
I syjaBaM'B; HeyposaftHue roxu, pocroBntHHecBift speAHTB h no- 
mwasí TflrocTH nocreneHHO npeBpamaiorB caifocroflTeJiBHiirB xo- 
saeffB KB rojOAHiixi npoierapieKB. OxiipaBJUiflCB na sapatfoTSH, 
8T0TB y(k>ríft AepeBeHCBÍft jnoAi oonamaercfl na boibíjí ycjiOBifl; 
Bi Hanifixi creiiHiixi xosflĚcxBaxi pa6oiie, Rasi iiyaR^Hii, TaRi 
H seHn^HHU, roTOBu cnaxB noAi oŤRpuTHifi HetfoirB, na roioft 

Seiui, HO TOIBRO BeCUOH) VL JI^TOITB, HO H OCeHBH), CB MaX DO 

0KTa6pB. „Eto MOserB bíihocth TaRoe nojioaceme, — ho^th nojroAa 
ociaBaTBCfl 6eKB RpoBa, — Rpoiii Hamero pyccRaro MysHRa?^ — cnpa- 
niHBaerB oahhb hsi HaniHX'B yqeHuxx cnei^iajrHCTOB^ no cejuBCRony 
zosflĚCTBy. TorAa RaRi cejBCRÍe tfaipaRH bx repnanÍH noAHHMaiOTCfl 
BB ropy, jjpj^majDTh cboS 6uTb h naA^iOTCfl coBpeMeneirB ca%- 
JiTBCfl aufocTOflTejBHHMH xosfleBaiíH, nanra RpecTBflHe-co6cTBeHHHRH 
Bce 6osbe onycBaiOTCfl bhhsi, noAi AasjíenieirB icaTepiajcBHBixi 
HeBBTOAi H yiiCTBenHOft tbmu. JífiSBie o^iuiBHEift ypo»aft ne cnacaen 

RpeCTLflffB OTTB 6ÍAH, npH OTCyTCTBÍH EJH HCAOCTaTO^HOCTB pa6o* 

Haro CRora e npE TpeÓOBaHÍExi HeMeAJeHHofi ynjiaTH naRonEBUiExcE 
H^OHMORi. 6i 1888 roAy zjii6i> npeRpacno ypoAEJca b^ xaBps- 
^ecBOĚ ry6epHÍR) e rbwb ne Menée MicTflOMy npeACtaBETejH) Bjacra 
npHOMOCb BucRasaTB KB ryÓepncROiTB seiccROifB co6paHÍE cJi'6AyK)- 
EÚE xapaxrepHUfl cJioBa: ^KaaRercfl, npE xaROJifB nediiBajiOMi no 
(oimrcTBy ypoauťi mosho 6íijo 6u osEAaTB, hto HUH&nnift roA^^ 

OB BB^IITROlťB BOSHarpaAETl npODIilUfl nOXepE; kb AMcXBEXeJBHOCXE 

se Ha&iDDAaexcfl BBjeme coBepmenno oópaxnoe: 9x0x1 rpoHaAHutt 
tSoipb xjri6oKBy Roxopufi AMxem 6BurB oÓesnoHEXB cejiBCRoe nace- 

*) Die Yerh&ltnisse der Landarbeiter in Nordwestdeatschland, WOrttemberg^ 
Badoi nud in den Beichalanden. Leipzig, 1892 (Schriften des Yereins fOr Social- 
potilik, LI1I, Bd. I). 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



298 v%crsBKh ebpoiui. 

jeme h CHatixBTB ero q)eACTBaifH w^ AajiBHiftniHXi poůam^ me 
onpasAaJTB otfn^iirb oxoffimŘj h Hacejeme, no HeBUflCHeHEsorL npv- 
^EEhWhy He Menie npesraro ^yBCTByen He^ocraioffE n xeHes- 
Hiizx cpexcTBaxx''. IIo ciobemi m^cthiixi seMCBHn nacrtxoBa- 
TeJieiy BO MHonm M^bcrasB npecTBAHe bo Bpeiffl y^opu jžbÓOBrh^ 
pa6oTajH jsMBWh h hohbk); i^hoapoctke h moio^híi sesm^HHii naxuH 
BO BpeHfl pa6oni kx Beiepy h lyn ase saeaiiajuiy teki hto bi zary 

HTB OTHOCiUra OOHHIUIH''. ÍÍDAH, BIlfiEBaJOICB HSl CHJB, H BOe-TaKH 

He ycíAjai ocemio CBesiH xjiš6i cb nojefi, no He^ocraTBy nepe* 
BOso^HHXi cpeAcm; „MHoríe seiueBiax&iBipiy — nais^ csasaHO etb 
seMCEOifE c6opHHKÍ 3a 1888 poa^b,— on yposas Hacroaiivtro roxa 
padopEJiHCB*' (!) 0« PasopeHÍe otb yposafl! Mosho m ufOfjMvrh 
(kxilie iipKoe xoBasaxeiBCTBO HenopnaiBEOCTH nojosBemi Bcero 
Hamero HapoxHaro xosflftcTBa? H &iaroxaTHiiĚ yposat Hxen yse 
se BnpoKB otfescueHHOMy KpecTBJíHCTBy h BusiiBaerB auuotfu senjie- 
BiaxiABi^eBi, BonpesH npHpoxii Beo^efi. EpecTBSHe ae Moryn cnpa- 
BBTBCfl Cb ypoauieiTB H BiiHysAeHH o6siBaTB npoxysTti sa tiesqi- 
hobb; seiueBjíax&iBitii eipaAaiorB otb nexodaTBa pado^Hzi pysiB 
H OTB ^pesM^pEaro ynaxKa u^wh. EpecTBEECBas Macca Bce 6ojte 
danyruBaercfl e GixBritera, xBopEHCSoe senjeBiax^e pasopaeiCE, 
luaTesfliifl CEjfii Hapoxa naxaion, a nocrpoenHiit na hexi rocy- 
xapcTBeEHtift tinxserB nepemejTB yse sa ^epry MEJuiapxa. RarB 
saiTE Biixox'B E8B dTOFO saBOJ^OBaHEaro spyra BospocraioiivDrB 
HapoxHHXB Hysxi E norpeÓHOcreft? 

dsoHOME^ecRoe nojiosenie specTBEscTBa Bsynaercfl y sací ch 

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lue TpasTaTHy nocBjfo^eHHiie pasóopy HamETB HapoxHO-xosflftcTBeH- 
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no cnocoCaMi ero o6pa(JOTRE cx^^iajiH 6ii hoctb jnoóoft sanaxHO* 
eBpon^CBOĚ jiETepaTypi. Ho bc% bte xo^pocobíciehe Bsy^eHÚi 
ocraiOTCfl (fesnjioxHiíME xJfl sebhe, e6o ohe, mosho csasaiB, cob^^)- 
meHHO ne cyH^ecTByH)T!B xJfl x&iTejeĚ e yqpesxemfi, npHSBaH- 
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JETEKE. IIpaBxa, H Wh cneiQajiBHOfi JiETepaTypi ne ydanoBHjiocB 
emfi exHHCTBO BsríHxoBi ornocEreJiBHO híbotopbxx cyo^ecTBenHiirB 
CTopoHi Hamero seiuex&iBTOCBaro tfiira; no ochobhhe nysxH Bpe- 
CTBJíHCTBa BUflcnenii yse, ftas&iocB tis, ch hojhok) o^eBHXHOCTBio. 
FjaBHHft ECTOUEBi Bc^xx HamExi HapoxHuxi 6ix'B— yMCTBeHHas 



') Cp» Bl KHBrt fi. £. nOCTHHKOBa, lOsHO-pyCCBOe KpeCTMHClOe XOMftCTM), 

crp. 88—90. 



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EP£CTBflHOBUi BVSAU. 299^ 

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X2I Hi^Aft HeoÓxoAHMx seiuexiiiBHecBiĚ KpexHrL vh AOcryiiHoft 
1 yxo^Hoft ^pmí, 9T0 HysHO ota^htl BeacsaHÍe noxaieft otk 
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8U0H'b H eyxeÓHafl KiacTB ne aujkhu x^BaTb opysie bi py«H 
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np&KTfliecBHXi npHMŠpoBi^ ycrpoficTBE oÓpasi^OBuzi ^pm^ biuk>- 
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yvuHnii H T. n. PasHorjiacúi h cnopii icacaiOTCfl jhedb BOiipocoB'B 
tioiie OTBje^eHHaro, leopeiHiecBaro xapaBTepa, Bani nanp. o 
BJ^^THoft cyAB(% aamefi seneuHOtt oÓmiHHtf. Oahh hsi mcjAMfi- 
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BC&iH o6mja% norpefiHOCiei specTBAHCioĚ naccu, to neccHiiBSMs 
nuerca Bnarai saBOHHHirb h HeH9(%XHUinb vh name BpeuB. %ík 
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vfiememE vk Hamefi jiHrepaiypi, CBHAÍTejbCTByH>n o ÓMhmowh 
canooTBepsemH ■ H^eansii^ aBTopoBi. Hysno hmítb Heiiajoe 
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i^aflHei wbfih^ htoÚu sypnajiHCTHBa omi^ajia bth patioru h ysa* 
sBBaia Ha BlITeBaK)^^e h3i> narB pesyjiBTaTa. 

Ha dTOTB pan mu ociaHOBHMCfl na AByrB BHHraxi HeoABnaEO- 
Baro AoeTOHHCTBa — r. KapumeBa o BpecTBHHCBHxi apeHAaxx h 

r. B. nOCTHHBOBa o lOaBHO-pyCCBOlťB apeCTBBHCBOirB XOSflftCTBi. 

GonneHie r. KapumeBa — nayHHHft xpaBTaTB, oopasaionut Aaase 
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r. HocTHBBOBa BOBÓyasAfterB crapue Bonpocu o iiajioseMeiBii, o 
HeAOCiaTBarB o6ntHBHaro seiueBjaAiHÍB h o&h yeioBiaxi npaBHiB- 
Hoi 8eiueAÍJiB9ecBofi ByjBTypu, cb to^bh spima HHiepecoBi ceiB- 
csaro xosaftcTBa. F. KapumeBi AoaasiiBaerB, hto specTBAHCTBO 
cípaxaecB otb MaiodeifaiBfl; r. nocTHHBOBx yrBepsAaerB to se caiioe^ 
Bo o5a npHxoABTi b'b pasHUMi h AasBe npoTHBonoJosHiiirB saBJna- 



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300 B^CTflHlTB EBPOnH. 

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npH dTOMl, HTO HHCIO TaKHXl BpeCTBflH'B OnpeA^JfleTCH ffiCSTKSME 
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caaro A^a. T^ IIocthbkokb yBJíeRCfl npEM^pom wbueniíEX% kojio- 
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jiíbjío H^erB o MHJjdoHHofl RpecTBAHCBoS Mačci. r. EapumeBx xa- 
jieBi OTB noAO<$Hux'B H^eft, BOTopufl Booón^e BucBasuBaiDTefl xo- 
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BOBI CHHTaeTB sejaTejBEEiiTB „HeoTJiosHoe BEiflCHeme A^BcTBErejB- 

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paBHO, ^TO ÓjyacAaxB bi j^cy Cesi i^h, hjih nycTHTBCfl bi Mope 
<$e3i BOMnaca, Óesi pyjifl h 6e3'B bítphjii. TTpoTHBi npeABSAimrE 
Teopift o<$iiBHOBeHHO B03paataH)rB jiioah, Hifiioii^ie cboh coÓCTBeHHUfl 
AOBTpHHti H sapanie OTBepraion^ie BCflByio BpHTHBy hxi. Teopia 
ecTB TOJiBBO jioniqecBoe oCfo^n^eme ^asTOBi, noABeprnyTEixi ana- 
jHsy H npoBipB'!; oea BsipasaerB ofintyio ^^opMyji) Hdynaeifaro 
flBjieHÍB H He M02BerB saBJíiOMaTB vh ce6i HB^ero npoHSBOJBHaro, 
eciH ona AotfuTa ocHOBaxejiBHO, nyieMi cepBesnaro Hsco^AOBamfl. 
BiiBaH)TB TeopÍH oniHÓOTOBifl, jHmeHHsa j^aBTH^ecBoft hjth Hay^Hot 
noHBu; HXi MOSHO onpoBeprnyTB, mo2Bho npoTHBonocraBBTb em% 
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AyTCff OXOTHHBH OTBpHBaTB ÁMOpERy Vb TaBEXl 06jaCTflrB, BOTO- 

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HTO Aase OTBpKTÍH) AicepEBE npeAmecTBOBaia ESB^cTHaa Teopía, 
sacTaBjflBmaa npeAnojnaraTB cyn^ecTBOBaHÍe MaTepEBa 3a OBeanoifB. 

IIOHflTHO, HTO E r. 6. IIOCTHHBOBX ElfieTB CBOH) BeCBMa OIIpeA^' 

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KPSCTBflHCKIA EYSiJÍJA. 301 

cys^emfi*. nocMorpHMi, vb berhiix buboasmi npHinejix HasBaHHUĚ 
aBTopi Bx CBoeMi TpaKTart. 

n. 

Knera r. IIocTHHROBa, BaBi CRasano vh npeABCJOBÍH, hocba- 
qeHa onBcaHÍK) specrsaHCKaro xoBAftcTBa bx Tpexi ryCepsiarL Hobo* 
pocda; 9to onucanie ^flBJífleTca oxqacTH pesyjBTaTOiii Bsy^eHia seif- 
CKO-craTHCTHHecBHXi Hscj^AOBanift, npoHSBexeHHuxx bi nocs^xH^e 
AecflTuiTie, orqacTH se njioffiwb jihhhuxx Ha6;iK)AeHÍft na^^B spe- 

CTbflHCBHMX XOSflfiCTBOMl'^ 9 KOTOpUA aBTOpi HM&Il CJy^att A^aXb 

npH pasrbisxaxi vh 1887 "—88 ro^ax^B no ycrpoficiBy BaseHHuxi 
deMejiB Bi laBpHHecRofi ry6epBÍH h bi j^THÍe mšcbi^u 1889 h 
1890 roxoBiy opoBe^eHEue hmi» bi dRCRypmxi no c^BepniiifE 
yisAaifi ry6epHÍĚ TaBpH^ecBOĚ h xepconcBofi Cb cne^iaJIbHOH) nishixy 
Hsy^eHÍJi BpecTBBBCBaro xosaficTBa. Ho aBTopi hcbojbeo o(k)6ntaerB 
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BsriflAUy BOTopye BUTesaiorB y nero hsi cnei^iajiBHaro Hdy^enifl 
Tpexi HOBopocdĚCBHXi ryóepHÍfi; oni tíbJíBmeH) nacTBio roBopHTB^ 
npaBAa, o losHO-pyccsoHi RpecTBflHCTBi, no npex^araeMUfl hitb 
aasoBOxaTesBEUfl h npaBHxejiBCTBeHHBifl wk^u hmšioti yse o^n^ifi 
xapasTepx. F. Docthebobi ne bíphtb b% Cyxyn^HOCTB nameS caiB- 
CKoi utfniHHu. „HejiBaa osH^aiB, — roBopnrB ohx, — htoÓu oaecro- 
HeflBaa 6opB6a, npoEicxoAfln^afl xenepB bi caiBCRoft sashe na no^B^ 
deMjeBJíaA^Eiji; cnoco6cxBOBaja kb Cy^ynteirB pasBHiiK) bi BacejeniH 
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302 raOTHHKl EBPOníI. 

cMiícii, CROJ&BO H jí^a caMoS TexHEKn 3eifjex&rifl^ ^). Abtoptb eo- 
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ry5epHÍflzx eciB iraoro 6jaroiipiflTHiix% ycjOBÍft f^na pasBHriff npex* 
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fiOCTB npejJtMBJMers BHa^HiejiBHEifi cnpocL na paóonifl pyBH b ua- 
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poAHyH), HO HacTOflntyK) nycxiiHK), no Boropofi tfpoxfln craxa irepH- 
H0C0Bux'B OBei^i, jsfií Hspi^Ba Bcrp^qaiDTCfl He6ojBmie nocejiKH h8% 
tíiiBniBxi no]fin](HqBBX'B BpecTBflH'B. TaRyH) ase nycniHio npexcraB- 
^fler^B 3ana;^Hafl ^acTB aieBcaHApoBCsaro yisxa eBaTepHHOCJiaBCBOft 
ry6epHÍH, jotseue ^acTH ylsxoB^ ejiHcaBerrpaxcBaro h ajieBcaH;(pift- 
'csaro H H'lBOTop£ifl M^CTHOCTH yšs^ORB xepcoHcsaro, OAeocsaro h 
MejHTonoJEBcaaro. ^HByn^ie wh paĚOHŠ raBHXi js»,wh 6iiBinie no* 
MŠntOTBE BpecTBflHe He Moryn npeA'BflBi[TB 6oji[Bnioro cnpoca na 
BjaA'&iBHecByH) seMJno or^aciB vh CHJiy CBoefi Majio^HCJieHHocTH, 
OT^acTH H no CByAOCTH HHŠioniarocfl y hhx^ senjejif^BqecBaro hh- 
BenrapA* (crp. 19). Bi c^Bepniixi yisAaxx xaBpinecBoft ry6epHÍH 
RpecTBflHCBoe seujiejsjime pasBHJiocB ycninmo h npHnaJO CBoeo($pa8- 
HHft xapaBTepB bi dnoxy ceMHAecaTíixx roxOBi, noAi BJiismewh 
B£icoBHX'B jsíkwh Ha x.iMb h ycHJiHBniarocfl BsiBOsa ero sa rpaHHi^y. 
H^lnei^Bifl bojiohíh HecoMninno ORasajiH CBoe RyjiBTypDoe jíjbiiCTBie 
Ha RpecTBflHCRoe HacejieHÍe Rpaa. IIo cjvoBa&rB asropa, tojihori vh 
HOBOify HanpaBjeHÍK) bi> xosflficTB^ 6hijrb xani H^nei^RHUH rojiohh- 
craMH H ocotfeHHO MOJORanaMH. IIoflBHJHCB yjry^meHHfiifl opy^ifl, 
pasHUfl ceiBCROxosH&CTBeHHBífl MamHHH H npHcnoco6j[eHÍfl, ROTopiia 
<}HCTpo nomjH Bi xoA^B H MesAy RpecTBanaMH; „wb 9tb ManiHHGi 
Bx nepBoe Bpeiffl npio6p6Ta;iHCB HCRJHO^HreJiBHO bi H']^ueipcHX'B ro- 
JOHÍflX'B, HO TenepB H^Roropiifl hbi hhxx (Ópe^RH, b&ijirh, nJiyrH, 
<?opoHH) npHroTOBJUiiOTai H 3% pyccRHX^B MacrepcRHXi, naxoAfln^HXca 



*) B. E. nocTHHKOFb, K)sHO-pyccxoe ^ecT&iiHCKoe xosaficTiio, crp. XXXIL 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



BPÉCTbflHCKIfl ŘJSiAhl. 303 

BO MHoraxi 6oji%e 3HaHHTej[BHiix'B cejiefliaxx aroro pattoHa"". Mhofo* 
uGieHHiu MacTepcBiii H iiexaHHiecBÍe saBOXH HiveitKHXi BoiOHÍfty 
ni pa6oTHHBaifB cjejshjih h ciysaTL no npeioiyntecTBy pyccBíe 
BpecTBflHe, WíMB wbciBuwb ceMWh (oAmoe hhcjio ifacTepoB£iz'B, 
cnocoÓHHXi A^aib oo^hese MamiiHrb h nacrBK) ycipoiiBinHXx no 
cejiemflHi coÓCTBenHUfl xacrepcKÍji (erp. 5). IIopfl;^H y H%iii](eBib 
ooBcbirE ne rt, HTO Bi pyocKExi ceiaxi; ^BOJiocTBue nscapa b'b 
ROJOEiflxi — joojsM BecBMa EHTejrjrareBTEue, nojiy^aio^ie tfoibmoe 
coAepsanie'^ , ffi XByxi tcicahi vb vojnh; „oÓflBaESOCTB ase cejiB- 
aurB nflcapett EcnojEADTi ceACKÍe yquTejfl'*. OEpecTBiie BpecrbaBe 
ycBOBjín BO MnoroiTB xosflficTBeHBue npienu bojoeectobi^ so naib* 
syDTCfl 6jiarococTOEHÍeMi tojibbo TairB, rxii ecTb BOSMoasBOCTB Ae- 
meBO apesAOBaTB codb^mM deujiis. B% oómjdwh nojiosenie spe- 
obsíwh ociaeTCfl aobojibbo maTBEin. Bi xepcoBCBOĚ ry6epEÍE, no 
xaHEuifb seMCBofi nepenECE, 6oj%e ipeiE cejiBcsaro nacejeBÍE vb 
jisjMUTB ne EirierB pa6o%ro CBora, e lOJBtBBO 1 5 Vo o6^aro ^ECia 
XBopoBi BeAen seiiJieA^e, ne npE(Š%rafl vb noMon^E ^ysoro csota. 
HeaIiei ciEmBoiTB BeAOCxaToqsu; „nama seMJiE, — roBoparB spe- 
CTbflHe,— pacreRaercfl y naci no AymairL, BaBi Macjio''. 

EpecTBflHe sajlylOTCE na „yrtcBeBÍe vh seujň'^ b ne iioryrB 
npicrynETB b'b nepex&iairB na BajiE^miE fjmn no Toft npoexofi npE- 
^hhí, teo „neH&ii nibjímhcsi'^ ^ « nevěro A'^ETb''. Y ÓojiBniEHCTBa 
x>SB0*pyccBExi oúíofiwb sairbnaeTCfl noeroMy „Tarori^Bie bi nepe- 
lOAy Bx o($niEBflo-AOJ6Boe seMjeBJíaA^e'', Boropoe bo mbopexi 
jficraxi MoaserB c^EraTBCfl yse yciaBOBEBniEMCfl. Dtotb tbei 06- 
E^Eflii rocnoACTByerB ne tojbbo wh bojobíexi^ bo e bi TOBapEn^e- 
CTBaxi E81 pyccBEXX BpecTBEBi, npioOpi^BmExi seMJE noBynBOK). 
3eiUE A^^jmrcfl na onpex&ieBBoe ^Ecao na&BOBi; m']^cto btexi jtfi- 
lei Bi saTypi iioser^ irfiBflTBCfl npE nepioAEHecBoft nepoBepcTB^, 
61 BEAax'B Ba^ecTBeBBaro ypaBsesifl ota&ibbuxi yqacTBOFB. IIoj- 

BUITB XOSflfiCTBOMl CHETaeTCfl y BOJOBECTOBl yHaCTOKl Bil 60 AOCfl- 

TBfli; A&ieBie aa nojOBEBBUfl xoBaficTBa AonycBaerca tojbbo bi 
piABHXi cjiynaflxi. HaAiJBBaA seiijui se MOsen Óhtb be npoAa- 
BaeMa, be nepeAaBaena no nacatACTBy <$e3i pasp&neBÍfl o6n;EBu. 
06niEBa ycraBa&sBBaerB cnocoóu nojiBsoBaniE seiiJieK), onpeA^^^flen 
KOjra^ecTBO CBOia, AonycBaeiiaro sa bufobi otb BasAaro naa, e 
T. n. IIpE nepexoA*]^ xosflftcTBa no nacji^^^ACTBy uobíi ceice&CTBi, 
ycrpaBEOMBie on ynacTÍfl wb seMi^, yAOBjeTBopEH)TCfl AOflBraME, 
BOTopufl oCuBEOBOBEO EAyrB fla npioÓpÍTenie eie apesAy bobhxi 
seiiejB. IIoBynaa ceGb yiacTBE vb jiE^nyH) oo6cTBefl^.ocTBy bími^u 
Be caAflTCfl na flHX'B xyropaME, wb OAHBO^By, BaBi oto KbjiM>Tb 
cnjomb E pflAOiTB BamE BpecTBEBe e iťin^aBe, bo ycrpOEBaioxi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



304 MCTdEKl BBPOnH. 

He6ouiiiie nocejiKH ci iiepBOBBH), moioft h npaBHAHO opraHHso* 
BaHHHM'B cejubCKHiTB odn^ecTBoiTB. B'B bojiohíjixi CTapaiejfcEO npex-* 
ynpesAft^TCfl to ApoÓjeme seiuiH, soiopoe uemfíibmMO npH otfn^iiH- 
EUTb nepeA^i^axi na HUHqHiui Aynra. Kpecr&flHe ^npespacHO bh- 
AJiTb yrposaion^ee SHaneHÍe iiBMeiB^aHifl xosflftcTBa, h óesi couBÍb- 
HÍfl paHO HJiH nosAHO Hajiosarb CBoe veto na xftnHt&mee xpo6- 
leme seiUH. Ha iiofi BsrjflA^, — ^roBopiirb xBjAe v. IIocthhsobi, — 
nepexoA'^ b'b noxBopHOMy seiueBJíaA^HiH) ci nocTOSEHOfi aejiHnHoft 
HaA^^ft Bx losHiirb rytiepmarE ffiJUB^wb npoiisofiTH Eemůixao bi» 
6jiii8B0irB 6yAyiiteM'B h HiBasoe saBOHOAaTeiBCTBo ne bi» ceiarb^ 
tiyAerB ero ocraHOBHTb. 3a esvíctboí HopiioĚ, HSiiejiBqaHie fia,A^- 
jiovh BeAen Bce paBHO zi> HeiiEHyeMoft 6íahocth h pasopeHÍK), k 
BpecTBflHe 8T0 o^efiB xopomo snaiOTB. Bi ÓoxbmnECtvb M^CTHOcreft 
loasHofi Poccíh ara Hopiia en^e ne nepettAeHa, ho bo mhopexi ce- 
jieHÍflxi HaA^^ yse tfjKSOBi Bi Heft, ^Tb HyBCTByercfl wh oco6eH- 

HOCTH Taní} rjííb HeSBSfl AOnOJIHflTB XOSflftCTBO Ha HaA^BHOft dtuA 

apeHAOBaHÍeMX qysBxi seiieiB. ^Bc^JyaTa^Li TasHxi naA^OBi cra- 
HOBHTCfl HeBBiroAHofi^ H BpecTBflHe CAaiOTb Hxi vh apeHAy, npo- 
AaBaa CBoft HHBeHTapb h cbotb. lipaso na seusio ocraercfl ^HBipefl^ 
a BjaA*JíeicL ea oCpamaerca kb npojerapía*' (crp. 67 — 8). 

H3'B o6nteft Maccu Ó^ahabobi Bce CojAe BHA^aercfl rpynna 

SaSHTO^HIlXl XOdfleBX, BOTOptlITB Otfn^HHHUe HOpflABH HHCBOJIBBO He 

irimaiorB saBjíaAiBaTB ÓojiBmeMH npocTpaHCTBaMH senjiH h hoibso- 
BaTBCfl ÓaipaipuiMi TpyAOMx OAHOcejiBi^eBi. SasHiouafl rpynna 
BpecTBflHXy no ciOBaiíx aBTopa, ocofienno MHoro^HCJieHHa vh Tas* 
pHHecBoft ry6epHÍB, tkí ona cocrasjaerB obojo TperBeft nacTR Bcero 
cejBCBaro sacejieHifl. „dro oCcroflieJiiBCTBO HiriberB sa^b rpoMaAHoe 
BjdflHÍe na BecB cBJiaA'B specTBAHCsaro xosaftcTBa h tfiira. Ecih 
BO MHOFHXi cejieHÍflxi npoBSBOAflTB TenepB ySopay xjštfa h HacrBH> 
Mo;iOTB6y MamHHaMH, to noTony, hto tbeúi icaniHHii HiiiiOTCfl 3a%c& 
y sasHTO^HHxi BpecTBflHi. noairi^ie, tfpaBya CBoft HHBeHTapB, 
npoAaiOTB ero cbohmi 2Be OAHOceiBi^airBy h botb noneicy TBBaa 
Macca 8A^B yjyHmeHHuxi opyAÍ&» Aase y (J^AH^ftnraxi apecTBAKB. 
EcjiB na iiipcBBX'B cxoabbxi sna^HrejiBHoe Biňmie Biri^iorB 8A%ce 
no opeHiiynitecTBy sasBHTo^Htie AOMOxosBeBa^ to noTOify, tto ohh 

BOCBMa MHOrOHHCJieHHBI. BjdflHÍe 9T0 BO MHOFBXX OTHOmeHÍBX^ 

BnpoHeMi, CBasHBaeTCfl ho bi^ xyAmeiiy. Tlpn MHoro^HCienHOCTH r 
pasHootfpasÍH sasHro^Haro Bxacca owb ba^cb aaj^bo ne npeACiaB- 
jiaeTB CTOJiB otfu^Haro bi cpeAneft Poccíh Tnna ceiBCBaro Byjasa. 
HanpoTHBX^ bo iiHoraxi cjtyqaaxi 8toti Bjacci ab^tb ByjBTypHHs 
ceMBB, OTJH^aionúflCfl crponiMH HpaBCTBeHHuiiH npaBHJiaMH^ ^HTaH)* 
^^fl raseTu h sypnajni* BoraT^a cejia bo MHonirB ciynaHrB ^fjbch 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



BP£CTBflHGRIfl HyK^ljU. 305 

H jyqinie KpecTMHe. Bx stomi MOsen yfí^AiiTBCfl BcaBÍft Typncn, 
npH caMOBTb dibrjiowb HaÓjiiOAeHiH 3A'£mHflro cejBcnaro ÓuTa"^ (crp. 
U6). Kaici nojiBdyiOTCJi 6oraTue BpecTBaHe cbohbtb no^ioseHieiťL 
Bi oCn^HH']^, Mosfio Bujsibrh orqacTH hsi npaRTHBH apeHAOBaHÍs hmh 
KaseHHHXi seiiejiB na uma oón^ecrox^ npE^eili BBiroAu AOCTaH)TCfl 
,(5oraT4airB* , a yfiuTKH — 6ojr6e 64AHBiBrB qjieeaM^B otfmHHi. 3a»H- 
TOHHue AOMOxosaeBa apeH^yiorB icaseHHBrfl seMJiH qepe3x nocpex- 

CTBO EpeCTBflHCBHXX 06lIteCTBl, BOTOpUfl nOJIBSyiOTCfl B% 9THXI CJiy- 

iMrB HSB^teTHUMB JBroTaiíH; OTB^TCTBeHHOCTB vb ynjai^ apeHA- 
BUTh j^eHerB JiesHTB Ha i:[[;|jioirB otf^ecTBt, a seMJiH HaxoAflTca bi 
BCKjio^TejLHOMx pacnopflseHÍB He6o;iBmoro HHCJa „ROMnamoHOBi^. 
OrciOAa BHXO;(flTB BHOr^a TaRia 9HeAopadyM'6HÍfl^, ^to ROiinaHiOHU 
oKasHBaiOTCfl HeHcnpaBHUMH H sa hhxi pacnja^EBaiOTCfl ocraaBHue 
KpecTBflHe B^ Te^eHÍe it&raro pa^A -^i^ti. Ile^ajiBHBre npEM^pu, 
npHBOAHifue r. IIocTHflROBmfB, xapaRTepHsyiOTx laRse npaRTHRy 
HaiUHxi RadeHHiix'B sijiovíCTVb h ocoCeeno ^AcmuTh ynpaBJíeHiŘ 
rocyAapcTBeHHHXi HMyn^ecTBi. Oaho hbi 6o.!i']^e 6^aheix'b cejcemfi 
ABtnpoBCRaro yfe^a bbajio oÓo^ecTBOui RaseHHtifi yqacroRi bi 
apeHAy, no npe^JtoseHÍK) HŠRoropBixi dasHTO^HUxi^ RpecTBflETB, 
apeHxoBaBiniixi npesAe dTy seujno ^epesi RaRnxi-xo nocpe^Hn* 

KOBi; HO npH BEICOROft I^']^]^, Sa ROTOpyK) Óiua BBflia BeMJIfl, dTH 

KpecTBflHe ORasajiHCB HecocroflTejiBHBíMH HJiaTejiBntHRaMH, BCJrlACTBÍe 
lero Ka3eHHEi& y^acTORi fiujii oxo^pae^ orB otfn^ecTBa h c^ani bx 
apen^y xosa&CTBeHHmfB choco^omi no ujkviík BABoe HHsmeft. He- 
j^oqeTB se (hotth js^sib Tucsmií pyójeft bi toa^b) otfflBano ynja^H- 
BaTB AO HcreHeHÍfl q)0Ra apeHABi Bce o6n^ecTBO, na hma ROToparo 

fiUJB CA&iaHl ROHTpaRTB, XOTfl 3eMJ[eK) OHO H He nOJIBSOBaJIOCB. 

.Ipyroe cejo chajio vh apenAy RaseHHufi oÓpo^Huž yqacroRi a^a 

BÍCBOJBBHXX 8aSHT0HHHX'B RpeCTBflHi; HO nOOJI^AHÍe BCBOpi OTBa- 
SajHCB 0TB 8T6& SeifJIH, Bl BHAy efl OTAaJeHHOCTH H AOpOrOBHSHU, 

lavB qro o6n;eeTBy npHnuiocB apeHAHyio uMTy bx 6.060 p. npH- 
HflTB Ha ce6z H paaioflCHTB ee no AymairB. Gaifoio se soMJieio, 
vh BHAy A^BHOCTH pascTOflHÍfl, oÓmecTBO noHTH ne nojiBsoBajocB 
H aartiTB jífiJixEO 6fiiJ0 npfliio OTBasaTBCfl orB yqacTBa. nocjrlAnitt 
CAaHB tenepB M^^CTHinrB ynpaBJoreHieMi rocyAapCTBenHuxx Hiiy* 
loficrvh xosflfteTBeHHUMB otfpasoMx bi apenAy coe6AneMy seHJieBjía- 
Aixbny 3a TpexBK) jsfijiio uíbuu^ a HeAOcraion^afl cyMMa, vb paBirlp^ 
Hempexx laesimh pyfijreft b-b toab, CjAera mecxB jrfrpB BSBicBHBaTBca 

CB KpeCTbflnB, BOTOpue TaBHlTB OÓpaSOMX AOJISHtI AApoiTB BBinjia- 

TUTB nixaŘ BanHTajTB bb 24 tuchto pyÓJiefi. HeyAHBHxejiBHO no- 
dTOMy, HTO xo3flicTBeHHBifl A^^t BTOFO cejieHÍfl, ÓUBmaro npesAe 
sasHTOHHioťB, CHJTBHO sanyTaJTHCB H npHmjiH B^B ynaAOBx. „Ebijto 

Towb n.— MAPn, 1898. 20 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



306 B%€THHB1» EBPOnU. 

6u, BOHe^HO, cnpaeeAJHB^ h i](%jrecoo6pa8H%e bi j^HnaHCOBOMx 
OTHomeHÍ0, — npHtfasjíaerB r, IIocthhsobi, — eosjíaraTB kb laRHx^B 
csyna^x^B ynjiaTy He^OHMORi na „BOMnaHioHOBi', BpecTBflHi BOotSn^e 
6ojrbe cocTOflieji&HBixiy pa^H botoi»ixx oÓn^ecTBa 6epyrB seMJH), 
npH ^eiTB cjn^xoBajio 6u n otfasiiBáTB cejBCBifl oÓn^ecTBa, apeHxyn)- 
I^ífl BaseHHyK) seioK), Bas^uft pftsi ys^AOiuiflTB yopasjenie rocyA* 
HMyii^ecTB'B o nepe^a^ seiieib bi pyBH BOMnamoHOBx, Bor^a npo- 
HCXOAHTB Tasafl nepe^a^a^ (crp. 152 --3). Jífijio oxHaBO kb tom, 
HTO apeHxyeMOH) BaseHHOio seioeH) dohth Bcer^a nojiB8yH)TCfl oxhh 
6oraTíie xosaeBa, A&ace Óesi bcaboS ^opnajiBHOfi nepe^a^H otb o6- 
n^ecTBa. KaBX bhaho hbi CB^A^HÍft, oootf^aeMuxi aBTopoMi, bx 
Tpexi y&AAxi TaBpHHecBott ryfiepsia hbi otfn^aro opocrpaHCTBa 
BaseHHBixi seneJiB, CAaBaeiiuxi vh apeH;i(y no BOHipaBTairB, fb 
1890 roAy coctoajo b% nojiB30BaHÍH specTBflHCBHxx otfntecTBi obojo 
85 TucflTB AecflTHHi yAO^HOfi seMiiH, T.-e. 63Vo Bceft nioqaxH. 
6'B AH^npoBCBOMi fisjíib ÓojiBinafl nojOBHHa Bcefi apeHAOBaHHoft 
naniHH naxoAHJiacB b:b pysaxi sasHTO^raofi rpynnti specTBAHi, wb 
6epAflHCB0irB — Óoi^e Asyxi rpeieft, a vh MejiHTonojiBCBOM^B, r^^ 
Bcero Óojňe apeH^yerca BaseHHofi seiiJiE, jifixe ($oj%e HeTiipex'B 
nflTfiix'B apeH^OBaHHOfi njiontaxH; y (SikjiffbŘmei a&e ^acTH BpecTBflHrB, 
BaciBaioii^nxi Mee^e agcath a^cjíthhx namHH, 6bijo Bcero jihiiib á^/o 
apeHAOBaHHUxi BaseHHuxi seMe^B (no BeMCBHMi jsjmeuwl 1884 — 
1886 roAOBx). 

O^eBHAHOy apen^a cboÓoahbixi y^acTBOBi HeycrpasmerB najo- 
seMeJiBfl^ b6o nys^aion^ieca kb sbmjA BpecTBflne ne HifinrB hh 
AeEesHi]X'B q)eACTBi> nn patfo^aro CBora a^h o6pa6oTBH BeMeiB, 
apenAyeifyx*B cojibcbhmh ofin^ecTBaMH; — h cb bthxi se nysAaio- 
ntHxcfl BpecTBflm BBBiCBEBaercfl en^e apenAnafl njaxa, AOxoAfln^ui 
AO TB[CflHH£ix'B cyMiťB, sa HeHcnpaBHEíxi ,6oraT%eBi>'' ! Ob CBoeft 
CTopoHU, sasHTOHHue BpecTBflne pacnopssaiOTCfl BaBennuiíH seifjuncH, 
apenAyeMBiMH na oÓn^ecTBeenBiĚ choti ^ HCBJíiDHBTeJiBHO fi,M cbohxi 
BBiroAi, (tesTB MajiifinnncB ycrynoBi OAHOcejBiiaifB. OxA&iBHBié ^asTiii 
OToro poAa Bpaine HHrepecHii h noy^HTeiBnu. BojBmoe * cexo, 
HH'lH)niee 6ojrie 1.200 ABopoBi, apoHAyen otfntecTBOiTB CMesHtifi 
BasenHEifi yqacroBi kb 5.582 jsfiCj no hitb nojuBsyiOTca jmmB 250 
Óojrie sasHTO^raBixx AOMOxoBflOBi, BOTopue, corjacno BOHrpasTy, 
pacnaxHBaiorB tpotbh) ^acTB Bceft njontaAH, a na ocrajBHOirB npo- 
crpancTBi^ BsmacaiorB cbotb coÓCTBennEift h cbohxk OAnoceni^esi, 
■ sa wro Cepyro cb nocj^AHHx^ no 5 — 6 py6jieĚ (!) otb niTyBH 
CBora KB j^TO. Oaho cejieníe apenAyerB ofin^ecTBOMi obojio thcau 
AecflTHni CMosnaro Basennaro ynacTBa h pasAaoTB seiuK) noAi 
pacnamBy asesaionpirB; ho nocj^AHHXi namjiocB kb cesb juimh 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



RPECTbflHOBIf Hy^Au. 307 

Hks'>jibKo qeJiOB^Ri, lasi kslkt> na coÓCTBeHHofi E&jíikihEOli ^eujrk 
3T0ro MHOroseMejiBHaro caia HAf^eicfl OTBe^eHEufi oÓn^ecreoMi yqa- 

CroSl KL 4.000 A6C paXH aOCTpOftRH I^epKBH, H nOJIOBHHa BToro 

nacTEa, no EenaAmio bx cbjA AOcraxo^Haro wcsa HcnpaBHuxx 
apeH^aTopoBi, cjiaeTCfl vb Hafinu cod&AHeMy 3eiuieBJiaA'l^bi^y, bo« 
Topufi yse OTL ce6fl c^aerB diy se seiuK) no Maio^airB Bpecibfl- 
HEiTB Toro se caiiaro ceja. OÓntecTBO onacajiocb caMO or^aBaiB 
seiuio CBOHiTB OAHOcejiB^aHairB Hdi^ÓoasHH ne Aonoiy^uTB apeHA* 
HHTb xenePL. BíinacoirB na BaseHHoft zeujťk no^bsyeicfl Bce 06- 
mecTBo (cíp. 151). JUpyroe cejo apcH^yera yqacroKi, BOTOpum 
nonsyeicfl jhiiib 60 AOMOXOsaeBi h3i oón^tro ^HCJia 260 abo- 
povB; oÓniecTBO bsajio cb apeHAyK)iUHX'B noAnHCBy ea CJiyiai EVh 
HeicnpaBHOCTH. EHBaen h Tasx, hto apeHAyeifafl otfn^ecTBOMi 3eMJiJi 
pa^aercfl 6oraTiiiťB BpecTBflHairB coc^ahhxi cejieHÍfi no orcyTCTBÍio 
JlocraTOHHaFO TOCJa sejafon^HX^^ x.-e. sasHTO^Hfiixi xosaeBi b^ 
caMOMi ceji; vb oahoitb míct% apeHAaxopi 6eli<b Aase Bunacan 
m KpuMa (TaiTb se). 

SasHTOHHafl rpynna BpecTbflHi, na soropyio BoanaraerB TaBÍa 
Baj^esAu r. IIocTHHBOBiy Tepflercfl bi Hacci (Š^AHots h b*b hhuxx 
iribaxi Baso^ 6yAT0 coBepmenno orcyrcTByerB, nacBOjiBBO mosho 
cjj^HTB no npHBeAeHHuirB ^^aBTairB; a a^ nonpaBjenifl aioro Bpe- 
CTuiHCKaro xosflftcTBa aBTopB npeA^araerB pei^enru, saHMCTBOBanniie 
^ onEira ($oraTuxx n^Mei^Biix^ BOJionifi. H'&Mei^Boe Be]ueB;[aA'6HÍe 
KB Tpexi HOBopocciftcBBXi ry6epHÍflxi sanHMaen TenepB CBume 
1.750.000 fifiCBTEWb, T.-e. obojio AecaiH npoi](eHTOBi ofin^ett njo- 
OVWI 8THTB ryóepnifi; CBepxx Toro ono AepsnrL bi apenA^ 6oJiBniLi 
opoerpaHCTBa BJiaA^^^ecBnxi seMeJib. HysAu bojiohhctobii bi^ BpeAflxi 
lAOBieTBopaiDTCfl, MesAy npo^HiTB, laBi nasKiBaeifiiifH chpotcbhmu 
xeHbrami, npoHCXOAflnpniH ebi BannTajiOBX, ocraBienniixii yMepniHiin 
lOMoiosaesaMH CBomn necoBepmeHHOJ^&THHirB a^taitb. Kaairrajiii 
^ nocTynaK)TB bo sjutAtnie onesynoBi, ButfnpaeMux^ ofi^ecTBOMi, 
^ pi3AaK>TCfl HMH na npoi^enru. IIo noBasaHÍfliii bojohhctobi, bi 
^WA BoiocTH HacHHTUBaercfl lasHX^ cnporcBHxi AenerL, xoaa*^ 
'Wn no pyBaiTB, 6oňe 300 tuc. pyÓJiefi. He ifénBnrifl cynifu 
i^vfaoTCfl H y MenoniiTOBi. Osna^ennae BaneraJiu BOHrpojirpyiOTCfl 
<^^]Qtti o6ntecTBOirB bojohíh h ociaxxrai coBepmenno HeHSBWnuMtf 
^^WTMHCRiiirB y^pesAemaiTB bi yfeAWi (crp. 310 — 11). F. IIoct- 
^'^ogh nonraen, vro 910 upoi^Btranie bojiohhctobx 3hbhchtb hc- 
^'i^viTeiBHo on oÓnrapnocTH hxi naAi^OBi. „IIpHWHH aoxoaho- 
Qi loxoHHCTCBaro xoaaftcTBa, — roBopnrB offb, — ícxiAyerB HcsaTb 
^ n coBepmeHCTEi seiueA&ofl, ne bi BaxoBOMi aoxoa'6 otb 

^ a Bl 9E0H0MÍH UO 3aTpaT& paÓO^HTB CETB, COAepsaHÍe BO* 

20* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



308 MCTHHBl EBPOnH. 

TopuTB cocraBJflerE BOoCm^e caMufi BpynH£ifi pacxoA'B bi cejibCKOi['& 

X03flfiCTBÍ. dxa BBOHOMÍfl B^ paCXOAaXl flBJIfleXCH 8A'6Cb BOBMOSHOfi, 

BCjr^ACTBÍe sHa^nrejiBHaro pasM^pa BOJOHEcrcsaro xosfl&CTBa, lo- 
nycBaioniaro ynoTpe6.ieHÍe ManiHHX, ROTOpufl, noBumafl pa6oHyK> 
cnoco6HOCTB ABopa, vbwh csMwrb cjiysarB Kb coRpan^eHiio yno- 
Tpe6jrfleMux!b na xftHHyio luoniaAb xo3fl&CTBa patfo^Hx^B chji... 
UpiiHii^Hnii BOJiOHHCTCBaro 3eMJieBJiaA%HÍfl, coxpaHflEOove xosflftcTBeH - 
Hue y^acTBH otb ;q)o6j[eHÍfl, ne AonycKaiorB rbui camiirB nepe- 
HacejieHHOCTH bi seiLieA^H h nocroflHHO ^epsarB pocn iišcTHaro 
cejrBCRaro HacejieHÍfl na ypoBH^ neoÓxoAHMaro A^a ^euJíeJ^iJáB bo- 
jiOTecTBa paÓOHnxi cbjtb. CÓeperaa paóoda chjibi, ohh xftKiTB bos- 
MOSHOCTB npoBSBOACTBa HMB Bi> iJ^^oiTB 6oJihmei iiaccu npoAys- 
TOFB H i^HHOcrefi. HamH H)2BH0-pyccBÍe hími^u-bojiohhctii 6ora- 
TbíOTbj cjišxoBaTejiBHo, ne ot%bucobo& seMJieA^BTOCBoft By^BTypu, 
a noTOxy, ^ro ohh BexyrB xoBflftcTBO na yqacTBaxi xocTaTO?Haro 
pasM^pa, AOiiycBaH}ii](aro npuMtHeme MamHHi h apxejBHaro co- 
cxaBa Tpysa (crp. 313, 321). TaBi aKe tohho wh cpe^Bei nojoct 
Poccíh, no mhšhíh) r. UocTHHBOBa, HyBCTByerca „SHa^HreJBHafl npe- 
cun^eHHOCTB seujTeA^fl xpyAOiťB paóo^nxi h pa6oTOro CBora''; bto 
flBjeHÍe CBasercfl en^e CHJiBH'le, Borxa y BpecrbflHi h soMjeBJía- 
A^Bi^eBx 6yAerB BBeAeea iiamHHHafl yÓopBa xjiš6a. EcjhCu Bce 
Hame cejiBCBoe xosflficTBO, — pascja^aera aBToprB, — 6ujo opraHHso- 
BaHO Ha Manep^ BO-AecflTBHHEixi xosflficrrb bojohhctobi, to na 
60 MBjrjrioHOBi noc^BHofi aaon^aAH bi rytfepmflxi eBponeftCBOfi 

PoCCÍH mu flM&IH 6U nOJITOpa MHJUnOHa X03flfiCTBeHHIIX'B eAHHHITBy 

BOTopufl Bi roABi cpeAHflro yposaa npoHSBOAiuiH 6u 360 mhjuío- 
HOBi HeTBepreft xji%6a. Upn btomi seMJieA^BHecBoe Hacejenie co- 
CTOflJíO 6u Hsi 20 MHJijrioHOBi Aynii^ npH 5 mhjji. BBpocjnixi pa- 
ÓOHHxi. Bi HacTOfln^ee se Bpesifl Hame npoHSBOACTBO sepna B0Jie6* 
jierca obojio i^^pu 300 mhjw. nerBepreft bx roAt, h AOÓUBaercfl 
OHO HacejemeiTB no Bpafinefi M'bpb vh 60 mhjliíohobx ajhii, T.e. 
vb TpH pasa CojíBnie npoTHB^ yBadannaro Bame. CjramBOirb 40 mhjiji. 
Aymi cejiBCBaro Hacejrenifl cb 1 mhjiji. b^poolhxx paÓOHHXi asjiajhcb 
6u H3jraniHHMH AJifl seMJieA^ifl) xaBse BaB^B h 10 mbjij. mryBí 
paóo^aro CBora. Ecjih6h bocb aron H8JiHnieB'B HacejieHÍfl Cujb o6- 
pan^eHi na npoHSBOACTBO neseMJieA&iB^ecBHXi npoAyBTOBi, hjh npo- 
AyBTOBi MajTHXi ByjiBTypx, TO, c^HTafl roAOByK) Bupa6oTBy pa6o- 
^aro H ero combh bi 300 py6jiefi, mu hm^h 6u y ce6fl eseroAHo 
HOBuxi i](ŠHHOCTefi Ha TpH MHJiJiiapAa py6je&... TenepB se, npo 
HSBOAfl Bce posB A& OBecB, nojOBHHa BamHxi 8eMJieA'6<iBi](eB% 
BOBupaioTi seujm HenpoHSBOAHTejiBHO, noroMy ^to Bce nysHoe naMi 
BOJiB^^CTBO xji^Haro 3epHa Moasen 6utb npoHSBeAeno npH Apyroft 



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RPEOTbflHCRlfl HySAU. 309 

opraHHsaiÚH seuieBJíeLKbBiíL e xosflficTBa, CHJiaMu SHE^HiejiBHO iiéHB- 
niHiiB npoTHBi ynoTpe($JUieMUxx eueí. „Mmuř pa3M'6p'B speciBAH- 
csaro xosflfiCTBa A^aerx ero 6e3A0X0AHUM'B hjih MaiOAOXOAHUMi 
pfl specTBflHi, a A^fl rocjAapcTBa h bi HHxepecaxi syjibTypBi oni 
He MOserB 6uTh sejiaTeJiBHUMi, noroMy ^to chjbho yMeHBmaerB 
HapoAHoe npoHSBOj^CTBO H ypoBeHB BOSMOSHaro 6jarococTOflHÍfl ca- 

HHn KpeCTBflHl. IIpH HeiťB TpaTHTCfl BX seuM^bjíiE HenpoBSBO- 

AHTeiBHO cjHinKOMi ÓojiBmoe mecjio patfoHHXi pyRi h coAepsHTCfl 
lacca HeHysHaro paóonaro CBora. Majiuft pasMÍpí RpecTBflHCRaro 
seiueBJíaA^Hifl h xosflScTBa bi Poccíh, He nosBOJiaio^ifi yTEuesH- 
poaaTB Bdo pa6oqyiO cnoco6HOCTB RpecTBAHCROft ceMBH H ne Aony- 
csaioiiUfi 3Ha^HTe;iBHaro npHMŠHeHiii bi seiiJteA^JiiH apTejiBHux'B ^opMi 
TpyAa, ecTB Ropeenafl npnqHHa BROHOMHqecRofi 6i]iE0cm Poccíh'' 
(crp. 335 — 341). 

EeiH aro laRi, ecjiH hcto^hhr^b Bcero aia 3aRJiH)HaeTCfl bi 
HSMejBHaHÍH RpecTBflHCRHXi xosflficTBi, TO noHeiiy se apeHAa o6niHp- 

HBX'B Ra8eBH£IX'B SeMeJIB npHHOCHTB TaRl MaJIO nOJIBSU H Hep&AKO 

Aase jipffqHHfleTB yÓuTRH cejiBCRHMx ofi^HHaMi? BojBmHHCTBO Rpe- 
CTuuTB He Moser^ Aase y^acxBOBaTB fb nojiB30BaHÍH apeHxyeicHMH 
3eifjfliiH, no HeAOcraTRy neotfxoAHMuxi cpeACXBi js^íl pacmHpeHifl 
xoBflftcrsa; h, cjr&AOBaTeJiBHO, npocToe yBejiH^enie hxi no3eMeJiBHiix'B 
ynacTROfix na noAo6ie rojiohhctcrhxi coBepmenno ne AOCXHraio 6u 

I^ilH, eCJIH^H OAHOBpeMeHHO Cl 8THMI He HpeAHOJiaraJlOCB CHa^AHTB 
ni paÓOHRMX CROTOMl, CeJIBCRO-XOBflfiCTBeHHUMH opyAÍAMH H Hys- 
HHMB 060p0THUMH CpeACTBaMH Hd BeAOHÍe HpaBBJIBHarO XOSflfiCTBa. 

Cfiepxi Toro, nysno 6aJio 6u euifi H3BtoHoe noHEManie saAani h 
enoeo6oBx pasyMHOft 3eHJieA'&iiBHecR0& RyjiBxypu; Hna^e noŘAeii 
ofiuqHoe onycTomeHÍe seMejiB, RaRi aro Óbijio bo mhofhxi hm^híaxi, 
npioÓpiTeHHuxi cejiBCRHMH o(5n](ecTBaMH npH noMon](H RpecTBflHCRaro 
(SaHRa. A HTO Racaerca Coraxuxx A0M0X03fleB'B, to ohh h TenepB 
MoryTi BecTH Rpynnoe xosa&ctbo h qacTO ci 6ojiBniHirB ycn'ixoirB 

CltAyH)TB npHM^py HÍMCI^RHXI ROJIOHHCTOBX, TaRl qTO Cl BTOfi CTO- 

poHu npoi^eccB pacmHpeHÍH seMJieAtJib^ecROiS 8RcnjyaTai^ÍH ne ny* 
vaercA hh b^ RaRHxx HCRyecTBenHuxi M^paxi. HejiLSA, Rone^no, 
FOBopHTB cepBe3H0 oói yAajieHÍH otb 3eMJieA'9^ifl copoRa iiHJijdoHOBi 
ceiBCRaro HacesenLi: TaRoro rpaHAÍ03Haro upojierapiaTa ne HM'&2ia 
mfi HH OAHa crpana, h o norjion](eHÍH ero RaneTajiHCTH^ecROH) npo- 

MHHIjieHHOCTBIO HO MOFJIO 6u ÓBITB H p^HH A^^Re npH CaMOMl BUC- 

meiTB pasBUTÍH ^aópn^noft h BaBOACRofi npoHSBOAHTe^BHOCTH. Can^B 
r. IIocTHHROFB BEipasaeTB HOsejiaHÍe, wio6u ycTpanfleiioe otb seM- 
Jiexjbibi Hacejienie ne yxoAUO bi ropoAa, a ocTaBajiocB bi to& se 
xepeBHiy saHHuaflCB oón^ecTBenHEuiH pa6oTaMH, peMOcaaMH, hto6u 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



310 BI^CTHHKl EBPOnU. 

OHO He BuCpacuBaiocB BOOÓE^e na npoHSBOJii cjabCh, a ctojijeo b'b 
HenocpeACTBeHHoS cbash ci ce;iBCBHMi> otin^ecTBOMi, ofipasya c% 
HHMi» OAHy seMjeA^JBHecRO-peMecjieHHO-saBOACRyH) oÓoíHHy. AsTop^ 

OOflTBTaKH CCUJiaeTCfl Ha H^Mei^Bifl KOJOHÍH; ho npHBOAHMUfl hmi* 
CB^A^HÍfl flCHO HORaSUBaiOrB, ^TO JSÍkjíO BOBCe He Vb BOJIHqeCTBeHHUX^ 

pa3M'£paxi xoBflficTBa, a bi creneHH npHJioseHifl pa6oqHXi chjtb, etl 
HCKyccTB^ H pa3HOo6pa3ÍH TpyAa, vb i^^ecooÓpadHOM^ oómfiwh na- 
npaBJíeHiH npeAnpiuM^HBOcrii. Bi OAHOfi MOJiOKaHCRoft bojiocth, npe 
HacejeHÍH bx 13.800 n^m^j wcihjiocb 23 RRpnH^HErxi saBO^a, 

OAHHl ROSeBeHHUfi, ABa flflBOBapeHHUXl H OAHH'B HSBeCTBOBUfi, TpH 

napoBUfl MejiBHHi](u, 33 rohhuxi h BtTpflHuxi, 114 RysHHi^i, 69 
BOJieceHi, 27 CTOJflpeH'B, 14 Ma.iapoBi, 30 noprHUXi h np. 6% 
rajiB6niTaACR0& bojiocth y MeHOHHxoBi naxoAflTCfl oCmepniie saBO^u 
— TpH HyryHHO-MTeftHuxx, 24 RHpnn^HUXi, oahhi MexanH^eCRÍft, 

OAHHl HHBOBapeHHBlfi, OABHl RpaXMaJlBHUfi, OAHH^B ROSeBeHHHfi, ABa 

yRcycHiixi, sarlMi hatb napoBUXi MeJiBHHi^'B, 66 rohhbixi h b^- 
pflHuxi, 12 dBHnasHuxi saBeAcnift, 6 mopniixi, 20 RpacHJBHsncB, 
74 Ry3HHi](i, 43 CTOJiflpHH, 35 ROJieceH^B h ap-; Rponi xoro, Hid^ercH 
44 jiaBRH, RHHXHfiifi MarasHHi H THnorpa(|)ifl (crp. 344, hphmíh.). 
Bi dTofi BOJOCTH nposHBaerB h HaxoAHTB cetí^ paóory ao nojyTopa 

THCflTO pyCCRHXl RpeCTBflHl. BCTp^^aiOTCfl yAa^HHfl CaMOCTOflXeJIB- 

HUfl nonuTRH H wb ApyrHXi M'£cTax'B namero lora; TaRi nanpHMtpi 
B^ OAHOM^ cejrl 5epAflHCRaro y^BAa ycrpoeni oCn^ecTBOnrB RupnHH* 
Hufi 3aB0A'B, CL ROToparo nojiyqaercfl b^l rofl,i> AOxoAa Óojrite AByx^B 
TucflHi py6jiefi. EpecrBSíHCTBy nyšnu ccflsaTejiBBue oCpasi^u pasyii- 
naro xo3flficTBa, nyseni hohhhx b% pibjíi ycoBepmeHCTBOBanifi h 
yjiyHmenifi, nysno coA^ficTBie 3HaHÍfl h TexHeRH, — a 6e3íB aroro 
ne HOMOserB HHRaRoe ysejiH^eHie naA^OBi. HamH RpecTBflne bo- 
oómfi jerRO noAAftio^i^Cfl bjíshíio ytí^AHTejiBHUxi h Har.iflAHuxi iipn- 
M^poBi, xoTfl Ha nepBuxi nopaxi oÓuRHOBeHHO otinapysRBaiOTB 
HeAOB^pie H BpasAy b^ HOBOBBeAeniflMi. TaR'B oaho hsi cejii> Awk- 
npoBCRaro ylsAa ^nopasaerB o6iimeui> cbohxi caAOBx, BHHorpaA- 
HHROBi H AepeBBeBX npH ycaAB6ax'B, bi sejieHe rotopeix'b jr]^TOH'B 
OHO HO^TH CRpUBaercfl, ecjiH CMorp^xB na nero usAajiH, h Tance 
Heotfu^HOé pasBHTÍe caAOBOACTBa, HanaBmeecfl zjiibch ne 6oji^e BaBi 
TpHAi^aTB jÁtl HasaAi^, oójisano cbohmi BOSHHRHOBenieMi irbcTHOHy 
RpecTBflHHHy, o6yqaBmeMycfl MajiB^HROMi caAOBOACTBy y ROJiOHHcra. 
Oh^ nepBuft pasBeJix y ce6a caA'^, h cna^ajia SHre^H ceja otho- 
CHJiHCB HeAOB^piHBO, saBHCTJiHBo H HeAo6pose;iaTejiBHO R'B ero npeA- 
npiflxÍH). UpoxoAfl MHMO ero ycaABÓu, RasLAuS c^HTajix cbohmx aoji - 
roMx copsaTB ct A^peBa BÍTRy, Bootfn^e RaRi mo»ho Cojiie na- 
naROCTHTB, rposHjH flfiúRe co6paTBCH i^'k;i£iM'B o6n^ecTBOirB h yHH- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



RPECTbHHCBifl Hyac^u. 311 

iT(NBHTb ero caAi; ho ycnšxi A^ft« cpe^H TaBHX^B HetfiaronpiflT* 
BUTb ycjiOBift, BUdBajTB HesojBHoe ysaseHie ri deepriH h npeA- 
npÍHinHBOCTH 9Toro níonepa, CA^aBmarocfl bhocíiíactbíh bhhobhh- 
KOMi 6jiarococTOflHÍii CBoero cejia. GBopo sx Heny crajiH otipan^aTBCfl 
cocíah sa coBŠTOiTB H yBasaHÍeBfB, npocBJH y nero orpocTSOBi h 
craiH caMH no ero iipHM'lpy saBOXHTb ca^u. Tenepi^ y nasA^ro 
noHTH BpeCTBflHHHa B^ cej^ ecTb He6ojLinoft CAKbj r^^ pocryn 
BHnraH, qepemHH, a&iobh, aÓpoBocu h ;^ase nepcHBH. Epoiri^ Toro, 
no^TH BB BasAoft ycaxB($i nocasena ($&iaii aBa^ifl, pocryn^afl Bjíjbch 
OHeHi ÓEicrpo H yse xftH)iiiafl KpecTBflHaMi AepoBO ea MejBÍfl no- 
xIjibh''. TaBOBO ByjiBTypnoe sna^eme JiHnearo no^una h npnii^pa 
Bi BpecTBancBoft shbhh. 

HapoAHafl mBOJU, nocraBjenHafl BaB'B cit^yerB, Morjia 6u npa- 
Hecm HecpaBHenHO Óonme nojiBSu seiijeA^iiK), hšite caMUfl cjos- 
HBfl Rani^ejiflpcBifl ifiponpiflTÚi. „He(5ojiBmoft caA'B npn cejiBCBofi 
iiiBOjt, — cnpaBe^JiHBO sairt^aerB r. Uocthhbob-b, — ne tojiebo npi- 
y^ajTL 6u BpecTBflHi b^b padBe^emio AepeBBOBi h n^o^OBOACTBy, ho 
XOciaBHjrB 6u en^e ciy^afi BOHBperno cootin^HTB rnii cbía^húi o 
noqBi H sfisHH pacTesift, eeie, Bone^no, hmh Óyxerx o&iaxaTB h 
eaiTB cejiBCBÍft y^HTejB. Ton »e caA'B Mon 6u wctbk) npiywxB 
iiaiBTOBOB^ H Bi Ha6jiK>AeHÍflMi HaAi» pacreHieiTB h noHBOfi... Bo- 
Hewo, HM&i xoTB neuHoro ecrecTBeHHO-HcropHHecBExrb cb£a6hí&, 
KpeeTBflHHHi 6ujx 6u jrynniHMi npaBTHBOifi. Yse oxho yfitexenie 
VB TOMiy TTO ee OAHO netfo poahtb xjiš6a, no ^acTBio h TpyA'B, 
xiiajo 6u ero 6ojše noABHsnuMi na saipaTii btofo xpyAa, ^acro 
nponaAann^tro y losHO-pyecBHxi BpecTBflni no HenoHHManiK) ero 
sHa^eeiji, norony JieniB, ^to ,,ne saBeAeno^ paÓoiaTB wh HSBicTHoe 
Bfetíi^. Gnja pyrHeu h noBibsecTBa A^fiCTByerB nnorAa (tb yAH- 
BnejiBHmťB ynopcTBOMi, BonpeBH flcnoMy codHaniK) MaxepiajiBHEix^ 
BuroA^. Bi AByxx cejiemaxi AH^oposcBaro y^Aft ^'^'^ copoBi 
TOMy nasaxi saBeAeeH BHHorpaAHHBH nepecaiEBniHiiHCfl nsi-sa ^y- 
Haa CTapooÓpflAiV^HH; BHHorpaAi ffl^erb ba^b ao 400 p. TOcraro 
XOxoAa CB AecflTHHU, laBi HTO o6a cejienífl, necHorpfl na CBoe 
M&ioBeMeiBe, cJiaBSTCfl bi M^ternocTH cbohm^b OTHOcerejiBHBíMi ao- 
craTBOMiy 6jiaroAapfl BHHorpaAy, — h t^tb ne MeH'le bi cocšahhxo^ 
CL HHMH cejieHÍflxi no JI^Htnpy wbvh emfi hh oahofo Bycra bhho- 
rpaAa, a& n bi bthxi Asyxi cejax^B jífiuíeKO ne bc£ xo3fleBa hmšiotb 
RiHorpaAHHBH. EoFAa BBTop^B cnpamHBarB bthxi BpecTBflni, noveny 
OHH ne padBOAffTB BHHorpaAHHBOBi, rb OTB^^ajiH, ^to „Bonomoe 
f/bJíOy ne npHBBiBJH^; a xesAy tímx pa($OTEi no pasBeAeniK) bhho- 
rpaAa, Basi ono 8aÍcb BOAercfl, xaB^B najio OTHHicaHnrB paóo^aro 
' BpeMenu jAnowh^ hto hhcbojbro ne npenATcreyiorB oÓu^hubi^b seiue- 



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312 B^CTHHBl EBPOnU. 

;^i»qecBHMi 3aHJiTÍflMi (crp. 365). IIopyqaTL i^ony pa^y hhhob- 

HEROBl npHHyAHTe^IbHyiC OneRy Ue^Kb BpeCTEflHCRHMl XOSH&CTBOlfB 

vb BHAax'B noAHflTÍfl eapoAHaro 6jiarococTÓflHÍfl, — Bani npeA-aa- 
raeTB dxo r. IIocthhbobx, — ^"^0 coBepmeHHO óesnoJieBHoe h 
^aHTacTHiecBoe. BcflBifi SHaers y Hacb Ha npaBTiiB&, BaBx x^fi- 
CTByiarB BTopocreneHHue areHTu 6iopoBpaTÍH, BaRi ocraiOTCfl MepTBOio 
6yRB0H) MHorifl xopomifl HaM']tpeHÚi, cRpurufl kb pasHiixi TOMax*B 
CBO^a saROHOBi, H RaRi jífi^e caMUfl Jiymnisi HaiHHaHifl reCHyrb 
6e3e2['6AHO, npoxoAfl nepesi ropemio ÓyMaasHaro ^npoHSBOxcTBa' h 

HCnOJIHeHÍfl Bl COOTB^TCTBeHHUXl RaHI^eJIflpÍJiX'B H ROMMHCmXi; — 

H OAHaRO Bcer^a, RaRi toibro saxoAHTB ýb^h o nonpaBJieHÍ0 na- 
mnxi xpoHBvecRHxi HapoxHuxi Ó^a^b, xorqacB se BB[CTynaH)rb Ha 
ci^eHy npoeRTBi hobbixi CiopoRpaTUHecRHXi M^pi, npeAniicaHitt h 
pacnopaseHÍS, vb toitb- se a^bho esb^a^bhomi poA^. H yAHBH- 
xejiBHÍe Bcero, hto ara crpannafl BŠpa bi cnacHTejiBHOcrb ^hhob- 
HH^Beft oneRH CBofiCTBeHHa ee tojbko RafiHHeTHUMi pe^opMaTopairB, 
hm'Ih)ii^hm'b wb BHAy OTBJíe^eHHUXi, Hecyn^ecTByiDii^HH vb npe- 
poA^ BcnojiHHTejie&, ho h jiioasmi npaRiHHecRBMi, 6jih3RO snaRO- 

UUWb Cb AMCTBHTeJIBHOH} SH3HBK) H Cb O^U^HBIMH yCIOBÍJiMH A^' 
TeJBHOCTH M&riHarO HHHOBHH^eCTBa. IIOBTOpfleMi: RpeCTBflHCTBO Hy- 

»A&eTCfl CTtopbe BT> o^JierqHTejiBHuxi, orpHAaTejrBHUxi M'lpax'b, 
H%Mi» vb nojiosHTejiBHux'B, — OHO HysAfteTCfl npesAe Bcero vb o(5jer- 
Hernu HajioseHHuxi k% nero Tflrocrefi h cr^CHeHifi, bi Aonyn^eHÍH 
CBo6oAHaro otrpbitúí h pacnpocTpaHeHÚi cejiBCRHX'B mRon, bi 
ycTpaHeHÍH xpaAHAioHHofi tbmbi h rochocth, bi 6ojiie mHpoROifb 
Aocryni ri cbítj h npocropy. HycxB A^na CyAera napoAy bo3- 

MOSHOCTB SHTB HO-HeSOB^HeCRH, ÓeSl eseMBEJTHOfi 60fl8HH nOCTUA* 
HUXl B npOH3BOJIBHBIX'B ^R3eRy^ift CO CTOpOflBI MeJIRHXl BOJIOCTHHXli 

H noJiHii^efiCBBXi BJiacrefi; nycxB OTRpoexcfl nameft saxyAajioft Ae- 
peBHt nyTB ri CBo6oAHOMy padBATifo yMCTBennux^B b MaxepiaJiBHuxx 
CBJí^B, — a ocrajiBHoe npEJiomBioi caMO coéoK>. TorAa HaftAyrcfl h 
cpeACTBa AJifl noAHflTÍfl dBOHOMH^ecBaro Óutíl HapoAHoft Maccu, no- 
MBMO BaHAejiflpcRBxi pe^opiii. 



ra. 

KpecTBflHCRoe MaiOBeneiBe, HacROJBBO oho BBipasaercfi bi crpeif* 
jieHÍB apeHAOBaxB nysifl seujiH, BscjitAOBaHO vb keetí r. Kapiímena 
CB HayHHOH) o5cxoflxejiBHOCXBK>, He ocxaBJíflion^eH) sejaxB HH^ero 
jiynmaro. ÁBxopi cxapajicfl oxnecxHOb bi npeAMexy bhoih^^ o6xeR- 
XBBHO, npBAepsBBaacB npeBiiyni^ecxBeHHO a&hhuxi seiícBofi cxaxii- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



KPEOTBflHCBi;} HVTBiJífií. 313 

CTHKH H Hs^fbrafl OT&ieTOHHuxi TeopeTH^ecRHX^ pascysACHÍft; owh 

BUXOAHTI. H31 ^aRTOBX, BIipaseHHUXl fl3lIR0M^ I^H^p^, H Jfi^eVb 

H3BÍCTH£ie o6mfe bubo^^u, Óesi onpeA'i^eHÍfl BaKHXi-jnÓo npaRTH- 
necRBXx TpeÓOBaHÍfi, bi poA% ^opMyjiHpoBaHHuxi r. IIocthhrobumi, 
OffL BHAHTi Boniio^ie HexocTaTRH cyiiiecTByioiiie& y HacB apeHAHofi 
CBcreMu B yRadUBaen na bosmosheta ea nocjiACTBÚi; ho BonpocB 
o saROHOjMtTaiBHOiťB peryjrapoBaHÍH apeHAHuxi OTHomefliS sarponyrB 
wwb TOJiBRO cjerBa, bi He coBdku% to^hoS ^opiri. ^Upn HeBM^ma- 
TejftCTBÍ rocyAapcTBa,— roBopeTB oh-b, — 6yAymie moah laRoft ch- 
creMu He xpy^HO npe^BHA^TB no aHajnorÍH cb Hčropiefi ApyrHX'B 
crpaHi H ApyrHX'B orpaciefi npoMumjieHHOCTH. JEHmeme xoBflficTBeH- 
Hoí caMOCTOflTejiBHOCTH HaA'&íiBHaro RpecTBflHCTBa H o6pai]](eHÍe ero 
Wh cocTOflHÍe tfaipaiecTBa — xaROBx OTpH^aTeiIBHufi HAeajix, wh roto- 
poMy, noBBAHMOMy, crpeMflTCfl ycTaHOBHBmiflCfl huh^ bi aTOft o^jiacra 
OTHomeHm". IlepexoA^B ri óojiie HHreHSHBHOfi 3eMJieAtJiBHecR0& 
KyjiBTypš ^He Moaceii Cbitb AeRperepoBani h npHBeAeni b^b Hcnoji- 
HeHie no sejaHÍio", h6o RaxA^fl xosfl&CTBeHHafl CHcreiia HM^^erB 

npflMyH) CBflSB Ch M^HBIMH H otfn^HMH yCJI0BÍaMH BROHOMHHeCROfi 
XiISHH. nOHEITRH yJiyHineHÍfl X03fl&CTBa, nOBTOpfllOn^iflCfl BO MHOFHXl 
KpeCTBflHCRHXI^ O^HieCTBaXX, nORaSUBdiOrB TOJIBRO, HTO 9MU HaHH- 

HaeifB BcrynaTB 3% nepioA^ HsirbneHia rocnoACTByio^efi CHcreiiu" 
seiuieA&iiii; ,,R0Hei^i se aroro oepioAa otctohtt en^e na BecBMa 
AajeR0H'B paBCTOflHÍH OTB namefi dnoxu^. IIoaTOMy, „OAHOBpeMenHO 
Ch noA^BenoMi xosjí&CTBa na BLicmyio crynenB Heo6xoAnMO HCRaTB 
caocioóowhj npH homoiah Roropuxx ORasajiocB 6u bo8moshiimi pac- 
nrapiTB njooiaAB, naxoAfliAyiocfl noAX RyjuBiypoS semieA^B^ecRaro 
uacca Hacejienifl. Bi dT0in> 3aRjiH)?aeTCfl rjaBotitniafl saAa^a 9ro- 
HOMHHecROfi nojHTHRH Hamefi crpaeii bi nepesHBaeMoe Bpeiui; dxo 

TOTB eAHHCTBeHHBI& HyTB, CJlŠAyfl ROTOpOMy MOSHO HaA']^TBCfl H8- 

(^FHyTB H ROHe^naro ynaARa ceJiBCRoxo3fl&CTBeHHaro npeioicjia 

CrpaHUy H yHHHTOl^Hifl XOSfltCTBeHHOfi COCTOflieJÍBHOCTH HaA'&sBHaro 

Hacejenifl, h BOABopenifl RanHTajiHSMa vh seMJieA^iH bx xaRHXi me 
{MiSMŠpaxi, RaR'B dTO npoHsoHuio B^ TeneHÍe nocj^AHflro ctoa^tía 

BO BCeiTB I^HBHJIHSOBaHHOlťB idp^ Vh OÓJiaCTH HHAyCTpÍH^ ^). PaCOIH- 

peme ojon^kAH RpecTBJíHCRaro xosflftcTBa AOCTHraeicfl^ MexAy npo- 
^wwby apeHAOK) BJiaA^^^ecRHXx h RaseHHuxi seMejiB, h bi orofi 
o&iacTH aBTopi CB tfojiBnnnfB HCRyccTBOMi rpynnnpyerB h pacnpe- 
xtoierB rpoMaAHuft craTHCTHHecRift MaTepíajii, OTqacxH ajia AORasa- 
Tejn>€TBa TaRHxi hcth^b, ROTopua mosho 6ujio 6u ycraHOBHTB a 



*) Htofh dBOHOMmecBaro Hscji^oBaHÚi Poccíh no AftHBHHi seMCKofi.craTHCTHKH. 
T. II. RpecTfcilHCKia BHÍHaAti&Huii apeHAU, HiiKOjaa KapauieBa, cíp. 397 — 400, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



314 BMTHHB1» EBPOmi* 

priori. Tasí, mosho CRSsaTB sapanše, wo ^itb ÓoiBine aiax^b- 

^eCBHXl H Ra3eHH£]X'B 3eMeJIB HaXOAHTCfl Vh X&HHOfi OÓJiaCTH, TforB 

6ojiBine seMJiH apeExyion RpecTBflfie, vb Biixy Majiofi pacnpoerpa* 
eeHHOCTH y Haci caMOCTOflTejibHiix'B Rpyneiixi xosflftcm; a y 
r. EapsrmeBa 9to noJoseHÍe BUTenaerB hsi ujs^pb e noJtynaerB 
xapasTepi to^ho& MaTeuaTH^ecKoft ^pnyjiKi. IIoHflTHO, wto ^acTHua 
hmíhís, npMeraiDiAiji ri RpecTbflHCBHifB Hax&iairB, ciysarb Óorte 

BaSHUlTB H HeOÓXOABMUMl HCTO^HHROMX RpeCTEflHCBOft apeHAU, 

q^Mx RadeHHBiii seiuni, otctoaiiph xftJieRO otb Óubiiihxi noM^n^iraBHXT 
cejii H saRiioqaioniifl bi^ cetii mhofo jiteHHXi h HeyxoÓHurB a^h 
o6pa6oTRH npocrpaHCTBi; a i^H^pu bi canoiix x^l^ npHBOjuirB 
aBTopa Ri TOMy 3aRj[K>qemH>, hto apen^H BOspocraioTi ch yBejiH^e* 
HÍeiTb ROJiH^ecTBa HiieHHO BJiaA'i^qecRHX'B seMeiB x&se bi tIix'e 
M&craxi, TA^ ecTB o6niHpBUfl RaseHHua EiAmsí (crp. 53). nyTe]i*B 
i^H^poBHxi BBnuaAORi BUflCHflercfl TaRse, qio npn apee^^ he 
ojsflwb roAi luaTa sa seiíjno Bume, hími npe 6oJše npoxoisHTeJB- 
HOMi cpoK% H HTD npH yiuari Bnepexi* HajBraHHira, apeexHira 
yciOBÍfl Jier^e, ^ui npH oiSasaTeJUBCTB^ BSHOca ffiEen noci^ y6opRH 
xjš6a (crp. 239, 290), xota m bthx^b ciy^aflxi cjiosehA cxaTH- 
CTH^ecRÍfi MeroA^B npexcraBJíflerB yse b^ caMom jsibjA Hay^Hyio 
pocRomB. 

WbTby ROHe^HO, na^oÓHOCTH xo6uBaTB HHAyRTHBHEm^B cnocoóom 

06mfiESBÍÍCtEUSi dROHOMH^eCRÍfl aRCiOMS; HO iiH^pu HarJUIXHO H flpso 

H3o6paacaH)TB creneHB pacnpocrpaHemfl h x^ftcTBÍfl t%x'b ^^aRiOBi, 
ROTopne caMH no ceOb ne EjxffLXECb 6u m xoRasaTejiBCTBarB. 
Bi dTOiTB OTHomeHÍH BUBOXK T. BapameBa BecBMa i^hhh h 
HasBAaTeAHU. B'b 103 yisxaxi, js,jíe Roropux^B hmšk>tcji cb£* 
xenifl o HHCJíš RpecTBflHCRHxi xBopoBx, apenxyioiiiHxi qysifl seiuH, 
HacHHTUBaercfl Óoji^e MEjjioHa xaRHix xBopoBi hsi o^n^aro rojih- 
qecTBa 2V2 MHJM., T.-e. 6oji4e 42 Vo. Bi 126 yfe^ax-B apeHxyerca 
RpecTBfleaifH ao 7 mhjmíohofb xecflTHHi, h no npnÓJBSHTeiBHOMy 
pasc^ery cyíma apeHXHiixi njaxeseft sa ary seiuK) cocraBjflen 
OROJio 45 MHU. py&iei bi roA'B. Kasxufi apeHxyion^ifi ABop% bu- 
HjaHHBaeTB cpeAHHirB ^hcioitb 25 pytfirefi apoHAHiixi A^nerB kb 
roAi^. Uši 8Toro bhaho, RaRyio BasHyH) poiB HrpaerB apoHAa wh 
RpecTBflHCROiTB x03flficTFÍ H 6K)AaBer6. ;9Pa8M']&pBr apeHA'B neyRJOHHO 
CJii^yiOTb sa Bejra^iHHOH) BOsuosHaro upoAJiosema seifjni. mbm 
6ojiBnie ffB jisj^i seMaiB, RaRofi 611 to hh 6iuo RaxeropiH, tíitb 
6ojie pasBBTB h RpecTBAHCRÍft HaeHi seMejiB (no csoARy to hosbo- 
jisíeTh roAHOCTB yroAift vh Beuiefíkáso). Bek Tpn cepin senejiB — 
RaseHHiui, yA&iBHBiii h qacTHUfl — B^ 8T0irB ciy^aš Rani^ 6u no- 
iforaiOTB APyn Apyry; oah4 BOcnojmnorB co6ok> HeA0CTaT0Ri Apy- 



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KPECTBflHCBIfl H7SRAU- 315 

raxi... ApeHxyercfl hsx ^anearo Hcro^HHKa tImi ÓojiBine, h^m^b 
6oihme nooji^AHÍfi AOcraBjífleTi bosmoshocth apeH^OBaTB^. Tjijb npe- 
odia^aeri spynnoe semieMax^Hie, Tam BpeerbflHe apen^yiOTi 
ÓojBine, a r^^ — cpeAHee h iieiRoe, Tam- MeHBme. IIojiBsoBaHie 
([ysoft seMJceft npeAcraBJífleTB HeHsfi&SHEift BJieMeHTB xosflficxBa 
KpecTBflHi. Ohh npHÓ^feraiOTB bi neify npn bcaroS bosmoshocth; 

OHB SaiBaTHBaiOTl BC^ SeMJIH, BaBÍfl TOJÍBBO MOryTB BOfiTH Bl co- 

crasi apeHAHaro ^OH^a ^). ApeHAaMH BHŠHaA^BHuxi seMeJiB nojiB- 
syiDTca Óojrke Bcero óuBinie noiri^op^BH BpecTBflHe h yA'&2iBHBie, a 
FB MenBineS creneHH — rocy^apcTBeHEue, nerBepiHEie h BasaRH. 
EoiiBine seum CHHMaiorB vh apen^y tí specTBAHe, EOTopue HM'6K>rB 
(ÍĎJBinifi co6cTBeHHuft HaA'&s'B, a ďesseMejiBHEiifB AOCTaercfl jihojb 
HHTTOsHafl HacTB apeHAuaro ^HAa. ApeHAOBanie seMjiH caysHrB 
o;piHirB H31 npHSHaBOBi, orjiBHaio^Hxi sasHTOHHue ABopu otb ne* 
cocTOflTejBHBTXi (cTp. 117 — 133). BjiaA*JiBi^u otfHBHOBeHHo npeA 
noHHTaiorB CAaBaTb seMJio 6oraTUMi> KpecTBflHaMi hjir Byni^aMi, 
KOTopue yse otb ceófl OTAaioirB yiacTBH xosaeBaifB, HyaRAaion^HMCfl 
Bx seMji; 9TH nocpeAHHRH CHJiBHO noBumaiorB apeHAHua i^hu h 
óesnpenflTCTBeHHO aRcnjiyaTHpyiorB BpecTBflHi, paaopflfl bi to se 
BpeMfl H apeHAyeMUfl hmíbía. ToBopa o&b bthxx nocpeAHHRaxx, 
asTopB HasuBaerB Hxib moco&h xoBflftHHqaHBfl „BanHTajHCTHqecBHBrB*' 
H dTBiTB AfteTB HOBOA^B Bi BecBMa cepBesHOMy HeAopasyMŠHÍH). IIpH 
iieHBiniix'B pasMŠpaxi apeHAHaro 4^0HAa seMJifl CAaercfl npaMO 
KpecTBflHaMi noAecflTRBHO; a npn 6oÁe oÓniHpHuxi npoerpaHCTBaxi 
CAaBaeMuxi seMejib npaRtHByeTCfl CAaw BpynHBixi y^acTBOB% vb 
o^hí pyRH. ,yqacTROBua apeHAH, — oíiacHaeri r. KapiímeBi^ — 
6uBaiorB eAHHOJiHHHUfl, MÍpcRÍfl H aprejiBHsifl (TOBapen^ecBia). Ilep^ 
BIU HOCflrB BanHTajiHCTnecBifi xapaBTeprB, eir&i i^bio o6pa6oTBy 
apeHAyeMoft seujivi HaeMHEiMH pa6oHBMH hjh nepecAa^y btoŠ seujiE 
nonojiocHO no BosBumeHHHMi i^naMi. Btopbutb CBoKcTBeHHO Tpy- 
XOBoe Ha^ajio h npHHi](Hni paBEOú^pnaro pacnpeA'&JieHUi CHflTaro 
ynacTRa Me»Ay otioiBHHHBaifH. TpeTBH saHRuaiorB npoMesyTOHHoe 
iťlcTO MexAy i^MH H ApyrBMH. B'B o^E^ecTBeHROMi CMucjii nepBue 
ABa THna apesAH HM^iorB i^h b HHrepecii apaifo npoTHBonoJOS- 
flue. ApeHAHKiň $oha'b orpaHRqeHi n BasAOft arhroS mícthocth. 
Ero HeiBsa pacmapflTB no npoHSBOJiy HaHHMaTeiefi. Ecjih oh'b no- 
oa^aerB bi pyBu apeHAaTopoB^-RanaTaJiHCTOBx, MtcTHoe nacejieHie, 
HyacAaion^eecfl vb pacmapemB CBoefi cejiBCBO-xosaftcTBeHHoft djio- 
iqaAR, RJiH nojiynaerB Beujm asi BTopuxi pyBí, hjh ho nojiy^aerE 
ea coBckwb a npHHysA&^Tca ÓaTpa^HTB bi xosafiCTBaxi dmxi Raira- 

*} Taní »e, crp. 62, 70, 87, 112 h jíp. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



316 B^CTHHRl EBPOnU. 

TBJíECrowb. EcjiH se apeE^Hufi ^^ha^b hexo^htca vb noiBSOBaniH 
apeHAaiopoBi-oÓiABHi, cneRyjiflTHBHOMy RanHTSJíy ee ocraercfl nojfl 
npHJioseBifl cpeAH seMJieA^JiBii^eBi, otfesn^^eHHuxi seiueK)'. Ho 
RanBxajiHSM^ „eaiuiaAUBaeTi cboh) cypoByio pyBy ea cieifn^esa bi» 
ero nocjiiAHeMi yC^aami — BioÓmaHi** (crp. 230 — 2). 

SA^Cb, KaBl H Bl B^BOTOpHX'B APyrHXl* MŠCTaX^ KHHrH, aBTOpi 

yuoipeÓJiflerB cjiOBa ^KaoHTajBSMi^ h ^^BanHxajiBCTHqecBÍĚ' A^fl 
o6o3HaHeHÍfl AByxi coBepmenno paBJuiiHuxi flB.ieHÍ&: opocroro 6a- 
pumHB^ecTBa, óesyíMOBHO BpeAHaro, h bsb^hoS ^opMu caMOcrofl- 
TejiLHaro xosflficTBa npe noMoaiH HaeMHEix'B pa6o^tixx. KpynHoe 
xo3fl&CTBO, pascqHTaHHoe na HaeMHiifi TpyA'B, mosstb 6uTb nocraB- 
jieHO TaBi, iTO oRpecTHoe Haceieme nafiA^rB bx neiťB a hctoh- 
HHRi HOBuxx sapaCfoTROBi, H HOJiesHne o6pa3ipi H npHM^pu jyqmeft 
seujieKbjíbHecKo^ RyjuBTypu; laRoe xosaficTBO ÓyAerB HecoMH'&HHO 
RanHTajlucTHHecRUMi, ho oho ne HBiierE HB^ero o^o^aro Cb xho^hh- 
HecROft BRCnjiyaTai](ieio RpecTBflHCROft Hy^Au h HHRaRHMi oÓpaBOMi 
ne MOserB 6utb OTHeceno Kb oahoS RaxeropÍH cb cneRyjiflTHB* 
HUMi nocpeAHH^ecTBOMi no apeHA^ sen je. KanHraJiiisMi yRa- 
3UBaeTB Ha xapaRxepi npoHBBOACTBa, vjííb TpyA'B 0TA^eH'B otb 
RanHTaJia h nojiy^aeri cboh> aojih) AOxoAa wb Biíjsík onpeA^&ieHHofi 
3apa6oTHO& ajiaxu; ho vjíik bobco h^tb npoHSBOACTBa, xaMi ne mo- 
serb 6iiTB pi^H H o RanHTajracTH^ecROMi xosfl&CTB'!. yqaciie kom- 
Mep^ecRBxi RanBTaJOBi bt> RaROMiHH^yAB jsíkA ne onpeA^flerB 
en^e cnocotia ero BeAeHÚi; RanHTajiHcrb Moserb 6uTb h xen^Huirb 
a^epHCxonrB, h opranesaTopoMi nojiesHaro npoMuniJieHHaro npeA* 
npiflTifl; vb nepBOMi cnyqaš uu bhabmi Ryjia«iecTBO, Tpe5yH)ii^ee 
oĎysAama, a bo BiopoMi— RanHTajiHCTMqeCRyK) $opMy npoH3BOAH- 
TejbHofi A^flTejiBBOCTH. CM^niHBaTb 9TB AB% Beo^H 6ujio 6u KpaSne 
HecnpaBOAJiHBO. 

Ťoiafl craTHCTBRa HeAOcraTOHHa npH oCiflCHeHÍii h anaJiHBi aso- 
HOicHHecRHXi flBjeHÍfi; TpeÓyercfl xaRse RaRafl-HH^yAB AORxpHHa, ci 
HaAJ[esaa^BM'B sanacoirb npeABsaxiixi, x.-e. roxoBiiX'B HAeft, Bupa- 
ÓoraHHBixi HayROH) h JHxepaxypoio. ^xo r. RapumeBx xopomo sea- 

ROMl Ob BROHOMHqeCROH) HayROH) H JIBXepaxypOH), O&b BXOITB CBH- 

A^xejBCXByexi ero npesHBfl paóoxa o B^qnoft apenA^ b% sanaA* 
Hoft Esponš ^). Buxb Mosexx^ HeBO^BHoe yBJíe^eHÍe cxaxHCXHqecRHirB 
MexoAOMi CRa8UBaexcfl bi» n-lBoxopuxi ocoÓeHHOCXflxi ero nacrofl- 
vofiŘ RHHTH. YnoMAHyBí O HeoÓxoABMOCxH saROHOAaxejiBHaro pery- 
^EpoBanifl HaniHxi apeHAHBixi hopaakobx, aBxopi BBiCRasuBaexi 

') 6'6'iHo-Hacjrí^xcTBeHHHft HaeMi seiieiB na KOHTHHeHrb saoaxHoft Eupoira. 3io- 
HOMH^ecKoe H3CJiixoBaHÍe. Cd5., 1885. Gp. peiteBsii) vb „Bícthhk'1 Esponu^, 1885, 

ÍDJfc. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



BPECTBflHCRIfl nY3BiJS,U. 317 

(^AyK)iAee: „Camift npenii^Hirb BM^maTejibCTBa vh c^epy arpap- 
HHTB oTHomeHÍfi He ^f SAi^ HameMy OTenecTBy. Kpy^HHM^ maroMi 
Bi aroft odaacTH 6iuio HaAtJieHie KpecrbflirB seMJieH) BJiaA'&irB^ecKOH), 
fX^bHOK) H ročy^apcTBeHEOK) Bx nepBofi nojcoBHH*! inecTHAeciiTiix'B 
roxoBi. B-B cyn^HOCTH ero Hax^JieHie CBO^HJiocb ki ^BCIIpoIIpia^iB 
HacTH seiiejiBHofi co6cTBeHHOCTH y efl lopHAHHecBHXi BJiaff^jTsiieBi 
Bi HHTepecaxi oCesneHem ÓojbniHHCTBa nacejieHifl — 8eMJieA'6>9bqe- 
CKaro BJiacca crpaeii^ (crp. 398). 3to saM^^anie Basercs nairb 
spaftHe Hey^a^Huicb. IIoBCfOAy, BaB'B h y eaci, crapoa nosenejib- 
HHfl oTHomeHÍfl 6euih no^TH Bcei](^o ycrpoenu rocyAapCTBOM'B. Kpe- 
CTbflHCKafl pe^^opna ne lOJibKo ne BHOCJia wb aToifB mucjii Hnero 
HOBaro, a caMa 6iuia jHmb nonpaBROH) bi npexníecTBOBaBinHirB co- 
s^amfliTb rocyAapcTBa bi o6jiacTH noseiceJibHaro 6um crpaes. Pas- 
Aana BpecTBflHCBBXx seMejb bi BOXHHHy h b^ noiri^CTbe CJnysEiBiifB 
jnoxflM'B, nocTeneHHoe OTHfliie noseMejiBHEixi npaBi y BpecTbflHi h 
saspinon^eHÍe cejbCBaro eacejemfl sa abopahctbomi- bi HHTepecaxi 
oÓflsaiejbHofi ciysÓBi nocjrl^Hflro, — Bce sto Óbijio ^'Íjiomi rocy^ap- 
CTBeHHoft BjacTH. Hama npesHflfl noseicejibHafl CHcreMa 6uLia Bce- 
iftio npoAyBTOMi rocyAapcTBeHHaro BM'lmaTejibCTBa. yiBepHAaTb 
nocsb 3Toro, hto npHHi^ani BiišmaTejii CTBa kb c^epy arpapsuxx 
OTHomeHifi „He ^yac^i HameMy OTe^ecTBy^, h bi AOBaBaieiibCTBO 
ccEijaTBCfl na BpecTBflHCByio pe^opMy e na M^pa rpa(|)a EeceJieBa, 
— Óojrle ^wb crpaHHO. HaA'&2ieHÍe BpecTbaei seMJieH) ne óhjio 
3Kcnponpiai^ieio ^acTH ABopflHCBaro 3eMJ[eB;[aA'l^HÍfl yase noTOMy, hto 
sa BpecTbflHaifH ocTasjeHii Jiemb seMJiH, HaxoAHBnriflCfl paHbme bi 
HX'B ^aBTHHecBOMi nojiB80BaHÍH H upBHaAJiesaBmifl jierajibHO no- 
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co(5cTBeHHOCTB; HCTopHíecRH B^pnie ÓyAerb cRaaaTb, ito BpecrbflHe 
6ujH jiemeHu cbohxx noseMeJbHux^ BJiB,jí!bm& bi nojibsy CJiysHjaro 

COCIOBifl H ^0 n03;iH%e HMX BOSBpaXHJIH HaCTB OTHflTUXl seMejib 

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CTopoHHefi dBcnponpiai^iH BJ[aA'&!ibi^eBi} r. KapameBi, o^eBHXHO, 
noApuBaen bch) CHJiy cbohxi ;(oboaob% OTHOCBTejibHO specTbAHCKaro 
luuoseMejibfl, h6o x&se iiajiue naA^u ne hm^h Kaní 6yAT0. npo^* 
Haro HCTopH^ecBaro ocHOBanifl h ocraiOTCfl ji^si napo^a 6jiaroA'&i* 
HÍeiTb, BOTopoe HaAO i^tHHTb no AOCTOHHCTBy. Bi noseMeJbHosťb 
Bonpoci HejBSfl o6ofiTHCb Cesi miipoRofi HcropB^ecKoft to^bh sp^- 

HÍfl, H HySAA BpeCTBflHX Bl SeMJ!*! BH^Ieil TaBSe CBOH) HCTOpÍK). 

EpecTBflHCTBO ^yBCTByerB norpeÓHOCXb bi yBCJH^eniH cbo]ix'b 
HaA^iiOBi H Bi pacmHpeHÍH CBoero seMjeA^B^ecBaro xosaftcTBa; ara 
norpeÓHOCTB or^acTH y^OBJíeTBopaercfl apeH^OK) Hy;BHX'B seuejiB, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



318 fi^GTHUKX EBPOnU. 

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BETB ee ycninrao MoryrB tojibbo sasKHTO^Hue BpecruiHe, a ii, rxd 
HaHÓoxie HysAA6TCfl fb seMJíš, He hm^h)tl Aocryna bi ^apeHXHOiiy 
^HAy''. JleBapcTBO on MajoseiieAfl Buierb TaBHirB oópasom 
npaBTnecBoe SHa^eme tojbro ajui s^opoBiixi, a ne a^ ciaóini, 

K0T0piIll'B OHO OCOtfeHHO HJSHO. BfiIXOAHTB BaBOl-TO SaSOJAOBaHHUft 

spyrB, VE BOTopoiTB HeBOJtbHO TepsiDTCfl H8CJtA0BaTejiH Hamerb 
specTBflHCBHX'B Hyas^i. 

X Gjouhucbií. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



EorAa CL bbicotb ropan^aro CeHafl 
HspaHJiH) 6iurh jífi,wh ero sasoHi, — 
Upexi BoroiTB chjtb roiíhh npeuoHflfl, 
Ero HasBaTB en^e crpaniHjrcfl oh'b. 

B&ut npoiiLiH: cjiysEirejiH Baajia 

fieecjH CBOft ToprB h no^B CBfln^eHHuft npoBx; 

Ho HOBafl sapa yse dflja: 

XpHCTOCL HsrHaji En xpaiia ToproBi^OBi. 

Ohi HOBuft xpaM'B BOB^BErs q)exH BcejeHHofi, 
Tfib euHHOffB, HH i^nfievh iňm>j 

Tfib BCe 2KHBHTB E^BHaft AyXl HeTJI'lHHllfi, 
Px^ I^ipCTByiOirB JUO6OBB, H SH3HB, H CBfa*l. 

Ho H Tyxa BHecjiH rejuaifk sjíaioro, 
H TaiťB onflTB CBJíOHJiiOTCfl npexB hhmi... 
KorAa-si, 0, Focno^H! HsroHHiiiB CHOsa 
TopryioqHXB TaMB HMeHeiiB Tbohmb?.. 

Kh. a. I^EpTEJEBl. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



lECflTB IWh ¥b AMEPHKÍ 

HSI* JIIHHIIXI BOOnOMHHÁBifi. 



VII *). 

Bonpocb o HapoAHOMi o6pa30BaHÍH vb GoeAHHeHHUX'B niiaTax'!* 
npuxoAHTCfl padCMarpHBaTB h^bojtbro OTjra^rao otb Toro se Bonpoca 
Bi eBponeftcRHxi rocyAapciBax^. 3a^b eítb ^^A^pajiBHaro, Ha- 
AioHajibHaro MHHHcrepcTBa HapoAHaro npocB^n^eHifl; vh s^iBfbjLUBh- 
bíh 4^AepajBHaro npaBHreJBerBa HaxoABTCJi tojibbo BoeHHafl mRaia 
Bi BecTB-IIofiHrl h MopcBafl bi ÁHHanojiHcI. IQkojiu 8th ynpe- 
sAeHu fiCRop^ nocn*! oÓpasoBaHifi Goiosa, coxepaiaTCfl ea c^eri mhhh- 
crepcTBi BoeHHaro h iiopcKoro, ÓesnjaTHH^ h o(% (tb ^erupex- 
.iíthhmi cnéipajibHtiirB RypcoMi. BaBaociH vb mraTi y^an^Hxcfl kb 
3THX^ msojiaxi nonojiHfliOTCfl hbi pasHuxi mTaTOBi no onepexH, 
cootipaBHO CB Hxi Hace^eHÍeiix, h js^jisi OBOHWBmHxi bi hhxi RypcB 
cjiys6a HeoÓisarejiBHa, a TaRi RaRi o^ai^epcRoe asajiOBaHBe BecbMa 
HeBHa^HTejíBHO, npoHSBOACTBo se HpeBBuqafiHO iieA^seHHO, to Becuia 
MHorie MOJOABie o4^Hi](epu h biixo^atb wl OTcraBRy BCRopl no oboh- 
Hanie Rypca. BcrynHTejiBHEie dRsaMenu, RaR'B no ecTecTBOB^xenÍK), 
TaRi H Bi Dpoqnxi nayRaxi, secBMa crporn, h y^eneRH vb o(%hx'b 
BTHXi niROJiaxi npexcraBJífliorB coóoio i^rB aMepHRancRoft mojio- 
xesB Bo Bc£xx OTHomeniflxi. 

KasAufi niTarB coiosa HM^en cboh cotfcTBeHHue saRonu ot- 
HOcuTeJiBHO napoAHaro o6padOBaHÍfl, h saRonu btb aobojbho pasno- 
o6pa3HBi, RaRi pasHOoCpaBHBi h cucreMu BOcnBTamfl, nporpaHMU, 
ycJiOBia BunycRa, h t. n. IQTaTH HoBOft-AnrjÍH, GŠBepa, O^Bepo* 



*} Cn. BHffle: ^Bp^ crp. 478. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



ABCflTB JK^TX Vb AMEPHBft. 321 

sanaxa h Sanaxa oocraBJífliOTB oahj rpynny, h ffjiezo ynuH on 
nrtaTOBi £)ra h lOro-sanaAa; HiRoropue hsi nocjri^AHnxi h ;io chx'b 
nopi H]iix)n, cpaBHBTejibHO <rb nepBUMH, BecbMa HecoBepmeoHUJi 
CHcrenu HapoxHaro o6pa80BaBÍfl. TaBx, miarb C^Bepnafl-KapojiHHa 
HacqHTUBaeirb 2lVo HerpairoTHiixi, — caMufi bhcobíS npoi^eHTx ne- 
rpaMOTHOCTH BO BceMi Coios^; HaAx emii ctobtx lOsHaa-Kapo- 
jHHa, MHCCHCHnH H ^Hsiana. ďLajiOBaHBe ywiejiefi cpaBHHraiBHO 
H13B0, — ynaAaerB J^o 30 ACWiapoBi bx m^^b; nepioAX o^yneHifl 
lopoTOBx^ HHorAa HHase ojíth uicsmevh bx roxy; msojiLHHfl sxaHifl^ 
HcuD^aa ropoACBHxi) ne Taxx 6pocaH)TCfl bx rjasa h (H&AHŠe 
CHafiaseHu mBOJiBHiíMH noco6úiuH. 6oo6iAe K)ry Hei^Mx noxBaurrbCfl 
vb BTOMi OTHomeHin; h ffi chxi nopx bcí BasiiTOHHiie jik>ah no- 
auax)rB cbohxi A'ÍTefi bx ^acTHUfl msoju, a eapoAnafl mBOJa 
HaxoABTCfl Bx qM^HHTejBHOMi 8a6poc6. IlepeisacaioiiUe Ha lorb 
dsepAHe noTTH wb ornpaBJífliDrB cbohxx ^ x^iefi na c^Bepx, h 
Toibso m> lixx mTaiaxi, rx^ cÍBepnafl ^llH^pa^ifl seaHHTejiBHa, 
ujehj eanpHiť^&px, bi TeRcad^ h $jiopHA^, BCipi^aiOTCfl h bx cejB- 
CRHxi oBpyraxx xopomifl mBOiBHsa s^aflifl h x^BHoe, ocMUCieH- 
Hoe OTHomeme sx HapoxHofi msojiš. TopoACRifl dibojiei h ea lor^ 
OHesb xopomH, a AyxoBHue yHHBepcHTeru h bíicidúi asaxeMÍH, ana- 
HHTeiBHoe ÓojBmHHCTBo ROTopuxi pacnojioflKeHO Bx losHuxx mraiaxi, 
o^esB Óoraiu h fijBkwrb oÓuBHOBeHHO, spoM^ cneipajtBHO-TeoiorH- 
^ecxaro, h aúmfie Bacmee o6pa80BaHÍe, a noTOMy ÓojiLmHHCTBO 

KOHWK)II^IIXX BX HBXX BypCU 06 npHHHlfaiOTl AyXOBHarO SBaHÍJi. 

B% ÓonniHHCTBt miaioBi CoiDsa, sa noen^AHee Bpeiifl h íOn na- 
larb cjiiAOBaiB sa ObBepoMx bi» aroMii OTHomeniH, ta^ nojHufi sypcB 
HapoAHoft mBOJUi ofiHtMaerx a^batb BJiaccoBi h a^batb jAtl. Kypcx 
dTon, no 6ojiBniHHCTBy npeAneioBx, paBHflercfl pyccBOMy rHifnadH- 
HecKOny Bypcy, bx h^cbojibbo cautTOirB bha'£. UpoxoAflTi anrjdfi- 
odfi H jaTHHCBÍfi flSHBH, apHOMeTHBy, ajiretfpy, reoMeipiio, Hcropiio, 
reorpa^ÍH), ecrecrBeHHUfl nayBH, BBJíiOHafl anaTOMiK) h ^Hsiojioriio, 
^■BHBy, 6yxrajiTepÍK>, ^epnenie h pecoBanie. ^ajieBO ne bcI mBO^Bi 

HXilXrL BC^ A6B9ITB BJaCCOBX, MHOlifl Hlf^IOrB TOJBBO 5 HJH 6, 
HO BCi CrpeMflTCfl BX AGBflTHJliTHeiiy Bypcy, H BO MHOrBXX míct- 

Hoeraxx na ab£, na Tpn h na neriipe nflTH- h mecxn-BJíaccHHfl 
noBOJiH HM^TCfl OAHa A^BJíTHBjaccHafl. CaMO coóoft pasyM^ercfl, hto 
He Be6 yHOHiiBE BonnaiOTB nojinuft A^BSTEJitTHifi BypcB, h noTOMy 
nporpaMMH miTH- h mecTBJíŠTHHXx niBOjrB nnorAa b^bojibbo pas- 
jR^ecTByiorB otx a^bateiíthexi, crapaflCb a&tb no bo8mo2bhocth 
sftKOHqeHHoe, xora h nenojinoe oÓpasoBame t^itb y^eHHBaifB; bo- 
loptie noqeMy-jui6o ne MoryrB npoAOJsaxB Bypca. Hysno BaM^THTB, 
no npH MHorETB mBOJiaxx, ocočlenno wb ropOAaxx, HiitoTCfl xaBx 

T<m U.— MAm, 1698. 21 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



322 BtCTHEK^ EBPOniI. 

HasueaeMue ^A'&TCBÍe ca^^i'' A^^ HaHHHaioiiiHxi; kb HbRoropux^B 
iiiTaTax'B dTH A^TCKÍe caAs coAcpauiTCfl qacTHUMH oÓn^ecTBaiíH ilui 

AWUjBMR Ha WCTHUfl CpCACTBa, a FB H'lROTOpUX'B Ha OÓH^eCTBeHHBIl, 

H cocraBJífliorB HeoT%eM<ieMyH> npenaAJiesHOCTb nmoju. Uo okoh- 
nanÍH Bypca vb TaBBxrB xeBflTHJitTHHX'B niKOJiax'B, yHeHHSH nepe- 
xOAiirB B'B Bucmifl niBOJiu (higb scbool). EypCB vh 8thxi BiicmBX'E 
mBOjaxi o6HRHOBeHHO xpexitTHÍft, — o6HRuaen xpEroHOMerpÍK), 
acrpoHOifiio, rpeHecRÍft jssubi, xhmík>, (oraHHBy, ^iisiojioriH) h Apyrúi 
ecrecTBeHHiifl HayxH, h t« a-; ero ipyAHO npHpaBHATb r'b ^eiiy- 
jih6o cyn^ecTByiDo^eMy kb Poccíh. Bucmee cnei^íajiBHoe oÓpasoBame 
nony^aercia bi yHHBepčHreri, h KasAuft mraTB, Basi 6u Majx owh 

BH CfAJThy COAepSHTB laBOft yHHBepCHTeTB^ a HHOfAa U H'£CS0AB0^ 

oÓuBHOBeHHO CB qeTEipexiiiTHHirB BypcoiťB) HHorAa cb xpexjri^T- 
HHMi} H CB AByMfl, TpeMfl, u óoÁb^ ^aByjBTeraMii; npH ohh- 
caHÍH oŤA^BHiix^B mraiOBi a emfi BepnycL bi dTOMy npeAMery. 
Rasi otiyHeHÍe, Tasx h bcI msojBEUfl noco6ifl vb bthxi yHHBep* 

CHTeraXl AftpOBUfl H, Sa HeMHOrHMH HCBJlOqeHÍflMH, OTBpUTU A^ui 

yqao^BXCfl oóoero nojia Óesi paasHHÍfl. 

HlBOJiBHoe ynpaBjeHÍe aobojibho OAHOotfpasHO bo bcIxi mTaTax'B 
H cocTOHTB E9b ynpaBjflioaiaro niBOjaMH miaia (State Superintendent 
of Public Instruction), BHÓHpaeiiaro bm^^ctí cb ocrajiBHUMH hhhob- 
HHBaifH miaTa OAuasAu bi> roA'B, b% 2, 3 hjih 4 roAa, CMorpa no 
TOMy, BaBx ^acro npoHSBOAflTCfl xaBÍe Bu6opu vh mrart; h saT&irB 
H3i ynpaBJiflH)n(HX'B mBOjaMH rpa^CTBi, Bu6HpaeMHX'B bthmh rpa$* 
CTBaMH BMŠcrt CB ocTajiBHEiMH HHHOBHBBaMH; 6ojiBniie FopoAa mAlOTh 
CBOHXi, cneiýaiBHuxi ynpaBJuiion^HX^, Bii6HpaeMuxx hmh canBicH. 
Bi H^BOTopuxx mraTaxi h bo mhopexi rpa^Baxi 8thmh ynpas- 

JIBH)n](HllH BUÓpaHBI SBeHn^HHBI. KpOM^ dTBXl ynpaBJIflH>niHXl| BO- 

Topue o6uBHOBeHHO nojyiaiorB xopomee saiOBaHBe, otb AByxi ao 

BOCBMH TBECflTO AOUapOBl Vh TOfi^^bj Bl BaSAOlTB HITaTi, Bl BaS* 

AOMl rpa^CTB^ H KB BaSAOMl rOpOA^ HMilOTCfl OCOtfse mBOIBHBie 

C0B']&Tu (Board of Public Educatíon), cocraBJífleMue o^uBHOBeHHO 
^acriio Hsi npeAclAftT&aefi bbichihxi yqeÓHUxi saBeAenit HiraTa, 

HaCrÍH) HKB HSffbCTHEIXl BBlóOpHUXl ^HHOKB HITaTa eX OffidO, BEBX, 

HanpHMŠprB, ryÓepHaxopa, npeAC^Aft^ejefi cenaia h najara npeA- 
craBHTeJieft, HacriH) hkb BuÓopHux^ jBit^ otb mraxa h rpa^^crefB, 

HBB^CTHUXl HJIH UO HX'B SaHATiflATB, HJIH HO HX'B JinÓhE Kh A^Jy 

H HacrÍK) H31 JiHi^i, ocHOBaBmHxi Ha CBOH q>eAcrBa oÓn^ecrBeHHUE 
y^e^HUfl 8aBeA6HÍfl hjh noAA6psHBaH}qflX'B hxb cbohiih noseprse- 
BaniaMH. yHHBepcHTeni BOo6n^e, a Ha c^Bepl h Ha sanaA^ b*b 
ocodeHHOCTH, ^pesBu^a&HO 6oraTU} h kb ÓojBniHHcrBi ciynaesi 
noAAepsHBaiOTCfl na cboh co(5crBeHHfiifl cpeAcrBa, nojiy^aeMUfl cb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



AECAT& JÍVTh Vh AMEPHE^. 323 

nOSq[)TBOBaHHiIX:B Bl HX'B HOJILBy BaHHTaJIOBi; OrpOMHUfl, It'lHHEU[ 
8MÍHÍ)i H MHOrie MHJLIÍOHII HaJIH^HHME A^HbraMH UJ^EB&JS^eSAVh 
OTHlTb SasexemfllTB H J^BX>Tb HITB BOSMOSHOCTb He TOJIbBO A^BaTL 

fjKpoBoe otfpasoBaHÍe h bc£ HayHHua nocofiifl MHormrB Tucaqaiás^ 
eiyx^HTOBi, HO H coxepsaTB SHa^BT&ibHyK) HacTb Hn bi npoxojr- 
seaie Bcero Bypca. 

OnacaflCb roBOpHTB oÓn^iiMH M^craMH, h DpexnowTafl ewl Óes- 

CnOpHUe 4^KTH, fl CA$JiaK) B£l($OpKH H npHBCAy CTaTHCTH^eCRijI 

AaHHUfl H31 OT^ieTOBi ynpaBJijiK)iitiixi HapoAHUMH niBOiiaMH nrraTOBi 
Rajm^pHÍB, Kojopaxo, OxaĚo, 0&BepHofi-JI|aB(mi h Macca?y3eTca. 
Ji BfiiópajrB HMeHHO bth mraxu, no o^HOMy hsi BasAoft rpynnu, 
Ha BOTopiifl otfuBHOBeHHO pasA&ifliDirb GoexHHeHHue-niTaTU} ttoÓei 
AaTB noHflTie o cbmbxi padHOo6pa8HBix'B mícthoctaxi Goiosa, e 
BecBMa cossax&io, qTO He;(OCTaTOB'B BpoMeHH h Mtcra ho nosBOjraerB 

MHÍ npHBeCTH H^BOTOpUfl IflCia H8l 3THX'B OTHOTOBl I^'&9HB0M'E — 

Tasi OHH noyqBTejbHu h laBi jiaieso ocraBJUDTB sa co($ok) bco, 

Hli) Kh dTOMl OTHOmeHÍH AOCTyOBO H nOHflTHO pyccBOMy ?eiOBÍBy. 

HaHHv Ch niTaxa KaiiH(|)opHÍH. noci^AHift othctb othochtcs 
vb 1889 H 1890 rOAaiťB: oi^erB sa 1891 h 1892 roxa noflBHTCfl 
TOJIbBO Bi Ha?aji% 1893 ro^^a. Ho (f^e^epajcbEoft nepenHCH 1890 ro^a, 
Bc&xi A^ieft vb mBOJibHOifb Bospacii (orb 5 xo 17 jAvb) bo Bcem 
mraT^ 280882; hbx HHX'b nocžn^ajio ny6j[H^rHbifl niBOJiu 221.756 
H HacTHiui niBOJu 21.460, Bcero 243.216. TaBHifb odpasoirb, 
ToibBO 37.666 He nocin^aiH HHBaBHX'b mBOjrb. TaBi BaB'b bi Ka- 
JH^pHÍu yse H^^ojbBO jAvb BaBi BBexeni 3aB0H'b o6i o5ji3a- 
TeibHOifB o6pa80BaHÍH, TO i^H^tpa dra ofiiacHAerca Tbu.%, tto MHom 
xiifl ne HauHaiOTb xoxBTb vh mBOJiy ao 6 h A&se jífl 7 jAtBj 
líHorífl BOH^aiorb 14, 15 h 16 Jiirb, h, HaBOHei^'b, H^BOToptifl 
níbrn OTnpaBJífliOTCJi poAHTejiflMH vh y^e^HUfl saBej^emii bocto^huxi 
mraroB^b h Aase bi EBpony. KpoMÍ Toro, BHTafiCBÍfl h HHAificsúi 
;^ BBJ9i09eHH B'b nepeiiHCb, a 3.424 hbx hhxi ne nocin^ajn 
HHsaBoft mBOJiii. ^jui o6pa80BaHÍfl btexi A^iefi cyn^ecTBOBajio vh 
1890 roAT 24 B£icmHX'b msojiu cb 1.6Vo Bcero wcjia yqaii](Hxcfl^ 
1.685 AeBflTHBJiaccHHX'B, (Tb 24.14%, h 2.858 mecTHBiaccHuxB c& 
73.26^0. TojibBO vh 53 mBOjax'b niBOJibHuft roA> upo^ojacaics 
uesbe 6 MŠCfli^eBi; bx 723 — orb 6 ^o 8, h bo Bcix'b ocTajn>Htix!& 
— CBume 8 uiesmevh^ Ch cpeAHHifb jí^b Bcero niTaxa bi> 8.02 M^iia. 
6o Beix'b dTHxi mBOJiaxi Óujio 1.162 y?HT&ifl cb cpexnEM^ saio- 
BaHbeiTB Kh $ 80.70 B'b íiiam^, h 4.272 yqerejibHEiilEi cb cpe^* 
HHiTb xaiOBaHbeMB BB ^66.20 B'b Mtcfli^i. Ha co^epsaHÍe dTiixx 
ffiBOs^b (yHHBepcHTerbi, HopiiaibHUfl mBOJiu h cnei^íajibHUfl y^eó- 
HHfl 3aBeAeHÍfl coAepaKaxcfl na oco($bifl cpeACiBa) nocrynojio b'b 

21* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



324 BftCTHElRB EBPODU. 

1890 roAy hsi bc£xi hctohhhrobi $6.118.412 HdAepsaHO, Bcero 
$ 5.119.096.68, ocraiocb m 1891 roAj $999.316. Otohmoci^ 
niBOJiBHaro lOiyii^ecTBa (onflXb-TaRH HCuiDHaii yHEBepeHTeni etc) 
npocTHpajiacb ao $ 13.624.143, vh towb iecaí $ 579.659 co- 

CnBMJOL CTOHMOCTb mSOJlbHilXl ÓHÓJÍOTeKl, $ 2^)8.176 — CTOHMOCTb 

inROJbHBix'B nocoóift, H $ 12.746. 308 —CTOHMOCTb sAamfi u iiefiejH* 
TaBBMi otfpasoiTb OBasusaercfl, hto na BasAaro pe6eHKa m mBOJb- 
BOWb BOspacTÉ 6ujio accHraosaHO $ 21.78, a si A^ficTBHTejibaocTH 
usAepasaHO sa KasA&ro peÓeaBa, nocJtaitaBmaro HapoAHyK) msoiy^ 
$ 19.91. EpoMi Toro, ea coAepsame Tpexi HopiiajoEbHuxi mson^ 
6ujio HSAepsaHO Bcero ) 208.250; dři HopMaibHiu mROui co- 
OTBtTCTByioTi pyccBEiTb yHHTeibCBHM'b ceMHHapiflirb, saHmiaKyTCi 
HCBJíouTejbHO noATOTOBBOD y^BTCJefi, Aaiorb AapoBoe oÓpasoBa- 
HÍe Cb TpexjiÍTBHM'b RypcoMi, H A^ nocTymeHÍfl bi hhxi Tpe<$yeTc» 
OBOH^aHÍe Bypca bx Bucmefi HapoAHOi msoji. HaBOHOiiix, sazAoe 
rpa^^CTBO pacxoAyerb eseroAso sHa^HT&ibHUfl cyímu aa y^Hreib- 
CBÍe ciisAu; otb ) 200.00 ao $ 3.000 accHreyeTCfl eseroAHO na 
9Ton npeAMerb BasAHM'b rpa^tCTBom, h- Bcb HSAepsBH y^erejieft 
H yHHTeibHHi^i, coopaseHBUfl cb dTHMH cbÍ8AaMH, cnoina onia- 
MHBaiOTCfl H8X 8TBXI cyHiTb. Bi Te^OBÍe 1890 roAa 4.995 hss 
BCero HECia 5.434 y^Hrejiefi h yqHTaibHHi^x npiHiMa.iE y^acrie 
Bi dTHxi ci^Aaxi, H yiipasjuion^ifi mBOjaMB nmiTa b^ CBoeirb. 
OT^eTi HacTOflTejbHO Tpe6yerb HeMeAJieHHaro BBeAeHÚ ocoóoi f^oim- 

HOCTH BOHAyBTOpOBl y^HTeJbCBBXX Cb^AOBl, IHI^l, BOTOpUfl MOFJB 

6u cjA^mh vb Tepeme mBOJibHaro nepioAa sa ycníxaME ncAarora- 
^ecsaro A^^iia bi ApyrHxi mraTaxi coDsa, a sax&ii jAtowb aa- 
B^AKiBajfl 6u ywTejiibCBHME cxiBAaME mraTa. OT^erbaiarb, iiesAy 
npoHEifb, Tpe6yerb TaBase HeMeAJieHHaro BBeAenifl ÓesaiaTHBx^ 
BHEPb Aifl Bcix'b yqan^EXCE. Bi HacTOflii^ee Bpeiifl miaTOiix Kan- 
^pniefi coAepsBETCfl oco($afl TEnorpa^hi, npEHaA^esan^afl niTaTy 
CTODnvui $315.000, B'b BOTopofi neuTaiOTCfl Bcib yqetfHHBE Hsa- 
TŽM^B npoAaiOTca ymn^EMCfl corjacHO exi A^CTBETenHoft ctoe- 
mocte; OT^erb EAeTx< acu^ h TpeÓyerb ÓesyciOBHO ÓesniaTEOfi pas- 
Aam Bcirb HeoÓxoAEMuxi BHon, cciuaflcb sa diaroTBopflue pe-^ 
syjbTaTu 8T0fi CECTeiíu Kb inTaTax'b Macca^yserob e MEurae^ a 
Tasse BO BdbLi ÓojibmExi ropoAaxi HoBoft-ÁHrjÍE, Hbio-Iopsa w 

UeHCEJIbBaHiE. 

YHEBepcExerb nnaTa KajEJ^opHÍE EM^terb ^^aByjbTeni: cioboc- 
Hufl, pasA&ieHfliifi Ha Tpe 0TA&ieHÍB, 8eMjieA'i^bHecBÍfi, ropniift, 
HHseeepBufi, lopEAB^ecsifi, MeAEi^EHCBifi e ^^apHai^eBTE^ecsift; spoiríi 
Toro vb ero se saB^AUsaHÍE HaxoAflTca acrpoHOME^ecsas oiScepsa- 



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AECflTB JI^TB Bl ÁMEPHEfi. 325 

Topiii JlBBa ^). A^fl nocxyiLieHifl nyseo osoH^Hib Rypci bi buc- 
iDHxi mROjaxi niTaia; sypcE vb uewb qeiapexjiiTHitt; o6pa80BaHÍe 
xapoBoe H OTKpiiTO AJísi oÓOHXi nojioffs Ha Bctxx ^RyjibTeTax'B. 
npoij^ccopoBi H HacrpysTopoBi 194, crvAeHTOBi 918. HMyntecTBO 
yHiBepcHTera d^iHHBaercfl wh $ 6.9 53. 779 j vh ToaťB hhcjií He- 
XBBXHMHfl mrtniji, SAamfl h annapaTU $ 2.899.954, HaiHHHEie 
sanHTajiti, npeHOcan^ie npoi^eHTu, $2.005.134 h RaiiHTajiHsai^úi 
Biraaro ^oHxa otb mraTa Ka.iiH4»opHÍH $ 2.048.690. JífixoA-h 
yHHBepcHTera on ero coCcTBeHHOCTH bx 1890 r. npocTHpajrcfl 
xo $ 229.987. yHHBepcBTen pasA^eoi na Tpn nacTH, xosflfi- 
^TBeHHoe ynpaaieHie soTopuMH cofiepmeHHO caMOCTOflieiBHO, TaB'B 
Ran Henipe ^RyibTera pacnoioaceHn fb iritere^Ri BepRejiafl, b^b co- 
poRa MHJijixx OTB r. CaH%-$paHi^HCRO, TpH j^aRyjBTeTa bx ropox^ 
€aHi-$paHi^HCRO, a oficepBaTopúi jIiiRa na ropt raMHJbTOHi, vh 
ipa^CTBt CaHTa-Kjiapa. Ě^b cosaji^HÍK), a ne mopb AOcraTs oóqaro 
rrora pacxoj^OBi, a nojyiHJťs tojbro pacxoAu no lOTupeirB j^aRyjBTé- 
TaiTB Bi BepRejroib, npocTHpaioiitíecfl ^o $ 220.000 b^b ro^i^. KaR'B 
rpoMaxHoe mAme fb BepReJtai co 6c6iíh s^aHÍflUH h npHHaxJie- 
xantincH si Heiiy ^oxo^heimh ciaTBAiiH, tuki h bccb naJinHiift 
RinHTajTB nosepTBOBaHu bi pasHoe BpeMii ^acTHHira jEiiiaMH. 

Bi 1884 roAy ceeaTopi GoexHHeHHuxi UlTaTOBi niTaia Ra* 
JH^opBÍH, JlejiaHj^^B OraH^top^x, o^hhi h8i caMBix'B 6oraTiix'B juo- 
xeft THXooReaHCRaro no6epesbfl, fb naiíATB exHHCTBeHHaro ctina, 
yiiepmaro kb mojoxuxi jriiaxi, no^HecB vh a&P^ mtaiy Kaje- 
^opeiH Tpe caiíuxx 6ojiBniE[X'E h caniixi i^hhuxi hmíhIa bo BceirB 
mrart. Ha oahomi hsi hhxi, Ilajio-AjibTO, vb 33 bcejiaxi otb 
r. GaffE-^iMtEi^HCRO, OHI nocrpoHJTB sxaHÍe yHHBepcHrera; XBa xpy* 
riix'B — CAHO Bi 55, ipyroe bi 22 tucaw aRpoBX — npexHasHa^eHu 
UTB Ha co^epsaHÍe 8Toro saBejtenifl. nepita Ilajio-AjbTO, a^bho 
nsicTHafl no Bceiiy coiosy, BaRi pasca^HERTB Jiyqniiixi lomaxefi bi 
CoexHHeflHBXi niTaTax^B, 8aRj[H)qaerB vb ce6^ npocrpaHCTBO bi 
13 RBaxpaTHuxi mhjib h RaRi Eejihss Ji^mne cooT6'&TCTByeTi cbo- 
eiiy Ha8Ha?eHÍH)— BBrbqaTB bi ce6^ oaho h3«b Bej[H^afiniHX'B h naH- 
ly^me dRiinHpoBaHHEixi BucniHX'B yneÓHuxi saBe^enift nipa. Ha 
Heft ecTB H BHCOBifl ropu cfb pyAHHRaMH, H xpenyHÍe ;išca, h 6o- 
raTEifl AOJiHHH, H poBHU)! njOAopoAHQfl CTenH, H Bi TO se BpeicH 
ona naxoxHTCfl Bcero fb ?acft isfjn otb icerponojiiH Bcero thxo* 



*) OÓcepsaTopúi dia 6iua sHcrpoena h noxnecena vb xapi mraTy KaiH<iK>pHÍH 
iiioin (Lick), KOTopuft Hsxepxajrb aa en ycTpoficTBO $700.000. Ona CHadsena, 
Hesxy npo^HMH ?pe3BHuftH0 i^HHUMH annapaTaMH, caHHMi ÓojiBniiufb tejiecBoaoiii 
n npi, (Tb 8BiaTopiai&HHir& CTeuoMi vb 86 xd^movb. T^o JlHia no ero cicepTH 
^(uo norpeÓeHO nojii it^yHxaMeHToiťb droro leiecsona. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



326 raCTHHBX EBPOIQI. 

OBeascBaro no6epesbfl ropová CaHX-$paHi^HCBO. OcraibHUfl Asa 
HH^HÍfl npHHOCflrB BipHBifl H nocTOflHHuft rpoME^HBifi AOxoKh, 6y- 
fijma i^eHipoMi Jiy^mei senjieA&iB^ecBott ^acrn EaiHJ^opmH; Bas- 
xaŘ KJtoHOKT> Ha HHXi esero^HO BOSx^^Baercfl, h na oahoí pas* 
BeAeH'B BHHorpaxHHBi Bi> 4.000 aspoBi. JI^OBOJibHO TpyAHO onpe* 

A^HTB A&Se npH^JlHBHTeJIBHyK) CTOHMOCTB 8THXI Hlf^HÍfi; BO BCfl- 

BOMi cjiy^ai, OHa npeBHmaerB MHorie mhjijiíohu AOJunapOBi. 

HajiHHHUfl A6HLrH, n&Kb Ha noAFOTOBBy rpynxa vh Ilajio-AjBTO^ 
xaBi H na nocrpoflBy bcíxi s^anifi h Ha noBynBy bc^xi nay^Hcixs 
annapaiOBi, 6ujih noseprBOBaHu Tasse Cran^opACirB. Utopb Bcfo^ 
9THX'B pacxoAOKb BeEdvbcrewb. HcnojmETeibnaa ^acTB a^^ naxo- 
AHJiacL H BaxoAHTCfl vb pyBax^B coB^xa nn 24-x'l jiwnjhy nepno- 
Ha^aaBHO HasHa^enHiixi nosESHenno caMHMi CTaH^topAOM^ hbl 
^HCia jnoxefi, HaB($ojrle hsbícthíixi no BceMy TBXooBeancBoiiy no- 
ÓepesBK) no CBoeMy o^pasoBaniH) h bucobhiii HpaBCTBeHHEiirB xa- 
^ecTBaiTE. Gobítb aroTB yB^BOBiHenx ocodtiMi saBonoirb h nonoi- 
Haercfl no CMeprH oahofo hsi uohobi nasnaieHieirB caifOFO co- 
BÍTa. jly^mie apxHTOBTopEi Bcero nipa 6uzb cosbehh am no^ro- 

TOBBH HJiaHOBi: BCO, HTÓ TOJTBBO 6UJ10 nOCJ^AHHlfb CJIOBOMl HayXB 

B'B A^i annapaTOBi h nocoóifl, BaB^ bi EBponi, TaBi h vb Aiie- 
pHB%, 6ujíO CBOseHO Wh naJo-AjbTO a^^ nonojiHeHÚi BafiHHeroBS 
H jia6opaTopift; na nsAepsBH ne oÓpan^aiocE HHBaBoro BHHMamfl. 
CoAepsanie npo^^ccopoBi nasnaHeHO TaiM>e, hto hobuS yHHBepci- 
TOTi óujn* Bi cocTOflHÍH cpasy oÓesne^HTB cetfa BejiHHaftmHMH cbí- 
THJiaME nayBH Ha aMepHBancBOirB BoniHneHT^, h botb, mcjrb comh 
jrbrb nenpepBiBHofi paóoru^ l-rooBTfl6pfl 1891 roAa, yHHBepCHrerB 
•lejaHAa GiaBJ^opAa fiujii oxBpuTi cb 40 npoj^eccopaMH h 480 
CTyAeHTatfH. IIo CBoeMy ÓoraTCTBy, ycrpoficTBy h ota&ueí noMin^e- 

HÍfi H nOJIHOTl H pOCBOmH HayqHBIX'B nOCOÓift, OTO necoMHteHO 

nepBBiĚ yHHBepcBxerB nipa; Rajra^pHÍfl naA^excjt, ito vb 6ah3- 
BOHi CyAyn^eifB oh'b safinen naAJiesan^ee irlcro h saBi pascaA- 
HHBi nayBE. 

Or^en ynpaBJiflBoniaro napoAHiíM^ oÓpasoBadeiťB b'b utoltí 
KojiopaAO sa 1889—1890 roAa oqenB HHTepeceHi no ero cm4- 
Jium> Tpe^OBaniflifB h bxi lony; o^obhaho, ynpaESflK)n](í& sajtyercfl 
FB HeM'B jierHCJiaTypi na ncnojmHTejiBHBfl EiaciH niTaxa. Ohi ho- 
AOBOJiem HacToan^HirB sasoHOiťB o&h oÓssaTeoBHOMi oÓpasoBami, 
naxoABTB, qxo 3aB0H'B ototb jierBO otfxoAHicfl, h Tpe6yerB cyn^e- 
CTBeHHBix'B OFO HSiflneHifi, BOTopufl, no ero hh'Ihíh), CA^aian ero 
6ojvbe A'bfiCTBHTejiBH£iMx. Owb xpetfyerB TaBse 6e8njiaTH£ixi ynetf- 
HHBOBi, yHpesA6HÍfl Bucn]HX'B mBOJii B^ BasAOMi rpa4Kn'B%, 56j[b* 
maro oón^enifl neasAy y^BTejiBMH nocpoACTBOM^ yqBxejiBCBHXi acco* 



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XECflTB J^TB FB AMEPHKfi. 327 

rsfsasJíŘ ch irbcsnEunvL ebis^aMH, mbajiovb ynpaBJíaion^BXi mKOiaiiB 
rpa^CTffB H 6ojrbe seaHHTejiBHaro npexcraBBTe^ibCTBa juin^b cb nexa- 
rorH^ecBHMH nosHamaMH vb coB^iaxi bbicidbxi yneÓBuxi sasexe- 
HÍft. nixaTi Eojopaxo (toraxi diBiifl y^pesA^flifliíB: spoir& yBBBep- 
CBTera mraTa, obi coAepSBn ropsufi BscTBiyn, BopiiajibByK) 
msojy, jifiib peifecieBBUfl mKOJa x^b Mys^BB'B b seBn;BB*B b 
seHJiex^b^ecByK) asaxeniio. IIo isfiESY 1890 roxa bi Beici OBa- 
3&I0CB 72.483 x^Tefi bi Bospacii ors 6 xo 16 jiíti, b b31 hbxi 
65.490 nocin^ajB BapoxHiiB mBOJu. Ha coxepsasie 9tbx'b msorB 
(oniiTB-TaRB BCBjno^aB yHBBepcBxerb b scb xpyrÍB Bucmifl sasexe- 
bíb, coxepsBiiHfl Ba ocoÓbb cpexcrsa) 6ujio nojiyqeflo bsb Bcte'B 
BCTOHHHBOBi $ 2.596.948 B BspacxoxoBaflO $ 1.944.807; vh 
mBOjaxi 8TBX'b 6tUB 622 y^Bxeia Cb cpexHBMi eseiitoiHfluiťB 
sajiOBaHBeiTB bi$ 74.32, b 1.753 y^BTejibBBi^u— cb $53.63. 
HdxepauiHO per capita mBOJbBaro sacejieBifl orb 6-tb xo 16-tb 
AiTb $ 26.83; per capita x^ficTBBTejibflo noc£n;aBniBX'b mBOJiu — 
$ 29.69. GroBMCCTb msojibBaro BMyni^ecTBa b^ miaTi paBBBeTCB 
$4.387.809. 

Orwvb yopaBJíBion^aro sapoxBuifB oÓpasoBaflieiii B'b mTart 
Oxafio sa 1890 rox*b xaerb cjiixyK)nufl i^B(|)pu: aacejieflie vh 
DiKOJbHOiťb Bospaci^, orB 6 Arb xo 21 roxa, 1.123.895; npo- 
i^eHTb nocin^aion^BX^ BapoxBua edbojiu 83%- y^Hraiefi 10.841 
CB cpexHBiii aumoBaflBeMB kb 80 xoJuapoBB bb MicflAB; y^Brejb- 
BB]](*B 14.315 Cb 60 xouapanB. EíocTynBJío aa coxep^saBÍe mBOjrB 
bb Te^esie roxa (bcbjudwb pacxoxu sa Bucmia yqe6Bbifl saBOxe- 
bíb) $ 11.649.992, BspacxoxoBaflO $ 11.407.499. CTOBMOCTb 
msojiBHaro BMymecTBa $ 32.631.549. Uojiy^eBO sa y^BTejbCRÍe 
eB'l8XBi $25.496, Bsxepsano $23.352. ^bcjio BUcmBXi yqetffluxB 
saBexeHÍfi vb mTaTi 29, CTyxeBTOB'B vb hbx^ 3.963. Coxepsasie 

flXl, FB X0tiaB0B1> Kl BXl COtfCTBeHBHM^ XOXOXaM*B B X06pOB01B' 

BiiiťB aosepxBOBafliflMi, o6omjíOCb mTaiy fb $ 474.9.528; ctob- 
MOCTB BrB BMyn^ecTBa oiipex'9^fleTCfl vb $ 7.884.099. ?bcjio flop* 
MajBHHxi mKOJFb 11, cryxeflTOB^ fb bbxi 6.068; laBi BaR^B 

mBOJH dTB, Fb j^BHaBCOBOMl OTBOmesÍB, flaXOXATCfl FB SaB^XbKBa- 

bíh cco($aro eoBiia, orqeia Boroparo y mobb bšt'b nox'B pyBOio^ 
TO fl B ne Mory npBBeciB x&hbuxb o&b bx'b BsxepsBax^ b ctob- 
MOCTB Bxi Biiyn^ecTBa. 

3aB0ffB o&b oÓBsaTejiBBOirB o6pa80BaHÍB 6ujn> BBexea^ bb nrraT^ 
Oxafio, cpaBBBxejiBflo, x^bbo. ynpaBJuiion^ift msojiaMB mraia fb 
CBoeiTB oT^eii, Mesxy npoHBMB, ynoMBflaeTB o i^BpByjiflpt uocjiafl- 
flOMi BiTB BO bc£m'b 96 ynpBBJífliOD^flMB BiBOJiaMB rpa(|)CTBB urraTa 
iprpByjBpa, bb soiopoirB, nesxy npoHBirb, cnpamBBajiocb, BacBOJBBO 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



328 WhCTBOJffb BBPOmi. 

yxoBJíeTBopHTejiBHO co6jH)AeHÍe sanoHa 6&h ofiflsaiejiBHom o($pa30- 
BaHÍH. Oahh, asMeHEO 57 yiipaBiJiH)n(BXi, OTB^uiorB, itooho bsojhí^ 
yAOBieTBopHTejBHO, npHHeiii 6oj[biiihhctbo BucsasHBaercfl o^euh no- 
jiosHTejiLHO, yTBepasxafl, hto se tojbbo KasAuft peÓeHOKB vb mBOA- 
HOHi BOspacTÍ nodn^aeri msajni, ho n hto cjiy^atHus HeflBím o^eHB 
P^AKh; 6 — HTO pesyjBTaTu tojbbo ornacifl yj(OBJieTBopHTejiBHH; 7 — 
HTO JSTb rpa^[»CTBa TaK'B c^acrJHBu, qro cobcém^ ho Hyas^UHCB bi 
axoifB sasoH^, Tasí KaK'B Basxufi peÓeHOBi h f,o ero Bse^emfl yse 
nocinVLii niBOJiUy — h tojbbo XBa otbítuh, ^to Dpiíc^Heme saBOHane- 
yxoBJíeTBopHTejiBHO. OcTaj[BHue hjih ne BucicasajiHCB AocraTO^eo onpe- 
AiuieHHOy HJH coBC^Mi He otbíthjh Ha BonpocB. Ha BonpocB: Basb 
OTHOCHTOi HacejieHÍe B'B3aB0Hy? — 75 h3i 96 otb^^tejth, oto otho- 
meníe BOoCn^e BecBMa fijaronpúiTHoe; 7 — HHBaBoro OTHoméHÚi, TaB'B 
KaKB KB HHM'B saBOHi HHBorAa He 6wí% npHifiHeH^; ocrajiBHue 
BUCBasuBaiorB Boe-BaBia npuHHHu b'b He^OBOJiiBCTBy, ho ne camorB 
saBOHOiTb, a cnoco6aMH ero npHM^Henifl. FjiaBHoe ne^OBOJBCTBO bei- 
paacaeTCfl saBO^^^HBaMH h MaHyij^aBTypHCTaMH, TaB% BaB% hitb npM- 
nuocB saMi^HHTB AenieBufi jiibTCzit Tpy^i 6oJiie AoporniTB Tpyj^oifB 

BSpOCJIHXl. 

CaMuiTB BasHtiifB nyHBTOMi OT^eia, no Moeny jěb^buo, ABueica 

pOBOMOHAai^ífl CBOHI^eHTpHpOBaTB, Jífi BSB^CTHOft CTeneHH^ BCt BilCmifl 

yieCHUfl saBOxěnia miaxa. Bx nacToan^ee Bpena Bas^oe hbx hhx'b 
HMÍeTB CBOH j^aByjiBTeTH, CBOH BaÓnHOTu, cBoero npesHAeHTa, h bi 
cyn^HOCTH ooBepmeHHO caiiocTOflTeiBHO, BaBx ornocHTejiBHO npo« 
rpaniTB h BypcoBi, laBi h OTHOCHTejiBHO yciOBÍft h Tpe6oBaHÍfi 
npieiia h Bunycaa cry^eHiOBi. Bi Oxafio TOJObBO 5 — 6 sHaiHreu- 
Hfiix'B ropoAOBi, H Bc6 3TH Bucmifl yqeÓHBifl sasexenifl pacnpexb- 
jienu MesAy hhhh, ho H^CBO^Bsy b^ BasAOirB. ynpasjíflion^iB pe* 
BOMeHAyen hx'b coeAHHeHÍe noA'B pyBOBOACiBoirB OAHoro coBŠxa a^^íi 
BcbTh H BBeAeme OAHOo6pa8Hux'B TpeÓOBaHift OTHOCHxejiBHO npo* 
rpaMMi H ycj[OBÍft npieifa h BiinycBa; ohi peBOMenAyen TaBsae, Tasí 
cBasaxB, cneAÍajiHdaAÍK) 9thx'b saBeAenift, BOHi^eHrpEpoBanie Hseter- 
HHX'B ^aByjBTeTOBi KB OAHOiTB saBeAeHÍH, Apyriix'B wb fpjrowhj 
H T. A-9 ^i^T* AOCTHrneTCfl BaBTB coeAHHeme, a (^AOBaxejiBHO b 6ďu- 
maa nojiHora Hay^Huxi BaÓBneroBi h BOJiJieBi^ifi, Taai h Ótounee 
npeAcraBHTeJiBCTBO HayHHUx'B j^aayjiBTeTCBHXi chjii. 

SL nepefiAy xenepB bx miaiy CtBepnafl-Jl^aBOTa, miaTy oco- 
6eHH0 HHTepecHOMy a^a pyccBHX'B ^HTaxeJieĚ, xaai aaBB seiiJie- 
A^JBqecBÍfl H BJiHMaTH^ecBÍfl CBofiíCTBa ero bhojh^ OAHOofipasHii co 
Bceft i^eHTpaJiBHOft, seiijeA&iBHecBofi noiocoft Poccíh. niTarB btotb 

npHHflrB B% C0H)8l TOJTBBO 2*r0 H0fl6p)l 1889 BOAa, OHeHB p^^ABO 

Hacejeni, TaBi Baai na 70.195 bb. mbjib hm&[x no i](eH3y 1890 r. 



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J^EOflTB nVh Vb ÁMEPHB^. 329 

Bcero 182.719 SETejieft, h, 3a HeBJiK)?eHÍeMi ue<5ojibinofi "^acTH no 
BOCTOTOOi rpaHBi^, vh ao^hhí EpacHofi Ptoe CiBepa, eaceieH- 
Hoft yse s^Tb 25| npexcraaiflen cxpaHy coBepmeHHO HOByH), h 
naiOMy tíŠAHyio h, no bcími HapyaseuirB npHSHaBaifi, ne ycrpoen- 
Hyi>. OsasiiBaeTCfl) ^iro vh Tenenie XByxi j^tb co BpeiieHH o6pa- 
dOBaHÚ mraia (oTHen ynpaBiflsoqaro otfHHMaerB o(5a ro^a) niTarB 
OteepHEfl-JIlaBOTa ycTpou'B ymiBepcHreTB n qenipbMfl j^aRyjibTe- 
nuiH, 11 npo^^eccopaMH h 110 CTy^tenraMH, seMje^^^ecByio ana- 
xeidK), ropnuft h jitcnoi BncTETyTu h 2 HOpMajrsHďxi mBOJm. Be6 
dTE Bacmifl yneónufl saBe^enifl naA&ieeii BiinuiťB j^OHXOirb na ni 
coAepaBame; Rpoii^ Toro, o/mei i^esTL co bcaboS cothh jiojLiapoBi 
oqbiBH noAAeasaqaro najiory HicyntecTBa vb nrrart OT^HCJflerca bi^ 
Hxi nojibsy. HapoAHtncB mKOJkT> co6cTBeHHO nacHHTSBaeTCfl 1682, 
CB 557 y^HTejuHiH h 1425 y^HTejibHBi^aMH, h hbi wcja 43.153 
xfceft Vh mKOJíhBOWh Bospacrt noc^maiOTB eapo^^BUfl mBo;iu 35.543. 
Gtobhoctl mBOJbHaro BMyn^eciBa onpeA^ifleTCfl bi ( 1.515.601; 
H Ba BX'B co^epname b^ 1890 ro^y ns^epsaHO ( 635.141. 

Gaifo co6oŘ paByiiieTCB, ^to oÓpasoBanie noBaro mraxa, oco- 
(SesHO ch TasoB sBa^Erennofi TeppBTopieft h cb TasBirB p^bfuaswh 
HacejieHÍeMS, ne uotm oÓoflTBCb Óesi xjonoirB, ne^opasyMiBit, sa- 
^epaseBi b t. a* Ornerb ynpa6JuiK)n(aro, no Moeny mbíbík), spaSne 
HaBBeni; owb Bce Bpenii BaKi 6u onpaBAUBaeTCs, no to b to ne 
aiiaflo, TO B TO ne saBOB^eso, CB^^eflifl ne Bnojni coBepmennu 
H T. A.j a Bx TO se Bpeiffl roBopBTi, HTO ffl caMaro Buxo^a wh 
asbrh OTHera iiBorifl niBOJiu 6ujib OTRpuTu b coAepasajiBCb Macr- 
HimB jfli^uiB fla qacTBUB cpe^CTBa, vb oasB^aniB accBrnoBOBi otb 
mraTa, sa^epsaBnux^ tf jaroxapa TexBB9ecBBM^ ne^opasyMi^Bijiirb b , 
omaÓKSJiii nepBoft jrerBCJaTypii! 

55*fi roAOBoft OTqerB coŘ&Ta Bapo^naro oÓpadOBanifl (Board of 
Pablic Instrnction) mraTa MaccanyseTca oÓBBMaerB co6oh) 1890 — 
1891 yqe0HHfi rojcB b coctobtb bbb npeBpacBO Bs^asBaro TOMa 
Bi CL B 414 crpaflBDCB, cb pocBomnBMB (j^OTorpaj^iaiiB h MaccoĚ 
q^BHaro HaTepiajia. IIlTaTB dTon, oabbi bsi caioixi crapuxi no 
BpeMeHB op^aHB8a^iB, c^BTaercfl oasbhi bbb caMuxi ÓoraTux^B e 
nepexoBBixi nrraTOBB Bcero CoDsa — a ropoA^B Bóctobi, ero cto- 
JHi^a, noHBraercfl aiiepBBaBCBBMB AoBsaiiB. npe;inojiaraeifafl yne- 
HocTb sBTejiefi 9Toro ropová, oco($eflBO cbbbxi qyjiBOBi MesAJ npe- 
xpacBHirB nojiOM*B, cocTaBJíflen nocroflBEuil npeAiierB AotfpOAym* 
fluxi BacMÍnievB b JiiotfBiiyK) Teiiy BappBBaTypauxx Bs^BÍft 3a- 
nsMia, ojiBi^eTBopBeMyK) oSuBBoeeBBO wb 4>opiri^ pasroBopa Mes^y 
fi^OHCBoft y^enott A^BBi^efi h npocTOfi A^BOlk Bosaro Sana^a, npn 
^eu-h OABa sa^aerB caMue roiOBOJiOMBEie OTBJie?eBB£ie Bonpocu, a 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



330 B^OTHERl EDPOnU. 

xpyrafl jobro napEpyen hxi CBoeft noBceAHeBHott SHreficsoft My 
^ipocTBH). T%Mi> He MeH^, Sanax^B yBasaen Bóctohi^ h bi» x&ri 
HapoAHaro oÓpasoBasi)! ciHTaerx ero cepbesHuifB aBTopEreroirB, xo^ 
CTOĚBfuiTB BsyneHÍfl H noApaa&aHÍfl; h xaKi BaB'B HapcAHaa mKOJi 
miaTa Macca^^yseTca bi» ea Hacrofln^eMi nojiosemH cocrasjíflen: 
TaBi CBasaTB, H^éajix mBOJiBHaro A&ia b'b AifepHBi, bi BoropoM] 
crpeiiBTCfl H BOTopoMy noApaisaeTB rpoMaxHoe ÓoJibmBHCTBO, to i 
H safiMycB BumeynoMflHyTEnfB OTqeioifB cb 6bJBineK) noApo6HOCTBH>< 
nepBUMi nyHBTOifB OT^era flBJUfleTCfl peBOMeHxaitiii ycHieHoait 
cnei;íajiBHaro na^sopa HaA'B mBOjaííH. Gob^^tb nojiaraerB, hto xots 
Ha^sopi MtoHux'B cob^tobi h hJíisi&n BecBMa 6jiaroTBopHO Ha na- 
TepiajBHoe nojoseme iiiboji'b, — ho b^ js,1^ CHcreMU h ^acTHOcrefi 
npenoAaBacdfl oh'b h ne MOserB hmítb AOJiXHaro aBTopsTera, h m 

HM^TTB HeOÓXOAHMOft COei^iaJIBHOft nOXrOTOBBH. ^eHH iri&CCEUXl 

coB^TOBi He c^e^iaJlHCT£I•^eAa^o^H; ohh npocro rpaasABHe, iipasBaH- 
HBie HJiB no CBoeMy o^^^Hi^iaiBEOMy oojtosemK), hjh no nsBtorHOM] 
AJfl H^CTHaro HaceieHÍfl hx^ 6jiaronpiflTHOMy OTHomeniio Kb xbjíy ea^ 
poAHaro oÓpasoBaHÍJi. Ho mh^hík) ooB^Ta, Heo6xoABM'B Óojrie oxho- 
o6pa8Hiifi, Hay^HO-cnei^iajiBHBifl naASopx HaA'B y^Hreiaini; ynpaB* 
jflion^ie se mBOJiaMH rpa({)CTBx TaB'B sasajieHEi A^oifB, ^ro ne bx oo* 

CTOflHÍH yX&IHTB HeotfxOABMOO A^E dTOFO BpeMfl, TaB'B BaBTB mBOJH 

vb BaaBAOiTB rpa^^CTBi cjiemBOirB mhofo ne tojibbo ajuí o^hofo, ho 

H JlflSL JieCflTH HeJIOB^Bl. CÍOBÍTB Ch 0C06eHHIIM'B CO^yBCTBÍeifB OTHO- 
CHTCfl Bl litfl M^CTHOCTfllfB, BOTOpUfl, He OSH^afl HOqHHa IIITaTaj 

Ha CBOH co6cTBeHHiifl cpeACTBa HaHflJiH ceót TaBHX'B cnei](íaj[HCTOKB, 
yBasBiBaeTi na (5jiarifl noeitACTBia h peBOMOHAyerB Bca^ecBoe ycH- 
jeHÍe H pacupocrpaHenie droro naASopa. 

CatfBiifB BasHuiTB nyHBTOMi OTqoTa ^BjaeTOi) no Moeny 'mh^^ 
híh)) BpaiBoe, HO BecBiia onpeA^enHoe Hana^enie na ^aerasij! 
mBOJH BCflBaro poxa. Cobítb pisBO h onpeA&ieHHO BucBadUBaercja 

npOTHB^B HHX'B H rOBOpHTB, HTO BOnpOCB 001 HXl CynteCTBOBaHÍil 

A^^eTCfl Bce 6ojr6e h 6ojii^e cyn^ecTBeHHtiM'B h xftse npuMO onač- 
HuifB AJifl 6jarococTOflHÍfl nrraTa. Oh'b nojiaraoTB, tto saxa^a ro- 
cyAapcTBa — danth uauAymuee u poenoMn^noe oOpasoeanie ecfbM; 
eto drbtnAMb] a saAa^a dra HeHcno^BHMa npn cyn^ecTBOBanÍH ^acT' 
Huxi mBOJii, OTBJieBaH)n^HX'B sHaiHTejBHyH) aojik) A^Teft niBOjn^Harc 
Bospacra otb o(5n^aro ypoBHfl h craBan^HX^B hxi noA'B BJdflme co- 
BepmeHHO pasjíauiixi ycaoBÍfi h otfcraHOBBH. 

SarlM^B COB^TB o6paniiaerB BHHiiaHie na neoÓxoAHMOCTB cne- 
iÚajiBHO& noAroTOBBH ffisí yviejiell BBiemHX'B mBOJi'B. Ohb nojraraerB^ 
HTo nayBa neAarorÍH, HcropÍH h (|)hjoco^íh paspocjracB m no- 
ei^AHee Bpeiifl ao raBHxi rpaHAÍosHuxi pasMipoBx, ^to t£ Tpe<$o- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



;^ECflTB A^Tb Bl AMEPHI^. 331 

BaHÚi, BOTopus npeA'BflBJUiK)TCfl ymejflMOb HspoAHuxi mBOJii bo- 
o(^e, yse ne cooTEiTCTByiOTi noTpe^HOCXflifB speMeoH OTHOCHreibHO 
ywreiefi BiiicinHX'B mBOJTB; btk nocjribxHie ^Ojishu hmštb 6oji%e 
noipoKyK) noAroTOBKy a^a xoro, ^toÓu 6eitb bdojhí npnroAHHMB 
jasi CBoero A^a, b noTOiiy rocyAapcTBO jiflJiXEO a^tb bmi bosmos* 
HOCTB npioCpšcTH 9Ty noAroTOBBy h saT^iii ycHjiHTb cboh Tpe6o* 
Banifl OTx npereHAeHTOBi na 9th M^cra. 

OGpan^tflCB sai^Mx vh yHirrejiBCBBifB CB^sAairB) covbrb peso- 
HeflAyen ne tojbbo BOSMoasHoe hxi ynan^eme a^ catfBX'B yqsTe- 
ieiy HO B npeA^araerb HeifeA^eHHO npBHBTb aojubhub nipii b^k 
Tony, HTOÓu saBHTepecoBaTb bi hhxi h rpasAaHi Bootfn^e h sapy- 
TOTbCfl nocin^eHieiTB bxi BaBi mosho 6ojihiaimi> BOJiH^eciBOiTB 
j»i^'B, xaBi Basi pacupocrpaHeme SApaBuxi neAarorflHecBBX'B no- 
fliiTit MesRAy HacejieHÍeMi» cano no ce6t SBa^BTaiLHO cnoco6eTByers 
]i/bjij HapoAHaro o6pa80BaHÍfl. 

SaBOH^B o&h oÓBsaiejiBnoMi oÓpasoBaHÍE bx miaT^ Macca^y* 
d&reb Tpe6yerB nenpeMiHearo h npaBHJBnaro noc6iiiieHÍfl eapoAHBixx 
mBOJTB BasAUMX pe6eHBoifB bi B08pacr6 otb 8 ao 14 Jiin, no 
BpaftHefi Mipt vb xe^eHÍe 6 u^csiTs;eBi> bx roAy. Ofin^BEu h ropoAa 
arbsoTb sa cboomi none^eniH cHporB h a^& coBepmeHHo Heaiiy- 
ntBxi poAHTejieS (truast children) h ofiasaHU ne tojibbo AaBaxK 
HiTB oÓpasoBaHÍe, ho h AaBaxB hiix coAepsame, a^a Toro, "910611 
wrbrb BOSMOSHOCTB AOCTH^B TOHHaro BcnojHeHÍfl BToro saBOHa. Co- 
vbrb peBOMeHAyeix HeMOAJieHHoe npHHBTÍe bcíxx stexi naHcioHOFBy 
cyn(ecTByH>niHX'B fb Hacroan^ee Bpeiifl bx pasnuxx mícthoctbxx, na 
cnerb mraxa, Aa6u no^yqH^acB bosmoibhoctb BBecTE OAEHaBOBua 
BpaBEja E ycjiOBifl oÓcraEOBBE e ypaBHOBŠCETB pacxoAu. 

UpESHaBafl sa ^BSEqecBBiťB padBEiieifB jiíkneŘ oco6eHHyK> Bas- 
HOCTB E saM^qafl caMocTOflTejBHHfl HonuTBH pasHBixx ropoAOBi E 
o6n(HHX yjyqmETB axy CTopony, cobítx, cxpeiiflCB bx aocxesoeIio 
HafljiyqinEXi pesyjiBxaxoBX bx btoitb OTHomeHÍE, peBOMOHAyexi 
y^pesACHÍe ocoóofi HopMaiBHofi msojni ji^jíz noAroTOBJíeHÍE rasExi 
jmni>j BOTopBifl MorjiE 6u nocBflXEXB cetfE caei^iajiBHO dxofi oxpaeiH 
BapOAHaro oÓpasoBanÍB; cobíxx nojraraexi, tto 6fiiJio 6u nepasyiiHO 
BOSJíaraxB a 9xy o6fl3aHHOCxB na Hacxofln^Exx y^Exeiefl, xaBx Bass 
y HEXx E 6e3x xoro hojihii pyBs, — a nesAy xímx BaiBEOcxB npeA- 
Mexa HenpeMÍHEO xpe6yexx oco5eHHaro BEHEanÍB. 

SaxiiťB coB^xx oÓpan^aerB BEEManie sa HeAOCxaxoHHOCXB eexo- 
peca Bx npenoAaBaHÍH) ^ep^enifl bx sanaAHtixi m^cxhoctbxx nrraxa, 
pesyjBxarB exi oxAajieHHOCXE oxx x^xx cpeACXBx bx ero Esy^eniH), 

BOTOpBIME nOJBSyiOXCfl BOCXO^HBIB E^tCXHOCXE, E pOBOtfeHAyerB HO- 

MeAJeHHoe HasHaneHÍe ocotfaro c^e^iaJIECTa, Boxopufi hocbbxejix 611 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



332 MCTHHKl EBPOim. 

Bce CBoe BpeMfl Ha noAHflTÍe ypoBHa aioro HCsyccTBa b'e sanaxHHxrL 
msojiaxi. 

CoB^TB OBaHHHBaen CBofi OT^en dHepraiHEiirB xpe^OBaHÍeiii 
SHawTejiBHott accerHOBKH Ha noanoe npeACTaBHTeibCTBO mBOJBHaro 
A&ia HiTaia Macca^yserca na Cy^yn^efi BceiiipHot BiicraBR-b b^ 
^Hsaro; oh^ nojiaraerB, hto xairB Baai nrraTb aion c^HTaercs 
CToan^niTB bo rjiaBi x^a napoAnaro oÓpaBOBanifl bi Goiosš, to ero 
Henpeif^HHiiiTB xojiroirB 6yxen AOBasaiB Bceiiy idpy, tto oh*b ao- 
CTOHH'B 9Toro HOXBaiBHaro oTJHWi, H TTO A^ficTBHTejBHO y Hero 
€CTB ?eMy HoyqHTBCfl bi 9T0irB oTHomeHÍH Aftse crapuiťB rocyxap- 
CTBaifi EBponu; h^botopeja hsi hbx^b h ao chxi nopi rjiyxH h 
eiinu OTHOCHiejibHO A^&CTBHTe^bHaro nporpecca Bejrasot pecny6- 
jiHBH HoBaro-CBtxa. 

3a dTHiťB oÓn^HiTb, TaBi caasaTB, BBeAenieirB cjAjkjvyrb orqeru 
H AORJiaAU no pasHuifB OTA^airB napoAfiaro oCpasoBanii! vb umvb. 
Ha nepBOifB uHcrb ctoatb or^eru o HopMajBHuxi mBOjarB, 
CA'i^HHEie ynojraoMOHeHHUMH JierecjiaTypoK) ocoCíimh m^aiiH h 
npeAcraBJíjiion^ie pesy^bTaTu hx'b peBHsie. HepBas hsi TaBHx^B nnsarB 
Cujia ocHOBana eqe bi 1840 roAy; TenepB hx'b hatb, h bi or^erHOirB 
roAy A^fl AByxi hbi hhx'b 6ujih noerpoenu hobedi dAamji, croHBmía 
no^iTopacTa Tfiicflq'b AOJiJiapoBi BasAoe. EypcB bx hhxi ncro cne- 
i^iaJiBHHft, AByxroAH^Hufi; — Bnpo^ieMi saB^Ayion^ift hmh c^e^ian- 
Huft areHTb coB^xa peBOMeHAyen HeneAJieHHoe pacnuipeme sypca, 
CL npBÓaBBoft JiHmHflro ceicecrpa. Bi HHrL 1.204 cryAeHTa, h na 
HHxi HSAepsano $ 79.540. Epoiit Toro, cyn^ecTByen cneipajiB- 
nafl HopM&iBHafl niBOJia a^a noAroroBJíeHifl y^nrejieft HesyccTRB, 
(State Normál Art School), pecoBanifl, qep^emfl, SHBonHCH h 
CByjBOTypH, CB 225 cryA^HTaMH, coAepacanie BOTopofi o6ofluoes 
Bi } 17.980. Sa^cb ne JHmHHMi tfyAen ynoMflHyxB o toitb 
cnooo($%, BOToput npaBTHByercfi ne tojibbo b'e HopHaiBHUxx mso- 
junxh Macca^yseTca, ho u bo bc6xi ocrajiBHiixi mTaiarB CoioBa, 

H BOTOpufi ffierh B08M0SH0CTB HCAOCTaTO^HHlTB CTyACHTaiTB OBaB' 
HHBaTB Vb HHXl BypCB, B BHeHHO! nOCJli HepBBTO FOA^ BX'B HaSHa* 

qaH>TrB yHHTejuiMfl wi HHsnria niBOjra na oahhi bih abb roA&y 

H TaBBlfB OtfpaSOMl ABIOTB B03MOSHOCTB BapaÓOTBTB H CBOHBTB 

AOcraTOHHO AenerB a^b tofo, mro6u coAopsaTB ce6si vb Teneme 
OBOH^anifl Bypca. ÁMepaBanei^ Boo^qe qpesBuw&HO ropAX, h ae 
npBMerb hoab^bb bi bha% CTBneHAÍH bjih bbbofo 6u to hb 6uso 
BcnoMon^ecTBOBaHÍB, ecjn HM^ercB BaBafl-jBtfo BoaiiosHOCTk oÓoAtbcb 

($681 HHX'E — H BOTB BBOneynOMflHyTElft CHOCOfo OÓpaSOBBilCB H OpB* 

BBJíCfl ocHOBBTejiBHO B Hpo^HO. Owh HMŠeTB 6^6 fl TO npeHMyn^ecTBO, 
HTO jsfiCTb B08MOSHOCTB cxyAeHTy nocBBH^aTB Bce CBoe BpeMfl na 



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AECflTB MTb Vb AMEPHB^. 333 

CBOi saHflTÚi no Rypcy, na OTB^eBU ero bi BecBua cyniecTBeHHOMy 
BODpocy o Hacyn^HOiťB zjA&hj bi to Bpeufl, Borxa bca ero deeprui 
H ciio€o5hocth bjshu eiiy a^íb araxi 8aHBTÍ&. 

OraeTH AByxi aai HopiiaJiBHuxi msoji^ Aax>rb pacnpex^eflie 
ciyxeHTOffB no saHATÍBirB btb otkob^, h lasi bere pacnpex^eme 
9T0 MOSBerB ciysBTB cyn^ecTBeHHiQťB AOBaaaT&iBCTBOM'^ Toro A^tt- 
ciBBTesBHaro paBOHCTBa iiaccL aiiepBBaHCBaro Hapo^a, o BOTopoM^ 
wA npBA6TCfl noApoÓHO roBOpBTb 61 OAHot fl8i noCdriMyionilBXi 
rttBi, TO B B npBBeAy ero sfibch. OBasHBaercB, hto bbi wcia 
557 cryAeHTOVb, oti^u ceMeficTB% 163 — peMecjreHBBSB (mechanics)^ 
126— 4^pMepUy 81 — jooffí cboSoabhxi npo^^eccift, BBjiB>qafl Ayxo* 
Be&CTBOy 71 — Bymiiu, 34 — Masyij^aBTypflCTu b sbboa^bbb, 15— no- 
j^eBnqaB, 42— pasHuxi Apynix^ cneiúajn>BOCTe&, ne BBjiK)^eHBHX'& 

BHflie, fl 22 — HeBSBŠCTBU. 

3a OTHeTOMi o HopMajrbHuxi msojiaxx cxbfiy&rh aobjeba^b ce* 

q)eTapfl coBfoa, cb conpoBOXAftH)n;BMfl ero craTBCXBqecBBMB Ta&ifl-^ 

nfMB BCBBaro po^a. Bcixx napoABux^ mBOA'b fe nrraT^ Macca- 

^erci HacuTUBaeTCfl 7.239 ci 376.986 y^aqBMBCB. Bcíx'b 

JlfaeĚ on 5 AO 16 jAtl B^niTari^ no i^ensy 376.491. Hsiucia 

ywiuixcfl 3.129 MOJiose 5 ji^tb b 33.904 crapme 15 jAtb. Bi 

dTm msojaxi 1.016 yqBTejefl b 9.630 yqBTeJiBHBi^i; cpoABee 

ezen^qHoe sajiOBanBe nepBuxi $118, BTopux'B $48. CpeABflB 

npoAOdUBBTejibBOCTb yqeÓBaro roAft AJU bcíxi mBoai 8 uicsíisfiffh 

H 9 AHeft. ?BCio BfiícniBXi mBOJTB 244; y^BTejieft bi bbx^b 

875, yian^flxcfl 26.294. ^bcjio Be^epBBXi mROJrB, coAepacB' 

BHxx 55 ropoABMB, 266; ynan^Bx^ bi bbxi 1.018, yqan^Bxca 

MysHBBi 21.131, aseBn^BBi 7.322. ^Cflo cneifiajibHUXi saBeAeBift, 

Kpou^ BopM&iBHHXi msojTE, 93; yqan^BXCfl vb hbx^ 16.483. HsAep- 

saBO Ba HapoAHUB mBOJu vb on&niowb roAy $ 554.545, bjib 

BaBasBAaro pe6eBBa bi> Bospacrb orb 5 ao 15 aítl $ 22; B^TOiťB 

HBcit na nocTpoftsy bobbixi mBOJTBBuxi SAaHÍfi $ 1.026.032, na 

CBa6seBÍe yqan^BXCfl BHBraMB b ynednuMB noco6iflMB $ 494.545, 

B Ba coAepsaaie Bcero ynpasjíeBifl bcímb mBOjaiiB $135.124, 

BXB Bcero BeMBoro Óojtbe 17^% Bcero pacxoAa. 

JíflKmKb npBBOABTi cpaBBBTejiBBUfl TaÓJiBi^ii no bcImi OTpaCIBMli 
8a nocji^AHee A6CflTBjr6TÍe b, noq)eACTBOM'B craTBCTBqecBBX^B aah- 
BHx^B, co6paBBiix^ ^pesBUHafiBO TqaTejiBBO, bbi BceBOSMOsaiixrB 

BCTOHHBBOBl, BaKl 06n](eCTBeBB£IX'By TBB^B B qaCTHUXl, AOBaSIlBaOTB 

fleonpoBepaBBMO, hto BasAnt pe6eH0B!:B niTBTa MaccaqyseTca, na- 
xoABn^ficfl Bi> nnconnoiTB Bospacrb, nocin^ajTB BaByK)-BB6yAB niBoay 
ffB Teqenie Bcero dToro nepioAa. EsseroABoe BospocTanie wcia yna- 
n^Bxcfl ÓesyciOBBO cooTB^xcTByen BOspocTanÍH) napoAOBacejeBifl vh 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



334 racTHHBi EBPonn. 

mraT^; ocr&aBBue ota^jiii Óucípo HxyrB ^nepexi*} nporpeccepyrorB 
CBopte BospocraHÍff Hapo;iOHacejieHÍfl. Tebx, cpexBift npoi](eHrB iii>a- 
BHJibHOCTH noébunemtL mnojrb jsíbthuii BOspocB n 88 ]sfi 90.45Voi 
npH HBWh maximum BOspocB cb 94 xo 97%? aminimnm — cx 65 

AO 73Vo> K TOJBBO 11 ABCrpiIRTOBl CTOflTB HHSe 80, TOrXE REKl 

212 CTOflTB BQme 90%* CpeAHee MÍ^HHoe saiosaHLe y^Hraieft 
Bospocjio Ch $ 102 A0.$ 118, yqsTejiBHHi^ — (tb $ 32 ao $ 48. 
CpeAHee hhcio yqaqaxcfl na oahofo y^amtaro yna.io ao 33, ne 
BBJíOHafl tíxx yqan^Hxi, Koropue HaxoAflTCfl na HcmiTaHÍii, xota 

OHH OtfUBHOBeHHO H SaHHMaiOTB OTA^&JIBHfiie BJiaCCH. EBaJIH^H- 

Rai^ifl y^Htejefi . Tose BHaiirrejiBHO noAHfljiacB: 6'b or^erHoirb roAy 
yse 27Vo '3*^ ^^^"^ ^^^^ ^^"^ ^Hcia OKOHqHBmiiTB noJTHuft BypcB 
c^e^iaJlBHlIXl mBOJTB h 35% — npomeAmHxi qacTB nojmaro Bypca. 
^ocTHrnyra xaBse 6oJBmafl paBHOiíipHOCTB npoAOJUKBTejiBHOCTH 
mBOjBHaro roAa; b*b OT^eTHOMi roAy H8^ bc£x*b 7.239 ioboj^b 
TOJBBO B^ 4 3 -XI 9Ta npoAOJiSHTejiBHOCTB yaaja HHse 6 n^bcai^eBi. 
OTHomeHÍe qecjia yqan^excfl wh BiicmHX'B mBOJiax'B b^ oÓn^eMy ^HCiy 
TaBse noAHflJiocB ea 1.1 Vo) ^ ^fi AO 6,9 Vo* 3aB0H^ o6fl3iiBaeTB 
BasAiitt OBpyrB n 2.000 sHxejiefi h Bume coAepsaTB BucmyK) 
mBOjy, H noAOBJíaAy — 94.7% Bcero HacejieHia miara noj[B3yK>Tca 
TaBHfiiH mBOjaMH; ]í,m 0CTajiBHBix'B, 30-roaiip&[fl 1891 roAa, Jierac- 
jaTypa HSAaiia noBufi saBOHi, BOTopuft b npiiBeAy i^hboitb: „^B' 
crpHBTii, He o6fl8aHBfiie no saBony coAepxaiB vb cbohxi npeA^axi 
BucmyH) mBOJiy h ee coAepsan^íe laBOBHxi, oÓflsuBaiOTCfl luaTHTB 
3a coAepsaHÍe h HdAepsBE BasA^ro yqeHHBa hbi cpeAu htb na* 
cejenifl^ nocin^aioii^aro BBCcmyio mBOJiy Apyroft itIcthocth, eciH 
Tasoft yqeHHBi yAOcroHJiCfl peBOM eHAai^ÍH mBoiBHaro BOMHiera CBoet 
mBOJiEi^. GaMO co6ofi pasyM^tercfl, ?to noAOÓHoe noaoseHie a^& 
AaeTB nojHyio BOsiioasHOCTB pimerejBHO BasAony pe^eesy bb 
tnraT^ nojiyqHTB Bucmee oÓpasoBanie. 

^HCJio BeqepHHxi mBOJTB sa nocjK^AHee AecflTHJiÍTÍe xaBse bos- 
pocio CB 107 AO 266; ^hcjio yqan^excfl bi hhxi — cb 11.214 ffl 
28.453, H HSAepsBH Ha hhxtb— (tb $ 56.626 ao $ 151.279. ^OBjaA*^ 
HeAOBOJieHi npoi^eHTOirB npaBHJBHOCTH noc£ii](eHÍft^ BOTopuft AepsBTCfl 
fii cpeAHeifB Ha 52Vo9 npHHHCuBaerB wto AOJirHiťB nacairB h, 
npHSHaBafl ocoóyio BasHOCTB 3thx^ mBOJi, peBOMeHAyeTB yiieHB- 
menie necjia yqe0Hiix'B qacoBi h cooTB^TCTBeHHoe yBejH^eme qa&ia 
yqHTaiefi. 

HdAepsBH mraxa na HapoAHoe oCpasoBanie TaBse nporpeccH- 
pyiOTB CB BasAUiTB roAOiTB; A^fiCTBHTeJiBHuft pacxoA^ Ha BasAaro 
pe6eHBa vh Bospacíš otb 5 ao 15 járb BOspocB bx xe^enie ffi- 
^aTHjiTÍfl (rB$15AO$22, HJiH na nijiyio xpexB, h oTHomeflie 



Digitized by VjOOQIC | 



;^CflTS AVTb Wh ÁMEPBR«. 335 

paczoxoBi Ha HapoABoe o6pa30BaHÍe r*b icí^hhocth o&iaraeiiaro Hajo* 
nuui myn^ecTBa vh umrb Bospocio Ch 0035 ffi 00397%. 

SasoH^B iDTaTa Maccaqysexca oónsumerb lUKOjy cnafisaib icas* 
laro j^aiqaroca a&POitb bc^mh HeoÓxoAHMttMH y^etfHUiiH RHiraMH 
K iiooo(fiiuni. JífiKMtíx^ peROMeHxyerB, ?to0i RHHre dře 6ujih ocrae- 
jaemi rs nojHys) co(5cirBeHHOCTB yqoHHBa, no vbýb Toro sasi ohí 
cnHOBarcfl ony HeHysHUMH hjh no orohuhíe hmx sypca, TaR% 
usi evHTaeTL secBMa noj[e8Bini'B h aRejaxejiBHHM^ CHafialeHie Ras- 
juro ceneicTBa, onaTB-TaRH vb sE^y cyn^écTBeHHofi nojibsii A'i^y 
BapoxHaro oÓpasoBania BOo6qe, TaRHMH Heo($xoAHMUMB npeAMeranH, 
tuBs aHii[HRjoneAÚi BeiJcrepa uh reorpaj^necBitt aiJiaeB. PacxoA*B 
ea 6e3iuaTHoe cnaÓseHie A^iefi RHeranH Taase eospoci sa Aecji- 
THjr&rie CTB $ 1.06 ao $ 1.60 na y^eneRa. 

HasoHeA^, na nepesosRy fjbiei wh mROJiy h oÓpaxHO AOHott 
aoBasairB pacxoA'B b:b $ 30.64Q. AecHTB jrbrh TOMy nasa^^B pac- 
xoxja aroro ne cyn^eciBOsaio bobco, h BHseani oh'b crpeiueníeirB 
mh jj^misL mROJBHUfl yeiOBÚi pÍASo HaceieenuirB iflcTHOCTflMi, 
ee Moryn^urE HOMepsHBaTB xoponnixi hirojb sa He^ocraTOHEiiirB 
ucíoiTB xbieŘ. Jl^emeaie B03HTb peÓenRa RaaR^ufi ^ees, q^&iii co- 
lepxam xopomyio mROxy ^m xByxi, xpexi ^ejOB^Ri. Jífiuí^ni, 
oeofeHHO peROiíeHAyerB npoHSBOAirrexBHOCTb aroro pacxojm h paiyen 
DpoTHBib erpeiueHiji MHoraxx poARraieft npexno^HTaTb nxoxyK) 
mxoxy, Aa ÓimsEju), xopomeft, ho Óoxte OT^axenHOt. 

OiSpasaBaHie rxyxoHiiiHXi, cxinsixi h haíotobi mraTa Macca- 
lyaetea xaRse xemn na o^asaHEOcra cosiia napoj^Haro o6pado- 
bihíh; f& OTqeTHOiTB roxy HdxepzaHO na oÓpasoBanie rxyxovbHuxi 
nTper& cneivaxBHHrB niRaiax'B $35.337; Ha cjinux'B n oahoI 
íOĚoA % 95.267 h hjúotobi bi o^Hoft hirojí $153.529. CyMMU 
9n 6uxh noKpuTH hsi ooo6hx*b hciyhhhrobii, (kMbmeK) <iacTÍK) 
uerHiDCH HOsepTBOBaHixMH H 3aBÍnvtBÍaiiH Vb BTb noxbsy, h ne 
sud^hh Kb ipi^H pacxoxoBfi na napoxnoe ofipasoBaHÍe, opa- 
mMfiBsasí Bome. 

JíflKJOLjcb ceRperapa aaRiDuerea crancnraecKeiiH AaHHUMH o 
Vtícmsrh m xyxoBHiixs nnojaxi mrara; Bcb 9ra mROxii, (Sesi 
nsflx^B 6h TO Hi teio icRxxHeHit, odratHH oeoóuwb saROHOiii 
opejmmBXTO eoBfcry noxpo6Eiit onen o6% mrb eocroflUB, npo- 
rpaxMan, uexi jvxMmwb^ hxi H^xepxRaxs h t. x. AaBHiufx 
aoxs eespenpB Hpexooeajaen oteTOirexuoe quiaHeHÍe Mesxy 
Bapoffonai h vcnaon Biiftiaini BciRaro poxa, h ptsRO Buesa- 
aiiia em me tojuo bi aoxbsy nqwaxs, bo h jioRawBaen speii 
I omcHOcn Boeiiwnn. Iftoixy upevBWb oeib npuoxHn cit- 
xyi»flpH noKMKfma: ^^PasBiiia iiexxT aapoxinnu ■ ueraiuiH mo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



336 BftCTHHSl EBPOmi. 

jaMH He 8a]UK)qaeTCfl HenpeM^HHO n bxi RaHecrBŠ, ho vh hx-b^ 
y^peasAGnÍH, co^epsaBÍH h ROHipojí. Bi wcTHOft mBOii^ pox^rejni 

EWblOTb nOJHIlfi ROHTpOJIb EdL^b CBOHlfH A^MH, OTHOCHTeJbHO Jie- 

ryjflpHOCTH nbc^n^emfl, nporpaMMu otfpadOBaHui h ero enoeo6oBi^ 
H MeTOAOBi. Btb o6ii^ecTBeHHOĚ msoji^ rocyAapcTBO ycnHOBJuex-B^ 
Bcb dm juoBUí H osHxaerB otb pe6eHRa uxi HcnaiHemfl. npeA- 
noiaraeMoe npaso — ns^EpaTB hjih o^pasoBame v& "iacTHoft mKOJi^^ 
HJiHHHRaEoro — ocHOBaHO Ha npeAnoJosesiHy qxo pojiHTeiH hmíh>t-b 
HCUioqHTejiLHoe npaBO ROHrpoJnipoBaiB (j^HSH^ecBoey yMcreeHHoe h 
spaBCTBeHHoe pasBHxie cbobxi aítbí no csoeny co6cTBeHHOMy 
ycMOTpiHÍH). IIpaBO H o($fl8aHBOCTB wcydapcwiea ycraHaBíHBaTB ycjio- 
HÍa HapoAHaro odpasoBama h noAHHHflXb boce napoA^B BiHifB ycso- 
Biflifb ocHOBaso Ha TOMi npHHi^Hni, HTO ÓesnpepiiBHoe cyui^ecrBo- 
Baflie rocyAapcTBa HeotfxoAHiio^ Raxi ecTecTBennaro oxpaHBTejui ne- 
joBi^ecKHxi npaB'b h RaBi eAHHCTBeHHaro coctoshu, cnoco6Haro 
DOAAepsHBaTB BtTOoe pasBHiie qejoBi^ecsaro oÓn^ecTBa. Riiiraifl 
otfn^ecTBeHHaro oÓpasoBanifl Heo6xoAHMti a^a tofo, hto6£i ota^b- 

HHfl JHHHOCTH MOFJH COCTaBJUTB Ha^iK). Tam BjriflHÍa HlrikKKTB 
TOHAeHIUH) paSBHBaTB Bl OTA'&IBHHX^ JH^HOCTAXl TO COCTOIHÍe AyXa> 

ROTopoe A^aen bosmoshum^ oón^ee cor.iameHÍe OTHOCHTaiBHo 
^tyHAaifeHTaibHiixi npeei^HnoBi h ^opifB rpasAMCRaro caiioynpaB- 
jieHífl. HeoóxoAHMx aBTopETen rocyAapcTBa A^a Toro, iroóu aocthhb 
peryjiapHaro nocin^eHÍa diboji bc6mb A^TbMB fb mBO^BHOiťB bos- 
pacrt. FocyAapcTBO ase ABJuieTCfl eAHHCTBeHHoi CHJofi, soropaji b*b 
cocTOflHÍH CA^iVaTb oCasaxejBHofi BSBl^ciHyK) nporpaMMy otfpasoBaHÚ. 
IIpflMtHeHie aroro aBTopsTera fb a'í^^ oÓflBaxejBHaro otfpasoBams 
H ero ycjiOBÍft aaiflerca eABHCTBeHHuirB A^fiCTBHTejBHHirB q)eACTBOM*B 
Bx pyBax'B rocyAapcTBa ajui tofo, htoÓh yB^BOBiqHTB ero co6cTBefl* 
Hoe cyqecTBOBaHÍe h aoctbhb nojraaro a ycniniHaro OTnpaBjemx 
Bclx'B ero <|^yHB^ift. Bcj^ACTBÍe cosHaHÍa 9tbxi-to hctbhi» rocy- 
AapcTBO B npBBHaBajio BcerAa HapoAHyio msojiy oahhitb bsi rjaB- 

HBIXl BCTOHHBBOBl rpaSA^HCKOft SBSBB CTpaHU. ?aCTHtI£ mBOIU 

cyn^ecTBOBajB vb Tepeme Bceft namefi HcropÍB, nisoTOpBia bsb hbxx 
nojBsyBOTCfl saciyseHHOK) bsbícthoctbk); ho 6iuio HeoAHoqiaTHo 
AOBasano, qio mu ne MoxeirB hoioshtbca na aro y^pesA^nie, BaiCB 
AJia o6ii^aro o^pasoBaHÍa, xasi b a^a BupaÓOTBB Toro cocroaaia 
Ayxa, BOToputt noAroTOBjaeTi BSBtcTByH) jb^hoctb b% saHarÍK) no- 
losema BHTejuBreHTHaro h B^pnaro rpasAaHHHa pecnyÓJBBaHCKoft 
otfniBHu. HasHaqeme oÓn^ecTBenHoft msojiu coctohtb vb Tom, 
qTOÓH opraHBBOBaTB ea qjenoFB — A^Teft fb o<$n^BHy jBHHoerei, v% 

BOTOpOft AOJSHtl C06jlH)AaTBCfl BC& BBaHHHUfl OTHOmeBÍfl HaCTOBH^iro 

rpasAftHCTBa. Ohuth msoiBHofi sbhshb tfyAyTi bi TaKOMx ciynaé 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



AECaXB Á^Th B% AMBPHK*. 337 

HM^b HenocpeACTBeHHoe B.iiiflHÍe Ha rpasA&HCRoe pasBErrie A^^iefi. 
Bi o6ii^ecTBeHHoft niBOJii yqeHHBH otfasaHu saROHaMH rocy^apcTBa 
npoxo^HTB odn^ie am b(Aji> Bypcfii, nsyneme ROTopuxi AacTi HikťB 
oduHOKoeoe ananie u odunaKoeoe yMcmeennoe paseumie^ Toa&xe- 
CTBeHBoe vb ero o($ii^hx'b nocjiÍACTBÍflX'B. Rasi pesyjibTarE xasoro 
nopflAsa Beqett, 6yAyTB cos^aHu bi yMaxi napo^a xa ofin^aa HHreji- 

.IHreHTHOCTb H TO eAHHCTBO HyBCTBX H CXpeMJeHÍft, ROTOpUfl CO- 

craBiíflioTB eAHHCTBeHHoe cojnr/iHoe ocHOBame a^a ycirBinHaro cy- 
n^ecTBOBaHÍfl pecayÓ^EsaHCBott oÓn^EHa*^. 

niTaTB MaccanyseTCB MoaerB cm'6jio popabtecji t6mi, hto yne- 
HHKQ ero niBOJi^B ee BaCuBaiorB, «ito stk-to HneHHO msojiEi h no^ 
J03BHÍIH ocHOBanie Hx^B ycnteaMi b% aiBSHH. EasA^fi vo^ npHHO- 
CHTb rpoMaAHUfl AOHbrH bi bha'& AotfpOBOJbHuxi nosBepTBOBamfi bi 
nojiB3y HapoAHux'B niROJii. TaRi, b-b xeieHie 1890 — 1891 yqetf- 
Haro roxa 6ujib npeHATu inTaTOM'B orb seprBOBaTeJieft, Mes^y npo* 
wirb, TpH mROJibHUfl 3AaHÍ)i. ITepBoe hsi hhxx 6biJ0 BbíCTpoeHo 
m Bucmeft mROJu ropová, ^ojcjrb-PeBepa, rocnoAHHOBfb Ak)p<|^h, 
vh naMHTb ero noROĚHaro cuHa; orierb ne fjBieTb ctohhocth M^cra, 
3j(aHÍfl H annapaiOBi, ho, cyxfl no onHcaniK) s^amfl h ^ororpa^in 
ero, npHJioseHHofií Ri onery, oho aojsho 6wiq croHTb ne Menie 
noiyMHjjiioHa xoJJiapoBX, CHaÓseno acrponoMH^ecRofi otfcepBaTopiett 

CB BOCbMH-AH)ttMOBb[lfb dRBaTOpíaJíbHBIMl CTORJIOirb, MamHHHUMH Ma- 

crepcRHMH, ^HSB^ecRHifb Ra6HHeT0M'b H xEMH^ecRoft Jia6opaTopiefiy 
a TaRse nflTHxecflTbK) Tuoi^aMH Hajieinaro RanHTajia ji^jisl HX'b 6y- 
^yn^aro coBepmeHCTBa. Bxopoe nocrpooHO r. Pox^epcoMi b^ ^pi- 
XaeeH^ h ctóbti CBume cxa teica^i AO^apoB^; eAHHCTBeHHUMii 
ycjiOBÍeirb seprBOBaxejib craBHrb B^^nyio CB0($0Ay Bi^poHcnoB-^AftBÍfl 
yian^HxcJ!. Tperbe nosepxBOBano ropoAy BoHqeHAOHy d^paHMOifb 
MtopAOROHi, CTOHTb CTO ABa^i^aib naib tucahi AOJjiapoBi b cnatf- 

ZeHO HMl HaJIHHHtíMl RaHHTaJlOMl Vb AB^CTH HflTbXeCflTb TUCflTB — 
wA9ÍiU JlfiLTb mKOjA BOBMOSHOCTb CTOflTb Ha bucotí TpeÓOBaHÍtt co- 
BpeifeHHOft HayRH OTHOCHrejibHO yqeÓHux^B annapaTOKb h noco($ifi'. 
TaRÍe i^ipcTBOHRbie noXapRH vb o^uhi roA'B, b^b oahomi mTaxi, 
coBcftiTb He cocraajfliOTb HCRiio^HTejibHaro flBJíeHia wh AifepHR'6. 
Tavb, H^ROJíbRo vbcsmfiB^h TOMy Ha3a;^'b, Hbio-iopRCRÍfi $a($pHRaHTb 
Rosanux^ mfjbjiii ^pBdxepi (Fairweather) saB^n^aj^B Bce CBoe 
HMyn^ecTBOy oi^iHHBaeMoe npHtfjiHBHTejibHO wh cynify Me»Ay nojyiopa 
H AByMfl MHJiJlioHaMH AOJ^apoBi, vb HOJibsy yne^Huxi saBe^eHÍfi 
oTOTa HbH)*IopRa. 3aB%qaHÍe bto oÓpaTHJio na ce6fl Bceoóqee 
BHHiiaHie He no CBoeiiy pasiiipy, a noTOMy, ^to ohi Bcer^a naxo- 
ffJea B% HaHviyqmBxrB OTHomeHÍBxi cb CBoeft ssenott h jifkrhHu h 
npa SH3HH HHRor;^a ne ouii^ajica 6jiaroTBopiiTe.ibHOCTbK),— o;i.HaKO 

ToMi II.— Mim, 1893. 22 

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338 B^CTHHKl EBPOmi. 

OCTaBMX CBOHMl SaROHHUMl HaCS^AHHBaMl TOJIBBO OTHOCHTe^IbHO 

secBMa HesHauTejiBHyH) cyMMy — ^AOcraTO^eo j^Jiia. Toro, ttoÓi fíkrsíwh 
HanaTB shshb'' — enough to start with,—RaBx cairB owb BtipasHJicfl 
n 3aBÍn^aHÍH. A^th yBasirjiH sejianie oxi^a, ajui hhxi coBep- 
meHHO HeosBAftHHoe b TpyxHO oÓiflCHHMoe, — h ÓesnpeKOcaoBHO pas- 
craiHCB CB óoraTCTBOMi. 

3a AOB^a^OMi ceRperapa bi OT^ert cAjiyerh ESJíoaseHÍe oirojib- 
Huxi saROHOKB iBTaTa MaccanyseTca, co bcÍmb nodAQiftmBiui ao* 

nOJIHeHiflMB H H3M%HeHÍflMH H (TB BOMMeHTapÍBMH COCTaBHT&ieft, Sa- 

tíitb roAHTCue xoRJaAH mecre cneiuaiBHHXi areHTOKB cobšt*, hbi 
BOTopuxi sasAnfi Bid^erB CBoft onpoA&ieHHuii OBpypB h CBoe noje 
Bscj^AOBaHÍft H Ha6j[H)AeHÍfi pasHHXii CTÓpoHi mROJBHaro x^&* 
HexocraTOB^ ir&cra ne nosBOJuierB uiA CA^aTB hbx hbxi HSKie- 
leBÍfi, ^ero ohh bhojihí sacjiysHBaiOTB, h a ci cosajiimeirB pas- 
craiocB CB oxieroiTB, HanoMHBBi ^viTaTejiH), hto mTaTB Maccany- 
sercB no nooJK^AHeny i^ensy HM^erB tojibro 2.238.043 autrejia 
o6oero nojia npn TeppHTopifl bi 8.040 eb. aerjiiftcKHX^B mbjib, a 
no BJiHMaTH^ecBBMi H noHBeHHUMi ycjiOBiaMii exsa m crojibko-hh- 
6yAB OTJiHHaeTCfl otb mocrobcroě h CMesHBixii c:b neK) ryóepmt 
Poccíh. 

Otb othotob^ ota'Ijibhbix'b miaTOBi a nepeĚAy R'b OT^ery ^- 
AopajiBHaro 6K>po napoAnaro otfpasoBaHÚi GoeAEHeHHiixi*IllTaTOBx, 
A&ixejiBHOCTB ROToparo orpaHHHHBaercfl craTHCTHRoĚ, h xota i^B^pii 
H MoryTB noRasaTBCfl yTOMHxejiBHUMB, a rbwh ne Mente ne Mory 
OTB HEXx OTRasaTBCfl, laRi RaRx owb Rasyxca mh£ npesBunattHO 

nOy^BTeJIBHBIMH. 

ORasuBaexcfl, hto na 62.622.250 SHxejieft kb Coiosi no nepenHOi 
1890 roAa, BRjno^aa nerpoKB, HHA^fiiJieBi, RBTafii^eB^B e AHRbpet 
AjflCRH, vb BTOiťB roAy BSAepasano na napoAHoe oÓpasoBanie (hcrjik>- 
Haa Bucmifl y^eÓniifl saBeAeHÍa) Bcero $ 140.277.484, hjh 
$ 2,24 per capita nacejieHifl. IIpoiieHTB btotb ROJe(Sajica otb 0.41 
per capita fb K)sHOĚ-RapojiHH%, 0,44 bi CiBepnofi-RapoJiHHi, 
0,53 Bi JIjsopAsiH H 0,57 Bi ÁiafiaMŽ, ao $ 3,65 bi K)sHoft- 
Jl^aRori, $ 3,70 bi Maccanysexci, $ 4,08 kb RoiopaAO e $ 4,29 
Bi RajiH^pnÍH. niTaTu K)ra h lOro-sanaAa HBAepasajra kb cpeA* 
neMi 0,96 per capita; mxaTu HoBofi-AnrjdH b CŽBepo-aocroRa 
$ 2,76; mraxEi i^enTpajBHaro GŠBepa $ 2,81 h nrraTu 3anaAa 
$ 3,35. 

IlepexoAa sax^Mi kb BucniHiTB yqetfHuirB saBeAeniairB, co- 
AepaRHMUifB na c^ctb nrraTOKB, naxoAHM^ hto iotb bo boomi 
CúK>9b 415, ci 7.918 npo^^eccopaMH h 118.581 y^antncHca, 
HTO saBeAeHifl bth BmfibKm BMyn^ecTBoirB, oi^H^aeMuifB vb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



AKCflTL Jl'birb Vh AM£PHK%. 339 

I 146.965. 144, vb wwmacjA $ 74.070.415 npói^eHTHUMB 6y- 
MaraMH, ^to hxi aoxoa^ oti SToro HMyn^ecTBa npociHpajrcfl bi 
1890 rojíy í[o $ 10.801.918, h ^to AOÓpoBOJiBHHa noaKepreo- 
Baeifl Bi Hxx nojiBsy bi tomi se roAy npocTHpaJiHCB ao $ 6.006.474 
s HTO HXi ÓH^jnoreBir sasjíOHajiH bi ce6% 4.152.053 tomobi. Ca- 
MuirB SHa^HTejBHfiDfB no qBCJiy cryxeHTOBx yHEBepcuTeTOirB OBasH- 
BaeTCfl XapBapAi vb mrarb Maccanyserc^, cb 2.660 cry^eHTaMH, 
dxAwb yHiTBepcBTerB miaTa Ma^HraHa cb 2.640; 15 yHHBepcH* 
TeroBi ch OAHofi Tucfliefi h sumě, h 41 ci 500 h Bume ao 

OAHOft TEICfl^H CryAeHTOBX. 

Rasi H Bx jííbjň napo^HOfi niROJEi, loseue mraxu 0Ba8BiBaH)Tca 
AMeso nosa^H, xota ohh coxepisarB CBume oahoě ipern scero 
HacejeHifl; qircjio cry^eHTOB^ vb uvm Huse OAHOft ^eTBepra Bcero 
Hii HHCia, a HSAepsBH MeHBme OAHoft mecroft nacTH, Taní qxo 
o6pa30BaHÍe BasA&ro cryxeHTa o(5xoahtcji B^Bce AemeBje, q^ifB sa 
ciaepš; caMO co6oĚ pasyMŠercfl, hto AOCTHraercfl axo bi yn^epói 



Ha MeHfl JHUO BaRx mBOjni, laRi h yqHTejifl h otfcraHOBBa 
Hxi Bcer^a h Bes^t npoHSBOXMH caMoe tfjiaronpifliHoe BnewTJiiHie. 
msojiBHHfl sAaHÍfl Bcer^a fl&iflioTCfl caMHMií saM^tHrniH, caiíUMEi 
ipynHiíMH sxaHÚíMH bi^ ropo^i; — Bnpo^eirB a yse HM&rB oiy^afi 

rOBOpffTB Odřh mCb apXHTeBTYpi H OCOtfeHHOCTflXl B% OAHOfi H81 

npeA^HAT^Bxi rjavB. 3a^b iipH6aB.iio tojibbo, vro Bcb mraTti 
Buton oa)($iifl CTpoHTejiBHHfl BOMMacdH, BOTopufl 3aB%AyH>Ti no- 
crpotBoft, Bsy^aioTB luiaHBi, HaseamiOTB BOHBypcH a^ pasp^menifl 
pasHEixi Aerajieft h t. a. Cm^o moibho AynaiB, too HHrA'& bi 
Mípi He oÓpan^aiorB xaBoro BHiniaHifl na oroiueHie, BeHTMflitiK), 
yj(o6eTBa pasviii^eHifl h vb ocotfeHHOCTH Ha msojiBHyH) Me6ejih h 
y^Hiifl nocoóiji. He pasi kbmq bi jricaxx ^jiopirAu, bx orAajen- 
Hun npepiflxx ^aBorii b fb nycruHflxi Apesonu b naxoAHjrB 
maiBHyK) ue6en caiiaro nocjÍAHflro, eaiiaro Aopororo ycrpoĚCTBa; 
a noAO((HiiifH mBOAHUMH noco6iflMH E esM% HHBorAa He mrbjvh 
BosiíosHOCTH HOJBSOBaTBefl, xoTfl H y^HjfCfl «b OAHot H8X nerep- 
6yprcBHn nmHasift. 

n. Tbepcboě. 



22* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMHOB HAlOri) 

H 

BrO SHA^BHIB. 



I. 

3a uocjiíahíh nATb-ceiib aíti wb roxoBUxi pocDHcaxt roBopirrcfl 
^acTo o HOBUXi HEJioraxi, o noBumenuixi, ho najio— o uohhs6hík hjih 

OTMÍH^ RaRHXl-JIHÓO UpeSHHXl CT%CHHTeJiBHUX'S HElOrOBl HIH c6opOBli. 

Bi HacToan^em voxj sto BaojiH'& ecTecTBOBHo h noH^THo; nocjri^ nepe* 
SBTaro Poccíeft Tassaro óíactbú, HCTon^HBmaro Bcnúe sanacii Mfisem- 
Hux^ cpeACTBi on npesearo speMOBH (xasi HaBUBaeifyD CB060XH71) 
HaJHqflocTb rocy^apcTBenHaro sasHa^eftcTBa), MHHHCTepcTBO ^^BHaecoBi 
He Moserb ne HSUCsHBaTb hobux^ hcto^hhbobi aoxoaob^ H botb sa- 
CTyoHBmift 1893 r. bi oóucth hbidhxi ^^HHancoB^B, KpoM% noBHine- 
HÍa H^BOTopuxi npaMHXi c6opoB%, oBHaMeHOBaxca noBHmeBÍeiii asi^isa 
co coHpra na 1 b. Cb rpá^yca, ycTanoBJíeHieMi xonojiHHTenHaro aBAB8a 
H naTeHTHaro c6opa no Ta6a^H0My Baiory, ycraHOBJíeBÍemb aoqoibb- 
TaibHaro asi^sa cb pa4)HHaAa, noBumeHÍeMi aiu^sa cb ocsi^THTejib- 
Hux^b HOil^TaHHXi Macjťb na 20 k. c% ny^a, yBeiH^eHÍeMi axi^Haa ci 
sasHraTejibBUXi coh^oki, h t. a. 

TpyxHO csasaTb mo^jnCo npoTHB^b HacToarejiBHocTH ajia Haniflx^ 
^HHaHCOBl Vh HOBHXl HCTO^HHSaXl AOXOAB. Ho npH HiiB^^niHeirb Ba- 
npasoBHoiTb cocToasÍH pyccsaro Hapo^Haro xodaflcTBa BUÓopi dm^ 
BCTo^HBBOBi 6oAe ^wh xorAa-jiH6o ne 6e3padJ[HqeB'B vb HHrepecaxi 
HapoxHaro (jmrococToasiHy a TaBse h pa^H npo^BocTH cavHXi 4>BBafl- 
coRb. BcasaB omH^sa vb 9tomi OTHomeHÍB, xftse npa xasyn^eĚca 
yxani Bu6paHBHli cpexcxBi wb nepBoe Bpeiui, HeMHeyeMO node^en 



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i 



XPOHHKA. — COJIflHOft HAJIOrL. 341 

sarbm t,% 6oMÍe r jyÓOKOMy dBOHOMHHecKOiiy noTpaceHÍK) cxpaHu, qÍM's 
juuse nepesHTUĚ eeyposafi. H ci droft to^rh sp^Hifl naiť&qeHHuĚ 
hhbí oyTB JUA pasBHTÚi HamHXi (j^HHaHcoBi Mo»eT% hmítb oco6oe 
sBaqeHÍe. 

«BiiHysAeHHoe apHÓ^rnyrB si HaucRaHU) cnoco$OBi mm ycEJieHia 
cpexeTBi roeyxapcTBeHHaro aasHa^eftcTBa, MirHHorepcTBO (j^HHaHCOBi 
(utaeMi MU vb o6rbacHHTaii>HO& danHCs^b MHHHCTpa 4^UHaHC0B^ vb ro- 
cyxapcTBeHHofi pocnncH na 1893 rox'B) CHHTajo aaMÓoite npaBHjib- 
HHiTb H Hiu^esHUMi o6paTiiTbca apeaKxe Bcero ki TaBKMi HCTovHiucaMi 
XOxoxoBi, KOTopue npexcTaBJMKKTCfl HaHÓoiie ynpyrHMH h HaHMeHie 
cricHHTejibHUMH, Kas^ vh CHjy yase ycTaHOBHBineflcfl apHBuqRH k^ 
HHiTB HacejieHÚi, xan^B h no caMoft CHCTeii'6 hxi BaHMania. Ob 9toě 
T09SH sp^Hía RocBeHHue HajorH, no mh'6híi) MHHHCTepcTaa, Hll'&I)T^ cy- 
a^ecTBeHEiOA npeHMyn^ecTBa Ha^i* npaMUMH, b^ BH^y Toro, ?to BSUMasie 
ETb ropasAO jierqe, ^to oho ho Tpefiyero HHBaBHXi ooHyAKTejiBHuxi* 
ifipi, Bcerxa TumejiuTb n Hep^xKo yÓUTo^Huxi ^Jia njukTejii>u;HKOB'B, 
H qTo yniaxa KOCBeHHMXi HaaoroBi npoHSBOAUTCfl. no M^pi norpetf* 
leBÍa o6jioseHHUXi> naJioroMi npoxysTOBi, neÓojiBniHiiH BSHocaMH, h 
Bi Tasoe BpeMH, Bor^a uaTejiBu^iiKi BM'beTi> cpe^cTna ajui nosynsH 
9fixi npc^yBTOBi, a cďbAOBaTOjBHo, n aas yn^axu najiora. HaKOHec^i, 
00 cavoi npHpojcb ROCBeaHaro o^Jionfenia oho b^b sasAuft lannuft ho- 
MeHTB MoseTB oúujLbwbe onjutqHBaTBca tod «iacTBD naceJieHia, KOTopaa 
ofiia^aeirb naHÓojiBmei) nosynnoK) cbocoóhoctbk), a cjtiAOBaxejiBHo, h 
Boo6n(e pacnpeA'&JueTca Mos^y njiaTejiBn^MBaMH wb naBicTHOM^ coot- 
bítctbíii c^ Hxi HjiaTeaBHUMH CHjmiin. 

npHBeAeHHaa BHxepasKa hobojebeo nanoMHHaerB naM^ to, ^t5 roBO- 
pHTCji Bo MHorHxi pyBOBo^CTBaxi HO Hayst ((^HHaHCOBi ^), r^i nepeqnc- 



^) Pacspoem f^a npiniipa 7He6HHS'b upo4>. H. JSLuxyia (Ochobbiu eanaia (í>h- 
BUOQBoft HaysH. Gn6. 1890 r.): 

,npH qMiBHeimi socBeHBuxi Hajioroiii ci npiiiiiiMH— HHTaem mh sucbcb — oÓBapy- 
sitaDTCfl clixyDmu npSBTiraecKUi bufcah nepsiixi cpaBHHTei&HO cb nocjrbABHiu: 

,irpi yjta^oiii BHÓopi oóieBTOBi oóioseuk locseasae aaiorH lerso h yxoÓHO 
opnocan (i>HCEy Taue spynHHe xoxoah, BoropHe Óhjio 6h Óoile bjh Meaie saTpyx- 
HneuHO co6patb opH noMomH npjiMiixi. KocseHHHe Haiora BaHMaDTCn MajHira Hesea- 
UTei&HHMH AOUMH, a noTony Menie ^yBCTBHTei&HEi xu uaTeiBiiuiKOBi, «1mi npaiifie, 
n loTopuxi cpasy Tpe6ye^rca yiuara 6oiie hjh Menie BoaviTejBBott cymiH. yniara 
locBeoHBzi iiaior(«b, ecn toi&bo obh naxaiyTi ne ea npexKeTH aepBO& Heo6xoxB- 
Mocn (tic), npoHBBOXBTCJi Td&BO wb "A MOMeflTH, Korxa y oiaTei&iitHKa ecT& X6fl&ni, 
i5o Ha 8T0 ysasHBaerfc caiuift ^%Tb npioópbTemji npexnera BTopocTeuefleoft Bas- 
■ocn, cb KOTopiui H coexHHfleTcii BSHvame Haiora. BaHMane loceenHiixi Haioron 
■poHSBOijuncA cb 6oj&mefi xersocrbi), niwb npjuoirb. 

^VMjfiWb cb drmiH AOcroHHCTBaiai xocBeHHHe Haiora hmAdti h ipyaHHe nexo- 

„Kocaemuie naiora xyxe, HexeiH apiíMEiey cooTvbTCTByxrnb Haioroouoco6H0CTH imufl, 



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342 vhCTmnvh bbpoiui. 

jiflDTCfl AOBOAu 3a H upoTHsi KocBeHHux^b HajioroBi. Ho 8a iiepe^HCjie&ieirB 

AOBOXOBl, npHBOj^HMUXl Wh nOXBSy KOCBeHHUX^B HaJlOrOBl, Vb 4>HHaHC0- 

BUTb yqeÓHHKaxi Beer^a cjrbxjiyrh Tor^acs se ysasaHifl HeBuroj^HHxi 
CTopoHi dTHXi HajEoroBi, npHqeM'B, Bašt pesyjibTarb cpaBneHÍa operay- 
mfiCTWb H Hej^ocTaTBOBi BocBeHHuxi HajioroBi, cpexH TeopeTHKOBi m mo- 
xmtb HafttH ptmHTejiLHux^B hpothbhhbobi cscreira socseHnaro oéjioxe- 
HÍfl npeAMeroBi nerpeÓJieHiji, ho ho naŘMfi^h nm y oji[Horo uši Biij(ai>- 

n^HXCJi (j^HHaHCOBHX^B TeopeTHBOBl HJIH OpaRTHEOBl BOSBeAeHÍfl Wh HAeajTb 

4»HBaBCOBoft CHcreMU, ocHOBaHHoft Ha BOCBOHHUXi Hajoraxi. npH noBepiL- 

HOCTHOVB BSrJIHA^ HB Beil^, KOHeVHO, MOtteiTE KaBaTbCH, tTO nJf8TeJi&- 

n^MB'B KocBeHHUXi HajioroB'b ynjia?HBaerL hxi, Ror^a Hiriem ajih 9Toto 
cpexcTBa; tíitb ne MeHie HeyH<]kpeHH06 nojiBsoBaHie BOCBeHHUM^B oójio- 
soHieMi BecbMa jierRO MoseTB bocth vh pasopenÍK) CTpaHU. H rjiaB- 
HBA npH^HHa 9Toro jiesHTb Bi cyii(ecTB'& rbTh iipeHiiyu^ecTB^ BocEen- 
EUTh HBJíoroBi, Ha BOTopua yRasuBaoTCJi b^b namefi nocji^xHeft pocnncH. 
npH npjmoirB najíori, HjiaTeJibiii^HB^B, ne mAa CBOfioxHuxi cpexcrsi, 
CTaHOBHTCA HeAOHMD];HBOMrb, H, ^TOÓH BSUcBaTb cb Hero Hajioi*b, ro- 
cyAapcTBy apHXo;^HTCH caiioMy npHó^raTb k% npHHyxHrejibRoify ot^- 
sa^hík) HMyn^ecTBa njiaTOJibiaHBa h t. h., a na 9to oho ne Bcerw p^ 
mHTc^, eejiH nexoHMsa ecTb peayjibTarb irenocHJibHoft TJUsecTH Haaro- 
roBi AJUí njutTejbH^HRa Hjnr RaBoro-HH6yxb ^pesBiiqaftHaro dKOHOvflqe- 
csaro 6%ACTBÍa. IIpH BocBeHHux'b najioraxi rocy^apCTBy nirh Heoi6xo- 
AHMOCTH npHÓtraTb K'b npHHyAHTejtbHUMi wbpMťh BdHčBamji, nor^iy 
qTO ecjiH npeAMerb, ofijioseHHufl rocbohhhhi najioroiťby njiaTejiBiipny 
neoÓxoAHMi, a 0H'b ho HM^erb cboSo^hiix^b cpe^CTBi a^a nosynKs o6- 
jioaK6HHaro opexHera, to cpe^CTBa Óyxyn ao6htii nwh qpe3BHqaftHux'b 
HCToqHHROB'b: upoxasoD ^BCTH HeoÓxoAHMaro Hnyn^ecTBa, nyteirb spe^ 
AHTa H T. A* TaBHMi ofipasoMi, ecjui, ÓJiaroAapfl BUcosoMy socBeHHOicy 
oÓJiosenÍH) npeAMeroBi nepBoft Heo6xoAHMocTH, shshb CTanoBHTCfl SHa- 

HHTOJbHO AOpOSe, TO OHOHL MHOFHMX, STO npes^e CBOAMJIl R0H1^1 Ch 

BOHi^aiiH Ha CByAHufi 8apa6oTaR'b, Tenepb npHAercA paexoAOBarB npes- 
Hia c6epe2BeHÍH, ecjiH ohh 6hj[h, A^i^^aTb AOJirH, paenpoxaBaTb sa óes- 
Kíhoki noTpe^HTejibHoe h hhoo HMyni,ecTBO. lípu bcabomi ycTanoBJíe- 
híh h noBumeHiu rocbohhuxi najoroBi Heo6xoAHMO BcerAa noKHHTb, 
qTO OAHa H3'b npHqHHii, DoqeMy RocBeHHUMH HanoraMH mosho co<SpaTb 

CTOJIb MHOrO, COCTOHTl HMeHHO Bl TOM^ VTO ROCBOHHHe HaJtOPK BS 



H noToiiy Bexyn <% HepaBROMipHocTH oóioseníji. RocBeiiHHe eaioni, ropasxo 6Qjr^ 
H^wb npflMHe, HaxoxnTOi n nponiBopiHhi ci rlm npainuoiti A. GuBra, 'no6u no 
B06M0SH0CTH Bce BSHMaeifoe cb Hapoxa mio n rocyxapcTBeHHyD sasHy. A.oxaxH on 
KocteHHiirfc BiioroiTb ne hmídťi toě TsepxocfH h ycrotaiBOCTB, xan aoxoxh on 
iipji]iHX'b BaioroKb. RocBeHHse Hajiorn ropasxo Óoi&me ee cooTvbTCTByi>n npHHiqtoEifi 
npaBHifcHaro noxaTHoro yiipaueniji, Tbin npmfHe*'. H. Hmayji, crp. 887 h cjt^a.). 



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XPOHHRÁ. — COJflHOfi HÁJIOrE. 343 

3Ha?HTejLHofi CBoeS qacTH ynjia^HBaDTCJi ne h3^ TeBymaro Hapo;(Haro 
Aoxo^a, a nn niiymecTBa, h noToxy ohh r&K% paaopHTejiBHu jí^jb 
crpaHu. B^j^B ecjiH bsatb bi ^acTHOCTH, HanpHMip^, nam^ nHiefleufl 

j(0XOX'B, TO B%J(B KTO SO He BHaeTB, ?T0 KpyDHaJi AOJIA OFO COCTOHITB 

le 181 npoDHToro sapatfoTRa nBflHHi^i, a hsx oTnys^eHnaro sa 6e8i]^'&- 
ion H nponHToro HMymecTBa — opy^ift Tpy^a, naaTBa h npo^. — CBoero 

UI CeMBH. A OAHOrO 9T0r0 CBOfiCTBa ROCBeHHUXl HaJIOrOB^, CB TO^RH 

^Hífl 4^HHaHcoBofi HayRH H rjiyÓORHxi rocyAapcTBeHHuxi HHTepecoBi, 
n HdóUTROiTB jkocTsmHEO, HTo6u nepoBtcRTB ucí npeHMyn^ecTBa roc- 
BeHHHxii HajioroBi nepeAi npaMUMH. 

Ho He jiiiapoii^B se HEor^a ynpeRav)T% nayRy bt> tomi, ^to ona or- 
craerE orh srhbhh, otb yRasanifl npaRTHqecRaro onuTa. Hsi oÓdthp- 

HOft npaRTHVeCROt paóoru MHHHCTepCTBa cfyHHf^HCOBl o COJIAHOMI Ha- 

iori, 3aHflBineft xpn nepauxi HyMepa „BicTHHRa ^HEancoBi'* sa hu- 
híidhíí roA'B, MH ysHaeMi, qro „bo bc^xi* rocy^apcTBax^B huh% bh^ho 
crpeiueme o6ocHOBaTB 4>HHaHC0ByK) cHCTOMy TaRRM^B o6pa3oirb, ito6u 
niaTejiBii](HKH no bobmoshocth newbe «iyBCTB0BajiH tfpeiia npH b3hoc^ 
noxateft. SSHSHeHHaji 4>RHaHC0BaA CHCTeifa CTpeMHTca ri TOMy, ?to6u 
BSHiiaTB noARTH B<B BH^^ TaRHXi njiaTesHuxi eAHHHi^i, ROTopua ne 
Hiiii>rB HHRaRoro dROHOMH^ecRaro SHa^eHÍA jsjía nj[aTejiBu;HROB'B, h ro- 
TOpHfl, no CBoefl neJO^nocTH; 9ROHOiiH«iecRaro SHa^eníji h ne MoryrB 
hmítb. Bi pyaaxi se rocy^apcTBa str He-dRonoMHqecRÍfl ajunm, roh- 
i^eHTpspyacB, flBjiflH)TC£ vb Bujííb rpoMa^Hoft dRonoMH^ecRoft h RyjB- 
TypnoĚ CHJiu. EdectAffHUMb HCuoiOMb npaRTHiecRH upRsnaercA BSHManie 
Bi BHA% no^aTH HeaaifiTHuxx ^) j!,jul njiaTejiBii^HRa cyiiM'B h npespa- 
o^eflíe wTh H3% OTHocHTejiBHO HHTro3RHuxi eAHHHi^i Wh Moryn^ecTBeH- 
HyD cHjy. Bffdifm au smo ncuotz na wpouseodcmeOy na Hucrnuú uau 
eoáoeaií doxo&h, na npedMemu Heo6xoduMoemu uau npedMemtA pocHoum— 
smo ece paeno. Mesxy pasHiiiiH BH^aMH najoroBi, ycTanoBJíeHieMi ro- 
TopHX'B AocTHraeTca yRasannaA i^íjib, odnuMh un nepewch momho no- 
cmaeu9iih comhoú H(iÁ<m* (y,B. 0.*, •¥ 5, cmp. 182). 

HraR^B, XJui Poccíh, b'b rohi^^ XlX-ro B^Ra HAeajioMi <j|>HHaHCOBoft 
eHcreifu „Bíctehri** BUcraBJMOrB nojotosenie, Roropoe Bu6pacuBaeT% sa 
6oprB, RaRi nenysnuĚ xjairB, bc% coo6paseHÍa o paBH0M'bpH0CTH, cnpa- 
BejuiflBOCTH H T. n., T.-e. Bce to, tto c^HTaeTca ^íparouinnuM-B npi- 
o6pÍTeHieirB B'&ROBoro pasBHTÍA <j|>HHaHcoBofi TeopiH H npaRTHRH RyjIB- 
Typnuxi rocywpcTBi. 

RavB HSB^THO, cojMHoft HaJiorB cyn^ecTBOBajrB wh Poccíh b'b pas- 
Hiix'B BHAaxi BnjioTB Ao 1881 r., Ror^a oni Óuji^b oTMtnenx Buco- 

*) Rto sHasoiTb ch 4)HBaHCOJBoi> npaKTHKOD, TOTh AoiseHi 8BaTB, HTo He cyn^e- 
CTBjerb TaEHxi naioroBi, soropsie, óyxyiH AtlIcTBHTeuHo HesaiiiTHUMH h He<iyBCTBH- 
TenBHMB AU niaTeiBii^HBa, momhÓh xocraBjuiTb vh Kasay OHeH& spynesa cyMMH. 



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344 fa^CTHURl BBPonu. 

qafiniHM^B ysasoHx 23-ro Hoa6pii 1880 r., a noroiiy, ocTaHOBHBmflCB Ba 

paSBHTÍH CHCTOMU KOCSeHHHXl HaJIOrOB'B, SaKl CEMOft Ha^eSHOft OCH(mt 
AJUi ynpO^eHÍa pyCCKHX^B 4>HHaHC0B'B, MHHMCTepCTBO <j|>HHaHCOB'b, ecTe- 
CTBeHHO, AOJI»HO 6ujio 06paTHTb BHHMaHie Ha TaKOft HCnUTaHHHft 

npeAMerb BocBeeHaro o($jioseHÍH, aaBi cojib. IIpHSHaBi BOSMoaKHUiťb 
H sejiaTejbEUMii BoscTanoBjíeHie coJuiHoro Haiora vb Poccíh, mhhb- 
cxepcTBo 4^HHaHC0Bi» Ha BpeMfl, RaRi OHO saaBHJio ne^aTHo, npiocra- 
HOBHJio o6cjxjí,eme dtoS Mipu bi* ycTaHOBjeHHOMi nopHAsi. Buicxt 

Cb TÍUT> MHHHCTepCTBO ())HHaHCOB'I» npH3HaJI0 DOJiedHUMl ony6jiHSO- 

BaxB HaHÓojiie cyn^ecTBeHHyK) ^acTb co6paHHaro h paspa^oraHHaro 
HMi CTaTHCTHHecsaro h HHoro MaTepiajia, a paBHO h cboh buboxu h 
saKJiDHeHu, npHfjiamaA „bc^x^b KOMnereHTHUXi wb btoitb xbjrb jíhh^^ 
npaKTH^ecKH SHaKOMHX^b CT» cejLBCKHM^b 6HT0M'b, cojieToproBi^eBi, pu6o- 
npoMUHuieHHHROBx H T. H., AOCTaBHTb eMy CBOH HO dTOiiy npexHery 
coo6paaeHÍa*'. EejLhsa' ne 6utb npH3HaTejiBHUMi MHHHCTepcTBy 4^h- 
HancoBii sa Taxoe oÓHapoAOBaHÍe MaTepiajia h npo?.; mosho tojii»so 
ooa&ejiaTB, qTo6u xasaA npoB']bpBa xenapraMeHTCSEX^B coo6paseHÍŘ no 
KpynHuicB BoupocaMi AonycaajiacB ho tojibro no ii^pairB, BpeMeano 
CHATUMi CB o^epe^H, ho h no rkwb^ KOTopua en^e tojibko cTanarca 
na o^epeAB. 

Bx CTaTB*]^ „B^bcTHHRa ^HHaHcoBip'' (Jiř I 8a 1893 r.) AeTaunoNj hs- 
jiosenÍK) KbjííSí upeAmecTByeTi saHajienie, tto uocjA BcecTopoHHefi pas- 
pa6oTBH Bonpoca, BaK'B cb hhcto TeopoTHqecKoft, lasi h c:b npaBTH- 
HecKofi CTopoHu, BocnojoiBSOBaBniHCB yRasaniaMH BaKi saoaxHO - espo- 
neficKOĚ npaKTHKH, Taa^B h en^e óojiie — namei pyccBofi npaBTHSH, 
Bo&AA vh oE^iBsy mh'6híí no aroMy npe^Mery BUAanm^HXCfl aBTopiire- 

TOBl B^ OÓJiaCTH <j[>HHaHCOBOft HaySH, pyCCKHX'B H HnOCTpaHH£IX'E, H 
T. A' — MHHHCTepCTBO 4>HHaHC0B% UpHnUO K^B yfits^eHÍK) Vb TOM^ ^TO 

najiori na cojib npoACTaBJífleTi, noBHXHMOMy o^ny, h3:b HaHMOHito o6pe- 
MOHHTejiBHUX^B WS Hac6JieHiii (f)opu'B o6jioseHÍ&. npoTHBonoJiosuua 
MH^HÚ — pyaoBOAHni^aH craTBa HHHHCTepcTBa cf^HnaHCOBi bi* sna^HxejiB- 
Hoň CTeneHH o6xjiCHHerb pesyjiBTaTOMi* aoBepxnocTHaro sHasoMCTBa cb 

AÍJI0M'B HJIH njlO^QWb HBHilX^B HCAOpaSyMtolft. 

„BicTHHKi*' noAHopKHBaerB bi* cboomi BCTynienÍH necnoBoiHce h 
npHCTpacTHoe OTHomenie r% Bonpocy o cojuinoiťB Hajiori wb dnoxy, 
npeAmecTBOBaBmyE) otm'6h£ ero. Ho y^ajiocB jih canoiiy sypnaiy b% 
CBOHX^B onyÓJiHROBannuxi cooópaseniaxi yjcepsaTBca Ha no^BJ^ 6e3- 
npHCTpacria? Kx cosajfi^níK), bi CHJiy npHcyn^Hxi bc^mi cjaóocreft, 
CTaTBH ^BtcTHHRa ^HHaHCOBi*^ apBO CBHX'&TejiBCTByK)T%, ^To Hojraoe 
óesnpHCTpacTie BooÓn^e xpy^no co6jidcth. 

Nomina šunt odíosa... Ho mu b^ab o^naRO snaeMi, tto b^ to 

BpOMA, ROr^a fiUJOťB OTMbHeH'B COJIJIHO& HaSOPB, BO PJiaBt MHHHCrepCTBa 



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XPOHHKA. — COJIflHOft HÁJIOrB. 345 

^HaHC0B1» CTOaJIH JIHAa, o KOTOpUXl BeCBMa pHCROeaHHO 0T3iIBaTBCfl 

RAKi o „nonepxHocTHo" SHaEOMUxi ch fiMou%. 7se ojsjíwb d^ovh (f^aKTi 
xaers BaMx cm&ioctl csasaTb, qxo vh Poccíh cpe^H aROHOHHCToai) h 
ÝHHaHCucTOB^ nosa en^e hítb ctojib BUA&£)iAHxca aBTopHTeTOBi, nepeA'B 

KOTOpUMfl BCb npOTHBHHKH OOJUHOFO HaJOra, B^b OBOXy erO OTM-^HU, 
MOriH 6h npeACTaBJIflTBCa nOBepXHOCTHO SHaROMHMH CB AÍJOM'S. 

KaK'B 6u TO HH 6ujio, BpHHaAJiesa no cbohm^b jóimjifiBUíWb otho- 
CHTejibHO cojuHoro Hajiora vi% HHCJiy jihi^i, „noBepxHOCTHo SHasoMHx^b 
(Tb Aixoirb'', MU T^ii:b Cb 6ojibiiiHii^ BHHMaHieMi HayHHjH Maxepiaji^b, 

lOTOpufi OnyfijIHKOBaJEO MHHHCTepCTBO (f^MHaHCOBl OTilOCHTeJIbBO COMHOrO 

Hajiora. H xenepb nocrapaeMCJi BuacsHTb, no^eMy, seciiorpa sa 3Ba- 

lOMCTBO Cb dTHlťb BOBUlťb, utHHblMlt H BpaCHOp^qHBUMl MaTOplaJIOMl, 

xtí H6 MoseMi» apHCoejLHHHTbCA Kli TJ^M^ BUBO^aHi, sasie CAÍJiaHbI 

.BiCTHHSOMl ^HHaHCOB^". 

SypnaJii naHHHaeirb cb Toro, ^to pasóupaeri Bonpocb, noJiy^BJíHCb 
u Kasie-jniÓo 6jiaronpiaTHue pesyjubTaxH a^ia Hapo^Haro xosiificTBa ovb 
otmíhh coJiaHoro najora, — h naxoAHTb^ ^to bi aroMi OTHomeHin 
omiHa HaJiora óiua 6e3nojie3Ha. SaT^irb HAyxi pascys^eni^ o tomi, 
TTo couHofi Hajiorb ne vosen 6uTb BpexeHi hh aíui cojiaboíí npo- 
wuDjieHHOCTH, HH j^isi pii6oj[OBCTBa, HH jijís cejibCRaro X03HflcTBa, H ne 
voserib 6HTb HyBCTBHTeieHi* ajía DorpeÓHTeju h HAaTeibn^Hica. 
. no mhíhíd «B^THHRa $HHaHC0B!b'y „npH ycTaHOBjíemu y naci 
au^naa Aose b% 80 roh. c^b nyjca, coJiiiHofl najiori ne Moserb 6biTb 
HyBCTBHTejieHfb xjia caiiaro 6%AHÍflinaro Hacejienifl, xaRi RaR'b ro;ioBoft 
BSHoc^ Vh 40 ROH. pa3Apo6jiAeTca na HpedBuqaĚHo MajiuH bojihcihhu, 

HeqyBCTBHTeJlbHUfl U B'b CaMOMl 6ÍAH0V<b XOdHfiCTB']^. CojiHHoň Hajiori), 

wtawh o6pa30V!b, Hicberb cbohmi oóiORTOii^b oÓJioaceHÍa rb aojih HMy- 
n^ecTBa, RoropuA no CBoefi vejoqnocTH h HH^ToaiHOCTH ne jiwkioT^ 
HiRasoro 3Ha^eHÍA h jí^h Ó^AHMmeft ?acTH nacejieHiji. Ho co6paHHUH 
Biicrt dTH HHqTosBUH cyMMu HOJiy^aDrb rpoMaAHoe dRonoMH^ecRoe 
3HaqeHÍe. Y Hacb najiorb na coju>, ycTaHOBJíeHnufi bi pasifbpi 30 roq. 
ci ny^a, Moserb wTb rocy^apcTBOBHOMy Kasna^eftcTBy ne MOHie 17 — 
18 MHJi. pf6. dTH 17 — 18 MHJi. wb ÓyRBajibHOMi CMHCA^ cjioBa 6yAyT% 
nojy^eHH EVh nn^ero, TaR^ RaR'b nepioAHqecRÍe njaT6»H vb 1 — 2 Ron. 
xu Rasxaro njiaTejibn^HRa ne TOJibRO ne oópeiieHHTejibHU, ho h ne- 

qyBCTBHTe»HH". „B. $/, CTaTbH 3-a, CTp. 183). 

HTax^, 30-Roa'iteHHuft najiorb na coib „B^cth. ^HHaHC.*, hobhah- 
MOMy, cqHTaenb nepBoĚ CTynenbK), a b% H^oajii OMy pHcyeTCH Heo6pe- 
MeBHTeibHHĚ tíajiorb a^b 80 Ron. c% ny^a hjih 40 roh. cb AyniH, 
yDiauBaeMUA Ronte^RaMH, ^tó Jierso Aftse ji,jui hhhi^hxi. EaxHMH se 
nyiioiH sypnajii aoxoahti xo noAO^Haro yTaops^enia? 

IIpe3BA6 Bcero obi> ocTaHaBJíHBaercH na paaBHTÍH cojijihoíI npoMUoi- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



346 



B-bCTHERl EBPOnU. 



jieHHocTHy npH^iejťB yreeps^aero, hto cyn^ecTBOBaHÍe aRi^Hsa na coib 
H6 TopMasHJO pasBMTía dTofi npoMununeHHocTH, a ontHa aaiora h6 
HM^a BJiíifiria Ha esi pocrb. no^TBepsAeme Tony „B^thhr'b' Haxo- 

ffiTb Vb CTaTHCTH^eCKHXl J^aHHHXl O UpOHSBOACTBt COJIH Vh PoCCÍH AO 

otmíhu asi^HBa n nocjrit nero. 

IIOCMOTpRlťB H MU, ITÓ FOBOp^Tl I^H^pU. BoSbUeMl XJia CpaBHeHÍH 

cpej^HÍA xaoHHJi o COJIH 3a TpexjriiTia h no naTHJť&TÍAirb, ao orif&HH 
H nocjrb oriťj^BU eajiora. Uojiy^aeM^b cj'&AyK>mee: 

Bi cpexHeMi sa TpexiiTia: 





^o^HTO con 


npHMaeBO 


Bmeseao sa 


Bcero ocraaaiocfc 




BBJTpHCrpaHH: 


HBOCip. COIK 


rpaBHi^y: 


•HyrpH cípany: 




T H 


C » % t 


n y « 


» *: 


1872-74 


48.374 


12.090 


0,04 


55.423 


1876-77 


36.134 


11.769 


0,03 


47.881 


1878-80 


48391 


9.702 


0fi8 


68.068 




n c 1 i 


T M i H B 1 


a a I ra. 




1881-83 


73.992 


10396 


0,30 


84.286 


1884-86 


67.916 


3.129 


0,53 


70.838 


1887-89 


74.563 


1.000 


0,46 


75.106 


Bil890r. 


84.857 


1J052 


0,46 


85.453 



Bi cpexHOifB no naTEjAriam roAn^Hoe nponsBoxcTBO cojni BHyrpH 
crpanu BupasaJocL: 



^0 otmíhh 
1866-1870 rr. . . . 
1871-1875 „ . . . 
1876—1880 « . . . 



a s i( H 3 a: 
47.678 THC. ny;í. 
50.698 n jf 
54X)61 . . 



nociloTMiHHasitHsa: 
1681—1885 rr. . . . 78.303 thc. ny^. 
1886—1890 .... 76.893 „ ^ 

9th iiHij^pu, — nocKOJiBsy Booó^e CTaTHCTH^ecKÚi KHij^pu Moryn 
rQBopHTL HamoMy yny - CBHA^TejibCTByDrb o HecoMHtnHOM^ ^pesíH^saft- 
HOMi H rjiaBHoe HeMeAJieHHoifB BospocTanÍH npoHSBOxnrejniHoeTH cojul- 
nuTb npoMucjiOBi uocsfb oriftHU najiora. IIpohbboxctbo coju b^b nep- 
Boe TpexiiTíe nocji^ otm^hu najiora npesucEjio cpexnee roxoBoe sojn- 
^ecTBO nocji']^AHflro Tpexjr&TÍA nepexi otm^hod na 52,9^/o, CpasHesie 
no nATHJi^TÍHirB Aaer^B yBeaiH^eme vb 63,2Vo* Kone^nO; paaBHrie co- 
juanoft npoMiiniJieHHOCTn aa HCTORmee jtecHTHjrbTÍe, sas^b h Bcjnsoft xpy- 
roĚ orpacjiH napoxHaro xosaflcTBa, oó^flcnaerca MHorHMH (f^aKTopaira, 
HO coBnaAonie otm^hu Hajiora cb BHosanHUMi pocTOMi cojuhoix) npo* 
HBBOACTBa cjiHmsomb nopasHTejibHo. ttoÓh mosho 6iijio npe^nojtoasHrB 
SA^cb oAHo cjiyqaftHoe coBHaAonie í|matobI; a ne npH^HHHyx) csasb. 

O^HaBO MHHHCTepCTBO 4>HHaHC0B'^ 9T0 A^MeTb. Ob dTOK) I^^EK) OHO, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHKA. — COJíaHOft HAJfOFB. 347 

fio-nepsHx^B, upHHHMaeTTB cjttjtynntia epexHia npoHSBOACTBa cojm sa 
Tpesjrtrie nocjii 

1878— 1880 rr 48,4 mhi. nyA. 

1881-1883 „ .... 60 „ 

1884—1886 68 „ ,, 

18o7—*loo9 » • • • • '4 ff ^ 

TasHMi o6pa30tf'B Moser^b sasaTBCA, hto mi uuiewh ji,1^o sas^b 

6jXT0 CB eCTeCTBeHHUltb B08pOCTaHieM^ npOHSBOACTBa cojih B^ SaBHCH- 

MocTH on upHpocTa HacejeHin h ap* qphihhi, npHqeirB ocoÓeHHoft 
pa3HHi(H cpeAHHxi AO otmíhu Hajiora h cpe^HEXi nocji^ otk^hu ne 
saMiqaercií. KoHe^HO, DToro moxho Óhjio AOCTHrnyTB tojibko nyTeMx ao- 
BoiBHo npoHSBOJiBHaro o6paiii;eHÍfl cb iiH(f»paMH. 

Bt> Hay?HO ROCTaBJíeďHOlťB CTaTHCTH^eCKOM^B H8CX%A0BaHÍH, npH 

aHajiH3% cTaTHCTH^ecKHXi pAAOBi, xapaKTdpHsyDíi^Hxi. pascMaTpHBae- 
Moe ABjíeHie saRi 4>yHRi;ÍH) paBJíH^HiJXi npH^HETB, otfuRHOBeHHo npe- 
tAfjvncsí ABOflRaro po^a uíbjm: buachutb BJiÍAHÍe nocToaHBuxi npH- 

HHHl — H pOJIB npH^HHl CJiyqaflHUX^B. ^MCTBÍe nOCTOAHHUXX npH«IHHl 

onpexí^eTCJi buboaomi cpe^HEXi h3% xaHHaro pn^a; seaqHTejiBHoe 
TRioHeHÍe on cpeXHHX^B otaíjibbuxi BJieiieHTOBi pa^a VRaauBaerB na 
npHcyrcTBie cjyqaflHUX^B npH^HHi. TaRHirB o6pa30M^ HJia cTaT^CTH^e- 
csaro H3CjiÍA0BaHifl RaRoro 6u to hh 6ujio Bonpoca h jí^jísi buboaobx 

BeiB3fl OrpaHHHHBaTBCii OAH^MH CpeAHHMH BeJIH^HEaMH, a Bl> TÍX% 

cjiyqaflxi, Ror^a rjiaBHUMi npeAMeroiTB Hamero HscjitAOBania cjiyacHrB 
BUflCHenie A^ftcTBia onpeA^eHnaro cf^aRTa, — 0TRji0BeHÍA otb cpeAHHX'B 
opíoSp^TaDTOb nepBeHCTByK)[i;ee 3Ha?eHÍe. 

npHM^HHMi CRaaaHHoe r^b npeiMOTy Hamero BHtiMaHÍA — rx cojta- 
HOMy Hajiory. Mu hmíomi CTaTHCTH^ecRÍe pa^Ui noRa3UBa]Oiii,ie no- 

rOAHO ROJIH^eCTBO COJIH, AOÓUTOfl BHyTpH CTpaHU, ROJIH^eCTBO BB03a H 
BUB03a H ROJIH^eCTBO, OCTaiOU^eeCJI BHyxpH, ROTOpoe MOaCHO npHHATB 

saRi BOJiHqHHy noTpe6jieHÍa cojih. Ta6jiHii;a xaen n;H4^pi>i ao otm^hu 
Hajiora — h nocjii otm^hu ero. 9th i(h4)PH onpeA^HJiHCB h% saBHCHMocTH 
on MHo»ecTBa opn^nn^B: ri qncjiy nocTOffHHUxi mosho othccth ?hc- 
MHHocTB HacejieHÍfl H ero ecTecTBeHHHft pocrB, o6m)6 nporpeccB npo- 

HSBOXCTBa, H T. H. Ilo OTA'bJIBHHM:B TOAaiťB I^H4)pi>I MOFJIH ROieóaŤBCH 

0TB cjiyqafiHaro osHBjieHÍH npoMumjieHHocTH, na^ajia paspaÓoTRH rr- 
Koro-HHtfyxB HOBaro ÓoraTaro H']^CTopoacAeHÍtf cojih, oi*b nocrpoĚRH «e- 
rtsHoft Aoporn, oÓJierqHBmefl h yAenreBHBmeft npoBoai cojih, h t. a. 
OrHocHTejiBHo „cjryqaftHUXi" opHqHH7> neoóxoAHMO 3aii%THTB, nno ohŤi, 
HBJíflflCB AJM AAHHaro roAa cjiyqafinuMH, Moryn 3aTÍ]rB ajia nocjrbAyi)' 
m.aro BpeMeHH o5paTHTBCA b^ nocTo^HHiiii; TaROBu: oTRpuri^ hobuxi* 
vlcTopo»AeHÍft, nocTpofiRa sejiisHUxi Aopon h t. n. O^obhaho, ^to 
ecíH MU HSi HMtiomHXca j HacB pH^OBi* BUBC^eMt cpe^HiOK) 3a oqenb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



348 BMTHHBfB EBPOnU. 

npoAoisHTejibHH& nepioAi BpeMeHH, to wb cpe^Heft crjuu^aTCJi wA h 
nocTOflHHUH H cjiyqaiHua npHiHHU, h cpe^HAfl HHBaBoro Hay^Haro hjhi 
' XOKaaaTejiBHaro SHaHeHÍA hmítb ne Óy^ers. IIodTOMy o6uBHOBeHHO 
cpexHífl óepyrb se sa ctojib AjraHHiie nepioAu, a sa 10-THJitTU, iutth- 
jitTÍa H T. n., ^To6u vb hhx^b 8aneqaT^']^j[HCB rt hs^ cjiyqaftHUX^B npH- 

^HFB, KOTOpUfl MJUi A^HHIiIX^B OepíOXOBl otfpaTHJEHCB yse B'B DOCTOflH- 

HUfl. KoHO^Ho, BHÓopi TOFO Hjra Apyroro nepioAa KHoro saBHCHTi on 
AaHHux:B, BaKuiiJH MH pacaojiaraeMi, h otb Bonpocoei, Boropue mu cra- 

BHMl CTaTHCTH^eCKOMy HSCJt^AOBaHÍI). PaCDOJiaraA AftHHUMH o npOHBBO- 

AHTejiBHocTH cojM H npoH. sa 10' Jitra nocii otmíhu coMHoro ea- 
jiora, — nflTHjt^Tifl npeACxaBJíBDTca ocoóeHHo y^oósiiMH; rbwh Óojrfee, ^to 
AByMi cpexHHMi sa nATHjiTia aocjrb coJiAHoro eajiora MoasHO npoTHBO- 
nocTaBHTB AB'& cpeAHHXi 3a npeAinecTByDíi^ifl tlhteaítísl. Ho ea KasíA 
rpynau nu hh pasÓHBajiH 6u paAU> mu aojishu AepsaTBCA oAHopox- 
Huxi rpynni h oahopoahux^b npieMOBx bubom cpe^HEX^B. ?to xe xt- 
JUkOTCJi OAHaBO? UpH BUBOA^ cpe^Hei sa nepBoe Tpexji^Tie nocjii onrbHU 
Hajiora BURJwqaerca caMuft npoH3B0AHTejiBHU& rox^B, 1882-t roA'B, ^co 
ciyqaňHUM^B, óy^TO Óu, dpohsboactbomi bi 102 mhji. ny^OBi''. 

BcbifB HSBtcTHo, ?T0 CTaTHCTHHecBÍfl MeTOA'B AonycsaeiTB npH BU- 
Bojcb cpoAHHX^B, BaBi. ysasaTejiefi nocTOAHHuxob npHiHHi, bi cjyqa']^ 
HMiercfl Wb pflAy xocraxoHHoe qHCJio ^jiohobi, HanpHiťbpi xecATB, — su- 
umaTB HS^B šero HaHÓoJite ptsBO ysjíOHaDiKÍecfl otb cpe^Heft qjieHU 
— OAHH^B AJUi vascHMyMa, ApyroĚ jua MHHHMyMa. Ho npHK'6HjrrB no- 
Ao($HU& npieHi AJuat pa^a Bcero tojibbo hsi xpexi qjioHOB^, xa eme 

OAHOCTOpOHHe, HCBJlK>?aA OAHH!B VaSCHMaJIBHUft HJteHOb, — 9T0 HOIipa- 
BHJBHO. 9t0 OMMWb HSl* T^X^B UpíOMOBl, ÓJiaPO^apa EOTOpUMl, JIHI^a, He- 

ssaBOMUfl Cb MeroAOJioríei CTaTHCTHSM, qacTo yopesaiOTB CTaTHCTHsy, 
^TO OK) MOSHO Bce AOsasaTB. 

Bi pascMaTpHBaoMOVB npHMÍp'b „ciyqafteoe npoHSBOACTBo" 1882 r.— 
Rasi* ero HasuBaen .Bícthhr^b'' h noroMy HrHopHpyerB — oneHB cy- 

n^eCTBOHHO H BaSHO JS^ XapaKTepHCTHBH BJriilHÚl OTMtoU COJUHOrO 

Haiora na Ao6uqy cojih bi Poccíh. Oho CBHA^TejiBCTByeirB, ^to onf^Ha 
coJUHoro Bajiora ABiuiacB cHJU>HU]fi toji^bom^b ajui pasBHTÚi cojuihoí 
npoMunueHHocTH. IIoa^b fifkŘcTBiewb dToro TOJi^sa npoHSBoxHrejiH cojra, 

OCBOHBinHCB CO BHOBB COS^aHEHHH yCJtOBÚIMH, HOBUCHJIH npOHSBOXCTBO 

CB 47,6 MHJI. Bi 1879 r, h 50,7 b-b 1880 r.—jtfi 101,8 vb 1882 r., 
T.-e. yABOHjiH ero. 9to 6hjio BUSBaeo XByMA rjiaBHUMH otícToaTejiB- 
cTBaMH*. ptsKHMi yBejiH?eHÍeM% cnpoca na cojib BCjr^ACTBÍe ea yxe- 
moBjíeHÍA nocjťb otm'6hu eajora, h ocBo6osAeHieM'B SHaHHTeju»Hux'B Ka- 
DHTajioB^B, KOTopue HysHH 6ujiH cojienpoMunueHHHKaMi AJM pacxo- 

AOBl, CBASaHHUXl C% COJMHUMOb HaJIOrOM'B, H Ha ROTOpue TenepB OHH 
MOrJIH paCmHpHTB npOHSBOACTBO. npH HOBOCTH BOJlOlKeHÍA npOHSBO^CTBO 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHUKA, — COJtaHOň HAJlOrB. 349 

sanuo Bi» 1862 r., Kasi noRasuBanirb nocji'kAyK>ii^ie roAUf A&Jkme, 
Tbn 6UJI0 HjSHO, cojiH 6hjio ao6hto tfonme, h^itb mofjio 6útb no- 
TpeÓJeno. UodMACTBieifi Tasoro speMeHoaro nepenpoHSBOACTBa 6ujío to, 
TTO AOÓHia COJIH FB 1863 r. noHHSHjiacB AO 69,5 mhji., a wb 1884 r. 
xase AO 62,5 mhji.; ho sa Bce AecaTHjťrie nocjrb otmíhíi comhofo 
Haiora hpohsboactbo cojih npn noroAHHxi* sojieóaHiflxi hh pasy ne 
onycsajiocb ao i^H<j|>piii ójhbkoA K'b npoHSBOXCTBy 1660 r. Stoitb (j^&KTb 
TaKse ne jiHmeHi noy^iHTejiBHOCTH a^ih cys^enin o paaeHTÍH npoMu- 

1IU6HH0CTH B^B aRI^HBHIilfl nopíOAl H Wb nopíOAl CB060JSJlUt. MHHHCTepCTBO 
(t)HHaHCOB'B TOrO MH^HÍa, HTO DpOHSBOACTBO COJIH BHyTpH POCy^apCTBa 

HeysjEOHHO pasBHBBJíocB BO Bco BpoMfl cyn^ecTBOBaHÍfl cojiflHoro Hajiora; 
a MesAy rbwb no i(H<j|>paM'B mh xaieKo ho saMiqiTeM^B Toro neyBJíOH- 
Haro pasBHTÍH Bi nepíoAi 1863 — 1860 rr., BaBoe bh^hm^b bi abcjith- 
lirie 1881—1890 rr. 

^MCTBHTejIBHO, Bl> TO-Xl TOA&X^ npOMSBOACTBO COJIH CpaBHHTeJUBO 

ci 60-ifH roABMH Bi oón^eiťB HTori yBOJiH^HjiocB; t^m'b ho HOH^e Vb 

060HX'B AeCHTHJliTiaXl HU BHAHM^B HO MaiO ň^Tb CB npH6jlH8HT6JIBHO 
Oj^HHaKOBOD npOHSBOAHTBJIBHOCTBK) COJIH, a HMOBHO OpOBSBO^CTBO COJU 

BupaacaiocB: 







AmHSBHf 


nepioxK 




Ao-au(H8BHfi oepioxi: 


60-He 


row: 


70-iie 


rOAK 


NBi. n. 




ni. n. 




KU. n. 


1864 r. 28920 


1863 r. 


309Í29 


1870 r. 


29012 


1855 „ 27.805 


1864, 


22.159 


1871, 


27.872 


1860 , 26.109 


1865 ., 


30.639 


1877 , 


28.952 


1861 , 26.256 


1868, 


36.798 


1875, 


35.789 




1866 , 


39.470 


1872 , 


39.712 




1867 , 


44.226 


1874, 


44.289 



Hhioio nojcoÓHaro npHeeAeHHOHy napaJiJiejiHaMy i(h4)P'b, yRasuBai)- 
B^HXii Ha cjia6oe paBBHTÍe cojuHofl upoHuma^HHocTu bi Asa nocji'bAOBa- 
TOJiBHBixi flficsTHjiiTin Bi BDoxy coJiHHoro RajioFa, MU nocjii otmíhu 
ero ne bh^hmi. 3a Bce wcBTHJiiTie 1881 — 90 rr, híttb hh oji;Horo 

rOAa, SOTOpufi no npOHSBOAHTOJIBHOCTH COJIH paBHHJICH 6U KaBOMy-JIHÓO 

roAy aKG^HSHaro hjih Ao-asi^HSHaro nepío^a; Ha^Hna^ ci 1682 r., caMoe 
Majioe roj^HqHoe nponsBOACTBO cojih na 25^/o upoBumaei^B caMyi) spyn- 
Hyi) i;H4>py npoAmecTBOBaBniHXi nepiojnoBi. 

TaKHM'B oÓpaaoMi^ h cpaBHenie cpej^HHxx no hhthjiítíhmi, h cpas- 
Henie cpej^nnx^B no TpexjiiTÍaMi, h conocTasjíenie ^0AH^HUX^ i^Hcfypí, 
HeH3MÍHB0 yHasuBaniTB Ha saRoft-TO <j|>aRTopi, ne A^ficTBOBaBniit vb 
oepioA'B 1863 — 1880 r. h oRaBasmifl rjiy6oRoe Biiame Ha cojiHHyi) npo- 

MBmjieHHOCTB Wb POCCÍH Bl 80-H rOAaXl. 8tHMI ^aRTOpOMl HeCOMH^HHO 

6ujia 0TMÍHa cojianoro najiora. PasBHTÍe cojianoft npoMunuieHHOCTH bi 
SO-zi roAax^B, Rone^Ho, ne MoseirB oipHi^aTB mhhhctopctbo <j|>HHaHC0B'B, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



3d0 



fiftCTHMK^b EfiPOim. 



HO OHO yTBepsAaen, vro coBna^eHÍe dxoro Auema, ci 0TubaoK> couiHoro 
Hajiora octb TOJibso cjiyqaÍHoe coBna^eme no BpeiieHU. IIo ero mhíhíd, 
„a^icB aMctbobuh 6oxbe Moryve 4>ftKTopii: orspuiie (iaxMyTCRot aa- 
aewi BaiienHoá co^ih, oocTpoiKa hobux's sejrihsHux^b Aopon, aaBep- 
lEesie (?) Boofi^e seiJtoHo-AoposHoft cíth, ypery^uipoBaHie h pasuTÍe 
cyxoayiHaro, piraoro u Mopcaoro nepeABEaKOHÚi rpysoa^b** (,B. ^/, 
CTaTba I-A, crp. 38). £[ocMOTpiUi!b, mosho u 9th <f»aRTopu npoTHBono- 
CTaBHTL bju^hík) otmíhu cojiflHoro Haiora? BaxMyTcsaA aajiesb Ka- 
MeuHoft cojiH OTRpuTa vb 1678 roxy ^). 



') 


XoÓma laneH. coib wn 

daxMyr. Eonefi: 

THC n. 


OÓmee iipoB3B. coih n 
eMT. H xapfcK. r. (ci 
coj. Bf^Hmam): 










TAC. n. 




1875 


— 




683 




1876 


— 




507 




1878 


— 




897 




1880 


— 




1.635 




1881 


295 


2.295 




1882 


2.000 


4.421 




1883 


3.712 


1 


6.469 




1884 


5.610 


8.166 




1886 


6.936 


\ 


11.626 




1886 


10.306 


1 


16.882 




1887 


11.60fi 




16.279 




1888 


11.120 


15.031 




1889 


12.26£ 


1 


iijsie 




1890 


10,790 


15.780 






QpOHSBOXCTBO COJH 










1881 r. 


1886 r. 1890 r. 




EBpooeftcBaji 


Poccu. 


THC 


, a ^ % nyxoBi: 




Oepiiciaa . 


. . 


. 13.744 


13.266 17.981 




Boioroxciaa 




425 


51 262 




Apxanrei&CBaa 




44 


61 52 




OpeHÓyppcEaa 


. 


2.723 


1.539 1.244 






. 


. Í22.590 


14.818 16.866 




TaBpHiectaa 




4.138 


18.870 23.520 




Xq>coHCBaji 




992 


2.205 1.450 




Beccapa6cMui . 


. 


— 


25 268 




EBaTepHHociaBciaa 


1.495 


11.873 12.547 




Xi^BBOBCiaa 


• 1 


800 


5.135 3.233 




BapoaBCKaa 


• 


60 


- 176 




AOHCBM OÚMĚCth . 


244 


97 24 




Htovo 


, , 


47.245 


67.936 77.614 






976 


2.418 1.568 




CHÓHpfc . . 




1.639 


931 2.504 




CpexHe-asiaTCK 


. o6i. 


875 


1.781 3.161 




B c e r 


. 


50.784 


73.066 84.847 



Digitized by VjOOQIC i 



XPOHHKA. — OOJJIHOft HÁJIOrb. 351 

Bi 1878 r., wb 1879 h 1880 rr., T.-e. ao otuíhu coMHoro ea- 
jiora, cojiH Hsi dToro MtcToposAGHÍfl BOBce He Ao6uaajiocB. C% 1881 r., 
T.-e. nocjii otmíhh najiora, b^b 1881 r. xoóuto 290 tuic. ny^., B'b 
1882 — 2 MHJ., Bi 1883 — 3.712 thc ny^., bi 1884 — 5.510 thc. 
nyx., vh 1885 — 6.937 thc. n., T.-e. Bcero sa oepBoe nflTHiiTie 6ax- 
xyTcsoe MicTopoaKAeHie xajo 18.555.857 hjih vb c^Mfiewh 3j7 MHjr. 
nyxoBi^— HHa^e roBopa, Hrpaio HusmoMnyio pojiL vb oón^am ysejiH- 
HeníH npoHSBOACTBa cojui BHyTpn CTpaHU. 6o BTopoe narnjiiTie sto npo* 
13B0ACTB0 KOjie6ajioci» no rohani vb npeA^^JUtxi 10 — 12 míJi. Ybbjuí- 
leHie cpeAHJiro roxoBoro npoHaBOACTBa cou uenej^eíSMo sa omtHoi) 
Baiora o6ycjioBjiHBajiocb rjiaBHuui ofipaaoMi paaBHTÍeMi cojuihuxi npo- 
]íHCj[OB'b B^b ry6epHÍflX's TaspM^ecsoft h acTpaxaHCRofi, a ne bx esa- 
TepHHocjaBCKoft. Hdi dToro bhaho, ^to nepBuft mvb .Mory^Hx^b 4nibto- 
poBi", ysasaHHUX'! wb npoTHBOB^i bjiuhík) om^Bu naJiora, Hrpaxi 
HH«iT02KHyi) pojn>, a bcí ocTaJiBHiie (paBBHTíe sejiiaHo-AoposHot c&th, 
yperyjuipoBanie DepeABHseHÍA rpysoBi) bo BTopoe naTHiTíe docjA 
otmíhu najiora jioji»hu óhjih ecTecTBeHHo xUcTBOBaTB ciubh^, ^iwb 
Bi nepBoe, a Mes^y tími cpe^Hee iipohbboactbo btoto naTHjiÍTÍfl osa- 
saiocB HHse, q^M^b bi oepBoe no otm'&hí najiora. OrcD^a, KOHe?Ho, 
HejoBa sauDHaTb, qTo paaBHTÍe searíbHHXi Jtoporb h npoq. ne wjAjlo 
Bjúsms Ha cojiaHyi) npoMunueHHocTb, ho Bjname otmíhu couHoro Ha- 
lora 6ujio CTOJib CHJibHO, hto oho, TaBi csasaTb, norjiOTHJO co6od bcí 
xpyria h c^iiajio HX^b vaJioBaifiTHHifH, ne BupaauiDn^HMHca B'b aajio- 
BHxi BToraxi cojuHoro npoHSBOACTBa. 

YTHepsAMy HTo OTušna couHaro Hajora se HMtjm HBKasoro Bna- 
qema vb xkA paaBBTÍa cojiauoft npoMumjieHHocTH, ^B'6cthhbi'' (|^h- 
HaecoBi Hxerb b% cbohxi* aaaaJieBiaxi eme xaj[ie. „HcTopia couiHoro 
MÍkMA Vb Poccíh noBasHBaerb, ^to cyn^ecTBOBaHíe asi^Bsa aa coib ne 
TopBasHJio paBBBTÍa cojMBott npoMumjieHHocTH. 3Ha?BTeibBafl qacTb 
Toro, HTÓ CA^ano ówio ajui npaBHjrbHoft nocTanoBEH coJUiHoft npoMU- 
inieHHocTB B AaJio eft BOBXosBocTb paBBHTbca Ao HacToan^Bx^b pasiii- 
poBi (HanpBMipi, HSCJi^AOBaHie tfaxHjTCBOi cojib) otbocbtcb BMeaflo 
Ko BpeMeHfl cyn^ecTBOBaBÍa coiasoro aKi^Bsa' (crp. 37). ,Bo Becb 
18-jiíthíě cpoB^ A^tcTBÍa asi^BBOĚ CBCTeMu npoMunueBBOCTb He- 
yuoBHo paaBHBaerca b nporpeccBpyerb; BejbBa ysasaTb hb oabofo 
ÝaBTa Bi nojibBy mbíbíb, 6yAT0 Bajiorb oKasuBajii sjúasie, TopMasBB- 
inee paaBBTÍe cojuBoro npoMucjia; Tasoro Bjiiasúi y Bacb aajorb b ne 
Juan MJMiMffb y»e no cpaBBBTeibBo MajiOMy ero pasiiipy — bi cpex- 
HeMi BHBOAt AO 29 Kon. Ba nyx^b — b nps Tix:b o6jierqeBÍaxi B'b 
yiuarb ero, Basía cyo^ecTBOBajiH wb 4K)pif% paacpouB aBi^Bsa b apeHA- 
Hux^b, aa npaso paapaóoTBH KasesBuxi BcroHHHBOKb, A^Berb noA% sa^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



352 B^CTHHKl EBPOnU. 

jiorB AO 12 M'&CAi:(eB'B co BpeMeHH Bunycsa cojih cb npomicjiOBi he 
npoAaay" (crp. 38). 

B'B A^icTBHTejiBHocTH, o^HaRo^ cpaBH6HÍe iih4^p'b, OnpeAÍMK)IIlHX'B 
pasMÍpí npoHSBojiCTBa cojin bi HajioroBHĚ nepio^i — h nocjrib, cbhx%- 
TejiBCTByerB, hto oh 18 Áfbrm aRi^»Hofi chctomu roj^OBoe npoHSBoxcTBO 
COJIH noBUCHJiock ch 27 ci noJOBHHoft MHJi. nyx. m,o 48 mhji*, t.-c. yne- 
jra^niJiocB Ha 74^/o, a nocjti^ otm^hh najiora, lepesi njimh Jifbím, nox- 
HAjiocB yse Ha 43— 44^/o. 7s6 no STOiíy <|)aKTy mosho 3&m%thtb, ^to 
HaJiori TopMasHjvB coJiflHyK) npoMumjieHHOCTB. Sa^BJíenie se ,Bikrr- 
nuBa*, HTO Haion y naci ne MOl^ uuiTh Ta&oro BJiíaBÍa, ocjih 6h oho 
6ujio AORaaaHo, cx^aio 6u coBepmeHHBift nepoBoporB bi TeopÍH koc- 
BeHHiix^B HaJioroBi. Bi 4>HHaHCOBoA HayR^ mosho cqHTaxB TBopxo ycra- 
HOBjíenHUiTB nojios6HÍe, ^to b'b Bonpoci o rocbohhhx^b Hajiorax'B no- 
šen 6uTB pi^B TOJiBRo O pa3Hoft CTeneHH crJ^CHeHÍa npoMumjieHHocTH 
npH Toft HJiH Apyroi <|K)pift otfjoseHia, ho ^to eatKiů KoeeeHHUú na- 
Á0%^ ne MOMefm ne UMrbmh mopMctanmaw BAÍjmiji na eoommhtncmseHMáJi 
orpacjra npoMumjieHHOCTH. BosbifeicB xota óu vb aajiorn, o soropiixi 
ynoMHHaerL MHHHcrepcTBo 4>HHaHC0Bi, RaRi o jBroxazi npn ynjiaTfi 
npoMunuieHHBRaMH coJiAHoro naJiora. RonenHO. rpe^oBanie saioroB'^ h 
oTcpoHRa npH BTOM^B ycjioBÍH HJiaTesa cjtkAjeuvxi^ wb Raany cyiivB na 
12 M^cfli^eBi, jieníe buhojihhtb, q'bM'B Tpe6oBaHÍe sthxi A^HeirB he- 
jiH^HUHH HeMe^jieHHO. Ho sajiorH ne Moryn se ne CBflsuBaTB SHa^ra* 
TejiBHmx BanHTajiOBi, Koropae npn OTcyrcTBÍH naiora Morjra 6u Óutb 
o6paiueH£i HenocpexcTBeflHo Ha pasBHrie npoMucjioBi, na yaejiH^eHie 
ROMMep^ecRofi RpexHTocnocoÓHOCTH cojieapoifumjieHHHKOBi. B'b ocbo6o- 
sjí^eniH dTHX^B RanHTaJiOBi h Rpoerca bi SHa^HTejiBHot iftpt <f)aRTB ne- 
Mej^jieHHaro orpoMHaro yBOJiHqeHÍii npoHSBOACTBa vb nepBue se roxH no 
oTMi^H'b asi^Hsa, noroicy ?to, h]í,si na BCTpt^ yBejra^HBmeMycji cnpocy 
na cojiB, cojienpoiíunijieHHHRaM'B, y ROTopux'B BApyn íibhjuicb b% py- 
Raxi HOBue cBo6oAHue RanHTajiu hjih RpexHTB, Bcero ecTecTBOHH^ 

6UJI0 otfpaTHTB BX^B Ha TO A^O, CB ROTOpUMl OUH CpO^HHJlHCB. 

He Óy^eiťB tpoboshtb nopjiAROB'B Hamero aRi^HBHaro naxBopa no 
o(SioseHÍK> COJIH, noTOMy ?to ocjih mu ysaseirB vb hhxi neiiajiHH cr^- 
Henúi npoMumjieHHocTH, to naiTB MoryrB CRa3á'ki>, hto bto 6hjio vh 
Ao6poe CTapoe BpoMfl, a TenepB Bce MoseT^B ycTpoHTBca no oópasi^y aa- 
naAHO-eBponeftcRHXi hopaj^eob^b, jr^qnie npesnaro. BpocHiTB noBToiiy 
B8rjuiA'B xoTA 6u Ha ^pani^ii) h nocMOTpniii, RaRÍA Tpe6oBaHÍfl npexi- 

ABJIHDTCA 4>HCRajlBHHMl HaASOpOMl R^ COJUBÍHOft DpOlfUniJieHHOCTH. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



ZPOHHSA. — COJflHO& HAJIOnb. 353 



n. 

GoAflHue npoMucjiia h saROAU no^jiesaTB TaMi ocMorpy h peBHsiH ^h- 
HOBx HaASopa, h Bjia^^bi^u hxi o6fl3aHu, no BcasoMy Tpe6oBaHÍK> osHa^ee- 

HUXl ^HHOBl, 6e3ap6nflTCTB6HH0 AOOyCBaTB HXl Kb OCMOTpy 4>&t!pHK'I>, 

lacrepcBHXi, MarasHHOBi, shjiuxi noM'bn^6HÍfi, norpeóOBi h Bcfcxi 
Boo6m,e HaxoAaiAuxca BHyTpu 3aB0ACB0ft orpa^u CTpoeHÍfi, a paBHO 
iipeA'BjiBiáTB HMi npHHaAJiesan^ifl hmi coih, oojblahuh boau h OT($pocii 
opoHSBOACTBa. OcMorpu dTH H p6BH3ÍH MoryTx npoHSDOAHTBCA jí^ase Bl» 
HOTOoe BpeMH, B-B MacTepcBHXi H MarasHHaxi, ecjiH paÓOTU npoAOJi- 
saDTCfl uocjA aaxoAa coíHi^a. HhhiiI na^aopa Moryrb npHHUMaTb Bct 

HeotixOAHMHfl MikpU JS,Jlfl TOFO, HTOtíu yAOCTOB'bpHTbCa Bl» OTCyTCTBÍH Taft- 
HBXl Tpydl HIH npOTOKOBl Wb BOJlOAI^aXl*, tíypOBUXl CEBaSHHaXl, co- 

JUHiixi HCTOHHHsaxii a Tasse bi* rajiepeaxi, pacaojioseHHuxi* Kas^ 
BHyrpH, Tasí h bh^ (f)a6pH^HUx'L s^anift. Gojík, no upaBOxenin ea bi 
TBepAoe cocTOAHie, Moserb Óutl BSBiesaeMa nai neqeft hjiiu kotiobi 
iHmb AJiJi HeMeAAGHHaro csjíaAUBaHiii ea 4h6o na npnjiaBEaxi, j^ia 
oucTSH OTB paacoia, hjih na cynrajiBaxx, bi cymnjiBHiixi, ih6o ne- 
iBJí^ HJiH se, naKonei^i, wh BaBHxi-iH6o cocy^axi, sapanite np6A'B' 
flueHBUxi ^HnaMi na^sopa. BoiBÍa AaJiBHtfimiH MaHHoyjiJi^iH, HMto- 
ntífl uiíjibv) ycoBepmencTBOBaTb ea o6pa6oTBy, AonycBaDTi^ tojbeo boa^b 
BaóiDAeBÍex^B osBa^eHBUxi hbhobi, BOTopue MoryrB npBBBMaTB Bcfc sa- 
Bican^íB oTb BBXi Mibpu A^a npeAynpesA6BÍB BaBoft-jiBÓo yraíBB coau. 
MaTo^Huft paacojii, cojibbub rpB3H b Apyríe ocTaTSB npoBSBOACTBa, 
soia B OTÓpocu BSi* Bo^efi cojieBapeBBiixi saBOAOBi* aojisbiiI tíuxB yna- 
HToseBu, ecjB tojibbo BunycBi bxx sai saBOAOBi se 6ujťb npeABapB- 

TBIBBO pa8p'bnieBX. Kl npOBSBOACTBy B3UCBaBÍfi COJIflflllXl MÍCT0p0ZA6- 
Hift BJIH BCTOHBBBOBl COJIflflOfi BOAU BH BJia^^JlOI^l BOBepXflOCTB BeMJn, 

Hfl Apyrifl Ba TO ynojBOMoqeBBUA jiBi^a ae MoryTi npBCxynBTB paB^ 
Micfli^a Bocjit CA^jiaBBaro o tomi npe4>eBTypi sa^BjíeBÍB. BuAa^a bob< 
i^eceift Ba cojijibub koob AonycRaeTCB jiabib bo BpeABapBTOJiBBoirB ycTa- 
HOBJíeBÍB (f»aETa cyn^ecTBOBaBÍB coJHBBofi sajiesB bocp6actbom'b maxTi, 
raiepeft bab ĎypoBUXi csBasBBi. Kobi^occíb npeAOCTaBjuiDTCfl no 
opeBMyn^ecTBy BJiaA^jiBuaMi saBeAeBift yse cyn^ecTByDn^Bxi* nasasoB- 

HOHl^ ceBOBaBÍB. BCBSift COJHBBOfi DpOHBTCeJl BJIB C0jieBap6BBUft SaBOAl), 

paBBo KaKi» bojioai](U) rajiepea, ÓypoBUB csBasBBU b bctohbbbb co- 
JUBoft boau, AOizBU óiiTB o6BeceBU orpaAOE) bubibbok) bx 3 MOTpa 
(4»21 apm.), baojib soropofl, Bas'b cb BByrpeBBefl, Tasí b ci BapysCBoS 
CTopoBBi, AOJisBa 6htb Aopora, bibpbbod bo Mosbe 2 MeTpoBx (2,81 
^»ni.) Cb AOCTynoM'B Ba o6ni;ecTBeBEy]D Aopory npesi^ oabbi tojubko bh- 
xoAi BJifl BopoTa. EcjiB EaBÍe-j[B5o kojhoaii^u bjib rajiepes, cjnysan^ie 

Tom II.— Mikpn, 1898. 28 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



354 M0THHB1» EBPOnU. 

AJia Ao6uBaHU cojih, ne MoryrB 6utb, BCJiiACTBie orj^ajieHHOCTH hxi 
oň saeoAa, BKjno^eHU bi orpa^y nocji^AHflro, ohh aojishu 6uTb oÓHe- 
ceHH ocoóoD noAO(5HOK> fte orpa^OD h npHTOMi TaRHmb oÓpasoMi, vto- 
6u Bx orpaxy 9Ty ůwm wuiv>^enu bcí^, cjLysan^ie xju AofiuBaeifl coxh, 
HHCTpyMeHTU H npHcaoco6ieHÍA. TasoH) se orpa^oD aojishu 6utb oóae- 
ceHU óypoBBUi csBasHHU, cjiyasan^iH ajui dscajyaTai^iH nocpeACTBOM'L 
BiimejaTOBaHÍfl, paBHO BaBi h BCfc iud^h h kojioae^u oojuihoA boau, 
BOTopue, no npHqHH']^ AaJiBHAro pascTOAnÍA, ne mofjih óhtb BXJiD^eHH 
Bi» saBOACRyi) orpaxy («B. $/ 3a 1893 r., Ji 2, crp. 100). He HysHO 

6UTB COJienpOMUinJieHHHKOMl, HT06U nOHATBy TTO BCŠ nOAOÓHUfl Tpe(S(>- 

BaHu, Bem&bmiLua npH najiori, hmíjí ^hcto ^^HCBaiBHiii xapaKTep^ 
BiiBUBaiDirB jiHmHie HenpoHSBOXHTejiBHue pacxoAU h ne uovjTb ae 

cri^HATB COJIHHOfi npOMHIIUeHHOCTH, KaRHMH 6u HA6ajn»HIIMH Ra^ecT- 

BanH HH oTjraqaJiacB aRi^Hanaa aAMHHHCTpai^ifl. SarbMi coJiflHoft Hajion 
CTbcHJieirB TaRse h rb orpacjiR npoMunueHHocTH, wh ROTopuxi» cojib 
ABjífleTCfl no6o9HUMi npoAyRTOMi. TaR'B, Bo $paHi(ÍH ,BjiaA%Jn»iiii xh- 
MH^ecRHX'B 3aB0A0B'B, wb ROTopuxi ROJiy^aeTCA xjnopHCTufl HaTpifi, o6a- 
saHu: 1) saJiBJUTB sa o;giH cyTRH Bnepe^x, wb TaxoseHHofir Ronropi 
hjih Blb M'&CTH0M'B ynpaBJíeHÍH HeoRjaAHHMH cóopaMH, o XH% H ^adb, 
Ror^a hmíidtb Cutb HanaTu h OROH^eHU pa($0Tii b'bhx'b MacTepcRiix'B, 
2) hmítb oco6ufl Mara3HH'B jsjía xpaHesÍJi cojih h 3) noAHRSflTBca hea- 
dopy míEovb cojiAHoro Bl^oMCTBa''. 

UocjA otm^hu aRi](H8a na cojib bx Poccíh onroBafl i^tea Ha coib 
noHHSHJiacB vb TaROMi OTHonreniH: b'b 1869 r. vb o6jSBCTBTb, b*eroto- 
pHX'B cocpeAOTO^HBaeTCJi 44^/o Hacejenifl, onTOBaa iiina ($ujia 50 — 75 Ron. 
sa iiyA'B, Bi M^THOCTjixi ci 43^/o Hacejienifl E^tna CTOJum 75 — 100 rou. 
sanyA^B. Bi HacTOJiiaee se BpexA rjuBHaa xacca HaceieHíii eBpon. Poccíh 
HHierrB boshoshoctb npio6p4bTaTB cojib, Aftxe neóojiBniHHH napTum, 
no cpaBHHTOJiBHo HeBUCORofl n,iwb — OTB 20 Ao 40 Ron. ny^x („B. $.", 
Jé 1, CTp. 41). TaRoe noHHseme coah octb 6jaroA%Tej[BHuft peayjiB- 
TarB othíhu najiora h pasBHTÍH cojumoro nponaBOACTBa, onjiTB-TaKH 
Bi» ana^HTejiBHofl uipi aaBHciBniaro otb toř se npHqHHii. Ho h ho 
noBOAy noHHsemfl i^ini na cojib fb nocjii-aRi^H3HEifi nepioA'B „B^t* 
hhr'b ^HHaHcoBi*', BonpoRH oHeBHAHocTH, yrBops^aeiTB cjitAyDn^ee. 

,H3CJi'bA0BaHÍe ABHseHÍii níkwb na cojib vb ohtoboí npoxasi npH- 

BOAHTB R'B TOMy HeCOMHÍHHOMy (??) BtlBO^yi ^TO Bl AOporOBHBHÍ COJU 

Booólue Bi rocy^apcTBi, sa Bpeicji cyn^ecTBOBaHÍA cojuraoro Hajrora, 
coficTBeHHo nocjribAHÍfl nrpajTB BTopocTeneHHyK) pojB; AoporoBHSHa drá 
oóycjiOBJíHBajiacB BecBMa HecoBepmennot opranHsai^ieĚ cojieAOÓHBaHÍH, 
a TaRse reorpa^HqecRHMi nojiosenieMi rjiaBHuxx coj4IHhx'b hcto^hh- 
ROBI Ha 0RpanHax'B rocy^apcTBa'.- ,Bb tíoiBHieŘ no "iHCjienHocTH he- 
poAOHacejieHifl qacTH rocyxapcTBa noHHsenie ohtobuxi níbwb na comb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHKÁ. — COJWHOft HA.10rB. 355 

sXBoe H 6ojrbe npesinnaeTi pa8M']^p'B npesH^ro asi^Hsa, aoxoa^ ^o 70 
n 80 son. Ha nyx^B. O^eenAHO, vro rjaBEyi) poJiB TyTi Hrpajia He 
^onrtna ci 1881 r. counioro saiora, a nojHiii nepeBoponb bi cootho* 
AeHiaxx ujií^pb ]isfl6umii cojih ovMÍkxhniíTb npoMucjioBiixi rpynni, npo- 
HcmexmiĚ cl orspuTÍeHx (j(o othIhii najioral) h 6ucTpEDť& pasBHTieirB 
{oocjii^ otmíhu Hajiorat) 6axMyTCKaro h cjiaBflHCKaro npoKucjoBi^ cteb- 
imxi Ha nyra ABusenifl spuHCKofi cojih na ciBepi h óacRy^aHcsofi 
Ha sanaAx*. HaRonen^i, „nsy^enie isfbwb na coib, no hh^híd „B'bcT- 
Hua ^HHaHcoBi^, npHBOAHTb Boo6n^e si TOHy bhboaj, ^to ecjiH 6h 
B% 1881 r. ne nocjiibAOBaJio otmíhh cojiiiHoro asuHsa, onTOBua uíbnu 
HOBceiilcTHo 6iiiiH 6ii Bume na 30 son. apoxHBi cyn^ecTByDn^HXi hhh^; 
eo npH BToiTb Bce-se i^tna na cojib bi 6ojikniefi qacTH Poccíh, bí- 
poflTHo, ne npeniimajia 6u 50 son. nyA'^''. 

Bdb dTH yTBepSAeHÍA „BtCTHHBa $HHaHC0B'B'' OTHOCHTeJlbHO AÍH'B 

Ha COJIB 6e3ycjioBHo oniH6oHHu. Mosho jih cojihhoř najiorb naaBaTb 
BTopocreneHHiiMi sjíeHeHTOMi iitnu na cojib, Ror^a oahhi aRUHBi 
(30 ROH.), npHHHMan cpeAHDD onTonyi) i^^bny cojih asi^HSHaro nepio^a 
vb 75 ROH., cocTaBJíflJii 40^/o? Ho b^ab, spoM^ aRi^Hsa, RaR'B neno- 
epeACTBeHHEift pesyjibTarB cyn^ecTBOBanin najiora bi ufkEj cojih bxo- 
j(hjih: HenpoHBBOAHTejibHUH HSAepsRH npn oponaBOACTB-fc, BusuBaBiiriflCH 
^rpefioBaHÍHMH aRx^Hanaro naASopa, npnóujib na saTpaHeHHufl na bto 
tanHTaJTB, apoi^eHTU na sajiorn h t. a« OrcD^a hohjitho, ^to OTM'bHa 
flaiora AOJzna 6ujia yse caMa no ceót noBOCTH kt> y^emoBJíeHiK) cojih 
vh pasM^pi sHa^HTOjibHo 6bxbmewhj híhx najiorB. H ecjiBÓu aRmna^b 
He 6HJi'b OTMiHen^b cb 1881 r., to Tonepb cojib, npn aRn^nai b'b 30 roh. 
^ nyxa, hh kb RaROK'b cjiy^a^ ne Morjia tíu tíuxB Aopose tojibro Ha 
30 ROH., a HHoro óojiBme. En^e omnÓo^H^e tíujio 611 KIusLTb, ^to ycTa- 
HOBieHie TonepB aRAHaa bhobb na 30 rohíori uobuchjio tíu n/bBj 
cojra TOJIBRO Ha dry i(H4»py. 

BBeAOHie najiora na cojib bi nacTOJin^ee BpeMii hobojio tíu aa co- 
tel) RpynHue hobuo naiua^nue pacxoABi Am npHcnoco6jeHÍA cojihhoí 
npominiJieHHocTH jťb yciOBÍHMi BaHManin najiora, ca^juuio 6u js,jui 60- 
xke MejnHX'B nponaBOAHTejiefl h6bo3Moshhm'b npoAOJisaTB a^o, coRpa- 

TEIO 6h npOH8BOACTBO COJTO, HOHOHOJIHaHpOBaJIO 6u COJIHHOO A^IO WB 
CpaBHHTOJIBHO HOMHOrHXl pyRaXl,— H paaopHBl HHOSeCTBO He60JIBIHHXfB 

coiHHiix'B npeAnpiflTífi, b'b to »e BpoHH noBOJio tíu aa coóod BoaBHme- 
Hie niwb Ha coiB bi ropaaAO 65JiBnieM'B paaM^ibpi, niui> BoacTanoB- 
aeHHuĚ HajioirB. ?to6u hcho npeACTaBHTB ceó^ Rpnanci cojiHHofi ^upo- 
HUHLieHHOCTH, ROTopui H6MHHyeico nocjiÍAOBaji'B tíu aa BoacTanoBjíe^ 
BieMi y HacB najiora na cojib, ctohtb tojibro npnnoMHHTB, ^to b'b na- 
CToan^ee npeicH cpe^nafl ctohmoctb cojih na M']^CTt npoHSBOACTBa 6ed% 

23* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



356 BftCTHHBl EBPOmi. 

nepeBoaRH okojio 7V, boo. 3a ny^i ^) (3 s. ^m KaKeHHofi h c&Mooca- 
Xo^Hoft coJH H ;(o 12 BOQ. MAB BiiiBapo^Hoft). Gji%AOBaTejiBHo, opsÓasBa 
30 Kon. aBii^Hsa, BpoMt ynouňujTUTh BasjaAHUxi aBi](H3Huxx esAep- 
zeBi, yBejiH^rasajia 6h oóopoTHuft BanHTajii, aaBasaHBufl b'b cojiflflot 
npoMuniJieHHOCTH, npoTHBi HHHimHflro Bi> uaTh paax 6oJbflie. IlycTi*^ 
TeBepb BasAufti KOMy bphxoahjiocb bocth BaBoe-flH6yAB iosbActbob- 
Hoe A^o, npeACTaBBrB cetfi, ^to nocjii Toro bbbx obi dro ^"^0 opra- 
BHSOBajii wb npeKÍMx% cbobxi cpe^cTBi, bobub oÓcroBTejucTBa bu- 
aBBJíH 5u BApyn BeoóxoAHHocTb yBejiflqBTB oóopoTBUB B ApyrÍB cpex' 
CTsa Bi» 5 padl. Meorie jib Bu^epsajiH 6u Tasyi) BepeMisy ycioBÍfl? 

A Wb 9T0UT> nOJHOZeflÍB O^yTJITCB COJHeopOMUmJBLeBBHSH DpU BB6AeBÍH 

Bajiora. Msorie bbi bbxi osasyrcB BecocTOBTejibBuxH b DpeBpaTorB 
A'&JO. A yAepsaBBiiecfl spynaue flpeAnpflflflMaTejiB 6yAyT'B BasepcTU- 

BBTB y6UTKB, EBRl CBOB, TaKl B BCeft COJHBBOÍ flpOMUfllJieBflOCTB, Ba 

ooTpefiflTejiaxi. EpysBue cojieflpoMUfliJieBBHBfl oti BoacTaBOBJíeBifl bb- 
jiora BB^ero ne ooTepBDTi, b ji,jíh bbxi o6jioseBÍe cojih BifiojibfliBB 
ctbí c4yqaeB'b óujio 6u bufcabo. 



III. 

PaaÓepoMi TeoepB aoboau o 6e3BpeAflocTB cojibbofo Bajiora Ba xpy* 
rÍB orpacjiB BpoMumjieBflocTB. Ha^BOMi ci pu6oj[OBCTBa. ,6oBpoci o 
asa^eBÍB jhm Hero cojuBoro Bavora,— roBopBTCB bi craTbib ^Bí^bbbb 

$BBaBCOBl»", — BeOABOSpaTBO BOABepraJICB B'B MBBBCXepCTBi 4>^^^°^^^ 

BcecTopoBseMy BayqeaiK), bo ecetda pibmajiCB bi cmucji% cpaBBBTeiB* 
BOĚ óeaBpeABOCTB Bajiora b ^) bi dxoft o6jBíacTH Bapo^Baro xoaaflcTBa*. 

Mu Be CTBBeMl BXOABTB Wb BBaJIBai TÍXl UB4»PI OTBOCBTOJIbBO pu60- 
JIOBCTBa B npoq., BOTOpUfl DpBBOABTCB flO dTOMy flOBO^y Bl CTaTbi 
„BiCTBBBB ^^BBaBCOBl", hT> BBXJ TOFO, TTO AJÍSl 060CB0BaBÍB Ba BBXl 

BUBOAOBi owb coBepmeBBo ne BuxepsBBaDTB cTaTBCTBqecsoft bpbtbbb. 
Mu otmítbmi tojibbo ocBOBBoe BeAopaayHiflie bi paacqeTaxi „Btct- 
BBsa $BBaflcoB'b". IIpeABOJsaraB npesBÍfi asii^Bai b'b 30 bob. cx Byxa, 
MBBBCTepcTBo ^^^BAB^^^B*^ Buc^BTUBaoTi* jiBmBÍi pacxoAi* A^a BOiro- 
nacBiícBaro BpoMucjia (bobc^bo, bco bcxoab bbi tofo se Bojoxe- 
Hifl, 6yAT0 BajiorB bi^ 30 bob. bb 30 bob. TOjn»Bo b bobucbtb i^bBy 
cojib) Bi 2.100.000 pyÓJueft, bjib obojio 7^/^ ctobmoctb Bcero puÓBaro 
TOBapa, B CHBTaeTi sto yBeiB^eBie bbttosbumi, Be bm^db^bm^ cepBea- 



') A* Meexe^esi, Tojulobhh TapHjrb, 1892 r., crp. 246. 
*) 9th lyBcerxa" b „b*', vb oco6eHHocTH eciH npHnoMHBn to speMa, Bor^a mwb- 
crepcTBo <|»HHaHC0Bi naiBio nysHHMi oncbesTb Hiuorb,— exaa ih opaBHibBB. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHKA. — COMHOft HAJIOnb. 357 

oaro sHa^eHia. Ho b4ab 2.100.000 py6. najiora OTHocaTca b-l cymHO- 
cTfl He Bo BceHy pu5ojioBCTBy, a jiHmb si TOHy, BOTopoe cBasaHO es 
noeojovB p£i6u, h npR tohi ĎÓJiBmcui qacTB ero na^aerB Ha A^meBuft 
€opn» pu(5i2, ceiBAB, TapaeB h t. n. YKasuBaTB npH OT^^Hst sHaqeHU 
Haiora aju puÓHaro npoKucjia Ha to, hto bb n,1iEt pu6Haro TOBapa 
MKiberB rjiaBHoe aHaneHÍe ctohxoctb 4>P&^Ta h t. n., a ne cojih, ne co- 
BetMiHxerB KBAťy. dro hm^tb rjiaBHoe SHa^enie ajia D0Tpe6HTejifl> 
ane m^s nepBona^ajiBBaro puÓonpoMuniJieHHHRa, a^íi ROToparo npB no- 
cojni AemeBuxi coproBi pii5u aEii^HSB yBeiH^ujii 6ei noTpe^HocTB b'b 
oÓopoTHovB RanHTajii, soHe^Ho, He b'b pa3MÍpib 7^/o. H ecjiH xjía Top- 
roBoa racrpoHOMHHecRHMH TOBapaMH b% mhjwthhuxb jiiaBRax'B ctohmoctb 
coJH He HrpaerB HHRaaoft ho^th pon b'b ero RoiiMep^ecRHXB coo5- 
paseHÍax'B, to cobcímb ne to npH cojieí A^nieBoft puóu. Ecjih 6e8B 
■aiora pHÓonpoMuniJieHHHRy Hy»HO RyngTB coah, cRaseMB, Ha 200 pytí- 
jeS, a npH najiort— na 600, to 3to oCcToaTeJiBCTBo ne MoateTi ne or- 

pasaTIvCil na AÍS^\ OHO BAB']^pHOe SaCTaBHTI^ MHOPEXB dROHOMHTB Ha 

coiH, Bi yn^eptfi RanecTBy h 3aopobbk> norpe^HTejiH AemeBoft pu6u *). 
npH oi^^HRt 3Ha?eHifl Hajiora na cojib aah puÓHaro opoMucjia aio 
uterB 6oJBmoe ana^eHie. ?to najiori na cojb ne 6e3pa3JiHqeH'B juui 

pB60JI0BCTBa, CBHAtTejlBCTByE)TB XO^aTaŘCTBa, KOTOpUil HeOAHORpaTHO 

oocrynajiH b'b mhhhctopctbo (|)HHaHCOBB o noHHsemH cyn^ecTBOBaBmaro 
Haiora na 50^/o hjih ^OJlHOM^ cJio»eHÍM ero cb cojih, me^nieft na no* 
coxB pii6H (cTp. 4). Btj^B xoAaTaflcTfia hijih HaB^pnoe ne ottb npe^cTa- 
Bire^eft ToproBJíB racTpoHOMH^ecRHMH TOBapaMH, a orB puóonpoMu- 
nieHHHROBi. Ho H noMHMO dToro ROCBeHHaro CBHA'bTejiBCTBa o cepBesHOVB 
3Ba<ieBÍH cojiHHoro HBJíora ajih pu6ojiOBCTBa, bb cTaTBHXi sypHajia nu 
Raxo^HiTB npiíMoe 3acBHA'bTejiBCTB0BaHÍe Toro, ^to cyn^ecTBOBaHÍe na- 
jora Ha coib Bpexno OTpaxaeTCH na pu6homb npoMUCJit xase wb tíx'b 
ciyqaax^B, Rorj^a cojib, H^yn^aa na nocojii pu6u, ocBOÓosj^aeTCH ot'b 
au^Hsa. B'B otbítb Ha yrBep^^eníe b'b }£ 1 „Bícth. $hh.", hto cojui- 
Hoi HajiorB He MosRerB hmítb cepBesHaro BHa^eHÍfl jím pu6oJiOBCTBa» 

IH npHBeAeiTB CAÍAy¥)\aÍň RpaCHOp'&'VHBHfl CTpORH HSB CTaTBH Wb }i2 
TOTO se gBiCTHMRa ^UHaHCOBB**. 

„Tas'B RaEi pu6ojiOBCTBo Wh ÁHrjiiH H Ao uTM'bHU najiora nojiy- 



■) no craxfcTej&CTBy snaTOta Hamero pnÓoiOBCTRa O. A. rpHiDia, ast^Hsi n 80 k* 
i» wjx^ COJH, He cvHTaa RauaxHHxi pacxoxoB%, cocraBiui 6y wh u/kiA MfimewíT.% 
€opTOiib ph6b se 7*/o, a on 40 xo 60^/o. A vb RdEoft creneBH dTO BpejiHO orpasH- 
MHih 6b ea piii6oJOBCTBÍ h sxopoBbi DorpeÓHTejeft puÓH mosho ejivn no Tony, tto 
n asiQiBHHft nepioxi pii6onpoiiHiiijeHHHSH no BicBOJ^sy jAvh coihjih pH6y n cTa- 
pcn, nporyzjiixi Tysiysaxi. IIpexemeBot coih dTO cxi^ajocB jua hhxi HeBuroxemn^ 
a e% BsxopoxaHÍeirfc cojh ohr obutk oóparaTCii vb droR opasniRi, KpaRne Bpexooft 
xu RorpeÓRTeiei xemeBoi pnÓH. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



358 BftCTHHRl EBPOnU. 

^ajio cojib CBOÓOAHJK) 0Tb asii^Hsa, to, KOHe^Ho, HejiBSfl óujío sxaTK 
(5ojibmoro BJiiaHifl aroft otmíhu he yeejiH^eHie iobjih h saroroBKH pu6£E 
vb npoicB. Tiu% He uewbe j^ase npoTHBHHsi otmíhh cojiflHoro na- 
jiora, MaK'i>-R7JU[ox'B, cvHTaer^, hto ysE^TOseHÍe oojeabiixi sasoHCB-b^ 
H Hajiora ea cojib osasajio 8Ha?HTejn»HyK> ycjiyry pufioJioBCTBy h naH* 
úoiAe HMeHHO OTpa3Hj[ocb ea noBxfb cexbjífiŘ^ (Jt 2, CTp. 106). O Bpex- 
HOH'B BjiiflHiB Ha pHÓojioBCTBO coJuiHoro Hajiora Tasse npH ocBo6osAe- 
híh on Hajiora cojih, H^yn^eft juea dToft i^&ih, CBHA^TejiBCTByeTx h co- 
BpeHeHHaA npaBTHKa bo $paHi^ÍH. 

O coAOBOHi H Booón^e XHMHHecBoiTB npoH8BoxcTBÍ, BOTopoo y HaCTb^ 
TOJibBo Ha^HBaeTCA, He^ero h roBopHTb. 06josHTb cojib, Hxyn^yK) h& 

9T0 npOHSBOACTBO, 6UM0 6u paBHOSBa^HTeJibHO 3anpeTHTej[bHoft M^pi^. 

IlepeflAeMi Tenepb ki& cencsoKy xoBAícTBy. ^B^ctehri ^HHaHcoKb*^ 
npesA^ Bcero noApo(SHo ocTaHaBjíHBaercA sa AOBasaTejibCTBi Toro, hto- 
cojMHOft Hajiorb ne Hosen hh^tb sHa^eHÍfl, wb ocoÓeHHecTH j^ii no- 
Tpe6ji6Hi)i COJIH, Bas'b yxotfpHTejibHaro BOH^ecTBa bi 9eMieAÍJiÍH. Ob^ 

dTHlťb, KOHe^HO, HOJbSH HO COrJHaCHTbCH: HU H 6681 TOFO 8Ha6M1&, HTO- 

Aase B'b TepHaHiH hbi 28 mhji. ny^oBi tfesasiiHBHofl cojra na yAo6- 
peHie HAen Ba]UíX'b-HH6yAb 190 tuc. nyxoBi. GaHOco6oK> paByMierca^ 
^TO axoTb ^asTb oÓiHCHJieTCH BCHBaro poj^a arpoHOMH^ecsHini h xpy- 
rHKH coo6paseHÍflMH. Sna^HTb, Ójjifirb hjih Hťrb najiori Ha cojib bx. 
Poccíh, HaniH cejbCRÍe xosflCBa ne Moryrb h ho cxanyTrb ynorpefijuiTB. 
coJib Ha yAo5peBÍe, aa HCBJiD^eHÍ6M'b EaBHX'b-HH6yAb ocoÓeHHUXTi ona- 

TOBX. 

Ho vb cooópaseHÍflxx sypnajia ctojbro se HtcTa, RaR'b yAo6peHÍK>^ 
OTBOACHO cooÓpaseHÍfliTb o ÓesBpoAHocTH cojiHHoro Hajiora 3;jui croto- 

30ACTBa. H 8A'Í^Cb HU OHATB OCTpd^^aOHCH Cb I^^JlIlM^b pHXOM'b HOCHÍHI- 

Huxi H HeocHOBaTejrbHux'b BaRADHeniĚ. I^H^^pu, Ha Roropuxi ochobu- 
BaDTCfl cooópaseHiH isypnajia, opHHHMaDrca 6e8o BCARoft ephthrh^ 

ROHÓHHai^iH AÍJI&K>TCH H8'b HHXl AOBOJIbHO HpOHBBOJbHHH. HO paCHO- 

jutraa cxaTHCTH^ecRHMH a^hhiimh MAa cTaTHCTH^ecRaro nojiosBrejiB- 
naro p'bmeHÍfl Bonpoca o bjiíhhíh otmíhu cojiHHoro najiora na Hame 

CEOTOBOACTBO* MU OrpaHHHHMCH T^Ml, W£0 npHBeAOlTb SaRJnoqeHie H 00- 

CTapaeMCH noRaBaTb ero JiorH?ecRyD Hecoo6pa8H0CTb. Borb qrd mh ?h- 
TaeM^b Bi „BicTH. ÍHHaHcoBi" Qt 1, crp. 43): 

„EcjiH npeAHOJOSHTb, qro apesHHfl i^ina cojih npe^no oTOBBajtacs 

na CBOTOBOACTB^, TO HHHt AOJUSHO ÓUJIO 6u 8aHÍHaTbCH ycHJieHHoe 

noTpe6jieHÍe cojih bx dTofi OTpacjiH xosaficTBa, cjit^OBaTejibHo h o6ni;ee 
SHa^HTBJíbHoe yBejiH^enie noAyuiHaro noTpeÓjieHÍH en vb rocy^apcTBÍ* 

^aHHUfl COJMHOft CTaTHCTHRH dTOFO, OAHaRO, HO noATB6psAaK)rb (??). 

noTpeÓJienie cojih bo BTopofi oojiobhhí TO-xi porobi HC^HCiHeTca 
48 MHJI. nyAOBi BHyrpeHHHro npoH3BOACTBa h 10 mhji. ny^OBi npH- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHBÁ. — COJIflHOft HÁJOn. 359 

BOBDoi HHOcrpaHHoi cojni), Bcero 58 mhji. nyx., htó npH HHCJieHHocTH 
85 — 87 HHJiL cocTaBHTb AO 26 Ch nojiOBHEot 4>. Ha Ajniy. Bi sohi^ 
80-x% roAOKb, npn oúmfiiwb noTpe($JieHÍH cojh BHyrpeHHaro npoHSBOA- 
CTBa 74 mji. h HHoerpaHHoi 1 iíhji., a Bcero 75 ni. n., h Haceiemn 
112 MU. Aynrb, cpexnee ATmesoe norpefijieHie dohth to se caxoe 
(osojo 26,7 4^yH.). TasHiTE oÓpaaoHi h vb 9tomi» oTHomemH hhcsojbbo 
He onpaBxajuiCB osHA&nifl, BosjíaraBiiiijaíCA na oTMiny coiAHoro sajiora, 
lecvorpa Ha noBceiiicTHoe sHa^HTejiBHoe noHHsenie níbnu cojni, b^ 
ABa H 6ojr6e pasa npeBumaDn^ee npesnifl pasMipi aKi^Hsa. Sxkch ne- 

OfiZOXHMO 3aifÍkTHTB, ^TO Vb FepHaHiH OČnpi paCXOA'b COjIH jua cboto- 

BOACTBa cocraBiflen i^h He6ojn»iirHirb jnnnB 6 mhi. nyx.; y eaci^ ace 
owLj noBHAHHOMy, híckojibbo 8HaHHTejn»H%e (??) — no cjrbxyDn^exy cooópa- 
S6HÍ«>. AymeBoe oorpeÓJieHie bb Poccíh — 26,5 4>yHM BaxB ao, TaxB s 
noerb om^HU coJuiHoro eaiora, npeaumaerB norpoójienie coÓCTBeHHO 
oniceBoe kb TepHaHiH (18,8); bth jiHiinríe 8 4^yHT0BB cooTBÍTCTByi)rB, 
.npHnipHO, 22 Hu. nyA. COJIH, KaBOBue, npH HajoMB pasBHTÍH y naci 

UniH^eCKOft OpOMUQUeHHOCTH (COAOBarO npOHBBOACTBa), H AOJIZHU 6UTB 

oTHeceHU rjaBH'6&nie Ha piiÓocojieHie (okojho 10 — 11 hhji. nyAOBB) h 
eraxBKo se na cbotoboactbo. Tase oahhb btotb 4^aBTB noKasusaerB^ 
HacBOJBKO Majio ocHOBaTejiBHH óujíVL cbTOBanifl Ha cyn^ecTBOBaBHiift y 
aacb couHOĚ najiorB, cb soTopuMB CBABSBaJiH nanie neycrpoficTBo 
cexBesot npoMunueHHocTH*' (ct. I-a, CTp. 43). 

CAbJíaHHaH HaMH BHAepsKa hsi CTaxBH „BicTHHBa ^HHancoBB^ 
■oserB cjysHTB o(5pa3^HKOirB Toro, KaxB mosho HHorAa nojuBaoBaTBca 
^Nipifoi) CTaTHCTH^ecsaro MOTOAa AORaaaTejiBCTBa, HrnopHpyfl ochobhua 
Tpe6oBaHÍH TeopÍH CTaTHCTH^iecKaro HeroAa. CnpamHBaeTCJi: sasHirB 
o6pa3oirB mosho cpaBHHBaTB cpoAnee AynieBoe noTpe6ieHie cojih b'b 
repMaHÍH H Poccíh, BorAa nH(i>pa juia FepHaniH ocHOBUBaoTCH na 
AaHHHXB HacejieHÍB, nojiy^eHHiixB nyxeMB <i>aBTHHecsoft nepe- 

DHCH, HaCTOJBKO COBepmOBHOft, HaCBOlBBO AOnyCRaOTB dTO BUCOBO- 

BHpaóoraHHaH TexHHBa nepenHceft bb sanaAHOft ERponi, a i(H4)pa 
HacejieHia a^m Poccíh ecTB peayjBTaTB Bu^ncjieHÍft, A'l^JiaeKUXB b'b 
nerepóyprt bb i^eHTpajBHOiiB craTHCTHHecBOMB BOMHTeTi, ne ctojib 
óoraToiTB H jiHHHUMB cocTaBOMB, H cpeACTBaMH ^). Buc^HTUBaHÍe no 



*) Mh BOBce He xoTmn vnan cx^bjan saioi-iHÓo ynpen KomTery, ROTopiift no 
Tfan qfMXCTBaMi, saKHini pacnoianien, xijaen xocraTO^Bo. Hame satrb^aHÍe Hirften wh 
Mxy mn HexocraTOHBoe BHHKaHie BooÓme ki opraBEsaiÚH craTHCTHiB vh Poccíh. He 
momaeh yxeps&T&cn, itoóh ho aaM^nm 8xic&, hto nm (f^asrb, hto ci 1837—88 r. Poccúi 
XotoiftOTByercji BHncieBHOD lOK^poD HaceieBlii — 9to xoboi&bo nenai^Hiii (t^asn xih 
Baaefo eaiionoBBaaiA. BoeMOXBO-roHHoe sBame ^h<|>ph Baceiesu b ero pacnpex^eBÚ 
■o crpuA Vh CMSH cfh xpymiH dKOHOMHiecunui jMATopaMH, Boiynaeiioe vb pesyiB- 
lart spaBHXBBHZi nepioxHiecBaxi nepeiracei BaceJCBÍji, — xoixbo jesan vh ocbobí^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



360 VhCUBEVh EBPOaU. 

HamHiTB CB'6AeHÍflM'b AyoieBoro norpeóJieHiH cojih h t. n. c^b i^'&íbi> 
KaBHX'B-Jiu6o npaRTH^ecRHX'B HJiH eayqRHxi bhboaofb — BH^erB BpaftHe 

HHHTOSHOe 3Ha?eHÍe, a „B'bCTHHK'B ^HHaBCOBl'' CrpOHTB Ha 9T0Wh 

coo6pa2eHifl o óesepexHocTH cojiflHoro Hajiora b'b HapoAHOM'b xoaflft- 
ctbí h norpeÓiiemH. Ho btofo usjio. ^tjiafl cboh buboau cpe^Hiiro 
xynieBoro noTpetfjieHÍfl coju Óearb oroBopsH o spaftHefi coMHHTejiBHocTH 
HaniHXx o<i>4»Hi](iajiBHHX'L AasHiixi o HacejieHÍM, sypnajTE h hkh doib- 
3yeTCA ne coBCÍM'b npaBHJiBHo. B'b caMOMi x&ii, AonycTHiíi, tto 
ilH4)pu HacejieniJi AJia soHi^a lO^x^b h BOHua 80-xi& rojiOB'B BtpHU — 
T.-e., 85 — 87 UVIJI. Avm h 112 mhji. Aynii. Bi craTB^ jíjia cpas- 
HeHÍA BSATa AJiA BOHi^a 70-x'B roAOBi cfBMfiHE aa TpH roAa — 1878, 
1879 H 1880 ro^a h BHBeAeno cpe^nee AymeBoe norpeĎJieme 26,5 4>yH- 
TOBi. BosbMeiťb j^a líOETSfiL 80-X'i> roAOB'b Tose cooTB']kTCTBeHHHe tojja: 
1888, 1889 H 1890 ro^a. Cpe^Hee noTpetíjieHie óy^ers ho 75 mhji. 
nyAOB^, a 79,9 mhji. nyAOB'B, qTo, no pasAtjieHiH na 112 hhji. AynrB, 
jí,a.eTb cpeAHDH) 28,5 ^jwtobtí; HHaqe roBopfl, cpaBHeHÍe cpeAHnro j^y- 
meBoro noxpeÓJieHia wh nocjitAHie xpn roAa 70-x'b toaobi, T.-e. ne- 
peA'B OTM'bHOK> Hajiora cb TpeMA nocji'bAHHMH ro^aiiH 80-x:b porobi, 
noRaausaerB, ^to dTo norpeÓJieHie bobcb ne „ho^th to se caifoe 
(oBOJ[o 26,7)*^, a Ha 2 ^jetr 6ojAe, h ecjiH cvHraTb, EaBi& xb- 
jiaerb „B^cthhki $HHaHC0B'b'', qTO nnn^eBoe ooTpe6j[eHÍe cojra h ao, 
H oocji* otmíhh najiora 6hjio 18,8 (J)yH. na ^yniy (KaKi Tenepb wh 
repnaHia), to na noTpeÓJieHie cojih bi ckotoboactb* h npoi. nepex^s 
OTM^HOH) Hajíora ocTaBajiocb hbi* oón^aro cpeAHflro xynieBoro norpefi- 
jienia 7,7 (j)yHTa, a nocJnioTMiHH — 9,7 ^yn^a. Mu, kohcího, na ocho- 
BaHÍH cBasaHHapo Bume o xaHHUxi^ HacejieHÍa, ne npHAaeirB SHaTOHifl 



(Í>iiHaHCOBaro ynpaiuieHiii. OÓiqaa nepenHCb HaceieHU bi> Poccíh ^bho yse cocraB* 
juierb HacymHyD norpeÓHOCTb Poccíh, b x^a (t)HHaHCOBaro ynpaB^eBÚi, i aih axMHHH- 
CTpaTHBBaro, h ajia Hay^Haro nosHaBÍJi cxpana. Besi dToro Bcrb, Kóny npHxoxHTca x'&- 
jiaTB CTaTHCTHiecKÍa HsciiAOBaniH, ne MoryrB ne BCouriiiBaTB yrBereHHaro coctoíibíji 
xyza, ae hmíji aox% co6oft TBepxoft tohkb onopH. Pacxox^ ea o6iiiyi> nepeiracB rL 
Poccíh HC^cjfAeroi bi 4— 6 mhx. py6. HnepexiBHMiMHOcraHaBJUiBaeifCJi!.. Bi Pocdn 
opraHH3ai^fl oómeft nepeoHCH— x^io Tpyxaoe h cpasy ne mosotb ycraHOBHTbca xocra- 
TO^HO xopomo. El BHxy dToro, ae OTKjiaxiiBaji x^ia bi xoiríft nmjivb^ cjixoBajo 6u 
HOcraBHTB dTOTb Bonpoci Ha nepByD ovepexB. Hto6h xocTarHyTB xeiaeMaro pesyjb- 
TaTa, Haní BasercA, caMoe npasTHHecBoe ptmeHÍe ero ónio 6u: TeoepB xe dSMsthcsi 
noxroTOBHTeibHHMH paÓOTaifH x<ia nepenHcn, ^to6u vb 1895 r. npoHSBecTH ee noBce- 
míctho, HO HO saxasaflCB cpasy saxaiei) npoHSBecTH ee vb Taioft nojiHorl, aasi dro 
xiiaoTCfl vh HHOcrpaHHHzi rocyxapcTBaxi. 3aT&irB, na ocHOBanÍH npíoÓptTeHBaro onRra 
u ero ysasaHÍft, fb 1900 roxy, T.-e. lepeai hjitb iíti, hobtophtb ee bi óojiie cosep- 
meBHOMi BHx^ H ycraHOBHTB HOTOMi 10-TH*i<bTHÍe nepioxu XJiH óyxyoíHxi i^eHsoB^. 
Mh HaiHeMi Torxa, do KpaSneft Mipi, XX-e croxtiie cb tími snaBieMi crpaHii, sasoe 
c^iHTaeTCii BeoóxoxBMHMi Bo BceMi MÍpi. 9to ctohtb Ttxi 10—12 míJ., Bl BOTOpHe 
060BMHCB 6h xv6 nepenHCH 1895 h 1900 roxa. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHBA. — COJTflHOft HATOPB. 361 

dTHITE CpeAHHlťB, — MH TOUBKO npHBOAHlťE HXl, ^T06u UOKasaTB, TTO H 

OHI pinnrrejiBHo onpoeepraiDrB yTseps^eHie sypnajia, 6yAT0 norpefi- 
jeHÍe cojiH VB crotoboactbí^ ne yeejiH^HJiocB nocji'b otm^hu nasora. 



IV. 

Bb RaKoft CTeneHH HeocHoeaTeJiBHU bcí^ BUSJíaABH „BtcTHHRa $h- 
HaHCOBi*, ocHOBaHHUii Ha cpejiHeMi AymeBOifB noTpe6jieHÍH cojih 
BB FepMaHÍH H HaiirHZ'B AaHHHX'B o HacejieBÍH h npo«T., típocaoTCfl vb 
riaaa y»e no nojiy^aeHOHy oTCDJia sasjED^eHÍK), 6yAT0 h ao, h nocjii 
otmíhu Hajiora y sacB h ea DHmy jidaíim^, h na crotoboactbo (10 — 
11 MHji. nyxoFB) npHXOAHTCfl BB cpeAHeiTB CTOJIBRO »e, RaR'B wb Fep- 
ManiH. TaR%, o6m,ili paczoA^B cojiu b'b FepMaHÍH a^h CRoroBOACTBa cb 
HeóojiBmHVB 6 mhji., a y nacx, no onpeA'bjieHÍH) „B'bcTHHRa ^Hnan- 

<K)BB^, 10 — 11 MHJI.; eCJIH se 9TH I^Hif^pU OTHeCTH R'B ^HCJiy rOAOBl CBOTBi 

npHBoj^HHinťB y HeftMaHa-Cna.QJiapta jijuí FepManÍH h Poccíh, to nojiy- 
^aercA o^na h Ta se cpe^H^^. 

H Wb aaRjnoHeHíe noAOČHUxi* BHRJiaAOR^ „BtcTHHR'B ^HHaHCOBX*' 
roBopHTi: „yae oj^hhi dtoTb <l>aRT'B (T.-e. hto h ao, h nocjii ot- 
míhh Hajiora na crotoboactbo, 6yAT0 6u nijio OAHHaROBoe KOJiH^ecTBO 
€oih) noRasHBaeTi^, HacROJiBRo Majio ocHOBaTejiBHH ÓHJiH ci^TOBanU na 
cymecTBOBaBmift y nacB cojiJiHofi najiorB, cb ROTopuHi CBJfdSBajiH name 

HeyCTpO&CTBO CeJIBCROfi OpOMUmjieHHOCTH, H ROTOpUMl BB OTHOmeHÍH 

CKOTOBOACTBa oó^acH^JiH ^acTO ĎBiBaBraiii y nacB ddhbootíh". CqHTaa 
BasHUM'B A<nji óojiBmeft buhocjihboctr h 3i(opoBBfl cROTa noTpefijenie 

HMB cojih, HH OAHHl CTOpOHHHR^B dTOFO nOJOSeHÍH, ROHeqHO, HO CTa* 

HeTB yTBepsjtaTB, hto o^na cojb MoseTX orpa^HTB crotoboactbo otb 
HacTiixi noBRJiBHim ÓOJitsHefl, h nacTansaTB na tíesBpeAHocTH co- 
inHoro najiora jí^jia CROTOBo^CTBa cchjirok) na HenpeRpaTHBmÍHCH ann- 

300TÍH DOCJlA OTM^HH HaJlOra (RaR-B CjDL'kiaHO BX „B. $HH.*)— 9T0 Bce 

paBHo, qro A^^JiaTB anajiorHHHiiiH conocTaBjieHÍH ujih JiDj^ed, ccujiaHCB 
Ha npoHijioroAHH)D xojiepy. IIpH cyn^ecTBOBanin aRi^Hsnoft CHCTeMii y 
HacB jAmj> hh pasy neóujio ctojhb chjibhoA xojiepu, ergo— OTMtna co- 
MHoro naJiora ne HM-bjía HHRaRHXi* 6jiarHX'B hocjiíactbíě m,jísi a^opoBBH 
Hacejfenia. 

vBUAHHHyTIilň repManCRHMH dROnOMHCTaMH, — POBOPHTCA BI* CTaTBt 

^BicTHHRa ^HHancoB^B^ (J\ř 3, CTp. 177), — BonpocB o6b otípeMOHHTejiB- 
HOCTH cojiHHoro Hasopa jiJiň HHsniHxi RjiaccoBi napoAS HM'beTB ah 
peajibHoe 3HaqeHÍe b^b npHM^HeHÍR Kb ycjroBÍHMi namero napojiHaro 
ÍHia? Otbítom^b cjiysHTB cJi4Ay»n^ee coo6pa«eHÍe. MaRCHMyMB roAO- 
Boro HorpeÓJieHÍfl cojih js,jiíi Bspocjiaro qejioB'bRa mosho hphhhtb b'b 20 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



362 racTHHKi EBPonu. 

^yHTOBi^. EcjiH Haior^b Ha cojib óy^en cocraBJUíTB 30 son. (tb nyxa, 
TO B'B rox^b ci» KasAaro SHTeu Óyxeri bbato Buora 15 son. Easi 
HH HHHTosHa 8Ta cyiiva caMa no ce6%, no h ona Bunjia^HBaeTCJi seji- 
KHMH jiojHAMH, 52 ujiaTesaMH, ecjiH COJIB noRynaoTCfl eseHeA'&nHo, 12 
njiaTesaiiH, ecjra noMicjfqno. EazAuft paax npn nosyns^ib con nia- 
Tejn»n^HK'B BHOCHrrb xaKyD HH^Tosnyx) aojik) najiora, tto o(5i» oópexe- 
HHTOJiBHocTH Bsi HO HoaserTB 6uTB ýknu Aftse jufl HHu^aro. 7 naci^ 
Wh npoTHBonojiosHOCTB sanaAHoft EBpon'b, wbrh :sjA6Burh nonuarai, 
wbTb oÓJíoxemA vflca h xysH; noaroMy BonpocB 06% oópeHeneniH hhs- 
niHi^i sjíaccoBi napo^a coJuiHHirB najiorovB Bcero xen^ voserB hmItb 
cepBOBHoe SHaHOHie jí,xa Poccíh*'. TaROBo Kff6Hie „B^TEnica $HHaH- 
cob-b". 

Ho yaPB ecjiH xepsaxBCJi na no«i M^^naro óura, to hhfaí vb 
EBpont 9TH A'&ieHÍJi 16 son. na 52 hjh na 12 j^ojieft HevoryTB^HTb 
Óojiie HecootípasHU cb j^iflCTBHTOJiBHHirB ÓHTOiTB, ^iwh Wh Poceiv. Jl^ia 
PoecÍH BonpocB pimaercA ne tíhi, uto tasojio hjih lerso irysiBy 
BHecTH 3a OAHHi pa3'B Vss Bon. najiora ^), a tíitb, hosot^ m 6mh 
XJUi nero lyscTBHTejiBHa padnniia bi uíbE^ nps tíxi ycjiOBijm, Ras^B 
owb vh xMctbhtojibhocth noRynaoTi cojib. RpecTBAne ne noRynaDTB 
COJIB no 4»yHTairB, RaRi ropoACsifl RyxapRH. fL isAVb 6u phjijso MysHxy 
HH npHxoAHJiocB noRynaTB cojib, vh ero riiasax^B Bcerxa 6jA&n oqeHB 
^BCTBHTOJiBna pasHHi^a — BanjutTHTB JIH sa nyA'B cojih 30 Bon. HJra 60 
ROH. B^ BTy HHHyTy OHI ne fíy^ero pascyss^aTB o toitb, ^to ohi ujki- 
THTB wb jsfiwb jraniHHX-B *^/m5 RonifiRH. H RTo BHaoTB HanTB xepeBeH- 
CRÍft 6uTb H AenesHuft Óro^serB pyccRaro vysHRa, totb corjuciTCfl 
ci HaHH, TTO, HecMOTpA Ha yBejHvenie HajioroM'B esexHOBHaro pacxoxa 
Ha cojiB Bcero jinniB *^/865 rouMrh, otohb icnorie hbib BpecTBjrai», ro- 
TopHO RynHjiH 6u ny^i cojih sa 30 Ron., ne RynnrB ny^a' aa 60* a 
orpaHHHyTCH nojBíOBHHOí, crapancB pacTflHyrB bth nojrayxacojra ecu'H 
HO na TOTX se cpoR^B, bx zslkoř bsxoahjix npesAO nyA'B, to bo bca- 
ROMi cjiyqai na 6ojiBniee BpoMa, niui» npesnie nojniy^a, T.-e. coRpa- 
THrB noTpeÓJienie cojra b!B yni;ep6i HHrepecaiTB napo^Haro axopoBBA. Bs 
aroiTB aaRiDiaercH rjiaBH&a cyrB Bonpoca, a ho b'b toitb, oto ^/tn, 
^Isi HJIH Aftse ^/i2 RonifiRH aorRo sanjiaTHTB jífiLme HHn^eicy. Bcí9TH 
naioroBUfl apo6h — nrpa uH(f)pavH. 

B%A^ ecJiH CTaTB tojibro na no^ny apHOKerHqecRHXi BURjiaAOKB,[To 
H BCH cyMMa R0CBeHHEix'B HajioFOBi^, cocTaBjiflK>n^aH nopocHHCH na 1893 
roA'B 474 HHJi. pyÓJieí, o(5peHeHJierB nacejienie Bcero jtohib na l^^/,o^ 



1) Kcrani y HaciH MOHerH Mentě bodíAkh airb vb ynorpeÓJieHiii, h mozbo tqi&io 
■oxai^TB, TTO npH BHpa6oT&i xificTBynniaro nyHi MOHerHaro ycraea 1885 r., upipas- 
wawh no apo6i) sicy h v6hbocth noiymiHepiaji 20-(t)paHKOBHBy, mu oe saM^HBiH Etm% 
py6ju ocHOBHOD exHHHAei), cooTFbTCTByDmei) <|)paBKy. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHRA. — COJfflHOft HAJOPB. 36^ 

KÓD. vb AeHB. KasMOCB 6h, ^to 1*^/100 BoniftRH TaBse ee coGTaeHT-B 
paac^era h vh ÓDAsert HHn^ro. A vesAT tíitb bx A^ficTBHTejEBHOCTH 
9ni 474 MHJi.,— c% npHtíaBJieHieM'B9 b^poatho, ee MeHBmei cymiH Ha- 
uaAHHX'B pacxoxoBi HacejieHúi h jóutrobi Hapo^Haro xosjíftcTBa otk 
BCAcaro pow CTÍCHHTejn>Hi>ix:B Mipi, caasaHHHX^B cb B8HMaHieM'B koc- 
BBHHHx^B eajioroBi, npH HeyAosjíeTBopHTejiBHofl opraHHsaii^ÍH h Hecnpa- 
BexmocTH ifHonix'B npjiMHXi HaioroB'B h nannixi tasí Ha8iiBaeHHX'& 
nonuHVB O9 npH HeycrpoĚCTBi A^HesHoft cHcremi h npoH., — voryrB pas- 
CMaTpHBaTBCfl KaK'B HenocHJiBHafl Mrora xjia HaceieHÍA. 



V. 

PasÓHpaA ďHa^enie cojiiiHoro najiora xm oojhahofo npoHUCJia, pii6- 
Haro npoMUCja, coAOBaro, juia yxo6peHifl h csoTOBOACTBa, wh CTaTBAX^ 
sypsaia vh soHe^HoirB pesynTart npHHHHaercA Kaní j^oKasaHHax 
HCTiHa, ^To cpeAHÍft pasH^pi^ norpeóieHui cojih vb numj bb^aí u 
Bcerxa, h ao otmíhu, h nocjii onťi^Hu Hajiora, oahh'b h toti se 
(paBem repMaecKOMy norpefijeHÍK) b'b 18,8 4^yHTa na ^eiOBlKa). A 
MesAy 'r6M'B dTo nojiozeHÍe cb hhcto ^naiojiorH^ecsoft to^bh spteia 
onnóoíHO, Tasx naKi iipH pasjíH^in hhii^h rjiaBHOĚ vaccH HacejiemA 
vh paaHHXi crpaeax^B e^Ba jih mosotb 5htb OAHHaiOBaa norpeÓHocTB 
opraHHnfa wh npwufbcu ax dhii^í con vb HaTypajiBHOirB bhaí. dro 

O Hami nacnopTBuft c6opi h sHaiHxejibHaa nacTb rep^BHXi nomiHoi irb oco- 
6eiiH0CTH 6pocaDTCfl Kb raasa CBoeD HecooÓpaaBOCTBi) h Tiiseio oipasaDTCJi ea na- 
eeieoii. J^& noxTBepxxeBúi ň opHBexy nopasHTeiBHiu nn^pu hsi onexa rocyxap- 
cnemaro Konrpau. Mosbo 6iuo 6m xepsarB saitoe yroxBo napH, iro mn 100 nejo* 
rtn ra oxHVbi xyMaj loniHecKi, ne otbíthji 6m vlpHO na cxi^yDmii Boopoei. 
flaiicTBo, VTO 8a HapymeBie npaBui o nHiefiBOMi c6opi, o TaMOsesHom, Ta6a<iH0Mi 
Be^BBOHi, repÓOBOiTb h t. o., ycranaBjíHBaDTCJi paseiu BSHCBaflLi h inTpa4(H. Ha 
QABOMy vffb dTflxi c6opoBi oiTpa(i>H npeBHBiaDn cyímy BiTpa4K>rb oo Bctm ocrajb- 
Bmrb. CnpamHBaercB: no KaBovy?.. Uo rep6oBOMy. A HMenBo: 



Bi 1891 r. nocrynHio xoxoAa: 




inTpa<|>. 3a Hapym. ycr. 

H BOB<(lCKaiUH. 


DHTeftBaro • ... 247 mji. 


py6. 


475 THC py6. 


TaÓaiBaro • • • • 28 . 


n 


49 . n 


Caxapflaro . , . . 21 „ 


n 


55 n n 


He(|)TBeoro .... 10 „ 


n 


1,1 n n 


CBHHesHapo .... 4,7 ^ 


n 


1,8 n n 


Htoro . 810,7 mbj. 


py6. 


582,4 THC. py6. 


repÓOBBft G6op% . 21,6 „ 


n 


858,8 , « 



Ef» IH MOSHO IiaiTB ÓOlie yÓitCTBeHHOe CBBxiTeJbCTBO HeBOHMaHÍB <|>HBaHCO* 

Mro saBOHOxaTejiCTBa bi Bsiepecairb niaTejiBniHBOBi, vbirb dro cpaBRenie mTpa4>BHxi 
cym. A na mi rep^BHfi c6opi bi aeaHflTejbHoft cyiurb xaBme vb cyniBOCTH BBjBerca 
uptiTepom BOCBeBHHxi HajoroBi, Boropne Taai xBaxHTi „BtcTABKi $HHaHcorb*. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



364 B^CTHHBl EBPOniI. 

cnpaeeAAHBO h oTHocHTejibHO* JD^efi, h othochtojiibho AOMaiiiHHX'B sh- 
BOTHHXii. IIpHSHaBafl 3B0H0irÍH) Ha coJiB, B1& BHA7 BasHOCTH ea AlA 
opraHHSMa nejiOBi^Ea, oAHoft h3^ caMux'b HepaaioHajiBHUx'B, HejfbSA Be 

OTHOCHTbCH OTpHUaTejibHO RO BCeMJ, HTÓ MOSeTb BU3BaTB 9Ty 9S0H0- 

MÍK>/ a OHa HeH36'6sHa, npH Ba^oposaHÍn cojm^ BCJi'bACTBÍe BBeAeeifl ea- 
jora. HaMx roBoparB, ^to pacxoA'B ea cojib, ofijioseHHyiD easoroirB, 
HHTTOseHi* Aase ji^im 6i)AseTa HHmaro, h na^-sa dToro owh ne cospa- 
THTB ea noTpeÓJieHÍii. Ho BCiiBÍň, bto ctoajbli (Sjihsbo £*& eaineMy specTb- 
AHCBOMy HacejieHiiD b^b anoxy 0TM'feHU cojiflHoro najiora, iior^B no JH^HOMy 
Ha6jii)AeHÍK) yÓtAHTBca, tto KpecTBaHHei cpaay craoii noKynaTB ^enie- 
Boft coJiH 6ojiBme, ^tMi oni* noKynaji'B npe»Ae Aoporoft. Jí^jísi noxTBep- 
»AeHÍfl 3HaqeBÍA nfknu cojih h sa^ecTBa nHTaHÍH HacejreHÍa, RaB'B h 
j^oHamHHx^ SMB0THUX1&, DDH noBynR']^ esi HamHHH RpecTBBHaHH, MS npH- 
BQMfiWb MajieHBRyK) HJLiDCTpai^ii) Hd^B HCTopiH npoiHJioroAHAro rojioxa. 
8to jt&to HaMii npHmjiocB 6jih8ro HaÓJiDAaTB yciiOBÍa npoAOBOACTBÍa 
Bi paĚ0H'b jifkŘCThia oAHoro hsi none?HTejiBCTB'B BoponeiRCRoft ryóep* 
híh, BopoeescRaro ybsAa. IIone^HTejiBCTBO, o ROTopoH'B mu roBopHii'B, 06- 

HHMaJIO npHXOA'B Bl OpjIOBCROfi BOJIOCTH Vb 387 ABOpOBl*, BX ROJEHOCTBÍ 

2.500 HajiHHHUX'B ;(yin'B (no cnHCRaMi, npoBipeHHuiTB none^HTejiB- 

CTBOHl). 

B'B RpypB A'6aTejiBH0CTH Done^HTejiBCTBa o nocTpa;(aBinHXi otb ee- 
yposaa Bonrjia mosav npoqHHi* onepaii;ÍA no npoxasi cojih no AemeBofi. 
i^iat. H BOTB o i^H4>paxi& droft npo^asu mu h xothm'b CRaaaTB. Coxb 
npoj^asajiacB b'b orpaHn?eHHux'B ROJiHnecTBax'B ct» TaRHM'B pasc^eroMi, 
^o($u ee MorjiH nonynaTb Jinnib a^a co6cTBeHHUX'B ejtrjí,!*, a ne jí.jik 
nepenpoAaacH. HacejieHÍe 6ujio Rpaftne CT^CHeHo b^ AeHesHuxi^ cpex- 
CTBaxi, HysAaJiocB bi ohxi ho tojblbro ajiíi noRynRii cojih, ho h xaí6^ 
GjitAoeaTeJBHO, npn sthx^ ycjioBiaxi, ecjiH6u cojih Bcer^a nysno 6hjio 
HacejieHÍK) oAHnaROBoe xoJiHvecTBo, nejiBSH 6ujio hhbohmi* o6pa80M^ 
oan^aTB, ^to6u RpecTBane KynnjH cojih fiojite, tImi ohh noRynaRyrB 
Bx o6uRHOBeHHue, He-rojiOAHue roAU- A hto ace mu bhahmx? IIone^H* 
TejiBCTBO Bi Te^enie Mentě 5 MtcaiíeB-B npoAaJO cojih 1.472 n., T.-e. 
noHTH no 24 ({)yHTa b^ cpe^HeMi na Aymy b^ 5 Mtcai^eBi, a ecjH 3T0 
npHBecTH R'B roAyi to mu nojiy^HMi* cpeAHDK) AynieByn noTpeÓnocTB 
COJIH wb rojioAHoe BpeMa, ne c^nraa Toro, ^t6 6ujio poa^ano none^H- 

TejIBCTBOMl A&POMI HJIH UOBIJIO Ha CTOJIOBUH, ÓOJťfae 57 (f^yHTOB^, BMÍ* 

CTO 26,5 4»yH., ROTopue onpeA^JiHDTCH „Bí^cth. $hh/, BaB'B cpeAHaa 
AJiH Bceft Poccíh. TaRHMTi o6pa30M'B, npH 6oJii^e Aemenoň nfbEi na coííb 
Hacejienie, bt, AaHHOM'B cjiy^at, bi HecqacTHuft roA'B nojinaro neypo- 
saH noRynajio óojiBme cojih, qiM^ noRynajiocB panBme npn ofiuRHOBen- 
HUX'B 1^'i^Hax'B. H HaMi* AyMaeTca, b'b MaTepiajiaxTi noneHHTeJiBCTB'B, ro- 
Topufl saHHMajiHCB npoAaseD cojih no y^emeB^enHoft n,%Ht, HafiAerca ne 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHEA. — COJflHOft HAlOrfc. 365 

M&io noAOÓHuxi se 4>^ktob'b. Mu ue no3BOJiHMi ce5t o6o6iuaTb npH- 
Bej^eHHut 4»aBrB wb CesycjioBHO oóa^ee nojioseHie, ho ohi omobb spacHo- 
piHHBi, a sa AocTOBipHocTB OFO HU pjHaeMCA. £ro noATBepsjMiDn h 
cjij(yi>ii;ifl A&HBUJi, BOTopufl BaciyzEBaDiTb tíojBmoro BHHMaHifl. Sejuui 
peibe^^H^e opeACTaBHTb ce&b, bo vto otfpan^aDTCfl bi A^icTBHTejibHOCTH 
Ti Mejisiji apo6h, Ha KOTopua onHpaercji ,B1cthhsi» ^^HHaHcoBi'* b'& 
CBOHii coofipasoBÚfx^B, MU ueúfij npoHHHi HanHcajiH óusmefi npejicb- 
AaTejBHHi^'b HasBaHHaro none^HTejbCTBa, Eoropaa Bpyrjiufi roAi* sh* 
BBTb Wb flfifeswb H SHaeTB xopomo sasAufi ABopi vh h6í, h npocHJiH 

73HaTB Ha OCHOBaHÍH JIRHHUX^B paSCOpOCOBl SpeCTBflHl, CKOJlbKO HO- 
Tpe&UeTCJi COJIH BX XpeCTbAHCSOft COMbi, H COOÓn^HTb Havi Tb OT- 

Btra, ROTopue sacjiysuBaiDirb AOBibpiji. Bonpoci óujvb npe^Jiosen^b 
HaxM Wh caKofi o6n^efl 4>opiii, u rbwb 6okie BHymaerb AOB^pie koh* 
speTHaji TOHHOCTb HOJiyHeHHaro oTBtxa. Borb owb 6yBBajibHo: 

„CeMbjf HHRH(f)opa ji..: 17 qejiOBÍKi (5 6ojibniHXi h 12 Majib^HBOBi), 3 
sopOBU, 10 OBei^i*. B'b oÓUKHOBeHHue roAa buxoaujio cojih orb 10 ao 
12 nyA.; bi 1892 r.— 18 nyAOBi. 

,CeMba GeMOHa Jí,.: 10 ^o^iobíbi, 1 KopoBa, 8 oaei^i. Bi o6ubho- 
BeHHue roAa buxoahjio cojih 6 — 7 nyA0B'L; wb 1892 r. — 11 ayj(OBi. 

.CeHbfl rpHropÍH K.: 7 qejioB^STi, 1 sopOBa. Buxoahjio cojih 5 ny- 
AOBi, a BX 1892 r. — 7 ny^oBi. 

.CeKbfl Cepria: 26 HeJHOB^Bi, 13 Roposi h oboi^i. Bi oÓurboboh- 
HHe roAa buxoahjio cojh — 15 nywBi; bi 1892 r. — 20 nyAOBi*. 

3aHÍTbTe, ^TO Bi OTBJkrb ysasuBaDirb hhcjio ^johobi ceMbH h hhcjio 
RopoBi H oBeAl. o jiomaAflxi ne ynoMHHaeTCH noxoMy, hto vb Tot 
mícthocth cojih JnomaAHMi ne A&K)irb h roBoparb Aase, ^to TaMomnÍH 
iiomaAH ne ía^ti cojih. OqeBHAHo, Ha odpani^eHHue ki KpecTbHHaMi 

BOOpOCU o COJIH OHH Wb OAHHl rOJIOCb OTBÍ?aJIH, HTO COJIH BUXO- 
VATb HepOBHO DO rOAaMl, H BCi OTM'fcTHJIH OpH dTOlll, ^TO Bb 1892, 

roioAHOM^b roAy, y hhxi coah buhijio 6ojn>nie, ^iub o6uEHOBeHHO. 

fian MOSHO BHA'&Tb H31» HpHBeABHHUXX npHM^pOBl,— Bl RpeCTbHRCROMl 

HacejienÍH Poccíh noTpe6jieHÍe cojui SHa^HTOJibHo npeBumaeTb HopMU> 

DpHHHMaeMUfl ,,BÍCTHHKOBrb ^UHaHCOBl*' 9a AOCTOB^pHUfl. A BX 

1892 roAy TOJbKO wb OAHoft h8i» onpomeHHUx'b ^erupexi ceiiefi, cb 
25-AyHieBUM'b cocTaaoMi, coah buhijio Eb cpeAHOiii 32 4>m bi Apyrnxii 
se, MeH'&e MHoro^HCieHHUxi ceMbHxi HcipaTHJiH no oyAy h 6oji'be Ha 
DHDi^eBoe H EopxoBoe AOBOJibCTBÍe. n BOTi» dTo ycHjieHHoe HOTpeÓJieHie 
AemeBofl cojih bi HJioxie roAa Moserb cjysHTb, Kas^ naiťb BasercH, 

CaMHlťb B^CBHH^ AOBOAOMl HpOTHBl COJIflBOFO HaJlOra, H hb PoCCÍH 6o- 

ate, ^ÍM'b TA^ 6u TO hh 6ujio wb EBpon*]^. SaiÍMi, noTpetfjienie oř- 
A^bHUMH EpecTbflHCKHMH coMbAMH HO 5, 7, 10, 15 H Aase 20 OyAOBIi 
COJIH CBHAÍTejibCTByeirb naHi, qTo 30 — 80-Bon'beqHuft cojiHHofi ani^HBi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



366 MCTHHSO^ EBPOmi. 

soHi](eHTpHpoBaji'b 6u Bi pysax^b rocyxapcTBa B'b „rpoMa^HyK) dsoHOMH- 
HecRyiD H ByjibTypByiD CHxy* BOBce ne tbaúh hh^toshha njiaTesHUfl 
«AHHHi](H, KOTopuAy 00 CBoefi Mejio^HocTH, B^ pyKax'B cavopo HacejieBífl 
BOBce He Horyrb hhítb dsoHOMEHecBaro SHa^eHÍfl. Jí^ HamHXi peaxB* 
HHxi ceHeft BTH HHqTOSHUfl exHHHi^u óujiH 6u paBHoeuBHH AByn- 
Tpem oBi^aMi, BopoB%, a ee to Tas^B h Jioma^H. UponuniirB jiiTOVb xaxe 
B'B pa5o?yK> nopy ea cojucshxi apHapKaxi BopoHescBaro ytsjía mosho 
^HJio syDHTB sa 12—15 pyÓJieĚ KpecTBAHCByD paóo^yi) JiomueHfiy. 

TaRHUi o6pa80H!B, pascMOTpime AaHHiax'B, saBÍfl Aaon j^ul Poccii 
onuTB onťfcHU coJiAHoro naiora ydibs^aerB HacB B'b toui, tto omlBa 
Hajiora bbojihí onpaBxaia B08JiaraBim4icii ea ary MŽpy Haxesj^, a 
HHeHHo, noBejia si yBeiH^emio coMHofi npomimjieHHocTH, vb BurňcEe- 
HÍK> HHocTpaHHoi coJH, Bx y^emoBJíeHiiD coiH, H CHJHBHO yBejiH^HJU no- 
Tpe6ji6HÍe efl, Basi vb nHii^r, TaB'B h vb ceiBCB0M'b xosjíficTBi. Ci 
Apyrofi CTopoHu, Bce sacTaBjífleTii AyvaTb, tto ^^EHancoBue pesyjiBTaTU 
fiajiora, ocjihÓei ohi ohatb tíHjiT> Bsexesi, 6uih 6u HecoHSirbpHMU cb 

T^HH BpOAHUMH nOOJ^ACTBÍfllIH, SaSÍA npHIDJIOCB 6u TOpniTB HapOA* 

HOMy xosflficTBy H HacejieHiD. BacAonie bhobb oojiahofo najiora neES- 
<$&BH0 BU3Bajio tíu BpESECB cojiflHoi DpoHuinjeHHocTE, j6ejío 6u 6o- 
jiie MOJBÍe npoxucjiu, cocpeAOT09EB'B exi b'b pyBaxi Epynsiixi koeo- 
nojiECTOBi, E yAoposEJio tíu cojiB B'b ropa^o ĎojHBinei creneHE, víwh 
OBJíaj^x Hajiora. J^oporoBEsea cojie orpasEjmcB úu, bi yn^ep(!i Eapox- 
Hovy sj^opoBBi), HayxyAmeHÍE nETaniii HacejieHÚi, u coBpaTEjui 6u no* 
Tpetfjieflie (ejie vtb to ise— npiocTaHOBEjia 6ii ero pocn) cojie, Basi 
wb cojibCBoirB xoBBftcTBt, TafLi E wb xpypExi 0TpacjiflX'B npomnnJieH- 
HOCTE, xase Bi TOMi cjtyqa^, ecw cojib, se E^yn^afl senocpeACTBOHEo 
Vb nEn^y, 6ujia 6u ocBo6osAesa otb sajiora. 

Bce CBasaHEoe o coJiflsoirB sajiorib npEBoxETo^ b'b TOEy oó^eMT 
BUBOAyi qTO dTOTB EajiorB HOJiBBfl EpESsaTB o^BoŘ EVb flas5oiie ne- 
oSpeMeHumeAhHUin 4>opirB oÓjuosobíe, BaB'B to j^yMaDTi m> nacTOflii^ee 
BpeMA. GojuiHoft BajioPB, Basi óujhi, TaBi e ocTaeTCE, aja Poccii 

OAHOK) EITB CaMUXl TflrOCTBlIXl HO CBOEITB EOCJlibACTBifllťB 4>0piC'B OÓJIO- 

aseflÍA, E B08o(5BOBjeBÍe ero (Sujio 6h BecBEa neqajiBEHM^ (fMUBTOifi vb 
HCTopÍE Hamero rocyj^apcTBesEaro xosjíficTBa. 

JI. XoxoBifi. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



BHYTPBHHEE OBOSP-BfflE 

1 MApra 1898 r. 



Gecciii ABopaecKHxi coópaoifi b'b HoBroppA'i^ h IleTep6yprb.*Bonpoci> o cnoco- 
6axi iipio6piTeHÍ4i ABopuBCsaro xocTOHHCTBa.— BospaseHÍB abopahckhxi coópa- 
mi iipoTHBi npoerra onesyHCBaro ycTasa.— 3anoBÍAfloCTb abopbbcbhxi HMiHift 
H BocoHTaflie xBopaflCRBxi Mfb^Ř.—Cecáa. nerepÓyprcBaro ryÓepHCEaro seMCsaro 
coópamii.— SeiíCTBa pasancKoe h KocrpoMCBoe. 

KorAa> BocoMB jAtl TOMynassKi, npiidjiHsajiacB cTOjr^THAfl roxoB- 
oqiHa ABopAHCKoĚ rpaMaTU, vh raaeraxi h sypHajuiX'b, a orqacTH h 
vh ABopflHCKHXi co6paHÍflx:B, BUCBasaH^B 6urb níknuŘ paa'b nosejiaHiĚ, 
HanpaBjíeHHm^B k:b jsptiuieHiK) h BOSBumeHiK) ABopaHCsaro cociobía O* 
Meonii H3% BTExi noxejtamfl yse ocyn^ecTBJíeHu: j^Bop^HaMi npejio- 
craBieHo rocnoACTByDOD(ee noioseHÍe bi seMCBHXi co6paHiflxi», hcsjik>- 
^HrejiBHoe npaBO ea saHaiie BasHtftnuixi AOJUKHocrefl no uíctuouj 
yopaBiemi), HCKJW^HTeiBHoe nojii»80BaHie j^emeBuvh BeMeiBHUMi Kpe- 
AiTOM^ fijpjriM. noaKejiaHÚi, noBHj^HMOHy, 6jih8kh vh ocyn^ecTBJíeHii): 
TaBOBo, HanpHH^pi, AapoBanie ABopancTBy ÓojiLmefi cboóoau vb yqpe- 
Vfimň 3anoBÍ;(HHX'B HMtaii. IIporpaMMa, cocTaBieHea^ vb 1885 r., 
Hc^epnana, o^Baso, en^e ne bca — h HeHcnojiHeHHiie ea ota^jiu npoAOJi- 
sai>n ciysHTb idóhmoS tomoA ,xbopahcshx:b Mejio^ift". GioAa npH- 
lULAnemaTh, sanpHHtpi, BonpocB o6i HSH^HeHiH cnocoóoBi npio6pikTe- 
lu j(BopflHCBaro AOCTOHHCTBa. Bi caMoifL Haqajii cocjioBHaro ABHseHla 
OBI CTaBHJicji Tas^B: HeoóxoAHMo otmíhhtb nopAAOKi, vb cHJiy KOToparo 
npaaa XBopaHCTBa npio6ptTai)TCJi uzwbcTEUvh hhhohi hjih opAeHOMi, 
in, no veHBineft vfkpi, npiypoqnTb abopahctbo si ^HHaiťB h op^enairB 
BHcnonrb vb cpaBEOHÍM <yb tíhh, Boropue j^aiyrB ero vb HacTOfln^ee 
■peiu; HeoóxoxHMo, csepxx Toro, pasptniHTB abopahcbhmi Kopnopa- 
WiĚ% xoAaTaftcTBOBaTB o nosaiOBanÍH XBopascTBa ,JiyqniHiťB jooasiut,* 



*) Cm. nepe<ieB& Hanmxi noseianft lo BayTp. 06o8piBÍH, J^ 4 sa 1885 r. b 
^ 4 aa 1892 r. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



368 B^CTHHKl EBPOnEI. 

H3X ApyrHXi cocAOBÍfi, HjiH ^Jnn^aMi, oRasaBmEMi Bujs,2LK>m}ACsi sacjiyrH''. 
CoBepnieHHo hT> tomi> se bha*]^ axa H^e^ bhobi> BUCTynHJia na ci^eHy 
Bo BpeMA uocafbflfletí ceccÍH ;i(BopflHCBHXi co6paHÍfi, npoHCxojiEBniei bx^ 
AHBap^ HUH'6niHflro ro^a. Ha pa3CM0Tp%HÍe c.-neTep6yprcKaro ji^BopaH- 
CBaro cofipaHÍA nocTynHjii» cocTaBJíeHHuft npeABOj^^TejMMH h AenyTaTaMH 
ABopflHCTBa opoesrB xoAaTaftCTBa: 1) o6x otn^hí cyniecTBya>n^aro hhh^ 
cooco6a npio(^pÍTeHÍA npaBi noTOMCTBOBHaro j^Bop^HCTBa, nyTeMinosa* 
jiOBaHÍA ^HHa HJIH op^BHa, H 2) o npejiocTaBJieHÍH ^i^bopahckhuI) co6pa* 
hUmt> npaBa npocHXb o ophhbtíh bx cpe^y j^BopjiHCTBa jihui» hcabo- 
pAHCKaro cocjioBia, Ao6pocoBtcTHo, wb Teieaie onpeA^jieHHaro soíHqecTBa 
ji^Tb, BjiaAÍK)ii]^HXi> Bi 'npeA'ikj[ax'B ry6epHÍH KpyoHUMi 3eMeju»HHM'B 
i^eH30M'B. ÁHajiorHqHuft npoeKT'B BEeceni 6uj[x bi> HOBropoACKoe abo- 
pflHCKoe co6paHÍe ryGepncKHMi) npeABOAHTejieifb ABopflHCTBa^ rh. Ba- 
CHJBíHKOBUMt. Otb nerepfiyprcKaro owb (yrjLimajKM tojblbro tími, ^to 
oAHHMi) HS^B cnoco6owb opio6pl^TeHÍH ABopAHCEaro AocTOHHCTBa npexiio- 
jiarajBOCL ciHTaTb, no npesneMy, nojiyMeBÍe opj^eHa cb. Feoprifly h ^to 
ycjioBÍeMi> BosBe^eHÍfl wb abopahctbo no npocBÓi ABopjiHCBaro coÓpaHia 
npHSHaBajiocB fl,ecíiTBJiÍTEee BJiaA'bHÍe i^eusoMi, AaK)n].HMi> npaBo Heao- 
cpeACTBennaro yqacTÍA wb abopahckhxi BuGopaxi, ecjíH, opHToifB, Bjut- 
A^zen^ii „CHHCK&ai) ce6i Bceo6n^ee ysaseHíe cbooh) A'biiTejBHOCTBD Ha 
nojiBsy oóa^ecTBeHHyi)**. Mothbu oóobxi npoeBTOB'B Tasse npeACTaBiAiyrb 
MHoro oón^aro. „^ocTHseHie ^ehobi h op^esoBi, — roBopuTCfl wh ao- 
Kjiaj('& RH. BacHAb^HROBa, — ^acTo ABjíJieTCfl A0Ra3aTejibCTB0M'B jiHiBB npe- 
6biBaHÍa Ha cjiyaRÓt B'bTeqeHÍe HSB^CTHaro HHCJia jíti. GaMuft xapaK- 
Tepi H poAi» cj[ys6Bi HHorAa BOBce ne cnocoócTByen . BocnHTaBÍH) TÍxrE 
BsrjiJiAOB'^, CBoflcTB'B H Ra^ecTBi, KomoptAe npedhMÁjmmcji m deopjmmiy, 
H TaRHM'B o6pa30Mi BHOBb uocTyoaK)nijfi Wb cocjiOBie Aiasí&tcA cosep- 
meHHo qyaRAHMi OMy no CBOHicb BarjiflAavB h npHBuiRaiTB, h caicaa 
npRHaAJiesHocTb ero ri cocjiobíd HcqepnuBaeTCA 4>opMajibHOCTbK) npH- 
HRCRH*'. „ABopaHCRÍA A^nyTaTCRin co6paHÍH, — «iHTaeMi> MU Bx neTep- 
6yprcR0Mx AORJaAi, — ^acTo BUHysA^HU sanHCUBaTb bi cboh poAocjOB- 

HUH RHHrn JIHI^l, HM'bDn^HX'b Cb AB0pHHCTB0Ml> rytíepHÍH MaJIO OÓOl.HXl 
HHTep6C0B'b, a npECBOOHÍe qHHOBHHRy 3BaHÍH nOTOMCTBeHHarO ABOpJIHHBa 

BaBHCHTB OTb 6jiaropacnojioseHÍď ero na^ajibCTBa, npedcmMAemeMh «c% 
opdeny* y^acrie b% abopahcrovb co6paHÍH jihi^x, ROTopufl TOJibRO bx 
CHJiy noJiy^eHHaro op^eHa npEHa^Jiesarb rx cocjiobíid h, cjiÍAoaaTejiBHo, 

HM'bK)rB Cl> HHM1> HCRJIlDHHTeJlbHO JIHHIb BH']kniHK)D 4^pMajlbHyK) CBflab, 

Oeai opraHH^ecRaro eAHHeHÍH — ne Moserb npHHecTH nojibsu. Haoóopon^ 
nocjť&ACTBÍeMx HBiJiercA 6e8pa8.iHqHoe h Aase xojioAHoe oTHomeHie 
qacTH co5paHÍH ri TaRHMi Bonpocaifb, ROTopiie, Rasajocb 6ii, ^ojomu 
6ujiH BCTp'&THTb eAHHOFjiacHoe co^BCTBÍe ABopaHCTBa, H, Gb APyroĚ 
CTopoHUi HOABjíeHie Bi ABopHHCROMi co5paHÍH TaRHXi npe^JoseHÍft, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHRA. — BHyiPEHHEE OBOBPftHIE. 369 

3HaieHÍe m u&ib Boropmcb KopemiTca vb ^ysAuxx dTovy cocjiOBk) 
Hanajiaxi h npHHi^Hnaxi^ ^). B'b o6oHX'b iipoeBTax'B npoAOCTaBJíeHie 
XBopflHCXHMi co6paHÍAMrb opaBa xo^araficTBOBaTb o conpHqHCJieHÍH bx 

XBOpflHCTBy rtx^b HJIH ApyPHX^B M^THUX^b BBMJieBJíaAtjlbl^eBli flBJIfl6TCJI 

iaB'B 6u RoppeBTHBOMi otmíhu HJIH orpaHHqeHÍH HHHimHHxrb cnoco* 
6owh iipio6pÍTeHUi ABopflHesaro j^ocTOHHCTBa. Rh. BacHJibíHBOBTb naxo- 
XiTb HeoóxoAHiiulfB, HT0611 „ABopjiHCRoe cocjioBÍe, He oópan^ajiCB wh 
cosepmesHo saMXHyroe, nOABeprajiocB on BpeieHH j^o BpeMeHH bíro< 
Topoxy ocB%seHÍH>, nyreiTb BCTynjieHÍ8 b^e nero xaBHXi chjei, botopha 
MoryTB cnoco6cTBOBaTb noxAepsaHii) ero SHa^enin na xojiSHofl bucotí. 
Chiu 9TH, óeacnopHo, npojiBJífliyTCJi na pa8JiH?Hux'b nonpHn^axi rocy- 
j^apcTBeHHaro h oÓn^ecTBeHHaro cjrr»eHÍA h he bcí^x^b CTyneHax'b ero".— 
,XoTfl no BOJii hhhí i(apcTByK)iii;aro Focy^apa HiinepaTopa, — roBopan 
nereptfyprcxie npexBOAHTejni h AenyraTH, — mhofo yse cA'bjiaHo jí,Jia 
nojuepsaHÍA abopahctbe h pacmaTaHHUXi abopahcrhxi xosaftcTBi^, 
Bce-se Haxo en^e pasi npHBOCTH na naMATb (f)aRTB nocToasHoft yÓmiH 
RopeoHUXi) ABopaHCRHxi HBABHSHMocTei B'b ry6epHÍH H BHaqHTexBHaro 
7MeBbineHiiv ^HCJia ABopaei bi y^a^ax^B. Esojih ocraBHTB bobcb abo- 
pjiHCRoe cocjiOBÍe 6evb noaojraeHÍa ero hcbumh cHjiaMH, to xaRaa sa- 
MBHyTOCTB Moxen, B^B 6yAyn^eMi, npHBOCTH MtcTaMH Ri coBepmeHEoicy 

BHMHpaHiD ABOpaHCTBa H R^B HHmfB BOCJlri^XCTBiaMli, MfiLJíeKO He xeMA- 

TeiBHUifB HH JIM eaMoro ^BopaHCTBa, hh jífisi rocyxapcTBa". Ejiacc^B 
RpynHHxnb 3eifejiBHiix'B eoóCTBeuHHsoBi He-;i(BopflHi, oópaaoBaBniiftca 
BCjij^CTBie pe^i^opMH 1861 r. h He noJiBsyDíii^íica t^mh npeHMyn^ecTBaMH, 
KaKÍa npHCBoeHH ABopaHax'B (HanpHMipi, xoth 6u no AemenoMy Rpe- 
Awtj, npeAOCTaBJíaeMOMy ABopancRHMi óshromi), „no-neBOJit AOJUceHi 
oTHoeirrBCfl ri» XBopancROMy ajieMeHry b'b ji^js^i ot^bcth BpasxeÓno, 
T!o A&JÍ6R0 ne sejiaTejiBHo. JI^BopaHCTBo, oiobhaho, ho aojisho 
hhítb BparoB^ vh cpejsíb noaeiiejiBHiixi coócTBeHHHROBi, t$mi 6ojrbe, 
TFo dTH noc^^nie ecTecTBenno cBasanii o6n^HMH cb j^BopancTBOMx, 

CBOfCTBeHHUMH HOSeMejIBHinrB COÓCTBeHHHRaiTB, rOCy^^apCTBeHHHlIH HH- 

TepecaMH, 3H»Aya^HiiHca Ha chorořhuxi h paayMHuxfB ocHOBamaxi. 
JÍju ABopaHCTBa ne to^bro onacHo Bospos^enie (?) napajuiejifBHaro, TaR'B 
csasaTB, ;i(BopaHCTBy Rjiacca BJiax^Bi^eai poAOBoft Rpynnoi noseMejiBHoft 
coficTDeHHOcTH, HO 60(0 H BecBMa seaaTOJiBHO) ;pia noj[B3u A^Jia, npH- 
Bieqb noHMeHOBaHHiix'b co6cTBeHHHROBrB Vb cpe^y ABopaHCRaro cocao^ 
BÚi, xBíÓH Bca pojj^OBaa RpyoHaa cotícTBennocTb 6uaa CRptnaena Me»Ay 

CO60D 'AU% ej^HHCTBOlKB I^ijIOft H A'&ftCTBÍft, ROTOpoe HaCTOaTOJIbHO 

Tpeóyerca h hx^ HHTepecaMH, h 6j[arococToaH)eM'b Bcero rocyxapcTBa". 



') On. AOKJiaxoB%, npexcraBJíaeiiuxi xBopaHCKHm coópasiaiii, hosho 6wío 6h osb- 
un 6ojrle jvTepaTypnaro HajioseHÍa (cm. bi> oco^enHocrv xicra naiiH noxiepKHyrHji). 

ToiTb II.— Maptb, 1898. 24 



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370 MCTHRKl EBPOHil. 

^ neTeptfyprcRHMi ABopflHesHVi coÓpaHieMi apoesTi npeABO.iHTejieft 
H ^^eiyraTOBi npHHxrb jihoil bi oAHoft ero qacra: coópaHÍe oocTaHOBHjio 
xoj^aTaftCTBOBaTB TOJibRo o HenpiypoqeHÍH ^^bopahcrhxi upae^b bi nojiy- 
Hefáw) opAeHa (sa HCiu[DqeHÍeM'B reoprieBCsaro). Bhobb npoeRTHpoBaHHufi 
cnocoói npio6p%T6HUi xBopAHCRaro j^ocTOHHCTBa oTseprHyTi co6paHÍeirb 
Bcei^ijio, HecvorpA na nonpaBRH, npHCoexHMBDiia bi MMyn^ecTBeHHoiry 
iieHay, BaRii ycjioBÍe xoxaTaftcTBa, enie jifiEVh oópaaosaTejiBHufi hjíii 
cjiyseÓHuft. ?To RacaeTCJi xo AORJia^^a rh. BacHjnqsROBa, to owb hob* 
ropoACRHH^ co6paHÍeM'L ee oócysj^ajica, a nepe^ae^ na npejiBapHTejib- 
Hoe pascMOTpiHÍe npexBOARTeJieft n xenyraTOBi. Bonpoci, TasHin. 
oópadOMi, ocTaeTca na o^epeAH; hhtto He M'famaearB eMy bo3hhrh7tb 
BHOBB, qepesi TpH ro^a, h bi noTepÓyprcRoiťB j^bopahcroitb co6paHÍH. 
HHTepecHO, nosTOMy, npHCMOTp^TBCA b'b Heny no6jiHse h bsb^chtl 
AOBo^U) ROTopuMH onpaBAUBaeTCH ero nocraHOBRa. OrpHi^aTejiBHafl 
CTopoea dTHXi aoboaobi ropaaxo CHjiBHie nojiosHTejiBHofi; RpHTHKa 
AtftcTByDn^aro saROHa ne BOBce jiHmeHa ocHOBanift — ho coBepmeHHo 
HecocTOflTejiBHu nonuTKM ero BcnpaBHTB. Cyo^ecTByDn^ie cnocoóu npio6- 
pi^TeHifl j^BopancTBa, óescnopno, OTaunaDTCA aHaxpoHHSMOMi. Bimo 

BpeVfl, ROr^a OHH COCTB^TCTBOBaJIH TpeÓOBaHUM^B SH8HH. He TOJIBKO B-B 

voMeHTB BSxaHífl ABopAHCBofi ppaMaTu, HO H Topas^o nosse, Bi Ha^ajrb 
BTopoi qoTBepTH Hamero B^Ra, rocyjiapcTBeHHax chjxůsl opnajieBajia 

Rl Ce6Í BCbVb MJIH nO^TH BCtX'B JIDj^eft, CROnSO-HHÓyAB OÓpaSOBaHHHXB 

H cnocoÓHux^B Rx o6ni;ecTBeHHoft ^'i^TejiBHocTH. Hcthhhhxb 3acJíy^^ b'e 

3T0Í C((>epl H TOFAa 6UJI0 OlOHB H O^eHB MaJIO— HO TOJEBRO OHE O^Ha 

ORaauBajia rocy^apcTBy médumM ycÁj/tu. BojAe hjih newbe npoj^ojSH- 
TejiBHaii cjiys6a, bi .^^oJisHocTaxi 6oxbe hjih Mentě nasHHXB (bb 'rb 
Bpevena ^bhh 6uj[h t^cho CB^danu cb aoishoctamh b cocTaBJUuiH 
AOBOJiBHo BtpHHfi BXB HORasaTeiB), AaBBJía noBOAt» npexnoiaraTb b^ 
cjiysan^eiiB eíkotopjk) cTeneHB pasBHTÍfl, a xaRse 3RejiaHÍe m bobmos- 
HOCTB nepe^aTB sto paaBHTÍe, nyTem BocHHTaHiif, cbohmi jc&TaMi. 
IIocjrbAHee npej^nojioseBÍe 6ujio tímb 6jiHse ri hcthhí, ^to Biicmia 
H cpeAHJH y^eÓHUfl saBejj^eníji HaooJiHfljiHCB — CHaqajia ho^th hcbjdhh* 
TejubHo, ooToiTB npeHHyo^ecTBeHHo— ;i(ÍTBini hhhobhhrobb h o4>Hi^epoB'B, 
niaHcu DpuHflTÚi A^TeĚ BB yqeÓHoe saBe^enie yBeiH^RBaiHCB, npHToirb, 
opflvo nponopi^íoHajiBHo cJiyseÓHOMy noBumeHiD oti^obb. TeaepB Bce 
dTo jí,o HeysHaBaeMocTH hsmíhhjiocb. Ha o^hhi ypoaeHB cb rocyxap- 
CTBeHHoft cjiyaRÓoft xaBHo y»e cTaxH VHoría j^pyrin npo4)eccÍH, ne Be^y- 
mu HH Ri ^HHaiťB, HH Ri op^i^eHavB. OÓpasoBaHÍe He cocTaBiaoTB 6ojr]&e 
HH vohohojiíh, hi npHBHJieríH OAHoro oón^ecTBOBHaro succa. Kb cjiy- 
seÓHUMB OTjroqíflVB (sa HCRJiDqeHieirB paBBi caMiixB bhcorhxb) npHii'b- 
HHMo, BB Hame Bpeicfl, cRasaHHoe aor^^a-xo o6b o^^homi hbb vhhhotpobb 
HanoieoHa ni-ro: ils n'ont pas de prestige, H npea^ei BoneiHO, ao-, 



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XPOHHKA.— BHyrPEHHEE OBOSMHIE. 371 

CTHSenie ^HHOB-b H OpXeHORX qaCTO ABJIiUBLOCb „AOKaSaTeJbCTBOM^ JIHmb 

npetfuBaHiH na cjiyasót wb TeqeHÍe HBB'bcTHaro qncjiajrbrB*'; h opesAe, 
eme Bi 6ojiBnieĚ CToneHH tíim-b TenepT*, „xapaKTepi h pojíi cjiyafiH 
HHorj^a BOBce ne caocotfcTBOBaJTb BocnuTaHiiD cboActb^ h Ra^ecTBi", 
npeAnoj[araeMUX'B, ci> HSBicTHoft to^kh 8p']bHÍfl, B^ abophhhh'^; ho bto 
Ee ^yBCTBOBajiocB, He coBHaBaJiocB, hjih cosnaBajiocb jtiamh secBMa 
ciaóo H BecBMa HeMHorHMH — a xenepB sto oTRpuTo BUCsasuBaeTCJi 
xase B'B j^Bop«HCBHX'b npoeRTax^. 

^ oj^HoiTE npeHvyn^ecTB^, oj^naRo, HunikniHHMi cnoco5aMx npioSpi- 
Teeia ABopaHCTBa OTRasaTb nejitBa: ohh npiypoieHU Kh ycjiOBWMt. JierRo h 
6e3oiini6o^Ho noAAaK>u^nifCfl onpej^i^jieHiiD h cpasHHTejiBHo Majio saBHCA- 
n^HiTB OT-B npoHBBOJia.^HHu H op^eHa noJiyfaDTCH, Bootín^e roBopir, na ocho- 
BadH TBepj^o ycranoBjíeHHaro nopA^Ra, OABHaROBaro ecjre se ji,jia bc^xi, 
TO Aifl óojiBinHHCTBa. Ohh AaH)Tca ne ad hoc, T.-e. ne cb uíjibd BosBo^e- 
mu Wh ABopaHCTBO, H Biflcrb cb tími — He propter hoc, x.-e. ne BCJit^- 
CTBie HcnoJiHeniH KaRHXt-TO oco6ux^, cnei^H(j)HqecRH íBopancRHX^ Tpe- 

(OBaBiĚ. np0H3B0;(CTB0 B'B ^HHl HJIH n03KajlOBaHÍe OpxeHOMli — 3T0 4>aRTB, 

He noj^eacan^id comhíhík) r cnopy: cocjiobhumi y^pos^eniHMi ocTaoTCH 

TOJlIiRO npHHHTb erO Kh CB'6a6HÍK) H CJ5,lMlB,Th JilVh HerO BHBOAl, npHMo 

npejtycHorpi^HHuft saRonoM^. Jtpyroe a^Jío — t* npHBnaRH „cnocoňnocTeft 
i-h j^BopHHCROMy AocTOHHCTBy*', ROTopwe BUCTynaDrB Ha cufiEy BT> pa3- 
SípaeMiixi HavH npoeRTaxB: ohh bc% ao Rpaf hócth HeonpeA'i^jieHHU. 
Hto TaRoe, HanpHiitpT., „AofipocoBtcTHOcTb** HJIH „AOÍponopfl^oqHocTb* 
B-ia^tnia, o ROTopoft hactb pi^b bx neTepÓyprcROMi npoeRTt? He;ío6po- 
nopfl;(oqHiiMH BJia^iibi^aMH npH3HaiDTCA 8A'&cb TŤ>, ROTopue „npioSpi- 
TaiDTB aeMJíK) cb to^rh api^Hifl pasopHTejibHoft en dRcnjiyaTai^ÍH h se- 
xjTh Hepai^íoHajibHoe xosaíctbo, 3a5oTacB HCRJiDqnTejibHO o HaacHB^**. 
O „paaopHTenHofl 8RcnjiyaTai;ÍH", bi ^annoM^ cjiyqat, ne MomexB 6uTh 
ptíH y3Ke noTOMy, hto BJia^tnie, oTRpuBaDn^ee AOCTyn-B rb ABopancTBy, 
JloisHo, no MucjiH cocTaBHTOjieft npoeRTa, npoAOJimaTbCfl ne Měniče 
f^eaduamu njunu Atbfm. Rto yAepnHBaoTB sa co5oh) HM^HÍe b'b Te^enie 
iitioft qeTBepTH Btea, Torb, o^obh^ho, ero ne pasopaen. „Hepai^io- 
HajibHoe xosaftcTBo", „saCoTa o Ha«HBÍ* — nonaTÍa b-b BHcmeft CTeneHH 
aiacTH^Htía; hh js,jih topo, hh ajih Apyroro HeJiBsa npincRaTB HHRaRoro toi- 
laro RpHTepia hjih vipnjia. XosaftCTBO, pai^ionajibHoe bb rjiasaxB caMoro 
xoaaHHa, mosotb 6utb Hepai^ioHaJibHLiMB bb rjiasaxB ero coc^A^ft. 
YmimEUHiy, BCjrfe;íCTBÍe coBORynnocTH fijiaronpiaTHHXi oficToaTejiBCTBB, 
xoseTB 6uTB H Majio oÓAyHaHHuft cnocoÓB Be^enia xosaflcTBa — h Ha- 
o6uporB. Saóora o nasHB-b ho oTjc&JiaeTca pisRoft A^MapRai^ioBHoft 
^epTOĚ OTB 3a6oTU o6b o6oran^eHÍHi npoTHBB ROTopo^ cocTaBHTejiH 
nerepÓyprcRaro nposRTa HH^ero, noBHAHMOMy, He hh^iotb. Orojib »e 
HeyjioBHM£i>rB npe^cTaBjíaeTca h npHBHaRB ;Bceo(5iQ,aro yBan^enia*', bh- 

24* 



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372 raOTHEK^B EBPOnU. 

cxaBJíAeMufi KH. BacHJibqHKOBUiťB. Brb cyn^HocTH o6a npoeRTa OTspii- 
saDTL nojiHMniifi npocTop'B ycMompThHito ABopflHCRHX'b co6paHÍi. Upo- 
BoarjianiaA BJia^^Híe „xoÓpocoB^CTHinťL" hjih ,Ao6ponopji;i(07HinrE", a 
Bj[aA'i^jii>i(& -^})3C^cjiysHBniHM'B BceoÓo^ee yBaseme*, abopahcsía co6paHÍii 
npoH3HOCHiiH 6u, co6cTB6HHO FOBopA, TOJi&Bo OAHO cjiOBo: placet, Bupa- 
sajiH 6u TOJiBRO CBoe cyÓieBTHBHoe pacnojioseme b'b xaHHoiiy Jrai^y. 
HaoóopoTB, oTpHi^aTejibHoe padp^ineHÍe Bonpoca OBHa^ajio 6h tojibko 
non placet: TaBoft-TO HaM'B neyroAeHi, navi „He ko ABopy". Mesxy 
tfyBBOK) npHroBopa h ero nacToan^HirB CMUcjioMrB ORasuBajiacB 6u, ra- 
KHiťb oÓpasoMi, cyiqecTBeHHaA paaHHi^a, BecBMa HeyxoÓHaA fjia orj^tjiB- 
HHX^B jrai^i H OABa jra ÓJiaronpiaTHaji xju caMoro ABopnacTBa. FbmeHÍe, 
Ha caMovB m^^íjA BUSBaeHoe npocTO cocjiobhoě aHTHnaTieft hjih paaiH* 

^ieM^B BO BSrJIHAaX^b, 6UJI0 6U MOTHBHpOBaHO ,HeAO<5pOnopHA09HOCTBK)*' 

Biiax^Hifl, orcyTCTBÍeiTb y Bjiaj^iJiBi^a npaB'B na „Bceoón^ee yBasenie*— 
H aBJísjíóch 6u ^iiTB-To B^B poA^ AH^^^aMai^ÍH, jierajn^HoS h tfesanej- 
juii^ioHHofi. HesaBHAHo 6iuo 6u nojiosenie AH<|>ÝaMHpoBaHHaro, JiHmeH- 

HarO B03M0SH0CTH San^HH^aTBCH — HO BecBMa CBopo CA^aiOCB 6u H68a- 

BHAHUVB H nojEOseHie ah4>4>&v<^^P<^ malgré lni, AH<i><|)aiíaTopa oo-HeBoii... 
npaBO, BOTopuiTb qepe8i-'iyp'B ycepxHHe peBHHTOjiH ABopaHCKHX'B npH- 
BHJierífi xoT^H 6u na^&iHTB abopahckíh co6paHÍH, 611J10 6u onacHo 
Aase B^ pysax^B caifaro ÓesopncxpacTHaro, caMsro cnpaaeAJiHBaro cy^a - 
a K^B cyAe($Hoi pojra, bi cjjsfi6BWt% ^jeku\au% cocjiOBHO-KopnopaTHBHoe 
coópaHÍe, b:b poA'i^ ABopAHCBaro^ Men^e Bcero cnoco6Ho ^). Oho j[ju 
BToro cjraniBOMi MHoroiHCJieHHo, cjinniBOMi cjiy^afiHo no CBoeiíy co- 

CXaBy, CJIHHIROMX óeSOTBiTCTBOBHO, ClHniROirB CRJOHHO pyROBOAHTBCJi 

TaRi HasiiBaeMUMH npaRTHqecRHMH coo6paseHÍHMH h seprBOBaTB npa- 
eoMu Aum HBi-aa aMctbhtojibhux^ hjto RasyniHXCH uHmepeeoeh ec 

CMXňH^ ?T06h yÓ^AHTBCH Bl dTOlTB, CTOHTB TOJRiRO BHHRHJTB HOBHH- 

MaTBJíBHie wb apryMeHTaiUK) nereptfyprcRaro npooRTa. SavRHyrocTb 
ABopflHCTBa oTBepraercH sj^ich ho noTOMy, hto ona neenpaeedAuea no 
OTHomeHÍD vb ApyrHU'B cocjioBÍflVB, a HOTOMy, 9T0 ona neemodua msí 

CaMHXl ABOpflHlb. RpynHHMX SeveJIBHUMl COÓCTBeHHHRaMl-HeXBOpHHaMl 

npexnojiaraeTCH otrputb ^ocTyn^B bi cpe^y ABopani ho noroiiy, tto 
MOSAy tívh h ApyrHMH H^TB, óonmoD lacTBD, HHRaRoro cyn^ecTBen- 
Haro pasjíHiifl, a noToicy, hto etm cociobíh RpynHue coóctbohhhbh ajh 
Hero 6ojrbé anoenu^ híu^b ettympu. EcTecTBeHHUMi> pesyjiBTaTOvrB TaRHX'B 
BsrjUAOBi HBHjocB 6u, Bi cjiy^ai^ HX'B TopsecTBa, nojiHbftniee pasHO* 
jLBme HJIH Aftse npoTHBopt^íe vb o<5pa8Í aMctbíí pasjui^HUxi leo- 



*) ytexHoe XBOpflHCEoe co5paHÍe ctobti, BxoÓasosi, ciHmKOKb óibsbo ki irtci- 
motb seiijeBiaxibxBíMkiii, ryÓepHCKoe—cjiHmKoiii on hhxi xft^eBO. Ileerpí tamecfi 
6yxeTb lesan, 6oMhmeM> lacTBD, n pimemH yiaxHaro co6paHU--a obo 6yxen 067- 
ciOBnianca, cuomL h pajiOMi, ihtohmh cverMi. 



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i 

i 



XPOHHRA. — VBYTPWESE OBOSraHIE, 373 

pflHCKHxrb co6paHÍft. TaiTB, rj^i xbop^hctbo Haxoj^HTca bi .yMajteHÍB*', 
nepexi spynHUMH seMjieBiaAljiBi^aMH niHpoKO oTBpuJiHCb 6u Bct XBopH 
I xase Bct Bopora; TpeóoBaHÍa „AOÓponopaAOHHocTH'' iuh „yBaseHÍ£* 
61UU1 6u HHBBeAeHU AO MHHHMyMa, Bce 611J10 6u HanpaBJíeHO vb TOMy, 
<iTo6ii BOBBpaTBTb j^BopAHCTBy óubbiíb j^BopaHCBÍA sevjíH, ci npHxaT- 
KoiTB fle-XBopBHCKHXi KaoKTaJiOBi, H dTHiťb nyTOiTb BOScraHOBBTb ynaB- 
mee sBaneHÍe XBopjiHCTBa. Tm^í abopahctbo vHoroiHCJieHHO h chjibho, 
TaM'B, Haoóopon, npEHaríe hobuxi xBopxerb yrposajio 6u bjuhhíh) 
npesflHX'b; noxieMHiift uocvb onycBajiCB 6a, nodTony, toxbbo ajm ne- 

MHOrBTB HBÓpaHHUX^b, H Wb TOJiBOBaHÍH DOHATÍft O ^J^otipODOpAJ^O^HOCTH* 

I ^yBaseHÍB" rocooACTBOBajia du cTporocTb, o^eeb noxosaa na npH- 

Aip^flBOCTb. DOVBMO ^BCJia ABOpHHl H pa8MtpOB'b ABOpAHCBarO 3eMJ[6- 

BiaAÍHÍJi, Ha pimoHÍA abophhckhxi coÓpanift—cyAii no earjuiAaMi, bu** 
paseflHHirb wb aoubj^í nerep^yprcBHXi npei^BO^HTejieŘ h j^enyTaTOBi, 
— Befl86iksHo A^ficTBOBajio 6u HM7n].ecTBeHHoe h o6n].ecTBeHHoe nojio- 
xeflie BaHARAaTOB^b vb norovcTBeHHue ABopane. '^^wb ohh 6ora?e h 
cubB'6e, Tiub nenie sejiaxejibHfii ohh 6ujih 6u m^jlsi ABopancTBa, BaBi 
spára, 'Awb óox&e asejiaTejibHU, saRi xpysba— a Apys^a hjih Bpas^a 
saBBCHTi, HO MHCjiH nerepóyprcBaro Aosjíaxa; orb npHHaxiiesHOCTH hjih 
HenpiHaAJesHocTH z% ABop^HCTBy. Buboa^ orc^Aa bcohi; CTOJib se 
ACflo h to, iro o copaBeAJiHBOcTH pimeHÍn, nocTaHOBjuieiíaro vb 
cuy TaKHx^b coo6paseHiĚ, ho HOseTi» 6uTb h p^qH. 

^pesBHHaftHo xapaBTepHCTH^Hfii, c% aaHHManiueft naci to^bh sp^HÚr, 
MOTHBH, BOTopfii]fH'neTep6yprcKÍi AOSJíaAi o6'bflCHJi6rb npeAno^Tenie, osa- 
suBaeMoe hitb ifpynnumh seHjieBJíaAtJibii^aM^b. „3eM6JibHiiĚ i^ensi, — ^etb- 
en mi Kb aouba^,— xoJiseHi 6uTb AocTaTo^enii, vso6u bhojihí oóesne- 
UBaTb neJtOB^sa h ero coMbK). 9to ycJiOBÍe rapanrapoBajio 6u ABopjiHCiwi 
oÓD^ecTBa on noooxBHOBeHíft jihi^i, erpeMfln^HXCH nonacTb vb abophh- 
CKoe cocjioBÍe c^b lAjibV) BocnojibsoBaTbCfl HMyni;ecTBaMH, sanETajiaMH, 

(ijarOTBOpHTeJibHUMH CTHDeHAÍAMH COGJIOBÍH* H T. n. GoCJIOBHO-arOHCTH- 

íecKÍĚ BBrjuiA'b aBisercB, 3A'&cb hhh^mi HenpHRpuTUMi, Ópocaa orpa- 
seHHui cvbvb H Ha Bce oexajibHoe. CTeneHb „Ao6ponopHA09HocTH" BJia- 
Aíhíh saBHCHrrb, ovobhaho, ho on ero pasnipoBi; bdojih-]^ „Ao6pooo- 
paAo^HUMH" voryrb 6uTb h cpeAHÍe, h MOJiKÍe BJutA'faJiBi^ii— ho nerep- 
óyprexii npoeBTb ne xo^en o HHX'b h cjitimaTb, noroMy tto CHJiy h 
5oraTCTBo ABopancTBa ohh ne ysejiHqaTT, a na D0Jn»80BaHÍe ero cpeA- 
CTBaMH 6yAyrb HM^Tb opaBO, yMeHbman, sTHirb caMUM^b, aojik) y^acTÍn 
KopeHHHXi ABopHHiI Bojito ,Dpo3aHqecBoe'' oTHomenie B^b Bonpocy 
TpyAHo ce&k h opeACTaBHTb. Mosho jih, aaTivi, apnanaBaTb xaBoe- 
n6o cepbesHoe sna^eHÍe sa 4>pa3avH o „rocyAapcTBOHHuxi HHTepecax^b*, 
cBoftcTBeHHUX^b BpynHinírb noBeMejorbnuirb coóCTBOHHHBairb, o „CBpln- 

JiedH BpyHHOt pOAOBOfi COÓCTBeHUOCTH eAHHCTBOlTb I^'&ieĚ H A^ftCTBÍft, 



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374 BtCTHHlCE fiBPOnil. 

Heo6xoAH]íUM'B j^Jifl 6jiarococTOflHÍJi ecero rocy^apcTBa*'? ffi h qro aro 
sa loeydapcmeeHHm HHTepecu, „cBoicTBeHHue'' odnoti He6ojibmoĚ qacTH 
HacejieHÚiV HacT(Miii].ie MHTepecu rocy^apcTBa coisaaAaDirE ch HHTepe- 
caMH Bcero HapoAa h tojii>bo wb nevb o^i^hom^ uorjrh HažTH onopy h 
oxpaay. ^ími Óojibnie Ton hjih ApyiH)ft oÓo^ecTBeHHuň uaccrb CTpe- 

MHTCH R'b 050C06jieHÍ]D OTE OCTaJIbHUX'b, Cb npHBJíe^eHÍeMl, R3'B HXX 

cpe^ii, TOJibKO tftiio(^tix% AJiA Hero sjíeMeHTOB^b, rbni nenbine ohx 
Bi npaBt roBopHTb o cojiuAapHocTH CBoefi ci rocy^apcTBOMi. Ha noHB^ 

COCJlOBHOft „eAMHCTBO I^tjl6Í H A'68CTBÍfi'' MOSCTb 6uTb AOCTHCByTO 

TOJibBO B'b HflTepecax'b cocjiobhuxi. G'h „ÓJiarococTOflHieirb rocyj^ap- 
cTBa" TaBoe oakbctbo ne Bui&t% HH^ero oóiuaro. 

„mwh niHpe npaBa h npeHMyo^ecTBa ABopancTBa, — roBopiuiH mu 
eii^e Wh 1885 r., — ^iul> Óojibine BjríiiHie m BJiacTb, npeiocTaBjuieMUfl 
eny no oTHomemK) s% Apymvb cocjiOBiaiťb, rbwb onacete .saMSHyTocTb 
eroy t6mx HeotíxoAHiťJ^e npHJiHBi s'b neMy hobuxi» CHJi'b, ne otl aero 
3aBHCJinUfi, ne HM'b peryjiHpyeuuft. BpeA^b, npMHocHMbift apuBUJierieft, 
pocTeTb o6paTHo nponopi^ioHaJibHo qucjiy míii,t>, ei) o6j[aAaDii](HX'b. Abo- 
paacTBo^ Bi cpe^y KOToparo nocTOAHQO h wb 6ojibinoM'b hhcjA apoHH- 
BaDTb HOBue dJieieHTU, Bce se ho Tfucb pacnojioseHO kb o^HOCTopoH- 
Hefi, droHCTu^ecRofi saóoTjiHBocTM o CBOHX'b cocjiOBHUxrb HBTepecax^By 
Kasi ABopjiHCTBo 3aMKHyToe, QoqTH BOBce He MBMiHflDii^eeai Wh cnoewh 
cocTaBt**. C'b T^xi) nop%, Kasi eanHcaHU 3th cjioBai npaBa h ejiacTB 
ABopAHCTBa BHaiHTejibHo BospocjiH; Tenepb, cjitjtoBaTejibHo, en^e Heai^ine 
Hiwh opeaKAe sasoHRU CTpeiueHiji ^i orpaHHqeHÍD cnocoóOBi npio6p^- 
TeHÍA ABopflHCTBa. Hejibafl ne aoxajrbTb, nodTOiiy, ^to opoesrír nerep- 
SyprcKHX^b apeABOAHTejieĚ h ^enyTaTOB^b oTEJioHearb nerepóyprcsHiťb 

ABOpflHCRHMrb C06paHÍeMl He BnOJIHt. flfi CHXl nop% nOTOHCTBeHHOe ABO- 

pAHCTBo npiočp^Tajiocb, HesAy npoqflMi, nosajiOBaHieMi pyccsHMH op^e- 
HaMH uepBUxi CTeneHeĚ, a Taxse opAeHaMH cb. Bjia^Hiiipa li ca. Fe- 
opría Bctoi CTeoeaeft, OpAeaa nepaux^b CTeneaei, a xasse op^eai* 
CB. BjiaAHiiipa 2-ň cTenean, uoJiyqaoTca, de facto, xojibico juiuaiu, 
cocToan^HMH arb reaepajibCKHXi qaaaxi, T.-e. 6evb Toro yase HM'bK>- 
u^HMa npaaa ABopaacTBa. DocTaBoajieBie neTep6yprcBaro Aaopae- 
caaro co6paHÍJi aaapaajieBO, TasaM^b oópasoM^b, caeAÍajibHo upothb'b 
Baaajiepoab opAeaa cb. Bjia^aiiipa 4-Ě a 3-ft CTeneaa. MesAy 'ríáwh 
BCt apryHeBTU, aoropue mosbo apaBecia aporaab npio6p^TeHÍJi 
ABopaacTBa opAeBOM'b cb. BjiaABMipa, apaM^Baiiu, B'b paBBofi Mtpib, h 
bx npíoóp^TeaiK) ABopaflCTaa reaepajn>C£HMi bjih nojUEOBBaqbam qu- 
BOM'b. Haau, aaai a opAeaa, nojiyqaDTCfl B'b asadbcTBOirb nopaAai no- 
cTeneaaocTa, qacTo bi> cajiy oabopo TOJEbso <]>aKTa ÓOJite bjib iieHl^e 
AOJiroBpeMeBBoA cjiys6u. Ecjni npeACTaaieaie k% opAeay, no Bupase- 
BÍD nerepCyprcKaro AOKJiaAa, saBacaT^b „on óJiaropacnojioseBia aaqajib- 



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XřOHJHKA.-— BHyTPEHHEE OBOSřtHIE. 375 

CTfia', TO pa3BÍ HejiBsa CRa3aTb Toro se caMaro o npeACTaBJíeHiH ri» ^haj 
AtIcTBHTejibHaro cxaTCRaro coBÍTHHRa?.. Hto6u ocTaTbCfl nocjiiAOBa- 
TejBHNHi^ nerepóyprcRoe ABopaecKoe coópaHÍe j^ojisho 6ujio, oqeBUAHo> 
jHÓo BaoíHi npHHATB, jiHÓo BoojiEt oTBeppflyTb ope^JioseHie cbohx^b 
opeABOjiHTeJieft h AenyTaTOBi ^). n36paB'b eívlto cpe^Hee, oho Bnajio 
Bb npoTHBopi?ie cb caiiHM^ C060K) — H BiťltcTi ci TkuT> BcrynHjio Ha 
oyib BecbMa ooacHufi, noroMy qTo Bucsadajiocb, bi npHHi^Ha^, 3a ne- 
o$xoAHMocTb 3aTpyAHHTb AOCTyni B'b ;i(BopflHCBoe cocJOBÍe. EaR'b BejiHBO 
ucjio jiHi^'b, nojiyq&Du^Hxi abopahctbo djiaroAapfl BJiaABHÍpc£OMy opAesy 
— dToro MU He SHaeMi; ho, b^pohtho, hx^b ho o^eHb Maio, ecjiH opH- 
sHaercfl HysHuu^b aaEpuTb Hifb AOCTyoi* vh npuBHJierHpoBaHHoe co- 
cJOBie. Ocyn^ecTBJíeHie arofi uipu úujio 6u^ cji^AOBaTejibHo, aepBUMi 
maroiTb ri yifeHbmeHiH) qHCJia BHOBiiiX'b*' ABopiiH'b, sa ROTopuH'b jo- 
nqecRH AOJiasflii 6ujih 6u oocjiiAOBaTb Apyrie, óoji^be p'bniHTeju>Hue... 
Ao xaRofi cTeneHH HŠROTopuA ABopflHCBífl co6paHifl pacooJioseHU sa- 
TpyABflTb AOCTyo^ ecjiH ne bi cpeAy ABOpjiHCTBa, to> oo MeHbniefi Mipt, 
Bb cpeAy ABopAHCRHx% coÓpaHÍft, o&b stomí hosho cyAHTb, MesAy npo- 
raMb, H 00 TOMy, qTO HonropoACRoe ABopAHCRoe coópaHÍe BUCRasaJiocb sa 
flOBHineme ojiaTu, bhochmoě npn aaoucRt B'b poAocjiOBHyi) RHHry, cb 
mecTHAecATH ao njémucomh pyÓJiefl. 



?To6fai cocraBHTb ce&b 6ojybe oojiHoe ooHATie o TeneHÍ^xi, cyn^e- 

CTBJDnUlX^b Wb CpeAt ABOpflHCRUX'b ROpOOpai],Ífty Heo6xOAHKO ROCByTbCJi 

eo^e HtcKOJbRHxi BonpocoBi, B08HHRaBmHX'b Bi oerepĎyprcROMi) b hob- 
ropoACROM'B ABopjiHCRHX'b coĎpaHíflxi. 06a co6paHLa BycRaaajiHCb BecbMa 
plmHTeJbHo sa coxpaHenie cocjiOBBaro na^iia sb opranusai^iH onexb h 

apOTMBl* p6<|K)pMU, OpOeRTHpOBaHHOft ROMMHCCÍeiD QO COCTaSJíeHÍK) HO- 

uaro rpasianeRaro yjiosROHÚi. Ki cyo^ecTBy Bonpoca, BocbMa HHTepec- 
Haro, MU BosBpaTflMcn Bi Apyroft pasi; Teoepb a^ui Hacb AocTaTo^Ho 
opHBecTH H^bcRoibRo xapaRTepHCTHqHUX'b AHTaiTb HS^ AORJiaAOB^b, apeA- 
eTaBieBHUx'b nereptfyprcROMy coópaHio — HsópaHHOio awh ROMMHCciex), 
HOsropoACKOMy — ry6epHCRHM'b opeABOAHTejieMi ABopancTBa. „IIoApasA'b- 
jeaie rpasAaH'b Ha cocjiobía,— roBopBTCA bi* nexeptíyprcROMi AORJiaAt^ 
--oópasoBaJocb HCTopuqecRHMi nyTOMi h ooATBepsABHo saROflOAaTOjib- 
HiniH asraMH, a noroMy, noxyAa cocaobía ne opoTHBopi^aTi rocyAap- 
cTseHHOMy CTpoD H HO HapymaDTB Bucmaro rocyAapcTseHHaro HHTepeca» 
eABa JIH MOSBO JiHmaTb HX'b apaBi, AapoBaHHUX'b HM'b Bucoqaflmei) 
BOJieiD, Blb 0C0O6HHOCTH TOFAa, ROFAa HHqTo HO yRasuBaeT'b, qroÓu abo- 



*) Mh roBopHm Tenepb toi&bo o nepBol <iacTH drorO npexJioseiiiji, T.-e. 06b 
orpumeuH cnocoÓoei oploópixeiiui XBop«HCTBa. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



376 BliCTHHRl EBPOnU. 

pxHCKoe cocjioBie yrpaiiijio scjiKoe 3HaHeHÍe, h htq6u BpeMH HacTOJibRo 
hsm^hhjIo ero 6uTh, sHyrpeHEK)!) shshb u Tpa^Hi^ia, tio nouepsH- 
saTB HHTepecu cocjioBifl 6ujio 6u 6e3naie8HO h fb rocy^apcTBeHEOirb 
cuacjrb spe^HO^. ffinoJinemevL^ ki drony MHorodTasHóMy nepioAji bi 
KOTopoiťb TAiBejiOB^cHocTL (}>opMH BnoíHt rapvoHHpjeTB ch apxanq- 
HOCTBK) coAep«aHÍfl, HoryrE cjiysHTB cjitAjDiiUH cjioBa AOUBv^a: ,,3a- 
KOHOAaxejibCTBo B^b T6Kyn];eM'B aapcTBOBamH OTsasajiocB on mucih hh- 
BejunipoBaTB cgcjiobía h cTpeMHTca xaTB ABopancTBy, fb oÓn^eirB rocy- 
AapcTBeHHOMii cTpot, 6ojte caitocroaTejiBHoe nojioseHie''. 3HaHeHaTe- 
JieHi SAtcB, npesj^e Bcero, ynpesi bt> uueeAMipoeKfh cocioBÍt, coBep- 
meHHo HenpaBHJiBHa oĎpaji^aeMuii k'b pe<{)opMaM'B npeA^BHxynmro qap- 
CTBOBaHifl. ^BopaHCTBO, o5j[eqeHHoe SHa^HTejiBHUMH cjiyseÓHHMH npa- 
BaMM, coxpaHHBmee cboí npesHÍft RopnopaTHBHufi cxpoi, nocTaBJíeHHoe, 
vb Jiiíuíb CBOBX'B DpeABOAHTejie&, Bo rjiaB'fa BasH^flniHX^B opraHOB'B 
yšsAHaro ynpaBjíeBÍJi, se 6£ijio ypoeneno c% ApyrnifM cocjioBiflMH; obo 
6uj[o JiHoiB orqacTH apH(SjiHseHo R'b hhmi — hjih, jiy^nie cKasaTB, 
OHH 6ujiH apHtíjiH»eHii K'B HeMy HacTOJiBKO, qTo6u 6ujia BoavosHa 
coBM^CTHaa Hxi j^'bjiTe;iBH0CTB. C^RTaTB Tasoe c6jiH»eHÍe HHBeuHpoBBoi 
— SHawTB nperoHAOBaTB ee sa nepexoByK) poj[B bi rocyj^apcTBeaHoii 
asHSHH, a Ha bosmosho 6ojiBniee yqacTÍe wb en 0TJiHviflX'B h Buro^axi. 

TOJIBRO TaRHMl y8RUM'B BSFJIilAOMI) HR Jí^bjlO MOSHO 06IRCHHTB H SR- 

jio6y Ha ÁUiuenie npneh^ noAHHMaoMyK) no noBo^y npoeRTHpyeMaro nepe- 
ycrpoftcTBa oneRyHCRHXi yqpesj^eHÍft. Bm^cto Toro, qTo6Bi cocpe^o- 
T07HTB Bce CBoe BHHManíe na tkn^JiecooGpaaHoemu aroro nepeycTpoicTBa, 
neTep6yprcRÍe npeABoxHTejiH h x^nyTRTu BUABHrann Ha nepBuft niaai 
cocjEOBHUR npeporaTHBH H OTBeprafOTi, b'b npHHi^Hnt, Bce conpasea- 
Hoe ci HX'B ynajieHieirb. To se caMoe mu bhahmi* h vh ^orira^ hobto* 
poACRaro ryóepHCRaro npeABOARxejiR ABopancTBa. Eommhccía, no ero 
mhíhík), AORSHa 6ujia hphhrtb sa ocHOBanie CBoero ipy^a ne ^iro HHoe, 
RaR'B cocAoeuocmb^ yse noroMy, ^to sa dTon apHHi^Hni exHHorjULCHO bu- 

CRRSaJlHCB ABOpaHCRÍH Co6paHÍR, BOaóyXHBmÍR BOnpOCl o He06X0WM0CTH HO- 

BRro oneRyHCRaro ycTaaa. „GHCTeMaTHqecRoe yHRTroaKeme AMcTByDfl(HXfB 
ycTaHOBieHÍfi, yBjfe^enie npHMtpaMH HHOCTpanHUxi aaROHOMTOjncTBi*' 

— TaROBU OÓBHHeHÍfl, B3B0AHMUfl RH. BaCUJIBqHROBUlťb HR ROIIMHCCUO, 

cocTRBjuiDn^yK) rpasxaHCRoe yjiosenie; ero b^b ocoÓeHHOcni BosMyn^axKTB 

CCUJIRH HR RRJIH(|>0pHÍÍCR0e SRROHOARTejlBCTBO (^Ba BOCRJm^RTeJIBHHe 
BHaRR Bl DOAJIHHHHR^) — CCUJUH HHCROJn»RO He yAHBHTOJIBHUR AJU TOrO, 
ROMy HSBtCTHU XOTB HO HRCJIliniRJb BHCORÍR JtOCTOHHCTBa RaJIH^pBÍÍ- 

CRRro ROAeRCR... Xopomo, qTo cocTasjíeHÍe nosaro rpas^aHCRaro yjio- 
sohír 6yAeTi> npHBeAeno m> ROHi^y en^e necRopo: no onno3HiUH» bu- 
SBaHHoft npoeRToui oneRyncRaro ycTana, mosho cyAHTB o npenaTCTBÍRX'B, 



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XPOHHKA.— BHyTPEHHEE OBOSNEIE. 377 

ci KOTopuMH BCTpiTHjiacL 6u, vh Hame BpeMA, KopeHH&fl pe4»opMa B^ 
o6iacTH pyccKaro rpasA^Hcsaro npaBa. 

HoBropoACBoe ;i(bopahctbo o^oópsuio cocTaBJíeHHufi ero npeABOAHTe- 
jflMH ^ j^enjTaTaMH npoesTi y^pesj^eHla j^BopaHCBHXi sanoBiAHUxi 
iirbHii. J[K)6onHTHO cpaBHHTB dTOTB npoeKTi 0% opeAnojioseHiflMH kom- 
xhccíh H. C. A6a3U, BOTopuH 60JIH npHBeAeHut HaMH bi oahom^b hsi 
oponuioroAHHX^B ^BHyTpeHHHX-B 06o3pi^HÍň" ^). MHHUMajibHufi pa3iitpi» 
aaflOBijiHaro hmíbía onpej^iJieHx ROMMHCcieft vb xpHCTa AecATHH'B; noBro- 
poACKoe ABopaHCRoe co6paHÍe onpejiMaerh ero i^í^hhoctbid bi TpHAi^aTB 

THCJi^l H XOXOAOITB Wb THCA^J nATbCOTB pj^Jieft, TFĎ, M,JÍA 6omiIHBCTBa 

ryóepmft, cooTB'6TCTByerb npocTpaHCTBy ropas^o 65jibnieuy, qiMx TpncTa 
AecaTHH^b. Kommhccíh ycTaHOBJUieTi ofiasaTejiLHyio sanoBtAHocTB tojibbo 
Ha oMfio noBOJiÍHÍe, cb rburb, Tro6ii coxpaHOHie ea aasHciJio on yciio- 
ipink BJiaA&iBn;a, yHacjiiAOBaBmaro 8anoB'&AHoe hm^hío Bi HOBropoA- 
cKOMb npoeBTi H^Ti HHHero noAoÓHaro: sanoB^AHocTB, o^HasAU ycxa- 
HOBieHHa^; ne noAiiesHrB npespan^eHÍD. Bi npeAnojoseHÍJixrB boh- 
mbccíh aanoB^AHocTB ABJUieTCA HCBJiDqHT6JiBHo 4^ByABTaTHBH0K); ee MO- 
serx cos^aTB moÁbKo CBo6oAHaii bojia co6cTB6HHHBa. HoBropoACBÍ£ 
npoesrB AonycBaers o6pameHÍe hm^búi bi sanoBijiHoe no aoKony (npH 
nepexoAt ero» no nacíŠACTBy, vb óoBOByio jehbík)). KoMMHecífl BOBce, no- 
BHAHMOMy, HO npeABOiaraerB ofijieBaxB Bjia^^JEBi^oBi aanoB^AHUxi Hifb- 
Hifi BaBHMH-JEHĎo noJtHTHqecBHMH npHBHjierÍ4iMH; HOBropoACBifl npoesTx 
opexocraBJífleirB hmi dea rojioca na abopahcbhxi h sbmcbhxi Bii6opax^, 
eeiH OHH Hvši>rB ABa sanofiiAHUxi noMtcTBA hjih BJiaA'bDrB, novHMo 
sanoB^Aflaro, emfi ApyrHM^ uwbmeu^b, wb pasvip-b seMCBaro i^ensa. 
BiaA^^i^y danoB^AHaro hm^hía, b^b agcatb pa3'B upoBinnaDO^aro seM- 
CKÍft i^ens^B, npeAOCTaBSJíeiicji, CBepxi Toro, npaao 6utb oacHHMX, óesi 
H9(ÍpaHÍ&, Wb Tovb y^A^f fa^ 7 nero ycaAB6a. Ha Bcefi jihhíh, TaBHii'B 
(Xípaaoirb, HOBropoACBÍft npoeBT^B, a bcji^ai 3a hhmi h HOBropoACBoe 
ABopflHCBoe co6paHÍe, HAeri ropasAo AflJiBine, niwb soMiiHčcifl H. C. 
A6a3u. 

R'B iHoiy nosejiaHiŘ, BiipaxasniHxcfl no cjiyqai) cTOJiiTHefi foaob- 
rofiňu ABopaHCBofi rpaiiaTH, npHnaAJiesajio, MesAy npoqHMib, ycTpotcTBo 
AU ABopaHCBHXi A^Tefi ocoóiixi npH rHMHa8ÍJix'B naHcioHOB^B (bo- 
ee^HO — Ha c^er^ BaaHu) h npHHATÍe bi* BaAOTCBÍe Bopnyca ncBJíroqH 

TeiBHO 0AHHX'B ABOpflHCBHX^B A^TOfi. HÍHTO B^B dTOM'B pOA^ npCAJIO- 
SeHO Vb HHHÍinH6HrB FOAy, BX HOBFOpOACBOM^B ABOpflHCBOMl C06paHÍH, 

ABopaHCTBOM^B ycTUsoHCBaro yiaAa. 7 naci Eivb noA% pyBofi caMaro 
Teiera aroro npeA^ioseHifl; cmucji'b ero, aaBi eaMi nepeAaBajiH, 3a- 

RIDUICA B'B TOlťB, 1T0<5U nODO^eHÍe o BOCnHTaHÍH ABOp^HCBHXl A^Tefi 



*) Cm. J« 6 ,B. Eeponia'' sa 1892 r. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



37d b%cmííK% EBPOíiu. 

611IJO B03JioseHo oa DpaeMrejoibCTBo, T.e. aa sasAUMi ;(bopíihhhomi 
upuSHaHo npauo Ha uaTepiajibHoe, ei droiťE oTHomeBiH, coA^ficruie 
i^earpajiLUofi BJiacTH. IIohjitho, tfo nepsuMi jcjiOBÍeifi CTOJib niHpo- 
Raro coaMctuíh, ctojil „orpoMHoi oneRH^ 6ujio 6h cyo^ecTBeHHoe 
orpaHHqeflie apaB'E j^pyrHxi cocjiouift. 3a BocnHTaue j^bopahckhxi 
Atxefi Bci He-ABopflHe CTajiH 6u ojiaTHTB ropasAO óojihme:, a nojib- 
soBaTbcn BocDHTaTejiBHUMH y^pesA^HÍAMH — ropasAO MeHbme. Gtoh- 
HOCTb co^epsaHÍfl Ka^ercKiixi sopaycoBi h riiMHa3HqecKHX'E naacioBOBi 
yBejiH^fljiacb 6bi Becbva sHa^HTejubuo— a aíte He-ABopflHCKaro npoHC- 
xosAeHÍA BOBce Ty^a 6ia ne AonycsajiHCb. Ei c«iacTÍK), caMaa rponajn- 

UOCTb TpeÓOBaHÍA ^ÍJl9LeTb ero HeUCDOJIHHMbIM'b, H MU HHCKOJIbRO HB 

coMHÍBaeMca wb tomi, ^to oho se npHBe^eri hh B'b RasHifb npaKTH- 
qecBHMi pesyjibTaTaMi. XapaETepHCTHqHUHi* ocracTca, bo bcjikomx cjy- 
qat, caMuft (f^aRTL ero npeAi»ABjeHÍa, a TaR»e co^yBCTBeHHuň npieMi, 

BCTptqeHHUft HMX 1M> HOBropOXCROM'b ABOpaHCRCMl* C06paHÍn. HlRTO 

Msx npHcyTCTBOBaBniHXi DpoTHB'E Horo He Bospasajii, a sa eero ro- 
BopHJiH HHoríe. Bonpocb nepe^aHi, jua pa3pa6oTRH, wh co6paHÍe npeji- 
BOAHTejiefi H AonyTaTOBi. 

HHTepecHO conocTaBUTb bcí TOJibRO-qTO apaBe^eHEue eaMH (f^asTii cb 
opeAJioseHieiťb oAuoro hsi capaTOBCXHxi ABopflH'b (Q. A. KpHBCEaro), 
BU3BaBinHM'b ropaqee co^yBCTBÍe bi capaTOBCRoiťb abopahctb^ h ne^ 
peAaHHUMi OTxyAa Ha o6cysAeHÍe ApyrHxi abopahcrhxi co6paHÍŘ. 
r. KpHBCRÍfi cocqHTaJCB, cROJibRO ABopAHi capaTOBCRot ry6epHÍH pasopH- 
xocb no codcTBeHHoft BHHt: oRaaaJiocb, qTo hxi ho 6ojite decjimu, Pa* 
aopeaie bcíxi ocTajibHuxi o6^jiCHaeTCA xtui, ^to hsi pado^eň niaTU, 
ByAaHHoft ooMiui^HRaMM 3a uocjiíahúi ABaAi^axb oATb jArb, no40BHHa 
(fljiH Aa^e 6oju»oie) DOiiyqefla RpecTbJíHaHH AapoM'b, ho sa TpyA'b, a 
B^ BUAt cTpaxoBofi npeHÍH npoTHBi sóesHaRasaHHoft MecTH*' (I). 3to 
Morao cJiy^HTbCJi TOJibRO noTOMy, ^to abopahctbo HeAccxaTo^no uoib- 
soBaJiocb cBOHMi upaBoiťb o6cysAaTb abop^hceú sysAU h xoAaxafi- 
cTBOBaxb o Hxi yAOBJíeTBopeHÍH. HtoÓIiI noJi02RHTb ROHei^'b TaRoft ano- 
MajiÍM, r. KpHBCRÍfi npoAJiaraerb: 1) ycTanoBUTb citsAU yt3AHUx'b 
opeABOAHTejieft, ne iieHie qeTUpex'b bi roAy> Am coBMtcTHaro ci> ry- 
6epHCRHM'b npeABOAHTeaeifb pascMOTpiHÍfl Bctxi BonpocoBi, othooi- 
u^HXCA Ki» Hya&AaM^ ABopaHCTBa; 2) npocHXb ABopflHx, saHHMaDincHXCii 
dvííšíň BoapocaitH, cooóo^aTb citsAy cbou 3auHCRH h npeACTafijuiTb oMy 
CjnoBecHUA sauBJíeHia; 3) BHpa6oTaHHbie TaRBMi oópasoHi npoexTH 
o6cysAaTb sa qpesBuqattHuxi abopahcrhxi co6paHíxxi, ca3UBaeMux'b 
eseroAHO. Krb leny npHBejio óu ocyu^ecTBjíeHie hucju r. KpHBCRaro— 

061 dTOMl MOSHO CyAHTb HO BOOpOCaiťb, SaHHMaBinHlfb ABopjiHCRia 

co6paHÍji Bi> HoBropoA*]^ h IleTepÓypri. IIoTpefiHOCTjiui cocjobía, RaR'b 
6u miipoRo OH^ Hu noHHMajHCb, ecTb cqerb h Mtpa; owb He Horyrb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHMM. — BHJrrPKaHKK OBOilT^HIK. B J W 

BOlHISaTB aeDpepilBHO, Wb 0C06eUH0CTM OOCJli TOIH) BiiKli \JÍH ťOrJlOIllil 

cAti&Ho yxe cTOjib MHoro. Bucxpo cjitAya oaun sa ApyiMMNi uuompitii 
aoiiBjeHie na cbítb BceeosMOSHUXi* ABopuBCKHXi iiimm^rtouii N4M U|mi 

leSTOBX, ABOpAHCKÍe CIÍ3AU HeMHHy6M0 CAluaJlMCIi Cu imUťMiHMNHMM 
ISIUnUieHiĚ HJH tfesyCJlOBHO HeiCOOJBHlIUIl, UJIH MCIlOJNMMUftlk ANMIIi 
ClIBBHMl BpeAOM^ A^il APyrHXl COCAOBÍtt. Ul »UttMN \l!hA%V0 O0lK» 

cneBflaro Kjucca óesnpepuBHaA u HCKJK)<iHTejiiiuaii Ba6(iTtt o (iiimom'^ 
ce6i apHBOAHTL £*& rtMi a;e pesyjbTaTAifb, uuiťb n B'I# wmíimm Hnvr* 
a&ro iHqa: oaa Biipa6oTUBaen qepcTBOCTb qyBcrn, OAUOCTopoHN<M'/ťi« 
wjJAOBi. EcTb, BOseTOO, cjyqaH, bi aoropyxi uoT|M}6Hm^Ti# vahmouíh 
emaercA e% norpeÓHocTbio Maccu; ho ux% cpaBflHTejn^uo mu/f, M h^ 
u HMzi npeHHyu^ecTBeHBO ocTaBaBjMBaerai mucmu, upHUUUMtm Hpi^ 
Mimuí n y»oi, aaiuajToi e4»ept. Ha o^ao AUopHšť.ium tm^^nk' 
cm, Baxooe au Bdxi cocionfi (san, aaupNMip^, tiiAft^tnUmm utřu 
miai Bjuora aa CTpaxoaaaíe, maú^mMMnmm^ uo mmtumi i/^pumf, 
ieRp6yprcB«rb Aaopaaciax^ cx^^ipaaieiis^ tuoMum uýH$mtH íííiíh%%, 
mopaa ajQm ai paspin n ajsKAMa ioMMiíMunm hmh^ mp n^ui^ 
ad aipfc, ae jarponaaam axi ipO90uťi^ He tiHtopum )mh ^ %á0$mM 
cntiv a^ a oni fx ^ qK/7aacr:,oj'/auK^en nwi*^p^jfin, mM::t)Hitm% m 
ax% coaepaeaaa Mftm (aaap, S4*jijnáKrriK# i^ '^.m/ffm$tMu *ňt, «;>Mk 

■ns ■■iBMiaii I Aiaaii' ra, ;i*^*v^?y?**vír tít^MMř.U0c v/4*#^ 

i^aawiaaa n}itfra}.;juauraji V7X «»iMfír«. «;j^ ^^^-m^i^ 

i^juoBaftKrsft .ataurrí. ^vi/Í^iwm?^^ jm^ vt^iVí^if # 

r-* jear-r^-ivTi. art»tK%v/,M«UM^4. M* *^^^ 
xaa iq«r^ ; ii^^aLAmu ^*:,mv }m0^''.^B^i0^s «. «^ii.y /#4' 
itt laijcaca^HK lái 'aianii laa rs M;«iMťM::«uin4r vr*>iBrl *>4nv/ ^^ 

-131 iijaMrj m -n^ a^^ ^ .«:a^.-.* ^^j^ » ^-pu^-mij^ ^* 







I Digitized by VjOOQIC 



380 B«CTHHR^ EBPonu. 

AHTB O MHOrHX^b APyrHXl, TaRXe BUCTynaDQ^HXrb He D0A% COCJlOBHOfi 
dTHKeTROft. 



OKOHqHBmaACfl He^asHO ceccúi nerepéy prcsaro ry5epHCRaro seMCBaro 
co6paHÍfl — nepsaji nocjit sBej^em^ bi> fl^^Řctide Hoearo aeHCRaro noxo- 
soHia— odHaMeHoeaHa yqp6SA^HÍeM'B npH ry5epHCRofi ynpas^ nocroAH- 
Haro CTaTHCTHRO-dROHOMHqecRaro OTA'&ieHÚi h ry6epHCRaro dROHOMH^e- 
CRaro coBŠTa. HainHU'B ^HTaxejiaM^b HSBi^Ha Hcropia aroro Bonpoca, 
aaTflHyBinaroca na i;'&iiix% TpH roj^a ^). &*& 1890 ro^y HSópaHa ÓUJta, 
ROMHHCcia AU o6cysAeHÍa Bonpoca o cnoco6ax% yjiy^meHÚi Hantioiie 
BasHHxrb orpacjiefi HapoAHaro xoaaJicTBa nerepéyprcRoft rytíepHÍM. Bi 
1891 r. paóOTu aToft rommhccíh 6umvl npHHaTii r^b CB^Aemi) h aepe- 
AaHU Wh yopaBy, T.-e. nojiosbHii noA'B cyaHo. Bx 1892 r. rommhccúi 
BospoARJiacb H8i neajia, h, qro ropasAo Basnie, wb aepBHi pa3'B 6iua 
acoirHOBaHa He6ojii»niaa cynMa (2.000 pyÓJiei) au paspaóoTRH dROSO- 
MH^ecRHXi BonpocoBi. SHaiHTejiBHOD ^acTbH) co6paBÍfl dTOTb man 
óujTb cjt^aHi, OAHaRo, BecbMa HeoxoTHo. HepacnojioseHie ea ko Bca- 
Roi npoiHott opraflHsai^iH aROHOMH^ecRaro A^a 6ujio tbr^b BeniRO, 
qxo OHa corjiamajiacb tojii>ro na VBejui^eHie cpeAcrai ynpaBH, ho ot- 
HDAB He Ha nocTOABHoe yBejEHienie esL nepeanojui^ u ne xorbJía ao- 
nycTHTb Aaace HauMeHOBaHÚi rommhccíh dROHOMH^ecRHHi cobítom'b. Bi 
HOBOMi CBooMi cocTRB^ co6paHie oTHeciocb R^b A^BHO HaapftBHiefi pe- 
^pM% ropaBAO 6jiarocRjiOHH^. IIpaBAa, h na dron pasrb ne 6aio 
HOAocTaTRa Bi BoapaseHíax^b, vb nonuTRaxi aaTopMasHTb a^o, otjio- 
sHTb ero Ha neoopeA^eHHoe BpoMa. Oahhi H8'b rjacHUXi npeAia* 
raji'b HOAOsRAaTb, noRa BuiAyn wb cvbrh nocjrbAHÍe abb Tona ochob- 
Horo cTaTHCTHqecRaro ODHcanin ry6epHÍH '); Apyrot yTBep3kAajn», ^to 

Jiyqme OTRpUBaTb CejlbCRO-XOdHiCTBeHHUA niROJlU, qtMl TpaTHTb A^HbrH 

Ha OHHTU dROHOMH^ecRofi hojihthrh; TperiĚ corjianiajiCH tojuro na Bpe- 
MeHHyK) accHrHOBRy, nn^ero ne npeApiniaH)n^yD bi 6yAyn(eMi, T.-e. 

XOT&Tb OCTaBHTb A^bjIO B^b TOM^b SO He0HpeA'6jieHH0M'b HOJlOSeHÍM, Vb 
RaROMl OHO HaXOAHIOCb AO CHX'b nopi. Bci dTH SaM^^aHifl, OAHaRO, 

HO noAMcTBOBajiH Ha co6paHÍe, 3HaiHTejibHUMx ÓoJibniHHCTBcnrB roio- 
coBi oAo6pHBniee bc% npeAnofloaseHia ryÓepncRofi ynpaBU h brohomh- 

qeCRoA ROMMHCCÍH. UoCTOAHHOe CTaTHCTHRO-dROHOMH^eCROe 0TA^6HÍ6 

npH ry6epHCRofi ynpaBŠ, y^pesAenBue b% cocxaai saBtAunaDH^ro h 



*) Cm. Bnyrp. 06o3pime n J« 3 „Bícth. EsponH^ sa 1892 r. 

*) HSI 8THn XBJZl TOMOBl, nOTTH rOTOBHXl Bl DB^TH^ TOl&BO OXBHl tííCMftCS 

BpecT&jiHCKaro xosaftcTBa (bi HOBOiaxcscBom yioxi), xpyrofi nocBJuqeBi o6mevT 
oÓBopy vicrao-BjaAJú&iecBBxi xouiíctbi, otxíuhh« oimcaHÚ loropoxi, lo yÍ9Xf^) 
Bci jme sasoneni h paciiy6jraB0MiHH. 



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XPOHHRA.-^BHyrPEflHBE OEOSraHIE. 381 

Hfxi ero eorpyj^HHKORi, aomxeo opraHHSOBaTb, no oópasr^y HHorixi 

JtpfTHXl SeMCTBl, TeRy^JD CTaTHCTHBy H BlťbCTb Cb rblTB H3UCKHBaTB 

I npiifiBflTB cnoco6H noxHflTifl MaTepiajbnaro ójiarococTOflEÚi ry6ep- 
lil. HanpaaiflTb j^i^TejbHocTB onineEui 6yAerb, cobm^ctho ci ry- 
kpmwoŘ yopaBoi, ryfiepecsiE dsoHOMHiecBÍfi coBirb, cocToxnpft hstb 
nim rxaeHHX^b, no Bu($opy co6paHÍfl. HsSHpaerca aBOHOMH^ecsít co- 
ňrb, sasi h ynpaBa, Ha TpH roAa, ^toÓu H86teaTb cjmmBOMi qa- 
enai nepev&irB vb ero cocTasi, a cjrixoBaTenHo h nepepuBOBi vb 
m pa6oT& Ha coAepsaHie craTBCTHBO-aBOHOiíBqecsaro OTx^eHÍA 
aecirwmaHo ceMb Thicsm^ py6jeft b^b rox% (^JieHU aBOHOHHiecRaro 
cortTa, aasi h bcšxi Bootfn^e 3evcBHX'b komhhccíA, BHsasoro coxep- 
laHM, KOHe^Ho, HO nojiy9aK)*rb). Mucjib o coeAHHeHÍH paóon dROHo- 
nraecxHx*b h craTHCTHvecRHXi RasoTca naM^b cqacTJUBoi ne ToibRo 
ooTovy, qxo dreirb nyreifb xocTHraercji coRpan^eHÍe pacxoAOBi, no h 
iOTovy, ^TO MBSAy 060HMH npej^MeravH cyn^ecTByexi cava4i TftcHaji 
BfijrpeHHafl cBaab. BcjiRafl noouTRa yjiy^mHTb HajiH^HiiH ycjOBÍA shbhh 
opeAnoiaraerb noApoÓHoe, BcecropoHnee snaRoiícTBO cx hhmh— a bto 
uttOMCTBo xaercfl TORyn^ei CTaTHCTHRoĚ, vb ocoóeHHocTH Rorxa ona 
irterb TBepAyD To^Ry onopu vb ocHOBHoirb craTHCTH^ecROMrb ooHca- 
iDi ryÓepHÍH. Ob xpyroft CTopoHH, caMUx noxauA h tohhha CTaTHCTH- 
leciU cBt^enÍJi ocraDTca MeprBoi 6yRBott, ecjiH hhrto ee nojibsyeTca 
m, fle HBBJíeRaeirb h3i hhxi, aoRa ohh em^e ho ycrapibju, opaRTH- 
^Kttin BUBOAOKb, HeHexiOBHo ocyn^ecTBHMuxi. CocpexoToqeHÍe vb 
(iutkrb pyxaxi pa6orb CTaTHCTHvecRHXx h dROHOiniqecRHxi vosen 
dysiiTb rapaHTÍett nocTOAHHaro h npaBHjbHaro HX'b BsasMROX^ĚCTBÍfl. 
3HaH6Hie xopomo-opraHHBOBaHHOft TORyn^ei CTaTBCTHRH ocoóeneo 
ipio BHcrynaerb na bhxi B'b HUH^niHee TflseAoe BpoMB. Mu roBopajm, 
n npeA'bHAyn^eirb oÓospieiH, o nopaBHrejibHoi to^bocth BU^BCjieHii, 
cxiiaBBUX'b jiitTOM-b 1891 r., erb ufbjíhD onpej^ijieHia pasiipoBi npex- 
CToiBnieft npoAOBOjn»cTB6HHoi Hys^^ii^ bopohoscrbme sohcrbiih craTH- 
t^Tnaiu. (Miaxafl TaRHMH xrhhuvh h npHBURsyFb AOBipjiTb HM^b, 
WHiflo MBoroe cx^JiaTb, VHoroe npexynpeAHTb; mosho sapaB^e Boopy- 
smeji npoTHB'b rpBxyn^aro Ó-^actbíb h dTHMi caMHirb SHa^HrejibHo 
TveiLiBBTb ero paaiiibpu. Sayoír, c'est préToir -Borb hto ho 6evb ocho- 
B&iiii MoryTb cRasaTb xt severBa, y ROTopHX'b xopomo nocraBioHa to- 
KynMUi eraTHCTHRa. Jífi RaRoft CTeneHH, naoóoporb, (SesnoHon^Hii seM* 
cm, y ROTopHxi ona ne cyníecTByerb— aro HyscTBOBajiocb bi rowb 
^^c^Ubíh nerepCyprcRaro ry6epHCRaro seHCRaro ceópasíji, Roropoe 
Shio nocBAD^eHO o6cysAeHÍD npoxoBoibCTBeHBaro Bonpoca. Bi h^ro- 
Topmi yi8Aax'b nerepóyprcRoi ry6epHÍH (nanp., HOBoia^oscRoirb) 
JPosal pjRH Bb 1892 r. ówtb BHa^HTejibHO Huse cpexHuro; nexopomH 
ittse, RicraHH, oBHMue bcxoxu, Tarb tto eecHoi npHj^ercA, Ósrb mo- 



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382 B%CTHHR'B EBPOaU. 

aieTTi, sadjiTB oshhua dojea npoBuui* xj^óomi. HyacHo 6ujio no^yvaTit 
o saroTOBK^ apoeiixi cšmah^ h Aemeearo ^jA6b, — ho xáHHUxiy no 

ROTOpUMB MOTRHO 6UJI0 6h OOpe^tjIHTB paSM^pii 3T0ft OOTpeÓHOCTH, Vh 

pacaopA»eHÍH coópaHia 6biJio o^eHb vajio, h óojbinoD j^ocTOB^pHocTbi) 
oHt He oTjiHqajiiHCB. npHinjocb oTEpHTB ry5epHCRoft ynpaaib BpexHn, 
HO OTAasaii ce6i flcnaro oxqeTa, bie: Basofi cTeneHH e vjsfk HHeHHo 
HyKHO 6jjí,&rh Ri neHy npH6'brHyTB. Hh o HeM'B noxoÓHOMi ne noříc 
6u 6uTh H p-bqif, ecJiHtíii cotipanie pacnoiarajo CTaTHCTH^ecKmrB eze- 

rOAHHROM^ B^ pOXt B0p0HeSCRHX'B HJIH 1Í0CB0BCRHXT>. BoSBVeiťB^ MA^ 

iTpHM'bpa, MocROBCRÍfi cTaTHCTH^ecRÍft eacepOAHBRi sa 1892 r. (mecToi 
roAi Hs^aHÍfl). nepBaA ero lacrb: „cocTOflHÍe xji^Sob^ h TpaB*B wh 
MocROBCEoi ryÓepHÍB Ri l-My ídhh 1892 r/ BHDiJia vb cbíte eiD,e 
jitToiTB; ecjsHÓH cvbAesiHj bi> Heft saRJiDqaDii^iACfl, yRaauBaJiH na ne- 

OÓXOIHMOCTb RaRHXlJIHÓO 9RCTpeHHHX'B M^p^ (Hanp., nOMOD^H B^ o6ct- 

MeneRÍH oshmuxi nojieft), ryOepHCRaii ynpasa HM^jia 6u nojiHyD bos- 
MOSHOCTB CBoeBpeieHHo cosBaTb, CT> dToft i^ijibK), qpesBuqaiHoe aesf- 
CRoe co6paHÍe. Bet ocTaibuiifl qacTH cej[bCRo-xo34iflCTB6HHaro o63opa 
611JIH roTOBH Ro EpeMOBH oTRpuTÍA oiepexHOFo coópaHÚi: 0H'& coxep- 
»arb B'b ce6t, Mesj^y opo^BiTB, j^aHHua o pasM^paxi h RavecTst 
ypo»aA 1892 r., o&b ycjioBÍax'b, npn ROTopHxi Cum npoHSBexeiru 
03Hiiue noc&Bu, o bharxi ea npoAOBOJibCTBie HacejieHiji h npoRopMxeHie 
cROTa B^b 3HMy 1892 — 93 r., o i^isaxi na pa6oiÍR pyRH h na CRon, 
061 ap6HA'i^ noRocoBi H naxaTHiix'b seMejib. Co6paHÍe, TaRHin» o6pa- 
dOMi, vorjio A'^icTB0BaTb en pleine connaissance de cause h noMOHb 
HacejieniK) na bc^x^ nyHRTax'b, vjt,i novon^b 6um Heo6xoj^nMa. RpoM'fc 
cejibCRo-xo3aficTBeHHaro o63opa, MOCROBCRift „CTaTHCTH^ecRif Eacero;^- 
HHRi'' coAepmHTb Bi cefi*]^ en^e ^JShehuA p^j^x HSCJitAOBaHift, npaRTH- 
MecRH BasHuxi (ne roBopii y»e o i;'6hhocth HX'b, rrri* HaTepíajiOBTi 
AJíH Hsyqenífl napoAHoft »h3hh). TaROBu, nanpHMtpi, CTaTbn: j^IIpo* 
MUCJiu H 3eMJieAtJibqecRÍe 3apa6oTRH b% SRííy 1891—92 r/; „ORjaxu, 
HOCTynjieHiH H neAOHMRM RpecTbHHCRaro HacejieHia mocrobcroA ry6epHÍH"; 
„CraTHCTHqecRift OTqerb 061 yqnJiHn^ax^b vb 1891 — 92 y^eónoin. rojty*"; 
„SeMCRoe CTpaxoBanie bi mocrobcroA ryčepnin^. Ilpn TaRofi nnipoKoft 
nporpaMM-b RaacAuii sunycRi eseroAHHRa Afterb AOBOJibHo noJiHyD Kap- 
THHy nojiosenifl ryíepHÍH— h, bm^ct^ ci rbwh, TBepjíy© noHBy wíí 
j^iflTejibHocTH seMCTBa. 6x rbxii se, npH^JiHSHTejibHo, npeA^Jiaxi—- cyxA 
no jtoRjiaAy ryóepHCRofi ynpaBU— npeAnojaraeTcn oprannsoBaTb TeKy- 
DíyD cTaTHCTHBy H Bi noTepfiyprcRoft ryĎepnin, 

IleTepfiyprcROMy ryóepncROMy aeiicTBy, xopomo h Ao6pocoBÍCTHo 
HcnojHADu^eMy ojinasAU npnHHTUA na eeós sa^a^H, He^ocTanajio, ao 
CHxrb uopi, ifHHa.iaTiiBU ii ptmHTejibHocTH. nepBiJfi ne^ocTaTORi en^e 
ne TaR'b BaaRenx, ecjiH oni BocnojiHaeTca roTOBHOCTbH) cj^j^oBaTb f^ó- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHRA. — BHYTPEHHKE 0B03P*H1E. 383 

poMy npHvi^py Apyraxx sevcTBi -roTOBHocTB©, KOTopoio neTeptíyprcKoe 
sevcTBO Bcer^a OTJSuqajiocb. Gepbe3H%e BTopofi HeAocTaTORx, neHsGisHo 
Bej^yn^ii ki> veAJieHHOCTH h nojiy-irbpaiťB. Bcasoiiy pacmHpeHíi) 3eif- 
CKofi j(%flTejiBHOCTH, Aase óxoÓpeHHOMy b'b npuHi^Hnt, npeAinecTBOBajiH, 
vh IleTepóypr']^, ROJieóaHÍfl h orcpo^RH, npoAOJisaBmiflCJi HHorxa ii;'bjiiie 
TQM,u. ysopeHHBiniflCfl npHBU^BH He HcqeaaiorB cpasy; noESTBOi hto 
He coBc^H^ CBoĎOAHUMi 0Tb HHXx oRasajiocB H ryóepHCRoe coópaBÍe 
HOBaro cocTaBa. Ecjih oho corjiacHJocB, HasoHei^x, na muposyi) nocTa- 
BOBBy dBOHOMHHecBofl opraHH3ai^ÍH, TO B^ nepBHitb nonuTsaifB x^a- 

TeJILHOCTH Bl> HOBOMl HanpaBJieHÍH OHO OTHeCJIOCb Ch 06lIHHU1fl» HBÓEIT- 

xoMi ocToposHocTH. FyÓepHCBafl ynpaaa h dKOHouH^ecsafl BOHMHCcifl 
npe^JiarajiH HeveAJieHHo npncTynHTB bi HcnojiHeHii) AByxii aaAa^i, 
oeyn^ecTBHHocTb h nojiesHOCTB KOTopuxi AaBHO yse xovasana ouutoitb 
ApyrHxx sevcTBi: b% BU^a^i BpecTBAHaM^ ccyA^B boa^b sajiorB oBca ^) 

H K^ yCTpoftCTBy CeJIBCBO-XOSflfiCTBeHHUXX BOVMHCCÍOHepCTBl AJia npo' 

AasH c^MflHi, yAOÓpHxejiBHUxi Beu^ecTBi h seMjieAtjiBqecBHXx opy^ift. 
?T0 aaHJiTBCfl H rbMii h ApyrHHi asejiaTejiBHO --dToro bx coÓpaHÍH ne 
orpHii^aji^ HHBTo; il^wb ne Mentě hm^ ne cys^eno 6ujio, Ha dTOTi pas^ 
nepefiTH bi ibh3Hb, HS^-sa npen^TCTBÍft hhcto 4K)pifajiiBHiix'L h BecBva 
lerBO ycTpaHHMUxT). B^ npoeET-b npaBHJťB, BupafioTaHHUxi ynpaBOD h 
KOMMHCciei) DO opeAMery čcyA'B noA'B oaecB^ HH^ero ne 6ujio CBaaaHO 
o pasvipt npoi^eHTa ea ccy^u h o cpost nxi Boaspamenifl, noTOvy 
HTo npeAHOJiarajiocB npeAOCTaBHTB onpeA'&JieHÍe Toro h Apyroro ry6epH- 
CBOMy dBOHONHqecBOMy coB^Ty. Co6paHÍe nanuio HyacHHirB ycTaHOBHTB 

aTH HOpMU no CBOevy COÓCTBeHHOMy yCMOTpiHÍH)— h npoTHBi BToro 

BH^ero B08pa3HTB nejibSA; ho saAa^a, bx cyii^HocTH BecBMa npocTan, 
Morjia 6uTh HcnoJiHeHa Torqaci »e hjiu bi TeneHÍe h'6cbojibbhx'b ahoA 
(TtM'B 60Jlte, HTO no CJiy^BK) ABOpflHCBHXli Bu6opoBi ceccÍH coópaHÍA 
6ujia npepBaHa na abí HeA'bjiH) — a co6paHÍe Bepayjio Becb Bonpoci b% 
yopasy h otjioshjio ero pa3p']^nieHÍe na ni^hii toa%. IIpaBAa, orcpo^sa 
xoTHBHpoBaea, ve^Ay npoHHHi, Heo6xoABHocTBio npoBecTH npaBUJia o 
ccyAaxi, Bo BceM^ hmi o6i»eii%, lepesi jizji,Eua bomcbía co6paHÍfl; ho 
TasoĚ neoóxoAHHocTH na cavoMi* jifb^i bobcb ne 6ujiO| noroMy hto Bce 
cyni^ecTBeHHoe BinpaBHJiaxTi 6hjio yase pa8CH0Tp']^H0 y^AHi^iiH co6paHÍAifM, 
a BOopocB o noHHseHÍH npoi^eHTa Hjm yAJiHHaeHin cpoBa ccyAi'} ecJiH6u 
9T0, no yBasaniflMii onura, oBasajiocb nyaBHUH^^ ytsAU hofjih 6u bos- 
(yAHTB H Qocjit naqaJia onepai^in. ?to BacaoTc^ AO otbputíji speAHTa 

^) dra OHepaiiUi, npaKTHKyeiiaji bi ocoÓohho mapoBHXi paoitpaxi specreiiKHiii 
jiisjuiHn seiíCTBOiii, ocBoóoxxaen KpecTBjíHi on HeoÓzoAHMocTH cÓUBan oBeci 
ocesBK), sa 6e3i(ÍHOEi>, irb yojiaTH uoxaTeá h iah nospuiia xpymxi HeoTJiosiiBxi 
ptcxoAon, H BflOBfc DOKyuaTb ero aa noctBi BecBoi), no BHcosoft i^hí, ^acTo ho 
oooniTCTByoiieft ero KanecTBy. 



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384 B^CTU£IK1> EBPonu. 

Ha ycTpoficTBo yba^HUHH aeMCTBanH cejibCKo-xoaaficTBOHHuxi romhhc- 
cíoHepcTBi, TO oHo TEKse oTcpo^eHo js,o 6jAjtssjBLro roAa, TaK'B Basi 
»ejiaHÍe j^aobii BocnoJibsoBaTBCfl speAHTOM'B He Óhjio ofijie^eHo bi 
({>opMy npjiifuxi o tomi xo^aTaftcTBi^. HyxHo Hax^TbCA, ?to npH 
AajibHŠltnieMi pasBHTÍH Taaoro acHBoro aím^ sasii dBOHoiiH?ecRaa no- 
Moiub HacejieHÍK), HasjíoHHOCTE Ki ByHBTaTopcTBy ttoŘMfiTb Bi» uerep- 
CyprcRoiťB ryfiepHCKOVB seiícBOifL co($paHÍH ne na noBumeHÍe, a Ba 
nooHacenie. 

GocTaBi nereptfyprcBaro ry6epHCBaro seiiCRaro coépaHÍjiHdiťikHHJicfl, 
uoA'B BjriHHÍeMi HOBaro sevcBaro nojioaceníji, aobojii>ho vajio. HaSpoHHuxh 
rjiacHHx-B TftnepL Bcero 50, bm'6cto npesHHxi 65; neiepóypin* nore- 
pfljTb ceMb npeACTaBHTejiefl (bmí^cto 25 owb mvberb hxi TenepB 18), 
yisAU neTepro<i)CBÍž h i^apcBocejibCBifi — no xBa, y^AU rAOBCsift, Jiyz- 
CBÍ&, HOBOJiaAOSCBiĚ H neTep6yprcBÍ8 — no oAHovy, h toji>bo ABa yl^Aa, 
nijiHCcejib6yprcBÍtt h flMÓyprcBÍ&i coxpanHJiH npesnee ^hcjio npeACTaBHTe- 
Jieft. YBeJiHqujiocb saTo qHCJio ^jiohobi co^pania HeHsópaHHUxi: B'b npe»* 
HHVb AByvi^ (npoACTaBHTejiflHi BasHU H yA^a) npHcoeAHHHJDiCb eiQe Ae- 
BflTb — BOceMb y^Afluxi npeABOAHTOJiefl ABopAHCTBa u AenyTarb on Ay * 
xoBHaro B'bAOMCTBa — TaBi ^o o6ia,iŘ BOMUJieBTi qjieHOBi co6paHÍfl noHH- 
3HJic^ Ch 67 TOJibBo AO 61 % Hsi 50 HaópanHUXi* rjacnuxi TOJibso oduu- 
Hodmmh ne bxoahjiu vb cocTasi npesHAro co6paHÍfl. Bcero BOHcepBaTHB- 
H'be oBasajmcb ropoAi* nerepóyprb h ytsAU neTep6yprcBift h nunicceJB- 
6yprcBÍfi; €cih npeACTaBHTejra hxi h npe»Ae 6ujih rjiacHbiMH. BoJibme 
Bcero HSH^HHJiocb npoACTaBHTejibCTBO yibsAOBi^ HOBOJULAOScBaro (ABoe ho- 
Buxi rjiacHHxi Hai Tpexi), ii^apcBocejibCBaro (xpoe hstl hath), nerepro^ 
cBaro H FAOBCBaro (no Asa hsx oath); wb yisAaxi^ JiyscBOifb h jmÓyprcBOirb 
BUÓpaHo no oAHOMy HOBOMy rjiacHOMy. Eai qHCJUt y .bsAHiixi npeABOAH- 
Tejiek ABopAHCTBa ABoe (neTepro4>CRÍfi h jni6yprcBÍft) npHHaAJiesarb n 
HHCjiy caMuxi AaBHuniHHXT> ry6epHCBHX'b rjiacHbixi; rAOBCBift npeABO- 
AHTaib TaBse ho bi* nepBHfi pa8'b y^acTByerb vb co6paHÍu. Husasoft 
posHR MesAy npeABOAHTejuMH h HaÓpaHHUMH rjiacHUMH ne 6uxo aa- 
M^THo; co CTopoHU nepBuxi He Óujio hh vajoiiftnieft nonuTBH o6ieAH- 
HHTbca fPb oco6yK) rpynny. Go(SpaHÍey no^TH HCBJwquTejibHo cocTaBJíeH- 
Hoe H3i ABopani^, ocrajiocb hhcto sevoBHirb, bcí^vb cbohmi tohomi h 
AyxovB p-ibsBO oTJiHqaHCb orb ABopflHCBaro. HaMi nepeAaeajiH, qro TO^flo 
TaBii »e pa^HHi^a He»Ay oóohmh ceÓpadaiiH, HenocpeACTBOHHO cjiíao- 
BBBniHMH Apyri^ sa ApyroHi, 6pocajiacb B^b rjiasa u bi HoBropoA^ *)• 



*) Ha CAMom x^bii «ijreBOBi co6paHÍJi 6huo toako 60, noroxy tto oihhi va^ 
npexBoxHTeiet (HOBOJiaxoscKift) Óhjii BiToxespeu H86paHHiiin> riacHiiirb on cioero 
y*8ia. 

*) SaiitiaTeibBo, ito n nerepÓyprcKoirb ry^epecKom seiíCKOiii coÓpaHÍB aacu- 
Tusaeroi oiesb Maio sexcsiixi HaiaJbHHKOBi (ee 6ojie 5 eji 6)* B% npexcfatf- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHKA. — BHyrPEHHEE 0B03P*HIE. 385 

Ki cosaJirikHii), Hejii>3ji CKasaTB xorose caMaro o actxi o6HOBJieH- 
HUii seiiCRHXi coópaHÍflxi. BorB, HanpHifipii, qxo nu HHTaeiťB bi 
soppecnoHAeHipH hsi PasaHH, Hane^aTanHofi vbJi6 „Hej^&iH": „IIh- 
Tejra cejia YxcjiOBa, pAScsaro yÍ3Aa, noJiyqHJH nenojiHiift HaA^'B h 

BCJI[ÍACTBÍe dTOrO SaHAJlHCB Bl 0C06eHH0GTH TOprOBJíeft H npOHUCJiaMH. 

Ha aeiiJii coc^AHafo noii^ii^HBa JIonyxHHa 6uBaerE no BOCRpecenBAVB 

(SasapB, Ha soTopuň CB^acaDTCJi setojih Tpexi cocíahhxi jísaobi. 

dKOHOnifl r. lonyxHHa Opajia ojiaTy — h xobojibho sHa^HTejiBHyiD — ee 

TOJLKo sa nocTOJiHHiiA M^CTa, saHflTUA jiaBKaMH, CTOJaMHy najiaTBanH, 

HO H sa B08U CB xjitÓoMx, oBoiD^aiiH H xpyrniiH npoAyRTavH, npHBo- 

SHiniMH Ha npoAasy. B:b 1885 r. specTBAne p'binHJiHCB xoji;aTaftcTBOBaTB 

o6x orspuTÍH óasapa h apiiapoK^ na hxi* Haj^^BHofi seMjit, oóiisyflCB 

ne (paTB njiaTU cb bosobi. Faxckoo yi^SAHoe co6paHÍe bi* tomi ace 

roxy paspiniMjio HifB OTKpuTB 6a8api> no ^eTBepraMx. IIocTaHOBJíeHie aro, 

onporecTOBaHHoe ryÓepnaTopoiťB, óujio npe^CTasjíeHo sa ycMorpteie npa- 

BHTejiBCTByDíi^aro cenaTa, Koropuft nporecrB ry5epHaTopa ocTasHJďB óeai 

nociiACTBÍft, He npHSHaBi bi otrputíh 6a3apa Hapymeaifl npasa qacTHofi 

co6cTBeHHOCTH. B^ oRT^Ópit 1892 r. noBipeHHuň r. JIonyxBHa o6paTHJicfl 

vh pfl»CRyK) yopaBy cb npocB6oft o saRpuTÍH 6a8apa na RpecTBAHCKofi 

aevit c. YxojiOBa, RaRi npE^HH^Dni^aro pimHTejtbHuft yÓUTORi Topro- 

B0& naioH^aAM r. JIonyxHHa h BusuBanu^aro BOJiHeHÍA h ÓeanopAARH. 

7Í3AHoe coópaHÍe corjiacHJiocB erb dtemh AOBo^aMH h npESsaJio Ejmnuwb 

saipuTB 6a3aprB na DJioma^n RpecTBaH'B, RaRx HapymaDH^íA HHTepecBi 

r. JIonyxBHa, o ^om^b h yBijnoMHjo ryfiepecRyio ynpaBy, ynpaBa, npn- 

HHMaa BO BHHMaHíe paBHocHJiBHue HHTepecu RpecTBiiH'B, npe;(Jio»Hj[a 

OTRjioHHTB xoj^aTaficTBO pjiscRaPo co<5paHÍfl. Ho ryóepHCRoe coópame 

BsrjiflHyjio BHaqe: xyrB pas^ajiHCB fi^E na xeMy, hto ;^BopAHHHy otx> 

MysHRa mmhH ne crajio, ?to h6 CAÍj(jeTi> ^asaTB ooBaARy AiET^awb 

H HerOAHAM^, HTO BJiaCTH HaA'B HHMH HÍ^T'B CHJIBHOty H T. A* IIOAHAJICJi 

myiTB H TAWb. HecorjiacHue (hx^ 6ujio neMHoro) budijih mi> sajiu, h 
co6paHÍe óoJibniHHCTBoiťB tojiocobx pimHjio saRpuTB ToproByD njfon^aAB 
na RpecTBflHCRoft seMJit". TpyAHo dobíphtb, hto híhto noAOĎHoe npoHSO- 

fflJIO Wb seMCKOMb C06paHÍH, ofiflaaHHOMB OAHHaROBO OXpaHATB HHTepecBi 
BCix^ COCJIOBifl. ^0 RpafiHOCTH CTpaHHUMl HpeACTaBJIfleTCJi yse B3rJflA'B 

yidAHofi ynpaBU h yi^Anaro coépaHÍA, noTHBHpyioBílHxi saRpuTÍe 6a3ápa 

BUSUBaeMHMH HM^ BOJHeHÍAMH (I?) H ÓeSOOp^ARaMH, T.-O. AOBOAOlťB 

9HCT0 * HOJiHi^eftCRaro xapaRTepa; ho en^e 6oJite HenonaTHU Bosrjiacu 



reucTB^ hícsoibkhzi fbsfjovh (jtyscsaro, HOBOJiaxoscKaro, neTepÓyprcsaro, mjiHCceib- 
ÓyprcKaro) hxi híti bobcc; 6ojiBiirHHCTBO ohh cociaBJUiDťl. tojbbo iiexxy nacHHira 
rjlOBCKaro yisxal A wb HHseropoxcRom ry6. aeiiCKoin* co6paHÍH, rxi BaÓpaHBHxi nac- 
ma% Bcero 51, aeiicKiizi HaqaiBHHROFb— d9a^t(amerm6cm6! 

Tom II.— Mapti, 1898. 26 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



386 BfkCTHHB'B EBPOnU. 

ry6epHCBHX'b rjiacHuxi), onojiHaiDiiiHxcji Ha Myofcuimtí 6a3api bo hma 

deopjlHCKUXZ HHTOpeCOBX H BOninn^HXl 061 OTCJTCTBÍH „CHJIbHOft BJiaCTH^^. 

EcjiH He^ocTaTo^HO „CHjn>Ha' BJiacxB seiícKHxi Ha^ajibHHBOBi, to qxo 
se vorjiH rr. piisaHCRÍe ABop^He pasyM^Tb noA'^ HiieHeirb .chjilhoí 
BjiacTH""? BoTqHHHyD nojiHi^ÍD? naTpHMOHÍajiBHUĚ cyx^b, sac^xaDmii 
Bx KasAoft ycaAB6% h BOopysenHuft Me^anH npaBocyxia? hjih npocTo 
B03CTaHOBJi6HÍe BptnocTHoro npaBa?... 

He coBciiTL yxiniHTejiBHUfl bíctu mu naxoAHMi wb „Rexbxb* 
(J\& 5) H o KOCTpoMcsoiťB ry6. aeMCKOMi* co6paHÍH, Tasse tojibbo-wo 
H36paHHOMB Ha ocHOBaHÍH noJiosenÍA 1890 r. „PpoMa^noe 6ojiBniHHCTBO 
ne^aTHiixi AOKJiaj^OBB, — nHmeTrb o?6BHAei]^'b, — oTjm^ajiocb BpafiHeft 
csyAocTbK) H KpaTKOCTbH). BojiLHiafl uxi HacTb 6iiJia nocBfln^eHa Bonpo- 
caiťb o BU^a^i nocoóit, Harpaxi h nencift. Ha-p^Ay erb dTHM^b Bosce 
Be HHŽJiocb AOKJnaAOBi no caMUM'b cyu^ecTBeHHuifL h HHTepecHUMi sa- 
AanaMi soMCKaro xo&aficTBa. 3eMCBoe coópaBÍe ne nojiyHHJio HHBasoro 
opeACTaBJíeHia o&b opraHUsaAÍH HapoAHaro o6padOBaHLi vb ry6epHÍH, 

O&b yCTp0&CTB% HOAHI^HHCKOĚ ^aCTH, O 60JlÍ8HflXl, BOTOpUMB 6UJÍ0 nOA* 

BepseHo HacejieHíe, o nojioaceniH npoAOBOJibCTBeHHaro A^a, o A^^Teju*- 
HOCTH BerepHHapHuxi spaneň h cxpaxoBUxi aroETOBB h t. n. IIpaBAa, 
Bi OAHOHB AoiuiaA'^ ynpaBa socHyjacb BCBOJbSb Bonpoca o BHAax^b na 
ypoasaň, no xoAaTaficTBy oahofo y^SAa o BHAa^*]^ npoAOBOJibCTBeHHoi 
ccyAU; HO BOCb dTorb AOBJíaAB daKAiOHaeri bi ce6^ TOJibRo 17 cmpaneKh 
TOKCTa. Sac^AaHÚi seMCBaro coópanifl npoHSBOAHJiH xasoe BnenaTjiiHie, 
Basi óyATo cpoAH boctpomcrhxb ry($epHCBHXi> rjiacHUXB h^tb hh oa- 
Horo qejioB^Ba, xopomo sHaROMaro ci npasTHBoft sevcBaro xbju^ c^ 
ero i^^flHH H saAa^aMH, ROToptift Mor'b 6u HanpaBJuiTb saHHTiii co6pa- 
Hiji. Cnocotíi o6cysAeHÍA Bc%x'b BonpocoBi nopaacajďb CBoeft nepBo5uT- 
HocTbD H HaHBHOCTbK). Boumafl qacTb pasroBopoBi Bpan^ajiacb obojio 
BonpocoBi: Aaxb hjih ho Aaxb nocoSie. Bonpocu xe Ba.ii6ojAe cyn^e- 
CTBeHHue npHHHM ajiHCb noHTH 6e8i bcabhxi npeHifi**. HHTepecHo 6hao 
6u 3HaTb, oTJiH^aJiocb JIH T^MH so CBoiCTBauH npesHeo, A0-pe4K>p- 
MeHHoe BocTpoMCRoe ry6epHCRoe coópaHÍe, h wb saRofi CTonenH hbmí- 
HHJicji, noAi BJÚHHieiťb HOBUX^ Hop^ABOBi, cocxaBi coópaHÍH? CyAii no 
xapaBTepHCTHB']^ Aobjibaobb ry6epHCBofl ynpaBu, H86paHHoA en^e npes- 
HHM^ cofipaHÍeifb, HosHo npeAHOJiaraTb, qro jierBOMbicjieHHoe oTHomeHÍe 
Bi> BasHŽfiniHHB BonpocaM'b soHCBaro xosirftcTBa cboSctbobho ho oahhm'b 
xoAbRo hobumi rjiacHHMi; ho o6n^ifi ROJiopHTb npenifi Bce se, no Bcet 
BŽpoaTHocTH, 6ujrb 6u H']bcBOJibRo APyroft, ecjiHÓu bb cotípanin npeo6- 
jiaAajiH CTapue ^euuj^—cmapue ne roAaMH shshh, a roAaxH seifCROfi 
AiaTejbHocTH. „HacTpoenie coĎpania, — roBopHTi* asTopi n;HTHpoBaHHOĚ 
Haifn cTaxbH, — HanoHHnaerb DHomy, ne o^AaAaDu^aro hh dnanieiTB, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHKA. — BHyXPEHHEE 0B03P«HI£. 387 

HH yM'bHbeM'b, HH onuTHocTBi), HO DpeHcnojiHeHHaro HaHJiy^niHXi no- 

pUBOBli. GoÓpaHÍe 6hJI0 TOTOBO npHHHMaTB BCt npeAJI0S6HÍA, HM^DQ^la 

vh BHxy HapoAHue HHrepecu*. BidToiťB saBjuDHaerca, óeacnopHO, rpo^ 
xaAHoe npeHHyn^ecTBo Eocxpovu nepeA'B PasanBi). HeonHTflocTB, ne- 
dHEHie x^jia — 6ijifi^ nonpaBHMafl, cpaBHHTejiBHo JierKan; ropa8xo onacH^ 
coejioBHue npexpascjARH, osecTOHeHHoe npeAT^^s^eHÍe npoTHBi ,117- 
siBa*. nepBUfl — 8T0 HeAociaTOKi^ mojioj^octh, yMenBinanm^íĚcfl ciKas- 
AHMi j^Heifi, jramB 6h tojibko 6um Ha*jiHi^o xo($paA bou; nocjitAHie 
— nopoKi crapocTH, sanepcTBiBinefi h OKaifeH%j[o&. 



»♦ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



388 B&GTHHKl EBPOnU. 



MHOCTPAHHOE 0B03P%HIE 

1-ro Mapia 189S. 



HapiaMeHTCKaji ^Óojtobbji'' n ea SHa^eHÍe.— JIojUTH^ecKaji ffkmejhBOcrh FiMcroiia.— 
SacixftBÍe naiaTH oÓiohbi 18-ro 4>eBpajii. — HobhA HpiaBxcufi 6Hm, ero xocroHHCTBa 
H HexocraTKH.— BoepaseHÍa onnoraiuH.— Bonpoci 06% HpiaHxcKoft aBTOBoidi n reopÍR 
H Ba opaKTEcft. — HoBHe KOBcepBaiopH vb repMHBÍB. — TopxecTBo ODnoprjBHaHa sa 

^pasiMH. 

IIy6jiHii;HCTU, npHBUBinie roBopHTB CBUcosa o napjaMeHTCKoft ^ďoji- 
TOBHt'', 3a6uBai)Ti o6uRHOBeHHO Ty npocTyi) HCTHey, hto HHBasie 
rocy;i(apcTB6HHue Bonpocu se pi^niav)TCfl Óesx cjioBecearo oócys^e* 
Bifl, Óyxenb jih nocjiiAHee o(Sjie^eHo bi^ 4^opMy KaHi^ejiapcsoft ^ne- 
penHCBH*', AOKJiaAOBX, OTHomeHÍfi sa nyMepoiTB, h t. n., hjih npH- 
ueTh xapaBTepii BcecTopoHHflro nyÓJiHqHaro paatfopa h bphthbh. Ecjra 
BOAi „ÓOJiTOBEeft** pasyni^TB pa8Hoo6paBie apryii6HT0B'b, xoxoxaniee 
xase Ao HSJHinecTBa, to TaKHin cboActbomi h6cohhíhho OT^H^anrca 
napjiav6HTCKÍa npenia bi sanaAHoft Esponi^; ho oÓHjiíe aoboaobi h 
piineft UEVjsíb He CHHTaeTca nejiocTaTROHi, Korxa a^o H^erB o sas- 
HHTB ofin^ecTBeHHUxx HHTepecaxi. Biitb MoserB, octb Tasie bos- 
BumeHHue jidah, aja BOTopuxi FjaACTOHi^ ecTB tojibro napjiaMeHT* 
CKÍfi 6oJiTyHi^, a hcthhhumh vy^pei^aMH jibjiadtch jihhib HOJi^ajHBue 
cocxaBHrejiH Bani^ejiapcKHXi AORJiaxoB^; o^Haso hhrto ne cxanerB 
OTRpuTo BucRasuBaTB ?To-HH6yAB Bo^o^Roe, TaRi^ BaR^ 4>&sTii ys^B 
cjumROiTB rpoMRo roBopflTTB 3a ce6fl. FjiaACTOHi HS^aBna nojiBsyeTCA 
cjiaBofi nepBocxeneHHaro rocy^apcTBenHaro a^htojia h opaxopa; a owh 
BupocB Bcei^tjio Ha no?BÍ napjiaveHTapHBMa, 6e3% ROToparo ohi* 6un 
6u coBepmeHHO HeimcjiHifB. IIpecTap']^Jiiift nepBufi mhhhctpi AHrjriH 
CHJiBHie, qtvB RorAa-jiH6o, 3aBJiaA'bjrB wb nacTOAn^ee apoMfl^ danaxBO- 
eBponeficRHVB oÓo^ecTBeHHUMi MHtnieMi; Bct BHHMaTejiBHO cjAf^arb 

sa XOJkOWb OopBÓU, ROTOpyiD B086yAHJI'B FjiaACTOHl CBOHVB npoeRTOiTB 

upjiaHACRofi aBTOHOMÍH. MHHHCTepcTBo, CTpoMfliueecji AocTaBHTB nox- 
BjacTHoft HapoAHOCTH Bci 6jiara caMoynpaBJíeHitf h BCTpi^aDn^ee na 
dToiťB nyTH dHeprH?ecRyi) ohhoshi^íi) vh cavoM^ oóm^ecTBi, bi^ ero 
iiHTHnaTiflxx H npejtpascyABaxi, — flajieníe b^ Bucmeft cxeneHH jídóo- 
suTHoe H noy^HTOJiBHoe, Aase aha npoHHRHyTofi jiHÓepajHBMOHi^ Ebpohh. 
^to6h npaBHTOJiBCTBo 6ujio óojiie jiH6epajiBH0, niwb o6n^ecTBO, h Ta- 
Hyjio ero BnepeA'B Ri paAHRajiBHuirB pe4»opMaMi^,— *dTo Bootfo^e fisBaerb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHSA. — HHOCTPÁHHOE OEOSraHIE. 38* 

jtoBOJiBflo p^AKo; HO en^e pt»e cjiy«iaeTCfl, htoÓh bo rjae-b Tasora 
nepej^OBoro npaBiTejiBCTBa croflJTB ciapei^^ 83-z'b aítb. Heyj^HBHxeiBHa 

DOarOllf, HTO BOUpOCl 06*5 HpJiaHACKOft aBTOHOVÍH MJBi&rb nOBOA'B K% 

TEKOMy o6hjiík> piqefi h pa3cysj(eHÍfi, saBoro ne sanoHBjíTi CTapiftnrie 
lisiieáE aHFjiificBofi neqaTH. raseriii nepenoíHenu CTaTBavE, orqeTaMH 
i raesMaMH na dTj Tevy; opaiopti Bcixi naprift BHCBasuBaDTCx o 
flOBoiTB HpjiaHj^cKovb Ďhjijií, pasÓHpaDTb ero vb npHHi^unt h b^ no- 

jpo(HOCTflX'B, H HHKOMy, OHeBHAHO, He npHZOAHTX 3% TOJOBy, ^TO 9TK 

UDropasjíHqHue j^oboau sa h npoTHBi saAyMaHHofl rjiaACTOHOici& pe<|)opiiu 
npej^crasjíADTi co5oi) HaiHmHDD Óojtobhd. Tasí sasi 8Ta pe4)opMa 
(íua npe^JioaeHa eme b-b 1886 roAy h cb tíxi nopt cjiyatHJia nen- 
TpanHHM-L nyHKTOMx juóepaiBHoft nporpaMMU, to ona óujia npeAHe- 
wn nocTOAHHUxi cnopoBi bi Te^eníe i^'bjHxi& ceiiH jiítb; qjiOHU 
VKiHctepcTBa H oddoshaíh He nepecTaBaJH roBopHTb o Heft bi usuAa- 
Hii napjaiieHTCEHxi Bu6opoBi, soropue aojishu óujih pimHTb aíjio 
K Tj HXH Apyryi) CTopoHy, a ci do^íaod rjMiACTOHa u CB nepexo- 
Mn BiacTH B% ero pysH BonpocB cHOBa BCTynn^i b% ^nBiAC% opas- 
Tneeioft saBOHOAaTaiBHoi nocTaHOBEH h cA^jajcji do^tm hcud^h* 
TeAHHirB npeAMeroMi^ oón^ecTBennaro o6cysAeHÍfl. To, nrb roBopuJiocb 
i nicaiocB 00 aroMy opejuieTy aa Bce 9to speiui vb Ahfjiíu, mofjio 6u 

COCTtBITB, BtpOflTHO, HBpHAHOe SOJIHneCTBO TOMOBl. Pe^^Mh ÓUJUk HO- 

cnBieia Ha o^epexB jh^huv^b aBTopareroirB oASoro ^ejiOBtica, vb 
KOTop&ro H HanpaBjHXHCB Bck CTp&iu oonosHiqoHHOft nojieMHBu. Hh* 
^U en^e jta^HocTB nepsaro MHHHcrpa He noABepraiacB tsehmi ho* 
^puBHinrB cHcreManqecKHm Hana^xaMi, i Tiui> ne Mentě bh oahhi 
sonníecxift KbEteia ne ctobji Tan bucobo h ne noJb^oBajieii la- 
sni BceoĎHuars h rjiy6oBHir& yBasemeiiiy bbbi Fjoiactohi. Mosho 
(uaaTb, TTo rjuiACTOH^B BBjuercB jiyiHiMMi yBpameHÍeiťfc m ropAOCTbi) 
c^^KpeieHHoft AHTjdH, h vb droiii npB8HaHÍH ero BejnsHXi Ba«iecTBi^ 
H TuaHTovb cxoABTCJi Bct aHrjuuHe, 6en ptuuwi naprii. Bi droirb 

^BOBeHÍH ptSBU EpHTHBa OTO HpoeBTOVb 16 OBáMLUt HM MBJrUBiarO 

BÁnú Ha ero BOBOJseHÍe b DonyjBpHoerb vk crpast; cothb Bappa- 

l^^pb, nOBBJUlMQUCB Wh pa2HIIX'b CBTBpB^etBHXl BHCTBBXS H MdOfípar 

>UH|ii ero Fb cvtBHOMi. BBjct, BBCBOBbBO Be woneÓjaDTh ero opa* 
uieneTBeHHaro a m r opi efa b oCbbbíb. Cbo6ou ordíHuaro cjobb — 
^ nn BiipajctBntB BHiie ^othbhbbb oytfjBiBocTB, ciofou nap- 
''■eiTtxoi 60HT3BBH,— ug(epxflBBeT3»« Bpaiju, ocyfl^ecTBjeHíe moÓAj- 
^'^íma US CBHMBOB^ aAjaíx% Btpib b ncraBuen BBoro pa» 
'^Kbaím Bxs juKTOBBCTBa b aejipCTaTBB, apeaue "ritn^b yjuercB 
^Pc^nm Bxs B% sBBOBs; bo lajcaB mjujmbbi BBorju cflieBTeibBa, 
^ ittpHBftpib, an- Jilme BOBcepsaropu b jroocni cxaBBTib ce6t Bib 
^'^^^Jiň ncMfrw OTBioBeBÍe apjaHACsaro 6mmim 1866 rojia, Toua 



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390 racTHHRi EBPomi. 

Tasx se, Basi h Tenepb ohh Ha^^DTCA CBoei) „fiojiTOBHei)" noNŠmaTb 
^Pehatík) pe4»opMH, BOTopaji, no hxi mhíhíd, naryóna a^h rocyAap- 
CTBeHHaro eAHHCTsa 6pHTaHCR0& HvnepiH. 

OxKpHTÍe napjiaiieHTCBOft ceccíH osH;i(aj[oci> na 3totb pasi c% oco- 
6uwh HeTepn^HÍeMx. Brb rpoBHoft p^hh, npoqHTaHHoft 31-ro AHaap^ 
(hob. ct.); BU^HCJieHU 6uJin saBOHonpoeRTU, KOTopiie npaBHTeJiBCTBa 
HvieTb vb BHxy BHecTH Bi naJiaTy otfn^HHi, h npe»Ae Bcero ynoMfl- 
Hyrb 6uj['B npH btohi sasoH^B o nepecMOTpi nocTanoBjíeHift: 06% ynpaB- 
jieHÍH HpjiaHAieK). QpeHU oóx otb^thomi^ axpecii na TpoHHyK) pi^h 
saHfljiH hícbojibeo sac^A&Hífi, opn qeM'& yse sapaHŽe BuesasiiBajiHCB 
Bospasenifl npoTHBi o6iiii;aHHaro npjiaHj^cBaro Óhma, Eoropuft óy^TO 
611 HH^tM^b He BUSHBaercfl h ne onpaBAUBaer&a npH Hacrojin^Hx^b 
oécTOATejiBCTBaxnb. HasoHeiii, nacTajii ^enB, BorAa rjiaACTOHib ^ojubchs 
tfujii BUCTynHTB CB CBomťB SHaMeHHTUMi upoesTOMi H o6i3CHHTb ero 
cym^HOCTB npeA'B napjiaiieHTOiťB h CTpanoD. 3acÍAaHÍe 13-ro ((^eepajiA 
HM&io Heo6uqaftHufi bhji;'b. IIphhjítij 6ujih cneiqajiBHUfl Mipu ajuí 
npeAynpesAeHin AaBBH npH bxoa^ bi najiaTy, h o^naBO npoHBoniJio 
He Majio cxpaHHUXi h Henpi^THHxrb cufiwh^ npes^e ?%mx mieuu nap- 
jiaMeHTa MorjiH saHATB cboh M^CTa. IIoHTeHHue saBOHOAaxejiH tojtoh- 
jiHCB y BxoAHUxi* ABepeft aa^ojiro ao HaaHa^eHHaro ^aca, h Kor^á 
BXOAi 6iijrB oTBpuTB B^ 12 qacoB'B, OHH pHHyjiHCB BaepeA'B CB TaBOft 
CHJioH), HTO e^Ba He BaAaBHJiH oahofo ynasmaro ?j[eHa napjiaveHTa^ 
Kajie6a PafiTa, Boroparo cnacB cjiyqHBmiftcA t^tl ase ^enyTarB pa6o- 
?HX'B, JÍ,xowb BepHci. BcjiBifi CTapaJicfl saxBaxHTB yAo6Hoe m^cto, ne 

CT^CHAflCB npHJlHqiaifH, BOTOpUfl OÓUBHOBeHHO CTOJIB CTpOPO COÓJilDAaDTCA 

B'B aHrjii&CBOMi oÓH^ecTBi. ^eHu najiaTBi JiopAOBi^, ajia Boropuxs 
OTBe^ena ocoóa^ rajiepeH wb HEsneS najnaT^, tíchhjihcb wb coci^Heí 
'MJii, osHAaji TopsecTBOBHaro npoxo^a cnHBepa, hto6h nojiy^HTB paa- 
p^menie boAth b'b sajix sac^AaHU; noJiHi^eficBHK'B npnmjiocB c^epsE- 
BaTB HX'B Hanopi, bi momoetb oTBpuTifl BXOAa jí,Jia JiopAOBi, H pasHiie 

dHHSOABI dTOĚ apHCTOBpaTHqeCBOfi AaBBH, BOSÓySAaJIH CM^Xl B'B ny6jiHB& 

MHHHCTpx HHOCTpaHHuxi* jífbjíb, Áopxb PosÓoppH, BUHys^eHiB 6ujrB 
HpHCoeAHHHTBCA Kb AHUjioMaTH^ecBOMy Bopnycy, qTo6u HaftTH fl^a ce6a 
mícto; caM'B npHHi^i^ YajiBCBifi exBa ycn-bjíi^ sanaTB HasHaHennoe eiiy 
Bpecjio. n Bce 9T0 jraxopaAOHHoe BosÓysAenie othochjiocb Bcei^^o Kb 
OAHOMy qejioBÍBy, BjiacTB BOToparo ne saBHcijia on MHHHCTepcEaro 
HocTa, a aaBJíD^ajiacB bi ero yAHBHTejiBHOM'B spacnopiniH, vb ero 
HpaBCTBeHHofl HHCTOT^, AymeBHoft cujii H dHeprÍH. ^BejiHBifi CTapeii;'B*y 
BCTpi^eHHuft myMHUMH pyBOHJiecBaHiflMH, npocHJi y najiaTU dosbo* 
jieniH BHecTH „6zjíJib o nepecMorpi nocTanoBJíeHifi, Bacaion^HXCA ynpaB* 
jienifl HpjiaHAieiD", h saxi^Mi upoHSHeci cboed o^iACHHTejiBHyD p'6qB» 
BOTopafl npoAOJisajiacB ÓoJiBme Asyxi qacoBi. Jl^ase sparH fjiaACTOHa 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHBA. — HHOCTPAHHOE 0B08P1&HIE. 391 

le cspuBaJiH, qTO aTa „^y^ecHafl p^qs"*, cBasanHaA tohom'b CHJiBHaro 
jóisAeHifl H oTjraqaBmajicji B'b to se speMA MarBOK) aaAymeBHocTbD, 
npoHSBejia na cjiymaTejiefi rjiyĎORoe, HOorpadHMoe BnenaTjri^Hie. ITpHH- 
mniajiBHiiie npoTHBHHBH Óhjua HeBOJiBHo noA^HHfljiHCB o<5ii^eMy nyscTBy, 
Kor^a „BejiHEÍfi CTapem** paaBHBajii cboh 6jiecTHm,ie apryMeHTU h ro- 
BopEii Moryqifl cjioBa, sana^aDmifl bi xyniy Eas^aro, eto npe^^an-B 
HAeflMiB cnpaBexJiHBOCTH h cbo6oau. AHrAiftcsa^ eai^ifl b'b cbohxi otho- 
meHwxi Kt HpjiaHiiH, — no cjiOBaM-B ^JaJ^CTOHa, — Aonijia ao Toro nynsTa, 
vxk oTKpuBaDTC^ AB'b Aoporn: o^na Be^erB k^b npoqHOMy yvHpoTBO- 
pesíD noq)eACTBO]í'B aBTOHOMÍH, a ApyraA — ki npHHysA6HÍK) h HacHJdD. 
ÁHrjdA BSfljia Ha ce6fl otíflsaTOJiBCTBO AOCTaBHTB HpjiaHAi^aMnb nojinyi) 
paBHonpaBHocTB CB aHPJiHqaHaMn, h sto noApaayw&BajcocB caHo co6od 
npi ynpasAHeHÍH cavocTOATOJiBHaro HpjiaHACBaro napjiaMeHTa; aHave- 
HHTHft IIeitb npAMo saflBJUiJix, HTO „sasj^aji cTpaHa coxpaHHTi CBoe 
oTHocHTejiBHoe sHaqeme noA'B rapaHTieD oAHHasoBBixi sasoHOBi^". 
MexAy TÍwh dTo ycjiOBie yHÍH ho 6ujio HcnojiHeHo, s cb naqajia cto- 
jáúa TTpjiaHAÍA 6iijia nojiHTii^ecBHifB TpynoMx, y BOToparo OTHATa 

ZH8HB. npUSHaBH SH3HH nOABHJHCB TOJIBBO B^ TpHAI^aTfinCB PO^aXl, 

HO HCBjiK>qHTeJiBHii6 sasoHu no^TH ne npeBpan^ajiH CBoero A'bficTBÍA b'b 
crpani. „Ecjih CTapafl BsaHMHaA BpasAA AOJisHa HcqeaHyTB nyTeví 
y^oBJíeTBopeHifl cnpaBeAJKHBHX'B TpeÓOBaHÍfi HpjuiHAi^eBx, to i^wh cRopie 
3T0 óy^en AOCTHreyTO, t4mi jiyqme; — q*Mx CEopie v u oBOHqHM-B aíjio, 
KOTopoe HsrjiaAHTi bc% npesnie pasAopu h otepooti 9py MHpa h AOÓpo- 
seiaTOJiBCTBa, tími jiy^nne Óy^erB xsji oóíhxi cropoHi. Hto Bacaerca 
MeM,— npoAOJisajii opaTopi, — ro a ho nory h He xo^y caocoĎCTBOBaTB 
coxpaHeHÍv) 9Toro HacjiijiiA BpasAUi BOTopoe nepexoAHJio orb noBO- 
ileifl vi% noBOJiiBÍK) CT> ejífis, saniTHHMH nepepuBaMH bx TeqeHieceMH 
cToiiTifi, conpoBOSAaflCB bcímh oóuqHUHH CBOHMH 6%ACTBeHHUMH npo- 
aBJíeHÚiifH. Eujio 6a HecqacTBOMi jí,jih moha, ecjiH6ii bi 9th saBjroqn- 
Tejn>Hue moh toau a sadujii híib ynycTHJi^ npeAnpHHATb BOSMoatHyv) 
;ua MOHA BonuTBy noAAepsaHÍA h 8aiii;HTU jifbASiy ROTopoe a cqHTaio 
aIaomi He oAHoft EaBofi-HH($yAB napTÍH, ho oahoS HapoAHocTH, a bcí^x'b 
naprift h bc^xi njieMeH^, HacejuDii^Hxi 3th ocTpoBa; h b% 9thm'b 
HapoAHocTfliTB a o5paii^aK)CBy saBi a hxi BHsy, OAapeHHUMH bc^mh 
ycioBiflMH npoiíBiTaHia h MorymecTBa noA* BJiacTt© »HBoro coDsa, — 
o(pamaK>CB CB irojn>6oD, h ao nocirbAHaro Moero AuxaHÍA ji fotobi 

JXOJIflTB BaCB, — npeAOCTaBBTO MepTBUMl XOpOHHTB CBOHXli HOpTBUXl, 

OTÓpocBTe Bct BOcnoHHHaniA nponijiiixi* pa8AopoB'B h aoAAepsHBafixe 
ce6a BsaHMHo bo bcí^xi HcniiTaHiflxi. qejiov6qecBoft cyAB6u bi npeA- 
cTOflaieM'B HaM^B óyAyn^eiii^. 

3THifH cjióBaMH FjiaACTOHi saBonqHJii cbok> pi^qB, h jíjíjio ero 6ujio 
6a HecoMBiHHo BHHrpaHO, 6CjIh6u yca'&x^ saBncijrB otb xopoinHX'B 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



392 B%CTHHR'b EBPOnU. 

Hair^peHift. Ho npaKTHqecBaji CTopona npoesTa, npeAHa3Ha^eHHaro no* 
jioxHTB KOHei^'B B'j^soBofi BpasA'& MOSAT Hpjiasj(ie& H AHPJiteň^ Mfi^rb 
Hfloro HaTepiajia XJia Bospaseeift h HeAoyMtnift. Epj^LHAÚi nonymiTh 
CBOH oco6ue saKOHOAaxejibHue opránu, bi hnjifk abjxi BUÓopeuxi na- 
ji&Th, — sasoHOAaTejibHaro coBtxa hsi 48 HJieHOBi, HSÓHpaeMUXi na 
BoceMb jťÍThf H sasoHOAaTejiBHaro coópaHÍn h3i 103 qjieHOB'B, h85h- 
paeMux'B na naTfurbTHifi cposi. HcnojiHHTejibHaA BJiacTB npHHaAJiBSHrB 
BHiie-sopojíK), HaSHaHOBHOMy BopoHos) Ha mecTb jkirb\ enj npe^ocrasjíeHo 
HajiaraTb cBoe veto na p']^meHÍa aasoHOAaTejibHUxx co6paflift. Heno- 
cpoACTBennoe yopasjíenie A'bJaHH BosjíaraeTCA na HcnoJiHUTejibHufi bo- 
MHTerb^ ROTopuň wb cyu^HocTH 6yjifiTb nrpaTb pojib MHHHCTepcTBa, uoa^b 

BJiaCTbH) H KOHTpOJieVb BHI^e^ROpOJU. MpjiaHACBifl SaSOHOAaTejlbHHfl 

yqpesAeniA 6yAyTi orpann^eHU bi CBOHX'b (f)yHKi^íax'b nniepecaMH 
MicTHofl aBTOHOMÍH; OHH óyAyTb o5cy»AaTb h p-i^maTb Bonpocu, Racao- 
n^iecji HCBJíDqHTejibHo HpjiaHAÍH, h i;']kj[bift psiA% DpeAMeTOB'b oónj^aro 
rocyjiapcTBeHHaro anaqeHln ycTpaniieTCH hsi uxi ROMnereni^iH, sasi, 
nanp.y Bce, ornocam^eecfl bi* upanaHii Roponu h BHi^e-RopojiA, ri& Bonpo- 

CaMl o BOfiHi H MHpi, O BOOBHOVI^ A^^JI^i O AOFOBOpaXI^ Ch HySHMH 

AepsaBaMH, o pasAa^i THxyjioBx b SBanifi, o BH-bninefi ToproBjrb, o 
^OBaHRŠ Moneru h t. n. CBepx'b Toro, HpjiaHACRÍH najiaTU ne Moryrb 
ycTanaBjíHBaTb hto-jebSo necorjiacHoe c% npnni^HoaMH pejiHriosHoi h 
jraqnoif cboóoah. AHPJiificRifi napjaMearb ocTaexca Bucmnirb saRonoxa* 
TejibflUM'b yqpesAenieiťB HMnepin, h BJiacTb ero noMHnajBibHo coxpaHJter^ 
CHJiy HaA'b HpjiaHAÍefi; ecjiH ntcTHua na^axu npHvyT^ nocTanoBJíeme, 
napymaiDn^ee RaROĚ-jiuóo aRTb napjiaMenTa, to oho ne 6jA&n nir&Tb 
CHJlu B% Tofi qacTB, Bi ROTopoň ORa»eTca napymenie. HaRoneiii, HMta 
CBOH oco6uH MtcTHua najiaTU, npjiaHAiiu fiyAyn no-npesneify nocu- 
jiaxb cBOHxi Buóopnux^ npeACTaBHTejiefi wb anrJiificRyK) najiaTy o^o^hhi, 
Bt qHCJi^ 80 qjienoBib, h aTUiťb 6yAerb noAAepsHBaTbca HAea bojihth- 
qecRaro OAnncTBa AnrjiiH cb HpjianAÍeH). Bi* najiarb oÓui.hh-b Moryn 
p'6niaTbca TOJibRO t1& jí^jlsl HpjianAiH, ROTopua ne OTnocflTca cnei^iaJiBHO 
Rii 3T0& cxpan*]^, a HMinTi oón^ifi HBinepcRifi xapaxTepi. HpjiaHAeRÍe 
qjienu naJiaTU, yqacTBya bx o6cy»AeHÍH dTHXi ofim.nxi BonpocoBi, ne 
6yAyT%9 OAHaRO, HMi^Tb npasa rojioca b^ a^Jk&xi HCSJíDqHTejibHo h 
Bcei^tjio 6pHTaHCRHX'b. Oqh óyAyrb nojibsoBaTbca npaBOHi BjiiaTb na 
cavuft cocTaB^ anrjiíficRaro npaBHTejibCTBa Bupa»eHÍeH^ AOBibpia hjih 
HeA0B']^pia Ri^ ofin^eft nojiHTHR'^ RaÓnnexa. 3to yqacTÍe upjiaBACRHXi* 
npeACTaBHTejie& bi anrjiificRofi najiaH o6n;HH'b, bi RaqecTBŽ RaRHX'b-T0 
oco6bixi qjieHOBx cb 60^*66 orpanH^ennuMu u b^ to se BpeiiA secbica 
mnpoRHMH noJHOMoqiaMH, cocTasjíHCTrb canyH) c;ia6y]D qacTb 6Hua, RaR'b 
npHsnaerca b% sToifB caM^ rjiaACTOH'B. Oni^ cA^Jiajii ycTynRy o6n^e- 
CTBennoMy vn-j^nii), Roiopoe ocofienno BoacTaaajio, bi 1886 roAy* npo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHKA. — HHOCTPÁHHOE 0B08P&HIE. 393 

TiFB npeAnojioseHHaro Tor^a y^ajiema upjiaHACKHX'B ^enyTaTOBi hsi 
aHTjtíicEoft najiaTU o6ii;hh1| ci oópaaoBaHÍeifB caMOCTOUTejiBHaro HpJiaHA- 
ciaro napjiaMeHTa; wb aroMi bhj^-íih Tor^a npaMoft uojs,^ubt> rocy^ap- 
CTBOHRoify eAHHCTBy, onacHocTb nojiHaro oTna^eBÍJi HpjiaHAÍH otb 
Ahfjíh. PjiaACTOHi sajiBJuierB, ?to oh'b noAHHHHJicii b'b dTowh nynsTi 
BHpaseHHUHrb cxpasoD sejiaHÍAMi, ho 9to oh'b jh^ho ne HacTaHBaerb 
Ha coxpaHeHÍH Hi/JiaHAi^eBi bi dpHfaHCBOMx oapjiaMeHrb h ne npH- 
xaeTB Boo6me 6oJBnioft BasHocTH 9T0My Bonpocy. 

Jlerso npexBUA'i^Ti», ?to na npaKTHBŽ ójjierh Hpe3Buqa&Ho TpyAHo 
pasrpaHH^HBaTb x^a HHnepcsiB otb qHCTO-épHTancKHXx h HpjiaHACSHxi, 
H dTH pasrpaHHqeHÍB no^aBajiH 6u nocTOflHHufi boboa^b ki npepesaHUiii* 
H KOH<j[>j[HBTaM'B. HpjiaHACBie npeACTaBUTejiH bi aHrjdftcBoft najiaTt 06- 
mjvpbi qyBCTBya aa co5oi) nouepxKj h conyBCTBÍe HtcTHuxi sasoHo- 
AaTejiBHHXi yqpesAeHÍfi, mopjih 6ht oRasuBaTB noj^aajiAiDii^ee h aa^ep- 
siBaDB^ee BjdflHÍe na Becb xoa'b napjiaiieHTCKHXi saHiiTifi, AOCTaBjuijiH 
6u (kaBmHHCTBO Toft EJiiš Apyrofi oaprÍH u dTHiii AepsajiH 6u b^ py- 
Kaii caMo anrjiifiCBoe npaBHTeji&CTBO, BOTopoe wb TeopÍH uoubdjeTCH 
opiBoifB HajaraTB cBoe veto ea nocTaHOBjíeHU HpjiaHACSHXi najiairB. 

DpH BCaKOM^B DpHMÍbH6HÍU dTOFO BUCmaTO OpBBa rOCyABpCTBeHHOft BJiaCTH 

5opB6a nepeHocHJiacB 6u b^ 6pHTaHCRÍfi napjiaMeHTB, u HpjiaHACBU 
AÍJ12L no npesHOMy norjion^ajBiH 6u seaqHTejiBHyH) aojik) o5ai;ecTBeHHaro 
BHHMaHia Bi Ahfjiíh, Tas^ qTO noJioseHÍe najiaxu o6n;HH'B hhckojibbo 
ee 6ujio 6u o6jierqeHo pe(f)opMOH). Bx 1886 ro^y, npe^Jiaraa CBoft nep- 

BHĚ ÓHiLSB, rJiaACT0H'B yBaSUBaJIl Ha HaCTOflTBJlBHyH) HeOÓXOAHHOCTB 
0CBO(k)AHTB ÓpBTaHCKÍfi napjUtMeHTB OTB npHCyrCTBijI MHOrOHHCJEeHHOň 

H rbcHo cnjioqeHHo& upjiaHACKOfl rpynnu, hb Aaiomefi oajiaTŠ saHH- 
MaTBCfl jsfhjiaMii xpyrHXi^ qacTeft uMnepÍM, spovt HpjiaHAiu. TenepB, 
npeAocraBjíHH HpjiaHAi^aifB nojiHoe caMoynpaBJíeHie, 0H'b coxpaHHeorB hx'b 
H Bx najiaTt oďu^hhi, ho^th wb npesHeiii* ^JiCJl% BonpesH bcími cbohmi» 
opesHuiťB AOBOAaiťB. ToFAa Rasi anrjiHqaHe jiHmaDTOi yqacTÍa wb 
7npaBjieHÍH HpjiaHAÍe&, nocji^AHaii npioĎp^TaeTB 3a*0AH0 h noJiHyi) co6- 
cTBeHHyi) aBTOHOMÍK), u npaBo Aa^BHifimaro aKTUBHaro BHimaTejiBCTBa 
Bi iipaBHTeABCTB6HHUii H DOJiHTHqecRia A'^Jia BejiHRo6pHTaHÍu. IIocjíía- 
Hee HpaBo AaerB HpjiaHAi^aifB CHJiBfloe opysie j^jib npoAOJi»eHÍfl 6opB6u, 

€1 HÍMbV> AOCTHFHyTB ÓOJltO OpO^HOA Hai^íOHaJIBHOft HeBaBHCHMOCTM, H 

HpjaHACRÍt BonpocB eABa jih cRopo comejii 6u co ci^eflu, xot£ opeBpa- 
Tucfl 6u B']tpoaTHo Wb qncTo-nojuiTHqecRyiD pacnpiD. Tpo&Hoe npeACTa- 
BiTejiBCTBo— Bi AByxi 11'bcTHux'B HajiaTax^ H Bi anrjúficROMx napjia- 
MeHTb — flBJuerca BOo6ii^e cjiHniROM^ cjiosHuifB h aanyTaeHUVB; pas- 
AiiOHÍe (f^yHBi^ift ocTaoTCii HeoopeA'bieHHUM'B h HeflCHUH'B, h bi TaRom 
BHj(t HOBafl CHCTOMa HO voFjia 611 A^ficTBOBaTB opaBHJiBHo u ORasajiacB 
6h Ha xbJíi HecocTOATeJiBHoiD. OqeHB MoseT'B 6htb, hto rjiaACTOH'B 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



394 b^CTHBKX EBPOnH. 

XOT^JTB HarjAAHo nosasaTB npasTHqecsyi) HesunojiHuifocTB pe4>opMU 
6e8i» nojHaro orAii^eHia npjiaH^^cBaro npeACTasHTejiLCTBa orh aHTJÚfi- 
CBaro; obi* kb,jsj» (Jjato sejiajnb dTHirb orpHi^aTejibHUM^B nyxeirB noA- 
TBepAMTb jioPHqHocTBt H i^^ecoo6pa3HOCTB CBoeft npesneft rabe— o6ib 
ycTpaHeHiH HpjiaHAii;eBx h3t» najiaTU oóh^hhi. 3B,TÍyn> BecBMa Baseuft 
He^ocxaTOBi Óhjua— OTcyrcTBie bi neMi saRHXi 6u to hh óujio yBa- 
saHÍň Ha cnoco6i pa3p'bnieHia aoaeMenHux^ cnopoBi^, jiesani^Hxi bi 
OCHOB^ ficbxi HeypflXHi^rb wh HpjiaHAÍH. Ha dTon crpaHHufi npofi&ii 
oópan^eHO óujio BHHMame oahhm^ hsi opaTopoei* onno8Hii;ÍH bi tomi 
se sact^aniH 13-ro 4>eBpaAfl, h FjiaACTOHi otb-^tejii jumb, qro no- 
seMeJibHoe sasoeoxaTejiBCTBo ajui HpjiaHAÍH ocTanerca b% pyRax^b hm- 
nepcsaro napiaiieHTa bi npoAOJiseHie Tpexi jťbvh. 

FjiaBHUfl H HaHÓojr^be a^bhua Boapaseniji npoTHBi saROHonpoesra 
BUCKasaHU óujih Bajib^^ypoiťb, bx sact^aníM cirbAyK>ii^aro ahjí. Eaja- 
4»yp'b HanovHHJii naiaH, ^to npH BEecenÍH CBoero nepBaro Óhjua bt> 
1886 roxy rjiaACT0H'b CHSTajirb npeasAe Bcero HeotfxoAHMHHi ycrpoHTb 
noseicejibHUE a^& HpjiaHAiE e npBBHaBajfb ary sa^a^y jí,^jiou% qecrs; 
Tenepb oh^, noBHAHMOiiy, AepsHTca npoTBBonoJiosHaro BarjiflAaf b mo- 
TBBU 3T0& paAflBBJibHoft oepeM^HU HBROMy HeflSBi^CTHbi. ycTpaHeHÍe 
BpjiauACREX^ opeACTaBBTejieft orb yqacTÍA B'b o6cysAeHÍB saROHOB^, 
opeACTaBJífliDii^BXi cneii;iaJibHO-($pflTaHCRÍft BHTepecb, oy^erb Bnojrai 
4»HRTEBHUif'b, ecjiH BpjiaHAi](aM'b npBHaAJiesBirb npaso ROHrpojiapoBaib 
H o6cysA&Tb oÓu^yio nojiflTHRy RaSunera. Oahh TOJibRo npaBBTejibCTseH- 
Hue npoeRTU npoxoAflTi^ b^ najiaxi, h HBRaRÍe nacTBue 6bjiíih ne 
BM^iorb maHCOBx ycn^xa, 6e3'b noxA^pacRB hbhbctpobi; noaroMy yoope- 
A&ieHÍe Toro, hsi RaRBX'b jihu,!* aoíisho cocToaTb npaBHTejbCTBO b 
RaRÍe aaROHU aojisbu óun npeAJioseHii hhb, saRjnoqaerb wb ce6i 
caMui sflSHeHHuft H BasHuft Bonpocx, RaRofi Moserb 6uTb pimeab 
oajiaTaMH b CTpanoK). HaMi roBoparb Tenepb, hto btoti BasHiftmifi 
aRB8HeHHHft Bonpoci 6yAerb p'lniaeM'b se tímb, rto aaBHTepecoBavb 
Bi saROHOAaTejibCTBty a 80-bH) HesaBHTepecoBaHHinrH AseHTUMeHavH. 
Obe 6yAyTi> onpeA^JiETb, rto AOJiseEx 6uTb MAHEcrpoirb, rerobu tí 
jiEE^a, ROTopmfb AaHo nojiBoifoqíe bhocetb saROHonpoeRTH, h RaROBU 
sejiaTejibHue Óbjuib; e ee HanpacHo jie yB%pEK)rb sací, hto dTEX^ 
qjieHaiťb najiaxu He nosBOjeHo 6yAerb noAaBaxb roJioci no noBOAy 
ESBiíCTHbixi* 3aR0fl0B«b, ROPAa BiTb npEHaAJiesETi HecpaeseHEo óojie 
BassaE 4^yHRi^ÍE — onpeA^i^JieHie cyn^HOCTE dTBxi saROHOBi e yRasaHÍe 
Áun^, yuojiHOMoqeEHUXi npeAJiaraTb bte saROEU? HamE coB'6ii^aHiii 
ÓyAyTi nocTOEBHo Eapymaevii b aanyTUBaeEii ao cMimHoro EpjraHA- 
CRBME HjieHaHE, ROTopue — TO MOpyTi EOAaBaTb rojocx, TO ne EoryTb, 
TO Morypb yqacTBOBaTb bi npeHÍEx^, to ho MoryTi, — ROTopue CyAyi^ 
BM^Tb opaBO CBeprsyTb MESECTepcTBo, HO jiRmesu ÓyAyTi npaBa rojo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC I 



XPOHHKA. — HHOCTPAHHOE OBOSP^HIE. 395 

coBaHÍA no noBOAY saKoro-HHÓyAB Mejnsaro Aoposearo 6hjijia. IIpesA^ 
Bcero HC?e3aei*B BCABa^ HaAes;i;a na to, hto mu óyjifiWb HafiasjíeBU 

QTh dTHXl HpjiaHACKHX^ CBOpOB^, H TTO MU BOJiy^HMl B03M0SH0CT& 
OTj^aBaTB CBOeBpeMfl CBOHMX COfiCTBeHHUMl AÍJiaM'B. HeJIB3A COJSWbr 

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39 G fifiCTHHBl EBPOnU. 

híh HacToan^aro napjiaMeHTa aji^ HpjiaH;^ÍH, ci^ ocotíuMH opranaMH 
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sen o6HapysHTBca necocToaTejiBHocTB npeAnojioseHHoi pe(t)opifEi. 
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cjiosuoft CHCTeMOH) saEOHOAaTejiBHUxi H HcaojiHHTejiBHUxrb yqpesAeflift 
B% HpjiaHAiH. 

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He npoftATTi 6e8CJiÍAHo js,jía o6iii,ecTBeHHaro co8HaHÍfl, Aa»6 b'b cjiyqa']^ 
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ecTB TOjiBRo Bonpoci> BpeHeHH. KaRi nosoHejiBHUA pe<{)opMii FjiaAPTOHa 
OHHCTHJiH nyxB AAfl cnpaBOAJKHBaro pimeBÍa arpapnaro Bonpoca s-b 
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XPOHHRA. — HHOOTPAHHOE OBOSP^HIB. 397 

B03MOSEO noJiHoe caMoynpaBJíeHie npHBexyTx bi bohii;^ bohi^obi ki^ 
leiaHHOify pesyjiBTaTy h noAroroBATB jiyqmee éy^yn^ee ajia HpjiaHACBO& 

BapOAHOCTH. CtP6MJI6HÍA H UJÍ,eE FjiaACTOHa EBŘAJTb yótSAeHHUXl 

lenojHHTejeĚ uocjA tofo, saRi cam onrb coŘAerh co caenu; h6o an- 
riificKie HHTepecu, noHHvaemie pasyMHO, coBna^aDTL vb dTOMi otho- 
memH ci HpjiaHACBHMH: xm o6íbx% cTopoHi gy^en bi Bucmefi cxe- 
nen bhfoaho npexpan^eHÍe óesojioAHoft pacnpH, Ha ROTopyn norpaneHo 
CTOiLBo xynieBHHXi H ifaTepiajn»Hiixi chjii. 
naTpioTH3irby nHTaeifti& sjioÓhumh, HenpifldHeHHUHH nyBCTBanH, nox- 

pHBaerB OCHOBU HpaBCTBeHHOi »H8HH, BHOCHTB ÓeSnOSOftHUfi BHYTpeHHÍt 

tmKXh wb nojiHTH^ecBoe cyn^ecTBOBanie Hai^ÍH h npHqHHflerb eenonpa- 
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npomexinaro, htď 6u hb roBopHJiM ny6jiHn.HCTU h opaxopu ihkojiii Gojbc- 
(iepi H ^aMÓepjidHa. B% aroft BeycTaaHoft 6opi>6i^ cb xypHUMH nai^io- 
laiBHmiH HHCTHHBTaMH, yHacjiiAOBaHHuifH on nponuaro, sauD^aerea 
Bensafl HcropHqecsaA 3acjiyra FjiaACTOHa np6AT» ÁHrjúeK) h Ebpobod, 
M 31U sacjiyra HV&erL 6ojLÍe oómupnoe dHaneHie, híih^ ycntx^ hjih 
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ocyn^ecTBJíeHia H^eft cnpaBeAJiHBocTH h qejiOBÍ?HocTH wb o6iacTH BHy- 
TpeHHeS noJiHTHKH rocyAapcTBi. Co BpeneHeMi jibhtcii, 6utb ifo»erB, 

HOBHt FjUIACTOHI, BOTOpuft Cb TOD SB CHJIOK) yfi-baCA^Hlfl H EpaBCTBOH- 

Boi dHepríH BHeceTi 8th HAeH pynaHEocTH H npaBAu bi oÓJiacTb bbí- 
BHixi oTHomeHii MesAy HapoxaicH. 



B% repKanÍH npaBHTejiBCTBO Bce en^e ne Morjio AOCTHreyTb hhbm- 
nxi pe8yjn»TaT0Bi» othochtojieho BoeHHaro sasoHa, BHeceHHaro bi> Hunep- 
^ ce&ifB Wb Eo^6^'k npomjiaro ro^a: bx HacTOJin^ee Bpesffl, bi> 4>6b- 
pu^i napjiaifeHTCKafl rommhccúi npoAOiDKaerx eme H3CJi%A0BaTB 4^HHaH- 

COBHfl nOApoÓHOCTH, HM'6k)II]^U ROCBeHHyK) CBJi3b CB dTHHl OpoORTOMl, 

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lOjv^yo pojiB Bi> dToft rombihccíh HrpaerB nporpeccHCTb EBreHift Phx- 
^, Bci npe^JioseHÍfl Roroparo npHHHBiaiOTca óojiBniHHCTBOBiii. Yme 
^ Oj^Bo noRaaiiBaoTB, hto mancH ea npHHATÍe saRoea Becbiia cjiaóu, 
íípí HHBtniHeMi cocTaB* najiaTH. FocnoACTByDn^ee nacTpoeHie niMen;- 
>^ oÓj^ecTBa H ne?aTM npHSHaeTca TaRse neÓJiaronpiATHbíM^ jí^a 
Boenaro saROHonpoeRTa h ajui Bceft ooihthrh RaHiyiepa KanpHBH. KaRi 
^ HH erpaHHO, ho nporpeccHCTU 6ojťbe noAAepsHBaDTb npaBHTejibCTBo, 
^ xoHcepBaTHBHUA napTÍH, ROTopuA pimHTejbHO OTRaauBaiDrb mh- 



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398 B^CTHHKl EBPOnU. 

HHCTpaHl B'B CBOeifb COHyBCTBÍH H Aft^e Befi,JTb npOTHBl HHXl oTspu- 

Ty© 6opL6y. 

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sui^ieK), cocxaBjíeHnoK) Óojihmen ^acTBi) hsi npe^CTaBETeJiefi Kpynnaro 
deifjeBJiaAÍHÍA. H'6]fei^RÍe ROHcepBaTopu CTajiH HeysHaBaenu: h37> oo- 
KopHUXi cjiyn rocyAapcTseHBofi BJiacTH ohh npespaTUHCB B'b cirbjiux'B 
u ynopHUX'B BparoBi, TaRi RaRi m aTepiajiLHue HHrepecH hxi ne 6iuh 
<}yATO 6u npHHflTU bo bhhm anie npH saRJiDHeHiH ToproBUXi TpaRiaToai 
CL Hl^ROToptiMH cocíahhmh A^psaBaMH. SeifjieBJíaA^Bi^u, CHHTaDn^íe 
cetffl npeACTaBETejAMH HHTepecoB'B Bcero cejiBCRaro xosAficTBa bt» Ilpyc- 
cíh h FepMaHiH, HaxoAHTb RpaSne y6i>iT0?HuirB ajiíi ce6fl noHHseHíe 
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oTpasaDTCH BpafiHe BeBuroABO Ba aROBOMH^ecROMi nojioseniH ÓoJib- 
mHBCTBa TpyAHH^arocH BacejieBÍH h Be Moryrb, robo^bo, c^HTarbCji se- 
jiaTejibBUMH ch o6nie& rocy^apcTBeBBofi to^rh sp^BÍH. ^oporoBHSHa ne- 
oÓxoABVuxi BpexMeroBi norpeSjíeBÍH BpexBO BJíÍHen Ba bc% po;^ npo- 
MUBiJieBBocTH, a BpexeBBue Óapuma cejibCRHxi xoBJíeBi h xjii6oTop- 
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meBÍH i^íbi Ba Apyrie TOBapu. 

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CTBBBBOfi AOporOBH3BU XJitÓa H ApyPHXIb Beo($XOAHiraXl BpOAyKTOBl 

npH noMoni;B npaBBTejiBCTBa, ajih yBejro^eBÍn cbobxi aoxoaobi. 9th se 
jiDAH cepbe3B0 A^jmnvh bba^b, hto hxi Bosiiyn^aerb coBpeiieHHaH sa- 



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XPOHHBA. — HHOCTPAHHOE 0B03P*HIE. 399 

niTaJHCTHqecEaH npoMuniJieHHOCTB, b'b BOTopofi ÓyATO 6u rocnoACTByerL 
eBponeficBoe TopramecTso, h ohh nodTOny BUAanrB ce6A sa yfii^^eH- 
HHxii npHBepseHi^eBib aHTHceMHTHdiia. Tanoe CBoeoÓpasHoe nepeposAO- 
nie 3Ha^HTejn>H0Ě ^acTH ntMei^BHXTi KOHcepBaTopoBi 6ujio BuepBue (})op- 
M&ibHo 3acBHA'&TejiBCTBOBaH0 Ha cbíba^ BOHcepBaTHBHo& napTÍH, nponc- 
xoAHBineifL Blb nepBUXi ^HCJiaxi xeRaÓpA npomjaro roxa. BupaÓoTaH- 
Hafl TOPAa KOHcepBaTHBHaji nporpaMMa 6ujia Tasoro po^a, qTo no^ajia 
noBOA'B Bi* npnqHCJieniiD cocTaBHTejiefi ea r^b paspaxy xeMaroroBi, bos- 

6jVfiL¥)injllVh AypHHe HHCTHHRTH TOJIIII pa^H ^HCTO drOHCTH^eCRHXIi 

no6ysAeHÍfi. Bi npdrpamfi cx^jEana 6ujia Me»Ay npoqHnib oroBopRa, hto 
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BUqepRHyTO ÓUJIO 60JIBniHHCTB0M'B, ROTOpoe TaRHVB 06pa30M1b BUCRasa^lOCb 

sa npAMUfl „HSJEHinecTBa'' HaiiioHajii>Ho-njieMeBHO& 6opB6u, xotb noAo6- 
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cnoBoftcTBÍfl H óesonacHOCTB. Bpas^a bi aHTHceMHTHSMy bctb tojibko 6ojite 
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a 9Ta HenpiasHB BBi3UBaeTCii upeAnojnosenieMi, hto nponumjieHHocTB 

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rocyxapcTBa, ^iwb 8e]fjieBJiaA'6HÍe. Hcto^hhbb dToro MHHMo-BOHcepBa- 
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ýknei renepajia RanpHBH. 

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nuwb npoeBTaHi. Hai^íonajiB-jiHÓepajiu ne A0B'6pflDT'B abjibhobhahocth 
laHi^epa h ne voryrB hphmhphtbcji cb ero HeycTot^HBOD, 6e3i]iB'6T- 
hod AHHJioMaTieK); ohh ocTaDTCA Bi CTopoH'6, BcnoMHHaK)Ti CTaparo 
laHi^Jiepa h H36iraK)rB aBTHBHaro yqacTÍH bi nojraTH?ecBHX'B ^'bJiaxi, 
Bi HaAesA'^ Ha jiy^mee óy^yniee. Octbiotcb jihhib nporpeccHCTU, boto- 
piie HO npo^B HOMoraTB npaBHTOJiBCTBy bi 6opb6'6 cb BoncepnaTopaMH 
H xjiepHRajiaMH; ho npaBHTOJiBCTBo ne mosopb ouHpaTBCA Ha naprÍK) 
PsxTepa, ne tojibbo bi cHJiy ea Majio^HCJieHHocTH bi napiaMeHT^, ho 

H 601.6 60JI^ Bl CHJiy CBOHXl COGCTBOBHIIXl, XOTH H HeonpeA'&J[eHHUX'B, 
KOHCepBaTHBHUX^B TpBAHl^ift H CTpeM JieHÍft. IIpH TaBHX'B yCJIOBÍHXl HOJIH- 

THqecBoe nojiosenie Mosen buachhtbca jhhib nyToiii hobux'b napjia- 

MeflTCBHXl BUÓOpOKB. 

^íjo „HpaBCTBeflHaro od^opoBieniH*', TaB'B myMHo naqaToe bo 
^aniuH nanaMCBHiťB npoi^eccoiiib, ocTanoBHJiocB na nojinyTH, BaBi h 

CJllAOBaJIO OSBHAaXB, B'B BHAy npO^HO yBOpeHHBHIHX&fl HpaBOBlb B'B 8Ha- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



400 raOTHHBX EBPOini. 

^HTejiBHofi ^acTH 4>P&Hi^y8citaro oón^ecTBa. MHHHCTpib-npesHAeHn Ph6o 
ycn^bjTB npoHSBecTH eiii;e híckojibro xeKJiaMaTopcRHXi, óesco^epsaTexs- 
Huxi pi^efi H ao6hj[ca en^e h'6croj[bkhx'b sa^iBjeHífi A0B'6pia co cto- 
poHH najtaiu, — saflejieBÍfi bi cyn^HocTH óesi^^BHuxi h pimiraeiBHO 
HH^ero H6 AosasuBaDn^Hxi. BjiaroHairbpeHHiie opaTopH h ujójihii^hctu 
pecny6jiHBaHCKHX'B napTífi npoxoJsajiH b-b coruft h TUCsmEuk paai 

BOBTOpATB HSÓHTUA <{)pa8U O HeOÓXOAHMOCTH eAHHeHÍA H COCpeAGTO^eflÍA 

paaHux^B napjiaMeHTCRHX'B rpynni, npH ^eiTB hh oxna uvb dTHX'B rpymn 
ne BURasuBaen hh Majríkftniaro sejiamn A'^jiaTB RaRÍJi-JHÓo ycTynRH 
ApyrHMi. 

TojiKH o6'B eAHHeHÍH CBOAATCii Ri TOMy, ^To KSOíffiLSi napTÍH corja- 
maeTCJi sa ÓesycjioBHoe opHcoexHHeHíe bcíx'b npo^Hxi naprií ri ea 
co6cTBeHHiiirB npHHi^HnairB h Tenj^eni^iHMi, 5ojiie hjih uenie ysRHiTB 
H jiH^HHMi; noHjiTHOy TTO TaRoe cocpexoToqeHÍe H eAHHenie hh vb leny 
ne BeAyTi» na npaRTHRi h eme 6oji^e ycHjiHBaDrB aHraroHnaiiib napriň- 
hhx'b HHTepecoBi. O&b eAHHeHÍH saroBopHJii h caMBifi HenonyjuipHuň 
qejioBibRi Bo <^paHi](ÍH, SIdjib <^eppH^ Roroput neHBHie Bcero Mosers 
pasc^HTUBaTB na bosmoshoctb cocpeAcro^eHía naprift noA'B ero npex- 
BOAHTejiBCTBOMi; H o^HaRo, R'B oÓH^eiiy yAHBJíeHÍD, aroTB Henoayjup- 

HUt A^TeJIb) HCRpeHHO HeHaBHAHMUfi 60J[BniHHCTB0M'B nepeAOBHX'B 

pecny6j[HRaHn;eB'B b'b crpani, npHSBaHX bhobb nrpaTB aRTHBHyx) pojiB 
Ha nonpHH^i o<)K|>Hn;iajiBHoft hojihthkh, bi RaqecTBt npesHAenraceHaTa. 
HaÓpaHie dToro craparo nojiHTHqecRaro A^Bn;a na bhahhS hoctb npe- 
SHAeHTa cenaTa cocTaBMerB HacTonn^ee testimonium paupertatis jím& 
rocnoACTByDn^eĚ huhí^ bo <^paHi^ÍH naprin pecnyÓJiHRaHCRHXx onnop- 

TyHHCTOFB. 



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IHTEPATyPHOB 0B03FBHIE 

1-ro napra 189S. 



— BoMUL CÓopDsn pyccioft xyxoseoneHHoft iHpHBH. nerporiMgpb (C.-nerepóypn ?). 
HsxaHie R. K). Tepyi^i. neiaxai (ti Borpa4>úi) 9. ApsroiBxa. Grp. 865. 

,6'b HacTOflii^ee BpevA, vpeuň BceoÓn^aro yHUBia h tocbh, vipi 
UMn npiotfplTaen m^jh coBpeMeHHaro ^eioBiíca Bce 6oshmee h [6oju»- 
mee SHa^eHie. EHHra ynocHrB iHTaiejiH on Tflsejofi sHSHeHHofi o6cTa* 
HOBBH vh CB'&Tjioe Mope MucjiH H HyBCTBa. Ha dTOMii vopi, BaRi ny- 
TeBojLHUfl 8BÍ3AU, 6semjrh iipRifl cs^THJia pyccsofl xyxosecTBeHHofl 
iHTepaTypu. Ho, ki cosajitHii), ne BCJisoiiy ohm bhxhu h aocttdhu: 
owoiiy — no HesHaHii) (?), Apyrony— no 6*ahocth, TperBeiiy— no ne- 
AocraTKy CBOÓoAHaro BpexeHH. Bocoojhhtb dTorb Heji;ocTaTOB'B HMieri 
vb BHxy nacToan^ee HSAaHie* — Tasí roBopiirB npejCHCJioBÍe ki c6op- 
Hny, BaR'B 6u ycHJiHBaacB onpaBAaTB ero nojiBJíeBie wb cpin; ne co- 
bAu% toju»ko jícho, KaBHMi o6pa30M'B npio6pÍTeHÍe SToro H3AaHÍfl no- 
šen BocnoJBHTB HeA0CTaT0B'B CBo6oAHaro BpeMOHH, HJiH oóierHHTB 6'6a- 
HocTB, TaBib RaBi OHO AaJORo ne rpomeBoe. Ho ecjin ocTaBHTB bi cto- 
poHÍ Bci aTH Bucmifl cooópaseHífl h ne sa^aBaiBca vucjiíi)— pasciaTB 
iipn noMon^H dTofi rhhsbh „Bceoón^ee yHunie h tocrj*, to 9Ta RHHSRa 
JiBjíAeTCfl npocTo oahod H8'b MHorHX'B xpecTOMaTÍfi, orpaHHqeHHofl no 
CBoeĚ nporpaimi, orpaHE^iennoĚ, hmobho, jmpnqecROK) noddiei), uo 

Cl OCOÓeHHUlťB, A'&ACTBHTeJIBBO OpHrHHaJIbHUM'B paCUOJIOSeHieifB CTHXO- 

TBopesifi — fle no TBopi^aifB hjih no dnoxam, a no „pasnuMi CTone- 
Juath pasBHTÍA ^yBCTBa*^. I^íjib TaRoro pacnoJioseBiA—roBopHrB npexn- 
cjoBÍe — „BUSBaTB y ^HraxejiA, h 6e3i Toro yTonjieHBaro shbhbd, npn- 
npaDn^ee, cnoROŘHoe, SHBflepaAOCTBoe HacTpoeaie*, — oahhitb cjo^omi, 
isíkih ncHxiaTpHqecRafl. OnacaflCB, h se 6ewb ocBOBafliH, 6utb BenoBJí- 
TUMi, HB^aieA cn'6niHTi oóuichhtb cbod mucjib noxpo6H'6e h xjia 
Toro HBfiHpaerrB oaho h8'b caMuxi pacnpocTpaBeHBuxx qyBCTB'B, ro- 
Topoe Bb rbusrí cocTaBjíflerB ocotfuft ota^i no^i aarianieMi: .JTi)- 

Tom II.— Mim, 1898. 26 



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4Cř2 . - BfiCTHHKl EBPOnU. 

<$OBb''. TyrB, A'i^&CTBHTejibHO, ^HTETeJib, CB HeóojibinoK) saTpaTOD Bpe- 
MeHH, Moseri npotTH Becb sypcí jhoÓbh, bi CTHxaxi, Ha^HHafl on 
e& saposAeHÍii ao koh^hhu. £aK'B h cjAjijerb vh pyBOBOxcTBl, orxin 
HaiHHaercA oopex^Jtemeirb noHHTÍii jiidÓbh, soho^ibo vh CTHxaxi; qi- 
TaTOJib ysnaerb (cTp. 115), npes^e Bcero, ^to ecTb TpH poAa jh^óbh: 
jinóoBb MaTepH, cecTpu — 

H ecTb eme jdóobb... Ho teI fxi BupaxeHBfl, 
Tmí spacEH H ciOBa, ttoÓi BHciann ee?^ 

Bi KOHufe mhíow, oAítto, ^ttó-íejib yífláWi, ^ó*-r\ 

Oi»f*-é6eiicbHHHft nepn, OHa— xynmcTHft qrtrb, 
H ei nesl paxocreft aflinnm> noxoÓHHxi ffbrb! 

^nocji^ o($iii;aro jiHpHiecKaro cnpeA^eni^ jidÓbh, — oOM^Haerca bi 
npeAHCjioBÍH»— MU BCTp^^aeicb CTEXOTBopenÚK, HaBŽAHHttfl 9UURHirb, ne- 
yB'bH7aBinHMCja[ cTpeMjieHÍeirb ki aroMy nyBCTBy (cTp. 116). Jl^arte 
Hjjasrb 3apov;iíeHie juk)(}bh (117 -r- 118), ^oxo^ai^ee oooiiemHgo xd ho- 
BttcsawBaeMoft nosa cípacTH (119--*122); (Soaaaiý ot^MCWisca (133— 
126) cKÍB«eTC4i iipH8HaaieM% (127--*12S)« 3a BaaBXffoCTbV) (129— U2) 
dBj^iaTb asKopAu nepBux^ cBHxasift (132*^133); cTpaoTb AOcrimierB 
CBoero pac^aira (134 — 138), no«BJuiDTGa Óesppft^HHHHa CAesii (139— 
142), a 3a HHifE H coaBaxeJibHoe oTHomonie £*& ^bcetqj'', h t. a*, 
a T. Am — ^ Bce dTo KOH^aercji paajiysov>> CMqyrbD, a HmrAa lupHHn 
iipeBpaiii;6Bieifa^ cTapofl jix)(}bh b% HOiByD,~Bo sasi ace dvo apoA^^jmaeTCii 
B& S03HH— 'pasiflcneHo HOApodiio uBTaraiíH H»b upoHSBeAQHift asropB- 

WnSUX^h 4HpHaOfi'b no 9T0ft laCTR. OAHHM^b dOBOM^ Bl 9T(m^ OTA*^ 

dauD^aeroi HacTOEis^ifi Vademecum au vbsjht wto bpoxoaht^ pásmu 
crenesH pa^BorÍA ^yacTBa jodřbu. BMn^e o (SoravoTB^ e(5€pH9Ba m^auo 
cyAKTb yse no oAHoiiy TOMy, ^to owb Buimj^eetb vh ce6i 338 ctixo* 
TBopeaíS, BU(}paHflHX!& um^ 84 BOdTOB'b. IIocji^Ma cTa^HCTm^eesafl 
cflpaBBa o iscrt nodrosi, srae^Ho, H^CBOJii»sa oapoBepraen BHWt* 
daHHoe, Bi Ba^aJiJ^ npeAKCioaU^ o j^DyTeBOAHHx^b asiaAan i^ocsot xy* 
X(»ecTBeHBo& JiHxepaTypH*', oonaBirax^ b% HaoTOAmift o(k)ppB]i«, i AO- 
xasuBae^rb, vro wh Bix)ft sHBaaKi xosfio bctpítbtb h se nyreBOAroa 
aaiaAu; sapoveMi, h cbk^ B3Aa7eju> HHse HpsBHaerea ai droum ro- 
Bopa: „y aaci co6paHu npoH3BeA6HÍa no9ToiB'b.pa8mvo& eua h paa- 
jui^Haro TeMnepaneara. Bx^ o6rb6AHHAJio eAHHiBTBo nyBevBa: BcoHa 
(TaRit HaauBaercA h caMuS cÓopbkbi) qo oympoora 6yAeT» oa^ i 
!ca se, BecjfOTpa na pasm^y b& BejiHusi a jx^pd^-^m pyibi, sa 
ptei, Ha Mop4",— BHp(«eMTi, eABa ah bto BHAaitb boabh sa py^iA. 

^yrolt 0TA'i^A% c6opBKHa, „PoASBa**, npeACTaBJUien., oa cxoBam 
iipeAHcioBÍ4i ,BaBi 6tt vyBioaJKrayK) (?) aapnixy: nooii npoess^^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHKA. — JQTTJiPÁTyPHOE OBOSPfiHIE. 408 

saj^ymeBHaro BBe;^eHÍA (crp. 189), cji'6a7K)t% THxie cnoRofinue nan^BU^ 
npepuaaevHe crpacTHUiíH MOTHBaMH DSHoft ropHCToft npepoAU (190 — 
192); dTH cnoRofiHHe HanŠBU nepexowvb «b saxyMqHBo-rpycTHut 
<193 — 197), noHTH MOJiHTBeHHHŘ (198—199) TOHi, KOBTODmiftca 4>aH- 
TacTHqecRHHH aKRopAaMH HeAOOTHrHTTaro Hxeajia (200 — 201) h ta- 

SeXOD 6e3%HCXOJ|HOK) TOCBOH)', H T. A-y H T. M^, Vb TOlfb Se pOA^, a 

caMHĚ 0Tji(%jrb saRaH^HBaercii „BiraoBom, ÓpomeHHsirB BparaiTB Poccis 
H cjiaBJíHCTBa'' (cTp. 218) — ycTaMH PoseHrefiHa. nocjrifcxHee cthxotbo- 
penie, aojisho 6uti, TaR'B BooxymeBHJo caiforo iroxaTeú, r. Tepyi^a, 
HTo owh nepOHMeHOBajii, noBHAUMOMy, ropox'B C.-UeTepÓyprib b-b cjuí- 
BflHeRíi „nerporpaxi", pncRyA npH aroMi aaTpyxHHTb npoBHHipaja>- 
Haro noRynaTejiA ero RHHrH, ecjiH noTroBuft qnHOBHHRi se Aora^aeTca, 
vh qeMi A^o, Hjni He nsAjífiTb TaRoro ropová bi noHTOBOirB cmíCRt 
HacejieHHHxi u^ctb HunepÍH. Mxb ne npHinjio se Ha mučil esw- 
TeiD nepeHHeHOBaTBca h caMOMy, Tro6i He HanoMHHaTB HHOcrpaHHaro 
npoHCxosxeHífl SByna CBoei^aMHJiiH; aa npHTOifB „Derepóyprb* no íjfopu^ 
MosHo pascMaTpHBaTB, RaR'B yse coBepmenno pyccRoe cjobo, TaRi RaR'B 
HHoCTpaHi^H HasEiBaiDirB Hami ropox^B nna^e: hími^u — IléTepcÓypn, 
^paHi^ysu— CdH'B-neTepctfýpi, h tojibro mu HaauBaeMi ero no-pyccRH: 
IIeTep(!ypirb. HexocTaerB TenepB tojibro tofo, ?to6u RaRoft-HHÓyAB mg* 
csoBcsit Hs^aTejiB, ROHRyppnpyfl ci r. FepywMi h aRejiafl TaRse, c% 
CBoeft cTopoHUy paBornaTB cbohm'b cÓophhromi CTEXOTBopeHíft „Bce*- 
otin^ee yHunie h TOCRy**, nepeHMenoBajrB 6u h caMyD MocRBy, bi BHxy 
Toro, ^To HadBanie BameĚ nepBonpecTOJiBHo& ctojihi^u, RaR'B roBop^TB, 
no npoHCXosAemx) octl <{)HHCRoe cjiobo. — P. 



— Jfom^piťuw ČAH 6i(npa0iu Foioaa^ B, E. Meupoxa, Tom BTopofi. M. 1898. 

HacTOfln^ii tomi „MaTepiajiOB'B" 3aRJiK)«iaeTi» Tpn rjtaBHue orx^jia: 
rorojwb wb nepioA'B „ApaíecoRi" h „MnpropoAa* — otxíj['b, HanicTHut 
HiTaTejiflM'B „B-bcTHHRa EBponu*"; ForojiBy RaR'B HCTopHRib H néAarorL 
(BsrjuAu ForojiA na npenoxananie HCTopin h reorpa^^ín b'b cpe^HEXi 
8aBeAeHÍj»'B, pa86op!B ero JieRi^ift, pasóop^ nBecu „AjiB<{)peA%^, hcto- 
pi^ecRie usvMjíM ForoJiA, thhu BOcnnTaTejieft h sa^a^a BocnHTamA vh 
coHHHeniflxi Forojin); ApavaTHiecRÍn npoHSBeAenifl. XapaRTopi pa6oT!b 
r. HleepoRa aobojebho ESBicTeni: oni oóureoboheo oficTonrejiBBO co6ie- 
paerB x&HHun no pasÓHpaeMOMy nonpocy h8'b coíHneHÍŘ Forojifl, ero 
nepenncRH, CBHA'6TejiBCTB'B coBpeMeHHHROBi, CTapaTOJiBHO BSBimHBaen 

BCi nOXpOÓHOCTH, H CBOft BHBO^^B CTaBHTB B'B CBJÍ3B Ch TeieHÍeMrb 

i^oA BHyrpeHHeA 6iorpa4>ÍH nncaTeiA; npn dTOM'B AocTHraDTCA HHorxa 
JOoóonHTHUji o6iuicHeHÚ[ noApoÓHocToft, ycROJiBaanniHxi otb BBHMaHÍ& 

26* 



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404 BfiCTHHBX EBPOnil. 

npesHHXi H8CjiÍA0BaTeje&. Tasib sto, Kone^Ho, h aouho óhtb; ho B'b 
HacTOfln^eMib cjiy^ai aBTop'b HeMHOro npeyBejniHHjrb. ,1^ caiiaro uacA- 
AOBanifl AOJSHa 6htb Mipa: Ror^a Beii^B AOCTaxo^HO o6'b4iCHeHa, na hcř 
Henero HacraHBaTB — Ha^HHaercji SesnjiOAHaa Tpaxa BpexeHH h yromie- 
Híe ^HTaTejifl. Ysaseirb, HanpHiiip^B, ne MajEO noAo6HHX'b ESJíHinecTBi 
vb H8jioseHÍH npo4>eccopcBoi ^'^TejiBHOCTH Forojui: ' co6paHflue ^aBTU 
BUACHaDTB Bonpocb coBepmeHHo ^ocraToiHo, ho aBxopi ne yxoBJíeTBO- 
pHOTca BTEVb, H, H3JiosHB'B OTBomeHÍe FoFOJia K% HayR'^, npoAOJisaen: 
J^6^ doKosameMumeo BUCRasaHHofi HaiiH mucjui npHBeAeví nodpoÓmM (?) 
xaBHUA, BacaDni;LiCJi HecpaBHeHHO Bume i^tHHBmaro SHamfl h HaysH, 
eeAUHoútuaio no9ma ncmeto HymKEHa" (exp, 273), h jíecaTOBi, Henys- 
HHxi j^A 6íorpa4>ÍH ForoJifl, CTpaHHii'B nocBíímfiercsí BCJiH^finieMy Ha« 
moMy noary. Ho nodn xocTaToiHO Has^TeHib, h aBTopy aobojibho 6ujío 

(5h, ÍAA ofi^bACHeHÍfl CBOeft MUCJIH, H^BOJIBBHXI CTpOKb. 

Mu c^HTajiH 6u Tasase coBepmeHHo HSJíHnraet Ty npoAOJUKHTeju>HyK) 
HOJieMHBy c% r. BHTÓeproM^b, Koropofi r. ineHpoK'b jifim% ajS^iue Ae- 
<»TBH CTpaHHAib wb tobctí h B'b (Ko6om> npHJioseHiH B'b KOHA'6 bhhfh: 
^ero-HH6yAB OAHoro 6wlo 6u AOcraToiHo. Ecjih vb Baiii^aHiAxi r. Bht- 
6epra 6ujio vro^BHÓyAB cyn^ecTBOHHoe, ci^ ^^ut> asropi ho corjiaceffb, 
OTB^n AOJisoHo^ ÚujLb ocTaTLCfl Ha hohbI 4^aBT0B%; a ecjiH oh^ 6u- 
Baju cobcImi HeaHa^HTOjiBHH, ecjiH ohii „npencnojiHeHU BceBoavosHuxi 
uejio^MUTb H HeBÍsecTBeHHUX'L npHAHpoBi' (KaBi rOBopnrb r. IIIeH- 

POBI, exp. 385), TO HO CTOHJIO TpaTHTL Ha HHXl CTOJIbRO MŽCTa H BpO- 
MeHH. 

ABTop'b ucnojraeH'B Boo6n(e bojihbhmi noqTeHieMi» jí% Pofojik), ca- 
uuwb BEHMaTOJiLHUMi oópasoiii usy^aoTi ero TBopenifl, ho bi annsoAy 
ero npo4>eccypu othochtch o^ohb CTporo. FoBop^ o jiobi^íaxi Forojui bs 
HOTepÓyprcBOMi yHHBepcHTeT^, r. ineHpoBi» saM^^aoT^E: sForojib b^b a&b* 
HOM'B cjiy^ai npeACTaBjiuij['B naTypy Bpafine HeycTofi^HByi). Eny npaBH- 

OIHCB HpEÍfl BpaCBH^ HIHpOBie ropHSOHTU, H Bl dTOM^b OTHOmeHÍH B^ 

HeiTBt 668% comh^híh, CBasaJBLCA DauLHHHi; HO HpaBHjacB ony Tasace sa- 
Bai^Baji H o6n^epyccBaA oraara, no6ysAaBnrifl ero ho cjuihibovi i^epe- 

MOHHTBCA Cl CBy^HIfllH <{)aBTaMH H CyXHMH nOApOÓHOCTHMH HayBH... 

KaBOBi éujTb Forojib b'b shshh, peBoneHAOBaBHiifi cbohmi npiHTejuifi 
no^an^e BcnovHnaTb o TpuH'B-TpaBÍ, pesoiieHAOBaBniift ci A^it&MH no- 
CTynaTL cM^ie: „oaho ho 6oBy, Apyroxy BHcejui a&&9 h bco boh^oho'', 
— TasoBi se oh'b óuirb h fb Hays^b. HaAo cosHaTBCH, tto OTBara b% 
9T0iii» oTHomeniH 6uja y Forou jíjbljíqko ne umba: ho tojíbbo nanui 
HCTopHBH, BaBib BaHTum^B-KaMeHCBÍfi, ne BnymaiH ony yBaseníji, ho 
n eBponeňCBÍe objiohajihcb y nero bo MHosecTBeHHOMib ihcjA („Fepenu'), 
41 o BHHrax'B OB'B Mfiíxe nonpocTy Bupasajica: „qoprB bobbmh, ocjih ohí 
se cjiysarB TenepB au toÓji (MaBCHMOBHqa) tojibbo iTotfu OTeiiHHTB 



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XPOHHKÁ. — JHTEPÁTyPHOE OBOSnEIE. 405 

Co cTjAeHTaMH xe, uo ero mh'6híi), jny^me Bcero óujio 
6u nocTynaTB TaK'b: ^ÓpocHT^ mí npes^e HirraHHHfl Jiesi^in h HaTaJi* 
KBBaTB Hxi Mqpdy (I) Ha xopomee". drorB pasManiHCTut tohi Booón^e 
xapaRTepeH'B mm Forojui (h HMeHHO fiojibme Bcero b'b anoxy, coBna* 
j^aDn^yi) ci ero HcropH^ecBHifH 8aHflTÍfl]fH)| a sto, Bone^Ho, acho no- 
lasHBaerx, qro nepeA'B Haini ne HCTHHHsft spei^'B HayBH. F. BHTÓepPB 
meuh x^TRo H BÍpHO ysasajrB, hto Tasoft, rjiy6oRO npeneópesHTejiB- 
HHĚ, ^yTB He jí,o i^HHHSMa xoxoahbbiíí TOHi FoFOJiB ynoTpetfjiAJrB ^aCTOy 
Eorxa roBopHJťB o6'b o4H{»HiiiajibHHX'b JiHi^axi, soTopuxi c^HTaJTB HHorxa 
le o^eHB sacjiysHBaDii^HifH yBasenúi, h, MOserB óhtb, ho Sesi ocho- 
BaHÍfl saH^THJi^b, TTo HHOFxa OHH TOFO HMeHHO H ctohjih; — HO HayBa H 
laeexpa HHKorxa Tasoro Tona sacjiysHBaTB ho Moryrb. Haysa noroHy 
I le AuacB MesAy npo^HMi ForojiD, vro owb npHCTyHaJii Ri neft 
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